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IJ II V 111 I Nil iVx MKXX 1 OR
uvmiiiiviiu in u u u u u fit
To the Senate and Ilorsu ov Reprksen
IATIVEB Ot TniS CoMllOHWttALTlI Off
We have rcnson to bo thankful to God
or tho Mossing of peaco, abundant
crops, that industry has boon rewarded,
sad that thus the Commonwealth hns
been able to do her full duty to herself,
to tho country and posterity.
Tho condition of our finances is as
Balanoo in Treasury
Nov. 30, 1805 $ 2,873,008 11
Keocipts during lineal
yoar ending November
30, 1800 .,... 5,829,008 51
Total in Treasury for
fiscal year ending No-
TemborSO, 1800 8 8,203,030 08
Payments for tho saino
period have been.... 0,402,303 41
Bal. in Treasury Deo.
1, 1800 $ 1,741,033 27
Amount ot tho public -
debt as it stood ou tho
1st day of Deo. 18G5. $37,470,258 JC6
Amount reduced at tho
State troasury during
the fiscal yoar endiug
November 30,' 1800,
tpiTcrnt loan .... f 1 ,R'2.IS.'iil -JS
4Umr ci'iit.loim . . 25,(HK) OO
Rclii-I N"t tan 00
IHnmtU'. creditor!' ci-r.
tllkllU'a . o 05
Pubho debt De
cember 1, '00. . ., . . ..
' To wit, funded debt:
D par cont. loan g
5 per cont. loan. . . .. .
4$ per cont. loan.. . ...
C pur cent, loan, mili
tary, por aot May loth,
Unfunded dobt, relief
notes in circulation ....
Interest certificates out
standing Interest cciliticatus un
Domcstio creditors' cor-.'
Assets iu Treasury:
Bonds Penu'a Railroad
Bonds Philadelphia and
Erio Railroad Company
Interest on Bonds of
Philadelphia and Eiio
Railroad Company. . . .
Cash in Treasury
Liabilities iu excess of ' . .
assets 22,530,018 89
Liabilities in excess of ,
assets, Nov. 30th,,J8Gl 28.148,000 30
Liabilities in excess of
assets, Nov. 30th, 1800 22,530,018 89
Improvements in Trcas-.
ury since 1861 5,012,041
The extraordinary expenditures, du
ring tho war and sinco its close, in pny
niouts growing out of it by authority "of
nets of Assombly, havo amounted to up
wards of fivo millions ot dollars, which,
added to tho actual payment of tho in
debtedness of tho StKto, and money in
tho Treasury for that, purpose, shows
tho revenues, abovo tho ordinary cxpen
aitures, to nave Amounted to $10,61;
000, which would all have been applied
to the payment ot tho debt of tho Com
monwealth in tho last six vcars. A care-
ful attention to tho revenues of tho Com.
monwealth, with such inst and prudent
changes as may bo required in the future, Practically, common senso determined
and a wiso economy in expenditure, will, the question ot their right 8 to partici
id my judgment, ousuro tho cntiro pay- pate, when Congress proceeded iu the
ment of tho public debt, within the pert- enactment of laws, alter tho surrender
od of fifteen years. of tho last rebel military forces. It was
The time fixed for tho redemption of determined ngnin, when the now pend
SB23,108,G2G 24 ot tho indebtedness of ! 1112 amendments were proposed by Con-
the Commonwealth having expirod, I
recommend that provision be made for
its redemption, by making n now loan
for that purpose, payable at bucIi porl
ods as the prospective revenues will just
iiy. .,-. s
I recur, with much satisfaction, lo tho
wisdom, prudence nnd economy ot the
representatives of the people, in the
management of tho finances ot tho Com
monwealth, during H period of much
embarrassment, uncertainty and distress
and congratulate you nnd them. on tho
near approach of tho entire liquidation
ot the publio debt.
Since my last Annual ' Mecsage,
havo drawn from the Troasury, two
thousand dollars of the fund placed in
hands of the Governor for secret service
and other extraordinary expenses, whiel:
I havo expended, in payment of my
personal staff, and for other purposes, as
heretoforo, except nvo hundred nnd six-ty-three
dollars and forty-eight cents,
whioh I have returned into tho Treasury,
After presenting the Constitutional
Amendment for tho consideration of tho
Legislature, and reviewing the sevoral
propositions embodied therein, tho Gov.
ernor goes or. to say 1
That these wiso and moderate drovi-
sions will meet tho hearty approbation
of the Legislature, I cannot doubt.'.. If
proposed by two-thirds of each House
of Congress and ratified by throo.fourths
ot toe Legislatures of the Stales, the
Constitution provides that thoy Bliotild
stand as adopted amor.dinents of that in
Btruraont. A question has boon raised whether
the States lately m rebellion, and not yot
rostqred to their privileges by Congress,
aro to bo counted in this voto in other
words, whether those who havo robollod
and been subdued shall be entitled to a
potential voice in the question of tho
guarantees to bo required ot them for
future obodiouao to the laws. So moo.
