North Branch democrat. (Tunkhannock, Pa.) 1854-1867, December 13, 1865, Image 3

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

    Cite Democrat
Wednesday, Dec. 13, 1865.
JTgrWe, this week, present the Democrat
to its readers, dressed in a new suit ot clear
readable type. That on which we have
printed onr paper for the past lour and a
half years, had come to be considerably the
'worse for wear" ; so that with* our best et
lorts and under the most favorable circum
stances —all printers at least uuderstand
Cinunistances " —our paper lacked that
n iatness and clearness in type which we de
sired. In short;new type was necessary.
We procured it. The improved appear
ance of our paper speaks for itself.
There is one thing further \ve_desire the
types to say. It is, that type, paper, ink,
and labor in these times, are all very ex
pensive articles. And in order that a pa
per may live, move, and have a being, its
friends must pay up their subscriptions
promptly. Ready pay is the very life
blood of every paper. We hope to receive
such ,encouragement from our friends as
will enable us, at the close of the present
volume, to considerably enlarge our paper.
Besides furnishing new type to the paper,
we have recently made large additions to
the job type of our office. We have in
curred debt- for these improvements whicn
must be paid. Will our friends aid us in this,
bv sending in their job work, Adver
tising and Subscriptions? At least will
thev pay us what they owe us?
Congress—Formal Introduction of Sambo
Congress convened on Monday 4th.
None of the Southern members were ad
mitted, i.ot even "loyal" Maynard of Tennes
see, the home of the President; all were
excluded aod debate chopped off with a vim
that shows clearly that the original seces
sionists—the descendants of the Hartford
Blue L'ghts—are determined to prevent
a union, ifpossible.
The orguiztlion was effected by the
elections of the old officers. This done
wa> next introduced iu the Senate
by Ben. Wade,in a bill eonfeiring upon him
the right of suffrage in the District of Co
iqmbia.—Mr Sumner introduced —
"A bill toy reserve the right of triftl by jury, which
provides that grand juries shall consist one halt of
persons of African descent in sections were one sixth
of the population are Africans, and the same proyior
tiun in petit juries, where the matter tried relates
i any injuries inflicted by a person of African de
cent "upon a person net of such descent, or vice ver
for race is made ground
The bill was ordered to be printed
Sumner introduced the follow ing form of an
'I do hereby swear that I will at alltimes hereafter use
my best endeavors to maintain a republican form of
government in the State of which I am an inhabi.
tant and in the Union of the United States ; that I
wiil tit all times recognize the indissoluble unity of
the republic, an I will always discountenance and re
slst any endeavor to break away or secedo from they
Union ; that 1 will give my influence and vote at ol
times to sustain the national credit; thai I will al
ways discountenance and ies : st any attempt, direct
ly or indirectly, to rcym liute or postpone, either in
any part or ip any way, the debt which w.ia contract
ed bp the United States in subduing the rebellion,
or the obligations assumed to the I nion
that I will always discountenance and lesist an V lvws
making any distinction of color or race, and that in
all ways 1 will strive to maintain a State Govern
ment completely loyal to the Union, where all men
shall enjoy equal protection and equal rights."
The bill was ordered to be} pi inted.
Suinner also offered a bill to enforce the
constitutional amendment, and another to
confer the right of suffrage on negroes in
ThaJ, Stevens, in the House, offered
the following joint resolution :
That a joint committee of fifteen shall be appoint
ed nine of whom shall be members of the House and
stx of the Senate,who shall inquire iuto the conditions
of the States which formed the so called Confederate
States of America, and report whether they or auy
of them are entitled to he represented iu either
Hou.-e • f Congress, with leave to report at any time
by bill or otherwise, and until such report shall have
been made and finally acted upon by Congress, no
member shall be received in either House from any
< f the said so-called Confederate States ; and all pa
ir- r. latimj to the representatives of the said fetates
shall 1 e referred to the committee without debato.
fl 11 Kfllev of Philadelphia, also intro
duced his friend and associate, Sambo, to
the IJouse.
