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&u independent .fhmtlti Paper deuolcd fo News, Citcratttte, Politico, CVgriculltue, Science nnd Utoraltln.
.11. C. HICKOK, ED1T0K. .
WEDNESDAY, MARCH 13, 1850,
VOL VI., NO. 50-310,
riic LewlMleiirg 1 liroiiiele: luod
sr-ry Wednesday mornm,; at Lewishurg, Union
t nty, I'euusyliania.
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All communitMlions by mart iDii-t come post
id. accompanied bv the addren ot the writer, to
I Editorial Uetio'tment lo le directed to H. .. I
i iciot, Kj-. Editor a..d ail on lututobej
JrroeJ lo the I'uuutlier.
OlT.ee. Market St. hetw-n Second end I turd. I
O. X. WOKDE-V Primer and Publisher.
fir the Ltu-uburif C.runit!.
See the color of the ejes
Jjynut eyes !
Oil. what enchantment in them dwells
Of j ,y or sweet surprise!
flow brightly in llicir lu-aming
With lor!y glfitic.'a teemr.j
I the fparklmg
Or the dirklin; of the eyes !
How they pierce into the hesri
Such a witl and tender t!a:f.
And there such first are t.ikinj,
H-'pe -r fear with us awikinpc.
Thai we know not which j rc a; !a
At the g!nti':i:.
And the dancing
ff the jet or blue. j h'. Cir.g.
E.u-i in turn thtir d-lor !. i..!'.i:h
To hed a loxelv pow. r tor e. tnu
It never fail- !
Their soft depths iringeJ with cu'taint l-right,
ftenmirg wi:U a heiteti!r liltt,
Uwi;c:i U'ao war.d ot'ec inta
V.'ith the alLtdiCj
Or the lading
f the eyes !
Oli. the beauty of the glsnui.f
Ot thow radiant eves ' CARL.
THE OPEN HAND.
BY A ). WlllTil.tK.
For the love of Heaven, good friend,'
a penny," said a feeble beggar, one cold ; human beings, and torture them with fear
n:ght to a wealthy merchant in Chestnut j M apprehensions, gloomy forebodings,
street. Hut the proud man, wrapped his , anJ woe-begone melancholy. When a
rich mantle about him, tur ned scornfully : Pcor mortal is thus beseiged, he becomes
way, and iho beggar passed on. I 8ni:icn with a sort of menial palsy ; his
You would scarcely have notic?d the ! resolution becomes paralyzed, and his will,
ncene the calm, unfeeling coldness or in-! ol which he hut often boasted, lies supine
human apathy, and the great agony of a j in the ditch of hypochondria. In this
breaking heart. The one went in his ' s!a!e he '3 worthless to himself, and bears
lordly home, where music and gladness. ) ,he sun,e valj8 toevery body else. What
and the bright fcers of happy children were ' n ho do 7 Why- ' can't do any thing,
around the hearth stone ; the other totter-1 The word can'1 is lho onIy worJ in the
ed along with tremblinj steps to the 'dictionary of any importance to him, for it
wretched hovel, where hi pale Oioed wife
awaited his return. Tho light flashed
over from the rich man's mansion, but the
beggar's house w as desolate.
Through the whole of that weary night
did the beggar and his wife sit musing over
the past end looking for some light in the
future. About, around them, on all sides, !
ther beheld nothin but the doom which
no ray might penetrate ; nothing but the
impenetrable obscurity which is ever rest- j
ing upon the wretched and the out cast, j
For God knows, if we do not. that at all
times, even at this moment, in many a
desolate homn,by many a cheerless hearth, I
there are strong men bowed beneath the
weight of an overwhelming despair ; tremb
ling women.pining'away in their great des
pondence ; and bright eyed little children
growing pale and ghastly for the want of
God knows, that even upon our neigh
bors and friends, possibly upon the one
next door, there is resting the cold, relent
less hand of poverty of which we can form
no true conception, until we shall find our
selves bending like them over the last dead
ember, and famishing like them for food.
