Republican news item. (Laport, Pa.) 1896-19??, August 11, 1898, Image 8

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A Great Tank In Which Models of New
Warihlpa Are to Be Tested.
Close to the waterfront at the gun
factory in Washington the first experi
mental tank for the navy Is beingrapld
ly completed, and by the time bidders
have submitted proposals for the con
struction of the big battleships and
monitors recently called for it will be
ready to test miniature models of par
afflne and wax representing the pro
posed new additions to the country's
fighting strength on the sea. Therfc is
no tank in the world equal to this one
in size, equipment, and completeness
of its electrical devices. It is longer
and wider than the best owned by for
eign countries, and covers an area of
water fully capable of iloating some of
the largest torpedo boats. It looks like
an Immense natatorium, and, in fact,
would make an excellent one.
The plan of having a big tank,
housed over, with brick sides and con
crete bottom, in which little models of
all new ships to be built for the navy
should be tested, was suggested some
years ago by Chief Constructor Hlch
born, who had noted the excellent re
sults obtained in Great Britain and
France by testing designs of new ships
before their actual lines were decided
upon by constructing small models and
having them towed through the water
at given rates of speed. The resistance
offered by the models to the water
formed a basis on which close esti
mates could be made of the probable
speed of the actual ships when in ser
vice, and faults in designs could be
readily detected and corrected before
the vessels were completed. Two
years ago congress appropriated SIOO,-
00(1 with which to build a tank, and
under direction of Constructor Taylor
the work has so advanced that It will
be available in a few weeks.
When a new vessel is to be built, a
model is made of it about eight feet
long, care being observed to have the
lines accurately moulded. This model
is made of wood and covered with a
mixture of paraffine and wax. to give
it a smooth surface. Running the en
tire length of the tank, several feet
above the. water, is an electrical trolley
apparatus, to which the model is at
tached and by which it is drawn
through the water at certain fixed
speeds. The waves created and their
character are noted, and the distur
bance caused abeam and the general
effect produced on the water by the
vessel are clpsely watched. Where de
fects are apparent, the designs of the
proposed vessel are altered to correct
them and by this means the construc
tors can estimate accurately just the
amount of steam power required to
send a vessel of a certain displacement
and design through the water at a giv
en rate of speed. Models are now be
ing made of the three new battleships,
which will be the first tested in the
new tank. It is expected that some
valuable lessons will be learned from
the experiments by which improve
ments may be made in the plans of the
The Secretary of the Navy.
The navy of the I'nited States struck
the first blow in the war for Cuba'k
Freedom and it was a blow which
amazed the world. Later the battle of
Manila Hay was equalled by the utter
destruction of the Spanish l-'leet off San
tiago de Cuba. JcAm 1). I.Ong, ex-Gover
nor of Massachusetts, is Secretary of the
Navy and to him goes glory as well as
to Dewey, Sampson and Schley.
Enaign Powelson.
Ensign Powelson, of the St. Paul, the
young officer whose expert evidence
was an important feature of the Maine
Court of Inquiry, has distinguished
himself again. Mr. Powelson com
manded the gun which disabled the
Spanish torpedo boat destroyer Ter
ror, recently, by one of the most re
markable shots in the naval history of
the war. His gun also fired the shell
from the St. Paul which exploded di
rectly over a Spanish cavalry force on
shore, scattering them in all directions.
Ensign Powelson, when war was de
clared, was transferred, at his request,
und that of Captain Sigsbee, from the
Fern to the St. Paul.
Reflection* of a Bachelor.
No man with a full beard knows
what it really means to blush.
Some women never know when their
husbands' wives need a change.
When a man quarrels with a girl
ind doesn't want her to make it up ho
begins to call Iher "my dear child."
The first time his wife cleans house
every man makes up his mind that 11
she ever tries it again he will leave
As long as a girl has time to remark
about men having nice names she
hasn't given up all hope of getting
Of the total population of Bombay
which 4a nearly n million, the greatei
part la crowded Into on area of foui
attuare miles.
Tlie Vulcan Is A Floating: Machine Shop,
Fully Equipped To Repair Any Damage
Done to Sampson'* Fleet—Carries Tools
and Machinery Worth tt.'iOO.OOO.
The queerest vessel in the United
States navy, if not. indeed, the queer
est afloat, is the aptly named Vulcan.
She is literally a floating machine shop,
thoroughly equipped with all the tools
and appliances to be found in any shop
ashore where the work ol' repairing
machinery to vessels is done. She
may not win as much popular glory
as her armed sisters, she may not pre
sent so gay an appearance, and she
may not do such deeds of daring, but
she lias her mission to fulfil, and she
will not be found wanting.
