Newspaper Page Text
luirsdfty, : 5, )55.1.
4y. The New Postage La*. ~
gr - lis . the time to Subscribe for the ".Ad.
1. 4 ; .. ;
rixt .. • . _ - eertiser." . - -
KS 1 • -
,v..:f. new . Postage Law will go into operation on
t - -rst day-of July next, after which date the
'''' A • - • 1 I t - • ..r .
:tp i Trutt wit wet ae in togs county FREE
e t- . -1?4 , psTAGE. This will reduce the :price - of
tftfc - ,: - Ilvertiscr , ---which is new the cheapest .paPer
4.44‘ :ti in the county—to Mail frabscriliZrs fifty
im k nts per year. - The inP„Ss of the . people will
#EVatce no excuse for longer remaining ignorant
f..'A things trsnspiring - weekly in their own
. - f : , ' i litorhoed. As this law does big take effect'
die Ist of July, we will give new stabscribefs
:.:,-.5 .imedtatt• benefit of it—we will de - duct from
k.f.,f : : :thseriptioit price (payable 'in adranee) file
.4--;.wiit. of 'postage chargeable omit, from the time'
ilt)scribingoill the-new law takes effect: So
1 - 1- - i in -your . subscriptions at once, and get the.
va: - ',- ,
lt.. os OT PREF: POSTAGE the BEST FAMILY,'
#4-iSPARER In - the co un ty . Eadi of our Pre
':-4iFilbseribers-nifglit 'easily-procure Ws an addl.
i 4 4 y l one, by talking the -matter up with their
-4 . ;hors, and-thus double our subscription list.,
.e i liCr the Ist of July,-as an indUcement ilw our
,t i 's to interest 'themselves in the matter, we
i,, iVend fi re copies of the Adreiliser, to one ad
i-14, for - .Six DOLLARS, and- ten • copies . for, -Tax
t •- 4..:i.ati,:provided that the money accompany the
i AR this reform in the law has been brought
,i . .-4 1 ; mainly by . the determined e ff orts of' the
fe.-$7 press, it is no more than fair that subseri
:,-,Aliould use some slight efforts to, increase the
I:Ation of the papers which have effected this
-Ail!, the benefits of which is reaped almost en
, >'--iltby them,
, Pl .
cc„ ;,. Tirana CENT PIECTS have made their ap-
ONce in our town. •
`p E 4 . f - --
11k• asON's MsosziNE.—The June number of
t4ega ntAn .
,}° dollar periodical is highly inte
-1,10. l! Ghost Storiea" is a capital engraving,
6.7Aic original contributions reflect great credit
V alle publisher, C. J. Peterson, Philadelphia.
Ot•rtre Srutip.--A tremendous meeting of the
0t;, of the Third Congressional District, Phila,
~ tii;lia county, was held on Friday evening a!
t. , ',Al Gov. Johnston was present and addressed 1
i ngth. He was received with thunders of i
Oise from the- people, and retired amidst the
4:liikt cheering. The Locos don't like this move 1
I t ir l Nd Bill," but if wo are, not mistaken, they i
',have to swallow many a pill of a bitter
Ntetcr from, him before the campaign closes: 1
as SPECIAL rd..acvloN,--.Our readers are
4 1 ? that twelve Loco members of the New
lis • - •
Senate resigned to prevent the passage of the
l--,—n.argement bill . speci.. election
•-•''Pield in those districts en Tuesday a wed.,
- `4l4lve learn that as far as heard from at
Wifour or five of the recusant Senators, (who
a re-election,) were defeated.' Mann, the
Ateader in, the Oneida district, is beaten by
';ngdon, Whig, by about 2000. Halstead, W.,
.I . li Snyder in Columbia, &c. Hatch, Carial
beats Stebbins in Madison, &c., besides
t !Ili are probably several other csanges.
I;iGot.nr.s PAPER.—F. Gleason, of Boston, (in
P;!ion to his " Drawing Room Companion," a
?..ii t ify paper, which we have heretofOrc noticed as
,- -i-ildel of typography, and rich repository ofhand
, p .1p
t il l engravings,) has issued a sheet entitled the
t44ny Lind," printed with gold bronze, contain
-1.54 portrait-Of the celebrated songstress, a sketch
history, some incidents of her tour in thi
z: - ti...ry, and some of her favorite songs. Among
. s;; - .D 1 embellishments, it has also a portrait of Bar
dlthe enterprising showman who induced Jenny
ii to visit this country.
:..11.011.E NEW Goons iv Trove —R. H. Marriott,
vylogn, has received a large, beautiful, and cheap .
! Al of Summer Goods, Groceries, Ready-Made
t - 'sing, &e., and it. is said that a very exten.
h, - ) 4 ousiness is now doing at his establishment.
