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ssw'.Jl' ~Ar~~l'9i'C+.J ~'y.-.. ~-i~! L' d .,:w:.: i:.~c:._ _ -_ _.*. -:~
gioia tin* agitator
I. pablished every Wednesday Morning, at $2,00 a
y,, L r. invariably In advance, by
COBB -& VAN GELDER
y. n. eon.]
.e....vv - Exca . 4*.xx.ret mi.....k.rn -
Imo. 3 mo.I . 6 mo. 1 9 mo.
1 square ...... V 2
. ,50 • 6,00 7,30 10,00
2 iquatos 3,71 6,00 12.00 15,00
1-4 Column 7,00 1 10,W 15,00 I 20,00
1-2 Column 12,00 20,00 30.00 36,00
1 Column 20,00 85,00 45,00 85,00
1 Square 1 inseeu $l,OO---60 ets. sash reek the
Administrators and Executors Notices $2.00 .
BllfitleSs Cards of five linos f... 5,00 per sear.
W. D. TERBELL ilk; CO.,
WHOLESALE DRUGGISTS, and dealers in
Wall Paper, Kerosene Lamps, Window .Glass,
Perfumery, Paints and Oils, ac.;
Corning, N. Y., Jan. 1, ;
MONOLS & MITCUSLIA,
ATTORNEYS AND COUNSELORS AT LAW.
Office formerly occupied byJausea ;Lowrey, Eaq
Wu. e:; sr Latio IifiTCHELL."
V7elLsboro, Jan. 1, 1866-Iy.
WILLIIAN IL SMITH, .
ATTORNEY AND COUNSELOR AT LAW
levaraoce, Bounty and Pension Agency, Main
Street Welleboto, Pat; Jan. 1, 1866.
S. F. WILSON
WILSON &) NILES,
ATTORNEYS & COUNSELORS AT LAW,.
First door froutßizoney's, on the Avenue)—
will attend to business entrusted to their care
in the counties or Tioga and Potter.
Welsher°, Jan. 1, 1866.
F. W. OLARK,
-ATTORNEY AT LAW—Mansfield, Tioga 00., Pa
May 9, 1866-1 y
GEORGE - WAGNER,
TAILOR. Shop first door north of L. A. Seara's
Shoe Shop. Air Cutting, Fitting, and Repair
ing done promptly and well
Wellaboro, Pa., Jan. 1, 1866.r1y,
JOHN B. 'S AHSPE A.RE,
DRAPER AplD TAILOR. Shop over Bowen's
store, second floor. jar'Cutting, Fitting, and
Repairing done promptly and in best style.
WelL'boro, Pa.. Jan. 1, 18811—ly
JOSEPH MANLEY, '
LACKSMITII AND SHOED. I have rented
the shop lately occupied by Mr. P. C.Hoig, and
am prepared to shoe. horses and oxen, and to
all kin& of woirk pertainitig.; to the bust.::
sees in a superior manner.
Wellsboro, Pa., Jan. 1, 1866.-ly.
IZALAIL WALTON HOUSE,
Gaines, Tioga County, Pa.
H. C VERMILYEA, PROPRIETOR. This is a
new hotel located within easy access of the
heat fishing sad hunting ground& in North
ern Pennsylvania. No pains will Ase spared
for t he accommodation of pleurae seekers and
the traveling public. [Jan. 1, Intl.]
AMAHIAH HA_ZLETT PROPRIETOR.
THIS popular hotel has been lately renovated and re
I :urni , died, and no pains will bo spared to render its
Lvtpiialitten acceptable to patrons,
Wellsboro, May 8,1866.
TTORNEY AND COUNSELOR AT LAW,
Ni,. tt Law Building,—St. Paul St , Baltimoie.
IterziteNcEs.—Levin Gale, Attorocy at Law,
Edward Israel, Att'y at Law, Rev. 3. Melt.
Rile✓, D. D., Rev, Henry Slicer, D. D.,,Con
field, Bro. 3: Co., F. Grove A Cu., Ludwig
McSberry, Jobn F. Mehl ton, Esq., Robert Law
son, Esq., S. Sutherland, Esq. Ewt.sc i 8
authorized to transact any busincas appertain
lug to this paper in Baltimore.] •
Jan. I, 1864-Iy.
TA BACON, D , late of the 2.i P. Cavalry, after
17 uen~lp four years of army service, with a large
.11.erience in field and hospital practice, has of an
,flce fur the practice of medicine and surgery ,• in all
brall(l.9. l'irsonb from a distance can .find.arood
I,,nlng at the Penniyleania Hotel when desired.—
Rill u•rt day part of the State in consultation, or to
operations. Nn 4 1 Union Block, up
taut. WellEtroto. Pa., Ma) 2. 1866,--ly.
NEW PROTOGRAPEI GALLERY,-
Lae the pleasure to inform the citizens of Tioga
c , auty that they have the best opportunity ever
`red them, to procure Ambrotypes, Ferrotypes,
'. ' l°.2 , R, Cartes de Visite,' Vignettes, and nll kinds
!fatry and popular card. and colored picture;
i;allery en Elmira Street.
iSi:t.4Nld, Nov. 15, '4ss—tf. F. M. SPENCER.
B. EASTMAN, SURGICAL AND ME
' • "
T, old iniorm the citizens of Vicllsbwro and
that he has fitted up a desirable suite of
firer .Tohn P.. nowen's store, No. 1. Un‘
Meek, where he is prepared to execute all
ri in ais profession. with a promptness and
1:oe net will enablo him to offer superior induce
thoi,e requiring dental operations. All
warranted, and at reasonable rates. Please
end examine specimens.
