The Tioga County agitator. (Wellsboro, Tioga County, Pa.) 1865-1871, December 22, 1869, Image 1

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11, • •
,: , i;ii
60 tiega Ofinuntg: agitator
i g i m q .shod overy.Weateinia;ifoo;ntnii ats4
o rycar, Invariably in advance,
COBB ta ' llriitittiA4lll; * , " :.' l
' ' •••
\4....r0V3a-WrF,4110,16i:4* . g .
to LIN'S Olt MlTili?'N,ol,lAtill,MAKi vflii Squatti
3. stzlq're. r in. 13 Ins. Taa.r mae, 1 4,11041 1 Year
yiere,.:: $ l , OO 0 - 7 00 t2AO tam 7vi -- -iz v - ir o zi
. 8 200 200 400 8,00 12,00 18,00
! s. l oare ... . , _ 3 _ 3
!,11001.••• ••• , 10 3 00 1 1 53n 1 7300 22,00 60,00 60,00
cel.,. ..... I / 6 ,0 0 2 0 ,m 30,00 ( 40,00 ! 60,00 1 00,00
special Notices 15,eente per line; Editoriol or
; t ail 20 cents per -line. . - • 1_
• • • • raikfiONl9.:, -
LODGE, N 9.317, 4, YOL t peets at their nail
rel . Or. atugatore, ottqueedaS , evening, Oi
:IWO the Bull Moon, at 7 o'clock I` .14'.
ortAPTER, No. 194, It. A. at., maks at tho
5111,un Thursday everking,ou or boron> the Full
i c on, at 7 o'cipr,lL P.- ht,-
• ' ,
OA COUNCIL, No.Bl, It. d: $". ISLLATURS, wools at
;le flail, on the third Friday of each calendar
oath, at 7 o'clock I'.- 117. , „
reMPLAII, and the , appendant ordetiOneeta at the
htt ,on the flret•firtday of naafi .calendar. Inonth,al
:o'olook P. 31
SIVIrrII4 -,
TTORNET Al4,is cAEttl4Bil 1.61 e LA.W .
Insurance, Bounty and PenalOn" . 4gairsay_gofi
street Wellaboro, Jai:l;j.;
-- • •-•-
Notary Publio and 'lninrAnce - Agent,..l3.loss=
burg, Pa., over ealdwell'o titer°. . • .
-- • -"
Nitro with W.-Ik., Smith- r Esq.,--Alstin_Street,
Ippol it e Union Block, Weßlitopro,,prw
;lily 16, 1868.
by. D. TERBELIZ& CO. •
dOLESAL:O . I)R II ,..OO.TSTE;,:aO4 deigl6ia Irk
u ail Paper, lioroaonP
?artamery, Paitqa,an,d Oils, do, tto.
:oralng, N. Y.,Jan,,1,: ,
WiLsox.. r„ ;-,ts `i'•;^" TILLER,.
Fart door froulAtigertey,'s j , 043 Aliontio)
fill attend to business entrusted to their pare
:the counties of Tiogajto -Potter:_ • , -
Wollsboro, Jain. 1 1 -18613;-; •
. •
Wollsboro, Tiogit;PO:, Pa.
,trim Agont; Notary: Public, and Insurance .
qe3t. Ho will attencl,prowptly to, collection o f
tiviott, Back Pay and lloutity.. An Notary
!disc ho tokos acknoWledgcniento of deeds,
ousters urtbe, and will act as COW rnisaioner ti;
Ottitimony. pa - Office over Roy's Drug Store,
4)ielng Agitator OtTieo•--Oct. ad. 1367
John W::GnornsoV ,
Siring returned to ttils;•county with a view of
raking it his permatien't rbsidenbe, •tiolieits
hereof public patiOnage. All business on_
unted to his cure will be attended to with
Iromptuesn and fideliti., Oftleo 2d door south
fS. S. Farr's botof:`+ Tio4n, Toga Co:, Pa '
GEOR . olG:' WAGNER, _
1111,01 t. dhop prat door north of L. A. Sears's
!log Shop., Or Cutting, Fitting,and Repair.
::; done promptly and well.
Willaboro, Pa., lan. _I, 1868.-Iy.
1111,01 t AND CUT rmt, 1 44 2 Upened a shop
nerafton street, roar of Sears dr, Derby's shoo
ol3p, where he ie prepared to manufacture gar
sots to order in the most Bubattu3tial wanner,
ul with dispatch. Particular attention paid
:.estties an 4 March 26, 18613-1,
Ur. 0. K.
Jtiond to .yrurogaiia/0
Well3bore and elbewbere.
jhflee And Resldevco un •State St. 2d dour oti
the right going Ent. [Juno. 24, 11368.
u.toon, g.D.,14(0 al (ha 411 Pat. ettyttiry , altar
nearly futtryeard of .artuy vorvico, With s i re
speneu•+iutleklaud lionpltal practice, has opened an
qr., Jo rractico of oteallcitto and surgOrs, ita all
~reneger. lluatonh trona a distance can find good
Inial; at Ilse Peanallvauta Hotel %ellen desired.—
any part of tho State in consultation, or to
Alai surgical operations. No 4, U rutin Mock', up
Wellsbete, Va., May. 2, 181:10.1y.
Wm. D. Smith;
ikoXvti,LE, Pa. Poiliion, flaunty; and 1n
.4t.1/1,;0 4gerq. Comtpttoi.2ittioyira sent to tho
lEJ{e address wilt Ceeitive prompt attention.
!ems Dpoierate. Dv 0 8, IsltB-131
Thoi.Baisideil.; 'i' • . '
'4VFNOII. ,L DRA.FTS.MAN:—OrtIorti loft at
rnotq, T. 0 0 1 0 444 Elimi, :win
.-It with prong A aitlentilip.
),n. 14. isd7.- r. ..
R. E.' •OLDEV,T .
lEktlift in CLOUKS 611,YElt
t ri , :b %VAR% Spectacles, Violin etrimgs,
Mandield, Pa. Watches and Jew
il.ry neatly repaired. , Engrueing duno in plain
eaglish and tierfaelnr 11tfpt.07
Ilairdrosqing & Shaving.
illuen over. willcbz Barkeep
)4,3, Pa. Particular 'a ttiqttiort 'paid 'to' Ladles'
Lir.cutting, Shampooing, Dyeing; etc. Braids,
1 1!!,cuife and minims on hand and'inude to or
hiler in DRY GOODS of all - kinds, hardware
vad Yankee:int-trine, Our assortment largi
:41 priees lovy. f.' , Sre fn Unien Itluar -Call
getittotaan.—caßk'2o tihiS . .. l .l.Y • • ' '
L ,
I:Qr. a pow !lota oonduefecfati the-principle
of live and lot live, for th uto4otnalodatioti of
the publien-:—N0v..14; 1866:--fy,
tl •.4.. I 0 0 4 'l 3 P?I 4 . • A• t
. 60i atablingottachad, and an atteritlithotf
eralways in attendance: 5 ' •
a. W. HAzurri,
I4X:01011 40"411§, • _
YES PrIELD Iloiough; L lTiqgb: Co.
11111, Proprjotor. A now and opturpotiioub
building with uil the modern itinirpve,ments.
ettiy 41riveaof the bast Itlknting.anditsh
Ili grquggo PV . Ple4t.,ooflvpy aqCOl3
fqrglabc4 , TjernPq4 ° 4Pfitill• ,
Bob. 5,11135,1 y.
IVAIGTON .11101U5.E.,;.
Gainos, Tioga County, Pa.
4.0%A.01: C VIVOI(LYEA, 6
uOl9 11010) itle:ll64 within easy 400013 01 the
boat fishing 4101 hunting grouruis in linith
ern Panuvivatiia. No pains will ho Spared the .iccotatucalation of pleasure seek Uri and
tho tia,voling public. [Jan. 1, 1868.]
"r3E3CM 4:r3Wil%6E!
pl. M. 811ARS; Pitorittnion.
) --,,7--1-‘,..--.•-•
1311 E delicious', Ice Cream,- Ftnneh,Cen
- fectionaty,, till kinds of .boils in • their
aritieu, a nice dish or Tod, Coffee, or 111"eulitt',
tad Oysters in tboir - .Beasoh—can be had, al all
laurtt, served in the bei•t .Nett doer he
low Roberts dc. Bailey.. - Hardware Shire. ..11ain
Wellsbote, Aug., 4, 156‘.1. .
