The citizen. (Honesdale, Pa.) 1908-1914, November 13, 1908, Image 1

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    3 Cj
5Sem I-Weekly Founded s
Wayne County Orgah
1908 jg
of the
Weekly Founded, 1844
65th YEAR.
NO. 35
Reichstag Leaders Say He
Should Be Impeached.
Von Bulow Declares That Emperor
William Must Exercise More
Prudence, Otherwise Min
istry Must Resign.
Berlin, Nov. 11. Emperor William
never has been so severely denounced
as he was during the debute lit the
relehstag on the conversations publish
ed, with the permission of the emperor,
in the London Dally Telegraph,
The criticisms of his majesty's court,
his ministers nnd his majesty's treat
ment of the constitution as well as of
his freedom of speech went to lengths
that astonished observers acquainted
with the traditional caution of the
chamber In dealing with the personali
ty of the sovereign. The emperor
seemedto have no defenders.
Herr Welmer, Radical, and Herr Rin
ger, Socialist, declared that If any oth
er servant of the state had done such
a thing as had Emperor William he
would be impeached and brought be
fore an Imperial court for trial.
Herr von Ilcydebrandt and Prince
Hatzfeldr, Conservatives, and Baron
von Hertling, a member of the Center
party, took part In the debate and en
ergetically protested against the per
sonal element being injected into for
eign politics.
Herr Liebermann von Sonnenborg,
the agrarian and anti-Semite, surpris
ed the house by the vehemence of his
utterances. He declared that the Mon
archlsttf, with heavy hearts, found
themselves compelled to protest firmly
against the emperor's statements. The
nation's confidence, he said, has sunk
to zero.
"We do not believe," he continued,
"that the future will bring any real
improvement. The Improvement will
last only until the next time. Evl
dence exists that there Is further ina'
terlal in foreign hands for use when
the occasion calls."
Prince von Buelow spoke in reply to
the critics of the government and the
emperor. His address was devoid of
gesture. He said:
"I do not wish to add fresh preju
dice to the damage already caused by
the publication in the Daily Telegraph
I nm certain that the story of a de
tailed plan of campaign to end the
Boer war is not light. This plan con
slsted merely of some academic Ideas
concerning the conduct of war In gen
oral which the emperor conveyed to
Queen Victoria In the course of their
correspondence, and it was without
practical significance for the opera
tions then golug on or for the cud of
the war.
"Concernlug the statement attribut
ed to Emperor William that a major!
ty of the German people is hostile to
Great Britain the expression used by
the Telegraph Is too strong. Serious
and regrettable misunderstandings
have existed between Great Britain
and Germany, but the German people
desire peaceful and friendly relations
with that empire joined with mutual
"The recognition by his majesty of
the unjustified misunderstanding of
his utterances with reference to Great
Britain and the excitement nnd regret
aroused thereby in Germany will,
am convinced, lead the emperor In fu
ture private conversations to exercise
that reserve and prudence which in
the Interest of a uniform policy and
the authority of the crown Is indis
"If this proves not to be so, neither
I nor any one of my successors could
take the responsibility of holding of
fice. I accepted the blame for the pub'
llcation of the article lu the Dally Tele-
graph and offered my resignation, and
It was the most difficult task In my
political life to resolve to remain lu
office. How long 1 will continue there
I do not know, but I consider It my
duty nt this difficult period to con
tinue to surve the emperor and the na
tion." Chancellor von Bulow's partial de
fense of the emperor was received In
Icy silence.
The house adjourned to meet tomor
row, and when the chancellor depart
ed crowds outside the doors cheered
and hooted him.
Ice Trust Financier Must Stay In Jail
Pending Appeal.
New York, Nov. 11. Judge Lit-
combe, Xoycs and Ward In Hie Unltcl
Stales circuit court of appeals Imnileil
down a decision In which they denied
the application of Charles W. Morse to
be released on ball pending proceed
ings for a writ of error In his convic
tion and sentence to llfteen years lu
The judges said that Morses attor
ney could renew the application at any
time. It Is not expected, however, that
the former Ice king will be admitted to
ball unless his lawyers furnish suffi
cient reasons why a new trial should
bo granted.
As It will take at least ten days to
prepare an appeal, Morse will have to
stay In the Tombs for at least two
weeks more.
France and Germany Sign Agreement
as to Casablanca.
