Newspaper Page Text
WHAT rr want' .
• estimates as to' the cost'or,l**'lllool
- and cents, .
,but; we pera'One Copt.
rnissioner 'WON, figutes, apProkial fte
near reliability • as any thaf`nre s 'obtahi.',
,iblo_now,_ o . l 7,„*lll ,hereafter.: , ..Ths
government ; - client , in War n'expeiiseS,
and expsnsiii Opowlni - 9rit of4tho war,
down to 3nnet i 6; - 1869; - 44,1 ) 914,498.
,This excludes irhat. the admjnietnition
iiotdd have cost had there been no war;
' , card Insyntie 'called the neecOit to the .
government of , the rebellion: this,
hoWever, • Must be added a. number . "of
:`items which Mr; Wells gives thune'
ttin,cipitallied at eirht iota* . ,21
purchase ' - -200,000,900
Increase of State debts, mainly on • •
war.aecount 0, 4 300
ilonnty, oitj and townindobtedness
inoreatto On account of thO %vat' (os
tintated)` 200,000 t 000 i
.Expon'ditities of States, cotint.ies;
cities and towns, on account of the •
' war nut ropricul.ed Al funded
(Itibt (estinaited)..4;.. '
lEatizoitOd - Joss - to'tho loyal Stoeva
from thedivrasions and suspension
Of industry, and tbo reduction of
lhOAnierican marina and carrying
* , • 1,200,000,00,0
Itsti@ate . '• diroot oxpenditnics and • '
loss of propertyby tbe confederate
States by reason of the-ear - '11'5)0,000,000
This makes a taul loss of .the tyar to
:the ;Whole - Country of 111,[104i1OUSarld
"This then," says
'CoMmisidonei "was the costof
,3,laNieryLLthe cost of compromise—the
post of u fai th fain ess'of those who, foun
ded this nation to the idea by ,which the
Ration hies; What does itnteasure7 It
.M._sibstantially.:a the - u s- sand - Mill logs n.
year-;fOr - nine years ;. or atithe wages of
live,hundred dollars a year, the labor of
two, millions of ,men exerted contiou
onsiy_during the.yhole of, that period.
ltis -five times as,' much as the slave
property of the country was ever worth.
It is a, mum which_ at interest, would
yield to theend of thne, twice as much
as the Anna 1 slave product of the South
iti. its. best estate." 0r,,t0 carry the
comparlion further, we spent and was-,
ted in the wnr,, money enough to build
a hundred Pacific Railroads; nine times
as much as would ,double track •every
railroad in Abe United States, l and
enough to, buildninety Darien ship ca
nals. hetmeen-: the two oteans,-Piits
urg• Cory/mere/a/. .
" _.• .
• .-The Philadelphia 'Daggic,res fol
io:411w !wit - Complete and cal./fully com
piled rist, embracing the name of every
Senaterfrom - Vennalvania l since the
foundation of the,Government,_ with
the term of seryice Of each, The names
are placed in alphabetical. order: Isaac
D. Barnard, , 181-31 ; .Williatu ,Bigler,
Richard Brodbead,lBsl-57; Jas. Buchan
an, , 1835-45 ; Charles R. Buckalew,
1863-69 ; 'Simon Cameron, 1845.49, .1857-
61 ; ;•1867-13 ; James Cooper, 7819-66;
Edgar Cowan,:1801-67; George 'Mifflin
Dallas; 7831-33; William Findlay, 1821- -
27; Albert - Gallatin, 1793.04; Andrew
Gregg, 1807-13 ; Abner Lacoeic, 1813-19;
George • Logan, - 1801.06: .liichael Leib,
1808-14; -Walter Lowrie, 810-25;, Sam-.
uel Maclay, 1803-08'; Wm. Maclay, 1789-
91; Marks, 1825-3 l : Samuel
M'Rean,_lB34-39 ; Robert Morris, 1789-',
95; Peter Mnhlenberg, 1801.07; Jona
than Roberts, 1814-21 ; Jas. Ross, 1794- •
1803 ; John Scott, 1869-75 ; Daniel Stur
geon,' 1840-51'; Wm. Wilkins, 1531.34;
David Wilmot, 1801-03. All the Sena
tors bittfour were' natives el lie State. Cooper was born in Maryland. Gallatin
In Switzerland, and Morris in England.
SA.D.F.A:rn : ovTitsnim ; Cfmn it EN .
The Wynockie (N.J.) mystery, which
for a month past. has excited so wide
spread, an interest, has at last been
solved. It may be remembered that on
New Year's Day, three boys, 5, 8 .and
10 years old respectively, children of
Joseph Wyble, living at Wynockie,
New Jersey about 13 miles north-west
of Paterson, left home to gather 'nuts
In the woods. They were no6after
ward seen ; and though hundreds of
neighbors scoured the country through,.
and the aid of sundry "clairvoyants"
was invoked, no trace of the missing
children was'discover&l. On Wednes
day, however, about 10 a. mu.'; one Wm.
Ramsey, and a man named Townsend
who live at Wynockie, saw a flock of
crows fluttering straugly Over some
trees, and going to ascertain the cause,
found the bedies of the, children—one
of 'them lying under a rock and the
other two upon it. They were only
about two miles from home., They had
starved to death, and were wasted away
to mere skeletons. Theiffeatures were
not recognizable, as the flesii.liTul 'been
picked away by the birds but by their
elothingtheir-parents identified the re
mains of their offspring. This discov
ery :effectually disposes of the , sensa
tional reports that the children had
been murdered by their parents or rela
tives. The finders will receive $5OO re
ward, Offered by the county Supervi
The firm of Fisk k Hatch, bankeo and goy.
ernmonthond dealers, who have brought them
selves prominently before capitalists and the in
vesting pnblio here and in Europe by bringing
out the Central Paciflo Railroad bonds, which
are current here and in the European markets
the 'same as governmept bonds, now offer to, cap.
italista and inveaters.the first mortgage bonds
of the Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad-Company:
The success atteading i the bonds introduced by
Messrs. Fisk .k /latch has been exceedingly, eat
isfaetory to th bondholders. The Western
Pacific bands--46 last loan intiodnoed by Milk'
dr. Hatch—were 4 I sold in about toastracks, and
the loan was closed in January at 90. They ore
now soiling at 94 bid, and none offering at that
1 price. The - Chesapeake and Ohio " Railroad
forms a Central Trunk lino from the Atlantio
Ocean, connecting directly with the Pacific
coast, over the Union and Central Pacific Rail.
roads tto — Elan Francisto. • rn addition to the
through traffic with. -the Western States 'and
Pacific coast, the Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad
runs through a rich portion' of Virginia, which
,abounds in coal and other/products, tho trans.
portation of which is cacao ingly profitable 'to
railroads. The directors cf tho company are
shrewd, wealthy, and influent al citizens, among
whom are C.P. Huntington, Vico-President of
' the ?nettle Railroad, and ' the following well
known names: Wm.II. Aspinwall, David Stow
ed, Wm. D. Hatch, A. A. Low, Now • York, and
• Pliny Fisk, Philadelphia'. The trustees are Wm
Butler Duncan, of Duncan, Sherman A; Co'., and
P. 0. Calhoun, President of the Fourth National
Bank,iwbo are an , ample guarantee that.tho in..
forests of the bondholders will bo properly pro
tected. The reputation of Masers. Niels. A match,
and-the extreme care they have taken in per
.name to be used to market loans,
together with the high stUnding and reputation
of those directly interested in the road, entitlo
the bonds to more than ordinary attention from
the . public, and merit their confidence. The
completed road is already of sufficient meourity
for the whole proposed amount of mortgages to
be sold. When completed, the property will be
worth doable the amount of the first- mortgage
bonds. ' . •• .
