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firgabirtirlia IhNIUNIND Ya4lilli /3
Preilikyterlas Advosatot Vale =Uri 1144 I
DAVID MoKINNEY and JAMES ALLISON, Editors.
*..4,4 - T. , ...-;;; --- !..1.tirtg-t
"The ettlllthags of this present time are not worthy to
be compared to the glory that shah be revealed In ne."
My feet are,worn and weary with the maroh
Over rough roads and up the steep W11.51(10;
0, city of our God, I fain would see
Thy pastures green, where peaceful waters
My bands are weary, laboring, toiling on,
Day after day, for perishable moot.;
Oh, oily of our God, I fain would rest;
I sigh to gain thy glorious mercy, peat.
My garments, travel worn and stained with dust,
Oft rent by briars and thorns that crowd my ,
Would fain be made, 0 Lord, by righteousness,
Spotless and white in heaven's unclouded ray.
My eyes are weary looking at the sin,
Impiety, and scorn upon the earth ;
Oh, city of our God, within thy walls, .
All, all, are clothed upon with the new birth,
My heart is weary of its own deep sin=
Sinning, repenting, sinning still ilway ;
When shell my soul thy glorious presence feel,
And find its guilt, dear Saviour, washed away ?
Patience, poor soul; the Bs:doses feet were
WO 11 r ,
The Saviour's heart and hands were weary too;
His garments stained,. and travel-worn, and, old,
His sacred eyes blinded with tears for you.
Love thou the path of sorrow that he trod ;
Toil on, and wait in patience for thy rest,
Oh, city of our God, we soon shall, see '
Thy glorious walls, home of the limed and hied.
From our London Correspondent.
A Visit to Northumberland—The English Synod
and its Home Mission—, Plans for a, Better Sus
tentation of the Ministry—The United Piesbyte
rians—Revival at Newaastle—Lord John Russel
and the Mortara Case—Meting at Dublin to
Sympathise with the Pope—e' A Big Lee"—The
National Sunday League—A Workingman Ex.;
posing its Pretences--Controversy About Scottish
Ballads—Storms and Shipwrecks—Sir William
Armstrong and his Artillery—REP Corps. and
Coast Defence—Spain and England—Lord Ellen
borough and Garibaldi-. The Central Italian's
Latest Movement—The Lord Advocate on Tohn
Enoz, at Exeter Hall—Nezva from India and
LONDON, Nov. 11.0,1859:
FROM Amwrox, in Northumberland, out
upon a Deputation for our Synod's Home
Mission, I address to you my present letter.
Two ministers, each accompanied by a mer
chant layman, (that is, a zealous intelligent
office - bearer of our Church, and a thorough
man of business,) take one half' of the con-
gregations of the county, in order to
. before all the people the importance and ne
cessity of a better sustentation of the Chris
tian ministry yamong them. We are the
Deputies of the Home 'Mission CoitiV4t
tee, and at the last Synod a scheme was
submitted to the Court and , sanctioned by
it, containing two leading rules and provis.
ions. Ist. That inasmuch as it is essential
that every minister in the Church should
receive a minimum stipend of £l.OO per
annum, that where congregations are 'weak,
and are not able to raise that sum, if they
will establish a Home Missiogary Assoola :
tion, to collect by small subscriptions as
much as in their power, as supplemental to
the ordinary stipend, the Home Mission um,
dertakes that the stipend shall be so far
aided out of its general fund as to Nettie
the minister the minimum sum above men
tioned. 2dly. That inasmuch as it is most
desirable that ministers should receive more
than the minimum, that wherever a congre•
gation is paying a stinend - of- £lOO out of
its own resources, thatfor every pound con
tributed above this sum, the Home Mission
will give ten shillings, or one half, and thus
onward and upward, so as to secure to the
You will peroeive how very important to
the stability and permanence of any Church
is such a movement. I love the American
Presbyterians so well, that I long exceed.
ingly to hear of a general movement, such
as our system of Church Government is so
well qualified to bring into powerful and
universal operation, a Sustentation Fund.
The strong helping the weak—" all at it and
always at it "—these are the principles by
the successful development of Which, the
Free Church of Scotland has acquired a
'tability such as cannot be shaken, and by
which every minister, even in poor Shetland,
has £135 and a manse, worth altogether
.4150 a year.
The object of our movement is to teach
the people the principle that God helps
those who help themselves, and to encour
age those who are willing to do their best.
The United Presbyterians have a Presby.
tery in this county, and connected as it is,
ith the United Presbyterian Church in
,cotland the ministers have some help from
'sir own Home Mission Fund.
Over hill and dale, amid traditional and
lntie scenes, including the battle field of
Percy and the Douglas, which is immor
sized in the ballad of " Chevy Chase,"
'ith the glorious old Castle of the. Dac;l
toily of Northumberland, with its figures
g• Hotspur " and other " invincible
:nights," armed cap a pie on its turrets, we
pass day after day, and in the evenings
meet with and address the respective con.
The Northern Presbyterians in England,
are numerous. The English Synod and the
United Presbyterian Church, have the mass
of the population. They are a hardy race,
chiefly farmers and' hinds," (farm servants,)
Nnd are stout, ruddy, large.boned, and del
la. Their ancestors fought in the feudal
's of their chiefs, and overwhelmed
.iem V., and his invading army, on flodden
:ld, on that disastrous day when
!he flowers of the forest were a' wed away !"
The people are warmhearted and hospi•
le ; and though Winter is upon us, yet
;h blazing coal fires and all manner of
Hine's, a Missionary Deputation goes on
ih its work cheerily, even though its
,tubers must travel over wild districts, out
the path of the railway.
