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FIRST STEAM RAILROAD IN THE UNITED STATES
iiik iiiotiin. is :i lihotouranh of tin- lirst steam railroad train run in the tinted States, in the year 1S2S, by
An Interesting Picture, Though Not
Strictly Accurate Historically.
The above cut, with the accompany-1
ing description, recently appeared in
"The Sun," of Saratoga, X. Y. TllK
Citizen, through the courtesy of the
Sun, reproduces it as being very nearly :
as great a curiosity as would be the1
Stourbridge Linn itself, if that source of
local pride and subject of innumerable
newspaper articles could be placed on
exhibition. The picture is at least in
teresting and instructive as showing the
style of passenger cars, literally " wag
ons," as they were called at the outset
of steam railroading, three-quarters of a
century ago, and as giving an idea of
fashions in dress prevailing in .the days
of our great-grandfathers, lint for the
rest, the scene depicted mutt be regard
ed as purely mythical the embodiment
of the artist's conception of tilings,
rather than descriptive of the event as it
Ttially occurred. Nor is the letter press
much more reliable, historically, than .
Hie engraving. The bare facts are that j
Ir. Allen was commissioned by the
Del. and Hud. Canal Company in 18.27
nn.nKnrn I., 17,. rrl n 11 A till ll11 irAII '
l IUI llltlCi; 111 .1IIIIIV 111V
rails to be used on the road between
llonesdale and Carbondale, the chains
required on the inclined planes, and
three locomotives to run on the levels.
It -was stipulated in the agreement be
tween the company and Mr. Allen that
.his traveling and other expenses on sea
and land were to be paid by the former,
but that they were not to exceed $tKXt.
His time for the trip was limited to
three months, but so much difficulty
was experienced in the manufacture of
the iron to meet his views, his leave of
absence was extended to nearly a veils,
lie went out in the autumn of 1827, when
barely twenty-live years of age, and re
turned in the fall of 1828. The locomo
tives soon followed him, the other rail
way supplies having been forwarded
earlier. The following summer the
"Lion" was sent to llonesdale, and the
"trial trip made. That trial trip was the
only journey the locomotive ever made
on its own wheels, with the exception of
a run of a few hundred feet, immediate
ly following, taken for the express bene
fit of Nathan Kellogg and the late Hon.
Otis Avery. There were no either cars
in the make up of the train than the
engine and tender, and on the trial trip
there was no one on board save Mr.
Allen himself. So that the long string
of coaches, apparently tilled with pas
sengers is purelv mythical.
The Stourbridge Lion remained under
a fhed, near where its trial was made,
for more than twenty years, its boiler
often ridden astride by the writer and
other lads, and was then removed to the
llonesdale foundry, on Ladywood Lane,
where it was partially dismantled and
broken up. One of the cylinders and
the connecting rods of both cylinders
and pumps eventually fell into the
hands of !eorge 15. Smith, of Ptinmore,
I'a. The other cylinder i in the pos
sesion of the heirs of Steuben .leukins,
of Wyoming, Lurerne county. I'a. Such
parts as the Government, xiinc years
since, was. enabled to gather up, were
taken to Washington, !. ('., where the
missing portions were supplied, and the
locomotive, as rccnut-tnifted, is now on
exhibition lit the Smithsonian Inetitu
tiou. Dou'r put all your ttgg In one basket.
Tin: CITIZEN reaches poople that its
competitors cannot touch. Try an ml v.
THE PRESENT HOXESDALE STATION.
PAST AND PRESENT.
The First Train in the United States
and the Trains of To-Doy
From the Same Starting
Through the kindness of the editor of
the Herald we are enabled to accompany
our illustration of "The First Railroad
in the United States" with a picture
frUm "Picturesque Wayne County," of
a scene of to-day, taken within a stone's
throw of the exact locality from which
the Stourbridge Lion started on its trial
trip eighty years ago. This engraving,
when compared with the one above, not
only serves to show the wonderful im
provement which time has wrought in
locomotives, cars, and the general equip
ment of railroads, but the advance in
picture-making as well. It is a view of
one of the daily trains on the Krie rail
road just as it is pulling away from the
station on its way to Xew York. The
lawn with (lower bed in the foreground
is part of the depot park, extending
along Main street for nearly two blocks, j
aim maintained as one of the beauty
spots of the town bv the Del. & Hud.