Zill,horo. March 21, 1866.—tf
7t:2791 . C. N. DART
WOULD sey to the public -that he is permit.
neatly located in Wellebore, (Office at his
rn arse, near the Land Office and Episcopal
where he will continue to do alt hinds of
' ~,n fided to his care, guaranteeing complete
where the skill of the Dentist can
a -, the management of eases peculiar to the
lie Rill furnish
Bet on any material deeired.
FILLING & EXTRACTING TEETH,
Etecdul to on Fbertest notice, and done in the
''". ` ,4 nuint apprpuod, skt7e.
ETII EXTRACTED WITHOUT PAIN
the the lice of Antestbetics which' are per—
tanniesF. and will be administered in every'
I'tll,borti, Jtin. 3,1865-1 - -
B. SMITH, Knoxville, Tioga County,
, U. 5. licensed Agent, and Attorney
And their friends throngheut all the
, tstep,) will prosecute and collect with no
CLAIMS AND DUES
Also, any •other kind of claim
tr“. ( lorernment before any of the Lie
ts or in Congreie. Terme moderate . 411
°tte:itions tent to the &boxer-dares. will re
prompt attention. Jan. 17, 1866.
AtrED STATEN HOTEL.
Ntain Street, Wti'Rebore, Pa.
G• RITTER; 4ROPRIETOR.
this populat t hotel property,
Ly Mr. Neleou Austin) I rholi
tf, make it truly the trarelefv ,
r thl tilumtion will begiven to th e table,
2 the c9nafort of guetitii will be a prime objec t,
'Hahlet Mill be under the care of an exPer';"
1, 1866-Iy. '
M Sharing and flair-Dressing Saloon.
r' v.rs take pleasure In announcing to the
, f if eilKle,ro and vicinity that they have
art Mr. Sindblin, late barber and hair
:lJ.t Weihboro, cud have fitted up a neat and
Willcox's store. where they
be on bend to wait on their customers!
»parr no paint to pions., they hope to
~,t-.p.,troutwe of the community.
er attention paid to ladies' bair•Co ttitir. ahem
B.c. Ladies' braids. puffs. swiches, code
Lid band, or made to order,
J. J ozsßox
(Y. C. V.L.'Y UCt lalt
(Corner Hain Street and the Avenue.)
PHIS is one of the most popular Rouses in
1 the county. This Hotel is the prilacipal
Stage-house in We'labor°. Stages leave daily
as follows : .
For Tioga, at 9 a. m. ; For Troy, at 8 a. m.;
For Jersey Shore every Tuesday and Friday at
2 p. m.; For Coudersport, every Monday and
Thursday at. 2 p. In. •
STAGES ARRIVE—From Tioga, at 12 1-2 o'clock
p.m.: From Troy, at 6 o'clock p. m.: From Jer
sey Shorn, Tuesday and Friday 11 a. m.: From
Coudersport, Monday and Thuradny Il a. m.
N. B.—Jimmy Cowden, the well-known rt
ler, will be found on hand.
Virellsboro, Jan. 1, 1868-Iy.
J. B. NILES
Of MANSFIELD, Pa., hare just received, and
offer to the inhabitants of Tioga county, at the
lowest cash prices, a large and well assorted spelt
of the following first class goods:
DRUGS, MEDICINES, et DYE STUFFS,
Paints, Oil, Putty and Glass, Howe & Stevens'
Family Dyes, Patent Medicines, Perfumery,
Toilet Soaps, Hair Oils and Pomades,
School and Miscellaneous Books,
Books, and Blank Deeds of
all kinds, Diaries for
Photograph and Autograph Albums, Gold Pens
and Pocket Cutlery, All kinds of Toys,
Tobacco, Snuff & Cigars of besi
Pianos, Eteicideons, Sr. Cabinet Organs
VIOLINS; GIIItARS, ACCORDEONS,
and all kirids of Musical Instruments and musical
merchandite. All the most popular Sheet Music
always on band.
. By special arrangements with the largest man
ufacturing house in New York, we can furnish all
BRASS AND SILVER BANDS
Parties Wishing Instruments will save ten per
cent, by communicating, with us before purchas
ing elsewhere. All Instruments delivered - '
WARRANTED IN EVERY RESPECT.
Pianos and Melodeons to tent on reasonable
terms. Agents for the celebrated Florence Sew
ingMachints. ,LANG & WHITE.
Mansfield, Dec. 6,1865-6 m.
N EW DRUG &TORE
'Dr. W. W. WEB"; &BRO.
Dare 'opened a Drug end Chemical Stare, "on
Main Street„ let door below flaetinp, whire they
intend to keep a full assortment of
DRCWS AND MEDICINES.
A good article of Medicinal Liquors and Wine&
Prescriptions carefully prepared.,
Medical advice given free of charge.
Wellsborq. Nov. 8-Iy.
NEW FIRM &NF,W MOODS AT TIOGA.
Would regpactinlly announce to " all whom it
may concerp," that they keep constantly on hand
a large and well selectad assortment of
DRUGS AND MEDICINES,
GLASS AND WALL PAPER,
DYE STUFFS. FAMILY DYES, LAMPS,
GLASS WARE, PLATED WARE,
ENVELOPES, SCHOOL BOOKS,
Tea, Coffee, Spice, Pepper, Glia-
TOILET AND WASHING SOAPS,
and an endless variety of .'
