Newspaper Page Text
Is aO ever! Wedilsda r y
r,loo,Lrinbly in advance, by
COBB & VAN GELDER
, g i,, 1
lab. 5 mo. '0 - mu.' 4 -180 ~. 1 1,-yr
..... 1,,,,t,80 5,00 7,50 10,00 12 1 00
iqu' re . 3.75 8,00 12.00 15,00 18.00
:-., , , an ,„ ... „Oil 10.00 [ 15.00 20,0Q 25:00
-0 ,,,,,.....1•2,00 20.00 30.00 38,00 I 45;00
- ,... ,1 - --20.0 U 35 .° ° , 4 a,00 65,00 ' 60,00
,', 4 ,,,,,, 1 iu.er'll $l,OO-50 cgs. each week thereafter.
',,,,,,,,arat0rs and Execptdrs:Noticen $1460.,e41e,h„..
f ,,,inE ,
""" .. c.,, , ,n, °etre . nut441.6',60 - per yak?. '
- BUSINESS DIRECTORY.
w. D. TERRELL & CO.,
i vtioLDALE DRUOGISTS, and dealers in
a. ali paper, Kerosene Lamps, Window Glass,
pouinery, Paints and Oils, &0., &c.
N. Y., Jan. 1, 18(i8.-13„
W 4. 4 4 , F4kcia141444 11l
dTTORNEY AND COUNSELOR AT LAW.
yEkee formerly occupied by James Lowrey, Esq.
Welibber°, Jan. I, 1868-Iy.
S. F. SIMAIBIJX,_
FARBER AND HAIR DRESSER. Shop over
c . L . Wilcox's Store.
Wciltburo,,l.m. i, 1866.-I.y.
JULIES SilEk WOOD,
t 4.. i• 's • -
.I.TORNEY AT LAW, Court d Street, uppunte`
t h e Court House,
Jan 6,1866—1 r,
H. WILLIAItf., Wm. H. iSirtra.
ATTORNEY AND COUNSELOR Al' LAW
l ur urapee, Bounty and Pention Agency, Main
J 1241. 1, 1566.
JOHN I. MITCHELL.
A TioILNEY AND' tOTINSLOR LAP LAW,'
.lifice lately occußiedliyiotilf. W. 'Etereinsey
E N „ Tioga, Tioga County, Ptnan'a. Piempt
&ttention to Collections: - " 4 . •
Jan 1,1086.—1 y.
r . wiLso f ,
iTTuRNEYS A :CAitiNSEI:OII.6 - _ LAW,
Ftrst door from Bigoney's, on the Avenue)—
W:lt attend to business entrusted to their care
tbe counties of Tioga and Potter.
Wellsboro, Jan. 1, 1866.
GEORGE WAGNER, -
lEALcift. Shop firsttdoor north of ; li.A. Reares
Sue chop. ACP - Cutting, Pitting, and Repair
,ng d<,ne promptly and well.
Irellsboro, Pa., Jan. 1, 1'66.-Iy.
JOHN B. SHAHSPEVRE,
I , I,APER AND TAILOR. 811`oli'Ovir 2owen's
SEore, second floor. gat - Cutting, Fitting, and
Repairing done promptly and in best style.
ir e ih.-boro, Pa.. Jan. 1,1866-1 y
RI; ER OF MAIN STREET &THE AVENUE
3. W. BlGOtir, Proprietor. , ' This pioptdsr Hotel,
hero re fittedandre=farnished:thronghont,
now ”pen to the pablieL as --s'• ftritLthisS
house. A good hostler always on hand,
kvell.Aors. Jan. 1,1866.—1 y
itußT. HewLCT, IL U. Cattmis.
lI%WLEY & •
ATTO r RNEYS AT LAW, Williamsport Pa.—
Special attentien given to collection of Pen
eldlLs. Bounty and Back Pay, and all claims
ag.,inst the National and State G.,‘ enunciate:
wdliam&-port, Pa , Nov. 15, 15115-3 m.
iIzt.CKSMITH AND SEWER. .1' have tented
the sbop lately occupied by Mr.P. C.lieig, and
aw piepared to alum horses and oxen, and to
.10 all kinds of work pertaining to the busi
nest, in a superior wanner.
Wellsboro, Pa., Jan. 1,1866.41 y.
IZ;4A H IWAJLTOIC HOUSE,
Gaines', Tioga Coanty, Pa.
E C CCRbiILYLA, EqIO"!TIF.SOR. . This is a
LeVi Luta located, Within - easy aceess of , the
~e st to tnag stria hunting grounds to North
ern Kaa , ylvauta. No pains will be spared
thtnr.routtuodation of pleasure seekers and
tbs traveling public. [Jan. 1, 1866.]
J. HERVEY EWING,
ATTORNEY AND COUNSELOR AT LAW,
U. Law Butiding,—St. PaiA St , Baltimore.
ittrruzziers.—LeTin Gale„i4ktort_icy at Law,
R,lev L. D.. Rev. Hoary
.Slicer,,P D., Cutgl
Bau. a: co., P. Grove A Co.; Ludwig &
Ale Sherry, John F. McJilton, Esq., Robert Law
•,u. Coq ,S. Sutherland, Eeq. [Mr. EWING ie
auhbrized to transact any business appertain
lah to this paper is Baltimore.]
Jan 1; 1866-I.y. . .
VIOLIN STRINGS at
WEBS'S - DRUG STORE.
