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AT THE NORTH POLE.
IF ANY MAN EVER REACHES IT HE WILL
BE SURELY LOST.
The Impossibility ot Getting Bearings-
Dense Foga and Extreme Cold are Tlier#
—For Six Months the Sun Hangs in the
Sky Without Rising or Setting.
If any one really got to the pole he
would, in common parlance, foe utterly;
"at sea," simply because at the pole
there is no possibility of ascertaining
one's whereabouts. A person arriving
there would find an altogether differ
ent world before him. Like a blind
man he would grope about and vainly
endeavor to get back whence he came.
This by no means enviable situation
is calculated to destroy the illusion's
which he may have cherished when
starting on his polar expedition. His
completely changed situation would be
accounted for by the fact that when
stationed at the pole the direction of
the north would be found to coincide
with the line of the zenith—that is to
say, the point exactly above us. The
opposite point, viz., the nadir, would
coincide with the direction to the
south. The longtitudinal circles, and
hence also the meridian of the local
ity, would coincide with the circles of
latitude; an equator would coincide
with the horizon. Hence an astronomi
cal determination of the locality, ac
cording to latitude and longitude, is
The same may be said as regards de
terming one's bearings in any direc
tion. The compass, too, will fail there,
because its horizontal intensity is so
slight as to preclude the possibility of
its action. The only criterion for
judging that one has arrived at the
pole is that the observed latitude of the
sun, after having been corrected to al
titude above the true horizon, is found
to coincide with the value of the dec
lination of the sun for the day in Ques
Moreover, in those regions there is
scarcely a day on which dense fogs do
not prevail, and sixty or more degrees
(C.) of cold, such as mostly exist
there, will enhance the difficulties of
observation to such an extent that it
can only be a question,of approximate
estimates. Such conditions are by no
means enviable, and are scarcely cal
culated to induce us to long for them
with all our hearts.
Hut these are not the only things
which are likely to make a sojourn at
the pole a never-ending torment.
Worse than all the rest, one cannot
count the passing hours there; in other
words, there is no criterion for deter
mining the time of day. During a
period of six months the sun will
neither rise nor set, but during the
whole of the time will always remain
either above or below the'horizon. As
the earth revolves around its axis in
twenty-four hours, the sun apparently
describes, during the same interval, a
circuit of 360 degrees around the sky,
being visible at an altitude equal to the
declination whenever declination is of
the same name as the pole at which
the observer is stationed.
The numerous attempts hitherto
made to reach the pole have, as a mat
ter of course, been by water —that is
to say, by ships and sledges. The idea
that one might get there by an aerial
passage has not gained ground until
recently, but if we consider that bal
loons are not navigable, and hence are
liable to be carried away by air cur
rents in any direction that may acci
dentally prevail, and in the most un
likely event only to the pole, no one
possessed of but a moderate allowance
of common sense will comprehend how
success could have been expected from
such an enterprise. Moreover, determi
nations of locality cannot possibly be
made from a balloon with any approx
imate degree of accuracy.
ImllttiiN iu WiNeouaiii.
Wisconsin has at this late day about
9,000 Indians of various tribes, all of
whom, with the exception of the Win
nebagos, wear practically the ordinary
clothing of the white man. The Win
nebagos alone iling to the native mode
of living, occupying their wigwams in
even the coldest weather. One-half of
the members of the other tribes, the
Milwaukee Sentinel says, speak enough
English for the purpose of ordinary
conversation, and more than ''one-half
read the English language. They are
fast learning to recognize the legality
of matrimonial relations. Eighty-five
per cent, of them are engaged in pur
suits of civilized life; ten,per cent, in
hunting, fishing and root gathering
and the like; only five per cent, live ex
clusively on government rations. Of
the 1,800 the 1,300 Menomi
nees, and the 500 Stockbridges and
Munsees, all live on labor in civilized
pursuits. Many of the Oneidas com
pare favorably in thrift, cleanliness
and rational life enjoyment with the
whites in their vicinity.
• Sneaker Heeit'« Mule Joke.
Recently Speaker Reed wished to see
a man on some pending legislation, and
telegraphed for him to come to Wash
ington. Tfce man took the first train
available, but a washout in the road
made it impossible for the train to pro
ceed. Going to a telegraph station he
sent this dispatch to the Speaker:
"Washout on the line. Can't come."
Reed sent back this reply:
"Buy a new shirt and come any
A Cnrloua Inaert.
A most curious insect is the tree
vorticella. It does jot build a house,
but instead, with its iellows, builds up
a sort of tree with waving branches
from which the inserts hang like flow
ers, swaying back &nd forth in their
gay colors of green wnd yellow.
The people of Lincolnshire have de
cided to erect a statue of Lord Tenny
son in Lincoln.
USE OF BICYCLES IN CHINA.
