The Tioga County agitator. (Wellsboro, Tioga County, Pa.) 1865-1871, November 24, 1869, Image 1

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    ;z.gp3 gook., 'Agitator,
is published every Wednesday Moornluit - ats2
per year, invariably in advance..
II .11 .0081f4
• 4*- - Cr*.r***ZO,li•T : o 14.-A.T3EI _
Timintra or '.244nzwi i0z.4.46 ;suits *if 140:. ,
fin. 3lns
1 teisrcii.-
•-• tliquirka.u„
si,oo X B ,OO
10,001 1.5,00
-/8,00! "
• 13PeoleiVRotieii inintii Pei- line; "Eili!.oiial or
Lewd 20 omits per line. •
• lkaittirtUr
0 9 A .I.OOIA 14; , A; Y. )1.;Ine! te at thOlr hail
over'br. Roes drug store, on Tuesday evening, on or
before She Pull Moon, at T o'cloak P
TYOGAI(MOTEIt,Iio; 194, It. A. ILL meets at the
Wall, on. Thum:lay. evening, on or before the Fall
`Moon., I+3.'1 1 o'clock
.T YOGA COUNOIL,Iio. 31, K. di B. MASTHRS, moots at
the Hall, on She third Friday of each - calendar
month, at 7 o'clock P. ht.
DTAQAQQTON biAiriel.NDEß,y, No. 2 . 8, or KNIOW44
TEMPO.II,-sind the appendant orders, meets et We
Hall, on the Bret Friday of each calendar month, at
7.o'clook P. 2d. •
U 4
Inliranee, Boutititittd Piansion Agentiy, Math
Street Wencher°, Pa., Jittu. 1,1888. ._
A TITAN/It, AND '.:0C,0,1:11.1SEL011, At LAW;
Notaiy.V.ublia: and - liispiran'oe Agent, Bloes
iaig, Pa;;Ovive CaldWell'sSiore. • ;
,-, • —• q -, 4
1- . I QEO , .- =BRICK i
- L:. • • AND 4 .: W
- Offloe f irlth Vt. 31:)8mIth, Req., Mean Street,
o_oppo4l46.lJaion Block, Wellsboro, Pa.
Stay lib, 1868.
& CO.',
vrTIODRSAT.2 -DRUGGISTS. and.: ,dealerarin
- Wall Paper,: Boroseilp Jokairi, Window ({twee,Perfumery , Ps4ato ana0118;400.,•&o.
Coralag, N. Y., Jaa.l, ISRL-Iy.
S. J. B. NlLta
( !fain 131gollay's, an the Averkue).,-
: - Willat*ad to-Vaal:lase entruated to thiiir oar.
'in the °Gantlet; of Tioga and Potter.
Wellaborcti,Jan. 1, 1868.
/1„, Wellaboro,Tioga Co., Pa,
(Nairn Agent,:Notary Public, and Insurance
Agent. He will attend promptly to collection of
Pensions :Ilea Pay' and Bounty. As Notary
Pablio he takes lioknowledgenients of deeds, ad:-.
ministereortbs, and will act as Commissioner to
take testimony. AMP Nice over Roy's Drug Store,
adjoining Agitator Ot3ice.-.4oct. 30.1387
\ John W. plapraseil,
• Having returned to thre county with a view of
making it his permanent residence, eolicits
share of publio patronage. All business on.
trusted 'to his care will be attence d to with
promptness and fidelity. °lace 2ddoor south
of S. B. Fareti hotel. This, floes, C04.1 0 a.
TAILOR.; Shop first door north of L. A. Sears's
Shoe Shop. sge-Cattingalliting, and Repair
ing done promptly and troll.
Wellaboro Pa., Jan. 1,1865.—1 y.
301114 ETNER,
TAILOR AND CUTTER, has opened a shop
on Orafton street, rear of Bears dr , Derby's shoe
shop, where he is prepared to Manufacture, gar.
manta to order in the most substantiakmanner,
and with dispatch. Particular attention paid
to Cutting and,Fitting. March 28, 1868-1 y
. Dr. C. K. Thompson.. . .
Will attend to Professional tialls in the village,
:•-- of Wellsboro and elsewhere. •
Office and Residence on Btaii - St,-.4c1 door on
the right going East; Pune.
Tv BACON, 312D.Atii0
nosrly four years of
ezperienceln field and hoop
pilico for the practice of me .1
Its branches. Persons from
boarding at the Penneyha
Will visit any part of the S
porrurm !surgical operations
stairs. We 'Moro, PS., Ma
Wm. B.
• •suranao Agont. Com
al)ovo adtfrosa re
Terme moderate.
• ' Thos. Et
his room; Townsend
meet with•proniptats ,
Jan. 13. 1887.—ti..
PLATED WARE, Epentaeles,Vialin Strings,
Mansfield; Pit;:;, ! Watehes and Jew.
elry neatly repaired. , Engraving done in plain
English and German,
Ilairdresßing &.Shaving.
Saloon over Willcox do Barker's Store, Wells
born, Pa., Particular attention
,paid 'to Ladies'
Hair-outting, Shampooing; Dyeing, otc. Braids,.
Palle ss code, and swiobee on band and made to'or-
R. W.-DOTtSEY. - • J. JOHNSON: '
C. L. wri,cox,
,d'ontor in DRY GOOD'S of all kinds;
. .bardwnre
' and Yankee Notion*'. , Odr assortment is large
'and prices low. • Store in Union Call
n gentleman.—may 20 1808—ly,
etor. A new Hotel conducted on the principle
of live and let live, for the accommOdation of
the pliblic.—Nov. 14, 1866.-Iy.
T oji A, T 0 A' EJ , 0 13 ' /si T
Good stabling, attaohod, and an attentivobos
tier itlerays in attendance.
G. W. HAZLETT, . . Proprietor.
WESTFIBLD Borough, Tioga Co. Pa . .,`R. 4.
41111, Proprietor. A new and commodious
building with all the modern improvements.
3Vithin easy drivenof.thehest hunting and gab
lag grbunds in Northern Penn'a. Conveyances
furnished. Terms moderato.
Gaiaos, Tioga County', Pa.
HORACE C. VERRILYE,A, Pnoton. This is
a new hotel located withineasy access of the
best fishing and hunting grounds in North
ern Pennsylvania. No
,pains will be'spared
for the nacoututodation of pleasure seekers and
the traveling public. [Jan.l, 1868.]
TIEJLM aralll33l/1!
M. Ai. SEARS, Prtorn34on.
WIMRE delicious Ice( Cream, Free° Con
fectioi3dry, all 'kinds of fruits in tbuir
season, a nice dish of Tee, Coffee, by Ohocelato,
and Oysters in their season—can be had •tit all
hours, served in the Vest style. Next door he.
low Roberts 6: Bailey's Hardware Store, Main
Wellsboro, Aug. 4, 18139.
) •
Bonuty and Pension Agency.
