Newspaper Page Text
Of the Democratic State Convention, hold at Harris
burg, July 4, 1862.
WHEREAS, The American Constitution was or
dained and established by our fathers, in order to
form a more perfect Union, establish justice, ensure
domestic tranquility, provide for the common defence,
promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings
of liberty to posterity ; therefore,
Ist, RESOLVED, Thai the only object of the Dem
ocratic party is the restoration of the Union as it
teas, the preservation of the Constitution as it is.
2d. RESOLVED, That to the end that ike Union
be restored, and the Constitution and Laws enforced
throughout its whole extent, we pledge our hearty
and unqualified support to'the Federal Government
in the energetic prosecution of the existing war.
'id. RESOLVED, That the true and oidy object of
the war is to restore the Union and enforce the laws.
Such O'purpose alone is worthy the awful sacrifice
■which it costs us of life and of treasure; loith such
a purpose alone can we hope for success And those
who from sectional feeling or party or private mo
tives would give any other direction to the efforts of
our armies are unjust and unworthy to be entrusted
with power, and would cause all oar exertions, ex
traordinary and unparalleled us they are, to prose
futile in the end.
4th. RESOLVED, That we justly view with alarm
the reckless extravagance which pervades soire of the
departments of the Federal Government, and that a
return to rigid economy and accountability is indis
pensable to arrest the systematic plunder of the pub
lic treasury byfavored parti2ans, and that in view
of the recent startling developments of frauds and
corruptions at the Federal metropolis and through
out the country that we hold an entire change of ad
ministration to be imperatively demanded.
sth. RESOLVED, That the party fanaticism or
crime, whichever it may be called, that seeks lo turn
the slaves of Southern States loose to overrun the
North and enter into competition icilh the white la
boring masses, thus degrading and insulting their
manhood, by placing them on an equality with ne
groes in their occupation, is insulting to our race,
and merits our most emphatic and unqualified con
6th. RESOLVED, That we denounce Northern Ab
olitionism and Southern Secession as the co-operat
ing sources of our present calamities—alike treason
able to the Constitution and inimicablcto the Union.
The only way to a restored Union and a respected .
Constitution with returning peace and prosperity
is through the overthrow of both.
7th. RESOLVED, That the Democracy of Pennsyl
vania is equally opposed to all sectional legislation
and geographical parlies, which base their hope for
continued partisan success on the agrarianism of
emancipation and hypercritical phiianlhrojry-abo
.ition : because neither is known to the Constitution,
and both are intended to aid disunion and subvert
the Constituiion, and to prevent the restoration,
unity, peace and concord among Stales and people.
Bth." RESOLVED, Th it the Constitution and the I
laws are sufficient for any emergency, and that the
suppression of the freedom of speech and of the press,
ana the unlawful arrest of citizens, and the suspen
sion of the writ of habeas corpus in violation of the
Constitution in Stateswhere the civil authorities are
unimpeded, is most dangerous to civil liberty, and
should be resisted at the ballot-box by every freeman
in the land.
Bth. RESOLVED, That this is a Government of
white men, and was established exclusively for the
white race; that the negro race are not entitled to
and ought not to be admitted to political or social
•quality with the white race, but that it is our duty
to treat them with kindness and consideration, as an
inferior and dependent race; that the right of the
several Slates to determine the position and duties of
the race is a sovereign right, and the pledges of the
Constitution requires us, as loyal citizens, not to in
T 10/A. RESOLVED, That Congress has no power to
deprive any person of his property for any criminal
offence, unless that person has been first duly convic
ted of the offence by the verdict of a jury ; and that
all acts of Congress like those lately passed by the
House of Representatives, which assume to Jorfeit or
confiscate the estates of men for offences of which
they have not been convicted upon due trial by jury,
are unconctitutional, and lead lo oppression and ty
ranny. It is no justification for such acts that the
crimes committed in the prosecution of the rebellion
ore of unexampled atrocity; nor is there any such
justification as State necessity known to our Govern
ment or lawB.