JUach Vied by Foreigners In the Cit
ies on the Coast.
Consul General Goodnow at Shang
hai reports that the trade in bicycles
In China increased very rapidly during
the past season and gives promise of
even more rapid expansion during the
season now opening. Prior to 1897
very few bicycles were in use on the
Chinese coast, while now, in all ports
where cycling is possible, the habit is
becoming almost universal among for
"Society here," says the consul gen
eral, "is dominated by the English,who
claim that no man or woman can hope
to endure this climate unless they de
vote considerable part of each and
every day, rain or shine, to outdoor
exercise and sports. Horseback riding
has been universal among those who
can afford that luxury; others take j
long walks daily. The bicycle appeals
to all—rich, middle class and poor— j
and all classes are using it. The city j
of Shanghai is perfectly flat, and some :
of the roads in and immediately around !
the settlements are good. Each na
tionality has generally bought wheels J
made in their own home country, and
at first the English wheel, with brake,
mud guard and heavy tubing, predom
inated. I believe that now the more
graceful and lighter American wheels >
have the larger sale.
"No wheels are made in China, nor
do I believe they can be made here. No ;
wlreels are brought in on a less rate
of duty than those from the United
States. There are no native roads, as
we understand that term. There are
narrow paths for the pedestrian or the
horseman, but generally not wide
enough for vehicles; dusty in dry \
weather, muddy iu wet, and rough all
the time, they are practically impossi
ble for wheeling.
"Few Chinese have as yet taken to j
the wheel. Their clothing is not adap
ted to exercise, and especially not to j
the wheel. No man above the coolie
class, in middle and northern China, j
appears in public otherwise than in
long clothes —i.e., an outer petticoat
reaching to his ankles. The few young |
Chinamen who ride here either leave
off this outer garment temporarily or
turn it up and fasten it at the waist.
They also bring the long queue of hair
over the shoulder and fasten it at the j
waistband. Their trousers are as long
and full and baggy as the average
i woman's divided skirt in America, and
| I have not yet seen a Chinaman ride
| without a chain guard to keep the
; trousers from catching and tearing.
; No Chinese women ride. I have seen
j it stated in American and English pa
pers that it is now common in Shang
hai for Chinese ladies to ride in the
streets. Nothing can be farther from
the truth. The Chinese women of the
Ijetter class are kept in absolute seclu
sion from men other than those of their
family. This rule has not been broken
in the slightest degree. Even in the
missionary schools, where the daugh
ters of the merchants and mandarins
are educated, no man is allowed to see
"The customs report of 1897 shows
that in many important products the
Imports from the United States have
increased at the expense of imports
from other nations. Wo are nearer to
the market, freights are less according
ly. and the feeling of the Chinese peo
ple is more friendly to Americans than
to the people of any other nation. Now
Is the time to push our trade on this
coast. Ido not believe that any other
method will give better or more per
manent results than an exposition of
United States products at Shanghai."
An Accidental Sih'opmh.
Once upon a time, so runs the story,
j there was a man iu London who had
ventured upon various publishing
schemes with but poor success, and
was beginning to despair of ever mak
ing a fortune when, by chance, he be
thought himself of a huge scrapbook
which his wife had compiled of var
ious literary odds and ends that had
enchaineS her fancy. She called her
serapbook "Tit-Bits," and it occurred
to hw htisimnd timt such odds and
ends, published in periodical form,
might interest other people as well as
his wife. The result of tills medita
tion on his part was the appearance
of a little penny paper called "Tit-
Bits," which proved so popular and
gained such a wide circulation that
its proprietor'felt encouraged to place
other literary on the market,
and It was noti long before he became
known as the publisher of a number
of extremely popular penny perlodi
i eals. lie Is now a millionaire many
times over and a baronet, while his
; wife, whose scrapbook proved the
j cornerstone otf their prosperity, finds
; Inir, reward in the title of Lady
/ Some Yfjry Old Fifth.
. Methuselah would seem a mere boy
j to some lislu*, and there are a great
; many kinds .which would lobk upon
' human centenarians as infanta. < 'arp
ore known to lire to be 200 years old.
| /In the Washington Aquarium there
are small gold' fish, placed there when
"Queen Victoria was crowned, and
<tlioy have not yet grown to full gold
fish size. A Bussian pike was caught
n few years ago with a gold baud
about its tail bearing the date 1540.
i>iffgiimr f° r
The natives of Kottlar are In the
tiablt. of digging every year in the
i •rammer dry banks of the Vergel river
| Cor fish, which they dig out by hun
dreds. Just as they would potatoes.
The mud lumps broken open and
<he fish, perhapsV eight or ten incl.es
■ 4ong, will itlwaysWl* found alive uud
j <often frisky as if \just removed from
» it* supposedly native element the
, SUGAR CONSUMERS.
