Newspaper Page Text
For the LcwUburg Chronicle.
Lime and Flatter.
Mr. Editor There scorns to be a differ
ence of opinion among fanners relative to
the propriety of applying lime and plaster
at the same time to the same soil. As
this is a question, the correct decision of
which must depend more upon actual ex
periment and close observation than upon
theories, however plausible they may ap
pear, I will give you several experiments,
(made by my father and myself,) with
their results ; which, if you tluuk proper,
you may publish for the consideration of the purely fifth, let me add that thou
your " Fountain Hill " friend, as well as gands of men seme even when old have
others who may be interested in its correct ' partaken of fruit of their own providing,
determination. The first experiment hav- j nd the person referred to above, gave
ing a bearing upon the question, was made
upon corn, in 1841. We had not then
commenced limiDg our corn ground, con
eequently we used plaster in the usual
manner upon our corn.
It so happened that the plaster was ex
hausted before the field was finished, and
not caring to purchase any more for the
remainder of the field, (perhaps half an
acre,) we concluded to try the effect of air
clacked lime, applied to the corn in the
name manner as plaster, but about twice
the quantity to each hill. We carefully
watched the progress of the experiment,
till the maturity of the crop, and at no
time could we perceive the slightest diffe
rence either in the appearance of the
growing crop or in the product when gath
ered in the fall, upon the different portions
of the field ; thus proving that the lime
was as efficacious as the plaster. In 1842
we repeated the experiment with a slight
variation, also upon a field which had not
been limed. In this instance the whole
field, excepting six rows, were plastered,
three of these were limed, as before, and
the remaining three had nothing applied
them. The result with respect to the lime
and plaster was similar to the first experi
ment, but the corn in the rows to which
neither lime nor plaster was applied, soon
exhibited symptoms of decline ; the color
became a sickly yellow, and so inferior in
general appearance that the difference was
perceptible at a considerable distance. At
this stage of the experiment plaster was
liberally applied to the corn in these rows;
soon after which it began to assume a
healthy,' luxuriant appearance, and in the
full there was little if any difference in the
These experiments convinced us of the
beneficial effect of lime upon corn, and in
1813 we commenced liming our fields for
that crop and in order to test still further
the propriety of using both lime and plas
ter, we plastered one half of the field and
left the other half without any. In this
case no difference was perceptible at any
time during the season.
Finding, by the result of these esperi-
incuts, that we derived little, if auv. ben-
cut wnarcver irom the application of lime
and plaster at the same time, we were in
clined to abandon its use, both upon corn
and clover. T -v -nave
a beneficial effect upon soils that had
been limed some time previously, we
sowed plaster at the rate of two bushels per
acre on a portion of a clover field to which
lime at the rate of fifty bushels per acre
had been applied two years before. For
some time we could see no difference in
favor of the plaster, but in the course of
some weeks, the clover where the plaster
was sown assumed a deeper green, but in
other respects we could not discover any
benefit from its use.
In 1848, we applied plaster to several
rows of corn which had been limed in
1842. The result was the same as in
the third experiment, in which both were
applied the same spring.
Satisfied by the result of these experi
mcnts that the use of lime and plaster
together, or of plaster upon Lml that has
been recently limed, is a useless expendi
ture of money, time and labor, all of which
arc of vital importance to the success of
the farmer, we have, for the present, aban
doned the use of plaster, upon our lands.
We still intend to continue our experiments
in order to ascertain if plaster will again
resume its efficiency, or whether its good
effects will continue to be neutralized by
the application of lime to the soil. I do
not pretend to say that the same result
will take place upon all kinds of soils.
This is a question which every firmer
should consider it his interest to determine
for himself; and I hope many of our farm
ers will not only do tLis, but give us the
result of their experiments in your valua
ble journal, and thus render it still more
interesting to the practical agriculturist.
Yours, J. M. N.
Fur the Lneuburg Chronicle.
Plant Fruit Trees !
Sir. Editor : A few days ago, a gentle
man remarked to me that if he was in the
habit of writing, he would pen an article,
urging upon all persons the policy and
duty of setting out one or more fruit trees,
every year whether upon his own or ren
ted prosily, made not much difference
but be sure that somewhere on our earth
e p'.nt a yearly means of doing good, at
some time or other.