Bounty andPon 'tf -
sion -Aanoy
. „
u - A vi NG :ect iyed iotiideo as! rite noio:i ii re g ura to
14, hi.. ,, ctra on i! ty allowed by the act' tpproyed
k1y2,1864,a1id il-LV hi g OLI 114114 4.1.014 ,, •t1ypp1y of nil
:±;esiary blankß,l au' prepared to pros , Oute :ill pod,
fon and bouuty ,:tai Las which Way be placed fil INT
Linda. vorsonsli Ting ;:tt a tliiitiipetpp) uotamunleare
vitt' ma bylotOr.nuA ::.oir ..oinainniokitions,wilt 4.3
VlvAlyansyrsred . , -''• ,-I'.. ..:,,.., z. , ; Wg...11. il it ITM ..,
W - ll4bero..)etotter2.4 ,1.866 - .' -
Orer Wilson h: Van Vaikenbury's Sara, iv,the
room tataty occupied itylßenj: &(t,.,,,
DOOTS AND 81101313 - p t ,' kinds, mad( 9
.1.3 order and in the o •
PAIIIANG of all kinds done pruinnil,l:4l
good. "Give us Real'.
Welliboro , Jai.-2, 1Y,11.11111,1111Y.
.-2, 188S-ty.
; ~;
N 1 ,
S Baldwin Stieot, • '
'(SIGN OE TIIII 1310 1100 g, 21) FLOOR,)
CYR B/L4O 'l7 Co .
tjr,,vary description, in all Styles of Binding,
and as lOW, for quality of,Stock:, as any Bindery
In'tho State. 'Volumes of every description-
Bound in the best milliner and in any style or;
Executed in t.lie beet inatknar. Old Bootexe.
bound and toodb good no nen..
EA.5&21(V132 U3242ititie
Of all sizoa and qualities,on hand, c 4nled or plalti
Oiany qaality or size; 'on hand'anp3u't ready
for printing. Also, BILL.BAYR , and CARL
BOARD of all colors and quality, in boards or
cut to any lizo.
Cap, I.;etter, Note Paper, , Envelopes,
• • , -Pens, Pencils, Az. . ,
• ara - sole agent . ' •,--
\ dr
PENS, or VARIOUS sizes; yon. ..!Asi Rs
- AND t7ENTLE:4•Ifi
,W.bieb I 'p'll warrant equal to Geld Pens. The
bestin uSe and no mistake
:'-Theabi:ive stock I will Sell t the Lowest Rates
at all titnes, at a small advauco on New York•
prices; avid in quantities t . O suit purQb,as,cra.. An
work - and stock warranted Cs represented. •
.• 'respectfully solicit a share 01 'Adle patron,
rtigit: Orders by mail promptly. attended
Address, LOUIS KIES,=I
Advertiser Building,
Elmira, N.Y.
John O. Horton,
Pay (Allow with C. 11. 6(1 mour,,Esti.- - 1341aetitt
• to %vial proulptisesL , . apt. iih,'69-Iy.
'C: 13 , KELLEY • '
DEALER 1N DRY NOODg;;Ctineerie.s, Hard
'Arai& Boots, ..hoes, Hats, Caps, dc., ac., cur
-Viaer Market and Crafton streets, Wellsori
`, Jan. 6, 1668,
RettprOtfully announces to tho,citis9us gf.East
Charle4tun and vicinity, that he; ',ROT?Id be
gratUlui for their patronage.. Offiee et the
Storeef Cooper and Kohler. Mar. lith
•t .
' Crioc A,TA.]
E. -AK! SAWN!, .IjiareGueet.l tho hotel
pr ty 13 r.
tel , • cd 1.41., 11. Sudth
thorau4l4. retittetitli hotel, anti - Cott
triollato ( the ti•nvelin miblie . .iu a superior,
,-„ Merph [fa
sAi3lmvli,L4s'rtu g ti Orairty; Pir., - J,13. Bohn,
Inn Ibul,tlg
went for wan and boast. June 9, 1869—tf.
•-! f .iyew Tannery. - -
taill tinti , Jrsigiivil Aril Lilted up tho old Foust.
dry building, haar thu Brewery; IVollsbiwo,
and it riCAv prepared to turn out fine calf,- kip,
cowhide, and . harness leather in the best. wan
ner. -Ilideb•tanned on bliiiter.. Cosh paid' fur
hides. IM. A. DUMF.
Wuli4l.koro, Oct. I-I, tits.
Nino IWATKINS," T'uoratiiou.-
o twit tilt a new lit)tul builditis on thesite
fl of the old Union [hotel, lately destroyed by -tire,.
1 auk now comfy to receive eut entertain, guests. 1:110
Union hotel wns intended fOr Temperauca Uottse,
and the Proprietor believes aon he sustained 'without
grog. „An attnut c hostler Iu iitteniinnce;
Wel hltterD;Rllle 9 fii 1 9, 7. .
- 'UV id IIM
ME, •-'
_ .
_ . . , ,
~,,,,;;;,, t ....,;;:.:11-;,, V , ? ;;;, : - Z ;V,I.,, , :,,,',.,,,;510-,1- 1 ,:, -
~,,,i1, 3 ,q, . •.,„..1:- , .,:,, , ,, p try - ,54 4 7,, v d,, , ini0kr, -5 ,47 7 ,-XV.;, y 5, , i,...c1,,, ,,:,t4rit1 aV:',F=1 .1 „:,,i,41,0,44, -4- - , ‘, 41,:, , ,,, , ,, , :gM4f.. , 3.'„t - ~., 1 7 ,7 4.: r . C . , ..t .. , r . • ,, ,, ,... . .........t , ......VA . ,k - tjii V . , ,. .;,, ~ , ,1 ., ' ,;y o tki,. , , a , f it , i,....ajte , i l s:4 t . ,,,,.. - , S , ~,,,_;,,,,,!,,,,,-;;,,
_ .• , _ _
. ~
1,,•-;)y - .11,, A 001'1'
, - i
. fAIPP"
r •'t
. -
oY ,_
i .
lam prepated to furnish -buel numbers - of all
*evietysor Magazines published in tho United
tattA4 orilreat Britain, at ttlow price,
Sept.2S, 1867.-1 y
E. S. Porkins, M. D
Smith's Hotel,
4 4.;!0#0 - ZA*lttt- 4 * "•'
' SIO VES WA RE • - •
Carkiago, and
,Llaroc, Trialv,aoll4l
llornitig, 2; 10117 .. -1,4,.,i -;
,Kept aouatantly ou hand;iind fintnishOd to of
tioi; by • .
at hit ;levi t y ma; 241=4 otir abovti Roy's. Building,
Wolls6or• • ( Judo 10, 18680,
5ea4.181." SellieBl:,.Sealesl
r ILE Sealbsi
b. -' 4 v . :4ittfilr 7 catintoi• e; mity r ibe .
found at the utdvirii • - r Stoio of Itobtrti p.
Willsbgrei - These 1 4 ,:o lent lire Titfrbahlctrat-'
tint end hive >tio AnPoiN , e' nirvhore: • , They', - are
'made in the hosiustyleiii.,Utixtro taken the'lrelruf.
um al u m ihegront oxhibithna: 4 " •'` '
• I have ihe sole'ageney fut thesii . Seidei this
region. ' ' ItairERTS:
" ILI,
4 `
W 7
oll3bdru, Fob - . 1 . 2,1069." ' :• .
r,t. stdoerib'erliattiitted up the
joining D. P. Roberts Tip
,p94.1,..5r0ve ti„ ro
for the tua:n u fat I urt and tale.of
qiq it .il t s, (all gractea),
5,,11 Ila Ar I'o 13 4 C G'U;lllicl~flau:Fiuc Cu.
' Ci I E IV I.IT itidB Af' -5
CC 0, ~1,) , 1PE S,-anc( the choi
13riz)44;z1" dIC.t RS.
Tt.t ' :Ind see Airy ourbalvvz... , ' -
ti J 011 N.
Nwr. 11, f if.