Strom a proposition is, it appears to me,
not supported by the words or spirit of
the Constitution. The power to sup
press iusurrootion, includes the power of
making provision aguimv Us breaking
! out h. Those States hove made an
unjust war upuu our Common Govorn
tr'.eut and their Sister Stutos, and the
power given l)y tho Constitution to mako
war on our part, includes tho powor to
dictate, afjer our success, the terms of
peaoo and restoration.
Tho power of Congress to gunrauteo
to every State a Republican form of
Government, would cover much more
cogent action than had yet been had.
The duty imposed upon Uongross, lo
provide, nn'l maintain republican govern
ments fur the Slates, is to bo accepted
in tho broadest meaning of tho term. It
is not a mure formal or unnecessary
provision. Tho power was conferred,
and tlio duty enjoined, to preserve free
institutions ngaimt nil cucroncumonts,
or tho more violent elmneuts ot despot
ism and anarchy. And now that trea
son has, by rebellion? subverted the
governments of a number of States.,
forfeiting for tho people all the rights
guaranteed by tho Constitution, inclu
ding even thoso of property and life, tho
work of restoration for these States rests
with the National Government, nnd it
should bo faithfully and fearlessly per
formed. , '
By their passage by Congress, nnd
the declaration' of tho people at the
Into elections, the faith ot tho uation is
. pledged to tho 'amendments, and they
will be fairly carried out, and their ben
efits fjiven to tho rebellious States, But
when tho amendments shall havo passed
into tho organic law, should tho people
lately in rebellion persist, in their rcjeet
lon, and in .continued disobedience, and
tho obstruction of tho execution of tho
national Jaws, it will bo an abomination
to tho nation that the cnimus nnd forco
ot treason still exist among a pooplo who
enjoy none ot tho piivilcges of the gov
eminent, savo of US generous tolerance.
With their rejection, nil hope of recon
struction, with tho co-operation of tho
rebellious States, on a basis that wolild
secure to tho Republic tho logical results
of tho war, will havo vanished, and tho
duty must then devolvo upon the eov
eminent, of adopting tho most effectual
method to seeuio for those 'States tho
character of governments demanded by
They aro without lawful governments
they aro without municipal law, and
without any claim to participate in tho
On what principle of law or justico
cm the rebellious States complain, if at
tor they havo rejected' tho (air and mag
nanimous terms upon which they nro
offered brotherhood with us, and a par
ticipation in nil the blessings of our free
dom, and they havo refused, if tho gov
ernment, iu the exercise of its powers,
should enter anew upon the work of re
construction at' tho very foundation ;
"and then the necessity will bo forced
upon us to discard all discrimination in
favor of tho enemies of our nationality,
to give us and them enduring freedom
and impartial justice.
Tlio Constitution has defined treason,
and has given express power to suppress
insurrection, by war, it necessary. It
has not provided, iu detail, the terms to
bp granted niter such a war. How
could it do so 1 It wefuld probably not
bo contended by the wildest partisan,
that these States had a right to bo rep
resented in Congress at a timo when
they wire carrying on an open war
ngamt the Government, or that Con
gress was not then a lawful body, not
withstanding their exclusion. How
then have they regained the right of
representation 1 Surely not by simply
laying down their i.rms when they
could no longer hold them1 1 ho Uni
ted States have tho right, nnd it is their
duty, to exact such securities for future
good conduct as they may deom stifli-
J oient, nnd tho offenders, from whom
they aro to bo exacted, can havo no
right to participate m our councils in
the decision of tho question of what
their ounislfment shall bo.
! gross If two-thirds of Congress, as now
constituted, could lawfully propose thoso
amendments, then throe-iourtlis of tho
States, not excluded from representation
in Congress, form a sullicient majority
to effect their lawful adoption. It wus
determined again by tho formal snno-
lion' of both the great political parties,
when uongross, by an almost unanimous
vote, declared tho rebellious States with
out tho right of representation in tho
Electorial Oollogo in 1801.
We ought to go on resolutely and
rapidly, with all measures deemed nec
essary lo the future safety of tho couiu
try, so that all parts of it may, at the
earliest day, bu restored to just oiu.1
equal political privileges.
Tho annual report of linn. Thomas
II. Burrjws, Superintendent of the
maintenance and education of tho sol
diers' orphans, will exhibit the present
1 !. f . 1 . I 1 . . . .
coiiuuion uuu in a result, urns Mr ot that
undertaking. Nearly three thousand of
il.- .1... 1. " .1. . 1..?
uiu uuauuuu I'iiuuicii ui inu uruvo men
who laid down their lives that the nation
might live, aro no.v not only comforta
bly provide lor and iniurded from
temptation, but are receiving an educa
tion which win lit them to ro pay the
care ot the SttUo.
