The Fulton County news. (McConnellsburg, Pa.) 1899-current, September 21, 1899, Image 3
1 FULTON COUNTY NEWS. OVER-EDUCATION. EVE OF A FARMER'S LIFE. LIST OF JURORS. THE DUNKARDS. a k'heir Peculiar Habits and Customs A Society That Has For Its Aim j. the Bettering of Mankind. I The religious sect known as largo number of whom are en- Ogod in agricultural pursuits in jancaster, Lebanon, Franklin, Cumberland, Dauphin, York and other counties of the State, and who, like tho Quakers, are known to be tho most conscientious, jieacoably inclined and order lov ing people of the counties in which they reside, are quite nu merous in Lancaster county. The : following account of their habits, religious customs, manners and j daily habits will be read with in- ierest: Dunkards do not swear, they j affirm. Thoy do not go to law I wlt'i ecch other, for after (Matt. xviiith) the case comes before the ' church and a decision is given by ( the members in council that is based on ecclesiastical law no , pourt will set it aside. Being j pa-combatants, they aro not ;,?ound in tights or wrangles and Mhey do not go to war. - f They do not believe in divorce I '1 jept for very grave reasons. '. even then there may be no nd mai'riages. There are no "kards with twoiiVing part- 11 e are U'members of secret 1 t m s Jj-'uie brotherfywd, and ho were membeL 8 on their won to the chutiih adjure all connection with vrldly or ; ganizations, as without .Tejudice, i the church affords all t advan tage,. the most benj.'0(Ment of !' secret or other order's.' There are no poor in the church; that is, ' ' iere aro no paupers and no one i irf allowed to suffer. Congrega tions have supported their poor members, the lunatic and tho in firm and the sick for years at a large expense without trouble, as j it is a part of the practice and or der of tho church. Tho brother Aho is burned out in West Vir ginia can readily collect money in Pennsylvania or California . to re: place his loss. Sometimes im Tjostors cheat the church, but the composition of the fraternity is Aich that it is next to impossible ti impose on many or in different yuaces. A rascal when caught is . advertised as such in the church J jmpers and then' his occupation isfgone. The principle of :uni- i formity of dress prevails in theory and largely in practice. The men wear, when in order, a tcoat without . a rolling collar, .something like a military gar 1 ment, dlhy color or material, and j ypu can tell them from the Amish I by the Dunkard's coat having 'buttons in front and none on the cOattails. i ,The Amish use hooks and eyes I aid nobuttons ordinarily. The j reason why there are no buttons is on the principle that there shall (be no button whore there is no buttonhole. And , the principle I exists all the way through Dunk ed theology. The sisters wear bonnet like a hood, and must ;year it. The annual - meeting tins said so, though men may, and 'Ji, wear any kind of head gear. VlThe order, of worship is similar " that of other churches, sing ,! 'prayer, sermon, singing, i prayer, andno benodiction "The j congregation is dismissed now in ; the fear of the Lord." COMMERCIAL REVULSIONS. There is a curious concurrence Ix-tweon tho periodical advances in the price or pig iron and peri odical advances in the prioo of pig. iron and periodical panics. The (commercial revulsions in 1857, IHOO, 1873, 1882 and 1893 were all preceded by extraordinary spoe ilativo activity in tho iron trade, ith extreme increase of prices, follows: "1 KM, from . ' 4olluni to HO dollura per ton. ln4, from 1ft , -ilium to 7ft dollura per tou. txi2, (rom KAd.illuni totHtdolluin per ton. Juno, from ao dolluin to 4f dollura per tou, Iww, from 9 tlullurx to 17 (lullura per lou. There may be nothing more Jan a remarkable coincidence in Ilia showing. It does not seem Oasonable that prosperity should eget calamity; but there is a pos bility that overdoar iron may ut a chock upon industrial en-u-priso as to bring on stagnation 4d a ix)ssiblo crisis. At any : te, it is well to be somewhat pkled by past experience oven if e be nnable to find a bridge irosa the apparent gap between luse and effect.' Tho Snn Francisco magnate, Mr. Collis P. Huntingdon, made an address not long ago complain ing that the youth of the nation were being over-educated, and in a recent letter he has explained that speech. What he was pro testing against, he declares, is that degree of education which sets a young man above the work for which he is fitted by nature or into which he is pressed by circumstances. The early years of life, which are most valuable in the struggle for existence, aro spent entirely in the schoolroom; he would break the pedagogue's sway far more promptly. This plain-spoken man of affairs has great scorn for that Greek which makes a man chiefly anxious for a "genteel" employment, and