T() 11\11P11,8 1
I'L,VSTNII.--Wo"llereby certify
,114ethat wolure lady] 'gib Tiarter Uionufactuied
by Chan - gamy florae utr, al their werkb on 'Elk
Rua, iu tlainer towuqhip, and wo believe it to be
equal if not superior to the Cayuga Plaster.
David Smith S9I Conable - A PRone
0ohl:; X N Simmori : J Bortatuer
W llarker. Ara Smith EStrait t,-;:.•:
SIT Dari 4, , _Albert King ,• Jelin C Miller
.T lI Watrutts • W Watrous , L L-Marshl7
It ,M Sruilb 0 A gvaith' 7: • 7 1 1 (51 , Punte-71.
fared Davir J h Zimmerman 1 C L King
L I. Smith.
N. 8.--Plaster always on band at the Mill.—'
Price $5 per ton.
Nov. 4, /8687.'
,-. '~'
I 4
c.v4:14ip.. 1 4. E
~.., 1; : i liTA: : 1-ifiLiDWIN & ' 7.
and see a niceaiocli of Goods foi the'.
suoh na
ITAZZAttIt F. OkaZ i gna
i i —all Etylea, ooluesitiad p4ttern!—
:and , alaisti - nosorrment to select from. -
• op, SA.CXWAS.',
: . t.ANIttE - 140 t i 1 ."04S
can't be beat. It keeps up with everything the
Yankees have thought of so far.
7 -• P94.SAT,S;ACi.f , -...c.:fi.
toollumerous to mention; but will say that you
will seldom find so large anassortment to select
(rota in a country store, end clear down to the
, -s• 'BOVTOM
ri Wo Oho keep a larko aosoitinont of
in auita, and Otte of Baits,, 'Should wo fail to
suit you with ready-mudo, *la have Casaliner°,
and:i •
Boots 61'4-Shoes;
!,‘ till styleetettd sliiy;; t
................................ Tools.
0- ii, 0 :C.E-,1t,'1.,. S.','
. . .
Freak. TEAS iati3,lowerAkau nt. avy,tinisitice
the'‘in i r Dbl . .not, go to Cuba to buy iluiar, uhd
au'Unvb 1101110 cheap. We are agents for the
• ,-]
: •
Faruiere; l if ycti idit took . tc; urtirl6yith in.
Lime: :caguga, Plaaer; data.
Iltittei - tubs, Pails, Firkinsiand. Ashton Salt to
Savor kith,=•• All 'kinds 'ix Parfu PrißnO:atint.
a(1.: :Priced dtitertio; •:' ; . 1".
• :
•T, L. BA T.+
Tioaii,'Pn: - Qcrobor1318119: s"c
Dn. •
- ; • • : • 5 -••-•
iIT anders.iguedrespeetfulty annouotes to the
citizens ht VreattiOld and,,surrounding calm.;
trj that ho 1 permanently loeated at Ibis placo.
MOB fully prepared to do all kinds, of
in ibti bightist style of tho art, Srtisfaetkon
giiarfantged. Ofikeirisir Sioilll'ish'rug Store.
FfrioThotugrapba,van lie bad ovOr. the, Drug
13ttiv'er: : •
Westfield, l•
100,000 L85.',i.,11 1 0017',, - . LINTER
for * fthiek the highest prico wiil paid ut the
Js t o r W c it , :
"Junfi "14, 18t30. yoLEs ,c; -A RKER.
.; • - • - ' - -.•
PCT. - C, t e
. •
- . 4
TrA tAi ADI • Bli't ri Boiler; &eta all tli • f
tin"up• hiVadplsii , • '
I • ", mr: , “ J01117 .0 4•.E130 WEN: •
Wellsbor r o, i ,ltirto 213'' I 889:=41'i " •
• ••.
lasukaitice Ageney•-I
• 7 ' lIVELLSBOROAP .: ' 7.•
+- • 4 ' , •
Cash i 04ifitar. ' 7over ,'' s 2o 3 ° °°
'''Pra,Sl=pliAgS ,llirfta . . I
ATE A ,- AS lit) 1 )1r, 9ottiTittnioi'
lA,' vita t4lj.t3. 1 1 91161e5,0n dvebllifige
_a~tT feria.
propertilivriada ttt thiroitleo,raid"aottv6ol4l:iiii t
pagment • or premium.
• • ••' 1 .
'Axe on ; insliireu
• It epain hitt, 1110%4( partieulatiy,:tp ,ipsukciwel.l,l-
inge,' • ikrth-,pr,operty, and ; .contents,„;,.ipatu s elked,
dwellingp - , farm property insured. f c r. i 'years
'foii - ono ter Ant purr ano,:expensp of polloyi,ke.,
- A - boucts,• detached , ' 100 or wore •Insured- for'
,s'looo fur ;3 sears, EfitiOnad ;$1,1,6F 4
'53,93h 3ienT!_'.l 4 . ,* 4(4/ Ain§ iU•prfieV
fire, Furniture, provisions, bedding &c., at tho
same rate 9. Tkerzy Ili ;.„,
Oryone Should be Insured.
•1" id-'O3" - 'i
ure; erne '..rpt us
' lB ch'AP,?.nd just, as well. (Gratis, gontl9.lnon.)
I should be• A led however, to befriend enough in
thlsinannili'N'inty' for adteitieing.' ••• , • • 1
•. _ ;
. 1 -- al•• •;-: IMO
.p t 22, 1968-tf Pi -
_.. •
'z ~ ,
°" 3 o , ASitett3tßzst,7 1
..': ~,I r ,•-..1 ~,,,,
. tc? A tt.iintirp - set.tttgitt:_i
i phttd ileilreil: ' -', - /. -• ,
Teeth fektriieeetf- Without-tett - n.l-, peeved-4i'
scores of ;r iltiesitig;sit itt!i. ",otlice.' '''Stoeehij'sitgett; ,
, t,"
'iiiitt . :4)eep:iii tlio', 'olldb:deli, •-- - oftl-tlllitig,' Of ' 'fbi'
flaturitt-toollt.'"'ATl•vvOrkliftif • ptea fit "liieitiid
, tetli•Vtilifiees." . *•r, -, • , ' , - P2- 1 , ,_, ::, .--:' it. , '
• -,-,-, .-y ~.4 ,
i' , Uttle , `,tsi, 1869! r .`":" '-• - --••--
;‘ •Atr ir. I. .'t`e-'1•21-
A. m.,lN,ptiAm, M. D.,
BomonopA'rnzia; ofifee it his residence on
the Avenue. Viellebere, Aug, 25th 1889.4 f,
~ .
L • `:lmss
,a Wilma .I .ELfiriitx.'til4cmis ,- 1.,? Or Thought
v . l!
t 5 , `1
—Our stock of—
I s
,• , .. •,,, , ~
. 4W.FiZSII '0R,9,;(1,',..';':-71):.t0*-:1*:.;2-j86(,4:.,,
THI4 "PitESIDEN, tik`
'To the Senate and House,House,of '
coming cbofore,_ , yoirfor;Ahe '4Ol
tithe as,ChieflltagistraW ef l tlng great
nation,lit is with gratittidizarithe Giver
of ail Good for the fairy benefits we
enjoy. are i blessed. peace riP'
home, and entanglieg AM=
abroad to forhode.trouble; with a
territory:hoSurpassed IrLyer A tiAty,of ap
area equal:o,ole ahuhclant suppOrt, of
too,000;000 of people,, abounding In ,
every variety of Useful 'rninerals, in
quantity'supply the, world
for generationi ;I , wlth exuberant crops ;
With alvariety of climate, adapted to the
P‘roductioillof ; every specie % of, earth's
opted al 410 hnhits,f
and requiretnents of every living thing,
With a population of 40,000,000 of free
people; all :speaking one language;
with fapilities for every mortal to acquire
education;an with institutions closing
'to none the avenues to fame or any
=.blessink of fortune that mitylie coveted ;
with freedom of the puplit, the press,
and thO school; with a revenue flowing
into the National Treasury beyond the
requirements of the Government, -hap
pily, harmony is being rapidly restored
Within ontowOorders. alanufabtu4s
_hitherto' unknowhin ou i"-ecfu n - are
springing up in all directions, producing
a degree of National independence un
equaled by that of any other power.
