Presbyterian banner & advocate. (Pittsburgh, Pa.) 1855-1860, December 17, 1859, Image 1

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

    Writ. .""*".",,,.. ... . *v. .....s...—me ..,.. . - . . . . . .....
. . .
. . ~
. . . . _
. , . .
.. . .
. ..
. • 1
. . . .... • .
. . . . . •
. .. ....... • J.,
. .. , . .
• ..
: ... ,
•Vi ' V ' ' ' '. '
... V 1.11 . ;;. • ' .2:) . :' . 'l' , . . - V ' ' ..
. .
. . .. A
4.. 1
. ,
. ..
. - "'tilki• %I .
1 1 66011661621 *mum* Yale 111111 Pal • 18
Progiryterfaur .14tvornalles 1 4 4 4"=11, 111• 6 I
selert °,l:ottrg.
Always Look ow the Elanny Elide.
Alwaye look on the sunny side,
And though llfieheokered be,
A lightsome heart bids care 'depart,
And time fly pleasantly;
Why sit and mourn o'er fancied illle
When danger is not near ?
Care is a self-oonsuming thing,
That hardest nerves can wear.
Always look on the sunny side,
And though you do net find
All things according to , your ,wish,,
Be not disturbed in mind :
Tho greatest evils that can come
Are lighter far to bear,
When met by fortitude and strength,
Instead of doubt and fear.
Always look on the sunny side—
There's health in harmless jest,
And much to sooth:our worldly cares
In hoping for the best,
The gloomy path Is far too dark
For happy feet to tread,
And tells of pain , and , solitude,
Of friends estranged and dead.
Always look on the sunny side,
And never yield to dobt ;
The ways of Providence are wise,
And faith will bear , you out.
if you but make this,maxim yours,
And in its strength abide,
Believing all is for thellest—
Look on the sunny
From our London= Correspondent.
in Northumbeiland,-Flodden Field Exam
ined—Other Scenes of War and Romantic Legend
—Remnants of Feudalism in the Border ,Coisnties
—Politics and the renatary—Nanorial;Courts—
The Game Laws—The " Peek "—Social
lion of the People—The' Four Classes—The
Shepherds and the Shepherd's Rog—The Sugges
tiveness of pastoral Scenes and -Scripture Asso..
ciations—Presbyterianien the Staple of the Border
Population—Majority of the- Prince. ofrWalefr-r=
The Princess Frederic—Launch at Portemouth—
The Central Italians . and Louis Napokon—
Coercion and the Sing Of Sardinia—The "Times,"
Garibaldi, and Martini—A Frenchman Writing
against the Invasion of England—The Jesuits
and "Julian the Apostate"—The War with
China—The Prophetic School--Gladatone, 4-c.
November 17th, 1859.
; " London" at the head of my letter,
expect, D. V., to — return home ve ry,
;dily. Flodden Field, .which Ir to e
•ed in my last, was the !cute of' pilgrim
last week, in company with one of the
haters of the county, and an elder and
'chant from Liverpool—my companion,
fellow Deputy. The battle wag' fhb'
ilt of an invasion of England by 'King
lee IV., of Scotland, who took advantige
the English monarch's absence in France,
seek the overthrow of his enemies, - and
ireby to get back certain jewels, which
;re claimed as belonging to the Scottish
we, and-also to avenge ..the• death 'df his
whom the Eiglish had tont — tb
;h under the ignominious and unjust
.tge of perjury.
brave Earl of Surrey hastily collected
powerful force to meet 'the King of Scot
id, and coming from the• South, foundrhis)
T onents posted on a range of lofty Miley.
rerhanging a magnificent.plain. He skill
dly contrived to march , past. their position, .
and then suddenly went round behind them,
thereby rendering their position untenable. ''
The opposing 'forces then rushed into fu.
rims conflict; the Scottish King_petforined
prodigies of valor, hewing his way by his
battle.axe through his foes; but At last was
at Brauxton Hill out to pieces, and ini the
retreat the greater part of his nobility
perished. It is curious to find that a park
of artillery, of seventeen guns, were taken
by the English, showing 'how early cannon
were introduced into warfare in these islands.
It was, however, the English spearine,n that
decided the day, and it clearly appears that
the Scottish monarch, his knights and sol
diers, were cued in medieval armor.
It was with a oertain degree of melancholy
interest that one paased through the wood
that crowns Flodden Hill, repaired to tbe
"King's Chair," a rock where James IV. ,
viewed his approaching foes, and finally
visited and drank from the well, which is
called Marmion's well." This is the '
leene of the closing portions of Sir Walter '
latest famous poem; and here it was that
dying Marmion, after , a lest draught
ton; the spring,
' 6 With dying hand above his head,
He shook the falchion of his blade,
And shouted victory !
Charge, Cheater, charge—on, Stanley, on!'
Were the last words of Marmion,"
In visiting again Harbottle Castle, be.
neath the shadow of whose ruins stands,
recently erected, a Presbyterian church--in
examining the thick and massive walls, in
tracing the circumvallance of the ancient
mounds and mote, and in marking a scene
where even Robert the Bruce was foiled in.
his attempt to take the'castle—one could
not but recall the barbaric and bloody days
of a past, which, though surrounded , with
romantic interest, is, thank God I never to
be recalled.
In this county, too, is Otterburnei near
whioh Douglas, of Scotland fell, and Percy
(" Hotspur ") was taken prisoner;-the-lat
ter represented, in the battle- of " Chevy
Chase," as taking the "dead man by the
band," and saying that if he could but re
call him to life, he " would give him all his
FEUDALISM still leaves its traces in then
Northern counties. The. aristocracy and
squires rarely or never grant leases to their
tenantry, and while they do not expel them.
from their holdings harshly for unjustly,
they so hold them in their power that they
scarcely ever have the courage to vote at a
general election otherwise than the land
lords require. This especially refers to the
tenantry of Tory lords and squires, and it is
in such districts that Lord Derby finds his
cause and party triumphant.
Again, the Dike of Northumberland- has
vast territorial possessions, and by his Depu--
ties keeps up Manorial Courts over his
estates for the settlement of civil bill quail.
tions. These courts are the relics of the
The Game Laws also indicate the dom
inance of the aristocracy. It is really mar
velous to ;nark the abundance of game of
all descriptions. As you drive along the
roads, the hare runs across from the field to
the plantation, and the pheasants, almost as
tame as barn door fowls, feed on the stub
bled. As you traverse the hill-side, the
whir of the covey of partridges, suddenly
rising,, salutes your ears, and when you
reach, the moss and mountain ridges, near
the magnificent Chevoit range of hills, the
blaekoook and the grouse discover them
It is calculated that three hares consume
as much food as one sbeep; and generally
game is most destructive of mining pro
duce; and thus the value
of the land. No farmer—even if holding
one thousand aores—may at his peril kill
one head of the game tbus " preserved?' absolutely and legally prohibited from
doing so in the "covenants"of his lease.
