Newspaper Page Text
What Four Years of Bryan Would Mean.
.. nl Ptfftlit Ik....
Bulgaria as a Storm Center.
Among nil the Bnlknn countries Bui-'
Sarin seems to bo best prepared to do j
something decisive when the time Is
ripe for political change. Conditions
hnvo Improved there since the powers
nt the Berlin conference thirty years
ago placed Its destinies In the hands
IflfT IN THE 1SL
HINTS FOR FARMERS
Common Fowls Unprofitable.
The farmers who arc careless re
garding tho kind of fowls to keep pay
well for their Indifference, says a
writer In Commercial Poultry. They
must content themselves with the be
lief that "one fowl Is ns good as nn-. of Turkov. Tho neonlo want to bo
other," but they are governed by oldrrco and twcnty ycars ag0 llindo ft ! STRONG, HONEST AND TACTFUL
Why McKinley Sent tho Judge to
uua "u" ua"B 1 ..I ui"lgood fight ngalnst Turkey
fowls, the pure breeds aro more use-
I struggle they lacked the sympathy of
ni. fh.r in- onm ri. n strong European power, a. ireo nnu
I etlcs como to maturity sooner; they 1 Independent Bulgaria must, of course,
nro far more quiet generally; at ma- complicate the politics of eastern Eu
turlty the cockerels make fine birds rope.
nnd tho pullets good winter layers. The Russians have never censed to
I- locks of common kinds noticed on pIot for the controi 0f Bulgarian poll-
i Relinquished Certainty of Elevation to
some farms cause loss to their own
ers and are n drawback to any farm I
In tlioQO ilnrn of nrntrrona nnd tmnrnriw i
innnt Tf luioto Vint llfHn tn linrrln IMi Which
pure breeds, and In one year the farm
er can have a handsomo flock of nice,
thrifty, useful breeders that will give
l satisfaction and 'pay liberally for theii
tics. Russia covets a southern outlet
to the sea and needs n strong power
she can dominate In that rc-
1 glon to defend her pass. Russian In
triguers drove the predecessor of
Prince Ferdinand, Alexander, from
power nnd later forced Bulgaria's
greatest statesman, Stambuloff, from
tho office of prime minister and then
shot htm down in the streets like a
dog. It Is probable that when tho
"psychological moment" arrives Rus-
-If somebody would only chloroform him nnd let me have a much needed rest! Har-
TRIBUTE TO MR. TUFT
JUDGE SIGNALLY HONORED.
Recognition of His Efforts to Bring
About Remission of Boxer Indemnity.
National Friendship Reaffirmed and
Commercial Amity Restored.
It was through Mr. Taft, when ho
was in Shanghai last fall, that the
Chinese apologized for the American
boycott that was Instituted In the king
dom a few years ago and expressed
their appreciation of the remission by
our government of the Indemnity
granted because of the Boxer rebellion.
When It became known that Mr. Taft
was coming to Shanghai representa
tives of all the Chinese guilds in the
city met and arranged to give him a
suitable reception. The guilds in China
control every branch of commercial ac
tivity and united form In every city
and community a thoroughly repre
sentative body. Bach of tho scores of
guilds in Shanghai took part in the
demonstration to Mr.' Taft. For the
purpose the beautiful Yuyuen gar
dens In Bubbling Well road were ob
tained. Governmental cognizance of
the greeting to Mr. Taft was through
the vicarious participation of Tuan
Fang, viceroy of the Llangklang prov
ince, in which Shanghai Is. The vice
roy ordered his representative, the
tnotal tong, to spare no expense In ar
ranging a suitable reception for Mr.
Taft and to present the bills to him.
Americans long resident In Shanghai
agreed that no such signal honors had
ever been paid to another foreigner
by the Chinese. A heavy rainfall.
. which began (lie previous ulsht, throat-
' cued to mar or wholly prevent tho
HOW China Apologized For the ' garden party. At great cost and an !
expenditure of lnbor t lie committee
completely roofed over with canvas a
good share of tho gardens, including
long walks and paths, so that Mr. Taft
nnd the other guests were enabled to
move about freely, fully protected
from the storm.
All of the speakers referred to the
obligations under which China had '
been laid by the remission of tho Box
er Indemnity and the contributions
made by Americans for the relief of
victims of the recent famine In China.
