Bedford inquirer and chronicle. (Bedford, Pa.) 1854-1857, July 03, 1857, Image 1

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

For the Bedford Inquirer and Chronicle.
Of the four seasons of fhe temperate
zouw, Spring is acknowledged by all to be
the most pleasant.
After having been compelled for weeks
and months to seek a retreat around the
fireside to protect us from the northern
winds that howl around our dwellings, and
from the congealed element that so fre
quently clothes the earth during the winter
season, and after vegetation has been visit
ed by the Hast of death, and has re urned (o
its mother dust, and all naturo has been
enshrouded in mourning on account of the
absence of the fructifying rays of a venial
sun; bow delightful when by the annual
revolution of the earth we arc brought in
more immediate contact with the geuial and
vivifying rays of the sun, the a?mospher e
becomes warm and pleasant, the earth be
comes heated and productive, and appears
to whisper to vegetation, that has been bur
ied within her bosfttu, to awake from its
slumbers aud enter iuto life. And how
soon are the glades, hills, valleys and motin
tains, clothed in aVidi; and delightful foli
age. The earth 13 covered with a carpet of
green, that defies the art of man to equal or
imitate. How pleasant is the face ot na
ture at the preseut time, when we east our
eyes over the surrouuding scenery, how
bcjutifn! is the s'ght prcseuted to our view,
aud while beholding it, and enraptured with
iis delights, we are almost ready to imagine
ourselves iu the "Garden of Eden." As
we ramble through the couutry "amid SCCDCS
of rural pleasure" and behold the growing
grain waved by the gentle winds, promi
sing lo the fariuer the reward of his labor,
the green gia-s in the uiCadows, the beau
tiful flowers of the fields ana gardens, the
varied hues, and color of the landscape, the
gentle murmuring of the wu'er brooks, a*
their crystal waters gently glide dowu their
appointed channel, and the sweet iii<te3 of
the feathered songsters, as they sing their
song of praise to the autlibr of nature, we
are struck with a tlirill of delight that i®
inexpressible. Buir while contemplating
the objects of the sccuc, and about to prom
ise ourselves great pleasure in them, we
arc brought to the reflection that they are
transitory, that MKHI the flower will have
accomplished its purpose and be no more,
soon will tbe ripened wheat be gathered in
to the garner, and the grass, cut down and
withered. Soon will the forest he disman
tled of its foliage, aud vegetation droop and
die. Thus teaching man an important les
son of his own mortality G.
Itiddelsburg, Juno 11, 1857.
As EDITOR <X tits TRAVELS.—One of
our brother editors lias been travelling some
and relates how the barber made a "dead
head" of him.
While f>u board a steamer the fuzz grew
rather longer.than was agreeable, and we
repaired to the barber shop to have it taken
fill. Thefelttro did'tt up in first-rate style,
and we puTied out a dime and proffered it
to him, as a reward for his services. He
drew himself up with considerable pom
"1 understand," said he, "d it you "is an
"Well, what of ii?" said we.
"We uebbercharge editors nofin!"
"lint, my woolly friend," we continued,
"there are a groat many editors traveling
t.6w-a days, and such liberality on your part
will prove a ruinous business."
"Oit, nebber mind." remarked the bar
ber. "we makes it all up off de nemmen."
The aforesaid editor r -marks that there
upon he incontinently sloped.
A Goul> ONK. —David Crockett happen
ed to be present at an exhibition of animals
in the city of Washington, where a monkey
seemed to uttiact particular attention, and
he abstrae'edly observed :
"If the fellow had on a pair of specta
cles, he would look like Major Write, of
"The Major happened to be just bellied
Crockett and oveihead the observation and
tapped Davy on the shoulder. Turning
urouml Davy very formally remarked.
