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THK STAR PRINTING COMPANY,
f Star.lndapaidant BulMlng,
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Officer*; Dirteitrt <
BENJAMIN P. JO*N L,. L. KBHK.
WM. W WiLLOWIR,
Vice President. W " K
Wm K MITEM,
Secretary and Trcainrer. WM. W WAXLOWXR.
WM 11 WARNER, V. HCMMEL BERSBACS. JR.,
Butinea« Manager. Editor.
All communications should be addressed to STAR INDEPENDENT,
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The paper with the largest. Homt Circulation in Harrisburg and
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TELEPHONES ° BELL "
Private Branch Exchange. No. 3280
Private Branch Exchange, . No. 545-24S
Monday, November 30, 1914.
Sun. Mon. Tuos. Wed. Thnr. Frl. Sat.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
8 9 10 11 12 13 14
' 15 16 17 18 19 20 21
22 '23 24 25 26 27 28
Full Moon, 2nd; Last Quarter, 10th;
New Moon, 17th; First Quarter, 21th.
Harrisburg anrl vicinity: I'nsettled
I.weather, probably light rain this after
noon, to-night and Tuesday. Warmer
P ~ itffi to-night with lowest temperature about
Eastern Pennsylvania: Unsettled
■" '• weather to night and Tuesday with oc
ciisional rain. Not much change in tem
l v jiii/ perature. Moderate to fresh east to
YESTERDAY'S TEMPERATURE IN HARRISBXJRO
Highest, 49; lowest, 29; 8 a. m., 32; 8 p. m., 44.
ILLINOIS' ONE-MAN SENATE
TJie slate of Illinois has practically a one-man
Senate, and the one man is a Bull Mooser.
Senator George W. Harris was not elected this
Fall. He is a hold-over and he is ihc only repre
sentative ot' the Progressive party who has a seat
in tin* upper branch of the Illinois Legislature. By
strange accident or. perhaps, by an act of Provi
dence. the rest of the Senate is equally divided
between the other two parties, there being twenty
live Republicans and twenty-five Democrats. That
means 1 hat on all strictly party measures to lie
voted on, the lone Bull Mooser will have the decid
In other words Senator Harris, by his own vote,
can pass or kill every bill that comes before the
Senate with unbroken party backing. The circum
stance of his odd position makes him practically the
law-maker for the whole of the important state of
Illinois. Naturally both parties already are curry
ing the favor of Senator Harris. lie is being ban
quetted and flattered and he can dictate the ap
pointment of practically any official whose con
firmation depends on the action of the Senate.
But wisely Senator Harris thus far has given no
indication that'he will side either with the Demo
crats or the Republicans. What he should do is
maintain an independent attitude. Pei-haps he is
enjoying the situation and will keep both sides on
pins and needles throughout the whole session.
Doubtless great temptations will be cast in the
way of the Bull M-ooser Senator to win his support
for measures of one or the other of the leading
parties, but if he lets his conscience and intelli
gence govern his vote he can maintain a position
of great power and of great good in the state of
Illinois. Moreover, if lie has any sense of humor
he can at the same time enjoy himself immensely.
Illinois and, for that matter, the whole- country
will watch the course of Senator Harris with a
great deal of interest and will expect him to "make
good" tyra strictly independent law-maker.
WAR LACKS ESTABLISHED LAWS
War knows no laws, it would seem. On the prin
ciple that "all's fair" fighting has been carried on
in all sorts of unrestricted ways, despite efforts at
international legislation. In the present conflict it
is evident that each contending nation is a law
The alleged seizure recently by British naval
forces of neutral merchant vessels, for the purpose
of taking German subjects found thereon as pris
oners of war, provides an example of the im
potency of sueh so-called international laws as
exist, when they are put to the test they are now
being put to.
The German government complained about Great
Britain's actions, on the basis of the Declaration of
London. The attitude of the United States gov
ernment, of course, was that since some of the
powers now engaged in war had not ratified the
Declaration of London in 1909, this country could
not longer recognize that declaration as a code of
naval warfare, deciding to rest its position on
traditional American policy.