Of course this more or less leads to poach-
ing ; the stealthy band .going out at mid
night, and drawing their widelyextending
nets over the'breadth 'of a whole field, and
thus sweeping up, as it were, partridge and
peasant into a corner, when all become their
prey. In this ,quarter,-there , are compara
tively few bloody conflicts with game
keepers ; but, he class of such guardians of
the game is a very , numerous one.
It is pleaded, on behalf of the Proprietors,
that most of them are busily engaged half ' l '
the year in legislative business in the met-
tropolis; that it is not unreasonable that
they should seek to keep up, for healthy,
exercise and manly sport, the game
otherwise would soon perish from the coun
try. It is also argued that the tenants take
their lands,„well knowing that the",garne is
to be preserved, and make their bargains
With their eyes, open ; also that they are a
prosperous and welted° class.
The game laws, however, are .evil in the
spirit of them, and, sto • far as they exist,
they are a remnant of feudalism. A modi-•
fication, at least; might be effected, and .
the fariners permitted, to attire in the
sport and the - spoil.
As to the reminiscences Of the olden
time, with its wars and forays, one of the
most striking is furnished by the 64 Peels,"
whioli . are found along the border Country,
These " peelit " are stone structures, with a
kind of cave underneath, which are un
lighted save by email openings at the elle.
Into these "'peels," when the land was
invaded by the Scottish border chiefs, the
cattle and sheep were driven for Safe
keeping. Above the cave, was a covered
shelter for the shepherds.
The social condition of the people is of a
high order as to the eomfigte-of life. There
are four, causes. let- The proprietors, of:
estates, generally very wealthy. 2d. The
farmers, who 'hold large tracts of , country
for tillage and pasturage. ad. The " hinds"
.or farm laborers, who do not live under the
same roof with the farmers, but in separate
houses, and who are chiefly paid in kind, i.
e., in flora, flesh, coale, &c., With a'sum of
money as wages, 4th. Theshepherds, who
tend the -Hooky. which constitute the chief
source of profit to the farmers, and which
are fotind in - great numbers in the bilk; and ,
moors.. Thethree,fust of these °lessee are '
Northumbriane; the last le•chiefly, though
not -exclusively; made up of Scotohmen,
who, as ' , shepherds, live on. the hills,' in
'houses of their own. Some of` them are
"chief 'Shepherds," with`stroug, stone built!,
houses,'whplet peat from the mountain, or
coals 'from the valleys, with a garden and
pasturage for a horse, and cow; and these
:have " underehepherds," whedo the rough
work on, .the • hills the sheep. The ,
shepherd's dog is a 'faattire'not to beoinitted.
What a faithful yet unpretending= creature
is he I With what . I watchful aeye does he
look to the-hand and obey ' the voice-signal'
of his master, gni4ng the sheep back into
'the .right, path—not , Worrying them,,,yet .1
keeping them tin malutary , fear. Even at
,church youeeetthese creatures follow their'
plaided' minders, and' fylngquietly , and de
corously in the aisles till the service is over,
and then rushing mit, and with a kilia l d
wild satisfaction at their enfranchisement'
raising .a unanimous • deg shout, • something
betweep a bark and.a howl.
The-shepherd class receive excellentivi
ges .provieinfis; many, of tbem:•isave
money... Even , a shepherd boy earns-his.
£26 a • . .year, , .and With true - Scottish 'thrift,.
markagek :i to, lay,by 'the :met ,of This .
class generaliy. intelligent, and . aie
of reading amid .the2 i solittide l ,ol the hills..
They often, have their own troubles .from
foaming loOdsrind from. sudden snowstorms
in Winter time: In spite of all: theireare,.
occasionally sheep; wander away and disap
pear. • But eaoh: :wanderer- generally joins
itself to another flock ; and this4eek Came
,annual- " gathering day," When all the
shephera, of the Cheviot range and , other
adjoining hills, brought together:-•the.,stray
sheep, and every shepherd claimed and,re,
ceived his own.t—•recognizing it . by the, pe!.
auliar • brand-on'the It is also a fact
that an experienced - shepherd will, recognize
an old member of his flock by its face'and
features; yes, that he can-know-eacksheep
of his Hook as distinct from, the rest, .So the
Lord Jesus nays, .gt I know. my sheep;" so
it is said that "ire calleth byname."
Scripture :allusions , to' .the' Great Shepherd,
to his governing, . 'guiding, poWer„, to his
tender care, his , uneleeping,vigilance, receive
1 delightful illustrations amid , such, twines as
The population of, these Nerthert .border
counties are mainly: Presbyterians. The
Episcopalians are confined chiefly to the
Squires , and the renegade farmers who,
growing rich, beeome.,renegades from . the
faith they never spiritually held, and often'
fugitives froth faithful ,discipline desert
the Church of 'their fathers, and go to
Church," .in the hope of rubbing shirts with.
the great ones of thedistrict.
Romanism hag here and there -some
English adherents, relics of„the.olden.time ;
and, occasionally you find chapels' built by
perverts Ji.lad•..priests r planted down in' the
hope of making converts bylithipi blankets,
&e., all'of which .means mieerably fail.
The honepty, worth; and, piety of a great
body of people connected with our Presby
terian Synod in these parts, are striking and
impteseive. The ministers generally, ~as
contrasted with the melancholy past of half
a• eentury,ago, fare faithful men They en
dure hardships for -Christ. Every. place
that I have visited, preached or spoken in,
shows tokens of advapeethent and revival. Al.
together my.remembrance,of this tour amOng
the Northern, churches, is pleasing; And I
trust—as I am wont to take your readers "out
of town" wittrane wheneverl leave home—
that these imperfect etchings of scenes.and
persons fresh and novel to myself, will, not
be regarded as entirely without interest.
TAT. 'PRINCE Or" WALES, .laSt week, at.
tained..his. majority, which, in the • case of
the Heir•Apparenti to the !Throne, imv not
twenty•one, but eighteen years of age. if
the ,Queen : should be, called away-7-which I
trust. is9an event far distant—the young
prince would at once become king. of Eng
land. Otherwise, not of age, the kingdom
would have been placid under a Regency,
with the. Prince Consort at, its head. The
young man is amiable and promising. lie
has, I believe, been kept free from, scenes
of pollution; he is a quiet, painstaking stu
dent,. and is pursuing a mom of instruc•
Lion at the TJniversity of Oxford for a time.