TIALUS CELEBRATED VEGETABLE SICILIAN
IDIA.IR RENEWER, can be .had at, 14).1178 Drng
CONCENTRATED LYE; for e ale at
ROY'S DRUG EiTORR
[!LOGIC AND FEED, BUCK WHEAT
I- FLOUR, Meal, Perk and Salt, - /Tea, ,Col Tee;
tuzni. 5 , 411), Candles , Saleratus, Tobacco and
1,,,, 0me Oil. Also, Mackerel, White Fish, and
' , mut, by the package or pound.
CUM 3. S H. VAN VALKENBURG
WdlEboro, duo. 4, 1865. _ ;
W HEELBARROWS, CHEESE
PRESqf SCREWS, and sesleboar . ds- for
icon chLese. also
Powder, Sloot , agid Lead
and pistol cartridges.
G Lr NN & TUCK B,R
are .56 agents for Miles's Patent Money Drawer.
AL-o. agents for Ribbon Statnps and Seal
P Qs Reale mbeT—ttill cam k..Twaker's
Ware Son. Welkboro.
. l an. 1. ISIA --iy
R EAL ESTATE FOR SALE.—Twenty-five
axres of land near W.1110 30 N, itul,oxeellent
coil , well fenced . , a handiothe bailifingaite and
floe %iew of the town and vicinity, a never failing
4 , rici; of tvat‘r, de. Enquire of
JOHN DICKINSON, Enq.
Delwar, Dec. 13, 1865-3na. e. ' '
MEW PHOTOGRAPH GALLERY.-
La!, the pleasure to inform the citizens of Tioga
e. , unty that they have• the beket•opportanity ,ever
tlered thew, to pruetare Ambrotypes,Ferratliour
o em`• Cartee'de Vignettes r and all-kinds
tarry and popular ear& and colored pictures '
at Lia boners on Elmira-Sheet. -
Marafiald, Nor. lb, F. NESPENC R. '
PUBLIC ?NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN
tat ks boo for recoiring
HERN R subscriptions to the
Capitai Stock of THE NORTAILWAY
COMpANy will be opened at 10 o'clock on Eat
"'„N.'.), February 24. 1866, at the Hotel of J. W.
l'iPney in the borough, of Wellsboro Tioga 'co
Peuneylvania.- • - -
GEO. M. TRACY,
Jan. 17, 1888-Bw. R. FARR.BIGONEY,
-VINO'S PORTABLE LEMONADE Li_ the
only preparation of the kind Made from
the fruit. Ae as article O - f economy. pniritY, -and
d:liei e as nese, it esiniloVbiiiiirpeasisd, hod is Thema
amended by physicians for invalids and family
- It will keep for years in any climate. while
condensel form renders it especially conven-
Et for travelers. All who ace lemons are re.
pe,ted eu gise it a trial. Entertainments at
L' me, pa rties;ahl pinnies 'should not bd NiTthout
For sale t;3 , alt - Druggists" and &We - I*Se
UrcK:era. Manufactured only by
LOUTS F. METZGER, ";'
ha- 1 ;1944y. No. 549 Pearl St., N. Y.
: ‘i isi;ix, :el
[P. C. VAN GELDISE.
, VOL • XIII
D RUGS AND MEDICINES
OF MANSFIELD, Pa., have just received and
offer to the inhabitants of Tioga county, at the
loWest cash prices, u large and well assorted stock
of the following first,class goods:
1.103, MEDICINES, k DYE STUFFS,-
Paints, Oil, Patty and Glass, Howe_ &Sterol:is'
Family Dyes. Patent Medicines, Perfumery,
Toilet Soaps, Hair Oils and- Pomades,
School and Miscellaneous Books,
Writing-Paper,Enrelopha,Blank : '
Books, and Blank Deeds of
all kinds, Diaries for
Photograph and Autograph Albums, Gold Pens
and Pocket Cutlery, All kinds 'of' Toys, •
•; Tobacco, Snuff & Cigars of best
Pianos, Trielodeanti, ft. Cabinet Organs
VIOVIRS, T.TAIIB, ACCORDEONS,
oay3 i 7 kinds - of Musical Instruments and musical
merchandise. All the most popular_Sheet Music
always on 1 144 fif
. . ,
,-, By.;speeiel hrrengements with the-largest man
ufaetnring house in New Yorir,,We nen 'furnish ail
ovles of , .
'''''' • TN - § TRUMENTS-,
. '• ;• ,
' 'sfigifirbd in 1' ; :';
= BRASS - AND SILVER BANDS,
•;t• - :!
Parties - wishing_instruments will save_ ton per
cent by nornmsniientipg with ne befoits purchas
ing elsewhere. Instrntnentseliverea.. "
klitEE OF CHARGE,' AND
J. B. Nitzs
Pianos and Melodeons - td-rent on reasonable
terms. Agents for the celebrated Florence Sew
ing Machines.' ' • 'LANG & WHITE.
• Mamield, Dee. 6,48115-6 m.
NEW DRUG STORE
Dr. W. W. , WEBB ac BBQ. .
Rave opened a Drug' and'Chemical 'Store,' On
Main Street,lat door below Meetings, where they
intend, to keep a full 'assortment of
. . DRUGS AND MEDICINES. •
A good article of Medicinal. Liquors and Wines.
Prescriptions carefully prepared..
Medical - advice given free of charge, •
NEW FIRM &NEW GOODS AT TIOGA
BORDEN , BR&S Y• .