LLDT. RESOLVED, That the Constitution and Un
ion and the Laws must be preserved and maintained
in all their proper and rightful supremacy, and that
the rebellion now in arms against them must be sup
pressed and put down, and that it is our duty to use
ail constitutional measures necessary and proper to
1 2th. RESOLVED, Thai the soldiers composing our
armies merit the warmest thanks of the nation
Their country called, and nobly did they respond
Living, they shall know a nation's gratitude ; wound
ed, a nation'scare, and dying, they shall live in our
memories, and monuments shall he raised to teach
posterity to honor the patrio's and heroes who offered
their lives at their country's altar. Their widows
and orphans shall be adopted by the nation, to be
watched over, and cared fur as the objects truly
worthy, a nation's guardianship.
H E S OL.UTIONS
Adopted at the late Democratic County Convention,
held at Tunkhannock-
IF. RESOLVED, That we unanimously endorse the
Resolutions of the Democratic State Convention held
at Harrisburg on the 4th of July last.
2d. RESOLVED, That the "unnecessary and injur
ious civil war," that is now desolating the country and
threatening the permanency of our government ceased
to be a political question from the time that Congress
Ttfused lo adopt any measures of honorable corn pro
mise of the difficulties that had grown out of North
ern and Southern sectionalism, and the consequent
commencement of hostilities in the bombardment of
Fort Sumter—that from that time there has been but
one proper mode of dealing with the question, name
ly, by keeping it distinct and separate, from politics,
to unite the whole North in the effort to bring the re
bellion to an end by force; and this end, all conserva
tive men are called upon to unite with us in a deter
mined effort to create a United North, by putting
down and driving'Jo the wall that misguided and mis
chievous faction, whose sol* aim is to impair northern
unity of purpose, and paralyze northern effort, by
forever intrudixg'the most unfortunate, fatal, and
'disasterous of all political issues, (the issue of Negro
emancipationl upon the peoples counsels; by persist
ently striving to coerce the President into the adop
tion of a policy that must prove fatal to the Union by
seeking to impair public confidence in the integrity
of the Administration ; and by creating in the ranks
qf our armies suspicion and distrust of the fidelity
and loyalty of their leaders.
3d. RESOLVED, That the "suspension of political
parties until the close of the war." is only 'advocated
by the party in power , and because it is in power
that the utter hollowness and hypocrisy of the advo
cates of this policy is shown by the fact that they are
scrupulously careful to keep up their own political
organ ization, and to keep all their political machinery
in full operation, as well as by the fact that in the
multitude of civil appointmente made and being
made under Republican authority, none but Repub
licans "of the straight est sect," or renegade Dcmo
ocrats, are recognized.
4th. RESOLVED, That in all free governments there
have always been, and must of necessity be at least
two political parties—that the integrity, permanoncv,
and fidelity of such governments to constitutional au
thority, imperatively demand an oppositi >n party—
that without such party, there would be no accounta
bility, and without accountability no government can
be trusted. "No Party," therefore, simply means
"let there be no opposition to the plundering of tho
government by government officials and favored par
tisans " It means, " let the party in power remain
in power, without question as to the mode in which
power may he exercised." It means "no criticism of
the conduct of government officials, whatever disaster
or ruin may lollow." It means "no discussion of
measures of governmental policy." It means " silence,
acquiescence, or imprisonment."
sth. RESOLVED, That in sustaining the President
under the tremendous pressure to which he has been
subjected by the Radical wing, of his own party, the
Democratic party has aflvrchsd ample and conclusive
evidence of its desire to give all its strength to the
suppress son of the rebellion and the restoration of the
Union; and that the responsibility for that absence of
unity of purpose in the North which is essential" to
success, rests solely with that party whose whole aim
has been to convert the war into a miserable crusade,
against the domestic institutions of the Southern States,
and in doing so, to overthrow the Constitution, and
render disunion perpetual. Therelore,
6ih. RESOLVED, That the arrest and imprisonment
of loyal Democrats by order of an administration that
ignores the open and avowed treason of a large body
of the membersot its own party, is a monstrous exer
cise of despotic power that the Democratic party of
the North ts called upon to resist by all lawful and
constitutional means at its command—that it is no
port of the business of Democrats to discourage enlist
ments and that this is not the true motive ot their ar-
Test, is abundantly shown by the fact that those rnern
■l here of the Republican party who have constantly and
Wm S rsistently labored to diseoasage enlistments because
the warhas not been prosecuted to an unlawful and ru
inous purpose, (thatof negro emancipation) have been
allowed to oontinue theirlabors withouteven a word of
Ansure from the government.
