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rUDtlSHKD EVERY WEDNEBDAT AND FRIDAY BY
THE CITIZEN rOBLIBHINO COMPANY.
Entered as second-olnss matter, nt the post
olllcc, Honesdalo, l'a.
SUIlSCniPTION: 11.50 a year, in advance
E. 11. HAKDENUKUOH. - - PUESinENT
W. W. WOOD, - - MANAGER AND SECY
c. it. dorflinc1er. m. b. ai.i.en.
henry w1lhox. e. b. 1iai1denberoii.
W. W. WOOD.
Bryan nnd the Hernld.
The Herald continues to plunge through
a bog of misstatement and a fog of mis
understanding, in a despairing effort to
save the face of Bryan and the DemoC'
racy. The points which it thuB develops,
so far as they require further notice, are
the following :
REPUBLICAN CREDIT TO BltYAN.
Says the Herald :
"There is scarcely a Republican news
paper published in this country within
the last two weeks that has not praised
Mr. Bryan for his principles."
If any Republican newspaper has
"praised Mr. Bryan for his principles,"
it would naturally be supposed that our
neighbor would seize, the opportunity
to republish this praise, verbatim, and
call attention to its source. But nothing
of this kind has appeared in its columns
We have a fair acquaintance with the
leading Republican newspapers in this
part of the country, but have not observed
anything of this nature in the columns of
any of them. Some of them have given
Bryan credit for zeal, sincerity, and clean
discussion of campaign issues, with
earnestness, eloquence and courage in
maintaining his views in the face of a
strong adverse popular opinion. But
this implies no praise of the principles
which he advocated ; and if our neighbor
can show anything beyond this, its pub
lication would be helpful to the Bryan
THE MATTEIt OF FREE SILVER.
The Herald rehashes the mouldy ro
mance that represents Senator Piatt, of
New York, as dictating the gold plank
in the Republican platform of 1896, and
threatening McKinley with defeat unless
it was adopted. For months previous to
the Convention, Piatt vigorously de
nounced McKinley's candidacy as im
possible; declared that he could be
neither nominated or elected ; and op
posed his nomination to the last. But
on reaching St. Louis, just previous to
the Convention, he found McKinley's
nomination settled, and the financial
plank of the platform, declaring for the
gold standard, already framed, on the
basis of a draft sent by McKinley througl
Gov. Foraker, who had been designated
by the Ohio delegation as the Ohio mem
ber of the Platform Committee. In its
completed fQrm, this plank was the work
chiefly of Foraker and Herrick, of Ohio
Merriam, of Minnesota, Kohlsaat, of
Chicago, Fairbanks, of Indiana, and
Lodge, of Massachusetts. As to Piatt
nobody asked or regarded his views, and
hia influence was so small that he was
unable even to gain the support of the
New York delegation for Morton as Vice
President, and Hobart, of New Jersey
was made the nominee. After the Con
vention, he made an attempt, through
some of his followers, to claim the credit
for the gold plank. But this claim col
lapsed under a letter from Charles Emory
ismith, editor of the Philadelphia Press
published in that journal, June 24, 1890
in which all the details leading to the
adoption of the plank were given, from
the persona) knowledge of the writer.
Says the Herald :
"It is understood by all political parties
and all persons having any interest in
the matter, that it is now a foregone con
clusion that the independence of the
Philippine Islands will be granted in the
near future. No party advocates the
contrary to this view. Neither Mr.
Roosevelt nor Mr. Taft would for a mo
ment advocate the retention of the Phil
ippine Islands by this government. So
thoroughly was this settled during the
presidential campaign of 1901 that it was
not an issue in the campaign just closed."
In 1900, the Republican platform said
of the Philippines : "The largest measure
of self-government consistent with their
welfare and our duties shall be secured
to them by law." This, assuredly, was
far from a promise of independence.