The real heroes of war are not al
ways to be found on the quarterdeck.
Did you ever think of the men buried
away down in the stifling bowels of the
ship, the men who see nothing of the
battle, but upon whose efforts the ac
tion of the ship entirely depends?
That's the way it is with the Vulcan.
Her labors will probably be unpraised
and unsung, but they will be none the
less valuable for all that.
Her mission is to remain with the
fleet and repair any damage that may
be done to the other vessels. For this
work she is thoroughly prepared. Her
equipment includes nearly a hundred
tons of tools and machinery valued at
If you have ever visited a naval re
pair shop and can imagine the scene
transferred to shipboard, you can get
a fairly good idea of what the Vulcan
looks like. There are plate bending
rolls and punching and shearing ma
chines that can bite through an inch
of solid steel. There are lathes for
turning castings of nearly any size,
there are planers, <1 rills and milling
machines of compass enough to meet
almost any demand, and there are
blowers to supply the several forges
and to draw foul air from between
decks and send it through the ventila
tors above. She can even make small
rapid fire guns.
There are pipe cutters, bolt cutters,
forges and grindstones, and a good
sized cupola for the melting of suffi
cient metal to make a heavy casting.
A supplemental electric plant has given
excellent lighting facilities throughout
the ship, but principally in the work
shops situated on what Is termed the
third deck.
There are also evaporators and dis
tillers of a capacity equal to a daily
output of quite ten thousand gallons
of water, several times more than the
needs of the Vulcan could demand.
She has two steam cranes, with ten
foot arms that will lead to the hoist
ing drums amidships and to the cranes
to the hatches. These cranes are
specially designed for removing
weights from the men-of-war and for
transferring machinery to the disabled
ships. And, lastly, there is a mag
nificent little foundry for manufactur
ing castings up to a certain size.
Of course, skilled men are required
to perform the work of repairing ma
chinery, and the best machinists and
mechanics in the service have been
assigned to the Vulcan to perform the
work for which it has been fitted out,
and this brings to light a condition
of affairs quite as unique as is the ship
herself. There is no mechanical plant
in the country that admits of such a
variety of accomplishments as this
one. The variety of departments gives
the Vulcan more chief petty officers
than any other ship known. A dozen
such officers is the usual complement
for a war ship, but the Vulcan, out of
her entire crew of two hundred men,
has ninety-two men who have the right
to wear double breasted short coats
and officer's caps.
No vessel that has yet started out
for war has carried such a large com
plement of well-trained and educated
men. The repair ship has on board
some of the linest engineers in the
country, and among the number is a
Providence millionaire and a college
professor, who entered the service of
their country as soon as it was known
that the United States was to have
a floating machine shop.
Chief machinists, expert boilermak
ers, moulders, brass finishers and elec
tricians: copper-smiths, carpenters,
joiners, ship-wrights, plumbers—all
have the rating of first class pet
ty officers. The Vulcan's cap
tain is Lieutenant Commander
Ira Harris who has been general
manager of the Chicago Drop Forge
and Foundry Company, and of like
concerns in Kansas and Cleveland, O.
The chief engineers are Gardiner
Sims, the head of the Armington &
Sims Engine Works, of Providence, R.
1., who has thirty of his best mechan
ics aboard, and Professor Aldrich, of
the University of West Virginia, one
of the best electrical experts of the
country. Frederick C. Neilson, son of
Medical Inspector John L. Neilson,
United States senior medical officer
at Cbarlestown, is an assistant en
gineer. The leading mechanics have
quarters in the old passenger state
rooms, and will live very comfortably.
Officially the Vulcan is described as
an engineer's repair ship, but Engineer
in Chief Melville, who was responsible
for her purchase and transformation,
sets the mind at rest as to her position
in the navy by calling her a floating
machine shop. The Vulcan was for
merly the merchant steamer Chatham.
Shortly before the war commenced Hn
glneer in Chief Melville recommends!
to the department that two vessels be
acquired which could be transformed
into engineers' repair ships and at
tached to the North Atlantic and fiy
'n* ttuadrons
| It Had Been Ketused Hut lie JOot It Uy a
Perilous Kxplolt.