Would respectfully annonnee
.to . " all 'whom it
way concern," that they keep constantly on hand
a large and weil.selected arportatent of
- f.. :. •
DRUGS - it MIEDICINES,
' - PAINTS, OILS,
GLASS AND WALLPAPER,
DYE STUFFS, FAMILY DYES, LAMPS,
GLASS WARE,' PIATED WARE,
§itich as CASTORS, SPOONS;
. . TEA & TABLE,' FORKS, • _
'CAKE DISHES. &c. - - .
.- _IEN'ITEI..OPES, SCHOOL- BOOKS,
PATENT MEDICINES, '
Tea,lCoffee, Spice,lPepiiii, Crin:'
TOIL T AND .WASHING - SOAPS,
and an endless variety of
'; ,: YANKEE NOTIONS.
Tigia: Pa., Oct. 4;1865 7 13 4 6.
:,KN . OX; V I I. 1_,,i1 " .
Boot, Shoe and Leather 'Store."'
TIRE UNDERSIGNED 1 lattviog formed
to-pastnerebip ender the name lizu title of
ean'pe found at Ole old eland, corner of Main
and:Mill Strobe!, Aare they will keep coustatto ;
on hand a general ' assortment of - ' - ,
BOOTS, SHOES, LEATHER AND'-!
of the best clualiiy, which they will sell so cheap
for Cash, as to make it an-object for dealers to
MOT'S, 030 Y'S." CALF:KIP, kSTOGA
LADIES' GAITERS, BiLMORAL, 'KID;
;,& CALF, & MISSES 'BII,OFS.'.
—French laid Oak Stock cunetantly.on 'band fo r e
sale. Cash paid at all times forHIDEI3, PELTS,
TERJJ&-CASH .6N. DELJVERY, - .
-11.0011 RY, Knoxville, P. ' •
J. EIOFIAROSON, Elmira, N.Y.
K oxvIlle; Jan. 1, 1866-tf. -
N Elk toinship"; Tioga County Pa., containing
124 acres, 40 acres improved. said farm is
watered by numerous springs. A sumll stream of
water sufficient foachurning, sawing wood,
rims t • hrougli the farm near, the buildings.
cppt eituatcd for a good dairy farm. A portion of
it.!is good grain land. Two log houses, frame
bqrn and other out buildings thereon.' A thrifty
yonitg orchard of-70-or 80 apple, pear or plum
trees. - A good school house on .the adjoining
farm. The above farm might be divided into
two, small farms of 82 acres each. Price sl2,Per
acre. Terms easy. A liberal deduction Made
fiir cash, down. _lnquire of
C. B. 'KELLEY, Wellsborp, er
WM. UPDIKE, on the.prethisee.
.Q.vp5.0.4%41. , ati4.• -,. : ,- .--..1.-z
-N S i \.. `N
- k '
WHOLESALE &, RETAIL
i. LOCHRY °& CO.,
-Par Stock consists in part of
of our own manufacture. -;illso,
Tarn, for Sale
WHOLESALE DRUG , 'STORE,
C ORN IN G;''
We question whether, in this history
of hair bfeadth - escapes a parallel to the
- following tan be found:. • -The'story was
told - to'us - bY- an 'old and - vfilited.friend,
'do* residing in.' 'the country near •the
city,liut Whose early days were spent
near the scene of the tragici -adventure
- reeorded here. -
-' - We giVe the story as it was, related to
us iu the words of the hero. - -
It Was about the year 1805, that
tledin'Vh•gliiiit, near the falls 'of the -
Kana - Wha.! The country at that
'was unbroken :wilderness. ;But few,set
tlemehts.had been made by
and they were so lar.apart as :to render
vain all hope of assistance in case of an
attack frouthostile numbei•S of
whom.still infested , the neighbOrhood.
I lived there alone with my wife for
'several months unmolested, and by
'dint of perseverance, then young and
'hardy, had succeeded in
• Making, quite
a clearing in the forest, Which - I planted
dit;corn, and which promised an abuti
dant.yield., . - • - -
;.Otte-morning after we had der-patched
:our humble-meal, ,and hadjuSt prepared
to'ventpre forth upon, my, at:et/shrilled
routine of labor, any attention up:
rested byltire : ainkling of a cow is
the corn field., • ,
"There," Said my wife, ' '"the cow is
iti'the corn field,".
But the car of the back woodman' be
conies hy,_education very acute, • esp . & '
daily so ffom the tact his safety 'often
depends, upon the nice cultivation of
that sense. . lav as not so easily deceived.
Ilistened 4 , The , sound was repeated.
"That,",said i, in reply to my wife's
remark, "vas out the twinkling of 'a
bell upon.the neck of a cow, but adeeoy
from - some Indian, who wishes, fo draw '
me into ambush."
' Believing this to be the case, r took '
down my old musket, and seeing' that'
it Was properlyloaded, I stole
around the field towards the spot from
which the sound seemed, to proceed.
- As I suspected, there, in aclub of bush
es' crouched an Indian„ waiting: for me
to appear in answer to his defloy
that he might send the fatal bullet 'to
my - heart... I !approached dis
covering myself to hint until within
shooting„ distance, then I raised '
piece and fired. The -bullet sped true
to its mark,.and the Indian fell dead.
Not knowing but that he might be
accompanietlpY others, 1 returnedwith
all speed to my cabin, and having firai
ly barricaded the door, I watched all
day fronallic,port hole, in anticipation
of an attaek, ,from the, companions of
r the Indiaal had killed. TO add to the
danger and seeming,itelplessnesS of my
situation 4 discovered' that I had 'but
onenharge of powder leis, I could make
but one 'shot then. II attacked by num
-hers, I.should be entirely in their power.
