The citizen. (Honesdale, Pa.) 1908-1914, June 11, 1909, Image 3
GRANGE. WEEKLY PRESS NEWS LETTISH INSECTICIDES AND FUNGICIDES. New chemical preparations are being constantly brought forward as insecti cides and fungicides, with the usual guarantee of the manufacturers that the same are perfectly reliable. Prof. H. A. Surface, the State Zoologist, has had some of the circulars of these prepara tions sent to his office in Harrisburg, and has been requested to give his opin ion concerning them. His advice is that no fruit grower nor farmer can afford to use any chemical preparation exten sively, until it has passed through the experimental stage. The statements in the circulars that are sent out by the manufacturers are, as a general thing, too positive and too strongly drawn. He recommends a trial of new insecticides and fungicides, to find out what they will do, rather than to go it blindly and invest considerable money without re ceiving any benefit, or so little as not to compensate for having made the expen diture. Some of the preparations now on the market do more harm in unskilled hands than they do good. POTATO HUGS AND 15L1GHTS. In answer to queries as to how to de stroy potato bugs, as well as preven blight, State Zoologist Surface replies as follows : "The Colorado potato beetle or po tato bug will be very destructive in many parts of this State this year. Spray with the Bordeaux mixture to which poison is added. Make the Bordeaux mixture by using four ponnds of blue stone and five pounds of lime in fifty gallons of water, and to this add either one-half pound of I'aris Green or two pounds of arsenate of lead. Spray thor oughly and you will prevent blight and also kill the bugs. Repeat this once every two weeks for blight, but if there there are no bugs present, you need not add the poison. Whenever the bugs are present add the poison and spray for them. There is no rule concerning the frequency of repetition for potato hups as we simply spray when they come and kill them as soon as possible. If you do not wish to go to the trouble of making the Bordeaux mixture for the blight, or are willing to run the risk of the blight not coming, you can kill the potato beetles by spraying with either of the two poisons mentioned, in iiftv gallons of water alone. But the best thing to do is to make the regular Bordeaux Mixture with lime and bluestone, and then add the poison to this. The Bor deaux is for plant disease only, and will not kill insects. It is thus a fungicide To make it an insecticide we add the poison, as described above. BLACK ANTS ON PLANTS AND TREES. To a request for information as to how to rid plants and trues of black ants, Prof. Surface replies : "You can do this by finding the nest ing places ot these pests and making holes into the interior of them with a sharpened stick like a broom handle, and pouring into each hole one-half tea cup of carbon bisulphide. Fill the hole with earth and cover it with a wet cloth or blanket to keep down the fumes, and the ants will be destroyed at once. This is the best possible method for destroy ing ants of any kind. After thu nest is found, and the queen destroyed in the manner stated, the colony is broken up Ants in tho household are best treated by following their path to the place where they live and pouring in the car bon bisulphide. If it be at the side of a wall, or elsewhere where they can not surely be located, one can destroy them by pouring a considerable quantity of gasoline, or benzine, into the hole made by the side of the wall. "Ants, as seen going up and down trees, are not themselves the cause of injury to the trees or plants, but are visiting Plant Lice, or Scale Insects, or sometimes plant glands, for the pur pose of obtaining the sweet liquid, call ed honey dew, which is secreted by them. Thus the ant is generally an in dication of serious pests on the trees, although itself doing no injury. It is, therefore, not necessary to treat the trees for ants, but to treat them for the pests which the ants visit. This means spraying with a contact insecticide, of the proper strength, at the right season, according to what the pest may be. "Black ants sometimes make nests or mounds in which vegetation does not grow, and thus become objectionable. The method described above destroys them in their nests, but where they are in decaying wood they should not be re garded as serious enemies of mankind, nor destroyers of property; and they do not deserve destruction. Why Ho Never Spoke. Thoro was a man in our town, and he was wondrous wise! ho never spoko unto his wife of his mother's cakes and pies. The secret of his wisdom guess ft If you can; but if