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( Ertahluhcct in 1876)
Published b *
THB STAR PRINTING COMPANY. '
, / Star-lndsp*-id*nt Building,
« M 20-32 South Third| Street, Harrieborg. Pa,
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Off fair* 1 Dirtct»rt;
BWJAMIK F. MITERS, J„ N L. L. KUHK.
WU. W WALITOWIR,
Vtee President. f*■ Alaraaa
WM. K MITERS,
Secretary and Treaaurer. W*. W WALLOWIB.
WM II WARNER, V. HUMMEL BUIAHACS. J*.
Business Manager. - Editor.
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L. _ . ... tklbphoneb- BELL"
Mvata Branch Eaehanaa, No. 3280
_ CUMBERLAND VALLEY
Prtvato Branch raohango, « No. 145-246
' " ■ 1'
Friday, February 5, 1915.
Son. MOD. Tues. Wed. Thur. Fri. Sat.
1 2 3 4 5 6
7 8 9 10 11 12 13
, 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
21 22 23 24 25 26 27
Last Quarter, 7th > New Moon, 13th;
First Quarter, 21st.
Harrisburg and vicinity: Rain and
warmer to-night and Saturday. Lowest
temperature to-night about 35 degrees.
Eastern Pennsylvania: Rain to-night
and Saturday, warmer. Fresh south
YESTERDAY'S TEMPERATURE IN HARRISBURQ
Highest, 30; lowest, 17; 8 a. m., 19; 8 p. m., 29.
AFTER THE WHEAT GAMBLERS
The federal government, in its investigation to
learn whether manipulation by speculators is re
sponsible for the soaring prices of wheat, has under
taken a difficult task but a commendable one. If
it can "be shown that gamblers are responsible for
forcing up the price beyond the advance that rea
sonably could be expected as a result of the opera
tion of the natural law of supply and demand, the
guilty persons should be sought oi\t, if possible,
and punished. • . \
Notwithstanding that in the last season coun
try produced a record-breaking crop of wheat, it
is reasonable to suppose the great demand for the
grain, coming from Europe as a result of the war,
would justly result in some very material increases
in the value of the grain, but there also seems to
"be reasonable ground for believing that unscrupu
lous speculators are taking advantage of this de
mand to force the price up to a point far abovevthat
which is justified even by the abnormal conditions
Statisticians say that the total wheat crop in the
United States last year was 990,000,000 bushels,
and that the United States requires 550,000,000 for
her own uses for seeding and for food. Up to Jan
uary 1, last, we are told, 211,000,000 bushels had
been sent to Europe. This would leave a surplus
of 229,000,000|ibushels remaining in this country in
excess of United States' actual needs.
Unfortunately it seems to have been impossible
for the investigators to learn thus far how much
of the wheat that has been sold in the various ex
changes of the country has actually been delivered
to the purchasers. Until this is ascertained it will,
presumably, be impossible to learn how many of the
sales have constituted merely gambling in this most
important of food stuffs and how many have been
actual transactions made in good faith.
The big surplus of grain reported to be in this
country in excess of the nation's actual require
ments seems to indicate that there has been a lfcrge
amount of purely speculative buying at prices which
have been manipulated for their own benefit by the
gamblers. The government appears to be on the
right track in having determined to examine the
books of the big grain elevator companies which
should show the amounts of grain that have actually
changed hands. Then if there is any way of deter
mining the total number of bushels sold in the ex
changes it should be possible, by the simple process
subtraction, to determine the total of purely
"Whether, even with that information available, it
would be possible to fix the blame on those persons
guilty of manipulation is somewhat doubtful, but
even i£,no one is punished the mere fact that the
government has undertaken the probe should have
a beneficial effect in driving the wheat gamblers
to cover and preventing further manipulation if
such there has been.
NO LITERACY TEST FOR IMMIGRANTS
An immigration bill with -a restrictive literacy
test has for the third time failed to be passed over
a President's veto, and aliens sixteen years old or
older, who happen to be unable to read, will con
tinue to enter this country unchallenged, provided,
of course, they meet existing requirements for ad
mittance, including the possession of good health
and good character.