Could we but enter into the homes so
near us ; go like the angels into every
haunt of woe and grief, and touch the
wretched ones gathered there, what tales of j
agony should we hear ! One would tell
us sweet dreams of his sinless boyhood,
tell us bow he started in life, gladly and
gaily, and with no fear of the unknown
future ; how for a lime the sky was blue,
the ocean calm, and with his flag thrown
out upon the gale, he sped along bravely
and rapidly, until his voyage was nearly
over, when, just as he caught sight of the
desired port, saw its temples all glittering
in the sun light, beard the music, of the
harp and the voices of the singers wafted
from hs streets just as the billow" was
bearing him in upon its bosom to the de
sired anchorage just then, alas ! alas !
the storm came down and the rudder gave,
and his vessel was carried out again, all
crushed and broken, a thousand leagues
into the angry sea. Ho would tell us per
haps, how that storm passed by, and the
un sbono out as brightly as befbre.and the
cin again, and that once
more, with the bine sky above him he
sped along towards the haven. But again
and again, until at length his brave and
beautiful barque wus thrown high upon lhe!
rocky reel, and left, a solitary hulk, lo at you think bst. luaJdition to ihe ' much removed from n!l possibility of ri
moulder in the sun. abundance of puie fnsh air lliat you will j valrv, as to defy ihe) agencies of decay
Another would tell u his talo of love j inhale in your lofty excursion, you will j and ruin, and stand to the most distant
How the sweet beitiir whom he worshipe . fiud hathim: verv essential as a helo-ulon''. times the Uuccn and the model t.f Nations.
the idol to whom his hcarl gave homage,
loved him nd blessej him fur mauy a
long and ploasanl year ; but that before
long her cheek grew pale and her eye,
grew dim, and now his only solace in life j
is to go at twilight hour and bending over!
the grave where she lies sleeping in death,
hold communion with her spirit, ondpiay
j to meet her again ill the silent land.
Still another, an old and feeble man,
waning upon hi staff, would tell, perhaps.
I the saddest talo ol all that of aboihood
manhood wasted, cf an
oid age comfortless and wretchrj. lie
would tell that from his youth up, as the
j days and weeks and months passed slow ly
on, the gloom had deepened and the guid
ing star gone oul, and that now ho was
only waiting God's time that he might
depart and he at rest.
Such suffering ones are all around us
Such tale of woe have come so of;en to
liiinnby unheeded, and leave the starving
. .i..- u ., .
nnrinr ftini c.nit nro.vi. t.c u . hi
min did. "ay what we will, deny it as i
e please, the blessing of God does rest
upon the charitable: the curse of God ,
follow the unfeeling. The bund of
brotherhood may not be broken.
So heaven help us to Lear theburdansi
of the poor and do it joyfully. For soj
shall thousenda look frcm their wretched i
rii"-s, and thank God for the angels he has
sent the cheerful heart " thb oien
To the Low Spirited,
Numerous arc the victims of low spirits,
i The tlue spirits of evil form their forces
into platoons in martial order, and at the
v,'or(l of their commander surround poor
is the only one he can clearly comprehend.
What can be expected of a man when he
is surrounded by a " corporal's guard" of
the spirits of evil, all dressed In their dark
blue uniform ? When such a body of
these blue devils beset a man, it is unrea
sonable to suppose he can do any thing
"orth doiBS- IIow can he ? The 8uard
around hlm pwente the approach ol kind
hearted sympathising friends, and he might
89 weu n01 na nJ ,r,eDas. ,or lney caD
do him no 6ood- A" the rea!.ilie . of this
m r"9 Ise8a'i Blve "lm 8n
consolation. A few impoverished crumbs
of comfort that fall from his desponding
sighs, are all he has to soothe him.
Reader ! are you low spirited Is there
nothing in tho realities of this world that
can make you cheerful aud contented T
Then we must prescribe the last remedy
the only one that can do you any good.
If it fails, you are a gone case there is
no help for you.
When realities fail to elevate the spirits
lo their proper standard, you must call, in
the active services of imagination make
a saddle of moonbeams-throw it on the
tail of a comet mount astride, and whisk
away through the etherial expanse. Don't
forget to pay a military salutation to that
old soldier, General Mars, as you pass
him. Bow your head with reverence to
Jupiter ; give a knowing wink at the Ple
iades as you pass onward ; and point your
index f.nger at the North Star. Then
dash away through unknown space, and
see what sort ol people inhabit the unseen
stars, and learn what is going on there.