There is a young soldier from Bing
hampton in Captain Hitchcock's com
' pany of the First Regiment, New Yu:k
; Volunteers, at Governor's island, who
i won a much desired leave of absence
one day in a novel way. This young
soldier wanted togo over to New York
for two days in the worst kind of a
way. Some friends from home, whom
i he hadn't seen since he marched out
! of Binghamton with his company near
ly two months before, were coming
i down for a visit and had invited him
|to spend the time with them. As he
hadn't had any leave either at Camp
Black or at Governor's Island up to
! that time, he felt sure that there would
| be no difficulty in getting it then, and,
, accordingly, he putin an application
j for forty-eight hours.
In just one hour he got his applica
i tion back, marked "Refused." There
; was no explanation of the refusal, and
j the young soldier was disgruntled
| about it and went off to sulk.
The next afternoon there was a
; heavy windstorm. It blew great guns
j on Governor's Island, and many things
| that were not secured were blown out
i into the bay. The most serious dam
age done, however, was the snapping of
the halyard on the big steel flagpole on
the parade ground and the sudden de
scent to the ground in consequence of
the American Hag. Officers and men
regarded this as an evil omen, and,
despite the fact that the wind was still
blowing a gale, they ran out on the pa
rade ground to rescue the flag and see
what could be done toward fixing the
broken halyard.
"I want a man to shin up that pole
■ and fix that rope," said the officer of
| the day, who was one of the Lieuten
ants of the company. "Who will do
The first half of the flagpole was
solid enough, but up toward the top it
was bending in the wind like a slender
branch of a tree. It was a smooth
climb, too, and it was evident that it
would take a pretty good man to make
it, and a pretty strong one lo hang on
after he reached the lop. For a mo
ment after the lieutenant called for a
volunteer there was silence. Then a
soldier stepped forward and aid he'd
make an attempt.
There was a burst of applausa from
the others as he tied the end of the
rope around his waist. No one who
heard him doubted that he could make
the climb, as he had served six years
in the navy before joining the National
Guard. Half way up, the soldier
stopped and yelled down that he
couldn't go any further.
"The wind's too strong," he shouted.
"I can scarcely hold on now."
"Come down, then," cried the Lieu
When the soldier reached the ground
the Lieutenant turned to the men and
said •
irnnT Tobnrro Spif ami Smoke lour l.ile Amty.
To quit toba-eo easily nml forevor. be waj?
netic. full of life, nerve and \ take No To-
Bae, the wonder worker, that makes weak men
strong. All druggists, 50c or $I • Curt' ru-iran
teed. Booklet ami sample free.. Address
Sterling Kemedy Co , Chicago or New Voile
■' IfffjlOW arc the chil- i lmm
lmm I dren this summer? )\
, 1 IH I Arc they doing
} l8 =« l well? Do they {
\ get all the benefit they /
4 , should from their food? }•
i Arc their cheeks and lips }
of good color? And arc 1
j 1 they hearty and robust ins
l everyway? t
\ If not, then give them /
\ Scott's Emulsion |
,' of cod liner oil V
( > phosphites. /
! It never fails to build I
, 1 up delicate boys and girls. £
,» It gives them more flesh <
> and better blood. £
' > It is just so with the '
■ ( baby also. A little Scott's »
■ Hmulsion, three or four 1 ,
, 1 times a day, will make ',
< > the thin baby plump and <"
► It , "
', /£vfwwf ur nishes the ( '
' > young botJy ■
' fl r~rT ' ust t ' ie material ' ■
,' win necessary for «,
,> QIJ j I growing bones <
• ant l nerves. ,'
I All DruKeists, coc. and si. l'
' i ni'n'g n*n | 1
25c 50c ALL
when ami
~J«7T. Surrey Harneee.Prlce, |16.00. W«*on«. Send for Urge, free No «o«Surre» -
.. « M - 11 ' f0 ' 136 CaUlogu. of all our m,I M . .bad.
I and \f-:t cure iii« •••;:- wenee;. Tlw*-.w ans
j ' iii of thoiM t»4" I'-MVli;::'.!i< n :
| lo.w yf ujipftiti*, >;.u:r
t 1:, c.nUul toi;..!'.-,
iruu'; 1 , pivl;>ir,::ion, toi,l lYe!, «]«.•!.;iin. «• -
ba.-l.act.o, N i-, .:; ;
juun.Kce, pile- 1 , juilor, ;'tiu:h, irritability,
nervousness, lioa.hoho, turpi J liver, h«nu t
burn, foul bieath, sdeepk-.iriiie.-.),
nc:'s, hot skin, cramps, throbbing head.