The United States certainly would not be inani-
V ' - V , " • -• "■. / ' - > S '
HARRISBUHO STAR-INDEPENDENT, FRIDAJ EVENING, FEBRUARY 5, 1915.
festing much of its democratic spirit if it were to
prevent earnest, hard-working foreigners from at
tempting to engage in the pursuit of American hap
piness, merely because they are not uul in their
A B C's. This country has always been a place
where opportunities have been given to aliens, who
been denied educational advantages in their
native lands, to live and to learn. Rather than bar
illiterates the nation should, according to the demo
cratic principles which have long been Operative,
welcome them gladly as new charges having possi
bilities which need to be awakened.
Apart from other considerations it would be fool
ish to demand of a well-meaning immigrant that he
be able-to read before he be permitted to enter a
country of such great educational advantages as
this one. Aliens in this country always have been
eager to avail themselves of opportunities to learn,
when such opportunities have been offered to them.
Adults have \jlled the night schools, and it is re
ported that they are more eager than average Amer
ican parents to have their children educated. An
ahnost unbelievable statement, made recently by a
New York librarian, is to the effect that the classics
on the library shelves are borrowed principally by
the immigrants who patronize the institution.
The industries of this country have in the past
been built up largely through the help of aliens
admitted in large numbers without literacy tests*
There need be 110 discrimination against foreigners
who cannot read. They can learn. America is
willing to take the responsibility of teaching them.
WAR'S DEPENDENCE ON FINANCES
Of more consequence than military strategy at
this stage of the war's progress seems to be the
husbanding of financial resources in the belligerent
countries. Authentic statements of the financial
conditions of all contestants, if available, would
have much significance. Even hints are not without
In a discussion of the gold situation in England,
Germany and Austria, Sir Edward Holdeu, London
bank director, who visited New York in 1910 to look
into the difficulty about cotton bills of lading be
tween bankers of this country aud England, de
clared that although there might be a cessation of
hostilities for other reasons than Germany's finan
cial condition, no cessation on that account can be
expected in less than a year.
More than a year, of course may mean two years
or twenty years. Ilolden points out that long before
the outbreak of the war Germany had laid plans
for financial mobilization, and that war banks are
now in operation in all important German towns,
issuing notes which are the means of drawing gold
from circulation and pouring it into the Reichs
bank, whose present holdings are estimated at $530,-
In his review of England's condition, after dis
posing of Austria by asserting that it cannot con
tinue long in the war without financial assistance
from its rather comfortably fixed ally, Ilolden esti
mated that there is in the hands of English bankers
$250,000,000 in gold, in addition to the $345,000,000
reserve held in the Bank of' England.
The regulations just made by the treasury in
London "with a view to the successful prosecution
of the war," providing that until further notice
fresh issues of capital shall be submitted to the
treasury for approval, may well be taken to indicate
that the government wants to keep the market free
of other issues in order to make way for another
Financial operations ought to be more exciting
in their nature, that they might be of more general
interest. Successful moves made in banking insti
tutions may mean more to a fighting nation than
occasional victories on fields of battle.
At last— President Villa. For how long?
They are talking now about making threo states out of
Texas. Four more Democratic Senators would help the
administration in Washington in the ship purchase bill
Some persons are urging that we Americans eat cornmeal
while we are sending the Europeans our wheat, but why
shouldn't we eat the wheat and let the Europeans have
A census of the employes of the various departments
under his administration, together with the names of those
who obtained their appointments, will make interesting
reading for Governor Brumbaugh.
In insisting on compelling rich inmates of insane hos
pitals, who are there at the expense of the State, to pay
for their own keep, Auditor General Powell is clearly in the
right. Those who are able to must pay.
TOLD IN LIGHTER VEIN
"Do your children a«k you a lot of questions!"
"They used to," replied Mr. Bliggins. "But now they're
too busy teaching their mother and me the latest dances."
MAGNIFICENCE OF WAR
"Are you the leader of this band of men!"
"No," replied the general in a turbulent territory; "I'm
their follower. I tell them where I want them to go. Then
I get behind them with a gun and see that they go there."
QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
"You aro thoroughly familiar with public questions, of
"I know 'em all by heart," replied Senator Sorghum.
"But I must admit that as time goes by I. don't feel quite
so certain about some of the answers."—Exchange.
WHY HE KICKED
There was gloom on the face of the New England farmer,
relates the New York Evening "Post."
"What's the matter, Elijah!" asked his nearest neighbor.
"Flapjacks given out ovir to your house!"
"Worse'n that," said Elijah. "You know, 'twan't an
apple year, and wife says we can""!; have any more apple
pie for breakfast."
"Cant you make out if you have apple pie noon and
"I can, because I've got to," said Elijah, "butj I tell
you, it upsets mfe, starting in £he day wrong like that."
/ BY A GERM
Must Re Destroyed Before Catarrh
Itself Can Be Oared, Says Special
ist. Wonderful Results From
Breathing Medicated Air
Medicine taken into the Stomach will
never cure catarrh. And neither will
the sprays, douches, lotions, creams and
other temporary reliefs that so many
catarrh victims make a habit of using.
To cure catarrh so it won't come back
you must first drive from your body
the millions of germs that are flourish
ing in the inner recesses of your nose
and throat and are causing the disease.
There is a preparation which Vines
this called Hyomei (pronounced Hi|!h
o-nie). Hyomei is a germ killing va
porized air formed from the purest oil
of Eucalyptus combined with other heal
ing and antiseptic ingredients. Vou
breathe Hyomei through the mouth al»d
nose by means of a little hard rubber
Inhaler which druggists furnish with it.
This medicated germicidal air pene
trates into every fold and crevice of
the mucous membrane of your nose and
throat, kills the catarrh germs that
lodge there, soothes, reduces and heals
the swollen inflamed membraues, stops
the discharge and opens up the clogged
lose and air passages in a truly wonder
ful way. It gives blessed relief in five
minutes from catarrhal distress of every'
kind and if you make a practice of
breathing Hyomei for a few minutes
each day for just a few weeks not only
will all the symptoms of catarrh van
ish but the disease itself will be a
thing of the nast. No one need try or
buy Hyomei on pure faith. H. C. Ken
nedy and many other leading druggists
in Harrisburg and vicinity sell it with
the positive guarantee that it must cure
catarrh or that the money paid for it
will be refunded. Hyomei is very in
expensive and with this protecting guar
antee behind your purchase there is ab
solutely ncf reason why any sufferer
f'rom Catarrh should not give it a fair
I Tongue-End Topics |
Praise for Volunteer Firemen
hen the Kaufman fire occurred a
couple of weeks ago, Market square
was filled with strangers in the city,
the greater number of whom had come
to attend ttie inauguration ceremonies.
Included in this latter quota were a
number of Philadelphians who are at
tached to the paid fire department of
that city, considered one of the best
paid departments in As
the interior of the building gradually
became submerged in flame and the
volunteers, who were working hard to
get control, began to make progress,
the big city visitors expressed admira
tion, and when the fire was checked
before it had destroyed adjoining prop
erties the remarks were highly compli
mentary as to the efficiency of k volun
teer fire department that could do such
good work. State Fire Marshal Bald
win, of Philadelphia, who was on the
scene, said that it was one of the
best-fought fires he had ever seen, and
that the volunteers of Harrisburg de
served great credit fair skill as
* it *
Big Fires in Wintertime
Harrisburg seen.s to have bad luck
in having its big- fires in winter, at a
time when fire-lighting is most difficult
and works tht greatest hardships to
the firemen. Among the big fires of
recent years that have occurred in the
colder months were those that de
stroyed the old Oapitol, the Opera
House, the Patriot building at Mar
ket and Dewberry streets, the Spooner
building in the square, 4he Globe cloth
ing house, the Kaufman store and the
Ford company place yesterday. In ev
ery ease, with the exception of the
Capitol, whore fighting was useless be
cause of the absence of water, the fire
men put forth extra efforts to
keep the flames from spreading, and
they were signally successful.