T_rxvix received letlnitetastractiob sI u regardto
the t tra bounty allowed by the art Ippre've i
July 33,18 3,and haslag on baud a I ar,ge supply oi nil'
no.costary blautco,l aln prepared to prosecute all pen.
elan tad bouaty 41alta et which may be placed In m y h4nds. Perzoctslivirig at ut dtet.anc t .." n cotarn , inezap
or :a .ne by letter,•tnd t hair eolrunuateationE will be
pr )at 'at V .I.lliNViSted .wm. It. 3.311T11
Wlllsbore )eteberl4, ,t,RB6 , t
• ...
Ovar iVieeon Foil Valkenbungfe Sture,in the
room laid" oeetTied l y Benj. Seeley.. ,
BOOTS AND 81tOBS of all kinds made to
order and in the hest mariner.
tiIWAISING of all kinds done promptly and
good. Give ne a call. •
%disbar* Jan. 2, AB6Bl-17.
rI il.
BMos. °Moe
PAO s s s oo Vt" *ll,OO
44/0 8,00 18,00 18,00
6 7 0:: 1 113 ,0
1 'ttf i a -60,00 D ,
The j.hl ' P4.00' aliy, after - -
army seirvico,-mttlxo,
tat prec.ttce,bingt opened, ati
surgorY l 14 all
I 'a• distance can tlnd , goOit
Hate' when desired.—
' to in condultatlon, Or to
No '.4; Union Block, up'
neion, Bounty, anti',id... -
runioatione sera to?tlia
eeive;pi•orapt attention.
[Jan 8, 1868.0y1
MAN.—On:lora loltat
Hotel, lirallaboio, will
. .
. ,
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VOL.- 'V.I.
G1FY , ;130.0,K,, , , - ,,-P . INIIEItY
BLASE ,B1)01E, X.011,11.0?041')
tireit; -
EEMIRA,' Y.' •
Boob AS Ina BEST, C 4, sp 41-4 L
• Ar
Of overt' description; in all stillea of Binding,
and as low, for quality of 131ook, as any Bindery
in the State; Yolnoies of , every description
Bound In tbaltiiisi manner ,
and in any styldsw.
;ALL KINDS 016Iftii wo n
Bieontod in the beet tiantier:, Old
bound and mado good as new.
• OOMPL 1 01:V. ix Wilt iiiBTOIL'
I ate prop i areid to, fgrulatt back numbers °CO!
Barletta orAtigaminei pub#Fahed 1n the
States or Great Britain, at . alotir Price,
Of all sizes and qualities, on hand, ruled or plain.
d t .24:1
aiy..qu or a irs; on_ au on up a
for printing. Also, -DILL PAPER, and CARD
BOARD of all : colors _and.Ruality,,ia
out e.SPATIONEB" .
Cap, Letter, Note Paper, Envelopes,
Pens,. tspeils, &e.
I ant sag agent for
„ • ..,
AND:6ENTI4iirIi • r • ,•''
Which I will warrant equal to Hrhld Pens. The
best in use and no mistake.
- The above I:deo:4E1411i sell at tholowest Rates
at all times, at a small advance On . New York
prices, and in quantities to suit purchasers. All
work and stock warranted as represented.
I rospeotfully solicit a share of puhlio patron.
age. Orders by mail promptly attended to.—
;Address; LOUII3,,RIBEI,L •
,Elmira, N.Y.
Sept. 28, 1867.—1 y,
1 John a. tiorion, • •
Pa. 011ieo with C. 11. Seymour, „En, Business
attended to with promptness. apr. 7th,'69-Iy.
0., PAIELLEIT , • ;..
DEALER IN DR Y GDODS,.Grocorlea, Bard
- ware, Boots, Shoes, Rats, Caps, &0.,00r
uer,or Market and Craton strosts, We Daort
Pa.' Jan. (S . 1868..
E. S. -
Respectfully announces t to the citizens of East
Charleston and viciniy,:_that--be —would -be
grateful for their patronage,: • °Tice at . the
Store of Cooper and Kohler. Eltir. 24th '69-Iy.
IttniWe Hotel, . i ;
E. M. SMITIL having purchnded the hotel
.property lately ,owned .by L. It. Smith' Las
thoroughly refitted the hotel, and can acedni:
'nodal° the ;traveling+ public in a superior
manner. . - • March 24th. 1869-ly.
6AI.IIN.WILLE.,Tioge . County, Pa., J. B. Boni),
Proprietor. Convenient to the host fishing
grounds in Toga Co. Flatting parties aeons
niod,atett.witit' conveyances. Good entertain
meat foil-men and. beast. June 9, 1899-tf.
* c" -
tl,.' ;twine y. • c;
th o old
4ry; 7 44tkALF , g, rioari,he Brewery, lireilltitinrri,,c
uridislnotr Oretlareit ti; out tine calf, kip,
and_ harneei leather in the best ID/11/-
nor,• : ,filitles takfirEA un obaree. Clash paid fur
~ i
„.,--.trzvio , N
-,: •-' HOTEL. " 1 - ''
'''• '
, _IAINEW.,--VIATIc.INS, 1 PRorstivron. • ..
, Axici:litied uo:a. new tote rub, udiu g ~:...ti thy dila I
of the old [futon gotel,latfly destioye4 by ,lite x '
.1 atii Ow rea4y to raga id and dptoriaiu
,guests. ; I be
liniqn 'Betel ;was' Mein - led "fo,h tgraperauno : l;4 so ) ,
and the Proprietor believes it can be sustalcedwilbeet
grog. , An attentive hostler In attendance. „: , . ..
Well i/
sboro, J u tie 26,1867 T, . , ~ .
,i,,„ ; , ,
" kJ:ADULT: 4
, . , .;
!Otte'door hboveitieVea s t igirket; •
E L L BB 0.11:0
,11110.,E§PECTF,CYLL,Y announces to thotrading
public that he has a desirable steek.of• Caro_
aeries ) comprising; Teas, Coffeesi-Spleen, Sugars,
Idblassos, Syrups, and' all tlutt oonstitutes a first
•elastratOok.."•Oysters every 'style 'al, all
sentabla-noure;:' r''
Weiteboro,Jah. 41.867-41%.,-
.• • . • DEALERS-Alf-.
• STOVES;'-' TIZY, 2 IV:a "
• _ I.
4q111011.6T17,4`4,, : ; tairkuAlENxs,
Carriage_ tired Efarnesa •Trimalingii,`!
' '
,OODLES, fcc,
.Corning. N. Y., Jan. 2,1867-Iy.
HEAR. ,YE I EIBAR:YB, I .11.. Alk -1(1T-;)
. BUTTER, TUBS, &0.,
rapt constantly on hand, and furnieb ' ed to or
der, by
. • M.ATHERS.4
at his nci4 otore, 2d dOor above Roy't Building,
Wellsboro: (Juno 10, 18080
Scales? Scales! Scales!
