Presbyterian banner & advocate. (Pittsburgh, Pa.) 1855-1860, November 19, 1859, Image 2

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watius.-• sl.lloo is adVillteel or lit Olitba
al.flS; or, delivered at road/ewes of Multairle
berms $ll.OO. Ilse Preepisetim, oa Eltird Paige.
It Ell MIN AL $ plould be prompt; a little
wYils before tke year expires. flat ewe stay .
stake all arrivagmente for a stoadlyy. sappl7.
WAX WAD WILAPPJUI Indlentos that are
dealre a renewal. ifs however, ha the halite
nallingg this elinal should be omitted' we
hope our friend' will OM not forget a&
RIGELIWORANCICIL—Send payment by cafe
hands. when eonvenlent. Ore mad by maul
'imploring with ordinary cares and troubling
nobody with a knowledge of what lON ors
For a large amount, send a Draft, or
large Kohn. For wrier twe papers send Gold
or small notes. ' •
1110 lIA.I CHAMOIS, Maud pentagon
or bettor still, amid for niers paposi
or Sessistrinualmirs, or Si for Vitirtimilirio
DIKINCW all Matters and Communications
to DAVID MISKINIENT CO..&Pittsburgh,
nirrifty-two students.
The monthly report of contributions to the
Fourth Professorehip has been received, but
owing to want of room, is laid over until
neat week.
Rtv. SAMUEL FINDLEY, pastor of the
Sixth Presbyterian church, in this city, re
turned, last week, from his journey to Hu*
rope. His health is much improved, and
there is a prospect of his being able, by the
exercise of much prudence, to perform his
duties toward the people of his charge.
ELDERS,--A word about the elders in
olden times, will be found in another part
of this paper. We have still many good
ones, but this important class of laborers in
the *lapel have, as well as ministers, room
to improve; and we have ever found that
those who are the best, in either class, are
among the most desirous to advance more
and more.
Next Thursday (the 24th,) will be Thanks
giving day. Our nation has abundant rea
son to bless God. Our churches have abun
dant reason. Families also, and individuals
have caw for gratitude, which should be
devoutly expressed. Then let all the people
praise the Lord. It becomes ministers and
elders especially, to see that the appointed
day is duly observed. When our public
authorities recognize God and religion, in
the appointment, the chimers of the Church
should not fail in leading the people, in the
A Corner atone Laid.
The corner atone of the South-Western
Presbyterian church of Philadelphia, was
laid on the 7th instant. - The exercises
were: Psalmody, cxxii Psalm, by Rev. Dr.
Blackwood; reading lxxxiv Psalm, by Rev.
George Morton; laying of the corner atone,
by Rev. Dr. McDowell, now in the fifty-
fifth year of his public ministry; appro
priate addresses by the pastor, Rev. . Mr.
McOaskie, by Rev. Dr. Boardman, and Rev.
Dr. West; benediction by Rev. Dr. Neill.
This congregation vas organized in 1858,
and has had to struggle with many difficul
ties, but has continued to grow, and has now
an encouraging prospect that it will soon
have a comfortable house of worship in a
part of the city, where the influence of this
church . will soon be of the most happy char
acter, both upon its material and spiritual
Westminster Church, Philadelphia.
This is one of the newer class of churches
in our metropolis. It is composed, mainly,
of immigrants from Ireland, of the true
Presbyterian stamp. Its existence is due,
very much, to the Church Extension efforts
of the Presbytery, and \ very much to the
ability and persevering efforts of its young
pastor. Mr. Watts has labored there with
exemplary zeal and perseverance, \ and the
Lord has greatly blessed him and his work.
A crowning kindness, so,fai as the church
edifice is concerned, was lately bestowed,
which the Presbyterian thus notices :
Repeated reference hae been made in
our columns to the Westminster church,
Philkdelphia, under the pastoral care of
the Rev. Robert Watts. The history of
thischurch is a record, on the one hand, of
signal difficulties and trials, and on the other
of remarkable faith and perseverance. In
the course of our long residence in Phila
delphia, we have known of no congregation
which had a stronger claim upon the Chris
tian confidence and sympathy of their breth-
ren—none which it was a 'greater pleasure
to assist= in their - struggle with pecuniary
embarrassments. After worshipping for
some months in their lecture room, they re
solved to finish their church edifice the
present Autumn. They set about it in their
usual way, by adding to their already large
and repeated contributions a fresh subscrip
tion, in which " their deep poverty abound
.ed untothe--3 4 4 1 .00-OE---chcric-liberadity." -
- - Mitt from the appropriation still due them
by the Church Extentuon Committee of the
Presbytery of Philadelphia, they required
five thousand dollars to complete their build
ing and furnish the andienae•room. They
were just learning, 'by a new and painful
experience, that to raise this sum in the
usual way would be likely to require some
years of patient v and perplexing labor; but
just at this moment a gentleman belonging
to the Tenth Presbyterian church of Phila
,(Rev. Dr. Boardman's,) whose
name we should like to give, who had pre
viously contributed to the enterprise, hear
ing of their situation, came forward, with
out solicitation, and babied their pastor a
cheek for the whole sum required—five
thousand dollars! This modest and munifi.
cent sot was clogged with no conditions ;
but a charaoteiistiii wish was intimated that
the church should give special attention to
the gathering of outcast children into its
Sabbath School, and that some of the pews
should be reserved rent free, or at a very
moderate rent, for the accommodation of the
We have seldom chronicled an instance
of Christian liberality with so much pleas
ure. It is eminently judicious, seasonable,
and effective. We cannot doubt that the
generous donor will, by God's blessing, reap
his reward "an hundred fold" here and
hereafter. Nor
,can we, refrain from add
in that the-example-is worthy of all imita
tation. Many a one will read this paragraph
who might, without inconvenience, relieve
some neighboring church of its pecuniary
embarracements, or assist a feeble congrega
tion in building a honee of- worship. Why
do you not "go and do likewise r Is
there, not enough in the luxury ot doing
good, in the gratitude of Christian hearts,
and in the approving smile of your Lord,
to incite you' to some kindred act of benefi
cence r
Father Chiniquy.