Determined to do the best with - what
had, X poured out the hist 'charge of
- powder, and put it into tlieanusket, and
then 'waited for the approach of night,
sure of an attack, • -
' - Night carne attest. A beautiful Moon
light night it was too, and this ' favored
me greatly. as I would thereby be able
to obServethe,movettients of the enemy
as they approached the Cabin.
It Was.soine,,two hour after night - I'ol i ,
and yet I had neither heard or seen a
sign of the Indians, when I'
was startled by the' Laying of my dog
ttt the stable,_ l; knew that the Indiails,
were corning_ The stable stood little'
'to the M - e.st, ot.the cabin, and between
the two was acpatell of. cleared "round
„ tplan which the light of the full croon
'Telt ,unoliatracted. , Judging front, the
noise at the stahle that they would ,ad 7.
.vanee from that direotio4, I posted trey -' self at the port holee on, that Side of -the,
• I had preViously placed my wife j on,
the Cross-pole in the chimney so that in'
,ett.e our ehemes. effected an entrance'
'into' our cabin, she Might climb 'put
th low :chim and 'effect
116 i escape. e.
;For myself, entertained
"Mi hope, but determhied hot to betaken:
alive ; and to sell my life dearly.
; With breathless anxiety I watched eft
th 6 port hole. At length I, saw them
.emerge f.ozn.the shadow Of the static,
and advance across the open groun.li to
:wardmy cabin. One—two—three—great
'Heavens! fix'stalwart Indians armed
'to : the teeth, and urged on by the hope
of revenge and f alone to oplase them•
with otte carge of powder. - My •ete.te
'w .- as desperate; indeed:- ' With quick and
steady, step ' fn
- - close' single file, they
approachedand were already • within a
few yardSof the house, v. hen a slight
change in tife•thovement of the tnrward
Indian,"changed the position ofahe six,
so that a' portion of the lett side of ea c h
was - uncOvered - .• They were in 'range,
and my aim Would cover all. quick to,
thought - I aimed arid fired. 'As the
smoke cleared. away, I could hardly
credit what thy - senses showeli mess the,
result' of my' shot.' The 'fifteen slugs
with which 1 had loaded the musket,
had - 0154e their Work well; five of the
six Indians lay - dead upon the ground,
'and the sixth had disappeared.-
- 'Although - rio-enemy was now in sight,
I did hot - venture forth until morning.
There lafthe - bodies of the five Indians,
,undisturbed, - togrether with the rifle of
the 'other.' t.3ectirin- the arms and am-•
nifinition of the ' fallen Indians, fol
lowed up the trail of the missing one,
until it reached the river, beyond which
point I ccitild'ilikover noi trace whatever.
Eromtheamountablocid, which marked
his trathlogetherwith the unmistakable
evidence that he had picked his way
with difficulty, I was led to believe that
he waa Mos:fatly wounded, and-in order
to prev'etrt his body falling. into the
bands of-the white foe, he had groped
his way to the river and thrown himself
'into the., current Avhich had borne it
away "„ _
The Indians had killed:my cow,. and
that-you 'may be assured - was.no.trifling
loss, yet innay gratitude for my escape,
from the- merciless savages, I would'
have been entirely willing to have made
greater sacrifices. I was provided thus
with arms and amunition, taken from
the six Indians, in caseOf second attack ;
but this fortunately, proved to be my-
Employing none but Experienced Workmen, lasradvertture with the savages.
and using only the best materials, We are, con- Not one of the band had. escaped to
fide= we can furnish you with goods'
_that will tell the tale,-and incite his' brethren to
suit your customers.. . revenge - the death of his comrades.
Every article warranted to give entiro satisfac- .
lion. All Goods 'packed in shipping order and' Pexclaimed_ the old man, while
the-tears.stood in his eyes,_ at ,the me
sent by rail or otherwise. -
Please address by mail, when list of prices', mory of that eventful night, `-`that was
"Card Samples,” &e., will be forwarded. a glorious shot—the best Lever made!"
' C. M. CRANDALL, k CO: - ,' The hero of tfiis - adventure lived, to
'. Montrose', Pa. Dee. 27,'65.3m. see the rude wilderness ..w - here he had
N. B. Ours is -the only establishment that p itch e d his lonely cabin; transformed
manufactures the Celebrated • - into amilinfrifieklsancipeopled whither-.
Crandall * Wheel Head. dy and enterprising. palefaces, among
. hislast dayswere passed iiipeace
Warrantefj - tolafa TWENTY YEAES if welitumit, plentyomdisturbed by Ida old foes;
,?_ ; • i;
-IL?' ANT) OILS,
I A`A A:2; r i. 4
j_. •t .1... 1.
, irft,ATED• 'I , MEDICIN2S, CIN- . ,
CINNATI WINES -AND -
- :WASuJ.LMI; i
KEROSENE lAMPS;' LATENT
. - 1 . 2 liFiThiPft,Y3 , -,
k • - IL . . ;
AND FtAVORIN4 thil i gACTS, 'WALL
i AND-DYE COLORS, - •
, • ' 1
dad at Whalest44 ;*l l ;ifti l d.
to call and get. qnoyitiona, jb r ef . 9ra - .:;gpiki` further
" •• W.i D. TJiii.B4V.4:, ik CO: 1.
