The citizen. (Honesdale, Pa.) 1908-1914, November 13, 1908, Image 1
3 Cj 5Sem I-Weekly Founded s Wayne County Orgah 1908 jg Sy. of the Weekly Founded, 1844 REPUBLICAN PARTY aeieieieie 65th YEAR. HONESDALB, WAYNE CO., PA., FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 13, 1908. NO. 35 E Reichstag Leaders Say He Should Be Impeached. EVEN CHANCELLOR IS SEVERE. Von Bulow Declares That Emperor William Must Exercise More Prudence, Otherwise Min istry Must Resign. Berlin, Nov. 11. Emperor William never has been so severely denounced as he was during the debute lit the relehstag on the conversations publish ed, with the permission of the emperor, in the London Dally Telegraph, The criticisms of his majesty's court, his ministers nnd his majesty's treat ment of the constitution as well as of his freedom of speech went to lengths that astonished observers acquainted with the traditional caution of the chamber In dealing with the personali ty of the sovereign. The emperor seemedto have no defenders. Herr Welmer, Radical, and Herr Rin ger, Socialist, declared that If any oth er servant of the state had done such a thing as had Emperor William he would be impeached and brought be fore an Imperial court for trial. Herr von Ilcydebrandt and Prince Hatzfeldr, Conservatives, and Baron EMPEHOH WILLIAM. von Hertling, a member of the Center party, took part In the debate and en ergetically protested against the per sonal element being injected into for eign politics. Herr Liebermann von Sonnenborg, the agrarian and anti-Semite, surpris ed the house by the vehemence of his utterances. He declared that the Mon archlsttf, with heavy hearts, found themselves compelled to protest firmly against the emperor's statements. The nation's confidence, he said, has sunk to zero. "We do not believe," he continued, "that the future will bring any real improvement. The Improvement will last only until the next time. Evl dence exists that there Is further ina' terlal in foreign hands for use when the occasion calls." Prince von Buelow spoke in reply to the critics of the government and the emperor. His address was devoid of gesture. He said: "I do not wish to add fresh preju dice to the damage already caused by the publication in the Daily Telegraph I nm certain that the story of a de tailed plan of campaign to end the Boer war is not light. This plan con slsted merely of some academic Ideas concerning the conduct of war In gen oral which the emperor conveyed to Queen Victoria In the course of their correspondence, and it was without practical significance for the opera tions then golug on or for the cud of the war. "Concernlug the statement attribut ed to Emperor William that a major! ty of the German people is hostile to Great Britain the expression used by the Telegraph Is too strong. Serious and regrettable misunderstandings have existed between Great Britain and Germany, but the German people desire peaceful and friendly relations with that empire joined with mutual respect. "The recognition by his majesty of the unjustified misunderstanding of his utterances with reference to Great Britain and the excitement nnd regret aroused thereby in Germany will, am convinced, lead the emperor In fu ture private conversations to exercise that reserve and prudence which in the Interest of a uniform policy and the authority of the crown Is indis pensahle. "If this proves not to be so, neither I nor any one of my successors could take the responsibility of holding of fice. I accepted the blame for the pub' llcation of the article lu the Dally Tele- KAIS RDENOUNCED graph and offered my resignation, and It was the most difficult task In my political life to resolve to remain lu office. How long 1 will continue there I do not know, but I consider It my duty nt this difficult period to con tinue to surve the emperor and the na tion." Chancellor von Bulow's partial de fense of the emperor was received In Icy silence. The house adjourned to meet tomor row, and when the chancellor depart ed crowds outside the doors cheered and hooted him. BAIL DENIED TO MOUSE. Ice Trust Financier Must Stay In Jail Pending Appeal. New York, Nov. 11. Judge Lit- combe, Xoycs and Ward In Hie Unltcl Stales circuit court of appeals Imnileil down a decision In which they denied the application of Charles W. Morse to be released on ball pending proceed ings for a writ of error In his convic tion and sentence to llfteen years lu prison. The judges said that Morses attor ney could renew the application at any time. It Is not expected, however, that the former Ice king will be admitted to ball unless his lawyers furnish suffi cient reasons why a new trial should bo granted. As It will take at least ten days to prepare an appeal, Morse will have to stay In the Tombs for at least two weeks more. ARBITRATION AGREED TO. France and Germany Sign Agreement as to Casablanca. Paris, Nov. 11. The dispute between France and Germany over the Casa blanca incident, arising out of the ar rest by the French authorities of Gor man deserters from the French