HARPERS' MAGAZINE foi March: is,
as •nernal, full of interesting - matter. Pussy"
makes out the history of the canine tribe .rom
the earliest 'times, arid well rep4s a reading.--
'• Frederick the Great," is continued, and increa
ses in interest. There is a good article on "
Service Reform," a subject now exciting cen
siderahle discussion. "South Coast Saunterings
in England" gives seine interesting , accounts of
persona of whom wo can never learn too much.
In another column wo give Alice • Cor„V's pretty
" Shadows," from thienumber. • ' •
THE ATLANTIC; for lan.reli j 8 ou onr
- toble. ; Indeed, we kayo grown so accustomed to
look over Ita clear, plain pages, there many
that is month witkont it waken us lore our reek.
- imior Vtiro of tho Aktlantie i.foi no
roorab paa:les witivint bringing something Worth
the while.' i , Jorepkiaintlais Friend," a story by
liayara Taylor, it in progreos. " Ptoni
tarifa liitJi to Minnesota Prairies," givei scorpo
p karat] t datsili of it: trip' West. "California
Earthquakes" Js a paptr Just 'now fail of inter.
**t, 00'0 "Hopes ot a hipanirix /14uhlio." ,
• " •'.
t:-, - li.0:1111:1':,: 7 i•
vo ,,, r,ssbxt.c),
We are under,:obligations to Geer. A.
Aidjetant, Cleiter4. - •
':The Superior oOurt'of eh:Minuet' has
decided the !Bible case; wittelr'areSe
from an Order -thad'C -- . by t 'Scheel
Board to, exclude the' Bible from the,
Common Schools aholds',
that the Board had no power to
such areselution', and, grants a perpet
i/41. ; It:ilf Said that the ease
wilt he earried._tO the SuprCtue Court. -
A bill has been introduced into the
Legislature, Malting ikthe duty of the,
Judges of the several .districts null
counties in this State; to visit all nun
neries* convents,:asc., , &c.; within: their
respective, districts,..for the purpose of.
,ascertaining: .whether._ any of the -fe
male ; inmates are :therein contiffed
against their They are required
to ask - all such inmates • whether they
are contented' to reniain in.such nun
pry,-convent,-,, or es the , case may be;
and if an unwillingness be expressed,
they iirnto',be set atpberty. •
, We : have not . • hecome : aware, of any
such, laiptlisppmenk :tolerated -iii "our
times; ,but,we: nevertheless 11)6
bill. r:INe-Suggest', hoWever; 'ffliat"it
might be well to make provision for
one or more of the • tipstaves to accom
pany the l court rand toinspirp all their
" valiariehnighti" With a proper en
thusiatn i-n the cause of the
Duleinias,, it ‘traglit be .well to, vote, a
copy of on Quixote to each, that they
might, thereby qualify _themselves be
forehand, for this hazardous business.
There is now 'in Progress an investi
gation: into.,* =lner, in which air=
pointments are made - by members *of
,CoitgresS' to the 111ilitery 'and 'Naval
ACtiderale4: it has leaked out
, that - a
ItePresiintative froth the South offered
to tecornmend the son. of 'a ricii„ widow,
lady, to a,. cadetship at West Point, for,
Oum of money. Thereupon some in
nocent Congressman moves for a coin,
Mittee of investigation, 'and now we
are having dail3i, 'accounts of the de
velopments of new offenses of a simi;
- Mr kind. • Dim 'man - received a large
sum, but he devoted it to the landable
. education ; an other used
what he received in aiding the defeat
of one Andrew Johnson, when a can
didate for V. S. Senator. This con
fession would be ample ,justification in
any Jessuitical Court, wherein the end
justifies ,the means ;•but: it will hard,
ly answer in these times of strict polit
All of which goes to show that dis
honesty and corruption are' not confined
to State 'Legislatures; and calls touchy
for an' elevation of the standard of
morals by political parties.
There is a bill pending in our Legis
lature, which, if it pass, will very ma
terially change our law relating to di
vorces. The following is the important
part of .ho pr,eponvtl-in-vr v: •
"That in addition to causcs (4 divorces now'
existing, every Court or Common Pleas shall
have power and jurisdiction to grant and decree
divorces front the hoed of fontrimony in nil
cacao in which the Coact A(011151 4 opinion,
upon the evidence totinnittod, Om i Ihn eninol of
public morality will be promoted iltert+hy,"
We are not so squeamish as a great
many, about the law of divorce. In
deed we have no doubt that, in many
cases, parties are forced by law to con
tinuo in this relationship of marriage,
long after it she'd in good conscience and
morals, cease: Marriage is held to be
a civil contract; 'yet unlike all others,
it is held to be indissoluble, except by
the course, and for some , cause, pointed
out by law. Hitherto, •in our State,
these causes have been confined to
adultery, desertion, cruel andbarbarotis
treatme t, conduct rendering the con
dition f either party intolerable, and
life burdensome, and certain other
causes, which, at common law,rendered
the contract of marriage 'void ab inilio.
Now, for the Legislature to step in, and
imy that 'the Courts shall' have power to
grant • divorcs "in all Cases' in which
if shall be off opinion, upon the evi
dence submitted, that the cause of pub.
lie morality *lll be prlomoted thereby,"
is equivalent to doing away almost en
tirely with the distinguishing solemn
'l*y of the, relation, and placing it up
on aplane, but little above the obliga
tions of other contracts.
It has been held that the contract of
marriage- may be solemnized by the
parties, if able to contract, same as
any other civil 'contract ; and so liberal
are the common law, and the laws of
most, if not all civilized countries,. that
the parties Are allowed to riialie a valid '
contract of marriage at a more tender
Age than legally qualities them to make
any 'obligatory agreement in relation to
mere matters of business, The male at
14, and the female at 12 years, is able to
consent In marriage; and even cohabi
tation, without 'any positive proof of
actual marriage, establishes the relation
of husband and wife for many purpos
es.' The law recognizes this sacred re
lationship as founded in nature; but
civilized society demands that .when
once it is solemnized; either by the act
of the parties ; agreeing between them
selves, and ' consummating'Such agree
„cohabitation, or Ac
cording to the forms of church or State
the power of the parties to dissolve. the
Contract shall be merged in the relation
ship" itself; and whatever tends to put
the poiver. of dissolution within the
reach of the parties, directly or • indi
rectly, must impair the sacredless of
the relation itself, and be fraught with
the most pernielotis evils to e(MAMtll:4 ty. 7
i\Mtittitioll of maralage is the one. la* Of civilized life, al,/ove ,and
more sacred than all others—the one at
traction which • builds up more of hu
man hope, cultivates more of the high
and true ambition In life to excel in all
those things. which make sonic good
and oth+s 'truly great, than all other
objets acid'incentives combined.--
Founded in tbediVitter nature of man,
as that" nature has been' developed,
studiekind'inade known to Men thro'
all the vicissitudes of the world's bis
torY, it, hits stood thetest-of all , con
flicts, and with its growing .ago-bus be
comb more And more sacred and firmly
established the hearts of: all, while
other insti,tutioes have fallen- and be--
come. the prey of human:strife. "All
JOin,to guard, Villa each desires to gaiil;?