-I'll be banged, Major, if ' wlwsi
nny J-onia. lor tbe . -'1 llj lilt,
. A*i'fnblf* authorising tbe incorporation j
tn of Issue, with general banking and j BK. H.tvKi._
privileges, under the general bank- J SLOPS, baa jast r a
.f this Stitj. to he located at. tbe Bo- i the hsist flavoring
lot Be bard, in the County of Bedford, j ing Sod -. Cre*nrj
ft!! d --The Bedford Conntv Ban';," with I the very bvst qua,
id of two hundred and 'fifty thausand atthc lowest pric
A- ant with the privilege of increasing ttie , - u
•ft. toe sum of font hundred thousand dol- VV.\BGAINf> _
1 Jss ous of red
E. L. ANDhR .t N. j to make r om fof
TV. T. ItACTGHbUrV. purft ,the
TV. P. SCIIKLL, : T , r j. Call arid
A. K1 KG. 4 q,
MCHOLASiI'VjJNN j j ln . ir, 1857
i'' r! - 2- | mo keep the t t
f Siow'ehi new work— Drcd, a tale of the 1 Basin's Kof
■ : -;,t Pit :nai Swamp, equal M Uncle n Thousand F'
S CaW . just received it Dr. i/arry's of Inch can b'
aJB U ,uk Store. ' r y 4 "
A Weekly Paper, Devoted to Literature, Politics, the Arts, Sciences, Agriculture, &c., &c—Terms: Two Dollars per annum.
SJLB OMllOMll\if
BEFORE proceeding, as proposed in my
last, to an analysis of the operations of the
line for 1855, I will make some additibnal
remarks, which have a connection with the
results of 1850. After showing what was
accomplished iu that year, it appears pecu
liarly proper to direct attention to the pres
ent audition of the Line, the expenditures
to be made this year, and the probable re
sults of Ike year 1857. Thus the public
will be able to see whether tbey can rea
sonably anticipate an improvement in the
near future.
Under an act of tbe last Legislature,
the Ganal Board appointed a State Engi
neer, to have genetal charge of the works.
Between the 25th of last September and
and the 27th of November, be made a tour
of examination on the several divisions.—
In his report, he gives his opinion of the
condition of each. Ouly those belonging
fo the Main Line claim attention.
To the Columbia road, bo states that he
has not devoted any espcfeial attention, in
ebasequcuce of pressing duties elsewhere.
He thiuks the estimate of the Superintend
ent for ordinary repair, a reasonable one.
The Eastferu Division of the Canal, 49
miles in length, and extending from Colum
bia io the wCst eul of the Juniata Aque
duct, has "2 dams, 9 aqueducts, 28 locks,
84 bridges,"l 6 culverts, 3 ovtfrfalls and 6
waste-weirs." On a poition'of the canal, j
rlic bottom width has become reduced, by ;
the wash re gof materials from the banks,
to au average of 16 feet, it being seldom
over 20,' and in some cases not over 10 feet
wide. At such points the water is not !
over 3|i feet iu depth, which reudeis the i
passiug of boats exceedingly difficult, and
occasions constant "jams.*' He dots not I
consider the division iu good order, aud '
says that busiuess is done *upoo it to great J
disadvantage. Its capacity is nearly one- j
fourth less tliau was originally designed.—
Heuce the cost of transportation is in- .
creased by that amount. 'Large annual ap- !
propriations have been made for clearing ,
out the bottom, but with poor suedes*.—
He recommends that two steam dredp e
boais be constantly employed during navi- i
gation season, in removing bars and the j
bottom on the bertue side, that all the ma
terials cxcavr.ted from the bottom during
the winter, be taken from the tow path side
and deposited on the towing path with a
view to raise it; and that the towing path
shall also be raised by of the repair
force in tbc summer. Two dredge boats
would cost $5,500; it will cost §lO a day
to work each of them—total cost one season
'of *250 dayr, §10,500. The second year
the expense would be less. All the locks
i equire mote or less repair. The Juniata
Aqueduct begins to show "visible marks o f
decay;" tvto spans were propped last sum.
mer. ItcAnbe propped another season Or
two, but must be "shortly rebuilt." Esti
mated cost of repairs, §lO,OOO. The walls
of the of the outlet lock at Duncan's Is
land are dilapidated, and should bo tlior"
oughly repaired, that they may stand
another season. A large portion of the
guard embaukmeut and towing path arouhd
Peter's Mountain has been washed away by
flood*, and should be renewed; but the 6n
giueer lias not had time to make an accu
rate measurement and calculation of ex
pense. All the locks should be doubled.
