The star-independent. (Harrisburg, Pa.) 1904-1917, February 18, 1915, Page 3, Image 3

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    " v - r' v « . > ■ • ■ •- v • • "■ - ..■•■»
taoney spent for the old-style, ready
made eoug-h syruvs In bottles holding
only 2 to ounces is very largely
wasted bevausp most of them are com
posed principally of sugar and water.
Yet you have to pay the same price as
if it was ail medicine. Stop wasting
this money. You eaji make a better
cough medicine at home et one-tifth the
Cost. Merely go to Georxe A. Gorgas'
drug stores and ask for 2 ounces (50c
worth) of SchltTmann's Concentrated
Expectorant. Mix this with one pint
of granulated sugar and one-half pint
of boiling water, which makes a full
pint (lfi ounces). This new, simple,
pleasant remedy is guaranteed to re
lieve the worst cough or cold. Also
excellent for Bronchial Asthma, Bron-
Edward B. Bushnell Will Deliver Ad
dress in Theatre Sunday Afternoon
Special Correspondence.
Hershey, Feb. 18— H. F. Imboden
and J. V. Milliard attended the funer
al of Les Linebaugh at York.
Mr. and Mrs. R. F. Hull spent a day
at Reading, their former home.
Mr. and Mrs. H. N. Herr moved
from their apartments in the 'Hershey
Inn to the Maulfair house on Cocoa
Charles Magee. of Havre de Grace,
Md., visited relatives and frieuds at
this place.
Misses Edna Carpenter and Blanche
Cooper visited friends at Bismarck.
C. D. Linglc transacted business at
Linglestown on Saturday.
\\ illiam H. Basehore and Aaron
Shuey, of Jonestown, spent several
hours at this place.
The Rev. X. L. Linebaugh and fam
ily attended the funeral of his father,
Leo Linebaugh, a well-known grocer
at York.
Edward R. Bushnell, of Philadel
phia, will deliver an address in the
Hershey Central theatre on Sunday aft
ernoon at 3 o'clock. His subject will
be "The Making of the Men of To
morrow," and it will be illustrated
Sunday evening Herant Athanasian,
Turk, who is a student in Lebanon
Valley College, delivered an address in
Derry Presbyterian church on "The
Christian Church in Armenia.''
A large audience greeted the Cecil-1
ian Concert Company in the Hershey |
Central theatre on Thursday evening. 1
Mrs. B. F. Y. Graeff, of Columbia,
spent a week with her son, D. S.
Graeff and family and also assisted
them in moving into their beautiful,
new residence at the east end of town.
Misses Kathryn and Elizabeth Mum
ma spent several days with friends at
Schuylkill Haven.
Milner Payne, an employe of the
Hershey Choeolate Company, has re
signed his position and returned to his
home at Riverside, X. J.
Mr. and Mrs. William Brinker at- J
tended the funeral of the latter's fa
ther at Mt. Xebo.
Miss Clara Mover was the guest of !
Miss Elizabeth Rauch at Linglestown. 1
Miss Eliza Bashore has been on the i
sick list at her home at Derry Church, j
Mrs. Lizzie returned from
it three weeks' visit to friends at
Frantz Zinner attended the Billy
Sunday services, at Philadelphia.
Mrs. John 'H. Gordon visited friends
at Annville.
L. R. Mumper visited relatives at
Mrs. George Epplev and son. Rob
ert. are spending a few days with rel
atives at Lancaster.
Wilbur Goodhart, of Shippensburg,
was the guest, of John Allwine and
D. C. Giles spent several days in
Now York City.
John Leesc is on the sick list, suf
fering with qninsy.
Dr. H. G. Mumma attended a ban
quet at Reading.
Mrs. William Stover, of Stoverdale, j
is spending a week with her parents, I
Mr. and Mrs. Aldus Wirth, at this
The Rev O. G. Romig transacted
business at Harrisburg on Wednesday.
The Rev. George S. Rentz is spend- !
ing a few days at Philadelphia, taking |
in the Billy Sunday meetings.
Presbyterian Mite Society Holds An- 1
nual Fasnacht Feast Correspondence.