The Princess Frederick William, of. Prus
sia,.and her young husband, are, now on a
visit to this country; and in their presence,
and that of the Queen, waited orF by .a great
company of attendants and• persons of note,
a magnificent line of battle ship, The Viz
, toria, was launched-: at Portsmouthok few
days ago. ,
THE Florian Ezepzeowhee again balked
the hopes -,,, of the Centril Italians. Lut
week they. elected Prince Carignan, brother
of thoking of. Sardinia, 401 Regent, and this
doubtless with thee. secret Approval , of his
brother, Victor Emmanuel, It appeared As
if ,at least the people, so long- held in ens
penseovere .at length about to •have their
wishes consummated.; When,: Na-,
poleon writes, to ..the
,•of Sardinia, "
viting " him not to, give his consent to the.
Regency of his brother, and, pointing, out
that if he,did so, the peril from Austria was
imminent, add that.Franee would not, inter
fere. The poor king writes back (nolens
votens,) that he will coarorm to :the Emper
or's wishes, and will refer all fa a'Congress of
the Powers. The Mimileutg , tries to justify
this abominable conduct of the Emperoriby:
saying that'had the Italians been :allowei to
elect a Regent, it would have , been a , “ pre
judging "of the. disoussions. of the forth ,
coming Congress. • - z
The Times writes with .stera severity on ,
this new trick, of tbe Great:Conjuror,- and is
writisag up Garibaldi as the hopeland Cham
pion of Italian freedom. This is , to frighten
the Emperor into ultimate compliance, and
to encourage also the,ltaliar,to rally round
a leader worthy of 'their ciuse,:who can lead,
them to victory. Lord= Ellenboretigh 'had,
last 'week, endorsed Garibaldi; no doubt to
thensurprise of his Tory hien& ' The Times•
tilde Contrast/ GaribaldVe =labble character
with-that of Mazzini, The '' , languake. and
the `eulogy are so fine, that you will 'not
grudge-the insertioni of so long laneatract:
- ,
The long contest fora Italian independence has
produced. no nobler man than Joseph Garibaldi.
It *strange how much and for, how longs. time
the public opinion , of„Europe, and more especially
of England, h been ,
mistaken'as to the 'charac
ter and ability of this remarkable man. For the
most, part he was accepted sea kind of melodra
matic, hero, fit at best to astonish the gronndlings
of London or'Paris at Aitley's or FrancOni's—a
kind of Massairiellowithatit lianets; or' "Murat
without his horse. He was the ,hero of broad
sashes,, vulgar pathos, and. claptrap—the prop 7
erty of the penny novelist and the suburban
playwright. By others he was confounded with
the Isiefet Voifspirators who have unconsciously
done their hest to protract the slavery of their
country to a foreign yoke. ' Now, ihere are
two men in Europe more entirely diasiMilar tban
Joseph Mazzini and joseph'Garibaldi.. 'The' elm-
Ple,:frank; open hearted soldier—the man, of mid
day—has nothing in -commotk -with the gloomy,,
dreaming, burrowing., consPirator=the ,man , of
midnight. The language of 'Garibaldi 'has id
ways` been, wFollow me '—the latigtitige.of Maz
zini, Go, and I will scheme for yon.' ;In what
contest in which he has borne a, part has not Ga
ribaldi stood in'the foremost rank'?itiat con
spiracy st.if the many.that Alumni has set on foot
.has he.not•dexterously Slipped.his neekqint of the
noose and left his victims in -the hands of the
'gaoler and the executioner,? For a time, no doubt,
.Gas ibaldi owned the ascendancy of the self-con.
.stituted high - priest of Italian Independence, but
for many, yeampast she has ,disengaged himself
from;the thraldom of ;that impolitic connexion.
So strong is the , power.of self-Assertion, so prone,
are his fellow creatures to, accept a man at his
own 'estimate of himself, that WM norgrent won
der ,if Italian patriots, Garibaldi included,
gave ; way for a time to the vehenteneecf. Massin
lan ideas. But while one,msat -was losing power
the other was gaining it. As sailor, is soldier,
as Merchant, Garibaldi was going about' the world
and '•learning in the wholesome -sehool'ot acituel
life the value of -ideas and , of men,- the distinction
between thought .and, action. Mucha, on the
other hand, had either, shut himself up in some
eofitgry lodging in a 'foreign' capital, or was
skulking about Brirope under various 'diseases,'
and with -.passports made 'out in any .other „name.
but his own. So it came to pass.fthat he, degen r: ,
erated from the, proiniss of his youth and ,early }
manhood, and year by year ffarindled down into
the proportiontr'of cAnonoinaniaa. ' • He believed
in the cloak :of!darknes.s•; Garibaldi, in, manra
contest with his fellowimen under the,broad light
of day, has
,taught his hand to use the sword of
'sharpness, and we see the result. At the present,
moment, the t name of 'Victor Etrimanuel 'apart;
Garibaldi is deservedly the foremost man, intim,-
contest of . Italians . for independence. So
overwhelming, in the long run, is the strength of
simplicity of oliaraCter, steadfastness ofpurpose,
Of fortitude, end of courage, that , the mere pres
ence‘of this patriotic , chieftain acts like a charm
uponrhis countrymen. He is the, visible embodi-.
meat of their aspirations and hopes. They, know.
that lie will not lead them astray ; that he has no
selfish purpose of his own to serve'; that, when'
he says" the cause of , Italian' independence, is,
dearer to,himi than lifnitself, he hasi proved the,
truth of his assertion by the devotion of his life.;
and,'more than this, that'in' him are found those
greatlualities of intelligenee,prudencer and pro
fesaional skill without which the .noblest senti
ments are of little.avail in the practical affairs of
If now seems uncertain whether.Eogland
will consent to a Congress at all; 130,
Prussia and Anemia are likely to refuse also.,
The Great Spider may fi nd his web suddenly'
broken in , piedea.