Of two modes of doing it, one would make
the cost of improving each §lO,OOO, the
other §>6,000. If the locks be not dou.
hied at once, additional lock tenders should
The Lower Juniata Divisiou has some
imperfections; insufficient depth of water
and width of bottom, as the Eastern.—
Locks 2 and 4, are much "collapsed," and
portions of the wall must be taken down
and rebuilt. The wood work at most of
the locks is much decayed, and much inju
ry results to the masonry. Considerable
repairs are necessary, also, upon nearly
all the aqueducts (12.) Estimated cost of
repairs 535,400; §11,607 20 more tbau
those of lest year.
Upper Juniata.—Steam dredge boat re
commended to clcau this out. Towing
path, also, should be raised. Locks are
very dilapidated. At the 02 locks, twenty
four pairs of gates are brokeu or decayed,
and must be immediately replaced; others
require renewal or extensive repairs. The
aqueduct at Shaver's Ford was propjed
last summer, aud will require rebuilding
next year. Oue span of tLe aqueduct at
Jack's Narrows is in the same condition. —
That below Alexandria, and several
need much improvement. Of 10 dams, 8
require more or less repairs; three towing
path bridges are iu a falling condition.—
A dam is recommended to stop leakage
ahout Iloliidaysburg. Estimated repairs,
$19,100; $13,400 more than repairs re
pairs reported last year by Cutlal (Joinmis*
s ioners.
Upper Western.—The same story as
concerning the upper Juuiata. Estimated
repairs, $30,000: last year $20,954.
Lower Western—Ditto. Estimated cost
of repairs, $28,000. Last year, $19,502
30, according to Caual Board.
Portage Railroad—particu
lars are painful. He re
ports amounts due on fi
nal estimates ou the
tuuuel, $23,070 78
In addition, claims amount
ing to 4,207 09
Also, bill of Cambria Iron
Company, 19,659 95
547,04 41
Road and farm bridges, for repairs will
cost $20,925, of which $8,070 btdong t'->
the Main Line.
The aggregate estimate of State Engineer
for repairs for 1857, in $890,487, of which
$303,182 belong to Main Line. Amount
reported by Canal Commissioners as expend
; ed in 1850, for ordinary repairs aud bridg
es, $180,141 02. increased appropriation
needed this year, $117,940 98, according
to the State Engineer.
tSueh is the geueral condition "of the Main
"Line. What anount of appropriation* do the
Canal BoArd ask for 1857 1 1' copy from
the General Apropriatiou Dill, trow under
consideration in the llottee of Representa
tives :
Ordiuary Repairs for vear
ending Nov. 30, 1857", OO
In addition to §225,000 ap
propriated last session.
Ordinary Repairs after Deo.
1, '56, 173,012 00
Ordinary Repairs after Dec.
1, '57, *225,000 00
I Motive power for year ending
November 30, 1857 Co
! luiuhia road, iueludtug six
j locomotives, §395,700;
Portage §90.000, 485,700 00
I Motive power after Dee. 1,
1, 's7 Columbia §BO,-
009, Portage, f20,000, 100,000 00
! Collectors, Weighmastcrs,
&c., (same as iast year) 23,256 32
Lock keepers, 31,015 00
i Use of Peu'usylvauia Rail
road, 12,500 00
i Canal Commissioners and of
fice, 76,995 00
i Repairs of Farm and Road
j Uridges '(same as last
' year) 8,070 00
' Prate Engineer and offi. e, f3,125 UU
I Debts for repairs coutract
j ed by consent of Canal
j Commissioners, 9,370 91
iOn South track Columbia road, 9,333 92
! Debts on' Portage, 40,308 22
1 Old claiois certified by Spe
i cial Commissioners, 4,701 00
"Unauthorised debts" con
| tracted 1856, and autbor
i ized to be paid, if found
just, by Canal Hoard, on
Lower Western, on Poi
tage and on Upper Juniata, 30,728 64
Damage.*, 1,117 50
i Added in llouse, OTI motion
of Committee of Ways and
Bridge over Columbia Road, 2,000
Additional appropriation for
motive power on Portage, 27,050
29,050 00
j Total appropriation §1,476,410 61
j Last year lue total revenue
from tbc same, 1,222,973 45
Excess of appropriations Over
revenue of last year, • §253,437 16
Tbe Canal Board do not ask for the en
tire amounts stated by the Engineer tb be
necessary to place the line in good order.