Its own traditional policy is all that any country,
contending or neutral, can rely upon as the founda
tion of its plans or the justification of its actions,
so long as international law is not regarded as
abiding law. International law cannot be regarded
as such until it can be established by unanimous
agreement of nations, administered by a duly au-
HABRISBURQ STAR-INDEPENDENT, MONDAY EVENING, NOVEMBER 30, 1914.
thorieed tribunal and enforced by a fully empow
ered joint agency.
Even football haa its established rules, —binding,
unbending rules, and players who break them are
penalized. Supporters of opposing sides, as well
as neutral spectators, uphold the enforcement of
rules on the gridiron. Yet the game of war knows
no laws, and has no penalties for violations of prin
ciples and policies. >
MR. BRYAN PLAYED SAPE
Mr. Bryan, with characteristic caution, refused
to let a woman embrace him. The spinster, declar
ing herself to be a long lost cousin of the Secre
tary of State, attempted to throw her arms around
his neck at the end of his speech in the Auditorium,
in Chicago, yesterday, but the wily diplomat would
have none of it. He caught her arms, in his strong
hands and said emphatically and determinedly
something like this:
"No, no, miss! It may be true, as you say, that
you are a cousin of the Bryans, but you cannot hug
me until the relationship is established."
And then the square jaws of the Secretary closed
Lucky Bryan! What a narrow escape you had!
Roosevelt, perhaps, would have taken a chance,
but Mr. Bryan is not so reckless.
Perhaps the Secretary of State had in mind how
the political aspirations of one Richmond Pearson
Hobson were shattered by a policy of indiscrimi
nate kissing which made him look ridiculous in the
eyes of the great electorate. Peihaps the Secre
tary of State has political aspirations for 1916.
Perhaps he is willing to run again for President
of the United States and that being the case,
mustn't one be cautious?
Well done, William, you have played safe!
MARK TWAIN THE MASTER HUMORIST
To-day is the birthday of Mark Twain. It is
not being celebrated. It is remembered perhaps
only by the master humorist's most ardent admir
ers. Yet it is a day which might well call forth
some slight tokens of esteem for "the Lincoln of
Seventy-nine years ago to-day Mark Twain en
tered the world which he has so wonderfully bright
ened. He subsequently looked back upon his birth
as quite an important event, since his arrival in
the small Missouri town of a hundred inhabitants
increased the population one per cent. That was
his way of looking at it. The fact of the matter is
that the entire world has gained for his having
been in it, —gained far beyond any computations
by percentages of population.
Although three of Mark Twain's best books have
their scene in the Mississippi valley, the versatile
author was not rooted to a locality as is too often
the case with average novelists. His first scene was
Palestine, in "The Innocents Abroad," and subse
quently he extended his territory very rapidly.
There is a broadness in more ways than one
throughout all of his works, —works which are for
tunate posterity's certain heritage. As a humorist
he is best known, yet it is, to some extent, as a
humanist that he deserves his high rank. The
philosopher in some respects surpasses the funster.
Mark Twain is not to take his chief place 111 the
world's regard with Artemus Ward, Josh Hillings
and Mr. Dooley. He is rather of the make of Cer
vantes, Molliere and Lamb. He, with Irving and
Lowell, represents the richness of American humor
and gives this country a place in that department
of the world of letters of which it can be justly
Born seventy-nine years ago under Ilalley's
comet, Mark Twain died four years ago, by an 0(53
coincidence, when the ftomet made its next appear
ance in the sky.
His works live, and are ever growing in popular
ity. He will he forgotten when Tom Sawyer's white
washing contract ceases to be comical; when Mul
berry Sellers' remarks about turnips become trite;
when Huckleberry Finn's life story has no pathos;
when the diaries of Adam and Eve are no longer
interesting, and when the tale of Joan of Arc has
no vigor. He will be forgottea then, —and only
Nothing is so uncertain as football—gave war.
not flip a coin and decide the European war just as
effectively and without so much loss of life?
