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The Enflllsh Ambassidor
shlp and President Eliot.
The Improvements In the
Diplomatic and Consular
IN days gone by n change in the
political complexion of the gov
ernment at Washington meant n
shako up all along tho line In
Undo Sam's diplomatic and consular
offices. In the days when the adage
"to the victors belong tho spoils" was
generally accepted as a foundation
principle of politics there was a grand
struggle for the posts abroad every
time the political kaleidoscope turned
round. It extended even to the minor
posts, and the service suffered great
ly in consequence of these frequent
changes. This, together with tho
PRESIDENT ELIOT IN HIS IiIBIIABT.
growth of sentiment in favor of civil
service reform generally, brought
about an alteration in tho previously
existing conditions, and today there is
a considerable amount of permanence
In the consular service and in tho dip
lomatic posts below the rank of min
ister and ambassador. There Is even
a consular school at Washington now
to prepare young men for doing effec
tive work for their country in posts
abroad, a fact which of itself indicates
the change that has come about since
.the time when such positions were re
garded almost solely In the light of re
wards for political service.
There has also come about a strong
sentiment in favor of building homes
at foreign capitals for our ministers
and ambassadors and making it possi
ble for the government to send to rep
resent the United States in such posi
tions men more distinguished for their
brains than for their money. It was
Mr. Iloosevelt's policy to follow this
plan so far as possible, and the idea
finds a warm friend in President Taft.
The appointment of Dr. Hill, a man of
some means, but not of large fortune,
to succeed tho wealthy Charlemagne
Tower as ambassador at Berlin was in
line with this policy. The talk about
President Charles W. Eliot of Harvard
as successor to Whltelaw Hold as am
bassador to the court of St. James is
In tho same direction. The Ileid re
gime in London has been one in which
money has been spent on a very lib
eral scale in maintaining establish
ments and giving entertainments. The
Iteids have cut a big social swath and
In many respects have greatly in
creased American prestige at the Brit
ish capital. But only a man of ex
ceptional fortune could do as Mr. Reld
has done in London, and the policy of
confining such appointments to mem
who possess great wealth is much
questioned. The suggestion that Dr.
Eliot on his retirement from Harvard's
nresldency would be a fit man for rep
resenting the country in England has
met with a response which was a rev
elation to many as to the high regard
In which he Is held by the American
public. From every quarter of the
land have come expressions of admira
tion for the venerable scholar who is
nearing the close of bis long adminis
tration of the affairs of tho famous
university at Cambridge, and that he
should round out bis career in tho
most Important diplomatic post In the
gift of President Taft has been char
acterized as most highly fitting.
This sentiment was happily express
ed by Senator Ellhu Root of New York
at the Harvard dinner in Washington,
at which Dr. Eliot was present.
President Taft added his personal
tribute, which under the circumstances
possessed especial significance, when
lie said, among other remarks:
"Dr. Bitot is the dean of the teach
ing profession, and ho has made that
profession, already great and Influen
tial, the leading profession In the coun
try. He has brought the university
Into such relation to public life that
we cannot fall to owe to him a great
debt of gratitude for haying elevated
public life In the way the university
spirit, represented by bun, has ele
Bp- x BaiSiMRFH
For Uncle Sam
Some of the New Diplo
mats tnd Their Records.
Henry C. Idc, John G. A.
Leishman and Charles H.
Tho appointment of Henry Clay Ide
of Vermont as minister to Spain is in
line with tho policy of placlngMn im
portant diplomatic posts men who pos
sess special qualifications for them
rather than simply the money neces
sary to support a
abroad. He made a
as an administrator
in the rhillpplnes,
and that of course
commended him for
of President Taft,
whose special hob
by is promoting the
welfare of the Fil
ipino brother. Mr. Ide was born in
Harnett, Vt., in 1844 and was gradu
ated In 1800 from Dartmouth college,
from which In 1000 he received the
honorary degree of L1j. I. Ho has
served as a member of the Vermont
state senate, as United Stntes commis
sioner and later as chief justice In Sa
moa under Joint appointment of the
United States nnd England and Ger
many, 'nnd In 1000 was appointed by
President McKinlcy a member of the
civil government commission In the
Philippines. He was afterward vice
governor and governor general. His
daughter Annlo not long since married
W. Bourke Cockrnn, former represent
ative in congress from New York city.