TILE l3uffalo Platform Scales, all ordinary
Sizes, for heavy, and counter UEO, may be
tuund at the_Hardware Store of Win. RolortF,
Wellsbore.)• 'These . 13c'ales 'are the Fairbanks-pat
ent and 111190 ,110 SitiporioF anysv,hore. They are
wedeln the bast style; and have talion the premi
um at all the gVent eibibitiens. •
I have the sole agency fox-these Scales in this'
Wellaboro, Fob. 12, 1968. -
-New Tobacco Store 1.
itr. subacribor has fitted " the robms
Tjoining D. P. Roberts Tin Jan.! Srove Store
for the manufacture and sale of • . . _
CIGARS, (all giages), Etney and C4iitijri
SMOKING Tqliiict , o,iltichi g « n Fine Cut
CHEWING, and alt kinds of
PLUG TOBACCO, PIPES, and t)recr;o{.
eat' Brand of CIGARS
11. P. Call and eeo for yourtyl.vt.e.
• ' • JOIIN IV. P1714,5E,L.1
Wollsboro Not. 11; 1883= th,
ELK RUN PLASItB.—We , liereby certify
that we have used the plaster manufactured
by Champney (S; Bernauer, at their wages on Eqi
Run, in Gaines township, and we believe it,to do
equal if not superior to the Cayuga Piaster.
DavidEtnith S M Conable AP Cone
M H Cobb II E Simmons J Bornauor
G W Barker Asa Smith Strait
S B Davis iv Albert King 4 i- John Millar
J Watrotts W Watrous
It M Smith 0 A Smith II M F•ioto
J D Strait. P C Van Golder.• J J gmith
Jared Davis Zimmerman', L ging
N. B.—Plaster always on hand la the
Frio 14 Per ton.. "- I : . Nov. 4, 1868.
C" ;iA o*,
' I^ ,
r ",7,
e-,• . ~& . F
. lil ulie.E''''''':
and see Moo stook of Goode foithe•
• •
tts .-t WINTER
tl•-. 8 0111111
, ,t.t • ,
ZILE)11110:.51131100 00011gi
—all styleS, eolo!s and patterns-- •
ALPACA'S, POPLINS, cA.Dinaidick , 4
" PEPOTAS,VERSAILES,,DI494.', I . i „,.- T ,
‘•-•. • & c ., -
Attiptit, Winter -grAwLs, , ,
and a largo assortment to SeidOCtiOlii: l
Prl4 Pls 4: lffi * MOVE I 4 ,
ALL ):
—Our stock of-4 r: '
YANICE 4 140V:911W, •
can't be beat. It keeps up witli everythiegT the'
Y,Aultecs have thought of •ti
" --- 20E,MV2200
too auttiorOus to mention; liut will say that you
will seldom llnd ao largo an anof.ttnent to admit
from In a country More, and Mohr. down to the
WO oleo keep a largo assortment of
jp4p7x 7 g, Apg_.:;•ctp.TAi,TlG,
in suite, and parts of suits. She wo fail to
suit you with ready-made, wo 'easiinioro,
Boots and
,r's; . • 4 • •- •
~!.. :• : , n3losiYks ';';',“.:;
I:dok.„kb* Ciitpenters'
1: • - •
P 0 el'Elt
"TEAS nre lawir lhau-at any . titne since
the ear. Lid not go in Cuba-to hey sugar, aid
so have nowe'bheiip.:- IT/Oyu ngoilts for th e.•
Itfirt!teri, if yt.ti w int toplii to wtiris'tOth , trot, in:
)SiLt, GI2IIE, Pi t 4STEit;POItk,TL - ourt
" • • _Lim? , Coi l iora .
Puttgy.t s titie;; t i rtilti;ll'liktier.ittiti,:: A tibloti Sitlt . to
.flavor kinds' of Forth 'l,roatiee
,esl. Prlieween't Le beat. - .
TioxaS Pri - i,pclober 18 18419. ' • '
No., 2' dnioii • ,I_l6clc: is j;`
i'FIE• XEW . Si)RII'd .StYtEs;,
• -
•, - •? •
ofiwory,tiosor,iptiotr i t ADRESS I TRIAIMINfiff end
07TTOilA of 4 alf also tho' Itirgoeteilet
• ohetipeot assortment of' • ' 7 •'
• ,i 1 •••(
eye! brought into Tioga Qounty, .Tionioniber
0-= :rho plUoe,-and i3all44tVre orchasing.. '
We have seleoled "titoele witli groat "e",a'r&
'and 'notify kentlerfien that
. ,
"BUM;14:Ell WEAR ;
r s.
. . ,
Thankful for poet patronogd,and" b , * , triot at-,
tendon to littelne,es vii.hope te"tbare a cOn (Intl
.. • . .
anee of th e ammo.
)V.?l,lBbciri);ll4y, 18f_1? -0:
y -
11711ialliON 111 1 . 5 .L7M1V0Q - '
• • -
/ T IE` uodoraigned respectfully' a nn oun cos to tbh
eitipins of Weattleld and surrounding coun
try-filet he iit'piirrninetitly located at Well/ace.
De is fully prepered to do all kinds of -
111 the higlidat Pty lo 'of the nrt. Srtlefaettlion
guarranteett Office over georill'a Drug Store..
Fine Photo‘tapha ean•lna bed' over the Drug
Store. 11 It. PIIILLIPS:
Weittleltl3lta:, June 30, 1800-Iy.
100 1 000 ,- LBS:WOLTINTED
for which tite'Ligheat price will be tal4 i the
J0n9,18, 1800. TOLES & 'AJMER.
• . For Sale, Cheap.
A STEAM Engine de Boiler, and all the goat.-
„Ll, lug for an up and down So*. - -
• ' - • ''JOHN BOWEN. '
Welliboto; Jurmat, 186 . 9.—W • • • •*.
pue. g•=, f.= viAinicalia6WlLVth 0441. Zi,E;
, ,
8-.4-..1- W .-:X
! 3 -.- •
thil Place whooll)o
' - .•
nf'~vdry 4,3lripi)i‘n we eO - 1 be teat.
• •r• • • - •& • ' • r -• • • • z
• ' EillltBl7BE.
4;tenauee iny lady's foot bath.trOcr
Often thiAneadowy lapse between, , ,
Her lawn anti:yonder lake the and , •
Laughi Senfiter'elnerald sheen.
.."Beas(sts'e Ipy , jadyaihanci bath traned ' , •
„Tfer reckless rose vines how toilginsv,
wealthier crimson; costlier Stained,',
- Flatters her columned port!co. •
4easiuse my )ady's garden guessed '
)Ter.longings through rho April ”
barren levels confessed
isA lovelier"rnsialage of llowers; ' '
Becnu'le'rey lady's goldpil voio :
tymany'almssing breeze,'
It 'seems - all bird-land's' common choke
To 'isarblo'iri' hefiiately trees. t .;•,,c, • :/••••
!I—ci . 7 3" • ••+
Because my lady keeps by night •: • • •
.c.• L _l4ong trysts within her spacious park, • .;
e "(Near 4:vaguelosintaincloOnsifig white., g
iThaaquiters•intliehttimyllaslt 7; - • :•,
Ikeesue royiS4',(foe s s noi`seoin,
her r priceleSklove bath owned, • •
u•• , ,
ORc 0 rig Pro Iu3Y4Y, born,, t . , t
' • ' • .
throned)Ata i a ronadJ'''
I ,k,4
'.. a oitthule.oll# , eit4 ng: - '
, A.omorass ADvEp'itrns f -,
11 •ill the latter part of hist summer, a
Seanty'purseled ine, 'in ccimpany with
`semi) relatives, tto spendiny holidays at
,a little village on the W, elsir coast., out
'ef tat, ordinary , heat: bf tottriets; but
Pt , l;lersY)Seicluarkable tor , inOthing but
,its eerierakair of blenk n esti nd Sterility.
