Newspaper Page Text
AND TO MORROW
Detailed Report. Pas* 8
DF.C. 4. I*7*.
VOL. 77—NO. 145.
GET $661 BY
Two Enter Wool
worth's by Skylight
and Slide Down Rope
USE BIG JIMMY
IN THEIR WORK
Woman's Screams Give Alarm as Pair
Return Over Housestops to Hotel
Annex. But Burglars Get Away—
Dummy Safe as a Blind
Two cracksmen gaining entrance to
the Woolworth five and ten-cenr store,
40S Market street, early to-day. rolled
the safe out of the office to a place in
the center of the first floor anj after
rigging a 'lummy safe out of pasteboard
so their operations could not so easily
be detected, ripped the real safe open
and made away with s<>6l. They were
seen when departing by way of roofs
at 3 a. m. They escaped, although
forced to leave behind shoes and some
clothing they had gathered together
and their burglar kit.
The police say the men took rooms
last night in the annex of the hotel, St.
.Tamos, at 11 North Fourth street, and
that one of them registered as Lewis
Oreenthall, of New York. He is de
acribed as tall and slender. With a
pal. shorter and stouter, the police say,
he made his way over roofs to that of
the five and ten cent store. There the
pSir removed a glass from a skylight
and with two sheets tied together let
themselves down into the store.
They rolled the safe from the office
ard turning it on its face drilled large
holes in the back. With a sectional
eteel jimmy, about four feet in length,
they ripped the safe open and put the
s*6l in a tan leather traveling bag and
made their way back to the roof by
means of a step ladder found inside of
iMrs. Frank Coe. a member of the
Ferari Carnival Company, who is room
ing in the hotel annex, saw the pair
coming back over the roofs. She
screamed and called her husband. Coe
hurriedly dressed and aroused the other
lodgers in the house. The pair, however,
escaped with the bag of money. One of
them was seen to run across Fourth
street shoeless and without a hat.
The details of-the robbery were not
disclosed, however, until 7 o'clock
this morning, when the store was o:«ned
for business. Inside the store were
found the tools the men had used in
ripping open the safe. On the roof of
the store were a hat, shoes, a collar and
tie. A rope the men had used in making
a fifteen-foot drop from the roof of
the Busy Bee restaurant, adjoining the
St. James' annex, to the roof of ths
five and ten cent store, also was found.
The brace and bits used in boring into
the safe were picked up near it on the
irst floor. Twenty-three dollars were
left in the safe.
The police believe the men intended
returning for their tools and the rest
of the money, but being surprised by
Mrs. C'oe, changed this plan and ran
away. Descriptions of the pair have
been given to the police.
FMJHTS IX AX AMBULANCE
Man Apparently Crazed by Drug
Struggles With Police
While being taken to the Harris
burg Hospital shortly after noou to
day. Harry C. Sollenberger. apparently
crazed from the effects of some drug,
caused trouble for a squad of police
men in the ambulance. Force was nec
essary to hold the man down until he
reached the hospital where medical
treatment quieted him. He was re
ported to be resting comfortablv late
A hurry call was received at the
J'oli -e Headquarters for the ambulance
to go to the home of Mrs. Charles
Schaeffer, Twenty-first an i Greenwood
streets, at which house Sollenberger
boarded. When the police arrived they
found Sollenberger violent.
Chicken Thieves Busy at Dauphin
(Special to the Star-Independent.)
Dauphin. May 22.—Chicken thieves
entered the coop of 'Mrs. Elizabeth
Mertz, on High street, last night, tak
ing seven ininorca liens and a valuable
O* Star- &&&($& Independent
BRITISH SAILING SHIP SUNK
BY GERMANS: CREW SAVED
Berehaven, Ireland, May 22, 1.20
P. M.—The British sailing <>len
holm was sunk yesterday evening by
a German submarine at a point lo
miles off this port. The members of
her orew have been landed here. The
Glenholm was on her way from Chile
to Liverpool with a cargo of nitrate.