Invasion is still a theme with' 'French
writers; and one at least, M. Chevalier, leis
the courage to ask his''countrymen *fiat
they can gain, by attacking England: ' " It
could only
,giire rise to fearful devastationi
unlithited eiPenditure, and innumerable
hurnin saeriftoes; after which eaeltwouldlre..
sums' the position previously occupied ;
neither' 'mete nor less. * *— After - we.
have taken-London, We 'may give'ourselv.esk
the 'lofty - satisfaction of blowing = up: the
bridges ;off that vast :capital ; of , ideliverinv
thelflames the docks with the ,:,vast mer--
ChandiXe' they 'contain. But.,:thet ,, ,Englisht
.nation would 'exist, neverthelessi with „its t
colonies,. its public spirit,, its •industrial and
political genius, with #3 ,knowledge, man
ners, and imperishable institutions. At the
end of fifteen or twenty years, the evil
worildbe Made' good;' and ''lihOorning an
spired'in turn with implacable ranCor, peg
land would lie in wait, with that energy
which is peculiar to herilor An
_opportunity ,
to take a signal vengeance !.
Julian, the Apostate, is now presented,
covertly, and' inaintiatien, - as 'the 'prate.'
type - and parallel of Louis 'Napoleon; and
this is in the columns olthe Jesuit Univers'
Here a specimen
Julian-the Apostate waged war against the Per
sians Warder to appear asi great a Warriorns he
esteemed himself a great philosopher,..and, to re
store the military glory of the Empire aithe same .
time that he restored the altars of the falie finds.
The ,Pagans were fall of hope—atleagit„sncti of
them as did not, think that Julian wts making
himielf too ridiculous. One of , these wished to
amuse himself with a Christian who seemed to
him melancholy. He asked him what the.tion of,
the Carpenter (the Redeemer), was, doing at that
moment ? The Christian replied, . 6 . He is making
a coffin."
The editor:thinks that.alLwho are:seeking
reforms in the , Papal States, .are only work
ing =outtheir own ruin, as they, knowingly
contravene the design of. heaven A see
and time heJeturns; to " J,uliath",who was,
far worse than "Nero." " Julian bad re
ceived baptism; he knew how to betiay; in
that Aire he was a master."
England, of course, is denounced as a
great criminal and rebel against Divine an
thority= o a,haughty
,and avaricious nation
separated from • the Church, and for three
centuries its most bitter enemy; she digs
and underminee the ground under the Pa
pacy,': And so her day of being "'Sung
into the ditch," is coming apace.' •
in England, Ride Volunteer Clubs •and
Regiments, are • daily becoming more
• China, in-the meantime, will fill up as
' little space in the Emperor'e programme,
and the joint •action of Trench and English
forces 'at their .peiho, , etay,the -outburst
of the " coming :struggle."
Great ,are the.PBEDIOTIONa.'AND
TA.TIONS of 4 f-The,,,School of...the trophets,' 7 ,..
Ise 14illeneriane, are called in,' .reoent,
. ,
review, which appeared i . 0 - i l the Times, of
:certain works, including Dilator Cumming's
•" Great Tribulation." Wife . ther the coffee
pondent of .the 'fitness is ,r!ght in conjec
turing, that Dr. C. was his own reviewer, as
I think Is bible, , onelfiling , is ea*
that the yei BF, is fiFeg o on ,tt, ,the true
chronological "'termination qf the sixth mil?
!emery of the 'World, and' Of the'cinnpletiori
of , the " days" of Daniellen'd ' the forty‘;'
two' menthe and twelve' h tared and sixty
years of the Apocalypse. t re' theleventh
millenary begins, Must be' a ; the - eat tribu
lation.' I suppose that Most , thoughtful`,
'men expect a<great struggit, one s r more ter- ,
rible than .any that has preeilded it,-and•that
within &brief . period, Oeriainly thisis be- -
lieved to be• almost. cartain!,irithin ‘the next
-ten yeara i , by many , wholarejnotN Pre-millen
ismists. 0. . , • i
SPAIN declares war againit - Morocio,l'and
by this time fighting will hglye ' , begun. She
has resolve&„to,raiee 4ter arpay,to one hun
dred thousand, And more, if'iterstany.., The,
fanaticism of the.
.eople isM__ d, i,poigalhat i.
their ancient enemies, the o ' l an;githen„
Isabella ..hai,ben enthral& ing a MADART . 4
with the figure of the Virg , with, her own,
royal hacadii.. , . ,
' some Irish Papists e ‘ Fpli,r,tita`t garithal
O'Donnel, , after settling Ali 'the Moors„
'will come and liberate Ind 'd. '-' The ' hopes
of Mitchell and others-are ireoted to Lanie'
„Napoleon ;I•acom e 1 looluto , Mihtital 'McMahon,
and others to•O'Donnel. '! 4 -
- . ,
Ma. GLADSTONE has b e n eleotellehan. ,
(tenor of the 'Edinburgh ltniiersity.. - His
father was.A Sootehman: i''' ':
SMETHURST the 'convict under sentence ,
, . 1 . .4 : `I .1 ,1.
'of death . for murder , id coniniitted for big- .
any, ' and convicted of thlit'ilitirge, The
capital sentence will doubtlte& A remitted:
... . .
_, _ ,_ ~._•44.s'''''': ' '; ' .
Our Idol.i
Close the door 1,...,
Bridle the,breatt:
Our little earth An el
' Is talking withneath; •
Gently he woos " her
'Bhe Wisheslta et a s
alB arms are J abou her, - ''•'''
He bears hon'iiir .1 1'
Music oomes floats .-• ' -
Down from the le •' ,
Angels are chantinfib -
The sweet websoie home.. ~,, ••
' • . • ~, z.: i lir:os- " ,s , < .
, Come stricken wever,l •;,,, . , • ,
. . Collie to the , bedeti. •t , , ~,
, ' " Gaze fin the"slaiiike •:-•'-'%' E = i ' -
Our idol iedes '
Smooth out the ; r i leAt
Close the blue' es— 7 .
- ' No'ionder such b rit,y'''
Wes 41aiMed "in - ' elliiee 1 '
Cross the hands gwtly l l L q .., ,• , i
- O'er the whitesbleast,u ''' - l'
`-So like a Wild - epit' , • I - •-• ' 4 ,
Strayed fro 4 th, blest ; ,` '' ' , '''
• Bear her outsoftl - '•
r, This idol of on .. d ,'' i '' •'y
. Let)her.grave, slu rsi.,t:L ; I ,- t tr. -: i
1 l;e. 'l2 lill4he sip 11 51, 0 41. w,- A - i
ii . :,V 4
',' ;
For the Piesbyteiliti Bilker andlidetkate
Lettei to tile' Rev. ''John` Siiith.'