Dauphin. Feb. 18. —The Mite Society
of the Presbyterian church held its an
nual fasnacht feast on Tuesday even
ing at the home of Mrs. T. G. Switzer,
Some of the ladies were dressed in the
styles of fifty years or more ago to ,
represent the members of the Mite So
ciety who originated this novel feast
at their meeting. After the business j
was transacted, a shadow picture con- j
test watt participated in and the first :
prize was awarded -to Miss Carrie E.
Gerberich for correctly guessing the:
highest number of silhouettes and a
booby prize was given Miss Annie M.I
Mrs. A. Arnold and Miss Elizabeth j
C'rouse, of Lebanon, spent Sunday with ;
Mrs. Elizabeth Crouse.
Mrs. Daniel Maeder, of Harrisburg,
spent Thursday with her aunt, Mrs.
Mary Corbett.
Mr. and Mrs. Harry Lvter. of Har
risburg, spent Sunday with Mr. and
Mrs. Hiram Lyter.
Mr. and Mrs. Rett'berg, of Harris
biirg, spcM»t Sunday with Mr. and Mrs.
O. W. Deibler.
Mr: ami Mrs. W. C. Riffert, of Har- j
risburg, were the guests of their daugh-1
ter, Mrs. Spencer G. Kinter, on Tues-;
Mrs. Carrie Canffman and Mrs. Grace j
Carman «[>ent Sunday at Duneannon.
F. Shambamjh, of Lvkens, county'
superintendent of public schools visited I
the schools here on Tuesday.
Mrs. A. C. Coble spent Tuesday with
Mr. and Mrs. Harrison Hoover, Hum-;
Mrs. Edith Eby, Mrs. Clyde 8. Mc-1
XeeK, Mrs. Harry M. Reed and Mrs.
Bertha Henniger attended a play at S
Harrisburg on Thursday evening given i
bv the Barker Bible class of Stevens
Memorial church.
Mrs. G. M. Kinter and granddaugh
ter, Helen Henninger, spent the week
end at Millerstown.
Mrs. Lillie MoParland and Miss j
Sarah Sheesley, of Harrisburg, were |
the guests of their aunt, Mrs. C. W. |
Talley, on Thursday.
Mr. and Mrs. W. Frank Bailets aDd I
chltis. Croup. Hoarseness and Whoop
ilng Cough. One bottle will make enough
home-made cough medicine to probably
I last the whole family the entire
(winter. Children like It, It is so
,i>lm»ant to take. It is unlike any
! other cough medicine, and positive
ly contains no chloroform, opium, mor
phine or other naivotlcs, as do most
'coug'h mixtures. Keep it on hand in
case of emergency and stop each cough
1 before it gets a Arm hold. The above
druggist has been authorized to return
I the money in every single case where It
jdoes not give perfect satisfaction or Is
not found the best remedy ever used,
i In fact, any druggist in this city will
jscll this new remedy under the same
isruarantee. Absolutely no risk Is run
In buying this remedy under this posi
tive guarantee.—Adv.
daughter, Dorothy, spent Thursday at
Mt. Gretna.
Mrs. Charles Tredwell, of Harrisburg,
was the guest of Mrs. David Lewis on
O. W. Deibler attended a convention
of school directors at Hershey on Fri
Farmers' Institute to Be Held Next
Monday and Tuesday
Special Correspondence.
Linglestown, Feb. 18.—The Farmers'
Institute under the auspices of the De
: partment of Agriculture, will convene
; in the I'nion chapel Monday and Tues
! day. February 22 and 23, holding three
sessions each day. Following is the pro
| grain:
afternoon, I.3o—Call to
i order. George W. Shriner, chairman;
music; "Work of Farmers' Institute,"
J. T. Campbell, Hartstown; "Some Or
chard Insects and Their Control," F.
H. Fassett, Meshoppen; "Selecting and]
j Raising the Calf to Improve the Dairy
Herd," Dr. M. E. Conrad, Westgrove; I
! "Is All That Is Said About Lime All]
j That Can Be saidf" M. S. Bond, Dan-:
! ville.
Monday Evening, 7.15 Music; '
I "Cow Stable Construction Sanitary I
and Comfortable," Dr. M. E. Conard, !
Westgrove; "Care and Management of !
the Orchard," F. H. Fassett, Meshop-;
pen; "Why Do the Boys and Girls,
j Leave the Farmf" M. S. Bond, Dan-1
j ville; "The Farm of Life," J. T. Camp- I
! bell. Hartstowu.