TIIE LADY'S FRIEND —The publisher of
this beautiful magazine Lave issued a mag
nificent number for January. The steel en
graving. "THE FOUR EST GLEANER, "is a.
perfect gem of beauty. We do not know
where the publishers of the Lady's Friend
0.-t such beautiful designs for their engrav
ing-. Then we have a gorgeous colored
CHENILLE OX VELVET," which the ladies
say is magnificent. The LARGE DOUBLE
al superb—we bad almost said unequalled
Another engraving, called "Stephen Whar
ton's Will," which illustrated & fine story,
is very suggestive. Then we have a beau
tiful plate of Children skating, intended to
illustrate the winter styles of children's
clothing; with numerous other plates il
lustrating Hair Nets, Winter Dresses, Bor
ders for Jackets, various new styles of Bon
nets, Winter Casaques, Paletots, Jackets
Embroidery, Chemises, Night Dress, An
cient Head Dresses, Patchwork, &c. &c.
Address Deacon & Peterson, 319 Wal
nut Street, Philadelphia.
Fslloic- Citizens of th*Senate and House of
To express gratitude to God, in the name <
of the People, for the preservation of tire j
United States is my first duty in addresing i
you. Our thoughts next revert to the- death
of the late President by an act of parrici
dal treason. The grief of the nation is still
fresh ; it finds some solace in the consider
ation that he lived to enjoy the highest
proof of its confidence by entering on the
renewed term of the Chief Magistracy, to
which he had been elected ; that he brought
the civil war substantially to a close; that
his loss was deplored in all parts ot the
Union ; and that foreign nations have ren
dered justice to his memory. Ilia removal
has cast upon me a heavier weight of cares
than ever devolved upon any one of his
predecessors. To fulfil my trust I need
the support and confidence of all who are
associated with me in the various depart
ments of Government, and the support and
confidence of the people. T here is but
one way in which I can hope to gain their
necessarv aid, it is to state with frankness
the principles which guide my conduct,
and their application to the present state of
affairs, well aware that the efficiency
of my labors will, in a great measure,
depend on your and their undivided ap
The Union of the United States of Amer
ica was intended by its authors to last as
long as the States themselves shall last.—
the words of the Confederation. "To FORM
A MORE PERFECT UNION." by an ordinance
of the people of the I nited States,is the de
clared pu r posc of the Constitution. The
hand Divine Providence was never more
plainly visible in the affairs of men than in
the framing and the adopting of that instru
ment. It is beyond comparison, the great
est event in American history ; and indeed
is it not of all events in modern times the
most pregnant with consequences for even
people of the earth ? The members of the
Convention which prepared it, brought to
their work the experience of the confedera
tion. of their several States, and of other
Republican Governments, old and new; but
thev needed and obtained a wisdom superi
or to experience. And when for this val
idity it required the approval of a people
that occupied a large part of a continent
and acted separately in many district con
ventions what is more wonderful than that
after earnest contention and long discussion
all feelings and all opinions were ultimately
drawn in one way to its support ?
The Constitution to which life was thus
imparted contains within itself ample re
sources for its own preservation. It has
power to crffirce the laws, punish treason
rid ensmo domestic tranquility. In case
o( the usurpation of the Government of a
State bv one man, or an oligarchy, it be-,
comes a dutv of the United States to make
<rood the guarantee to that State of a re
publican form of government and so to
maintain the homogeneous oi all. Does the
loss of time reveal defects ? A simpie .Tode'
of amendment is provided in the constitu
tion itself, so that its conditions can always
be made to conform to the requirements of
advanc ng civilization. No room is allow
ed even for the thought of a possibility of
11.. an end. And these powers
of self preservation have been in
serted in their complete integrity by every
patriotic Chief Magistrate—by Jefferson
and Jackson, not less than by Washington
and Madison. The parting advice of the
Father of his Country while yet President,
to the people of the United States, was
that "the free Constitution, which was the
work of their hands, might be sacredly
maintained and the inaugural words ot
President Jefferson held up "the preserva
tion of the General Government, in its con
stitutional vigor, as the sheet anchor of our
peace at home and safety abroad." The
Constitution is the woik of "the people of
the United States," and it should be as in
destructible as the people.