The Democratic national organization already is decid
ing on issues for the 1916 campaign; but it's a long, long
way to Tipperary.
Speaking of soft berths, we do not envy Seth Low,
Charles W. Mills and Patrick Gilday theirs. These are the
men selected by President Wilson to settle the Colorado
Twenty-four couples took out marriage licenses in this
city on the day before Thanksgiving, and on Saturday a
Hagerstown couple were married in this county. Is the
Maryland city losing its attractions as a Gretna Green f
TOLD IN LIGHTER VEIN
THE TEST OF RESEMBLANCE
Knicker—"Whom doe* the baby look likef"
Bocker—"Like the most money."—New York Sun.
WHAT FATHER WORE
The bride entorod the drawing-room on the arm of her
father, who wore a gown of white charmeuse satin, trim
med in Venetian point lace and with veil of the same.—
Cherry (O.) Circle.
NO NEW ONES
"After all," said the editor's assistant, "the old jokes
are the best."
"Why shouldn't they be f" demanded the editor; "there's
no competition."—Philadelphia Evening Ledger.
ONLY ONCE IN A WTTTT.H!
Her Husband —"I'm afraid our wedding trip will take
all the cash I've saved up."
Mrs. Beno-Freed (cheeringly)—"Never mind, dear. A
wedding trip only happens once in three or fonr yeare."
Kansas City Journal.
/ ■ \
| Tongue-End Top ics||
The Last Surveyor General
The late General Robert B. Beath,
who died in Philadelphia and was
'buried lost Saturday, was the last man
to hold the position of Surveyor Gen
eral in Pennsylvania. He was elected in
1871 and served uatil 1875, the office
in the meantime merged witlh the
Bureau of •Statistics into the now De
partment of Internal Affairs. General
Beath was a gallaiuit soldier. He served
aa commander-in-chief of t'be Grand
Army of the Republic. He was a fre
quent visitor to Harrisburg, "being a
member of various State boards, and
was very active as a trustee of t'be
Homo for Sokliers and Sailors estab
lished by the State in Erie—a beauti
ful home on the lake shore. General
Beath "s last appearance in Harrisburg
was on the Qfcasion of the transfer of
the oM baltle flags from the flag room
in the library building to the cases in
the rotunda of the Capitol. On that
occasion 'he sat boneait'h a tree in the
[ark wijh a party of old comrades and
seemed to enjoy the ceremonies very
* * *
Position Held by Veterans
When the ■office of Surveyor General
was abolished and merged with that of
Secretary of Internal Affairs, the first
head of the new department to be elect
ed was General William MicCandless, of
Philadelphia, a colonel in the Pennsyl
vania Reserves, known as "Btickey"
McOandless. It was McCandless who
led tihe charge at Little Round Top in
the Gettysburg tattle tiht succeeded in
driving the Confederates from t'hait po
sition and secured for Meade the key
position to the gToat fight. The Penn
sylvania Reserves won that honor after
an awful struggle otj the fateful second
day of the fight, when each army was
playing lor position. Colonel Aaron K.
Dunkel, another Civil war veteran, sue-'
ceedell McOandless in the office of Sec
retary of Internal Affairs, and other
veterans who he'ld tille position are Gen
eral Thomas J. Stewart, Major Isaac
B. Brown and General James W. Laifcba,
all of whom are living.
® * ,l
Nothing Dry About the Library
It was in a local option county, dur
ing the time when local option pre
vailed in a number of counties in the
State and even treating friends to a so
cial glass was tabooed. One man in a
county adjoining this one invited a
friend to pass a social evening and dur
ing the pleasant converse inVited him
to view his library. There was a line
array of books, all of theni classics, —-
volumes of poems and bound magazines,
—and it certainly showed fine literary
taste on the part of the hbst. Thp vis
itor,, wishing to glance thror.gh one of
the volumes, took it from the shelf and
remarked that it was lig'it in weight
for the sisse of the volume. When he
opened it ho found that it was hollow,
consisting only of the sides 'anil back,
and the interior held a flash containing
old rye whiskev.