MARITIME PEOPLE SEEM TO EXCEL iN
Ejißlaml U the T'lrat in Sugar Cnnauiiipiiun
Itecmme Sl,« l.rinl- iih u -Alui itline Pow
er—Tllo Sugur Producing l l>o l>o
Not CnuHUllie Much their Product.
The sugar crop of tlie world amounts
In a normal year to about 5,000.000
tons, of which the larger part. 4,500,0u0
tons, comes from beets, and I lie bal
ance. 3,500,000 tons, from sugar cane.
Of the latter the largest proportion
'comes from the West Indies, and a
large amount from the Island of Java.
Among the countries producing beet
sugar, Germany coiues first, with about
i one-third of the world's crop; then
Austria, with about as much, and then
France, Russia and Belgium and Hol
land together, with substantially the
| In respect of the production of beet
| sugar in the United States there has
j been a vast increase since the estab
: lishment of the McKinley turiff of 1890.
j The year previous the American prod
; uct was 2.500 tons. Two years later it
was 12,000 tons. Four years later it
| was 20,000 tons. Last year it was 43,-
! 000 tons, and the product is on the in
crease. The McKinley tariff establish
ed. between July 1, 1891, and July 1,
1895, a bounty to lie paid by the United
i States government to sugar producers,
with a view of stimulating the industry
and compensating those engaged in it
for the changes made in the duty upon
Among scientists the opinion has
been general that a moderate amount
1 of sugar, like a moderate amount of
salt, should enter into the dietary of
the people of each nation, but is only
. when the figures of the consumption of
sugar are examined that it is seen that
j the quantity consumed varies radically
and it is a curious fact that in those
countries in which the maritime spirit
—the spirit of navigation, commerce,
j travel and colonization is strong, ,
! there Is a very considerable eonsump
( tion of sugar per capita, whereas in
those countries in which these quali
-1 ties are not predominant among the
'' inhabitants the consumption is smaller,
! In England, llrst among the maritime
nations of the world, the consumption
| of sugar is So pounds a year for each
inhabitant. In Denmark it is 45, in
Holland 31, in France 30. and in Nor
way and Sweden 25. whereas in ltus
sia it is only 10, in Italy 7, in Turkey 7,
In Greece (i, and Servia 4. The con
sumption of sugar seems to have very
little connection with or relation to
the production of sugar, for in Aus
tria, the sugar product of which is
large, the average consumption is only
19 pounds, while in Switzerland, in
which there is no production'to Speak
of, it is 44. And another curious phase
of the matter is that there is a great
disparity in the consumption of sugar
j To quit tobac co easily nnd forever, henuer
j nolle. lull or life, in rvit and vik'or, tukfi No To
l Uac, the wonder-worker, that makes weak men
j strong. Alt drtij-'i-'ists, 50c or SI. Cure rnaran
teed Booklet and sample free. Address
j Sterling lieiriedy Co Chicago or New York.
DM Yam Tako
through the winter? IF so, we
are sure it quieted your cough,
healed the rawness in your
throat, increased your weight,
gave you more color, and made
you feel better in every way.
; But perhaps your cough has
come hack again, or you are get
ting a little thin and pale.
Then, why not continue the
same helpful remedy right
through the summer? It will do
; you as much good as when the
weather is cold.
Its persistent use will certainly
give you a better appetite and a
It will cure your
weak throat and heal
your inflamed lungs. 0
It will cure every case |||T]
i of consumption, when q!j l\
a cure is possible.
Don't be persuaded
: to take something they say is just
! as good.
All Druggists, 50C. and sl.
SCOTT & IJOWNE, Chemists, N.Y.
[ CATHARTIC jr
25c 50c DRUGGISTS
I „jt\T. Surrey HarneM. Pr10t,916.00. Wagone. S«nd for large, free No 001 Surrey. Pricr, with certauie, lamp*, eua-
A» goovl as sells for %'i(i Catalogue of all our stylet, ehade, apron and feodere, fee. 4a goodaasells tar 999.
I ELKHART €ABIUA«E AND UlßM£ii(l Mf 8. CO. 'tfi 11. PEATT, lu'y. CLKBAKT, XNO.
and you cure it.* ccnssqaencei. These ara
. .line ot" the constat. need of constipation :
liiiiuusnes-;. 11 is■> ill' appetite, pimples, sour
stomach, (i 'l're jsion, coated tongue, night
mare, paipit Hon, o.ld 112 -<-1, del.iliiy, di:>
xine: weal;a-• Inn kache, voi.iitii.
jaundice, pile... p-Ulor, stitch, irritability,
M I vou <ne.-;s, head:.die, torpid li .vr. heart
burn, l'oul breath, sleeplessness, drowsi
ness, hot skin, cramps, throbbing head.