I Tuesday, Mornirog, 9—Music; "Home I
I Mixed Fertilizer," M. S. Bond, Dan-1
I ville; "Concrete Construction For the,
j Farm," Dr. M. E. Conard, Westgrove; !
"Poultry. Lice, Gapes and Diseases, i
J. T. Campbell, Hartstown; "Peaches,"
F. H. Fassett. Meshoppen.
Tuesday Afternoon, I.3o—Music;
"Pruning," F. H. Fassett. Meshoppen;
"Potato Culture," M. 8. Bond, Dan
ville; "Selecting and Breeding Horses'
j for Farm and Market." Dr. M. E. Con-:
|ard, Westgrove; "Country Home Im
provement," F. H. Fassett. Meshop-i
! p en '
Tuesday Evening,—Music;,
"Spraying, How and What For " F. j
H. Fassett. Meshoppen; "The Modern |
j Dairy Equipment and Methods," Dr. I
j M. E. Conard, Westgrove; "Some Ex
i ception to the Rule," M. S. Bond. Dan
, ville; "The Star of Empire," J. T. j
j Campbell, Hartstown.
' The committee is composed of Jonas
Cassel, David Shadel, Samuel Rabuck,
Frank Wolfensberger, Dr. C. H. Smith.
Miss Hulda Longeneeker. secured a
position as stenographer at the office of i
Mr. Hershey, Harrisburg, and entered 1
upon her new duties on Monday.
A number of friends from this place !
attended the twentieth wedding anni-1
\ ersaiv of Mr. and Mrs. Elmer Gafne-r !
held at their home ii> Penbrook on j
Tuesday evening.
, Mr. and Mrs. C. D. Limgle on Tues
day moved their household effects from j
Hershey to Park street, Harrisburg, I
where they will reside. They were i
former residents of this town.
The Embroidery Club met at the !
home of Miss Jessie Leaker, on Monday j
evening those present were, Mrs. J. P. ;
| Hicks, Mrs. Monroe Kile, Miss Jane !
I Care, Miss Minnie Baker, Mrs. Gert-i
rude Xislev, Miss Kathryn Xislev, Mass !
Lliza Buck. Mrs. O. B. Leese and Miss
Jessie Lenker,
I Mrs. John Simpler spent Wednesday
i with friends at Harrisburg. * j
| Should the weather prove unfavor- '
j able the entertainment to be held at j
Gilchrist s school house on Thursday I
; evening will take place Fridav evening. I
Mrs. Gertrude Xislev, Miss Kathrvn
I Xisley, Miss Eliza Buck and Mrs. Era
j orv Hassler on Tuesday evenin» at
j tended the miscellaneous shower given
■>y Miss Emma Nisley at her home in
Penbrook, in honor of Miss Hilda 1
Hassler, whose engagement to Ross
llepford was previously announced
Mr. and Mrs Wetzler, of Richmond.
\a„ are spending some time as the'
guests of Mr. and Mrs. C. C. Gravbill. j
Mrs. Hallet Hetrich spent Wednes
day as the guest of Mr. and Mrs Wil- 1
liam Hoster, at Penbrook.
Public Schools Appropriately
Celebrate Washington 'a Birthday
Special Correspondence.
Millers-burg, Fetb. 18.—Miss Mabel
Hemminger entertained a number of i
friends at her home on Saturday even-j
ing in honor of- her guest, Miss Alice
Decevee, of Harrisburg.
Miss Florence Wert, oif Harrisburir !
spent Sunday with her parents Mr
and Mrs. W. B. Wert.
Philip S. Mover, of Steelton. visit- 1
ed his mother, Mrs. Charles Mover, Sun '
Washington's Birthday will be cele
brated in all the public schools o;
town with appropriate exercises Tho
four Center street schools will unite in
giving an entertainment which will be
held in the High school room in the
morning at 9 o'clock. In the after
noon, all the schools in the Moore
;treet building will unite in giving the
exercises in the High school room at
Miss Mildred Btter, of Middleitown.
was the recent guest of Dr. and Mrs.
J. X. Starr.
Ralph Spong, a student at Dickinson
College, spent Sunday at his parental
home here. He w-aa accompanied by
When People Ask Us
what i* eood for nerves and loet weight,
we alwayt recommend
contain!r.ff Uyptphittpl.Utl
• food tonic and tissue builder.