It is not stiange that the framers of the
Constitution, which had no model in the
past, should not have fully comprehended
the excellence of their own work. Fresh
from the struggle against arbitrary power,
many patriots suffered from harassing fears
of all absorption of the State Governments
by the General Government. And many
from a dread that the States would break
from their orbits. But the very greatness
of our country should allay apprehension
of encroachments by the General Govern
ment The subjects that come unquestion
ably within its jurisdiction are so numerous
that it must ever naturally refuse to be em
barrassed by questions that lie beyond it.
Were it otherwise the Executive would
sink beneath the burden ; the chanuels of
justice would be choked —legislation would
be obstructed by excess ; so that there is
greater temptation to exercise some of the
functions of the General Government
through the States than to trespass on their
rightful sphere. "The absolute acquies
cence in the Jecisions of the majority"' was,
at the beginning of this century enforced
by Jefferson "as the vital principle of re
publics," and the events of the last four
years have established,we will hope forever,
that there lies no appeal to force.
The maintenance of the Union brings
with it "the support, of the State Govern
ments in all their rights ; but it is not the
rights ot any State Government to renounce
its own place in the Union, or to nullify
the laws of the Union. The largest liber
ty is to be maintained in the discussion of
the acts of the Federal Government ; but
there is no appeal from its laws, except to
the various branches of that Government
itself, or t<! the people, who grant to the
members of the Legislative and Execotive-
Departments, no tenure but a limited one,
and in that manner always retain the pow
ors of red ress.
"The sovereignty of the States is the
language of the Confederacy, and not the
language of the Constitution. The latter
contnins the emphatic words : "The Con
s'itufion, and the laws of the United States
which shall l>e made in pursuance thereof,
aud all treaties made or which shall le
made under the authority of the United
States, shall be the supreme law of the
land ; and the judges in every State shall
be bonnd thereby, anything in the Con
stitution or Laws of any State to the con
trary notwithstanding.
Certainly the government of the United !
States is a limited Government; and so is
every State Government a limited Govern
ment. With us, this idea of limitation
spreads through every form of administra
tion General, State, and municipal, and
rests on the great distinguishing principle
of the recognition of the right of man
The ancient republics absorbed the indi
vidual in the State prescribed his religion
and controlled his activity. The American
system rests on the assertion on the equal
rio-ht of every man to life, liberty and the
pursuit of happiness ; to freedom of con
science, to the culture and exercise of all
his faculties. As a consequence, the State
Government is limited, as to the General
; Government in the interest of Union, as to
' the individual citizen in the interest of
States with proper limitations of power
are essential to the existence of the Con
stitution ofthe L nited States. At the very
commencement, when we assumed a place
among the Powers of the earth, the Decla
ration of Independence was adopted by
by States ; so also were the Articles of
Confederation ; and when, "the people of
the Uni'cd States" ordained and establish
ed the Constitution, it was the assnct of the
States, one by which gave it vitality. In
the event, too, of any amendment to the
Constitution, the proposition of Congress
needs the confirmation of States. With
out States, one branch of the legislative
government would he wanting. And, if
we look beyond the letter of the Constitu
tion to the character of our country, its ca
pacity for comprehending within its capac
ity forcomprehending within its jurisdiction
a vast continental, empire is due 4o the
system of the States. The best security
for the perpetual existence of the States is
the "supreme authority" ofthe Constitution
ofthe United States. —The perpetuity of
the Constitution brings with it the perpet
uity ofthe States; their mutual relations
makes us what we are, and in our political
system their connection is indissoluable.