,1 result does not astonish us when the fact is
iii be .
f .. .. t ,m thatis a regular advertiser in the " The
L t'4'TiTsboro.ugh Advertiser," as in Tioga, and
I ',4erhorit the surrounding. country, our paper
. z it sus , ...al,. J171:711: 2rl. .scii.. 4. ~...cirrnitly-rnm;-
; ;3, and spares no pains to satisfy all-who . may
li l ;- 1 .:i to purchase goods. Give his establishment a
tIA See advertisement in another column.
if P:! . _ _
if Mar AT HocosFx.--Some eight or ten thousand
vans residing in New- York, went over to Ho.
=, l fat on Monday of last week, to enjoy a May
.11 l A . -
Wl:ie. They consisted - of men, women, and chil
l! 'AI, In .the afternoon, they were attacked by a
1:,11 1 of rowdies from New York, assisted by Irish
t f'-',. 17 era of Hoboken, and a dreadful riot ensued,
i tilyled with low. of life. The accounts in the
I l t VI York papers are so contradictory that we can
f4lta nothing satisfactory as to the origin of the
1-. iPi!or who was most- to blame. The Sheriff or.
r - .::, 1 ,11 out the military, and thus finally restored
' ‘if fit but the entire affair was most disgraceful..
tr.:, g4,Ber g en jail was crowded with prisoners, and
- '.lf•i' .
41 i ' f .. j , of the wives and children of the Germans
li r i t corapassidnately received into privatehouses.
I, '„ • UTICA!. FALSI3IOOO CONTRADICTED.- Some .
'lf,partizan sheets have recently charged Gor.
-`•!: ,! ton with having pardoned Gco. W. Homer,
- r' -;,. had been convicted of screial burglaries in
it, ware' county, (mid sentenced in May lag, to
3:11. .n years in the Eastern Penitentiary. We
in the Harrisburg American a full and em.
c contradiction of this, as fidlows : " This
.11 1 i meat is entirely false. No such person as
feit W. , Hoiner has been pardoned by Gor. John.
11,71„ nor do we know of any pardoned convict
Merhom the above paragraph might possibly be
,l7,#-:lerled. It is merely a contemptible falsehood,
3 %.4cateti by an unscrupulous partizan sheet."
; MODEL Tows.—iVellsberough. has not at the
1 1 ?;ent . time a licensed tavern or giocery in it,
Vi• •where anplace whee liquor is 'sold, ii
titag store, where it is only sold for:.Medicinal
it.;iposos. We bnpe it nay ever continue so.—
, , .
, p man who got .drutilt a few days ago, and
~?., : rmi6atel to,
.kick I# Wife out. of deors. must
- :fiiito feel as if times were getting hauler every
--. .J., ;The times are progressing, and unless that
.`.lett ndvan , will fall far behind the age.
- - kazatt 81.1011 DICEEd ' /11017EMENT.
~ ,e find the ' lowing in the- Boston Traveler' :
—4:New York house has recently. transinitted -an
:',‘er,tti - Poiris for an Invoice of dreis goods, with
...,leep border on the side. 'These 'goods are in- .
4ded for ladies' short dres'ses, and the width of
.* cloth will comprise the length of the skirt."
:..... • - - -
VTite ...outside of today& Advertise; conthips
,tUer.of interest, Examine it. , - ' ;,,
hills',-attititinnke the yeas
I and lava on the pasiage of the Matfirneth *Ppro; -
priatiOn Bill tqtiugh the:golf:lse of Representatives,'
tttitslast sesshm,in'which new-STATE
LOANS were provided for—one of 8150,0fItt- for
avoiding the Inclined Planes on the Allegheny
Portage Railroad; (which will eventually cost over
a Million !) and the other of $98,000 for 44i I:Wing
c nurrea' o the Caltinibia: Railway. 'The lentire
amontit of appropriations: ma e by , the. bill. was
On its passage: the yedizi arid nays
were us follows4-the yam all: Locos, hut f our t , ,
• ress—p-Messrs, :Benedict, Blair, .Bon.
'ham, Brindle, Cowden, Demers, Dalian, DOwner,
Dunn, Ply,.Evans,.(of, Ilerits„) . Feather, Fegely,
Freeman, Gabe,-Clifllit, Hague, Depict, Jackson,
Laury, Leech, Lilly, Linton,. McCune, Mc. •
Kcan, McKee; Mcßeynolds, Morris, 'MoWry, • (of
Wyoming,) Olwinc , Potten, Penni Man, Reekhow, '
Rhoads, .Ross, Shull, Simpson, Skinner,
&lder, 'Steward, Thomas , Walker and Cessna,.
