Newspaper Page Text
Republican News Item.
CHAS. LOREN WING, Editor.
THURSDAY OCT. <>, IS9S.
"FIRST OF ALL—THE NEWS."
The News Item Fights Fair.
IT IS A PATRIOTIC HOME NEWSPAPER.
Published Every Friday Morning.
Bv The Sullivan Publishing Co.
At the County Seat of Sullivan County.
Entered at the Post Ofiice at Laporte, as
second-class mail matter.
XrßSfHii'Tio.v—sl.2s |>er annum. If
paid in advance SI.OO. Sample copies
free. All communications should he ad
REPUBLICAN NEWS ITEM.
REPUBLICAN NOMINATIONS FOR 1898.
Governor—WlLLlAM A. STONE, of
Lieutenant Governor—T.J!'. S. GOBIN",
Secretary of Internal Affairs—JAMES
W. L ATT A, of Philadelphia.
.111di;es of the Supreme ('onrt—W M ,W.
PoHTEK. of Philadelphia: WILLIAM
l>. PORTER, of Alleghany.
<'ongressmen-at Large—GALI'SIIA A.
GROW, of Susquehanna: "SAMUEL A.
I )A VEXPORT, of Erie.
Congressman. 17th District—WM. 11.
WooDIX. of Berwick.
X. 11. ( TLV ER, of Lycoming.
Reprusentative—Dß.J. L. Clf RI ST I A X
Protlionotarv—WlLLlAM J. LAW
RENCE. of' Laporte.
Sheriti—ll. W. OSLER, of LineolFall.-.
Coroner—UK.C. F. WACKENIIUTII.
A Lricrnd Destroyed.
"Another familiar legend," says the
Critic, "lias been relegated to the limbo
of the untrue, and it is a question if
there will be anything left for the next
generation to pin its faith to. This
time It is 'The Prisoner of Chillon,' be
loved of and Quoted by every school
girl. In the cell where the 'prisoner'
languished so long there was shown a
circle worn in the etones by his feet
in walking round and round a pillar to
which he was chained. M. Vuillet, one
of the members of the grand council
of Vaud, was horrified to find that, in
repaying the cell, the 'Cliemln do Boni
vard,' one of the souvenirs and attrac
tions of the country, had disappeared.
He brought the matter before the coun
cil, and wag chagrined to learn that
the famous track had not been made
by the captive whom Byron mafle
famous, but had been industriously
ecraped by successive keepers."
RnMia a Blind Nation.
There are more than twice as man/
blind persons in Russia as in the whole
of the rest of Europe. They number
19,000, which is equivalent to two in
every 1,000 of the population. It is
believed that blindness in Russia is so
prevalent because of the length of time
which snow lies on the ground, and
also owing to the uncleanly habits of
the people. Among all this number
only 200 or 300 are able to read, and
only about 2,500 are cared for in in
stitutions for the blind.
Tno Natural Foes.
Water will extinguish a fire because
the water forms a coating over the
fuel, which keeps it from the air, rind
the conversion of water into steam
draws off the heat from the burning
fuel. A little water makes a lire
fiercer, while a larger quantity of water
puts it out. The explanation is that
water is composed of oxygen and hy
drogen. When, therefore, the fire can
decompose the water into its simple
elements it serves as fuel to the flame.
l'opular in Drawing llooma.
Ia drawing rooms, handsome silk
damask curtains, made up with plain
linings toanatch the predominant color
In tie damask, are most
though one often sees severe <Mntqute
between curtains and lining, wiljft
bold effects are desired.
Only it Few M«,re I.en]> Yenr*.
"In time leap year will go out of ex
istence entirely," explained an alma
nac computer, "but as it will not oc
cur for over 800 years, we haven't
much personal interest in the event.
In the ordinary course of events 1900
would be leap year, but it will get left
In the calculation. In other words,
while it does occur, it does not occur,
simply because it is not in the agree
ment that it shall occur. The story is
a long one, but it can be briefly told
so that the average person can under
stand it without much difficulty.
Cooking in Mexico.