These blessings; ant
_court ticss others,'
are intrusted to your care and mine for
safe ke6ping, for the brief period of our
':tenure of office. In a short time we
Must eitch,of us return to the ranks of
the people who have conferred upon us
oty honors, and account to them for our,,
stewardship. I earnestly desire , that
neither you nor I may be condemned
by a free and enlightened constituency,
nor by our consciences.
Emerging froli a rel;ell t ion of gigaptic
magnitudeiAidedlte it! wee by; tbe sym"-:
patty altd,:asViita i ncii'nf 'nations witfi
. which We were at peace,. eleven States
of the Union were four years ago left
without legal State Government ; a na
tional debt had been contracted, Ameri
can commerce was
,ahnoat tiiirtVentafront
the seas; the industry of one-half of the
country had been taken from the con
trol of the capitalists and placed where
all label., rightfully belongs—ln the
ke.tYping of the laborer, The work of
reStori n g State Government)gyal to the.
Union, ofpidteding 'and fostering free'
labor and)providing means for paying
the interest on the public debt, has re
ceived ample attention from Congress,
although your efforts have not met with
z~ . ,_,-
the success in all(particulars thatinight
have been deeired ; yet, - nn the . whole;
they have been . more successful than
could have been reasonably anticipated.
-Seven States which passed ordinances
ntiecesiiion have been fully restored to
'their places in the Union.
7li ; the eighth
:(peorgia) held and election' t which
she'ratilled her Constitution, republican
in form, elected a Governor, members
.of , Cougress, a State Legisfature and
all other officers required. The Gove
rnor i t viis duly installed and the Legisia7
turn Met and,perforniedn="6,smw , : :
reapi.i-001WeYS.tibsequently, Itowi
,-Iy#l-4 iii violation of the Constitution
wilieli they had just ratified, as since
;decided by the Supreme Court of the
'Stat, they tinSeptedA4 ctilorqll inci*:.
. - mers -of thii.teghilfiture An Wad MI tied': fel
Oehte some members who are disquall
.fied:by 'the third clause of the Four
' teenth Amendment to the Constitution
. ----awartiele which they themselves had
' cbii„ to ratify. ,Under ,these Or
' -anigiiiiices I, ;would: sulinilt to'; you,
Nv.lietlfer it would not be wise, withoutde-
Jay; to` enact a law authorizing the Gov
ernor of Georgia to convene the mem
tieraorig,izially elected to the Legisiii
threte9uiritig eaptianewber to tali - 0111e
:oiiti.Vpreseribed by the Reconstruction
Pcts,ps none to be admitted - Who' Pre
;litelig.itile under the third clause of, the
,FoutteentirAineniinient."' ' ,:,': ': . ,"
-. The': freeilme4; Under, the,, protection'
,iwiiiielf they liiiVcrreCeived'are Making'
yiiiiidiPiogress, lit learning, Anti no Conn-,.plaints tiro beard of, inek. of industry on
flYeir part wiirenAlley''receliied fair re-.,
iinitneration for their-labor.. The means
provideii.fpx,paying,tbe t interest on -the
fiutAiCcia,t, NV itAllil other iexpentses ::of
'the,UoVeril went are more than :hippie.
.The loss of lour 'conimerce •iq 'the , onIy;
're:stilt:of the late , rebelllonl•which.'has
not reeelved ilauffloient'rattentibif'froni
:y911.?,rr0 this subject your earnest
ptttilitioh.." I wilt 310tjilow suggest plans
',b - Y,whiclirthiii - object :nay, be efleeteci,
blit - will,if peceksary;rnak ip vhe ',eub,
jest of a `4 l p 6 P.lfi/ , Aleasiill.9, ' t N o Og . 41°
session nt:Pnnii e X.e.oi , ; - :':,:: ..,.1: .T, :: . ! ~
VIRG IIkTIA;11.11313/8 , SIIT.; , TEXAqi
At the - 'lllarelic Vtiigreii;
joint resolution, authorized 'the' EXeen
tive to Order - election's' in the State
and_Texas t .lo
submit to them the ponstitutiontijvhich,
;e4911 h id" t i cirol,.ol4l
framed, piicllto sulinttit,thetlenstitutiohs,
either entire"oi . r, 4441:40,,p1iTt5,,.t0rxt),4,
voted upon t the dlseretiOn
,ef-the Exec
[CU tiv,o: ri
Vtier.this.AUthority .elections
;Werelcalleth L Virginias the) bleetion)
took,place•onthe 6th of . ..I4ilyi - 18139 , ;;the:
OOVernOr, - ;5 and , 'Lleutemint,;(iltiVernor'
- elkettotl: htive" been installed ; - tho'llegis"z
* 1 .14t4.-fliet; iVtipired - ;by• tbik
tl4llliiitiolVepetegAoind abstained froya,
:all,-,,cloubtfAirauther4.j' , X, ;. repoinniend
.that her cuxiterkarid, liepresentatives,
and that'the - State be .Itiily :Testored‘
Itsfrace in the-familyion States.. AEllec-
AAITT;Were called in.-MisflisSippt
Tao; commence-ort-the 80th-of -No
veinter, 1809, and ctoo,lfist., twe „sloe, fin
Ati.,b - Whiippi and four days in Texas. The
•elol,lebil have talien,place r but the lie-.
.1 3,0 t-ii4 l O: 4 OA ticiwAo><iajibcl
that The acts Of the Legislatures of these
I Sthtet,i,t When theymeet, will be such as
Ito receive your approval, andthus close
.theArork of reconstructibn.
i the eyila growing; _opt ,9f
yertOkrEptli tb,
Air irredeemable - duitency. It
18,4u.'pyi1 which I hope 1 . 011
most your cst earnest attention: 'lt is a
day, and one of the -highest ,Onfielli. of
goybrn in en t. to scare to 'th e' citizens a
of exchaugo. - of , fixed- ; tinvary; , .
ing This ittirill6s'a - return to 'a
specie bask, and no euhs,titatp fi glt can
be detikied;,, : `slionid,',4o, .c'ePAtneneed
,now, an,d , „TP..44?4..4Q , Ae.Atrlie,stdpractl 4 .
cable mbmAntfeoOsietent witkiltt faitrew
and to ibe ‘ interests:of thellebtoV
Immediate .tresumptio4;.,if practibable; .
WbuTdtnit be desirst9le: It o'tttd''c6iil
'pettl,iti debtor class to pay
. beyond'iheif:
,eon facts the premium - onf : lold.tift - ' the
date of theixpurpilase,,andiwould•brkng
baultruptcy• l land I , Tutri,.,to-:thousands.'
Ifidetuation;however, on the paper vtd
tie of the measure of all values, gold, is,
detrimental' td liteiSstA elf Itiadec It
iii,alits,the man of busin&srahniiiiolun-
Tikry.x.fitiabler, for in all sales TirlieFe fu
tgt# paYment is to bd raadebbth"'prittiesi
,speculate auto what will thevalllQ
'4llfilib'cUrrency to be paidaud - reeeleil.l
tl,earpestly, ,recoturacm.l to :yot,
,suehtlegislaflon as will insure a gradual: l
rettirnitO spnoleriPaynadfit,- and put ani
i.patuediatn7 stop to fluctuation in the
Ivaluenf currency,
nictliods elf
these a itte't he' IV an,: l
• tlatibns on riOlftlehl'icnitinnS-':' TO', cut
the latter 1 see but one, way, and tliat
Is to authorize the Treasury to redeem
its own paper, and a fixed plae r, . ; when
~ , vc.
t 4 is
~, •,..• ;,11 , q:7 .1. ' i'..,...
• • ..-: , ..:, , i 1.•, , 1 vi• ! -mac
~,,, ,- , ~-, -..-, --....,, , -,\ v., • - -s
,:„‘ v
•', :-.,,,,:::,-.,,,,,...,. lo *iiniv.4 i•- , , ~- •- ._ ~., ,i ivo, _- _. ........,
'..- ', , !...... , . 1• : , ...-.,, , , ': ' .