• NATE—Messrs: Arinstrong 4 Baldwin, i Bent,
Blaine, Bowen, Beeman, Brower, A. E. .Brown,
Jos, Brown, Cooper,:pubbins, Dungan,,Evuns, (of
Pitfe, Freti, CrOsgler, auffy,
Hart, 'Hemphill, Hunseclier; Killinger,
McClay, McCloskey, McCurdy, 'McLean, Monroe,
Mowry; (of Somerset,) Nissley, Packer, Reid, Rid.
dle, Roberts, Robertson,jSeofield,Scouller, Shaeffer,
Shugart, Slifer, Smith„ ; Sruthers, 'Prone and Van Horne-44. '
We want the peopl4 to remember,' that their
money is to be used for the purpose of efecting
Bigler Governor. The large appropriations made
by the last Lcg,islature will he used by political
&cc:wiles in the LeaCofoco party, and squandered
recklessly, in order to carry his. election. The
people, if they wisli to prevent this, will have to
act as becomes sentinels ontho Watch tower,
guarding their ownl rights, arid tally with, spirit
and enthusiasm al the ballot boxes. it is your
hard earned taxcsitascs that you have freely paid
to keep Pennsylvania from repudiation and dis.
honor that arc to be thus used. %Ye - appeal to you
in, the namo of our common interests to arrest the
mad designs of these political profligates, who
cars nothing about your well being; but rejoice in
squandering and corruptly using youi• monies for'
the basest purposes. At the ballot boxes you have
a remedy—see to. them.
That the present National Administration, says
the Reading. Journal, is eminently pbpular with
the masses of the people, is clearly shown by, the
manifestagpns of esteem and regard that, have
everywhere attended the progress of President
Fillmore and Cabinet, in, their tour to, the north,
Much of this is no derilt owing to! that broad
spirit of patriotism that leads the citizen, at all
dimes and upon all fitting occasions, to honor
the constitutional authorities of his , country—a
spirit at animates members of both 'parties, and
has en exhibted, in a greater or: lens extent, ti
every administration since the orglanization
of the government. In the,present case, however;
the demonstrations arc not confined to a mere for
mai, show of respect. There is a heartiness in
them dictated by feelings of genuine regard—an
acknowledgement of the wise policy pursued, and
a confidence, that should a crisis arise requiring ,
the exercise pf firm and decided measures on the
part of the Executive departments—those who fill
them will be found equal to the emergency. This
it is that has rallied the people by hundreds and
thousands at every point to unite in the ! expres.
&ions of welcome. They,look upon the President
and his Cabinet not so much as the exponents dt
the Principles of a great party, as the rulers of a
great nation=tas those to whom the destinies of 1
the country have been committed at a most critical
period in its history, and who have exercised the
trust with becoming firmness, wisdom ar i l mode.
ration. An administration devoted 'to tbb furthe. I
ranee of mere partizan views, or bent upon carry.
ing out ultra measures, could never haie elicited
such general marks of approval. The platform of i
the Constitution is one upon which .all .true pa. I
triots stand, and those who administered the Go.
vernment with an eye single tw its requirements,
and a determination to uphold it ;it all hazards, may
nliCays cotnrrupwi w....igjewanzen - wmartne - inted i
of general approbation. I
Col. Bigler and the r illet of '417.,
The opposition presses censure Governor John.
ston for not signing the bill, to repeal a part of the
Acts of '47 to prevent kidnapping. It is very
strange, says the Harrisburg American, that , they
should blame him for this, when their own candi
date, so far' as the publie knows his
stands committed in favor of this very Act The
act, of '47 passed in the folkuving manner, to wit:
the bill came to the Senate, from the House of Re
presentatives, on. February:Blh, 1847, and was re,
(erred to the Judiciary Committee. This com
mittee was composed ofJohn P. Sanderson, editor
of the Philadelphia News, Williamson, ofiChester,
Johnson, of Erie, Black and Dimmock. INIr. San
derson, Chairman of, the Judiciary Committee, re
ported the bill to the Senate withoht aniendment,
on the 11th of February, On thelS3d of February
the bill was considered in committee of the whole,
passed through several readings, , abd ordered to be
returned to the House, with the information that
the Senate had passed it wrruotrr emiesths r.
WILLIAM BIGLER, THEN A MEMBER OF
THE SENATE, VOTED FOR THE, BILL.
