The pilot. (Greencastle, Pa.) 1860-1866, July 26, 1864, Image 2

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    T HE PI 'T
Tuesday Morning, July 23,1844
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We now offer TILE PILOT office for sale.—
Terms easy. Address
Now that this is the last issue of THE PILOT
we call on each and every one knowing them,
selves to be indebted, either by Subscription,
Advertising or Job Work, to call and settle
imniediately. Those who haye overpaid their
subscription will get their money refunded to
them. We will also give notice that we will
continue to do Job Work as long as we remain
in town.
Friends and Patrons:—
The uncertainty of the times, the exhorbi
tent price of paper and all the essential ap
pendages to a printing office, combined with
various other circumstances which the straiten
ed times have brought about, together with
the' present ill-health, has necessitated for a
time the suspension. of THE PILOT. A recent
rebel invasion, which makes the third annually,
has been, the instrument of a very unpleasant
interruption in our business; and we have no
reliable assurances that the last will not be suc
ceeded by another at, an early day. The con•
tiguity of our borough by the confederate bor
der, which is too large to be effectually blockad
ed by our forces at every point, renders us open
to a" raid" at any time Jeff. Davis feels the
necessity of a replenished Commissariat or
Quarter-master's Department. Experience has
taught us this; and this same sad monitor
has also taught myself individually, that all
these adverse surroundings combined, have
made the publishing of THE PILOT anything
but a justifiable business iu Greencastle. By
such considerations as these, together with the
very high price of paper and other material,
us before said, I have been influenced to sus
pen& temporally the publishing of my paper.
-This, then, will be the last issue for the
present,-and I wish to profit by an opportunity
thus afforded me to extend my heartiest thanks
to that portion of the community which has so
liberally and generously supported met I al
ways found delight in endeavoring to make my
paper as interesting and as edifying as possible,
and I have every reason to_ believe it was a
welcome visitor everywhere it was received ;
and it is a source of regret to me, that circum
stances have compelled a temporary cessation
of the same. My subscribers and patrons will
be . ever held in thankful remembrance, and if
the publication of this paper should be resum
ed—either by myself or another party, we hope
for a continuance of their support. Although
1 have no reason to complain of a lack of in
terest manifested by the community,-in the
success of a borough paper here, yet it cannot
be denied that I did not receive as general a
support as one might have expected.
A corporation of the size of Greencastle
cannot dispense with a home paper, and en
couragement on the part of the citizens is re
quisite to justify a printer. Everybody wants
a home paper, and yet so few take a thought
that it requires money to publish one. Now
that THE PILOT, is stopped, they will feel the
absence of this welcome weekly guest; and I
hope, if it is ever-resumed again, that the pub
lisher will receive a more general support than
I did. It may be (and I believe it will) that
the present unsettled condition of our country
and the exposed state of our Border will be
speedily removed by the " onward march" of
cur brave and victorious soldiers.
Messrs. W. A. REID, D. W. RowE, Esq.,
J. M. IRwIN, Esq., and also to Iludibras .
P. REYMEII,) and many others, who have
kindly contributed to the original matter in
the columns of my paper, will please accept
wy warmest gratitude.
Very respectfully,
Guy. Curtin has issued a Proclamation, dated
the sth day of July, calling for twelve thousand
volunteer infantry to serve at Washington city
and vicinity for one hundred days unless sooner
discharged. On the 6th day of July, the Gov
ernor issued another Proclamation calling for
twelve thousand volunteers, (in addition to
those required by the proclamation of the sth,)
to serve for one hundred days in Pennsylvania,
Maryland, Washington and vicinity. All re
!Tending to these calls in the eastern part of the
State will rendezvous at Harrisburg and Phil.
tide] pliia. Another proclamation was issued
on Sunday, July 10th, referring to his recent
proclamations, and appealing to the people to
turn out and 611 up the ranks.
Franklin county, Pa
On Monday, the ltith day of July, the. Pres
ident made a call for five hundred thousand
more volunteers for the military service. He,
however, provides that this call shall be reduc
ed by all credits which may be established
under section Bth, of an act approved July 4th,
1864, on account of persons who have entered
the naval service during the present rebellion
and by credits for men furnished to the mil
itary service in excess of all calls heretofore
made. 'Volunteers will be accepted under the
call for one, two or three years, as they may
elect, and will be entitled to the bounty pro
vided by the law for the period of service for
which they enlist. And in case this call is
not filled by volunteers by the sth day of Sep
tember, 1864, which is 50 days from the date
of this call, (the time allowed by the aforesaid
act,) the President orders a draft to be made in
every town, township, ward of a city; precinct
or election district, county not so sub-divided
to fill,tbe quota which shall be assigned to it
under this call, or any part thereof which may
be unfilled by volunteers on the said sth day
of September, 1854:
"The rebels coming !" "Ah, it is the same
old story." "No, not quite," said a voice near
by, "they are coming." This was Sunday,
July 3rd, at 3 o'clock, P. M. In less than fif
teen minutes the intelligence had spread over
town. /Bad news always travel fast, you know.
