Republican news item. (Laport, Pa.) 1896-19??, August 11, 1898, Image 2

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    The Vesuvius has ft dangerous
cough, but it is of a kiud that worries
the other fellow.
Englflud will not have her custom
ary naval review this year. She doubt
less feels that America is presenting
a somewhat more impressive exhibi
tion in the same line.
It is barely possible that the dyna
mite cruiser of the Vesuvius class
will supplant both the torpedo boat
and the monitor in future naval arma
ment, thinks the Chicago Times-Her
American lumber exports are on
the increase as shown by returns for
the last two years. During 1895 the
value of lumber exports was $30,000,-
000, (luring 1896 33,000,000, and for
1897 there was an increase of 20 per
cent., bringing the total up to $40,-
Kaiser Wilhelm is inventing a new
mitrailleuse to knock over a whole reg
iment at one fire whenever it comes
within range. After he has invented
a new bicycle saddle he can sit down
like Alexander and weep that, iJ the
fields of ingenuity, at any rate, there
are no more worlds left for him to
The first railroad in Sweden was
opened in 1855, and the country has
now in proportion to its population,
more railways than any other country
in Europe. They are owned partly
by the state and partly by private cor
porations. Sweden has the only rail
way in the world which passes the
polar circle, i. e., the state line from
Lulea to Gellivare, in the Lapland
The progress of English toward uni
versal use was shown when Doctor
Nansen recently addressed the Rus
sian Geographical society on the
theme of his Arctic adventures. He
spoke in English, saying he knew no
Russian, was not sure of German,and
could not use French with any degree
of ease; but not one of his audience
complained of not being able to un
derstand English.
It would appear from all accounts
that M. Chaeot's enterprise of the
manufacture of spiders'-web silk is
to be pursued on a large scale, a fac
tory in Paris having been taken for
the purpose. Here the spiders will
be kept and worked at regular hours,
and, when one of them is used up,he
will be fed and helped back to condi
tion again, while another will take his
place on the bobbin. An expert, fully
acquainted with the habits of the in
sect, will be in control of the spider
department of the factory, the care of
them, feeding, housiug, etc. In ob
taining the requisite supply, if the
latter exceeds what is necessary for
the industry, experiments will be
made with a view to ascertaining which
of the different varieties produces tlie
finest quality of silk, and in this way
those not favored with a fine web will
be weeded out. Trials will likewise
be made with different diets, in order
to determine whether or not it is pos
sible to train the spider to give forth
a web that is an improvement on the
ordinary product—the expectation be
ing that perseverance in this respect
will result in securing a quality of
silk hitherto unsurpassed.
We do not have to search long for
the explanation of the tremendous
spread of the English language dur
ing the last one hundred years, says
the Atlanta Constitution. There is
something in the temperament of both
Britons and Americans which makes
them superior to any other race of j)eo
ple on the globe in wideawake progres
siveness. While Great Britain on the
one hand has been engaged in plant
ing colonies in all parts of the globe,
tho United States on the other hand
lias been engaged in subduing the vast
domain of the North American conti
nent. While Great Britain has car
ried the English language into foreign
quarters, placing it upon the lips of
Millions, the United States with the
proffer of splendid opportunities held
out to the discontented spirits of the
old world has succeeded in attracting
millions into her ample borders, en
dowing them with her language as
well as with the fruits of liberty. In
sjiite of the decline which other na
tions have experienced, the two great
English-speaking nations have forged
their way to the front, causing every
obstacle to succumb to their invinci
ble progress. At the present time
they carry on the great bulk of the
world's commerce, and represent the
major portion of its wealth and «nter
prisa, Such being true, there seems
to be abundant warrant for the state
ment that the world's destiny, in a
large measure lies within the keeping
of the two great branches of the An
fflo-Saxon race.
The "curfew" idea is said to be get
ting, very popular in Kansas towns,
auj, where tried, to have been effec
tive of good results in the control 01
the young.
The German emperor wrongs Amer
icans by imagining they doubt his ex
pressions of friendship. But they art
justified in a suspicion that he ma}
see fit to take them back.