So did Cooper, Gibbons, of Philadelphia,:end John
P. Sanderson. The bill received the sipature of
Francis IL Shenk. - ' - . • •
Let us ask a few plain quest - 16ns oflc opposi
tion. Did not Cob Bigler help to place he act of
'47 on out statute bboks 7 Why, then; )epresent
that. he is hostile to it, in the aLsence of ;illy act or
avowal of hostility from Bigler'himself, Do not
all the facts now before the public prove. i
,bat - Big.
ler is in faVor of the Act of 1847 'like people
ought to judge hires by Ilia own acts mitt declara
tions, and :not by the prosaion)k of" iri4sponsible
newspo.pere f 112 • -
Par/arms Of Earoast.—The Harristinig Tele
graph says that the late ordevof the,!Court Of
Dauphin county, requiring the entncement of, the
lair for the better observancethe:!ißabbath,
works well. We have never :known. so quiet a
Sabbath in town, as , theltat. Not only: were all
the bars closed, bx4',aisia the oyster cations; and
the , g thirsty soul:mho the! Sunday kietcire went
over into Cumberl udfor 4.hcir .rations;ifinind, an
Order to the game effect there:from Judge Watts,
and were consequently:headed off. Ticaest
day evening was lquiet, but some: -oi''the boys
threatened loudly of what they, will de at the
election.'i • • • •
THE WELLSBOROUGH ADVERTISER.
A Touching IPoem.
Until about six weeks :Since, thtcji ?triton:Re
publican," a Whig papeY'publishcd at McConeels-'
turo,,Pa., was under the editorial management of
J it* cCunny, Esq., formerly of Shippenshurg,
Cumberland county. Ab r out that. time he was
stricken with paralysis, which . resulted in sudden
and total blindness. The following lines were
composed by-lihn4fter this 'calamitous misfortune
,betel I - The - Melina:ell - cipumstapccs'of the
case: larcst-'thena;With pecnliitr interest.-- What
renders liis - afriletioriZthe more Severe,ls the fact
that a wife and children, are dependent •on his
labors for their maintenance. -Wesiecerely sympa.
thire.With him and them in this terrible calamity.
Fair, 104 y esOlt.! shall Ino more .
Behold thee clad in robes'of green !
'Slit& not these eyes traCe landscapes o'er
' • That they in boyhood's days have seen ?
Thy fertile. plains, thy. woody vales,
Thy rivers and thy mountains high, .
Thy.ocearis with their myriad sails,
All rioWlo inc in . darknes's "
Shall yonder sun's resplendent light .
Fall on the diamond dewb of morn ?
And deck each flow'r with spangles bright,
And cv'ry blade•of grass adorn?' •
And shall it pour its golden ray,
Deep into ev'ry gla ss y steam,
IVltcre sports the trout the live-long day,
And I not see its brilliant heath?
When mem'ry turns to childhood's hour,
And Fancy paints. its scenes anew,—
When ev'ry brook, and ev'ry
Rise up familiar'to the view;
And where the' haunts 'where ott T stray'd,
•In gleeful mood in days of yore, '
Appear with all their sun and shade,
I think, shall I ne'er see them more ?
0, what is life? e'en when we're blest
With sight, and health, and use of limb?
'Tis but a dreary day at best,
Of sorrows deep and pleasures dim :
A billow rude, on which must glide
Hope's fair and oft fragile bark ;
A tempest wild, where sorrows. ride
Upon its breast, at midnight dark.
'Tis hard to stem the tide of life
In darkne4s and in poi•erty—
'Gainst adverse waves when storms are rife,
Upon life's rough uncertain sea,
The stoutest often fail to steer
Their bark right onward, but are lost:
Then how shall mine in darkness drear,
In safety reach life's distant coast.
But, why despond I—Can He who took,
sot render . back the sight anew
,Cag be not open out the book
Qf nature's beauties to oar view?
And should He not, 'tis His' to know
Why he withholds the light ho gave;
His'purpose may be but to throw
A light to lead beyond the grave.
►Whig County Meeting.
Pursuant to notice a meeting of th© Whigs of
Ticiga county was held at the Court House on
Thursday craning, thell9th ult. On motion, Jon:
PARKIIIIIIST was appointed Chairman, and JNo. N.
A. J. Monroe stated the object of the meeting
to be to appoint a Delegate to the State Conven
tion, to appoint- Senatorial Conferees, and to• ap
paint a Standing Committee for the County.
On motion of A.IJ. Monroe, Jun. N. BA6IE was
appointed a Delegateito the State Convention, and
John Mathew nominated 0. F. TAYLOR as a sub
L. P. Wu.usron was appointed a Senatorial
On motion, the Chair appointed 0. F.,TAvr.on,
LEATUEL DAI7ENFORT, 'B. B. SMITH, A. J. Itioxaoe,
Criat}rir Ausrm, Jom. Cui.vEil and RODEItT CAS.
BE&H;Standing Committee for the County.
:Tom PAILEMIRST`, Chairman.
JMo. N. BLCUE, Secretary.
At the angressional election in the 2d, 4th, and
7th Districts on Monday f a week, Robert Rantoul,
Jr., Free Soil, was chosen in, the 2d by a large vote;
in the 4th, Benjamin W. Thompson, Whig, is cho-
sen ; in the 7th District, Col. John Z. Goodrich,
Whig, is elected by not far from 400 majority.
i The Delegation will now stand as follows:
I=—William / Apulefoo_ whi n , 2—R o b ert R an .
