The citizen. (Honesdale, Pa.) 1908-1914, November 04, 1908, Image 1
tfaett beml-Weekly rounded w. Wayne County Organ 1908 I of the SB ... . . .52 I REPUBLICAN PARTY & Weekly hounded, 1844 ffl 65th YEAR. HONE SD ALB, WAYNE CO., PA., WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 4, 1908. NO. 32 r' An Antebellum Novelist Recalled. Relatives of Mnjor Theodore Wln throp recently presented to the Public library of New York the manuscripts of that short lived writer, whoso liter ary career was abandoned at the call of bis country. Tho manuscripts in cludd "Cecil Drceme," "John Brent" .and "Ed-win Brothcrtoft," all written In the fifties and alive with the spirit of that time. "Cecil Dreeme" Is n romance of tho literary and art center of old New York and appeals only to those who Imagine that the world of art Is a sphere set off by Itself, and Its denizens more or less under the Influence of uncanny powers. "John Brent" Is just tho opposite of this closet made novel and takes the reader Into tho breezy Ufo of the plains as It was a genera tion before road agents and Indians went Into tho show business. "Edwin Brothcrtoft'' Is a romance of tho Hud son valley during the Revolution. It has plot nnd character and as a his torical novel can Ioso nothing In com parison with the best work In that field by the present generation of writers. This work gave promise that Its author but for his untimely death on the battlefield of Big Bethel In 1SG1 might have created a school of Ameri can Action worthy of study and Imita tion by a later age. Tho Title of Czar. Tho title of czar has come Into dis repute In the west on account of Its association with the most hated form of absolutism In Russia In recent years. In the cast, however, It Is a very old title, having been In use since the twelfth century, and has always stood for the same sort of rule and" ruler as the more common title "em peror" and the "kaiser" of tho Gcr ma,ns. In calling himself zar of tho Bulgars" Ferdinand o'ffqlgarla mlgtif 6e6nj to imitate thoRusalajautocrata iandto hint at absoluttemof 'tfaVklnd 'made,, infamous in Rnlsnir,' h JThe worjJiczar comes fwraf ho. La'tln ot)lif BttTgaTran spoiling waff 'Esei the definition being emperor. For tho ruler of a Slavic people, like tho Bul garians, the word czar would natural ly be preferred to that of emperor, since it really has less of the sugges tion of autocrat. Tho title was borno for several centuries by Russian princes who 3id not assume imperial rank and privileges. Peter the Great added the title "lmperator," but the powers were slow to award Imperial rank to the ruler of Russia. Woman's Activity. Many philosophers and publicists and not a few rash statesmen venture advice to tho world nbout the status of women. They appear to bo trou bled lest women shall want to or be unwisely allowed to go "somehow" wrong. Yet every day's developments tho world over show that woman is keeping step with the age. A woman farm. A woman has had the crowned heads of two or three kingdoms by the ears the last six months. Women have stormed parliament to right their wrongs Just as men do and nro organ izing nnd training to put It on con gress in the same way. Tho Ideal man of tho times Is not the mollycoddle, but tho other fellow. If women seem inclined to cut out the role of wallflower, to even make every year leap year, so to speak, when it cornea to wooing opportunity, It may bo due to the trend of tho race today and not to any distinctly feminine zest for new and novel spheres. Amber. Amber is a hard, bitter, glossy nnd resinous substance, probably formed by a species of nut which Inhabits pine forests. Some, however, have supposed It to be a vegetable product of tho gum order, while others, ngaln, consider it to belong to tho fossils. In Its composition there nro frequently m.i tho bodies of ants. Itegardless of tliu moon's suy so nbout tho weather and the squirrel's chiming lu, It will surely bo cold cuough to put u fuw extra crimps in tho purse behind tho coal bin before winter is over. Under parcels post tho wife can make her letters too uncomfortable to bo overlooked for a wliolo month In her husband's pocket. If another fellow sights the pole's site nhead of Peary he'll bo sorry he missed the election fun too. Hcfiplto !ier 225 honorablo and useful years, Philadelphia is still anxious to STOW old. The Belgian Horse. American draft horses are trot caus ing breeders in Belgium any alarm at present, however it may have been la the past. The Belgian stock, nnd nota bly the Flemish breed of that stock, is now tho. most sought after for heavy draft horses, according to Consul John son, stationed at Liege. This horse has not been a favorite with breeders in the United States, and it is claimed In tho Belgian markets that the American horses sent there are Inferior to the native stock. Last year Belgium Im ported 117 horses from the United States and exported 571 to this coun try. Although good horses are In demand In tho' United States, It