United States Consul Smith at Mos
cow, Russia, reports that the Russia!
government has already expended
$188,014,938 on the construction ol
the Trans-Siberian railway.
Angusti, the Spanish governor of
the Philippines, offered a reward o!
$25,000 for the head of Agninaldo,th<
insurgent leader. The latter cap
tured the governor's wife and chil
dren, whom he treated as tenderly ai
if they were his own. Perhaps this
is an exhibition of the Philippine sav
agery that Madrid talks so much
The export trade of the Congo stat«
is growing splendidly. In 1886 it was
$354,000. In 1889 it was $859,000.
In 1884 it was $1,752,000, and in 189 <
it was $3,029,000. More thau half th«
export trade is in rubber, which hat
increased in amount more than fifty
fold since 1886. And that increase is
chiefly due to the enormous extension
of wheeling, Thus does civilization
get swiftly forward upon a bicycle.
The population of Cuba increased
from 715,000 in 1825, to 1,631,400 in
1894. The population is much less
now than it was then, owing mainly
to starvation. About sixty-five pei
cent, of the population is descended
from the aristocracy and peasantry oi
Castile, Audalusia, Catalonia and
other provinces of Spain. Most o:
the remainder of the population ii
mainly of African descent Havani
is about as populous as Washington,
and until the war began was a verj
gay city.
It is hardly possible that the widow
of the great English commoner whc
all through life declined ennoblement
at the hands of the Quesn will son
fall to the bait, muses the St. Louit
Star. She is the relict of Mr. Glad
stone, and a space is reserved besidt
his body at Westminster Abbey fo;
her remains. Mrs. Gladstone would
read much more eloquently on thi
tablet than the Countess of Liverpool
Oh, no. Gladstone lived and died ai
plain Mr. His widow, if she reveret
his memory, will live the balance o;
her life and go down to the tomb at
Mrs. Gladstone.
The poverty and low state of socia
life and civilization of the Spaniard!
is indexed quite accurately by theii
wage rates, states Gunton's Magazine
For instance, the average weekly paj
of a bricklayer in Spain (Malaga) ie
$3.80; in the United States $21.18; o
a mason $3.30 in Spain, s2l in th<
United States; of a carpenter $3.90 ii
Spain, $14.35 in the United States; o
printers $4.50 in Spain, $16.42 in thi
United States; of laborers, por
ters, etc.,' 52.75 in Spain, SB.BB in
the United States. While rents, and
possibly prices of a few native pro
ducts are lower in Spain thau in thi
United States, the difference come!
nowhere near equalling the wide dis
parity of wages. Moreover, in a com
parison of this sort the quality of th<
living must be considered as well ai
the nominal cost. Thus lower rent,
nearly always imply inferior accom
modations, and, to the average Spau
iard, most of the comforts and con
veniences in ordinary use here are un
attaiuable luxuries.
The president and the secretary o
war had a delicate task in selecting
195 men out of 7000 applicants fo;
appointment as second lieutenants in
the regular army under an act o
Congress providing for changes in thi
form of battalion organization. Tht
selections indicate that the task wa.
performed with rare discrimination.
Eighty-nine of the men designatec
are college graduates, representing
sixty-seven different institutions ii
which military instruction is a part o
the curriculum; thirteen are enlistee
men in the United States army, anc
the others are serviug in various ca
pacifies in the volunteer service. Th<
appointment of college graduatec
Who have had a military training t<
serve as junior officers in the regulai
army can hardly be called an experi
ment, says the Chicago-Times Herald,
for the methods employed by militar;
instructors in colleges are much th<
same as those at West Point. Th<
government is thus assured of a big!
degree of efficiency on the part of th(
new junior officers, who have the ad
ditional qualifications of learning ano
youthful enthusiasm.
A fair young mother calmly read, Oh, happy mother, do you know
While one hand rocked the cradle bed That not so many years ago
Wherein her first-born slept away That soldier was a buby, too.
