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( Etlablithtd m 1876)
THB STAR PRINTING COMPANY.
* » Star-lndopondant Building.
I •■2O-22 South Third StrMt, Harrisburg, Pa..
■vary Evening Exoopt Sunday.
Offictrt: Virtclort ;
IBWAMDI F. MITIBS, JOHN L. L. KCHN,
RM. W. WALLOW**. I _ _
Vice President. Wu - K " M «™»<
RM. K. MITERS, _ „ M
Secretary and Treasurer. Wit. W. WALLOWIK.
RIL. H. WABNKR, V. HUMMEL BIROHXIS, JR .
Business Manager. Editor.
AH communications should be addressed to ST A RIN DEPENDENT,
Business, Editorial. Job Printing or Circulation Department,
according to the subject matter.
Entered at the Post Office in Harrisburg as second class matter.
Benjamin A Kentnor Company.
New York and Chlcngo Representatives.
Sew York Office, Brunswick Building, 225 Fifth Avenue.
Shieago Office, People's Gas Building, Michigan Avenue.
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' THE STAR-INDEPENDENT
The paper with the largest Home Circulation in Harrisburg and
Circulation Examined by
THE ASSOCIATION OF AMERICAN ADVERTISERS.
Privsts Branoh Exohango, • - No. 3200
• CUMBERLAND VALLEY
Privet* Branoh Exohanga, No. 243-24*
Monday, May 3, 1015.
Bun. Moil. Tues. Wed. Thur. Fri. Sat.
2 3 4 5 6 7 8
9 10 11 12 13 14 15 '
16 17 18 19 20 21 22
23 24 25 26 27 28 29
Last Quarter, oth; New Moon, 13th;
First Quarter, 21st; Full Moon, 28th.
WEATHER FORECASTS \M
Harrisburg and vicinity: Unsettled
■eather, probably showerß to-night and &r \
'uesday. Not much change in tem- ' XVjfrf.
Eastern Pennsylvania: Unsettled to- »
ight and Tuesday, probably showers. L jjrl
entle to moderate northeast winds.
YESTERDAY'S TEMPERATURE IN HARRISBURG
Highest, 65; lowest, 45; 8 a. m., 52; 8 p. m., 61.
SENATOR GYGER'S GOOD EXAMPLE
Senator John Gvger, of Kimberton, who repre
lents Chester county in the tipper branch of fhe
jegislature, is establishing a record on Capitol Hill
rhich other law-makers might with profit try to
iqual in future sessions. We are informed that Sen
ator Gyger has not yet offered any new legislation
n the present session and that he intends to strive
0 maintain this rather remarkable record during
|he few remaining days tl/at the law-makers will
le together. We hope he will succeed.
We do not believe that Senator Gyger can be ac
used of neglecting his duties as a member of the
lenate simply because he has not tried to have any
lore laws put on the statute books. Presumably
e has been at the desk with a reasonable amount
f regularity while his branch has been transacting
usiness and has been using his best judgment in
oting for or against bills that other legislators have
ltroduced. If so there should be no complaint for
is failure to have fathered any bills. Indeed the
ery fact that Senator Gyger has not introduced any
leasures of his own indicates, at least on the sur
ice, that he is serving his immediate constituents
nd the taxpayers of the state ns a whole, in a very
eeeptable manner—far better than any of the oth
r legislators who have been glutting the calendars
ritJKmore or less useless legislation.