atsd • whatever .changes • have: been
wrought - .by- the conflicts, of tine, in
gternments and in laws, this one
' •' :t
, temple , has stood untouched, till it is; akos 'the life of a fellow tieing heal
recognized asilDiVine structure. cast himself beyond the pale or etitdOtit
i3ueha la will husband and aud4,6 Jute ayattitolio the' :eaith
wife tevurtdothe eentract at Will ; for it tiiid should fOrfeit that of which babas
,167031109 Take a casetrolibed_ his- fellinv --b,einfv., , ;rijoin
short notice; and domestic! ccmcerni , me that crimes will be lessened by the
hitherto held too sacred, even to be .di- , ; this' litinistinoent. ;!rise'
vulged to tbeT blind 'eodtlegi; ekeept, iri strongeit'and sorest safegimrde that can
matters relatinii-IP Ai. l . l .blia.= - Peace. -and lie,threwn around , the cerurnUnltyifor ,
order ' , Wm; which, alieWs their proteotion, are, in the fait,Ahat he
husband and iverce .11 4 'pralxiita a ritt'le, Ineet, j x.ith
cases; matter. &Wig Bean- . and c o n d ign - P 111 40 1 i ( ?nr
Withthis fact , staring hltn in; the face,
dal, tq . haWketi, silent in every street.
iv y the indlyiduaf Who vinteMplateS the
Wado:net believe in conipelllng' per
sons oecUpylog thift relation' to 11,,vel • out
a life - of misery :we know- -thaf•?many
marry w,ho_ are not- mated ; ,bui•if thlS
contract be- subjected to, dissolution at
the mere •caprice 'of 'the paitieS, wo
Mink there will be far More such. We
are apt to consider a step which, when
taken is irrevocable . , with all the
meat we can bring t 6 bear; but if there
,be an easy way out, e we
, Hazard More'
readily, and 'repent 'at leisure. There
may be need of. prov,idhig for ___dlyoree
on other 'cause, than thesenow .recog
nized:.but we cannot think that such
a laW • as this can be put, through the
Jerkiey Shore, Pine Creek. and. Buffalo
This enterprise ,now looks very hope
ful: ROD, W. H. Witte,„ of Philadel
delphia, in Company withll. W.. Knox,
sq.of Condersport,,:met smile , the
people of Wellsboro at B. B. Holliday's
hotel, Friday of last week, with a view
to ascertain what the owners of wild
lands in this , county' on the line of the
route, are . willing to do. " ' '
Responsible parties in Philadelphia
agree to furnish $4,000,000 In money to
build the' oad; if the owners of lands
along the route will contract to them
120,000 acres of such lands, reserving
thopine.timber, at their present value,
the consideration to be taken in stock
of the proposed road: , This propoSit - is
. expire at a fixed time; and
witliin•a•lfeW days.' They had, when
they reached' here, abOnt One-half the
required amotiut subscribed, of which
W. 'E. Dedge 44,-; Co.; 'subscribe 12,600
There was no notice.of, this meeting
excelit to a feW about 'town; but there
were signs of liberality which augur
well for the rnovemeut. .The'•offer• is
fair and • liberal. Any man owning
wild -lands on Pine Creek, Can better
afford.to contribute One-balf of all he
has 'than have no railroad.'
If this project succeeds, the work will
be commenced' nest ‘ spring,, and it is
now expected that it Will be completed
to Marsh Creek next year. If this road ,
is built, it • Will be one of the .great
thoroughfares of the country ; as, if built
at all at this time, it is the great need
of a, more direct route from north to
south, that will cause it to be built.—
Such a road will open up a large tract
of country, rich -in iron ore, in coal,
and in timber; and it will add greatly
to the wealth of Tioga County the mo
ment-it is coMPleted. We have great
faith in it. The signs of the times
mean work; and we congratulate the
people of the western part of our coun
ty_ 1 1 nestr i neseetrig-'
established this means of •direct and
easy communication with the ottter
world. This we need veis7 much. -WA
tare it should seem, haw made this a
better and shorter route from the great
lakes south, than any other; and we
have great faith to believe that the
work wilt be completed within three
years from this -time.'',.
LETTER FROM MARRISBURG..
Ifertnisnusa "FM 119, /870;
A week's absence from the State Cap
itol, and enjoying the fine sleighing of
Northern Pennsylvania, is ,my excuse
for, not sending in.. my last weekly
Unlike Micawber, something has
turned up in the Legislature. The bill
known as the Police Bill has
agitated people of all classes for two
Sessions,, and being finally braight to
a vote in the Houk., it was carried by
a strict party vote, the Democrats all
voting against it,• and there copies in
the joke, being sent to the Governor for
his approval, it was promptly'returned•
with his veto, , and. then comes the
charge. and countercharge from each
side of the House of fraudfraud in its
passage, aind fraud in Its defeat, 'corrup
lion and money used upon , both sides,
whereupon a committee was raised to
investigate the matter and see how
much Was used, and who got the most
It is expected , some rich develope
ments will be unearthed, and the pee.
pie may find out that even in our Halls
of legislation, persons in high offi
cial position; may be induced - to lean
toward that party or side that furnishes
the most of the. needftil. I am not
'making the above charge, but merely
stating what was said in the House.
Another bill that has excited the at
tention 'of both houses is the bill knoWn
as the " Sehoeppe Bill," or anamend
ment to criminal law practices, allow
ing the Supreme Court to review 'the
whoie ease and confirm, or order a new
trial. This bill was introduced to meet,
the case of. Dr. Paul Sehoeppe, - noW un
der sentence of death for • murder.—
Counsel for - the prisoner, having ex
hausted all their ingenuity in court,
and writs of error, and in vain impor
tuned the Governor to interfere by ex
ecutive clemency, finally resorted to
the Legislature, and the result was the
incubation and passing of the above
entitled bill. This bill met with the
satne...fate at the hands of the Govern
or, as th . iiiPolice ‘ Bill; •but. unlike that,
the milk .of human kinA9 i ss was so
preponderant, that the bill was imme
diately passed over the veto, by the .
constitutional majority, and at once be
came a law ; and the chances now, in
favor of the Doctor are as ten to one.—
Whether the exigencies of the case re
quired this interference of the Legis
lature that justice might be done, Is
more than I am prepared to say ;—suf
flee it, that it works a radical change
in all our highest criminal proceedings;
and if It should result in saving the
life of ono innocent being, then it will
have accomplished . a great work. But
when' we look abroad throughout our
laud and see crime rampant; when -we
see families and indiViduals murdered
for a few paltry dollars; or when a man
claims that his honor has been assailed
by interfering with his domestic rela
tions, and may cooly sheet down his
fellew Man, and undertake to justify
himself before nji intelligent and civ
ilized world; thou I say it is high time
for law and jostle; to assume, or even
usurp its supremacy, and with a strong
hand and blind tfl sympathetic appeals,
say to _the criminal and, murderer,
"Thus far and no farther : Hero shall
thy.mad career be ended." He who
p'erpetration_ of a' Crime, would'ponder
long and well before he took thoJatal
leap;'thit would end his days upon the
scaffold.' It is'true that our sympathics
go out to thepeor wretch Who, is abOut
to' Suffer the extreme penalty at tbe
law'; but let 'll . s rememper that he bad
no sympathy:- for his victim, or i the
'widowed and fatherless, and knowing
his, let'us close our ,eyes 'and, turn a
oaf ear te all appeals for mercy.
• The proposed - new county bill is at a
'dead lock. I take it that the peooe of
Tioga CoUnty are
,net quite ready to
part with all the mineral wealth of, the
county and a large portionlof its terri
tory, to gratify the caprice or vanity of
Mr. Herdic, or any other individual.