The Democratic platform condemned
and denounced our Philippine policy,
demanded independence for the Philip
pines, with protection from outside in
terference, and declared this to be "the
paramount issue of the campaign." The
conclusion reached by the people on this
issue was announced in a still more dis
astrous defeat of Bryan than he had suf
fered in 1890,
In 1901, the Republican platform said:
"In the Philippines wo have suppressed
insurrection, established order, and given
to life and property a security never
known there before. We have organized
civil government, made it effective and
strong in administration, and have con
ferred upon the people of those islands
the largest civil liberty, they have ever
enioved. Bv our possession of the Phil
ipplnes we were enabled to take prompt
and effective action in the relief of the
legations at Peking, and a decisive part
in preventing the partition and preserv
ing the integrity of China."
Only this, and nothing more ; not a
word of Philippine independence.
The Democratic platform said :
"We insist that we ought to do for
the Filipinos what we have already done
for the Cubans, nnd it is our duty to
make that promise now, and upon suit
able guarantees of protection to citjzens
of our own nnd other countries resident
there at the time of our withdrawal, set
the Filipino people upon their feet, free
The people disposed of this issue by
the most crushing defeat ever suffered by
the Democratic party J and bo far as the
question of Philippine independence was
thoroughly settled" in 1904, it was
settled with a most emphatic negative.
This year, the Republican platform de
"In the Philinnincs. insurrection has
been suppressed, law established, and
life ana property maae secure, .educa
tion and practical experience are there
advancing the. capacity of the people for
government, and the policies of McKin
ley and Rooseyelt are leading the inhabi
tants step by step to an ever increasing
measure of home rule."
This is all, and it is not the shadow of
a promise of Philippine independence.
The Democratic platform condemned
'the experiment of imperialism" in tho
Philippines, nnd added:
"We favor an immediate declaration
of the nation's purpose to recognize the
independence of the Philippine lsianas
ns soflijUiB a stable government can be
estmSshcd, such independence to be
guaranteed by us as we guarantee the
independence of (Juba, until tne neutra
lization of the islands can be secured by
treaty with other powers. In recogniz
ing the inaepenaence oi ine rnnippines,
our government should retain such land
as may be necessary for .coaling stations
and naval bases."
But even with the modification con
tained in the last clause, Bryan's prop
osition was rejected by the people by
the largest majority ever given against
Thus the alleged "foregone conclu
sion ' of Philippine inaepenaence in
the near future" proves to be a bare as
sumption, with nothing whatever to rest
on in the form of action by the Repub
lican party or approval by the people.
It is a most diaphanous conclusion, dis
sipated into thin air by the popular ver
dict. The attitude of the Republican
party is contrary to this view, and noth-
in the attitude of Roosevelt or of Taft is
inconsistent with our retention of the
DECLARATIONS BY CONGRESS.
Th'j Herald further says :
"It was declared by Congress at the
time of the declaration of the war
r. 4 Cnnl.t l,nf ni.T. 4i.W.
covered from Spanish dominions should
be turned over to the inhabitants. In
the treaty of peace however, Porta Rica
was ceaea to this country oy way ot an
This is a point in modern history on
which our neighbor might easily be bet
When war was determined on, the
island of Cuba was the only subject of
consideration, and the only declaration
relating to it was the resolution approv
ed by the President April 20, 1898. The
first three sections of this, in brief, de
clared that the people of Cuba are and
of right ought to be free and indepen
dent ; that it was the duty of the United
States to demand the withdrawal of
Spain from the island ; directed the
President to use the entire land and
naval forces of the United States to
carry the resolutions into effect ; and the
fourth section declared :
"4. That the United States hereby
disclaims any disposition or intention to
exercise sovereignty, jurisdiction or con
trol over SAID ISLAND, except for the
pacihcation thereof, and asserts its de
termination, when that is accomplished
to leave the government and control of
THE ISLAND to its people."