WhiLe it is admitted that changing conditions in
le Commonwealth call for a certain amount of new
igislation each session, it has, on the otherhand
ime to be a recognized fact that in almost every
;afe there are too many laws. There are measures
Q the statute books of Pennsylvania right now that
>nfer powers on commissioners which the Constitu
on of the state never intended should be so con
irred. There are many others that place unneces
iry restrictions and exactions on business, in one
>rm or another, in a way that tends to hurt busi
ess, —and consequently the people who do busi
ess, —rather than to benefit it. It is generally
(cognized that this is an era of too much legisla
on and it is refreshing to see at least one law
aker taking a definite stand, as Senator Gyger is
9ing, in opposition to this injurious law-making
It is true that the present Legislature has seen
great reduction of the number of bills offered.
h&8 cut down the number by about 1,300 we
■e told, as compared with tlie number offered in
le 1913 session; but the most of the members of
le present Legislature have still to learn to re
rain themselves to a far greater extent in this
atter of offering useless or defective measures,
ow many of these there have been this year may
! judged in part by the large number of bills that
ready have been vetoed by Governor Brumbaugh,
ho also appears to have taken the right attitude
[ainst too many statutes.
We trust Senator Gyger's constituents will rec
;nize the service he is performing in their behalf
setting an example to other legislators in refrain
g from offering needless bills, and that they will
ar this in mind when it comes time to elect the
xt senator from Chester.
COTTON PLANTERS RUNNING RISKS
Opportunities for making or losing large atnounts
money through agricultural pursuits were never
eater in this country than at present. Farmers
lo raise cotton and grain must make wild guesses
to the probable duration of the war, do their
HAKRISBUBG- STAR-INDEPENDENT, MONDAY EVENING, MAY 3, 1915.
planting accordingly and then run the chances of
having guessed correctly or incorrectly.
Much of last year's cotton crop is, of course, still
in storage, since the war has interfered with the
great export business, closing many foreign mar
kets. With a continuance of the war, large crops
this coming season might not be profitable. In case
hostilities end, however, before the season's har
vest, the world's revived demand for cotton would
probably be great enough to guarantee the market
ing of the largest of crops at very profitable figures.
The Southern planters cannot be certain whether
to increase or to reduce the usual acreage devoted
to cotton growing, any more than the wheat sowers
are sure about giving over larger or smaller areas
to grain production. That the farmers, if they aim
high, will lose, is altogether as likely as that they
will lose if they aim low. They can do no more
than gamble on the war's duration and then await
the consequences. If they plant large areas, and
the war ends by harvest time, they win. The stake
seems large enough to be worth striving for.
Although the cotton industry was in a bad way
last autumn, there has been in the business of the
season a partial recovery of lost ground and the
expected financial disaster has luckily beeu avoided.
When the war broke out it closed the markets in
which two-thirds of the season's record yield of
cotton was to have been disposed of. That there
should have been a scare in this country was to
have been expected. While the cost of producing
and marketing was placed at nine cents a pound,
the selling price was six cents or less, if there can
be said to have been a selling price at all. The
price of cotton now, however, averages ten cents a
pound, a figure even larger than that of some nor
The cotton trade, as regards this country alone,
is safe, despite the war. The present domestic con
sumption is reported to be greater than the con
sumption at this time last year. With the approach
of the planting season for a new crop, last autumn's
wild scheme to prevent the planting this year of
more than half the customary acreage, will hardly
get a great deal of attention, war or no war.
A PROFESSOR ON THE STUDENTS' SIDE
A traitor in the ranks of college professors of
English has revealed himself. He comes out openly
in the current number of "The Forum" with the
declaration that college freshmen know a good deal
more than their professors give them credit for
knowing, and that this knowledge consists largely
of the understanding of current questions is "su
perior in value to the dead, stale and unprofitable
information which is the principal stock in trade
of about three-fourths of our teachers."
The shameless traitor in his avowed purpose to
defend the lack of literary knowledge on the part
of freshmen, goes so far as to ask his fellow teachers
of English whether they honestly harbored the
knowledge when they were college freshmen which
they are looking to find in present day members of
that abused class, and which they are failing to
The query is well put. College freshmen have
often wanted to ask about that very thing them
selves, but they cannot phrase the inquiry as can
a college professor, and they would hesitate to come
out openly with it even if they could frame it ac
ceptably. They will be content, «those of them who
see the current "Forum," to voice delightfully
within themselves the opinions of the traitor pro :
fessor, and to hope that a copy of the publication
will get in the way of their own instructors.
