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Tongue Has Played Greater Part
in World War Than the Pen
By CYRUS TOWNSEND BRADY of the Vigilantes
The pen may or may not be greater than the
sword. That depends upon use and the user. Accord-
ing to Richelieu the proverb only applied when the pen
was in the hand of the truly great. However the mat-
ter may stand between pen and sword, how about the
relative impuriance to them of the mouth?
That the tongue is a fiery little member by which
a great matter may be kindled has been marked a
long time ago, and in Holy Writ. Its power has been
eloquently set forth at length in phrases as familiar as
household words. The effect of its abuse has been noted.
Which fact is
frequently lost sight of, especially in this present world war.
But use and abuse should be and are opposite and equal.
Yet the tongue has played a greater part than the pen and almost as
great a part as the sword in determining events, and on both sides of the
game. Witness Von Bethmann-Hollweg’s ineffable remark about the
solemn treaty which he characterized as “a scrap of paper.” Has any-
thing disclosed the German mind more completely? Has anything done
more to fix the resolution of the enemies of Germany than that careless
phrase? We intend that they shall not be permitted to regard treaties
to which they are pledged merely as scraps of paper. By no means.
Again, has any single contribution to the world-war efforts by any
single man equaled the words of that maker of telling and unforgetable
phrases par excellence, President Wilson? When he speaks the world
listens and its better part heeds and approves. He has contributed the
equivalent of great and successful battles by his ringing words, and some
of them are as immortal as the words of Lincoln or Luther or Shake-
speare or Paul.
Nevertheless, it is impossible to speak too much and to lose sight
of action in talk. I do not think we have approached that point yet.
Inde~d, when the history of what the United States has accomplished in
its first year of war is known we shall be surprised as well as delighted
at the amount. There is still room for talk, therefore, and it is my
opinion that the more we talk about the issues of the day the more we
discuss our problems, the more we seek to encourage each other with
speech—in this instance more golden than silence—the better off we shall
be and the more we shall achieve. Don’t disdain speaking, it is still a
Talk on, my friends. If you do it the right way you will help greatly.
But if you can also act, by all means act first and talk afterward.
Great Responsibility of the High Sted |
for Many American Ideals
By AURELIA HENRY REINHART
President of Miils College, Oakland, Cal.
The high school is not yet crystallized. The length of its course is
still unsettled, varying from three to eight years. The number and kind
of its departments differ widely. Curricula vary largely. The require-
ments for graduation are changing. The high school is striving to meet
the most important demands today in modern public education. It is a
good thing that the high school is thus in a state of flux. It bodes well
for our future.
What, then, is the definite relation between this evolving institution
and the formulation and inculcation of American ideals in American
children in their teens? American high schools are using, more now
than ever, American content in literature and history. At the same time,
while we thus teach nationalism, we must maintain a proper perspective
by the study of the language, art and literature of other peoples. Mental
isolation is fatal. In the eighteenth century men generalizing broadly
vxpressed their ideals oratorically. Today, while in spirit we still cry,
“Give me liberty or give me death,” we express our ideals ever more
simply, soberly and concretely. We are the outcome of a noble past; we
come of a people of large ambitions and large opportunities, but toda
our life is becoming more intensive, and each one must do his part with
less waste and greater efficiency. Eternal vigilance for the preservation
of the large view and the wide perspective is necessary to preserve the
individual essential sanity of mind and nobleness of attitude toward life.
In all schools, in all variations of all schools, there are two stable
factors: first, the open-minded teacher, so truly patriotic that he needs
not talk about it and so patient that he strives ever to lift up the stu-
dent to the best American ideals; second, the oncoming generations that
are to be future American citizens. It is the chief business of the public
school to provide an atmosphere and environment in which the fine per-
sonality of the teacher may best develop an intelligent world-enlightened
patriotism in the minds of American youth.
Responsibility of Normal School for
Training Teachers for All Work
By G. W. NASH, Presidedt of Normal School, Bellingham, Wash.
What is the proper function of the state normal school? Granted
that its chief work is preparation of teachers for the elementary schools,
must its labors end there? Is there any good reason why an institution
maintained by the state for the sole purpose of preparing teachers should
regard itself subordinate to the colleges, that count teacher-training as
merely incidental to their larger work, or to the departments of education
that are usual’y despised—but tolerated—by the general faculties of the
I believe that the state normal school is peculiarly commissioned by
the commonwealth to prepare teachers for its schools. It is alleged that
universities and colleges have looked upon the state normal school with’
changing sensations—first with contempt, next with interest, and finally
“The normal school is becoming too popular, toc important,
is assuming rights and privileges sacred to the institutions higher up,”
In the face of dust
thrown up to blind the public, the state normal school must boldly take its
stand for educational leadership and maintain its right to train all kinds
declares the spokesman for college and university.
of teachers for the common schools.