They coutent themselves with postponing as
long as possiele Sundry of the improvements
that officer suggests. Ifad they taken his
advice, and undertaken to make the line as
complete as he desired, tbe appropriations
would have beeu considerably swelled, let
these re-buildings of aqueducts, locks, Ac.,
must eotne ; and the State, iu considering
the profitableness of the line, must cunside r
this cer'aiuty of larGe outlay.
It will be observed that the Canal Com
missioners propose examining and payibg
*lt is fair to include this, as no part of
the <§225,000 appropriated last year for
expenses of 1857 is included in this table.
-j 'All of these sqms are not strictly due
to Main Line; but it is difficult to divide,
and tbe amount 's very fflial!
the "unauthorized debts," to which allusion
was made in toy last, and which they talked
of collecting from the bail of the Common
wealth's officers. When that conimnicat ion
was written 1 had not seen the Appropria"
tion bill, and did not know that the Board
had so soon abandoned their determination.
Thoy kept it just long enough to exclude
the amount ($30,72$ 64) frotr. either their
expenses of last year or their estimates for
1857. I counted the debts, including
those on Portage, in the general repair ex
pense?, and named those on the Canal as a
separate iteiu. lieuce, in calculating tho
business of 1857, Pais suin should he exclu
ded thonglj it should be added, with many
other like items, fo the figures given by the
Canal Board. In addition to the general
appropriation bill, a bill providing for the
payment of damages will be passed. Last
year they amounted to §584,809 43. They
arc not included in the i statement above,
and will be an offset to the '-unauthorized
debts" mentioned—so that the above bal
ance, in round numbers 1>250,000, is what
the State will lose next year, if it keep aud
work tite Main Line. |
It is but fair to stato that in the tabular
statement given above, tin mention is made
of the apropriation of $Ju,OOO for repairs
of damages caused by flood or fire—because
being conditional it inajr not be drawu-
The rest are absolute. Whatever portioD
of the $50,000 may be Srawn should I*
added to the balauce of $250,000. Nei
ther is any accotiot taken of the interest of
$890,000 payable in 1857 on the cost of
the Main Line. Adding this, the Common
wealth's loss will exceed a million of dol
lars on the Main Line Afr the coming year.
The Murder of a Vojog Jew Pedlar
in Massachusetts.
Isaac Jackson, agedswno eighteen years,
employed as a pedlar by his brother, a Jew
merchant, at Westfield, was murdered and
robbed on the road leading froui Westfield
to llussell, oh MondSy forebobn, by Charles
Jones. He was shot through the heart,
and his body was dragged some thirty rods
to the bank of the iivor, where it was sunk
in a swift eurrent, and covered with stones
and rubbish. Suspicion was not excited
until Tuesday morning, when au old man,
who was driving cows to pasture, saw a
trail where some heavy body had been drag
ged across the .road, and gave the alarm.
Search was then made by some half-doz
en of the neighbors and the body was found.
Jones, after shooting the pedlar, took the
wagon and drove it towards Blandfjrd
about a mile, ind there left it in a'piece of
woods over night. lie then went to King
Basting's house in Blaudford, where he
staged until 2 o'clock in the mobbing of
It is suspected, that after leaving lias
tings' house on Tuesday luoruing. he went
to the dead body and completed the werk
of searching it. Front the body lie went
b t£k to the wagon, which he drove to anoth
er place, changed his clothes entirely, and
came down to Russell to get boxes to pack
his goods in. This was towards noon on
Tuesday, and suspicion having been cxcitell
as above, the man was defamed.
A warrant for his arrest was promptly
obtained froui 11. 13. Lewis, of Westfield,
and I)r. Jehiel Abbott, of the same place
came up to llusscll to hold an inquest.
Some dozen witnesses were examined before
the Corotrer. and all the evidence pointed
toJouesas the murderer. Jadksou was
shot through the heart, and Jones was
found to have a pistol Which King Hastings
recognised as one which he and Jones had
practised with at his (Hastings') house in
lilaukforJ, where Jones spent the Sabbath,
Jackson was about 18 years of age, the
youngest of four brothers, Jews, who have
a store at Westfield, Massachusetts, and
send out goods in pedlars' wagons. Jones
evideuily killed him for the purpose of rob
bing him. He shot hiui in the back, the
ball passing through his heart, aud Coming
out at the breast. The pistol must have
been held close to the body. The body of
Jackson was brought to the citv last even
ing, aud buried in accordance with the He
brew rites, there being m> synagogue at
Westfield. The funeral took place at "J p.
m. last Thursday.
