Lewisburg chronicle, and West Branch farmer. (Lewisburg, Pa.) 1850-1850, February 13, 1850, Image 1

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The Ixjwisburs Chronicle m hmicJ
ever; WeuneaJa; morning at Lewiaburg, Uuioo
county, Pennsylvania.
Taa. $I.S0 per year, for cash actually in
advance ; $ 1 ,75, paid within three month ; $3
irpaiJ within the r"; $, if not paid before
the year et pirea ; single nambers, S cents. Sub
scriptions for ail montba or leaa to ba paid in
advance. Discontinuance optional with the
TuMiaher eicept when the year ia paid up.
Adverlierrarnla handsomely inserted at 50 rta
per square one week, f 1 for a month, and $5 for
a year ; a reduced price for longer advertisement.
Two square, f 7 ; Mercantile advertiaementa not
eiceeJing one-fourth of a column, quarterly, $1(1.
Casual advertisements and Job work to be paid
for when banded in or delivered.
All communications by mail must come poet,
paid, accompanied l the addreaa of the writer, to
receive attention. Thoaa relating eicluaivrly to
the Editorial Department to be directed to H. C.
Hiram, Ex)., Editor and all on business to be
aJdresfed to the 1'utlieher.
tuner. Market St between Second and Third.
. N". V ORDEX, Printer and Publisher.
l"i?The fnllowing is a very handsome supple
ment to " The Belle" one of the last and moat
temarkable poems of the late EJgar A. Poe, We
copy f,om M'Makio'a Model Am. C'ouiier.
The Sabbath Bells.
Hear the holy Sabbath bells
Sacred bell !
Oh, what a world of peaceful real
Their melody foretella !
How aweetly at the dawning
Of a summer Sabbath morning
Sounds the rhyming
And the chiming of the brlla !
Flow they peal out their delight
At the happy, happy eight
Of the Mllagere in moti.
To ihe place of their devotion.
What emotions 611 the breast
At the ringing !
And the singing !
And the solemn organ, blending
With the fervent prayer ascending
To the Cod who made the Sabbath for the weary
pilgrim rest !
What joy, what pain the bnaom swells,
Aa fondly reminiscence dwells
O'er the happy hours of childhood, when we beard
those village bells !
O'er the rhyming
And the chiming
Of the b.-lla !
Of Ihe bells, bells, bells,
Bells, bells, bells.
O'er the rich, melodious chiming of those holy
Sabbath bells! H. 8. a.
Far the Leivuburg; Chronicle.
Zthmit MASON,
or Accidents and Faults.
One of the most difficult (ask for a pa
tent to discharge aright in the management
of his children, is to proportion the pun
ishments he is sometimes obliged to inflict,
to the magnitude of the offence. The
spirit and temper in which a thing is done,
should be considered more than the amount
of mischief that has been the result. We
should distinguish between what is done
from vindictive ptssion, and what has
happened ihrough carelessness. The fol
lowing incident, which occurred in our
neighborhood not very long atjo, may
erve to illustrate these remarks. When
first it was told to me, it was with the com
ment, " I always knew he was a had boy;
he has. a tnost violent temper, but I never
could have believed he would be so wicked
as to hurt his own brother." Both boys
-came regularly to my class in the Sunday
school, and walked four miles to attend it.
I hastened to their house to hear from their
mother's own lips the particulars. Had
she joined in the censures cast upon her
eon, he would probably have left his home ;
his heart would have been hardened by a
sense of injustice done him, and he would
have withdrawn from every influence cal
culated to lead him back to better feelings.
Dut I anticipate my narrative.
It was a hot day in Aopust, the reapers
had been toiling in the fields through the
sultry hours (for no farmer complains of
the heat during harvest ;) in the bouse the
" women folk' were nearly as busy as
the men, making preparation forthe hands,
or rather for the mouths that three times
a day were assembled around the board.