Tioga, Pa.; Oct. 4, 1865-Iys
IN Elk townskiP,'Tioga County Pa., containing
124 acres, 40 acres improved. Said farm is
watered by numerous springs. A small stream of
water sufficient fos churning, sawing wood, AC.;
rune through the farm near the buildings. It is
well situated for a good dairy farm. A portion of
it is good grain land. Two log houses, frame
barn and other out buildings thereon. A thrifty
young orchard of 70 or 80 apple, pear or plum
trees. A good school house on the adjoining
farm; The above farm might be divided into
two all farms of 62 acres each. Price $l2 par
acre Terme easy. A liberal• deduction, made
for cash down; Inquire of
C. B. KELLEY, Wellstioro, or
WM. UPDIKE, on the premises.
" Tan. _ li, 1866.—tf.
lew Drug Store.•
• ,f .
RICH & GILBERT have opened a Drug and
Chemical Store on Main Street, one door be
low Dr. Mattison's Hotel, in the Borough of
Knoxville, where they keep on bend n full as=
DRUGS AND MEDICINES, - •
a good article of medicinal Wines and Liqaors.—
Prescriptions carefully prepared.
Knoxville, Mardi 28, 1866-3 m.
TRUSSES.-!" Seeley's Hard Rubber Truss'
cures rupture, frees the cord from all-press
ore ; nerer . ruar, break, limber, chafe,: or be
come firiby, (the fine steel spring being coated
with bard rubber); spring made any power re
quired; used in bathing, fitted to form; requires
no strapping ; cleanest, ligbtest, easiest, and best
Truss known. Send for pamphlet. : ."
I. E. SEELEY, Sole Proprietor,
1347 Chesnut at, Phila'a, Pa. I
, ... ..- _ . ~ .. .... . -7 .
. . .
. „ .
?"'"'"........--- , . • -
• ' /7 "....." ' 7 7's N \ .
' 4 1 4 i ; •IZ I '
-11 l I ' ' il l , - 11 - ' l 6 , f . .: ''' .4
41: (ii N
't '. l ,A- i ll
fid v - 1' 1
lA. . .
-_)___ 10 .-i I ; . 1,-- :, ,:
._ ••: ...___„ 4 ~, vi, ,ii 1) ...
....;........ ,',,..-- -
B. B. HOLIDAY, Proprie'tor
}BEE OF CHARGE, AND
slioti, as CASTORS, SPOOIiS,
TEA & TABLE, FORKS,
CAKE DISHES, itc
Ser i Salerattts, Starch,
Warm for Sale
• Wellsboro Marble Works.
sToWELT4,JR. P having - purchased the
interest of P. C. Hoig P the haziness will
now conducted under the na me of IT. Stowell,
Jr. A - Co.
All descriptions of marble work executed' to
the entire satisfaction of customers. ,
MONUMENTS OBEEISKS . A.Nb HEAD:
: - .-STONES, • - '
of the latest and most approved styles. We-will
also furnish to order,
* , -
MANTEI I S, TABLE TOPS,
I SODA _ - Y }
And all bind's of i lfOritpaitnizillig to thubasinese.
4;— We intend is do oar work in miiiiner.iliat
defy competition. ' "
H. STQW.RI4,, JR,, h CO. _
Wellsboro, April 2, 1888. -
WHOLESALE 'OM' STORE,
; - ;9. , rff k; t;•
TIP,U(IB AND •_MEiRCINES, TAINTS
AND AILS... I i.•:.
CINNATI WINES =AND "1
KEROSENE: I LO:IPS, PATENT
_ t:l 4 -•',.1) -, 11-1
AND FLAVORING F4TRAOTI3;-W-ALL'
, AND DYE COLORS,
Sold at Wholesaltl prtcee.n.EtAtere prme,i , rifted
.to cell siind get .qutittiVi3na - glitire' gotaglat:Ett er
j TtRit t ELL 4 CO
• arnini, N. 1., 1866-1 y
Hand Power Loom !-Taented,l.B6s,
flit,. 'persons interested in the production of practi
cal machinery into. our country;t are-requested to
investigate the merits of
IiENDERSON'd .ELAND POWER. LOOMS •
This l oom will do all kinds of histd *easing. ,
It-will weave jcatts r blankets, plain cloth, satinet,
keraey. flannel; seamiest' sack, double width blankets.
or any kind of cotton, wool. or Ha; cloth. It treadi the
treadles, throws the shuttle,. lets off the, iieb,and.takes
up the cloth. It maker Vs •.-trupersbed the batten
comes forward, andlkitteup . ihefffrlnge after - tee cross
is made, making better cloth and better, selvage than
can, be made in any other way.
-, It is the only hand loom that is suitable
for weaving wool,. i .
as no loom thherdaksti all tho shed its the batten goes
back, will weave wool satisfaitorily.
It has no strings to stietekand imt - ont of order; has
treadles at both - sides 'ciTsjW loom,' snaking the shed
complete at both aides. '
This loom is made to weave the different kinds of
cloth, by simply changing the pine that make the up-,
Township tights for Itle: Call ' - at Habisburs, Tioga
county, Ps., and see a faltoisnd loominntegathitn, Or
ders for looms solicited: • ' '•••" LEWIS - WETMORE,
Mttneburg, May 2,'88.-Iy_ ,A. F, PACILAJLP. „
AVE YOUR GREENBACKS I
AND CALL OFTEN AT
Nast, &. Auerbach's
; B:OsstiL : : - ISAI-J
Where you can always find the best assorted
DOMESTIC & FANCY 'DRY GOODS,
CLOTHS, NOTIONS, READY
., PP TI PAWide
Manufactured under their own superyision..