THE TERRITORY ACQUIRED
The first reference to any other terri
tory than Cuba was m the peace pro
tocol, signed August 12, 1898. This pro
vided that Spain should relinquisl:
sovereignty over Cuba ! that "Porto Rico
and other Spanish islands in the West
Indies, and an island in the Ladrones
to be selected by the United States
should be ceded to the latter ; " and
that the United States should hold
Manila pending a treaty of peace
"which shall determine the control, dis
position and government of the Philip
pines." On October 31st, the formulat
ed demand of the United States for the
cession of the entire Philippine archipel
ago was laid before the Peace Commis
mission, with anoffer to reimburse Spain
to the extent of her permanent improve
ments, the amount being finally fixed at
$20,000,000. The treaty of peac was
signed on December 10, 1898, and ced
ed the islands specifically mentioned in
the protocol, the island of Guam, and the
Philippine archipelago ; but there is no
where any indication that Porto Rico
"was ceded to the United States by way
of an indemnity," as the Herald csserts
STATUS OF THE PEOPLE,
Article 0 of the treaty provided that
'The civil rights and political status
of the native inhabitants of the terri
tories hereby ceded to the United States
SHALL BE DETERMINED BY THE
Congress has legislated on various
points in relation to the Philippines and
their inhabitants, but remains as far as
ever from promising independence ; and
judging from the attitude of the Amer
lean people thus far, thero can at this
tune be no safer prediction than that
tho present generation will not see Phil
REAL AUTHOR OF POLICY
Years beforo Bryan thought of claim
ing tho authorship of the policies which
McKinley and Roosevelt have enforced
under tho Sherman anti-trust law and
other enactments, ho let tho world Into
the secret of their real origin. In hia
newspaper, "The Commoner," of Octo
ber 31, 1002, he pointed this out in the
testimony given by the StandardOil of
ficials before tho Industrial Commission
in 1809. Said "The Commoner" :
"The plan of vesting in the federal
government exclusive control of trusts
was not originated by the present leaders
of tho Republican party. John D. Rock
efeller, in his testimony beforo the in
dustrial commission, when asked what
legislation would be advisable, said:
'First, federal legislation under which
corporations may be created and regu
lated, if that were possible.' Vice Presi
dent Archbold, of the Standard Oil Co.,
said : 'The next great, and to my mind
inevitable sten of nroeress. in the direc
tion of our commercial development, lies
in the direction of national or federal
corporations.' Henry ri. Rogers, a
Standard Oil magnate, indorsed Mr,
Thus Bryan, now posing as a jackdaw
adorned with the feathers of other birds,
concedes that his borrowed plumes be
long to none of the Republican leaders,
but arc really Standard Oil Feathers I
So mote it be."
In the Herald's article on Bryan and
his Principle, he advises us to consult
modern history. Wo have done so and
find that the only thing totally destroy'
ed in 1004, was Democrat Parker's As
pirations for the Presidency, and that the
destruction was due largely to one of
Wm. Jennings Bryan's chimerical, loud
sounding war cries, "Imperialism,"
and among well informed Democrats it
is generally understood that this sweet
morsel, "Imperialism," was manufac
turedespecially by Wm. Jennings Bryan
to destroy the aspirations of Mr. Parker
and several other leading Democrats
who opposed Bryan in previous cam
paigns, and while the day after election,
Parker looked and felt like a "Sick
Hen," Bryan "wore the smile that does
not come off, "as the result of that
contest that gave him a clear road to
the next Democratic nomination for
President : and if the Herald student of
Political History will just look over the
Bryan vote in Ulster county, the home
of Mr. Parker, he will know who "wears
the smile now," and who has the sick
Had the lawyer who wrote for the
Herald the long and misleading article
condemning the present board of Coun
ty Commissioners, and published just
prior to election, read the county state
ment of 1907, he would have seen that
the Commissioners' expense bills were
all accounted for. If he will take the
trouble to lookup that statement he will
find that for 1907, Mr. Madden's bill was
$735.02; Mr. Hornbeck's $758.32; Mr
Mandeville's, $750.40. The salary is $700,
and the difference between $700 and the
amounts above quoted are the expenses
of each Commissioner for that year. In
that same article it was said that the
county duplicate for the last three years
has averaged $51,520. This is as false as
the rest of the article. The records in
the Commissioners' office show that the
average amount of the county duplicate
for the last three years is $43,999.
The Governor's Proclamation.
In conformity with a well established
and laudable custom, I, Edwin S. Stuart,
Governor of the Commonwealth of Penn
sylvania, do hereby set apart Thursday,
November 26th, as a day for giving thanks
and praise to the Lord for His infinite
goodness and mercy.
For bountiful harvests, peace and re
turning prosperity, for protecting us from
pestilence and famine, and for the mani
fold mercies we have received during the
past year, our people have reason to go
to God in thanksgiving and prayer.