On this day they were more than usually
hurried with their work, for there were
sundry symptoms of rain. There bad
been no dew on the grass, and the sun
had risen at once clear and bright in a
cloudless skv that morning, instead of
struggling through mists and vapor. There
was also a stillness in the air, which pre
aged a storm. The consequence of all
this was, that instead of returning to sap.
per, the men desired Mrs. Mason to send
them out a four o'clock p ece in the field,
and they would eat it under the trees to
save time. Mrs. Mason possessed that
rf l treasure to a western farmer, a large
family of boys. The eldest was able to
manage the tedle-sc the, and was out all
day in the field ; the nest two were big
enough to be very useful with their rakes-
These came to the house at the appointed
time for the provisions. Mrs. Mason soon
wnt them ofl again Robert with a heavy
basket well filled with bread, cold meat,
cheese, and pies ; James with a large can
of hot coffee, and a tin cup.
Her work waa now pearly over for the
inlicptnbfnt Jamily
day ; the bread was in the skillets only
needing to be attended to from time to lime,
and the careful another took her knitting
and sat down near the open window, from
which she could overlook her three young
est boys at play io the yard. Occasionally
she called to them when they were getting
into mischief, or joined in their laugh at
some famous tumble or well -contested race.
The sun was setting ; the men began to
leave their work, and the waggon horses,
with their gears hanging loose.eame trotting
down to the water trough to drink. The
younger children were called in to be put
to bed. This is always a pleasant time
I for the mother, unless -he be very cross
and impatient. The window was shut, but
the sound nf laughter and of merry voices
could be distinctly heard outside so dis
tinctly, indeed, tbat it was long belore a
plaintive voice calling " Mother ! Mother !''
could make itself heard.
" Hush ! children," said the mother at
last, as the sound caught her ear ; " I hear
some one call.
They were silenced, and again the cry
" Mother! Mother!'' called loudly, almost
wildly, made her start.
"It is your brother James. There,
Johnny, lie still, while mother goes to the
door. Why do n't you come in. James V
She ran out with a misgiving at her
heart that something had gooe wrong,
" What is it t what hu happened 1 you
scare me.''
But James could not answer. His face
and lips were white as ashes, and he trem
bled so that he could scarcely stand.
What is it, sonny V said the mother,
tenderly, " are you sick V
" No, no,' said the poor boy, recovering
breath as he heard the sound of feel ap
proaching, " it is Robert ; I have hurt him ;
he is all bleeding. But I did not go to do
it, mother, indeed I did n't.''
' W here is he hurt ? where is he, now V
" Here, let me pass you, mother, they
arc bringing him in and he rushed past
her, up the steep stairs to the little low
room under the roof, where he and his
brother always slept.
It was indeed a (earful sight for the
mother to aee, when her son was carried
iuto the house, fainting from loss of blood,
and a large gash in his leg very imperfect
ly bound up. To lay him on Ihe bed, to
hrow water in his face, to send off the el
dest boy for the doctor, was the work o! a
few minutes.
The way in which the accident happened
was sooo tola, the men had thrown
down their cradles near the barn, the boys
took them up, James swept around the dan
gerous instrument in his inexperienced
hand ; in a moment, even while the laugh
at his prowess was on his lips, be saw his
brother stretched bleeding on the grass.
His cries for help brought the men to the
pot. The father arrived first ; be held up
his poor boy while another bound up the
wound, and then they bore him to the
They passed a weary hour while wailing
for the doctor, for it was five miles to the
nearest town. At length he came. Vress-
ng the wound was a very painful opera
tion. 1 he little ones, whose bra was in
the same room, bid their eyes, and tried to
smother their sobs, when they heard poor
brother groan. The good mother nerved
herself to bear it all. She held the basin
of warm water, and prepared the bandage,
and spoke soothing wOrds.
At length, it was done. A healing oint
ment had been applied, and the doctor gave
him a composing draught to allay fever
and procure sleep. Then the mother slip
ped out of the room. She had controlled
herself long, but she felt her strength giv
ing way, and going into a dark room.oo the
other aide of the passage, she threw her
self on her knees and burst into tears.
She had gives way but a few moments
to her sobs, when she suddenly checked
herself, and saying "My poor James!"
h wrooed ber wav up-statrs, and sat
.... D .
down by his bed.