The submarine intereeptd the sailing
ship and signaled to the ore-' - to aban
don her. The ship was then ?unk, the
submarine tiring 39 rounds from her
gun before she went down.
Bereliaven, or Castletown Bere
haven is on the southern eo *t of Ire
land on the north shore of B.mtry Bay.
The point where the Glenholm was
sunk is roughly not more than sixty
miles from OKI Head of Kinsale, where
the Lusitania went down. German
submarines consequently are still ac
tive in this vicinity.
ATTACKS oTTHE ALLIES
REPULSED SAY GERMANS
Berlin. May 22, By Wireless to
Sayville.—Germany army headquarters
to-day gave out a report on the pro
gress of hostilities reading as follows:
"British and French attacks were
repulsed yesterday to the southwest
of Neuve Chapelle where colored Eng
lish troops were taken prisoners and
on the heights of Lorette. In some
places the fighting is still going on.
"Southwest of Lille and in the
Argonne. the enemy made use of mines
charged with poisonous ga^es.
"In the ea*t of Windau, in Cour
land, Russia, there have been cavalry
•'At Shavli, in Kovno province, on
the Dubysa river, Russian night at
tacks were repulsed. Two tundred Rus
sians were taken prisoner.
"In the southeastern are .a of the
war there are no changes of import
Bombarding Turkish Troops
London, May 22. —The Exchange
Telegraph has received fron. ts Ath
ens correspondent a dispatch stating it
is reported from Mytilene that a Brit
ish squadron began Thursday a 36-
hour bntnbardment of Turkish troops
concentrated at Kara Burnu, near
Austrians in Bukowina Retreating
Paris, May 22. —The right wing of
the Austrian army in Bukowina is re
treating toward the Carpathians, ac
cording to a Havas dispatch from Buch
arest filed Thursday. The Austrian
rear guard is reported to be making
desperate efforts to cover the Tetreat
and check the Russian offensive.
FIVE KILLED IN EXPLOSION
Twenty-five Others Injured By Dyna
mite Intended to Raise Body of
By Associated Press.
Syracuse. N. Y., May 22. —Five per
sons are reported to be killed and
twenty-five others injured here this
afternoon when a case of dynamite in
an automobile exploded shortly after 2
The explosives were to be need in
dynamiting Onondaga creek to raise
the body of three-year-old John Wil
lex. who was drowned two days ago.
The automobile was near the creek
with a hundred persons nearby when
the explosion ocurred.
MAY RESORnoILD LAW
TO CUT ARBITRATORS' FEES
City Officials Are Seeking Advice as
to Whether They Can Apply the
"Dollar-a-day" Plan of Remunera
tion for Men Who Made Award
Despite the fact that the board of
thiee arbitrators—Farney Gannett, Jo
seph L Shearer, Jr., and Roy G. Cox
—who awarded $22,767.09 to W. H.
Opperinan for extra work in connection
with his contract to build the river
front intercepting sewer, have charged
$1,500 each for their services, it was
said to-day upon good authority that
city officials are investigating to learn
whether they can cut down these
charges by resorting to an act of 1836
which, it is heid, prescribes $1 a day
"for each day actually engaged" for
It was unofficially reported, too, that
the Board of Public Works has com
municated with the arbitrators and has
asked them to give a more detailed
statement of their award to Opperman
and also to state the exact number of
days which the arbitrators spent in
consideration of the case and the prep
aration of their report.
Coupled with this came the announce
ment that the City Commissioners at
their meeting on Tuesday will be ac
quainted with every fact concerning the
sewer disputes and the subsequent de
cision to arbitrate. City Commission
ers to-day declared that they yet have
not been advised whether they have
the authority, under the act of l"836. to
fix the fees of the arbitrators at the
dollar-a-day rate. They were unable
to state, therefore, what action, if any,
Coßtlaued on Ultvutk !'■««.
HARRISBURG, PA.. SATURDAY EVENING, MAY 22, 1915 14 PAGES.