N, T 1 w ,Ji
HARVEY SICKEER, Editor.
TUN KHAN NOCK, j PA.
Wednesday, Sept. 10, 1862.
STATE, DISTRICT & COUNTY TICKET.
ISAAC SLENKER, of Union County.
JAMES P. BARR, of Allegheny Co. i
FOR PRESIDENT JUDGE,
lIOX. WM. EL WELL, of Bradford County.
GEORGE D. JACKSON, of Sullivan County.
JOHN C. ELLIS, of Montour County.
FOR COUNTY COMMISSIONER,
THERON VAUGHN, of Mehoopany.
FOR DISTRICT ATTORNEY,
HARVEY SICKLER, of Tunkhannock Bur.
FOR COUNTY TREASURER
JAMES R. MULLISON, of Tunkbanr.ock Tp.
J. M. CAREY, of Northmoreland. j
FOR COUNTY AUDITOR,
JOHN G. SPAULDING, of Forkston.
DEMOCRATIC .MASS MEETING.
Pursuant to Resolution of the Democratic
State Central Committee, a MASS MEETING
will be held at TUNKHANKOCK BOROUGH on
WEDNESDAY, THE 17th DAY OF S .PT, INST.,
to celebrate that day as the ANNIVERSARY of
the da}* of the adoption of the CONSTITUTION
OF THE UNITED STATES.
Democrats and all other loj-al citizens of
Wyoming County, are respectfully invited to
meet at the time and place aforesaid, to com
memorate the adoption of the constitution of
the United States of America.
EMINENT SPEAKERS are expected to par- ;
ticipatc in the celebration.
JOHN V. SMITH, Tunkhannock Borough.
D.D. DEWITT, Tunkhannock Township.
NICHOLAS OVER FIELD, Mcshoppen.
WM. BENEDICT, Eaton.
ZIBA BILLINGS, Monroe.
E. N. BACON, Eaton.
S. D. INGHAM, Mehoopany.
WM. WELLES, Fails.
HENRY W. FASSETT, Windham.
Democratic Standing Committee.
THE STAMP ACT.
A new era in the commercial and business
affairs of this county, will commence on the
(irst of next month, that being the time fixed
by law for the commencement of that por
tion of the United States tax law, relating to
Stamp duties. "On and after the Ist of Oc
tober, there shall be levied, collected and
paid," reads the act " Stamp duties, therein
specified, on all agreements, contracts, checks,
drafts, bills of exchange, conveyances, deeds,
mortgages, leases, contracts for hire or use
of land, powers of attorney, ware house re
ceipts, legal documents, writs, summonses,
4c. &c., excepting those Issued by Justices
of the Peace, and in criminal suits."
This is a mode of taxation entirely new to
the people of this Country. The attempt by
England to impose what is known as the
" Stamp act" upon the curries, just previous
to the breaking out oi the Revolution in 177G,
was determinedly resisited by them, and was
one of the prime causes of separation from
the mother country. After the lapse of near
ly a century, this, one of the most odious of
all methods of raising revenue, is to be re
stored, to remain, a check, and trammel up
on the commercial prosperity of the angle
American race, in all probability, for a long
er period than they have been fr e Irom that
incubus. To a people so long accustomed, as
ours have been, to fiee and untrammeled
commercial intercourse, this restriction, will
at all times, seem burthensome and oppies
sive ; its adoption with all classes, and espe
cially the plain farmers of our country at first,
will no doubt be difficult by reason of its
novelty. That a man cannot rent a room in
his house, or a cabbage patch upon his farm,
to a neighbor without having the contract or
memorandum of it, upon stamped paper, at
a cost of a half dollar or a dollar, as the case
may be, will indeed seem strange to many.
