Newspaper Page Text
The famine in India has cost the
government $6,000,000, and the
friends of suffering humanity have
contributed to relief funds nearly
$9,000,000. And yet vast numbers
have died of starvation and disease.
The food problem has become ex
The London Times reckons Mark
Twaia as second to Sir Walter Scott
MI the list of authors who have paid
the debts of a firm from which they
might have received an honorable
legal discharge. But Mr. George W.
Curtis must be counted as one of that
Rye is scarcely half the price ol
wheat. Considering the unusually
wide discount of this useful cereal it
ought to do better, thinks the New
England Housewife. Perhaps the
rye-consuming people of northern
Europe have had their tastes perma
nently changed toward white bread
during the three or four years of
phenoininally cheap wheat.
It is announced from Basile, Switz
erland, that a society which devotes
itself to works of goodness and mercy
has organized an entirely new kind oi
ambulance brigade. The specialty of
the new brigade is defined by them
selves: "We escort home the ibrine
ates who are in conflict with the per
pendicular." The new patrol under
takes to carry the horizontal citizen to
his home, to administer first aid iD
the form of drugs, and after treat
ment in the shape of tracts. On the
day of its inauguration it brought
home no less than 14 fathers of fam
ilies, all of them worsted in theii
weary battle with the perpendicular.
Case and Comment observes: "The
responsibility of the legal profession
for the prevalence of perjury is very
great. There are some lawyers who
create evidence to aid their own cases.
These constitute the most dangerous
classof professional criminals, and we
may hope it is very small. But there
are many who will wink at and
silently encourage perjury when it is
on their side. Yet these men would
scorn to receive stolen goods. They
quietly swallow the camel, but would
be insulted if you ofVered them the
gnat. This is because moral sentiment
is more clearly defined with respect
to receiving stolen goods than with
respect to profiting from perjury."
The movement to establish textile
schools in the southern states that
will give some instruction in cotton
weaving and spinning, so as to take
advantage of the drift of the cotton
manufactory industry in this direc
tion, is gaining ground rapidly. Geor
gia, which has been the pioneer in
the South in the manufacture of cot
ton goods, led off, the Legislature
agreeing to give SI 0,000 toward a tex
tile school as a department of the
State School of Technology if SIO,OOO
additional could be raised on the out
side. No difficulty lias been found
in raising the money, and the new
textile school will be in operation in a
few months. It will be modeled very
closely on the textile school of Low
ell, Mass. The Legislature of Mis
sissippi has just passed a bill for the
establishment of such a school in con
nection with the State Agricultural
aud Mechanical college.
The navy department lias for years
contended that it would be impossible
in time of war to increase the num
ber of men in the navy without taking
in much material in the rush and
hurry that would do more harm than
good. In the present state of affairs
recruiting oflicers are popularly sup
posed to be taking all men who pre
sent themselves and are in any way
lit. But they are not doing so. The
slowness with which men are being
enlis ed would seem to prove that the
standing contention of the department
is correct. Apparently a thoroughly
sound navy (so far as sailormen go) is
only to be had by keeping men on
hand in time of peace. But it is said
in the New York Sun that the re
cruiting oflicers aro as anxious as any
to prove that good men cannot be
collected in a hurry and are exercis
ing extraordinary care in making
selections from the rush of candidates.
A single decayed tooth, no liiattei
liow slightly it may need repairs, or a
scar which indicates past operation of
any nature whatever on the candi
date's body, is said to be sufficient
ground for instant rejection. The
great difficulty in the way of making
the newly purchased ships instantly
effective will be to provide crews
for them if the standard is kept as
high as at present. There are a
great number of men iu the navy
who have enlisted over and over again
and stay in the navy because they like
their ships and their officers and th«
way they are treated.
Turkey and Greece are the only
European countries into which the
telephone has not been introduced.
Sweden has the largest number of
telephones per capita of all countries
in the world, having one to every 115
persons, and Switzerland comes next,
with one to every 129.