George A. Gorges.
the Messrs. Walkinshaw, of Williams
town, classmates a/t the above institu
Reformed Congregation 1 Contributes
§2OO to "Prince of Peace" Fund
Special Correspondence
Hummelstown, Feb. 18.—The sum of
S2OO was raised by the Reformed
church congregation as a contribution
to the "Prince of Peace Fund." This
fund will be used to pay the indebted
ness of the Foreign Mission Board of
the church.
Mrs. Rufus Kreider has returned to
| her home in Annville, after spending
I several days with Mrs. Aldus Hotter,
j Mr. and Mrs. Fred Creighton have
Returned from Clark's Summit where
I Mr. Creighton was employed for the
past year and are residing with Mrs.
ftreighton's parents, Mr. and Mrs. John
j Yetter, on Chamber Hill.
Special services were held. in Zion
Lutheran and the Reformed churches
| last evening and be continued
every Wednesday evening during Lent.
Mrs. Frank Brantner and Mrs. Henry
Tinney were visitors in Harrisburg yes-
I terday afternoon.
Walter Krause, son of Mrs. Clara
| Krausc, has enlisted in the United
' States army and been sent to Fort
' Sloeuni. Xpiv York, for service in the
■ coast artillery.
, A post card shower was held for
! Samuel H. Greena.waU, of Danville, 111.,
a former resident of town, in honor of
his seventy-third birthday anniversary i
which was observed last Sunday. Mr.
Greenawalt received over forty cards
from friends and relatives in town and
Mrs. John M. Murray spent yester
day afternoon in Harrisburg.
The members of Washington Camp
i Xo. 306, P. O. S. of A., will attend
| services in Zion Lutheran church on
j Sunday evening. The church has been
j decorated with flags and plants and a
I special patriotic sermon will be deliver
[ed by the pastor, the Rev. Herbert S.
; Garner.
' \\jlliam C. Zeiter visited his sister,
i Mrs. John A. Ebersole at Peubrook, on
! Tuesday.
The Ladies' Mite Society of the Re
: formed church, held a social at the
home of Mrs. F. J. S'haffner, Centre
j square, on Tuesday evening. Twenty
! eight guests were present.
I Mrs. Harry M. Nisslev has been call
: ed to Schuylkill Haven by the illness
S °f her father, Mr. Xoacker, who was i
j stricken with paralysis on Tuesday,
j W. R. Heller, of Carlisle, was a vis-
I itor in town yesterday.
, The patrons' meeting to be held in
. the High school room to-morrow even-
I ing will be well attended. An excellent
j program has been arranged and the
I High school orchestra wil] render a con
cert from S to 8.15 o'clock.
Mrs. Emma Brinser and daughter.
Miss Bertha Brinser, spent several dav s
[ this week with Mrs. Guy Krause at
Cow Sold at Public Sale Brings Record
Sorbin! Oorr«»sno!H»or>rf
Halifax, Fetb. ] B.—Mr. and Mrs.
Frank Straw, of Elmira, X. Y.. suent
seveial days the past week with Mrs. |
•C. W MeClellan and Mrs. Amo3|
Miss Blanche Chrismer is spending
the wee'k with her sister, Mrs. 1-aacj
Biever, at Millersburg.
Harry Baker, of Millersburg, visited '
; friends in town on Sunday.
Mrs. Marv Peters is the guest of ;
friends in the Capital Citv.
| Miss Mary Sheet 7., of Palmyra, si'ent|
i the week-end with her parents, Mr. |
I and Mrs. Peter Sheetz.
At Anthony Leo's public sale in Hali
fax township, one cow of extra line
breetl sold tor $l5O, a record price.
Dr. and Mrs. E. L. Shope, of Harris
burg, were the guests of Dr. and Mrs.'
7J. S. Marshall over Siftiday.