.The bill for' the new county of " Pe
trolia," is likely to die the death of Its
predecessor, even after _senator Lowery
bad ,urged it .through the Senate ; mid
from the ,toner of,
,the - *Rise, there is a
,dispositiori to give. all parts of, the dis
_ex press , their
opinions and preferences. . • - •
• Fearing that the length of this com
munication may tire the . patience of
your readers, I bring it to a besty close
by simply remarking, "How lernpits
doesfugit.", • "X 27." '
COVINGTON.—Leettv Hagenbueh have
associated' Mr. Webb with them in their black
smith business. Their shop is crowded at all
times. " Miles" does the shooing.
The snow has made business lively since its
Teams are in good amend at good pay.--
It his kept the .-- thertnometers busy noting the
°beiges of temperatni. On tho morning of the,
21st, lO'degreas 'beton , zero ; morning ef the 234,
13below.. , .4f '• • `,
Decker has started a harness shop in the
building next to tbedepot. ; Thi has eigood stock,
and purposes ;building - nevi . and repairing old
harnesses,: With ILA. Place's ehop at the west
end of the bridge, people can depend upon their
work at °nee, and at cheap rates. . ,
Doaations have been the order. One for Rev.
Mr. Greenlaw at, the house of E. Meek, netted
about sixty dollars. pne:for Rev. Mr. Taylor, of
the M. E. Church, held at the Odd F,ollosis'
returned about the seine amount.,
Watrous was the recipient of one at the
samoball, paying.him about ninety dollars,
On Thursday evening; Feb. the Good Tem
plars hold an exhibition at their hall for'the ben
efit of the lodge, with a full- and - entertaining
progranime. Tho cast of Characters "was good,
and the entertainments sprightly.
" The Two Warier the Downfall and Rise,"
in.six teeth, was written and arranged for the oo
casion,- by 'Star L. Barber: Asa temperance,
piece it was very affe'ctigo. It bad been rph caned
but once, but they did it well under the' circum
stances; and had it not been for the confusion
created, and continued, by some evil disposed
persons in the audience, it would have been much
l)otter rendered. They netted about fifty dollars.
Tuesday, Feb. 22, was a day long to bo remem
bered by the, working members of Covington
lodge, No. 274, of I. 0. of 0. P., it being the day
sot apart by them to dedicate their new ball.—
The =emotes commenced at 12 o'clock, M., by
thdadinission of the Grand Lodge often!, who
took their proper stations; P. 0. Anderson in
the chair. After prayer by the chaplain„ - and tho
singing of the opening ode, thebnliding Commit
tee, with an appropriate address, placed the keys
.a. t . l an i eleing-t4Pat h ci'Werridra . tigink*: -
The grand Master accepted it; complimenting
them for their assiduity and labor in erecting the
hall, and properly declared it dedicated to the
use of Odd Fellowship, and - desired the Grand
Marshal to have it so proclaimed. - At his dire°.
lion, the Heralds of the North, East, Smith-and
Weal made their proclamation, with the sprink
ling'of•water, strewing of flowers and wheat, and
lighting of tho'fire upon the altar. A thanks
giving ode was sung, followed by a benediction
by the chaplain. Rev. N. L. Reynolds, of Riess
burg, then delivered an affective oration, upon
the order at largo; followed by a history of this
lodge from its inception to the present time. Af
ter the reading, more music, and then an adjourn
ment to the dinner table; set with an abundance
of good things, which were enjoyed with evident
rest. After an intermission of 1/ hour* they re
turned to the ball, and listened to remarks from
Major T. Anderson, of Morris Run, which
were pungent, and pertinent to the subject. In
the evening, a full session of the lodge, with an
initiation, a lunch at ten o'clock, and, a general
4 t go home" afterwards. The lodge return their
sincere thanks to their brothers of sister lodges
who assisted them, and certainly will return the
favor the first opportunity. A short disciplin of
of the hall will finish. The building' is 28 x 69
two stories in height. Three entrances in front
The two on either side, entering rooms 7x 11
Thence to lower ball, 28 x 49, intended for pub
fib meetings of all kinds. The central entrance
hada to winding stairs, at the,head of which, on
the right, is a preparation room; on the left the
ante room to the main ball. The ante room is
well Supplied With 'hooka for (Mats and hats, and
a recess, neatly..eurtained, where ;the regalia 'of
the order, degree by degree, is always ready, for
the'members. The hall proper is 28 x 49, with
arched ceiling, 12 feet in height, a heavy Cornice
running around . he room, at the spring 'of the
arch. A largo central piece contains a four light
ed chandelier, Two smaller ones at each end
support two lighted ones, and a lamp either side
of the main chairs, with glass reflectors, flood the
room withlight. Tho main chairs pro under a
dais, neatly trimmed, with designs over the 'cor
nice adapted to the ortleri' , - -
Joseph Barman was the arohitect and builder,
and deserves the thanks of the members for• the
manner in which he has completed it.
MANSFXELD.—I presume that you be
gin to think that " Regular"'is not very regular.
Professor Allen has rented of J. P., Morris the
house on the corner of Main and Wellsborough
'streets; and I believe expects a now addition of
fl p fty hasnt u s d . !lntl
, to his now largo family' of soldiers'
Ourfriend George Spurr has, rented of It. N.
liolden:the rooms over his.store, and fitted them
up in modern style, for an eating saloon. - .One of
his rooms is fitted up , and nicely furnished for a
reading room, where one nen peruse the daily 'pa.
porn and other periodicals, while the kitchen girl
(who is no other, than George himself) is pre.
paring the meal.
Prank Conen, while driVing'team air' James It,
Wilson, was struck by a falling tree, and severely
injured, but it is thought will recover.
A donation was held in Rutland last evening,
for the Rov. Paul Smith, ho receiving S2O in
cash, besides a very liberal donation of provi
On ToesdaY, Professor Pratt, who has charge
of the Olphan School in the absence of Professor
Allen, had.the children all out eleiigh-riding.—
They wee out in uniform. It was an impressive
saeno—realizing -that all their happiness comes
through the agency of their foster parent,." our
dear old Commonwealth.'
Sleighing Is good, and lumbermen are impror
ing it. RIOIII/All.
TROY.—The "good time coming" has
"only," and Troy is a half-shire town. The bill
for holding courts at Troy, for the surrounding
townships, passed the House at Harrisburg sov.
oral weeks ego, and the Senate Tuesday, Feb. 15th.
Our citizens are quite jubilant over the 'passage
of the bill, and on the news reaching us, the old
"Jadge" unfurled to the breeze the glorious stars
and stripes from the top of the Troy House.--;
Court Will probably be bold here sometime in
Mr. tiordio's 'bill for a now county has .un
doubo gone "up the spout," or gone whore all
such bills ought to go—under the table. We won
der if Peter won't next. try the experiment of
having the Capita of the State removed to that
place of all places—Minoqua ? "shoo by don't
It is rumored that a Musical ,Convention will
be held hero in a few week's, and that tho best
musical talent in Elmira will bo engaged.
I understand that blr.ll. D. Bacon, of Bain..
bridge, N. Y., intends starting a wagon and car
riage manufactory in shops behind Newberry
and Peek's store in this place. '
Our Lodge of Good Tensplars is flourishing
finely, and constantly making accessions to its
In My last,l omitted to mention'bur churches
in the description of Troy, and this week I would
supply the omission, and say • that we have five
"Churohes-Methodist, Presbyterian r -Baptist, Epis
eopal, and (lathe
There is a number of cases of whooping 'cough
and measles in our village, 801110 of them pretty
Via have also a cam or two of typhoid foyer to
llfonday night last was the coldest. night we
have had for several years, and our icemen. once
HO heartily discouraged, have brightened' lil' and
now loyk as "smiling as basket of chips.'