you can't behold ft he was a bache lor man. Right Action. lUghtness expresses of actions, what stralghtness does of lines; and there can no more bo two kinds ot light action t'.ian thor "an be two kinds of straight Hues. Ilerbart Spencer. A CHICKEN WHO LOST HER FEATHERS. "How many feathers did you lose?" ' "Why, 5ust seventy-seven; that's all." "Well, Mrs. Chicken, who pulled thorn out?" "Why, I really couldn't tell; hut they nro gone." ' "Well, that hen over there would not take them; she never took any before." "Well, maybe she wouldn't; hut you can never tell what she might do." "Well, isn't it funny; they ate and they drank together and they never fought or quarrelled and they never had nny suspicion that either one of them would take feathers from each other; but it happened just the same, and in a time when it was least expected." "Well, that's too bad. I feel sorry for you to lose so many feath ers at one time; it will take you some time to get them back again; and how all tho other hens are cackling." "Yes, but It is not always the one that cackles first that cackles last, and we lire none of us too safe. Maybe, sometime, that old fox will come along and take some feathers from you and then what will you say?" "Well, I will say that I trusted them all and did not even think that they would really take a single feather. If they wanted to take them they could have taken them before, but when they are obligated together not to wrong or injure any one of tho flock it seems that fra ternalism Is only a matter of form, and how quick all of us, chicks or chickens, forget the vows that we have taken." "Yes," but one hen says, "feath ers are feathers. It does not make any difference how we get them, so long as we don't get caught at it. I wonder if a chicken has a con science and when she meets another chicken nnd knows that she stole the feathers from her, do you think that it woulu be possible for her conscience to tell her that she did what was wrong? If it does, then it will be troubling her every day, as the poultry yard is not very large and we are bound to see each other." "Well," says another chicken, "I Know it .would bother me for a life time and probably after that, if there is any hereafter for a poor chicken; and I don't think that I would want to die with anything like that on my mind and expect to go where robbers do not break through and steal." "Well," says another chicken, "why don't you keep your feathers secure? Its too lato to cry over spilt milk, or to lock the cage after the bird is gone. Make the best of it and bear your luck like a bravo iiii kcn, and don't ask any other chicken for sympathy, because sym pathy never helps." "Well," says another chicken, "I wonder how many revolutions that i iiKlne will have to make, how many shocls of ton! the! lireinan will have to shoel, how many days and nights he will have to work, and how much criticism 1 will have to hear before that seventy-seven feathers come back! It was a quick molt and maybe it will make a quick growth." "Yes, but I hear that your feed bill has not been paid for three months. I always send my money to the mill through the postofllce' on or before the tenth day of the month, as they only give us thirty days' credit, and if you don't be lieve it just step down to tho post oilice in White .Mills and ask for the number of the money orders for February, March, April and May. You can't make any mistake, as it was the chicken that lost the feath ers that made the remittance." "Isn't it funny that dishonest chickens always think that all chickens are dishonest like them selves, and they have got to cackle all over the town s,o that every chicken will hear them. It is a good way to relieve suspicion by pushing it on to another chicken. When the resurrection of the dend chickens is at hand, and they come out ot their graves, won't it look funny to see one chicken with soventy-seven feathers, that belong to another chicken? Don't you think that you will hear that chick en cackle, 'Lazarus! Lazarus! bring me a little water so that I may dip my bill to cool my parched tongue! That is when the big book shall have opened and it shall be found out that you were stealing feathers instead of laying eggs, Do you think that you will bo able to wear that Chinaman beak just as you are wearing it now?" "Well, did they take all your feathers?" "No; I have just one left, and I am going to shape it into a quill pen to answer all the chicken ghost stories that are going around about the lost feathers. So If any of you cockerels, pullets, hens and roosters want to see your name In a chicken story just keep on crowing and cackling; but if you would