At Newcastle on-Tyne, there is a con-
gable interest in the revival of true re•
ion. Mr. Hanna, of Berry Street church,
lfast, has recently 'visited the place, and
been giving the people much informs
;as to the Ulster Awakening. I had an
lortunity of addressing a publio meeting at
;enticed, on the same subject, a few even
; since, and all through my y Deputational
!, I propose to make this the staple of
;ry address, because that if we get a re-
Id Christianity among our people, every
ig else, financial and otherwise, will move
ig equably and prosperously. Besides it
imething important, indeed, , to be able to
formalists how the Convincing Spirit
waked up formalists elsewhere, to see
their orthodoxy was worthless, to shelter
m from the dorm of Divine anger, and
to tell sinners, even the vilest, that
has been done in Ulster may be done
here, and that, by the grave of our Lord
Jesus Christ every guilty, polluted, tremb
ling soul, " may be saved, even as they."
LORD JOHN RIISSRL has been receiving,
this week, a Deputation in reference to the
Mortara " kidnapping." case. The Hon.
Mr. Langdale, a Roman Catholic gentleman
of ancient English lineage, has been trying
to justify the sot of the. Papal Government
in retaining the Jewish boy, by throviing
the fatilt on the, parents, in having take,n a
Christian into their service ! This super
stitions girl baptized the child surreptitiously
—the act is indelible—the grace is there by
the opus operatuns ; and 46 *by did you take
a Catholic into your house ?" is all the coil=
solatidn the poor Hebrew father gets from
Mr. Langdale I Lord John Russel says to
this—" I am sure that if in this country any
one was to propose that Roman Catholics
should be prevented from taking& Protest.
nut nursery-maid into, their service, every
Roman Catholic would cry out against it•as
a gross violation of religious liberty, and
would maintain that such a law would be
only an aggravation of the offence of taking
the child from its parents. So that upon the
justice,ef the, case, there need be no argrt ;
bAt,the Deputation asked,,,wan that in
any Congressional settlement of the affai r s '
of' Itaisr, the'tresiment, of the Jews in the
MOrtara case ihnsildbnbrought by England
before the Geverniients of Europe. More
than thie, they - suggested that Bologna
should be left free, arid not obliged' to're.
turn under Papal domination,-and that Eng-:
land should thus use her influence for an
issue which would necessarily " leave this
Lord John said that it would be quite
useless to bring the ease before the'Pope's
Government, but that he would communi
cate the views of the Deputation to his
You can well conceive how the hatred of
the: Popish party against Lord John Russel,
is, intensified by such a spirit as he now
manifests,,, and by his 'cordial sympathy with
a movement which has so thoroughly,
posed their vile principles to the execration
of,,the world. The Times holds that the
true solution of all difficulties of this_ kind,
is,, to take, away the temporal sovereignty of
the Pope. The Pope as, such, claims it,
and thinks it his first duty MINT souls, and
so withholds P
ihe okild from his parents. If
he were not a temPorai sovereign he could
not.pairy out his prin ci ples.
Areat aillgring, with . Dr.
Cullen' at its head, has been held at Dublin . ,
to express sympathy' for the iflllited• Pine
IX., and speeches of great vehemence haie
been delivered. A Father O'Connell wee
short, but very decisive, 'declaring, 'amid" a
storm of cheers, that the Papal Government
was`emphatically "Pateikal I" Suitt a
"big lee," as the Scotch vernacular would
Put it, has a paternity 'peculiarly its own I
Dr. Cullen delivered a violent tirade against
Lords Palmerston and Russel, and against
the " excommunicated " King of Sardinia.
Verily, proud Babylon begins to be abased,
and she holds at this moment, in her hand a
fg cup of trembling!!..:. - _
THE NATIONAL SUNDAY LEAGUE is be
ginning to hold fresh meetings, in order to
obtain the opening of national museums,
galleries and libraries, and gardens, on the
afternoon of the Lord's day. Of course
there was the usual " mint " of the party
about ".religions liberty interfered with,"
and the usual,base abuse of the text, "Th e
Sabbath was, made for man ;" and also as
sertions that the views of Eyairgeli%l Obris.
flans on the Sabbalh questions, were
1 t tra
ditions and prejidiees." " """
Then there is the fine Deistical talk about
the refining' infinence :. 'as to the study ;of
works of art, and for' " the cultivation 'of .
truth and the beautiful," as " the necessary
supplement of the church ind the chapel."
The usual prOfessed zeal was put forth as
to anxiety of the League on behalf of " the
working man," and " the cultivation of his
higher nature." A working plasterer, and
another, of the sons of iOil, moved and sec
onded a resolution to the effect that: public
placei should be opened on Saturday after
noons, instead of on the Sabbath; 'claiming
the Sabbath as the working man's 'day, and
as " the inestimable privilege of his order ;"
that the object of the League was to secu
larize the daY, and that this object 'was
endorsed by every skeptic and free thinker,
at.the present moment.
'T is thus that the false pretences of the
League have been repeatedly exposed,; and
although these mobs and semi infidel gath
erings carry resolutions occasionally, by a
majority, yet no Government will dare to,
accede to their demands.
THE ROMANTIC BALLADS ON SCOTLAND
form the subject of a literary discussion of
great interest at the present time. Mr.
Robert Chambers, who last year, by unfair
extracts from old Anng i ls, tried ., to hlaoken
the memory of the Scottish.. Reformers and
their successors , now has been endeavoring
to deprive those Sottish hailade—so tough.
leg and tender, and some of them "almost,
like a holy psalm," in the better affections
which they awaken—of their antique repu
tation. He says they; areol of any ancient
date, but were mainly written by a lady of
rank, in the beginning of the last century..
Professor AYtoun takes up the cudgels in
deferice of the literature of his country, and
proves, by reference to ancient Seandinivian
ballads, the antiquity of the corresponding
lays of Scotland.
THE STORMS are scarcely yet hushed,
which in tropical fury burst on our coasts
on the 25th of October, and which, besides
the destruction of the Royal Charter, haie
strewed the shores with wrecks. There
were two hundred and sixty one wrecks in
October alone; in the ten months of the
year, including October, one thousand four
hundred and seventy three. More rain also
has fallen in a short time, than for several
years. All over Europe, for several years,
the fall of rain has been below the average,
and great evil has resulted. The flax crop,
both on the Continent and Ireland, with
cereal crops also, have again been very short.