The whole cannot exist without the parts,
nor the. parts without the whole. So long
rs the Constitution of the U. States endures,
the States will endure; the destruction
of the one is the destruction of the other;
the preservation of the one is the preserva
tion of tho other.
1 have thus explained my view of the mu
tual relations of the Constitution and the
States, because they unfold the principles
on which 1 have sought to solve the nume
rous questions and overcome appalling diffi
culties that inet me at the very commence
ment of my administration. It has been
mv steadfast object to escape from the
sway of momentary passions and to derive
a healing policy from the fundamental and
unchangeable principles of the Consti
tution .
1 found the States suffering from the ef
fects of a civil war. Resistance to the Gen
eral Government appeared to have exhaus
ted itself. The United States had recover.
ef possession of their forts and arsenals ;
and their armies were in occupation of eve
,-* * St ite that attempted to secede. VY hetli
er the territory within the limits of those
States should be held as conquered territory,
under miilitary authority emiuating from
the President as the head of the army was
the first question that presented itself for
Now, Military government?, established
for an indefinite period, would have offer
ed no security for the early suppression of
discontent; would have divided the people
vanquishers and vanquished, and would
have envenomed hatred rather than re
stored affection. Once established, no pre
cise limits to theirs was conceivable. They
would have occasioned an incalcuablc and
exhausting expense. Peaceful emigration
to and from that portion of the country is
one of the best means that can be thought
of for the restoration of harmony, and that
emigration would have been prevented; for
what emigrant abrotld, what industrious
citizen at home, would place L'imselt under
miilitary rule? 'ldle cheif persons who
would have followed in the train of the ar
my would have been dependents oti the
General Governments, or men who expect
ed profit from the miseries of their erring
fellow-citizens. The powers of patronage
and rule which have been exercised, under
the President, over a vast, aud populous,
and naturally wealthy region, are greater
than,- unless under extreme necessity, I
should be willing to entrust to any one man ;
they are such a?, for myself, I could never,
unless on any occasions of great emergency
consent to exercise. The willful use of
such powers, if continued through a period
of years, would have endangered the puri
ty of tha general administration and the
liberties of the States which remained loy
Besides, the policy of military rule
over a conquered territory would have im
plied that the sta es whose inhabitants may
have taken part in the rebellion had,by the
act of those inhabitants ceased to exist.
But the true theories ,that all pretended acts
of secession were from the beginning, null
and void. The States cannot commit trea
son, nor screen the individual citizen who
may have committed treason, any more
than they can make valid treaties or they
can engage in lawful commerce with any
Foreign Power. The States attempting
to secede placed themselves in a condition
where their vitality was impaired, but not
extinguished—their functions suspended
but not destroyed.
But if any State neglects to refuses to
perform its offices, there is the more need
that the General Government should main
tain all its authority and, as soon as prac
ticable, resume the exercise of all its t'unc
tious. On this principle I have acted, and
have gradually and quietlv, and by almost
imperceptible steps, sought to restore the
rightful energy of the General Govern
ment-and of the States. To that end, Pr
ovisional Governors have been appointed
for the States, Conventions called, Gover
nors elected, Legislatures assembled,and Sen
ators and Representatives chosen to the
Congress of the United States. At the
same time, the Courts of tbo.United States,
as far as could bo done, have been rc-open-
Ed, so that the laws of the United States
may be enforced through their agency.—
The blockade has been removed and the
custom houses re-established in ports of en
try, so that the revenue of the United
States may be collected. The Post Office
Department renews its ceaseless activity,
and the General Government is therebv
enabled to communicate promptly with its
officers and agents. The Courts bring se
curity to persons and property ; the open
ing of the ports invites the restoration of
industry and commerce ; the post office re
news the facilities of social intercourse and
of business. And is it not happy for us
all, that the restoration of each one of
these functions of the General Government
brings with it a blessing to the States over
which they are extended ? Is it not a
sure promise of harmony and renewed at
tachment to the L nion that, after all that
has happened, the return of the General
Government is known only as a benefac
tor ?