Nothing better for the low spirited than
such an excursion. AH physiologists re
commend such unfortunate persons to ride
on horseback. Now if riding on the back
of a horse is good, ridrtig on a comet will
be much better, inasmuch as the latter is
not only a great deal bigger than the for
mer, but travels a tremendous sight faster
Besides, the comet travels through pure.
fresh air, unadulterated by any deleterious
mixture of nozious gasses while a horse
merely trudges along on the surface of
this big ball of mud and water, which we,
in our vanity,' call a world. As noon
yon have got fairly started on a comet,
the whole corporal's guard of etil spirits,in
their blue uniforms, will be left Jar ia the
distance, when you ean look bach at them,
place) your thumb against your nose, and
perforin such gj rations with your fi tigers
All dolors recommend bulbing for low
spirits; so you had tetter lake along a
bathing dress, and tuke a few baths in the
surf of the Aurora Uorealis while you are
out. If all this should full ia effecting a
cure, you must add the finishing stroke to
the above prescription, w hich never did nor
never cun fall. (Jet a good heavy maul
and wedges, anl go into a forest, and go
to chopping and splitting logs ; or if you
are a lady, go to spinning yarn en a big
wheel. Ci y Item.
To the Vditur of Ihe l.tivi; burs' Chronicle .
Vour paper contained not long since a
gem of song by Mrs. Osgood, introduced
as on illustration of the fact that much of
the best poetry written, in our dy at least,
is cast upon the waters of ephemeral pub
lications, and flua's away to oblivion. In
! the I ewt-burg (Jhror.icle, original poetry
' be much longer prese.ved because iinV.nn -
I ,j :.. i , . .
i lid) l'nir:irp!i snnf-ri.tr tr. cmnf. Mini u..I
About fte n vears ago, the L'tica IWnlisi
Uegisltr first published an article, which I
herewith submit for publication. I know
nhi"g of the writer, but heartily admire
the sentiment and langunoe embodied.
IIitc nr. that mtijit f.Jr.
AnJ fiti rr thm .un wither.
An t Fiuil. r.n tl;
That miir-t vanisli frir ott.
Jlut u-rv is a cliiut hT th ilijw. rs ucror fJ,
AiiJ thf rhift.-rins iu- Vr the' fountain i letiJ,
Wli.Te hf- n v. r fl.-. t -n the r-ath f .J.f.ty,
An-I h r- visions of hi.? n -v. r !rit ii away,
WIktc r-nn-iH-t fltall brihte-n th. wy-wuru to Lliu,
l"uiilliid, uuJik fwh alTt as ti.
IIiTt-, tlip Tr'ljt dny ivcvili-s
For thf f.h:iil"w- f niht.
Ami yn -w of ppiimH
S.n f.uhn tr-jiu our flht.
Put tht'i-v i.- a e'lini" hIi- ti' tli- u T(-r flff,
Nor nijrht' .nil.n- -!i.i-i..w the hi,iMlM :ii- invaJ. ;
Tin? halo mtiy ami? o'er Uimm- nuintic .f ilay,
lint it n'Ti r will ha.t- like- our .iJ-ions mwhv ;
ThtTi1. (aim.-) flirtll U- trivt n, atnl honiv to tlio blwt,
1 uUke laurvt. of -arth. r itn i.runii-'-'l re ft.
Her ir' t-iiit in tin ( Tit-e k
An-I the-jr le ave- no 1-rvht hue
V htrt- thr f'i'irit T-e.
But in that lj'stclim whrrtf tin- w.'nrr fhall rf !"t,
Nl ttl .tlt.-ltl rT Troui eorrt) !, hr.t,
U-iiuty phall ftf-al fmai tin maiii-n bright hrow.
Nor tli- aithurn shall fa-h. d-t Iho air-! i-hall bow,
Autj the fij.trit vhifli Foar to that haven of tliu
Ntrvtir, never returns to thw Jn-ar wiMcrue ss.