England, last Spring and Summer, was well
watered, but the turnip crop and means of
cattle-feeding I find are generally deficient,
particularly in Scotland and in this IForthern
part of Britain from which I write.
SIR WILLIAM ARMSTRONG- continues his
great cannon•oasting works at Newoastle•on•
Tyne, and there is no doaht that, after a
little time, the British artillery will be by
far the most powerful in the world. Think
of a ball one hundred pounds .in weight
being thrown with' unerring aim five miles,
and of shells the most destrnotive-Ldestroy.
'leg, if need be, Cherbourg, Cronstradt, and
another Sebastopol, Of it,exisited,) without
any peril to the ships that throw those ter.
rible instruments of war.
Rifle corps are multiplying rapidly, and
the opinion grows that we must, if Napoleon
live, fight pro aria et fools, before very
long. The Bishop of Oxford ban been
sounding the trumpet of alarm, and one of
the members of Parliament for Kent has
been calling on the descendants of those
"ONE THING IS NEEDFUL:" "ONE THING HAVF I DEPIEED ,OF THE XdOED:;" ,:" THIS .ONE THING I DO."
FOR THE WEEK ENDING S
SPAIN seems to have sought a quarrel
with Morocco. She also took up a position
on her coast very near Gibraltar, and Lord
J. Russel instructed our Ambassador 16 in
quire about it, and pointed out that England
would not consent to, its permanent occupa
tion. Spain denies
,such an intention, and
Lord John professes his satisfaction. But
the place is still occupied, and the cunning
Napoleon.may make treuble of the matter
Loan ELLENBOROUCT has unexpectedly
declared himseltin favor of Italian freedom,
and has sent a stun of money to the fund for
raising rifles for Garibaldi, and the army
under his command. He is influenced in
his views very 'much . by a desire to prevent
the aggrandizement' of France. He says:
" There is in Italy One man wholaas at once
a head to dirnet, a hand to execute,' and• a
heart which tells him what is right. That
man is Garibaldi." He has no measures to
observe with France. If he shOuld obtain
success, he will not consent to hold the
Provinces which he liberates, as a fief of the
French empire.' He will note lend himself
to the carrying out of the idea of the first
Napoleon, that France should be surrounded
by weak dependent States. •
The Goverriffients of Russia and Prussia
are said to be agreed to enter into no Con.
gress in which England will not take part.
It ie not yet formally announced that Great
Britain has consented to take part in a
Congreas'at all, although it is highly proba
ble. The Central Italians are proiisionally
placing themselves under Prince Carignan,
(brother to the King of- Sardinia,) as. Re.
gent, who, however, his not formally recog
nized the movement: "'
THE LORD ADVOCATE of Scotland,
(Right Hon. James Moncristr,) delivered;
on. Tuesday evening last, the first of.the
Winter series of Lectures before the. London
Young Men's Christian Association. I ask
ydu to print the following confinsed sum
mary of the lecture, ne given in - the' Tillie's.
You will observe how it sets Knoit in a new
and more genial aspect before the English
than he has generally been regarded
as occupying. is very seasonable, also, to
be reminded that Knox exercised a povier
ful influence in„ England, in,
, the gays t of, the
Reforniation, 'and was the whOse
flue:dm—direct 'or iiidirectsecured the
Rubric in the: oomniunion service which de:
Otani that in kneeling at the Eucharist,
adoration of the elements is not intended.
Still, as long as kneeling, and pot sitting, is
the attitude, , the 'Thiseyites will have it in
their 'power to practice their ” worship • of
Christ in the elements, and to pretend to
transmute them into his body and blood :
The roid Adiocate, in &discourse commencing
at eight o'clock, and lasting nearly two hours,
but the intereat 'of WhicW never 'for Wimoment
flagged, sought principally to exhibit,,,Knexin the,
somewhat . novel light of an English rather thin a
.See#l.4li. Reforiner, with the latter of which char
acters his name is usually associated'iti pop.
relax mind., Regarding him as a man whose name
Was engraven on the-institutions of his country,
which, hp might said. to have regenerated, he
took a rapid glanoeit - the more tmonainetitliarti
of his career; tire - Mining - that, lathe - 14Y in Scat::'
land the memory of Knox andthe Reformation
was now as green - as in the sixteenth century, in .