73 PERISH IN
R. R. HORROR
Casualties Will Proba
bly Reach 400 as
Result of Collision of
FIRE ADDS TO
Nearly All the Dead Were Soldiers
Whose Troop Train Collided With
a Local and Express—Many Pin
ioned in Wreckage and Burned Alive
By tssooioW Press,
Carlisle, Eng., May 22.—One of the
most disastrous wrecks in the annals
of British railroading took place at 6 I
| o'clock this morning on the Caledonian i
railway at Gretna, near this city, when I
i three trains came into collision. No j
fewer than 73 |>ersons were killed, j
and the final list may be considerably |
greater, for it is believed that many I
persons sustained fatal injuries. The'
j total casualties probably will reach i
-100, as the list of more or less seri
j ouslv injured is very numerous,
j By a o*'clock this afternoon 73 bod
ies had been recovered from the wreck- i
One of three trains was a troop train, |
| another was a local, and the third was j
.the express from Londou to Glasgow.
! Fire broke out among the wreckage j
: and added to the horror of the scene. l
Assistance arrived quickly. The fire
lorce was called out, and after getting
the flames uuder control the firemen 1
i joined in extricating the dead and the i
The adjoining fields soon had the ap
pearance of an immense mortuary with
I the dead, the dying and the injured
j laid out in gruesome ranks. The dead
mostly were soldiers. The. troop train j
! collided first with a local from Carlisle. I
and before the occupants were able to
get clear of the wreckage of this ac-
I cident the express from London to!
Continued on Mftatk Page.
DRIVER OF MILK WAGON
IS KILLEHT CROSSING
Daniel Schriver, 70 Years Old, Struck
by Beading Passenger Train Near
Boiling Springs—Horse Attached to
His Wagon Dies Instantly
(Special to the Star-Independent.)
Boiling Springs. Pa., May 22.
While driving toward the creamery here
with a wagonload of milk, Daniel
j Schriver, 70 years old, was struck by
'a passenger train on the Philadelphia
& Reading Railroad at 7.15 o'clock
.this morning and thrown several feet
! from the wagon. He was injured in a
t way that resulted in his death shortly
afterward. The horse was instantly
1 killed. The milk cans were hurled in
Schriver had been employed as a
farm hand, for a number of years, by
Lewis Otto, a farmer who resides about
two miles west of this town. This
morning he left the farm with a one
horse wagon loade-i with cans of milk
which he had been in the habit of tak
ing daily to the Boiling Springs Cream
Arriving at a grade crossing about a
mile west of this town Schriver was
delayed a short time by an eastbound
freight train. When the rear of the
train passed he whipped up his horse
and started to cross the tracks but was
struck by train No. 92, a Harrisburg
and Gettysburg passenger train, due to
arrive in Harrisburg at 7.45 o'clock.
It is said that of late Sehriver's
hearing hail begun to fail and that he
did not hear the approaching passen
ger train. When picked up he was
bleeding from several wounds and his
skull was fractured. He was carried
to a nearby farm house where he -died
at 8.11 o'clock before medical aid
could be obtained. The Cumberland
county authorities will investigate the
Governor Motors to Philadelphia
Governor Brumbaugh left Harris
buiig this morning in his automobile
for a journey to Philadelphia. He will
return Monday afternoon. The Govern
or will entertain the members of the
Supreme Court at dinner on Monday
night, along with a number of cab
inet officials and prominent attorneys
from the middle district and the judges
of the Dauphin county court. Covers
will be laid for thirty at the Execu
Tot Injured in Fall From Cradle
Kussell T. Painter, 2-year-old son of
E. Painter. 1938 Brookwood street,
fell from his cradle this morning and
suffered a laceration of the face. After
treatment at the Harrisburg hospital
the baby was sent horns.
WIN EARL! HEATS
Track Athletes From
Many Cities Com
pete For Honors Here
Cinder Path Pronounced In Good Con
dition Despite the Heavy Bains-
Tech., Last Tear's Victor, Strives
to Retain Its Laurels
The annual Pennsylvania High :
school track and field meet given un- '
der the auspices of the Harrisburg.