So many bicycles made in the
United States have been shipped
across the seas and sold in Germany
that, instead of trying to learn with
all her skilled labor how to make them
as well and as cheap as we do, her
manufacturers in that line have raised
their hands and cried aloud for
In Liverpool, with its nine public
baths and eighteen sheltered swim
ming pools, any one may take a sea
water bath at any season. In one of
these establishments, especially for
boys, as many as 16,000 sometimes
bathed in a week. Public bathing
establishments are to be found in 200
cities of England and Wales,and Glas
gow is said to have more bath-houses
than any city in the world.
The Chicago Record says:"The
regulation of the railways presents a
serious problem for this country, and
one that must be faced. The declara
tion of Mr. Adams (of the interstate
joiumerce commission) that in the ten
years of the operation of the inter
state commerce law we have done
little to settle the question should
serve to arouse practical students of
public questions to a more serious
?ousideration of the problems in
A prominent educator, talking to
mothers, says that with nil children
ihere are nascent periods—that is,
there are certain times when a child
jan learn to do things easier and bet
ter than at others. The growth of
ihe brain is not generally understood.
There is, however, an ebb and flow
interest. The children apply them
jelves assiduously for a time, then
;omes arrest, and educators are now
Sispnting whether to urge the child
tlong or after the ebb wait for the
jertain return of interest in their
Statistics show that there are in the
United States approximately 800,000
employes of railroads, and to be
found among this number are: One
hundred thousand station men, 35,-
300 locomotive engineers, 40.000 fire
men and helpers, 25.000 conductors
»nd despatcliers, 05,000 trainmen,
30,000 machinists, 100,000 shopmen
jther than machinists, 20,000 tele
graph operators and their helpers,
15,000 switchmen, flagmen and watch
men, and 175,000 trackmen. And is
it not reasonably safe to suppose that
this vast army represents, in those
dependent upon each for support, at
least three others, making the total
number who have to look to the rail
roads of this country for a living
2,480,000 persons? And is the other
fact comprehended, that the railways
of the United States expend each
year—not counting the interest paid
upon its bonds, or the dividends paid
upon its preferred and common stock
—more than $100,000,000 in excess o)
the total expenditures of the United
States government? Indeed, the rail
roads are the great disbursing agencies
of the country.
Professor Henry C. Adains observer
iu the Atlantic: "The merchant, the
manufacturer and the farmer, work
ing under conditions of industrial lib
erty, do not seem to require auy pe
culiar supervision on the part of tlif
state, for competition is adequate to
insure relative just : ce as between
custom, as well as the sale of goods at
a fair price. But in the railway in
dustry, competition does not work sc
beueficent a result. On the con
trary.sucli is its nature that it imposes
on railway managers the necessity of
disregarding equity between custom
ers, and of fixing rates without con
sidering their fairness, whether judged
from the point of view of cost or of
social results. Were this not true
there would be no railway problem.
The railway industry is an extensive
and not an intensive industry. Abil
ity to perform a unit of service cheap
ly depends more upon the quantity of
business transacted than upon atten
tion to minute details. The expenses
incident to the operations of a railway
do not increase in proportion to the
increase iu the volume of traffic. This
does not pertain to the business of the
nianuiacturer, the merchant or the
'farmer,but is peculiar to the business
of transportation. It is adequate to
explain why all advanced peoples have
surrounded the administration of
railways with peculiar legal restric
tions. The necessity of some sort
of government control lies in the na
ture of the business itself.
Had you wandered otherwhere Had you passed me all unseeing
Through the May-time of the year, In the May-time of your being,
I'm not saying that one rose I'd not say these rhymes of mine
Had been slower to unclose. Had been fewer by one line,
That one pollen-cell the less That my heart had gone unsung
Had grown quick o' beauteousness, All the blooming ways among
Had you wandered otherwhere Hud you passed me by unseeing
Through the bloom-time of the year. In the love-time of your being.