England Ile was afraid the estimat‘of "the great,
Soottieli Reforrner Was One which fell Rir short
of the Mark' at *blob he sten& even in'th& eyes'
of Europe. In this part of the kingdom, Knox
was mostly regarded ~as having , been identified
with religiousVeir'entent whieh ooncitrii
the people:Of 'Englaiut,And in which mere Win-t
-ile removed from barbarism played the principal
part. It was thought, too, he was rather unman
nerlyto a yoUthfulAneen, and he and hisfollow
ere were charged'with the destructipn of some of
the most beautiful" echlesiastioal Monamente 'in'
Scotland, The Lord Advocate endeavored to
show how far from accurate those opinions were;
to point - out Whit deep, vital, and continuing'
interest Englandlad in the Cause of Proteatantl`
ism from - its rise in Scotland till its triumph ;to
show the part which the
Knox in particular, took not in the. Soottish. Re-,
for Medea only, but in that of Engle:lid, and, still
further; hoW much' this country,'With its` free
institutions, its religions liberty, and - iti Protest
ant faith, owed to the steadfast hand with which
the affairs of Scotland were condueted during the
few but eventful years in which` Kmix. was sub
stantially thernler. It was a tiopulafraistake to
snppOse that Knox was only a' Scottish . Reform
er. ' He was the comrade in arms, the companion
in misfortune, in labor, and to a great extent in
opinion, of some of the best and noblest - fathers
Of the Anglican 'Church. In S'eotland - he agent
his youth - and his old age, but it was to England
that he devoted the flower.; of his manhood:
(Cheers.) They who" imagined that,Knox was an
unpolished and uncourtly man Mhst have forgot
ten the trainingarid eiperienci he had had (hiring
his fouryears' residence in Englaitcev'eli if he had
previously required that training. The everyday
companion of the, first nobility in England, the
private ohaplain of - Eilwardlia.„ Snd - frequently
brotight into 'contact with that Sovereign, 'the
man who spent his life at that time' in Courts;
could, never have bepn that rnde, untutored sav
age thick it had been the delight of some histo
rians- to represent hint; Strong in speech and an-'
lion he undatibtedly was, but that he had 'the
manners, as he had the education, of a gentleman,
no one who reads his history could entertain a
doubt. Mary hprpelf sent for him over and over
again, and although she did not ' much like what
he told her, there 46.8` no ground for imagining
that hellid not behave in the presence of
ty with all the courtesy and,respect with which a
gentlenrim Should. 1559 BEMs was 'called
again to Sootland, sired froth that tithe tO hie death,
in 1572, he was substantially its ruler. that
interval, Scotland, from being the scene of 0011-
temling factions, and.of miserable wars waged by
a'petty nobility, began to eabibi ' t ' a - vigor of mind
and opinion' which - from that' tune forward - had net
been - without ha due weight throughout the whole
of the kingdom. To that period he' dated the
first impulses of popular liberty in,Seotl,nd, and ,
the existence of potiular opinion. From that
time leariiing began tollourisli` among thelower
ranks of the people, and thefoundations; 'were
laid of that system of parochial schools which
had made the name of Scotland respected and
venerated. (Cheersi.) The Lord Advocate, at
the Mose of his address, was loudly cheered.
FROM INDIA we hear of the storming and
capture of the Mind and Fort 'Or Beyt,in
the Gulf of Cutch, off the Bombay Coast. "It
is said that the ruler of Nepaul 'haii at last
made up his inindne doubt under British
pressure—to driie the Nona and the fugi•
tine rebels from out the Terai, so that they
can no longer hide themselves.
FROM CHINA, it is reported that the
treaty between China and the - United States
will not 'come into' operation until 'matters
are settled with England and France.'
P. S —A Committee 'has been formed at
Edinburgh, to sympathize With Dr. Cheever,
of New York, in the position he now Occu
pies in reference to Ule slavery question, and
to assist him, by peauniarY gifts to maintain
I close this letter very near to Flodden
Field, and may be able to add some descrip
tion of it in my next.
A WELSH curate being asked how, he
managed to preach sermons so far above his
own powers of composition, replied "
have a volume of sermons . by one Archbish
op Tillotson, which I translated into Eng
lish; after which the Archbishop himself
would not know his own. Compositions."
OUR memories, as corrupted by the fall,
are like those ponds where the frogs live
and the Ash die.
PUBLICATION OFFICE, GAZETTE BUILDING FIFTH STREET, ABOVE ShifTKOIELD, PITTSBURGH, PA.
Kentish bowmen wbo won the battles of
Creasy and Aainoourt*to be ready to deTend
For the Presbyte' Banner and Advocate.
Church-Unity, La ••Preaching and' Vol.
untary .Assoc ions for Christian
8 Presbytery of Cincinnati,
TURDAY DECEMBER 10, 1859.
Resolutions passed by
'November 171 h, 181
WHEREAS, . Thlugh ~the inexperience
and misdirected zeal of persons who have
participated in the recent religiOns moVe
ments of the day, tnciples and sentiments
have been advance upon the platform, in
the pulpit, from t :press, and.sometimes
carried into prricti -in regard to the Unity
of' the Church of lo thin'. the mode of °per
ation, and lay effor, Aviiinh we believe to'he
utterly at variano: *ith the teachings of
Gid's Werd, upon t pnbjects, and , which,
if adopted by those_ •r whom we are planed
in the Lord; to, inst ilttand train "for useful
ness', will prove p' &tie of discord, and
subversive of the or'• dr,ipurity and efficiently
of the churches, in :11401 -
souls; and, Wher st< yso ts ;
Presbytery, holdin = ench truth as it does,
and recognizing ehin tincouatahiliti
tref3US Christ for r e: Maintenance of this
truth ! to warn affect lately, but firmly, the
churottes under 1.. dare against error;
Resolved,. Ist, '
„ t. in reference' to the
UNITY OF THE CH • dir of Christ' faii.
to represent thatTh m unity is in ..any way
dependent, upon, . . . essentially connected
with mere 'Wilis. niformity of ecolesiasti
cal'OrgadiatiOn ; r at ' the variety of such
organizatm any b ar rier` to
Christian co-open t; 'or thit' because of
this existing yeti( the Church of Christ
has never 11.— rile, but, that this one
ness of CI w sought for in e ome
and by ,w 1
nese of .13('
trea* itt. the
is that fix
upon the our,care
there,._ , oBWshiliWith LL
- shiter'elitiicliis*iti'enriet, „
so' far as' '
can be done without coirlprothisitig - our well
established principles, weakening 'our testi- •
Mony in regar,dto the doctrine and order of
the Goipel,'-or giving"cOnntetianoi to the
sentiment that our Confession i of 'Faith
ought to be laid aside for Kim broader and,
more liberal basis of Co-operation.
Resolved, 3d, That in reference to VOL
UNTARY SOCIETIES, composed of persons
from different denemioations, for the avowed
purpose of helping the; Church to do her
duty, organized upon the principles of intro.
pendency and irresponsibility; to any diVine
ly constituted body' of Christians, there is
room for serious apprehension. 'Not that
this „Presbytery wertldin any, way discourage
any legitimate effort for 'the promotion of
the Redeemer's 'Kingdom, nor impugn, in
the least, the motives-of 'Any , pions persons
who ; hive associated, themselves in this min
tier. Bat'it is the judgment of Presbyteri
as it has been the oft expressed judgment
of the Church, and as all, history and expe
rience •have proved, ; that, the tendency 'of
'such Societies, so independent, so absolutely
irresponsible, and often managed brmen of
the least Christian experience, is to interfere
with the operations of that divinely author.
sized plan tor saving souls which , God a lias
'been pleased to reveal, and according to
which he requires his churches to act.