that philosophy which teaches him to keep his hands soft and white. "Do not think yourself abovo manual labor," is his plea. "Get what education you can use and do not get more than you can use in tho station for which God intended you." There is much sense in this, and also much-that a worldly am bitious and short-sighted young man might turn into the mistake of his life: Any education is too much if it makes a man conceit ed, or afraid to soil his hands with any honest toil. On the other hand, every man's education should bo above his calling, if it is possible; above it, and beyond it. Alas for the bxkkeoier that knows only arithmetic and noth ing of astronomy; for tho farmer that can appreciate his farm journal, but not his Ruskin; for the civil engineer that under stands physics, but binds his in terests by railroad ties! Education is more than a lever to pry a living up out of the ground. It is a wing to lift us from earth and make us, in spite of shovel and trowel, familiar with the skies. SUGAR MAKING IN MEXICO. Antique Methods Make the Business Unprofitable. It has often been wondered at that Mexico, with a climate ad mirably adapted to sugar raising has never entered into competi-' tion with the United States. Of ficial figures show that the repub lic of Mexico is now producing annually about 80,000 tons of su gar, all made from cane and with the most primitive machinery. It is all consumed at home. Fig ures which are also official show that Cuba produces annually a million tons of sugar, or twelve times more than is produced in Mexico, and on one-fifth the num ber of plantations. Tho reason advanced for this difference is that Cuba employs modern meth ods of machinery, while Mexico does not. There is no likelihood 4hali Mexico will como into the sugar market as an exporter for a great many years. Cuba, how ever, will develop with great rap idity in the manufacture of sugar and under American direction her factories are expected to al most double their output within a decade. Mexico cannot hope to be a for midable rival in tho sugar-pro-ducingindu stry until she discards her old custom of manufacture and adopts at least some of tho modern labor-saving appliances. THE HOUSE OF COMMONS. Tho House of Commons, with all its faults, as a club, is the coolest place in London during hot weather. Immense pains are taken with the ventilation, so that a regular temperature of 60 de grees shall bo maintained day and night. Ventilation alone, however, would not achievo this gratifying result. Iced air is pumped into tho chamber and its precincts in generous quantities, and in ordor to cool tho division lobbies, which are not at all de sirable places when a big division takes place, miniature fountains play on tho roofs all day long. On the whole, a man who finds tho heat too much for him cannot do better than get a ticket for the strangers' gallery, which is not overcrowded just now, a,nd par ticipate in the comforts which as taxpayer hp helps to supply to tho faithful commons. Huckster "Want ter buy any nice eggplants, lady?" Mrs. Newed "Are they fresh laidy" There comes a time in the farmer's life when he is strongly tempted to leave the farm, (trow ing infirmities remind him that ho is not tho man physically that ho used to be. Ho feels that he has worked hard enough, long enough, and has abundant means to mako his old days comfortable, and determines to move to town. He pictures before him a green old age with all the comforts of life, and rest from unceasing toil and grinding care. These ex pectations are seldom realized in full, and, as a matter of fact, we believe that most farmers who remove to the city shorten their days, and after the first year or two, or perhaps after tho first six months, are moro discontented than they would have been had they remained on the farm. The reason is not hard to find. To a man who has been active either in mind or body for thirty or forty years idleness is misery. No man of this kind feels satisfied with himself unless he has some responsibility ,to occupy both head and hands. When he has nothing to do, life ceases to havo much interest. He misses tho healthful occupation of mind or interest in events of tho farm. Ho ceases to read agricultural literature because he regards himself as no longer engaged in agriculture, and the result is with him, as a rule, a loss of hap piness, and a visible shortening of life. There comes a time in a farmer's life when it is exceed ingly difficult to know how to manage tho farmii( That time is when ho can no longer manage it without more exertion of body than he Is capable of performing, and when ho does not feel that it will pay him to procure effi cient help even if it could be had. Happy is ho who has a son or son-in-law on whose broad should ers he can roll the burden, still retaining