Tho appropriation mude for this pur
pose, at the last session, Ins been sulll.
cicnt to meet all expenses of tho finan
cial year just closed. And 1 recommend
whatever appropriation inny bo necessa
ry , to continue, and perfect tho system
Under whioh the schools nro conducted
Thcro onn bo no doubt that tho appro-
print ion will bo made. Wore I to se
lect any Slato interest which I would
moro warmly eoinuiond to your prompt
attention and liberality than another, it
would bo this. All Ponnsyivauians aro
proud of it, and it lies hoar tho hearts of
all truo men. ' ' '
Owing to their creator destitution and
want ot information on the part of their
relutivos, the orphans of our col red
soldiers may require soma special atton.
lion. . Perhaps authority lo the State
superintendent, to use, lor a short timo,
tho lorvices ot an agent, to ascertain
their number and claims, and bring
them into the schools that may bo pro-1
vidod for thorn, will be sullioiout. lhe
wholo number in the State is not largo,
of whom a tow huvo already been tem
porarily provided tor.
1 recommend that provisions bo made
for the maintenance ot such of our sol
diers as aio iu poverty, and have been
so maimed as to prevent them from se
curing a livelihood by their labor, by
renting buildings nt once, or such other
means as you may deem wiso and prop
er, rnril the arrangements proposed by
the National Government for tiieir sup
port are completed. They ore probably
few in numb r, and it is due to the
character of tho Commonwealth, thai
they should not remain in, or become
tht inmates of, poor houses, or pick up a
precarious subsistence by begging.
Patriotic and.chnritablo citizens havo
done much for them, but speedy and
proper relief can only bo given them by
the systematic and continued benevo
lence ct tho .Commonwealth. Tho
Legislature can nlone nll'ird immediate
relief to all this class of our citizens, and
in thus exhibiting gia'.itudu to heroic
and fiilhlul men, who did so much for
the cciin'ry, tho burden will 1 ill equally
on all her people,
By our existing laws, jiries are sclee.
ted by the sh litf and commissioners ot
the respective counties. As these olli-
cers aro generally of similar political
(illiuilics, the system has always bco:i in
danger of being abused for partisan pur
poses. During tho last six ypars, it has
been frequently so abused, , in many ot
tho counties. .
To seeui o, ns far as possible, tho ad
ministration of equal justico hereafter, I
recommend that- jury commissioners
shall bo elected in each county, in tho
sumo manner us inspc-tors .of elections
nro chosen, each citizen voting tor one
jury oomni.ssioncr, and tho two persons
having tho highest number of votes to
bo the jury commissioner of tho respec
tive cotinly, to perform the same duties,
in the selection of jurors, that aro now
imposed upon tho sheriif and county
It is impossible to provide, in all res
pects, for tho increasing and changing
interests of our people, by the enactment
of general laws, but to a largo extent it
is practicable to relievo the Legislature
lrom special legislation w! ioh is deman
ded and occupies so much of its sessions.
Special legislation is generally passed
without duo coiisider.1' ion, much of it at
tho close of the session, and is chielly
objectionable from tho partiality with
which powers nnd privileges nro eonfen
I again recommend thepasigoof gen.
oral laws, when it is at all practicable,
and in the connection, recommend the
passage of a general law, regulating
riii!roiids(nov existing and the iucor
poration of new companies, so that so
lar as possible there niiy be just uniform
ity in tho franchises granted, nnd
eqmd facilities nlVuded to tho pooplo of
all sections of the Commonwealth.
There aro, nt this time, in tho various
prisons, n number of persons under sen
tenco ot death, some of them for many
years, and ns it has become a custom
that an incoming Governor should not
issue a warrant, 01 execution incases
unacted on by his predecessor, il not
unfreouenliy happens that 111 inanycases,
some of which ifio recent, while soma
nimiKlimcnt Klinuld In. iiillii.ti.,1 llmf. d
l..nlh mnv nnnnnr lntl,n Kv., n:ivn In
bo too severe
t oarnestlv repeat rav reoommenda-
lion, heretoforo made, that provision bo
nude for tho reception of such persons
into tho pinitentiaries, who may bo pan.
.lmiod 011 liondition ot ramaiminr a hini,
tud lime therein.
I ro-appointod Hon. C. 11, Coiiukn,
Superintendent of Common Schools, on
tho expiration of his term in June last,
and ho continued nt tho head of tho
Departmei.t until the first of November,
when no resigned, uud 1
Colonel J. IV NVli:iu:i:sii.ui.
It is duo
to Mr. ConuitN lo say, that ho fulliiled I "" '"i"
all'tho duties ot his olii 0 faithfully and . 8UII00L SUPEHINTENDESTS KEPO'ltT.
I'dleiontly. It appears from his report, I . The following statistics are condensed
that thcro were iu the school year of l'l0ln ll'o report of the State Superinteu
1805, 1,803 school districts in tho Stale: dent of Public Schools: Wholo number
13,140 schools. lGJtl teachers, and i; of schools, 12,773: incroaso in the year
725,312 pupils, with nn average rtten-
dance ot i 1 K,U0U, 'l he total cost ot tho
school system, for tho entire State, in
oluding taxes levied and Stnto appropri
ation, was for tho year 1800, 81,105,
25J 57. Tho increase in- tho number of
school districts was 20j iu tho number
ot schools,222j in tho Dumber of chil
dren attending schools, 10,032) in tho,
nvorngo attendance at school, 18 915,
and in Iho total cost of tho system,
$581,020 02. I invito your intention to
iho valuable suggestions made in. his
report, and that of Colonel Wiokkiisii.vm,
nnd commend our system of public in
struction to tho continued fostering cure
of tho Legislature. ' '
I herewith present llio reports of Col.