Paris, Nov. 11. The dispute between
France and Germany over the Casa
blanca incident, arising out of the ar
rest by the French authorities of Gor
man deserters from the French foreign
legion, will be referred to a court of
M. Jules Cambon, the French ambas
sador at Berlin, and Baron von WuiH.ii
ter, the German acting secretary for
foreign affairs, signed an agreement
looking to the settlement of the dis
pute. The agreement sets forth that the
entire question of law and facts shall
be submitted to arbitration. It also
provides that the eounti'y.whone agents
ire at fault shall make an apology to
the other.
American Arrested After Celebrating
Taft's Election.
Washington, Nov. 11. A celebration
of the election of Mr. Tuft by Ameri
cans at Granada, Nicaragua, ended in
a riotous gathering and demonstration
which resulted in a dispute over the
treatment of the American flag.
Minister Coolidge in reporting the
affair to the state department stales
that three Americans led In the cele
bration and that one with the flag In
his possession was arrested.
The local authorities explained that
the men placed in jail had been con
nected with riotous acts and that some
of them were plotting against the gov
ernment, one advocating' annexation
with the United States in a speech.
Gets Benefit of Technicality Because
Juror Was Withdrawn.
Norfolk, Va Nov. 11. J. C. Spruill,
charged with falsification of the books
of a national banking institution and
with a shortage of .$.",-100 in his ac
counts, was discharged from custody
After tho prisoner's arraignment re
cently It was found that proof from
Washington ns to the bank's charter
was missing. Thereupon the court
withdrew a juror and held Sprulll.
Judge Waddlll on tho prisoner's plea
of former jeopardy now holds that tho
ease was not one In which there was
"manifest, necessity" for the with
drawal of a juror or In which "the
ends of public justice required It."
Series of Earthquakes Compel Many
Miners to Flee.
San Bernardino, Cal., Nov. 11. Death
valley and tho surrounding country are
In the throes of a series of earth
quakes, the most violent of which
caused many miners nnd prospectors
to flee from the region,
The crags of tho Funeral range
seemed to totter when the last shock
came. Minors were tossed from their
bunks, camp equipment was scattered
about, horses and mules stampeded,
and immense bowlders were thrown
Girl Wins Architects' Prize.
Itoehester, N. Y., Nov. 11. Esther M.
Byers, u girl of nineteen, won first
prize in an architect's competition of
cottage plans arranged by the chamber
of commerce.
Turkey Orders 300,000,000 Cartridges.
Constantinople, Nov. 11. The Turk
ish government has given nn order In
Germany for 300,000,000 cartridges for
the Mauser rifle.
She Sometimes Deceives Even the Eya
of the Scientist.
On tho so called tnblo mounds of
Iowa arc numerous impressions of
what look exactly like cloven feet. It
is not surprising that superstitious
people should attribute them to the
devil taking his walks abroad, though
as a matter of fact they are not foot
prints of any kind whatsoever, but
merely weather worn impressions left
by a species of mollusk-llko animal
known to science ns pontamerus.
To tho Smithsonian institution not
long ago somebody sent from tho Bad
Lands of Nebraska what purported to
bo a fossil ham. It did in very truth
look like n ham, and, to render the
verisimilitude complete, tho bono was
actually sticking out at one cud of It.
Nevertheless an Investigation showed
that the alleged bone was In reality a
"vacullto" an extinct mollusk's shell,
rodlike In form and tho rest of tho
"ham" was a more accidental agglom
eration of stony stuff.
One day qulto recently a young man
walked Into the National museum at
Washington and presented to tho an
thropologist In charge a petrified foot.
It was received with many thanks,
though recognized at a glance ns a
water worn fragment of rock which
had accidentally assumed n shape re
sembling a foot.
Such chance imitations as these fre
quently occur in nature. Another one,
deposited In the samo institution, was
supposed by the finder to be a petri
fied oyster. It looks as if on tho half
shell. All its parts are wonderfully
distinct, nnd there is even a small
pearl In it seemingly. Yet It Is not an
oyster at all.
Many years ago the "eozoou" was
Introduced as n fossil to a wondering
world by Sir William Dawson, an em
inent geologist. It was accepted by
science for qulto awhile as tho earliest
and oldest of known animals the
"dawn animal," as Its name signifies.
Recent scientific investigation, how
ever, has proved that It is not and
never was an animal at all. It is mere
ly a curious crystalline combination of
two minerals which has the look of
something that once upon a time was
It has recently been proved that
many markings on sedimentary rocks
long supposed to be fossil prints of
algae and other plants are in reality
tracks left by insects, mollusks and
worms. Some of these alleged "plants"
had actually received names and been
classified into genera nnd species.