The author of the "Forum" article proceeds to
point out what every sane person knows, but what
few college professors ever emphasize in their
class-rooms by words or by methods, that card
indexes and reference books are the places for stor
ing facts. He suggests that "if one wishes to live
a dead life, as many college teachers do, then one
ought to remember everything he has been taught."
A college professor who says a thing like that
furnishes unmistakable evidence that he is fortu
nate enough to have still in him much of the college
A good law to pass would be one not to pass any more
Why not stop killing people until they decide whether
there is to be peace?
The Legislature has yet to demonstrate where all the
money it is appropriating is to come from.
The New York, New Haven & Hartford is beginning to
report surpluses. A spanking once in a while is a good
thing for a railroad.
With the approach of circus day the office boy who is
looking forward to an afternoon off is becoming especially
attentive to the wants of his employer.
TOLD IN LIGHTER VEIN
SAW IS THE TERM
"I saw an opera last evening."
"My dear, you see a play, but you hear an opera."
"Not when society is out in full force."—Exchange.
A MATTER OF WATER
The ease with which some loans are floated may account
for the amount of water subsequently found in the stock.
"How is plant life in Mexicof"
"Mostly prickly pear, cactus and Spanish bayonet. Even
the V«£etation is prepared for war."—Pittsburgh Past.
"What inspired this dainty spring poemf" babbled the
"Daffodils and violets, I ween."
"No," said the matter of fact poet, "when I'm going
good all I want it a chew of tobacco."—Exchange.
"There's a good deal in this Southern hospitality."
"Is that sol"
"Yes; they gimme eight months for vagrancy in New
Orleans. ] never got more than 60 days in the North."
Docs Cuticura. The Soap to
cleanse and purify, the Oint
ment to soothe and heal.
Samples Free by Mail
Cuticura Soap and Ointment sold throughout the
world. Liberal sample of each mailed free, with 32p.
book. Address "Cuticura," Dept. 26F, Boston.
I Tonque-End Topics
Picks New Flaw In Censorship
The London "Globe" expresses
alarm and regret at the freedom with
which British statesmen and leaders
are granting interviews to American
and French newspapers.
"We have already commented,"
urges the "Globe," "on the extent
to which foreign journalists are favor
ed at the expense of the British press,
by our soldiers and politicians. The
question is not merely of interest in
newspaper offices, but lias a certain
national importance. If the policy of
the press bureau stifles frankness
where it is called for, it might at least
be expected that such a prohibition
would ibe uniform, and that an article
which the censor imagines helpful to
the enemy if it appears in an English
paper will have no less sinister influ
ence if printed in Paris or New York.
It appears, however, that counsels of
reticence which are binding when
dealing with the English press may be
relaxed when the speaker is talking
for publication abroad, with the result
they are cabled back again to this
country. This is at ibest an illogical and
undignified state of affairs."
* , .
Greek Shipowners Profit by War
Several large English shipowners
are piling up profits at the rate of
$500,000 or more a month, and one
firm at least is reported to have aver
aged practically a million dollars a
month since the beginning of the war.
It is, of course, only those who have
had their ships free who have been
able to make money. Some owners had
their vessels tied up by charters at
normal figures and others had their
ships taken by the government. Then
all the shipowners have had to bear
increased expenditures for wages, fuel,
insurance and delays in port. The peo
ple who are really making the money,
according to a London shipping jour
nal, are the Greek shipowners. "For
the last few years," it explains, "the
Greeks have been steadily buying
ships, and they now have a very con
siderable merchant marine. They can
take full advantage of the high rates,
and do not have to face the risks Brit
ish shippers do, nor pay the extra
* * '
War Buildings Deface Park
Along the peaceful green slopes of
St. James' Park, which marks the
center of fashionable life in London,
there have sprung up almost over night
a host of temporary buildings, to be
used as an emergency extension of the
war office. They will house a staff of a
thousand clerks, representing the ac
counting department. So rapidly has
the work of this section of the gov
ernment grown that the huge war
building in Whitehall is badly over
crowded. Early in the war an extra
story was built Tip on the roof to house
part of the emergency staff. The new
buildings in the park are not jerry
built, although they have the appear
ance of mere shacks. They are solidly
constructed, with foundation walls of
brick four feet high, concrete floors
and walls of carefully selected timber,
asbestos lined. The buildings are only
temporary, of course, but provision
was made when they were planned, for
a war that might last several years.