Poor James ! yes, he deserved pity more
than the sufferer in the room below, for
his was mental agony, the torture of self-
reproach. He had been leaning over the
stairs while the doctor was in the house,
and every groan had fallen like a dead
weight upon his heart. . It was long before
his mother's gentle voice could rouse him
from the sullen stupor into which he bad
falleo. She told him his brother waa bet
ter, that he was going to aleep. At length
he said, " You must ail haw ma , I shall
be ashamed to show my faioe again 1 1 shall
run away.",, -., -. ,
. Long and earnestly did tlie mother com
bat this spif i ip her ton ; she told him po
IJopcr bcuolci)
one would blame him for the deed, and
asked him how be would have felt towards
Robert, had the cradle in Robert's hand
hurt him.
" I wish it had," was his reply.
His mother showed him this was a selfish
wish ; it waa wishing his brother to bear
the larger share of misery. She remained
for hours with ber son, till his heart was
completely softened down, and as the day
dawned she led him to see his brother and
to bend over and kiss him as he slept.
After this, it was James' greatest com
fort to wait on his brother, and to invent
ways of amusing him. Robert was con
fined for a long time to his bed, and when
he did move about, it was on crutches.
This would have been punishment enough
for James to bear, but he had also much to
suffer from the unkindness of his school
fellows. They avoided him, and pretend
ed to be afraid of him. Many of them
were warned by their parents not to asso
ciate with that passionate boy.
Again and again James thought of his
first project of running away, but his
mother's gentle influence restrained him :
" Mother knows it was an accident !" he
would say to himself, " and she told me
she felt even more sorry lor me than for
poor Robert."
Many a needless pang was inflicted on
him by the harsh judgment of others, but
he tried not to regard their cruel insinua
tions ; his mother was a Christiun mother,
and she taught him the duty of forgiveness,
and that it was of far more importance
bow his conduct was regarded in the sight
of God, than in the sight of man. Q.
Thoughts and Things.
Thoughts are imperishable, and make
part of our intellectual nature. They are
the measure of the man. Although char
acterized by an endless diversity, from the
solid and massive proportions of deep,
consecutive reasoning, down to the spark
ling ripples of wit and spicy repartee,
yet they still bear the common impress of
immortality. And according as they are
good or bad, are they suited to render us
better and happier, or worse and more mis
erable, for ever.
Things are transitory and perishing.
Some soon decay, and the most enduring
must ultimutely crumble to dvat. M-n
erect their temples, their columns, and
their etches, and vainly imagine that these
shall never be moved ; but " the finger of
Time touches them, and they turn to ashes."
Our bodies, also, the abodes of the spirit,
these most curious and wonderful of mech-
anisms are fated, in a very short time, to
mingle with their kindred earth. Impres
sions made upon the decaying objects
around us, unlike those written in living
lines within the soul, will soon be effaced,
or perish with them ; while those who have
entrusted to such keeping only, their im
mortality, will be lost in a merited oblivion.
Tbat man toils not in vain for " a re
membrance and a name,'' who labors suc
cessfully to impart thoughts to the minds
oi men. In these thoughts he will live
again, and exert an influence, fot weal or
woe, when ages upon ages may have passed
He who labors simply to produce tmngs,
without any higher aim, labors for the per
ishable. The productions of his arduous
and unceasing toils, be they successful even
to the utmost of bis heart's desire, yet will
all. with himself, ere lone be no more. He
sows to the corruptible, and " shall reap
corruption." He who produces things,
therefore, should do it mainly for the ser
vice of thought. In this sense alone are
our earthly exertions truly valuable as
they assist us to take hold on eternity.
Man of thought ! honor men of toil.
You could not live to think, did they not
live to toil. Despise not him who, while
he labors for things, seeks them only as a
means to thought ; who feels himself to be
a thinking being, and would labor to culti
vate his nowers. If he thinks up to the
full extent of his information and ability,
he is assuredly not to be the less esteemed
for his toil.
Men of toil ! honor the man of thought,
who thinks for his and your good. Be as
sured, there are not a few such. I hey
are your honored coadjutors, and brethren
in the great and chequered drama of Hie.
Some originate, and eome impart the
thoughts of others. Many wch are to be
found in our various institutions ol learn
ing, communicating and training up the
youthful ideas ; others labor to the same
end in the pulpit, others at the bar, and
t nttira in the chair editorial. Io what
ever way by any or all these meana-
map of though,?, seeks to diffuse the stow
fa News, Cttcratnte,
WEDNESDAY, FEB. 13, 1850.
of his own mind, like streams " for heal
ing,' a II flowing from the same open foun
tain. Men of thought, though deserving of
their " hire,'' are but too often scantily
compensated by those whom they toil to
make happy, and are not unflrequenlly re
garded as drones in society. It has been
thus with the good and great of the past.