H-rt the -ha ii w- of 1.-ath
The fi-nje-fit tie wtit,
All hi u sir must ivase',
And the un wt fr errr.
But far o'-r this vale, rvh'iv .hieifi and anrrow
Ftill han(f oVr our path, and darke n earh morrow.
The soul iv-unit4-n with the iiIil-wa-Ji-l throng
Where (ur:ihfl ad'.n in a rii'turru? -njf.
Whre manfii'H.s of re.-t to the j.i!-rriiiH ar jirrn
Iniinortal, unfading lrk Tuts mi st be IIlate.) I
The Fate of England.
We arc told, on high authority, that
there is nothing new under the sun that
what has been may be again that all
things revolve in an old appointed circle
that for empires as well as for individu
als there is a period of growth and a peri
od ol decay and that neither the mighty
nor the humble can escape the operation
of the invariable law which fixes a
penalty for every trangression, and pun
ishes with the same severity the high and
ihe lowly. A modern writer, struck with
the power of these old truths, and tracing
in the past and present history of Great Bri
tain Ihe operation of causes which must in
the fulness of time produce its fall, has
drawn a vivid picture of a New Zealander,
sitting upon a ruined arch of London
bridge, and moralizing upon the fate
of the once mighty empire.become as much
a thing of the past as Rome, Greece, and
Assyria. But when we read the eloquent
page, we smile at the writer's prediction.
We can not believe that "Babylon, that
mighty city, who glorified herself and lived
deliciously," who said in her heart, "I sit
as a queen and shall see no sorrow," shall
ever fall from her estate. We think of the
wealth, the enterprise, the indomitable
courage, the intelligence, the zeal, and the
piety of her sons we see her wondrous
progress in arts that Greek and Roman
never knew the triumphs of her science,
and the blessings of a civilization superior
lo any ever enjoyed by the earlier ages of
ihe world, and we fancy that in all these
things there are germs of stability and pro
gress w hich shall grow up and flourish in
after time, bearing the name and fame, the
power and glory of Great Britain to the
remotest generations. It is well.however,
thai we should sometimes view the other
side of the picture, and ask ourselves more
calmly whether our empire is indead en
firmly rooted so endeared to tho world
by its justice, humility, and beneficence
so supported by its own integrity so
The picture is not quite so brilliant when
' it is thus conidered. Tiie golden image
is found to have f.:et of clav. The fair
peach of nrosnerirv is seen to have a worm
within it. and ihe iniuhtv empire to he me
nticeJ with perils from within and Irom
wiih iut. We see that we have no e.xclu
sive claim to the possession of tho vir ues !
which have raised us to the high position j
ihat we hold; that what we have, we!
share ; that men of our own blood nd
ancunoe have permeated with our inlelli -
gence, our industry, and our enterprise,
the remotest ends of the earth ; that our
sons have founded new empires, at present
as brilliant, and promising to be more bri
iiant, than our own. If we calculate the!
growth of population, we shall find that,
in fifteen or twenty years hence, or even
earlier, Great Britain will no longer bo the
principal seat of Ihe vigorous race of ,lC
Anglo-Saxons; and that, ulthou"h that
nice mnv rnnttniio tn ruin i .h u-..!.l
1 ""y not be fiom the banks of ihe Thame?.
i t.. . .e.t ... .. .
gave tliem-Wrth. An empire twentv. thir -
', or fifty tunes as extensive, and as rich!
as ours, has already arisen on the other
! fide of the Atlantic, to entice into its bo-
som the best blood which remains to us.