This plan, as revealed in the Scriptures, this
Presbytery regards as perfect, well adapted
I to, and all : sufficient for the, Church in ao
eemplishing her Master's work, in all ages
of the world, and under all oirounstances.
Resolved, 4th, That in reference ;to what
is usually styled "Lay Preaching," 'this
,between what is
legitimate and illegitimate in the, efforts so
denoMinated. The office' of the GoSpel
Ministry, the highest as an instrumentality
in'the gifts of Christ lo his people; Weis
cred in its origin, too's - ileum in it& nature;
and too important. in its relations!'to the
church and eociety, to be permitted to,suffer
the least invasion. Any attetript of persons,
..and singe:re, to assume to
themselves the` prerogative ofthis office,
eittiorrdifectly or in'directly,'With'ont'
alai Divine call and Scriptural etoriseoration
thereto, is a usurpation which must provoke
the anger of Christ, and if countenanced by
the churches, will be visited i upontherdWith
sorest disaster. Only, tc7the - diVinely e eilad
and entirely consecrated minister of Chinit,
set apart from world* , cmployMents; is com
mitted the word of reconciliation with au
thority to , preach the tiosper; as Christ's
Ambassador, sikaking in his name, and
standing in his stead. Only suok one has
the rightirom Christ to de,mand,"autheriti-
Lively of the people, that his message shall
be heard. To heir him is to hear Christ;
to reject him is to reject Christ. For 'any
one not so called, and not so separated from
the world, to demand, or, thus ask that he
shall be heard as speaking in Chrialla name,
and in Christ's 'stead, is a Clear invasion' of
the office of the ministry, and a disregard
of the ordinance of God.
While this is true, the Presbytery would,
however, be 4 far from discountenancing any
word ' , of exhortation or voice of invitation,
unofficially given, either to believer's to hold
fast their profession, or to sinners to come to
Christ, uttered appropriately and prodently,
by experienced Cnristians, whose hearts are
alive to encourage each other, and rescue
soula from ruin. Without specifying the
particular method of exhortation, an inspired
Apostle has inculcated • this duty upon all
followers of Christ, whether officiator unof
ficial. And the Lord Jesus himself from his
mediatorial throne,las extended the privi
lege to every one that " heareth" the good
news of living water for thirsty souls, to
say, " Come.' The woman of Samaria,
having received healing grace from Christ,
"left her water-pot and went her way into
.the city, and saith =to the men,, Come, see
a man which told me all things that ever I
did. 'ls not this the Christ?' "
Resolved, sth, That whilst thus uttering
our . `yarning against all enoroaehment upon
future, rising ,out of
and built' upon' this
ed apart. from - Its re-
Scriptures, viz.: that
btr of sinners.
Church of Chiriatlas
s4alled; and that this
anoidents of time
in the essential one
oneness of Spirit.
on'enesti - "of Tidal;
oneness of Repo
his, No eargpst,ly en
ter our care to 43'0;
gainet`~thi~ . ~`plaii' iri="
the grfater moires
it of unify,athong all
; by the'sameblood of
the same spirit of
;hriatiarta are hciatla
and` - they
poriouely to secure.
iThgtng' to, our own ;
ye, still) would urge
the functions of those who by Divine antbo
rity are commissioned to "'preach the word;
~reprefe, 'rebuke; and' exhort," "in 'Seises'
and outl'of season,"- we would not have-it
forgotten that the Lord Jesus has bestowed
upon the Church special helps to those " who
labor id Word and Doctrine," in that di
vinely constituted Eldership' which is 'so
important, apart of the New Testauient Min
istry.. To them it pertains by virtue of
their. Divine ordination to conduct religions
assemblies for prayer and exhortation; to
catechise the people; to visit
,the sick; to
home bring the wanderers, end 'diligently
and e,onstaiitly to "watch'for sontsits 'they
that must give account." To, the Orderly
and more faithful discharge of All .which
duties we would . 'most earnestly exhort
all who have received this trust—in doing
which they shall both magnify their high
office in the efts of the people, and hold
n o .the an • • those „ a• • in
Iheao var ' 6th ' l TliatilMiteotiatiately urge
upon - all' the piiirate mem l beri et our church
es; the cultivation of an enlightened zeal in
their, Work. of 'saving souls, that constrained •
by the love of
C hrist, as they, have learned,
its precioNiadessby happy experience, they
should endeavoi' in every' proper way to
brineetheis to enjoy the` same blessedness;
that they speak often one to another; that
they cooperate with their•Pastora and El
ders in building up the chnrch, by seeking
ont those , who are living in neglect of the
sandinary', and permading them td attend
upon its stated services; by speaking to their'
unconverted—acquaintances ,and , neighbors,
respeeting . the great truths that area pro=
claimed: in the pulpit; and by bringing to
the ministers of the Wordthese who are
ittalrened inquiring *fat , theY " Must
dO tovhe ileveit;" that they niiiyle"instruct;
ed in a 'knowledge of the Utah, and so' be:.
come. ; intelligent Christians. In this .way
will the members of the Church become ef
fectual workers itigethei'vrith the Ministry,
in' " edifying the' ticidir t 'of - Chriat;"''and 'a
Constant; . siteady,''"heiltoliful • gr i oWth of"tlie
Chnrbh be Seethed; "'the pinughnian over
taking the reaper, and the treader of grapes
him that soweth' med.')