Corning, N. Y:, Jan! - " "
'LT EAR' YE 1,1 HEAII, I—ThelPolle of
i 1 fhie Election-are new ojen.
C. L 0.1 C.; •
'6i Oftisrs reveals hie entire'.
ST9C4 . oF,:figopsAT COST.
All these. who - feelanxioitia to.ntaiip a , •
apatp. -1 BARIa'ArN , ;-
„ ate invited iQLcall a« 111 ?,r0.r,.
e - -
s ' . DELAYS APE DANGEROUS.
Call at the ” REGULATOR," one i)oor 'Above
Post Office. •
'NVellaboyo, Jan.l. 29, 1566..: • i . .=.
- Nt OW IS, Tifh %Irak,.
x.k? sAyE YOUR
A, great breaklown in tho`price of 'all kinds of
:I have just, returned froua,New York with a
largeaud wall selectsd assortment of
STAPLE AND FANCY bfix,, GOOD
which were• bought foi CASH during the-,late
Panic at PANIC PRICES, which am bound- to
PANIC PRICES. •
I am selling
-• - • L
• Good Madder„ 22
Extra Wide, 'English; ' • - 30
Best Muslin DeLaines,„ _ 35
Bleached Sheetings, - • • • - 20 to 30
Unbleached i‘• -- • . 28 to 30.
Extra Heavy, 35
Best quality French ?define, _ - 10 shillings
Double Width Plaid Popline,
Yard wide Rep, 60
'Best thigh cOloredj_WoolHol t aine t s' 60”
Single width Plain ,Poplins, - • • - 4 0
Yard wide Paramakta i 40.
A•Large Stock of ~ •.° , _ s
FLANNELS,: . BALMORAL SEIRTS t
_BOOP.' ? s&lll,to,:_qttyps, FURS,
NOTIONS., WORSTEDS;h4.,-. •
_ • A good assortment
GROCERIES, BOOTS k SHOES; -
Also ) a large Stock of • ---.•
FEED . ; FLOUR &:PORB.,:alit4iyil . PL baud.
; • In'fact, •
ALL- THE 'NECESSARIES OF',LIFE:'
Customers in • want, of GOods will ,save money
by calling at the,New.Store and examine Gouda
and Prices before buying elsewhere.
Tioga, Jap s .,l, 1868. ,
- VA7B hive reduced the price pf Flour Si per
V barrel, Feed and meal 50. cents per owl,
and shill sell, FOR 'CASH ONLY,
" HILL FLOUR,,WRIGHT,
BAILER'S BEST, • WHITE •
- WHEAT FLOUR, .
, SPRING ,WHEAT FLOUR, BUCK
WHEAT FLOUR, GROUND
' FEED, CORN"MEAL, -
• BRAN, •Eco„ &o. • '
CASH: PAID FOR ALL KINDS OF
WRIGHT k BAILEY,.
Wellsl)ore,,Tan. 24, 1866. „, • •
FLAX WnEELS,`; ,
WOOL WHEELS: WHEEL - HEADS,
nounce to, the
-M ER !Ott AN TS 64 - 'DEALERS
of TiOgg, and adjoining counties, that tfiCy are
now engaged -in • the • -Manufacture of the above
named articles, and aro prepared to furnish theni at
_,z,• - ,4'" r?'' , .rlQMlß,g... , • . . , k -, ,..t 7 Z,i.:.:1, :., ~,- -. 2 .,- e , -. ;--4,,,... ,
. , .
r iJ .
i . r
• AVELLSEORa PA' --4 1A - ROll - 2'B, 184.
f:: Si.: ~ t:
`A THRILLING ADVENTURE:
but he do . IA tell us whetlwr. his wife
ever came down from out the chimney,
or how he disposed of the tick! dead In
SOWN W. GEARY
„ JOhn W.'Geary was born .in_,West
moreland county, Pa., and although now
only forty-sti years of age, has already
won a lasting lame by his adherence to
the cause of right and duty,, in _the. dif
ferent parts of our country in which he
has been placed, in civil, military, judi
cial and executive positions.
Haying lo4t his father very early in
life, he was' thrown upon his own re
sources, and not only supported himself,
but became the only stay of his widowed
mother, by teaching a village school ;
during whieli time he also, by-perseve
ring, industry and commendable econo
my, acquired means to procure a classi-
Cal education, which he completed at
Jefferson College, Cannonsburtz, , Pa.,
creating friends among profes
sors and, classmates, by the early exhi
bition Of - those same 'sterling qualities
that have since endeared. him to so ma
ny others in social and in public life.
Havinglmished his collegiate educa
he assumed the profession of a el.-
Nil engineer, in the practice of which he
went to Kentucky, partly in the - employ
of- the Commonwealth, and partly in
that of the - Green River Railroad Com
pany ;'and was engaged in the survey of
several very important branches of the
public improvements of that State. Af
ter an experience with the en 6 ineer corps
in many of the States, he 'successfully
tilled an the various (aces from a clerk
ship to the superintendency of the Al
legheny Portage Railroad; and during
'several years discharged the duties of his
responsible positions with complete sat-,
At'a very early date, actuated by his
mathematical abilities, he exhibited a
fondness for military tactics, and labor
ed strenuously, by the outlay of time
and means, to perfect our volunteer sys
tem.' From a private in the ranks, he
rose rapidly through all- the grades to
that of Brigadier General, to which he
was elected, by the brigade comprising
Cambria and Somerset counties.