The place Was tvery quiet, tend' „the
lodgings were cheap and tblerablyr cepa,-
fertable.,,l , These , ` Tenet - Male , being ,ii , C=
cured, we had to'put fip with Pie • scen
ery, *Well wag hot 'N'ery, attractive. A
long low line of beach; 'surmounted by
abigh) ridge, itadieg tei the one 'han ,
toth,e _feet of mime bold jutting-cliffs
and on'the other losin,g itself in an es
tuary ; ,pehind this a black and dreary
looking bog, stretching three or'four
miles inland, and-intersected In every
direction 'by wide, artificial * ditches,,
and deep, natural fissures connecting
the inky•peekis'.. A small river, flowing
let° the estuary ,divides the bog, its•
edurse•beln,g tnarked bymoundsofpeat,
out freak 'the firmer ground which forms
itS punka. ', Branching out at right an
gles to the river are other lines'of peat
stacks, following the course of the lar
ger drains, which herald the attempt
•to cultivate the dreary waste. , • ,
This was the view I beheld,iii, stand.
ing one &ening oh the top of the stony
ridge, I , faced eastward. The, sinking
sun, threw, my shadoW ferover the hog,,
'distinctly seen as it, fell'oyer the gilded
"r ales and eriPasoning peels. I had
been etrolliug gut with my gun; in the
bepe,oraddiug some specirnene o'llly
cabinet, and was.thinking or returhilig
homewards, when a long-legged heron,
slowly sailed high overhead, in the tl
reetion of , the river. I watched the
i?irei till'-it alighted hear one of the
TbatStakeS, and earefuliy „noting- tift
spot, ,I proceeded• to a careful stalk,
',lipping t,o secure an acquisition i L I•core
trived to get,' within seventy% yArds bf
the heron,,and as there was no cover of
any kind nearer, Ilaydowt beittrid the
last moeu .te,.readhe , aigae- T repe,-
'finger on the trigger, wine ed,patientiy
•iti the'hope that my quarry would feed
towards me. . I Wes not disappointed:
if - gradually approached some yards
nearer my hiding place, and then either
caught sight or scent of me, for it sud
denly rose, het in sb doing came within
range. Bang! went both barrels. nt.-
tering a hoarse croak, the heron flew
heavily away keeping elose to the
grotted, i and evidently Ward hit. • I
sprung up and followed, jumping the
:ditches, and avoided the soft ground as
',hest I could. Touring one •particularly
-long jump, 'I lost sight of the heron for
a moment ; 'I eatight • sight of it again
just lb tiine'tb see it fall to' the- greund
us softly, as a',Snowflake, and lie' still
with its wieg6 kprea.i to their, full
`stretch. 'Between. the bird aret i pe.
iloweyer, there wae r a, erevaise wider
then any I bad yet. leaped, and a dezen
Ards on the other side lay the (Meet of
MY Pursuit- The black elitny _sides of
the ditch overhung , thewhter, which
lay deep audstill some six Or Sevete-feet
below, and a few `yards to the right con
;netted with a large pool; having equally
high and , muddy bank's. To the left
was' a lebytipth of eitnilar ditches.—
Setae dietanbe in front, a breeder and
straighter,creek in, the flat expanse
'sh„owed where the river, lay. The baulk
.91,1 which A stood was a• foot or two
„higher than the opposite, bank. I , des
,eribe the situation •thus minutely. in
order to .make the reader understand
what aftertvards happened. -
Noteikhig to lose the prize so nearly
in my grasp, I reSoleed to risk the jump.
don the gnu, and taking my
Coat off,' I reede,the effort, and cleared
tbe,ditch; ehly, however, by a few•
'Lichee. I . secured, the, heron, and
smoothing its beautiful plumage, but
little injured by the shot, threw it across,
to the bank from which I had just
eome: • Then; on looking around, I
found myself in •a soli of out de sac.
The h lt of firm ground on which I stood
',wits an island,• and the only way of es
cape was the one by which I had . ar
rived. Having 'to "take-off” from a
lower level, it was much harder to get
back than, it had been to come ; but as
tbere w4iki no alternative, it' had to be
tried. - I did not leap quite far enough,
and pitched with hands and 'knees to.
gether against the edge. There was no
'vegetation to catch hold of, •and after
hanging on the halauee for a 'few' mo
ments, 'vaini3r Clutching at the mud, I
fell 'backwards. With a heavy splash
into ,the water.
- Fortunately, lam a. good swimmer,
and at,first while treading' water, the
ludicrousness of the affair alone struck
me; but when I , began •to see that it
might be'ifficult• to get up those slimy,
overhanging banke,' , l must confess I
felt rather frightened. It was= impos-
sible to got out at the spot where r had
fallen in.' I swam farther-up the ditch,
and trying to bottom, it l felt my feet
touch the soft tenacious mud, that gave
, no support, but was ,ten times more
dangerous than the water. The water
became shallower as I struggled on,
but the muddy bottom refused to , give
me a steady piece, and the banks after
tied no hold for my hands. It at last
became so shallow thatl had to turn no
my back to avoid kicking the mud as I
swam, and when in this position`, I
could push 'my arms into,it with almost
us much ease as I , could push them
through the water ; hut to draw them
out again was far more easy.
With horrid fear of being unable to
extricate myeelf from the mud,• and of
a slow sin - location, I made a sudden
dash back into the deep water, and
tried the other ditches, oily to be re
pul,ked in the same, manner, I swam
round and round the pool, seeking for
an °inlet, -and begin ping to feel my
boots and clothes very heavy. Even
new I luvolutinirily smiled at the com
parison which suddenly Occurred to me
between myself in this plight mid a
mouse swimming roniid a bucket of
water; buelie thought that I, too, •like
it, might be swimming for my life soon
drove all ludicrous thoughts out of my
,V . 1
_Mcdters.nOw began
_to loolc. very .ee
kloue, when I saw's root or branch of
„Notife Xotingt, ”,
Solne lOng,,builed,tree projecting out of
thO binilt. 1 ea4ght hold of it; but it
,Was - noCstrcnig enough to ettable, me to
my,self out otthe,water; 411 that, I
could do was to support myself With my
hands just suilielent,y to keep my head
above the surface: =I took this oppor
tunity oftlaking of my boots., ,
Vp to this 'time' I could scarcely real
mypesition ; but now the 'convic
tion began to' dawn upon. '-me that I.