Track Athletic Committee was started !
at Island Park this afternoon uuder |
unfavorable weather conditions, but ;
was marked by much enthusiasm. !
Weather conditions were responsible !
for the crowd being much smaller than
usually attend these meets and also I
delayed the start of the field events.
One of the heats in the 100-yard
dash marked the opening of the meet.
Results of the early events were as
First Heat Won by Kime, Waynes
boro: second. Evster, Technical. Time,
10 and 4-5 seconds.
Second Heat—Won by Davies, Tech
nical; second, Heft'ner! Waynesboro.
Time. 11 seconds.
Third Heat—Won bv Heff'elfinger,
Technical; second, Smeltzer, Central.
High. Time. 10 and 4-5 seconds.
Fourth Heat—Won by Nagle, Ijeb
anon; second, W. Starisnic, Steelton.
Time. 11 seconds.
Fifth Heat—Won by Beck. Tech
nical; second, P. Hocker, Steelton. Time,
10 and 4-5 seconds.
Half Mile Run
Oue Heat—Won by Whiteman, Wil
: liamsport; second, H. Sellers, Steelton;
third. Demming, Technical; fourth,
Columbia; fifth, Stiteler,
, Technical. Time, 2 minutes 6 and 4-5
123 Yard High Hurdles
First Heat——W<jn Beck, Techni
cal ; second, Houtz, Central High. Time,
Second Heat—Won by Anderson,
I Technical; second. Lerch, Reading.
Time IS anil 3-5 seconds.
First Heat —Won by Yessler, York.
Time, 25 and 3-5 seconds.
Second Heat—Won by Kime,
Waynesboro. Time, 24 and 3-5 seconds.
Third Heat —Won by Smeltzer, Cen
tral High. Time, 24 seconds.
Fourth Heat—Won bv Nagle, Leb
anon. Time, 23 seconds.
Fifth Heat—Won by Heffeifinger,
Technical. Time, 24 and 4-5 seconds.
Won by Whiteman. Williainsport;
j second. Stanfield. Technical: third, Van-
I derlin, Williainsport: fourth, Y'essler,
York; fifth. Hall. Central High. Time,
| 55 and 1-5 seconds.
At this stage of the meet the points
j were divided as follows: Williams;ort,
j 13; Technical, 8: Steelton, 4; Colum
| bia, 2; York. 2. and Central. 1.
Beck Breaks a Record
Reck, of Technical, broke the 12-
pound shot put record for these meets
Continued on Eleventh Page
DIES ATi UOl
Chief of the Bureau of
Labor Statistics Suc
cumbs at 3 O'clock
Republican Leader of Lebanon County
Was Son of the Secretary of In
ternal Affairs—Political Ally of
Late Congressman M. E. Olmsted
Alfred R. Houck, chief of the Bureau
of Statistics and Information of the
Department of Labor and Industry,
died at his home in Lebanon this morn
ing at 3 o'clock, of acute indigestion,
in his 46th year. Mr. Houck had been
ill for some time. Last week while here
he was advised by his physician to
take a rest and not concern himself
with bureau affairs until he had quite
recovered. He however, declined and
stuck to bis desk, insisting it was the
proper place for him during the clos
ing hours of the Legislature.
Mr. Houck was home last Sunday
and on Monday morning, when at the
station in Lebanon about to take a
train for Harrisburg, he was taken
so ill that he had to be removed to
his residence. It was said no later than
yesterday that bis chances for recov
ery were excellent, but during the
night he had a relapse and died in a
few hours. The funeral will take place
Cmllßned oa Uleveath Put.
IN LIBEL SUIT
Jury Finally Decides
40 BALLOTS TO
Plaintiff's Attorneys Object to Finding
But Are Overruled by Trial Judge
and Jury Discharged—Colonel Is
Highly Elated Over the Verdict
Hy .4 jjoriatrd Press.