enough of his land and stock to occupy his mind and give him the exercise he needs. Un der these circumstances he may spend a ripo old age and give to his children and grand children the fruits of his ripened exper ience. We always feel that our friends are making a serious mis take when they leave tho farm for town or run off after mining booms. There are unpleasant things in connection with farm life in old age, and especially the difficulty of attending church, but those are less than the evils con nected with breaking up all tho old associations, and attempting to form new ones. No one knows how intimately his life is connect ed with his friendships until he breaks up those of a quarter of a century standing, and under takes to form new ones with peo ple whose experience is in lines different from his own. DEW AS A FERTILIZER. Any one who gets out at work on tho fields early in summer will find the leaves of plants and even the surface soil wet with dew which Jias boen deposited during the night, as the soil in spring is much colder than the air. Tho dew is condensed moisture in the form of steam, which has ' token from tho air somo ammonia and some carbonic acid tras. It is therefore softer than rain water, and also richer in manurial ele ments. If this dew is left uncul tivated it evaporates when the sun gets up high and vanishes in to thin air. We know farmers who get their teams out to culti vato corn and potatoes while both tho soil and plants aro wet with dew. They do a forenoon's work by 10 or 11 o'clock, and then take for tho teams and themselves three o$ four hours' nooning dur ing tho heat of tho day. This is better than beginning work late, and then eating hurriediy and eating the principal meal of the day without rest in which to di gest it. One of tho main advant ages of this plan is that it turns some dry soil over tho dew, thus saving its fertilizing properties. American Cultivator. Spanish is to bo taught in Chi cago's public schools, and in oth er cities too. In time that nation may bo enabled to understand us bettor. That a politician won't got on the fence, if ho can securo a post simply means in tho former case ho is sharp set. List of juror drawn for (Vtobcr torin of Court, first Monday, second day, at 2 oVlot'k, P. M. GRAND. Ayr John Holders, William Car- bautrh, Uel fa st James U. Mellott, Irvin 11. Fisher, Joseph Funk. Hethel-Andrew Mellott, J. Frank Lewis. Ilrush Creek Lewis Duvall, John M. Truax, Frank llixson. DublinMercer D. Ilaiston, Elmer Fraker, John Loeke, Emanuel Sipes. LlekingCrcck David Mart., Nathan Deshontf, Matthew W. Mellott, Uriah W. Clino. McConnellsburtf George W. Smith. Taylor Lewis Shaw. Thompson William Shlves. Tod William Grlssintfer, William Greer, Sr. Union James Lee. PKTIT. Ayr Wm. Cooper, Andrew Washa- haugh. Hclfast -Charles Hani, J. Frank Hess. Hethel John Carnell, Grant Harn- hart, George Grey, Stilwell Kirk. Hrush Creek -Henry Harton, John M. Lodtfo, Frank Spade, Vincent Hart. Dublin-.!. C. McGowan. Licking Creek Lewis Mellott, John A. Ilauman, Leonard Hockensmith, C. H. Hockensmith, Daniel Fix. McConnellsburK F. 11. Sipes, Kev. D. P. Drawbautfh, Charles F. Scott. Taylor Joseph Melius, Martin D. Matthias, Orlando Wagner, Harry Lamberson, Z. 11. Harnett. Thompson KliCovalt, Kobt. F.verts, F.mauuel Reefer, Andrew Souders. Tod John K. Hamil, Frank Wible, Georjjo Miller. Union William D. Ilebner, Isaiah Lehman, McClellund Smith, And. J. Sohetrompf. Wells -O. H. Dunlap. thfZei'hone. The Tuscarora telephone, company, of Milllintown, was chartered at the state department, with a capital stock of $-(), (KM) common und 10,(O0 prefer red. The company will erect lines through Adams, Hedford, Hlalr, Cen tre, Clinton, Cumberland, Dauphin, Franklin, Fulton, Juniata, Lycoming, Milllin, Northumberland, Perry, Schuylkill, Snyder, Union and York counties. Tho directors are: A. G Schall, Carl F. Kspenshade, Milllin town; I. N. Grubb, Thomsontown, N .1.; I C. Moorebead, Port Iloyal; F. A Garman, Hichlleld. The Fulton Telephone Company has about completed its lines. The switch board, which will bo in the central of- lice the City Drug Store has been unavoidably delayed, but will be placed In position In a few days. A number of private phones will bo put in. J. H. Covalt, President and Gen eral Manager, Covalt, Pa., has been superintending tho work. Tho com pletion of this system will greatly benefit tho business, professional and laymen of this section. Hancock Star, DOILED RICE. Thomas Murry, tho noted chef says that many cooks do not know how to do so simple a thing as to boil rice proierly. Each grain of rice, he says, should bo dis tinct, whole, but at the same time tender. To accomplish this, a small quantity of rice should bo boiled in a largo pot neariy filled with water. Put it into cold water and a little salt and