l Joiidan, Military Agent ot the Slato.
at Washington of Col. 11. II. Gr.Kiio,
Chief of Transportation) ot S. P. Baths,
on military history of our volunteers; nf
trustees of tho Soldiers' Gettysburg
National cenieteryi of the proceedings
and ceremony of lhe ivt'ffn ot tho (lags,
'on the 4lh nt July, in the oity of Phila
delphia, and ot Col. Jmuh Woniini.t.,
commissioner appointed under nn act
relating to the passage of Hsh 111 thu
Susquehanna, and invito your nltontiwi
to uiem, and tho reports ot the Surveyor
General and Adjutant General.
' T;.o Agency at Washington should,
in my judgment, ho continued. It hns
proved very useful in all resnoots. nni
especially to our volunteers and their
families. . .
Four thousand six hundred and ninety
olnbns havo passed thsoiiuh fie Asrenov
during the past yoor, nnd thrco hundred
and elevon thousand sevon hundred and
three dollars has been oolleolod from tho
Uovornmotit and transmitted to tho
claimants freo of charge.
It will bo nouossary to continue tho
oflloo of Chief of Transportation, as
mere arc misolliod accounts with rail
road companies and tho National Gov
orninont, and duties to bo porformod in
tho removal and oars of bodies ot the
dead, which roqulro It. An additional
appropriation J will be required for this
department. . , V
I earnestly rcooramond, lo justico to
the living and tho dead, that our military
history bo pushed forward vigoiously,
and that money for that purpose be ap
lhe trustees of the btato Lunatio Hos
pital represent that it is impossible tor
them to acoomodato' and caro for the
number ot patients committed to them
under tho, laws regulating admissions
into the hospital, mid earnestly recom
mend that provision bo madu for in
I need hot say that tho institution is
carefully and economically-managed, or
to refer to tho groat uood it has produo-
tit; and that I cordially unite in thu
statement and recouiinendutious of the
memorial herewith presented.
I invito your nlleution to tho condi
tion of tlio Arsenal.
It is too small, unsafe as a depository
for tho largo amount of valuable military
material to be kept in it, nnd is. in all
respects, inoonvenicnt and not adapted
to its purposes.
Much inconvenience was experienced
during tho war tar want ofsuhViunt
room and safety, and I recommend that
ground bo procured and a nciv and
commodious arsenal bu erected 111 01'
near the Capital ot tho Slato.
Sinco the adjournment of the Legis
lature I drew my warrant on tlio Treas
ury tor !ji,Ui)0, appropriated to tiro
National Ceinotry at Antietam, and ap
pointed Major General Jontf U. BnooicK,
trustee to represent tho State. Before
tho warrant wus drawn I appointed
Colonel Wm.' II. l)itut nnd Captain J.
Miiiiuii.r. Linn, who examined il.e ground
and made a full investigation, their re
port ot which uucoinpmics lids mejsago,
It will be noticed tint, they report seven
hundred and uiiietv-sevou bodies of
lViisylvanians that will bo removed
into tho cemetery, uud recommend an
additional appropriation, in which I
most cordially unite. .
I cannot closo my last Annual Mes
sagu witltout renewing tho' expression
of my gratitude to tlw freeman ot tiio
'Commonwealth, for tho hearty approval
with which they havo cheered the labors
ot tho Executivo Oilice, To have earn
ed such approval by my ollicial conduct,
during tho last six years, must always bo
a sourco of prido 10 myself and children.
Without tho consciousness that I vs
endeavoring to de-ervu their approval,
and without the hope that 1 should sue
ceed in attaining it, I must havo sunk
under the rosponsibi'itus of my position
It was only n reliance on Divine Provi.
ujiieo, and tho active, resolute, hearty
support and zqal of lliejioppkyand
uieir representatives, that encouraged
ir.o during tho daik and terrible crisis
through .vliich tho country has passed.
I tried to do my duty to my country,
aim Know 1 was at least taiUitul to her
in her d.'ep ditrcs, nnd I conceived
that duty not to bo limited to tho mere
iy putting of men into tlio field to sup.
press treason and rebellion, and main-
1 tain tho njnional life, and doing of every
thing in my power to .sustain the j'ist
war forced upon us, I felt nls bound,
so far as I could, to protect and promote
thu rights and comforts of our volun
teers, after lhoy lm I lelt tho State, to
aid and relieve th'J rick and wounded,
ami lo cure for the transmission, lo their
bereaved f imihos, of the precious bodies
I ' tho stain, pud the maintenance and
education ot thuir -orphan a honored
.' children i t llio country.
To IlilVO bncil tllM Chief II Igistratl of
this great Commonwealth, ilurinir tho
P1'1'10'1 through which wo have passed
' nnd to havo earned and maintained (it
ided 1 have done k0) the conhdenco
miiiou 01 peu w uuu uieir
representatives, nro quite enough to
j satisfy the highest ambition, nnd in my
I retirement from tho high trust given me,
I pray Gon that the Slate may continue
, lo grow in power nnd strength, and her
pooplo in prosperity and happiness.