While,, therefore, this, Presbytery, would
thus - seek to warn against the enoronehment
of l crinieWhinh' tl4ll
gions movement in our movement'"
whinti his "extended' to' 'other' lands; andlfor
the merciful blessings of whiSti etit , 'Oterial
tian ought to rendatidefolt"thanks to God,
and for, the continuance of which, regulated
by, tite Diiine Word, all shoUld mostfervent
pray, it would by no means discourige t 'the
patting fOrth"OrLai effoitititlis great and'
glorious work:• Rather-would'it - regard: the
present movement *as a call7fron2 Ged
every Christian , to , gird on , his armor and
battle for Christ. The night ik sfar spent
anti this' E ASY is at hand. Thiele short:
Efernitr. 'near: '' Sad 'are 'perishing.' We
must sobs give account unto God. , This
Presbytery, therefore, while acting under a
high sense dila responsibility to Jesus Christ,
the - churches under its 'care
from would,` on the — otheehand, bid
tbenilia . wareiestleiffif the etiliaboireipe- -
inked, shald .tend; in any' , WV, to prevent
or relax vigorous efforts for the salvation of
perishing souls. As a closing Word of man
set in whole matter, it earnestly recom.
mends' to each ( clittreh, - united and persever: -
ing 'nation in , its ostn special - field labcir'
under' the direction of 'those Whom-God his
called to bear rale in his house. And thus
while cherishing the true spirit of Christian
*hey , toward churches of ether
de'doni4ittiOis,' Mit` Yo"' go on abounding '
mnreand Mare in'the work of lberlcird.
Till:kik&4d by Corder of Presbytery.
SAYRES GAZLAY, Ifockrator.
s, p„LoGAN, Stated Clerk.
For the Presbyterian Banner and Advocate
MEEIgNS: Eurrons :—My com munication
of October . 15t1i, to my friend I,C;;! on
Western Colonization, Ins been the eubject
aniiiiadversion in a late number ';tif 'the
Banner sand Advocate. As you editorially
remark, "The question is one of great ini
portance to , emigrants, and is intimately
connected with Zion's interests." It is this
cort4ietion only leads rife - to trouble You
once iiiiire'ciethe subject. ' ' ' - "
'The Statements "I - made are .the honest
convictions : of my mind, resulting•hourlong
experience and observation in Western :
life, havin g bad, myielf,UO little to do in
this very matter of Western emigration, by
giving'•counael` to friends, arid
assisting in - the location of those who' aolic
ited the favor. The arguments and reason
inir employed were drawn directly from the.
Word of God, and from the and A
ikn duty of, the
,Christian to his Divine
Master, and to'hitlflilioilnlie. And if he
sought'for opportunities do good'in the
West, he would `seek them, not= in such a
colony, but in, some destitute comMunity or ,
incipient enterprise, as affording afield of
much stipelior - ns fnlaess. And as to the
facts on *hi& tholeifiiiisificy orthii scheme
is.'4denied?. as •au evangeliting ''-scheme,
adapted ; to our. new States and* Territeries,
and which the., writer ► thinks I should have
iprodireed, he is a little too fast; Their
progranifrie"assumed the fact dint theii
scheme'as the'beet , WaY to come West, arid'
the best way to do good. I denied the, fact
assumed, and when they proceed to , estab , -.
list:their premises , I ail ready toprediice
rebuttirig testimony, and testimony that Will'
got'to:"establish .the point`-'that the Same'
amount of men- and capital may easily ac
complish a.huridred fold more, in the
ordinary way. '
in regard to the common method of
emigrating' West, the gentleman' assumes
the'follening . : "If 'professing Christians
are so sparsely, settled throughout thevgrow
ing populations of the West as to
to church organization, and , unable to operate
a echisiertativelnficience;' like tea little Salt
on a mass of meat,' they will be abiorbed,
overwhelmed, or putrified.l.
I have trazeled, more or less for tya last
twenty five years over our Weetern country,
from' the'Ohio to the utmost harden — of this
States, and I haste yet to find one jingle
settlement in which there were three-Chris
tian families of any Evangelical name, who
did not attend, as they had opportinity, to
the'inianif of grace, andlabor, acicording
the measure of their ability, to' prdinote
their , religious welfare. It is true; as
said before, that there are those who, in
comb* West, have left their religion in the
Eist,and who,' in settling hre, had no in
tention to retain or 'renew their church re
lations; but that militates nothing against
the true Christian, who goes forth at the
call of Divine. Providence, as did Abraham
of old, and erects his altar where haliitehes
But if this. gentleman's assumption is
true, how are these "growing: populations"
to have the Gospal Plant Christian colo
nies,-he replies. That might df.if97k - soine
of the sinner islands'of the Pacifie'Odeatt,
but . hOcrwill it apply , to our' country rrflas
he ever been over this West of our land," or
Philadelphia, South West Corner of Seventh and Chestnut Streets
has he any conception of the vastness of
its extent, and of the teeming millions who
are spreading over it ? Can a Church of
such limited extent and limited resources
supply this territory and these millions in
this way; that is, -by sada Christian colo
nies ? Are we so inexhaustible in agencies
that we, may lavish them out in this profu
sion ? Very, , very far from it; and hence
We shall shOW our 'wisdom by purraibg the
ordinary and more effteiint method l Which
we have heretofore pursued.. A— dozen
churches, with from six to twelve members
eaoh, have been organized within the last
eight years, over territory which we had
bedlire passed by: These new enterprises
are :Supplied with laborers under 'whose
faithful ministry their' membership are grow
ing in grace and numbers. Some of these
families had been here for twenty yearl- 7 ,-,
themsome o€ much'aless :
" . rbecitufe! Where 1- giteis is, tlihrh if
abides, whether its possessor sojourns in
, Lath, or dwells at Jerusalem. The gentle
man is not a good Calvinist.
I may now snow the operation of this
scheme on our Church; first, as' it re
gards onr present enterpises; secondly, a r it
respects our future prospects.