This is the name of the head of a
Colony of Canadian French (Romanists,)
who settled a few years ago, in Illinois,
near Chicago. Father Chiniquy was the
priest, and had the main management
of affairs. He, becoming unwilling to
yield implicit obedience to his Bishop, was
ordered to yield hie place to another. This
he refused. Suits were entered against
him, in the State courts, for the recovery of
the property. He defended successfully,
but in doing so became involved in debt.
The property, also was incumbered. To
meet these pecuniary difficulties, no possible
hope could be entertained from an appeal to
Romanist,. The money must be contribu
ted by the colonists themselves, who are ,
some three thousand in number, counting
men, women, and children, or it must be
obtained by solicitations from Protestants.
The latter course was adopted, and has now,
for nearly a year, been successfully prosecu
ted. Thousands, or perhaps .we might say,
tens of thousands of dollars have been
raised. -
The religious sentiments of the Colony
have not yet taken a distinctly definite form.
They may be anti.Romanist; and they
claim to be Evangelical. But whether they
are Preebyterian, Episcopal, Baptist, Meth
odist, or Congregational, neither the Father
nor his people have yet been able to ascer
At the last General A4sembly we were
introduced to Father Chiniquy, and. formed
a slight acquaintance, but we had not the
opportunity of so assuring ourselves of the
merits of hie scheme, as to make ourselves
the medium and agents of appeals to the
'benevolence and liberality of our readers.
The, editors of the Presbyterian, however,
became fully satisfied on the subject,4as did
also those of the New York Observer.
These journals, and some others, have henCe
ardently espoused his cause, and have col
lected very.ltege amounts of funds.
The delay of these people in making up
their minds as to articles of faith, and as to
the Scriptural teaahings relative to Church
order, may be eminently prudent; and yet
it strikes us as being somewhat singular, if
not nn-eoclesiaetical. It is to be hoped that
they will, ere long, obtain light. We learn
from statements in our exchanges, that.
Episcopalians; Baptists, and Methodists, are
furnishing them with the means of obtain
ing. knowledge, so far as those brethren are
concerned; but, strange to say, that Pres.
byterians have withheld the sources of in
formation as to the claims of their Church,
fitly Scriptural as she is in her foundations
and superstructure. It is even boasted that
we are so unproselyting in our spirit, that,
while sending money to these people who
are just emerging from 'Chi darkness of Re ,
manism, we leave them, untaught as of us,
to form their own faith.' We send no her
alds, no. Confession, no Catechismal, no books,
no tracts. This looks very much as though
we thought Presbyterianism could work its
way without the instrumentalities of Divine
appointment, Or was not worth propagating,
or even as though our peculiarities were sus
pected by ourselves of being injurionis to
the winning of men to an evangelical Chris
tianity. = Our readers, we think, will regard'
those who thus speak, as being immensely
mistaken. They regard Preebyterianism as
built upon the foundation of the prophets
and apostles, having Jesus Christ as the
chief coiner stone, 'and as briiaging
peace, and "joy,, wherever it finds entrance
to the understanding and the heart. A
battle for sectarianism they would never
wage; but truth, in its purest forms, they
would zesiouhly disseminate. They do not
regard their Standards, and the publications
of their Board, and the preaching of 'their
Missionaries as the mere " Chaff of contro
versy." They would feed the body, and also
bring light and life to the soul.
Another thing which seems strange to us
in this people, is, their extreme poverty.
They have been for some time in. fruitful
Illinois. Lands were acquired for them,
and improvements made to an extent deemed
worthy of expensive litigation. Their debts
have been paid by contributions from Prot
estants. They have been left to enjoy the
full fruits of their industry. Other - Flemish
immigrants prosper. The Germansacquire
wealth. The Irish sustain themselves and
send back money to bring their friends
hither. But these. people abide poor, ex
tremely.poor, in real want. We take the
fallowing from the Presbyterian of Novem
ber 12th:
Hui' Fos ram Szurvizto.--There cannot be nay
doubt about the suffering condition of Pother
Chiniquy's people. Much has been done; but
of hen there are thousands to be clothed and fed,
Dicta is required. Let us signalize the coming
Thankigiviny Day by collections in our churches for
our brethren in distress.
'And the editors of that journal thus urge
the ease
AN AMA/ TO Lannts.---We are gratified to
learn that the ladies of niers! congregations are
,engaged in preparing boxes of clothing, to be sent
to Father Ohiniquy's colony. We mention it in
the hope that this good example may be followed
in our churches geaerally. The case is a most
urgenV--one.---Hereare hundreds, or probably
thousands; of people at our very doors, who are
destitute of food and clothing. >The Winter is at
hand, and the prospect , is, that some of these
people mast perish, unless they get timely relief.
Their claim upon the benevolence of the churches
is, greatly enhanced by the fact, that they are re
cent converts from Romenism—subjects of a work
of grace, the remarkable character of which has
attracted universal attention. We bespeak the
prompt sympathy of the female members of our
churches on behalf of this interesting colony.
We thus help to circulate a knowledge, of
the wants of these needy immigrants; but
must be permitted to add that our own Mis•
don Boards need much to satisfy the claims
of devoted laborers ; and cur numerous
young men, in a course of training for the
LordAwork, must be sustained; and the
widow, the fatherless, the maimed, and the
superannuated, are not to be overlooked in
the day of our gladness.
Irish Deputation.
Rev. David Wilson, one of the associate!
of Rev. Dr. Edgar, on a visit to the'united .
States, soliciting aid for the conducting of
EvangelicaLMissions to the Roman Catho•
lice in Ireland, was in our cities last Sabbath,
and preached in three of the churches.
We honor the zeal of our Irish brethren,
and trust That they will not be disappointed
in 'their expectation. The early churohas
planted and nurtured in distant land!, by
ministers and emigrants from Aidaa, sent
donations to the parent church. Why
should there not be a similar spirit now
Not that the phurches in the father land,
have beicome 'poor, and ask for sustenance
at.our. lands. >That is not the case. They
can , sustain •their, own ministry and ordi
lances. The call is made for help in oar•
Tying on their missionary work. The fol.'
lowing communication we cheerfully insert
The time is approaching when the Depu
tation must leave America for Ireland. The
members of the Deputation separated last
week—one for. the South, another for the .