Gem Conch sent a despatch that a force of
rebels were in the Valley, threatening Martins
burg, Va., and that farmers had better remove
their stock, as the rebels might cross the Po
tomac. Couriers were sent out in all clirc'a
tions to warn the country people of the ap
proaching danger. Evening came, but it was
not the quiet holy Sabbath evening, such as
we used to know when the family circle was
brought together and recited the Westminster
Catechism and engaged in other services befit
ting the day. No, on the evening of the 3rd
of July last such things were forgotten. The
people were stirred up, or-to speak moderately,
they were excited. You could hear the ham
mer of the merchant engaged in packing up
his goods. In a little while side walks were
filled with boxes, and the shippers waiting
rather impatiently " for the wagon" to trans
port. their merchandise to the railroad. The
merchants were not alone in this business.—
Millers, commission men, and all others, who
had articles that they wanted to put out of the
way of the rebels, too, were busy. -The train
came in the night, quietly feeling its way
along. This freight cars were attached, and
the train moved off giving relief to many; but
the " iron horse" didn't snort so loudly as is
his wont. Then came horses, wagons, carria
ges, with the routine of drivers, riders, and ske
daddlers. Virginia refugees, too, were not
few in number; their stories, too, were listened
to by vast crowds ; these tales of rebels, dan
gers, escapes and " accidents by flood and
fields," were as usual, moving, we wouldn't
say without foundation, only highly colored to
make them interesting, or like Wright's pills,
sugar coated; that the victim—oh, the patient
we mean may swallow them more readily. Ye
"contrabands" heard the news. The " intel
ligent," and those otherwise felt the " magic
of the word ' skedaddle.' " Black faces, blue
gingham, linsey woolsey, grey cloth, huge bun
dles and cooking utensils, were all seen making
their exit out the borough limits, steering for a
place of safety just "furrier norf." The cars
was too slow a way of traveling, so they took
it a foot.
At 10 o'clock, P. st., it was found that the
corrals in the vicinity of Hagerstown had bro-
ken loose. The tramping of horses, the bray
ing of mules, the shouts of the drivers, and
the songs and curses of the party last mention
ed all tended to make night hideous. All
seemed to be hurrying on, and on, afraid to
look back; but perhaps they remembered the
example made of Lot's wife some thousands of
years ago; and preferring to remain living,
moving beings, rather than to be transformed
into " pillars of salt," to be looked on with
wonder by the curiosity seekers of after ages.
The night passed and so did the tumult. The
morning was calm, and no rebels north of the
Potomac. Good news. Sigel's waghn train
across the river, and safe. Things began -to
look better. Next morning calm. Some Fed
eral cavalry about. Evening.—Rebels had
crossed at Shepherdstown. Commotion in
Hagerstown ; but our Regulars still remained.
More stock taken down the Valley. Weilnes
day.—Skirmish at Sharpsburg pike; a rebel
killed, one Major (Shearer, formerly of York
county, Pa.) and two privates captured.—
Later.—Union soldiers retreat from Hagers
town, followed two miles by the rebs. Our
soldiers form north of Greencastle. 5 o'clock,
F. lg.—Getting gloomy. Expect the Johnnies
soon. Their pickets reported at Eshleman's
church. Telegraph operators cut Hagerstown
wires and prepare for the worst. Night
comes, but not the rebels. Everybody thinks
someeing is burning south_ of Mason and
Dixon's line. Strategy is required. Fuller
arrives with his locomotive—the Leopard.--
Ile goes out the railroad. The whistle is ter.