Whatsoever way you went, Only, had you never come,
How should May be else than May? Just one heart-beat were nnstirred.
Mine the sweeter wonderment Just one chord had waited dumb,
Since you walked with me the way. One song faileil to ilnd its word.
—Charles Washington Coleman, in Harper's Magazine.
\ Bradley, The Headstrong.
"Isn't it queer how small the world
is, after all? " said the shorter of the
two men, as they steered each other
down the aisle of the smoker, while the
car seemed to be doing its best to jolt
them both over the shoulders of other
passengers in the seats. "I'm always
running into somebody I haven't seen
for a long time. Now, who would
have thought of meeting you coming
into this smoker—in thi* section of
"Yes," said the taller—he with the
new tweed traveling cap—"but then
the world is big enough to keep old
acquaintances like us apart. Let's
sit down here—apart for years. How
many years is it?"
"Must be a good ten,l should say,"
said the first speaker,a dark, wiry man,
with small side whiskers.
"Quite that —I hadn't heard of you
for quite a long while when Scobel
told me übout that desperate love af
fair of yours, and that was—"
"Ha, ha! Yes, that was more than
four years ago. Did Scobel ever tell
you the end of that? No? Got a
cigar?" The small man wriggled his
neck with an air of complete self-sat
isfaction. "Well, I don't mind tell
ing you, knowing that it won't go any
"Of course, that's understood."
"I don't mind telling you that I al
ways thought myself well out of that
affair—yes. You see, she went away
from Galena one summer to spend
some time at a small watering place
where an aunt of hers was staying.
Of course, we kept up correspondence
—very sweet and all that, yon know
—but all of a sudden the letters
stopped. Well, I didn't know what to
make of that. Just as I was beginning
to get fidgety a letter came from her, i
telling me that she had met with a |
frightful accident—slipped from a I
limb of a tree iuto a creek. It so 1
happened that some fellow was stand- I
ing near, rishing, and this man man- 1
aged to crawl out on the same limb of !
the tree just as she was losing her
hold. Oh, perhaps Scobel told you
"No," said the other man, looking
at the asli of his cigar, "Scobel didn't
tell me that. I was only smiliug at
the thought of how much alike all
these romantic rescues are."
"Oh, yes; all alike, you know.
And, so far as I can make out, this
fellow didn't do anything particularly
brave, either. Just held his hand out
to her and pulled her in. Anybody
could do that,you know."
"How did he get to her?" the man
with the tweed cap asked.
"Climbed out on the limb, I be
lieve. Well, then there was some
sort of mystery about the man for
some days. He didn't tell his name, ;
and she didn't find it out until after
she got quite well. But you see,
Trappes, I didn't care to have my
fiancee writing to me every day about
some other fellow I didn't know.
"Of course not," said Trappes.
"So I very soon took an opportunity
to request her to—to just drop that
hero of the limb. Told her I didn't
want to know his name, even if she
did find it out."
"And that put an end to your affair,
"That? Oh, no! That was only the
beginning of the end, as it were."
Here the smaller man—his name
was Bradley—seemed to fall into a re
trospective reverie, and Trappes re
spected his feeliugs by smoking and
studying his cigar ash iu silence.
"You know, Trappes," Bradley at
last resumed. "There's no question
about it. Eloise—Miss Jennings—
was a very nice girl at that time. But
she was very young!"
Trappes nodded gravely. "I guess
she must have been,"he said, "to
judge by what Scobel told me. You
always were a man of some taste, Bra
dley; I always thought so."
"Yes; that's all right," said Brad
"Pretty and all that. I wonder if
she's still as graceful as she was?"
"I should think so, quite," said
Trappes. "Eh? What did you say?
Oh, I didu't quite catch. This road
seems very badly ballasted."
"But there's one point that I've al
ways put my foot down on," Bradley
continued. "I hold that when a mau
takes to himself a wife it is his to com
mand and hers to obey."
Trappes nodded his assent.