I A., G. CunriN.
Exkcltive Ciiamui!1!( Ha"iiisiiu!iii, Jan
i lou'- . -
Wholo number of pupils in atten
1 iliiiw.n inn "la. i,w.,o.,... ;.. .1
v....., ww v..,, iiiu4cu 111 uju yu;u,
I l'J,!)32 Average attendance 4.10,0-19;
increase, 10,318. Wholo number if
I teachers employed, 11,811. Average
salaries cl males, S3 1 3 1. Ot females,
$20 31. Tot 1 cost of teachers, l?2,21 1,
.r)21 70) increaso since last year, 220
713 87. . Total expenditure of tho sys.
tern, S3 203 509 0); an increase in tlm
year of 191,02191. Those items do
not include tho county and city of Phila
Whole uiimberof seholl houses with
out out houses. 4,515. Ati ordinary regard
for cominou decency, to say nothing of
the moral turpitude thus manifested,
should dictate reform in t'ns particular,
Thcro aro A. 4521 school li aises without
sulliciont play groundi 5,133 nro well
ventilated. There nro 1.921 graded
schools) 9,280 havo the Liblo read in
them. Average grade 'of teachers'
certificates 2J-. Inexperienced teachers,
2,100: 2,522 tnvo taught less than a
year. Aveiugo age of teachers, 23 J years.
S.U.K 0NUG.I!OH3 is Maiivi.and.
Four negroes convicted of lurorny, and
ordered to bo sold by Judge M.igruder,
at Annapolis, were sold on Saturday.tho
22nd ult. Somo of tlio (armors were
present at tho. sale, "tho ' first otio sold
was John Johnson, who bid.for himsolt,
and tho auctioneer taking his bid he was
finally knocked . down to, himself, and
beeamo.h's own purchaser tor thirty
sovon dollars. AnothoMhiafV brouuh't
Ibiity-Ovo dollars, and two girls brought
respectively twenty-two dollars and
thirty dollars each. , ThcY were sold
under a state law which Is believed to
bo in conflict with tho lust amendment
to tho'United Stutos Constitution, r
Bonnie, sounds pretty woll for a little
urchin, but when lie booomos a man, we
give him the full title of liosjamin.
Thin, in the early ttcgoi ot the great
robollion, we called the roboli 'John-
niei' now we oall thorn 'Johnson men.' ,
J, E. SAYERS, Editor and Tublisber.
WEDNESDAY. JANUARY t), I8(!7.
A NKW JJUA.
Still unit cmi'iM, ... -
E:vch little moinuiit ntmmtlivr'd hm.lii,
Till liutira, iluy, yourrt mi-1 agf-a ttru nuulu ujk
Of wiicli hik'.iU Mt-t iu tlu'Ko, mid mm louk back
Worn anil huvvlUloruit, wotulurttiK Iumv It i.
And it is fining that wo Bhould look
back a retrospect of social, national or
personal history is becoming the dawn
ofanowcra. Timo, tho ''liorco spirit
of tho glass add soytho" jars rudely as
his car completes tho cycle of another
year and fueling tho shock wo willingly
or un willingly, give freo reiu to fancy's
steed and oonrso among labyrinths of tho
past. Yielding to tho poet his sctui
montalisin, to the badness man his cash
books and lodg.'r and to all thn thoughts
that may suggest themselves, let ns tako
passing glance at tho chronicles ot
world and nation.
Crossing tho iutervovins. waters a
mighty change deyelops itself in the
eastern continent. Nations, that have
long stood as laudinavks of progression
and power, in a remarkably short pe
riod havo declined, Secondary powers
havo arisen to distiinition, nnd new
boundary lines hive bean traced by tho
bayonet's point. Equal rights and justico
havo been vindicUed n Italy. Tho Ot
toman empiro topples as freemen shako
off the hateful coils of bondage. Pope,
ry hangs doubtful on its throne. Uu.
publican princiylos nro nnvmg Eng
land's oppressed misses. Ireland's pa
triotic hjart i) urids with tho thought of
a Fren Kepublio, and still farther East
mankind marks tho strldo of ages with
political and commercial progress. In
South America tho hods ot freedom
emerge from tho smoke of conflict with
icncwed energy and strength. All seen;
to havo profited by the result of our
own successful' strugglo tor national life,
and give brilliant h pos for a futuro of
peace an 1 advancement.
"Tlnu.slnkj.i thmtiV.u tyivmuy (i."tlu-j:i-4
An.t tottorlnffimiplri. nrn.ti l.y the r nwn wi-IkM!"
A view of matters at homo is nono
llio less cheering. Improvement has
stamped itself on the wings ot time.
Tho din of war has hardly ceased to
roverboratu through our mountains nnd
valleys, yet or ler is fast supplanting tho
chaos of strife. Tlio pooplo havo much
to deplore wtorc for which , to express
gratitude. Tho bittlo won wo havo
caiiso to think our representatives for.
tho nrosorvaiion ot th ) victory. Tho
hearty 'approval of ihuir oourso, recent
ly given by thu freeman ot tho North,
in jsonio measure, express their thanks.