Syracuse, N. Y., May 22. —The jury
in the trial of William Barnes' suit for
libel against Theodore Roosevelt to-day
returned a verdict iu favor of the de
fendant after considering for more
than eleven hours the question of plac
ing all the costs of action upon the
plaintiff. It is the belief of the jury ]
everything Colonel Roosevelt charged is
true and therefore the plaintiff, not
having been libeled, is entitled to no
The foreman of the jury. Warren W.
j Summers, announced' that the verdict
was for the defendant and the jury was
| polled. Ten jurors answered "for the
defendant" then the clerk hesitated,
called the name of Edward Burns and
I waited. Burns, a big rosy cheeked Re
-1 publican, stood up in his seat and in a
! deep voice said: "For the defendant."
j Juror No. 12 gave the same answer.
Spectators Cautioned by Judge
I Before the jury came in the specta
! tors in the crowded court room were
warned that any demonstration would
,be met with severe punishment. Ex
i-ept for the voice of the clerk and
| jurors, the room was absolutely quiet
| until the name of Burns was called.
: When he announced that he. too, fa-
I vored a verdict for the former Presi
j dent, the court room buzzed like a
j dynamo with voices,
j Several persons in the court room
! stood up and waved their hands but
there was no outburst of applause.
; After the announcement of the ver-
Continue*! on Thirteenth Page*
SEIZED AT PISTOL'S POINT
IN POSTOFFICE BUILDING
Negro Accused of Slashing a New
I York Bluecoat Is Arrested In Sen
sational Way When He Applies For
Letter at General Delivery Window
Joe Jackson, colored, alleged by the
police to be a man charged with hav
ing slashed a uniformed policeman iu
New York, on April 20, to avoid ar
rest for alleged illegal traffic iu co
caine, was seized in the Harrisburg
l>ostofficc at 10 o'clock this morning.
He was captured in a sensational man
ner by Detective Allen, attached to the
| headquarters staff in New York, and
City Detective Harry White, of this
Jaekson, who ie known as a "bad j
mail" iu the "jungles" in New York, |
was ordered to throw up his hands
and two revolvers were leveled at him
as he asked for a letter at the general
delivery window. Feariny that shots I
would be fired a number of Harris- i
burgers in the postoflice hastily beat a
retreat. Jackeon had no gun and he
submitted to arrest without resistence.
For more than a week the police
say, Jackson had been living in a
house on Cowden street, hiding from
the New York police. Detective Allen
got information that the man was in j
llarrisburg and came here this morn
ing. The vigil at the postoflice had
lasted only ten minutes when Jackson |
walked in, accompanied by 'another
New York negro.
According to Detective Allen,
Jackson was detected in selling co
caine in New York bv Patrolman
Michael J. O'Connor who attempted
to arrest him. Jackson, it is charged,
hid behind a door and slashed O'Con
nor when the bluecoat pushed the door
open. Then Jackson made his escape.
O'Connor wats cut about the face and
Jackson was committed tA jail here
and will be taken to New York, to
night by Detective Allen.
Increase In Bank Reserve
By Associated Press.
New York, May 22.—The statement
of the actual condition of Clearing
House banks and trust companies for
the week shows that they hold SIBO,-
314,560 reserve in excess of legal re
quirements. This is an increase of $7,-
073,330 over last week.
Injured by Bursting Steam Cock
Frank Hemminger, 1819 Briggs
street, was painfully brrned about the
face ami eyes in Roundhouse No. 2,
when a steam cock on a locomotive on
i which he was working burst. He was
1 treated at the Harrisburg hospital.
VAST CROWD CHEERS KINC
OF ITALY BEFORE PALACE:
U. S. FLAC IN PROCESSION
Rome, May 21. via Paris, May 22.
—Almost the entire population of
Rome, except the aged ami invalids,
gathered this evening on Capitolino
hill where Prince Colanna. the Mayor,
had convoked a tv»lemn sitting of tho
municipal council to consecrate, in the
heart of the capital, the now war.