North, and a third for the Vest. It was
my priyilege to officiate in three pulpits—
in Pittsburgh and Allegheny—on Sabbath
lest. As I must pass on Westward to ad
dress meetings in Cincinnati, &0., and do
not return to Pittsburgh, it is altogether be.
yond my power to -call upon ; ; many, parties,
who, I have no doubt, would willingly Con
tribute toward our mission, I hope. ,that
many ministers and people in this district of
the country may be stirred up to come to
our help.
Our mission field lies in:the three Romish
provinces of Deland. Our agents are or
dained ministers, Scripture readers, and ool
porteurs. Upwards of eight thousand chil
dren have passed through our Scriptural
schools in Connaught, and nearly three
thousand through. our Seripturil schools at
Birr, in Leineter.
COntributions will be received and duly
forwarded by Rev. John Douglas, D.D., and
C. Arbuthnot, Esq., Pittsburgh.
Faithfully. yours, DAVID WILSON.
Pittsburgh, Nov. 14, 1859.
Sefrerson College.
We noted, last week, the election of Emir.
Isaac N. McKinney to the Chair of Latin,
in this institution. The appointment is ac
cepted, and the Professor will enter upon
the discharge of the duties of his office, at
the beginning of the next term, which will
be early in January. It will hardly 'be
permitted us to congratulate our Alma Ma•
ter on this accession to her teaching force.
We may say, however, that with youth,
knowledge and enthusiastic ardor, she gets
-also hopeful piety' and some experience; and
`there is every ground of assurance that the
will shall.ot be wanting-, to the 'full dis
charge of all Professorial duties.
Jefferson has now, a Faculty occupying
the six chairs of instruction. The members
are all devoted to their work, and they, em
brace, in a high degree, the qualifications
which are most to be desired in instructors.
They have piety, talents, learning, and ex
perience. All are Presbyterians. Four are
ministers of the Gospel. , One is from New
England, though a graduate of Princeton
Theological Seminary ; one is from Scotland;
one from Ireland ; and three are Pennsyl
vanians and Alumni of the College. To
snob an institution young men may resort,
with 'the fullest confidence that they will
enjoy ample means of becoming qualified
for life's highest- duties; and parents may
there trust their sons under the assurance
that while they shall be fitted for bearing
honorably their social responsibilities, they
will also be helped onward in the pathway
to immortaLjoys.
There are those who lament that so many
of our ministers should be employed as
teachers, in Seminaries, Colleges, and Acad.
,envies. With such we have no sympathy.
We would have all teachers of youth to pos
sess the knowledge, spirit, and devotedness
of ministers. And if they should have the
qualifications, why may they not have the
name, the license, and , the honor We re
joioe that so large a portion of our schools
are truly . Christian; May they ever be so.
May they be conducted by ministers; or by.
men of =a ministerial spirit, and possessed of
all qualifications for the sacred office. Then
will they be, as Jefferson always has been,
nurseries of ministers. They will be foun-,
tains sending forth streams of blessing. _
" The New York Observer, Organ of the
Old School Presbyterians."
Such is the introduction given by the
Evening Chronicle, of last Monday, to an
article of the Observer, with, respect to
John Brown, of Harper's Ferry notoriety.
In the " Missionary" of last week, we find
the Observer termed . " Old School Presby
terian." And in several exchanges, within
a short time, we'have noticed the Hew York
Observer spoken of as an " Old School
Presbyterian paper."
As it is the duty of public journalists to
remove erroneous impressions, and to set
forth the true and precise' position occupied
by churches, societies, and newspapers, we
will endeavor to place the Observer right,
before our readers. But, in.the beginning,
we would remind them that the Old School
Presbyterian Church has no " organ" in
the same sense that the Methodist Church
and some other Churches have. All the
Old School papers in.the land are individual
enterprises, at individual risk. And while
it is their object to declare the doctrines,
government, and discipline of that Church,
to ,advocate its claims, and to seek to extend
its usefulness as a branch of the great fam
ily of Christ, no one of them pretends for a
moment to have the right to regard its ut
terances as the authorized deliverances of
the. Church with regard to any subject.
But the Hew. York Observer never pre
tended to be an "Old School Presbyterian
paper," any more than a Net* School Pres.
byterian paper, a Congregationalist paper, a
Reformed Dutch paper, or a Low Church
Episcopal paper. It has never advocated
the Old School Presbyterian Church and its
institutions, any more than it has advocated
the New School Preabyterian Church and
its institutions, the Congregational Church
and its institutions, the Reformed Dutch
Church and its institutions, or the Low
Church party of the Episcopal Church and'
its institutions. Editors and others a bove,
justas much right to call the Observer the
"organ" of the New . School Presbyterian
Church, or of the Congregational Church,
or of the Reformed Dutch Church, or of the
Episcopal Church, as to call it the " organ" -
of the. Old School Presbyterian Church.
In the. Circular lakely sent, out by the. Ob
server there is not the least hint that it is an
Old School Presbyterian paper, or that it is
a, Presbyterian paper at all. We hope that'
hereafter - ourcootemporaries will do the Ob
server the justice not to place it in a poi&
tion it never occupied, and not to give it a
name it never claimed. .
Clergymen Deceased.
Rev. JAoorr KutICP`ATRICK, late pastor'of
the Third Presbyterian church, Trenton,.lg:
J., died Oot. 27th. Ile was yet in the
early yearn of his. ministry. To be spared
for a long life of usefulness is a blessing to
be desired ; and also to depart` arly, °hang
jog toili for joys, has itif attractions. The
good child says, " Father, thy will be done'
' Rev. War. L. MOOALLA I as stated in the
True Witness died near Carthage La.
on the 12th of October; after a fear days ill,
the age of
near at about , sevUuty , Year.o.
Mr. McCallaii life was one of some incident,
much variety, and great ,conflict. He set
out an ardent Young man, having a strong
will, much' power, great confidence in the
rectitude of his own/judgment, and a tem
peiainenf whiel could brook no restraint.