That such instrument if written on unstamp
ed paper, will be absolutely void, and subject
the person making it, to heavy penalties, will
seein to many oppressive, if not unjust. That
an agreement to pay for, or return a bushel
of corn, borrowed or bought by a man of his
neighbor, has also to be on stamped paper,
and will, if written on any other, be such an
offence as will subject the maker to a fine of
fifty dollars, will, to many, seem to be an in
fringement of the natural rights of man. In
the course of time, when our people shall
have become accustomed to the workings of
this law, iauiiliar with its details, and ÜBUT
ed to its burthens, the " Stamp act," once so
odious to our fathers, may be looked upon by
their posterity, as a necessary and proper
method of raising revenue for the support of
the Government, and the payment of its
It is to be hoped, however they will always
remember the party whose pwlicy made it
necessary; and who were the first to impose
it upon a people, who, but lor that party and
its policy might have lived nn in unitrerrupted
prosperity, and in blssful ignorance of the
practical workings of a " stamp act " for ages
yet to come.
NEWS BY THE LATE MAILS.
It is itnpossibe in the small compass of &
weekly paper, to give anything more than a
brief notice of the important and stirring
events of the past week. .A defeat more dis
astrous than that at Bull Run, of more than a
year ago has been suffered by our army at
that place. Generals Pope and McDowell are
charged, the first with imbecility the latter
with treason—Pope has been relieved from
his command and assigned to a department in
the wes'—Mc Dowell is now being tried by a
court martial. The rebels following up their
success have crossed the Potomac at three
places some forty miles above Washington,
they have taken possession of Poolsville,
Dornestown, Fredrick Md. The inhabitants
of Chambersburg and Hanover of York and
Green counties in this state are fleeing
in anticipation of an attack on those places.
Active preparations are going on to meet the
invading army of the rebels all along the bor
i The design of the rebels in thus invading
Pennsylvania is said to be the destruction
of the Northern central Rail-Road. Fears
are entertained that they have designs
upon Ilariisburg, Baltimore, and Philadelphia.
Their force is said to number one hundred
and fifty thousand men, aud two hundred
pieces of artillery.
Large numbers of men and several .distin
guished officers have fallen during the late
battles. Among the latter are Generals
Kearney, and Fletcher and Webster.
Citizens in various parts of the state have
closed business and formed themselves into
companies for drill under the late proclam
ation of the Governor.
Our forces have been driven from Nashville
Tennessee, and the rebel force are now in
Kentucky and threaten Cincinnatti and other
towns along the Ohio.
The Republican County Convention which
met at this place on Monday last, after nomi
nating a temporary chairman, retired for se
cret consultation in the Grand Jury Room.—
After which they came forth with very hon
est faces and in the day light went over the
ceremony again of electing Jacob Kenney
President, and E. Frear and C. 11. Looinis
Secretary's, under the admirable (?) manage
ment of the Rev. Jakey, the business was
commenced at the head, tail, and middle, all
at the same time, and was finally gone through
W? give below the result of the internal
labors of this ponderous convention, and of
its preponderous president.
PRESIDENT J EDGE.
Knowing that there was not a shadow of a
chance to elect a President Judge by them
in this district, they very Patriotically (?)
i concurred in the nomination of Wm. Elwell,
, the democratic candidate for that office, be
ing the same gentleman that Gov. Curtin re
fused to appoint last year, " because he was
Quecre: If Mr. Elwell had been a candi
date for congress, would they have so far " for
gotten party," as to have concurred in his
Geo. Landon, had the wires all in his own
hands, but as an ingenious political dodge,
Peter M. Osterhout Esq. was put up very
much as a fanner sets up a " straw man,"—
to deceive the crows. The conferees appoint
ed for him will no doubt cast their votes for,
and place " l'onage tax swindle"—George, in
Bcnj. llull received the nomination as a
compliment,—Bradford and Susquehanna
Counties having previously arranged that
matter between them. Mr Hall will see his
name in the papers for a week or two in close
proximity to the words " State Senator
and there his honors will end.
, 1 REPRESENTATIVE.