The twilight of a summer day. face us sweet, and eyes as blue
Hhe carelessly the paper turned As tl> >se within yon cradle there?
Till "Latest War News" she discerned; Aud knew a mother's tender cure,
"Our loss was small," dispatches said— Who now must sit alone and weep
"A skirmish, and one soldier dead." Because he wakes not from his sleep?
They troubled not to give his name, And otkrer thousands also said:
Or e'en the troop from which he came; "Only a private soldier dead,"
For who, rejoicing in success. Without a passing thought that he
Cares if there be one private less? Might one of nature's nobles be,
Only a soldier lying there, Or that the words that line contained
With blood upon his sunny hair, Would wreck a life that yet remained.
With no kind friend to raise his head His mother waits Tor him in vain,
Or treasure the last words he said. For be, her only child, is slain.
—Jean Paul Wayne, In the Chicago Tost.
irvwv wtv v wwwwvvvvww^
I was the only American operator
in Eastern Cuba in February and
March, 1898, which were very busy
months in the cable office at Santiago,
where I had been for four years. In
the early part of 1895 we seldom han
dled more than 30 messages a day,
but after the insurrection began the
number rose to 90 and 100 daily, in
creasing a little every month.
The cable from Santiago to Spain
goes under sea first to Kingston, Ja
maica, thence to Puerto Rico, thence
to St. Croix and from there to Para
maribo and Pernambuco in Brazil.
Cables from Pernambuco cross the
South Atlantic to St. Vincent, Cape
Verde islands, and from St. Vincent
other cables extend to Madeira,thence
to Lisbon and overlnnd to Madrid.
There is also a less direct cable from
Pernambuco to St. Louis iu Senegal,
Africa, and thence to the Canary isl
ands and Cadiz.
Beside mv-self, there was but one
other operator in the Santiago office,
Laurin Merode,a young Spaniard, who
had learned cable work at Lisbon.
We thought that 100 messages daily
made work enough,but over 800 passed
the day after the Maine was blown up
in Havana harbor. Four more oper
ators were needed, and we called to
Havana for help; but no notice was
taken of our appeal, and, rather than
desert our posts and leave the com
pany's business undone, we slaved
night and day, always hojiing the
pressure would moderate.
One day we sent 13,742 words in
over 1100 despatches,yet we were two
hours "back" at midnight, with Ha
vana fuming at us over the land wire
and still hurrying messages through
the Cienfuegos cable. There were
Spanish government cipher messages
from Sagasta to Blanco aud Blanco's
cipher to Sagasta; reams of bombast
from the Cuban correspondents of The
Imparcial and Correo for Madrid, fol
lowed by more cipher to Weyler at
Barcelona from his brother officers at
Havana, and then the bankers and
merchants quoting, selling and order
To add to our vexations, the "mouse
mill" of the siphon recorder gave
trouble constantly, and the clockwork
that carries the record tape broke
down every day or two. Now a Span
iard is utterly without native ingenu
ity. Merode was a tolerably good op
erator, but when it came to rectifying
faults of the instrument he was an in
fant, aud all such tasks fell on me.
Anything like clockwork I can
"tinkei," but the mouse mill that
works the siphou pen is a very delicate
bit of meolianism, which assists the
faint electric impulses that come great
distances through the cable to move
the iuk point of the recorder to and
fro on the tape.
I suppose I had taken the record
tape clockwork and mouse mill apart
£0 different times, and on the evening
of the second of April, after Merode re
lieved me, I set to work to wind a
new motor coil for the mouse mill,
which had worked so very badly all
day that, rather than struggle with it
louger, I had determined to sit up all
night and build a new" "mill."
The cable-house at Santiago is a
most lonesome place, particularly at
night; but a Spanish sentinel was sup
posed to pass the door every three
minutes. These poor fellows were
rarely paid aud often looked in at the
door to beg a cigarette. So when the
outside door opened behind us that
evening, I supposed the incomer was
the sentinel, and I did not even look
around till an amused voice exclaimed:
"Aha, senors! Buenos noches!"