Harvests have been sown nnd. reaped,
Industry nnd commerce movo steadily
onward. Finnnco and trade show un
piooodcutod reliability in our resources.
Enterprise has not been unrewarded.
Wo havo livod to see tho two cor.ti
nonts made one. Both to throb by the
eleotrio nerve that underlies tho billows
ot the Atlantic. Tho looomotivo is
creeping slowly but steadily toward EN
Dorado, and soon its whistle will awa
ken tho cjhoes among tho crags and
rocks of the Sierra Nevada
All this is gratifying nono tho loss bo ,
.-. . -. ... :
cause before us aro the same bright
prospects of futuro greatness and gran
Than, hero's joy to tho past, gratitude
for tho presont, resolution for tho fu
ture, nnd a
IIapi'y Nk-iv Ykah to Am. I
Tub Liaisi.ATuuii. The miioting of
the Legislature on the 1st of tho month
was uiinltonded by marked corouiony.
Tho following gentlemen were elected
ollicers, of tho House, Speaker Colonel
John P. Glass.of Allegheny Chief Clerk,
A. V. llenediotj Assistants, J. A. Sniull
nnd J. 11. MoAleo Transcribing Clerks.
A. D. Harlan, W. It. Johnson, W. F.
Brockway, A. C. Illyns, Joseph Metoalf
and O. W, Walkori rostraastor, J. D,
Kirkpatiickj Assistant, James Ponrosej
Surgcant at Arms, William J. Oveni
Assistants, Georgo Strain. G. W. Kuan,
J. It- Orwig, J. D. V. llasward and J.
II: Hull. Doorkeeper, Juraci MoGowam
Mossengor. James McCauly,
Ollleors ot tho Senate; Spenker, Louis
W. Ilallj Clerk, Colonel Georgo W.
Hamerslyi Assistants, Luolus Kogors
and F, L. Ilitohoockj Transcribing
Clerks, Henry W. Kralz, James O
Graham, Patrick Roily, William E.
Browne and Joel L. Bigham. Sorgoant
at Arms, Major W. M. llinkson- Assis
tautg. Colonel Thomas Crawford and
John Lowdoni Doorkeeper, W. E.
King) Messongor, Robort Sharp 1 Door
koopor of Rotunda, Benjamin Ilaldemnn.
The Senatorial question exoitos con
siderable interest. At prosont the shrew
dost are unable or unwlllfng to ventnro
aa opinion. The elootlon ot Glass as
Speaker of llio House in considered a
good onion by Cameron's friends.
Curtin's supporters, however aro con
fident of his election It is to bo hop.
ed that if tho claims of" Stephens aro to
be disregarded that Curtin will be tho
successful candidate, A man liko Cam
oron, brandc 1 as , ho is with political
intrigue and infamous chicanery, should
not be named in connection with the of
fice. Til IS QOVEUNO lt'S MESSAGE.
iho message which wo give to our
reader in their Issue, coming as it docs
from a sonsiblo man, is a brief, and bus-
iness-lika document. It presents' iho
most gratifying condition cf tho finan
cos 01 1110 oiato. ueuuoting nssuis in.
treasury tho notual debt of the Siatos
but twenty-two ami half inilfious and by
judicious management, can bo paid in
filteon yeiK's. More than ten nnd one
half trillions have been paid duntir
Gov. Cui tin's administration.
His caro and solioitiMo for tho soldier
is patent to all, and he does not forget
them in this bis last mossago. His
proposition to establish a set of oflice.s
entitled jury commissioners, to be elect
ed in the saino manner as inspectors of
election, will bo accepted by nil well
thinking citizens, dho disbelieve in
political bias and partiality in the se
lection ot jurymen. Th.o question of
whether tho States uiireprcio.itud, shall
vote on tho ratification, or whether they
shall bo exclude 1 from tho three fourths
count, is grasped at and handled by
tho Governor with true ability and argu,
ment Tho whole document is interest
ing nnd worthy ot perusal.
Such is our Governor's exit from tho
gubernatorial office. Evor forward in tho
interests of tho Commonwealth ho ro
tires'lrom the position he has" honored,
boaring with him tho best wishes of all
her loyal citizens.
Yesterday's papers show nothing now on
tho tapis at Ilarrisburg, Tho Senatorial con
test engages popular attention. Thud. Ste
vens nt the earnest solicitation of his friends,
left Washington Monday last to attend a.
Ilarrisburg, pending the Senatorial contest.
The supporters of Curthi were Indignant at a
cowardly attempt of tho Philadelphia Press of
Saturday last to create the Impression that ho
had withdrawn. They p'onuuncc it false and
declare ha will bo th strongest man on first
ballot beyond peradveiHuro. The letter we
publish from tho State Capital elves Outm
but small show of success. If be is defeated
it digs the political' gravo of all who support
Cameron but those professedly his friends from
the first. No amount of blandishment will
satisfy th icomti U'.n 8 of thoso who voto
nguhist tho man hom they woro instructed
to support, nor, IndocJ, can the thought bo
suppressed that oujht but mercenary motives
moved them to such action. Wo presume
no definite solution of the problem will be had
until final action 'h taken, which will be ou
tho 15th Inst. i
Wo lmvo nothing naw from Waslilnator.