410: : • S,
- -, i
1 ;
; ;6_ .
tilk,o - 1416 fritall ' ,lkiii..*LtS WiIeICICOM32OV°
• iher.presented,:taid ' ' to ' - Withheld ' freill
. ei tau hitiqu' a,11 ; eUrreneY'so red deed until
1 004 1 0ln:far (
k ci'Vhe yait,l'esoarces of the,,nation, both
developed and uudeveloped, :ought to
make our creditAhobest on earth, with
a tesS harden of taXation than the , biti-,
zori'lias endured for six-years past: The
entire public debt could be paid in ten
years; but it IS not 'desirable; that . the
;people should , betaxed to payAtin , that
time. Year by year thelability -to pay '
itincreared-in IV - rapid ratio,;' 'But; the
bardcoof interest ought to be' reduced
'as rapidly fie' can•he done 'without, the'
violation of Contraet. - The patine ebt
is, represented, in great part; by bonds
havingfroin:five - totivOty, And .from
Ibri to fortSy4,eatii, to run, bearing inter- ,
est at the rate of six per cent and five
per cent reapertNely. , • It, is optional ,
with the Government to - pay these
bonds at any period after the expiration
of the lost-time/ intintitaiecl "alien their'
face. The time' has • already expired
'when a great 4rt orAliclu 'rnay, 'by 'AA- -
ken up,and is raPitily approach' tig"wh wh en
all may - be; .• It is believed that : Lai
which are now/clue nifty he' rolileced by
bonds nearing" tVrtite Of interest not ex
ceedinf(Sur and one-half per 'cent; and
Ig.rayil liy -- as ,the rernainderZbetotnes,
due th t'they,ilitty by 'replaced' in the
same ay,, , Tti accomplish this. it May
be necessary tki v eatherize.thainterest,to
be,paid in--either of, the-three or' four
to 011ey,ceaters r . of , -Europe, or :by . •any
Assistant-Treasurer of the United States
at the opticiu ;zit the header of-the - bond.',.
I suggeet thls subjeet for tier conelderti-'
tion ofi,Con4AsS„ sand ralSo sinailltane 7.
I Dimly with"ilii.ol*iiiinn:ROOretle-04i:
lug our etirreecyas before suggested at,
its market:V . 4lo 'at,the time the law
goes intoeffect,"increasing the rate at
which currency. "will be bought anti sold
from day. to day; or week to week, •at
the sae ante of interestas Government
pays urtoryitO3oydig. i' ' , .; ,
, ','4.413 WA:11.10---:jzsiiratirAt; ILEN'ITUE.
The iinbieet , 4;;' f- . Tariff : andf Internal
taxation _wilt Alecessarily receive your
attention: The revenues of the:coun
try are greaterilhan the , requirements,
and ma,ywlth" safety be reduced but
as the Wilding of, the debt in ai; or a
4/1- per
..cerit I.loalf, would reduce the'
annual. current, 4 e.icpeukes'largely, thus;
after funtling,"JUStifying,'!a greater re-,
duction of titxati9n 'than wbuld Ire, now
expedient; I suggest the, postppriement
4f - • t,(O :luestion until- the next , meetipg
of • Congre,ss.,,..llt.i.tinty be advisable , co;
modify, taxation and tariff livirfatances
where unjtist or hurdenSomet discrimi
nations are made by the' present Jaws -.
regulating (ht). l -ettjectlt recotiimend .
the'ipostlieheineilt'of It for the present,'
I also Bilmtest'ilie reriewal of the tax on
income, kilit:'fiV Q. reduced rate,
,say of,
three per,cent; and thlsitaX _expire:
t h ree- years, L . , ,Mr,ith, the,:fiAnding of the
.National • debt as here suggestedil feel
safe in saying , thatetaxes. and , the rove..
nue from, impertsinay be reduced . safe
ly from-shay' to eighty- millieng-per
annum at' ',Tree; •atid chatty:be — still "ilfr;
ther redieect'lrtchn year. to
,y,ear, as'the
,botrutO Are•'cleybleved.
The rePb f it - '6l"the Sretiretary 'or tile
048,747-,": and
June '3O; 1869,
bounties, to be $321,00,697. The
; estimates for the ensulng.year aremore•
:faVOrable to the Government,' and will
no doubt show a much larger decrease
of the public debt. • ' • .•
The receipts' in the Treasurybeyond
expenditures have exceeded, the ainotint
necessary' to , place ,to the credit of the
Sinking I' undas provided bylaw. To
lock up the surplus. in the Treasury,
and withhold it from circulation, would
lead to such a contraction of the cur
reucy as to cripple .trade and seriously
affect the prosperity of the countrY:—
Uncler the cireunistanees, the'Sectetary
.of • the Treasury and ruykelf heartily
concurred in the propriety of using ail
the':' surplus currency in the Treasury
in of Government' bon&-,
thus;red wing the[intereSt-ibearitig'debt,
tif`thiy cotintry,"and of submitting to
•CengreSs the fluestion Of 'the dispiAltiou.
to be infttlenf the. bonds So 'pnrchaSed.
The , bonds now held,Treasur y, amount to about ' - .‘"7s,o.oo,4oo, : including
the Monging to' the Sinking -"Nucl.
I'recommend that the whole be placy ,
to'the credit "of the Sinking Thind.
„' The! office,.a
. Cotinniisiener of Inter
ue of- the most arduons
and•resp eligible under the Government.
It falls but little, if. any, shorter' a Cab
inent position in its:lmportance'and re
sporialibilitieso It would ask for it,
theirefore, such legislation as in your
judgment will place the office on a foot
:trig of 'dignity,. e,plutxlensufate ;with -its
ImpOrtanee, and with a character' and
'Atialifieations of the class amen req.
ursitnto till it propetly2 ''
' - AS.
the `United States is the first of all
, . r.: , '
'II EttWrlS BO , too,,the people 'sympathize
")vitil all - : peoples, struggling for liberty -
-and', elf-government. But while so
;sympathizing, it is: dike -to, our. ,honor
• that-weshoUld so abstain from. enfore- ;
Jug our, views upon unwilling ' natiens
;andlroin taking- an-interest part' . tvith; • ,
.out'irvvifation. In 'the quarrelshetweed
'different 'nations, :Or ' between
,geVern-, ,
• 'tient-S ., and their .subjects;' Cin . i..'cinii•Se
Sliellltl !always, - be ';in;
.eOnfortniky Vath
' sftletlustice and law, inte f nationaland
Plnpor.:,,' Such has been the isiliey of the
AdMinistrationl-in dealing ' 'With '"thesie .
questione. - 'Formore than a year
uable pr,ciyince
,Of, : ' Spain, And a,'nell,r
neighbOr'Of ours; in' whOtil all ,Oftr i lieio:i
-tile cannot but feel a deep, inteest, has
been struggling ...for- independence-and
freedom. The people and..Coyernment
,of the United,States entertain,thesacue
*orth,:lfeeliugs a d Byre pathies 7 for the:
people Of .Cuba their pending strug
that they ma ifeSted throughout the
previous struggle(' between Spain• mad
her forinefcolonies . .. in' behalf of :tlili.
latter, •, But the 'contest hasiit no, tiiiile.
assumed the 'eonditilnisr 'which. amonnt
to, o,Var"iu the seruici of International,.
l'aVot iiilliela Would show the existeree
of `o de .facto -,jil ttici3,l cirgoilit4iint Of
the insurgents r snalcient to justify a
recognition, of belligerency.: - The prin
ciple is maintoineiii, however;-that this
nation is.its bwOljuclgti when:to accord'
the rights of belligerency
_either to a
''people 'struggling to
. free ' themselves
frotna government they : believe' to'be
-oppressive,.er to independent noticing at
war:with' „each! other" ;;The "'United'
,States ihtINO no' disxtositiQn: to -interfere'.
• with ••'-the" existirig; — i,el:O,.t i ci'ns of!
.Spainttn.her , COonini,,,pegSesSlOni.,on,
, thig retintAtient„ Theylbelieve, that , in?
line 'tituo, Spain - and : other , Europeani
powers will find -their interest-in ter-1
~roinating, t heseTelations,-Aridostabin. e :, t heirwesen t' Idepen ci °notes aS inde:l
, peodent ,poWers`zincilibereS 6f . the'Anil
iy,,o,f, nation s: =
subject The - dppendeneleiiira' r nn
icinger regaided'. as' subject to transfer
from one European power-ta another.—
When the gresent, relation of Colonies
' Cease,' they Are , to beeome . in d epeni4en t .
pbWers,'exereisiog . tber3 right :of chpiee
and blaself-control..--.. In -the- determina.,
Itioutof the4,futnre condition , ' and rein;
Globs . Nirith l ;other %Powers, the. , United
States, int orders.:to , putf a' stop .to
shed in - Cubai , anticiiik the' interest of a
neigh beriPe people,'; ptopdsed their
zoo,ci ottiets tiethring theexisting, rnen=.
deterwiontioo. The oile'r,•nq
"heibk atectitell by Spain on a s basis'
which we believed could be received by
Ohba, Avast withdrawn. It is hoped
that the good . offices of the United
.).'.-?;) , ,`4''_4 : ;,:A-:.:.4it
~ W .zmF~
„ ~..