"That was the rock that Eloise and
I split upon. She wrote me rather a
huffy letter, telling me she was going
to find out this fellow's name this
limb man, you know—for her own
satisfaction, if not for mine, and have
him call upon her. Well, that was
"Was rather sassy," Trappes re
"Oh, yes," said the little man."l
simply wouldn't stand it. I said to
uvself, 'lf I'm not her master now, I
never will be when we are man and
wife.' So I wrote and iusisted abso
lutely on her not seeing that man
igain. You see, I felt that I must
ise to meet the crisis or be forever
"Quite so," said Trappes. "And
"Well, y.iu know how women are,
Trappes. I suppose I'm a little head
strong myself," said Bradley, settling
"Ye-es," said Trappes, "I confess
you did impress me as a little over in
clined to have your own way about
things in general when I first met you.
And you were onl,y a boy then."
"I can't help it, Trappes. It's my
nature, I suppose. Well, let me tell
yon about Eloise "
"You still call her by her first
"Oh, force of habit, you know.l
was going to say, I don't believe Eve
would ever have wanted to touch the
apple if she hadn't been told expressly
to let it alone."
Trappes was still smiling.
"Anyway, she insisted that she
must see this man—gratitude and all
that. And the end of it was "
"You broke it off?"
"Oh, of course, the lady must al
ways have that privilege," said Brad
ley, with a courtly smile. "But—it
"And you never married at all, did
"I?" said Bradley,suddenly pulling
out his watch. "Oh,yes—by jingo! I
must be getting back. You must let
me introduce you to my wife—she's a
splendid woman—a most sensible
woman. Come on."
Trappes had not qnite finished his
cigar; neither, for that matter, had
Bradley. Seeing his friend's sudden
enthusiasm, however, to present him
—Trappes—to Mrs. Bradley, Trappes
could not in honor appear to value the
introduction at less than the worth of
a half-smoked cigar. They rose, and
the smaller man almost dragged the
bigger' into the parlor car.
The two had no sooner passed
through the vestibule and closed the
door behind them than a very distinct
voice, of low register, said: "Here,
where are you going to? Is this what
you call rive minutes, Demetrius
"Oh. That you, dear?" said Brad
ley,iu some confusion. "Yes, dear.
Let me introduce—l met a friend in
the smoker—Mr. Trappes."
"Delighted to meet Mrs. Bradley,"
he said. "Your husband interested
me so in his conversation, Mrs. Brad
ley, that we hardly knew how time
"Men seldom do when tliey ave in
dulging in tobacco," and Mrs.Bradley
drew herself up to her full height,
which was considerable. "Sit down,
please. What was it that interested
The question was addressed to both
and in A manner which plainly showed
that these two naughty boys were to
be investigated under the searchlight
of discipline. Trappes was silent,only
"Oh, nothing, dear," said the iron
willed Bradley, with a look at Trappes
that might have meant either appeal
Trappes had not yet obeyed the or
der to sit down. He was standing
with one hand on the back of Bradley's
"Mrs. Bradley," he said, "I'm
afraid I must hurry off now to look
after some—matters, back here—have
to change cars at Indianapolis, yoi<
know—we are nearly there—see you
And Trappes really seemed to antic
ipate much pleasure from the future
meeting,for lie was smiling unmistak
able enjoyment as he moved away.
Bradley sat silent, while the sensi
ble woman discoursed, her discourse
beginning, "W'lien I say a thing I
mean it. Yon should follow the same
A few minntes later this discourse
w i interrupted by the cry. "Indian
apolis—change cars for the Vandalia,"
at which Bradley rose mechanically.
"Sit still, Demetrius," said his
wife. "We don't change here."
Just then a voice behind the cul
prit's chair said: "Isn't this Mr.
Bradley?" and he turned to face a re
markably pretty, flushed,smiling girl.
"It's snch a longtime since we met,
isn't it?" and she held out her hand.
"Eloise!" gasped Bradley. "I—l
beg your pardon—Miss Jennings!"