• • #
Salesmen Feel Offended
The appointment iby the Home Sec
retary of a committee in London to
work up recruiting amomj the shop
salesmen has caused the secretary of
the Salesmen's Union to protest
against what he terms an unwarrant
ed insinuation. To show that the sales
men have not bebn backward in an
swering the call to arms, he mentions
a dry goods firm with 43 per cent, of
its 300 men in the army and a grocery
with 30 per cent, of 480 men serving.
Most of those remaining, he says, have
shown good reason for it.
* * *
Lord Kitchener's Daily Prayer
Lord Curzon's statement in the
House of Lords that Lord Roberts had
conducted family prayers for his house
hold for more than fifty yeara is sup
plemented by data collected by the
"Church Family Newspaper" regard
ing Lord Fisher, First Sea Lord and
Lord Kitchener. "We learn on uniin-
peachable authority," says the journal,
"that Lord Fisher makes a habit of
going to a certain church practically
every day for prayer and meditation
before commencing his responsible
duties. We understand also that Lord
Kitchener follows out a similar rule
whenever he is in London."
The Star-Independent does not
make itself responsible for opinion*
expressed in this column.
Defends the Poplar Tree
Editor, the Star-Independent:
Bear Sir:—As a citizen of Harris
burg fifty years, all this time a tax
payer, I am interested in the high cost
of tree trimming, also removing trees
and all oilier work charged up to our
city. The work already charged up,
SSOO, could have been done for $l5O.
The $-,000 asked for would be three
The thousands of poplar trees the
Forestor outlines to remove at $5 to
$S each, I would do for one-half his
proposed charge. However, it is 'ab
surd to think of such removals. There
are eight poplar on the corner of Third
and Boas streets, planted by mc about
twenty-two years ago. See the pro
prietor of the Fifth Ward Hotel. See
if he would take SBOO for them.
The poplar is much more worthy of
a place on our streets than a beech. For
a low house or a house set in from the
line of a street the maple is prefer
able. For a lofty house a poplar of fast
growing maple; but under no circum
stances an old beech. It also has long
roots. I planted about forty years
ago, for Slayer on Boas anil Third
streets; also about thirty years ago on
opposite side, filling three corners. See
all those and you will find the Carolina
poplar as good in all respects as the
Norway and Sugar maples.
On April 29, 1915, at my nursery,
a man bought two trees. He also re>
quested me to tag four Carolina poplars
for him for fall planting. The same
day another person priced a poplar and
ordered it planted. Mr. Mueller says the
trees lack beauty and asks money to
remove them and replace with a much
more undesirable tree. To give out all
the money asked for is like a mother
giving the market basket to her five
year-old boy with $5 to buy the family
supplies at market. He would spend
tho money but get a small supply. The
mother had bettor leave $4 at home'
and with $1 buy better supplies.
T. A. Woods.
Harrisburg, Pa., May 1.
HINTS TO VACATIONISTS
Little Talks on Health and Hygiene
By Samuel G. Dixon, M. D., LL.
D., Commissioner of Health
—___ — mm}
Nature's siren song is calling the city
dweller. It lures to mountain, meadow',
lake or camp. The call is universal
and all who are free hasten to auswor.
In selecting; a place for a summer
home or a brief vacation it is well to
observe a few basic precautions and so
avoid incurring illness which may re
There are thousands of resorts, cot
tages and camps where tho defects in
sanitation present a genuine menace.