- ''''s t ..• „'•-. _ ':::,+_' -.::-_'..- '‘ .. -I . ' ._- .
•' II -' - - -H .-
-:-...' ''
1 ... .
-i t ,i i
~, , %II , 1 ,
~ - )i
,1 , •-,.":,)
. i , l -.0
~ L
. • ~-, k..
-i ' ,- ' : ,7%...... • A - 1 ' :.: .. . , 7 : ,-. . =' '
States may yet proVe : advantageous for
the settlement of this unb'aripy strife.—
Meanwhile a number of expe
rditions against Cuba have . 'lkea broken
up. ti lt has b,een the, endeavor of the
'Administrittlean to'exCente the neutrali
ty laws irro• good faith, no' matter how
- unpleasant Alio .tusk,-made by the suf-
Awing AveNhave • endured from lack of
like,geod:fliith toward us by other na-•
tions. :
Toward the.elose of the Akdrainistra
tton a convention was slgut:4 at London
'for the settlement, of all out-standing
claims 'between 'Great Britain ''and the
; United' States, which' failed to receive
the advice , and consent of the Senate
to its ratifiCation. The time and' the
circumstances' attending the negotiation
, of that treaty' were favorable to ;its no--
veptance, 4y the , people of the ;United,
•States,'lititite provisions were wholly
inadequate for the settlement of the
grave wrongs, that - had , been sustained
by this Oovernment, as.well vis_ by its
The injuries resulting to the United
States by reason' of the course adopted.
bY'Great Britain during our late Civil
War in the Increased rates of insurance,
.In the dithintition of exports
• and im-,
PortSond Other bbStritotions dourest-'
is industry .and - production, in'its elect
upolf the foreign commerce of the coun
,try, irn the decrease_ and transfer 'to
Great'Britain - of our Cornmercial. mar
ine; lathe - prolongation of the war and
the increased cost, both in 'treasure and
in, the' lives of its suppression, could
.ot,he adjusted and ordinary
commercial dahlia 'which continually
arise between. commercial nations; and
yet.the convention treated them simply
as such ordinary claims, from, which
they diger more widely in the gravity
of theie-character - than'in .the Magni
tude of their. amount. Great even, as
is that difierence not a word was fOund
In the treaty and not an inference - Could
be drumn• from it to''reniove the sense
Of the unfriendlineSs of the course of
Great Britain incur .strugglefor- -exis
tence which had tic) deeply and so uni
versally ilk/pressed itself 'upon the peo
.ple'of this country" , Believing 'that a
convention thus ,miscOnceived in its
'Scope and inadequate in its provisions
would !not have produced' the• hearty,
'l:ordinal' settlement' of the pendhig
questicifis which alone is consistent
with' thq relations •which I, desire to
have established' 'between 01(3'Utilted
'States. .ind Great Britain:" I' regarded
the action of. the Senate•ih rejecting the
treaty to have been wisely taken 41 . 4 the
Interest of peace, and a necessary
'step in the 'direction of a perfect and a
'etirdial, friendship between the two
countries. A. sensitive people; • een
scitius of their powers; are more at,ease
under a great Wrong wholly unatoned
than _under 'the; restraint of a settle
ment which satisfies, neither their ideas
of , justfee,nor theirgrave sense of grieve
fume theyhave Sustained.' The rejec
tion -of, the' , treaty! Was fellewed by' a
state. of publio _feeling. on both. sides
-which` iI thought not, favorable: to
inimediata' attemapt' at 'renewed inego
tiationS.'' i accordingly so instructed
r rea:l447l 4 l44 l b,t l bWhi t ta States
„ to
e"4l, l PS'Aii r ffitbff-erf-AbDte kal.ej__KtaJ7.
May soon arrive - when the' two Govern
ments can approach, the solittionof this
momentous question with an appreci4-
`tion' of what i 8 due to the rights, digni
ty, and,hoitor of each, and with the de
.terniination not. only to remove the
causes of complaint in the gust,, butto
lay the'foundation of a broad principle
of public laW which will prevent dif
fereric'es and tend to firm and continued
peace and friendship. This, is now the
only gi'tve question which the United
States has with any foreign nation.
- 'The question of renewing a treaty for
reciprocal trade between...the United
States and British Provinces oil ,tlii-,
continent has not been favorably con
sidered, by the Administration. Tire
advantages of such a treaty would be
'wholly id
_favor of the British produc
er, except posallily a' , few 'engaged in
thStrade between the two sections. No
citizen of the United States would be
benelltted by reciproeity. - .Our internal
taxation would prove a protection to
the British producer almost equal to the
protection. , which our manufacturers
now reeetvefrom,' the tariff:• ,Some 'ar
rangements, 114 ever, 'for the regula 7
tion of cointnereml intereourse between
the United StateS and the Dominion of
Canada may be desirable, . -,
~ • TEnt:GpAili, CABLES. . • ,
.It' having come. to my AtnOwledge
that a corporate' don - litany 'organized
under British 'laws, - prOpoSed: to land
upon the shores of the :UnitedMates;
and to opernte,there a submarine cable,
under a coneeSsion front HIS Majesty
the EuiperorOf the - Vierich, or an 'ex
clusive •right,;for.tu ) euty years of tele
graphic communication between s tip!
shores of Prencli and the tnited,ptates f
with the vtiry'Objeetionable - feature 'of
subjecting all.messages.conveyed:there-'
byte the scrutiny and control;
. of_the
French Government. I eased the
.Fiench and British Legations' at Wasli-'
:log en to be madeaequaintedwith the
probable. policy of Congress ouThe SO-
Jeet as for6badOwed by, the bill which
passed the "Eioiiiiid iii 'mareli last. This'
dretV , front , the: representatives' of the
'com Pany au agreement 'to accept as the,
hielis or their operations the, , proyt,s ion s,
it(tliat bill; er of'sindi other enactment
on:the subject itS --- Mighthripassedi der
lug the approaching session of Congress.
Also to use, their ,influence to ,secure
from the French Government a modifi
cation of their conceSsion;:sii`tis to per
mit .t he 'land ing of any cable' belonging
to tiny 'Company, incorporated by the
authority of the United States, or of
:the'; Union;' and, on their part, not to
oppose the establialiment• of any such
:eable. In considerationot,this" .t,lgree
'Merit I directed the,withdrawal.of; all
;epposition by the United States author-
Wes !to the landing' or nealo, and to ,
the working of ,it, until ;the:Meeting of
, Congres.' I' regret ; to ' say that, thre
'has beep PO - modification made ,in t - 6
'Compils - Conceision ; `nor; sit far a "I
1 1
ben 'fear ,itutve: they attempted to f ie.
cure, one, :Their. concession •, excludes
the - , Capita . and - the citizens .of the
United States front Comperitien upon
the — ShereS , of Frtince'' .1.: , recommend
legiSlatfon to; - protect.the ziglits nUeiti-
Zeus of, the United State r s, tut7yellasthe
dignity arid' sovereignty of the nation,
againit such an assumption. I shall
also:endeavor to seepre,,,by negotiation,
'an - abandonment of the principle of Mcni- :
Opolies' in' ocettiti)telegraPhic , eableB,— , '
Cottle's of •the ;ebrrespondence; are here
. Withifurnished.: . • ;,' -; „: .