rather bo a peaceful chicken just stay out of your neighbor's garden, and then it will be hard to tell the layer from the cackler or the one that stole the feathers." JOSEPH STEPHENS. CASTOR I A Por Infants and Children. Tin Kind You Have Always Bought Bears the Signature PANAMA DISPUTE Powder Company Accuses Canal Commission. CALLS SPECIFICATIONS UNFAIR. Contest Involves Contract For More Than 10,000,000 Founds of Dynamite to Cost More Than $1,000,000. Wnshlngton. June S. Claiming that discriminations were being made by the Isthmian canal commission in fa vor of the manufacturers of "trojan" powder, tho E. I. Dupont-I)c Nemours Powder company Hied u formal pro test here when bids were opened for supplying explosives for the coming flcal year for work on the Isthmian cnnnl. The speclllcations allow alternate bids for supplying "trojan powder" In the place of dynamite, provided n guarantee of the effectiveness of "tro jan powder" Is made. The Dupont company protested that "trojan" Is a trade name nnd can 1h applied only by the proprietors of the brand. The restrictions of the bids on this class of explosives to the brand "trojan" is as unfair as It would Ik to restrict the bids upon saltpeter dynamite to "Atlas" powder, tho Dupont company urired. The complaining bidder stated that It was the manufacturer of explosives of the class to which "trojan" powder belongs and that It desired to submit a bid upon whntever may be the com mission's requirements for explosives in this class nnd that It stood ready to submit a bid when It could obtain an opiKirtunlty to do so under proper spocllleation. More than 10,000.000 pounds of dy namite In sticks of varying size Is de sired. The E. I. I)upont-l)e Nemours Powder company submitted a bid of $1,051,850 and the Keystone Powder Manufacturing company of Emporium, Pa.. .$1.017.'':t2. The Trojan Powder company of Al lentown, Pa.; Oakland, Cnl., and Pueb lo, Colo., submitted a bid on "trojan" powder for u portion of the amount desired at !?:i7.1.o:t7. W. It. Grace & Co. of San Francisco submitted n bid of .S"04,(MH) on a part of the quantity of dynamite. The Texas Dynamite company of Beaumont, Tex., submit ted an informal hid. DEADLY WATER OF THE DESERT Mistake Mndo by Travelers In tho Arid Wastes of the Southwest. "One of the chief dangers to trav elers in crossing such dread and arid wastes as the far famed Death Val ley in Nevada arises from iguoranco as to the character of tho Infrequent pools of water along tho routo," said T. 10. Smallcy, a mining engineer of Ueno. "The tenderfoot, growing faint under a blazing sun, will want to quench his intolerable thirst when he comes to a shallow hole, whoso water, clear as crystal, seems ab solutely pure. He can with difficul ty be restrained from drinking it by some experienced companion, who knows that one draught will prob ably causo serious if not fatal Ill ness. This water, for all its seeming purity and clearness, is loaded with arsenic, and many a man has lost ills life by its use. "Curiously enough, tho only water in tho desert that is sate to drink is foul looking and Inhabited by bugs and snakes. When you como to a muddy pool on the surface of which Insects are disporting themselves, however repulsive It may bo both to the eye and palate, you may drink It with Impunity, despite Its looks, as a man will who is crazy with thirst produced by tho burning sands and merciless sun." Consumption and the Telephone. The panic recently created on the subject of tho assumed danger lurk Ing in the transmitter of the tele phone Is not precisely new. It Is but the development of a fear which has caused misgiving for some years. On the supposition that various germs of disease probably collect In tho receiver and transmitter of the Instrument, at ony rate In public telephone stations, some medical alarmists have thrown out sugges tions that antiseptics, both In a dry state and In solution, should bo ap plied for tho safety of tho telephone user. The recent dictum goes one step further, Inasmuch as It Is now an established fact that tubercle bacilli, the casual micro-organisms of consumption, have been found alive and in robust condition In tho instrument. It is qulto natural, In view of such a find, that a feeling of alarm might seize hold of the more nervous. British Medical Journal. His Busy Day. Gen. Wlnfleld Scott, on August 20, 1847, gained five victories In a day while marching to tho City of Mexi co. Toledo News Beo. Uncle Jerry. "What they call 'honor' Is a mighty curious thing," observed Un cle Jerry Peebles. "I know a man who would cheerfully starve himself to pay a gambling debt, and bo still owes the preacher that married