He.was haunt', while orthodox, zealous for.
truth, and deeply devotional, ever getting
into contests. And unhippily, his contests
were not always with: Zion's foes. He was
ever armed eap.a-pie,. and was often found ,
brandishing his rapier against individual
Christiansi ministers, Sessions, Presby
teries and Synods, from whom he differed
in judgment; and he was terrible in battle,
whoever might be the antagonist. Zion
was to him, truly, it the Church Militant."
The propensities and powers which we have
noted, must lead, necessarily, to many
changes. He was, hence, a pilgrim and so.
journer, having no abiding peace. He was
chaplain in .General Jackson's army; min
ister in Kentucky; pastor in four different
churches 'in Philadelphia; pastor, stated
supply, or temporary preacher, in Texas, in
a congregation in New Jersey, in two, other
congregations in Pennsylvania, in St. Louis,
Mo., in St. Charles, Mo., in New Orleans,
and in one or two.other places in Louisiana.
.Mr. McCalla performed a great amount
of ;labor. Some of it was eminently use
ful;. and; a portion was of thai class which,
to human. eyes, seemed not promotive of
Zion's prepatity. The Mandl); biographer,
noting,only ins powers, excellences, and good
deeds, would:place him among the best and
most useful 'icf . mortals. The pen of the ,
foe, selecting only traits and facts such as
an. enemy can remember and record, , and
adding a little of the coloring of malignity,
would'exhihit - him as nnamiable and inju
rious. The impartial, able, wise, and discrim
inating historian, would present a Lite deeply
instructive. Incidente giving occasion
for heavenly counsels and prudent warn
inn are to be found in the richest abund
We first made the acquaintance '
of .Mr.
MoCalla, at the Assembly of 1826, and al
ways enjoyed hill friendshiii. Oar estimate
of him is, that a good man has gone to his
Rzy. A. H. H. BoYD, p., o f Man.
chester, Va., has been .elected to the Chair
of Ecclesiastical History in the Theological
Seminary of the New School Presbyterians,
at: Charlottesville, Va.
Boston and New England.
Considerable Excitement has been occasioned
from thediscovery that the State' liquor agent,
Mr. „Burnham, nee peen engaged in adulterating
the liquors passing through. his agency, to a great
extent In this way' he has been able to realize
large sums of ,money, while , physicians, apothe
caries, and their patients, have been grossly de.
ceived. Tie agent resigned his place some time
ago, but on account of This. refusal to deliver
up certain books in his possession, he has been
thrown into prison for contempt of Court.
The papers, from time to time, contain no
counts of the movements and intentions of Kr.
Sumner, but tliei vary so greatly and so frequent
ly as to be, 'for the most park.unreliable. At one
time, it is reported that but little improvement
has taken place iq . his general health; at another
time we are informed that he has, in a great
measure,-recovered from the effect of his inju
ries, and will at once resume his plum in the
Senate ; and now the report is, that he will marry
and settle for life in England, and that Gov
Banks will certainly be his successor in the
Senate. "Prom these statements our readers may
form an opinion;: if they can, as
,to the future
course of Mr. Sumner.
Harvard University has, at present, four hun
dred and thirty-one under-graduates in the regu
lar College course ; twenty-one Divinity students;
two hundred and' forty-two law students; and
one hundred and forty medical student& It is
said that more than two thirds of the students
who have entered the institution lately, are from
orthodox Christian families ; and hence it is in
ferred by some that Harvard is rapidly passing
over from Unitarianism to orthodoxy. But
others might, with equal propriety, infer that this
was an indication of but little concern as to the
religions character of the institution to which
the sons of those nominally orthodox Christian
parents are sent. A correspondent of the New York
Evening Post, in a private letter, gives the fal
lowing - intelligence, which, if ,true,•will create a
sensation in the Unitarian ranks :
Prof. Huntington, of Harvard • College, has
just written to his brother Theophilus, in Hadley,
announcing, that he has embraced the doctrine of
the Trinity, and indicating that he finds great
peace and comfort in his new opinions. What
denomination he will enter is not stated, but he
evidently admires, like Dr. Bellows, the cere
monial system of the Episcopal Church.
Prof. Huntingten is one of the most finished
writers of the present day, is a graduate of Am..
herst College, and although" identified with 'Uni
tarians, he has, at different times, and in various
ways, given indications of a desire to separate
from them. His volumes of published sermons,
and his fine_selection of " Hymns-of the Ages,"
have led many to suppose him possessed of much
devout enthusiasm and zeal. But if, as intima
ted in the extract given above, his preferences
are for the Broad Church, as sketched by Dr.
4 13ellowe, or for the unevangelical wing of the
Episcopal Church in England, generally termed
Bi:oaci Church, the-chitnge will not be much for
the better. - -
Williams' • Ca*, Mass:, has two hundred and
forty atUdente in ittendanoe, of whom seventy
six are front Massachusetts, and < eighty-nine
from New York: The institution hags ten pro
Professor 'Whitney; of Yale College, is engaged
in the "translation and publication of a liindoo
work on Astronomy
Lately there has been a gathering of distin
guished ?residents and Professors of New England
Colleges, at the residence of President Sears,
at Providence, R. 1., to consider the most expe
dient means to be adopted in several colleges as
to instruction and discipline. It in supposed that
a resolution..was .passed with regard to col
lege secret Societies and mock burialn, that may
lead to some decisive action in the , ftiture. The
next meeting will be held in October, 1860, at
Williams' College.'
New York.
It is a cause for gratitude that the Late Elec
tion, passed with more than usual quiet. This
was, no: doubt, owing in part to the excellent
police arrangements made by the superintendent
of this . department. But so noiselessly was the
whole affair conducted, that the officers had in
the end but little more than their ordinary duties
to' perform. As usual, a great number- of the
reputable and order loving portion of the citizens
neglected to vote, and no doubt these persons
complain moat loudly of official corruption and
bad " government; while they do nothing to Insure
a,better state of things.