As all cooking is done with char
coal and ovens are practically un
known in private houses very few
families bake bread. The small, hard
crusted loaves of French bread are de
livered all over the city In great bas
kets four feet across that are carried
on the heads of cargadores.
forjttVo persons' to live Son a"d<«ld.rpa
DuddytfW a i» aafl>iesoa4ft
walk around, tfi.—(Bostoh Transcript.
SOME HEAVY LOSSES.
THE BATTLES OF OUR CIVIL WAR
WERE FIERCELY FOUGHT.
The Number of Killed, Wounded and Mis
slug Wan a Lairge Percentage of llie
Forres Fn^aged—Hardest Fight Was at
The bloodiest battle of the civil war
was the decisive one at Gettysburg,
which turned the tide in favor of the
North. The losses were enormous to
both sides! Though they nearly bal
anced each other in actual numbers,
the Confederate loss was proportion
ately the largest, footing up the almost
unprecedented total of thirty-six per
cent., while the federal loss was twen
ty-seven per cent. It is estimated that
the federate force numbered 84,000 men
and the Confederate <59,000.
The official reports of the losses are
precise enough. They place the federal
loss at 2,834 killed, 13,709 wounded anil
6,645 missing—23,lßo men in all. The
Southern loss is given as 2,665 killed,
12,599 wounded, and 7,464 missing, or
22,728 men in all, which, with the 300
men killed or wounded in the cavalry
on July 2 and 3, foots up their total
losses at more than 25,000.
Yet these official figures are rather
below than above the total amount of
damage done to and by both armies
in these bloody struggles. Thus, while
the federal reports aeknowedged 2,834
killed, the reports niiide by the hospit
als bear evidence to the burial of 3,575
Union corpses. The number of fed
erals who actually perished at Gettys
burg may be estimated at 4,000, home
1,000 or 1,100 haviyg died of their
On the other hand, Meade had 13,621
Confederate prisoners, lint there were
7,262 wounded among them. Hence,
there only remained 6,359 able bodied
prisoners. The number of 7,464 reck
oned by Lee as the number of men
missing must therefore represent, be
sides these able bodied prisoners, most
of the men seriously wounded during
the attack made by Pickett and Heath,
and abandoned on the battlefield. It
is obvious, therefore, that the total
number of Confederate wounded was
more than 13,600. And it is reasona
ble to suppose that after the combat
the wounded were for a few days more
rapidly decimated than their federal
companions in afflii ;ion.
It was not until tlie official reports
of losses came in that it was shown
that even Mull Run, as the first bat
tle of Manassas is sometimes called,
though it ended in a disastrous panic
on the Northern side, was bravely and
stubbornly contested on both sides for
many hours. The Confederate army
of 22,000, reinforced at the nick of
time by 8,000 men. drove the federal
army of 34,000 back on Washington
with a loss of 2,950 men. Hut they
themselves lost 1.652.
In the second battle of Manassas the
Union forces of 49.000 men were de
feated by 55,000 Confederates, with a
loss to the former of 11,000 and to the
latter of 7,241 men.
At Chancellorsville, where the fed
eral army under Hooker, was defeated,
its loss was 1,606 killed, 9,762 wounded,
and 5,91!) missing, or 17,287 men in all.
The Confederate loss amounted to less
than 12,000 men, of whom 8.700 were
wounded, 1,581 killed and from 1.000
to 1,500 taken prisoners.
At the battle of Shiloh, or Pitts
burg Landing, the total Confederate
loss was reported at 10,699. The fed
eral loss, made up from official state
ments, shows 1,700 killed, 7,945 wound
ed, 3.U22 prisoners; aggregate, 10,050.
Grant's capture of Port Donelson
was effected with 15,000 men, 5,000 less
than the enemy. The latter was
strongly intrenched and fortified. As
at Santiago, the fleet came to the as
sistance of the besiegers. Their total
loss was some 2,30(1 u.en. The Con
federates captured were more than
The indecisive battle of Pair Oaks
was attended by a loss on the federal
side of 5,739 men —namely, 890 killed,
3,627 wounded and 1,222 prisoners.