Alto Pent.' furnishing goods, &c., &c.
In their merchant tailoring establishment they' defy
competition ; haying the best tailors of New York city,
and an experienced cutter, Mr. H. P. Erwin. [feb2l6ely
NIW sk•Mi I;019Pil,!
AT REDUCED PRICES.
Great. Inducements to Ike Public!
di , having a bigtstock of OLD GOODS to
. bove off at auction, I am enabled to take
advantage of the present low prices, and am rea
dy, to supply the public with a splendid stock of
NEW SPRING DRY GOODS, LATEST
.I.la -; 1. ,
Styles P4roa B o io,a99offMcodat. thie. mar
PaitioularAttentiott ifikt si ed to my de-:
sirible - stook of Ladies S GOODS,
Al psccas, Poplins, Prints, VergesEdlect.,-& - cj
Added to which I am offering
and splendid stock -of • •
GROCERIES, BOOTS and SHOES,BATS
bid CAPS. &e., &C., &0., &C., &C., &0.,
at prices to auit.ttle,l,4ooo,oo,, At , Qagood'a
old stand, Wellaboro, Pa.
C. B. KELLEY.
FARM FOR SAT.S.-. farm of 125 acres or
thereabouts is offered for sale, situate two
miles from Wellsboro, the county l seat of this
county, and on the difect road to the lumbering
districts of Pine Creek. ' There' is alma - Sixty
anteislitfproved, vith.a, good hOuse and barn, and
nuestOr of good springs _of water. The timber
land is-novered with valuable timber, and the lo
cation for one that wishes a good - farm near a
thriving and enterpristhg,village* cannot 'be 'lntl
p a ssed. For farther Pariiculars ' ...as" to price;
tetras, ac., apply to Cl,Z.l3Fewster., Wellaboro, - or
to the subscriber at Cirning, Steuben C o. N. Y.
March 7, 18613—tf.: J. W. CiIITERIVIEY.
WELLSBORO, PA., MAY 30, 1866.
Nye _'W.~.~+:Y.~XxY+.'»P't~'6a<'.SiGj ~:.",paL'G_=' wK
TELE OLD COUPLE
It,stauds in a sunny meadow,.
The house so
. toossy and brow n, With ifs dumbions old - stone chimney,
Mid the grey roof sloping down '
The itieit4: fold their green arms around it,
1 . The bites a' century old ;' • -
And_the,winds go.chautiog thro' them,
And the sunbeams drop their:, geld
The cowslips spring in the marshes,
- ;•)••!•And the robee_b)oem an the bill;-,.
And bell& the brook in the pastrirea
'her'di go feeding at will.
The children have gone and left them. 4, „„ ,
They'sit in the sun alOice;
' And the'old wife's ears are failing; ' ' •
As she harks to the well knowa tone
i: That won Sher heart in her girlhood.
That half soothed her in many a care,
'And praises her now for the briiiihtness_
Her old face used
-She thinks again of her.bridat-L,
How, dressed, in, her robe of 19,1'1Q1
She stoOd by her gay yoiting lover,
'ohl the morning is rosy as ever,
2 * , her ha's fled
the sunshine atilt is golden,
'-' But „it laity , on a silvereA 460.
'And the,girthoodlireams, once vanished,
Come kiti,e)f in kivr, ?Onto). time,
TiII her' feel lb pulses tremble
• Aud looking tortb from the
She tiiititailbritv•ihe" tree have grown,
• Sittee, , cludin.her bridal: whiteness,
&he crossr4 the old door-atone. •
Thongb• slimmed her'eyes bright ainre,
' And dimmed her hair's young gold,
, 'Thelove in her girlhood plighted
Has never grown ditumur
They est,in their piccolo the sunshinei
,—. Till the day, ,was almost done;
And'then; at ite close, en angel
Stole'over'the threshold stout): '
He folded,their hands together—,
He touched their eyelids with balm:
~And their last beath GA:9d upward,
; ; Like the;etote-of a-solemn psalm.' - '
"'Like a lirid;tt au- they traverse
'The 11111`9'iSeli mystic road ••
-That leadWto the beautiful city, •
YThors.imilder.and maker is
Thirty:six years ago last August there
died ip.poe of
,the narrow and gloomy
bells or the Kennebec county jail Aq
gusta;,ll-fialiie, ahian whose noble mien
and 'strange history attracted the tattenf
Von and commanded the fees of nearly,
tlYe maii, woman and child, who vis
ited that village, and had time to behold
so singular an object and listen to his
tiVical narration., This was the yen
'ektble Henry McCausland. In that
'stone ", solitary and alone," he
spent - a thipty-Bix years—between the
ages-of 30 and 72—awaiting, and all the
time earnestly demanding the sentence
of death, for the crime of wilful mur
der; . a sentence which, though lie Was
found unqualifiedly "guilty' in court,
was nosier pronounced upon him 1 His
person eza..4.ctue of the noblest specimens
of the genus homo—full six feet in high t,
well proportioned in body and limbs,
straight, erect, with a kindly eounte
mince and a flowing beard of snowy
Whiteness, which, for all that time, had
felt only the friendly salutations of a
,huge, horse-mane comb. Like the beard
of the - great Hebrew priest, it " went
down to the skirts of his garment:" It
was not oimmon or fashionable then, as
it is tiow. for- his • modern imitators, to
exhibit such barbarian, because unbar
bered,- wisages : and consequently his
Jewishiplrysioznorny was a terror to ju-
Velailes-and the wonder of all. • •
The circumstances of his life-long
imprisonment, - without sentence, or ex
ecution_ of - legal punishment, were sin
gular, and will bear a narration even at
Henry 'McCausland was a mill 1;s - right
,Oart , He was - a- patriot of 'the
Revolution, and served his country well
iirthe war for Independence. • Dining
,ejolent religiotraexcitement, produced
by certain NewLiLights, he became a
convert; artil.:his impressions were so
strong,.thathe thought he
spiritual' communication- with the Al
mighty; who-required him., in order to
insure his final favor, to make a Burnt
Offering and - a Sacrifice. -On every oth
er subject but that :of. religion, he was
perfectly rational; but on this he was
etly :deluded,. in facts monomani
ac. - Voi a time he resisted the heavenly
calling ; hut the more he resisted, the
clearer were , hiexisions, and the thicker
came the texts of Scripture which urged
him to ".obey Goarather than man."