~,;. ,
.* ' The unsettled - politteal, condition of
'other Countries', lesslottnnate than our
own,' sometittles indue6s-'ttlett citizens
„to come to , the United Statesufor .. the
sine ~ p urpose of
_being, naturalized,—'Having . secured thiS, they retnrn to
'their 'native COl:nary and reside, there
,without diSblosing . this, change .of al.
iegiance, TheY, uecePtallicial,positien*
of trust ori'llinter'l,wh i ieli' tau` only b'
:held by citiiens.Or'iheir. natiVoland- -, '
' r fitCY'.iett 010 tinder
,0484p9543 .'descri b
in ,‘-e: th Ont. 7 as„ siteb. citV4p,my i ,,and; it, is
"On ly, -,
',I,V lien civird ie.oill; al teeyeurs er
hapit orquiet, threatens their person;
or their property, or when their 'native
State drafts into its military service,
i that the fact of their change of alleg
''' ,4,-'-
lance is made known. They residever
nmently away from.thellal i ted States;
Ailey contribute nothing to revenues;
they avoid the duties of its citizenship,
and they only make themselves known
by a claim of protection. :have di
rected the diplomatic and epnkilar offU.,
cers of the .United States AO scrutinize
'carefully all such claims ofdpiotection.,
The citizen of the Ulifled States,
whether native or adopted,l4 entitled
to it's complete • protection. -While
have a voice in the
I shall not consent to imperil the sacred
right by conferring it upon' fictitious &
fraudulent claimants.
• .
-On the actession of the present Ad
ministratsori it was found ithat the
Minister for Perth Germany had made'
propositions for the negotiation of a
convention for the protection. of-emi
grant passengers, to.which,no response
had'heen given. It was concluded that
CO be effectual all the triarltinte- - priWers
engaged in the trade • should- join- in
such a measure. Invitations havebeen
extended to the Cabinets of London,.
Parts, Florence, _Berlin, Brussels, The
Hague, Copenhagen,- and- Stockholni, - -
to empower their representatives at
Washington to 'simultaneously, enter
negotiatiOnS and to conclude with
the United- States conventions, identi-'
eat in form, making uniform regula
tions aslo the Construction-of the:parts
of vessels to be devoted to the -usnof
emigrant passengers ;
as to the quality,
and quantity of food i " as 'to the- Medi
cal-treatment of the sick, and es to the
rules to be Observed during the, voyage,
In, order to secure ventilation to pro
mote health, to prevent : intritsion,'and
to protect the -females, and providing
,for the establishment of tribunals • lb.
, the several countries for enforcing such
regulations by seminary process.
Our manufactures are, increasing with
wonderful rapidity under the encour
agement which they now receive with
the improvements in machinery already
effected, and still increasing, causing
machinery to take the place of skilled
labor. •To a large extent our imports of
Many articles may fiill44l largely with:
In- tv very few years. Fortunately; too,
manufacturers are not confined. to afew
localities as formerly, and it, is, to 'he
hoped will be.' coin More and more clif-,
fused, malting le : interest" in' hem
equal in all seen us; They' giVe•elici
ployment and su Tort to hundreds. of
thousands of people at home t atid retain
with u's 'the means which ether Wise
would be shipped abroad , . ' The' exten
sion of railroads in Eui:ope and the.
East 41 - bringing intocompetition with
otir agricultural products like proti-ttce
of. ether countries. Self-interest, if l i k;_i
self-peservation, therefore,,dictates Caur
thaw against disturbing' , any Andustrial
interest of the country. ',lt teacheS be
also; the necessity of looking to 'other
markete for the.eale"of our surplus.
Our neighbors south of us, and China
'and Japan, shOuld receite our 'special
attention: , It will be the enderivori'of
the , Administration to cultivate , reabh
relations with these nations as to their
,confidence, and make it their interest,
'as • Well as ours, to , esfabliAlk better
- ctornlllercial relations._ ------- ' -,-*'''' ' 4
-...,,.,.„, r d, l A c i l viii z
r nc r i:g - r PSIUT Y A l's 121 — TO
Upon my assuming the respensibili.•
tics of Chief i‘lagistrate of the, United
*fates, it was with the conviction 'that
three things were essential to its peace,'
iii oz4pel ity, - atliti fullest. development— ,
Viist among thesi., is strict , integrity in
fulfilling all our obligations. Second,
To secure protection to the person and
property of the citizens of the United
states in each and every portion of out
common country, wherever he rinK,
choose tic - move, without yefereoce' to
original nationality,. 'religion, color, tti•
politics, lemanding,of hint only obedi
ence tot its laws, and pi•oper rc--spetr:t‘ Mn the ' righ is of others. Third, Union of
all the States,' with equal rights, indes
tructible by any polistituticru a l means.
To secure the first of theseCongressho,
taken two essAitial steps-?irst : In de•
claringl by joint • resolution that 'the
public debt 814.141 'l3O paid; principal
and iiKerest, in torn : By providing the
mean S for paying, providing the means,
however; could secure the object desired
Without a proper adininistration of the
uw•s Poi• the collmtion oC the revenues
tud art is;'conottliettl tlis.lntrsernetat
them. To this subject the Adminis
tration has inwyt, earnestly addressed' it
self, with, results, :I hope, satisfactory to:
the con n try. There , bas been no hesi-,
Cation in'elianging officiall in order to
secure an efficient -execution of tilt ,
laws, sometimes, too, - where, in a rderi.
party view, undesirable political resultS
Nvere, .likely to follow ! nor any hesital
tion.iii ,sustainin„,c , efficient' against in
inotistranceS :wholly political. It play
be-welllto mention here the embarrass
ment. possible to arise from leaving on
the statute boolzA'the so called " TenMre
of-Office Act,". and to earnestly'recont,'
ment its total repeal..
,It could
been the intention of the framers of
the Constitution, when providing that
appointments made by the President
should receive the ,consent of the Sen
ate, that the latter.
:Should have the
power th return in office persons placed
there 14 -. .. federa - appointment against
the will of the President. - The law , is
consistent with a faithful and efficient
administration of the Government.—
What faith eat) an EXccutive • put in
officials`foreed upon • him, - in those,. too, •
whom, lie, was suspended, for reason
How will 'such officials he , likely : o
serve nn ' - ii'dministratien -- which they
'know : does not trust-them? ' -
For he second requisite to our growth•
and prosperity, lime, and firm but
humane administration of ' existing
lairs,' amended from time to time as
they may-prove ineffective or prove
harsh and . .unneeetsary, are probably
all the means rag iiired.
The third 'cannot be Y obtained 'by
special legislation, but must be regarded,
as fixed by - the Constitution-itself, and
gradually acquiesced in by force of pub
lic opinion. -
theViorn e fonntlation of the ,
nient to the present the management of
the original inhabitants of .this.conti
nent—the inditins:—,•hasVeen ' a subject
of enibarassnient and expense, and hat
been attended With ebattituous 'robber-'
• ries, 'toit rd e rs, and war. 'Prom my own
experience upon the :frontiers, and
-Indian countries, I de net, hold either
the legislation'Ythe"eoiltlifet or the
whites whocome mostin . .contitet: with
.the . indian blameless f ,these:.hosti`r
ties., The past,, however, cannot 4,1. 4 -1/I -
don, and the onostion'inust .i l e" 119
umw find 'it: I - have tit ili P ted
•new ,policy toward tbese: - B . lds „t )f the'
nation (they cannot be - rg a.l. ‘` e 'n any
( „ t h et . , li t , , .hi: t hi n , n , ; -
% , , ,..rds) With lair re-,
su its; ;:„<, fur and I
boa too d e _ , Afitiltlitteiy :With - great
Societyg),f Fyientis is well
in periodwhile the Inklian'A ifi"the
se toetnen t of Penntiy Ivarillt,4llll6 then!
neighbors of other, seots, in, ,et
sections were constantly embroiled, :
They are also'kneiun.
tion•tettll strifes, iiart t 'and .
. are. ge e rat I y note& forn I tivir,•?liiet
4,ogrity and; fair ,ilt . e.iings.DiVle-19-C93 1 %
sideratiOns induced ins to g've the ?nail -
agentent of a fe,v reservations of In
(bans tt, thein, and to throw the burden
of selection of agents upon the Society
r. , ' ,
} ~ F
NO. 51.
With a now a varle assottment of- . ,
AND F . .AS . ITSI3SES,,-. _
, .
• ; ~;
and are roparod to esoou taiestlyand pzptsptly
HEADS, OARDS, PAMPILL47I;I 4 , 40.2 4102. -
Deeds, Mortgages,Leasel an'd a full ;morts:toll*
of Constables' and Justices' on band.! • "
r Pebplaliving at a distance can ttepeildQD.hai.