For a land of homes, churches and
schools, and for the things which make
happiness and contentment, we should
never cease to be grateful.
On this day let us assemble in our
churches and places of worship, and ex
press our gratitude to Almighty God for
the blessings we have received, and pray
for a continuance of His divine favors
Let us not forget that our thanksgiving
is mere lipervice if we neglect the poor
the unfortunate, and the afflicted.
EDWIN S. STUART.
Notice to Correspondents.
Correspondents of The Citizen will
kindly note the following : Write on
one side of the paper only. Leave a
blank space between items. Be especial
ly particular to write proper names plain
ly if uncommon, print them out. In
cases of deaths, marriages or any special
articles, be specific, give all details. The
last forms of The Citizen for Wednes
day's edition close on Tuesday morning;
for Friday s issueon Thursday morning.
Any special articles such as marriages,
deaths, accidents, fires, etc., may be
mailed or telephoned to reach us not
later than noon of those days, and it la
such news that we desire our correspon
dents to give special attention to. We
want to make The Citizen the best
semi-weekly In the State, and realize
the fact that it can only be done by the
active and painstaking help of our coun
try contributors. Kindly let us have it
promptly .and regularly, and keep us
posted ns to when your supplies of
stationery, etc., need replenishing.
Bo sure your sins will find you out :
the recording angel is expert at short'
FOR JOB PRINTING call at the The
Citizen Office Bill Heads, Statements,
.Letter fiends, Circulars, liana finis
Publio Sale Bills, Programs, Ticket, Eta
School Directors' Meeting. t
The School Directors meeting was
held on Friday, Nov. 13th, at 1:30 r. M.
Meeting called to order by President,
, R. Bodie. James Hcnshaw was
Prof. Lang, of New York city, was in
troduced by President Bodie, who stat
ed that the Professor, having to take the
2:50 train, was accorded the first part of
the programme. The subject of his re
marks was "Schools as an Investment."
He brought out many important points
to prove that in many ways schools were
very profitable investment. Suburb
an towns grow more rapidly, and the
increase in population and value of real
estate advances faster when good schools
are established, as they are the induce
ment for parents to locate. Good teach
ers make good schools ; but efficient
supervision is necessary. Encourage
ment by directors and parents is essen
tial to success. He spoke highly of the
status of Wayne county teachers, and
stated that in point of intelligence, at
tention and interest, they compared very'
favorably. He recommended directors
to study the needs of their respective
districts, and claimed that every educa
ted individual'adds to the wealth of the
State. School houses should be built
back from the road in order to leave
room to beautify the surroundings. He
laid great stress upon the importance of
keeping the school rooms well cared
for, as it tended to educate along the
lines of cleanliness. Cleanliness does
not cost much ; and it adds to the in
terest of the investment. Taxpayers
should be entertained occasionally at
school, in order that they may 6ee the
condition of school houses and be in
duced to remedy defects in construction
President Bodie gave a short address
in which he reviewed the work of the
past year ; complimented the ex-superintendent
and praised his successor for
the able manner in which he had taken
hold of the work of his office.
Dr. Pattengill was then introduced
and made a short but spirited address
on school work in general, and the
duties of school directors particularly.
R. M. Stacker was called onand spoke
on Forestry, describing very fully the
terrible loss necessarily resulting from
the destruction of our forests for com
mercial purposes. He urged that public
sentiment should be aroused to prevent
wanton destruction of our timber.
A. T. Searle spoke of the necessity,
on the part of the general public, of
giving more attention to our schools,
roads and forests, and suggested that no
tax should be levied on tracts of grow
ing timber, but that taxes on timber
lands should be collected only as the
timber is cut.
Prof. Dooley spoke for high schools
in the different townships ; for an op
portunity to educate nearer home in the
higher branches, and a more thorough
education in the elementary branches.
On Saturday the following officers
were elected for the ensuing year: R
M. Stacker, President ; Dr. A. Simons,
1st Vice President ; C. A. Wonnacott,
2d Vice President ; A. M. Leine, Secre
tary, and Fred. Saunders, Treasurer.
Forest Fire Fighting.