Rev. Jacob Kennedy, a ranting abolition
preacher, of long standing, short breath, and
round belly, was put iu nomination as a com
pliment, for the admirable manner in which
. he presided over the Convention. Jakey will
scowl and sweat, and fume, and sputter abo
litionism a long time before his rotund figure
will find a resting place in the house of Rep
! The following ticket was placed in nomina-
I tion for County offices.
| FOR COMMISSIONER,
. ' FOR TREASURER,
. FOR DISTRICT ATTORNEY,
IL W. FREAK.
► FOR AUDITOR,
! J. L. lIAIIN.
We shall probably have occasion to notice
_ these men more particularly hereafter ; niean
- while we hope they will be content by a sim
I pie publication of their names.
T THE FINALE.
I As a grand finale to their Republican Ab
olition pow wow, Tonage Tax Landon made
' an out and out abolition speech, in which his
, puppets were told to stand up and declare
i themselves for the nigger, the wlsole nigger,
f and nothing but the nigger. He argued, it
was too late to disguise the fact that they
were for that individual, and nobody else.—
' Fremont had come out, Hunter had come
[ out, aud he endorsed and applauded their
This abolition harrangue was received
j throughout with very decided demonstrations
I of approval by his abolition friends. We
. shall probably give a more extended notice of
f this speech hereafter.
A PREDICTION VERIFIED— DanieI Web
ster once said r "If the Abolitionists ever
get power in their hands, they will override
the Constitution, set the Supreme Court at
defiance, change and make laws to suit them
selves, lay violent harfds on those who differ
with them in their opinions or dare to ques
tion their infallibility; and finally bankrupt
the country and deluge it with blood." How
has this prediction been verified 1
PRESIDENTIAL INTERFERENCE IN
OUR ELECTIONS INVOKED.
One of the standing appeals of the Abor
tion faction is in favor of the abandonment
of all party ties and designations, in order
that the Government may have thtf united
support of a united people at this crisis in
the history of our country. But while this
has been talked about in older, if possible'
to deceive the masses, all the acts of that
dangerous organization have been of the most
marked and offensive parlizan character.—
Not only have they removed from office eve
ry man who would not vote a full and en
tire Abolition ticket, but in the so-called Na
tional Union City Convention, which was
held in Philadelphia, on the 28th ult., David
W. Sellers, Esq., an officer under one of the
City Departments, offered tho following res
olution, which was adopted amid loud ap
Resolved , That the President of this Con
vention be instructed to appoint a committee
of five, and that the Committee of Superinten
dence be requested to select a like number,
who are hereby empowered, on behalf of this
body, to wait upon the President of the Uni
ted States, aud request the removal of any
Federal appointee who shall not express, in
writing, his willingness to personally and of
ficially support the nominees of this Conven
A valued Philadelphia correspondent, for
merly a resident of this county, in comment
ing upon this novel electioneering scheme,
uses the following sensible language :
The "National Union City Convention,"
met j'esterday. I enclose a report of its pro
ceedings. The resolution, unanimously adop
ted before the balloting commenced, is very
extraordinary in its character. The propos
ed removal from office, by the President of
the United States, of every man, however
honest and capable he may be, however faith
fully he discharges his official duties, who
will uot pledgo himself in writing to person
ally and officially support the nominees of
the convention at the approaching election,
is another specimen of abolition arrogance
and domineering impudence.
It is to be hoped that good men have been
put in nomination when such measures to en
sure support for them are adopted, for other
wise some of the honest office holders inay
be troubled to know how to act—they will
have either to break their written pledge, vi
olate their conscience, or loose their bread
In years gone by I have heard of various
means tried by political parties to socure
votes—mass meetings, music, tran-parences,
a little bribing uow and then, and hutnbug
all the time. But the plau now proposed
puts all these into the shale. It ignores the
old fogy notions of freedom of opinion, and
the right of private judgment, aud endorses
and adopts the plan so successfully carried
out by Napoleon the Third—and if it was ef
fective in France, why may it not be here ?
Why should any one enjoying the " pat
ronage of government" be allowed to think ?
To be sore President Lincoln may not want
to be dictated to in this matter. He rebuk
ed an old friend the other day for telling hi:n
"how to do it,"—and he may possibly send
the" Convention of five" back with a large
flea in their cars. lie may say to them as
did Xehemiah to a committee that waited on
him': " I have a great work to do and 1
cannot come Do irn"—at least not so low
down as to help you in your dirty work.