Ipz,thoir,wqrk (Igno promptly, and sent back fa •
return miql.
Itself. ' The result has proved .
mint •
satisfactory. It , will be found mere
fully setlorth In.the report of the Com
missioner of Indian Affairs. For Su
perintendentS and Indian. : Agents not
on the reservations, °Misers of the army •
were . selected. The reasons for this
tivero numerous, Where Indian Agents
'are sent, there or near there 'troops
must be, sent also, The agent and 'the
commander of troops are Independent
of each other, and are subject' to orders'
cram different departments of the-Gov
ernment. The army officer holds ti po
sition for life ; the agent one at the will ,
'of the President. The former is Per- '
sonally interested in liVing in harmony
withal.° Indian, and in the establish-
ment Of a permanent peace, to the end
that'some portion" of• his life may be '
spent' within the limits of civilized so
clay. !The latter has no such personal
interest. Another reason is an • econo-
mks one ; and still another, the hold
which the Government has upon a life
ofticer to secure 6.-faithful discharge 'of '
duties in carrying seat a given policy. .
The building of rallrbads and the tie,cess
thereby given to all the agricultural and
mineral iegionii of the country is rapidly
bringing civilized settlements into don.
tact with all the tribes of Indians: No
matter what ought to, be the relations
between such settlements and'the abor
igines, the fact is they do not harmonizo
well, and one or the other has to give
-way in the end. A system which looks
to the extinction of race is too horrible
for a nation to adopt without= entailing
upon itself the wrath of all Christen
dom and engendering in. the citizen a
disregard, for human life and the rights
of those dangerous to society ; I see no
substitute for'such a system . except in
placing all the Indians on large reserva
tions as rapidly as can be done, and
giving them absolute protection there
as soon as they are fitted for it. They
should be induced to take their lands in
severally, and set up territorial govern
naer:t' for' their down protection. For
full details on this subject; I call your
special 'attention" to the report of the
Secretary of the Interior and the Coat.:
missioner of Indian Affairs.
• no report of the Secretary of War
Ishows the expenditures of the, War De
partment for the year ending the', lath
of June 1809, to be $80,644,042, of which.
$23,882,81Q. was !disbursed in the pay
ment ot debts contracted during the -
war, and is not chargeable td current
army expenses.. His estimate 0f534,661,
931' for the expenses of the army for the
, next ilscal year, is .as low as it, is be
lieved. cian be relied on. The estimates
Of Bureauoincers have been scrutinized
Fuld reduced wherever it has been
deemed practicable. 11,. however, .the
cenditiOn of the country should be such
by the beginning.of the next fiscal year.,
as 'to admit of a., greater concentration
'of troops, the appropriation asked for
willnet be expended. The appropria
tions estimated for river and harbor lin
proven:Lents and for fortifications are sub-.
witted separately. Whatever amount
Congress may deem proper to.approwl
,ate for these,purposes will be.expended.
iteptav - or - liner c>e , t,.Tt. cu. kJ yr "raver
Navy, accompanying this, •shows the
:ficlifigku k aikbe -Navy Wfieli this Ad.-
changes made_ since. Stenuous eftbrts
have been Made to place as many ves
sels in commission, or render 'them lib
for service ' if required, as possible, and ;-
to substitute the - sail for steam while
cruising, thus materially reducing the,
expenses of the navy, and adding great-
ly t to its efficiency.' Looking to our fu
ture, I recommend a liberal though not -
, ?,Xtravagant policy toward this branch -
of the public service. • . . I
I , The report of 'the Postmaster-Cieuer .
furnishes a clear and comprefienSiv _ ,
exhibit of the operations of the - poste •
Service and of the financial conditio.ef ' i
the PoSt-Oillee Department. The' a di- ,
nary Postal revenues fey the year e di' ,
lug, the Seth of J une, 1860, amounted to
$18,344,510 and the expenditures to $23;
898,131, showing e an excess of experidi- .
Lutes ' over . receipts .of $5,353,620. The .
excess of 'expenditures over receipts fcir '
the previous year amounted to $6,4674
e 822 The increase of revenues for 1869'
over those of 1868 was $2,051,969, and ,
the increase Of expenditures was
538. The increased revenue in 1869 ex
ceeded the increased revenue in 1868 by
'5090,336, and the increased expenditures
in 1860 was $2,527, 570 less than the .in= '
nreased expenditure in 1868, Showing by -
compariso this gratifying feature - of -"
improvement: that-while the increase
of expenditure over the increase of re
ceipts in• 1868 was, $2,439,535, the in.. •
crease ofreceipts - over the in ease Of e 4—
petiditures in 1860 was $1,084,371: ' • , -
' You attention is respectfully called to
the recommendation made by the'Post- '
master-General for authority to change -
'the rate of comperision 'to the main
trunk railroad lilies for their setvicesin ,
carrying the mails • for- having- post
route maps executed; for reorganizing
and increasing .the efficiency of. the
Special Agency service ; for the increase -
of the mail service on the Pacific, and
for establishing mail service- under, the
flag of the Union - on the Atlantic;_ and -.
most especially do I call your attention .-
.to this recommendation for the total -,
abolition , :of ,the franking privilege.
This isn't tise..train which no on re-; re-:.
ceives commensurate advantage,;, it re
duces the receipt !from the. postal. ser
from 25 to 30 4)er.cent, and largely
decreases the__ service to be performed..
The - Method by' which postage should,
-be paid upon - public matter's set :forth,
fully in the . report of the Postmaster-`
- . 1
!General. .
, ~
The rePort of. time Seeretatty, of, the'
Interior shows thab the sivantityof Pnbr,,
lie lands diSpostkl of during the • year ,
•ending the. Both opune 1809, was 7,666,,
152 acres, exceed ug that of
,the preeed
:lng.Srear bj7: 1,00,0,0 acres. Of !,ttdii
amount' 209,544 acres Weresold,".for
cash' and '2,737,365' acres, eitti3re . 4, under ; _
the ilopnestead lit.Ws. - The' Ilerrhunder
was granted to aid in the construction
of 3Vorlis Of illtelth Hi iin prOem eil ti- ap
prei,ed to the States . i, as-sWrimp - Janda;
.unqlocated'witfi w4rtants - and scrip.
The cash receipts from all s ources Avere
$4,472,886, - exCeeditig; those of the' pre-
Ceding year, $2 , 846,1140. During 'the
last fiscal year st"),:t 2 0 6 names were added
to tie penos i m ,50,4, , 576dr0pped therer
fiord; letiviie,_at Its close -186,9634 •-The
'aim:Ali:it wai to Pensioners, including.
erisation of disbursing; agents,
-the eor4
,p 4. 422 884 an increase of $4 411 902
a r.,
_, )
~. thatnf the previotra year: :.-' ' •-•
-- The•munificence of Congress has been ,
conspiendusly Manifested in : it's ‘legishi- •
hen for' the soldiers ..and sailors who
suflbred in the reeputt stroggje-t0 2 ., rPain-i•
tato Unit unity.. el government,tch,
makes us one people. The .additiOn ; to.
,the. pension rolls or each sticeesSiVe-year.
ince, the conclusion - of hostilities result',
'hi ft• 'gfeat degree 'from the tePeated
• limeritithent'S'of We Act'nf the' 1.4t1i' . 6f '
July; 1862; which Vxtended Iti",proVis-`
•ioee to eases not falling •witbilf itit'ofigi;;i
• Hal seOpe., -. .Tho - largo'4lartyWilliitf:' - fir
'th uSneeTa - lieeted is fu iither-,inereased kr
Abe more libeilil iillotvande ' beritoWett
Oleo, thattdate upon thosemho,= inc the
Aim; ef, duty, were w hell 'Y:clF,Ti4niunent;
I;ollSablech Public eptnie 'hasn`. Over(
ail 'emphatic i.-'atictikin ,to these inetkur,ek
4,•i•%Q1) grvss , a int; ii t 'it W i II;; tie .keebil tik di
that no part of Our poblic. burden Is
wore elieerfullwhoree than that, Which
is imposed by tuts branch of the service.;
It necessitates the next fiscal year, in