The total Confederate loss was 6,120.
At Gaines' Mill, or Chickahominy,
the losses were heavy on both sides.
Out of 37,000 men engaged, the federals
had nearly 7,000 killed and wounded.
Their victorious assailants, who num
bered some 75,000 men suffered even
The seven day's fighting which suc
ijQeded Gaines' Mill, and in which the
entire armies of MeClellan and Lee
were engaged, were all bloody. On the
4th of July, when the former reached
Harrison's Landing, he found himself
with 84,000 men under arms, which
meant a loss, since the 20th of June
preceding, of 15,249 men. Of these,
1,582 had been killed, 7.700 wounded
and 5,958 missing. The losses of bee's
army during the same period amounted
to some 25,000 men. more than one
fourth of its effective force.
McClellan's final great victory at
Antietam was the bloodiest that had so
far been fought in the war. The fed
eral losses amounted to 2,010 killed,
9,416 wounded, and 1,043 prisoners—-
altogether 12,469 men, among whom
were eight, generals, two corps com
manders and three division command
ers. Those of Lee, compared with the
number of his troops, were still heav
ier. He had nearly 1,600 killed, in
cluding two generals. His wounded
numbered about 7,000. His little ar
my had been reduced by at least 10,000
in a single day. He himself acknowl
edged a total loss of 1,567 killed and
8,724 wounded in the battles of Cramp
ton's Gap. Turner's Gap. Harper's Per
ry and Antietam. These figures are
for the most part less than those given
by his subordinates. Lee makes no
mention of the number of able bodied
prisoners left In the hands of the feder
als. but Longstreet acknowledges 1,316
for his own corps, and D. H. Hill 925
for his division. McClellan puts the to
tal of prisoners at 5,000. A fair average
between these conflicting statements
would make the number 3,500.
Thus, according- to the account of
the general-iu-chief of the Confeder
ate armies, his lueses at Antletam and
the four days preceding were at least
J4,000 men. Four-fifths of these losses
were incurred at Antletam itself.
Grant's operations against Vlcks
burg from May 1 to July 4, 1863, when
that city capitulated, were costly not
only in the treasure, but in blood.
During that time he took some 42,000
prisoners, while General Banks, who
had been in the field since the middle
of April, took 10,584. The number of
killed and wounded in the armies op
posed to them amounted to nearly 13,-
000, a total of some 65,000 combatants
taken from the Confederate ranks in
the course of three months. Hut Grant
had bought his victory at the cost of
1,243 killed, 7,095 wounded, and 535
prisoners, or 8,873 iu all, while Batiks
had lost between 3,000 and 4,000 men.
The losses of the Confederates at
Murfreesboro, or Stone River, were
unusually great. They themselves ac
knowledged them to be nearly 11,000
men—more than 9,000 of whom were
either killed or wounded or a loss of
about one-third of the effective force
engaged. The Federals lost some f2,000
but this number was barely two
sevenths of the total effective force.
Of these, 1,533 were killed and 7,245
At Fredericksburg, Lee's losses
amounted to s,2Uti, of whom 595 were
killed, 3,961 wounded and 653 taken
prisoners. Burnside's loss was niore
than twice as large, i.e., 12,653 men,
or 1,284 killed, 9,600 wounded and 1,769
Next to Gettysburg however, the
hardest fought and the bloodiest bat
tle of the war was that of Chlckamau
ga. The largest number of troops
Hosecrans had 'of all arms on the
field during the two days' fighting, was
55,000 effective men. His losses aggre
gated 16,336; or killed. 1,687, wounded
9,394. missing 5,255. Bragg, during
the battle, when his entire five corps
were engaged, had about 70,000 effec
tive troops in line. A full report of his
losses was never made, but they have
been estimated at 3,673 killed. 10,274
wounded, and 2,003 missing, a total of
"FIGHTING BOB'S" RELIGION.
His Answer to <i riihllsliwl Article Con
trasting Him Willi Ciipt. Pliillp.
Following is a copy of a letter sent
by Capt. Evans of the lowa in reply to
an article published by the Index, at
Williamsport, Pa., praising Capt.