'rnight,never again, aeO tie .mother arid
sister'l'haci left ,in the cottage ra mile
and a halfaway. I -looked' up' to the
4y, inl( which the twilight was
giving. place• to the moonlight, and
across 'which the clouds were, merrily,
deriving b'efore the'evening breeze; and
then "I looked at 'the black and 'slimy
walls which' heti:tined me in, and•felt as
thotigh wire 4b . 00t, to scream- with
:terror, "From My childhood, I have al-
WaYs had•a librrar,of conlineinent of
have felt- strangely. un- ,
..eeinfortable wheal' have ' been ,ferejta,•
ded,inte exploring 'a. eave, or when c l
have been slitiwnettirbugh a' priSofi;
This feel i g"I 'Telt now More strongly
than' , the•fear' of - f dtowning. 'To' die
hemmed in by'. •thcifie gloomy ,walls
would be terrible.'
To add tc the weirdness, a hellow
1 : 145 .° 1 T1 itou.O.alluest amounting to a
roa, rite through. , thecquiveripg bog,'rue, no daunt, by my ,ink-
prisantneut in-: the -heart ; of 'the Enos:;.
`ale; thought .I bria 'never he - ard
fore, Lknew to berthenote of the bittern.
Duringlhe• night, sills repented ,sev-
Oral.' times atid aoithing more weird
and disinallt would be hard to iMagine:
I had2not as 'yet thought of ishoutingir
butl riO* did so till twas hoarse. ; The'
only,nnswer was the eerie scream Oi the,
curlew,- The improbability of any One,
being near enough to hear me' t& late,
struck me, and I desisted from -the. user
'less labor.- ' The('Estiliness was ilatPse,
:broken only at-,rare 'intervals by'the
bittern or curlew, HOW ldng I' clung
to the branch, J' do not'know. Vertu
nixte4Y" the water ,was not cold. The
,Clotids had cleared away, and the moon,
near the, full, shone brightly. Had it
been .my courage must have
given way, and I should most probably•
havosunk. but as it was,'l. cannot ats,y„
that I quite despaired' of a rescue in
some way -or other'. 'lf ••,1 could only
hold out till morning, some ow); might,
eobjectured; come for the purpose of
Carrying away the turf sods, and might
see my coat and gun, which would lead
them to' ,search. I had not much
hope in any search from the village ;
had started In the direction of-the cliffs,
my favorite evening haunt, and t fan
cied that would be the direction the
searchers would - take.' As the' night
wore on—oh, so elowly7-with the mobil
so calmly gliding through the starsaboye,
me, I foil Into a kind of stupor, and can
distinetly remenabcr I . Opeating serapi
verses totally unconnected with 'each
-;from this state, I was aroused
liYJn loud note of some night ; bird,
,probably anowl, and found 'my arms,
very stiff from holding on to the root ;
while my legs felt like Weights of lead
suspended beneath • me. While trying
to change 'my position, T faneiedl beard
the gurgling sound of running water.'
and that not far off. .listened intently
and found it,Wits no fancy. - Water was
evidently running into the pool, and
root.l. was - clinging to that
- tuirwater tradlisert home-Dienes.-
..A cheering hope sprang up ,within
me, as it flashed across my mind that
the tide must be rising, and that the
pool must hays an `outlet into the river.
' The thought infused new life into me,
and I struck out into the direction of
the sound. Then, to my-intense joy, I
saw distinctly, in the clear moonlight,
that the water was streaming in, fast
therough.several small inlets and pour
ing in quietly and steadily, through one
of the ditches I had , previously 'sivam
up. I knew that if the tide rose another
foot or - eighteen inc,hes, I could, by
treading water fast, 'spring up so high
'as to be able tneateh hold or the top of
the bank, and so swing ,myself up.
knew also that the water could not
possibly begin to flow into the bog pooh
until it was nearly high tide. lleturn
'lug to my resting' place, I watched anx
iously,.the prospect of ',speedy' deliver-
Attlee banishing all weariness. The wa
ter-continued to pour:in steadily and in
greater, volume. The dawn was now
breaking and I had not much longer:
to wait. The water.bad ceased flowing,
and thn.inink in ; ono place was barely
five feet, above the .water. Taking a
long, breath, I let myself sink low; and
then treading water ns.•strongly and ,
quickly as possible, It threw half may
body above the surtnce'of the pool, ant)
caught the top with one hand. Before
'the Soft earth had time to crumblo,;be-,
'heath' my'weight; I had.obtain ed. a iirm,
er'grhSp yith the (00 band, and in
another moment stood on the 'moss- -
"saved, drinking• in with eaW .gasps.
•the fresh air of the morning.
The white-haze was rapidly' clearing
away, and through it reaw aim or six'
men burryinglOwards,me.
I baiie a confused idea of being helped
to my lodgings., and 'efterivttfde telling
'my adventure to many enger quoit:inn
The soaking Thad had, . and the ex-,
poseurs to the:unhealthy mists which
rise from the morass in• the night,
caused-an illness for a tithe, but the ef-;
feets soon wore off.
The heron is Stuffed, and adorns .niy
cabinet, unconcious of the ' revenge
which overtook' its destroyer.—Cham
ber' Journal. ' ,
- DON'T DlLlNli r —noys 'don't ' rink. - It
may ,be ' seem
smart. You. • may thik that, like a
moustache, it loons manly. - Toui may
-say. that Mr. A. andlMr.l3., s ho hold
.prominent•positionsln the world, have
guzzled for forty years. This may be
Irtie.' Many moderate drinkers rise .to
'distinction, Unit' .they • reach 'eminence
not on account of this failing, but in
spite of it. They
. would be more suc
cessful and more esteemed without it.
just look around this pines and see if
you can find one man or woman who
has :been 'made better kor happier, by
drinking. You will not find one. On
the other hand, you will see wrecks all
along the, shore. ton will see men
whose lives are failtireS Solely by drink.
It may have commenced in the social
circle, where wit and'beauty added their
charm to the sparkle of - the wine. It
May have commenced at the "respect
able" saloon to which men are some
times driven by the mistakes at 'home.
But it too often ends in the lowest and
last place to which fallen men go.
I..,ippincott's , Magazine is authority
for stating that at the time o( the first
issue of Greenbacks Mr. Chase' consul•
ted,,among,others,,With the President
of a Philadelphia sank, as to placing
some motto upon the bills, ak 'in God
Ate trust' has been stamped on some of
the coins. After mentioning severfil
seriptural texts that had occurred to high,
tide Secretary ash ed the banker's opin
ion., "Perhaps," was the reply, "the
Most appropriate' would be ; 'Silver and
gold have 1 nene ; but such as I. have
give I unto thee.'" The project was
not carried further. •
Never put of till to-morrow what you
can do to-day.". said a mother to her
little soh. "Well, them, mamma, let
us eat the' ro4herry. pie that is' itt the
clipboard," said the precodious boY:
y . L4W,OM4 ' AXICks.
Dr. Elliott, a noted, olergyman'of an
old Connecticut town, being well-to-do,
and keeping neither locks nor bolts on
hiti' Possessions; was frequently visited
by burglars in a small way.