"Mrs. Trappes now," she laughed.
Then, as the tall man with the tweed
cap came up behind her, she added:
"Let me introduce Mr. Trappes—the
man 011 the limb!"
"Oh," Bradley stammered. "So
pleased to meet you, Mr. Jennings
"Glad to meet Mrs. Elweese," said
the sensible Mrs. Bradley, severely
acknowledging a pleasaut bow from
the younger woman.
"All out for the Vandalia!" the con
"You don't get out here, Demetrius,"
Mrs. Bradley repeated.
"How—how long have you been
married?" Bradley asked, slowly set
tling into his chair.
"Just three weeks," said the young
bride. "So glad to have met you, Mrs.
Bradley. Your husband is quite an
old friend of mine. You must keep a
firm hand on him; he's dreadfully
headstrong. I wish I had time to tell
you. Good by!"—St. Louis Star.
It is said that there is in Sonora a
tribe of Indians with yellow hair and
SCIENTIFIC (ICR A PS,
A small piece of cheese and an elec
tric wire form the latest rat-trap. The
cheese is fixed to the wire, and the in
stant the rat touches the cheese h«
receives a shock which kills him.
Very young children are not sensi
tive to pain to any great extent. Dr.
Denger calculates that sensibility if
seldom clearly shown in less than foui
or tive weeks after birth, and before
that time infants do not shed tears.
A Mr. Rous claims to have invented
a powder which, used iu the place of
concrete, will have the effect of mak
ing buildings fireproof. It can also be
used in the extinguishing of fires,and
can even be swallowed without fear oi
Boats are to be painted by machine
hereafter at a West Superior (Wis.)
shipyard. Pneumatic power is to be
utilized, a pail of paint being attached
to the machine, which deposits the
paint iu a fine spray on the ship, the
operator merely working a sort of
nozzle much as though he were sprink
ling a flower garden with a watering
The depth of the sea presents an
interesting problem. If the Atlantic
were lowered 65(54 feet the distance
from shore to shore would be half as
great, or 1500 miles. If lowered a
tittle more than three miles, say 19,-
(580 feet, there would be a road of dry
land from Newfoundland to Ireland.
This is the plain on which the great
Atlantic cables were laid.
The rapidity of thought is limited,
and voluntary action of the muscles is
slow in comparison with the involun
tary movements of which they are
."•apable. The researches of Messrs.
Broca and Richet show that ten sepa
rate impressions is the average high
est limit of brain perception. The
experiments prove that each excita
tion of the nerves is followed by a
brief period of inertia, and during
this period no new or appreciable im
pression eau be made. An individual's
voluntary movements of any kind can
not exceed ten or twelve per second,
although to the muscles, acting inde
pendently of the will, as many as
thirty or forty per second may be pos
A Curious Experiment.
Sparrows stung by carpenter bees
have been seen to die quickly from
stoppage of respiration in com
plete paralysis. M. Langer
has killed rabbits and dogs by
inoculating them with bee poison,
which contains a small quantity of
formic acid and a toxic alkaloid that
resists heat and cold as well as the
action of acids. Following on this
line of investigation M. Phisalix, the
French authority on the venoms of
insects and reptiles, has established
beyond a doubt that the poison of the
hornet in sufficient quantity renders
one immune to that of the viper. The
poison extracted from the stings of
fifteen hornets injected iuto the leg of
a guinea pig caused a marked lower
ing of temperature, which lasted
The redness and swelling produced
at the point of inoculation finally
reached the abdomen and ended in
mortification of the skin. In a simi
lar experiment, where the same dose
of poison was heated to eighty degrees
for twenty minutes, there was no gen
eral injury and the local action was
confined to a slight temporary swell
ing. Likewise the inoculation of a
glycorinated maceration of hornets
caused only slight local troubles.