Some of the Secular Papers complain that
clergymen who preach loudly against the sins of
the city and the shortcomings of its authorities,
do but little, toward effecting a reformation'
through the ballot box. In one district:in the
upper part of the city, where twelve clergymen
of high repute and
,aoknowledged ability reeide,
onlytwo voted. , It is true that political parties
have become fearfully corrupt and that the_man.
agement is, in.a good degree, in the hands of the
unworthy, but the”yeins of povrer must be taken
from them, and this can only be done by all good
and true men asserting and exercising their
rights as good and loyal dtiaens.
This city has been infested for many months
with a class of men connected with different Gift
Enterprises. At first their , operations were con
nected principally with the sale of books, but
now it has been extended to many other articles.
The way in which the business is done is this ;
A. book is sold for a certain sum, `and along with
the book, or whate.ver article may be sold, a
piece of
_cheap jewelry is given—the particular
article of jewelry being determined somewhat in
the way in-which' lotteries are conducted. The
operations`of these men are - carried' on all over
the land, by means of agencies established in the
cities, towns, and neighborhoods. One very sac
cessful method is to operate through post
masters. The whole thing is of evil teudency,
and the police have made several descents upon
different establishments. The books sold, are
generally useless, and the jewelry obtained is of
the most worthless kind, while the principle upon
which the business is conducted is simply that of
the lottery in disguise. The young, the artless;
and the poor, are the victims upon which these
sharpers fatten. And wherever one of their
agents makes his appearance. or any one under
takes to act for them, he should be regarded as
not engaged in a legitimate or .honest business,
although no doubt some of these are not con
scious of the greet wrongs they are assisting in
perpetrating. Every thing that has the least
squint toward the lottery' or the gambling table,
is to b e eschewed by thoie who would preserve
their morals and their purses.
Dr. Cumming has found, in the present dis
turbed state of Europe, another opportunity for
one of his peculiar deliverances on the * Subject of
prophecy. Messrs. Rudd & Carleton have just
Leaned a new•work by the Doctor, entitled " The
Great Tribulation, or Things Coming on the
Earth." What a'pity it is'that the author would
not confine himself to the preaching of the Gos
pel, for which be has rare gifts, and in which be
is eminently successful ! But as an interpreter
of proPhecy, he is altogether unreliable, as is
most clearly shown in several of his former
works. He fails into the error so common to the
whole Millennarian school, of leaving the inter
pretation of the Bible, for the sake of uttering
their own prophecies. Nevertheless the Public
has not wearied of Dr. Cumning, for the present
work passed through no less than three• editions,
in' the short space of two weeks, in England.
And it is probable that it will find multitudes af
eager readers in this country, although they
might, easily find more profitable reading._
Mr. James 4. Mellfaeter, editor of the Freeman's
Journal, has been delivering himself of a lecture
on Christopher Columbus,. whose character, ac
cording to Mr. Mac Master, . has been greatly
aspersed by Humboldt and Washington Irving.
But in this lecture he informs •the public of one
fact that has hitherto escaped the attention of
historians; and that is, „ one of Columbus'
crew was an Irishman !" Yes, in the forecastle
of the ,Pinta was an able-bodied, fun-loving, Hi
bernian. Mr. McMaster did not inform his hear
ers of the amount of wages per month received
by this son of the Emerald Isle, or 'kw he liked
the fare on the voyage, or what sage observations
he made to his shipmates on that eventful sail.
These facts may be reserved for a future occasion.
Some of the secular papers protested loudly,
but in vain, against the observance of the Brod:
eriek Funeral Services on last Sabbath. It is high
time for all good men to set themselves strongly
against these and kindred displays on the holy
Sabbath. Mr. Broderick's friends would have
done his own memory and their own characters
good service, by the selection of some other day.
A Convention" of BeiimeN ghapZains and . the
Priends of Seamm, was in session in this city, two
or three days last week. Aldany interesting state
meats were made' concerning the progress of the
Gospel among 'seamen, by chaplains and others.
ItesolittiOns were passed; recommending the:ces
aation of labors on shipboard, as much as possible
on the Sabbath, and the abolishing of the spirit
yations on the Government ships.. These resole..
tions were ably advocated by Capt. Foote of the
United States Navy, who asserted as the result of
twenty-five . years of observation, his.firni belief
that many of the evils,•to be found ;in our Navy,*
originate directly or> indirectly:from the - ltpirit
rations allowed by Government
A Letter from - Dr. Meyer to the' Rev. Mr.
Spurgeon, of . London; was lately published, in
which the Dr. fully accredited 'a young lady as
the agent of his church in England, to collect
funds for its support, The reason for asking aid
from abroad, the Dr. asserted to be was, that in
the present state.of this country, it was impossi
ble to obtain funds for the support of any church
in which an anti.slavery Gospel was preached.
This letter and appeal of Dr. Cheever for aid 1
from abroad, were severely,
.• re p rimanded by. the
- •- - I
secular papers of different shades of opinion On
slavery and 'other: subjects. This kas brought
out a most virulent defence,.in which the Dr. ;
benefits neither hitnself nor his cause. The truth
is, that according to his own , showing, Dt.Cheever
has preached away his congregation, and broken
down his usefulness and influence.
The Bev. Di. Bethune has accepted the invita
tion to become co-pastor of the Reformed Dutch
church, of West TwentyftThird Street, with 'the
Rev. Mr. Van Nest. •
According to the Christian Inielligencer, the or
gan of the Reformed Dutch:Church, thit denom.
ination has not been making any great progress
in the way of Church Extension, in this city, fOr
some time. In 1839 it had thirteen churches,
and has now only fifteen; this is certainly do*
progress when the growth of the eitrand some
other denominations-is taken into account. And
yet thiedenomination is the oldest and, wealthiest
lithe city, and has its due proportion of pulpit
ability and learnidg in its ministry. But the
wealthy churches have been slow to undertake
new enterprises, and the consequence has been,
that - while some congregations have increased in
wealth, the denomination, as a whole,, has lost
ground. sg There is that vrithholdeth more than
is meet, audit tendeth to poverty." Churches do
not act wisely by seeking to retain the wealth
and influence in a few organizationsl expansion
is necessary to •success.