Mr. Taft was cheered and applauded !
for several minutes when lie said:
"When I was here a little more than
two years ago there was just a little
bit of mist, a little bit or' fog, in the
clear sunshine of our friendship. But
wo gave assurances at that time which
I am glad to say have been carried out
on tho one hand, and on the other there
is every evidence thai the mist has
cleared away. The boycott Is a thing
of tho past. It Is a closed episode."
Two young Chinese ladies bore for
ward a massive silver bowl and pre
sented It to Mr. Taft as a memento of
his visit. The bowl, which was a rare
specimen of Chinese silver work, was
Inscribed, "Presented to tho Honorable
William II. Taft, Secretary of War of
tho United States of America, as a Me
mento or tho Garden Parly Given In
His Honor by tho Chinese Residents
Copious comments wero printed by
the eastern press upon tho reception
by the Chinese to Mr. Taft and its
significance as a tribute to the man
and ns a renewal of tho old time bonds
of nmlry between tho nations.
By ItEV. HT J. BOATMAN.
Billy Bryan. Billy Bryan.
Still n-trjin'. still a-tryln
Vnlnly try In';
Thrlco ticforo ns llko a chorus,
Jackass chorus most uproarious,
Tried to floor us.
Billy nryan, Billy Bryan,
Far too high your klto's a-flyln'
Ccaso to mouth us, ceaso to mouth us.
Jackass discords don't affright us,
Only rouso us.
Billy Bryan, Billy Bryan,
Vainly cryln' llko ono dyln'
Onco you'd ctvo us halves for whole
Sllvcr dollars, them sixteen uns,
For our gold uns.
Billy Bryan, Bll'y Bryan,
GIvo up tryln'; tjult your try In'.
Call your "cry" In.
Onco you hitched the ass and monkoy.
Now you'd rldo that poor old donkey
Played out donkey.
Billy Bryan. Billy Bryan.
Forces routed, forces flyln'.
Still you're tryln';
Still you're plcadln' llko a lover.
Oft rejected for another,
Billy Bryan. Billy Bryan,
You're a good un; you'ro a lion
(Little chained un).
But your roarln' sounds too chaffy
Deed It's daffy. Glvo us Taft-yt
GIvo us Taft-y!
-Ftillerton, C'al., September, 1003. Copy
right Applied For.
Filling the Silo.
When tho silo first came into use
it was thought necessary to fill It with
very green, succulent growth, says
American Agriculturist. This is now ! sla will bring forward one of tho
know n to bo nn erroneous idea, and czar's kin to occupy the throne cre
tho silo is regarded much ns a store- ntcd Dy Bulgaria's proclamation of la-
room or food preserver, the value of
the cnsllago depending to n very great
extent on the nutritive value of the
crop with which the silo is filled. To
this end It is advisable that tho corn
shall have reached a degree of ripe
ness Indicated by rather hard, well
dented or glazed kernels nnd partially
dried husks before It is placed In the
silo. There is n week or ten dnys
when the cars are In this condition
nnd the stalks still contain sufficient
sap to cause the silage to pack well
in the silo. It Is even better to ndd a
little water to accomplished the latter
purposo than to cut tho crop before it
has attained its full feeding value.
Advertising combined with Intel 1 1
gence nnd enterprise will do more to i ., OT1,i fh nHrM t
elevate the farmer and glvo deserved i . . . , ',. . ., , .,
prominence to his occupation than any frc f n" pr'nc ld '? ?f m,"
other factor. In fact, many advantages Bclvcs- Before they nttnm thclr ,deal
nre enjoyed nt the present time by the , the land will probably bo drenched
most progressive farmers, who may bo I with blood nnd become another Poland,
recognized by tho advertising which n bono for big powers to flght over.
they do in ono way or another. AH the world must wish thnt which-
Tho first step In agricultural adver- cvor nv Balkan affairs nre settled
Using is to make tne farm a respectn-1
blc place of business and one which
Supreme Bench at Call of Duty.
Proved His Ability as Nation
Builder A Real Altruist.
In the beginning of our occupation of
the Philippines the problems there
wero military. Nothing of civil func
tions could bo essayed until tho rebel
lion had been put down. In the midst
of this tho first Philippine commission
was sent out to look over the situation
"as bearers of the blessings of a liber
ating rather than a conquering na
tion," ns President McKinley wrote.
The commissioners decided that It was
a bad mess.
Mr. McKinley was advised to try to
do nothing by civil power, but to give
a military governor full sway. This
would have been a fatal error. Any
continuance of the military govern
ment beyond tho time when Its stern
restrictions wero required to lnduco
peaco and maintain it would still fur
ther have jeopardized tho trust of the
natives in our good faith. And It bad
already been so strained that it would
stand no more tension.