The sentiment I tLought was good, and
l-t he should emit seiiding it to you, I do
it myself. In my 'e I k en Pe
ered fruit by the road-side, (probably
planted by some kind hand now moulder
iug in the duat,) and thanked the good
heart now to me and all the world un
known who provided the pleasing and
beneficial refreshment. Whenever parta
king of fruit, we should remember that
tome one of our predecessors had the fore
thought and benevolence to endure the
toil and expense of planting the seed,
transplanting the scion, and watching and
protecting the growing tree ; and as we
can not repay them, let us discharge the
debt and show our gratitude by providing
the same things fur those tcho come after us.
Should this motive be of no avail to
me an instance where his own benevolence,
even on rented property, was amply repaid
to himself. Said he, "It is but a few
years since I rented this lot, and I took a
notion to set out some fruit trees, knowing
they would do somebody good. I did so.
Now, I have rented the same property
again, and last year enjoyed the fruit of
my labors. This year, with ordinary bless
ings I shall be overpaid."
Header ! Plant some fruit tree or shrub,
every year. Our tasty and worthy fellow
citizen, Mr. II. R- Noll, will aid yon if
you want advice or varieties of fruit.
For th Levuburg Chronicle.
Mr. Editor : In reply to W. S. M., I
would state that I have perused his first
article over the second time, and have
come to ths same conclusion as at first. I
will here give his own words : " The facts
which I shall adduce I suppose are gene-
rally known, fur they are uot original, but
I give them here merely as preliminaries
to what may succeed them, as they must
be considered necessary in order to proper
ly understand how the different kinds of
manure are to benefit the agriculturist iu
his pursuit," and then goes on to show
how the plants grow, and that the sap in
trees puts on its annual layers in its des
cent, and then says, " The conclusion which
I arrive at is, that plants, like animals,
become vigorous and healthy under proper
food," &c, without stating one word what
that proper food might be, leaving the ag
riculturist in about as much light in regard
to the proper manure as he was before W
S. M. appeared in his short article, a little
over one column. In his cnticif-m lie re
fers me back to his former article, where
he supposes the leaves to perform functions
similar to the lungs of animals ; I woull
say not so very similar; I would say the
nostrils of animals to be nearer similar
than the lungs ; and lastly, he refers me
back again to his first article, where I
would find that he did not propose to point
out the difference in manures. Well, he
" promised to give facts which were ne
cessary to leu ine Denenis tw urni-rem
kinds of manure to the agriculturist. The
articles are before the public, let them de
cide which is rieht. Mr. Editor, I still
V . i it, u nnrt
good, for he has promised to corroborate
his former statement ere long. To say
the least of it, he has had a fine chance to
let off some of his big words. SaxiM.
N. w Cleans, Feb. 28
The steemthip Alabama hasjunt arrived
from Chaures. and 1 hasten to lay her
new, which is highly important, before
you. She brings siity-five passengers,
and half a million in gold dust.
She also brings advices from Sun Fran-
Cisco to 'he IS'h January .being two week
la cr than our previous account. They
wtre received al i;2.nw by the steamship
The city of Sacramento ha been over
flowed by water. Put few ot of lund
are visible, and the inhabitant! are suffer
ing terribly from this dreadful and unheard
of calami')-. The Ions by this un'ooked
for viaitation is estimated at over one mill
ion of dollars. Immense herds of cattle
and other property have been swept away.
While this great flood, however, detros
a great deal of property, it mill wah out
the gold in immense quantities.
A party of Chilians had made an at
tack upon the Americans at the mine in
the vicinity of Stockton, in whidh two o'
the assailed were killed, and the others im
prisoned, though the latter were afterwards
It is still the intention of Col. Fremont
to complete the survey of all that portion
ol our country west of the Kock Motiu
taiii, by a route down the Colorado.
f Ion. JtfTtrr.n Davi has been re elected
United Sia'es Sena or by the Leum'siure
of MisMs.-iitpi for ais vears. from the 4th
of Man h ijcxi.
In Wisconsin, Mrs. Lovirv Kevser ha
rrrovercd 100 darrat of Josej h Heath,
for selling rum to her husband.
There are 500 Chinese in San Fiancii-
co, niih their aives and daughters, but no
pinched ft el.
An apothecary in Tren'on nnld crrnaote
for asairptida, and nrarly killed -m young
The fn b rve of tneni v-five hnndred
persons ran now be ern at Suiier'a Mill,
Evry lertori. great snd rriat. br.otd
asS a Utcr in cold astrr ei-ry n.o.n r.g.
l.UWISBUItG CIlRONICfuK AND WEST BKAXCII FARMER
H. O. EICXOK. Editor.
O, V. WOHDEM, FnbUabar.