'put, rree Sot ; 3—James H. Duncan, Whig ;
4—Benjamin Thompson, Whig; Alla I,
Tree foil; 6-George T. Davis, Whig; 7—John
Goodrich, Whig; B—Horace Mann, Free Soil ;
o—Orrin Fowler, Whig; 40—Zeno Scudder,
The 'Boston At/as, in speaking of the result of
the.election, expresses the opinion that the Free
Sail party in that State is now virtually dissolved.
'We regard, says the 4ilas,the result of these elec.
Lions as fraught with important consequences.
They show ; in the first place, that the Whig party,
in order to sustain itself in Massachusetts, and to
win back the State to the old Whig fold, must re.
ly solely upon its own intrinsic strength, and the
purity and excellence of its principles. We must
not rely upon assistance of any. deicription from
the leaders of either of theopposing parties, They
have become corrupted by their taste for office, and
are willing to make any coalition, however unprin.
cipled, is order to beat the Whigs, and carry the
Election. of , Judges.
Now, that the 'Judges•of our Courts have been
i made, elective by the People of this. State, an, ad
ditional responsibility will rest upon rare—the
'People. The Governor has been:relieved of that
duty. and the citizens of the State will be called
upon to diselprge it.
The office \is; l ont of the most important charac
ter, and t.tnles it. be. properly filled, the most
deleterious etycts will be found to follow. There
fore, in inch ihg selections for the' Nit, the utmost
cantien and prudence should be obserVed by the
people. None but the most experienced, ablest
and utoral legal gentlemen should be selected to
preside over our judicial affairs. This done, and
the new law will answer the purposes intended by
these who framed it. Nothing worse can be iodic.
ted ,upon 'a community than incompetent Judges;
and the evil retinits, which must inevitably follow,
fully considered, will induce the citizens of this
Commonwealth to. act • wisely,' judiciously. and
With an-eye single to their dearest.fights,
king Judicial nominations..
irnat oldest wOman-in the world is supposed to be
one Mary &atop. now residing at Elton, in the
,of Durham. England. , ,,She was born on
tho Uth of February, 1731, and is of course in her
one hundred add ttoenlyOral year. She is in pos
session of all her faculties, perfect tnernoryi hear.
ing, and eye.sight. 4 She cooks, washes, andirons,
in the usual
_family avocatiens, threads her needle
and sews without spec,t4les. , •
TbOlifepublic . of
the.NeW York:'Commcrci#l -- Advelti4r - ,vie
find many interesting :het*, cot:teen:di* J. , lbctia,
and ;the interior of Africai. - . ..Wl3:inako - room'tor
'the following, which pinsea*.alntere4li„
While such indefatigable exertions, are;
made to open an intercourse with the far
thest interior, of the continent, the colony of
Liberia is ftit growing bite a populous and
well - governed Christian state, becoming
bright example_of the :benefit& of religion:
and civilization,' which - must' necessarily
have an immense inflbence upon.the minds
of the.surroimding natives.
It is to be)regretted .that the free colored
men of this country are not more generally
informed of the advanta,.ffes which coloniza
tion offers to them individually,and the great
work. it. must ultimately achieve in the ele
vation of their race. •
Every settler in - Liberia receives a grant
or ten acres of
,good• land. He and his
family are supported daring the first six
.months in Africa. - The whole .e.tpense of
the family is defrayed by the society. A
temporary home can always be obtained
now, on landing,;and markets furnish 'every
• These ten acres may be improved so as
to become an independent fortune to any
family. One acre will produce $3OO worth
of indigo ; half nn acre will raise a thou-
sand pounds of arrow root, five acre's will
plant 1250 coffee trees, which at five years
old will, for thirty years, bear six pounds to
the tree, which is 8400 a year; and half
an acre of cotton trees will stand many
years without replanting, and yield every
year enough to clothe a whole family ; one.
acre or cane will furnish sugar and pre
serves abundantly; one acre of fruit trees
will give more banamas, plantain, oranges,
pawpaws, and pine apples, than any family
can cat ; and one acre in a garden will'
give fresh vegetables, two crops in a year,
directly Out of the ground , ten months in a
year, sufficient for twenty persons ; • hogs,
poultry, may be raised at pleasure.
Here, then, is a family provided for, in the
amplest manner, with moderate labor, and
enjoying over and above their support, from
six to seven hundred dollars a year.
Schools of the best kind are provided
for the children. Messurado county alone
has twenty places of worship, six of them
exclusiTely ;for naiiiies of the county, 18
schools, and 875 scholars.