Tho nronnseil lmnp-iplinumi .,r 11. ,. P,.,.uf
assumes no formidable demensions. Thud.
Stevens himself, counsels deliberation, 1-
though ho iavors tho lr.ovcmenl. It Is tho
settled conviction that tho matter is postponed
r the propmt. Mr, Wells, ltivenuo Conv
missioner, has presented Ida report and a now
lawn hill to Congress. As yet there Is no
legislation upon it. Wo shall acquaint our
readers as soon ns possible with tho .bill nnd
nny action that may bo taken upon it. Tho
President has prepared his veto of tho District
Suffrage Elll. It is tho understanding, iu both
Houses, to pass tho bill over tho veto without
News from Me.xioo nnd foreign countries
nro, for tho most part, dovol I of general .In
Jan. 5th, 1807. J
EniTOii Riii-unucAN : As I happen to
bo here to day, I write vou a line 111. re
gard to tho question which is now tho
leading-ono in political affairs in the
siotr, r ., vi....i -1" it. . 1
hlato. I mean the Election of United
wr courso tbo Ucmocrats nro out ot
the "ring" aud tho choico is with tho
Thero lias been n great deal of active
oauvassing by tho rospective cnudidatcs
and their fiends 1 but I think, that tho
Gnal result is now pretty wll ascertained.
Ic will bo dollnitely known to-night
on tho return of an informal committee
who havo gono Ui Washington to con
sult with Mr, Stevens.
I havo only had timo to tako a hasty j
glance at the working of tho canvass 1
but I am very woll satisfied that at tho
present timo Mr. Cameron has the
matter pretty much in his own hands 1
and that he will bo eleolcd seems to bo
almost ce tain.
The organization of tho Legisla'.uro
as will as the appointments of
Gov. Gonry point very distinctly to
I culled to soo our gontlemanly and
courteous RoprcBontative John I'lielun,
Esq., but he had gono to Philadelphia 1
and I was thus deprived of the pleasure
of mooting him horu.
I was much ploasod to find here my fi iond
J. R. Day.Esq., and his cstimnblo lady.
Mr. Day is one ' of the Ropresonta
tivos from Washington and Beavor
counties- and is an exoollont man,
both honest and capablo served his
oouutry faithfully in the army and, 1
am quite Bare that lid will sorvo bis
constituents faithfully in the Legislature.
I amjjlad to soe that our Legislature
romombort tho "Boys in Blue" in dis.
ponaing its favors. Mr. Ilausard a Waihs
ington couiuy soldier w ho lost his. arnf
in the service, an excellent young man,
uum.g uuuu iippoiuicu assistant ser
geant-at-ar ins of the House of Repre
sentatives. Tho Legislature is not in
session to day, having adjourned over
IUI iUUBUilV. 1 WUS llOWPum- in v.
Hall of tho House of Renrenniitni.iva.
and I saw Fneaker Glass nt. hia ci.
as "busy as a bee" making out his an.
nninhtwuit f.f nfthi...:i(..n 9...
W.' E. o.
THE. T1U11UHE 1-OH 18lir.'
The TiuiuiNB enters upon tho yoar 18G7
moro prosperous in busineia dian over before
1 ho expediency of enlarging our pugos-tuus
making 'lnuTitimiNK tho largest aud cIicrd
cst newspaper iu America was doubted by
innny. Wo lmvo I'cpuml our account in lL-i-1
'ao circulation of Tub Tuiiiunk is rtcudily In. -crensiug,
and our advertising pntronnKe baa '
increased so much that it is moro dififcult to
print our news limn when wo riseil a Bnmller-'
sheet, nnd this difficulty wo can only nioerbv
publishing supplementary pnges.
Tho close of tlio wnrliuBinipoBcd uponTiir' '
1 itniCNi: tho discussion of moineulous nnd nn.
culiar problems. We lmvo met Uiem us bestf'
we could, lahoi ina; wiih sincerity for Freedom
Social Tiogress, l'uliiicul Kquallly, Iumnrtitd
Sp::VfcAl Klghu for AH. Atup.uX
1 resilient became iho enemy of Ueuublicau
ism, niul wo have been called upon to, do
noiineo unit expose the treacheries of do--graded
Achnlnistiiitldii. It was. not Without
pain, certainly not without much thinking
that wo niailo un Issue with President- John
son. Tho people npproved our course by re
turning their radieal representatives to nower
Tli.. ..(' lud.. .... 1 .