' When the war with 'Mexico was de
clared, he was among the first who re
sponded to the call for volunteers, and
was accepfed, along with the "Ameri
can Highlanders," of Cambria county,
which splendid company he - then corn
,They 'were incorporated in
the second Pennsylvania regiment, of
upon its organization, be was
almost unanimously elected Lieutenant
His regiment joined the army of Gen.
Scott alp Vera Cruz, and 'served in the
'advanCe;nnder the command, and on
the line of operations of that great chief
tain, through his brilliant campaign in
Mexico. Geary was attached to Gen.
Quitman's division, and distinguished
hinnielf in the battles of " La Hoya,"
" Chepultepec," " Garita de Belen,"
and the''' City of Mexico " Upon arri
ving at the capital, his colonel having
died; he was elected Colonel, by a vote
of more than two-thirds of the
mand. This compliment was not the
'result of mere friendship - or political
preference. It - was• the reward for his
own good Conduct, from. the hands of
the gallant soldiers—the , spontaneous
and grateful gift of, associates i uarms—
the brave men who had' Innght by his
side, shared his privations, siifferings
s and dangers, and who -witnessed and
knew best how to appreciate his merits.
The war having closed, Col. (.teary re
turned with the yeiunaiit• of his com
mand to his native State, and -the-peo
ple of Pittslitirg will long remember the
'enthusiastic welcome he received upon
hiS arrival among them. -Hort. William
'Wilkins, in a public speech, compli
mente,d the services'of the g,allant; wea-
they-beaten W and " war-worn 'troops, and
the 'excitement-of the universal jubilee
'ran to.the highest pitch.
On the, i2d of January, 1849, in return
for his services: in' Mexico, President
Polk appointed. Col: Geary postmaster
'at San Franci s co, which, inconsequence
'of the then recent discovery - of gold in
California, had become a port of, consi
derable importance. He was also em
powered to create post offices, appoint
postmasters, establish Mail' routes, and
make contracts for carrying the mails
throughout California. He was thus
placed in the way of his subsequent and
almost unparalleled, success and popu
larity among the heterogeneous Popul
ation of the Eureka State.-
. __On the Ist of August, 1849, the fount
.cipal election of ,San• Francisco took
place, and although ten different tickets
were framed for the various minor cal"-
ces,, his name appeared at the head a
them all, and he received every vote
east that day for the Office' Of First 40-
' cattle, it being at that time the most im
portant, responsible and difficult office
in the State of California. It required
administrative and executive abilities
of the rarest qualitY The population
numbered 20,000, almost entirely adult
males; drawn together from every sec
tion of the world,•and possessed of eve
ry imaginable variety of character:
• . To effietanything like a proper organ
ization of the city, and establish an or
dinary police force, from the chaotic
material and, rebellious spirits that then
existed, was of itself an herculean task.
But added to thfs, the ditties of Alcalde
embrae‘d those of every one of the cus
tomary offices of a city and county ju
risdiction. He was a Mayor, Sheriff,
Marshal, Probate Recorder, Register of
Deeds, and even Notary Public and Cor
oner; He daily held an,ordinary police
or niayor's court ; an alcalde's court:for
the minor cases and general executive
matters of the city ; a court of first in
stance, with universal, civil and crimi
nal jurisdiction ; and a court of admi- .
ralty, for maritime cases. Ina word,
he was the curator of the public, doing
"everything that was to be-done, even to
the holding of inquests and taking ac
knowledgment of-deeds. And so well
did he perform all these varied, ardu
ous, complicated and difficult duties,
that at the expiration of his first term
he was re-elected by an almost ,unani
mous :vote, the city in the meantime ha
ving more than doubled its population.
During the time of holding the office of
Alcalde, Col. Geary tried, as Judge, over
twenty-five hundred eiVil and criminal
cases ; and from his decision not over a
dozen alipeals were made, And not .one
decision was ever reversed.
Under the old Mexican laws, ..klealdes
had „power to graiit away the public
lands, at twelve dollars for -" fifty vara
lots," (26 yards square.) All American
Alcaldes, - previous to GeatT's time, had
availed themselves of this privilege, and
, di:41080. of an immense amount of val
uable.property at these mere nominal
rates. -•A resolution, after his election,
was debated by the yUntaimiento the
Council,) directing the Akalde to make
such grants at the legal rates. General
Geary assured them, that rather than
make such grants he would relinquish
his otlice, because the sudden and unex
pected rise of the vahie of the lands,
wOuld'enable the Alcaide, if he were so
disposed, to enrich himself and friends
AO the public detriment. At the rates
named, the lands belonging to the city
were worth only $35,000. A small por
tion. of these lands were then sold at
public auction, and brought half a mil
lion of dollars. This sum was placed in
'the city treasury. The tracts remaining
unsold were proportionally worth seve
ral millions of dollars! Thus was this•
immense sinn saved to the city.
On May Ist, lgso, the first eit&charter
was adopted, and Col. Geary was elected
Mayor under its provisions, by a large
and nattering vote. The manner iu
which he discharged the duties of this
position, can best .be understood from
his inaugural address to the city coun
cils, and numerous subsequent messa
ges, all of which are on file, 'and have
been-published, as well as from the fact,
that at the expiration of his term of of
fice, a petition, numerously signed by
the most prominent citizens, without
diStinction of party, was presented, re
questing him to be a candidate for re
election, which he declined.