The lOluenee - - of Example.
B ntomag•RoirOivoi, or stomas num
The most powerful agency in moving the mind
te_netion, is. 'the inipressions.it.receivet -through ,
the medium of the senses from' the outer world.
In consequence pt this, every, external eirpum.
itanett that'C'ontetf in conneCtiert, with the , tiSnneo -
Maga' inipreesion, too &enter or lulls extent,
otrthe mind, and moves it to act.',Buties there
isfiraoh'siidedisitited 'varlets; of - grades id the
telleotual eapaoities i of Mankind, ,the Same ob
jects or oirournstaircei do not affect the minds of
different persona to the same degree of Intensity;
and not that merely, but the " Sane intriressions
affect differently.in many cages. This is the rea
son, principally, that all, Inon• do not lobe the
friendship of the • same persons; delight, n the
same objects; find dotafort'in the immesometles;
have a course of life of the"same peculiarities;
feel interested in the- same pleasures; nor' bare
tendency to the same studied, • And, on Ails un
limited variety depend the harmony,
ness and happinebs of the animated world. '
But every man, as if by Some kind of instinct,
makes an investigtaion as to what interests him
mostly, and what. ire, those things that contain
the most of his happiness. In this research, wo
often find him groping in a cloud of darkness;
ho is noVeulliciently acquainted with tbo circum
stances in which be stands; he does not take' a
comprehensive view of things; ho has no know- ,
ledge of the history of the world; to enable him
to compare eiromnstanoes that have been similar
in their nature to those that exist at present;' his
oyes, ore not keen enough; •nor has he a piercing
end an culightenedMind to penetrate ,the mists,
and clouds of the future, to 'observe tbo results
of his present actions; and instead of bringing:
his Inquiry to a close on' the delightful bill of
hope and , prosperity, ho'often lands on tho miry,
bogs of error and disappointment, and is lost in
the vortex of the grave untimely. '
Yet, for all
.that, the responsibilities of them
misfortunes cannot bo thrown entirely and-at all
times at his door, inasmuch as the circumstances
that surround him sometimes aro more powerful
In their Influence than he can resist, and his in
elinations.are drowned, his power to bring them
into operation is .vanquished, ho,losesr all self
control, and is carried away me the bosom of the
sweeping torrept,'he knows mit'Whither:„
Notwitifistandiog the unlimited 'variety of
the seenes ' , nd objects of nature and their 'com
binations e eroise a very powerful influence on
Man, yet, undoubtedly, human society, in its va
rious forme; has a stronger influence; and that
the intensity of the effect or influence of the ob
jects and scones of nature and forms of society,
is, just in proportiha to the mattress, of the rela
tion they bear to him, and, the length of time
they present themselves before him, to 'practice
and work out their impressions upon him. As a
proof of the truthfulness of this proposition, we ,
can attribute to nothing else, nor have a better
explanation, of that fondness that man gene
rally has for the neighborhood in •whiolit be was
born and bred, the country be belongs to, and
the nation from which he is derived.
„Not impropigy could we opmpareman in the
etataeritirriney andminority, in the softness
and tlexibillty or his wind, to an' image of wax
or pottefr earth, of Which - the sculptor could
Make a medeLof any figure his-ingenuity could
devise, and the potter
,a ware of any form or
shape be wishes. '' The youthful mind is as flexi
ble Or that; and everything that comes in 'min
tact with it,,makes a deep impression of its,own
peculiar form upon it. It is the mother, it may
be, that makes the first impressions on the mind
of the infant; by endearing, kissing,. and prating
with him, and showing her affection, her tender
ness, and her love, by such en effective manner
of gazing so often in his eyes: In a little 'while
he grows cognizant of other membersof the fam
ily and the objects around the house; afterthat,
he extends his circle of acquaintance again, and
becomes a member of an entirely now society ,
his • playmates withent,--with whom he spends
much of his time, and participates in their ,pas
sions and inolinationi, which aro so varied end
often so different; to each other. AS he spends so
many years in this' aeciotyi it can be said with
out hositation—and.there are. abundance- of-in
stances, to prove' the assertion—that its impres
sions and influences are among the broadest linos
in'hui character.. I have little doubt that the
habits of the father and mother and the family,
and the examples that are practiced continually
in their presence among their playmates,' during
'this important period, form the cluiracters of
most men. But besides that, there• are many
other things that have great effect upon man;--
such as a certain form of education ; the laws of
the country in which ho lives; the principles
and customs of religion ; the manners of town
and country; the quality of morals he sees tea
ches him how to conduct hiinself; and the indi
viduals he selects as friends' have influence upon
him—whom he imitates in a groat many things
in his mode of living.. ,
Notwithstanding that the human family in the
majority live after the oustome, manners and ed
ucation they have been trained to, yet • this rule'
• ._......cem0n....5.,-......•• ..,...........0.. ma .......suc. - ptre. ,
sons in every age and country that have turned
out of the great thoroughfare of the 'world, and
have chosen paths entirely now for ,themselvee.
One has abstained from this, and the other from
that—its ways and opinions; and their attention
has been called to some things that were now;—
add these aro the men that Chant!) manners, give
now forms to morals, and cause a revolution in
the political and religious creeds of different ria
tieing. But in consequence of prejudices, ens
toms and the old manner of believing in things,
the lives of these men have been a series of per
secutions and sufferings; and every new branch
of science that has been introduced to the world
thus far, his suffered in the same way from the
same causes. People as a rule are stubborn and
contrary to receive or believe anything but what
thoy'havo seen and heard before. It would be
useless, at present, to nano any number of those
rare persons and the things by which they have
groWn eminent byintroduoing them to the world;
but it can bo said of them, that they rank among
the loftiest class ,of men of intellectual capaci
ties that ever stood upon earth; and to them hu
manity is indebted for di turbing its uniform
condition ; for giving it asi
ark of life in its wea-•
ry stillness, and pushing on towyd a state
more happy, enlightened and pure.
Though the examples of oustomi t manners,
morals, Am, form characters, yet then, that aro
Misguided are not excusable for all their actions
and conduct; for the reason that they grow ripe
in intellect, increase in understanding, and in
their long mixture with society collect sufficient.
experiences to enable them to judge whether
great many actions and condua' are in unison
with the true interest and happiness of man,. in
dividually, and human society at large., That
I maybe undere total better in 'this . last prepaid:
tion, 'I shall give a Yaw instances : llowever
deep a deighboroood may have sunk in the do
testable habit.of deunkenness,- the moat practi
cal drunkard will readily admit, when sober and
cool, of the hurtful efforts of excessive drinking
and its consequences, on WO health of his body,
and , on , his; family comforts, _by squandering 'his
money for what is useless and noxious. The
most wretched prostitute, that wastes her time
in the most 'disgraceful Roddy, will sometimes
condemn her mode of 'living, and approve of
chastity, meekness and purity of morals, as vir
tues, which some - possess—that aro delightful
and agreeable to nil others. ,And where is the
community -, that dine not talk frequently of the
mall , or woman .that excels .most in _industry,
peaoefalnesii, quietness and ,eleanlinests ? These
and many more aro qualities in the human life,.
that peiiple in general haVe found' out, through
long experience, to produce the largest sum :of
happiness and utility to the human family; and
no person of common Benet+ is excusahle•for neg
lecting or misusing them.