him !7 years ago." CRUELTY IH FlSHINGl Most Sportsmeullko Auglecrs Curry Littlo Batons to Kill Victims. Live bait ought never to be used. To tako a living minnow and thruBt a hook through Its back, and thou to jerk It 00 or 00 feet through tho air in order that it may wriggle In agony at tho end of tho line until it at tracts some other fish to swallow It, is about as wanton a piece of cruelty as anyone could Invent, and un sportsmanlike. The skilful fisher man will use a fly or some other de vice uy which the fish tie wishes to capture may be deceived and caught. The llvo minnow is the bait of the blunderer, not of the expert. Even experienced fishermen somo tlmes commit another sort of cruelty which ought never to be practiced. They think that their ri3h must bo kept alive as long as possible, nnd therefore run a string through its gills and throw it overboard, to be hauled after the boat. This is as foolish as it Is cruel. When the fish has a string through its gills It cannot breathe. It is slow ly strangled to death, and If it is hauled through the water aftt.: the boat It is simply drowned In its own element. Fish, when taken, should be immediately killed. That Is the only way to preven: needless suffer ing, and we may add tnat It Is the best way to bring tho fish home In good condition. Our best fishermen now carry lit tle batons or clubs and kill the fish, as soon as taken from the water, by a sharp blow on the back of the he.-.d. Limitations of Practice In an Iowa town an action for ejectment was not long ago tried "by the court without a Jury," the suit having been brought by a religious society to recover possession of a cemetery. The defendant, a physician in ac tive practice, hud bought the ground for the use of the society, but when afterward he severed his connection with the organization, it was dis covered that he hud taken tho title In his own name and evidently Intended to hold on to it. After duly weighing tho evidence, tho court ordered Judgment for the plaintiff, stating briefly tho reasons for tho decisions. Whereupon de fendant's oounsol desired to bo more fully enlightened In tho premises. "Certainly," said his Honor. "In addition to what I have already said, there are but two other reasons. One Is tnat tho church seems to need a cemetery and the other is that the doctor has failed to show that his practice is sufficiently large to neces sitate his maintaining his own bury ing ground." Part of the Treatment. lompmns h..a suffered terribly, ami at one time it appeared that his illness might have a tatal termina tion. Dut skillful doctors and a pret ty nurse tended him most carefully, and the crisis was successfully passed. The pretty nurse was Tomp kin's one ray of sunshine during his weary hours, and ho fell desperately In love.with her. "Nurse Edith, ho said one day. "will you be my wife when I recov er?" "Certainly!" replied the consoler of suffering humanity. "Then my hopes are realiod. You do really love n:e?" queried the anxious Tompkins. The pretty nurse stammered. "Oh, uo," she said; "that's merely part of ie treatment. I must keep my patients cheerful. I promised tills morning to run away with a man who has lost both his legs." What U a Pillion? A billion in Britain is a million times a million. Dut no man is able to count It. You will count 1G0 or 170 a minute. But let us suppose that you go up as high as 200 a mir.uto, hour after hour. At that rate you would count 12,000 an hour, 28,000 a day, or 105,120,000 In a year. To count a binlon would require a person to count 200 a minute for a period of 9,512 years, 342 days, 6 hours and 20 minutes, providing he should count continuously. Dut sup pose we allow the counter twelvj hours daily for rest, eating and sleeping; then he would, need 19,025 years, 319 days, 10 hours and 40 minutes in which to complete the task! Oral Hygiene. One of the diseases of civilization is defective teet.:, and the more study there is given to oral nygiene the clearer it becomes that inattention to health of tue teeth accounts for not a few other llir, of the body. In difference would bring, dentists with public spirit are now moving for recognition by education of the part which oral hygiene should have in the service of tao public school to tho child. They are insisting on aental as well as moulcal inspection of children, not for selfish ends, but to correct, early In life, tendencies which will debilitate the entire sys tem If not checked. Repairing the Ruins. "The last time I motored In Eng land," said Cralg Biddle the other day, "I was amazed by tho spick and span look of all the old castles, halls and manor houses. My com panion was an