Tho pcoplo nt home, too, were, grow
ing thoroughly out of conceit with "tho
llttlo brown brother." Our nppotito
had become sated of military conquest
Too many long, narrow boxes wero
shipped over sea nnd land for Inter
ment In village churchyards, too many
mothers mourned sons, dono to death
by bullets or bolo, to support general
Austria, each wishing to dominate 1 conviction in tho doctrine of expan-
siuu. w u uiuugut ivo uuu uu iiruwigryo
of Cromer, no giants of colonial admin
istration upon whom Mr. McKinley
might call to 'lay tho foundations of a
dependence. Tho dominant passion of
the Bulgarians for the past generation
has been political freedom. They have
sacrificed everything to raise n good
nrmy nnd have long been prepared to
put 200,000 to 300,000 men in the
field. Their officers hnvo hnd German
training, nnd their military equipment
Is modern. The men of education In
Bulgaria wero tnught In Germany, nnd
there nro prnctlcnlly three Interests nt
work in the state the natlvo clement,
yearning for freedom, nnd Bussln nnd
Bulgarian politics. Tho chief In
triguers in the Bulgarian mess nro
ngents of Russia, tho court influence
is keyed on the wishes of tho Aus
Campaigning In 1908.
From tho Cleveland Plain Dealer.
Tho train comes whizzing down tho track
And halts nmld tho cheers,
And on tho platform nt tho back
Tho candidate appears.
And then tho engine hoarsely shrieks
Ills words are far from plain.
And then the cnglno hoarsely shrieks
And drags away tho train.
Daniel J. Keefe, Sixth Vice President of the A. F. of L., Insists That
President Gompers Has Been Misrepresented and Denies That
Any Attempt Has Been Made to Swing Labor Vote to Bryan.
TAFT A FRIEND OF LABORING MAN.
"We Insist that the labor movement shall remain ns free nnd independent from political domination as It
has ever been In Its history."
That sentence Is the keynote to a statement made by Daniel J. Keefe of Detroit, Mich., president of the
International Longshoremen, Marino and Transport Workers' association aid filxth vice president of tho Amer
ican Federation of Labor.
In his statement, which ho made In nnswer to n query from tho editor of the Buffalo Republic, Mr. Keefe
"I desire to say that the American Federation of Labor Is not committed to any political party, nor has
any candldato for president been Indorsed by tho exccutlvo council.
"I am of the belief that the general public does not fully understand the position of the executive council
of the American Federation of Labor In the present campaign. The policy of the labor movement is nonparti
san and Is as follows:
"Wo desire to refute here the aspersions that have been cast upon the executive council nnd particularly
one of its members, President Gompers, that It Is our purposo or his to dictate to the working pcoplo of our
country how they shall cast their votes In the coming elections, nor Ims any ono promised tho vote of tho work
ing people to any particular party. We have strongly, clearly and emphatically, as It was our duty, presented
the situation In which tho working pcoplo of tho country And themselves, the demands which labor has made
upon both political parties as to necessary action, which they should take, tho treatment they have received,
and have appealed to the Judgment nnd patriotism of tho working people and the friends of labor throughout
tho country, since both political parties have spoken, to make their cIioIlv as their conscience may dictate.
"Tho misrepresentation of newspapers and others to tho contrary notwithstanding, wo repeat nnd insist,
and we hnvo so conducted and propose to so conduct our course, that tho labor movement shall remain as free
and independent from political domination ns It has over been In Its history.
"The foregoing does not commit tho American Federation of Labor to any political party and Is nonparti
san, which permits union men to voto for whom they may please for president nnd other offices without fear of
criticism. All of which I heartily Indorse.
"Some of the members of tho esecutlvo council of tho American Federation of Labor no doubt will sup
port nnd voto for Mr. Bryan, which Is their individual right. I shall support and" voto for Mr. Tnft, who wns
admitted to membership In the International Brotherhood of Steam Shovel and Dredge Men on necount of his
strong advocacy of tho enforcement of tho eight hour law on all government work coming under the jurisdic
tion of tho war department, nnd If tho eight hour day did not become an established fact In connection with
dredge work It was tho fault of tho workmen nnd not tho fault of tho secretary of war.