Fathers; inasmuch as 'your examples; 'advice,
and the education you approve of, have so much
-influence in forming the.eharacter of your dn.'
dren, it is of importance that the - examples are
harmless and beneficial, the advice earnest and
effectuelt to conideraot any bad influences you
May timarising out of their bocial connections
with .their playmates ' without; • the ( ' education
'pure in morals, and of a tendency to expanib'and
elevate the mind, that it may separate truth rein
error, and sharpen it as a proper instrume t to
cut down the weeds of ignorance.
• Mothers, keep nearoful watch over your chil
dren; 800 where they spend .their time; what
kind of habits and morals 'operate on them with-
Out; beware of: using empty' words,' without
meaning, and ,presumptuous; and' Wow exam
pies, in temperament, in words, and in actions,
that will qualify them to be amiable, useful and
agreeable in every circle of.soolety..
Influence of Example.
BY JENKINS itAnnyß, or stonnio RUN.
By example, we mean conduct or an aotioa ;
and all conduct and actions have their inflaeneo.
It is an undeniable fact that every' man has an
`influence in the world ; and it is a positive' truth
that the conduct. and notions of people, leave
their impressions and influences after them. . If
we were to look on the conduct of disobedioneo
in connection with the human family, how as
topishing was the .influence of the first example
of it, which can be traced back-to the first man
that ever lived upon earth:' There 'we find that
very man settin* an example before his offspring
of, disobedience to his. Creator, that loft its int,
pression and influence on the world, whieh iota
from that timotill- now. The influence - c
example is as Strong to-day as over: It ITonld,
only-bo,waste of time to- search and nt Miter.) ,
too s proVe our assertion, fig it is only. need4o to
look at the history of this country alone fe4 the'
last nine years, 'and we shall see a- handil of
stubborn men.giving an example of disobed enco
before the public, in disobeying the la
land.• It need not be asked hero ' to-ni t, in
what manner their disobedience influenced the
country, for the result of,it is to bo seen every
day. It resulted in filling our country with
cripples, with widows. an4l with orphans; it re
sulted in coloring the ancient soil of'Virginia
With human gore; in causing ten hundred thou
sands of our, fellow beings to fall'a ,prey to the
swOrd and the 'cannon; and the influence of their
disabedieriee is the cause' that the country is
groaning under so heavy a burden of taxation in
these,days. ~ .
If wo were to'look again on ( disobedience in
its relation with families, how important is the
example, of the: eldest 'ohild , in Saying no to his
parOnts, on the yonttger.• The example encour
him to do the same thing.
We shall now turn and see what is the lan-
on of ezat4ic, lii ni entliention,•-'wliii: general
knowledge. It may be bOtt-. to Confine' our re
•*arks.on' OW point to. ear-, twinnation,, '
timeteso Shiirt. -What examples ditillte Welh"
nation. gat of their forefathers. in, times gone by, '
in regard to knowledge,? "Historflidis - ne that
they mot together .on dark evenings to taikabout
glieste. , eorpse candles, fairies, hobgoblins. and
so - forth; And the young, in so serious and atten
tive a manntirolistening to these tales.' Row did
_those snperstitlions examples operate on then:led&
It Made -thent4'edulorm, - and • ignorant;" and . the'
nation wasrseekened liy others as one of the,
moat superstitious'and barbarous. But as time
rolled on, the mist begun' to disappear, until at
last we could'see a atarbire and there, twinkling
andslitterlog in themoial firmament - of the na
tion*. Such was the: ViCar of Landovery, who
pnblished - his well known hook, Calloftly ayntry,,
(The Welshman's Candle) i and although it was,
no better than a rush candle, compared with the
great lominarles of_ to,day,_yet its faint -light
dispersed some of •the darkness. After that,
came Mr,. Charles, of Bala, who gave snob an - ox^
eollent example to the nation,:by settingtipthat
beneficial institution, tho Sunday School. Next
to that, we see Rowlands, of Langelthe, and•
_ell Harris, of Trot:mei, Breeknockstdre., sh
in from obscurity, tearing the veil of darkness,
an setting a good example before their:tenn
tryinen. • The awakening - of the, i: fiery' seraphs
resulted beneficially to Wales, in the following
manner: ,The,gliosta bad ,to leave the Welsh
soil, end marckhemeward to their habitations
in the landl'of spirits; the corpse candles began
to bo extinguished; the goblins disappeared,
-and were scattered to the four winds of heaven;
and the fairy families went Visiting the sublet.
renean caves of the earth, not exhibiting them.
solves any more. ' _ i
There tlro many good examples given to us as
a nation, which were intended to Waned° us to
stretch out our antis and grasp the fruits of
knowledge and education. lf wo take that in
stitution, the Eisteddfod, (the groat literary in
stitution of. Wales,) the main. object it has in
view is to - set good examples before the Welsh
nation. For the Eisteddfod belongs entirely to
the Welsh pttople, and no_ other nation .has an
institution similar to it - . But whet I was going
to say was this ; Ahat.theshief objeot, was
view was to set good examples before the nation,
thatit might march onward in an enlightened
path, and the stretch their aims wide out
for knowledge; and • I .am glad* to say that the
old nation has felt the influence of such exam
ples for hundreds of years. .We must admit .at
the same time that some mean and doubtful Oa.
rooters have been in connection with our honor
able Institution, who nearly brought it to dine
rite, by causing dark, and heavy cdonds to ati
pear,that were spots 'on the" brightness or
glory. • We know that it was net conducted
rightly, when held and nursed in the miry bogs
of beer houses. We know that it showed neex
ample, that any good could ho expected - front,
when ' the chief - adjudteatore - orthe ".riiteMoci
were glutloni and drunkards. And we know as
well, that only mischief and evil could be' look.
ed for from it, when its most influential commit.
tees and smartest judges sat for days, in the pot
houses, after the..high festival/ to mallet the
benefits of its funds on the altar of-Bacchus.=
But that time has gone by now, and the institu
tion has cleansed itself from such an unworthy
people. The-mea t eminent reen'of the letvtion.
have opine fortiard to give bettor examples than
' the low class' we have been speaking about.--
The examples that7good men like Iliraethog,
Emrys, Emlyn Jones end IslwYn, and a host of
others, too numerous to mention at present, that
advocate the Eisteddfod in the old country, and
I Edmyved, Deed Emlyn,lowyneddvardd and Boa
Glen Twrcb, in this country, have so strong an
influence on the old honorable Cymric institu
tion, that it makes tho brightness of its glory
shine now as it did in tho days of old r and its
influence drives the darkness away and makes,
ignorance disappear, as do the rays of - the sun
the morning mist.
In the same manner, let us nt Morris Run
come forward as one band, with oar good old
' national institution, and give good examples to
the rising generation—that we May say at the
end of our days:- Our influence worked in build
ing up the common good.
Tioga County Agitator.
frIIIS deco to well stocked with Typo, Prosso4,,Ste.,
and has every advantage for doing
in a auperior manner, Plain or in Colon, from a wed.
ding card to a shoot poster. Any kind or style of work
done at this office, as follows: .
Law Books, Pamphlets, Cards, Invittition Cards,
Hand Dills, Programmes, Checks, Drafts, Dubilla,
Bill Heads, Circulars, , Orders, Shipping Cards,
- 7.‘" . . 40 15 a; NY etllnrig &c., &c., &c.