DEAR COUSIN :—As you hays taken in,
hind to set forth in order,,".,,thenotionnand„
usages of Cousin Pet e r and. twine of; his
Methodiat Merida, and RS I am not so highly,
educated, I wish yon to correct seine of them
they claim "sinless - perfaction:"" I
Will only referin Whit' has 'matured around
&me measures have been adopted by taiko,"
at lisst, - which are itoressive, "' Such' as hold-:'
irig up the , docirinee of our Confession' in a
Strong light; without provocation,- intending
- to alienate the people and youth 'Abet had
been taught them. . 3 (kon of Aimee preachers
said that those Jhat believed them „would ;
;be damned. , Another remarked.thathe„had
been a Calvinist and was well nigh.,being a..
gonedog. Both spike in public discourses.
Proielyting ettorts are made by, inviting
those who - hive teen *timid in other
churches' to comelo the mourner's berich;`
-and ".".get religion," and then =join What
Church' theyo'please.): But-while seekers, if'
,possible,:their names are taken , down"as pro
bationers., any who have:been-members'
Of our Church :can be brought to it, they.
must come as: -mourners :to the altar, and' i
91en afterwards detail that they - lhed been- ,
:so :long Presbyterians, „k4t, , g never, found.
4iiiiod,". ,they came among ,the.Metho
'diets/ They are made use of , for, ; decoy-,
Some .such soon, lose :theirjeligion„
li g ht the , loci is not great. They - have not
yai• to fall.
Tell,,cousin Peter not to boast of his , re. :
ligion, as being the most valuable because it
sounds the loudest. An empty' cask
louder than afultone'and‘ a shallow itreaml
makes a:louder moist, than a deep one: But'
Ilhope heds -good :zohristian asi well as) a ;
great:Methodist... , Ele is on the fast train,.
bowevor, ,and when ;heard of him :last, he
had got beyond , what: some.- of his 'fellow:
,call T the frozen regions,. of, O .:
ism and, I suppose, Ahrougir
vale of equal. rights .among „the, clergy,,
and soon will be on Mount - Bishop,
Where:l hops he will exert a commanding.
influence over._ these %rasping subordinates,
who are never eitisfied, : if they are
majority, to conduct Union Sabbath Bah:mils
on fair Principles, but with the; bribe Of
their sectarian 'beoks, take the Whole con
trol, and, with fair promises of liberality and
deuunoiations of SictarieniSM, play the
For the sake of our common Christianity,
I wish you could get ymii` brother 'to exert
his influence 'to &greet the shocking irreVer-
Moe 'in prayer, whichsome of his denomina
tion exhibit-=the Mode of calling orriwOmen
to pray in' promisonoutr•astembliec and -the
Various mance - awes which cause-young' people
to act in a trifling manner, and to harden
their, hearts; all of which Hi the ,
instruction in the fourteenth
,ohapter of the
First Epistle to.the, Corinthians; especially_
contrary to the Jest verse,," Let all things
be done deoentiy, and ,iuorder.'
With mi,hest wishes fora Arne revival
and, reformation in all Churches, ram ynur
cousin, very affectionately„
For the Profsbyterion Balmer and Adywate.
New Version.
MESSRS. EDlTORBl:—Taking it . -,tisep -in
tercet in the new. translation:, °f u tile, Scrip
tures now being made, I wish, through your ,
excellent journal, to make a single, sugges
tion, I notice from a sample published in
your piper, that : the word Baptizo is.transla.-
ted into the . English word. immerse. I am,
sorry, seeing the original word had to be
Englished, that the translation does not ex
press the thing signified, viz. : Putting the
body under water and i i mmediately "
it out again. ' ' "
The word immerse meta to put-under,
without any refirence to taking out: So
that by this word, the mode Oil 14 11.04 P1. Vital
is the thing aimed kit in‘tha tranalationfie not
expressed. Suppose a good English scholar,.
who had never seen the'erdiriarice adoiinie
tared, profeesed i faith.ln,'Clii4; and was told,
he must be baptized, Having read hisEible
onithe subject; be..readily, consents; a min
ister invites him to the river. He inqUirei
What for? I am, going to. baptize you; is
the reply. They ,proeeed together to the
place. designated. The minister; takes his
cane, wades into the water, explores the
depth, &c.; he thin' returns fa. the candi
date, whO inquires'again, What are yougo
ing to do ? I am going to baptize you. How,l
inquires, the,. candidate'? lam going to im
mem you. Going, to immerse me I
merse—that means to put under--Webster
• sofYs';' l4 ' to sink or cover deep " "You are not
going me, are you - NoOtays the
I Minister; lam going to immerse you. But,
.'ilayethe,,oandidate,,to immerse, to sink one,
-deep into the water, would be to drown him,
z and though I feel that I can exercise faith
in Christ; still I feel that I am not pre
,„ pared to' be' immeried. Ent, all* the min-
DAM', Ilfilbliftlyouvut,imiiiediatelyv , f •
• Now, this is not , in the compositien of
~Word, neither is it implied.. And.not. being
_in all the Bible t it is no *wider tlie oandi- is fenfueed. Why'not a word that
Would. eipreis the , nietivs operand:tat 'Cube ?
And riot do as , the translators did livlndiai
Use a word, the literal signification, of which,
'ill to , drowii,beeause there was no other in
the language that' 'Suited. Our language is
' not so fete The word duck 'expresses the
action exactly. Dip is not suitable, became '
•:a maw, can.dip Water; and-have the , dipper
iin-=his-lianit't Neither is 000, beeause T
be plaided intO4f *4o:and be`,
nooh, , Oroo l ihovered
But, the word " duck,"; means gierally, in
_And , !outt , unden.airater and instantly' above
iwaterias it- diving, from Which the
,word "derived." 4' l person ducked"
,virkett, haptized - ,by rl that,mode..
New, ,if, the original work Baptize,"
which' has ' been , , long, , lnnet • be
diiPliiced, by nieinehaVe'kitib'stP .
Aide ihkihshilf be, expressive the
6 44 .by whiCh',l4 mode liege shall be un-
'cleißtoodi ibtot ii,-theL.object a imed, at. by,
the: translators.:. Then the , ' new tranilation
'read; Itilthose dayedarnel.Tehrrthe
decks , IWO *V, ill' the wildness
• JUdea. Then Wept'out. to hini
'anifidjudea f and' all the region round•about
, JOrdant:and were:ducked.of (him in Joidaif , p
"cmiteising their Ans." T46; reader can go' ,
through the NO W Testainent
, for,. beptto, and test the propriety
of .they Ohangek, ,, , ok. . • 1, •
I trust the new translation-lei not advanced
e 0 far, but that the alteration can .be.madei
all mu st see the propriety and,importance
..,of the suggestion. . S.