When a settler gets a little forward, he
may begin to work on the luxuriant re
ductions of the forest, and find the fullest
employment and reward. He may cut
camwood, make indigo, palm oils or caster
oils, or .establish a manufactory of sugar or
arrow root, or raise rice, ginger, corn, ca
sada, hogs, &c., for sale.
Where can the colored man do so Well ?
Where have - so much personal enjoyment?
Where so easily support himself and his
family ? to say nothing of the independence
and the happiness which must arise from
being among a nation of his own color, and
in the full enjoyment of a liberty and an
equality which are impossible here.
Our State Administration.
A correspondent of the Philadelphia Inquires
thus sketch some of the .features of-our State
Administration, which have rendered Goy. John
ston so popular *ith the mass of the people :
Governor Johnston will probably be the
candidate ,of the Il'hig party at the next
-gubernatorial election—from present evi
deuces he will be nominated by acclamation
—the Whig press is largely in his favor,
while the rocoßico organs are ominously'
sileht. In this event, a brief recapitulation
of the policy, of the present Executive will
be right and proper. As a fit prelude, it
may be worth mentioning that the present
Democratic State Treasurer, Gen..Biekel,
admits that , the Sinking Fund, as it ex
ists under, the auspices of Governor John
ston, will gradually liquidate and cancel the
enormous; Slate debt. This fact alone
should command the support of every right
thinking roan in the Commonwealth. -
More than half a million of the actual
State debt has been paid during the present
Administration, which, with the liberal ap
propriations towards completing the North
Branch Canal, and the improvement of the
Columbia ,Railway, and the Schuylkill In
clined Plane; will show a saving to the cof
fers of the Treasury of neatly a million of
dollars. • Governor Johnston is unalterably
opposed to the creation of any new loans,
and will note under any circumstances, put
his name to L a paper that will increase the
State debt.-to this ,he has pledged himself
repeatedlyand this fact of itself has bound
him with cords of adamant to the refe
rences of the people.
Every holder of Pennsylvania State
stock is interested in the continuance .or
his adminiStration, because that stock has
been appreciated at par and above par, and
its interest paid in gold and silver. The in
terests of the rural districts ,and the cities
are alike fostered from this fact. The
payments are' punctual—the demands of
foreign creditors are regularly satisfied—
'the credit of the commonwealth is restored
—and the iLondon Club HouSes can no
longer laugh at the witticisms of Sydney
Smith, at onr ex-pense And this magical
change basheen effected under the adminis
tration of- ;WlLLien F. Joutcszolv--wbat
need of further comment!
'" INTERESTING ASTRONOILICAL FACT.-
Two persois were born' at the same place,
at , t the same moment of time, After an
age of filly .years, they.both died, also at
the same spot, and at the.same instant,,yet
one of them lived one hundred days more,
than the other . - - How was this possible?
Not to keep our friendsin suspettse, the ,so
lution turns on a curious, but, with a very
little reflection, a very obvious pciitit in cir.
cumnavigation. , A person going round the
world to the west loses a day, and towards
the east. he -gains one. Supposing, then,
two, persoas born at the Cape of Gciod
Hope, whence a. voyage urctund , the,world
may be performed in rt ( year.; if 'ohs per
. , .
form this constantly ;towardd . ' the west, in
6Fty•ope yeare: be . :ol!y:ilays behind
the stationaryJnliahitinti,; if the other ,
sail equally east 1;4 will t ,gaitifilly days in
advande of: . them'.: therefore, will
have seen one hundred days more than the.
other, though they were born and died at
the same place, and at the same moment,
and even lived continually in the same lati-
Rides - Anil - reekono by I he' Sarlie calendar:
it correspondent : of the New York Jour.
nai.of Commerce, writing from Italy, gives
the following thrilling description' asia few
of the horrors of the inquisition.