How many immortal names might we cite,
who were compelled to hear the scorn and
neglect of the men of their day, of whom
they were not worthy." But time has
dissolved the mists of ignorance, and now
the men who once labored in obscurity
and, it may be, in penury, that they might
extend the domain of knowledge, and
thereby bless mankind, are the adored of
our hearts, and the pride of our race ;
while their silly detractors are" unhonored
and forgotten." Eiicouraged.therefore.by
the past, and cheered by the hope that an
impartial future will do him justice, the
thoughtful man endures all the bufferings
of an unfriendly world, in the repose of
his own spirit ; and in eternity, it will cost
him not a single pang to reflect that this
world has paid him poorly. Jus.
Primary Schools.
Engrossed with what we call our great
interests, we neglect our schools the
greatest of them all : our schools, those
prolific,amazing sources of good or of
evil. We do not reflect, or seem not to
reflect, tbat from these are to go forth the
millions whom they have trained, with
such training as they have received, to
mingle with the vast body of the people,
and to take Ihe places which their lathers
and mothers will have left ; tbat from
these will come the sages and counsellors
that are to guide the destiny of the republic
and take care of its honor : from these
legislators, jurists and judges, that are to
make and explain and administer our laws:
from these our orators' moralists, teac tiers
and divines : from these the authors lhat
are to give tone to public sentiment and to
public morals ; from these the men that
are to manage the periodical press with
all its multifarious and stupendous powers:
from these the mothers that are to direct
the first openings of the infant mind, and
to touch the first chords of sensibility in
the infant heart ; from these the messen
gpra of mercy that are to minister at our
alters, and to consolations of a pure reli
gion to the dying couch t that from these
fountains are to flow forth streams bearing
health or disease, life or death, through
every limb, and vein, and fibre of our po-
iiical and social organizations. Prof.
Promising Young Hen.
Hooper, of the Chambers (Ala ) Trib
une, in a recent number of his paper has
some trutniui ana sensioie remains n
"promising young men." After premising
that he ten one himelj. Hooper says :
"Not one in a thousand ever attain to ihe
dignity of a really useful man in society.
The name spoils 'em ! Just put it into the
grass green noddle lhat its owner is 'some
thing above common is really smart
wilt one day be distinguished in short as
sure him that he is promising from that
hour you make a confounded ass of him,
and so he will be apt to write himself for
life. He will have no need to labor man
ually or intellectually not he ! His tal
ents are to carry him through. All knowl
edge will come to him intuitively ; all the
circumstances of existence are to bow be
fore his talents! He isn't in a hurry to put
those talents into exercise. There is time
enough for that ! In the end the 'promis-
ing young man' turns out at thirty, to be a
liquor loving creature with a red nose,
soured temper.iittle kuowledge.bad habits,
and no money."
Our Glorious Union. The Rev.Dr.Be-
thune of Philadelphia.delivercd an eloquent
lecture in Washington,a few evenings since,
in the course of which he gave a glowing
eulogy upon the value of the union, and
wound up by the exclamation, nuoa paisy
the arm that shall be raised to remote
Ihe first stone from this glorious Union!"
For nearly five mioutea the omitting snooa
with the plaudits of hia audience, and for a
while it seemed aa if the lecture must there
end. '
The last PotUville Emporium' baa 127
Sheriff Sates advertised, 8ft of which are
against one man. The Sheriff and Proth-
onotary can't complain of 'bard times in
those 'diggina.' "' '
A ukase has been issued in Russia, or
dering home all Russian subjects in foreign
countries under the Paliy of their prop
erty lvsiogOQuiitcd,flt 9'!ci I"0"1'
Politico, agritclintt, Science anE iHocolUg.
C7Tbe following lines poeseee, to oar mind,
a peculiar charm ; and wa think many hearts will
be touched by the low, aweet music which thua
tbrilliogly wells up from Ihe deep fountaina of
parental love.
Oar William.