"It■» a way 1 have of concealing tho
fact that J have any of the stuff in
the house,'' explained tube host. "Have
one wit'h mo!" And tjjev poured a li
bation to literature as found in that
Evidence of Ancient of Japs
The occupation of the Son<th Sea
Islands has greatly pleased the Jap
anese, says a Tokio vorrespaiwlent of
the Associated Press. One 'historian
claims tha't Ualam or Kusaie Island in
the East Carolines was inhabited by the
Japanese in ancient days. In tho heart
of the island forest, ihe says, may be
seen the ruins of an old castle resem
bling closely those seen in the more
ancient parts of Japan. The remnants
of the system of fortifications show it
to be an exact copy of the type con
structed in the early Tokugawa period.
It was at this f;och that many Jap
anese warriors and publicists went to
the South Seas having been expelled
from the Empire on account of their
adoption of Christianity.
The Value of tho Eev. Josoph Priest
ley's Momentous Discovery
Oxygen was discovered in ths year
1774. Joseph Priestley, a dissenting
English clergyman who had turned
scientist, obtained the hitherto un
known gas by igniting mercuric oxide.
The oxygen he thus produced he called
" dephlogisticated air."
He and Benjamin 'Franklin had often
discussed the mysterious composition
of air and water. No one up to that
time had determined what clement it
was in both which so invigorated the
physical energies of man. It is said
that Priestley made his actual discovery
of the oxygen while experimenting in
a brewery near his home in England,
fie spent the last ten years of his life
in the Unitod States, a voluntary exile.
To-day a monument stands in Eng
land to commemorate Priestley's dis
covery. AVere he alive, ho could read
of thousands of lives saved by his
work. Oxygen is the only gas capable
of supporting respiration", and is re
peatedly used in the sick chamber to
pull a patient through a crisis. Hel
mets equipped with oxygen attach
ments enable the «diver to go to ocean
depths, the aviator to ascend into rari
fied air, the fireman to stand in dense
smoke, and rescuers to descend into
gas filled mines. So wide are its uses
that some 4,000,000 cubic feet of this
gas arc bottled in the United States
every year. —New York Poet.
At the Photoplay
"Hope Foster's Mother," a special
Vit&graph feature with Mary Maurice,
the grand old mother of the Vitagraph
Company in the leading role. Mrs. Mary
Maurice has boen greatly misued by
her many admirers, as she has been
very ill for the past few months. She
will be welcomed back by all. Wednes
day we present "With Fire and
Sword," a six-act feature production,
showing ten acres in flame«. adv.
Artistic Printing at Star-Independent.
THE NEW SAXON CAR 10 BE A
"SIX" IT IS ANNODNCEP
Official Admits Also That It Will Be of
Five-passenger Capacity Other
Details to Remain Secret Until New
It can now be stated 6n the author
ity of Lawrence Moore, director of
sales, that the new car which the Sax
on Motor Company has had on the road
for the past six months and which will
be exhibited at the New York show, is
of six-cylinder construction Mr. Moore,
when the question was put to him, also
admitted that the new Saxon car will
be a five-passenger model, but further
than this no details are now obtainable.
While several of the new Saxon mod
els have (been built for more than seven
months and have 'been in the hands of
testing engineers for six months all
over the country, the secret has been
completely kept up to this time.
The definite admission by Mr. Moore
to the effect that the new Saxon will be
a "six" has aroused even more inter
est than ever before 'because of the
success of the Saxon company with
lightweight, low-priced cars of high
Since the rumor became current that
the Saxon company would la/unch a new
car of the touring type, application for
distribution rights have poured in from
dealers all over the country at the rate
of hundreds a week.