I know very well that this policy is at
tended with some risk; that for its suc
cess it requires at least the acquiescence of
the States which it concerns ; that implies
an invitation to those States, by renewing
their allcgianea to the United States, to re
sume their functions as States of the I. nion.
Put it is a risk that must be taken ; in the
choice of difficulties, it is the smallest risk ;
and to diminish, and if possible, to remove
all danger, 1 have felt it incumbent on me
to assert one other power of the Govern
ment —the power of pardon. As no State
can throw a defense over the crime of trea
son, the power of pardon is exclusively
vested in the Executive Government of
the United States. In exercising that pow
er, I have taken every precaution to con
nect it with the clearest recognition of the
binding force of the laws of the I niteu
States,and an unqualified acknowledgement
of the great social change of condition in
regard to slavery which has grown out of
the war.
The next which I have taken to restore
the constitutional relations of the States,
has been an invitation to them to partici
pate in the high office of amending the
Constitution. Every patriot must wish for
a general amnesty at the earliest epoch con
sistent with public safety. For this, the
great end there is need of a concurrence of
all opinions and the spirit of mutual concil
ation. All parties in the late terrible con
flict, must work together in harmony. It
is not to much to ask in the name of the
whole people,that, on the one side, the
plan of restoration shall proceed in con
formity with a willingness to cast the dis
orders of the past into oblivion ; and that,
on the other the evideuce of sincerity in
the future maintainance of the Union shall
be put beyond doubt by the ratification of
the proposed amendment to the Constitu
tion , which provides for the abolition of
Slavery forever within the limits of our
country. So long as the adoption of this
amendment is delayed, so long will doubt,
and jealousy and uncertainty prevail.
This is the measure which will efface the
sad memory of the past; this is the meas
ure which wiil most certainly call popula
tion, and capitol and security to those parts
ofthe Union that need them most. In
deed, it is not to much to ak of the States
that are now resuming their places in the
family of the Union to give this pledge
of perpetual loyalty and peace. Until it
is done.the past, however much we may de
sire it, will not be forgotten. The adoption
of the amendment reunites us beyond all
power of disruption. It heals the wound
that is still imperfectly closed; it removes
slavery, the element which has so long per
plexed and divided the country, it makes of
us once more a united people, renewed and
strengthr ned,bound more than ever to mutu
al affection and support.
The amendment to the Constitution be
ing adopted, it would remain for the States 4
whose powers have been so long in obey
bnce. to resume their places in the two
ranches of the National Legislature, and
thereby complete the work of restoration.
Here it is for you, fellow-citizens of the
House of Representatives, to judge, each
of for yourselves, of the elections, returns
and qualifications of your own members.
The full assertion of the powers of the
General Government requires the holding
of Circuit Courts of the United States with
in the districts where their authority has
been interrupted. In the present posture
of our ouMic affairs, strong objection sliave
been urged to folding those Courts in any
of the States where the rebellion has exist
ed ; and it was ascertained, by inquiry,
that the Circuit Court of the United States
would not be held within the District of
Virginii during the autumn or early win
ter, hor until Congress should have "an op
portunity to consider and act on the whole
subject." To your deliberations the res
toration of this branch of the civil authority
of the United States is therefore necessari
ly referred, with the hope that early pro
vision will be made for the resumption
of all its functions. It is manifest that
treason, most flagrant in character, has been
committed. Persons who are charged with
its commission should havs fair and impar
tial trials in the highest civil tribunals of
the country, in order that the Constitution
and the laws may be fully vindicated; the
truth clearly established and affirmed that
treason is a crime, that traitors should be
punished, and the offence made infamous;
and, at the same time, that the question
may be judiciously settled, finally and for
ever, that no State of its own will have the
right to renounce its place in the Union.