A little ana an only son have we;
(lod I.I'ik ttw lad, and keep him Bfcht and day,
And lead him aoltly o'er thta stony way :
He Is blue-ryd, and Haun-hatnil is lie,
(Sura, Ion aeo. mine own waa wont to be
And people sny h murh rwmblea ate-)
I've nner heard a bird or runlet sing
So sweetly as be talks. His words are small.
Sweet aorus O, how delirioui-l.v they Ml!
Much like the sound of silver bells they riiir,
And Ml Ihe house with muxic. Beauty Ilea
As naturajlyupon his cheek, as bloom
rpou a peach. Like morning vapor, flies
oV-f Lis smile my mind's infrequent gloom.
A aentle child is he. and full of fun :
He la-;ln with happy heartiiwes ; and ha
life half-.!.-! eyelids twinkles roruii-hly,
Till fr.au I .eir labes tears start up ami run.
Ills ters. Mjlit.aa diamonds. When UVy roll
Adown hi. elirk, they seem to be th' o'erfloanig
Or the dn -..oil of lore within his aoul
The human te..-terni nam of his nature suuwinr .
Tis plea.-nt to .k on him while he sleeps:
Uis plump sud citubby arms, and dvlicat fingers
The half-leruMd smile that 'round his red lips
The intellectual uw thai faintly lingvra
Upon his oouuleoanee, as if he talks
With sums bright angel on his nightly walks.
Wa tremble when wa think that many a storm
May beat upon him in the (In- to come-
That his now beautiful and fragile form
May hear a burden sore antt wearisome.
Yrt, so the stain of guiltiness and shame
Be never placed upon bis soul and name-
So be preserve his virtue, tooou be die
And tc his tied, his race, hia country pruva
A fs.rhftil man, whom praise nor gold can boy.
Not thrntt. of rile, designing men can move
We a.k no more. Via trust tbat Its who k-ada
The fboteteps of the treble lamb, will hold
This lamb uf oars in merry's pasture- At,
Where every inmate near the loving Shepherd ft-eda.
Social Intercourse.
One of the greatest mistakes in the treat
ment of those who differ from us in funda
mental points in religion appears in social
intercourse generally. Men of opposite
creeds may possess in common high in
tellectual gilts, rich cultivation, refined
lasts, moral worth, generous sentiments,
all the qualities of good citizens, good
unborn, efficient friend, and the virtue
of domestic life. It would be narrow-min
ded, unwise, unmanly, and still more un
charitable, to suffer a difference of creed
to create coldness, distrust, and ungene
rous partialities in the general intercourse
and duties of life. Let us be kind one to
another. Let us cultivate each other's
society. It us act together where no
barrier exists, lathis way weshiill en
large the boundaries of social life ; we
atmlrflnm -f y - - -n-fiinotiora for
the accomplishment of great and good ob
jects ; we shall find wider apberea in which
to dispense happiness and to exert a be
nign influence ; we shall wear away each
other's prejudices, and correct mutual mis
conceptions ; we shall 6cd opportunities
for quiet and friendly discussion ; and in
performing the generous duiies of friend
ship, we may, ere we are aware, find our
selves transformed into apostles of truth
and ministers of righteousness. V. Y.
Benefit of Saving "Copy."
Printers generally pay very little re
spent to copy'' or the manuscripts Irom
which they set in type the articles published.
They are either torn up, kicked about the
office, or burned. Probably no printer
ever made a more lucky hit in savi ng copy,
than did W.CIa) poole, the former publish
er of the Daily Advertiser, of Philadeli hia, j
in wmcn was onginany puunnucu .-II
ington's Farewell Address. Mr. t'hy.
poole saved the copy of this document, an J
the move will, it seems, prove a lucky one
to his heirs. ("iis ever-to-be-venerated
state paper in to be sold on the Vi U of
February, by Mr. Thomas & Soi.s, at the
Philadelphia Exchange. No one has ever
questioned the authenticity of J-ii-ment.
It bears on evory line, uuimpeach
able evidences of the Father of his Country.
The sale is advertised in the London pa
pers, and there will probably be bidders
from England present, as such a relic
would be a rare prize for the British Mu-
seutn, or any similar institution. r.