Certain things should be carefully ob
The water supply.
The disposal of sewage and garbage.
The milk supply, particularly if there
are infants or young children
If the water supply comes from a
well, be sure that it is not located
where it will receive underground or
surface drainage from a barnyard or
outhouse. It is essential to boil water
taken from surface streams. Clearness
is no guarantee of purity.
If springs are the source of supply,
care should be taken that they are not
surrounded by habitations or other
sources of pollution. In small villages
or shore places, if the water supplies
are public, diligent inquiry should be
mnde as to whether the source is free
from sewage contamination. If the dis
poral of sewage and garbage is care
less. flies are certain and un
less kitchens and dining rooms are care
fully screened there is the possibility
of typhoid or diarrheal infection from
With young children, particularly in
fants, the question of a clean milk sup
ply is one of vital importance. Fresh
n.ilk is of little or no advantage unless
it be clean milk.
Mosquitoes also may prove a pestifer
ous nuisance. There is the possibility
of malarial infection in regions where
Failure to give attention to these es
sential points of sanitation may result
in poignant regrets instead of delight
ful holiday memories.
WORK FOR MANY MEN
Wilkes-Barre Firm Receives $300,000
Order for Sugarmaking Machinery
Wilkes-Barre, Pa., May 3.—Return
ing from Cuba with orders aggregating
$300,000 worth of sugar-manufactur
ing maehnnery, S. T. Nicholson, presi
dent and general manager of the Vul
can Iron Works, yesterday announced
that the concern, which ;has heretofore
devoted its large plant mainly to the
manufacture of engines, will at once ar
range to manufacture sugsr machinery
on a large scale. The order will mean
the employment of many men.
For several months past the Vulcan
Company has been unable to kee>p many
men at work. The plant is one of the
largest in the city and 4,000 men were
employed until the business depression
made it necessary to cut down this
Now is the time to get beautiful
views. Landscapes are now wonder
fully clear and distinct.
One of our good
will enable you to record the Bcenes
you delight in.
Stop in at any time and let us
demonstrate our Camera to you.
Forney's Drug Store
426 MARKET STREET
I atop Have specially designed full
trichord scale of seven and one
third octa%-es, producing wonder
ful tone effects; overstrung bass;
"" 'll improved flanged full metal
frame with capo dastro bar;
|g| 1 metal flanged quintuple pin block;
111 c repeating action with * metal
■ I I brackets; ivory keys; hardwood
■ '«i j II back; double veneered hardwood
~ —— H cases of special design and ele-
M a "t finish. Low prices and easy
8 North Market Square
t (UNDER AN ARRANGEMENT WITH
THIC DEPARTMENT OP LABOR AND
INDUSTRY THE STAR-INDEPENDENT
PRINTS EACH MONDAY A PRACTICAL.
ARTICLE REARING ON THE "SAI'ETY
FIRST" MOVEMENT OR KINDRED
SUBJECTS. PREPARED BY THAT
BRANCH OF THE STATE GOVERN
MENT, OK WHICH COMMISSIONER
JOHN PRICE JACKSON IS THE
C4RELESSNESS—TH E CAUSE OF
Investigations of industrial acci
dents recently Undertaken by the Penn
sylvania Department of L<al)or & In
dustry show that by far the greater
number of these accidents are the re
sult of the carelessness of some one
person. A great majority of people be
lieve that if machinery is safeguarded
it will not be necessary for any further
attention to be paid in preventing ac
cidents. It is a well-admitted faet,
however, that safeguarding alone will
not prevent the great proportion of ac
cidents. Some authorities claim that
it is only possible to prevent one
fourth of the accidents by safeguard
ing, and that the greater number of
preventable accidents can bo eliminated
only by the education of workmen up
to the point that they will be careful
of their methods and of their actions.