• -
Per the Presbyterian Banner and Advocate.
r Another Do n ation to Wilhington College.
l o wan pleased with your kind ~note
annetineditiSl College: 'lf the mow -Oriels
Land the Trost"had waited two Yeers
the.ondowment fund would 'have
l beem4o4ll*, and : yielding a duepercentage.
As e Actferßon College blew, firmly, on her,
independent hoek, se Washington
!Mi l ke r :Unit' * . ecclesiastical supervision 'it
Pt& •• witlionf
• its adialittges,wtmter -- Aiiet.
both flourish andl do extensive >kood. ,?Bots
what,if,.all invited*, help,the,Wasbingtoe ! •
enterprise, on ; , acc ount. 01 the . hard , times,,,
'slid not feel able or willing to "fulfill their
promise! There . are 'others,* Surely, just '
-,,ready'and to °put' this 'thing' right
; .through, if theylonly knewshoirlittle there. •
is, to do, and how easy,,,k is ,to,:do
There are,' in the_bourcds_ of.. our Synod,
some two or three,..mews.womenthut could
• make up a scratch.' of , their,
pen. . • , •
At the raising,' of the bent of it 'bridge
all the hands citivited , t did not :come.- The
'willing ones iound they inot quite,
make it go up They,were „tinwilling„to let
it fill'hiCk. Se they called ` aloud - for heti,.
'fflhe - nienthait heard 'would 'not . otime i but
Awe or three women, said it irinst , go up.
They offered their: eervices- It was 'jut ,
.0311010, •It went•
Some men in Rome were, once raising a ,
column. 'lt was nearly up,:` but Without a
new tilijistment their-leakling; they'
found they could not secure their object.'
TO let go would „not: safeotoistand
wOlll4 cusconiplish,nothing, In this ,
ientiy a Sailor shouted, wet .tlie ropes No
Sooner:Said than done, no sooner Aone :than
"up Agent -the' 'column. Who • will' do this , .
last service—just wet the roPee? , •
One lady said, let ,therebe otteeommoda
tions,for eighty more studentein i Allegheny ,
Seminary, 'and was dCtui. There are
otgi ladies in the Veit, just as. wealthy as
she'"`lii:the year A. M. 1656, (methinks,)
Noihp (thirst:lt almost:ready., for sea,) met
.Methusalah ll nowin hie nine hundred, and
"sixty ,ninth Year , • who asked, How
your greet" enterprise ?" if All right, . but
if r had 'an uncollected 'balafine, it would'
'enabliiimeto make =the *Sisset more .iiertainly
'sea worthy.. Some - , , , that• subscribed . have
broke lib ; in -these cox:raptBql:l249 have
'died, some have,gone ; 'the „land , of,,Nod
iwithont pa,ying.": Wall ? ". said Methuselah,
name the amount necessary !Peke up this'
deficiency. r hail; fiiiielsohorkiianl-ehall
which ,Ctedihaii;graciously given :me,.
much,,r . nere I : might have had, • if had
'not made many foolish investments in ,this
world of vanity and carnal speculation
-Much I have expended' iseleisly on my
ehilditiii;iind''dageeildatits , thee , his only
pampered their Idleness'( and made them
readier, victims ,of this:corrupt, age,- and;
more deserving ! of the ,approaching, desola
gon::.-1 rejoice that some of n 4, descend
ants 'in the of' Ninth - Will
,derite" ban:
efit :from the 'Ark. ' I , feeigreitlyinterested'
; in your enterprisei se ,a work of tiled: I will:
',.rejoice to drive the last nail ; or furnish the
last, donation, by which. ihe,ehip will float
aloft n and pass securely throngh her-destined
career. I rejoice that 1. , can do something,
that will Hee heyond the flood, and tell 'whin'
I sin dead" V. A.
MESBEiS. EDNOIIB :—The following, from,
- an article on "Educated ' Labor ," in the
North Anterior" Revievi; is so truthful , and
• withal so pertinent to a great want .our
rural poptilit* that-lam led' nOnetrairfed to
take it onto( its comparativelynirrowplace
in the Review; and k eemLitton , themiings of ,
},your ~w idelpoiroultted sheet, dam :the ,
:. more inolined to .do this, as I am sure Athere
are Ithoulande &thong ne who -have no proper
tappreobition of the importance of a beautilui
,home. Was)'redently speaking) to' an-, in
,telligent farmer 'on the influence- of good
taste:in developing properly-the mind . and
,even , heart of -our children. He listened
with much interest, ,and at the close: re
marked, " LneVer. thought of , that?' And
there t 4are thousands dike him,_ :whdi hive
it never thought" of the influence of good
taste, in grounds) and: buildings; on r the
mind and heart of ehildren. 'or-ouch I
• make.thia extiaot,is, .; .
HowTehall wef render otri I=o3 mor
• .‘
Otti 'Homes.,
pleasant and attractive ? ' There are many
homesteads which are not , homes. Philo
eophically speaking, a true home, has an
attractive outward seeming, and a luminous
inward life. To secure the former, there
Must toilsome trehitectural fitness =about` the
buildings; and. an exhibition of .good taste
in the: grounds., To secure the latter, there
Inuit be books, social and intellectual cul
ture, and the hallo Wing influence of every
Christian virtue.' Human' beings may exist
in a 'habitation' whose uncouth, ugliness,
concealed by,, no' overihadowing tree or
clitabingyine,,;is a pain to the eye. They
may accustom , themselves to its shapeless
, deformity ; to the rode inconveniences which
4 fraitlessly exhaust their'time and strength;
to the iarpiercing fife' of half staved,
equeallng brutes,, looking wistfully from
hollow•eyes, like animated anatomies of
melancholy,' or, wallowing in impassible
mud, before the kitchen 'door ; to the star
eotheions stenches which exhaled from eon
tigttous manureheaps ' do not 4 waste their
sweetnese—on. the:, desert air,' , but pour
:through; broken 'Windows, checked: by no
, inteWeatioii . `Of - hats,' and
nentraliied' by no 'filidnlent breath of
;era..,, Bush-a place is ,not a home, but rather
as •>lair for, wild , * - teasts ; and the children
which-come forth' front'it will carry its taint
wrid4isibiOsm the'grave"
,Again, the writer,says :
icA fine looking house, on. the other
handilike a looking woman, •cannot but
eiert-a *cheerful and elevating influence on
a Community., :There - is a renovating poirer
intevery object of ;beauty, and .oft worth on
*hick 4110 eye lofoiman rests. We, alwais
grisatirfto' the likeness and 'catch the spirit
of our biktroiindiukt. Our charaotera, like
trisaeleons take' their hue from the objects
wiA,whiok Pley,oomitin contact," &o.