But what should be-his Burnt Offering?
and where should he Lind the victim for
sacrifice ?, These:were revealed to him
,in this wise
„c where --was - an =English , Episcopal
' e ha re h ia Gardmercibuilt by-its legal
ized patron, William Gardiner,' after
whose •..itanie tb elown , was called. ' This
churith,.in the phraseology cif the New
Lights', Gwas ,a child of the Mother of
Harlots'—the whore of Rome. It was a'
proud, scornful enemy of true religion
and of itS:revivals • The edifice where
Satan haft hissanctuary , must needs be
put out of the way; that, therefore, was•
doomed for a _burnt:loll-bring. Accord
ingly, on the night of the 22d of Au
g-m*41'193, he filled a child's shoe with
Jive (coals and repaired to the church,
which he soon . succeeded in burning to
the ground: t; •
,That kerne patron - of the -church' had
no wife; but a married woman who kept
his botise, and who, as McCausland be
had _given - rth -to- three illegiti;
mate qiiiitfrea' by :the church 'patron,
thereby committing the - "anpardonable
sin” ,against the three persons of the
blessed Trinity--;-the' Father, the Son,
and the Holy::Ghost: Evidently she
• was - a'proper victim for the sacrifice. It
happened upon a certain night in Oct°-
, beikthat this woman, Mrs. - Warren, was
calred to catch' With it sick sister up the
CobbosSeo , atteatn: "Thither he repaired
at midnight by means of his canoe, en
tered the house rand 'Sli!k room without
ceremony,"_and• proceeded to the dis
charge of - his pfousAuty. Mrs. Warren
was partially reclining by the side of
her sick 'sister, - supporting her aching
head upon lier‘ciOn - bosom. McCaus
_land had taken nti - weapon or instrument
of death with' him', knowing that if the
'Lord had Balled hith to make-the sac,
rice/ be Is!atirti prOide the means; •-•
so;: ettet Jig his 'eyes over' the, eta boa .
he , eapiild a newlY - 'Bharpetied butcher
knife stuck to the beam ; " and then,"
said he, "all I had to do was to take the
knife down 'with one hand, while I
seized her head with the other, and
drew it sharply across her throat—and
she bled to death like a stuck calf!" •
He had now fulfilled. his mission, and
cheerfully surrendered himself to suffer
the - penalty of the law. This was apart
of the programme which he coveted as
much as the. other performance. He
wanted to "suffer for righteousness' "
Sake, arid - then go to Heaven as a reward
for obeying the command of God. He
was immediately arrested. The Grand
Jury found a bill of indictment against
him of murder in the first degree, - and
he was brought, before the full bench of
the Supreme Court and arraigned for
trial.- When the clerk read the indict
inent to him, and at its conclusion re
quired him to say whether he plead
guilty or not guilty to the charge, with
a clear voice and an honest face he re
sponded, " !" The Judges, be:
lieving that the man was more 'of a
monomaniac than a base murderer, did
not wish to put in that plea, but desired
that, he should plead not guilty, in order
that the jury might bring in such a ver
dict as would authorize the 'Court to pro
nounce a sentence of perpetual confine
-merit rather than that of death, which,
as the law then was, could be obviated
only by Executive pardon, and that
would not be safe in his case. And So.
the Chief Justice said to him that he
was not. bound to plead guilty to the
charge ; that was a thing for the Gov
ernment to prove ; and he earnestly ad
vised him to withdraw the plea he had
madev- and ' instead thereof put in the .
-plea of not guilty.
" What!" exclaimed the prisoner,
McCausland, " would the Hon. Justice
of the Supreme Court of Massachusetts
advise me to lie to their Honors? Idid
kill the woman; I meant to kill her ; I
am guilty, and want to suffer the -pen
• What Couldthe Court do? They could
not feel it their duty to order him hung ;
and, after consultation, directed the
Sheriff to take the-prisoner to the jail
whence he came, and leave him there
to wait his sentence. And there he staid
in themurderer's cell awaiting sentence
from. October 20, 1794, to August 22, 18-
29, a period which, after a year of eon
finement before trial, :wanted only two
months Of thirty-six years, when death
released him from a prison that had - se
long been his solitary home, and from a
World whose bright sun,and green. fields
-he ha 4 riot. seen for more than one-third
.of a' century.