The young, the hardy, the persevering of
our country, and of all the countries of
Europe, that groan under the weight of
debt, of difficulty, and of a surplus popula
tion, and that can not say to their sons, as
the New World does, that every man is a
man, welcome, for the sake of his man
hood, to the great feast of nature, where
tliAk l stninnri nr.. a C L.
mvv ia tubulin aim vu s mru ior uie intuii-
est. are dailv invited ,o iL, thn shore- J
cfTele Europe, end settle in more vigorous
America. The growth of the Culled
States is, in reality, the duwnja'l of Crta.i
Ihilain. All the unhappy circumstances
that are of prejudice to us, are of lentfit to
them. With us. the mouths that clamor
to be fed are causes of decav. With
them, every additional mouth is an addi-
i;nnnlmi.l.ri...,b ........ j i:, :..i
pair of hands is an increase of wealth,
power, and influence. Let us pour our
millions into the great valley of the Missis-
sissippt, and it will hold aud reed tiiem q'.i,
were their number quadrupled. Sueh is
our great rival in the West, lu the South
there is another rival almost equally form
idable, equally splendid, fed in the same
manner from our entrails, and rising daily
upon our full. Who shall fix the bounds
of the future prosperity of the great Aus
tralian continent? While in this old
couutry the pauper vegetates or dies, ac
cursed of the land that produced him, in
that new country tho pauper becomes a
laborer ; he no longer vegetates, but lives ;
and if he lives long enough, he may be
come a patriarch, sitting under the shade
of his own fig-tree, and counting by thou
sands and tens of thousands his flocks and
herds a new Job in a land of plenty.
Fertile soil, delicious climate, elbow room,
and freedom from taxation these are the
blessings of the Australian. The English
man enjoys the first two in an imperfect
manner ; the last are aliens he knows
them not, and will never know them whiln
England holds her place among the nations.
Nor are these the only dangers which me
nace us. Although, our empire stretches
to the East and to the West, to the North
and to the South though we have our
hands in Asia, our feet in Africa, our arms
in America and in the South Pacific Ocean,
our own peculiar territory is but a small
spot in a remote corner of Europe. We
have only held that corner by the enormous
sacrifices we have made. It was our am
bition to become a ruling power giving
the law to the world and we became so ;
but it was at a cost of a debt of 800,000,
000, that pauperizes our population, and
lies like perpetual and killing weight
upon the energy of all classes. In addition
to this stupendous evil, we share lhe effete
ness of all Europe. There is but one em
pi re within European boundaries that is
uot worn out and pauperized by debt and
extravagance ; that empire is Russia ; and
she is the enemy of all the rest, and desires
to rise upon their ruins. Destiny seems to
have traced her path as it has traced ours.
The Slavonian races will inevitably be the
new lords of Europe. The Anglo-Saxon
race must be contented to be the lords of j
the larger and more splendid inheritance
of America and Australia. In this ease,
what becomes ol tho Empire of Groat
Britain 1 It falls to the ground, and exists
only4iko other powers and potentates of
the world in tho bones and sinews of its
sons and successors, transferred to a new
1 soil, and enjoying privileges, blessings, and
opportunities Irotn which their lorel.uher
were excluded. Let those who dream of
a porpetual ttritnin think upon thesa things.
The signs of decay are around us on every
side. In our fa!! we shall havs few friends.
In urns; eritv we have not computed our
eives so humbly, as lo be jus'.ificd in the
' expectation of f mpathv or aid from any
- ' quarter. Our very excellence has made
j us loos, and our violence and cupidity have
estranged ihe nations. We may have
peopled the eanh ; we may hae spread
iaratid wide our arts and our arms, our
commerce and ourcivilizition, but we have
not had standing room for .,ur own preten-
1 sions. Kventa ate more powerful than we
are. We must, sooner or later, yield our
place to the more prudent, the less embar-
rassed, and tho more vigorous ollshoots of
our race, and consent to occupy the cas-
chair of our seuihtv. Nr is there any
i 'i"g to regret in this. W hat is there in
1 our corner of the globe that it should lor-
"pect to give the law f , all others !
The civilization that ia removed is not de-
: str0-vc'J ' ",ld ll,e K"niu r our people can
itsell as well on ihe banks of l hu-
! 0mo' cr lhe Mississippi, aa on the batiks
I ..f th 'riiitn.A . u.,a ...u iU u.!! r.,.,,.
! ,he VUi'e UoU3e 4t Washington, with as
,nucl' rruPriet.v a palace of St.