Ar ° a su " a c —•
£S BHOIO for UuiJtilifiaiian
Dr. J. Ayer's Pills are a specific for
all diseases of the liver, stomach, and
"1 suffered from constipation which as
sumed such an obstinate form that I feared
it would cause a stoppage of the boweU.
After vainly trying various remedies, I be
gan to take Ayer's Pills. Two boxes effected
a complete cure."
I). BURKE, Saeo, Me.
"For eight years I was afflicted with
constipation, which became so had that the
doctors could do no more for me. Then I
bewail to take Ayer's Pills, and soon the
bowels recovered their natural action."
WM. H. DELAUCETT, l»oraet, Out.
"Will any other man try It? We
must fix It, boys, for the Hag can't fly
until we do."
Two or three men sniil that they
would ilo It willingly, if they could,
but they were sure they couldn't climb
a quarter of the way up. Then the
young soldier, who had been sulktug
because his application for leave had
been turned down, stepped forward and
"Lieutenant, I made application for
forty-eight hours' leave yesterday and
it was refused. I want that leave bad
ly, and if you'll promise to get it for
me I'll make a stagger at this job. I
never shinned up a smooth steel pole,
but 1 have climbed trees, and think 1
can do this Job."
"1 can't promise you the leave," said
the Lieutenant, "but I'll promise to do
my best to obtain it for you."
"That's satisfactory," said the sol
dier, and a moment later he was going
up the pole, the end of the broken hal
yard tied around his waist. He went
up very slowly, resting every few feet
and finally reached the top. His com
panions below were too scared to ap
plaud, for the top of tlie pole was bend
ing first one way and then another in
the gale, and it looked as though the
young soldier might be blown from his
perch any second.
But he wasn't. He wns earning that
much-desired leave, and he succeeded
in slipping the end of the rope through
to the pulley block andbringingit down
with him. Then he was allowed to
haul up the flag himself, while the
other soldiers cheered him. Thorough
ly exhausted, he went back to his quar
ters, where, an hour later, an orderly
handed him a paper, informing him
lhat, on the recommendation of Lieu
tenant Blank, seventy-t\fo hours' leave
of absence had been granted to him
by the Post Commander, Colonel. Bar
The MlnlH<er'a MUtiikr.
As a minister and a lawyer were
riding together, says the minister to
the lawyer:
"Sir, do you ever make mistakes in
"I do," says the lawyer.
"And what do you do with mis
takes?" inquired the minister.
"Why, sir, if large ones, I mend
them; if small ones, I let them go,"
said the lawyer. "And pray, sir," con
tinued he, "do you ever make mistakes
in preaching?"
"Yes, sir; I have."
"And what do you do with mia
takes?" said the lawyer.
"Why, sir, I dispose of them in the
same manner as you do. Not long
since," continued he, "as I was preach
ing, I meant to observe that the devil
was the father of liars, but made a
mistake, and said the father of law
yers. The mistake was so small that
X let it. JJO."
Window Screens, Poultry Netting
Hammocks, Porch Chairs and up, Coal Oil
stoves of Nickless make, Gasoline Stoves.
HARVESTING TOOLS in abundance.
Brick for chimneys, always on hand. Nails, steel
cut, # i .49 per keg. Western Washer, best
made; Building paper, per roll, coo so. feet;
Poultry Netting, 1 ft. to 6 ft. wide, i-2ct. sq. foot.
Jeremiah Kelly,
Onr Declaration of War
Has been in effect for a number of
years and our
Bombardment of High Prices
Has created havoc of late in the sale of
all at the lowest cash price.
PHOSPHATE, ThiJty tons of different grades will be
sold at a low figure.
W. E. MILLER, Sullivan County, Pa.
We always carry out our promises to the very letter. Our promises lo
the public is lo sell high grade merchandise at lower prices than any other
store in the country. Our constantly increasing business is proof. Positive
that our promises have always Wen kept we have determined that more
than ever we shall keep on increasing and increasing our reputation tor
heing the greatest popular priced store in this section.
We give you special bargains in
SHOES and Ladies' Coats and
We have a very large stock on hand and will sell this month at cut
prices. It will pay you to make your purchase now. We have a full
line of Ladies' Slippers at Itotloin prices. Also Ladies' Skirts, Wrappers,
Shirt Waists and Corsets. Prices cheaper than yon can buy the material.
Ladies' Capes at half price. Come and see them while they last; it will
pay you. '
Come and see: it will be to your benefit. The prices we are offering
now when you see them you cannot help buying.
V n /rnk Dai* The Reliable Dealer in Clothing
U ctCilM A VI Boots and Shoes.