-u, In Turin ,I met the American Conant of
Rome, who has passed , through, the entire
revolution in the Eternal city, and who was
present when,the doors and dungeons,of the :
inquisition were .opened . the decree of
the ,TriumOrs l its prisoners, relerised, and
the building converted into an
the, poor. It was interesting to•hearfrom
the lips of an intelligent eye-witness the
most ample confirmation of the published ,
statements relative to the condition and'ap; l
pearance of this iniquitous establishment,
The Holy Inquisition of, Rome is situated
near Porto Cavalligeri, and under the very
shadow of the sublime dome ol St., Peter's
Cathedral, and capable in case of emer
gency of accommodating three thousand
prisoners. The Consul was particularly
struck with the imposing dimensions of the
Chamber of Archives, filled with volumi
nous documents, records and papers. Here
was piled all the proceedings and decision's
of the holy office from the very birth, of
the inquisition, including the correspondence
with its collatteral branches in both hemi
spheres., Upon the third floor, over a cer
tain door, was an inscription to this effect—
Speak to the first inquisitor. Over ano
ther—Nobody enters this chamber except
on pain of excommunication. They might
as well. have placed over that door the well
remembered inscription of Dante over the
gates of Tartarus-=-oandon hope all you
who enter here. That Chamber was the
solemn hall of Judgment, or Dome room,
where the fates of thousands have been
sealed to death. Over the door opposite,
another inscription read ,— Speak to the se
cond Inquisitor. Upon the door of that
department a trap door was exposed, from
which the condemned, after they left the
Hall of Judgment, stepped from time into
" The well or pit beneath, had been built
in the ordinary cylindrical form, and was
lat least eighty feet deep, and so ingeniously
provided -with projecting knives and cut
lasses, that the bodies of the victims must
have been dreadfully mangled in the de
. scent. At the hotted) of this abyss qoatiti
ties of hair and beds of mouldering hones
remained. Not only at the bottom of the
pit, but also in several of the lower charn
•bers of the building were found human
bones, In COMO places they appear to have
been mortared into the walls. The usual
instruments of torture in such establish
ments were likewise manifest. The Consul
presented me with a bone which he brought
with him as a memorial of his visit. The
Pope fled from Rome on the 24th of No
vember, 1940, The Roman Republic was
proclaimed on the 11th of February, 1849,
and immediately after its installation the
-Assembly solemnly 'declared the abolish
ment of the Holy Inquisition, and by a spe
cial decree charged the Triumvirate with
the duty of erecting a lofty column to
commemorate the overthrow of one of the
greatest evils that ever darkened the face of
the, earth. But the scenes of this world
change. On the Ist ofJuly,lB49, the Ro
man Republic, after a brief existence of
five months capitulated to the French, and
in May, 1950, Pius IX, after and wile of
one year and six months, returned to his
capitol, proscribed the Triumvirate, and re:
established the Inquisition in ail its former
Mrs. Swisshelm on Slavecatching.
Mrs. Swisshelm, who edits the Sciturday
Visitor, says some very plain thing's on
subjects she speaks upon. As a sample,
we annex what she says of the slave
" We do not say one half that we feel
we should say, if we were a man. If we
were, and any fellow who has acted hound
and aided in capturing a fugitive, should
offer us any of
_the courtesies _of life, pro
, per between man and man, we would spit
upon him. As it is, if one should enter
the room we were in, it would require a
strong muscular effort on our part to pre..
vent " Get out dog get out !" from esca
ping from our lips. To us they ippear
like' dogs, and nothing else. Their Nees
and forms assume the outline end expres
sion of a dog; Their whiskers look like
smellers'i or feelers."
" We wtild - not rank amongsCour list of
friends, the man who needlessly' sets his
foot upon a worm! and one who, for a ten
or twy dollar fee, would aid to tear ti
man tr m the bosom - of his family, and
consign him ta'the condition of ,a brute,
ought to be held without the range of all
human sympathy. We would 'not let any
such biped, sleep within our barn, or take
a drink at our pump. We would not take,
his name as a subscriber, and could not
iviiteeditorials for a slave-eatcherto . read,
and if. there werea hundred,pcoOle - 9f our
Mind - . in Pittsburg, it would: be' hard - for a
CommissionerCoinmissionerto live in it. We would hire
little boys to .hall9O at hire in . the - street,.
and chambermaidstcithrOw dirty weter .
him out of the upstairs windows—.:erid like
.the Yankee boy's companions, ,we would
,:pitchiennd Obondin' all 'the'
while, until 'he Woad be obliged tolle - ave or'
repent: '" Get out,. dog I get Cut !!',should •
meet him at any doer which,slielterifamily
ties: Every husband and father who ValneS
.his right to live,with his wife 4ndChildren,.
;should spit upon or thnikt animal
. fri4n his path- 7 -every wife and 'mother who
'teelp the value of_a husband's love. should'
spurn him from her, deer ; 'every child who
frither,shouldlnunVand mock him
wlien , he shows' his taei.f'
Pia Collfeesiosi ott--7 the Cosden
ittatilee+Pasifei an in Cifstody.