foreign legion, will be referred to a court of arbitration. M. Jules Cambon, the French ambas sador at Berlin, and Baron von WuiH.ii ter, the German acting secretary for foreign affairs, signed an agreement looking to the settlement of the dis pute. The agreement sets forth that the entire question of law and facts shall be submitted to arbitration. It also provides that the eounti'y.whone agents ire at fault shall make an apology to the other. FLAG RIOT IN NICARAGUA. American Arrested After Celebrating Taft's Election. Washington, Nov. 11. A celebration of the election of Mr. Tuft by Ameri cans at Granada, Nicaragua, ended in a riotous gathering and demonstration which resulted in a dispute over the treatment of the American flag. Minister Coolidge in reporting the affair to the state department stales that three Americans led In the cele bration and that one with the flag In his possession was arrested. The local authorities explained that the men placed in jail had been con nected with riotous acts and that some of them were plotting against the gov ernment, one advocating' annexation with the United States in a speech. ACCUSED BANKER FREED. Gets Benefit of Technicality Because Juror Was Withdrawn. Norfolk, Va Nov. 11. J. C. Spruill, charged with falsification of the books of a national banking institution and with a shortage of .$.",-100 in his ac counts, was discharged from custody here. After tho prisoner's arraignment re cently It was found that proof from Washington ns to the bank's charter was missing. Thereupon the court withdrew a juror and held Sprulll. Judge Waddlll on tho prisoner's plea of former jeopardy now holds that tho ease was not one In which there was "manifest, necessity" for the with drawal of a juror or In which "the ends of public justice required It." DEATH VALLEY SHAKEN. Series of Earthquakes Compel Many Miners to Flee. San Bernardino, Cal., Nov. 11. Death valley and tho surrounding country are In the throes of a series of earth quakes, the most violent of which caused many miners nnd prospectors to flee from the region, The crags of tho Funeral range seemed to totter when the last shock came. Minors were tossed from their bunks, camp equipment was scattered about, horses and mules stampeded, and immense bowlders were thrown down. Girl Wins Architects' Prize. Itoehester, N. Y., Nov. 11. Esther M. Byers, u girl of nineteen, won first prize in an architect's competition of cottage plans arranged by the chamber of commerce. Turkey Orders 300,000,000 Cartridges. Constantinople, Nov. 11. The Turk ish government has given nn order In Germany for 300,000,000 cartridges for the Mauser rifle. NATURE AS A FAKER. She Sometimes Deceives Even the Eya of the Scientist. On tho so called tnblo mounds of Iowa arc numerous impressions of what look exactly like cloven feet. It is not surprising that superstitious people should attribute them to the devil taking his walks abroad, though as a matter of fact they are not foot prints of any kind whatsoever, but merely weather worn impressions left by a species of mollusk-llko animal known to science ns pontamerus. To tho Smithsonian institution not long ago somebody sent from tho Bad Lands of Nebraska what purported to bo a fossil ham. It did in very truth look like n ham, and, to render the verisimilitude complete, tho bono was actually sticking out at one cud of It. Nevertheless an Investigation showed that the alleged bone was In reality a "vacullto" an extinct mollusk's shell, rodlike In form and tho rest of tho "ham" was a more accidental agglom eration of stony stuff. One day qulto recently a young man walked Into the National museum at Washington and presented to tho an thropologist In charge a petrified foot. It was received with many thanks, though recognized at a glance ns a water worn fragment of rock which had accidentally assumed n shape re sembling a foot. Such chance imitations as these fre quently occur in nature. Another one, deposited In the samo institution, was supposed by the finder to be a petri fied oyster. It looks as if on tho half shell. All its parts are wonderfully distinct, nnd there is even a small pearl In it seemingly. Yet It Is not an oyster at all. Many years ago the "eozoou" was Introduced as n fossil to a wondering world by Sir William Dawson, an em inent geologist. It was accepted by science for qulto awhile as tho earliest and oldest of known animals the "dawn animal," as Its name signifies. Recent scientific investigation, how ever, has proved that It is not and never was an animal at all. It is mere ly a curious crystalline combination of two minerals which has the look of something that once upon a time was alive. It has recently been proved that many markings on sedimentary rocks long supposed to be fossil prints of algae and other plants are in reality tracks left by insects, mollusks and worms. Some of these alleged "plants" had actually received names and been classified into genera nnd species. But It has been sufficiently shown that markings exactly similar can be produced by