At 1.&0 ouh ia adrancn, gl.n In tare onwia, fl paid
within Uie year, and (2S at lb end of the year.
Aftnta in Philadelphia V B Palmer and K W Carr.
Wednesday Morning, March 6
MISLAID The copy of an adTnrtiwrn-nt for an Or
phans' Court Sale in Kelly Towiwhlp. Two of the proper
narore in the OTflT were SPOTTi and WtHWL other par.
tiro Ian not rerallreted. Suhncribera in that tnwnahip
are requested to inform petnns of that name of this fact.
Haw Typa for th " Chronic!."
--We bad a bad roller and a ceM day tawork It, yet.
daarraaoarl how do yon like the type on the first jaqre of
tbia paper, and in "The Farmer's'' comer r It can not
be excelled," yon think. Well, just get at SS eaah aub
erribera, and (Va oar Pnblkhcr can (and will) procure
NEW TYPE, tike that (and thie; to pat all the reading
matter in. Shall we hare them t Th y can be procured,
by a little effort. Will yon try t and roc ? and Vol' f and J
YOl't All who wlrh to M The Chronicle la a new drvtw,
ubKriiitton. Try! j
Silvery ani tha Union.
The people of the interior of this State,
will respond with bole-hearted cordiality
to all thai was said in behalf of the Union,
at the two Democratic meetings, hell the
one in Independence Sp tare, and the oiher
at the Chinese Museum, Philadelphia, on
the afternoon and evening of the 'iii of
February. BjI much that was said and
done at the Infer meeting, will meet with
equally cordial condemnation. The tone
uf that meeting, and many ol the doctrine
advocated by the spenkers.ereated a feeling
of surprise and regret in this community ;
and we apeak advisedly when we ay thai
they do not meet the approbation and con
currence of the Democracy of Union couu-
tv. Thev. in common with the vast main
ny of ,he yma of penBqja, .rd
j ,... , Dllreiv domestic institution.
belonging wscluaively to iliw respective
Sia'e io tahich it exists ; and can not be
etiibl'shrd elsewhere except by positive
egal enactment. Thy utterly repudiate
the idea that the federal constitution is, or
i-ao legitimately become, an instrument ol
propagandises in the hands of slave-hold-era.
They dissent most emphatically from
the untenab e and absurd doctrine origin
ating with Mr. Calhoun, and endorsed by
ihie meetiuK, a well ae incorporated into
the recent Report of Mr. Beaumont in the
House ol Rrpreentaiives at Harrisburg
that the men of the South have ao equal
r ghi. under the sanction and protection of
th Constitution of the United States, to se'
up their 'peculiar institution,' ia th newly
acquired free territories.that Northern em
igrants hav to carry thi'hei their horses,
and cattle, and other similar property.
They justly believe that this hitherto
unheard-of principle can not be fairly de
duced from either the letter, or spirit, or
nrginsl design,nfth federal compact. The
Maid old Keystone can n be so easily cut
loowe from her mooring. The ancient
landmarks of her faith on this subject ere
ton firmly established to be shaken by every
breath of popular etcitenvnt. Th doc
trines promulgated by the Pittsburg Con
vention in Ju:y laat, are sound and trual-
. - mtm m wmvyty eiirWfWfl tU
the hearts of her peop'e to I disturbed by
a much greater 'criii' than the present, or
a much more formidable and convincing
demonstration than the Chinese Museum
ha yet witneseed.
IYnnytvania is now, and always has
been, ready and willing to mex-l her sister
States of the South in a spirit of amity and
concord, and to protect and preserve their
constitutional rights to the utmost. But
she dors not sympathize wiiH the disposi
tion ma ni letted in some quarters to concil
iate the South at the expeuse of the North.