Trinity U. B. Church Will Celebrate
Ninth Anniversary
Special Correspondence
Xew Cumberland, Feb. 18.—Next j
Sunday Trinity United Brethren church j
will hold its ninth anniversary service, j
The Rev. Dr. W. H. Washinger, of I
Ohambersburg, superintendent of the j
Pennsylvania conference of the United I
Brethren church, is to prenich at both I
the morning and evening services. It '
is expected at this service that the
final debt on the church will be paid !
and all notes, etc., burned. The church j
choir, the men's chorus and the boost-!
ers are preparing a line musical pro- :
gram for this day of special interest to
the church. There will also be a re- !
ception of members at both morning ami
evening services, anil the rite of bap- :
tism will be observed. The revival '
meetings arc still in progress and are !
well attended and continues with great i
interest. Penitents present -themselves I
at the altar nightly. Tiius far sixty-nine I
have gone forward.
Mr. and Mrs. S. R. Wagoner, of ;
Twe] h and Bridge streets, gave a ,
partv evening in honor of
Grandma Kept Her Locks Dark, Glossy
and Thick With a Simple Mixture
of Sage Tea and Sulphur
The old-time mixture of Sage Tea and j
Sulphur for darkening gray, streaked j
and faded hair is grandmother's treat- j
ment, and folks are again using it to
keep their hair a good, even color, j
which is quite sensible, as we are liv- j
ing in an age when a youthful appear- '
ancc is of the greatest advantage.
Nowadays, though, we don't have the i
troublesome task of gathering the sage !
and the mussy mixing at home. All |
drug stores sell the ready-to-use product
called "Wyeth's Sage and Sulphur Com
pound" for about 50 cents a bottle.
It is very popular because nobody can
discover it has been applied. Simply
moisten your comb of a soft brush with
it and draw this through your hair, tak
ing one small strand at a time; by morn
ing the gray hair disappears, but what
delights the ladies with Wyeth's Bage
and Sulphur is that, besides'beautifully
darkening the hair after a few applica
tions, it also produces that soft lustre
and appearance of abundance which is
so attractive; besides, prevents dan
druff, itching scalp and falling hair.—
qheir daughter, Anna Mae, who cele
orated her 91h birthday anniversary.
Mias Anna received Home pretty and
useful presents from her friends. An
enjoyable evening was spent and at a
seasonable hour refreshments were
served. The guests were: Florence
Prowell, Florence Breeee, Leoda Prow
ell, Thelma Ouistwhite, Evelyn Taylor,
: Noma Oren, lionise Pencil, Dorothy
' Mailey, Mildred Mailey, Miss Sara M.
Petrow, Mr. and Mrs. S. R. Wagoner,
R. M. Spangler, Amos Mailey and son,
'Robert Mailey.
Wiillia Rppley. of Newberrytown,
York county, a member of the
lature, called on his sister, 'Mrs. D. K.
Yinger, yesterday.
Samuel Steigerwalt, of York county,
received word of the death of his fa-'
ther, which occurred in Lancaster on
Tuesday morning. Harvey Steigerwalt,
Market square, is a grandson.
Dr. H. W. Linebnugih and D. C. Line
j baugh attended the funeral of Mrs.
! .Marv Ramlol|>h, n sister of Dr. Line
baugh. at Harriaburg to-day.
Ira Keller ami 'Miss Elizabeth
Whapion, of Philadelphia, who have
been guests of Mr. Keller's sister, Mrs.
Mary Kaufman, and other relatives
here the past week, returned home yes
terday., the little daughter of Mr. and
Mrs. Harry Ross, Fourth street, is re
covering from an attack of pneumonia.
Mr. anil Mrs. William McCreary
moved into Sherman Hull's house 011
Third street this week.
Carl Gamber, of Ilarrisburg, and Wil
liam Gamber, of Philadelphia, called on
friends here yesterday.
William Knnis has returned from a
buisness trip to Johnstown.
Dorothy, the little daughter of I.MT.
and Mrs. Tolbert Ouistwhite. has an at
tack of pneumonia.
Mr. aiid Mrs. Irvin Bretz Give a Birth
day Party
West Fairview, Feb. 18.—'Mr. and
Mrs. Irvin Bretz, Main street, tendered
a birthday social in honor of their
.daughter, Thelma, cn her 6th birth
day. The parlor was beautifully dec
orated for the occasion. The evening
was spent in the playing of games, mu
sical selections by Miss Dorothy Shaf-
I fer, and the partaking of refreshments.
| Those to enjoy the occasion were Mil
dred Shafl'er, John Kuglcr, Walter
Keyes, Melvin Metz, Arthur Boughter,
I Howard Barnhart, Charles Mcpherson,
| John McPherson, Charles Yarnall,
! Thelma Bretz, Hannah Keyes, Paul
King, Aunis Spidel, Thura Baker,
Evelyn Yarnall, Gertrude Smeltzer,
Helen Wilbar, Esther Uerew, Mildred |
MeCanti and AU-tha Yarnall.