Along with the confirmation of the
rumor albout the new car comes the
word from Mr. Moore that the success
of their four-cylinder roadster has
prompted the Saxon company to arrange
for greatly increased outiput of this
model for the coming season. It had
been foreseen that the present factory
facilities would be inadequate to take
care of production for the 1915 season,
and plans have been completed which
will give the Saxon company triple the
factory space it now occupies.
To-morrow evening, "The Dummy."
Friday afternoon and evening, Billy
Watson's Orientals. ('Burlesque)
Every afternoon and evening, high
Daily continuous /audeville and pic
The most unique play of lihe New
York season is "Tine Dummy," which
monies to the (Majestic 'to morrow night.
'' The 'Dummy'' has been furnishing au
'ddeinM?es wi'th all the thrill and mystery
■of a yellc-w-'back detective story, four
acts of good laug'h and 'the hoart-thro'b
thait .holds tihe public, for the past four
OTvjr.i'ihs. "What krnd of a play is "The
D.i i •?' " asks the theatregoer, puz
zling over the title, curiously. The
playwrig'lrtts who made it .-all it a "de
tective comedy." People who see it
isn't a melodrama, though it lias all
the features of ope. One case'hardened
theaitre manager insisted that "The
Dummy " was a success because iit had
"heart stufi " and " poetry" in it. The
«ristSc» 'have been lavish of their praise
of its shrewd good-humor, its clever
lines anid exciting plo-t, its lively char
acterizations and splendid acting.
Beef Trust Billy Wait .son's Orientals,
with Billy Spencer, the original Grogan,
Jules Jacobs and Gertrude Sommers,
will 'be the burlesque attraction at the
Majestic Friday matinee and nigthtt. The
plots af the two little conic.lies have
been constructed for the purpose of
laughter only, and that Crwgau lias been
most successful in the piling up laugh
ter on top of laughter, will be easily
reoogtnized in viewiug his new offer
At the Orpheum
The world's champion deep sea diver
will demonstrate many thrilling and
decidedly interesting feats in under
water Work as one of the pre-eminent
•attractions of the new offering that will
be uncovered at the L»ocust street play
house to-day. This champion of the
'briny deep is no less tlhan Oaiptain Louis
Sorcho, the man who was appointed 'by
the United States government to bring
the Maine to the water's surface, who
invented the under water telephone sys
tem, and who is considered an all round
authority on all topics peitainimg to div
ing and submarine work.
MT. Sorcho practically brings a small
ocean on the stage. He Shows how a
pub marine mine is worked, 'how dangeT
ous diving feats are performed and tells
many wora'dwfully interesting things
concerning a Tart, of the world that
very few know anything of. The aot
'tlhat (Mr. Sorcho will presenlt at the Or
pheiim this week is so precautious thait
it requires two sixty-foot baggage cars
to transport 'his paraphernalia. On this
same 'bill, Bilty Waitsom, of musical
comedy fame, will 'have excellent sup
port in presenting a screeching comedy
called "'Going Intto Vodv'il;" pretty
Dolly Connelly, am Orpheum favorite,
returns with new s rungs ami new gotwns;
Hawthorne and Englis will present
"ntrt" comedy act with singing; Ed
win George will likely prove a laughing
treat in a ski't called "Almost a Jug
gler," and the O'DonneW Broth ere will
offer something in the way of a com
edy surprise stuntt, including some
greaJt jumping feats. ' Adv.***
At the Colonial
Ait the 'Colonial' during the first half
of fho week, <- < Felix." t)he only miml
remlLng duck in the world, will tell
your past, present irad future. And
the fun that ''Felix'' don't make, will
'be more than good by tlhe fine funsters,
tlie Vandor Koors, who present him.