3y making normal-school work severely practical and suited to the
needs of the public, we may eventually bring to the institution the com-
sy hich it is Til.
plete recognition to which 1t 1s entitled.
(Special Information Service, United States Department of Agriculture.)
MAKE THE MOST OF VEGETABLES
MAKING MOST OF
Families With Back-Yard Gar-
dens Will Need to Do Little
Buying in the Markets.
PRACTICAL HINTS ARE GIVEN
One of the Safest Rules for Keeping
Well Is to Eat Variety of Food—
Starch and Sugar Valuable
as Fuel Foods.
All over the country war gardens
nave been planted to raise food to
“help halt the Hun.” A
This summer milliens of cans of veg-
etables will be put up by canneries
and housewives for winter use, but
everyone should have a chance to eat |
the fresh vegetables while they are at!
their best. If you have more than
you can use now, sell them to your less
fortunate neighbor who has no garden.
What can’t be used fresh, can for
One of the safest rules for keeping
well is to eat a variety of food. Veg-
etables are a great help in giving va-
riety to your meals.
Eat vegetables every day; many are
mild laxatives and they are better than
Use many kinds and lots of them.
Let them take the place of part of the
meat and bread you are using today.
Don’t think that because vegetables
contain so much water they are not
good food. They are one of the most
valuable kinds of food we have. Veg-
etables have their own particular part
in the diet which neither meats nor
cereals nor fruits nor sweets can play.
Part That Vegetables Play.
They are appetizers. Their delicious
flavors stimulate digestion.
They furnish fuel and protein. Veg-
etables, such as sweet potatoes,
green lima beans, green corn, white
potatoes, green peas, onions, beéts,
carrots and squash contain enough
starch and sugar to make them valu-
able as fuel foods. Some of these are
protein foods, too.
They help prevent constipation.
The woody part of vegetables is val-
uable to give bulk to the food. For
very small children it should be re-
moved by rubbing the cooked vegeta-
ble through a sieve, but a grown per-
son of sound digestion needs some of
this woody portion. Don’t cut out all
the hard part from asparagus and such
foods. The mild acid in such vege-
tables as tomatoes has some laxative
Minerals Are Needed.
They furnish mineral matter. This
ts one of the most important parts
that vegetables play in the diet. With-
out small amounts of mineral salts no
part of the body can be built; they
are needed in nerves, brain, bone,
blood and muscles. Even after growth
these minerals must be furnished to
replace the parts of the body used up
by exercise. They have an important
part in keeping the different parts of
the body working smoothly. Eat a
variety of vegetables to furnish these
They furnish other important food
constituents about which we know
but little as yet. We do know, how-
ever, that these substances play an
important part in promoting growth in
the young and bodily well-being for
everyone through life.
Eat the green leaf vegetables, let-
tuce, cabbage, cauliflower, Swiss chard,
collards, Brussels sprouts, celery and
onions. They are especially rich in
these growth-promoting food constitu-
ents. Don’t throw away your beét tor B,
onion tops, turnip tops and
Serve them for greens.
A Back-Yard Garden Capable of Furnishing Practically the Entire Table Fare
for a Family.
: LIVE OUT OF GARDEN.
2 Live in the garden, if you like,
% but by all means live out of the
® Every time you take a meal
2 out of your own garden, you
%» save the equivalent in other
> foods to be used in winning the
> That is one side of it.
> Every time you take a meal
% out of your own garden you
: save money—good, hard money
eo that can be used for any one of
> a score of things that would
*% make the family more comforta-
2 ble—or for investment in Lib-
e erty bonds, Thrift stamps and
8 That's the other side.
¥» And the bedrock bottom of
2 it is that you have a better,
e more wholesome summer meal
= than if you had gone to market
¥» and bought a lot of meat and
® Make the most of the home
% garden. Study it.
3 Maybe you already know all
: of the delicious ways in which
® all sorts of garden truck can be
> prepared for the table.
> do, be a philanthropist.
If you 2
some of your knowledge to your e
neighbor. If you do not, get the ¥
information that the United <x
States Department ef agricul- 2
ture has gathered on that sub- e
ject and apply it. %
OXON NO rO rere TODO TOTO
Card for Your Kitchen.
The States Relations service of the
United States department of agricul-
ture has recently issued “A Guide in
Baking.” The whole thing is printed
on a card, ten by five and a half
inches, suitable to hang on the kitchen
wall. On it are the measurements of
flour. The weights and measures were
tested in the office of Home Economics.
The table, adhered to, will enable the
housewife to make good griddle cakes,
muffins, cakes, cookies, drop biscuits
and nut or raisin bread without using
any wheat flour.