The Mayor delivered « patriotic
address which provoked tremendous
applause from the throngs gathered in
the senatorial hall, the square below
and in the surrounding streets as far
down as the forum on one side and
the Caffarelli Palace, now the home
of the German emlbaesv, on the other.
After his address Prince Colanna.
surrounded by aldermen and the muni
cipal council and preceded by the
standard of Rome, started for the
yuirnal to pay tribute to Victor Em
manuel as the personification of Italy.
Rivers of Humanity
Veritable rivers of humanity pour- |
ed through the streets leading to the
palace of the king. Thousands were
paced into the great (juirnal square. I
The scene which was enacted when His
Majesty and the members of his fam
ily appeared upon a balcony over
looking the sqiure has few parallels
in the history of Rome. It is estimated j
that the crowd numbered several hun- !
The multitude was so vast that all
the people could not enter the square, j
From the crowd came a sound like the j
roaring of the sea.
The windows on a balcony of the "
Quimal palace were opened and i red
damask covering was thrown over the
parapet. This was a sign that the king
was about to appear and the impatience
Coatlniiril on I'llrirntli I'nKr.
MARCONI SAILS TO SERVE
HIS TERM IN ITALIAN ARMY
New York, May 22.—William Mar-j
! coni, inventor of the wireless, sailed to- j
i day on the steamer St. Paul in response
I to a summons from the King of Italy,;
: to serve his term of military service
in the Italian army. Mr. Marconi, who
! is a member of the Italian army and j
I adviser of King Victor Emmanuel, is a
j reserve officer in the engineering corps.
He said he expected to complete his j
term of service and return to America
t by next September, but would not ven
-1 ture a prophecy as to whether the war
would end by that time.
"I suppose that 1 shall be called on
for service," the inventor said. It is
fair to surmise that at least some por
tion of the Italian army will 'bo dis
j patched to the assistance of the allied
| forces operating against the Darda
| neiles. but I am speaking without any
! authority when 1 say this. Both the
j Italian army and navy are well
i equipped and I have no doubt they will
give a good account of themselves.
!UEHMANY TO CALL 2,000.000
MEN TO COPE WITH ITALY
London, May 22, 4.05 A. M. —The
| Copenhagen correspondent of the "Dai
ly Mail'' says he has learned fram an
I authoritative Berlin source that Ger
■ many is about to call up two million
Berlin official circles, he stated, be
t licve that an army of half a million
will be sufficient to cope with Italy.
POPE WILL IROE NEUTRALITY
OF HOLY SEE IX ITALY'S WAR
Rome May 21, 6.30 P. M.. Via
i Paris, May 22. —Deep regret is felt
j by Pope Benedict that Italy has de
i cided for a war which lie, as head of
j the church, hoped might be averted,
i Although Italy is involved in the con
flict, the Holy See will remain strictly
j neutral, although no effort will be made
j to restrain Italian Catholics from fol-
I lowing the dictates of their conscience,
i A papal document outlining this posi-
I tion is expected soon.
It is announce!! that because of tho !
gravity of the situation the consistory j
which was to have been held this month
to fill veancies in the College of Car
dinals has been postponed indefinitely.
KlNti EMMANUEL APPEALS TO !
ALL PEOPLE TO DO THEIR 1H TV
Rome, May 21, via Paris, May 22,
4.25 A. M.—King Victor Emmanuel
will issue a proclamation to the people
countersigned by all the ministers to
The document will explain how Italy
has been driven to take up arms and
will appeal to all citizens to do their
duty in such a way that victory will
be assured. Another royal proclama
tion will be addressed to the army anil
to the fleet.
Great Distress At Triest
On the Italian Frontier, May 22,
via Parin, May <2>2, 4.2-5 P. M.—Re
ports received from Triest say there is
milch distress in that sea.port. The
city is virtually without bread and
even cornmeal for the "polenta'' or
porridge of the people is extremely
scarce. Very few Italians in Tric«t
have been able to get away.