Co., to which corporation it belongs.
To prevent eye glasses from steaming
in cold weather, rub them thorough
ly on both sides with a little vaseline or
cold cream, then rub with tissue paper
or cloth to clear the glasses. Glasses
treated this way will not cloud or steam
in the coldest weather for twenty-four
hours. This treatment of the glasses
should be made once a day for outdoor
It was his tirst engagement, and he
was very nervous. A cliiini of his was
in the line of tire ahead of him, and when
the bullets began to tly the chum began
Thereupon the recruit shouted, excit
ed I v:
tlli.vt tin. li..i'l .li.r.1- I'm I. I
"Why did you shake your lltt at the
"Well, ruplicd the congressman, "I
didn't want the whole session to slip by
without my having made n motion of
Manii ksT Dksti.sy is the term which
men apply to the thing they want to do.
Deposed President of Haiti
on French Warship.
ATTOISNKY A rot'NSEI.O It-AT-LAW
Olllce Next ilmir toio-t otllee. Former!
iK'cupleil by V. II. Illmmkk. lluncstlulc. I'a
ATTOIiXr.Y & rorXSEI.01S-AT-l.AU-.
Ollliv over Host olllce. All hsal lniln..v
promptly attended to. lloticrialc, !'.
GENERAL LEGITIME IS PRESIDENT MAS -xlob.at.Mw.
iflice in Foster building rut ms'.land 10,
Woman Tries to Stab Fleeing Ruler
i and Angry Mob Threatens
! Him His Hoard of Gold
i Seized by Rioters.
Court 1!(I11M i
"line In tin
1 Tort an l'rlnee. Dee. r,. Following
1 the seizure of I'.ut an l'rlnee by the
! rebcN the people deposed President
j Nord Alexis, who lied the city,
j lie took refuse on the French war-
ship IMiguny Tniulii. hut left only just
In time to escape tlinso who threat-
cued hN life.
At the lat moment President AlexW
yielded to the urging of those about
iilm iind'deelded to take refuge aboard
the French warship. A salute of
twenty-one guns uiuioiim-cd his depar
ture from the palace.
Thousands had gathered there early
In the day. and they had surged round
the entrances, threatening to tear
down the walls to drive out the presi
dent niitl his loyal followers,
fUIAIiLF.S A. McCAISTY,
U ATTOItSEY A- rot-XEI.OI!-AT-I,AW.
!iclu! timl tin nipt attention elven to tin
tot let tii n lit claims. Ollheowr liclf? new
tore. Iloiu.-ttale. I'll.
1-Ti:i! II. 1LOIT,
(Mil i Stoml
ATTOKXEY .t rot-XSKI.OIt-AT-I.AW.
OHicc over tiierot otllee. HoncMlalc. I'a.
Olllce near Court 1Ioiih llonesdale. I'a.
From the Saratoga (N. Y.) Sun.)
the Delaware & Hudson Canal Company, at
Ionedale Pa. In .lanuarv, 1S2S, Horatio Allen, of the Delaware x Hudson canal Company, went to Knglamt to order rails for a horse road winch they
had built at the above place, and also to examine the invented steam locomotives ; and, if he thought well of them, to purchase three. He did, in fact, order
one locomotive at the works of H. Foster llastnck & Company, of Stourbridge, and two more of the works of It. htevenson & Company, at Newcastle. These
ennines were received at New York in the winter of 18:28-11, and the following spring were put upon the rails. The Stourbridge engine was run with anthra
cite coal as fuel, bv Mr. Allen himself, making six miles at its lirst trip, and was the lirst steam locomotive to be run on the American Continent,
year locomotive building was successfully begun in the United Stateslat West Point.
THE FIRST LOCOMOTIVE.
ATTOKXEY ,t rOI'XSEI.OK-AT-I.AW.
(itliceover I'oM (Hllec. HoncMlalc. I'a.