The one hundred and twenty-seventh
versary of the Landing of Wm. Penn, was
observed by the .Permaylvania Historical So
ciety, on . the Bth inst, at the Sun Tavern, in the
ancient Moravian town of Bethlehem, celebrated
in the annals of the olden time, and beautiful and
attractive in the present.. The members of the
Society and invited guests, visited the noted
schools for young ladies, the venerable churches.
the Sister's House, the old grave yard, and many
other interesting localities. The dinner was
served up in the very beet style, and on the bill
of fare were three gastronomic novelties, the
mention of which will recall former days to some
of our readers, whose school days were spent at
Bethlehem. They were designated, '' Morweasy
Sauce," "-Moravian Apple Cake." and Bethlehem
Strensnel." The day passed off pleasantly, and
it is hoped that this visit of the Historical Society
will result in some researches that will mate
Bethlehem and its past history better known to
the world than it has yet been: Holy men and
women have lived there; and their very dust is
The Rev, H. Giaitan Guittne44 of Dublin,
Ireland, widely known for evangelical labors as
a preacher to the masses in England and Ire
land, has arrived in this country and commenced
his labors in preaching the Gospel in this city.
From the notice given in the secular papers we
learn than he has
,come to this country to labor
as a revivalist,, , ‘ by invitation from a meeting of
evangelical ministers of various denominations
in Philadelphia:" -Who composed this meeting
is not stated. We confess that the publicity
given to the object of hisvoming, and the man
ner iztwhich his efforts here have been initiated,
savors very strongly of the movements of Fin
ney in former days. ' May the final results upon
the churches and people be much hapipier,- IS' our.
Vor the Preebyterian Bwrtetr and Advoeato.
North-Western Theological Seminary,
The Board of Directors of this Institu
tution had a pleasant meeting, during which
much important b,usiness wagi-AllsTade 4,
from the 25th to the 27th ult. The follow
ing may be noted as items of public inter
est :
1. The Inauguration.—The exercises
commenced on Tuesday evening, with the
delivery of an appropriate sermon by the
Rev. J. H. Brown, D.D ; the actual inane
don , of• the four Professors was then effected
by their subscribing the pledge, followed by
prayer, after which the President of the
Board, the Rev. S. T. Wilson, gave the
charge. Ore-Wednesday afternoon Dra. Rice
and Lord gave their inaugural addresses, and
in the evening Drs. Halsey and Scott theirs.
It is sufficient to say that these addresses
were of a high order. They, with the also
excellent charge and sermon, were requested
for publication under the supervision of the
Executive Committee.
The Executive Committee reported the
offer, by Messrs. Ogden, Sheffield,, and oth
ers, of twenty acres within the city limits;
and by Messrs. Lill and Diverse* of five
acres adjoining, and just without the cor
poration, as a site for the Seminary. The
tract Has on the North side, perhaps two
miles from the centre of the city, three
fourths of a mile from the Lake, and not
more than five minutes' walk from the ter
mination of the Clark Street horse railroad.
It is considered now worth $50,000. The
conditions of the gift were liberal and setts
factory. The Board therefore accepted, with
thanks to the donors, and requested the
Board of Trustees at once to take out proper
The Board was further notified that the
Seminary opened at the time appointed,
September 14th, with ten students, to which
number, two more were shortly added. A
commodious building, with elegantly fur
nished apartments for forty students, and
good lecture-rooms, and located in the midst
of the city, has been obtained for the first
year, at a nominal rent, through the liberal
ity of an anonymous gentleman.
The Committee also reported that IL S.
Corning, Esq., of New York, had, through
Dr. Lord, one of the, Professors, offered, at
least $l5OO, to be drawn at the pleasure of
the Professor, toward founding a library;
and that our Board of Publication had gen
erously given a full set of their valuable
publications. Suitable minutes were adopt
ed, expressing the thanks of the Board to
both these parties; and. copies, subscribed
by the President and Secretary, were order
ed to be transmitted to them. It was re
solved, too, to call the department of the
library—filled with the fruits of Mr. Corn
ing's 'generosity--"The' Corning Library!'
A sirnilar minute of thanks was adopted
in view of the munificent donation of $lOO,-
000 by Cyrus H. liloCormick, Esq.', to the
Endowment Fund, the first installment of
which, $25,000, it is understood he has paid
to the Trustees, though not due until next
September; and it was ordered that the first
Professorship be called "The Cyrus H. Mc-
Cormick Professorship of "Theology."
A code of twelve byrlaws, reported by
the Rev. C. Alden, as chairman of a cam
mittee appointed at the last meeting for that
purpose, was, after a' few amendments,
adopted. -
The Committee of .Examination for next
Spring, consists of J, Phelps; D.D., J. C.
Brown, D.D., N. West, Jr.; and J. P. Con.
key, ministers;
with James M. Ray, N. C.
Thompson; C. A. Spring, J. C. Grier, and
Hon. R. 2. Lowe, Ruling Elders.
The Standing Committee of Censors,
called for by another, was made to
consist of F. N. swing, J. M. Buchanan,
and Z. Axtell, ministers; with A. P. Wat.
erman, Thomas H. Beebe, and William G.
Holmes, Ruling Elders.
The Rev. - J. Phelps, D.D., was appointed
to preach the sermon before the Board at its
first annual meeting, and the Rev. 0. Axtell.
his alternate.
The session, will this year close on the
first Wednesday. of May; but hereafter will,
in Accordance with one of the by-laws,, open
on the first Thursday of September, and
close on the first Thursday of April in each
The ,esteemed agents—the, Rev.. R. T.
Farris and Mr. 0. A. Spring—seem to be
meeting with much success, having• in about
six weeks of service, and at only a few
points, obtained some $15,000 in notes, for
general purposes, besides one scholarship of
. 82500, pledged by a Ruling Elder and, his
son, in the First church, Peoria.
Leaving much important business to the
Executive Committee, the Board adjourned
to meet at ten o'clock A. M., in the North
Church, Chicago, on the Tuesday before the
•first Wednesday in May, 1860.
/TORN M. FAR* Secretary.