With her proverbial probity, she asks for
nothing but what is clearly right, but at
he sam lime will not readily yield to
ev!ont which involve a sacrifice of
essential principle. And to volunteer a
compromise with slavery by it-lding an
portion of Iree territory to it ruthless dom
ination, will be regarded by the mas ol
her sobrr and reflecting people, a an
untimely and treacherous surrender of all
that is of value in the issue. Until other
governments are formed, the governing
power over the territories is, of course,
vested in Congress ; and while this is lh
car,Congress unquestionably has ihe right
to legislate upon the subject of sltvery in
the territoii-, as well as upon all other
measure afhxting their welfare. But, in
compliance with the v hment remonatran
ces of our Southern brethren, the North
yielded ihst measure of expediency, and
taking Ihe South at her word, t atiently
awaited the action of th people of the ter
ritories themselves, upon ihi exciting
question. Cali'ornt has now spoken in an
authoritative form, anj with her free con
sti'ution in her hand demands admittance
into the Union. When, lot the Southern
delegation in Congress array themselves in
a hostile attitude, and many of them who,
by the way, are digging their political
craves a fast as lime and opportunity per
mitdecree a dissolution of ihe Union.and
threaten all manner of dire calamities, ii
their ultra demands are not complied with.
And ihe meeting referred to, batten to
conciliate this restless spirit, by promptly
yielding to their pretensions. Ii is what
Pennsylvania wn til not do. She will not
pVce herself in such a false position. She
aka rtapectlully but (irmly that Cal.fortiia
"'ell bo reeeired into the confederacy in
the at'Uude in which she has chosen to
present herself. She does appreciate
the objections urged against th'rs course,
nor doe she perceive on the troubled bori
ion aoy danger sufficiently threatening to
frighten her from her piopriety, or Oeter
her from the maiutaioance of the right
nor would she shrink from it, if she did.
She does not crouch io terror under the
frantic gasconade or Southern demagogues,
any more than she fears the feeble disue
iunisis of the North. She i not disposed
to bow to every impulse of fancied expedi
ency. And she cooly enquirea.why scourge
a handful ol Northern fanatics, yet preserve
a studied silence when the red right arm of
Southern treason is lifted in the halls ol
Congress? Why launch fierce thunderbolts
at the head of Northern madmen, if you
please, and in the same moment bend low
under the huh of Southern traitors T Why
0 to such ungenerous and impolitic ex-
t rPmtS 1
Why not dispense the even-ban
, . - . . ... l.c, ,k
character and hitory of the old Keystone
i and, we might add, the unternfied' democ
racy of her commercial emporium T
nyThe Philad. ' Spirit of the Times'
highly compliment the eloquent speech of
Mjj. Charle II. SUrioer, of this county, at
the Union and Liberty meeting in Indepen
deoce Squ ire. We give htm credit for ibe
prudence and sagaciiy exhibited in bis
selection of the forum iu which to give
utterance to his sentiments.
0"We refer our reader with much
pleasure to the fearless and eloquent speech
on our first page, by th Hon. Jame
X M'Lanaban. Democratic Member
of Congress, from Chambersburg, Pa
His bold and manly exposition of the res
sentiment of the peopl of Pennsylvania
on the subject of Slavery, is worthy of
high praise, and will be appreciated
throughout the State, aa well as by his
own immediate constituent. Mesrs.Casey
and M'Lanahan occupy substantially ihe
same ground on tlie Slavery question, and
their respective districts are truly represen
led on the floor of the Hou.
03" This week we treat our reader to an
admirable original tale of real life.from the
pen of an accomplished young lady of
Philadelphia whose identity, however, is
veiled under an assumed name. The
sketch is replete with,, healthful sentiment,
and inculcates a salutary moral that should
be remembered by old and young.
We hope Io receive an occasional poetic
favor from the same source.
TV CorTiponJent$. Carl,"
II." and Native.,, next week.
71 ha Market House proceeding in
snother column, are worthy of attention
That a central and uniform place to buy,
would be a great convenience to all of our
citizen who have not their resuree and
supplies within themselves, is self-evident
It would also accommodate our neighbor
in the country, who seriously complain of
the inconvenience, trouble, and Inst lime,
in peddline Iheir marketing from house to
house. We hone there ill lw .
turn-out on Saturday evening from both
town and country. It is important that
there be a full and fair expression of public
opinion, on both sides of the subject.
fy We were visited on Thursday eve
ning, Feb. 28, with a heavy atorm of rain,
accompanied by vivid flashes of lightning,
and heavy thunder. We learn that a barn
near Seliosgrove was struck by lightning,
and entirely consumed. Sunday brought
a driving snow-storm yesterday we had
mild snd balmy spring weather and this
morning the snow pours down " thick and
fast." P.S. All turned to rain slush I
Death-Bed of Wesley.