Clay's resolution that Congress should pur
chase it if it sells at a reasonable price,
has passed the Senate. It ia hoped the
House will sanction the measure. This
Address should never be allowed to go
Cacbb and Effect. The Berks Press
says the increase of ice and immorality
in that county ia alarming. Io another
paragraph it says our Common Schools
are in a sad condition, the rooms being
crowded to such an extent as to render
teaching impracticable. The teachers, too.
it ia said in many instances, ought to go to
school themselves- These, two facts put to
gether may furnish the causa and ahow the
Choosing a ELisister.
The people in one of the out parishes in
Virginia, wrote to Dr. Rice, who was then
at the head of the 1'hefJogical Seminary
in Prince Edwaid, for a minister. They
said they waoted.a man of first rate talents,
for tbey had run down considerably, and
needed building up. They wauled one
who could write well, for some of the
younger people were very nice about that
matter. They wanted one who could visit
a good deal, for their former one had neg
lected that, and they wanted to bring it up
They wanted a man of very gentlemanly
deportment, for some thought a j;real deal
of that. And so l bey went on describing
a perfect minister. The lal thing they
mentioned was, they gave their minister
three hundred and fifty dollars ; but if the
Doctug would send them such a man a
they described, they would raise another
fifty dollars, making it four hundred dol
lars. The Doctor set down and wrote a
reply telling them they had better forth
with make out a call for old Dr. I) wight,
in Heaven ; for be did not know of any
one in this world who would answer tbeir
description. And as Dr. Dwight bad
been living so long on spiritual food, he
might not need so murh for the body, and
could possibly live on four hundred dollars.
The Shepherd Botanist
At Eaux Bonnes, in the Pyrenees, re
sided a shepherd, named Sacnze ; he
spent his youthful summer days in tending
his flocks among the mountains, where he
pursued, without the help of books, bis
botanical studies.
When we beard, from a preacher io the
neighborhood, lhat there were books writ
ten on the study of plants, he could not
rest until he become possessed of a volume
of Liunsus ; but the book was io Latin !
This did not discourage him ; but with
an old grammar and a dictionary which
he borrowed, he applied hime!f to
the b. Kilt until necouia'reat easily, -nw
only Linnxus, but olaolbe Roman classics,
and eveo spoke ihe language with tolerable
fluency and correctness. He has formed a
collection of some two thousand Pyrrnean
plants, and is honored as the eorrepondent
ofJussieu; yet with all his studies, he
continues faithful to his lowly vocation in
his native place, where he is esteemed as
ihe best of shepherd.- The British Friend.
au v,
Gen. Jackson's first A ppea ranee in Con
gress When Mr. Gallatin was a member
of Confess, in the year 1706, Tennessee
was admitted as a State into the Union,
and sent her first mamber to Washington.
One day. when in his seat in the House,
Mr. Gallatin noticed a tall, bnk, uncouih
looking individual, with long locks of hair
hanging over his brows and face, while a
queue hung down his back, tied in an eel
skin. The dress of the individual was
singular his manners and deportment
that of a backwoodsman. The appearance
of so singular a character on the floor of
the House of Representatives, natcnUt
attracted attention, and a member at hisj
side asked who ho was. Mr. G-illatin re
plied that it as the member for the new
Siate. "Well,' said his friend, " he
seems just the sort of chap one might ex
pect fro.a such an uncivilised region as
nessee.'' The individual in question
was Andrew Jackson.
ClBCrMSTANTlAL Evidbsie I have
hesrd some very extraordinary cases of
murder tried. 1 remember, io one w here 1 J
was counsel, for a long tiane tf.e evidence
did not appear to touch the prisoner at ell,
and he looked about him w ith tte most per
fect unconcern, seeming to think hinrsell
quite safe. At last the sutgeon was cal.ed,
who staled the deceased had been billed by
a sHot, a gun shot, iu the head, and pro
duced the malted bair and the stuff cut
from the wound. A basin of warm water
was brought into court, and as the blood
gradually softened, a piece of printed paper
ajrpeared the wadding of the gun, which
proved to be half a ballad. The other hall
had been found in the man's pocket when
he was taken. He was banged- Lord
Eldoo's Note Book.
The tone of good eompant m marked
by the absence of personalities. Among
well informed persona there am plenty of
topics to diacuss, without giving pain to
any one present, without submitting to act
the part of a butt, or that still poorer crea
ture, the wag that piaya npoa him.