_First. As it has always been, and as it is
at present, emigration is a fruitful and most
important source' of increase to our new
organizations in the West. Every mission=
sty knows this; every church feels it. Like
the mighty Nile to Egypt, it fructifies and
enriches wherever it flows; and like that, if
it fails to overflow the land, sterility and
famine inevitalify fellow. Out off' the tide
otPresbyteriatiernigration from us,. and turn'
it:into mammoth-;Christian colonies; make
it, the order of things that her membership,
in coming West, , must, like the Mormons or
the Socialises, dome in communities, and
settle in Coniiriunities, and you inflict upon
us one of the greatest calamities- that can'
overtake ns. Our feeble churches and mis
sionary enterprises must remain, for years,
in'their feebleness—a burden to the 'Board
of "Dornietil'Miiiichis, and a diecoaragement
to the missionary; and many'or them
must actually die out. This will' be the in
evitable result; just as certainly as you turn
aside the enriching stream, .the vine, that
flourishes upon its banks, must wither and
die. Whereas, if the men and'capital `
this cohinfirefe judiciously scattered'over a
sore. of our mission chukehes, 'which I
could designate, they would, in less than
three years with , the blessing of God, lift
them off the Board, and make them self
sustaining congregations. How much more
noble - a -work this would' be, and , hoer - much
more noble a field for Christian activity and
Christian philanthropy, than sitting down in
a compact body; to take care of one another
—A' Milking herse shoes for B and' B
grinding dornior A, &e., &o.
But, secondly. It operates disastrously
upon our future prospects. As an indis
pensable beginning to a chum& organization,
we must have the materials: 'These mate
rial are the' Presbyterian'families we find
scattered through the growing populations of
the,- West. Without these we- , .can -do
nothing. That city, town ' or com
inianityln which you dO`liot find this mato
riaras the germ of your future aural,' you
may is well abandb4 once, and , expend
Our labor to more profit in the right place.
Every experienced missionary is, satisfied of
thie. And what is , the reaeon? Simply be
cause the ground is occupied by others.
Ttie members Of Othei'- churches are there;
and 'are - "followed, or 'rather accompanied
there by - their.-respeetive. shepherds, - who
build their folds, and gather and feed their
flocks. But where are ours ? Where is
orrigisin'of - geed Platted there,''to
grow'stately spreading tree, so thaf"the
'fowls of 'the air may--come and-lodge in the
branches thereof? :Where'is our handful of
salt, to oast into those fountains, to , heal
their bitter waters?''Stacked up some ten,
twenty, fifty, - niai r hundfed — milez3 off as the
case may be; on some fertile prairie, most
wonderfully , productive, most wonderfully
conseivative ; while these "growing popu
latiene,' from which ; we would exclude our
peciplein pairs or elfieters, may go to hea-
Ilienistu er infidelity, So far as' 'we are Con
cerned. • They are - none the better for us.
Now I maintain . that we have no right to
bring such disaster upon onr Church, and
sitalrevils upon'oiir country, as this project
inirolves. 'For this reason, I lift myvoice
against it; and feeble as that voice may be,
it-will not, cease to raiser its warning against
swell suicidal measures.
Passing over the factthat the gentleman's
article displays' more temPerihatt the ma-
Mott Celli forithere is an evident effort to
dispose of-this subject in a summary and
authoritative manner, as if the wisdom and
the experience were all on one side. " I
was born," says he, "in what was the
West—born among the Indiaris." Abating
the - astonishment 'that arises - at a fact - so
'remarkable, what is the -conclusion arrived
'at?? Therefore, a most legical dedue
lien,) tberefore " my experience is as good
as J. 'F.'s," who "no exiierience, in the
Matter.' Query : If the latter, then, has
mine, how Much has the former'? Bat this
is, not all. - "The exodus from Egypt was
a specimen of concerted emigration, ' "used
as a means of spreading the true religion"
among the inhabitants of Canaan`? and they
skied have iiicoraphih'ed their mission lanais
earlier, "lad it riot been for the croakings
' that started objections, and discouraged- the
people from going forward in the enter-
prise I" And Lot was a specimen of the
folly of going "out alone" 'to convert the
Sodomites; for, " un ablate operate a conserva
tive 'influence," he - abandoned the place,
"absorbed, overwhelmed, or putri fi ed.' , And
even this is not all. " Must a system so
synthetic in theory as Presbyterianisai, be
forever torn into imbecile fragments `by a
selfish and inceniiderate oentrifugaligin ?"
it is not 'to admire the sublimity of this
utterance, that I quote it—though this is
worthy of note—but to show its wisdom, by
laying it 'beside, tine 'Soloman,'
words of Sela's,
which are; apropos to this ease, that you may
see hoiv charmingly it harmonises : " There
is that scatteretkand yet TROREASETH, and
there is that •withholdeth more than is meet,
but it tendeth to POVERTY."
Lastly. I am sorry that the article under
review seems to breathe 80 ranch of the'
spirit of Wight:less. " " Sons go work "to•day'
in 'my vineyard'," eaith the Divitie - Maker. ,
Yes, replies the advocate of this \ pleasing
scheme; only make it easy,.to avoid thoheat
and burden of the day. If the church, and
School, and stare, and smith-shop, and mill,
and pbysician, be " far off," and if - the plebe
Where im to worship be a, log school
house, or under some shady oak, I pray thee
have me excused. If all the inconveniences
of a new country be forestalled, and if
every appliance of hamar, comfort be fur
nished; I - can consent to go. ' Now, I say
nothing against human comforts;`they are
good and- proper ;. and, as the gifts of
Divine Providence, are to, be received thank
fully; but what 80# of religion is " my reli
gion;" if these nithitle the coriaitibiebfiny
going into 7 sity . Ott ef My° liketer'ir vine`
yard? I should think, a selfish religion.
By La or at the Office, $1.50 per Year, / woo arDnipurompris .
Delivered in the City, 2,00 " " (" 4 ' ''''"'"u"
WELO.LE N 0.876
And if this deliverance breathes the animus
of the saherne, I greatly fear that selfish
ness may hive as much to do in the move-
ment as Christianity. Is the thought un
charitable ? - .
For the Presbyterian Banner and Advocate
Have you a "Thus Saith the Lord"?