.ll'Areuld like to= copy much more; bat
w 0 ,45 I to make' a long tirade, thOse. for
Wheee eye it Untended might not read, it.
• PeSPlC*ith." breketk,Windows,"' filled with
"ithooking.bad i hais," are not ,apt to read
iongineirapaper artielen the trouble they
areLnot read- newspapers at 'all: '1
simply aelt;, some . 9f "" my country friduds,"
(being tic*. COuntry: , myeelf,) 'to think of
the " shapeless deformity" of their..;build
tugs;u the, " rud'e e inconveniences which
fruitle:ssly exhatet their time:and strength ;"
esPereially l '" the ilTipiOnible' mud before the
Idechen door,":in which are Walking the
half-starved,. siluealing bycite;7. and then
**member, " We always grow into the like
, mess' * 'and'initoh the' ipirly of ottr 'surround;
• in& that 41; 'children
grew nth; the 'likeness and (Utah „the
spirit" :of iverpmuch that we 'See about our
homes? =, Ifs not, =then twe mutt .banish
'. front' ourltorites•everything that is twly j as
theldigne t ine the 'law is
fixed .as ; fate =that we do gc grovi.into'the
1 likeness =and -catch ..the- spirit of-our sur
roundings." H.
Using. Itp Pitstor's Time.
People generally have no idea of menial
l'abor. They know it takes some time qty ,x
;;{baps tair - of rahoes, or a`hat, or inoat, or'
rc a table, - or,td plow afield, or , to build
t roptairosiaelpreparoitp-good *mon : . 7 As,
pit may: , be preaehed-iri forty or fifty minutee,..
I. they slippage." that it may be prepared-in
that' , tithe. When told ' that lome
sermene,,hive 41E4 their q authors , a week;
'and even amonth o to, writi , them, they:are
amazed =I They , think .a minister las 'hut
littleto - do whit-prepares 1914 two sermons
week, and preaches , them ; on Sunday tr
And they have - no sympathy, milk the
ister: says," lam not:prepared," when
called, to :preach .on a sudden emergency. ,
They' know . 111 'about 'physieal labor, ,
nothing about mental They know some
-thing,about. raierng heat:* - weight, bit
they Inow nothing about, theconstruction
of iin.argnmerit, or-the refutation of it.pop
ular or plausible' error; "or-the plaoingof a
controverted frith in a light whioh Con
vinCee,all; In fine, the.multitude late :no.
=conception': o€, mental labor; .and hence
people...sre4o reckless •as to the squandering -
of the time of their minister!
There aree
many who plea more value.,,
on 'hie time than .
,they do op that of a
ehimbermaid. They:must be visited daily ,
when. sick ;> they , must !swell the pomp of ,
faieralsthree, 'four; 01-more—ate anyihour
of the day ; they must ride miles to the
,cemetery,; they must render lectures and
eveningparties.respectable by their:presenee;
they must attend • school > examinations, and'
be directors in -all. kinds ' of associations for
-mail and Benevolent purpciees. And
sonic they are. txpeoted to •be memberi of
clamorous conventions of all, kinds of re
forms ; and if they decline, they are ,
detionnied by reverend agents and !meta,-
ries, who take these reforms for a living,
SA other people do to peddle razor-strops or
patent medicines,,as dumb dogs-that cannot
bark. =- Indeed; 4.f pastors . should yield• to
all the &Man& made on - their time 'by un.
reasonable' people,
they2itatild, hate no time
•dor. the great wOrk of the ;ministry. ..Bler
.chants, and bankers, and',lawyers,< and
mechanics. .have theie ~daily hours for
,business ; none think of interrupting 'them
during„t heap hoe:re; if any do , , they are
told to, call l "again.. And why should not
.ministers •bet.left to their regular hours, and
=to 'the . improvement of. their time ?
Why should' parish loungers , come to their
study inthe,moreinga:t - nine
• o'clook, • end,
as they,* going away at . twelte, apologize
' for, the intrusion by saying, "I:hope .I have
!not interrupted you ?"
It•requireei timeato timedo.anything and
if a people desire a 'postai to he a workman
'of whom :they need not be ashamed they
- Must• spare. time. If he= does not . im
prove it. himself;: they should. kindly request
slim to do Co: An idle minister can never
tie 'Otter thin a ,ROoi pastor and preacher..
Idleness in the ministry ehould be treated
,as an 'immorality. An idle mind is the
devil's .atorkship, irrespective of ~ positions,
and trades
professions, For reasons already
' given, in these pages, it is emphatically so
in the.nainietry:, But when a congregation
has.ia pastor disposed, to make the best
possible, use of his time, they should en-
courage and 'enable -him so to dooind be
eparipg of it as 'he himself desires to be ; and
when he . is in want` of imolai to make , the
best :,• possible , use of it, they should, be
promptly and generously , supplied. Bend
forirhat books= you want . / and have them
f ohi!ged and make the best use ,Of
~ thew," ',said wealthy. parishioner : to a
young• minister off talents and industry on
histsettlement. mot. made 'him's ,
benefactor Of the-world, as it' enabled that'
young minister to enter on a course of study:
whose results are known•and read of all men.
Ordinarily, the mornings of every -day
should , be left undisturbed to the pastor.
Calls, funerati, all parochial dutiek should
be in the 'liftman. There eboaldbei:
OOTlptl, law ,, admitting;sif neeessary; excep
tions,. on this matter. Some Tasters look ,
themselves'. up in the , morning; , some Isee
tholle.who'call"with,lien: in hand or 'behind
their Cat ;',Cilme,hawg,„o,.offird'od their do
iditAki-iente. - nce 19. 11 .114 i t Be ibrir , for
Philadelphia, South West Corner of Seventh and Chestnut ~treets
Sy 'Lan, st .the OS* 111.50 .per , f r, t sz x nosplo ns
Delivered tithe City,• OM? • .• • •
WHOLE!! NO.: 877
the, •admonition of intruders, bub we like
the honest plansof Dr. Green, who admitted
everybody that - called, never asked them to'
sit down, asked them what they wanted, and
thermoment the business was ended, gently,.
waved his hand toward the door, saying, "I
am just now occupied."
