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Vfte President w " K W«T»*a ) *
W*. K Miters,
Secretary ami Treasurer. Wm. W Wai.lowir.
Wm H Warnkr. V. Hi-MHEL Berqbacs. JR.,
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Th* paper with the largest Horn- Circulation in Harrisburg and
Circulation Examined by
THE ASSOCIATION OF AMERICAN ADVERTISERS.
Private Branch Eichanga. No. 3280
Prlvato Branoh Eichanga. . - No. *45-246
Tuesday, November 17, 1914.
Sun. Mon. Tues. Wed. Thur. Fri. Sat.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
8 9 10 11 12 13 14
15 16 17 18 19 20 21
22 23 24 25 26 27 28
Full Moon, 2nd; Last Quarter, loth;
New Moon, 17th; First Quarter, 24tli.
WEATHER FORECASTS f 11 1 ,, (iagjlj
Harrisburg ami vicinity: Fair, eon- #*T'/
tmued eold to-night ami Wednesday, jjT"
Lowest temperature to-night about 2o J
Kastern Pennsylvania: Fair, con
tinned cold tonight and Wednesday.
Fresh west to northwest winds.
YESTERDAY'S TEMPERATURE IN HARRISBURG
Highest. 50; lowest, 36; 8 a. m., 50; 8 p. m., 36.
THE WAR AND GRAND OPERA
Midsummer indications that this country, along
with the other deprivations that it, though innocent,
is suffering due to the folly of the European war,
would be compelled to listen to grand opera of an
inferior character as compared with that of other
recent years, have vanished, for the opening of the
season in the Metropolitan opera house, New York,
last evening, brought with it opera fully up to the
- famer standards set in that center of the best
music that is afforded in America. Judging from
the comments of the music critics in this morning's
New York papers the gathering in the Metropolitan
last night was as brilliant as it ever was. both from
the standpoint of the culture represented in the
audience and the artistic work of the singers.
There appeared at the outset of the war to be
grounds to justify the apprehension that many of
the leading stars of grand opera would be lacking
for the winter 's operatic performances in the United
States. The military laws of many of the belliger
ent nations, which provide for compulsory military
service, are uo respecters of persons. In the eyes of
those laws there is no more reason why a grand
opera singer should not be put up as a target for
the enemy s bullets thau that a man of less artistic
attainments should be sent out to be killed or
maimed. Indeed many artists in the world of music
as in other cultured pursuits, and men of intellect
aud men of rare attainments in all walks of life,
have been pressed into the military service and the
world is the loser for the fact that some of them
have perished in the strife.
It is unfortunate that it must be that a man dis
tinguished above his fellows fop what he has done
for the human race or who can contribute conspicu
ously to the world of art, music, letters, science or
business, is no more immune from military service
I ban the man of no unusual ability. In war a man
is a fighting machine and that is all, and his loss to
the world for his other attainments cannot in the
nature of tilings excuse him from going to the front
if ordered to do so.
It was this thought that led to the apprehensiou
that grand opera in America would suffer this sea
son, but fortunately Giulio Gatti-Casazza, the won
derful Metropolitan impresario, has found a way
to procure enough artists of the highest type to be
able to present grand opera which loses nothing in
comparison with the grand opera of other seasons.
How this wizard has accomplished this we cannot
undertake fully to explain. Of course a partial ex
planation lies in the fact that many of his artists
arc women who are not subject to military dutv
ami in the tact thai some of the male operatic stars,
a notable example of whom is Caruso, who took the
leading role in the Metropolitan la-st evening, are
citizens of Italy, a nation that has not gone t;o war.
How Gatti-Casazza has contrived to retain the
services of other male singers who presumably are
subjects of nations involved in the European strife
will not be questioned closely by the lovers of music
in the I nited States. It is sufficient for the Amer
ican patrons of music that, judging from the first
night at the Metropolitan, New York grand opera
will not suff"r from the crisis abroad which is de
priving the nation, innocent as it is of causes of the
great conflict, of many other good things.
SHOP EARLY AND MAIL EARLY!
The largest supply of postage stamps by Car that
has yet been required at one time at the Harrisburg
postoffice has been received in preparation for the
HARRISBURG STAR-INDEPENDENT, TUESDAY EVENING, NOVEMBER 17, 1914.
fast approaching Christmas rush. The total value
of the stamps is $152,000, an amount which in "the
days of old, the days of gold, the days of '40,"
wheu postage stamps first eanje into use, would
have been sufficient to meet the requirements of
the Christmas mail of a large part of the nation.
So great a supply of stamps for the local post
office as a provision for the Christmas rush has its
explanation in part, of course, by the fact that
there is a steady growth from year to year in Uncle
Sam's business in this city,—holiday business as
well as normal business. This year, however, there
will be more than a steady growth apparent. The
increase is bound to be unusually great, and the
parcel post is the reason.