But the organisms of the animals that
received this poison became able to
resist a subsequent inoculation with
viper's poison. This resistance is
such that a guinea pig thus immunized
can support without the least danger
a dose of viper's poison capable of
killing him ordinarily iu four or five
hours. The duration of the immunity
varies from five to eleven days.—Phil
Antics of JSlectri«-ity.
The mention of electricity of a frisky
will suggest to most people
some of its actions on the trolley, or
about the street (»ars, or in connec
tion with electric light wires, when it
breaks loose—whichare all of too dan
gerous a character to be amusing;
noting not at all its pranks on their
own desks, though no "live" wire be
within a mile of them, writes George
J. Varney in Lippincott's.
It does not always occur to our
minds that electricity is playing a lit
tle trick when we take a sheet of writ
ing paper from a pile and rind it does
not come alone, but drags along an
other sheet or more, "sticking closer
than a brother."
Similar action of the immense sheets
of book paper on a printing press in
certain states of the atmosphere—
when one is slid onto the form of
type and has one or more others par
tially adhering to it for a moment,
theu taking flight away from the press
to some dingy resting place—fre
quently keeps the pressmen in an un
comfortable state of ridgets.
Such action results from the attrac
tion aud repulsion of frictional elec
tricity—the same kind that is pro
duced by the chafing of the silk flaps
against the rotating glass disk iu the
so-called "electrical machine."
An experiment with the same kind
of electricity, which can easily be
tried, is to apply gentle friction to a
thin piece of cloth or paper ; when,
on bringing it near the wall of the
apartment, it will be attracted thereby,
and adhere to the surface—be it wood,
plaster, or paper—for a brief time.
Jolinnle and the Parrot,
"Johnnie," said a Chicago mother
to her six-year-old son, "is it' possible
that I overheard you teaching the
parrot to swear?"
"No, matnma," replied Johnnie, "I
was just telling it v. iiat it mustn't
A TEMPERANCE COLUMN;
THE DRINK CVIL MADE MANIFEST
IN MANY WAYS.
'".That Will Von Take?"_Alcohol In MedU
cal Hcence—The Itesuits of Observa
lion* Made by Distinguished Surgeons
Mansers «r IScer—Will Work Woe.
"What will yon tnke, boys? I've drinks ol
To bnnisli dull enro and drivotliought from
Some folks would restrain us—but that's
their mistake -
I have license to sell, boys—so, what will
"What will you tnke?" Christian men of
Rum's victims lie ruined on every hand.
This question we ask; whut reply can vou
For the blood of your brother, say, "What
will you take?"
Alcohol In Medicine.
The report of Dr. A. Monroe Lesser, tho
executive surgeon, gives the results of ob
servations in regard to the use of alcohol,
and points out in detail the bad effects pro
duced by it. "Leading Oerman, English
and American physiologists," he says, "ae
?ept it as a fact that alcohoi In small quan
tities, by exciting the energies of the body,
may increase the capabilities during thn
short period which Is sometimes required
In diseases, but that this provision is al
ways gained at the expense of some vital
ity and a later relaxation." So in cases
where it might be useful in relieving in
flammations, this advantage is offset by
the fact that while producing this effect, it
has a deleterious influence on tho other
tissues. He also points out that alcohol ia
not a good thing to enable the body to
withstand cold or fatigue, and quotes Nan
sen, the Arctic explorer, to the effect that
those who drank alcahol could not bear the
Northern cold, and that no one of his staff
was allowed to partake of It. This fact
was noticed, however, long before Nan
sen's time. Wo distinctly remember that
in the time of tho old stage coaches which
plied between Philadelphia and New York,
that during periods of cold weather ex
perienced drivers refused to drink alco
holic liquors, but confined thpinselves
strictly to water drinking while on their
journeys, for the reason assigned that thn
use of alcoholic drink rendered them less
able to withstand tho exposure they were
As an evidence thnt it does not preserve
the living tissues or furnish staying quali
ties, Dr. Lesser notes that "In the English
army, in its Soudan campaigns, a number
of regiments receivod certain quantities of
nlcohol, while other regiments received
none, the result showing that the latter
could bear tho strains of long marches far
better and were better preserved than those
to whom nlcohol was given." In the same
way lie finds its effects injurious to diges
tion and deleterious in septic conditions.