A Spanish sentinel begging a cigar
ette does not speak in that tone, so
Merode and I faced round with a
jump. There stood a rather tall, good
looking young fellow, in a white duck
suit and white cap, regarding 11s keen
ly; and a step behind him was a typi
cal Cuban rebel—sombrero, long mus
tachios, broad- belt, long boots, revol
ver and machete.
In an instant Merode was on his
feet and shouted, "Sentinela!" at
which our unexpected visitors laughed
good-hnmoredly, and the Cuban said:
"I must beg the Senor Telegrafero
sot to distress himself concerning the
worthy sentinel, for that watchful sol
dier is now lying comfortably on his
tiack outside,Vith a gag in his mouth,
and his hands are tied to his feet."
"Well, who are you, and what do
you want here?" I exclaimed, in Span
lhe young man in white duck
laughed. "You are an American; any
body could tell that by your Spanish.
Oh, I know about you. Speak Eng
lish. "
"Certainly," I replied. "What do
you want here?"
"The news."
"What news?"
"Are the Spanish warships, Vizcaya
and Oquendo, still at Puerto Rico?
Has the torpedo flotilla arrived there,
or has it gone to St. Vincent, at Cape
do Verde?"
"It is contrary to the rules of the
cable company for me to give such in
formation," I replied. "Besides, all
these Spanish government messages
are in cipher, which I am not supposed
to know anything about."
"Don't let the cipher trouble you,"
he replied, laughing. "I have the
key to their cipher all right."
"As to who I am," he continued,
"my name's Macomber. I am the
correspondent of the ." He
named an American journal. "News
as to the whereabouts of the Spanish
torpedo boats and those cruisers
would be valuable just now, not only
to my paper, but to the American
navy at Key West. Now you are an
American and a good patriot, I dare
sny. Will you not help us out?"
"I'm a good patriot," said I."And
lam also an honest man, employed
here to do a certain duty.whicli. I will
not betray."
"You will not help me then? Very
well, I shall examine your tapes by
"It is not my business to fight for
Spain," said I."I have 110 force to
resist yon, but I will not help yon."
"Thanks. That's all I ask. Just
you sit quiet."
"Do you think you can read our
tapes?" I asked, incredulously.
"Sure. I was a cable operator three
"But where did you get your cipher
"That's a matter that was arranged
in Havana three months ago. Your
tape bobbius for the current week
are in the table drawer, I presume?"
"Look for yourself," I said. "But
my fellow-operator here is a Spaniard.
I do not speak for him."
"Senor Merode," I said in Spanish,
"these gentlemen wish to see the rec
ord tapes."
Merode had stood listening, making
out what we said with difficulty.
"Xunoa!" (Never!) he exclaimed, ex
citedly, pnd made a jump for the big
table d a ver, with some notion, I
think, ot destroying the tapes. He
was a plucky fellow, but the Cuban
seized him by the collar before he
could open the drawer, flung him vio
lently backward on the floor and drew
his machete.
"Don't hurt him, Luiz!" shouted
Macomber, aud then, after a steady
glance at me, he stepped to the drawer
himself and took out the rolls of tape.
"This will be a somewhat long and
tedious business," lie remarked, be
ginning to unroll one of them. "You
might help me, if you would; but at
least oblige me by turning up the
lamp a little and placing it on the
table here."
"Thanks," he went on, when I had
complied and began rapidly unrolling
the tape throngh his fingers. He
read well and fast, and his running
comment amused me.
"Oh, this is a dandy siphon of
yours, isn't it!" "What ails your
mouse mill?" "Say, friend, your rec
ord here looks like the teeth of an old
dull buck-saw." "Your ink's eoagu
I sat back and quietly looked on.
Merode still lay on the floor. The
Cuban stood watching us both; if
Merode stirred, he shook his machete
at him. Thus, fully an hour passed;
it seemed much more than an hour,
indeed, before our American visitor
found what he sought.