The successor of Lloyd C. Griscom
as ambassador at Rome is John G. A.
Leishman, who has made a record as
a skillful diplomat while at Constanti
nople. Mr. Leishman was born in
Pittsburg in 1837 and as a young roan
entered the steel brokerage business,
becoming in 1880 vice president of the
Carnegie Steel company. He resigned
the presidency of the company in 1897
to become minister to Switzerland. He
JOIIN G. A. LEISHMAN.
was transferred to Turkey in 1001,
and in 1000 the post was raised to an
ambassadorship. Ambassador Leish
man is a great friend of the new head
of the state department, Philander
Chase Knox, and comes from the lat
ter's own town. He has been more or
less associated with Secretary Knox in
politics, society and business for many
The new minister of the United
States to the republic of Argentina,
Charles Hitchcock Sherrlll, has for
some time been prominent In the Re
publican party in New York. He was
one of the organizers of the Lawyers'
Sound Money club, which was con
spicuous in the first McKinlcy cam
Mr. Sherrlll was born in Washington
on April 13, 1867. He is a graduate of
Yale, where he was a well known ath
CHARLES H. SmUt RILL.
lete. He held tho intercollegiate cham
pionshlp for tho short distance runs
during his entire term in college. He
also originated the idea of internation
al intercollegiate championship athlet
lc meets. Ho arranged the Yale-Ox-
ford match in London in 1804 and the
Yale-Cambridge meet which was held
In New York city the following year.
Soon after being graduated from
Yalo Mr, Bherrill engaged In the prac
tico of law, chiefly corporation prac
tlce, in New York. He served on tho
military Btaffs of both Governor Odell
tnd Governor Hlgglns.
BREATH OF SCANDAL
By ELIAS LISLE.
Young Mrs. Vcrrell leaned on the
rail of tho yacht and looked with dis
appointed surprise at the approaching
"There aro only Hugh and your
cousin in the boat," she announced to
her guest. "Mr. Cuthbert Isn't there.
I'm so sorry."
Her intonation Implied that the sor
row was sympathetic rather than per
sonal. Sibyl Beach resented it.
"You needn't be, Helen," she said,
the curve of her lips straightening
"Why, I invited him to come, par
ticularly on your account."
"And I wanted him not to, particu
larly on my nccount," said the girl.
"Why, Sibyl, dear, I thought you
were such great friends or even more."
"So did I." There was a suspicion
of tears In the bright eyes the girl
turned to her friend. "So did I until
until he disgraced himself. Ob, you'll
know all about it soon enough any
way. 1 may as well show you now."
She held out a clipping from a week
ly publication which makes a business
of purveying social sewago to its read
ers. "It camo to me In the mall anony
mous, of course," sbo said.
Mrs. Verrell took it with" an expres
sion of distaste. ,
"You wouldn't believe nnything that
wretched paper says, 1 hope," she ob
served. "Whenever I read it I feel as
if I needed a bath to get clean again."
"The Era had a little notice, too, say-
ing that Sid Mr. Cuthbert was there,
and that is reliable enough. 1 only
wish It weren't."
With pressed Hps and frowning
brow Mrs. Verrell ran over the clip
pings. It was a comment less veiled
than is common with that paper upoii
the presence of Sidney Cuthbert at tho
funeral of a woman who had once
been well known In that dim border of
the theatrical profession where people
of a more dubious world claim habits
"It wilt strengthen Mr. Cuthbert's
reputation for generosity among his
club and society friends," commented
the paragraph, "that he should have
borne the expense of the funeral from
bis own pocket. The woman who was
once known as A'lola Trevnnnlon was
burled beside her son, whose death
two years ago was also the occasion
of a burst of mortuary generosity on
the part of young Cuthbert."
"Isn't that a nice thing to read about
a man you bad thought you could
could nt least respect?" said the girl
"I don't believe it about Mr. Cutb
bort," began tho other indignantly
when the two men came over the rail.
After Verrell and young Dr. Dent
had greeted the two women the latter
turned to his cousin and said:
"Did I hear you speaking about Sid
ney Cuthbert, Beauty?"
"You may have if you were listen
lng," said the girl. "And I dp wish,
Harvey, that you would drop that
childish nickname. I've outgrown it."