is said that farmers have to a great extent aban doned breeding. One reason given for this Is that, while horses are quoted at a high figure In stock markets, the average breeder does not realize nny whero near the figures expected when ho offers his animals. On the other hand, It Is said that the farmers do not breed according to the requirements of tho market. Perhaps the root of tho matter lies in tho want of good breed ing stock to begin with. The prices placed upon good breeding stock In Bel glum by the owners are prohibitive, and Intentionally so, for the purpose of keeping the very best specimens at home. Consul Johnson states that $10, 000 was recently offered for the cham pion Belgian breeder of 1000-8. In 1890 the most noted Belgian breeder was sold for nbout $1,200. This remarkable rise In prices is due In part to the con servative action of native owners of this class of stock and also to the high appreciation of the Belgian working hovso In all the countries of Europe. The Future of Submarines. The future of the submarine vessel fojr fwa'r purposes may depend upon euecess.or--ifailure of the airship as an; ajonct ofjitffiies In war. It Is as petjfjjd by j'dmnthusaajt. .ttiat the airship1 wUiITi? be Itself lilvulnerable' to 'attacE'except from other airships. Should the warship that plows the wave be driven from tho sea by the guerrillas of the nlr the submarine craft will find its occupation gone. There will be no monster battleships to stab with torpedoes. Tho next evo lution would naturally be a disappear ing warship that could sink and dodge tho airship's fire, then comq to the sur face for execution against the allies of tho airship. Up to date tho submarine has proved more dangerous to Its own side than It could bo to the enemy. Submarines are ingenious and inter esting, but their practical value is yet to bo demonstrated. American Books In England. The old sneer of the English, "Who reads an American book?" has been changed to "What good Is an Ameri can book?" Scanning the home field, a disappointed critic declares that the average English novel "is not any good to any one" and ndds that the nverago American novel is even more without excuse for being. It Is significant that the English turn to American literature even though they find grounds for disappointment and sharp criticism. They may learn to like It better If they persist. It is not addressed to an English audience, as a rule, nnd the reader on the other side must get tho American point of view before he can Judge Its literary merits. We have to make allowance for novels produced In France, Germany and Itussla, and it Is well known that many English novels popular at home fall flat here because tho atmosphere which produced them leaves its mark on every page. If Hoosevelt takes up the pen after those strenuous jungle days he'll be likely to find his haud n trifle shaky. Said tho kaiser to the Austrian em peror, "What's an International treaty anyway between friends?" First nld packages for balloon voy agers should Include bathln1; suits and Ufo preservers. From tho recent hurrahing over "messages of friendship and good will' on the part of Japan some folks might suspect that Ilobson had been nt least half right after all. Since old Boreas couldn't keep the American armada from making port In Japan, Togo will be likely to throw tip his hands the moment Ilobson de clares war. if lliyiTMffl VICTORY I REPUBLICAN LANDSLIDE TAFT, SHERMAN and HUGHES The People's Choice. Four Years More of Prosperity. Tho following dispatches tell tho joyful story : Now York City, Nov. 3,-10 p. ra. The Citizen, Honesdalo, Pa. Vice Presidential candidate Sherman telegraphed Chairman Hitchcockas follows : "Accept tny congratu lations and thanks on zeal and wisdom with, which you have conducted the campaign, today so successfully con cluded." Albany, N.'Y., Nov. 3. Governor Hughes, at 8:18 tonight sent the. following telegram to Mr Taft : "Hon; Wm. Taft, Cincinnati, Ohio. My heartiest congratulation upon your splendid victory." CHARLES E. HUGHES. FOR California.....;....... 10 Connecticut .... .J ... . 7 Delaware 3 Idaho 3 Illinois 27 Indiana 15 Iowa 13 Kansas 10 Maine 0 Massachusetts lti Michigan 1-1 Minnesota 11 Nebraska -. 8 New Hampshire 4 New Jorsey 12 FOR BRYAN. Alabama 11 Arkansas 9 Florida 5 Georgia 13 Kentucky 13 Louisiana 9 Mississippi 10 Novada 3 STILL DOUBTFUL. Colorado 5 Maryland 8 Montana 3 Speaker Joe Cannon elected Hughes elected Governor of THE COUNTY AND DISTRICT. At tho hour we go to press on Wednesday morn ing, all but throo election districts in tho county have been heard from, and tho unofficial returns show tho fol lowing majorities : Taft, R , for President, 1,000 ; Pratt, R., for Con gress, 55 ; llofford, R., for Senator, 185 ; Fuerth, D., for Representative, 192 : Branian, R., for Sheriff, 8 ; Hanlan, D., for Prothonotary, 530 ; Gammoll, D., for Register and Recorder, 490 ; Simons, R., for District At torney, 97 ; Hornbuck ,R., Madden, R., 500, and