And all other blanks constantly on hand and for sale
Deeds, warrantee, -- School Contract,
Deeds, quit-claim, Summons, Subpoenas,
Statoment and Confession, Warrants, Executions,
Amicable Action, Indemnifying Bonds,
Bonds, Constable's Sale, , Attachments, Judgment
Collector's Sale, Notes, Petition and Bond
Diarriage Certificate, for App'ment of Guardian
And any other blanks not enumerated above 'wilt be
printed to order on abort notice.
'-Persons sending orders for JOB WORK will got
their work promptly done and returned. We shall
spare no pains to please our customers In this depart
ment. Those sending work, please state the size of
job, kind brink and paper desired.
VAN GELDER & MITCHELL.
SEED POTATOES FOR SALE.--Early Rolm,
Climax, and Broeso Prolific.
Early hosed the merits of this celebrated vs.
riety, are already well known -r-planted side by
side with the early Goodrich and York potatoes,
they matured twelve days in advance.
Climax potato: this variety speaks for its
self. From ono pound of seed, the undersigned
received a yield of 123 pounds. It is a potato
of superior table quality. •
The Breese Prolific matures about two weeks
later than. the Early Rose—is gerferallytpro
ductive ; often exceeding a hundred fold, and
will prove a most valuable variety for field
culture. It is also a potato of excelent table
Fob. 23, 170-if
AHOUSE and FIVE ACRES OF LAND
for Salo or exchange for a house and lot in
We!Moro: Said property -is situate about 1i
,miles cast of, Ilammondsport, N. Y., and con
tains abont'two acres of Grapos'in full bearing,
and an'orehard of choice fruit. The property is
a desirable one, and plesantly located. Address
this office, or, JAS. C.. VAN GELDER;
Mar. 2,1870. - llammondsport, N. Y.
IBE Subscriber having sold out his business
at Niles Valley, hereby notifies all persons
iudebted to biro by note or hook account, that
the same must he closed by the lbth march 1870.
ff said aocounts are not settled by that time, they,
will bo left in the hands of an Attorney for col
lection. Any person haying claims against me
will present the earns for payment. •
March 2, 1870.. GEO. W. POSTER;
Subscribor will sell at his place of reed
deuce in Niles Valley, the following proper
ty at private sale, viz :
Ono fine young mare, ono yoko of largo work
ing cattle, lumber wagon, covered buggy, dem
ocrat wagon, cow, lumboring tools of all die
criptions, farming tools, a quantity of cull hard
wood lumber-rind other things too numerous to
mention. ' • Gpo. W. FOSTER,
ll,litroh 2, 1870.. . •
SILVER'S NEW POULTRY BOOK.
SECOND EDITION. .
THE BEST WORK OF THE HIND PUB
LISHED. Tolls how to Lave Fresh ggge,_
every week in the year. Illustrated with soventy
Engravings. Every one owning a pair of Fowls
ought to have a ooppy. Paper cover, 40 cte.
Dee—lto] Address 11. P.,STOWELL, 'Wil
FARM FOR SALE.
A good stook farm, situate in Middlebury
tw'p., Tioga Co., Pa., on Crookod Creek,
about 41 milait 'from the village of-Tioga, and
on the line of , the proposed railroad fo
boro, known as the Clurk Cole farm, containing
300 acres. To bo sold all, together or hi parts.-..-
Three barns, 3 tenant houses (besides the Man
sion house, whioh is one of ate best in the tw'p)
with plenty of good fruit on the premises.—
Terms easy. For particulars, inquire on the
"proulises,'or of J. B. Potter, of Wellaboro, or
D. L. Aiken, Tioga, [Feb. 23,'70-3w.
House d. Lot for Sale.
AGOOD Homo and barn, on a lot of two
acres, within ton minutes walk of tho
Court Donee, Wellehoro, le offered for sale. In
quire of John I. Mitohell , Eact..Wellaboro.
Jan.ls, 1870-tf. : ' •
Farm for Sale.
'ARA! FOR SALIL A gOod stook rant, situ
ated in Delmar township, 2 miles from Wells
,boro, containing 1,10 acres—about 80 improvbil,
good buildings, well fenced - and watered, and a
cholpe lot of fruit trees thereon. Apply to L. P.
Reath on the premises, or Walter Sherwood,
Wellsboro. Feb.2l, 1870.-2 w.
offIRM [ FIR:, &AT%
BANKERS AND pE./Wfalf3 IN, (10,7 -
E RNMENZ SECURITIES,
NOs 5 Nassau Strout, New York,
PEDRVARY 15th, 1870. t,
;;Theyentarkabl, suoqess *idol; attended, our
negotiation Of the loans of the Central Pacific
Railroad Company and the Western Pacific Bail-'
road Company, and the popularity and credit ,
which those loans have maintained in the mar
kets, both in. - this .eountry7and Europe, have
shown that the I?lr4k Mortgage' Bonds of viisoly_
located and honorably managed railroads aro
promptly recognised and readily taken -as the.
most suitable, safe' and advantageous form, of
inveitment,,S4elding a more liberal income than
can hereafter be derived from govern Tent fiends,
and available to take their place.
Assured that, in , the selection and negotiation
of' superior railroad loans, we are meeting agront
public want, and rendering a valuable P
both to the holders of capital and to those great
national works of Internal improvement whose
intrinsic merit and substantial , character ontitl
then d to the use of capital and the Confidence
Investors—we now offer with special eonfidene.
and satisfaction the
FIRST MORTGAGE RONDS 4
CHESAPEAKE AND 91110 R. R CO.
The Chesapeake and Ohio' Railroad, eonneet
ing the Atlantic coast end the magnificent bar
bers of the Chesapeake bay with the Ohio river,
at a point of reliable navieation, and th us; with
the entire railroad system and water transporta
tion.,pf tie great Wed and Southwest, 'FORMS
THE AHHITIONAL EAST A WEST TRUNK
LINE, so imperatively demanded• for the accom
modation of the immense and rapidly_ growing
trelainertatiott between - the Atlantic'- seaboard
and Europe on the one band, and the great pro
ducing regions of tbe - Ohio and Mississippi val.
'eye on the other.
THE IMPORTANCE OF VHS ROAD
AS A NEW. OUTLET FROM THE WEST
TO THE SEA, MAGNIFIES IT INTO
one of national consequence, and Insures to it an
exteasivethrough , trailio from the day of Its com
pletion ; while, in the dev,elopment of the,oz
tennis*: agricultnral and' mineral reeourcee'-af
Virginia and West Virginia, it possesses, along
its whole line, the (+temente of a large and prof
' liable, local , business: . •
Thus the great interests, both generld and to
cal, which demand the completion of the Obese
peake and Ohio. Railroad to the. Ohio Jiver, at
ford the 'surest guaranty of ,itseurmess and value',
AND RENDER IT T.IIE MOST 1111POR
T ANT AND . ,SUP t StANTIAL RAIL
ROAD 'ENTERPRISE NOW IN PRO
GRESS IN THIS COUNTRY.