We have received, from the publishers,
a magnificent nvzzotint engraving, enti
tled The Dea h-Bed of Rv. John We
ley." It is 18 inches by 24, engraved in
the highest style of art by Jorx Sab
tain, and printed on the best quality of
heavy plate paper. This beautiful speci
men of art would adorn the walls of the
most richly furnished parlors, and we pre
sume would be especially valued by the
members of the religious denomination of I
which Mr. Wesley was the illustrious
founder. In addition lo its main feature,
ihe plate contains some twelve or fifteen
other figures of eminent persons, among
which is the Rev. George Whitfield, who
appears to be in the prime of life. Aa Mr.
Whitfield died in 1770, more than twenty
years before Mr. Wesley, we presume this
pari of the engraving doe not pretend lo
literal historical accuracy, although highly
valuable for ihe portraits it thus gives of
PublirJied by J. it J. L. Gihen. 88,
Chestiut s'reet.Philad. Retail price,!? SO ;
to the trade, f I 30. If five or more per
sons should club together, they could prob
ably posses themselves of this choice plate
at wholesale prices.
Public Deeting ia Hartley Tp.
At a meeting of ihe chitons of Hartley
Township, held in pursuance ol previous
notice, to consider on the propriety of pur
chasing land and erecting a Poor House, it
was decided unanimously in favor of the
measure, and John Wilt and Johji F.
Wilson were appointed lo confer with Ihe
other township of the county on the sub
ject. S. C. WILT. Pre'!.
BirVo V. 6. LincoL, Scc'y.
The HLady'i Book" for Such
Is on our table. I' most attractive feature
o us is the aplendid porirsit of Godey's
Musical Bditor our well beloved friend,
Julian Cramer o( whom wn !n justly
a 1i,uw- a manlier 1
W know not moos h of urn."
Yet,triking and accural" as is the likenes
in 'Godey,' it give but a faint and imper
fect idea of the fine eye and expreive
countenance of the original.and the glorious
$out ihey faithfully index. We can well
imagine that a sensation will be created
when this portrait meet ihe eye or the
business acquaintances of Jos. L. Crcstek,
who daily throng hi counting-room in
Market street all unwitting that the skil
ful, busy merchant, deeply immersed in j
trade, has in hi leisure hours, and under
the protection of a norm it plume, won an
enviable literary reputation, and become
famous in poetry and song, on both aides
of th Atlantic.
On our first page will be found a fair
specimen, out of the many that wa could
select, of hi poetic taste and talent. He
csrries his heart in bis hand among his
friends, and throw it without reserve into
hi songs, which is one secret of their wide
and enduring popularity. One of his hap
piest efforts, n ballad entitled "The Lonely
Auld Wife," first appeared in the NewYoik
Evanpelist. Shortly after.it went the round
in England and Scotland, as on of Burns'
unpublished manuscript, and was copied
as such by N. P. Willie ioto the Home
Journal" wiih high encomium. It ha
been et to music by Dempster the vocalist,
and is a lesdiug favorite at bis oncsru, as
wall as in private ciicles.
As Mr. Chestei'e published volume ia
entirely out of print, and a majority of his
best productions have been wriuen since
lhat time, we ihink a new and complete
illustrated edition ah -uld be g it up, for ihe
gratification of Ihe public as well as the
benefit of author and publiahir. Who
seconds the motion 1 We ate sore Mr.
Godey will for one, and, e doubt not, n
host of others, who would like Io possess
themselves of a copy.
A nrra aiv iribn iu an , , unv.
Th physician who magnifies the aii of
a p 1 1 r , o incr. a-w his ou n ra ne and ihe
patient' gratitude when recovered the
advocate obose specious plena make a mule
hiilof strong, a mounlaiu, to gain his end
and the parnam who 'fniekee deal rue
lion end ruin falling upon the country like
mildew, or nith the violence cf an earth'
quake, if hi$ man ia oot elected are all
branded as knaves, or quacks. And grave
and reverend men. hiuh in iffice and in
counsel there are, who are equally obr.ox
ioua to the charge of qnackery in great na
tional matters. Such there are nvtc pt
iileniial ffice-secke, at U a:h i.j-iod.wuIi
iheir loud-mouthed e hoists nr.d scheming
wire pullers scattered over the country
who sr working might and main to fan
the spark of Disunion (in other words, trea
son !l into a flame, .that lh majr !
credit of originating the measure tlat slml
extinguish it and gain the chair of a Sena
tor, a Foreign embasv, or the Presideury.