"Ah!" he exclaimed at last. "Here
*e are! So the Vizcaya and Oquendo
left Puerto Rico for St. Vincent last
Sunday. Good! Blnnco is informed
that the torpedo flotilla is going to
St. Vincent, too, instead of comiug to
"That's all I wanted to know,"he
continued, turning to me. "Sorry to
leave your tapes in such a mess, but I
really cannot stop to roll them up
again, for I must be well out to sea
before daylight. Oblige us now, both
of you, by remaining quiet here after
we bid you good night."
But just then there was a new noise
outside. The door opening to the
street was flung back, and there stood
a Spanish lieutenant from the fort,
with half a dozen soldiers at hiß back!
For the Spanish sentry—a boy of 18
—whom they had gagged and tied up
outside the house, had proved more
nimble than they had thought him.
He had worked himself loose and had
run to the fort for aid.
The Cuban turned instantly, killed
the lieutenant with a swing of his
machete aud was at once shot down
by a soldier who fired over the shoul
der of his falling officer.
Macomb r showed better judgment,
if less courage; he dashed the lamp
out and grasped me by the arm. "Help
me out," he said.
It would be difficult for anyone to
resist the appeal of a fellow-country
man at such a time. While the sol
diers rushed in, trampling and falling
over the slain men and Merode, I
pulled the American after me through
a door, back of the tables, which
opened into our battery room. In
this back room was a window looking
out on the harbor side, from which
Macomber swung in an instant and
decamped without m word. I had
time to get forward into tin cable
room before Merode, who had regained
bis feet, struck a match and relighted
the fain p. Of the gruesome apectpol#
which the light revealed I will not
After the manner of Spanish justice,
both Merode and myself were put
under arrest, pending an investiga
tion, which showed that neither of ua
knew anything about the affair. Yet
the commandant at Santiago suspected
that I had planned it and sent me
under arrest to Havana, by steamer,
the following evening.
I expected to remain in Las Cabanas
for the rest of my days, but was dis
missed without trial the second day
after arriving there and left Havana
along with 180 Americans on the fol
lowing Sunday.—Youth's Companion.
The Policy of Nation* Who Make More
Article* Than They Can Consume.
There has recently appeared under
authority of the state department in
Washington a table showing the rela
tion which the colonies of certain Eu
ropean countries bear to the home
country, and from it is seen that four
ot' the governments of Europe—Great
Britaiu,France, Holland and Portugal
—have colonies larger in respect to
population than the home country,
while two other European govern
ments, Germany and Denmark, have
colonies larger iu territorial area than
the home country. It is more than
a coincidence that the governments
which have colonies are, for the most
part, those which are conspicuous iu
manufacturing industries, while it is
observable that in nearly tvery case
the agricultural countries of Europe,
notably Russia, Austria, Spain and
Sweden,either have no distant colonies
remote from the home country, or are
011 the point of losing those colonies
which they have, and the same is true
of Italy aud Turkey.
The figures show that all manufac
turing countries under the impetus of
steam power, electricity and modern
invention are able to produce consid
erably more than their inhabitants
can consume aud, the home market
being insufficient, recourse has been
had to a foreign market artificially
created by the colonial expansion of
the kind now generally favored by
those who are seeking to get for
American manufacturing products a
larger field than can otherwise be se
cured. The three manufacturing
countries of Europe, England, France
and Germany, have been increasing
very rapidly their colonial possessions
of late years aud this is more paiticu
larly true perhaps of Germany, which
has in Africa aloue colonies covering
over 800,000 square miles.
"The Statesman's Year Book" for
1898 shows the commerce of Great
Britain in the export trade during the
year previous to have amounted to
8300,000,000 of cotton goods, SIOO,-
000,000 of woolen goods, 840,000,000
of linen aud jute manufactures, $35,•
000,000 of wearing apparel, and $90,-
000,000 of machinery aud cutlery.
France's trade with French colonies,
exclusiveof Algeria and Tunis,amount
ed last year to 830,000,000 of imports
aud $25,000,000 of exports, and the
exports of German manufacture to
foreign colonies now amount to a con
siderable figure. Last year these im
ports into the Cameroons amounted to
$'2,000,000 in value, into German-
Africa to $1,000,000, aud into Togo
laud to about as much.