English Couple in Germany
That it is not impossible for Eng
lish people to make their way through
Germany and Austria is shown by the
return to London of Mr. and Mrs. A-
L. Lantay after a business trip to
Vienna. Mr. Lantay had important
business interests in Austria, whi«h
two months a¥ter the war began de
manded his presence in Vienna. He
had made the trip so often in times of
pence that he scoffed at his friends'
warnings of the likelihood of imprison
ment aud possible death as a spy. iHe
took his wife with 'him, and proceeded
in his accustomed manner across Ger
many. They were not molested, and
remained in Vienna almost three
months, making no particular effort to
conceal themaelves Their return was
matfp by another routs, but was accom
plished without accident.
* • *
Mrs. Lantay's Adventure
Mrs. Lantay thus described her ad
<l Of course, we did not report our
selves, but simply lived in Vienna. We
would have got in trouble, no doubt, if
the authorities had knowu the circum
stances, but my husband, being of Aus
trian parentage, although a naturalized
Englishman, was able to carry things
through. It is really remarkable the
kindliness with which the English peo
ple are treated in Vienna. In the shops
I found it possible to do my trading
in English, which almost all the attend
ants speak fluently. The feeling
among the people whom I met seemed
to be friendly toward the English, and
an English lady who is teaching in the
schools told me that she Tiotic.es no
diminution in the number of pupils
studying the English language.
* • *
Eestrictlons on Aliens
"Within the past two or three weeks i
the military authorities in Vienna have
begun to" tighten the restrictions sur-'
rounding aliens. At present, I believe,
-no alien enemy is allowed to go out 1
after 8 o'clock in the evening; they
are not allowed to enter theatres and
coffee bouses, and violations of the
alien enemy restrictions are punishable
with a line of S4OO. Vienna has be
gun to feel the pressure of the war
very severely. The city is one huge
hospital, and ia many sections the chil
dren cannot go to school because the
buildings are required for hospital pur
poses. The university buildings and
the Parliament House are also heing
used for hospitals. In the streets one
sees hardly anything but wounded sol
diers and civilians in mourning.
Prices of Commodities Rising
"The prices of everyday commodi
ties ara rising rapidly, and the supply
is being so safeguarded that it is im
possible to obtain any more than a
supply for a day or two. The big loaf
of bread which used to be sold for a
cent or two has dwindled in size until
it is barely three inches around, aud
the price is four cents. Moat is very
expensive and petroleum is six cents
for a half pint. Dress materials, which
Vienna used to obtain mostly from
Lcndon, are scarcely obtainable at any
price. The town ; s full of smallpox,
and long lines of people are seen wait
ing outside the publie physicians' of
fices fpr vaccination. The scarcity of
men laborers is being met by the use
of women and cripples for such work
as street cleaning and house building.
A short time ago there was a heavy
fall of snow, tfhieh blocked the
streets; a large force of women was
employed to pile it up and clear a path
for wagons along the principal thor
oughfares. There are many women
earning good wages as carpenters. I
think the Austrians are generally very
loyal to Germany. They look upon the
Kaisei* as the greatest leader of a cen
tury, and they are entirely confident
that he will carry the war to a tri
RICH IN GRANDPARENTS
A Mauch Chunk Baby Has Eleven, Per
haps Even Twelve
Mauch Chunk, Pa.. Fob. s.—Marga
ret Elizabeth, eighteen-months-old
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Guy Bruch,
of East Mauch Chunk, has eleven living
grandparents—more, perhaps, than any
other little girl in this country.
Her great-grandmother Is Mrs. Mary
Bruch, of Milton, 80 years; her
great-grandmother, Mrs. Sarah Lander
man, of Shamokin, 75; her great grand
mother, Mrs. Catherine Hascher, of
Packerton, 70; her great-gramiiparents,
Mr. and Mrs. Mover, of East Mauch
X'hunk; her grandmother, Mrs. Henry
Hascher, of East Mauchi Chunk; her
grandfather, Henry Hascher, of East
Mauch Chunk; her gramd'parents, Mr.
and Mrs. D«vid Fetterman, of Xanti
ouke, and her grandparents, Mr. and
Mrs. Harvey Bruch, of Milton, Pa.