The parcel post has seen but one Christmas. It
had a lively time last year. It was put to the test
and stood up bravely. The service since hqs been
gainiug the confidence of the public and decreased
rates have won for it increased popularity. The
parcel post business has been growing rapidly from
week to week and month to month. The approach
ing holiday season will undoubtedly give it the
biggest bot\t it has yet received. The parcel post
receiving stations in Harrisburg will get their full
share of this thriving business.
Of the $152,000 worth of postage stamps now
awaiting release at the local postoffice there may
be insufficient supplies of some denominations and
additional requisitions may-have to be sent to Wash
ington, which would send the total above even the
present figure. The same postage stamps are now
used for parcel post mail as for first and second
class matter, since the distinctive parcel post stamps
largely in use last Christmas are now no longer
Postmaster Sites has set a good example to the
general public by preparing for the holiday rush
in plenty of time. There is no fear that Harrisburg
will not be able to get all the stamps it requires for
Christmas mailing, even should the presses at the
Bureau of Engraving and Printing in Washington
go out of service and the entire reserve supply of
stickers in the vaults there be destroyed. This
city's stamp needs are provided for. There will be
no waiting until the last minute and consequent
The public needs to be urged to be prompt in its
C hristmas posting of parcels and mailing of greet
ings. The local office will encourage early mailing.
1 arcels can be marked "Not to be opened until
Christmas" and mailed a week or two weeks ahead
of time, according to destination. Gifts which are
mailed only a few days before December 2"> and get
wedged in the Christmas congestion have little
chance of being opened by their recipients until
several days after Christmas. The parcel post is a
new element in \ uletide activities. The slogan this
year ought to be: "Shop early and mail early!''
If they had considered "Safety First" in Europe there
would not have been a war. '
Censorship reaches a great efficiency when the
British can keep quiet the loss of a superdroa,(nought for
two or three weeks.
Let the agiug man who would conceal his gray hairs
take heart! A Philadelphia newspaper assures us that
>500,000 worth of dye stuffs will arrive from F»aucc in
a couple of days.
We wonder if some of the l>ra\e college football stars
who insist ou going into the game despite sprained limbs
and fractured collarbones, would be strong enough to carry
a hod of coal up from the cellar if their mothers asked
The Penrose Club of Philadelphia is coming to the inau
guration of Governor Brumbaugh in Pullman cars. It
seeius that, notwithstanding the wails of the Republican
campaign orators before election, there is some prosperity
left in the land.
TOLD IN LIGHTER VEIN
A CANNIBAL FEAST
A summer tourist was passing through a German village
in the west recently, when a stout German girl came to the
front door and called to a small girl playing in front.
"Gusty! Gusty!" she said, "eome in and eat yourself.
Ma's on the table, and Pa's half et!"—National Monthly.
WHAT LITTLE WILLIE DID
Willie's mother beamed a welcome as the vicar opened
the door, in spite of the fact that it was washing day.
"I've been waiting to thank you, sir, for the good you've
done our Willie, bv your evening classes. Home is "so dif
ferent and so pleasant since he attended the plumbing and
gas fitting class."
"That is very gratifying," said the vicar. "Won't you
tell me just how little Willie shows this improvement you
"Well, he's arranged our penny-in the-slot gas meter so
that we get our gas for nothing. He's moved the meter
from the kitchen to just outside the front door."
"But you still have to put your pennies in the slot, do
you not?" said the vicar. ,
"Yes, but you see, sir, before he put the meter outside
the front door, Willie wrote 'Chocolates' over the slot."
"Why isn't Tommy weeding the garden f"
"I told him to."
"Then why didn't you make him obcyf"
"He threatened to have the child labor law on mo."
"Hubby, some ladies have asked me to join the nfove
meat for beautifying our town."
"And I'd like to join."
"And what's your idea of beautifying our town? Get
ting a new feather for your hatf"—Pittsburgh Post.
He—"V»hi seem surprised that I have asked you to
She—"Yes; I've been proceeding all along on the theory
that you hadn't the courage to do such a thing."—Boston
A POSSIBLE REASON
"Why docs every girl weep at a wedding?"
"Because it isn't her wedding, perhaps."—Louisville
f 1 >
| Tongue-End Top ics]
Su«z Canal 45 Yeari Old To-day
Forty-five years ago to-day Ferdin
and De Lesseppe, the buikler of the
Suez Canal, in company with Empress
Engeuie of France, began the voyage
on the "Aigle" through the canal fol
lowed by sixty-eight vessels of various
nationalities. It took them three day#
to reach Suez at the eastern end, and
the canal was then formally opened to
the maritime trade of the world. The
new canal was only eight meters deep
nith a bottom width of only twonty
two meters. Vessels could pass each
other only at widely separated cross
ings and in Great Bitter lake. .Passage
for vessels drawing more than twenty
three feet of water was impossible, and
for vessels drawing twenty feet, it was
tedious owing to the danger of ground
* * *
Groat Boon to Commerce
But the canal at ouce became a
great boon to commerce. For the first
time the great store bouse of Indian
wheat could be drawn on by Europe
for bread, for on account of the tropic
al heat and the weavil, wheat could
not be shipped by way ot' the cape.