"Well, I don't know nbout your out
growing It," said Dent, looking at her
flushed cheeks and shining eyes, "but
you certainly haven't outgrown your
childish beg pardon your childhood
temper. But of course I'll drop it, Sib,
if you don't like it," he added good
naturedly. "But I was interested in
Sidney Cuthbert because I used to
know him when he was Typh 7 and I
was house in Sawgums."
"What's Sawgums?" asked Verrell
lazily from his deck chair. "Lunatic
asylum? And was Cuthbert one of tho
numbered patients and you another?
I understood you to say you were a
house. Singular delusion."
"Sawgums Is short for St. Augus
tine's hospital, where I disported my
self as house physician when Cuthbert
became typhoid case No. 7," explained
the young physician. "As all tho prl
vate rooms were full, he had to go Into
the public ward nnd live nt a dollar
per day between a profane and asth
matic car driver and a charity conva
lescent." "Very good lesson In economy," ob
served Verrell virtuously.
"He couldn't glvo many dinner par
ties and send the kind of flowers ho
used to favor Sibyl with on that basis.
Helen, if my feet ore In your way I'll
have 'em moved," he concluded, bliss
fully unconscious of his wife's savage
glances. "Did Cuthbert like it, Dent?"
"Seemed to enjoy it tolerably after
he got convalescent. He got up quite a
friendship with another patient known
as Tommy the Cod, presumably be
cause he lived in an empty fish box
down Fulton market way."
"Don't remember having heard Cuth
bert speak of the gentleman," mur
mured Verrell. "Did he ever bring
him to call, Sibyl? Helen, if yon kick
the only husband you're ever likely to
have on the shins he'll rise up and de
"The Cod's, real name, as near as be
could tell, was Hannlgan," continued
the physician. "Cuthbert's previous
acquaintance with him .was purely a
business one. Tommy used to sell
Cuthbert evening papers on Wall
street until one day a truck ran ovei
his ankle, and when we got him here
we found be had a very interesting
case of heart disease, so we kept him.
Well, the Cod used to give Cuthbert
all the news about the street that he
got from his friends who used to vlsll
him. It meant a good deal to Cuth
bert, for he wes keeping his illness a
secret for fear it would bring his moth
er back from Newport and consequent-
FOR THE CHILDREN
Little Mlts Pig.
"See me skip!" said Little Miss Pig
one fine spring morning, "I believe I
could keep up until the sun goes
down." "I believe you could," said
Mr. Rooster ns ho stopped pecking
among the straw. "You do it very
well." "Three, four, five," smiled lit
tle Miss Pig. "There's Mrs. Duck In
tho gateway. Call her to see me skip."
So Mr. Rooster crowed, and up came
Mrs. Duck, followed by all her little
ducklings. "Nine, ten, eleven," cried
Miss Pig. "There's Mr. Turkey walk
ing by the hedge. Call him to see me
skip." So Mr. Rposter crowed, and
Mrs. Duck quacked, and up came Mr.
Turkey. "Eighteen, nineteen, twen
ty," panted Miss Pig. "I see the red
calf feeding in the meadow. Call him
to see me skip." So Mr. Rooster
crowed, Mrs. Duck quacked, and Mr.
Turkey gobbled, and up came the red
calf. "Twenty-five, twenty-six, twen
ty-seven," said the skipper. "Very,
very good," cried the crowd. And they
all began laughing with delight.
"Twenty-eight, twenty-riine" But be
fore Miss Pig could say "thirty" she
gave a little cry of fear, fqr Carlo, tho
watchdog, had walked at that moment
Into th yard. Down went tho skip
ping rope, and off went Miss Pig, fol
lowed by Mr. Rooster, Mrs. Duck nnd
her children, Mr. Turkey nnd the red
calf, Just as fast as they could go.
The noise they mnde was heard a
milo nway, and poor old Carlo, who
meant no harm, sat down with his
ears pricked up, wondering what it
was all about. Washington Stnr.
An Alphabet Game.
Have any of you children who fre
quently have to ride to school on the
cars and are often tired of it ever
played the alphabet game?
The great beauty of the game Is that
you can play It all by' yourself or with
any number of others. Tho only thing
necessary for you to provide is a pair
of sharp eye3. The advertising signs
In the cars make the rest of the game,
or you may decide to use the signs in
the streets, or both.