Whatever recipes she has used suc-
cessfully with wheat flour, she may
continue to use successfully with sub-
stitutes for wheat flour. For instance,
the table shows that, if one cup of
wheat flour was used in a certain
recipe and it is desired to substitute
barley flour, one and three-eighths
cups will be necessary, while all the
other ingredients remain as in the old
recipe. A number of good combina-
tions are worked out. By mixing two
of the substitutes as indicated, the
housewife will get better results than
if she used one substitute. At the
bottom of the card are half a dozen
“cautions,” aids in baking with sub-
stitute flours that have been carefully
worked out by experts. A copy of the
card may be had from the States Re-
lations service, Department of agricul-
ture, Washington, D. C.
Planning the Kitchen.
In planning a new home or remod-
eling an old one it should always be
borne in mind that the placing of the
stove, sink and work table in such
a way as to secure the advantages of
a compact workshcp will save the
housekeeper many steps in the tasks
of the kitchen. Time and energy will
also be saved if the shelves, cup-
boards and drawers are located near
the place where the supplies or equip-
ment which they are to contain are
to be used, and they will be even more
convenient if they are so planned that
their contents may be easily and
quickly removed or replaced. In se-
lecting the equipment only that which
is most convenient and durable should
be purchased. As in any well-regu-
lated workshop, all the equipment nec-
essary for the convenience of the
worker should be supplied, but that
equipment should be installed first of
all which will be used most often.
- What do you suppose it is?”
GETS HER WISHES
By ELLA R. PEARCE.
All the preparations were completed
for Anna’s wedding; and Anna herself,
giving a lingering, wistful glance at
the outspread bridal finery in her pret-
ty room, turned to her mother with a
sigh of relief.
“Everything ready and ahead of
time. Aren't we wonderful, Mumsie?"
Then, suddenly ducking her head in
a comically childish way, she slipped
to the elder woman's side and wound
loving arms about her.
“So soon, dearest—so soon!” she
murmured, with a catch in her young
Mrs. Leeds gently stroked the shin-
ing head on her shoulder.
“Everything has gone splendidly,
Anna.” The mother spoke with prac-
tical crispness. She would not let her
own voice quaver. “And I suppose my
little girl is very happy now.”
Anna lifted her head and her eyes
“Not absolutely happy, Mumsie.”
She tapped off her words on upheld
fingers. “One, two, three—three things
more I need to make me absolutely
“Why, Anna!” Mrs.
anxious. “I can’t imagine what you
have in mind. What more could you
“There are three things,” repeated
Anna. “Firstly, I wlsh Van Tredwell
would fall in love with somebody else.”
“What's the second wish, Anna?”
“I wish Lois Mather was coming to
my wedding.” :
“Lois Mather?’ Mrs. Leeds looked
puzzled. “Why, I haven't heard you
speak of her lately.¥
“But I've thought a lot,” said Anna
“So you want Van Tredwell to for-
get you, and Lois Mather to forgive.”
“And come to my wedding,” inter-
rupted Anna lightly. “But of course
she won't. And there’s my third wish.
Mrs. Leeds shook her head.
“Well, I wish that someone will give
me a spinet desk for a wedding pres-
Then Mrs. Leeds laughed mirthfully.
“Anna! Anna! you are such a child.”
She sat long after her mother had
gone downstairs and thought over their
Anna was deeply in love with the
man she was to marry. But she could
not help remembering Van Tredwell’s
boyish attentions; his bashful gallan-
tries; his bitter disappointment at the
Then the boarding school friendship
with Lois Mather. Hew delightful and
satisfying that had been while it last-
ed. No girl since that time had ever
heen the understanding friend, the en-
tertaining companion Lois Mather had
Mrs. Leeds brought a letter to Anna’s
room in the sunset hour.
“A big box has come. Something
crated,” she informed her daughter.
“Shall I have Josh open it for you?”
“Yes. And I'll be right down.”
Anna was opening her letter with a
queer expression on her face. It was
from Lois Mather.
“I’ve heard of your coming marriage
and the news set me thinking of old
times, Anna, dear,” the letter ran.
“And it seemed to me you would like
to know of my new happiness, too. I
never had a friend like you, Anna.”
Anna winked back a ready tear.
“He’s a man from your own town—-
one of your neighbors. Isn't it strange?
But the moment Van Tredwell and I
met it was a case of love at sight.
You know how those things happen
sometimes. It was Van who told me
of vour engagement. Van can’t get
away just now, but I want to come to
your wedding, Anny, if you'd like me
“Oh!” cried Anna, dazed by the sud-
den surprise of the news. Van Tred-
well and Lois Mather! Met—engag-
ed—I.0is coming to her wedding! She
turned to the letter again.
“The present is Van's, but the idea
is mine,” were the next words she read.