Her great-grandfather, J. Hascher,
was last heard from in the West two
years ago, and is not known to be dead,
so that if he is still living he makes
the twelfth. Her father is the son of
Miay Linderman Bruch Fetterman, of
Her honor is undivided, for she is the
only living grandchild on either side of
BAUKS ON HER WEDDING DAY
Utica Girl Decides to Marry Employer
Instead of Fiance
Utica, N. Y., Feb. 5. —William
George White, of Buffalo, and Miss Uer
trude A. Wood, of this city, went to
the office of the City Clerk here Wed
nesday and got a license to wed.
Yesterday John A. Roberts of the
department store firm of John A. Rob
erts & Co., and one of Utioa's wealth
iest merchants, announced his engage
ment to marry Miss Wood, who ha*
been employed in his'store for several
Miss Wood is 40 years old and Mr.
Roberts, who is a widower, is 74. The
marriage to her employer will taks
place next week. Miss Wood announced.
IS GAMBLING UNWIFELY?
Storey Asks Divorce From Woman Who
Tried Suicide Abroad
San Francisco, Feb. 5. —Charges of
gambling and other uuwifely acts are
contained in an amended complaint for
tdSvorce filed yesterday by Frank D. R.
Storey against Sarins F. Storey.
Storey sets forth that his wife en
tered upon a course of wild play at the
public gambling tables in Cairo, Egypt,
shortly after'their marriage in 1910. In
1913 Mrs. Storey threw liersejf from a
window in the Hotel Savoy, Cairo, fol
lowing a quarrel with an Egyptian with
whom she had been very friendly, the
Vest Pocket Remedy
Eat What You Please and Never Fear
There is a perfectly safe and sure
way for you to eat whatever your stom
ach craves and do it over again the
next day., Many will say, "How I wish
I could eat that, but I have tried and
every time it nearly kills me."
People get in a condition like this
only because they are not taking proper
care of their stomach.
Every stomach has a lot of work to
perform in digesting the food and if
crowded with extra labor it rebels and
kicks up a fearful disturbance.
There is a simple, harmless, inex
pensive and most effective prescription,
easily obtained at any drug store, called
Mi-o-na that will quickly stop this dis
turbance. These little vest pocket Mi
o-na Stomach Tablets were especially
prepared to regulate out-of-order stom
achs. They not only help the over
worked digestive organs by increasing
the flow Of gastric juices, but surely
and safely build up and strengthen the
stomach walls so that the stomach can
care of the foods as nature intended.
It's needless for you to suffer with in
digestion, heartburn, biliousness, sour,
gassy or upset stomach, for Mi-o-na will
give prompt and lasting relief every
time. Do not delay, but get same of
'these indigestion ending tablets from
H. C. Keimedy or other leading drug
gist to-day. v Be sure you get MI-O-NA
and accept nothing else, as Mi-o-na is
always the understanding that
if it does not banish all stomach dis
tress your money will be returned on
THE GLOBE ' ~ THE GLOBE
February Final Glearaway
110 Ladies' and Misses' Coats
At Half Pries and Less
With so much cold weather still ahead, no lady can afford to
miss this Final Clearaway Sale \
$4.75 Ftr Valmi it $13.50 .
Misses' Tweed Coats and Ladies' Serge ,JV
C-oats in semi-fitted models exceptional
$8.75 F«r Valiei t» SIB.OO J|\
• Ladies' and Misses' Coats of Plaids,
Tweeds, Zibeline, Velonr and Basket Cloths — dPiyiljipfli
loose belted models and new flare effects.
£11.75 F»r W«lu»» t« $30.08 MMF
Exclusive late-season models—of Imported
Zibeline, Broadcloth, Velour, Bayadere, Gab
ardine, Chinchilla and fancy Plaids—all lined
with guaranteed satjn—some fur, others |
'plush trimmed. Extraordinary values. I\ \ v^l
Girls' Caats at $2.95 . > I\\V
Smart childish models—belted effects—of w/fv
fapcy cloths—values to $6.50 —real bargains. 3
Girls' Coats, Values to $8.95, at $4,95
For the "little miss" these beautiful coats of Chinchilla and
Velvet—low belted and reefer effects.