riffle; one imagines it is forty engines and 50,-
000 troops, at least that was the effect designed
to be produced on the rebels. A'gallant Lieu
tenant who speaks in the " sweet German ac
cent," advanced ou the Hagerstown road. He
deployed his squad into line, formed them into
battal lions, then into regiments and lastly into
brigades. Huge camp fires were kindled. All
hands considering the " insolent invaders"
badly defeated suspended further operations
until the next day, when we learned from citi-
zens at about 11 o'clock, A. ?PI, that the rebel
cavalry, (formerly Jenkins',) under M'Caus•
land had left Hagerstown before daylight, tak
ing with theni $20,000 in cash and 1,500 suits
of clothing besides many other articles " not
necessary here to insert." Their stay was
brief, a fact not much regretted by some, and
particularly those living on the Pennsylvania
side. We have seen rebels, and a great many
of them, and have had our curiosity satiated in
that respect. Telegraph operators went to
Hagerstown, and the Union Cavalry to the
Line. Thursday morning.—About 200 of
Imboden's command entered Hagerstown, and
took shoes, suits, Sc., and burned wood house
and water tank at the railroad and a quantity
of government stores. This party left rather
suddenly, going after 3PCauslaud, in the di
rection of Frederick. Billy Wilson (telegraph
operator, got out of town and set up shop in
the woods two miles this side ; where he con
tinued during the day, without meeting ,iny
one to molest him or make him afraid. Friday.
—Had all kinds of rumors. Rebels getting
further away, though. Saturday.—Still furth
er off. Hear of fight at Frederick, and many
other matters which or readers have seen or
heard of before this appears in print. Sunday,
10th inst —Today we hear awful news from
Baltimore. Rrailroads cut and bridges burned.
The city is threatened. The loyal liaises fly
to arms. Next day ditto. Tuesday.—Balti
more out of danger, but Washington threaten•
ed. Anixety felt for the city. Wednesday.—
Attack is made on Fort Stevens, but the rebels
fail. During the balance of the week, the
rebels gather up their plunder, consisting of
vast sums of money, bacon and commissary
stores of all kinds, horses, cattle, stock of every
description,—the aggregate value of which we
do not pretend to estimate—and then they
leave Maryland, crossing the Potomac at ser
ral fords, and up to this writing, in the lan
guage of the song, " they have gone, no one
knows where."
The invasion or the " raid," as some NeW
York editors prefer to call it, is over. Although
no hostile force invaded our State, yet the dan
ger was imminent. Our people cannot be too
grateful to Gen. Couch fur seudingtimely warn
ing, for we believe that if the valuable stock
had not been removed we would have bad a
raid on our side of the Line. We are saved,
and as a community we cannot be to thankful
that we escaped the preseuce of the enemy and
the shock of war. The New York editors, and
some others in our own State; wade light of
our fears and laughed at our calamities, but
we venture to assert, that were a large rebel
force suddenly transported to the shores of the
Hudson or even to the waters of the Schuyl
kill some valiant knights of the quill would
very quickly adopt other views. It is safe to
talk bravely at a great distance from the enemy.
Throughout the period of the invasion the
telegraph operators, viz : Billy Wilson, of the
Pennsylvania Railroad, telegraph line, Messrs.
Kendal and Aughinbaugh of Hagerstown,
and Mr. Fetterhoff of this place, stuck to their
post manfully. We believe they were in ad
vance of, the cavalry on all occasions. They
were kind and courteous in giving to the pub
lic such information as permitted by the min
tary authorities.
The cavalry consisted of. Regulars from the
Carlisle barracks, under Lieutenants McClean,
Jones and Stanwood, and volunteers, froth the
Ist NeeiWork and 14th Penna., under Lieut.
Draper, Torence and --. The whole
force being, under command of Lieut. McLean.
The men performed very well when under fire.
Lieut. Draper is spoken of by everybody about
Hagerstown and this place, as a brave and gal
lant officer. We mention him particularly, for
he descrves it. We trust he may soon be pro
moted, as he deserves to be, for good conduct.
A great deal of excitement and alarm was
occasioned in the country by the appearance of
the Union scouts, or those persons who repre
sented themselves to be such, who were mostly
dressed in rebel uniforms. Their waving
plumes, and dangling swords, and general ap
pearance, was that of the southern " chivalry"
who had visited us before. And then the ter
rible rumors circulated by some of these fel
lows, were enough to keep credulous people in
" hot water."
Stock has been brought back. It took but
some hours to get it started, but it has taken
nearly a week for the return trip. We had
no idea before of the vast number of horses in
this section of country. There are thousands
of them. Skedaddlers and contrabands are back.
Our country friends are very busy cutting and
hauling in their grain. Withal the drawback
and very dry weather, the wheat will be gar
nered without serious loss
The danger is over. for the present, and we
hope it is over forever. So mote it. be.
We have had very little reliable news from
the armies up till Monday, the 18th day of July,
and the only movement given in Gen. Grant's
army up to that date, was the march of the
Second Corps, under Hancock, from the breast
works to the front, on the night of the 12th,
in expectation of meeting the enemy, who were
supposed to be about to make a flank
ment ou the works of the Sixth Corps. The
enemy, however, were not found.