Letter- filers snd unprincipled journals
Io awaken aud keep up excitement, and
to sell a few more papers cstch every
word or look lhat may awaken interest and
agitation ; and when facta fail, dark sur
mise or else unblushing falsehoods are
brought inio tie work. ...and th origina
tor and promoters of this excitement laugh
among themselves at the effects produced
upon the minds of an honest end patriotic
people. Bui Disunion is not a proper sub
ject for a political foot-ball, whether the
player be high in office or seekers for of
fice. Constant declarations of danger art
calculated to produce real alarm ; and real
alarm may create danger and danger may
result in evil. All our National officers are
sworn to preserve ibe Union, snd are com
mitted in favor ol Liberty ; all, therefore,
violate the letter and spirit of iheir oaths,
who raise the traitor a cry to extend Slav.
There is great moral culpability in the
mousiog politicians, loo, who exaggerate
,ne P"'0'1 pasme of wounded and ex
P'rin8 Despotism, thai they may have the
honor of appearing lo aubduo il. The body
politic, any they, is very diseased, and in
dunger of dissolution. Dr. A proclaims
it aloud, and then modestly suggests that
his pill alone can cure it. Dr. 0. declare
M$ panacea the only one applicable to the
desperate case. Dr. C. protests that Ae
has cured the patient before, and ha only
can do it again. Dr. D. shskes hi head.
and says thev are all wrong ; ua'esa kit
dose is taken, the patient will surely die.
Dr. B., all excitement, announce lhat un
lets he is made chief director, dissolution
will surely come ; and so on to the end of
the alphabet. This cry of Dissolution has
only one real danger ii has been sounded
so often, lhat like ihe lyirg shepherd who
cried wolf! Wolf! to deceive, the people
can not know when any true alarm ahould
be indulged. We are glad to learn that
the Chief Magistrate is nowise terrified ;
but lhat he attends lo his own business,
prepared to do his duty, and setting an ex
ample which all ai Washington should fol
low. The intelligent people of the North are
not alarmed at the show of fight got up by
a few Southerner. The timo is past hen
these Dissolution M llsritew Foot and CJe.
men, proclaimed thai (not ihe world,
but) the Ooion was "coming loan end
and the Union, wilhil. millions of binding,
net-work cords still exist. Let our Naiio.
nal snd State Legislators go on with their
business, and deal not in arHtrnetion. Lei
California in, as she must come, by at
least a two-ihirJ vote end po'iiically bur
ied be he" who in the pie-rnt crisis prove
traitor lo either Liberty or Union !
U. S. COHGKESS.
Senate Mr. Ca'houn was in his seat
o Ihti 4th iim.. but too frebla to Jeliver
hi exoected speechjon the Slave question
It wss accordingly read lor him by Mr.
Il commenced with the question. "What
Caa be done to save inc union r "
the South were of tho belief they could not
live io the Union uodr th ex-stin,; state
of things, tonswtently wiih their honor and
interest. He referred lo the loan or equi
librium between th North and the Souih,
and the increased preponderance which the
North oulJ acquire thro' the new territo
ries, and by the raj id increas of Northern
population, which would be shown by the
next census. He complained of the brdio-
an-e of 17s7. of the Missouri compromise,
of the Oregon bill, and venous other mea
sures, as giving undue ascendancy to the
North. He said ihe agretsion of ihe
North must be met by immediate and
earnest efforts to arrest them that the
political and religious ties which bind the
Union had many of ihem snapped asunder
that the Union could not be saved by
eulogies, nor sppwil to the memory of
Washington th it Mr. Casa plan, or the
plan proposed by the Administration, could
not save the Union ; the Uttar plan was
nothing but t modification of the VVilmot
n I -..(I . k. ,. n.kts ik.n
rfoviso, n.ifi sun mur mj-i ,i u ji. ,
lhat measure ; its very otject a to deprive
the Seuti of its rightful participation in the
territories. He contended lhat the power
of legitU'inn lor the territories is veatrd
exclusively in Congress. In this view, the
action of the peopl of California in forming
a government for themsrves,as u-urpinrv
the power of Congress ; their conduct in
this respect was revolutionsry, and rebel
lious in its charscfrr. H i denied that there
wa such a Slate aa California it had no
legal existence fhey could not form a con
stitution when Congress hid not given
them leave to do so. He said the N Tib,
as the stronger party, could av the Un
ion, by conceding the just demand of the
South, via. en equal parti-ipxlion in the
territories, ihe rr-t and delivery of fugi
tive lv, reain! to agiiale Ihe alavery
question, aud pri-viiiirg an amendment lo
the constitution such a would restore to
the South the power to protect herself a
was the ease before the Fictional equilibri
um was detrntd. If you (sa'd he) enii
not con-ent lo Jo ihis. say so, aud let the
State aree to part ia pence. If you are
unwilling we should pari in pear, y on.