The policy of all producing coun
tries largely engaged in manufacture
is to discriminate against like manu
factures in other countries, and the
possession of large colonies, there
fore, is a decided benefit to the home
country, a benefit which agricultural
countries do not eujoy. Austria-Hun
gary furnishes a fair illustration of
this. The Austrian products, and
particularly glass, leather, woolen
goods, porcelain aud stoneware, are
extensive and give employment to
nearly 3,000,000 persons, but the com
merce of Austria is inconsiderable,
aud much more than half of it is with
Germany under conditions which are
necessarily more favorable to the Ger
man consumers than to the Austriaa
Five is the great sacred Chinese num
In Greenland potatoes never grow
larger than marbles.
If kept going, the wheels of a watch
travel 3558 3-4 miles a year.
The smallest cows in the world art
to be found in the Samoan islands.
The Japanese have a custom of cele
brating the blossoming of fruit trees
by a general holiday.
The largest clock in the world it
that in the Westminster clock tower
It was set up on May 30, 1859.
In some parts of central and South
Africa a single firefly gives so much
light that it illuminates whole room.
The cloak on which Wolfe breatheo
his last, at the capture of Quebec, is
one of the curiosities in the British
The elephant can neither trot, can
ter nor gallop. Its only pace is a
walk, capable of being hastened to a
fast shuttle.
Tomatoes have been grafted upon
potatoes by a French experimenter,
whose hybrid plant produces tubers
underground and above.
In a certain village it is said that
the fchurch offertory is collected in a
bag at the end of a pole, with a bell
attached for the purpose of arousing
In the early days of Rome the t la
dies of that city wore such heavy bar
rings that they made the ears sove,
and sometimes tore the lobes. Theft
were doctors whose business wm
chiefly to heal ears thus injured.
Learn to Say No—ltalancinjr Account*—
Only an Allegory, But It Shows How a
Drunkard Stand* With Old Alcohol-
Promised to Make a Gentleman, But
Turned Out a Tramp.
Learn to speak this little word
In its proper place.
Let no timid doubt be heard
Clothed with skeptic grace;
Let thy lips without disguise
Pour it boldly out.
Though a thousand dulcet lies
Keep hovering about.
To be sure our lives would lose
Future years of woe i
II our courage could refuse
The present hour with "No."
Balancing Account*.
A thickset, ugly-looking fellow was seated
on a bench in the public park, and seemed
to be reading some writing on a sheet ol
paper which he held in his hand.
"You seem to be Interested in your writ
ing." I said.
"Yes; I've been figuring my accounts
with Old Alcohol to see how We stand."
"And he comes out ahead, I suppose?"
"Every time; and he has lied like sixty."
"How did you come to have dealings with
him in the first place?"
"That's what I've been writing. You see
he promised to make a man of me, but be
mndo me a beast. Then he said be would
brace me up, but ho has made me go stag
gering round and then threw me into the
ditcb. He said I must drink to be social.
Then he made me quarrel with my best
friends, and to be the laughing-stock of my
enemies He gave me a black eye and a
broken nose. Then I drank for the good
of my health. He ruined the little I had,
and left me 'sick as a dog.' "
"Of course."
"He said he would warm me up, and 1
was soon nearly frozen to death. He said
lie would steady my nerves, but instead he
gave me delirium tremens. He said he
would give me strength, and he made me
"To be sure."
"He promised me ccurage."
"Then what followed?"
"Then he made me a coward, for I beat
my sick wife and kicked my little child. H6
said he would brighten my wits, but in
stead hemado me act like a fool and talk
like an ulint. He promised to make a gen
tleman of mo, but he has made me u
One Rtaion Why Cervera Lost.