WAS VON SPEE'S SUPPLY SHIP
SUNK JAN. 7 OFF 4»ATA(iONIA
London, Feb. 5, 5.30 A. M.—The
"Times" says the German auxiliary
cruiser sunk by the British cruiser Au
stralia off Patagonia January 7 was the
steamer Eleouore Woermann, a supply
ship to Admiral Von Kpee 'g squadron.
The "'Times" adds that it is doubtful
whether the vessel carried any arma
The last report of the Eleonore Woer
mann was on December 1 7 when a dis
patch from Buenos Aires said the Ar
gentine cruiser Pueyrrallon had cap
tured her for an alleged violation of
U. S. Ambassador to Visit in Africa
Madrid, Feb. 4, Via Paris, Feb. 5.
George E. Willard, the American Am
bassador to Spain, accompanied by his
family and Sheldon L. Crostoy, second
secretary o«f the emibassy, have gone to
Algeeiras and will visit Spain's north
African possessions. The Spanish gov
ernment has ordered that military hon
ors be neeordal the Ambassador."
2,110,0(H) Applicants for French Aid
Correspondence of the Associated Press.
Paris, .lan. ' 23.—Official statistics
give the number of applications for gov
ernment aid as 2,116,000 of which 26,-
000 were refused. At present daily al
lowances are paid to 1,857,000 per
sons, the average per family being two
francs 10 centimes (42 cents). The
daily outlay is 3,900,000 francs
Surtax on Liquor in France
Correspondence of the Associated Press.
Paris. Jan. 23.—1n addition to meas
ures proposed by the government for
the restriction of the sa/le of spirituous
If You Are Losing Weight
and your nerves are in bad condition,
» food and nerve tonic prescription.
George A. Uorgaa.
will sing in your home at any time if you own a
Victrola. And so will the great majority of the
other artists. For they all make records for the
Among Mr. McCormack's records are to be
found many of the ever popular English and
Irish songs, sung only as McCormack can sing
We will gladly play any or all of them for you
and demonstrate the Victrolas which range in
price from $15.00 to $200.00
C. AV. Siller, Inc.
jzz. 30 N. 2nd.st.
liquors, 19 different towns have had
■bills introduced in the Cham'ber of Dep
uties authorizing them to impose a mu
nicipal surtax on alcoholic beverages.
6,500 Surgeons at the Front
Correspondence of the Associated Press.
Paris, Jan. 23. —Professor Truflier,
in an address before the surgica4 so
ciety, staited that of th« 14,000 sur
geons in the country 6,500 were at the
front. At the end of Deceimfoer 93 hail
been killed, 2fio wounded and 440 we;o
among the missing while 155 had been
mentioned in orders for gallant conduct
on the field of battle.
GOVERNMENT FOREST NOTES
Increasing Timber Sales to Farmers
and Settlers Shown
It is estimated that the govern
ment's Grand Canyon game refuge,Sn
Arizona, IJOW contains about ten thou
More than nine million young trees
and ten thousand pounds of seed were
planted on the national forests in 1914.
The government built more than two
thousand miles of trail and three thou
sand miles of telephone line on the na
tional forests in 1914.
At least 25 per cent, of the larch
timber over large areas in Kastern
Oregon, has been killed or weakened
bv mistletoe, and the forest service is
taking steps to combat the pest.
Success has followed forest plantin®
on the sand hills of Nebraska. Jack
pines planted there by the government
forest ten years ago now have a height
of over 15 feet and a diameter of four
Increasing use of the national for
ests by local farmers an 1 settlers to
supply their needs for timber is shown
in the fact that small timber sales on
the forests numbered 8,298 in 1914,
against 6,182 the previous year.
Eagles Disband at Tam aqua
Tamaqua, Feb. s.—Tamaqua Castle,
No. 68, Knights of the Golden Kagle,
instituted in 1885, has decided to dis
band owing to lack of interest.