and we will know wht to diwhen it errr.t
to submission or rriatanre. It you remain
ailent, we mul draw unfavorable iuferef-
- , m.m4 Clifrnia altl tommft iflft tPSt
iueation. If you admit her, in the fare of
all the difficulties thnt present themselves,
you will destroy the equilibrium bit ween
the section, snd we should be blind not to
.e your real objects, po,er and aggranJ -
ieeme,..,.nd mfatutited not lo act accord
iiiLiiT. ne r.au h i a nnj irirn in ranpi '
KRrewin.ind slop agitation, with the h"pe
of siinj the Union, if possible snd if
not. to sav the ction where his lot wss
cat. Having done his duly, let what
would come he would be free from all
Mr. Webster expressed his desiie lo ad
drey the Senate on Wednesday or Thurs
day next, and after some conversation, it
was understood that Mr. Hamlin would
speak lo morrow, Mr. Walker on Wed
nesday, and Mr. Webster on Thursday.
Mr. Hale gave notice of his intention to
reply lo what he considered ihe romance
of history of the anti slavery question, pre
sented by Mr. Calhoun. The Senate then
In the House. Mr. Doty withdrew his
California resolution, in order to bring the
sulject before Ihe Commitee of ihe Whole
in ihe form of a bill.
The President's California Message was
then called up lor discussion.
Mr. Sjckeff, of N. T., in the course of
his , eech, enquired, What ia the wide,
spread discontent of which Southern gen
tlemen speak II is any right been vio
lated ? No ! It was because Slavery can
not violate the rights of the free. Govern
ment ha never yet made free soil, slave
oil, and he trusted il never would.
Mr. M'Willie, of Miss., referred to the
social estrangement among Members, and
th sectional division in parties and chur
ches, caused by the Sl.iery excitement.
He said ihe South would stand by iheir
rights, and repel aggression, at thw asenflce
of Ihe Union, and the expense of blood, il
ICAn Adjourned O-nirt, for
county, ia lo be held dn mewing 35ih iast.
The wedding rinv of M iilin Luther has
been brought to N'w York by Charles
Luther, a I nenl oei--nlnt of the Reform
er. The present K'"r ol 1'iussia oHered
3900 thak-r ( :mut SlxOll) for it, but was
refused. On the inside is inscribed, Dr.
Martin Luther to Cdihcrine Von Buren.
June 13, liiy"
Bay but h'i!e ihmlt much do more.
The voters of Lewiaburg in favor oi
having a suitable n arket huuse for lb
mutual convenience of buyers and seller,
are invited to meel al the Town Hall on
Saturday evening nest, to device mean to
accomplish lhat object. SKVKKAL.
In pursuance of the above call, a mee'
ing was held nt the time and place appoin
ted, which wa orga.xd by chiomg
JAMKS KELLY as President. Iloai W.
Fair. and Josai n Smith as Vice Presid
ents, and O. N. Worden, Secretary.
The call ol ihe meeting having been read.
If. C. Hickok, E-ij. was called upon and
addressed the meeting, showing ihe aeee
sity and utility of the proposed Market
House, and suggested di&reut plan pro
posed fur it construction.
On motion of Col. L IL Christ it was
Rh solved thst committee of bo
appointed lo take the whole subject into
consideration, make inquiries an lo a suit
able lot, procure a plan or .laas, make es
timates, &c., in relation to lb erection of
a Market House; and report ain adjourned
The fo'Iowing narr.cd geatlrmen werw
then nominated and elected ae eeid Ca-
H. C. II ck. k.
John Millri, csrp'r.
L. B. Chri.
S .loinoo Ritter,
II. U. Noll,
M m. M jiaoa.