The abolitionists must think their cause
and prospects desperate, when they re-sort to
such measures to uphold their falling for
tunes. They must be conscious that they
have been weighed in the balance and found
wanting, and that an overwhelming defeat
awaits tlicin in the City aud State next Octo
The great democratic meeting in Indepen
dence Square the other evening, ha? stricken
'error to the souls of the abolitionists, and
encouraged the hearts of the law-abiding,
constitution loving, Union men. We expect
to have a still larger assemblage if possible,
on the 17 th of September, when the campaign
will be fairly opened—a campaign sure to re
sult in a glorious democratic victor}'. — Ez.
A FOUL ABOLITION PROGR AMME.
The following are among a series of resolu
tions adopted at a meeting held in this city
on Saturday evening, the 30th of August, lor
the purpose of sustaining the war .
Resolved, That whereas Hannibal, the
greatest soldier that ever lived, commanded
an army of negroes, and whereas Napoleon,
the greatest soldier of modern times, organ
ized or was about to organize, under his
brother-in-law, Clark, sixty thousand blacks
in St. Domingo, we do not think such mate
rial should be thrown away by us ; and we,
therefore, go in for arming the blacks.
Resolved , That the sj'stcm of military col
onies be recommended to the Government,
and that the land of rebels conquered by our
armies be given to the soldiers as boun'y 'and
and they be so organized as to defend their
possessions, if necessary, with the bayonet.
Resolved, That we will not be deluded by
words, such as Constitution, <%-c ; that our
Country is the reality and the Constitution
the sign, and the one must tally with the
other; and we shall look at tlye reality first
and the sign afterwards, and if the sign don't
answer tho reality, the people who made the
sign can alter it.
In the name of the loyal and prtriotic citi
zens of Philadelphia, we protest against
these resolutions being considered as an ex
pression of their sentiments or opiuions.—
They are a foul Abolition programme, and an
insult upon the character and fame of this
City. The passage of such resolutions as the
above are not calculated to " sustain the war,"
and the G'overnmeet should see to it that Ab
olition fanatics anu scoSers at the Constitu
tion are not allowed to discourage enlist
pients at this time. This is a war between
white men, and is to be conducted by white
men on Christion principles, and negro equal
ity sympathizers have no right to interfere
with their principles, aud thus place obsta
cles in the path of tho friends of the Union
and the Constitution-
17K7" a,r HNTo"ws
OFFICIAL WAR BULLETIN.
The Command of the Armies Operating in
WAR DEPARTMENT, Aug. 30, IBG2 —Gen.
Burnside commands his own corps, except'
those that have been temporarily detached j
and assigned to Gen. Pope.
Gen. McClellan commands that portion of
the army of the Potomac that has not been
sent forward to Gen. Pope's command.
Gen. Pope commands the Army of Virgin
ia and ail the forces temporarily attached to
All the forces are under command of Maj-
Gen. Ilallcck General-in-Chief.
E. D. TOWNSEND,
HEADQUARTERS OF THE ARMY, )
ADJUTANT GENERAL'S OFFICE. >
W ASHINGTON, Sept. 2 1802. )
By direction of the President Major Gen
eral McClellan will have command of the for
tifications of Washington, and oj all the
troops in defense of the Capitol.
By order of the Secretary of War.
E. D. TOWNSEND,
A. A. General.
WASHINGTON, Sept. 2. 1802.
General McClellan to-day entered upon
the duties just assigued to him.
PROCLAMATION OF GOV CURTIN.
lIARRISBURG, Sept. 4th Gov. Curtin has
just issued the following ;
Commonwealth oj Pennsylvania, ss.
In the name and by the authority of the
Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, A. G. Curtin,
Governor of the said Commonwealth.
ft her cas, In the present position of affairs
it is expedient that measures should be taken
to arm and prepare our people for defence ;
Now, therefore, I do earnestly reccommend
the immediate formation, throughout the Com
monwealth, of volunteer companies and regi
ments, in conformitj' with the militia act of |
1858. Arms will he distributed to the organi
zations so to be formed, agreeably to the pro
visions of that act.