Corning ,home late one night frorn, a
visit tika" poor parishioner, be beard, oil
passing through his kitchen, a strange;
swashing 'noise' in his collar, soon fol-\
lowed by the, sound• of stealthy steps
coming, pp, tho stairs. Hiding behind
the door, he saw emerge a - tall man,
bending under' a - huge basket, filled
'with salt pork -, just'liiken dripping
,from the brine. • .
• The. doctor redegnized a poor neigh
bor; lind'Stepping' forward, ,said kind
ly : ' 4 You "have 'a heavy , load there.--
,Allow me to, assist you."
With- a cry, of clistply,, the cuipril
'dropped thei,basket, and actually felt
'on -his - knees.' entreating forgiveness,
roni;the plea: that thl. Was his dirst ofx
fenee,„arld: that his, famtly were then
gull - bring froth want Of food.
' " BUL'm3i frierid,” said the good doe
,tor, you ,certainly knew that you had
only to eopie,A) me and - ask for help to
get, it, without damaging your soul with
sin and your coatwith brine in this was .
Aforgive , you; of-Pourse, but I do think
Lyon lhave taken , more than your share.
of,pork. A willAylde, this with you,
and when you - . want more, or anything
else; ju - sCcotne and tell me frankly."
And.against the remonstrancesof the
poorretch, - he .gortipe lied him to take
,just half,of the stolen meat, saying:
"Ca*ry it to.yOur - wife With my corn
pliti-entsli''Thope It ''svill go down just
as. slick asthough you had not taken it
without leave.,", .
' 'Dr. 'Elliott ,leave.,','.,.,
revealed the name
of thie'maii, thotigli he' - enjoyed telling
. the story, as he did obe - soniewhat sim
ilar, which is well worth preserving.
Pne dark night he went for his horse
in the barn, which - Wes at some distance
from'• the parsonage.' Just as he was
about to enter, lie heard some one corn- -
.og out, , and immediately concealed
' himself behind a large bush in the
'lime; hiding hiS lantern under his cloak.
Presently ith& Wide barn door swung
-open, add a man appeared, bending be
neatli,an immense, load of bay, bound
'together by a rope., Through loops of
this rope ho thrust his arms, and he
carried the huge mass:like a peddler's
pack. The doctor ,suffered this thiev
ing Atlas to pass hitri ; then, taking a
Candle from his lantern, he crept softly
forward 'and set fire' to the hay, , then
again'concealed himself, - In a moment,
that moving haycock was one great;
Crackling bidze, and .the thief, with
wild cries; Was - frantically flinging it
from his, head and back. He succeeded'
in extricating himself without help,
and then ran as though pursued by
fiends'acrosS the'snowy fields.
Some months'after this•there came to
the doctor's study, a pale, thin, melon
Owl looking man, .who, after much
pain ul b Psitatlon l expressed a desire to
mak a confesSion Of sin.' With a se
rious'( and :-sympathetic manner, yet
with, I suspect, a sly twinkle in his
eye, the minister set himself co listen.
"I've luid a dreadful load on my con
science for a considerable spell ; and it
does seem, doctor, athef't would kill me.
I'm most dead now."
' "'Ali I is It possible? What can you
-- intve> &Me? - You 'aro- -iv respectable
man and, a church member," replied
the doctor in seeming surprise.
"l r es,i' I j'ined the church • thirty
years ago," - replied the old farmer.—
,r.lben sulking his voice to an awesome,
confidential, tone, ho continued : " But
I'm a dreadful sinner for all that, doc
tor; and" being 'a church member, my
sift, you see, was of too much account
to be. winked at, and judgment fol
bored close oh arter it. 0, dear, 0I"
"Pray tell 111:13 your trouble,lrother."
" Well, doctor, it concerns you."
,- 4 ,,lndeed I"
" Yis. Qne time last winter, I got a
leetle short of fodder, and I . thought to
myself as how you had more' n enough
for your critters ; and so one nigt4 the
devil tempted the to go over to . lyour
barn, an' to—O dear, 01"
"To - help your Self to a : little of my
surplus 6 ?"
" Yjs, doctor, jes so But 1 nover
got home with that ar hay. The Lord
would not let me do it. had a big
load on my back, an' was icarryin't it
away, when all at once it burst into a
blaze about my ears."„
" Struck - tly ligt)tning
"No doctor, it iWas a clear night.
I've jest, made up my mind that ilrp
dropped down from Heaven and kin
dled that or hay. • 'Twits a judgment
an' a alumni', an' afbared a sort of
forerunner of the - flames of hell. I
_had no peace of mind since,
nor felt like eatin' a good meal. At
last, I thought •I might, feel a little bet
ter, if I'd jest, own up to you, an' ask
your, pardon an' your prayers." •
To the astonishment of the poor pen
!tent ' the minister laughed outright
merrily: Then he said :
• , "Be comforted, neighbor; your little
thieving operation was hardly of such
consequence to Heaven as all that. It
, was I who caught you at it, and set fire
to, the hay from my lantern ; and I.
moat say you, yelled lustily and ran
brisklY, for a Man of your years. Why
didn't'yon tell me you wanted hay?—
Now go home! la peace, get well and
steal no mord:' , •
" You, doctor You? Be you sartin,
sure you sot fire to that ar hay?"
" Yes, quite suro; that was my own
little bonfire. I hope it did'nt scorch
.you much. I _noticed when you came
'to meeting the hext'Sunday that your
hair vvas a little singed. ,As for the
flames of hell, neighbor, that's your
'Own look-out. I trust there is time to
escape them yet."
80, sal 'twas you did it all ! The
Lord be praised!" exclaimed the farm
er, fervently. "It raly is an'
relief, an my old woman was right, for
she says :' Uo, to the minister au'
that'll lift the biggest helft of -the sin off
of your conscience, an''be better than
doctor star." Au' so you did
Well, folks say you're a master man for
a joke; but this was more solemn than
a sermon to me, an' more effectual;
doctor, I do believe." •
So saying, the farmer departed in
.peace; and the parson kept the secret
of his name, even in his own family.
That was a beautiful idea in the mind
of a girl who, on beholding a rose-bulb
where on the top-most step the oldest
rose was fading, while around and be
lowit three beautiful crimson buds
were - just unfolding. their charms, at
once artlessly exclaimed to her brother.
"See, Willie, these little buds have just
awakened in time toliße their mother
before she dies!"
Men are born with two eyes, but with
one tongue, in order that they should
see twice as much as they say, but from
their conduct one would suppose that
they were born with two tongues caw
one 'ye, for those talk the most who
have observed the least.
' "13111; 22 said one apprentice to anoth
er, "my boss is a lietter man to wor1;
foethan your Old man. My boss ain't
tilways 'round the,shop interfering with
his own business."
Knowledge is power—Renee the Kid
ow's might.
A . 01erOal 'Anecdote.
• •
Farnierie,Wives—Why have they Poor
Health ?