Some of the men who were employed
in fighting fires during the drought were
inclined to find fault with the Commis
sioners' oliice because objection was
made to paying men for protecting their
own property. Here is what the Aud
itor General wrote the Commissioners:
In view of the large number of forest
fires that have occurred recently, it
deemed proper that this department
should oner a lew suggestions relative
to the payment of bills by the County
Commissioners. The state appropna'
tion, though sufficient for ordinary
years, is likely to prove insufficient this
vear. and while the legislature will
doubtless appropriate to cover any de
ficiency, it is to be desired that the bills
be kept as low as possible.
Both county and state are peculiarly
liable to fraud in this matter at the
hands of unscrupulous persons. We
suggest therefore that the bills be most
carefully revised by the county commis'
sioners before payment. The number
of hours per day for each warden or
deputy should be kept within bounds of
probability, me warden snouia be
carefully auestionea with reierence to
the origin of the fire, its location and
extent, the number of persons employ'
ed by him and the number of hours each
person worked. Care should be taken
to eliminate claims for fictitious ner
sons or persons physically incapable of
performing the work.
it snouia also be borne in raina that
no person or corporation has a right to
compensation for extinguishing fires on
his own property, ana great care snouia
be taken to inquire into all claims with
this matter in view. Pay no man who
has worked to save his own property or
the property of his employer.
Bills are payable Jan. 1st, and what
ever money is available will be disburs
ea pro rata on that ante.
The Jews of Austria are elated at tho
appointment of a co-religionist, Major
General Edward Hitter von Schweitzer,
to the rank of field marshal. This of
fleer, w'10 has seen over forty years' ser-
..? V, I . r,A o
VJUvt wua uuui ui jjuui faiciiio, iiiiu .en
tered the army as a private. He fought
in Bohemia, and took part in lo'ts in
ed on this occasion with the Order of the
Iron Crown and raised to the rank
hereditary nobility. Four years ago he
was gazetted major general at the ex
press instance of the Emperor.
"Yes." said Mr. Dustin Stax. "Ihav
succeeded in life, and by the hardest
kind of work."
"You don't look as if you had had
much personal experience with hard
"Of course not. I hired it done."
November 10th Mrs. Isabelle Engle
was the guestof Honesdalo relatives and
friends from Monday until Friday of last
Mrs. Jane Killam, of Lake Ariel, vis
ited her brother, Joseph Pennell, of Wil-
sonvillc, on Monday and Tuesday.
Patrick Keary and wife entertained
Miss McAvoy, of Sherman, over Sunday.
Conrad Burke and Gladys Pennell
called on Haw lev friends on a recent
Whooping cough is prevalent among
the children at Wilsonvillc and vicinity.
Mr. and Mrs. Irmish lost an infant with
the disease on Friday.
Mrs. Byron Tuttle, who has been ill,
is improving. Hercousin, Myrtle James,
is staying with her.
David Degrote moved his family from
East Hawley into the Dempsey house,
here, last week. He will work on the
"Wall" lumber lot, near by.
Mrs. L. Cohen, of Long Pond House,"
was called to New Yurk the latter part
of the week to attend tho funeral of her
Rev. Wm. Schenck will go to Lookout
this week to assist in the revival meet
ings being held there.
Elmer Dunning has moved his house
hold goods from the Von Frank board
ing house to the Conklin house at East
Hawley. Mr. Quick and family now
have charge of the boarding house.
Peter Daniels and son Irvin, Daniel
Jennings and Chester Pennell comprise
a party of hunters who started yesterday
for Pike county to be on hand this
morning to begin hunting. They will
remain for a week.
"The Ladies' Aid will meet on Thurs
day of this week with Mrs. J. S.Pennell,
at her home at Wilsonville.
Miss Lulu Courtright came home on
Monday to spend a week with her moth-
Mrs. John Roescher.
November 16th The Lake Lodore
Company has shipped all its ice, and is
waiting for a freeze-up.
Galen Perry, of Carbondale is spend
ing a few days in this section on a hunt
J. E. Hales butchered three spring
pigs last week, the average weight being
21 pounds a piece.