boil rapidly for 20 or 30 minutes. Test the grains occasionally, and when a slight pressure between tho thumb and forefinger will crush them they are douo. If allowed to boil till tho grains burst or boiled in a small quantity of water, tho grains wiil stick to gether. When done, drain off the water and sot the rice on the range, where it will keep warm. Exchange. ' FOREST MET1IUSELAIIS. The greatestlongevity assigned to any tree is perhapH credited to tho celebrated taxodium of Cha pultepec, in Mexico, 117 feot in circumference, which is thought to exceed in ago tho baobab of Senegal inferred to be 5,150 years old. In Lombardy, there is a cy press tree which is said to have been planted before our Savior's birth. There is even an ancient record that it was growing in tho time of Julius Caesar. Near the ruins of Paleuque are trees whoso ago is estimated to bo from 4,000 to (5,000 years. Tho mammoth treo has been estimated to live 4,000 years in California. It may interest speculators to know that a rise in dress goods can easily bo effected by means of a mouse. - An uptown blacksmith, says that if it wasn't for tho fact that he's on strike continually he wouldn't mako any money. It isn't always advisable to adopt a stylo of conversation that you consider breezy. Other peo ple may tako it for a fresh air. QREATHEAD'S STORE. Tho Longest Continuous Record DRY GOODS, NOTIONS, GLOVES, HOSIERY, CLOTHING, CARPETS, OIL CLOTHS, MATTINGS, . BOOTS, SHOES AND RUBBER GOODS. HATS, at Special Prices. Hardware, Tools, Chains, Crockery, Faints, OILS, GLASS, And, in fact, the most com plete stock in the several lines that go to make up a General Merchandise store. At present we have a SPECIAL SALE of CARPETS at Bargain Prices. All wool Ingrain, elegant pat ern, worth 69c. at 54c Same, worth 55c. at -44c Others proportionately low. Wall Papers 25 per cent, under regular prices. Many bargains in the several lines. We are so well known throughout the county that it is only necessary to say in this advertisement that you will firid the same lines and quali ties we have been accustomed to keeping, and cordially invite all to" come and see us. , Respectfully, J.W.QgfATHEAD. McConlvibburg, Pa. -- ttata ft.,., .... .i i REISNER&CO. . i Wo wish to call the attention of our friends to somo uS reductions we will make beginning with this day. A v lot of splendid hats that are worth 50c. of any ono's (r ) money, that will sell at 35 and 40c. A lot of strictly vT all right ifl.OO hats that we will sell for 75c. Wo waat jls moro room in the hat corner and this is tho way we ;,) will get it. We havo an v fll f I "TTr n n ri ' HiI.K.nn Mill. K III JLIilUUUU ULUUil Ul That, has sold and does spll right along for 25c. You MJ can havo your choice at 15c. Positively less than f , cost to day. We also wish to call your attention to Jjf. I Our Shoe i Wo fool iKxsitive that we havo a better selected lino all through than you can find anywhero elso in this county of Fulton. We will show you the nattiest stock of j Men's and Boy's Clothing This soason that has ever been our picas uro to show m and at strictly all Yiirht prices. In rp Ladies Dress Qoodsxl Wo are not pluying second fiddle either. Our stock ter dress hero than elsewhere. K Remember ili Sincerely Ireisner&cg FALL SEASON OPENfivZ'; iT J. K, JOHNSTON'S. New goods in all the depart ments. j j j Elegant line in. all tho now styles of Men's and Boy's Clothing. tt 4 Boy's Pants, worth CO cents at 20 cents. A splendid strong suit for Boys 7 to 14 years old good value at $1.50 our prico..!fl.00. jt j Come and seoour fall styles in Ladies Wraps. J. I-C. JOHNSTON. OUR FARMERS ARE BUSY SEEDING and to protect their health they should keep thoir feot warm and dry. To do this it is necessary to have tho feet well pro tected by good shoos. We have paid special atten tion to this in our selections of our fall stock and wo can offer our patrons Better Goods and Lower Prices. Than wo have ever douo can do this is because wo buy and sell for CASH ONLY. Thoso goods aro now on sale and we V , , feel confident that we can please you both in styloid and price if you will call and examine our stock. f H. C. SMITH & CO.S - Opposite Post Office. VZ ! 5-T?""Watch our advertisement each week ; I V H n WX WAV & 1I1UH U 11UU11 11 UU1 (M Stock I Wo aro not hero playiivg "beat," but trying our utmost to do tho best possiblo for you always and all the time. 'O yours, 49 iza j. Sttt- U that was in uroturnpd a largo .hut ure IX'llOll up. & 'Jutha V El- Latest things in Boy's Caps. j j j All tho novelties in Men's Hats. j j j The largest selection of good strong School Shoos. j j Men's strong, black cotton clay worsted Suits actu ally worth twice tho price $1.90. j j Seoour lino of Blankets, Bed Spreads, Sheets, Comforts, Pillow Cases, Ac, &c. 0 in tho pist. Tho reason we 1. iu.