Vet on the other hand the large ship
ment of grain from India has con
tributed to the causes of the frequent
1 amines there. The canal company
charges 10 francs per ton for toll.
Though in 18TO, 500 vessels used the
canal, it failed to pay expenses and
continued to run behind for some
years. The cauul from the beginning
was neutralized but in 1888 represen
tatives of all the principal" nations of
Europe met in convention and formally
ratified the neutrality; Great Britain
reserving the right to declare that
this neutrality should not interfere
with her control of Egypt.
A Different Canal To-day
To-day the canal had undergone
great improvements. It has an average
depth of nine meters and a width of
65 meters at the bottom between Port
Said and the Great Bitter lake, and
from the lake to Suez an average of
7 7 1-2 meters. To make these improve-!
tnents 100.000,000 francs were ex
pended. Had they not been made
within the last ten years, the Panama
Canal would now take from the Suez
canal a great bulk of its trade. The
Sue*. can now puss great steamers
drawing a depth of 28 to 29 feet of
water and with their searchlights they
may easily navigate the canal at night
and pass each otiier at many points.
"The passage is now effected in sixteen
* . *
Making Money Now
The improvements entailed an ex
pense that caused the French canal
company, a large number of whose
shares were held by the Khedive of
Egypt, to lose controf of the canal to
the British government, but Fraa.ce.
having withdrawn from Egypt, Great
Britain, in 1004 agreed fuller to the
stipulation that the canal should be
a neutral highway during peace. Had
this agreement been in effect in IS9S.
Spain could have used the canal to
send her heavy fleet to Manila to at
tack Dewev. Russia iu her war with
Japan used the canal to seud her
Pacific fleet to the China sea. The
canal toil is now $1.20 per ton the
same as that of Panama. In 1912,
5,3 73 vessels navigated the canal, tiie
total receipts being 139.000.000
francs and the expenses 47.000.000.
A Plea for Annual Medical Examina
tions for Every One
We iiave heard too much about the
rights of the individual; let us know
more nvxiut his duties. Too nuvh stres3
has been laid on the saeredness of pri
vate property and too little on the duty
of ail to contribute to the welfare of
ti.e whole. Preventive medicine has
demonstrated in a practical way the
force of the Biblical statements that no
man liveth to himself alone and that
every man is his brother's keeper.
If preventive medicine is to bestow
on man its richest service the time
must come when every citizen will sub
mit himself to a thorough medical ex
amination once a year or oftener. The
benefits which would result from sulch
a service are so evident to medical men
that detail is not desirable. When rec
ognized in their early stages mpst of
the diseases whkh now prevail are
amenable to treatment.
The early recognition o'f tuberculo
sis, cancer and heart disease, with the
elimination of the more acute infec
tious diseases, would add something
like fifteen years to the average life,
besides saving much in invalidism and
suffering. The ultimate goal of science
is the domination of the forces of na
ture and their utilization is promoting
the welfare of mankind. Science must
discover the facts and medicine must
make toe application for either cure or
prevention. —Victor C. Vaughan, M. D.,
in Journal of American Medical Asso
The Why of the Tip
The reason why the tipping system
will never be abolished is that the at
titude of the average patron of the res
taurant toward the high mighty waiter
is that of Alice, who wept with delight
when Ben Bolt gave her a smile and
trembled with fear at his frown.—
CLEANSE THE BLOOD
UNO AVOID DISEASE
When your blood is impure, weak,
thin and debilitated, your system
becomes susceptible to "any or all
Put your blood in good condition.
Hood's Sarsaparilla acts directly
and peculiarly on the blood —it puri
fies, enriches and revitalizes it and
builds up the whole system.
Hood's Sarsaparilla' has stood the
test of forty years. Get it to-day. It
is sure to help you. Adv.
WELFARE \ EFFICIENCY
Something to Interest Every Man,
Woman and Child in Harrisburg
Chestnut St. Auditorium
November 16-20 Admission 10c
ROSE STAHL "THE
WHO MADE SLANG FAMOUS"
y—„ t - __________ _____
"The actress who made slang
famous"—that might justly kv the
title by which Rose Stahl could be
kiyjwn. for with her first big hit Miss
Stahl gave the patois of the moment,
a certain distinction and stamliug
which it had never before known. In
a lesser degree, the slang of the day
l as had its place in her later plays and
it is present in its modern form in
"A Perfect Lady," the new comedy by
< banning Pollock and Retinoid Wolf
in which Miss Stahl comes to the Ma
jestic Friday evening.