“Men never know what to buy for
weddings. But I remember how fond
you were of old-fashioned things
“Mother,” called Anna excitedly over
the railing. “Is that big box open yet?
Is it from Van? Don’t tell me—I know
what it is before I see it.”
She hurried down the stairs, talking
breathlessly. “Mother, the strangest
thing has happened. Van’s in love with
the nicest girl ever. Lois Mather’s
coming to my wedding. And—she told
Van to send that—she always thought
of the right thing.”
“Yes. There's your spinet desk,”
nodded Mrs. Leeds.
For a moment Anna gazed at the
much desired new gift. Then, with,
Van Tredwell’s card in one hard and
Lois Mather’s letter in the other, her
head dropped to her mother’s shoul-
der and happy tears flowed. “Just to
prove how happy I am,” murmured
Dealers in Skirts.
President Neilson of Smith college,
whose humor is much enjoyed by the
young women of that institution, has
recently told of an amusing experience
which he had when returning home
“rom a speech-making trip. While in
the observation car he and a “drum-
mer’ were trying to pass away the
time with a chat. Just as the train
was nearing the president’s station,
the “drummer,” in a final burst of con-
fidence, said, “My line’s skirts; what’s
yours?’ As he picked up his luggage
and hurried out, Doctor Neilson called
back: “So’s mine.” |
EXPERTS TRIBUTE TO
WESTERN CANADA SOIL
That there is good reason for the
wonderful crops of grain grown im
Western Canada, which have made
thousands of former residents of the
United States wealthy, is not always
given the thought that it deserves is
quite apparent. But that there must
be a reason is quite evident. Proba-
bly more than one—but the one that
requires emphasis—is that the soil is
of the nature that will produce good
crops. It was not long since that the
farmer selected his land in the most
haphazard way. He need not do so
today. He will select it on the soil
analysis plan. Soil from Western
Canada was submitted to Prof. Siev-
ens, soil physicist of the State College
of Washington, at Pullman, Wash. His
report should no doubt further encour-
age settlement in Western Canada. It
reads as follows: .
“We have analyzed this sample and
find that it runs high in lime, very
high in potash, phosphorus and in ni-
trogen; that it has a splendid supply
of organic matter and is in the best
of physical condition. There is noth-
ing wrong with this soil from the
standpoint of crop production, and I
am satisfied that it will give splendid
results wherever put under -cultiva-
It is soil like this properly worked,
and on scientific lines, as is the
rule today, that gives the opportunity
to quote the experiences of farmers
who have increased their incomes
from $500 to $30,000 in two seasons,
and whose story would read as fol
“I have threshed altogether 7,000
bushels of No. 1 Northern wheat from
200 acres, which went from 24 to 58
per acre—sod breaking 24, spring
plowing 36, back setting 56 bushels—
the average being 35 bushels per acre.”
The newspaper giving an account of
this man’s experience says: “When he
disposed of his 1,600 acres from north
of Brooks, Alta, to four Oak Harbor
men, he was worth $30,000. Two years
ago he came here with $500 and a few
It is the soil of Western Canada,
and the knowledge of what it will da
that brings to Canada the hundreds ot
settlers that are daily arriving at the
border. A growing enthusiasm for the
fertile prairie lands of Western Can-
ada is spreading all over the continent.
This enthusiasm is the recognition of
the fact that sufficient food could be
produced on these prairie lands to
feed the world. From the south, east
and west, hundreds of men, too old for
military service, are pouring inte
Western Canada to take up land or
to work on the farms. A great many
of the incoming settlers have arrived
at such central points as Calgary, Ed-
monton, and Lethbridge, Alberta, and
at Regina, Moose Jaw, and Saskatoon,
Saskatchewan. Judging from the bulk
of their household effects, the number
of their horses and cattle, and the
quantity of implements they are bring-
ing with them, most of the new ar-
rivals also seem well blessed with the
Reports from North Portal, Sas-
katchewan ; Coutts, Alberta, and Kings-
gate, British Columbia—the principal
gateways into Western Canada from
the United States—indicate that the
present influx of farmers is in such
volume as has not been witnessed for
many years. From Vancouver, Brit-
ish Columbia, people are going to the
prairies for summer farm work, many
with the intention of taking up land
themselves at the end of the summer.
The influence of this tide of farmer
settlers on greater food production will
be more readily appreciated when it
is considered that the average settler
takes up at least twice as much land
as he has hitherto been farming—and
land which, acre for acre, produces bet-
ter and larger crops.—Advertisement.
A Camouflage Grace.
Little Harry (after eating his mea.
ger ration of bread and margarine)—
Must I say grace, mamma?
Mamma—Of course, darling.
Little Harry—Well, you said God
could read our thoughts, and if I say
I'm thankful he'll know jolly well
what a 'bominable little liar I am!”
Lives 200 Years!
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