But It has been sufficiently shown
that markings exactly similar can be
produced by allowing such animals as
those jibovo mentioned to creep across
a surface of moist plaster or wet clay,
counterfeiting rock in a plastic and
not yet hardened condition, and one
well known vegetable frequently noted
ns fossil has in this way been satisfac
torily identified with the trail of the
larva of tho dragon fly. Saturday
Evening Post.
A Rusty Iron Nail.
It has been discovered that a happy
miller's family living in tho vicinity of
tho battlefield of Waterloo has de
rived a regular income since 1815 from
the sale of a rusty iron nail. It was
not many years after the battle that
an eccentric Englishman on the
strength of an eyewitness' evidence
discovered that Napoleon's hat had
been hanging on that nail, the emperor
having rested awhile nt the mill dur
ing tho battle. An offer for the old
nail was Immediately accepted by the
previously guileless miller, who after
the deal replaced it by another old
nail and painted an Inscription round
it on the wall pointing out its histor
ical value. Ono nail after another has
gone to onrich collections as priceless
Napoleonic relics. Argonaut.
Without Ostentation.
The late Joslah W. Leeds of Phila
delphia was notable for his lifelong
fight against Immodesty. He loved
simplicity as he loved modesty. Osten
tation he abhorred, especially the os
sentatlon of funerals and cemeteries.
Ho used often to quote an epitaph
that he had once seen in a secluded
This epitaph, which was cut on the
simplest, cheapest stone it is possible
to imagine, said:
"The monumeut is very plain, no
doubt, but all the money in tho world
would not have brought our poor dear
father back to us again." Washington
If tho flying machine men will invent
a portable county fair that can be lift
ed Intact and placed where it is wanted
country folks will forglvo this careless
dropping of things as they go sailing
When tho debate on how to live on
$18 a week is settled it will be excit
ing to watch the crowd' hustling for
tho $18 per Just to try the stunt.
There was no celebration of the an
niversary of tho panic on the surface,
but many a reminder of the event
turned up under the surface.
Railroad Agents on Trial
For Alleged Peonage.
Kidnaped to Florida Wilderness
Overrun With Snakes and Bru
tally Beaten if They
Tried to Escape.
New York, Nov. 11. The marooning
f 3,000 men In tho wild and Inaecessl
Die regions of Florida and their deten
tion there under bard labor for months
was dealt with before Judge Hough
md a jury in tho United Stales circuit
:ourt at the trial of the government's
ase against employers and agents of
the Florida East Coast Railway com
pany for violation of the statute pro
hibiting "peonage, slavery nnd en
forced servitude."
The men under indictment are Fran
:lsco Sabbln, Edward J. Triay, David
E. Harley- and Frank A. Hugg, whom
:hc United States authorities charged
with conspiracy to entice into the serv
ice of the Florida East Coast company
some 8,000 laborers whom they com
pelled to work against their will In the
construction of a railroad across the
Florida keys.
Deputy Attorney General Glenn E.
Usted outlined the prosecution's case,
sontendlug that the treatment accord
ed to the workmen was nothing short
of slavery. Tho government would
show, he declared, that the men had
been induced by alluring advertise
ments in New York papers to apply for
employment in the south, being guar
anteed good food, high wages and Ideal
When the men reached Jersey City,
he declared, they were put aboard a
train and held prisoners, the doors
being locked on them and nriued
guards set over them to prevent es
cape. Throughout the long journey
they were given nothing but stale
bread nnd bologna sausage. Many re
belled at Miami and refused to leave
the train, but a hose was turned on
them, and they were driven aboard a
waiting steamer.
When the ultimate destination was
reached, said Mr. Usted, the men
found that the paradise promised them
was a barren wilderness overrun with
reptiles and venomous snakes, where
no place to sleep had been provided.
Their "high wages," tho prosecutor
declared, were slips of paper exchange
able at tho company's stores for cloth
ing and food The escape that many
sought was impossible. The region
was entirely cut off from all means of
communication with the outside world.
Thinking to be discharged and sent
away, some ref jsed to work. These,
Mr. Usted said, were threatened with
death and brutally beaten.
Excitement Over Killing of Carmack
Runs High.
Nashville, Tenu., Nov. 11. Excite
ment Is running high here as a result
Df tho killing of Edward Ward Car-
mack, formerly United States senator
and editor of the Nashville Tennes-
seeau, in a duel with Robin Cooper,
son of Colonel Duncan B. Cooper, one
of the most prominent politicians in
the state.