The game is to start with A and find
all the letters of the alphabet In regu
lar order. If you are playing with
others, tho object is, of course, to find
the whole alphabet before any one else
does. If alone, see how many times
you can find it in tho street signs from
one end of your journey to the other.
What Mrs. Carlyle Said.
Mrs. Carlyle, wife of the great his
torian, once said, "Show me a human
who can open and close a door without
slamming it and without leaving n
mark upon it, and I will show you
some one whose acquaintance you
would do well to cultivate."
The question, "What are doorknobs
for?" was asked a class in a public
school, and not one child gave the cor
What would you say were you
asked? Of cours'o tho answer is Blm
pie. "Why, doorknobs are made to
open doors with, of course."
Very true, but you only go halfway.
They are also made to shut doors with
and thus avoid slamming the door and
soiling the paint.
Think about it, children, and try to
use your doorknobs properly.
What killed Julius Caesar? Roman
'"When Is money damp? When it is
due in tho morning and missed nt
How does the postage stamp have
the advantage over small boys? It
can only be licked once.
Which Is easier to take before un
dergoing an operation, gas or chloro
form? Ether (either) is good.
Why is an alligator the most deceit
ful of animals? Because he takes you
In with an open countenance.
Stand with tho toes together and
bands on hips, spring upward and as
you rise in tho air cross your feet and
return them to the same position. The
toes must be kept pointed or they will
strike against each other as they at
tempt to cross. Do not heed the curi
ous sensation ns if the feet were held
by bonds, but persevere.
Told the Teacher.
Freddie had just returned from his
first day at school.
Auntie What did you leaxn?
Freddie Didn't learn anything.
Auntie Well, what did you do?
Freddie Didn't do anything. There
was a woman wanting to know how to
spell cat, and I told her.
Digits In Triangle.
Can you arrange the digits from one
to nine in a triangle in such a way
that they will add up twenty on all
three sides? You can If you arrange
them this way:
A Poor Needle.
Schoolteacher Now, Bobbie, spell
Schoolteacher Wrong. There's no 1
Bobble Well, 'tain't a good needle,
The Sandman's Song,
Good night! The trees are whispering;
A drowsy strata the robins sing-;
The cows come tinkling- to the bars;
The sky is blooming out with stars;
The doves and chicks are fast asleep;
No robin gives a dreamy peep;
Tho sun has gone; the lamp's alight.
Come, taby dear, and say good night.
WIDE TIRED WAGONS."
Result of Experiments on Different
Roads and Soil.
Some years ago, when the low wheel,
wide tired handy wagons first began
to attract serious attention, the Mis
souri agricultural experiment station
at Columbia, Mo., became Interested
In wide tires nnd made a number of
experiments. A report has been made
on the experiments, with' tho following
Tests were made on macadam, grav
el nnd dirt roads In all conditions and
TYPE OP WISH TIRED WHEEL.
on meadows, pastures and plowed
fields, both wet and dry. The draft
was determined by means of n self re
cording dynamometer. The net load
was in every trial the same viz, 2,000
pounds. Contrary to public expecta
tion, in n large majority of cases the
draft was materially less when tires
six Inches In width were used than
when the tests were made with tires of
standard width, one nnd one-half inch
es. In all conditions of the gravel road,
except wet and sloppy on top, tho draft
of tho broad tired wagon was very
much less than that of tho narrow
tired wagon. Averaging the six trials,
a load of 2,482 pounds could bo hauled
on the broad tires with the same draft
required for a load of 2,000 pounds on
the narrow tires.
On dirt roads when dry, hard and
free from ruts 2,530 pounds could hare
LOW WIDE TIRED WAGON.
been hauled on the broad tires with
tho same draft required for 2,000
pounds on the narrow tires. On clay
roads, with mud deep and drying on
top nnd spongy underneath, a largo
number of tests showed uniformly fa
vorable to the broad tire. The differ
ence amounted to from 52 to Gl per
cent, or about 3,200 pounds could have
been hauled on tho broad tires with
the same draft required to draw 2,000
pounds on tho narrow tires. In this
condition of road the broad tires show
to their greatest advantage. As the
road dries and becomes firmer the dif
ference between the draft of the broad
and narrow tires gradually diminishes
until it reaches about 25 to 30 per cent
on dry, hard, smooth dirt, gravel or
macadam road In favor of tho broad'
Tho report concludes:
"A large number of tests on mead
ows, pastures, stubble land, corn
ground nnd plowed ground in every
condition, from dry, hard and firm to
very wet and soft, show without a sin
gle exception a large difference in
draft in favor of the broad tires. This
difference ranged from 17 to 120 per
"These statistics throw a strong
light upon the question of draft and
make distinctly in favor of the employ
ment of wide tires. There is little rea
son to doubt that the opinion of prac
tical teamsters would support the same
proposition. Perhaps it would be bet
ter to provide for a gradual adoption
of wide tires, but that they .are cer
tain to come cannot well bo doubted."