The Legislature, however, having cre
ated a " Board of Connuissioners of the
funded debt of San Francisco," Colonel
Geary was appointed a member, and
upon the organization of that body was
elected its President. Here, too, by his
financial knowledge and judicious coun
sels and advice, he rendered valuable
service to the city. Besidesi all this, du
ring his residence in San Fliancisco, he
was Chairman of the Boar c of. Health,
had assisted in the organization of Ma
sonic and Odd Fellows lodges, and was
in fact instrumental in establishing com
fortable hospitals for the sigh, and was
connected with every benevolent and
charitable institution of the place. He
signalized himself by his courage and
intrepidity in arresting the progress of
the great tires, and by the promptness
with which he answered the call of the
authorities of that city,- rendered effi
cient aid in suppressing the squatter
-riots' at Sacramento.
. In the year 1849, when Colonel Geary
was a resident of California, a Conven
tion was formed to frame a State eon
stituticin, and some 'of our readers still
remember the intense anxiety and ex
citement.-which prevailed throughout
the country regarding the result of its
proceedings. The pro-slavery Demo
crats of that time were determined that
California should only be admitted into
the Union as a slave State ; and for the
sole purpose of exerting their influence
in that behalf, many removed from the
Southern States to that distant region.
The plan was well conceived, and inten
ded at all hazards to be accomplished,
to insert the Idavery clause into the Con
stifution, and forward it with hot haste
to Washington for adoption, without
presenting it to the people for ratifica
tion. Col: Geary was thoroughly ac
quainted with the and re
solved that the proposed measures should
not be effected. He accordingly took
strong grounds against them ' and- used
all his influence, which was then equal,
at least, to that-of any man in the terri
tory, first to have omitted the clatise le- -
galizing slavery, and secondly to prei
vent the Constitution, when adopted by
the Convention, from being sent to Con
gress until after it should be submitted
to a vote of the people and had received
their approval. No man could have la
bored inore..• earnestly and successfully
than he did to effectthese two objects,
both -of which, after a most terrible
struggle, were accomplished, and Cali
fornia was received, tree front the stain
of slavery, into the Union of States.—
It is not too much to say ' that had it not
been for the active part taken by Colonel
Geary against the pro-slavery party then
in California, this resultmight not have
Private affairs of great importance re
quiring his preseinee in Pennsylvania,
Col. Geary left San Francisco in Febru
ary, 185:2, and repaired to hiS farm in
Westmorelaud county, where he re
mained until again called into active
public life, through his appointment,
by President Pierce, as Governorof Kan
sas Tefritory, which appointment, with
-out the usual referenctE to a committee,
was confirmed by a unanimous vote of
'He received notice of- this appoint
ment in July, 1856 ; and having delayed
only long enough to receive his instrue
tionsnnd make the necessary arrange
ments, he proceeded to Kansas, reaching
Fort Leavenworth on the 9th of -Sep
No pen can adequately describe the
terrible condition of the territory at the
time of his arrival. 'The scenes he had
witneSSed in California were being re--
enacted, with horrors greatly intensi
fied. Civil war was raging with more
than fiendish ferocity ;—and all on ac
count of slavery. Men were flocking
from all parts of the South, of desperate
character, with passions inflamed to the
highest pitch, and with the express And
avowed purpose of making Kansas a
slave State by any means, however fair
or foul! And these again were resisted
by actual settlers and new comers from
the free-States, equally as determined,
though not so brutal and ferocious. The
fiercest passions of human nature, with
all their dreadful consequences, were
visible on every hand. The smoke of
burning buildings blackened the air ;
fields of grain were laid waste and deso
late ; women and children were driven,
starving and naked, from their homes,
to.perish on desolate prairies; and
,the dead bodies of murdered men were
strewn alongthe wayside. Chaos reigned
supreme—Pandemonium had .poured
forth its demons—and crime, in all its
-most hideous forms, ran rampant thro'
Such was the gloomy prospect that
presented itself to the new Governor.—
A man of less nerve would have looked
upon it with amazement, and with dis
may fled from the scene, as did two of
his predecessors, and many others. But
Gov. Geary was not the man to be easily
intimidated. He had passed already
through many a Eery ordeal. He took
in at a glance the entire situation. From
this dismal chaos—from this hell of dis
cord—from all this terrific and confused
mass of conflicting passions, he was ex
pected to produce order, peace and har
mony. He faltered - not, however, but
buckled on his armor, and in good ear
nest applied himself to the difficult task.
And so earnestly and effectually did he
devote himself to the work, that as early
as September 30th, he was enabled to
The Proprietors have stocked the establishment with
adarge assortment of modern styles
JOB AND CARD TYPE
AND FAST PRESSES,
and are prepared to evernte neatly, and promptly,
POSTERS, HANDBELLS, CIRCULARS, CARDS, BILL
. HEADS, LETTER HEADS, STATEMENTS.,
TOWNSIITP ORDERS, lc., I.c.
Deeds, Mortgages, Leases; and a frill assortment o
Constables' and Justieva' Blanks, constantly on hand.
People living at a distance can depend on baying their
work done promptly, Anil sent back in return mail.
Ei - roiFtek—goy'a block., Second Floor. .
write, truthfully, to the Secretary of
State, saying : " Peace now reigns in
Kansas. Confidence is gradually being
restored. Settler's are returning to their
claim , . Citizens are resuming their or
dinary pursuits, and a general gladness
pervades the community." He had at;
rested criminalA, driven brigands from
the roads, disarmed and disbanded in
vading armies, and insured protection
to all peaceable citizens.