It is feared that as a result a deadly
feud may be started. The widow of
the victim and his friends arc de
manding vengeance on his slayer.
Young Cooper, who was shot in the
right shoulder during the fight, Is in
the hospital, a prisoner, and his father
is detained as a witness. The young
man, who is a lawyer, is not badly
hurt. He is twenty-seven years old
and unmarried.
Nelthor of the Coopers seems greatly
concerned over their plight, depending
on tho assurance of their friends that
the nature of Carmack's wounds
proved that he must have fired the
first shots, as ho could not have pulled
the trigger after he was hit.
Ward Says President Will Not Qo to
United States 8enate.
Washington, Nov. 11. "President
Roosevelt six months ago came to the
decision that no combination of cir
cumstances would Induce him to be
come n candidate for election to the
United States senate from New York
Btate to succeed Thomas C. Piatt," said
National Committeeman William L,
Ward of New York as he was leaving
the White House.
Asked if he thought Secretary Boot
would be the next senator from New
York, Mr. Ward replied by asking,
"Would Mr. Root be a candidate?"
Questioned as to the probability of
President Roosevelt being a candidate
In 1011 to succeed Senator Chauncey
M. Depow, Mr. Ward said the future
would take care of Itself.
The Tido of Socialism.
Much has been said of the rising
tide of socialistic opinion in this coun
try nnd its possible effect upon politics
in years just ahead. It is admitted
that socialism is a vague term. If
vague In its application to opinions
promulgated here aud there it fa Jikely
to be vague in practical politics. It is
not probable that the vote for tho na
tional socialistic ticket represents the
current sentiment on so called social
questions any more than the vote for
tho national Prohibition ticket repre
sents the nation's ideals on the tem
perance question, Both of these parties
make their appeal ns reformers. But
tho older parties also champion those
reforms they deem most urgent.
In thnt forceful play, "Tho Servant
of the House," when the character
who represents tho "downtrodden"
worklngmnn Is asked to name the
creed which has supplanted In his
heart tho old orthodoxy he answers,
Socialism." In tho end ho finds
many of tho orthodox fold agreeing
with him, but they don't go over to
his flag. They start in to reform
orthodoxy. The scene of this dramatic
object lesson is England, where It is
thought that the rise of the tide of so
cialism has been alarming. Already
there the party In power has thrown
up a breakwater in measures of relief
for tho toiling millions. Observers
think that the high water mark of
English socialism is in sight nnd alarm
needless. Both Germany and France
have passed through the same ordeal,
and In so far as votes tell the story
socialistic opinion in those countries
is stationary, if not receding. The
rabid Socialist, and therefore the most
dangerous, does not vote, for vot
ing Is a function of government, and
ho doesn't believe in government. The
more the Socialists vote for their par
ticular tenets the greater the probabil
ity that they will soon Join forces with
that one of the larger parties which
most favors their reforms, and these
reforms will have to be practicable in
order to win a majority of the suf
frages of the nation.
Oklahoma Supreme Court Overrules
Attorney General.
Guthrie, Okla., Nov. 11. By unanl
mous vote tho state supreme court dc
ales Attorney General West's applica
tion for a rehearing in tho case of Gov
ernor Haskell's prohibition of West's
suit in the Logan county district court
to annul the charter of the Prairie OH
and Gas company.
Tho court holds that only on instruc
tion of the governor or the legislature
may the attorney general appear In
state courts, thereby upholding the
governor s right to estop original ac
tion on the part of the attorney gen
President Elect Is Guest
Luncheon Today.
Washington, Nov. 11. Vice Presl
dent Elect James S. Sherman is tho
guest of President Roosevelt at lunch-
con today.
He will leave in the evening with
National Committeeman William L.
Ward of New York, who Is now here,
for Hot Springs, Va where the two
will confer with President Elect Wil
liam H. Tuft.
American Arms For India.
Calcutta, Nov. 11. In the course of
a trial at Miduapur, Bengal, in eon
nection with a discovery of arms and
explosives, a police Informer testified
that many cases of rifles and revolvers
had been shipped from America to
Bombay under tho guise of sewing
machines and cotton goods.
The crew of the Russian cruiser
Rurlk while at target practice re
cently "shot up" their own ship. If
Admiral Togo is the modest hero we've
been told, ho will dock himself ono
medal for that revelation.