"I might ndd further that Mr. Taft, ns secretary of war, has dono more to Inforco laws In favor of organ
ized labor than nil his predecessors."
will incite pntronage. The farm should
be christened with a suitable name
niyj Its stock nnd produce marketed
under the name of tho farm ns well as
tho nnme of tho proprietor. The stock
nnd produce should have a specific
trademark to distinguish It in name ns
well ns In quality and to Induce buyers
to become permanent customers. Pro
fessor Hornbury, Wisconsin Agricul
Precautions Against Hog Cholera.
Tho greatest care should be exer
cised to keep the infection from enter
ing healthy herds. If the disease Is In
the Immediate locality stray dogs
should not bo allowed In the hog lots
or pastures. To eliminate as much as
possible Infection from birds, the hogs
should bo fed In covered inclosures.
Stockmen nnd buyers should not be
allowed to enter the premises without
first thoroughly disinfecting the shoes
with some germicidal solution, as car
bolic acid. The hogs should under no
consideration hnvo access to n stream
which Is fed from water running
through other farms. No newly pur
chased hogs should bo placed with the
general herd until they have been
quarantined for two or three weeks.
Plenty of air slaked lime should be
used about tho hog houses and feeding
places. Kansas Experiment Station
way Balkan ntrnirs are
tho Bulgarians shall not bo held up on
their march of progress.
Jap Insect Kills Gypsy Moths.
One of the most promising enemies
of the gypsy moth is n smnll parasite
brought from Japan. This llttlo insect
lays its eggs on the caterpillars. Tho
young hatch nnd burrow into tho cntcr
plllar, soon causing Its death. The
young insects then attack other cater
pillars In the same wny, destroying
large numbers. The Japnneso insect
seems to bo firmly established here
and promises good results by nnother
Benson. In Japan tho gypsy moth Is
successfully held in check by tho para
site, nnd it is not too much to hope
that It will do as well In this country.
The Common Brick.
Is n recent publication treating of
our mineral resources nnd Issued by
tho geological survey considerable at
tention is given to the common brick.
Here nt least is a natural resource
which Is not likely to bo soon ex
hausted. Good clay for brick Is found
In every state of tho Union, nnd the
nnnunl product of tho whole country
ranges up to nearly $20,000,000. Lnst
year the two states leading In this In
dustry, New York nnd Illinois, pro
flucod nearly 3,000,000,000 brick, hav
ing n market value of $13,500,000. The
nvcrngo price of brick for tho whole
country In 1007 wns $0 per thousand.
It has been supposed that concrete
was destined to drive brick out of gen
eral use. For foundations to frame
buildings concrete Is much used ns n
substitute for brick In regions whore
It is produced in convenient form.'
But concrete Is still on trial among
conservative people. Tho cheap con
crete building block has not been thor
oughly tested for structures higher
than two stories. Even with concrete
ns n competitor brick must hold Its
own. It can be produced near whero
It is wanted, nnd this is a saving on
cost. Mnterlals for concrete are not
so well distributed over tho land, or
If they aro the beds nre yet to bo dis
covered. In value brick constitutes
npproxlmntcly 40 per cent of all our
Bees on the Form.
Every farmer should keep n few
hives of bees, not only for the honey
which thoy will produco, but to In
crease the yield of his fruit bearing
trees and plants. Very often the fail
ure of a fruit crop Is due to Insufficient
pollcnlzatlon. It Is said that tho yield
of alfalfa seed may bo Increased by
tho presence of lees. Tbero nro many
apparently small nnd unimportant
things which tho alert farmer may do,
all or any of which will make life on
tho farm mora pleasant and profitable.
Selection of 8eed Corn.
Tho season for selecting seed corn Is
now at hand. In no way can tho qual
ity and quantity of a crop of corn be
so easily Increased as by caro in -the
selection of seed nnd in cnrlng for it
through tho winter. Corn ns easily as
live stock can be bred to typo. Select
woll mnturcd ears of tho type desired
nnd store them In a warm, dry place.
The results will more than pay for the
1 trouble. Farmers Advocate.
The Profitable Hep.
Tho hen that lays 200 eggs a yenr is
tho ono thnt pays for her keep and
leaves a good margin of profit to her
owner. She Is In the same class as tho
cow that makos fifteen pounds of but
ter n week,
Boosting Good Books.
Decadent taste in reading is not con
fined to any country it seems. Com
plaints arc common here that the peO'
pie read too much trash, and recently
some educators in England have taken
up the subject with a view to improv
ing the stock on tho public library
shelves. Nqw from Germany comes n
report of n now plan to foster in peo
ple who have the reading habit a taste
for good literature.