Regular communications between Baltimore
and Washington, disturbed by the rebel inva
sion, has been restored, and is now perfectly
On Tuesday, the 19th, we have news of some
active movements on the part of the rebels on
the James River. They made an artillery at
tack on Gen. Foster's headquarters on the morn
ing of the 16th at Deep Bottom, but without
much effect. They then commenced shelling
the gunboats but with little success.
The threatened rebel raid into Maine has de
monstrated itself in an unsuccessful attempt to
rob the' bank at Calais, on the 18th, by a few
fellows calling themselves rebels, three of
whom were arrested and committed to prison
to answor the charge. The citizens were a lit
tle excited, and armed themselves fur de
The guerrillas in Missouri are as troublesome
as they were wont to be, and they seem to be
aided by the citizens in many instances, as they
are to be furnished with United States arms.
General Roseerans has issued an address to the
people of Northwestern Missouri, stating they
have deceived him. While they promised to
preserve peace and aid the government, he
says they have allowed guerrillas to live and
recruit among them. The arms and ammuni
tion put into their hands for the preservation
of the public safety have been used to destroy
it. He tells them that nothing is now left for
them to do but to wholly renounce and help to
exterminate the common enemy, or that their
country will soon become desolate.
Wednesday, July 20th.—By advices from
Nashville it is reported that Johnston has com
mand to evacuate Atlanta, and that Gen Sher
man had advanced his forces to.the South of
the Cattahoochee, five miles, as far as Peachtree
creek, forcing Johnston to retire within his
defences and bringing the city within range of
his guns. The fall of Atlanta, then, may be
announced at any moment.
Everythiug is quiet at Petersburg.
The rebels have entered upon another raid
into Kentucky. A despatch from Louisville
yesterday says that early on Sunday morning a
large rebel force said to be under command of
Gen. Forrest, captured the federal stockade at
Brownshoro, on the Memphis and Charleston
Railroad. It was garrisoned by one hundred
men, most of whom escaped. The rebels then
moved on Huntsville, and after a sharp skim.
ish drove in the Union pickets. Our troops
number some five thousand, and are strongly
fortified. The rebel force is estimated at from
eight to ten thousand. Additional troops are
goiug to the relief of Huntsville.
By Thursday's news, we learn something
more of Gen. Sherman and his operations be
fore Atlanta. The latest official information
from him is, that his army crossed the 'Chat
tahoochee in several different places north of
the railroad bridge. Our main army was, at
last accounts, within ten miles of Atlanta
There are some very curious movements and
negotiations going on with regard to bringing
about peace, as will be seen by despatches
published iu our (lanes, from Niagara Falls,
where the rebel eromissaries and some of the
lights on the other side are assembled in
iufomal council. It is said that proposals have
been accepted by Mr. Lincoln to receive Geo.
N. Sanders in Washington. It is somewhat
significant that Mr. Hay, the private secretary
of the President, is at Niagara participating in
the council. The public may expect to hear
of some extraordinary developments before
many days.
Friday, July 22.—General Sherman made
another brilliant flank movement, on the enemy
at Atlanta yesterday, thus throwing an army
to the left of the town, on the railroad to
Decatur, and cutting Atlanta off from Richmond
Johnston made a desperate assault upon our
left wing on Wednesday, but was fearfully
repulsed, and bad to fall back into his defences.
The rebels renewed the attack three times,
and each time with alike result.
Gen. Hunter reports that Gen. Averill, with
his cavalry, attacked Gen 'Early in front of
Winchester on Wednesday, with some success,
killing and wounding over three hundred of
his men, capturing four cannon, two hundred
prisoners and a large quantity of small arms,
all of which, with the exception of the muskets
were sent to Martinsburg. General Liltsp was
wounded and captured. Reports mention that
a fight was going on at Leesburg on Wednesday
between our troops and the rebels; but they
arc not confirmed.
There has been an unusual excitement for
the past three weeks in financial and el:quer.
cial as well as general eircles. The rebel in.
vading force sweeping over Maryland capturin g and rai!road trains, destroying bridges,
cutting telegraph wires, interrupting the or.
dinary communications with Washington, s a d
even storming its defences were events well
calculated to disturb the public mind and pr o ,
duce the gravest apprehensions and most lively
interest and anxiety. To these may be added
the presence of the new Secretary of the Trea s .
ury in New York for the purpose of negotiating
a loan with the banks, and the uncertainty of
the result, as well as the severe stringency i n
the money market and its effect upon specula-
tion, particularly on the produce exchang e , th e
rapid fluctuations in the price of gold and the
unsettled feeling which consequently pr eva il ed
—combination of exciting causes rarely to be
met with in so short a space. It is sheen
impossible to give any correct quotation s et the
price of gold for some time past.