George Chapman, of Carbondale,
made a business trip to Honesdalo Sat
urday. David Wonnacott called on friends at
Mrs. Mary Short, widow of the late
Richard Short, died at the home of her
son Frederick, at Waymart, on Wednes
day of last week. The funeral services
were held at tho M. E. Church, Way
mart, on Friday afternoon, Rev. W. E.
Davis officiating. Interment at Keen's
Mrs. Minnie Mill and son, Lester, vis
ited friends af Carbondale, Saturday.
Frank Magloski spent Saturday night
and Sunday with friends at Forest City,
une by one Mr. bhort's turkeys are
disappearing. Although ''Johnny has
his gun," he doesn'tdraw a sight on the
For a wonder all of the school direct
ors of the borough of Prompton attend
ed the annual convention of the school
directors at the court house, at Hones
dale, last Saturday.
Constable Baker, of Prompton, has
accepted a position as painter with the
O. & W. railroad company ; his head
quarters being from one end of the road
to the other; having an accommodation
car in which the men eat and sleep.
Nov. Hth. Thanksgiving service will
be held in the M. E. church, Thanks
giving, day at 10:30 A. m.
ihe new furnace tor the church has
come and will be ready for use this
Mae Walker is visiting her sister in I
The changed form of your paper is
convenient and a great improvement.
NOTICE OF ADMINISTRATION,
JOHN T. HALL, late of Honesdale, Pa.
All persons Indebted to said estate arc noti
fied to make immediate payment to the un
dersigned : nnd tlioso having clalnm asralnst
the said estate are notified to present them,
amy auesica, ior spiiienient
JOSEPH A. HOWE, Executor.
WHEN THE ENGINE COMES
is no timo to bo regretting your neglect
to get insured. A little care beforehand
is worth more than any amount of re
gret. KRAFT & CONGER,
General Insurance Agents
LYRIC THEATRE !
BEEOimkH. - - LESSEE AID MiSAOEE
The Musical Event of the Season
B. C. Whitney presents
THI BIG MUSICAL HA 1 HA !
A Knight for A Day
B. Q. Whitney's Merry rtuslcal 6o
The Show of 1,000 Laughs, 12 Big
Song Hits and 10 Surprise Beauty
Prices: 35, 50, 75, $l.&$l.50
WDlagrnm opens at tho box at office
9 a. m., Saturday, Nov. 21.
Attention is called to the STRENGTH
The FINANCIER of New York
City has published a ROLL OF
HONOR of the 11,470 State Banks
and Trust Companies of United
States. In this list the WAYNE.
COUNTY SAVINGS BANK
Stan 's 38th in the United States.
Stands 10th in Pennsylvania.
Stands FIRST in Wayne County.
Capital, Surplus, $455,000.00
Total ASSETS, $2,733,000.00
Honesdale, Pa., May 20, 1008.
IN THE SHOW
Q. P. SOMMER'S are
alnty14K GOLD WATCHES
One will be given to the MOST
POPULAR SCHOOL TEACH
ER, either lady or gentleman, in
Wayne county, on -CHRISTMAS
DAY. December 25,1008.
86? Every purchaser will be entitled to
I IN H1 V I VP IV for evcrv Dollar's
JiSih YUlJU Worth of Goods pur
chased in SOMMER'S STORE, com
mencing Nov. 0th to Dec. 24th.
BALLOTS to be deposited in sealed
box, and counted Christmas eve by a
committee to bo appointed by County
Superintendent, J. J. Kcahlcr.
Late of Clinton township, deceased.
The undersigned, an auditor appointed to
report distribution of said estate, will attend
to the duties of bis upnolntment, on
Kill DAY, DKOKMHKH 4th. 11)08.
at 10 o'clock, a. m.,at hlsotllce In the borough
of Honesdale, at which time and place all
claims agnlnst said estate must be presented,
or recourse, to the fund for distribution will
WM. II, LKR, Auditor.
Honesdale, Nov. 8. HKW. 35t3
LET US TAKE CARE OF
It will pay you to call at the
GOLDEN'S OPTICAL PARLORS.
11 South Main St.. CARBONDALE, PA.
Dlt.C. 11. IIHAI)Y,I)KMTi8T,Honeadale,Pa.
OrricE Houbs-H a. m. to S p. m.
Any evening by appointment.
Citizens' phone, 33, Residence, No. at X.