James. IV e live, indeed, in a remarkable
Pl'riod the grid's historr-a period in
which new empires tako lhe place of old
ones, with wonderful rapidity, and in which eiy mao, lhe lowest, the least, the highest i non are living spirus, can not uweu w
old empires are paying the penalty of traus- and best, had one common platform of gather. Muses' rod must allow the en-"
gression against ihe laws of morality and 1 rights. The South, adopt.ng th theory j chanter's, or the magician's rod must swsl
social well-being committed by them during i of aristocracy, made two platforms the j the prophet's. T hs Scuih have fuuni
generations. Europe has enjoyed power !oiie fur Ihe governed, and the other for 'hat slavery can not live and stand still
and has abused it. and lhe sceptre of the! the governors. The one and the other I Liberty grows the fcstest ; has the be?!
world's dominion is passing from her grasp. : bgan at once to exhibit their results. In ; roots ; eats out the ether; and if slavery is
Civilizaiion, as of old, is fuilow.ng the the N rth. labor was voluntary, li.-norf.ble , stationary it will be tpeed.ly overrun ani
course of th3 sun. and iho deaiinies of hu. !ar-d universal ; in the South it was com- ;smaherrd bj the rampant vine effre-dom.
canity will work themselves out in a new
field and on a larger scale. The world is,
as it were, starting afresli, and from a more, 'hi-laborer had d.ilerent i!uh In the : 1""J ...s.s.cui .u .vjccuu -favoir.ble
starting-point. The lover of hu-' N"r:h, he was a citizen, cabl of any which on!y confirms old rights, bttf
manitv can but hone lhal the new riili.
lion which mav arise will take warning
from the errors of the old; and that, in
,ne aeeny Bna lu" of empires, humanity
l,se,f em"r6e from each change in
I . . .
brighter lustre, wiser and luster, mora
peaceable and moie rcliuiou. and doim-
much as man can da to aid the coming ol
the prophesied lime w hen the people shall
beat their swaHs into ploughshares and
their ;. nrs into pruning hooks ; when na-1
tion shall not lift up the sword against na-.
tion, nor learn war any more. Illustrated
Grumbling Against Editors.
It is amusing to hear the contradictory
complaints which are sometime made a
gainst a newspaper. A prefers a quarto
sheet II declares he could never get the
"hang'' of one. C admires the elegance
and neatness of fine type and old Mr. D
abhors a paper that requires a microscope.
E wonders you insert so few sentimental
ghost stories F dctes's your abominable
lies and cock end-bull-stories. G would
like to see hn exact and minute account of j
Congressional and Legislative proceedings
H curses the journal that contains the
endless, hodge podge doings and undoings
of selfish partisans end demagogues. 1
won't subscribe beceete your news de
partment is so contracted J takes the
"city" papers, and has read your stale
items a week ago. K has a mortal anti
pathy to a paper crowded with riots, hor
rible accidents, frightful robberies, and
other demoralizing statements L is mad
as a hare because his miserable paper
contained no account of that bloody mur
der last week. M detests your stereo
typed advertisements and all N wants of
the paptr is to see what's for sale. O
threatens to discontinue because your edi
torials lack ginger, and don't lash private
vices -P, a leaden-head, points you to
's paper, and wonders you never mor
alize like him. Q hates the rascally a bo-
litionistsR holds in perfect contempt the
dastard editor who is too cowardly to a
vow his abhorrence of Slavery. S de
mands long and solid articles , T wants
the close-packed essence, end not the thin,
diluted mixture. U extols a journal that
reaches him "a week before it is printed ;"
and V tells you he is not yet quito green
enough to bo gulled by such despicable
humbuggery. W is astonished that you
never print sermons and all that X cares
for ia fun. T is on fire because yon will
not deduct more for advance pay and t
is amazed at tho impudence of a publisher
who duns him for three years subscription
and yet objects to being paid in cider and
apples. Yattket BUdt.
. The world estimates men by their suc
cess in life ; and by general consent sue
cess is evidence of superiority -
The struggle going on is a struggle
whose depths he in tho organization of so
ciety, in the North andSou'h respectively ;
w hose causes were planted in the Consti
tution. There are two incompatible and
- Jmu'ui'ly dcjtruc'.ivs principles wrought
.together in tho government of this land.