There are distinct styles in slang,
which change almost as frequently as
the fashions. The slang words spring
from no mic knows where and unless
they are particularly effective and suc
cinct in its expression, the slang soon
goes into the limbo of forgotten
Shoes at $3.50
"three-fifty" shoes tor
v-/ ladies combine (Quality and
Beauty with Popular Price. But
besides these three features you get
solid comfort in every pair of our
shoes because we make k a spe
cial point to see that you are prop
We can fill every style and size
•InQ F SHnrH requirement in either cloth or
ukjo. x. unuiu leather tops _ Gun vretali I>atent
300 A Market St. or Vici leathers. These shoes are
( ' distinctly different from all other
* . shoes at the same price—different
in style, quality workmanship.
things. If, however, the word is par
ticularly expressive, it is only a qucß-f
tion of time before it takes its place
as a rightful usage and ceased to be
known as a slang term. "Hoodlum,"
for instance, is a word which comes
under the latter category. The word
originated in connection with the Mul
doon gang which had its habits "south
of Market street" in San Francisco.
It is said to have been simply the
word Muldoon spelled backward with
an H for the N, The word finds its use
in describing a rowdy or crowd of
rowdies and in consequence ns the years
went by it came to be recognized as a
Ou the other hand there was the
word "chestnut," meaning stale or old,
but that was not au apt description of
a phrase it meant to convey so in tihic
it passed out of use and to-day except
;i« Doses 23c MERITS
i I mi"* 11
A All Druggist;.
For Headache, Neuralgia
Quick, Sure, Safe
among the oldsters. is completclv for
gotten as a word. In Miss Stahl's
now play there is a perfect coniplc
mont of the latest ami raciest .-lan}:,
and while the star herself does not use
't to a great degree, there are clr.r
a.-ters in the piece which give .t full
PUZZLES TO TIIE BLIND
Lack of "£is;e Sense" Gives Them Odd
Ideas About Animals
Hie |mt.'h of the teacher of the blind
is beset' with many difficulties. one of
the greatest being; the task of convey,
ing to their mtad some idea of the
si/e, shape and features of 'birds and
animals. In many cases, it is true,
models are used, but owing to tlici•
small size they are. to say the le;
of doubtful advantage.
The ignorance of blind children n
•great, often grotesque. A teacher of
a class may find that a child does no:
know whether a sheep or a -ow is the
larger, or he may even find that a
diu.re has wings. However carefullv
they are told that a small model of a
cow is only one-fortieth the size of
t'he real animal, more often than not,
they are unable to think of the animal
as being any larger than the model an.l
will stoop and describe some'thiug about
the size of a kitten when asked to iniii
cate the size of a cow. This arises from
the fact that no standard of size, form
and texture—beyind those which thev
set up through handling—can exist for
those who have never had the use of
Even those who 'have had sight are
found to lose their standards unless
they are renewed from time to time by
actual contact. An instance of this was
noticed not long ago when a 'bov of
about twelve recovered his sight after
an operation and for several days fol
lowing went about in a state or surprise
and fear, for almost everything which
he had not been in the habit of touch
ing frequently differed eonsidorablv in
»is» from his recollections of seven
year 3 beifore. The sir.e of his parents
alarmed hint very much, as he imagined
they were maefo smaller.—Strand Mag
Foley's Honey and Tar Compound
Croup scares you. The loud hoarse
eroupy cough, choking and gasping for
breath, labored breathing, call for im
mediate relief. The very first doses of
Foley's Honey and Tar Compound will
master the croup. It cuts the thick
mucus, clears away the phlegm and
op«ns up and cases the air passages.
'Harold Berg, Mass, Mich., writes: " W'e
give Foley's Honey .and Tar to our chil
dren for croup anil it always acts quick
ly." Every user is a frieud. Geo, A.
Gorgas, 16 North Third street and I*.
R. K. Station. Adv.
Footprints in Stone
From time to time amateur geolo
gists unhampered by "book learning"
make as they suppose wonderful dis
coveries in tfie primeval rocks. They
find what they hail not as footprints
on the sands of time, but footprints of
men and animals on flat rock surfaces
and slabs of stone. The real origin of
such hollows is now known to be the
former presence of concretions which
have in time been worn out. In every
part of the earth such "footprints"
have been found. The most remark
able of these is a print two feet long
on the top of a lofty hill called Ad
am's peak in the island of Ceylon,
which is believed by the natives to be
the stamp of the foot of Buddha as he
left the earth and sprang into heaven,
and it is accordingly an object of wor