allowing such animals as those jibovo mentioned to creep across a surface of moist plaster or wet clay, counterfeiting rock in a plastic and not yet hardened condition, and one well known vegetable frequently noted ns fossil has in this way been satisfac torily identified with the trail of the larva of tho dragon fly. Saturday Evening Post. A Rusty Iron Nail. It has been discovered that a happy miller's family living in tho vicinity of tho battlefield of Waterloo has de rived a regular income since 1815 from the sale of a rusty iron nail. It was not many years after the battle that an eccentric Englishman on the strength of an eyewitness' evidence discovered that Napoleon's hat had been hanging on that nail, the emperor having rested awhile nt the mill dur ing tho battle. An offer for the old nail was Immediately accepted by the previously guileless miller, who after the deal replaced it by another old nail and painted an Inscription round it on the wall pointing out its histor ical value. Ono nail after another has gone to onrich collections as priceless Napoleonic relics. Argonaut. Without Ostentation. The late Joslah W. Leeds of Phila delphia was notable for his lifelong fight against Immodesty. He loved simplicity as he loved modesty. Osten tation he abhorred, especially the os sentatlon of funerals and cemeteries. Ho used often to quote an epitaph that he had once seen in a secluded graveyard. This epitaph, which was cut on the simplest, cheapest stone it is possible to imagine, said: "The monumeut is very plain, no doubt, but all the money in tho world would not have brought our poor dear father back to us again." Washington Star. If tho flying machine men will invent a portable county fair that can be lift ed Intact and placed where it is wanted country folks will forglvo this careless dropping of things as they go sailing along. When tho debate on how to live on $18 a week is settled it will be excit ing to watch the crowd' hustling for tho $18 per Just to try the stunt. There was no celebration of the an niversary of tho panic on the surface, but many a reminder of the event turned up under the surface. 3.000 ENSLAVED. Railroad Agents on Trial For Alleged Peonage. WORKMEN HELD PRISONERS. Kidnaped to Florida Wilderness Overrun With Snakes and Bru tally Beaten if They Tried to Escape. New York, Nov. 11. The marooning f 3,000 men In tho wild and Inaecessl Die regions of Florida and their deten tion there under bard labor for months was dealt with before Judge Hough md a jury in tho United Stales circuit :ourt at the trial of the government's ase against employers and agents of the Florida East Coast Railway com pany for violation of the statute pro hibiting "peonage, slavery nnd en forced servitude." The men under indictment are Fran :lsco Sabbln, Edward J. Triay, David E. Harley- and Frank A. Hugg, whom :hc United States authorities charged with conspiracy to entice into the serv ice of the Florida East Coast company some 8,000 laborers whom they com pelled to work against their will In the construction of a railroad across the Florida keys. Deputy Attorney General Glenn E. Usted outlined the prosecution's case, sontendlug that the treatment accord ed to the workmen was nothing short of slavery. Tho government would show, he declared, that the men had been induced by alluring advertise ments in New York papers to apply for employment in the south, being guar anteed good food, high wages and Ideal treatment. When the men reached Jersey City, he declared, they were put aboard a train and held prisoners, the doors being locked on them and nriued guards set over them to prevent es cape. Throughout the long journey they were given nothing but stale bread nnd bologna sausage. Many re belled at Miami and refused to leave the train, but a hose was turned on them, and they were driven aboard a waiting steamer. When the ultimate destination was reached, said Mr. Usted, the men found that the paradise promised them was a barren wilderness overrun with reptiles and venomous snakes, where no place to sleep had been provided. Their "high wages," tho prosecutor declared, were slips of paper exchange able at tho company's stores for cloth ing and food The escape that many sought was impossible. The region was entirely cut off from all means of communication with the outside world. Thinking to be discharged and sent away, some ref jsed to work. These, Mr. Usted said, were threatened with death and brutally beaten. FEAR FEUD IN NASHVILLE. Excitement Over Killing of Carmack Runs High. Nashville, Tenu., Nov. 11. Excite ment Is running high here as a result Df tho killing of Edward Ward Car- mack, formerly United States senator and editor of the Nashville Tennes- seeau, in a duel with Robin Cooper, son of Colonel Duncan B. Cooper, one of the most prominent politicians in the state. It is feared that as a result a deadly feud may be started. The widow of the victim and his friends arc de manding vengeance on his slayer. Young Cooper, who was shot in the right shoulder during the fight, Is