The relations of the General Government
towards the four millions of inhabitants
whom the war iias called into freedom,have
engaged my most serious consideration. On
the propriety of attempting 10 make the
freedom electors by the proclamation of the
Executive, I took for my counsel the Con
stitution itself, the interpretations of that
instrument by its authors and their contem
poraries, end recent legislation by Congress.
When, at the first movements towards inde
pendence,the Congress of the United States
instructed the several States to institute
governments of their owu, they left each
State to decide for itself the conditions for
the enjoyment of the elective franchise. Du
ring the period of the Confederacy, there
continued to exist a very gre at diversity in
the qualifications of electors in the several
States; and even within a State a distinc
tion of qualifications prevailed with regard
to the officers who were to be chosen. The
Constitution of the United States recogni
zes those diversities when it enjoins that,
in the choice of members of the House of
Representatives of the United State?, "the
electors in each State shall have the quali ,
fication requ site for the electors of the most
numerous branch of the State Legislature.'
After the formation of the Constitution, it
remained, as before, the uniform usage for
each State to enlarge the body of its electors
according to its own judgment and, under J
his system, one State after another has pro- j
cecded to increase the number of its electors ,
until now universal suffrage, or something
very near it, is the general rule. So fixed
was this reservation of power in the habits
of the people, and so unquestioned has been
the interpretation of the Constitution, that:
during the vivid war the late President nev
er harbored the purpose—certainly never
avowed the purpose—of disregarding it;
and in the acts ol Congress, that
period, nothing canbe found which, during
the continuance of hostilities, much-less ut
ter their elose, would have sanctioned any
departure by the Executive from a policy
which has so uuifomly obtained. Moreover,
a concession.ot the elective franchise to the
freedmen by act ofthe President ot the I. ni
ted States, must have been extended to all
colored men, wherever fouud, and so must
have established a change ot suffrage in
the Northern, Middle and Western States,
not less than in tho Southern and South
western. Such an act would have created
a new class of voter, and would have been
! an assumption of power by the President
S which nothing in the Constitution or laws
ofthe United States would have warrant
On the other hand, every danger of con- j
flict is avoided when the settlement of the ,
question is referred to the several States. — j
They can, each for itself, decide cn tiic
' measure, and whether it is to be adopted at
once and absolutely, or introduced gradual
ly and with conditions. In my judgment
the freedmen, if they show patience and
manly virtues, will sooner obrain a partic
i ipation in the elective franchise through
! the States than through the General Gov
| ernment, even if it had the power to intcr-
I vene. When the tumult or emotions that
have been raised bv the suddenness of the
social change shall have subsided, it may
prove that they will recivee the kindilest
usage from some of those on whom they
have hithertofure most closely depend
' Through what alternate wastes of woe
And flowers of joy iny path may go ,
llow many a sheltered ealui retreat
May woo the while my weary feet,
While still pursuing, still unbl eis'd
I wander on. nor'dare to rest."
Did you ever do what
you supposed to be a laudable act for the
sole purpose of gaining the approval of
your fellow men? —It maybe that you have
|as I understand the time that when you
were neither a politician or an editor. If
so, and when you expected to meet an ap
proving smile in return for your pains.yon
have met with frowns and reproaches in
stead, then you can perhaps form a faint
idea of my present situation. For I have
found to my sorrow that the people of
Forkston—the place of my last writing—
are like the man we have read of, who
found a l uge ingot of gold to large tor him
to manage alone, and rather than share it
with others, watched his useless treasure
until he died with hunger. Instead of giv
ing me the thanks that were really due me
for making the discovery of their hidden
treasures known to the world, they heap
curses upon my ancient and venerable head,
for inviting, as they say, to their midst a
swarm of greedy speculators to deface the
beauties of nature aud to corrupt the morals
cf their people. Loud were the anathe
mas, and bitter the curses uttered against
the sneaking old Iseralite, arid well it was
for my Abrahainic brethcren that none of
them wandered in that direciton. With
feelings of pity for thejungratefu! gentiles, I
s liook the dust from my feet and turned my
back upon the gates of their city.