As often as the Court sat during all
that time, he never failed to send word
to the Judges by his jailer, respectfully
requesting them to explain why they
neglected their duty in his caseaknd de
manded' that they should pronoWee the
sentence due him ; but the COurt could
only renew at every session its instruc
tion to the Sheriff to keep him where
he was, awaiting sentence.
. He was 'an object of great curiosity.
All the' exercise he had was to pace the
floor of his narrow cell, which he did at
regular hours.. He kept himself and
his dungeon exceedingly clean. He
washed and combed himself , thrice per
read his Bible systematically, 'and
by the use of other books and- of newe
papers whieh were given him, kept up
with the passing history of the times.
.The narfation which he gave to vkit
ors, the prayers' which he offered to
God, and the hymns which he so musi
cally sung, were all well composed and
well expressed.-His health never failed
him till the las monthof his existence.
When visito ailed to see him—and
they were matir-'-he would stand con
cealed-under the front wall of his cell,
beside the little grated window, as they
approached it to look in, and would not
exhibit hirnself till a hand was thrust
through with two cents in it, which he
.would receive as his customary fee, and
' l . then he would present his . noble form
with all its manly beauty and dignity.
Stroking (Town his long white beard,
after saluting his visitors, he would be
gin to relate the circumstances of his
murder with all the soberness and pious
air of an Old Testament patriarch; then
he' would pray a fervent prayer, and
close by singing a well chosen religious
hymn. In the course of a year he thus
collected quite - large sums of money,
which, with the pension-hereeeived for
his Revolutionary services, he sent to.,
his family, that -was, highly respectable,
in Gardiner. They visited him often,
and kepphim supplied with all the ne
cessaries,', and luxuries of life that the
jailor wife not authorized to provide for
During the most of_ his confinement,
it was his good fortune to have ; in the
person Of his keeper; one 'of the most
intelligent and kind hearted men that
.ever lblessed the society of Augusta
-Hon. Pitt Dillingham., McCausland
regarded him as his father and friend.
On one occasion 'Mr. Dillingham ven
tured to offer to take him - out of his cell
and conduct him into the square in
front of the, jail that he might once
'more see the glorious sun, the arching
sky, the green earth, and the dwelling
places of man - which lined the street.—
His reply was characterfstle-: ' " I can
not consent, sir, that you, should thus
transgress the laws on my. account.—
Since I cannot go free, it is better I
should stay where I am, for I sffould
,once more behold the beauties of the
earth—l should only return less happy
than I am now, , No, sir, let me. live
and die in,n3y cell."
'At another time, however, Mr. Dil
lingham did prevail upon him to pass
the door of his dungeon and accompany
him into his private parlor. As he en
tered the room, his eyes stared fearfully
upon the rich furniture; and I finding
himself before the mirror, he beheld his
wholeperson so altered since he saw it
last inl early manhood, , that he • sank
with a fainting sensation into a chair,
andibeTtged his kind assistant to con
duct him as speedily as possible into his
cell again: ' Mr: Dillinghatia died in
1829.- •It was a shock too severe for
the aged prisoner to bear: It was a death
blow to him., Therefore he sank 'rap
idly into the arms of death, and in a
single month after, followed his kind
keeper into the spirit world.
GlvncG A CHARACTER —"Do you
Itricy the prisoner, ~Mr. Wiggins?"-.•
"Yes to the bone," ' tis his char
acter 2" "Didn't ' had any."—
"Does he live neat 4 'So near that
he has, spent $5 tor `wood in eight
"Have you read my last speegh." said
a vain orator to a. friend. I hope sp,"
was the reply.
We "ieaspn a, good, de e eat,
t ore neeessity,than 91 ge.
Money is nothing in itself; it is use
ful only when it departs from us.
The Brother Thieves
The earliest pieces of theft we can at
present call tontind, are the removal of
her father's household goods by Rachel,
anti the plundering of the pleasure
chamber of Psammenitis, the rich and
learned king of Egypt, this last exploit
being left on record by Herodotus, most
delightful of historians.
This wise and rich monarch gut a
strong room built for the preservation
of his immense riches, but he scarcely
showed his wisdom in_allowing its out
ward wall-to be aec*s.sible-to ail corners,
for it formed a portion of the boundary
of the royal fortress. The cunning ar
chitect contrived that • one large stone
extending tha.entire breadth of the wall,
might be easily removed without leav
ing any perceptible interstice, and on
his death bed he bequeathed the secret
to his two sons. These youths, soon af
ter paying the last respects to their fath
er's memory, repaired by night to the
outer wall, removed the stone, (we are
unable to explain the mode,) and get
ting into the chamber, conveyed away
some of its most precious contents.—
This was only the first visit, and the
king, on his repeated inspections, found
his glittering treasures • diminishing
without.the idightest clue as to the ne
farious means employed. The" inner
surface - of the wall showed not the
slightest flaw, and to the stroke of the
,hammer every portion answered with a
uniform solidity. The seals plagiaon
the door at his last going -out, weillinssind
untampered With on every succeeding
visit, and the poor king's perplexity ad
vanced to an alarming point. Howev
er, something should be done, and the
wise king did the wisest thing under
the circumstances. He laid in the
neighborhood the choicest article of a
trap, from which no escape was possi
ble, and on the next visit of the broth
ers the one who ventured inside was ef
fectually secured, bcdy and limbs.