Hitherto, like E3au and Jacob, they have
; striven together in the womb. ..Now ttiey
are born, and that feud has begun which
shall drive the one or the other to the wil-
, derness. These oppugnant elements, Sla-
j very and Liberty, inherent in our political
jsystem, animating our Constitution, check -
eriiig our public policy, brced.ng in s'Hfs-
, u opposite principle cf government,
la",J rnaKing our whole wisdom ot public
j legislation on many of the grea'.st ques-
; crosseyed aud contradictory, elements
! are these seeking each other's life. One
: or the other must die.
; e are in llje midst ol a colnsi. n not oi
. mem. Out ol principles and political insiitu -
"ions. 1 he inevitable course ol allair, hes
M-ee" developing the results for which pro-
vision was made, first in the organization
ol society, and then in the structure ol ine
Constitution. No harvest ever answered
1 more clostlv lo lhn luixhand m.n'a aaed.
; thdn do our diffiuultiea to the original sow-
! The North, adopting die theory of Jo-
; mocracy, organized ali her civil and in-
: dstrial institutions upon that basis. Kv -
pul.ory, and made disreputable by leu
1 fastened upon an abject class. Of course
. honor, framing h:s own laws, n.akm2 his
own rulers, and so an inierga! element of
iho State. In the South, he neither voted
nor determined; he had no rights; ho
was a siavc. Labor and Laborers are
loundation ol a communitT. 1 tic
I strength, the virtue, the civilization of a
j community must bo measured by the con-
dition of ils laborers, and not by the polish
I on its surface. .
'r" whole Miuciunoi Meieiy conformed
to these respective foundations,
The North nut honor noon it, Uhnrer. :
they were trained in common schools ;
they became reading and reflecting men ;
shrewdness, penetration, forecast, personal
independence, fertile resource, marked the
industrial classes. Grow as rapidly as
the educated and the wealthy might, the
distance between them and lhe laborer
constantly diminished. There never was
a time when the bottom of society was so
near the top as now. j
The South, making labor a disgraceful
necessity, denying it education, compelling :
it not by those motives which are ordained
healthfully to develop the man, but by the
overseer's eye and lashr and educating
onlv her weahhv sons has steadilv irt- :
eced the distance between the top and bot
tom of society. Nothing can be more dis
similar than tho tone and sentiment of so
cieties so diversely formed. Liberty is a
univeisal right it belongs to tn fttt on the
one side ; it is a privilege, and belongs to a
clau, on the other side. The North binds
society together, identifies its iotorests,
equalises and kneads it, causing it to grow
alike throughout, and makes it strong by
the strength of its individual, and gives
to individuals the advantage of common
weal. There can not be a commonwealth
of Slavery. It is class-wesl and class-
wealth. The South hopelessly divides so-
iety puts hsr honors on one side of tho
cleft, her menial offices on the other.
The North compacts and the South strati
fies. To educate the laborer is to do the
whole State a benefit, in the North ; to
educate the laborer is to strike at the foun
dations of society in the South. vVc send
educators to the Governor's chair and to
Congress. They of the South send them
to the penitentiary and the gibbet.
That the North and South have many
wants and many sympathies in common,
is as true as that all men, the most oppo
site, oppressor and oppressed, deceiver and
dupe, have great wants in common. But
in their foundation-ideas, their political
doctrines, their State polities, their concep
tions of public measures, they re not only
different, but, for the most part, opposite
and oppugnant. States, so essentially dif
ferent, would find harmony rather in a sep
arate existence, than in federation. Yet
our Union is composed of those oppositions.