We received 'last evenin g the following
hasty letter from our correspondent at
Chestertown, written, yesterday !Domingo
half an hoar' oiler; the confession to,wh ic h_
it alludes was made. - . It will. be seen tha.A.,
full developement of thiihlooditransactiad,
has been m4(le by,onepf ple partlea.to the
deed,and'ihrti alto(' the accused istirtielpant s
are in jail . -
, GEntemerv:: We have now tt confession
. of'dneof the parties under arrest `for the
Cnsden, muse re,: which is ,thought *to' be
wOriby of, credit. AboUt 'the. lime r,itie; ;
murder, a,man -hy.the name,of Hand, liv._
'ing near Blackbird, suddenly, and without
riSsigning.anr . reason, left his home-and
,went-to New Jersey. A' feW days afterhig .,
wife The. movements' 'Of these'
• people were of course regarded is
cious; and efforts have. for -sometime past
been made to obtain a knowledge of their
whereabouts, A few days - t since Mrs. Hand
was brought , to chestertown,,•and:mado
statements to the following, effect.: -
That on the' morning after the murder,.
at a very early hour, a man by the naine
of. Stephen Slinw; ; who boarded iri the house
with herself and husband, came running in
to the house, with. a musket in his hand,
and very much under the infltitbnce of li- .
quor—that he told her the Cosden rattily”
were' , murdered, and. that himself, Taylor,
Shelton and Murphy werethe parties—that
he had been.solicited by Taylor to join the
conspiracy, which he 'supposed was only
for. plunder, and not for murder—that lie
and Taylor proceeded, on the evening of
the murder, to the Swantowarnill, (about a
half a mile from Cosden's,) and were there
joined by Shelton and MUrphy ; that he had '
a double-barrelled gulf; Taylor a muskef;
Shelton a double-barrelled gun and double
barrelled pistol, rind Murphy a double-bar
reled gun. He then proceeded to.state that
upon arriving at the house, Taylor fired
through the window and shot down Cosden,
and then, - snatching Shaw's gun, shot Mrs.
Cosderi ' as she ran out. He also stated
that Shelton murdered Miss Cosden, and
Miss Webster, and Taylor shot the black
woman,-but that Murphy took no part in
the murder. He asserts that he himself -
was drunk, and took no part in the murder,
and that he was - afterwards so'overcome by
liquor, that he felt in the fende corner and
lay there for several hours. ,
Shaw %vas arrested on Saturday, and this
morning has made a full confession, cor
roborating all the statements made. by Mrs.
Hand, saying " that he knoWs that Mrs.
Hand's testimony will convict him, and that
he may as well make a clean breast of it."
He has been confronted with the, parties
charged, and adheres, in their preSence, to
all the particulars, as detailed by Mrs:
Murphy, he says, he had never seen be
fore, but believes the man he sees in jail its
Murphy, to have been at - the murder.
There is little or no doubt entertained of
the truth of this confession.
The cause 'of Mrs. Hand's sudden flight,
was fear, that as she possessed Shaw's se
cret; he might do her soine 'bodily harm, to
prevent her divulging it. •
Since the above letter came to hand, we
hide conversed with a gentleman direct
from Chestertown, who was present at the
jail yesterday morning, when Shaw was
confronted with the prisoners, and made his
confession. He says he hewer saw a more
. of men - colleeted together.
The excitement in Chestertiiwn Was intense,
and great joy - was manifested by the people
at the certainty of all the murderers being .
in custody. Webster, the uncle of . Mrs.
Cosden, is now ncicnowledged to be free of
all participation in the bloody deed, and will
be discharged in a few days. The priso
ners are heavily chained together, and pre
sent a most revolting spectacle. Their
trial will take place next week.
'Baltimore Sun, MaY,
Population of California.
It -has been generally estimated, on this
side of the continent That.the population‘of
California would not exceed two hundred
thousand, but the. following article, which_
we extract from the Sacramento Times, it
appears that the population amounts to
314,000, of whom 100,000 were engaged ,
in mining during the past year. This will
entitle California, to three representatlves
in the United States House of Representa.
In the northern mines, or that scope of,
country lying north of San Francisco and
Feather river, we give a population of 20,.
000. Feather river, with all its mining
tributaries, 25,000. The Yuba, -
Bear river, 4,000. The American fork,
50,000. The southern r mines, or all that
portion of the mininff b country of California
!yi n & south of ths American river, 80,000.
ThjSan Joaquin valley, 10,000.. . The city
of San Francisco,. with the population scat : .
tered in its immediate neighborhood, 25,-
000. The Sacramento Valley, including all
above San Francisco,., 40,090. The coast,
or that portion of, the State which lies be
low' San _ Francisco, bordering upon the
ocean, 20,04007—making, in all, a population
of $14,000, which,, we, believe, is nearly as
correct as the means at Ita'nd wilt, allow us
newspapersrrespondent asserts that there
a project on foot- nt.Naple"i'to extinguish
the fires of Vesuvius by digging a canal
from the' botterii':of . :the - crater, which is'
several thOusand feet Helot the level of the
sea, to drain oft the burning lava into the
sea or the sea into the critter ,at an.expense
of two millions. Mt excellent project - in
either' event ; ' fbr if the sea does not put
out Vesu,vius, Vesuvius will ivernt up the
sea; and then bailed fish iiift be cheap'.