But this state of tranquility - , thus ef
fected, was precisely the reverse of what"
the pro-slavery party in Kansas and the
adihin istration at Washington desired.
Uov. Geary's course, instead of receiv
ing their approval, met their decided
condemnation. ft was intended that
the agitation and excitement should con
tinue until the Free State men were ei
ther annihilated or driven from the Ter
ritory, and the pro-slavery party could
have everything in their own hands.—
Hence the Governor's reports to Wash
ington were coldly received, and, if an
swered at all, as coldly answered. There
.was no mistaking the tenor and spirit of
In the meantime the leading ruffians
were becoming more and more embold
ened by the encouragement they receiv
ed from the seat of the General Govern
ment. At the Lecompton post office,
the Governor's letters and papers, both
private and official, were opened and
their contents scrutinized. The few
troops that had been left to guard his
person and official documents were gra
dually removed by order of Jeff. Davis,
then Secretary of War. Pro-slavery
murderers, whom he had caused to be
arrested, were liberated by order of C.
Justice Lecompte, and public meetings
were held in which he was denounced
as an Abolitionist for refusing to give
his sanction and assistance to the vile
plot, to force the institution of
upon an unwilling people. One villain,
actuated and aided by others less bold,
was foiled in an attempt to assassinate
him on his departure from the legisla
tive hall, and almost in sight of the
members there assembled.
To crown all, the pro-slavery men of
an parties, the 'great majority, however,
being old line Whigs, mostly from the
Louth, met together in convention at
Lecompton; and organized the "Na
tional Democratic Party." There was
much discussion in regard to the adop
tion of this name, the leading men, of
the convention declaring thatthey could
not swallow the word " Democrat," ha
ving been life-long " Whigs." But this
objection was overruled, by the argu
ment that the ?lame would not change
positions, while it would assure them
the support of." the Washington De
mocracy." The platform of the " Na
tional Democratic Party," thus adopted,
is clearly expressed in the following
unanimous resolution of its Legislau re :
"WHEREAS, We believe that on the
success of our party depends the perpe
tuity of the Union, therefore,
Be it resolved, By the House of Rep
resentatives, the Council concurring
therein,-that it is the duty of the pro
slavery party, the Union-loving men of
Kansiis Territory, to know but one is
sue, slavery, and that any party making
or attempting to make any other, is, and
should be held as an any of abolition
In carrying out this doctrine, all the
Free State Democrats were excluded
from membership with the " National
Democratic Party," not one of them be
ing received into fellowship or allowed
to take part in its proceedings. This
plat form - was indorsed by the Democrats
at Washin.z,ton at that time, and was
subsequently adopted and carried out by
the President to the full measure of-per
fection. So far as he had the power he
ostracised all Free State Democrats, no
matter how long or how faithfully
had served the party.
The " National Democratic Party"
being thus organized, the next move
ment was to commit Cloy:Geary to its
polieV. Accordingly, the Chairman of
the Central Committee called upon the
Governor, with ,the asaurance.that if he
would connect himself With_ the party,
he should be one of the two U. S. Sena
tors soon to he chosen. The Chairman
urged the matter with such determined
pertinacity, that Gov. Geary ordered
him out of his. office, and declared that
if he should dare again approach him
with so vile an offer,-he would toss him
through the window.
Soon after these proceedings, a- Con
stitution, known as the " Lecompton,
Constitution," was received in Kansas
by the " National Democratic Party,"
direct from Washington, where it had
been carefully prepared ; and agreeably
to the directions accompanying it, an
attempt was made to have it adopted by
an improvised convention, and returned
to Washington in the shortest. possible
time, regardless of the knownwishes.of
the people. An act of the-Legislature
to this effect was immediately pfised,
which was vetoed by Gov. Geary for
several reasons, the most prominent of
which were, that no provision was made
. for subinittin! , the Constitution to the
people for ratification, and that he was
satisfied that a large majority of the ac
tual resident,' of the Territory were de
cidedly and strongly opposed to the in
stitution of slavery, which tho COnsti
tution was intended to force upon them.
This having occurred after the elec
tion of Buchanan, but before his inau
guration, Gov. Geary addressed hlm let
ters, stating the true.condition of affairs,
but received no reply. He did, howev
er, receive positive evidence, from other
sources, that the newly elected Presi
dent had abandoned the true Democra
tic principle, and adopted the platform
of the " National Democracy." Hence
Gov. Geary resolved at once not to hold
an office under his administration, and
on the day he was installed in the Pres
4deutial chair, wrote and forwarded his
resignation as Governor of Kansas. On
the 10th of March, 1557, he left the Ter
ritory,,.and again returned to the quie
tude of private life. Had - Gov. Geary
been sustained in his hOnest and manly
course in Kansas, by the administration
at Washington, there is reason to be
lieve the destructive war through which
we have just passed, and was then fore
shadowed, and even threatened, might
never have occurred, and the hundreds
of thousands .of brave soldiers, who
now sleep the sleep of death, would
have lived to bless with their presence
the homes made so sadly desolate.
Although Gov. G-eary thus refused all
connection or fellowship with the "Na
tional Democratic Party," he. persisted
in adhering to the doctrine he advocated
in California sixteen years ago, and still
more recently in Kansas, thatAheinsti
tuthm of slavery should not be forced
upon an unwilling people, and never
hesitated to express - his disapprobation
of the institution in all its forma ; sen
timents which have since formed the
basis of the Union Republican platform.