J.,nes, the murderer, is the same fellow
who has just served out a term of four years
in the Connecticut State Prison, for robbing
John DeaD's store. He was the coolest
scoundrel that ever infested this city, lie
professed great concern for the souls of sin
ners, and was constantly reading the Bible,
and exhorting at evening meetings.
Whilst iu the confidence cf Mr. Dean, he
stole about S2OCO worth of goods from the
store, together with considerable sums of
money.. He stole the make him a.
surnlice to pfcach in—started a church in
Glasteubury—stole the trimmings for his
pulpit, and velvet for his chair, ami also
stole goods to pay tlie cabinet-maker for the
chair; broke into the Catholic church and
stole the priest's robe fur a sample for one
for himself, and also stole the silver chali
ces. Sie., from the altar—called at Mr.
Dean's one afternoon to have "a little sea
son of prayer," remained till e veiling, bade
the family good bye, but instead of goiug
out of the door, he stoic upstairs and secre.
ted himself under the bed occupied by Mr.
Dean's sou—remained tbere till past mid
night, when he crept but and robbed young
Dean's pocket of $lO0 —which he had as
certained the day previous that he had just
procured from the tank—then went up to
St. John's Hotel, called for lodgings, got up
before daylight, stole a suit of clothes from
a boarder, and cleared for a neighboring
town. But this is not half of his villanies.
He was constantly stealing, praying and
exhorting, till brought up by a four years'
term in prison. A greater nor cooler scoun
drel probably never went unhung.—Hart
ford Times.
A young lady, cut west, in a communica
tion to theS-iudusky Register upon the sub
ject of matrimony, says :
It is a mournful fact that this world is full
of young men who want to marry but dare
not.' Dirty this, as some will, it is never
theless true, as we can easily show. Iu
this town, for instance, there aro some thir
ty or forty young men, well-to-do in the
way of salaries and business, yet they re
fuse to take the step which they alt want to
take, but do trot—why ? The large major
ity of them have salaries ranging from five'
hundred to seven hundred dollars per year.
Now tbe first question to be asked by any
sane uian is, can I properly Support a wife,
if I take one ? Then he coubts the cost of
living, a the woman of his preference would
wish, and lo ! he finds to hia amazement flm
his income is vastly too sutall to support
even a modest modern establishment; and
somewhat maddened by the reflection, he
plunges into labor and courts business vLth
an assittity that takes away his health even
tually, in hope of attaining an income that
shall enable him to marry and have u boilie
of his own —And this is the secret of all
the hard, dneuding toil of the young inch
of to day vriio are fast approaching thirty
years of age —tins rs the reasons of so many
disappointed men and waiting Woman, denv
or hide it as you may.
But says some good wdrnan, you do us
injustice; far any woman who truly loves a
' man will adapt herself to his circumstances
with the greatest pleasure. But what mau
of any sensitiveness, or high sense of houor,
would take a wotnan from easy circumstan
ces and a pleasant and well fdrnishe&'hotne,
to adorn his fotir little looms and to do hi*
housework, as the first principles of eiononiy
would demand of him ? Few will do it, for
though the woman signifies her willlngucss
to take up Willi such experience, we are all
such creatures of circuuistauces that there
would be complainings on her part, eventu
ally, and sickness from over-cxertibu, and
wuhappiness frotu mauy cares—all iif which
would render marriage any tniug else than
pleasant. And so the you tig tuen very wise
ly think—pteforing a few more years of
single loneliness, iu order to obtain money
euougb to support a modest house of bet ween
twelve and fifteen bundled dollars a year
expense, rather than to pluce a 'modernly
educated woman into ttie house of six huti
'dred dollars a year, where she must do her
own housework.