It is further recommended that, in order to j
give the opportunities for drill and instruction, j
all places of business be closed daily at three j
o'clock, P. M., so that persons employed j
therein may after that hour be at liberty to j
attend to their millitary duties.
The cheerful alacrity with which the men
of Pennsylvania have hitherto given them- i
selves to the service of the country has pressc 1 1
heavily on her military resources, f am re- j
luctant to ask her to assume further burdens; I
hut as their safety requ.res that they should !
do so, it is in their behalf that I put forth the
recommendations herein contained, and ugc
prompt compliance with them.
Given under my hand and the Great Seal of
the Stale at llarrisburg, this fourth day of
September,jm the year e>f our Lordjone thou
sand eight hundred and sixty-two, and of
the Commonwealth the eighty-seventh.
By the Governor : FLI SLIFER,
I L.S. J Sec'ry of the Com'th.
AN ACCOUN T OF TIIE LATE BATTLES j
August 31.—-According to all accounts Gen-
Jackson succeeded on the 30th, in cutting his
way through the United States troops, and ef
fected a junction with the remainder of the
rebel forces. This result was not attained
without, great loss on b >th sides and the most
desperate fijhting. McDowell, Heintzelman
and Sigel were engaged—the former the left,
the latter the right. The action was com
menced by the enemy opening his batteries
on our left. Their guns were strongly and
advantageously posted upon a ridge, while our
baatcries had to fire from the open plain.
Riding beynd our left, where the infantry
were formed elooe behind our batteries, which
were playing upon the enemy, while our
troops were cheering vociferously, the cavalry
reached a slight eminence, and were sbout to
send out a detachment to explore, when the
enemy were seen coming up in force along the
line of the aljaccnt woods. A battery was
observed to wheel into position, and then
came shell grape and canister, right into our
midst.—Long lines of infantry could plainiy
be seen hurrying up into position, and oui
cavalry were soon forced to retire. Charge
after charge succeeded until finally the left
gave witv, and the retreat became general,
leaving the enemy in possession of the field.
Another account says the battle on Satur
day was with artillery down to four o'clock
in the afternoon. The scene of the fight was
the old field of Bull Run. At four o'clock
the enemy having massed his infantry, made
a furious and successful attack upon General
Porter.—Our informant who witnessed the
fighting in front of Richmond, says that none
of the musketry firing there was heavier than
this of the rebels at Bull Run. When he
perceived that his left wing was attacked,
General Pope ordered up McDowell's force to
support Porter, but it did not arrive in time,
but on the contrary became itself involved in
the retreat. In short, the divisions of both
Porter and McDowell were routed and fell
back in disorder across Bull Ruu stream to
Centreville. The right wing and centre re
maining firm and covering the retreat, and
preserving the whole army from serious rout.
I lie loss of killed and wounded is supposed
to be about the same as Friday.
The list of casualties is very great, estima
ted by some as high as forty thousand, and
by others at ten to fifteen. We shall probably
never know the exact number. General Tay
lor who was wounded on Friday, is dead.—
Generals Towers and Duryea were wounded
on Saturday. Generals Kearney and Stevens
were killed at the battle of Chatuilly, north of
Fairfax, or. Sundry.
The Government clerks at Washington are
to be armed for the defence of Washington
and were detailed on Suuday last as nurses
THE DEAD AND WOUNDED-
On Sunday morning a ilag of truce was sent
I in for permission to bring off the dead and
wounded of our army' who had not been
reached during the day of battle, which was
granted to last from noon till sunset. Some
sixty ambulances were sent with a number of
physicians and on their arrival at the field, a
terrible scene presented itself. The wounded
with but few exceptions, had received no at
tention. Our doctors all leaving with the
troops and the enemy having enough to do to
attend to their own. About one half the woun
ded were bro't in with their wounds partly
dressed. Some amputations were performed
and the ambulances filled and brought away.
About 200 remained on the field, and now
that our army has retreated back 110 chance
remains of rendering them succor, and a terri
ble resposibility rests on those having charge'
of this matter, that the object of the flag 0/
truce was not more successful.