The other entering with all due pre
cautions, they examined the machine
and found ho possible mode of escape.
The captured man then proposed to his
brother to behead him, and thus save
the lives and reputation of the other
members of the family. On the free
man expressing his repugnance to the
,deed,,he answered, "My life isforfeited
'Whether you it o . ot., If you re
fuse, you needlessly: Sge our moth
er's life and your o .' - This view of
the case decided the *other to the hor
rid deed. The head was carried away,
and the stone replaced.
The baffled king on finding the head
less corse, had still to endure the annoy
ance of knowing-one tormentor at least
to be still at large. His next proceed
ing was to have the body suspended
from a gibbet and closely watched, the
watchmen being privately instructed to
take into custody all who seemed affect
ed by sorrow at the sight.
" -The news coming to the ears of moth
er and brother, a council was held to
save their dear relative from annihila
lien. Next evening the guards remark
ed a 'clown driving along an ass laden
With wine skins ; and just as he passed,
and they were looking with. much con
cupiscence on the comely bags,
that tied the neck Of one of them came
loose, and out begin to run the odorous
red stream. On rushed the men in the
courageous fashion to prevent the pre
r ious liquid from merely soaking the
ungrateful dust. Some made its way
down their throats ; and the neck of an
other skin being loosed by chance, a fur
ther distribution took place, the owner
lamenting his.mishap aloud. However,
as there was no cure for spilled liquor
but to drink it, he soon joined his help
ers,, and getting exalted, (in . appear
ance,) he said he did not mind opening
another skin and drowning sorrow.—
The festival came to an end later in the
night, every guard lying supine and in
ditlerent to the result. The clown, in
other words, the brother of the victim,
then shaved half.the hair off of every
man's head, and freeing the poor re
mains from the - gibbet, had them con
veyed home, embalmed, and united to
The king was at first highly enraged,
but he soon turned his thoughts to the
apprehension of the very talented crim
inal. By proclamationliemadeknown
that his daughter was about selecting a
husband, and that persons of any rank
were at liberty to pay their addresses,
the mode being thus arranged : The
suitor was admitted to a certain dark
ened, room in the palace, and the prin
cess sat at a easement communicating
with this room. She asked him certain
questioni, and if the answers were not
satiSfactdry, he was allowed to depart
unharthed and unnoticed. The . indi
vidual whose answers pleased the lady,
would be her future spouse.
After several had undergone the trial,
the accepted man presented himself.—
Being laid under awful obligations to
speak , the truth, he was told in the
.sweet but stately tones of the royal lady
to reveal the most•painful and the most
joyful incident of his past life. Dread
- ing the dire consequences of an untruth,
he acknowledged that the beheading of
hia.brother was the most sorrowful, and
the recovery of his body the most joyful
of all events of his life.
"You are the man," said she, firmly
grasping' his covered wrist, whidh its
owner did not attempt to withdraw.—
"Lights here!" Domestics crowded
in to the darkened rooms with flambeaux,
but there.was no man within the outer
apartment, and the lady found herself
in possession of the arm of a man lately
dead. The wooer, fearing bad faith,
had come prepared.
Psa.mmenitis being now at his wit's
end, publicly invited his tormentor to
present himself, giving such a pledge as
even-the king of Egypt could not fail to
ratify, that he would bona fide pardon
him and make him his sou-in-law, He
was soon , gratified by the appearance of
the outlaw, and neither he nor his daugh
ter was ever after heard to complain of
the new accession to the royal line of
Make the Most of Yourself.
Some tithe ago I was traveling in the
cars, and soon after I took my seat a
lady entered, accompanied by a young
lad apparently ten or twelve years old.
The Oars were not then crowded, and I
didn't think it at all strange when she
turned over a seat and gave it to her son,
and took the opposite one facing him
„Plenty of room is always very desira
ble, and to take it, not at all selfish, un
less, as often happens, the world we live
in gets crowded ; so looked at the lady
'without atl wish tO Criticise, or to find
fault -I •
But pretty soon the cars began 'to fill
up. Men came in looking about anx
iously for seats for ladies; and one pale,
JOBBING DEPART - NUM
The Proprietors have stocked the eatabilshment with
a large assortment of modern styles
and are prepared to execute neatly, and promptly,
I'OSTIRS,HANDBILLS,CIRCTIAIIS, CARDS, BILL•
Deeds, Mortgages, Leases, and a fnit. aaaortruant
Constables , and Justices' Blanks, constantly on hand.
• Peoplaliving at tr... 9 LID C a can dlpand on having, their
work done prouiptly, and sent back in return trail.
OFTICE—Roy's block, second Floor.
sad, sick-looking man, had to stand up
until I offered him my seat. I looked
at this woman and her son in perfect as
tonishment. She'll surely take up her
satchel, I thought, and tell her son to
take a seat by her side, and make room
for two on his seat; but there sat the
woman as quietly as if everybody were
comfortably seated, and there lay her
satchel by her side, there on the oppo
site seat sat " sonny," with no thought
of being disturbed.
I expected every minute to see the
mother give up one of the seats, and, to
my perfect surprise, heard her at last
" Stretch out and make the most of
yourself, sonny, or you'll have to divide
your seat with that old woman."
I looked up and saw the conductor
cast his eyes about to find a seat for an
old lady he had-brought into the cars.