A \ow, what is the remedy ? Plainly, that
Woman must fit themselves to be such wives
us the young tiien must have. Kite the
young men uiudt fit themselves to be such
IrtisbanJs as the woman want, and spend the
very choicest years of their life hi the dis
mal drudgery of a ceaseless toil, breaking
do'wn health, happiness, energy, only to give
themselves up to tuiniage when the best of
thfeir manhood is gone. The woman must for themselves which y Shall be, for
tbe matter is solely iu their bauds. Let
mothers say to their daughters;'but on that
calico gown, go into the kitchen fend prepare
dinner, take charge of this household, and
fit yourself to become a wife and a mother
let the young wnmau cheerfnlly consent
to such service ; aud instead of lavishing all
thought, and time, aud money, upou the
adornment of the body, seek to accustom
the hands to proper industry aud the school
the mind to proper tastes— then there will
be no longer complaint that the young meti
"cannot afford to marry," and we shall have
beautiful modest lieuses a ! *. around us, and
women will have loving husbands,and all life
shall once morehave something of the truth-'
fulucss and virtue which it had iu the days
of fathers and mothers, wlien it was the wo
man's ambition to become the head of tUc
house and the utcther of noble ekildrcn.
I ROYAL ANECDOTE.—As Joseph 11., Em
peror of Austria, was driving his horse cab*
riolet, dressed in the garb of a private eiti"
zett, lie was accosted by a soldier, who mis*
taking him for a man of the middle class, re*
quested a seat in the vehicle
j "Willingly," replied the Emperor: "jump
! in, comrade, fur I'ui in a hurry."
i The soldier was soou seated alongside of
the Emperor, and became very 'loquacious
"Gome comrade:" said ha slapping the
Emperor familiarly on the back, "are you
good at guessing?"
"Perhaps 1 atii," said Joseph, "try me."
"Well, then, my boy, conjure up your
: wits, and tell me what 1 had for breakfast."
"Sour kroul:"
"Gome, none of that, comrades try again.''
"Perhaps a Westphalia haul, replied
the Emperor, willing to humor hfe compan
"Better than that,"exclaimed the soldier
"Sausages from Bologna, ami Hockheimer
• from the Rhine."
"Better lliau that- d'ye give it up?"
' "I do."
"Open'your pyes aud ears, then," said
I the soldier, bluntly: "I had a pheasdht, by
j Jove, shot iu the Euiferor Joe's park ha,
! ha!"
When the exultatiofa of the soldier had
i subsided, Joseph said'tjuietly :
"1 want to try your skill in guessing,
comrade. See if you can name the rank I
• "You' re a—no —hang it! you're not
smart enoitgli for a cornot."
"Better than that,"said the Emperor.
"A lieutenant?"
"Better than that."
"A Captain'"
"Better'tlian that."
"A MJjur?"
"Better than that."
"A General?"
"Better than that."
The soldier was now fearfully agisted,
| lie had doffed his hat, and sat bare-bended,
! be could scarcely articulate.
"Pardon hie, your exeellencv, your a
Field .Marshal?"
"Better than that," replied Joseph.
"Lord help Hie,'' cried the soldier, "you're
the Emperor!"
lie threw himself out of the cabriolet,
and knelt for pardon in the mud. Tie
circumstances w<-re not forgotten by either,
the Euiperor ofteu laughed over it, and the
i soldier received a mark of favor which he
■ could not forget.
The 1 fc ad -Ipuia Pennaylvanian the lead
ing Democratic paper of this State, has ta
ken very decided ground in favor of the sale
l of the Main Line, and denounces those
Democrats who are strivinr to make capi
| tal out of- it. The late Democratic State
i Convention repudiated the policy,aud the
Pennsylvania retorts in kiud,and continues
to press its vieWs with pertinacity. A* a
sequel to these facts it i announced that
Judge Woodward,of tbe|Snpremo Court, has
I discontinued his subscription to that paper,
in consequence of its course on this ques
tion, indicating atery decided pathizau tecl
' ing on the part of the Judge, ft is a very
■ pretty quarrel as it stands.
The Pennsylixtfian received yesterday
! has an article apparently intended to show
that Mr. Paelter, in voting tor a l'rohibi
| tory Liquor Law when in tho Senate, was
faitidul to the popular will; and thereupon,
it proceeds to give the record, in full, anow
: tug his votes in favor of that measure. Con
sidering the latitude iu which tlris record is
thus blazoned, we should say this was a
poor way of promoting Packer's electiou.
(U~"JJob, Hurry Smith has got otic of
the greatest curiosities you ever saw
-Don't say so—what is it?"