in the hospital, a prisoner, and his father is detained as a witness. The young man, who is a lawyer, is not badly hurt. He is twenty-seven years old and unmarried. Nelthor of the Coopers seems greatly concerned over their plight, depending on tho assurance of their friends that the nature of Carmack's wounds proved that he must have fired the first shots, as ho could not have pulled the trigger after he was hit. ROOSEVELT OUT OF IT. Ward Says President Will Not Qo to United States 8enate. Washington, Nov. 11. "President Roosevelt six months ago came to the decision that no combination of cir cumstances would Induce him to be come n candidate for election to the United States senate from New York Btate to succeed Thomas C. Piatt," said National Committeeman William L, Ward of New York as he was leaving the White House. Asked if he thought Secretary Boot would be the next senator from New York, Mr. Ward replied by asking, "Would Mr. Root be a candidate?" Questioned as to the probability of President Roosevelt being a candidate In 1011 to succeed Senator Chauncey M. Depow, Mr. Ward said the future would take care of Itself. The Tido of Socialism. Much has been said of the rising tide of socialistic opinion in this coun try nnd its possible effect upon politics in years just ahead. It is admitted that socialism is a vague term. If vague In its application to opinions promulgated here aud there it fa Jikely to be vague in practical politics. It is not probable that the vote for tho na tional socialistic ticket represents the current sentiment on so called social questions any more than the vote for tho national Prohibition ticket repre sents the nation's ideals on the tem perance question, Both of these parties make their appeal ns reformers. But tho older parties also champion those reforms they deem most urgent. In thnt forceful play, "Tho Servant of the House," when the character who represents tho "downtrodden" worklngmnn Is asked to name the creed which has supplanted In his heart tho old orthodoxy he answers, Socialism." In tho end ho finds many of tho orthodox fold agreeing with him, but they don't go over to his flag. They start in to reform orthodoxy. The scene of this dramatic object lesson is England, where It is thought that the rise of the tide of so cialism has been alarming. Already there the party In power has thrown up a breakwater in measures of relief for tho toiling millions. Observers think that the high water mark of English socialism is in sight nnd alarm needless. Both Germany and France have passed through the same ordeal, and In so far as votes tell the story socialistic opinion in those countries is stationary, if not receding. The rabid Socialist, and therefore the most dangerous, does not vote, for vot ing Is a function of government, and ho doesn't believe in government. The more the Socialists vote for their par ticular tenets the greater the probabil ity that they will soon Join forces with that one of the larger parties which most favors their reforms, and these reforms will have to be practicable in order to win a majority of the suf frages of the nation. h HASKELL'S ACT UPHELD. Oklahoma Supreme Court Overrules Attorney General. Guthrie, Okla., Nov. 11. By unanl mous vote tho state supreme court dc ales Attorney General West's applica tion for a rehearing in tho case of Gov ernor Haskell's prohibition of West's suit in the Logan county district court to annul the charter of the Prairie OH and Gas company. Tho court holds that only on instruc tion of the governor or the legislature may the attorney general appear In state courts, thereby upholding the governor s right to estop original ac tion on the part of the attorney gen eral. SHERMAN AT WHITE HOUSE. Vice President Elect Is Guest at Luncheon Today. Washington, Nov. 11. Vice Presl dent Elect James S. Sherman is tho guest of President Roosevelt at lunch- con today. He will leave in the evening with National Committeeman William L. Ward of New York, who Is now here, for Hot Springs, Va where the two will confer with President Elect Wil liam H. Tuft. American Arms For India. Calcutta, Nov. 11. In the course of a trial at Miduapur, Bengal, in eon nection with a discovery of arms and explosives, a police Informer testified that many cases of rifles and revolvers had been shipped from America to Bombay under tho guise of sewing machines and cotton goods. The crew of the Russian cruiser Rurlk while at target practice re cently "shot up" their own ship. If Admiral Togo is the modest hero we've been told, ho will dock himself ono medal for that revelation. Of course Hobson's view of Tokyo's roynl welcome of the fleet is that tho Jans meant to kill our officers and men with kindness and then "run In" tho ships. It took tho Duke of tho AbruzzI and Katherlno so long to fix up the pre liminaries that repentance should be. xtra leisurely and very Indefinite at that. If tho Duke of the Abruzzl ever tries to add an "affinity" to his establish ment, he'll be likely to steer clear of tho American newspaper