Dr. Baker, in a letter to his son, makes a
playful remark about. his bees, and then adds,
" Industrious creatures ! is it right to rob
them ? But I suppose they were made for
the use of man. Oar Saviour took a piece
of a broiled fish, and of a honey comb, and
did eat. Let every thing have a Bible
warrant." This was - deducing from Scrip
ture, permission to eat honey, "by good and
necessary oonsequence." Had, Dr. Baker
,qu'eted,Prov. iXiV :13, " My ion, eat thou
hooey, be'eadse it: ie goad, and the lieney
itsornift Whielfibilkitifeetitoth'ytaste," he would•
lave - troveditieliatire' from—what- is " ex
pressly set down in Scripture."
Now it appears to the writer, that many
good people are in unnecessary perplexity
about their duty, - because they do not find
express permission or direction in the Bible.
They think that they have not a " Thus
saith the Lord." The consequence is, that
many duties are really left undone, for fear
of going beyond what is written. While
they do right in guarding against what is
unwarranted, they err in overlooking the
general tenor of Bible teaching.
They are crippled and in fear, feeling
their way cautiously, and often refusing to
unite with their brethren in worship, and in
those noble Christian enterprises that are
blessing the world.
Oar Confession of Faith seems to take
the right and safe ground. Chap. I.; Sec
tion The whole counsel of God, con
cerning all things necessary for his own
glory, man's salvation, faith, and life, is
either expressly set down in Scripture, or by
good and• necessary consequence, may be
deduced from Scripture." " Conclusions,"
says Shaw, " fairly deduced from the decla
rations of the Word of God, are as truly
parts of Divine revelation, as if they were
expressly taught in the seared volume."
Bedausel cannot show a "Thus saith the
Lord"-in so many words, for the change of
the- Sabbath from the seventh to the first
day of the. week, I am not bound to keep
the seventh as the Sabbath, when the spirit
of the New Testament favors the change.
So• it is with the baptism of infants. I
cannot show in so many vords that infants
are to be - baptized-, and yet I infer from the
general tenor of the Bible, that they are.
So it is with the use of hymns in the
worship of Got • It is contended that we
have no express . warrant; and that therefore
we-corrupt the ordinance of praise in sing
ink any thing but the Psalms of David.
Bat were we to admit (as I do not,) that
tfiere is ha express 'warrant for singing any
thing but David's Psalms, still the use of
hynriii is right, according to the main drift
of the prophecies and of the New Testa
meat Where-do Where-do we get any direct warrant
for praising* God in rhyme ? or in metre ?
The - Psalms of David are neither in rhyme
nor in mare.
Farther: • Temperance Associations and
pledges are objected to, because God's Word
is silent on the subject of their use. Those
who - object; forget - that the Rechabites were
pledged and associated total abstinence men.
Must we have a " Thus saith the Lord " for
all the modes of conducting all good enter
prises before we enlist in them ? Then we
may 'bill farewell to - every moral , reform.
The mannerkif hurrying oat benevolent en
terprises must be left,-as , it-is, to the sound
discretion of the wise and good.,
13ecause there is no express warrant for
Temperance Societies, many worthy. men
make little or no effort to arrest the evil
which is spreading desolation and death
through all our borders. The circumstances
of every age point the Christian and the
Philanthropist to theproper - ineans for pro
moting virtue and repressing vice; but still
philanthropists who disregard the Scriptures,
or whose efforts are in opposition to the
Scriptures, are pseudo-philanthropists, and
often heiome fanatical and dangerous. Let
the - Beripturet be 'the basis of all philan
Let us " eat honey," both because it is
expressly,, approved of in, the Bible, and
" because it is good." ELICOY.
Tor the Preebyterlatt Benner end Advocate,
Centre Congregation, Mercer County.
MEISES. EDITORS :—I take this medial
of informing your readers,• and - the people
of God, that a great revival has been ex
perienced here. This congregation was
formerly under the oharge of the Rev. John
Munson; but since last' June it has been
vacant, except when supplied , by the differ
ent brethren, afid during that time nothing
worthy - of notice took-plaee. We obtitined
the services of the Rev. J. R.. Findley, of
Mercer, who preached - on Sabbath, the 6th
of Nov. We-did-note-intend-to hold a pro
tracted meeting at .-that time; but an un
usual interest took place, and the meetings
were continued. Daring the greater part
of the time of the meetings, an- -unusual
solemnity seemed to pervade the congrega
tion, betokening - the Divine presence, and
Christians felt that God was working with
them, and for them. Every lover of God
wait fully" aroused,'And the burden of their
prayer "'O Lord, thou son of David,
have mercy on us."• God - answered their
prayers, and many sinners -were converted,
and gave glory to him.
The meeting was continued till last Sab
bath; when 'the sacrament of- the Lord's
Sapper was administered, and seventy three
persons were received into the communion
of the church; for which work of Divine
grace we would render to Almighty God,
sincere" and heart-felt thanks, gratitude, and
In addition to the services of Rev.
Findley, we had, toward the close of the
meetings, the services of the Rev. Boyd, of
Harrisville, and the Rev. Walker, of
grove. ”The Rev. John Munson was also
present during a part of the meetings, and
seemed to take a deep interest in ther . R.
This old veteran of the Cross was a.gam
'riffling to "come up to the helpof the 'Lord
against "the mighty," and no 'doubt the
hearts of many were gladdened by seeing
this father in Israel < amongst them once
Yours for the cause of Christ, j. 13.
JERUSALEM. - A Syrian correspondent
says that Jerusalem has been making-rapid
strides of late toward a newborn civilization,
and its progress has been watched with in
terest the most intense, on the part of those
who - associated with the name of the Holy
City ideas of the Millennium and the speedy
return of the Jews. Large buildings, con
vents, hospitals, and churches, are rising in
every direction, and thousands of Russian
employees and Jews are becoming residents
of - the place.
TEEM ire minds, as well tie lands, of so
harsh and crabbed a disposition, that little
can it made of them.