There is an omnipresent Consciences nd
an all-recording Memory, that constitutes
not onl a eecority but a certainty, or. ret
ribution for guilt.
VI., NO. 46306.
Tun Cost or Goto Dieoise. Mr.
Freanor.tbe correspondent of the Picayune,
estimates tbat from 1849 to 1S50 $12,000.
000 in gold will be collected in California.
It is probable that at least 100.000 persons
during ibis time will visit California in
search ol fortunes. Allowing the expense
of each person to bo $500, we sbalihavo
as the aggregate of their expenses, 250,
000,000. So that should Freanor's estim
ate prove correct, they will be minus the
large sum of $8,000,000. For our own
part, we believe that the deficiency will be
far greater, when tie loss on ships and
cargoes shall be accurately ascertained.
Pena y Pemt, who was President ol the
Republic of Mexico at the close of the war
with the United States, is dead. It waa
under his auspices tbat the treaty of peace
was made, and it was by him it was rati
fied after Herrera.the President elect, fear
ing papular indignation and the cabals of
the St. Anitts.shuriDrd the responsibility of
advocating or signing it, and obtained the
election of Pena y Pena as President, ad
interim, by Congress. He was conider-
ed one of the ablest and best men in Mex
Sume people are always wailing tut a
change of circumstances, before they can
commence an enterprise. This is a poor
rule take your circumstances as they are,
and bend them t your purpose. Don't
linger in inaction till Blucher comes up,
but. the moment you catch sight of bint
n the distance, rise and charge. This is
the way to pain Waterloo victories in the
moral warfare of life.
Seven fatal cases of Cholera occurred
in St. Louis during the week ending the
8ih ult. The Organ says lhat ' those per
sons were taken from on board the steamer
Constitution, and we have it from a physi
cian oi high reputation, that do local Chol
era exists, and that these persons were em
iirrants. and brought the disease with tbera
into the city, (torn New Oileans. '
The Police Magistrate of Rochester, un
der a resolution of the Assembly, calling
for the information, reports the number of
persons who have been arrested within his
jurisdiction for intoxication, or convicted of
offenses committed under the influence of
intoxication, who were not sentenced to the
State Prison, during the year 1849, at ato
talofl.249 T.w..aa BaJaaV The CoOp-
erstowo Journal, says a draft of $600 on'
an Albany bank, was found in the paper
rags at a mi!I in that place. Accompany
ing it wss the P. O. envtlnptand way bilt.
It was addressed to Richfield, and it is sup
posed that the P.M. of that place accident
ally Jrnpped it among the waste paper,-
which he afierwards sold.
FariT or IsucsTat. Mr. Jones, dri
ver of the Duxbury Si Scituate Stage to
Cohasjef, and express agent between those
ton- and this city, has been employed on
that line for about thirtj -five years. He
comme-ucsd life a comparatively poor man,
and is now woith $40,000. He never
drank a glass of intoxicating liquor in bis
life. Boston Bee.
VVai3I50. A man named Gideon Wil
liams, of Providence, was fiued.Ust Wed
nesday, three dollars and costs, amounting
to six dollars aod fifty-five cents, for neg
lecting to return a borrowed umbrella
when requested to do so. The Rhode Isl
and Justice has taken a step in advance of
the age, which it is to be hoped will soot'
ratch up to him.
Obthographt. HatliwelPs Life of
Shakespeare civts no less than forty-six
different modes of spelling the great BrdV
name all or whk-h huve beeo used at various
times. "Vet we have seen two critics bela
bor each other bv the page because ol
diflerence of an 1 in the spelliog.
It has been arranged, ilie Boston Trav
eler says, that the trial of Prol. Webster, on
ih eharffe of the murder of Vr. rataman.
hal take nface about the middle of March,
and he will not be arraigned until that
tm . r r t r?.nnM at Wash-4
a isr cost us iinisw. r--
ingtonand New York a suoject or dis
cussion in Ihe journals, one ol which re-
. ,i
mark that it ia more expensive to cie man
to live.
A Drove ol Deer, during a late trip of
the cars, from Sandusky , (Ohio.) ran
along aide of the train for several n ilea.
It waa n novel sight for the passengem.
He that cannot lorgie others, break
the bridge ever which be himself wjU
dwjvtf Wgaaay