Are a Susa Ourm
Dr. J. 0. Ayer's Pills are a specific far
all diseases of the liver, stomach, and
"I suffered from constipation which as
sumed such an obstinate form that 1 feared
it would cause a stoppage of the bowels.
After vainly trying various remedies, 1 be
gan to take Ayer's Pills. Two boxes etfected
a complete cure."
D. BURKE, r.aco, Me.
"For eight years I was afflicted with
constipation, which became so bad thut tlio
doctors could do no more for me. Then 1
began to take Ayer's Pills, and soon tlid
bowels recovered their natural action."
WVI. H. DELAUCKTT, Dorset, Oat.
THE PILL THAT WILL.
in the two tea-drinking countries —
England and Russia. The large
amount of sugar consumed in France
Is attributed, in part, to the fact that
the French confectioners and candy
makers, and more especially those do
ing business in the city of Paris, use
In their trade enormous quantities of
sugar in a year, adding abnormally to
the average consumption of sugar in
the French republic.
The Czar of Russia proposes to con
struct a canal spanning the Black and
Baltic Seas, which would be of great
The American railroads expend in a
year a sum more than one hundred
million dollars in excess of the total
expenses of the United States Govern
A trapper earned four hundred dol
lars in three months by the capture
of coyotes, wolves, and wildcats in the
vicinity of Drew's Valley, Lake Coun
A New York electrician has designed
a new incandescent lamp which has
the carbon tilarnent strung on insula
tors on a flat base, with a dome-shaped
glass bulb instead of the usual shape.
Fire-proof paper bricks are coming
Into use for building purposes. They
are made with a hollow centre, to in
sure uniformity in hardness, and the
hollow is afterward tilled with cement.
\ lto\al lit it-Keeper.
The King of Wurtemburg muy cer
tainly be said to be the only Knight ot
the Garter who is a hotel-keeper as
well as a monarch. This has long been
u tradition in his family, but not till
lately was it discovered by the rulers
of the beautiful little German kingdom
how profitable inn-keeping can be
come. When Peter the Great was
traveling Incognito through Europe he
refused to stop anywhere but at an Inn.
To circumvent this whim the then
King of Wurtemburg put a tavern sign
outside one .of the royal palaces, and
dressed as an inn-keeper, himself wel
comed the czar. This royal personage's
descendant now owns two large hotels,
from which he Is said to derive a rev
enue of -£12,000 a year.
Told li) Fliturra.
Nearly (10,000 acres have heeen re
claimed in Ireland during the past year
from the bog and marsh lands.
The fastest flowing river In the world
Is the Sutley, in Brltisb India. Its
descent is 12,000 feet In 180 miles.
According to the beat authorities,
less than one thousand-millionth part
of the sun's rays reaches the earth.
The longest canal in the world Is in
Russia. It extends from St. Peters
burg to the frontier of Ohl-na, and
measures nearly- 4,500 miles.
According to computations the black
race embraces about one-tenth of the
living members of the human species,
or 1T10.000,000 individuals.
« Keep Cool!
made with a hand.
Window Screens, Poultry Netting
Hammocks, Porch Chairs $1.50 and up, Coal Oil
stoves of Nickless make, Gasoline Stoves.
HARVESTING TOOLS in abundance,
Brick for chimneys, always on hand. Nails, steel
cut, #l.4s per keg. Western Washer, best
made; Building paper, per roll, 500 sq. feet;
Poultry Netting, 1 ft. to 6 ft. wide, i-2Ct. sq. foot.
Onr Declaration of War
Has been in effect for a number of
years and our
Bombardment of High Prices
Has created havoc of late in the sale of
MOWING MACHINES, DRILLS, HARROWS,
PLOWS, LUMBER WAGONS, BUGGIES,
and ROAD WAGONS
all at the lowest cash price.
PHOSPHATE, Thiity tuns of different grades will be
sold at a low figure.
W. E. MILLER, Sullivan County, Pa.
FOR THIS MONTH.
We always carry out our promises to the very letter. Our promise* to
ilie public into well high grade merchandise at lower prices than any other
store in the country. Our constantly increasing business is proof. Positive
that our promises have always lieen kept we have determined that more
than ever we shall keep on increasing and increasing our reputation tor
being the greatest popular priced store in this section.
We give you special bargains in
SHOES and Ladies' Coats and
We have a very large stock on hand and will sell this month at cut
prices. It will pay you to make your purchase now. We have a lull
line of Ladies' Slippers at Ixittom (irioes. Also Ladies' Skirts, Wrappers,
Shirt Waists and Corsets. Prices cheaper than you can buy the material.
Ladies' Capes at halt price. Come and see them while they last; it will
Conn* ami see; it will he to your benefit. The prices we are offering
now when vou see them you cannot help buying.
V « The Reliable Dealer in Clothing
JflCOn 161 Boots and Shoes.