One of the first questions a surgeon asks
nowadays when a persou sustains a dan
gerous injury, is whether he has been ao
customed to tho use of alcohol, holding
that the chances for recovery of one so ad
dicted are largely decreased, as compared
with those of ono not accustomed to its use.
So, too, athletes In trnining for somo event
are required to abstain entirely from tin
use of alcohol, experience showing that it
greatly lessens their powers of endurance,
—Trenton (N. J. ) American.
Why a Man Should Not Drink.
Because it isn't good for him.
Because it isn't good for his family.
Because it wastes his money.
Because he is liable to drink to excess.
Becausedrink isn't necessary to health.
Bocause. on the contrary, it has been
Because happiness doesn't depend on
Because misery often results therefrom.
Because it is often the ruin of homes.
Because It neverhelpsa man In the strug
gle of life.
Because it hinders good endeavor.
Because it lowers the tone of a family.
Because it opens the door to temptation.
Because it forms a habit almost impossi
ble to overcome.
Because many a mother's heartache may
be traced to It.
Because jails and orphan asylums pro
claim its work.
Because drunkards' graves are so num
Because children inherit the taste for
Because there are a thousand other ren
sous which we have not time to enumerate,
all pointing to tho folly of drinking intoxi
cants. and to the wisdom of being a total
An Astonishing Comparison.
The world was recently thrilled with th'*
news that Oreat Britain had appropriated
almost $120,000,000 for her naval expenses?
for the coming year. Tho sum, when
compared with our own expenditures,
seems enormous, but. according to the
figures of Dr. Dawson Burns, recently pub
lished in the London Times, tho drink bill
of the United Kingdom Is more than fi.S
times that great appropriation, or $761,-
408,015. The now American battle-ship,
the Illinois, which when finished will be
the most powerful vessel of our navy,
will cost almost $4,000,000; but the British
drink bill would build 200 such vessels.
But why go across the seas? The money
that we, tho American people, spend for
drink In a year's time would build an Il
linois every working day In the year.
Sobriety » Test of Fitness.
There is no longer any Indulgence foi
the public man who gets drunk, nor is it
possible any more for a man to maintain a
first-class standing in private life If he Is
known to be given to intoxication. It is
exceedingly difficult for thn habitual
drlukerto prosper in any profession or tc
secure a situation iu any branch of busi
ness. Most of the corporations make so
briety one of the tests of Illness for em
ployment, and society shuts its door In
the faces of thoso who cannot or do not
control their appetites. This gain foi
tempirnnce has brought with It a gonera)
elevation of tho standards of mora'.lly and
French Bigscst Drinkers.
A learned professor at Geneva, Switzer
land, states that France drinks more alco
hol annually than any other nation ID
Europe. His calculation is based on tb«r
percentage of alcoholic liquors consumed.
According to this standard euch person in
France drinks thirteen quarts of alcohol in
many more quarts of wines, beers, etc., in
the course of a year.
Will Work Woe.
Japan is catching the smokeless powdet
craze. Hundreds of gallons of spirits have
been shipped to that country to be used In
the manufacture of it. If tho spirits in
the powder do as much misohlef In Japn-i
as they do in this country outside of It,
they will be as dangerous to friend as foe.
How to Make a Drunkard.
Do you wish your children to bccomo
drunkards? asks the Southern Messenger.
It is very easy. Accustom theai at an early
ago to a little whisky, Foravery little ail
ment administer to them a little sip; they
will soon get used to it, and even like It. I
knew a boy who wiis brought op In this
way; at the age of twelve ho was a con
firmed tippler. _
Temperance News and Notes.
Learning to drink is very easy, but God's
Help must ba Invoked In order to unlearn
The devlP'j face may be seen without a
aask, by taking a look at the drunkard's