It , seems now to. be generally chn
eeded, that this class of our, country
worneh, through'senie 'cause, have come
to a. state of, general. poor, health ; and
this sad ptatia , o(attlitirs Is mostly •attrib
uted td over-work. This no dou‘bt,in
some eases, Ints'ashare in the ,evli ; but
I . am mere inclined - to ascribe the; gen
eral debility and sigkness
\ amongst us the rural districts fgco Jk
tug stoves in unventilated kitchen, and
cy)seistledping - tipartin en ts. A little ob
serVatiort "will ' that this poor
irea.lth isflryiro 'means confined to the
wipes of farmers t .but extends also to
the of a large portion of our
cominunitie4-11 those in fact who oc
cupy \ houses built , with , small, close
chinrey 7 fluesi,insts>ad of the; ord-fash
toned fire:Place, and,. who sleep Intim')
apaitinenta - with 'clog° Windows; and
with no \arrangement 'for the , :supOy of
fresh air through-,the night- bet's--nor
the day either, for that matter—except
the eceasional.oppir ng. of ',a door.
The Womeri 'Of diff times doubt work
harder than did their grandmothers:
butitheir„tnil was pursued near the
great open fire place ;where a constant
change of air•was going on,. and con•
sequently they 'ilever 'felt: the exhaus
Lion that, our ,woman, puffer, shut up
with a red-hot , demon' of a stove,
which itself' is'conSu'ining• the vital air
at the rate:of-xliogshead every, minute,
rind for the supply, of, which provision
is seldom made: for where do you find
a hOuse Which has • apy; sensible ar
rangerrient by Which fresh, pure air is
introduced continuously_?; Do people
khow Ahab air.which \has ; once passed
through the lung's is hot !only incapa
-6616 of SUPPOrting'ilfe, but • is abso
intely•poisenous ! Do they know that
air is morel necessary_ for existence than
food ?,. Life can be sustained without
food; for thany days, hut without air
trot' for' oil minntd. IT'any one ques-
P• 4 2 . 4. Is the bsolute need of pure air to
maintain health„let, him ; observe the
condition' or any persen who live• in a
litiated atthosphere. Look at the men
and boys, In stores and shops where
there is stove heat and no ventilation—
how s ickly, pale and dyspeptic they
soon became. 'Farmer's wives' are not
more miserable and weak.
Examine , the rnajo4ity of sleeping
rooms in any gauntryt Illage or neigh
borhood. Small, close l , ` seven-by-nine'
closet S—with genetall .iit one win
dow,' and, that careful y closed to ex
elude,the dangerous " tight-air," as if
there were any better air than that pro
vided - .by the Great- Creator, for , use
during the night. hours. it it door, is
left open, it is, probably into .the kitch
en or sitting-room, where stoves and
lam ps' and human breaths have com
bined to create a poisonous condition of
the, otmosphere dung the day and
Is-it wonderful that, under such cir
cumstances, sleep is disturbed and un
refreshing?—thab children are restless
and fretful? and that the daylight finds
the mother more tired and languid than
when she lay,doiWn t.o rest?
The men and boys of the family suf
fer less,
,because they are in the poor air,
outside' ell day, and the poison is thus
cliitifnatedffrom their systems. Other-
W iae they okbo .would sink , under such a
cunt - Se. or "bleod-poitieining;" for it is
into the blood this atmespherie. poison
WorkS,'as it ik again and again passed
through the lungs.
Dr. Dellows,) of ...Boston, in big 'excel
lent book, `'How not to be sick," at
tributes the poor health and poor teeth
of Americans to "the 'excessive use of
tine flour butter 'and sugar,"—leavine
out the strengthening phosphates and;
nitrates cemented in the bran and but-'
termillt,' which are given to our pigs.=
Combine ivith unwholesome, heating
food, the unwholesome air we breathe,
and what wonder that We have become
a race of• pale dyspeptics, with false
.teeth and , contreetcd chests. Unwhole
some fond and vitiated air poison _the
elirli4;B' of life at their very source; and
unleFss a radical change is made in our.
modes of building and• living, the pros
pect Is a sad one foi: our children.—
" -Pctriner's IT VG"—Practical Farmer.
Tim o.nuEs'e MAN IN NEW HAMP:
Siting,. -- The Franklin Union says there
is a man living in the town of Ossipee,
in New Hampshite, 'named Joshua
Kanlicwk . who is, according to the best
information, one huudred and sixty
years of age.. He is extremely imbe
cile. and takes the simPlest kind of
food. -.He- moved to. Ossipee from the
State of Maine'some thirty years ago.—
He is a native of Scotland, 'where he
lived thitil he was abetit forty yeara of
age. He- , Marrled L and host his wife in
his native country. He bad one daugh
ter who Caine to this country, and with .
whom' and lier descendants he: haS
resided ever • since. 'The faMily who
have the care of bun now are middle
aged people,,and are his descendants In
the fifth,generation. He served in the
old Freneli WM., wa4' With Rogers iu
his campaign up (Wont-Lake' George
and Champlain, and on his return rec
ollects seeing Governor Shirley and his
Secretary, William Alext4ider; near
.Altattiy: He' was also•otitzhi,the Rev
olutionary •war, and his ;recollections
are quite,distinct-as far back as tbat.—
He speaks of COL Aaron Burr as being
a young, stmirt 'officer about New York.
Also.of seeing Washington and' Lafa
yette; and especially recollects Col.
Alexander Htnnilton as one of , Wash
ington's' aids;:and that ho used oenas
, ionally to bring orders to the officer in
command- - f , ,
He has used tobacco fi:om his youth,
'an'd' has probably chewed and smoked
more than ato in his life time. He
eays he thinks, it has, hurt him, and
that its use will shorten" WS life many
'YearS. - According' to' the best of his
, reecollection• he was quite temperate
until he went into the army. There he
r t
contracted the habit
,of clinking ar
dent spirits, and, although cut a mod
erate" dariker for ten dr tif een years,
the habit gradually lucre sell upon
him until he. became a har ual drunk
ard, and for twenty-live o•• thirty years
he drank all lie could get, more or less.
But, cis- be Says, he- found it as not I
doing him any good and eoriennled to
leave it off, and now for .more than
fifty years he has made use of nothing
but a little cider. i 1
to have a rat-proof corn-crib is ti:great
question among farmers. A corres n
dent of the _Nw York Farmers' lub
gives the folloWing experience:
I have a corn-crib that has stood for
twenty years, and has never had a rat,
and buten(' mouse in it,-to my knowl
edge. posts ten or - eleven feet long and
eight Inches square ; mortise two feet
frvm oue end ; for ondsills, two-inoh•
mortise with tusk. Taper post from
sill-to the end, by hewing off inside un
til the end is reduced to four inches di
ameter ; make smooth with draw
knife, and nail on tin smooth half way
to the end, below the sill. Let sills be
eight inches square ; also, end tie them
and the rafter plates strong with mod
erate inter-ties. Brace and lath
up and down with three-quarter-inch
lath ; dovetail or counter sink- joists
crosswise ; lay the floor, anti board up
the ends with ungrooved boards ; lot
each bent •he t -velve feet long, six feet
wide at the sill, and seven and a-half
feet at plate ; and it' full to peak, it will
hOld 250 bushels, I never had an ear
to hurt on account of the great width.