A. H. Martin, of Summerdale, was
the guest of F. C, Hoke yosterday.
Milk is to be advanced in price to
seven cents 011 and after the 22d, owing
to the high prices of feed.
The Patriotic Order Sons of America
will attend services in the United
Brethren church Sunday evening in a
body. The Rev. F. F. Holsopple. district
superintendent of the Anti-Saloon
league, will present that interest in
the United Brethren church 011 Sunday j
at 10 a. m. The male chorus will sing'
at both these services.
The Methodist church will also have
a representative of the Anti-Saloon
League on Sunday evening.
The Eev. Mr. Hoffman Preaches Last
Sermon of Conference Year
Spoeii! I Or-es:>nmlt!nce.
Berrvsburg, Feb. 18.—The school!
i directors attended a director's meeting;
at Hershey last we?k.
Mr. and Mrs. William Bowman were
visitors to Kliza'jethville on Saturday.
Mr. and Mrs. Chax'lcs Keboch and ;
daughter, Pauline, visited Mrs, Norman j
Kngle, of Penbrook, Saturday -«nd "re- j
turned home Sunday evening.
Mr. and Mrs. William Rombergerl
spent Sunday with the former's par
ents, Mr. and Mrs. John Romberger.
Mrs. Rebecca Maice. of KHzabeth
-1 ville visited friends in town over Sun
i day.
The Rev. Mr. Hoffman preached his'
' last sermon on Sunday evening for this
1 conference year.
Efforts to Organize Young Men s
Christian Association
I Sp-. '«l Per
Mechanicfburg, Fob. 18.—Services |
will be held again this evening in the
taibernaclc and a song service will be
held on Friday evening,
l*a*t evening prior to the tabernacle
service Professor J. A. Carothers,
State Secretary of Y. if. C. A., met a
number of men in the Evangelical
church to consider the organization of'
a Young Men's Christian Association I
in tli • town.
The Lenten season was opened in
Trinity Uitheian and St. Mark's Lu-'
theran church's by special services last '
evening in the respective churches con- j
ducted by the pastors, the Rev. H. Hall !
Sharp, of Trinity, ami Dr. H. N.
lev, of St. Mark's.
H. B. Markley, of this place, has!
'bought .the general store <*f Elmer j
Richwine at Boiling Springs.
The funeral of Mrs. I. J. Weaver
was held thus afternoon from her late
home on Kast street. Services
were conducted by her pastor, the Rev.
S. S. Games, of Trindle Spring Luth
eran church. Interment was made in
'Mechanicsburg cemetery.
Lu»t Saturday afternoon Herman E.
Rinesmith ant.i Miss Ida E. Fritz, both
of Carlisle, were united in marriage bv
the Rev. H. Hall Sharp. The cere
mony took place at the parsonage of
Trinity Lutheran church, East Main
Mrs. John Faller spent Tue*dav in
Carlisle, whore she assisted at a tea
given by Mrs. Constantine Faller.
Mr. and Mrs. Jacob Rowc attended
the funeral of Mr. Rowo's sister, Mis.
Sarah Simmons, from her laite home in
Carlisle to-day.
Mrs. Mary Bailey, of Dillsburg, is
the guest of Mrs. John Uhrich, West
Main street.
G. A. Fehl and daughter, Mrs. J.
Bentz, and granddaughter, "Evelyn, of Dillsburg, spent yesterday in
this place as guests in the "home of Mr.
Fehl's sister, Mrs. Charles Kunkle,
South Washington street.
, Mrs. Mary Brandt, of Mount Holly,
lis visiting her son, John Brandt, and
family, West Locust street.
Mrs. Chapman and daughter, of
Wormleysburg, were guests .yesterday
of Simon May and family, South Wash
ington street.
'lt is probable that the Miller evan
gelistic services will be continued over
the coming Sunday.
Mrs. Starr Hauck was called to
Pittsburgh yesterday by the death of
her sister.