The Illinois experiment station has
just published the results of its ef
forts to breed corn for high and low
protein content and for high and low
oil content. Ten generations of corn
have been bred for these different pur
poses by selection of seed having the
desired qualities. In tho effort to in
crease the protein content the average
has been changed from 10.02 per cent
to 14.20 per cent in tho effort to de
crease it from 10.02 per cent to 8.04
per cent. Individual ears have been
found which contain as high as 17.70
per cent of protein and as low as 0.13
per cent, ns high as 8.50 per cent of
oil and as low as 1.C0 per cent. But
the high protein corn has been in ev
ery case less productive than any of
the other three and In somo cases de
cidedly so, It has also been less pro
ductive as a rule than corn grown for
no particular purpose Just corn. The
conclusion is reached from some plots
that, while this continued selection for
a single purpose to tho neglect of all
other considerations has resulted in
lower yields, yet this is not a neces
sary result. In some cases high pro
tein corn has yielded well as compar
ed with standard varieties bred for no
Attention is colled to the STRENGTH
The FINANCIER of New York
Citv has published a ROLL OF
HONOR of the 11,470 State BankB '
and Trust Companies of United; ?!
States. In this list the WAYNE?
COUNTY SAVINGS BANK
Stands 38th in the United States.
Stands 10th in Pennsylvania.
Stands FIRST in Wayne County.
Capital, Surplus, $455,000.00
Total ASSETS, $2,733,000.00
lionesdale, Pa., May 20, 1008.
Maple City GREENHOUSE
Gut Flowers and Plants,
Come and see them.
In cnniDllnnro with SnVInn :i of tlin Uni
form Primary Act, page J7, P. L, l'JOti, notice
Is hereby Riven to the uvsctorn of Wayno
county of the number of (delegates to the
.State convention each panty la entitled to
elect, the mimes of party ollrccs to bo filled,
and for what county olllces nominations aro
to he made ut the Spring I'rlmurlcs.to beheld
on Saturcluy, June 6th, ltKHJ
1 One person for Jury Commissioner.
1 Two persons for Delegates to State Con
vention. ,'i One person in each election district for
member of Cuunty Committee.
1 One person for Jury Commissioner.
'I Two persons for Delegates to State Con
vention. 1 Oneperson In each' election district; for
member of County Committee. isd
1 One person for Jury Commissioner.
i2 Kour Delecates to State Convention.
j j'our persons tor alternate aciegateslto
State Convention. ; rZt; :
4 One person for PartyJChalrman,' ...,;
5 One person for PartyJSecrctary.
II One person for Party.Treasurer. '"
For Jury Commissioner, apetitioncr must
have no less than llfty signatures of mem
bers of his party who are voters ; for Dele
gates to State Convention, Committeemen
and party otticers, no less than ten signa
tures. tAU of these petitions must be filed In tho
Commissioners' ottlce on or before Saturday,
May 15, 100!).
J. E. MANDEVILLE, 1 -'T"-
J. K. HOHNDKCK, S-Com'rs.
T. O. MADDEN. j
Attest :Geo. P. Koss, Clerk.
Commissioners' Olliee, lionesdale. Pa.
April 5, 11KKI. 2iwl
For 10 Days at
$12. for $ 8.00
$18. for $16.00
$ 8. for $ 4.50
Late of Paupack township, deceased.
The undersigned, an auditor appointed to
report distribution ot satd estate, will attend
to tbo duties ot his appointment, on
FRIDAY, APRIIiie, 1909,
at 1 J o'clock, a. m.,at his office In the borough
of lionesdale. at which time and place all
claims against said estate must be presented,
or recourse to the fund tor distribution will
. , w It. It. SALMON, Auditor,
lionesdale, March 2. 1S09, 29t3
"" I lift n1