Agree on Pumping Station Wall
Following a conference to-day of
Mayor Royal, City Solicitor Seitz, City
Commissioners Oorgas and Bowman and
Joel D. Justin, chief engineer of the
Board of Public Works, it was decided
that Commissioner Bowman has author
ity to build a retaining wall and
"steps" along the river front at the
city pumping station at North street.
The work now is being done by the
Stucker Brothers Construction Com
PRICE ONE CENT.
Without formal Decla
ration Both Countries
Engage in Various
Acts of Warfare
Train Going From Milan Toward Aus
tria Seized on Latter's Territory-
Military Authorities of Italy to
Take Control of Italian Railroads
London, May 22. 12.01 P. M.—No
for ma I declaration of war by Italy
igainst her former partners in the triple
ulliance lias been yet reported, but
main incidents have occurred of u
•haracter indicating imminence of any
ictual state of war.
A lienevn telegram reports that Bar
>n tiurian Von Hajecs, Austro-Hungar
lan Premier, lias resigned, but Emperor
Krancis Joseph is said to have declined
to accent his resignation.
London, May 22, 2.43 P. M.—A dis
patch from the Stelano News Agency,
»f Koine, says that King Victor Em
manuel signed to-day an act conferring
extraordinary powers on the govern
ment "for the duration of tlie war."
Korie, May 22.—The "Official Ga
zette lias published a decree empow
ering the military authorities to take
control of all Italian railroads. This
L ondition went into effect last night.
London, May 22. —A Rome dispatch
lo the Exchange TelegraJ'h Company
which reports the cutting off of railway
'ominuuication by Austrians at Udine
states that one train from Milan going
toward Austria \>as stopped and seized
mi Austrian territory. The erew of
the train is reported to have been ar
Geneva, Switzerland, May 22, Via
Paris. 1.10 P. M.—The "Journal"
publishes a dispatch from Konie an
nouncing that the Austrians are con
•entrating large forces along the upper
Adige river. The Adige Mows from the
r.vroleso Alps into Lombardy and en
ters the Gulf of Venice.
Casus Belli Claimed for Italy
Paris, May 2 2.—lt is considered that
Austria's action in destroying the
bridges and cutting telegraph and tele
phone lines at Pont Caffaro and Co
tlrone can be held to constitute a casus
belli, making Italy tree lo open hostili
ties without further diplomatic formali
ties. says a "'Ciaulois" dispatch from
Pont Caffaro is a short distance
north of Kiva, the extreme northern
point in Austria on Lake (iarda. Aus
trian troops were withdrawn after the
civil population had been forced to
evacuate Kiva and other sections of
Vemv.ia under Austrian rule.
When the Milan express reached a
point near Pont Caffaro, where the lino
had been cut, the train was seized by
the Austrians anil the crow was arrest
nil. It is supposed the same fate has
befallen another train from which no
news has been received since it crossed
the Austrian frontier.
Keep Italians From Going Homo
Koine, May 22, via Paris—Advices
received in Home from Basel, Zurich
ind other Swiss towns with Germany
iini Austria are that thousands of Ital
ans are being prevented from retimi
ng home by the German and Austrian
uithorities. It is asserted that the em
ployers of Italians in Austria and Ger
man are refusing to pay the men their
LATE WAR NEWS SUMMARY
King Victor Emmanuel will issue to
day a proclamation to the Italian peo
ple stating that Italy has been driven
to war and appealing for popular sup
port for the government's policy. An
other royal proclamation will be ad
dressed to the army and navy.
Although Italy and Austria-Hungary
are virtually at war no reports have
been received thus far of actual hos
tilities. A train which crossed the fron
tier from Italy,was seized by Austrian*
who arrested the train crew. Great
patriotic demonstrations were held
last night in Rome and Vienna and the
opening of war is expected quickly,
perhaps without the exchange of form
Aside from the Italian situation the
point of greatest interest at present
is Central Gallcia, where a battle of
Continued on Eleventh P«r».