W. A. R
For the week ending July 2nd, it closed at
239, and on July 9th, at 271. On Wednes•
day morning, July 13th, it opened at 281 W
subsequently ranged between 270 and 275.
Thursday, July 14th, it opened at 272, with
a weak market, and declined to 2681, but after.
wards rallied to above the opening price.
Exchange was dull. The quotations were
about 298 for currency and 109 for gold.
Saturday, July 16th, gold closed at 2571.
Monday, July 18th. Gold opened at 257,
declined to 2541, and in the afternoon advanced
to 262/, whioh was the closing quotation
Tuesday, July 19th. Gold opened at 2681;
but that price could not be maintained and it
gradually dropped to 260. It then rallied a
little, and closed at 262.
• Wednesday, July 29th. The Gold market
was agitated to-day, and three or fouisuddeu
turns iu quotations took place. it opened at
262, and went down to 2601. Then, iu
consequence of a rumor that more legal tenders
were immediately to be issued by the Govern
went, it rose to 2631.
Thursday, July 21.—Gold opened at 250,
and dropped to 256 k, but rallied in the atter
noun, aud closed at 254
The following are the quotations of Govern.
tueut Securities, at the close of each of the
past week a:—
July 2nd. Registered 6's of 1881 atlo4.
Coupou Ws of 1881 at 104. Five twenty coo.
pons at 104. Five twenty registered at 1021.
One year certificates at 95. Seven and three
tenths notes at 104.
July 9th. Five twenty registered at 1031
Registered 6's of 1881, Coupon 6's of 1881 and
Five twenty coupons at 104. One year certifi•
cat's at 941-. Seven and three tenths notes at
July 16th. Registered 6's of 1881 at 103.
Five twenty registered at 101 One year cern&
Cates at 94i. Seven and three tenths notes at
104 f.
July 21.—Registered sixes of 1881 sold at
103 and the coupons at 1021; five twenty
coupons 1041 and the registered 104; seven
and three tenths Treasury notes 1031 and one
year certificates 931. The new ten forty bonds
are offered at 96. In the afternoon governments
became stronger.
Proclamation by the President
WHEREAS, By the act approved July 4th,
1864, entitled An act further to regulate and
provide for the enrolling and calling out the
national forces, and for other purposes, it is
provided that the President of the United
States may, at his discretion, at any time here•
after, call fur any number of men as volunteers
for the respective terms of one, two or three
years for military service, and that in case the
quota of any part thereof, of any town, towu
ship, ward of a city, precinct or election dis•
trict, or of any county not a sub•subdivided
shall not be filled within the space of 50 days
after such call, then , the President shall im
mediately order a draft for one year to fill such
quota, or any part thereof which may be us•
filled :
Arid whereas, The new enrollment hereto
fore ordered, is so far completed as that the
aforesaid act of Congress may Dow be put in
operation for recruiting and keeping up the
strength of the armies in the field,
for garri
son and such military operations as may be
required for the purpose of suppressing the
rebellion and restoring the authority of the
United States Government in- the insurgent
States now, therefore, I, Abraham Lincoln,
President of the United States, do issue this
my call for five hundred thousand volunteers
for the military service; provided nevertheie -,
that this call may be reduced by all credits
which may be established under section Bth of
the aforesaid act, on account of
persons who
entered the naval service during the pivot
rebellion, and by credits for men furnished to
the military service in excess of calls hereto
fore made. Volunteers will be accepted under
the call for one, two or three years, as they
elect, and will be entitled to the bounty provid'
ed by the law for the period of service for
which they enlist. And I hereby pruelai w t
order and direct, that immediately after the
sth day of September, 1864 being 50 des B
from the date of this call, a draft for troops te
serve for one year shall be had in every town ,
township, ward of a city, precinct or election,
districts, or county not so sub-divided , to fil l
the quota which shall be assigned to it under
this call, or any part thereof which may he,
unfilled •by volunteers on the said sth day 0 1
September, 1864.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set?!
hand, and caused the seal of the United,.
States to be affixed. Done at the city
. 0 1
Washington, this eighteenth .day of
one thousand eight hundred and sixtv fe . er:
and of the independence of the United
States the eighty ninth.
By the President :
Wm. It. SrwAR
Secretary of State'