'•A tree that, never sprouts, and which be
comes smaller the older it grows."
"Well, that is a curiosity. Where did be
get it I
"Froui California.',
"What es the name of it?"
"Axle tree! It ouco belonged . a Cali
fornia omnibus."
Scene closes by the sudden tran* of an
an ii.kstaud towards a half closed decfr.
"What are yotrdoing with that lutiber ?"
cried a steamboat captain to an Irishturn,
who was staggering along toward the boat ?
beneath a huge plank, just as the bell was
ringing for the 1 st time.
"What atu I doing ? sure au wasn't it yer
self as said, 'all ye's as Is going get a board
aud iu't this an illig.uit one intircly?"!—
-aid tho Ilibcrian triumphantly, amid the
laughter of the spectators.
The captain gave him his "board" and
passage that trip.
<£7*"lt is said that, the kind mothers in
the East are growing 30 affectionate that
they give their children clorofcrm prevTom
to whipping them
VOL. 30, NO. -27.
Tlij.f Convention of Delegates, representm •
the Freemen of Pennsylvania, opposed to th*
j lead fry measuresof the late .National Admiu-
I istration, xnd thecontinuanceof tlie same de
i structive policy clearly lor.-ahuduwed by (ho
acts and declarations of tile adioiiiistratiuc • %;
j HI lUgli rated, do
Resltce, That the maintenance of the
: pies promulgated iu the Declaration ot ln'e
j pendi iice, and embodied in ihe Federal Oun
. ititUfioii, is essential to the preservation ot
j our Republican institutions; that the Federal
| Constitution, the liberties of the poojde, til e
j sovereign rights of the States, and the Union
! of the States, must and shall be preserved.
| Resolved, That with our lieptldjcain fathers,
!wc bold it to be a self-evident f-upli, that nil
i inch are created equal; timt sfieV are endowed
1 by t/;eirCreator with certain infelienable rights;
j that among these ate life, liberty aud the pur
j suit of happiuess; that to secure these rights,
governments are instituted among nieti; and
that the primary duty and object of our Fedcr
al Government is P secure these rights tosd
persons under its e.voiusivejurisdictioiu That
as our Republican fathers abolished Slaverv in
all the national territory, and ordained in "the
Conaiitutiop that no person shall be deprived
of life. liberty or property, without due process
of law, it ('.comes our duty to maintain this
provision of the Constitution against a'l at
tempts to violate it, for the purpose of estab
lishing Slavery in the territories of \he United
States. That we deny the authority of Con
gress. of the Supreme Court, of a Territorial
Legislature, of any individual or association of
individuals, to give legal existence to Slavery
in any territory of the United States, while thit
Constitution shall tie maintain-d.
Resolved, 1 bat the Constitution confers upon '
Cotigres- sovereign power over tho Territories
of the r,yte<l States, lor their government; a
power no; controverted for the lirat sixty years
of our rational existence, l.ut exercised by the
general concurrence of all departments of the
Government, through every Administration
from W ASUIKGTOX to Pout; ami that in the ex
ercise of this unquestionable power, it is tho
duty of Congress to prohibit in the Territories,
those twill relics of Uirbarisin, polygamy and
: Slavery.
Resolved. THAT WE ARE r*T i"a*Eitx.N,ai)d that
while wo retain the iuostiruahle rights of Free
men, secured to us by the sacrifices, sutferings
i and blood of our Revolutionary fathers, we will
| notsiibiuit to have a new Constitution imposed
upon us by the xtr opinions of Jud-
I ges ot the Supreme Court—opiuious subversive
of the rights of human nature—in conflict with
the truth of history, with the unbroken action
of the government and the law of the land, a*
heretofore pronounced by the Federal Judicia
| r\, .m l th - Courts of nearly every State in tho
1 American Union.
Resulted, That tlie recent opinions of the ma
| jori'y 'f the Judges of the Supreme Court. In'
j a Case over which tln-v decided the Court had
no jurisdiction, and. tticrcihre, no authority to
pronounce the law arising therein, is but auo
| ilier step in consummation; ot that, conspiracy
j against our free institution?, which had its Tiir
cption in the repeal of the Missouri Coropro
• mise: that it is tho direct result of the late tri
j umph of the Slave Power in the election of its
• candidate, J IWKS BICUAS IS, to the Presidency,
; ami unless prom ply reb iked by the people "at
; the ballot-l>ox, may lee followed by other usur
| pilioiis fatal lo the independence of |br Freo
| States and the liberties of ourpeople.