Yor the Presbyterian Banner and Advonite
Synod of- Ohio•
This Synod held its annual meeting, at Mans
field, Ohio, commencing October 20th, and, was
opened with a sermon by the Moderator, the Rev.
Frederick T. Brown.
The Rev. James M. Platt was chosen Modera
tor, and the Revs. Wm. R Hunt and R. C. Gal
braith were chosen Temporary Clerks.
The objects of chief interest on Friday, (the
first business day . of Synod,) were addresses by
the Rev. Dr. Edgar, of the Irish Deputation, in
behalf of the Irish Catholic Mission, and by the
Rev. Dr. Thomas and others, on the Synodical
University. The Stated Clerk was not present
to hear for himself, but the members of Synod
who had the privilege of hearing, speak of the
addresses of these
,Corresponding Brethren as
both able and eloquent.
In 'regard to the Irish Mission the Synod
adopted the following, viz.:
Synod having had their attention called by the
Rev. Dr. Edgar, of Belfast, Ireland, to the won
derful work of grace' going on in that country,
and to the wide.and open door for the' spread of
the Gospel,
Revolved, That we recommend to all our
churches, and to individuals who may desire it,
to make a Contribution to aid the Presbyterian
Church of Ireland, in her Catholic Mission.
In regard to the University, after ionsiderable
discussion, and with much good will and unanim
ity, the ' following - resolutions were adopted:
Resolved, That this Synod , concur in the action
of the Synod of Cincinnati, (in favor of renewing
the effort, with Springfield in view as the location,)
in its general'import, respecting the erection of a
University, under the care of the Synods of Ohio
and Cincinnati; leaving the details, in carrying
out the purposes of the two" Synods, to the joint
Committee appointed by them.
Resolved, That the Synod express it as their
opinion that the joint Committee are authorizes to
adopt such means for beginning the operations of
the Institution, and to make. such modifications of
the.plan proposed, as they may deem necessary, in
respect of the location, and the amount of sub
scription to be sheared before any money shall be
expended; and report all their proceedings to the
Synods at their next meeting.
The following persons were appointed members
of the joint Committee fiom this Synod : Revs.
John Robinson, Dr. Hoge, F. T. Brown, M. A.
Hoge:* and elders Dr. H. A. True, Samuel Gal
loway, A. Greenlee.
Synod took action in reference to
THE onocrew trisstow.
Inasmuch as the American Board of Commission_
ors for. Foreign. Missions has deelined to support
the Choctaw Mission; therefore,
Resoived That this Synod recommend to the
Presbyterian Board of Foreign Misitons to. take
charge of that Mission; and that this Synod deeit
hereby pledge an increased support.
Report of the Committee
whiCh was adopted:
The Committee would call the attention of the
Synod to the answer of the Assembly to Overture
No. 10, from the Presbyterian Historical Society,
and'to the action of the Assembly on Overture
28, from Dr. It. R. Reed, respecting the Coloniza
tion Sooiety, and would respeotfully present the
following for their consideration,:
Wuranas, The Dist General Assenibly returned
a'negative answer to an Overture Mini the Pres
byterian Historical Society, asking the Assembly
to recommend that a collection in their behalf be
taken up in the churches, on the ground that the
Church is " a spiritual body," commissioned only
,to execute'• the -- revealed'' will: of . Ged; s and can,
therefore, attain no direct relittionla any volun
tary-association ; and,
Whereas, In the disoussion_which arose on the'
resolutions relating to the American Colonization
Society,: arguments;,,.weee Used and principles
avowed, and apparentlYr acquiesded in by many,
w hi c h, in the judgment;of this Synod, are nn
scriptural, "and of pernicious tendency, and,, if
followed out, would materially change' the policy
of the Church,' and , nullify, its . : , paat testimonies
on these and kindred ;• and',
Whereas, The resolutions relating to the Col
onization Society, were,
by a- complication or
motions, finally disposed of at the last hour of the
Assembly, when there-was not an - oppertnnity for
distension, such a way as neither to give
an alfirmatire or negative - answer; therefore,
Resolved, That this Synod feel called upon to
express their decided and solemn dissent from the
principles above referred to, regarding them as
not only unscriptural and calculated to strip the
Church of her moral power, as a witness for the
truth, but as in manifest"contradiction- to the
faith and practice of the Presbyterian Church in
all her past history.
Resolved,' That Presbyterians have always held
that' the Chitral is bound to hold forth, in the
the face of all men, the truth and law of Cod,
to testify against all infractions of that law by
rulera or peoPle, 'and to lend her countenance
and 'support 'to all means within and without her
jurisdiction, which• .skii believes to be designed
and wisely adapted to promote the glory and
kingdom of the 'Lord Jesus Christ.
In the work of Systemitic Benevolence there
has been a very slight advance during the year.
Contributions to Boards last year, about $4,913.00
this year, " 6,040 00
From the Presbytery of Marion no report.
Forty-three churches contributed nothing.
The following were appointed to 'preach on
special subjects at the next meeting of Synod
Rev. J. R. Burget, principal, and Rev. William
Campbell, alternate ; and Rev. S. Diefendorf, D.
D., principal, and Rev. Win. E. Hunt, alternate.
No business of a judicial character was before
the Synod. The Sessions were harmonious and
pleasant. The Sabbath services in particular
were deeply enjoyed by the, members of Synod,,
and appeared to be gratifying to the several con
gregations whose pulpits they occupied and with
whom they joined in worship to the common
God and Father of us all.
You will find the Narrative of the State of Re
ligion Appended, which Synod directed to be react
After a vote of thanks to the citizens of Mans
field, who BO creditably entertained the Synod,
and to the several railroad companies, affording
special facilities to members going or returning,
Synod adjourned to meet in Ciroleville, on the
Third Wednesday of October, 1860, at 7 o'clooh
P. M.
By order of Synod, Moses A. llooz,
Stated Clerk.
Zaneeville, November 7th, 1859.