This'. we consider an example Worthy of
imitation. , , If .a peoplevrill not duly regard
the time of pastors, they should take. its
protection into their own hands. This:may
not satisfy the persons that like their, min
ister to be " sociable;' that is, to spend his
afternoons in visitingund,tealinking; but
its benefits will be apparent to all in his
preparations' for the pulpit, and in' the fuss
online energy with which he performs his
duties. ; There cannot be a doubt ; but that ,
the want ,of emphasis in the ministry of
many rural parishes is owing to the way in
which the people fritter away the time of
their pastors for no 'purpose, or drive them
from their studies penuriousness, 'to
supplement an inadequate salary by. some
weuidly:..employment:-.Niiche/us Amy%
in the ./V - . .observer.
"The Offence of the Cross ceasing."
Leave, out the holy charaoter of. God, the
holy excellence of his law, the holy con
demnation to which transgressors are doomed,
the holy lovelinesi of the Saviour's Antis
ter the hoYnatureof redemption; the holY
tendency'of Christ's doctrine, and 'the.holy '
tempers and candied of all true believers;
then dress up a scheme of religion of this
unholy 'sort; ,represent mankind as in a piti
able condition, rather through misfortune
than by crime; speak much of Christ's
bleeding love to them, of his 'agonies in'the
garden and on the cross, without elbowing ,
the need or the nature of the satisfaction for
sin; speak of hie preempt glory, and of his
compassion for pairilinners, of the freeness
with' Which he dispenses pardons; of 'the
privileges Which helievereenjoyhere, and - of
the *wetness and glory reserved for ,
.them .;
hereafter; clog this with nothing
generation and sanctification, or represent .
holiness as soniewhat else thin confoimity
to the holy eharacter and law of God ; and
you make up a plausible Gospel, calculated
to humor,,thepdde, soothe the consciences,
engage the hearts, and raise the affections
of natural men, who love nobody , . but , there
selves. ' Aed no wonder if this Gospel
(which has - nothing in it affronting, offen
sive, or, unpalatable, bit is perfectly suited
to the, carnal,,unhumbled sinner,• and helps
him to quiet his conscience, dismiss Irie l fears,.;
and encourage his hope) incur no eppoei. 7 ,
Hen •amang ignorant persorni who inqdire
not into , the Makin of things; meet with it
hearty welcome; and , make mumbersuf. sure. I
poeed converts,• who live and die as. fulltasr
they can hold of joy and : 43enfidenes,
out any fears or conflict& Its success Per
_may cause it to he cried up as "the „
Only , --wa, r lof preaehing for isefilnesi;"
While all discourse concerning the being,
authority r and.perfectionslof God ;'concern
ing the, law ;; eoncerning the evil of sin ; rind T
concerning ;relative duties; is considered, : as
• only " hmdering usefulness ;"und they only
are thought 'CO pliich the Goalie' iksiirCli.;
(Manner; ntrygtrAttewandenrifi.tavlteni; ell ethe
'Offensive; part; is left-out, the tGospelqtitiAl
no offence? What ' wonder if, whew-Hain
made imitibleto carnalminds,
fall inloVe with it ? What wonder lf, when
it 'is evidently - calculated to fill the wire
newel mind. with :false confidence and , joy,
it: as , this.effect ? What "• wonder if,• when
thetrne character c Goa is unknown, and
a fable charaeter a l him is framed ; in the
falley 7 ,—a„ God, all `love .and no justice, ,
very load of sack believers as his favorites;
they have , very warm affections toward hint?
What wonder if, when these persons are of
one mind, and ithitire and excel each , other
sus the only fa:kirk:es of heaven, they seem to
'be full of love to one. another? It is not
Christ's holy image in them, that they love,
but their ownliilike'; itid - agibi I observe,
The doctrines of the Gospel would give
no offence except to a few deep thinkers,
were it not that, when Firmly stated, they
imply the affronting truth, that every per
won, by sinning against a holy God, and
breaking a righteous law, is justly deserving
of eternal damnation, be his character in
society ever so moral ,and respectable; and
that we "ire 'all Collated and abominable,
contrary to 13-oa, and loathsome through sin.
Suppress this repretreitation, and there is
nothing iffroiiiing in any remaining •doo
trine, or offensive to any person, save to the
reasoner,. who, seeing so much done without
any adequate cause ' may scornfully exclaim,
Ora bone The balk of mankind, how
.ever, belong not 0 4 the reasoning class, and
will ever` bereidy to adopt any sentiments
their teacher may inculcate, which do . not
alarrwtheir fears, , affront their pride, or call
them to mortify their lusts; niuehAnore
such as quiet their fears, soothe their pride,
leave their corruptions, untouched, and find
thein an 'excuse' for not Subduing them.
Arid,`though an' outward reformatiew'may
genitally be necessary; yet for the sake' f
a quiet conscience, sanguine hopes, and self
complacency, iveall know .how far men will
proceed iWthisway..
I would not give needless offence. Let
this matter be weighed according to its
importance. • i Let the , Word of God )be et:-
wammed impartially. I cannot but: avow :my
fears that Satan has propagated much of this
false religion, among, many widely different
classes of religions Cr'efeisors ; and it shines
em.brightly in the eyes of numbers; who
" take all for gold. that glitters," that, unless
the fallacy be detected, it bids fair to be the
prevailing religion in many
,plaees.. , So far,
however, 41 can judge, no persons in the
world express' more acrimony against than
sort of religion which strips the sinner
of every plea, leaves • him self condemned
and, selfleathing, as a transgressor of,. a
righteous law, and a rebel against a holy
God, it the footstool of sovereign grace ;'
which .shoWs the sinner the abriolutelneed
there was of the death of Christ, the veal ,
nature of his satisfaction, the necessity uf
'total change of heart and life; and demon
strates that all true converts love the holy
character and law of God, and are sincerely
holy in all manner of conversation; no
persons, I• say, are more viralentlaters, and
,:more: resolute opposers, of .these views of
preligioe, than those who are so full, of the
other affections, and of that sort of religion
Above 'cleaeribed; which '-too plainly shows
how . things' are . t With them.--)r. Thomas
Poi&lotion of Egypt.
Aletter from Alassandria, of the 17th of
May; says`.: -I‘ The census of the population
of ,Egypt taken by order of the Viceroy on
the French: method, has just been completed,
and gives the following result : The popnla
tionl;Whinh in 170 was 2,500,000', amount
;,ed,in 18171 c 3;700,000, in 1847 to 4,250,-
400, and is now 5,125,000. The inhabit
ants -,of Alexandria, which in 1798,,1kn1y
amonitted in number to 30,000, had
Iniiiiided in 1817 to 580,000, and are now
near 4001000."