Philip of the Texas for his "after-ac
tion prayer," and making a contrast
between Capt. Philip's action and what
is referred lo by the paper as the "fre
quently published profanity" of Capt.
"I beg to acknowledge the receipt to
day of a copy of your paper, which you
have been good enough to send me.
"I am somewhat at a loss to know
whether you send it for the purpose of
calling my attention to the cuss words
attributed to me in the newspapers or
to Capt. Philip's official show of Chris
tian spirit in announcing to his men on
the quarter deck of the Texas after the
battle of Santiago that he believed in
Almighty God. As, however, you have
seen fit to drag my name into your
newspaper I hope that you will publish
this reply that those who have read
your issue of July 15 may also read
what I have to say about it.
"I have never considered it necessary,
and I am sure that a great majority of
officers in the navy do not consider it
necessary, to announce to their crews
that 'they believe in Almighty God.' I
think that goes without saying. We,
each of us, have the right to show by
our acts how much we are imbued with
this belief. Capt. Philip has a perfect
right to sbow this to his men as he did;
it was simply a matter of taste.
"Now, for myself, shortly after the
Spanish cruiser Vizcaya had struck its
colors, and my crew had secured the
guns, the chaplain of the ship, an ex
cellent man. came to me and said,
'Captain, shall I say a few words of
thanks to Almighty God for our vic
tory?' I said: 'By all means do so; I
will have the men sent aft for that
purpose,' and was on the point of do
ing so when it was reported to me that
a Spanish battle ship was standing to
ward us from the eastward. My first
duty to God and my country was to
sink this Spanish battle ship, and I im
mediately made preparations to do ao.
When it was discovered that this ship
was an Austrian, 1 found my ship sur
rounded by boats carrying dying and
wounded prisoners, and others of the
crew of the Vizcaya to the number of
two hundred and fifty. To leave these
men suffering for the want of food and
clothing while called my men aft to
offer prayers was not my idea of either
Christianity or religion. I preferred to
clothe the naked, feed the hungry and
succor the sick, and 1 am strongly of
the opinion that Almighty God has not
put a black mark against me on ac
count of it. I do not know whether 112
shpll stand with Capt. Philip among
the first chosen In the hereafter, but I
have this to say in conclusion, that
every drop of blood in my body on the
afternoon of the 3d of July was singing
thanks and praises to Almighty God
for the victory we had won."
Wisconsin has been celebrating its
50th anniversary and seems to have
many things to be proud of. It was
the first state to abolish capital pun
ishment, the first to destroy the color
lines at the poles and also the first to
give woman absolute control in the dis
posal of her property.
"Running sores appeared on my
leg and spread over the entire
lower portion of the limb. 1 got
no help from medicine till I tried
yours. I was cured by one bottle of
ISAAC ACKER, Cowans, Va.
Everybody Say# So.
Cascarets (Jsuiilv Cathartic, the most farm
derful medical diacovery of tlio n-re, pleas
ant and rofreidnnic to the taste, act gently
and positively on kidneys, liver and tmvvels,
eleansiim Hits entire system, dispel colds,
cure lieuiHvjhe, fever, ItaMlun) i onstipatioa
and biliousness. I'lease buy and try a
of C. C. C. to-dnv; It),:"» 0 cents. Sold and
guaranteed to cure by all druggists.
A Horrible Itailroad Accident
is :i daily chronicle in our papers; also
(lie death of some dear Irieinl, who had
died with Consumption, whereas, if be or
she had taken <>lto's Cure for Throat and
bung diseases in time, life would have
bee# rendered happier and perhaps saved.
Heed the warning ! If you have a cough
or any affection of the Throat and Lungs
Call on T. J. Keeler,Laporte; W. L.
Ilotlinan, Ilillsgrove; B. S-Lancaster,
Forksville; C. B Jennings, Agt. Fstella;
Jno. W. Buck, Sonestown, and get a
trialjpacknge free. Large size 50c and 25c.
To Cure OuiiHliputlon Korevwr.
Take Cascarets Canity Cathartic. 10c0r230.