Wboa the Constitution was in birth.
these thing were in the seed. Yet, even
then, the repelleoeies were such that a com
mon Constitution was adopted only by
compromise. We believe I.'.ot the com
promises of the Co-u'.'tutioo looked to the
destruction of Slavary and not lo it estab
lishment. The e7ent justified the judgment. Al
though incidental causes' conspired to give
slavery a new growth, while our country
was swelliatg and coining into manhood,'
yet it aocu become epprnt ihat both
systems could not 1:2? cu-ex't.
j There are good and easy souls, not per-
! lurleJ ky over deep meditations, who
'-.. t it . i '
; r.at mm mawe an m:s ua.ionai up-
toar. J hey 8re guiltless of supposing that
"r insiuuuoni are mc agua'.nra, mm our
jcivi! polity i the fanatic wboo CrebrnnJ
j mfime tho Union. This movement of the
spirit of the age has made the men, not tha
cniuren. m nue ts
i o i.w -mi iuieiKu .un ncu
; "'""i""" iut..ri.uui..
. ...-.. earner auu ueeper Ke
or.n a.iu oouia are cr.i.mg, ana
j fighttr-jj ns they drift, in a current whoso
; ""-"-"i'-" ...rU ,
. i hoe fcrce U.yd both ordained and
' rjcmsnt, until old things are rsssec
toav, and he whose right it is aha!! reign.
I Why then shou'd we step the coctest J It
J must corns to nn issue, which spirit shall
, '"c our Constauiiou. "e Plr,t
j nd ige and iho spirit o! Liberty, w..en
I, . .
It - to'ust cut ,ts roo . . . must borrt)
j v,y ''CI"i EOlt-
rjuthcrn men are
: i'outvc.y grains jo exiens.on.
; 1 ne mn RO"' asmanas room aau ngni
. !l,r extension. Shi asks the North to be
,f fanner. For every Free Slate shtf
'ds one State for Slavery. Onedark
1 1 . . a 1 .
ian ni'ief I. cm it it -r intA i r a rtr'nr t r?"flfl
ana ,rava" ID f1". '" every new orD or
,1'beity over which the moruing stars shall
j w? or in '
j Vt ,hat question we hold there caa be
no Compromise. Every year's delay wil!
j aggravate; tim UiRicuHie j t oar her day
! ''-- t'1 oe"er than this ,- bL't this IS Oct-
j ,er ,!,Bn a,,y fu!u re djy- h is :irne for
;e5nod ,T,5R n! ,r-?0 ,0 8ird L'P :hpir loia
' "nd s!pnJ fon for God and for Humanity,
! So Compromises ean help us which dodge
me question ; certainly none which settle
it for Slavery. We are tolj that the ques
: lion is momentous and beset with the most
!eriou - d.fficul ies. Neither in the affairs
of individ"-' nor of nations is there any
d '7 hn are ni'Uai lo do r'Shf-
Our Southern brethren ofiea complain
that we djti't understand their condition cr
jsympsth ze with their real difficulties.
jEvrn so, too, we complain that they f c
n,t undDrtand our situation and sympa-
th za with our d fliculties. 1 here are buo-
dreds of thousands of men to whom conscience-
is a law a law notwithstanding
the sneers ol those who flout at the idea ot
conscience. There is a stern and growing
feeling in the Free States, not yet expressed
by any distinctive organization, that the
time has come for a stand against any fur
ther national inhumanity.
I'y as mu'.-h as Liberty is dearer to us
than Slavery, by so much should we bo
more active in ils behalf than its adver
saries are in behalf of Slavery. If they
can toil night and day, dig deep trenches.
bear burdens cheerfully to sink lhe rocky
fnufiiJ.tions for the towers of Oppression
shall we hate no bulwarks and no lowers
for Liberty 1 Whenever and wherever a
blow is struck for Slavery, then and there)
must be c double stroke for Liberty !
We will compromise any measures ten
ding to prevent the extension of Slavery
We will compromise as lo the particulars
of its death, laying oat, and burial. Bui
every compromise must include the advan
tage of Liberty and the disadvantage of
Slavery. Compromises dictated ty wily
politicians, made to serve a piocb m party
tactics ; compromises issuing Irom men
whose ideas of patriotism are summed up
in giviug their adversaries a grip td
downfall, to whom Cpoils are virtue and
offices religion ; or those brttor-inten led
compromises, which seek for peace, raiher
than- lor humanity ; from such compromi
ses, guileless though they seem, ana gik ed
till they shii like heaven, evermore maf
we be delivered! Henry Hard lieecher,
All our oets take hold on eternity