Of course Hobson's view of Tokyo's
roynl welcome of the fleet is that tho
Jans meant to kill our officers and men
with kindness and then "run In" tho
It took tho Duke of tho AbruzzI and
Katherlno so long to fix up the pre
liminaries that repentance should be.
xtra leisurely and very Indefinite at
If tho Duke of the Abruzzl ever tries
to add an "affinity" to his establish
ment, he'll be likely to steer clear of
tho American newspaper man's beat
Tho clamor for war among Montene
gro women indicates that they never
tackled the suffrage question.
Even bitter enemies turn out and
give room when they meet, for that is
"tho rule of the road."
All Should Devoutly Observe It
in itemcmbrance of All I hey
Have Enjoyed.
President Theodore Roosevelt has is
sued his annual proclamation calling
upon the people of the country to give
thanks for the preservation of the na
tion. The proclamation follows:
Once again the season is at hand when
according to the ancient custom of our
eople it becomes the duty of the presi
ent to annoint a dav of nraver and
thanksgiving to God.
Year by year this nation grows in
strength and worldly power. During
the century and a quarter that has
elapacd since our entry into the circle
oi muepeiKient people wo nave grown
and prospered in material things to a
degree never known beforo aud not now
known in any other country. The thir
teen colonies which struggled along the
(iencoast of the Atlantic and were hem
med in but a few miles west of tide
water by the Indian-haunted wilder
ness, have been transformed into thu
mightiest republic which the world has
ever seen. Its domains stretch across
the continent from one to the other of
the two greatest oceans, and it exercises
dominion alike in the Arctic and Tropic
realms. The growth in wealth and pop
ulation has surpassed even the growth
in territory. nowhere else in tne world
is the average of individual comfort and
material well-being as high as in our
fortunate land.
For the very reason that in material
well-being we have thus abounded, we
owe it to the Almighty to show equal
progress in moral and spiritual things.
With a nation, as with the individuals
who make up a nation, material well
being is an indispensable foundation.
But the foundation avails nothing by
itself, lhat lite is wasted and worse
than wasted, which is spent in piling
heap upon heap those things which
minister merely to the pleasure of the
body and to the power that rests only
upon wealth. Upon material well-being
as a foundation must be raised the
structure of the lofty life of the spirit,
if this nation is properly to fulfill its
great mission and to accomplish all
that we so ardentlv hope and desire.
The things of the body are good ; the
things of the intellect better; but best
of all are the things of the soul ; for in
the nation as in the individual, in the
long run it is character that counts. Let
us therefore as a people set our faces
resolutely against evil and with broad
charity, -vith kindliness jand good will
toward all men, but with unflinching
determination to smite down wrong,
strive with all the strength that is given
us lor righteousness in public and in
private life.
Now, therefore, I, Theodore Roose- '
velt, president of Jhe United States, do
set apart Thursday, the 26th day of
November next, as a dav of general
thanksgiving and prayer, and on that
dav 1 recommend that the people shall
cease from their daily work, and in their
homes or in their churches, meet de
voutly to thank the Almighty for the
many great blessings they have received
in the past and to pray that they may
be given the strength so to order their
lives as to deserve a continuation of
these blessings in the future.
in witness whereot 1 have hereunto
set my hand and caused the seal of the
United States to be aflixed.
Done at the citv of Washington this
31st day of October, in the year of our
Lord one thousand nine hundred ana
eight, and of the independence of the
United States the one hundred and
thirty-third. Theodore Roosevelt.
Attest : By order of the president.
Alvcy A. Adee, Acting Secretary of
Hens That Should Be Busy.
If that momentous question, the cost
of keeping a hen, had been settled,
there would be no trouble in getting at
tho importance of the hen bulletin re
cently issued from Washington. The
bulletin says that there are 233,508,005
hens of "laying age" in the United
States. As the hen is an "onstable
critter" in her ways, maybe the odd
five have died or struck for more ra
tions since the bulletin went to press.
Again it may be that 005 youngsters
havo started work ahead of time and
tho figures should look a thousand bet
ter. Tho laying hens are valued at $70,
000,000. That's an investment in eggs,
the annual crop of which seems to bo
worth nbout $200,000,000 as eggs
have been selling. If the cost of the
keep is rcasonablo wo should Include
the ben among tho national resources
or features of country life worth look
ing after by the president's commis
sioners. It is significant perhaps that, fol
lowing the series of accidents to bal
loons and aeroplanes, a revival of old
fashioned shipbuilding was reported
in the great yards of the world.
Judging from the revelations at tho
Morse trial in New York, the pros
perity feature of the "prosperity panic"
we've heard about was prosperity for
Teaching "farming by mall" will
work all right up to the point of ex
plaining tho business end of onion sets
and seed potatoes.