Mando ville, D., for County Commissioners, 250 ovor Doitzer. The townships yet to bo heard from aro Buckingham No. 3, and Scott, 1 and 2. Tho returns from theso dis tricts may possibly affect tho result at present indicated for Shoriff. Tho full official returns will bo given in our Friday's issue. STATES. TAF1 New York 39 North Dakota 4 Ohio 23 Oregon 4 Pennsylvania 34 Rhodo Island -1 South Dakota 4 Utah 3 Vermont 4 Washington 5 West Virginia 7 Wisconsin 13 Wyoming Total. .30(5 North Carolina 12 Oklahoma 7 South Carolina 9 Tennessee 12 Texas 18 Virginia 12 Total 143 Missouri 18 Total 31 by 7,000 majority. Now York state by 30,000. Giving Boys a Start. The eon of the wealthy owner of the Now York Tribune working as a common reporter and tho president's hopeful tolling In a factory aro exam ples of tho traditional American way of giving boys a start. A stock of ex perience is the best start today, and it Is likely to remain so. Wealth in in dustrial enterprises is not so stable as wealth in land in countries where all sorts of privileges go with the land. In tho old world one son in the family Is born to something. In this country no son is born to anything Imperisha ble, except a chunk of tho prevailing atmosphere of gumption. When the first Vanderbllt had his millions all tied up in railroads and was looking to the future ho sent the brightest of his boys, Bill, to farming. His argument was, "If a ipan can suc ceed on a farm he can succeed any where, and If he can't succeed there ho can't anywhere." Bill made good and became a railroad king. Several of tho heads of great railroads today began as mechanics or clerks or somewhere at the foot of the class In railroading. They didn't learn to be railroad presidents in the president's office, but gravitated to the top because they possessed that practical experience without which no railroad can be managed. Experience plus capital to work it out is, of course, the very best inheritance. But the experience Is the only part that cannot be alienated. The Direct Primary Under Trial. Although the direct primary idea is spreading rapidly over the whole coun try, it seems that not anything near perfection has been reached. A "sec ond choice" is already suggested as necessary to Insure tho nomination of a candldato who has substantial sup port and Is really the choice declared by the voice of the primary. It has been demonstrated in several communities where the direct primary has been In operation in more elec tions than one that the innovation has weak points as well ns advantages. Enthusiastic supporters have freely admitted that .One formidable crit-J Iclsni' of tbetjaetnb3 Is that" while ltfl does bring the electorate closer to the government It may at times tend to restrict the field from which candi dates may be taken and, as one op posing interest expressed it, "slam tho door in the face of the poor man who may aspire to office." A system which Is unfair In nominations would be like ly to be seriously defective wherever the direct primary has practically the force of an election, a finality toward which the direct primary movement Beems to lead. Sharpsliootlng and Peace. For weeks every fall season there Is nctlvity on all the rifle practice ranges of the country fostered by tho national government. High records aro sought by regulars and militiamen alike. At first blush this seems militarism car ried to tho extreme. Perhaps it will work the other way. Teaching men to kill Is comparatively new. During tho civil war Ned Bunt line asked Grant to let him go out be tween tho lines and "sharp shoot." Grant refused, saying, "You'ro too anx ious for wounds and glory." That was about tho estimate placed upon this business by all real soldiers during the var. It was murder. A few crack 'Corps were trained for special purposes but tho majority of the soldiers never felt themselves- able to kill anybody for certain. Many declared they didn't want to know it if their bullets hap pened to kill. Perhaps when the boys toow in training realize what It really means to shoot straight In war they'll ground arms and join tho peace forces. Again tho hungry magazine editor laments tho dearth of good novels by American authors. 'Where all Ufo Is keyed to tho question, "Aro you mak ing any money?" It Is folly to expect romantic feeling nnd emotion to take root. The student of "farmlug by mall" vho starts in wondering whether to taatoea and strawberries grow lu the ground will be likely to need n post graduate course on when to buy mtlk nnd give tho old cow n vacation. People who havo been preparing to celebrate tho centenary of tho birth of Elizabeth Barrett Browning next year will be surprised to learn that their history date man is about threo years behind time. A Million Perions. One million persons in a crowd, al lowing threo square feet per person, would cover about seventy acres. In line, allowing eighteen Inches to each, they would form a procession 284.1 miles long. The Delaware and Eastern Rail