The three American Trumpeters will
offer a refined instrumental and vocal
offering; J. J. IMorrison and company
are slated to present an interesting
protean playlet, and Fern and Zell are
'bonml to create unbounded mirth with
theiT blackface comedy, songs and
dances. "The Phanltom I>etetoftive/" a
splendid feature film 5n three parts, will
make a special appeal to admirers of
moving picture "•fans." This attrac
tion remains throughout tlbe first 'half of
the week. Adv.***
The ch'iWren of two centuries ago
fell on »torn times, if oni> may believe
ttiat the spirit of family life was ac
THE GLOBE THE GLOBE
You Get More
jCsL in GLOB£ Clothes than
EtV in any other clothes
fmade in America —and
we can prove it.
You get more value,
more wear, more ser
vice, more out and out
goodness—and we can
And we're "chafing
at the bit" for a chance
to substantiate those
facts. For they are facts
and not claims.
Exceptional values in ready-tailored
suits, Chesterfield overcoats and snappy
SCENE FROM "THE DUMMY" AT
MAJESTIC TO NIGHT,
yjpt- W - vjHj
eurately expressed toy an excellent
mother of that clay who said, without
humorous inltent, that her children
"loved her as sinners dread death."
There is little <>oii'Nt that parental con
trol ait that date was as rigorous as
this ineodwte indicates. It is said that
when JUt'le Andrew Elliott, afterward
Lieutenant Governor of New York, ob
jected 'to boiled mutton his fa'theT, Sir
'Gilbert KUiot, frowned.
"Jjnt Mr. Andrew have boiled mut
ton for 'breakfast," commamded the
stern parent, "eold jnu'tton for dinner
and cold mutton for supper till lie lias
learned to like it.''
ORIGIN OF STARS
It May Be That the Nebular Hypothe
sus Is All Wrong
The nebular hypothesis is that the
stars were formed by the cooling and
cohering of the gaseous nebulae. These
"filmy veils of luminous gas," which
are visible to the naked eye in the
Milky way, are supposed to be star
stuff. Many of these clouds have in
their centers tiny spots of bright light,
the supposed beginnings of new stars
In 1910 astronomers at Lick observ
atory discovered that the older a star
becomes the faster it travels through
WHEN you think Christmas you naturally think about
gifts. When you think about a gift for a la'y why not
choose a La Valliere and solve your perplexing problem.
Here you will find hundreds and hundreds to select from.
The price range is from $1.50 to S2OO.
I>a Vallieres, with cold filled mountings and chain, warranted for
10 years, set with Pearls, Amethysts, Sapphires and Garnets, at 92.00
Ija Vallieres with solid gold mountings and chain, some with
black enamel ornamentation, set with Diamonds, Rubies. Pearls and
Cameos at *7.00
La Vallieres with large heavy solid gold mountings and chains, in
beautiful designs, set with Diamonds, Rubies and Pearls, at 910.00
Separate Pendants set with Cameos, Pearls, Rubies, Coral, Sap
phires, Opals and Diamonds, at 91.110 and upward
Separate Chains—solid gold—at 91.00 and upward
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DIAMOND MERCHANTS AND JEWELERS
Reliable Since IH«7. 420 Market Street Open Evenings.
space. Then the question arose: Can
nebulae be stars in formation when
their speed is even greater than the
The astronomers began to doubt the
old theory. Some years of hard work
at Mount Hamilton and at the Univer
sity observatory in Chile were requir
ed. Now the velocities of forty nebu
lae are accurately known. The incred
ible speed) of these nebulae suggests
that thjjy are older, not younger, than
the stars. It is possible that they aro
disintegrated stars and not stars in
the making at all.
The director of the Lick observatory
says: "The effect upon our ideas of the
connection existing between planeta
ry nebulae and the stars is revolution
ary. Apparently the stars have been
evolved from planetary nebulae.
"What, then, arc the nebulae if they
are not star stuff? That is what the as
tronomers at Lick have set themselves
Fishbone in the Throat
To remove a fishbone from the throat
swallow a raw egg and follow, if pos
sible, by eating plenty of mushed po
tatoes. The ogg will carry the bone
into the stomach, and the 'potatoes wtill
prevent it from doing any injury there.