To Provide for the Utmost Safety
of Patrons and Property is the
First Duty of Every Well-
Managed Railroad
As a plain, unvarnished business proposition, every
thinking person knows that a railroad that willfully dis
regards the safety of its patrons arid the intelligent ful
fillment of its operating and service obligations to the
public cannot long prosper.
The railroads of Pennsylvania and New Jersey fully
realize the importance of properly manned trains. Were
the claims of those who arbitrarily force the railroads,
under the Full Crew Laws, to employ men for whom no
jobs exist just and warrantable claims, the railroads them
selves would be the first to recognize those claims.
Full Crew Laws Costly
Full Crew Laws, however, have been in force in Pennsylvania and New
Jersey more than long enough to convince the railroads and the thinking
people that their effect has been extremely detrimental to both railroad prog
ress and public interest.
Statistics of the Interstate Commerce Commission conclusively prove that
these Full Crew Laws have worked three grave hardships—i. e.:
I—They actually have increased the number of casualties.
2—They have cost the railroads and thousands of men and women who, di
rectly, or indirectly, as depositors in banks, trust companies, and savings funds,
are investors in railroad bonds and stocks, approximately $2,000,000 a year
in wages for extra labor that formerly was more efficiently performed, at less
sacrifice of life and property, by smaller but in every way adequate and com
petent crews.
3—They have deprived the people of a vast amount of improvements that
otherwise could have been made with t :e enormous sums paid in compulsory
employment of men not essential to tie operation of trains or the safety and
welfare of the people.
No Trains Undermanned
The railroads of Pennsylvania and New Jersey contend that their trains
never could be undermanned for the following most excellent business reasons:
First—A freight train of one locomotive at $25,000, and 75 cars at SI,OOO
each, would represent an aggregate of SIOO,OOO in rolling stock. Is it plausible
to assume that a railroad company would jeopardize that tremendous capital
investment because it felt the employmsnt of an extra brakeman at $2.75 a day
was not an economic expenditure? Would it risk the loss of SIOO,OOO worth
of property to save $2.75?
Second—The railroads know that, to reach full earning capacity and to get
from their equipment and roadway the greatest possible service, all trains
must be manned with enough men to enable them to do their work and get
through their trips in the least possible time.
Laws' Arbitrary Nature
Why should the public be greatly inconvenienced because of laws unsound
in principle and prejudicial to public welfare and safety? For example: Sup
pose the Lackawanna Limited left New York for Buffalo with four cars. Sup
pose it arrived at Stroudsburg and there it became necessary to put on a fifth
car to accommodate unexpected traffic. Under the Full Crew Laws this could
be done only after an extra brakeman had been brought from a division point,
or the Stroudsburg passengers would have to suffer the inconvenience of stand
ing in the cars until the train arrived at Scranton. This is but one illustration
showing the inconsistent and arbitrary nature of the Full Crew Laws.
Co-Operative Loyalty Needed
The railroads of Pennsylvania and New Jersey, while making it plain that
their efforts to repeal the Full Crew Laws are not directed against their train
men, point out that the interests of their employes cannot possibly be sub
served by policies which are basically and economically unsound; that those
interests, in fact, would be best served by a united repudiation of existing laws
and co-operative loyalty to the great railroading industry of the United States,
upon whose well-being and progress their own advancement and prosperity so
largely depend.
The railroads now—as always—intend to man every freight and passenger
train to the full requirements of safety and operating efficiency. They intend
to do all within their power to expedite traffic and eliminate public incon
venience. They desire to give that absolute safety, efficiency, and service
which the people demand and certainly are entitled to.
Why Laws Should Be Repealed
However, to bring their standards up to that desired perfection which mod
ern industrialism requires, the railroads must be relieved of such burdens as
the Full Crew Laws. Employment of unnecessary men by compulsion of law
foists economic damage upon the people. Such fallacious laws ambarrass the
affected railroads to a degree that makes it impossible to best serve farming
and industrial interests. Restrictive legislation that tends to cripple railroad
service, safety, and efficiency by exhausting revenues which should be applied
to fostering the public safety, welfare, and convenience must of hecessity ulti
mately recoil upon the people.
President, Pennsylvania Railroad. President, Baltimore and Ohio Railroad.
President, Philadelphia and Reading Railway.
R. L. O'DONNEL, Chairman,
Executive Committee, Associated Railroads of Pennsylvania and New Jersey.