HUM Kit C li F.F.N K,
ATTOIiXEY A CorXSEI.OIt-AT-LAW.
Olllce over Itelf's store, llonesdale. I'a.
As the hours passed the great mon . ii011,.sda.e.
became Infuriated. Hhoullng for him to -
leave the country. The mob was arm-1 Dentists
tl. and men mid women, beside them
selves with rage, heaped curses on the
head of the aged man who had been
deposed from the presidency of the
republic, but who had fiercely express-
1 ed his determination to tight to the
So serious was the situation that the
French minister. M. Carteron. and oth-
er foreign representatives, together
with members of a specially appointed
i-ommlttee forced themselves upon the
president, who Anally consented to
Shouts greeted hint as he stepped 1
'from the precincts of the palace and!
Into a carriage which had been pro-1
i vided. M. Carteron. carrying the
French tricolor, sat beside him.
An Immense crowd of men and wo- j
men had assembled at the wharf, and
the arrival of the presidential ear-
Huge, escorted by n battalion of In- j
full try and a squadron of cavalry un-1
del- command of Ceneral 'Hlppolyte. i
betiding, second Hopr.
E. T. BKOWN,
Olllce First Hour, iilil Snvtni.ii llnul- ImlM.
lug. llonesdale. I'a.
II. B. SEAKLES,
Olllce and residencf 11 Hi Cluinii street
Telephones. OtHce Hours 2:UU to 1:00 and
I.IVEHY AXI) OMXII1US I.IXE.
Hear of Allen House, llonesdale. I'a.
tiie signal for wild tumult and j
The Stourbridge Lion at the Smithsonian Institute, Washington.
Uncle Sam Is at last getting exclu
sive 'with bis national emblems, and
the commissioner of patents now rules
against the registration of trademarks
American Grand Opera.
The Metropolitan Opera company
steps nobly to the front rank of the
few but zealous champions of Amerl-
bearlng them. Hereafter the eagle, the ean talent In the field of composition.
shield, the flag and other Insignia of ! "ecently the native work of Frederick
the United States must not be used tc ' s- Converse, "The Pipe of Desire," has
exploit private trade. hoen given a hearing, and its success
' must stimulate hope In the breasts of
Uncle Sam welcomes the "Cuba I American composers that the field Is
llbre" slitcr now as heartily as be-! not to be monopolized forever by for
fore, but the next time this thing hap- - otaicrs. The Metropolitan company
pens he'll see to It himself that her hat ! proposes to head a movement In favor
la on straight before saying "Howdy.
The monorail for giving people a ride
Is not n new thing, only the new kind
Is made In a foundry, while the old
style Is cut and split In the woods.
of American operas to be rendered In
English. As n starter It offers a prize
for the best grand opera written by a
composer born In this country.
Much has been said of late about the
demand among managers for Ameri
can works to stage. For an American
All along the route the people who
llmtl the streets shouted, jeered ami J
cursed at the fallen president, hut
when the landing stage was readied
the mob lost all restraint.
The scene was tragic and shameful.
Infuriated women broke through the
cordon and shrieked the coarsest in
sults Into the very face of the presl
1 dent, who strove bravely to appear un
They tried to hurl themselves upon
him and fought with hands and feet
' against the soldiers, who found dilli
culty In forcing them back.
In order to disengage him the troops
discharged their muskets, several shots
being tired. During this time a space
was cleared, and Nord Alexis, with
the French colors draped about him.
was hurried aboard a skiff In tow of a
steam launch, his suit tumbling into
the skiff after him.
Just as Nord Alexis was embarking
a woman succeeded In reaching his
side and, drawing a murderous knife,
made a sweep at his body. The blow
fell short, however, and before the
woman could follow It up with an
other she was seized by a soldier.
A man succeeded In striking the
i president with his tlst, but the blow
was a glancing one on the neck. Nord
Alexis turned to M. Carteron and.
I shaking his head, said. "I told you so,
I your excellency."
i A trunk which was left behind on
I the precipitate departure of the presl
jdent and his party from the wharf
was seized upon by the rioters and
broken open. It was found to contain
some $10,000 In gold and ".0,000 Hai
tian gourdes. The specie was scattered
about and promptly pillaged.