I should have given her my seat with
out any delay, but I was curious to see
what the mother and son would do.—
That the boy would finally resign his
seat, I supposed a matter of course, but
I was quickly convinced that nothing
was further from his intention, for he
stretched out and made the most of him
self, according to direction.
The conductor at last spied' him, and
taking him by the arm, as if to raise
him up, said, " Well, young man, I
must disturb your nap."
Then turning to the mother, he said,
" Madam, will you please take up your
satchel and give this boy a seat by yon?
I want to turn over this seat and give it
to this lady."
The boy resigned his seat, but evi
dently was very much out of humor.—
" I was all fixed, and you might have
left me alone," he said in an under tone.
" I saw you were all fixed," replied
the conductor with a smile, "but I
found it necessary to disturb you. You
ought to have known better than to take
a whole seat when the cars are full. I
shall know yu the next time I see you,
Xothing more v.-5m...." 3 TT.. —.el—.
was too indignant to speak, and the boy
had said all he dared to say.
I left the cars, thiqking, with the con
ductor, that I should know the boy the
next time I saw him.
It was a sad picture of selfishness, and
it pained as 'well as disgusted me.—
There was a boy beginning his life by
acting out n 'selfitthnetle, and seeking his
own comfort, to the great discomfort of
CONFEDRIT X RoADs, April 2, 1886.
lin it be ? Is it troo, or is it not troo?
Is ndroo Johnson all my fancy paint
ed, him, or is he still a heaven-defyin
persekooter uv Dimocratie saints?
That's what I and some thousands uv
waitin souls would go suthin handsum
I confess I never quite lost faith in
Androo. Pro-slavery Dimocracy sticks
to a man ez does the odor uv the gentle
skunk to clothes, and It is' got rid uv
only by the same means, to wit: bnryin
the victim thereof.
Androo started out to be a Moses, and
he is one, but I think he's chgnged his
Israelites. I oust saw a woman skinin
live eels, and I reproached her, saying :
" Woman, why skinest thou the eels
alive? Doth it not pain 'em ?"
"Nary !" retorted she. "I've skined
em this way for goin on to 20 years, and
they're used to it."
Even so. The negroes have been in
bondage so long that they're used to it,
and Androo feelin no call to continu in
the Moses biznesa, hez, I hope, turned
his attention to the Dimocracy. It's us
he's goin to lead up out uv the Egypt
uv wretchedness we've bin in for nearly
five years—it's n's that's agoin to quit
brick makin without straw, and go , up
into the Canaan which is runnin with
the milk and honey uv public patron
age. We shel hey sum liter—there's
Amalekitish postmasters and Philistine
collectors to displace; but with a second
Saxon at our hed, what can we fear?
I feel to-night like a young colt. To
me it seems ez though my venerable
locks, which hangs scantily about my
temples, had grown black sgin, and that
my youth was returnin. Ef I had any
notion uvsooisicle, them idea is dismist.
I'm young agin ! What has worked
this change? you ask. I'ts the procla
mation declarin the war at an end, and
withdrawin from the Dimocratie States
the odious hirelins riy the tyrant Lin
kin, and the doin away uv that terrible
Marshal law. That's what's done itfor
me. Now I feel like say in with, one uv
old, "Mine eyes hey seed thy glory—
let thy servant depart in peace.'
We hey been dooly subjugated some
time, and a waltin for this. We wanted
it, and longed for it ez the hart does for
the water course, and considerably more
onless the hart wuz thirsty in the ex
treme. For now we are in the Unyon
agin—we are under the shadow uv that
glorious old flag which protects all men
ceptin niggers and ablishnists. The
nigger is left to be adjusted by us, who"
is to be governed by the laws which con
trol labor and capital. Certinly he is—
uv course. course. I saw two uv my neighbors
adjustin one last nite. They wuz doin
it with a paddle which was bored full
uv holes. He didn't seem to enjoy It as
much ez they did. By that proclama
tion our States are agin under their own
control. Let them go at wunst to work
ter destroy all the vestiges uv the cruil
war through which they have paged.
There aint no solgers now to interfere,
for the policy uv keepin solgers in and
among free people is abhorrent to free
dom and humanity. Go to work at
wunst and build up the broken walls uv
We must have peace and unanimity;
and peace cannot dwell among us onlesa
there's a oneness uv purpose and senti
ment. To procoor this is your fust du
ty. If there be among you them ez op
posed you durin your late struggle for
rites, hist em. Their presence is irrita
tion, and kin not be tolerated. Ablish
onism is as abhorrent now as ever, and
the sooner you are rid uv it the better.
It is safe to assume that every man who
opposed the late deceased confederacy
is a Ablishnist.
The next step and the most important
is to tear down the nigger school houses
and churches which hey been builthere
and there, and kindly take the nigger
by the ear and lead him back to his old
quarters, which is his normal position.
The Yankee school teachers sent here
by freedmen's aid societies should prop
erly be hung foLspreadin dissatisfaction
and spellin lOOOOTs among the niggers
butl would advise mercy and canailia
tion. Tar and featherin with whippins
will perhaps do ea well, and will go to
show the world that our justice is tem
pered with charity—that we kin be gen-
JOB AND CARD TYPE
AND PAST PRESSES,
HEADS, LETTER IfEA L DS, STATEMENTS
• TOWNSHIP OR RS, Sc.
[Written for the Toledo Blade.]