man's beat Tho clamor for war among Montene gro women indicates that they never tackled the suffrage question. Even bitter enemies turn out and give room when they meet, for that is "tho rule of the road." THANKSGIVING DAY.' All Should Devoutly Observe It in itemcmbrance of All I hey Have Enjoyed. President Theodore Roosevelt has is sued his annual proclamation calling upon the people of the country to give thanks for the preservation of the na tion. The proclamation follows: Once again the season is at hand when according to the ancient custom of our eople it becomes the duty of the presi ent to annoint a dav of nraver and thanksgiving to God. Year by year this nation grows in strength and worldly power. During the century and a quarter that has elapacd since our entry into the circle oi muepeiKient people wo nave grown and prospered in material things to a degree never known beforo aud not now known in any other country. The thir teen colonies which struggled along the (iencoast of the Atlantic and were hem med in but a few miles west of tide water by the Indian-haunted wilder ness, have been transformed into thu mightiest republic which the world has ever seen. Its domains stretch across the continent from one to the other of the two greatest oceans, and it exercises dominion alike in the Arctic and Tropic realms. The growth in wealth and pop ulation has surpassed even the growth in territory. nowhere else in tne world is the average of individual comfort and material well-being as high as in our fortunate land. OWE IT TO THE ALMIGHTY. For the very reason that in material well-being we have thus abounded, we owe it to the Almighty to show equal progress in moral and spiritual things. With a nation, as with the individuals who make up a nation, material well being is an indispensable foundation. But the foundation avails nothing by itself, lhat lite is wasted and worse than wasted, which is spent in piling heap upon heap those things which minister merely to the pleasure of the body and to the power that rests only upon wealth. Upon material well-being as a foundation must be raised the structure of the lofty life of the spirit, if this nation is properly to fulfill its great mission and to accomplish all that we so ardentlv hope and desire. The things of the body are good ; the things of the intellect better; but best of all are the things of the soul ; for in the nation as in the individual, in the long run it is character that counts. Let us therefore as a people set our faces resolutely against evil and with broad charity, -vith kindliness jand good will toward all men, but with unflinching determination to smite down wrong, strive with all the strength that is given us lor righteousness in public and in private life. THANKS FOR THE BLESSINGS. Now, therefore, I, Theodore Roose- ' velt, president of Jhe United States, do set apart Thursday, the 26th day of November next, as a dav of general thanksgiving and prayer, and on that dav 1 recommend that the people shall cease from their daily work, and in their homes or in their churches, meet de voutly to thank the Almighty for the many great blessings they have received in the past and to pray that they may be given the strength so to order their lives as to deserve a continuation of these blessings in the future. in witness whereot 1 have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be aflixed. Done at the citv of Washington this 31st day of October, in the year of our Lord one thousand nine hundred ana eight, and of the independence of the United States the one hundred and thirty-third. Theodore Roosevelt. Attest : By order of the president. Alvcy A. Adee, Acting Secretary of State. Hens That Should Be Busy. If that momentous question, the cost of keeping a hen, had been settled, there would be no trouble in getting at tho importance of the hen bulletin re cently issued from Washington. The bulletin says that there are 233,508,005 hens of "laying age" in the United States. As the hen is an "onstable critter" in her ways, maybe the odd five have died or struck for more ra tions since the bulletin went to press. Again it may be that 005 youngsters havo started work ahead of time and tho figures should look a thousand bet ter. Tho laying hens are valued at $70, 000,000. That's an investment in eggs, the annual crop of which seems to bo worth nbout $200,000,000 as eggs have been selling. If the cost of the keep is rcasonablo wo should Include the ben among tho national resources or features of country life worth look ing after by the president's commis sioners. It is significant perhaps that, fol lowing the series of accidents to bal loons and aeroplanes, a revival of old fashioned shipbuilding was reported in the great yards of the world. Judging from the revelations at tho Morse trial in New York, the pros perity feature of the "prosperity panic" we've heard about was prosperity for rascals. Teaching "farming by mall" will work all right up to the point of ex plaining tho business end of onion sets and seed potatoes.