General Antolne Simon, the'leader of
the Insurgents, Is marching up the
peninsula with an army of .",000. and
a new president, (ieneral Legitime,
has been proclaimed.
Armed sailors from the two Ameri
can cruisers and the French cruiser In
the harbor were landed to guard their
(Ieneral Canal is doing everything
possible to maintain order. The guards
on the street have been Increased, but
It Is with great difficulty that the pop
ulace Is being restrained.
The committee of public safety Is
composed of (Ieneral Legitime, the
president of the provisional govern
ment: General Canal, the organizer of
I the local movement, and MM, Oreste,
Prudent, Chapoteau, Lnforcsr, Hippo-
1036 MAIN STREET,
$500 Fancy OaR
For this handsomo Rocker in eolden
Quartered Oak or Mahogany finish.
I'lano polish Finish. Banister back.
Dalntly carved top and back, Saddlo
seat. Very easy and durable. Retails
In stores usually from J 1.50 to 15.00.
Buying direct from us eliminate!;
the dealer's profit. Write today
for our latest catalogue. Free.
But if women do get the ballot work which will score at the box of
there'll be very few of the sweet eight-1 "c?. of course, there Is always a de
een class registering as "twenty-one mand, but It still remains true that the I l.vte mid Donna my. all men of proml-1
last birthday." ' i natlva aspirant must first push aside nonce In the community.
n score or so of foreign attractions J Tll! revolution has been remarkably
which have made good before ho cau ''" ' ' "
, , . ,. , , . fers, together with the high military
get a hearing. Ihe publfc will bo cdu-1 ((nU.als um,(r S(jn, Axl ,.,, l!llan ,
oated to favor American tnlent If the , roflIC(( , )Ile vatMtH for,.l!;ll (.pons.
managers desire It. The Metropolitan These are the sanio men who nine
management risks an innovation in , months ago were protesting vocifer-
producing grand opera In English. In omly against the granting of the right
offering a prize for new work to bo T refuge to unsuccessful revolution
sung In English It shows faith In the
American public ns well an In Ameri
With an ?S,000,000,000 crop to sell,
Uncle Sam's "poor but honest" farmer .
may bo the next caught In tho net of 1
If Carnegie finds that protection
won't let hint dlo poor, he's tho very
man to head nil Income tax crusade.
Tho farmer will bo delighted to read
nil about the Iloosovolt uplift even If
ho Is not taking any of It himself.
It was expected that rumor would
get Anna Gould on the divorce records
Dgaln, "but not bo soon."
Christ inns magazines, mado In ad
vance, nro out nnd reasonably sound
on tho main question, but ho Is a rash
editor who will tackle a world featuro
now as timely for the July number.
Ists by the foreign diplomatic and ton.
sulur representatives. Now they are
only loo happy to seek the protection
of a foreign ling to escape the fury of
Thread Mills on Full Time.
Glasgo, Conn., Dee. .'!. The mills of
the American Thread company started
un full time.
BINGHAMTON, N. Y.
A I'MTOK'S NOTICE.
ii. ESTATE Or
UileV Clinton towiilil. deceased. . A
The iiiitlersleiittl, nil miilllor appointed n
rcitort distribution of snid estate, willuttend
to the duties of Ills iipiioliitiiH'nl.on
I'lilllAY. IlKt'K.MItKIt Illi. 1!W.
at Id o'clock, a. ni..at IiIkoIIIiv III the liorouiih
of llnnc Mltilc. at width time nod place till
claims ubuIiiM said estate must he presented,
or mourn? totliufuml for distribution will
"t,1"B, W.M. II. I.RK. Auditor.
I lonesdiile. Nov. !). l!Wi. W.l
1)11. C. It. llltADV.Ilr.NTisT llonesdale, I'll.
OrncK lloitits-H a, mi. to 3 p. in.
Any evenlni; by apiHittitiiieiit.
CltUt'liB' nlioue, 'M, KcMUvlice, No.BUX.