Englishman, a vory well informed chap, and I said to him: " 'I thought you people had a lot ot picturesque old ruins over here?' " 'We did have once,' said he, 'but your heiresses have come over and nut them all In eood renalr.' " WHERE THEY PICK UP FISH. One Way of Making Good Catches In South Carolina. E. D. Smith, A. H. Gasque, C. and A. Hugh Hines went fishing near Effingham, S. C, whore a creek runs Into Lynche's River. They had fine sport and caught 108 of tho finest red breasts In the country. Fishing down there Ib done with the hands. All you havo to do Is to feel under the logs and In tho stump holes and pull out the flBh. It is characteristic of the red breast, wo are told, not to leave their hiding place. They stick so close to It that ono can literally pick them out of the water with the hands. Theso gentlemen had fine fun. They caught some shad, but they were poor, except one, and were put back Into the water. One snake was kill ed. The only bad thing about fishing this way is the fact that there are somo snakes under tho logs, and if by chance the fisher gets his hands on a mocassin there is generally something doing. Mr. Johnson, who lives in that section, interviewed a snake the other day In some trash whero red breasts were hiding, and now he has a game finger. A Harder Job. The tributes paid to the popular ity of Mr. Hammond's sou. pleased the father, who was the oldest sum mer resident of Shrubvllle. They pleased him the mora because they came from natives of the soil, whoso good opinion could not be forced In any way. "He's a real good boy, that boy o' yours," said Capt. Hollis Towne, and Capt, Lothrop James added his word of approval. . "1 llko the cut of his jib," he an nounced, with decision, "and I like his ways; he ain't too forth-putting, nor yet he ain't too stand-offish. "Thing of It Is, you and his ma haven't tried to have him 'brought up,' same as most of the summer folks do with their children; he's just been 'raised' like we were, and that's why he gets on with every body in this town, sir!" Our Large FStock of HIGH ART CLOTHING for Spring Tells the Story of our Commercial Supremacy ! THDEI 1 J ilL clothes for stylish men as is this store no other store can show such an assortment because no other store CAN SELL AS AlANY suits as we do. Measured by sales, measured by value-giving, meas ured by style and distinctiveness, we are com mercially supreme ! There is just the kind of clothes you want in our stock of High Art Clothing the fabric lias been picked especially for its charm and beauty, the quality assures you that wear which you have a" right to expect, the thoroughly good workmanship, which we guarantee, presages long service, and the style of the suit that is waiting for YOl will create that aspect of grace and poise that is so much sought. Fifty men's high grade suits worth $14, $15, $16 Finest Line of STIIAAV HATS ;in Town. II. C. HAND. President. W. B. HOLMES, Vice I'kes. We want you to understand tho reasons for the AIJSOL.UTE SECURITY of - WAYNE COUNTY SAVINGS BANK HONESDALE, PA., HAS A CAPITAL OP - - - $100,000.00 AND SURPLUS AND PROFITS OF - 355,000.00 MAKING- ALTOGETHER - - 455.000.00 EVERY DOLLAR of which must be lost before any depositor can lose al'KJNW Y It has conducted a growing and successful business for over 35 years, serving an increasing number of customers with fidelity and satisfaction. Its cash funds are protected by MODERN STEEL VAULTS. All ot these things, coupled with conservative management. Insured by the CAREFUL PERSONAL ATTENTION constantly given the Hunk's nffnlrs by a notably able Hoard of Directors assures the patrons of that SUI'It Eft K SAFETY whii:h is the prime essential of a good Hank. Total Assets, ear deposits may DIRECTORS II. C. HAND. A.T. SEAHI.E, T. U. CLARK CHAS..I. SMITH, II. 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Beyond tho Limit. A man may think he Is thinking and still have glimmerings of intel ligence. When he thinks other peo ple think ho Is thinking thero Is no hope for him. Take Your Choice. If you take advantage of your op portunities you will acquire a com petence; if you tako advantage of other people's you will become a mil lionaire. Life. LatestlMost Novel SHIRT WAISTS For Summer, 1005), 7S6 Menner & Go's Store, keystone: block n tun is showing such an assortment of stylish $10 r H w l m m BREGSTEIN BROS. Honesdale, Pa. II. S. SALMON, Cashier W. .1. WARD, Ass't Cashier this Hank". TUTJE - $2,733ooo.oo re made by mail, t iV. IS. HOLMES l' 1 KIM RLE II. S. SALMON An advertisement In the Eaglo costs little, but brings largo results, because tbeKAOLE INFORMATION HUKKAU is constantly helping tho advertisers.