Numerous instances have been
brought to the attention of the inspec
tors of the Department where employes
have deliberately disregarded direct or
ders given by the officials in charge of
the plants. In fact, most persons who
are in charge of accident prevention
work claim that if employes would be
more careful, and vyould give particu
lar attention to all danger points, one
half of the accidents which do occur
would be eliminated.
As a result of this belief that safe
guards aloue cannot prevent accidents,
all safety campaigns not only Involve
the safeguarding of machinery, but the
employes are carefully taught safe and
sane methods, and are also urged to
practice these teachings, and to en
courage their fellow employes to be
equally careful. Bulletin boards are
usually located in various places in the
plants, and upon these, posters and
other information which would call the
attention of employes to dangerous
practices are displayed. From time to
time the employes are called together
in social meetings, and are given lec
tures by various persons, either by
men brought from a distance, who are
recognized authorities in their particu
lar fields, or by local representatives.
Motion pictures and lantern slides are
also found to be valuable in this line
of training. Some companies have also
made up safety buttons, which, while
they are not of intrinsic value, are well
worth having. These buttons are giv
en only as a reward for some suggestion
or deed or notable achievement in ac
cident prevention in that particular
The main thought underlying this
teaching, however, is to inculcate in
the minds of all the necessity of being
careful. It is manifestly impossible to
secure reduction of accidents in any
plant unless this idea of carefulness is
instilled into the mind of each employe.
One careless man in a plant not only
endangers his own life, but also fche
lives of his fellow employes. It mat
ters not what the nature of the industry
may be, since in most cases his actions
will be associated with those of his
fellow workers. Numerous instances
have come to the attention of the in
spectors of the department where a
careless employe has not only brought
injury to himself, but has also been
the cause of inflicting injury on several
Make Yourself Worth
more money by opening an account in our Savings
Department. Every dollar saved earns more money for
you—without effort on your part.
Leave your money here, earning more year after
year. Add to it regularly. Soon it will pay you a sum
that will pleasantly surprise you.
We credit savings deposits with 3% interest every
MfBFgfTWWjM IUM PL i yjj npff inyu WPP '
other men who were working in the
vicinity. In some cases a eareless man
in hoisting material has not used a safe
hitch, but, in order to save time, has
lilted very 'heavy material by means of
an improper hitch. As this materinl
was being carried along the shot the
Inad slipped and in falling injured sev
eral persons. In other cases men chip
ping and filing have not been mindful
of workmen in their vicinity and have
caused slight or serious injury to these
men because of flying chips. - Another
careless workman' may have left un
covered or unprotected a dangerous
place, and his fellow omployes, unmind
ful of his carelessness, have stepped
into this place and suffered injury.
Tools and various implements of any
kind are often thrown carelessly on
the floor, and workmen coming along in
a hurry have unfortunately tripped over
these and been hurt. Many instances
might be cited where the carelessness
of one employe has caused injury anil
sometimes death to others.
The Department of Labor and In
dustry accordingly urges that each
workman constitute himself a safety
committee of one to see that safe
practices are carried on in his partic
ular plant, and also to see that not
only he, himself, but also those men
who are working nearest to him, do
things in a safe manner. If this were
universally done, it would be only a
short time until the preventable acci
dents would lie eliminated, and the
great loss which is now occasioned by
industrial accidents would be reduced
to a minimum,
Plant Them Now
Dixon's Grafted Roses
Hardy monthly bloomers—2s
varieties. Strong --year old plants
in 6-ineh pots.
50£ and 75£ each
24 selected varieties. Fipe
| 10< ea., SI.OO per doz.
;J Cauliflower—Egg Plants
Everything for the Lawn,
• Garden and Farm
Holmes Seed Co.
106-108 S. Second Street
Bell Phone 08 Curabl'd 70
B. V. D.
Li pjfr " n< *
/ I Vnlon Suit*
J SI.OO to $5.00
I Shirts and Drawers
rtfwC 50c to $3.00
I Forry's, '£.:r