Tho German idea is to deliver to the
homo of every applicant at a nominal
cost for uso for ono week a thrilling
novel, certnln to be read nnd nppre
elated. This Is tho bait. If a second
book Is ordered ono of a higher class
than tho first will be sent, nnd tho
third, if cnlled for, will bo still better,
and so on until tho reader has desire
for nono but tbo best literature. We
think sometimes that wo havo that
stago of education to deal with here
and that tho dlmo novel and tbo
"shilling shocker" create n reading ap
petite which will not bo wholly sat
isfied until it foods upon something
substantial. If reading Is only a phase
of tho eternnl search for new sensa
tions It is posstblo that tho uplift can
bo applied to literature by tho German
plan with" good results.
Tho history man says that tho nffinl
ty business "flourished" 7,500 yenrs
ngo. So did the wnrclub nnd nx.
superior clvlllzntlon, with specific ref
erence to the needs of tho people to be
governed nnd with definite rcferenco
to tho wclfnre of the islands, both ma
terial and moral," ns ho hod put It
Thero was dearth of men wholly In
harmony with the president's concep
tion of what our nntlonnl duty to the
Filipinos comprised, who would con
stantly benr In mind thnt it was liber
ty they wanted, liberty that they
should have, ns Mr. McKinley had
promised, pledging our faith as a na
tionliberty, ns he wrote, "of tho
whole Filipino pcoplo nnd not of a
decimal fraction of them, who through'
the leadership of education nnd prop
erty have acquired a domination over
tho great mass."
Mr. Taft had not been thought of. If
his sentiments on tho Philippine ques
tion was known it was patent that ho
was neither a believer in Mr. McKln
ley's policy nor In our ethical right to
bo in the Islands. Said the president
one day to the then secretary of state,
William B. Day, "I want a man who Is
strong, honest nnd tactful, a man of
education nnd executive ability, a man
who Is fenrless. but conservative,' 'who
will get nlong with tho nrmy people."
"Judge Tnft fills tho bill If he' will
take tho Job," said Mr. Day In ft' stroke
of Inspirational genius. They" sent for
Judgo Taft, who was then on tho su
preme court bench, and told him what
was wanted. Ho shook his head.
"I cannot bo of uso to yon there, Mr.
President," ho answered. "I didn't
want to tako tho Philippines." If waa
n mistake" Tho president regarded
him musingly for a moment, then,
"Nor did I want to tako them," said
ho. "I had to. Thero was nothing else
to do. Wo must build a new nation out
there. I want you to help ns."
Secretary of War Hoot added his'
persuasions. Ho showed both sides of
the medal to Judge Tnft Perhaps ho
was motived more shrewdly than ho
affected, for ho descanted upon the dif
ficulties of the task compared with
tho congenial and relatively easy work
that Judgo Taft had upon tho'bench,
with tho almost ultimate certainty of
being elovntod to tho supremo court
He must forego nil this, said Mr. Root
But what n chance offered in the
Philippines to do, to create, to dis
prove tho lnfnllablllty of some of Eng
land's pet theories of colonization, to
bring into being a nation. Such argu
ments turned the tide. Judge Taft ac
cepted ono of those duties "which," to
quoto him, "is an entirety and not
fulfilled until it is entirely fulfilled."
As ho took ship, nnd nlwnys after
ward, there was in his mind the con
cluding paragraph of tho- instructions
given him by tho president:
"A high and sacred obligation rests
upon tho government of tho United
States to give protection for property
nnd life, civil nnd religious freedom
nnd wise, firm nnd unselfish guidance
in tbo pnths of peaco and prosperity to
all tho peoples of tho Phlllpplno Is
lands. I chargo this commission to
labor for tho full performance of this
obligation, which concerns the honor
nnd conscience of their country, in tho
firm hope thnt through their labors nil
tho peoplo In tho Philippines may como
to look back with gratltudo to tho day
when God gavo victory to tho Ameri
can arms at Manila and set their land
under tho sovereignty nnd tho protec-
i tlon of tho peoplo of tho United States."
Altruistic, perhaps, but Mr. Tnft Is
an altruist. It needed nn altruist to
i compass tho requirements specified In
I the quotntlon to tho lottcr and pave
tho way for the fulfillment of Mr. Mc
! Klnlcy's "firm hope," ns Mr. Taft has
Perhaps money won't transmit dis
ease, but It can glvo a mighty big pain
tvhen'lt goes wrong.
Tho Republicans will revlso tho tar
iff, nnd they will revise It so that no
American workingman shall suffer loss
of wages or pay more to fill his dinner
pail. . ........