Wo unto ye gentiles, think not thus to
escape a lull retribution for the tme shall
come when tliou will be overrun with op
erators, and greenbacks in great profusion
shall be showered upon you.
To their fate I left them, and renewed my
wanderings along the classic banks of the
Mehoopany. At length being somewhat
wearied and feeling in a mood for contem
plating the scenes around me, I seated up
on an inviting spot, and watched the bury
ing waters as they rushed by on their cease
less journey. I had bee* thus employed
but a short time when looking up I saw a
man approaching, seated upon a wagon pro
ceeded by a cigar, and followed by a huge
load of the fruits of the slaughter ; the
smoke from his cigar, which floated around
his head, hid his lace from my view until
he came very near, when to iny great joy
I discovered him to be, an old freind and
fellow Iseralite, who kindly offered me a seat
by his side to help me along on my jour
ney. 1 was much interesed in his constant
talking ; but my admiration for the noble
spirt of tho man knew no bounds when he
informed me that he was traveling over the
country for the philanthropic purpose of
ridding the people of their commodities
and paying them in return much more
than he could expect to realize for them
himself : truly we were fellow sufferers, for
his good intentions are no more appreciat
ed by the people than are my own.
Local and Personal.
Explanatio.The date on the tinted address
label attached to this paper, shows the time to which,
as appears on our books, the paper has been paid
for. Every subscriber should take an occasional
look at it.
R. E. Baker—everybody knows Baker, the
boot and shoo maker—has removed his shop to
rooms over Wheelocks Store. '• hose wishing any
thißg in his line ..ill find bim prepared to attend to
thcui on short notice and upon reasonable terms.—
Look out for his advertisement next week.
The Play BHls announce a Dramatic Enter
tainment at the Court House to-morrow, Thursday
evening Our town is celebrated for giving good
bouses to exhibitions of all kinds. Many of them,
we are sorry to say, of questionable utility and mor
ality. we hope it will show its discrimination in
this regard; by patronizing what is really useful ani
agreeable. Great pains h#ve been taken by our
young friends to furnish an entertainment attractive,
rational, and at the same time strictly moral in its'
Lets encourage them by giving them " a rousing
Oueot ttie Humanitarian Movements of
our Times although little known as such, ean
hardly be ovet-estimated in its importance upon the
well-being of our widely scattered communities. —
The population of the American Statesjs in many
sections so sparse, that ski.iful physicians are hardly
available to them. Vast numbers of our people,
are obliged to employ in sickness, such medical
relief as they can bear of from each other, or indeed
any they cau get from any quarter. Hence arises
the great consumption of Patent Medicines among
us, greater by far than in any of the old countries,
where skillful physicians are accessible to all classes
Unprincipled men have long availed themselves of
this necessity. 10 palm off their worthless nostrums
nntil the word has become synonymous with imposi
tion and cheat. One of our leading Chemists in the
E; st, DR, AVER, is pursuing a course which defeats
this iniquity. lie brings not only his own. but the
best skill of our times to bear, for the production of
the best remedies which can be made. These are
supplies to the world, in a convenient form, at low
price, and the people will no more buy poor inedi
cines instead of good, at the same cost, than they
will bran instead ol fl ur. The inevitable conse
quence of this is, that the vile compounds that flood
cur country are discarded for those which honestly,
accomplish the end in view,—which cure. Do we
over-estimate its itnpmtance, in believing that this
prospect of supplanting the by-word medicines, witl*
those of actual worth and virtue, is fraught with
immense consequence for good, to the masses of qor
people.— Gazette .and Chronicle, Peru, la.
"If there's a hole in ai your coats
I rede ye tent it.
A chiels amang you taking notes,
And, laith, he'! prent it,
13T Thanksgiving day—a day of fasting and
prayer —a day of drunkenness and rioting.
A day appointed to be speut in prayerful thank
fulness for the bounty and mercy of the Creator —
a day passed in fighting, drinking, and blasphemy.