Its superiority as an East and West route, and
the promise of an immense and profitable trade
awaiting its completion, bay° drawn to it the at.
tention and cooperation of prominent capitalists
and railroad men of this city, of sound judg—
ment and known integrity, whose connection
with it, together 'with . that of eminent citizens
and business men of Virginia and West Virginia
INSURES AN ENERGETIC, HONORA
BLE AND SUCCESSFUL MANAGE—
The road is completed and in operation from
Richmond to the celebrated White sulphur
Springs di West Virginia, two hUndred and twen
ty-seven miles, and there remain but two hun—
dred miles (now partially constricted) to be cow
'pleted, to carry it to the proposed terminus on
the Ohio river, at or near the mouth of the Big
Sandy river, one hundred arid fifty miles above
Cincinnati, and three hundred and fitly miles be
Lines are now projected or in progress through
Ohio and Houma/Ky . to Liao FthiCh Writ
CHESAPEAKE AND OHIO WITH THE
ENTIRE RAILROAD SYST.EDIS OF THE
WEST AND SOUTHWEST, AND THE
Its valuable franchises and Buperior advanta—
ges will place, the Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad
Company among the richest and most powerful
and trustworthy corporations of the country ;
AND THERE EXISTS A PRESENT
VALUE, IN COMPLETFD ROAD AND
'WORK DONE, EQUAL TO THE EN
TIRE AMOUNT OP THE MORTGAGE;
The details of, the loan have been arranged
With apectial reference io the wants of all classes
of investors, and•comblne the various features of
convenience, safely, and protection against loss
The bonds are in denominations of
$1000; $6OO and $lOO,
They #4.1i30 issued an Covpon Bond., paelde
to bear, iittcl' 14y be held in that form; or a
Tho bond may be registered in the name of
the owner, with the coupons remaining payable
to bearer attached, the principal being then trans
ferable only on the books of the; company, un -
less re-assigned to bearer; or
. The coupons maybe detached and cancelled,
the bond made apermanent registered bond, trans
ferable only on the books of the company, and
the interest made payable only to the registered
otcner or his attorney.,
The throe classes will bo known respectively
Ad : ;
Ist. " Cou.pon'Bondspoyabte to bear
“.RegisMred Bonds with coupons
.3d. - " Registered .I3onds with coupons
And should be so d,signated by correspond—
ents it specifying the class of bonds desired.
;They have THIRTY YEARS to Inn Dora
January 15, 1870. with interest at six per cent.
per annum from November 1, 1869.
Principal and inUrestpayable in gold
in the deg of New Vork.
The. interest is payable in MAY and..NOVE:II
- it may take the place of that of the
earlier issues of Five—Twenties, and suit the oon.
, venience of our friends who already hold Central
qn.il Western Pacific bonds, with interest pays—i
Me in January and July, and who may desire,
in making additional investments, to havo their
interest receivable at &floret' t seasons of tho
The loan is secured by a mortgage upon. the
entire line . of road from Richmond to the Ohio
river, with the equipment end all other property
and appurtenances connected therewith,
4 SINKING FUND OF $lOO,OOO PER AN
NUM IS PROVIDED FOR THE REDEMP—
TION OF THE BONDS, TO TAKE EFFECT
ONE YEAR AFTER THE COMPLETION OF
Tho mortgage is for $11,000,0000, of which
$2,000,000 win be reserved and held in trust for
the redemption of outstanding bonds of the Vir
ginia Central Railroad Company, now mergedin
the Chesapeake and Obio.
Of the remaining $13,000,040, a antficiaat
amount will be sold to complete the road to the
Ohio river, perfect and Improve the portion now
In operation, and thorougly equip the whole for
a large and'active traffic.
The present price is 90 and accrued interest. •
A loan so amply secured, so carefully, guarded,
and so certain hereafter to command a promi
nopt place among the favorite securities in the
markets, both of this country and iuropo, Will
be at once appreciate) and quickly absorbed. '
FISK & HATOH
P. B.—ye havo hawed pampblota containing
full particulars, 'statistical details, maps, etc.,
which will be furnished upon application.
pfr•Wo buy and son governinent 'bonds, and
receive the account; of banker, bankers"; corpora—
otb'ors, Subject to cheek at sight, and
allOw interest on daily balances. f
, • -- ~
persi,tnatibtost to the subscriber
counts or Notes, aro requested to - c.,11 tuo.tdi.
atoly_tio4.4ettiO - with .A. LE% Knoxvins, PJ.,_
gob. 2, 1870r3r0. - . i. Pd. 7,1, I,Rg,
COYINVON SASH FACTORY
• ' D'B. , A S. 0, iltlq.AN, • F ; toprlotore.
WltEroUbtliboto would /by to the - public
,:j.:74:ttoy pielisred to woke or furnish at
SASH ', A Np - -:, BLINDS, f
DOORS, PALING, - SCROLL -. SAW- I:,
ING, &0.. •
immber and Shingles.
Mee list fur Sash primed and glared per light
.B,s by 10.12; 'cents.
• by 13. 8 103'14, 10 by 12, lb cents.
1 10 6 by 14," by 14, 16 cents.
410 by 16, 20 ; cents_•
' . •
Onr work Is mado of the best seasoned lumber
and in the best manner. Call and see us,
Tioga. Marble Works.
undersigned is now prepared to exe
cute all orders for Tomb Stones grad Monu
ments of either
ITALIAN pR RUTLAND MJVIIBLE,
of tho latest siyle and approved worhinanshir
and with . disPlitch,
Be keeps - eanstantly on hand both kinds - or
Marble and wilf be able to snit all who, may fa
vor him with their orders, on as reasonable torus
'as can he obtained in the country.
- - FRANK ADAMS: I .
The way to Get Rich
where you can buy them C.IffEAPEST LT
Wilsor ct Van Valkenbures
CHOICE WINTER GOODS,
Purchased of the Botieee liaskot Prices„
of every description, and nietb/ing made to order
in the very best st Y I W P .nd warrinted, i
WellabOro , ,Dcr' o .l6, 1869
ANIMIER TUMBLE I \
Cash; 1870: I
SYR WHAT SELLING FOR CASH!
Our Prices Tow Day.
Eimt White Wheat Flouria pr bh111,75 pr. each
" - Rod witther 50.60 " 1011 t "
"XX Spring Wheat, 6,00 " 1.50 ri
Buckwheat Flour, -3 00 por 100 Ibis
Beat Food, 2,00 " "
Bran and Shorts 1.60 .ic •%I
/dual , ;. 2,25 " _ "
Thcao piice's only FOR CAUL
IVRIGIIT . .k BAILEY.
, All pe l reons.not haring settled with us, can
not blame us new if they find their accounts and
notes left wittt an attorney for collection. We
give due notice. W. tr. B.
BAGS.—We want all persons having any bogs'
with our mark on thorn, to return the same at
onto, as we shall take steps to secure them.—
Wci have 500 bags smattered among the people.
~?1.- p gor.:4-
'.. Fil n t-, '.'.' s
lid r v 4 F 3.1
1 e ,
4 : : " "' " " " • g
0 . . . .• , , i' 6'
au i .
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4 1 .
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d i . , , e
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•-+ p, 1.... ~... to co I N cr, p
CI tsD ' 0
4 Chi CD tND ho.. ezi -1 ii:. CT' cyx
id,P ,P : 4 I'D c. O S 4 .:" 1 P .9 t. '
. ~, F ...., ,c, c„, L., co lc,.
0 . ....“.71, IsD ..4 CO CA Go
cDP ' D ,t("•?.." !' D .1 4 "'P':" -
ago c.." . c.c> G* %t i-1 *1 C,71 00 ...3
I•••• • • • • •
1 IMPORTANT TO FARMERS!!
.T RAVE about 200 bushels of pill:line Norway
Oats, and will dispose of a part of them at a
reasonable price. Those wishing the pure seed
please pall and examlno. L. C. BENNETT
Wellab9io January 54 1870-tf.
Also, dealeia in
le to buy your
Tot; can do thit at
A SPLENDID LINE OF
WILSON ' dr, VAN VALIILTBUItG,
WRIGHT Jr. BAILICY. )-