"v., . n-uu 3 iiuporiant- to tlio
niiliim as Lee's surrender make new duties
Reconstruction is now tlio duty ot tlio coun- '
try-pohtical. reconstiuetlon reconstruction
lu nuances unit tmills. Wo nro no longer
pressed by wur necessities, nut wo nuisi
amend our war experiments Tho present
condition of the can reney i9 grievous evil
Trade suiters ; our niaimiiieturing interest are
in a procai ious slato. A dollar docs not mean
a dollar, but its fraction. It may bo sixty
cents, it may bo ten. Il is n sentiment not a
fact. When tho laborer earns ins dollar, ho
does not know whether ho has ono loaf of
bread or ten. All huiness is feverish aud un
settled . Vi'u think ihi3 can only ho remedied
by a wiso and iutroi id policy nt Washington
by reducing the currency to the specie basis
Upon this we shall insist.
Thu neces-ily of l'rot. cllon to Labor again
presses upon us. Wo regret that on this most
impoitaut measure the Republican party is
divided. An honest but mbchcvlms minority
m tho West, pailirailarly, are endeavoring to
create a policy which can only result in tho
prostration of Aineilcau ludustiy llio degra
dation of Labor mid I'm ngirruiidizeinent of
KtiglUh capitalists. . During tlio ninny years
of our work we havo feliu;:gled nuuinsl this
interest. We believe Protection moro neces
sary uow than ever before, mid we ahull insist
upon the broadest and wisest legislation for
the Kiglils ol-Iiihoir
In the perplexing question of reconstruc
tion we see no rensmi to amend thu policy
w hich he have averted sinco tho close of the
war. Il thin seemed to us that Knianeinallon
of tho Muck should he followed by tSutl'rare to
the Mark. We did not see tho wisdom of a
policy of proniiM-uous conllscation and hang
ing. V had too much blood in war to usk
for blood in peace even to gratify angiy
vengcanc.". It seemed important that iho '
Soulh should concede Suffrage, and that the '
Worth should concede Amnesty. Some of
our flit-mis disapproved of this ; hut Congress
has fullowcd'our advice. Amnesty has been
approved by Congress to a greater extent
than wo claim in Tun TianixK. We havo
held that the men who starved captives In
liclcl dungeons, who iihit d tho rales of
war, nnd ruled lhe nfsatf-inution cf Jlr. Lin
coln, sl ould bo tried and punished. Con-
gresaiid tlio AdiuuiMtnlio'n have agreed that
no punishment slmvld be lullicted even upon '
men who areihanred with these crimes, and
tho only measure looking liku punishment Is.
uiu nun imiii.uu ui lusii am iiisemoni irom liold-
big ollleo, which is merely n scutimeiilid and
, tho passgo of llio Civil Riirhts Hill.
i..vnii.iu, iij, Km inociier uanu. .
! MIS 1' ;"!!!)."!?. !.lil!,f,,F Sutl'S
lion will not be oonmurun 7Z d w h , JSSJ?
and nrotuelion for Uiu HI i. i.-a '11
anil protection lor llio lllaehs The policy of
iius iiuuoNn lias li.in practit ally adopted by
llioso who uillered Willi us duilagits discus
sion Wo never quarrel will- fiands who- '
nro Impatient with us, Wo do them 111 s luc
t Wo ol b. heT.n:; they go their way to what is
right, just as wj trust tlicy will do us tlio luu
tico ot be'ieving wo go our way to what is
right. 0 work tor tho tame object, but per
haps ndiircicntwiiysl Wo have no higher
Him than to m um penco to this untion. und
to all nations libcity, progress, happiness,
vutiiu nnd Iho universal brullicrbuod ot man.
And ior Ihij wo shall continue to toil in our '
Wo have roorg.mizod and strengtlionod
every department of Tins TiimcNK. Wehava
correspnndents in every part of this country
and iu every country of ths woild 1 rcaidont. '
correspondents iu every capital nnd commer
cial center of J'.uropo nnd South America ;
special con espondents who follow Important "'
movements In all parts of tl 0 earth. This :
estal lisliniont costs arent doal of monoy.
and to 1 rg ini.o It wo havo invcitod many
thousands ol do'Lirs. When wo stnto Uidt
there me three hundred neoplo directly ex
Indirectly connected with tho e htoriid do
piutmcnt if Tim Tituiurfn, charged. In a '
greater or lesser dcgre, with writing for f's
columns and giving it news, nnd that for ovciy
item of news we pay money, Iho vast expense'
ol our publication may bo Imagined. Wo In- -tend
to enlarge theso facilities, and not ouly
to gather nows from nil parts of tho wo-lJ, '
but to ask the most gifted men of other coun
tries to write for our columns. With muny of
thorn wo lmvo already cntored' into negotis- "
Hons which will result iu giving to the rondors
of TiiKTiiiiiuNB,ssurlesnt?es.siiysthat, bothfor
then Intrinsic value and fume of their illuslrl
oiib authors, will long be memorublo la the '
blsloryof Journalism. We noslnono for thu '
presunt a more definite announcement. '.
I'liemls ol Impartial Justice and Pro-fmiu I
wo greet you on thu bright pruspuets boforo
us. , I'rlends ol Iiim litiiiuNK I wo appeal to
thoso who believe that an Incroussd. clrcula- '
tioilofTllH TlllllLXH Would COIlduna.tn. thn
poiiiical, intellectual, nnd moral woll-bolngof
tlio Hopnblle, to uid us iu oirootluiisucli. la- "
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