II. W. Fries.
On molM n. Resolved that the Committee
be r que.ted to report one week from ibis
Oo motion. Adjourned lo mee nl thie
place, at 7 o'c'och on Saturday even ag
In Senate Friday Feb. . The U
lowing resolution passed by a unanimuvi
Uesi li-'t That the Union i idertifle-t
with all the glores of the past, all lie
blessing of the pr. ent, and all the hopes
of the fu-ure ; and that I'rnnsy Ivania. Ir.,a
to If.e Coostilii'i-m and nil its prim ip!e.
will never wuvtr in her fidelity to that t'j
Mr. Ives reported with an amendment,
the hill IS lay out a s'ate road from M.Sl.n.
burg to Milterstown.
The Sena'e passed a bill eppropntir
10.0011 in rtiw-k ol th While Deer &
Sugar Vnllvy Turnpike, trie Township iu
tere:ed lo raiae an equal sum. Atsw, a
dill to a'low members of any religious so
cieties who cons'-ientio'Jly observe ihe ?ih
day of Ihe wiek as the Christian SjMw'h,
a ieirn-e from legs! permit s for wi.rkirg
00 the 1st dny of the week.
In the House M -ainy, Feb 25. Mr.
Slifer presented n petcioo for an al
irrttion in ihe Nws, rela'ive to hawking
and petll.n ; one for i rep eal of the rhml
law of Id4!J; one for the rrpeal of the
ihree hundred dollar exemption law, ai.ii
one fir the repeal of the n.ilitia law oi
1 ist esMon. "
M-. Djncdn preaer. rd 12 jetition signed
hy HOU citizen of Dauf hin and Schuylkill
couniie. prin fur the erection of a new
county to be ral'ed Sintt, out of parts of
Dnuphin. Northumberland and Schu) Ikill.
Mr. I lent reported a bill in relation to
hiwkrr and pedlars in Centre. I'mon. and
oll-.fr counties : a!n. a stitiolrment lo thn
, Bcl lo illPOrpnrt,,e lhe Lycoming county
j nullM, insur.nce c,irrip.ny. p;ltt.j ,840.
Mr. Slifer reported a till to incorporate
the North Lebanon Railroad Company.
Mr. Khey (Judiciary) a further supple,
ment to the act erecting Sullivan County.
The l,;ll for the rel.ef f Robert Modie,
la'e Collector it Tolls at Northumbeiland,
can e up oo third rendiog.and fell, yeas II.
The House has made progress with
radical Bank bill, and also an Apportion
ment bill, strongly part.xan in its character.
Tat Casa SrsTsa. If asrrj branch of ba
ine roulil h rmlured lo rash ayataro, it woolrl
he th greatest pmitk blessing 10 mankind anJ
how rourh trouble and snticly it wouU
man? ! It ia bad pobry lo go into debt, particu
larly with lha atorrltrenrra, aa joa ha in niiMt
instance to y large prices for good, snd con
stantly at thrir merry. To obviale lb nervwit
of any rrr,on going ia debt for Stan Ooaii, C
L. Jos s ha oprned a very ritrmis alor in
Milton, and is wiling rielnaisrly for cats. H
has put the price of good down an low s to
make il the interest of rvery ens la dent with him
on lb eaH sTSTtw. Prison viailioa Milton
and in want of cheap goods, will do well by call
ing firi at JonrV ator.
In Lrwishurg, Thursday evening, Feb.
3. by Kid. John Sutton, Mr. John H. Bur
pit lo Mis Sarah Joes. Also. Mr. Leon
ard Deatz in Miss Christiana Sander.
February 6. Susanna Bower, consort of
Christian Bower, of Buffalo township, aged
73 years, 4 months and A day...
On the 27th ult., at-Hrandy wine-Manor.
Chester county. Pa . Mrs. Iab Gatita.tb
relict of John Orier. in her S3d year. Mr.
G. wa the mother of Dr. J. F. Gfier, of
Lewisburg.snd Rev. John H. Grier, of Ir
At Walnut Hill, Dauphin Co., I0ih u-'i.
in his 16th tear. Benjamin Layfayette.tbe
youngest son of Benj. Jordan, Esq.
Al Halifax, Dauphin Co., 2 Ist ult.at tie
residence of hrr cousin, John P. Leebrick,
a-ed S3 years. Miss Lucrelia, youngest
daughter of John Eberle. M. PM late Pr
lessor in ihe Medical College of Ohio.
In Davidson. Sullivan Co.. 23d Nov..
John Keeler, aged 88 year a Soldier of
the Revolution, from Orange Co.. N.Y
in Central I lmoi. Iet fall. Rev. fetor
Uo;er.in hi 100th year -a Soldier of the
Revolu'ion.and 70 yeere a Baptist preach r-