If C. C. C. fail to cure, druggists refund moi/ey.
Don't Tobnrro Spit and Smoke Your l.ifc Away.
To quit tobacco easily and forever, be mag
netic, full of life, nerve and vigor, take No-To*
Bae, the wonder-worker, that makes weak men
strong. All druggists, Aoc or sl, Cure guaran
teed Booklet and sample free. Address
Sterling liemedy Co., Chicago or New York.
Educate Your Howolg With Cuacaretb.
Candy Cathartic, cure constipation forever.
10c, 20c. If C. C. C. fail, druggists refund money.
G. A. Rogers
(Successor to li.W. Fawcett.)
Bicycle repairing. Bicycle sundries.
Fishing tackle, at lowe I possible
Latch String Always
an endless variety of
high grade foot-wear is
now on sale and for the
there will positively be
No War Tax
put upon my prices.
E. L. PLAGE S
Every corner of the store is
bright, with the newest things
for Women's wear and Men's
wear and Children's wear.
We are glad to have yon come in
and see the new life of the old
store and look at its excellent
line of goods.
for Men, Women and
In conjunction with
the inviting varities, all
prices will be found more
than ordinarily small.
A new and fresh sup
ply of Groceries have
have just arrived.
Vernon Hull, i
Three Big Stores- MUNCY VALLEY,
An Explosion of Values.
PRICES BLOWN TO ATOMS.
Two or three leasons for this —liberal supply, bet
ter qualities, less in price than found elsewhere.
Ladies' Dress Wares.
They are the kind women want, and our prices will
cause lively selli vj.
CORSETS Selling at Corset Prices.
No other line in these stores has such decided
growth as that of Corsets. Augmented sales each
month demonstrates the superiority of brands.
Iheie is to be found a general line of seasonable
goods constantly on hand.
Remember the Place.
We keep in stock at our mills a
complete line of dressed lumber
MANUFACTURERS OF hem ' oCk
Gang Sawed and Trimmed Lumber.
Hemlock Novelty or German Siding,
Hemlock Ceiling 7-8 or 3-8 stick,
Hemlock Flooring any width desired,.
Hemlock Lath both $ and 4 feet long,
Hardwood Flooring both Beech, Birch or Maple,
The same woods in 3-8 ceiling.
Buy Good Goods!
And you will be surprised
how cheap they are in the end.
We have just unpacked such a stock ol coats ami capes to which we are pleased
to call your special attention. We <lo not pretend to handle the cheapest
coats 111 the market, but we do say we have the BEST and neatest titling
garments made. Our coats and copes are made to order, and in the latest
styles with prices to suit everybody.
IN DRESS GOODS WE WERE NEVER BETTER
PREPARED TO PLEASE YOU THAN AT THE
PRESENT, AS WE HAVE THE LARGEST AS
SORTMENT IN THAT LINE EVER DISPLAY
ED IN THE COUNTY.
Ladies anil Misses, Boys'aml Men, you need not go hall frozen 'this winter for we
liave plenty of underwear for you all, both in cotton or wool, red or gray and
the prices are very low, so low that when you see the goods you will ba aston
'ihed that we are able to give you such bargains.
One word in regard to foot wear:
Our shoe department was never more complete and if you will 'lavor us with
your attention for a few minutes when in town we will convince vou that "we
have the most carefully selected line ol fine and heavy boots and shoes ever
brought before the public. On crockery we have just received some verv
pretty designs in l>ecorated Dinner Sets to which we invite your attention.
The buying ol country produce has always been a special feature of ou
Business, and we still continue in paying the highest each prices lor Butter
Egg« and Wool.
E. G. Sylvara PUSHORE, IPA.
Wright & Haight,
M, R. BLACK, Forksville, Pa.
MAN UI'ACTUHKHS OP
Doors, Sash, Moulding, Flooring, Ceiling etc,
Full and complete seasoned stock always on hand.
A fine line of furniture etc. The most complete line of
Coffins and Casket to select from in Sullivan County.
The finest hearse in the county, with equipments to match.
Embalming a specialty. Funerals directed with
safety and dispatch.