Some men were seen whose limbs were
commencing to mortify for want of dressing:
and who were faint and almost famished 1 from
hunger and thirst.
Those who visited the field of battle were
not allowed to proceed beyond where tht'
heaviest part of the fighting took place, and
no troops or guns could be seen except a num
ber of cavalry, who were scattered ail over
the field, and who were all willing to convcrs
freely with our soldiers and citizens, who ac
companied the ambulance train. They unani
mously said they would soon drive us from
Virginia, and-even into the free States, and
will endeavor to let us feel the war by making
a portion of our land resemble that part of
Virginia over which the armies have passed
and repassed the last six months.
On returning to Centreville, it was found
that a fight had taken place somewhere in
our rear, and everything was in a bustle and
excitement. The troops were getting under
way for the scene, trains moving, <Stc., while
many had already gone.
It seems that during the forenoon a report
had reached headquarters that a movement
was 011 foot to attack our trains, and Gen.
King's division was ordered to proceed to
Fairfax and take a position on the west of
that town, to prevent any demonstration of
About noon, the rebels were discovered ap
proaching from that direction, when skirmish
ing commenced, and our troops formed in
line of battle, word being sent to headquar
ters and additional forces sent to the spot.
The rebels attacked with a large body of
infantry, but were repulsed in gallant style
by our forces present, consisting of King's
and Ilickett's divisions, the Pennsylvania Re
set ves, ami some others.
The rebels had batteries concealed in the
woods, and when our forces drove the reb
els back to where tliey were placed, they
opened with grape, which made terrible de
j struction in our ranks for a short time, but
! when our guns got into position, the rebels
were compelled to leave, suffering heavy loss
"WASHINGTON, Sept. 2.—Gens. Kearney and
Stevens were killed in a severe engagement
which took place Sunday evening near Chau
tilly, about ten miles north of Fairfax Court
House, between a portion of Gen. Pope's ar
my and Jackson's forces.
Our loss was heavy, but the rebels were
driven back more than a mile, and our troops
occupied the battle field until three o'clock
Gen. Stevens was killed with a Minie ball,
which entered his brain while he was lead
ing his men into action, bearing the colors in l
his hand, the color-sergeant having been slain.
Ilis son, acting as Assistant-Adjutant of the
brigade commanded by his father, was woun
Gen. Phillip Kearney was also killed.—
His body was taken possession of by the en
emy, but was afterwards delivered into onr
lines under a flag of truce.
ARMY TRAIN CAPTURED.
At 4 o'clock Tuesday morning a train of
| one hundred wagons, with commissary stores,
was intercepted by the enemy between Fair
fax and Centreville, and driven off towards
Manassas before the party could be overtak
en. They secured the entire train.
So soon as this raid in the rear of our ar
my at Centreville was known, the necessity
of guarding that direction became apparent,
and at noon the whole army of Virginia had
abandoned Centreeille and was massed this
side of Fairfax Court House. This evening
; they again took up the line of March, for
RETREAT TO WASHINGTON.
Sept. 3—Yesterday afternoon at 4 o'clock,
there was considerable fighting between
Fairfax and the intermediate space towards
Washington. The rearguard, it is said, con
sisted of Hooker's and Fit* John Porter's
commands, who did good service in keeping
the rebels :n check, as our troops were mov
ing into the fortifications arouud Washing-
The exact movement* of Jackson are not
known, but the report of his meditating*
; march into Maryland is universallly credited.
The government is understood to be fully pre
paring for this, General Wool having been
despatched to where he will have a force
at command of 70,000 men to meet the ex
pected invaders. In connection with this
I will state that the private accounts from
Maryland are not such as the loyal men of
I the nation would desire, for it is boldly as
serted, that, should Jackson succeed iu get
ling his army into the State, he will be join
! Ed at once by not less than 60,000 of its in
habitants. The aim it is said, is to make
! Bait 1 mere the head quarters of the rebel ar
my, cut off the Northern communication with
Washington and maintain a threatening at
titude towards that city—to result finally in
its capture. We are inclined to look upon
this as speculation, at least to some extent.