If preferred, lay the floor with lath or
narrowed utoi bots, w t h ithro , o , m," for venti-
When sin lies heavy crosses lie light ; ! n.Eachpoll sho t' stand on
and on the contrary,' where erosscs lief
; stone, about threT from . the
heavy, sins lie light. trou lid, and eat:li - 'e a foujncla
"lierel" to internal imProvesnent,"' Lion two feet s , wale frost.
as bohbs said when he swallowed a dose
of Salts.
Samuel Wesley visited one of big par
611,Quers, as he was upon his dying bed
—a, man Who had never - missal going
to church ht forty year?. "Thomas,
where do you think. your soul will go!"
! Soul !" Snit) Thomas. ." Yes,
sir," said Mr. IYesleY, 1 .(lo you not
know what vdni - ;4 0 u 1 is ?" " Ay, sure
ly," said `Thomas; " why It is a little
hone in tl , e back that lives longer than
the b o dy." ", So much,'' says John
AVeY7OY , who related it on the authority
o f Dr. I.tiptoh, who had it from his
father,•" had Thomas
.learned from hca
ing sermons, and exceedingly good ser
-1001)5, for forty year."
A , western papel - ,lcalls ten-iltell guu
the X.,pouritier ca . Cll,ltitOti laW,
1 '
NO. 47.
, . „ • , • --- -
, The_piopittorititiy•satizimpdtheestablitAMlC_
with , aloortgien I If
AND.P.&ser pitiosso,
aid a'rapropsia timise,ontis neatly and piompity
Deeds, lifortgageteisei,sivi stall astortsueil
of Constables! and Justices' %flanks on han 1. .
Peoptellying at a dletanokoon derpondoa bits
tag thdr, work daub prii4tly and lent' baek In
'return " 1 '
Of Heat.
Heat is the cause of the sensation,
which we call warmth. ~ •
Two theories have been held by phil- ,
osophera in regard to the nature of
heat, some looking on it as a material
fluid, and 'others maintaining that it
depends on - vibrationa in the universal
ether that fills all space, • and pervade'
the pores even of the moat dense bodies.
cThose who hold the former the“ry,
all the_ element of heat ca/orfe. They
say that caloric exists in two states; •
first, that of latent (hidden) carorio,
in.which the caloric is intimately cool
bitted with the substance of bodies, and
does not afibet the thermometer or the
sensibility ; and second, ' that of free
calorie, in which state the caloric af
fects the thermometer and produces
Radiant caloric is /f, modification of
free calorie, and 'is sbject to the same
laws that regulate the adtation of light.
Those who hold t e second theory
suppose that heat is closely allied to
light, and that thO ys of heat differ
from _the luminoas rays of any partic
ular color, in the same way that the
differently colored rays differ among
themselves. Heat and light, they say,
depend on undulations in the same
elastic ether. The Undulations which
produce the phenomenon of blue light
are supposed to be smaller and more
rapid than those which give rise to the
pheuemenon of yellow light. The un
dulations from which yellow light re
sults, are again - quicker and more limi
ted in their range of motion than those
from which red lights results ; while,
those which give rise to heat are less
frequent, and traverse a• wider space
than do any- of this undulations on
which the colored raga depend.
Caloric, or the - principle of heat, is
the cause of fluidity.,' Were it not for
this _principle, all substances—even air
—could exist only as solid. It is sup
posed that a duo degree of heat would
convert the most refractory solids into
liquids, and that' under some highei
temperature these liquids' would be
turned into gases. 1
'The sources of heat are the sun,
chemical action, and mechanical force.
I. When light proceeds directly PO m
the sun, the rays of light are combibed
with those of heat; but when solar
light is reflected from the moon, it con
tains no appreciable heat.
2. Whenever substances combine
with each other under the influence of
chemical affinity, heat is developed,
but not always in such a, degree as to
.affect the thermometer to any appre- '
elable extent; but ,if substafices com
bine rapidly and with:great energy, the
heat generated Is , 'sometimes very in
tense, as when water combines with
fresh-burned line....
S: The modifications of mechanical
action by whiott,fieat may be produced,
are friction, (or rubbing,) percussion,
(or striking,) and condensation, (or
pressing together.)
let. Friction.—Twosticks of dry wood
may be ignited, (or set on fire) by rub
bing them forcibly together.
2nd. Percussion.-11 - a small piece of
iron be placed on an anvil, and be sub
jected for a few moments to quickly
repeated strokes of a hammer, it will
3rd. Condensation. —lf a piece of
tinder be placed at the bottom of a tube
to which a piston has been adapted,
and if the air in tho tube be suddenly
condensed by a heavy stroke of a ham
mer-on the end of the piston, the heat
disepgage.d from the air will ignite the
ti nd er,- William's Readable Dictionary.
you not often heard, or read, a state
ment like this "The
has been
dug over malY times to bury the mil
lions who have, lived on its surface."
Do you believe, this? If you do, just
-follow me in a caloutation. The pres
ent population of the earth is one thou
sand millions. Now, supposing that at
the creation there was one thousand
millions—instead of a pair—and at the
end of thirty years, they died and welve
buried, and their places taken by an7a_
other one thoth:'and millions; and so.
on through the six thousand 3.*WIP.s.
This would give us a grand tetal of two
hundred tuousand (200,000,000;000) mil
lions. Where can this immense and al
most inconceivable number be buried ?
Let us sup. The earth's surface is 200,-
00,000 of square miles. This multi
plied by 27,818,400 (the number -of
square feet in a mile) d and - the product
divided by two huh red millions, gives
35,750 - square feet for each and every
one 'of this vast number. This brought
into a square gives the very respectable
sized Jot of 236 feet each WV, or nearly
15 rods square.
Not very much crow dina or digging
over and over again, is there? Decid
edly better sized lots thaw Cedar Hill or
Spring Grove allbrds. If you think -I
am wrong, go over with the calf cula
tion and convince yourself. Another
little calculation if you , please. How
much room . , think you, would the mil
lions now on the earth require to stand
upon were they all brought together?
Figures will •tell. Dray a circle .ten
miles in diameter on Seine smooth plain,
and place a church bell in the centre,
and every one of the 1,000,000,000 could
hear it when struck. Such a circle
would give toeaeh of this immense num
ber two square feet—or a space about
seventeen inches square. Rather more
crowded than the hurYilig-ground,
admit, but still More than enough• for
the small ones. rather scant perhaps,
.for the Lamberts—yet, - On the whole, a
very good average. Don't you think
such a gathering would beat the, Hub
Jubilee? Perhaps Gilmore will 4 try it.
He cad do It if anybody can. The only
trouble is, .Boiston does not afford a
spot large enough, and ofceurse it could
n ever be doge any where el se.—Hartford
•A Q 4 u.iker
e-zbt Ira all 11
.iow•ft to eitt
Is so tip
he won't