Resolved, That the constitutional rights of tb
people ol Kansas have been fr.iudeiitivand vio
lently 11 ken from them. Their territory has
. been invaded by an anii'-d force; spurious and
pretended legislative, judicial and executive
i oliiceis have been set over their, by whose usnr
t ped authority, sustained by the military power
I of tiie Federal Government, tyrannical at d un-
J c institutional laws have In-en enacted and en
j forced; the right ol the people to keep and
[ bear arms las been infringed; test oaths ol an
! ;raop.lin.Ny and entangling nature have tieen
imposed ae a condition of exercising the right
| suffrage and holding oflice; the right of an
: accused p<' son to a speedy and public trial by
| .iu impartial jury bar lasm denied; cruel and
unusual [►fjnshuients have been iuflcted upon
the innocent, while murders, robberies and ar
sons have been instigated and encouraged, and
tiie 011.-iiders have lieeu alioweii to go unpun
isbod; the riglit of the people to be secure in
t'orr persons, houses, papers and effect a against
unreasonable s-arches ami seizures, has been
violated; they have been deprived of life, lib
erty and property, without due process of law;
the freedom of speech and of the press has
! been abridged; tho right to choose their repre •
■ sentatives has been made of no effect: That ail
, these things have been done with the know
ledge, sanction and procurement of tlia Fed
j eral Government, in violation of the plainest
mandates of (lie Constitution; That the usur
pation by which a spurious Legislature was im -
| posed upn Kansas, and iu people sabjurtol
j to a code of laws unparuliel d jbr cruelty iu tho
■ history of civilized nations, is still in lull liircc,
; end the people are denied the right peacefully
to assemble and (letitiou for* redress of griev
ances; til- Nation il Executive has permitted
two Governors of his appointment to be driv
• • he Territoiy under fear ot assassins
, Hon, ami has not dared ru exert it.s,power tor
; their protection agninst the lawless juiuions of
1 Slave, v. while judicial tuousVcrs and Lien whys*
h.duds are red with innocent blood, are returned
I in ollice. lo carry ou the Work of subjecting
' free territory to the cause of Slavery, Kansas
: (us been denied admission under a free cousti
j tution. and fraudulent means are sow iu pro
. gress to secure its admission as a Hlav* State
■it the next session of Congress. Against this
stupendous wrong, we protest, in the nsuie of
GOD AND lIU.V '">lTY —by UU teat is glorious in
our history, ami by tho memory of tha great
; aud good men VJJO established our liberties,
j Resolved. Thai it is a fraud upon our laws,
and fraught with danger to our institutions: to
admit to a full participation in their benefits,
any man who acknowledges a foreign supre
! maqy, which he cannot conscientiously and
without mental reservation, abjure and forev
er renounce; Whether that supremacy be civil
or spiritual.
Rtsolved, That tho stupendous frauds lr
which our popular elections are swayed against
a majority of the legally quad* ed voters,
strikes at the foundation and lift; of our system
of government; anil unless speedily corrected,
' will lead to violence and anarchy; and w. urge
upoh nil good citizens to unite for the enppr< s
smn of tnis evil; and we call upon our own
Legislature to guard by elective anil stringent
laws the purity of tho ballot box.
Resolved, That the sale of the Main Liue of
our improvements, is demanded,.>y every con
sideration that should weigh with Intelligent
and honest men. As a source of reveow, it
is wholly worthless to the State, while it is
notoriously used as a mean of peonlaflo* anil
plunder, thereby inflicting s upcui the State pe
cuniary loss.and also irre]>aiahjc injury, in the
almost universal demoralization and political
profligacy engendered throughout ila ei tiro
Resolved, That we invite the affiliation ami
co-operation of meuof all parties, however
differing with us in other respects, iu support
of the principles therein declared; and believ
ing that the spirit of our institutions, as well
as the Constitution of our country, guarantees
liberty or conscience and equality of rightv
anvong citizus, wc oppose all lcgitlat or. '.r
p 'ftinS their security.