From the news columns of the New York
World: With the command to advance
came the order, "Open the stores of wine
and brandy." Officers and men drank
freely therefrom. The Spanish officers
drew their pistols and threatened instant
death to the first man who flinched or hesi
tated in his work. In the stokehole, 120
degrees of heat, half-drunken officers stood
near half-drunken stokers, and the first
man who gave way to fatigue and heat and
the effects of the cognac was shot in his
tracks. On the gun-decks the sun beamed
down on men whose stomachs were filled
with the fiery liquid and made them half
mad. They tore their clothing from off
their backs, cursing and shrieking because
cf the strain and liquor. Thus nerved
with liquor, the Spaniards prepared for the
desperate struggle. The Americans went
from their prayers to battle.
From the news columns of the New York
Journal: The Spanish gunners were drunk.
This Is freeiy admitted by the prisoners.
Indeed, some of them still show the effects
of the debauch that gave them the des
perate courage for the adventure. The
wine and spirits on board were handed out
to them without stint. On board nearly
every ship it was the same—an orgie with
death for its end, for none of them ex
pected to live to see the end of it. The
men drank as they served the guns. Those
who remember describe the sceno on the
doomed ships as a saturnalia of tho
Inebriety of Toung Men. T
Dr. George H. McMichael, of Buffalo,
contributes a suggestive paper to the
Quarterly Journnl of Inebriety, In which
he states that thero is some evidence that
inebriety amongst American young men is
increasing, partly attributable, he thinks,
to the"club" life now fashionable among
the wealthy classes. He believes that the
desire for alcoholic drinks is much more
easily acquired between the age* of seven
teen and twenty-live than in later life, and
thinks that "if inebriety has, up to now,
been comparatively uncommon In youths,
it has been because the customs of society
have made indulgence comparatively
difficult;" but he adds that "these are rap
idly disappearing, if they have not already
disappeared, and drunkenness among
young men seems to be increasing." Sure
ly there is an urgent call ia this for a re
vival of the old-timo method of pledge
signing and a total abstinence crusade
among the young.
No Moral l'est-Houies For OUT Camps.
We do well to honor our soldiers, to pro
vide them with good camps, good food,
good clothing, and all other actual needs;
it is right that they should be paid for theli
inestimable service, and when disabled
or partly disabled they are entitled to pen
sions; but it is not less important that theii
moral welfare should be upon the heart! ol
the nation. Abolish the canteen, rescind
the special privilege of officers, and let
our camps be freed from the presence of
that which breeds incalculable moral and
physical evils. Let the country offer of
its vast resources dainties, comforts, need
ful luxuries for our army, and let that
scourge of civilization, the saloon, the
moral pest-house of our slums, be barred
out of every camp. It is a shame to us to
be engaged in debauching those who
should be oar stanch defenders, or to allow
others to do it.—New York Independent.
Whisky Killed the Rest of.the Tribe.
The last of the Lake Union Indians are
John Cheshlshon and Madeline, his wife.
They live, tho sole survivors of their tribe,
on the shore of Lake Union, which now
lies wholly within the town of Seattle,
John is over seventy years old, and his
wife is not much younger. They state,
without any false pride of race, that
"whisky killed the rest of them." They
themselves have avoided the destroying
beverage. They have never been at odds
with the whites, by whom they aro now
entirely surrounded. —New York Journal.
Best Weapon ■ Temperate Life.
"History tells of many a proud armv
going forth to conquer, but returning con
quered itself by the enervating effects of
its own excesses." says the Detroit Free
Press. "Intemperance and debauchery are
more to be dreaded than any human foe
with guns and swords. The best weapon
which the young soldier can take with him
to Cuba is a temperate life."
Notes of the Crusade.
The majority of the clergy are abstainers
and non-smokers.
Drunkenness always debases a com
munity. A man or woman reeling In pub
lic places offsets the sight of a thousand
who are sober.
An unhappy childhood means, very often,
a blighted after life. Drinking parents are
to blame for a great part of the unhappl
oess of childhood.
Who can blame the children of drunken
f>arents, if, when they grow up, and often
ong before that time, they hasten to leave
surroundings that have been a torture to
IMP for .rears? „ _ ....