Religious services were held in the Presbyterian
Church in the morning, at which the congregation
were treated to a sermon made up in part of reli
gious matter, personal explanations, and a dash of
the everlasting nigger
In the afternoon a couple of woulJ-Le "bloods,"
but who possess neither brains or money enough to
succeed, regaled themselves by pulling each others
hair a little, L'ut it was like the parties a small
potato affair.
Shortly after, a strapping, load-mouthed disciple
of :st. Crispin h d his posterior kicked for some of
his insolence, by a little hopo-my-thumb fellow,
whom we should have thought would need a step
ladder to have reached him. He also, had his face
slapped in the evening, for imposing up in a mild
mannered drunken man. The poor spirited "cass* 1
took it all vith the utmost meekness,
In the evening a ' hup" came off at Wall's Hall,
in which the "beauty and the chivalry" participated.
It ik customary for veracious reporters to describe
the toilets of the ladies, and comment upon thei*,
in such cases, bat in the slight "peep through thw
windows" that we took, we did not seo any that
were really worthy of giing into ccstacies over, some
few of the gentle mens' feet were somewhat disposed
to tangle np; acd the hero of last weeks love ad
venture, rendered h'.t:ielf considerably disagreeable
towards the close ; hut on the whole it passed off
quite pleasantly.
Friday evening a little fracas occurred be
tween a blow-hard by the name of and
the Chief of Police, in which victory perched upon
the standard of the gallant chief.
A number of other little incidents occurred, but
wo will close the record this week.
J jgf" "Bring me another horse !" I am thy fathers
ghost! "Go'way from mo child!" First appear
ance of the Tuakhannock Thespian Association. —
Stupendous attractions / Grant combination of tal
ent! Debut of 16 brilliant performers/ Wallack,
Davenport, Owen, Emma Waller, Adah Isaacs lien
ken, hide your diminished heads ! Your days are
past. No more will your names be the best carets
in the pack of theatrical management. The "Tunk
hannoek Thespian." or as a lady is emulation of
Mrs. Partington called it, "Erysipelas Association,"
are about t<* burst.with unparalleled brilliancy up m
the theatrical world. Xext Thursiay evening is the
time appointed for this grand jerformanee. Twen
ty-five cents admission. Xo dead heads. No half
price. Children at tho breast, ono dollar; —unless
they take scats with the Orchestra.
STEMPLES— PACE-The 10th inst-,by Rev. C- R
Lane, Mr. Jacob Stemples and Miss Catherine
daughter tf Mr. Michael Pace, all of Tunkhaa
nock Township.
The Best of the Monthlies—devoted to Fashion,
and Pure Literature. 82.50 a year : Two copies 84 :
Eight (and ono eraiif) 816 WHEELER .1 WIL
SON'S SEWING MACHINES given as Premiums,
Send 15 rents for a sample copy to DEACON & PE-,
TERSON, 519 Walnut St., Philadelphia
S ingle numbers for sale bv the News Dealers.
Is hereby given to the Stockholders of the Wyo
ming National Bank. That an Election will be
held at'he Banking hou<c in the Bopugh of Tunk
hnnnock, on Tuesday the 9th day of January lSgg,
between tho hours of 10 o'clock A. M and 4 o'clock
P. M. for the purpose of Electing a board of directors
for the ensuing year. _ ..
Auditor's Notice,
The undersigned having been appointed by the
Court of Common Pleas of Wyoming County, an
auditor to distribute the money raised bv the Sher
iffs Sale of the Real Estate of Nelson W French,
will attend to tho duties of his nppomtment at his
office in the Borough of Tunkhannock, on Thursday
the 11th day of January 13g6, at 1 P. M. of said
day nt which time and place all persons are requir
ed to present their claims or be debarred from oo
iue in upon said funds. ...
8 WM. M PIATT Auditor.
Tunkhannock Dec. 12, 1865.