road. Last Saturday's issue of the Scranton Financial Kevicw Eays : If the Delaware & Eastern ever does run between Schenectady and Wilkes Barre, it will bo affcrhaving lived down as much real trouble as ever came to any railroad. As is well known, some fifty miles of this road is in operation in New York, and the plan is to push it north to Sclienectadyand south to Wilkes Uarre via lioncsdalc, Moscow- and Pitts ton. Tilings apparently started very smooth ly at first. The line is well laid out, and lias established excellent connec tions, the grade is very small, and abun dant trnflic in coal, timber and stone in sight. Last June, President Searing an nounced that the entire bond issue of about $0,000,000 had been purchased abroad, that construction work would immediately proceed and that by nxt year tho road could be expected to be completed. Hut last August a hitch came, in the shape of a temporary injunction re straining assignment oftheD. & E. con struction contract. This was requested to be made permanent, but decision has as yet been withheld. It is evident that tho previously an nounced sale of bonds did not come off, although why the parties concerned should have prevented it, when their own claims would liavo been liable to satisfaction because of it, does not ap pear. The situation is somewhat com plicated. A railroad planned as this one, would be of immense advantage to this region and especially to Wayne County. From reports, there appears to be sufllcicnt trallic to make it pay, and we sincerely Hope to see the line completed. OF INTEREST TO FARMERS. Winter Courses in Agriculture at the Pennsylvania State College. Two hundred and twenty-five students are enrolled in the four and two years' courses in agriculture at the Pennsyl vania State College. Their education is part of the work of our State School of Agriculture, but there are other young men needing service. Many persons do not have the time for a college education, but they can give the winter to study. For this reason winter courses in agri culture were established at the college last year, and ninety men were enrolled. They found the lectures and practical exerciBes adapted to the need of men who war to increaseJthcir earning power. . Underlying principles were studied, and practical methods ot dealing with crops, soils, orchards, animals and dairy pro ducts were given these young men. They returned to their homes with a desire to encourage others to attend the college next winter for study under its practical scientists. The courses begin December 1st, and close February 21th. Tho asso ciation witli hundreds of students in ag riculture and the study of problems arising in the every-dny life of the fanner make these winter courses an opportun ity that a bright young man cannot af ford to miss. The free illustrated bulletin describing the live winter courses in agriculture is ready for distribution. Address School of Agriculture, State College, Pa. Beach Lake. Oct. 30th. Miss KdnaOlver is home and seems to be gaining nicely after such a severe illness m a Brooklyn hospital. Mrs. L. Brown is somewhat indis posed. Miss Laura Treverton is also on the repair list. Mr. and Mrs. Matthew Olver are visit ing the latter's parents. .Mrs. S. (iarrett is visiting at Lyman itarren s. arrett s. Mr. Itoosveer has moved his family i Damascus on the Tom Burcher farm, iw owned bv Clark Wood. to IW1W Mi.-'u liill.i lif.iiiu lu nt n R(it"'HitAn hospital, having her eyes operated on. i.i. I I 1 1 1.... rne huh iiiwiijm imu very puui nigni. uui now it is worse than common. A new arrival at Mr. Lewis's. Tin's makes his second son. Siko. "" Oct. 2!itli. Mrs. .1. A. Scainbler gave a surprise party to her son Clarence on .Saturday evening, Oct. 24th, in honor of the twenty-first anniversary of his birth. The evening was spent in play ing games, and at a seasonable nour refreshments were served. John Bates took two Hash light pictures of the com pany, which numbered upwards of thirtv guests. Mr. and .Mrs. C. II. Wilmarth, of Aldenville, made Mr. and Mrs. D. G. Stephens a farewell visit at the home of Mrs. Stevens's brother, L. W. Nelson on Sunday, Oct. 25th. l!cv. D. U. Stephens, wifo and son Carl, started on their return trip to Portland, Oregon, last Tuesday after noon. They will visit Niagara Falls on their way home. The Spanish debt of $.V.)9,8r0, award ed to certain citizens of this country under a' treaty 'of Feb. 17, 1834, with Spain, vas finally liquidated Oct. 27, 11)08. ffpain has been paying annual in terest since tho treaty, and this year tho Spanish government transmitted $Ti"0,000 in liquidation of the debt. Tho princi pal has been paid over three times in in terest. DeWltt's Kidney ami Illadder Pills are tin ecmuled In cases of weak hack, Imck ailie. In Humiliation of the bladder, rheiiliiailu pubis, and all urinary disorders. Tliey am antisep tic and act promptly. Don't delay, (or delay nro dimcennis. del Hewitt's Kidney and I Illadder Pills. Hold by 1'KII.The Dnu'L'lat.