When those who have charge of the churches
come together, they cannot but feel that one
of their most interesting and important duties is
to discern the times. They desire to speak to
one another in the language of the prophet,
Watchman, What of the night I" The pros
perous condition of their field is, of all other
things, that which they, as the servants of Jesus
Christ nsost ardently wish, and which they most
devotedly labor to obtain. Without this, every
other consideration is of no avail. It is in vain
to project important enterprises, 'to settle the
boundarioe of Presbyteries, and to lay the foun
dation of Colleges, unless the churches .are filled
with Ate power, and flourishing under the influ
ences of the Spirit of Christ. Their spiritual
welfare should be the object of first concern, as
their spiritual prosperity should be the matter of
highest joy, with those whose duty it is to feed
the flock of 'Jesus Christ. g• Are not ye our joy
and crows of rejoicing!" :
The reports which , are now presented re
specting this subject,' differ greatly from
those of the year preceding. They contain
no account of the refreshings from the presence
of the Lord, 'because of which, at our last meet
ing, our hearts were filled with gratitude and
thanksgiving. They speak not of powerful
aWakenings, of large ingatheringe, of the glad
ness felt by pastors and those of like mind, of
the multitudes returning to the Lord. Not a
single churbh within our bounds has, during the
past ,year,. been revived to anything like the
extent enjoyed in su many instames _the year be
fore. This, of course; is matter. for lamentation
God's servants must thirst and long to see his
power and ,glory 'in the sanctuary, as they
have assent it in' times 'Past, and as "others
of their fellow-servants are still seeing it.
And yet there is no ground for des
pondency or discouragement. The cheering
word is brought . np on every baud, that God
is in the midst of his people. AlmOst every
church ripens some addition from the world;
many report additions st every communion Beason
during the year. Eighteen were thus added to
each of two churches ; that seems to be the
highest' number admitted in any instance. This
kind of regular, steady increase, -is fitted to
strengthen faith and encourage labors. Though
it gives not the transport which springs from
seeing inquiring sinners by , scores and hundreds,
yet undpubtedly, the influence is Tore cheering,
and the work more sound when smaller numbers
are continually added, than when a -large seces
sion occurs, followed by a long Bastion of barren
ness and drought.
Besides this regular increase there are other
encouraging features. Perhaps the most im
portant is the earnest and faithful effort de.
voted to the instrhotion of the . young. Almost
every report makes express mention of the Sab
bath School ; and those instances in which the
subject was oinitted,, are such as we have every
reason to believe,nrc persuaded of this iinport
ant institution. in most cases, moreover, it is
stated that increased interest and activity have
been manifested during the past year. New
schools have been organized, old ones have been
greatly enlarged. In places where , a deficiency
of teachers existed, that deficiendy has been sup
plied by thoee who are stirred to engage in the
work. Two churches report having under their
care as many as six schools, and another three.
In, connexion with this point, cateehetical train
ing is represented as extensively , given. Some
times this work is accomplished as a 'part of the
exercises of the Sabbath' School, and sometimes
under the immediate supervision of the pactor or
Session. In one church—not one of the largest--
forty children recited the Shorter ditechism per
fectly, during the last year. This is the right
kind of work; this'is the right method of doing
it. Let the young be properly regarded, let the
lambs be fed, and the prospect of the future can
not but be bright. When the form of sound
words is impressed upon the youthful mind, it
has a better opportunity, by God's blessing, of
withstanding the profane and vain babblings,
which, in, so many various forms, are borne upon
every breeze that passes by.
'The statement Of two, or ',three of the reports
directs attention to another important subject.
Two of the churches .have each among their
membership one candidate for the ministry,
another, three, and another five. The reports
frotnthe two Presbyierial Academies within our
bounds, contain - °bearing allusions to this sub
ject. The heart of the Christian is indeed/
quickened with joy by such tidings. But it may
be asked of every pastor, does this subject re
ceive sufficient attention ? Are we, with eager
minds, constantly watching among the yotith of
our nooks for those who shall recruit the ranks of
our ministry? Do we urge often, enough upon
parents, their duty in this respect'? Borne down
daily by the responsibility of our work, fre
quently impressed with ihe truth that ibe season
of our opportunity is swiftly passing "away, and
hearing continually the - sad (tries of 'a perishing
world. 0 let us seek to make this one of our
dearest and most warmly cherished aims.
Oa the subject of beneficence, it seems from
the special report that the churches of the Synod
have made a slight advance during the past year.
While on aceount of that special report, some of
the Narratives do mot allude to the matter, yet.
because of its intimate connexion -with the spir
itual life of the churches, it is, mentioned by
many. There are indications that in some of
th'e churches the subject is treated with neglect,
in others that it does not receive the ftivor it. de
serves. Stich unfavorable signs - are candidly
deplored, and promises are. made for the future
which it is. hoped the Sessions ,will religiously
endeavor to fulfill; , In some cases the failure is
owing to the pressure of home demands. Eight
churches have during the year, built , or finished
new houses• Of worship, and some more have
made extensive and permanent :repairs. It is
pleasing, however, that some have . increased
their contributions, not only in the amount
donated; but what 'is more important in the
number of the church operations' 'which claimed
their regard. The gifts:of onent our churches, not
withstanding the failure of the wheat .crop in
their midst, amounted to nearly three times the
sum Contributed the year preceding; owing,
without doubt, as much to the faithful and con
scientious persuasion'of duty on the part of
the pastor, as,to the liberal performance of it cm
the, part of the people. • Let this instance be
borne in mind, and imitated by, all , the- Synod,
and similar,accounts will unquestionably greet
our ears at our next meeting. 4
The external condition of the churches seems be good. Every One . must be filled
with pleasure in meeting the almost universal
statement that the congregations are large—in
many cases the houses filled to , their, utmost ca
pacity. Pence prevails within all, . churches,
and 'between the churches and - Those of other
Evangelical denominations. In many of the com
munities good morals obtain.. Temperanee charac
terizes the lives of the,people., And in.other places,
where the reveres is unhaPpi , ly the case,, still the
menthers of the `churches, for the Most part, ab
stain from the litsts -of the flesh'. On the whole,
tho 4; complexion' of osr work for-the year, may
Well inspire with cemfort and strength; the light
predomittatesoier the , dark.
- It touches our hearts, however, to'hear some
speak in strains of despondency. The tones of