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PITTSBURGH, SEPIEMBER 17, 1889.
$1•110, Ia miasmata of is Clubs
lallfl or, dollvorad at reatdottaaa of *Memorial
bailie - IMOD. Soo ProrpootiUtpa a Mari Pomo
R >f 1 RANA L ■ simiand be prompt, a little
while before trae year aariros" Mat we may
Malin till arrangements ter a steady euppirs
VHS RNLI itAPPE.B. Indlsatee that vre
*sirs II renewal. however, In the halts
of Bilainago this elittal ikon/A be omitted, we
hope oar Mewls will still sot forget is.
11.1111111"1/1111071M—liondl pa3ranint by safe
kends. when oonvoniont. Ore woad by =AU%
eaeleiglalli with ordinary ears, and troubling
nolbeily with a knowledge of what yea are
dotal. Par a largo antottt, mad a Draft, or
llama nohow Vor onaortwo pnyora l sond eold
or Metall notes.
vo * A K CUAllen. Seal postnigs stamps.
or better sting mad for Alsor• papers; sap OS
or, asvassty assabsrs, or la for nlittrty.tairse
nasals's. • •
DIRAC, all Laitors sad Coirmaanaleatio&-i
$0 DAVID & CO., Pligoblaricht,
ALUMNI NZETING OP ELDBREIRIDGE
AoADZMY.—Bce Special Notices.
SING SING FEMALE SEMINARY ill
nutter the care of,Rev. >N. Howell. The
Oetelogacfer 1858-9, shows an attendance
of fifty-five young ladies.
ELDERMIDGE AOADEMY.—This flourish
ing Inititntipp,,under e earn of. Rev. Al.
exander benildson, D.D., withfour .Assist
ant,, sends forth in, Annual Catalogue.
Thelon& number eighty.four.
egkirruum TiTim of the Board of
Foreign atiesiens;:and.which should be used
in belinests is, "The Board of . Foreign Mis
sions ,ofihe iiitsbyierian Church, in the
United State' of America.",
EfirtilePALTrinvlasrry or THE Souza.
=lt ie said that $36,000 haie been raised
fok4,llo,n,st#utjoir, t hat o4s,ooo more, are
pledgigbisult i that the buildings will be
eainuienbeans soon as the funds shall reach
I t a , • • .
Andover Theological Seminary.
The datalogue . of :this venerable Institu
tion,- for 1858-9 is before as. It shows an
attendiniie Resident , Graduates 8 Senior
Class Bi3* Middle blies 42 junior Claim 43
Total 129. There : are , five Professors one
teacher of Elocution, and one teacher of,
Music.-J 4 ltt tointof literature and thorough
.711 - , • •
among, thofiret of,. our Theological Schools
: a cheater.
Oh l of the Presbyteii of
Allegheny city, ,on, the' lath inst., the
organization of a, German Presbyterian
olunohbitkithe boroUgh of Man..
dater, witV five Iliernbert ana ;two'
Ruling Eldinys — War literted. Thierenter
prise is worthy ifietaliiiiiiiieitliptiliathies,
priiyin4 and 'bencivoilisniet'of . Presbyterrans,
and all Erftn4l, l ,idai the ; cities
ce:? Ilglif.PY.:,i;Gllr Ger
man Protestant populationy is veny large,
and , but a srnell.portionofit is=under Riau
A Fie* f9r
:Two ministers arri .greatly ;needed in the
hriunds of-the - Presbytery of Lake Superior.
Address Rev. J. Irwin Smitk Ontonagen
There arri settlemente . oh,the Southern
coast of; ;Lake Superior, which are rapidly
growing into' importance t Now is the time
to `occupy WhereVer 'men' will go
for the Woad there minister's should, go, to
seek.. their,. oenversion , edification.
Obristisri better. portiou .then the world;
and ..'souls' are more valriable - than; gold.
Wkci* then is unemployed, l buf wishes to
labor, and ae , w lling , to, eliaiiiehardneiii; is
dging gristgorid,l l Lei him write to. Mr.
---8 .7 11 ° 8 11 -0111 SiaieilY•
The members of the Synod of Allegheny,
th b th
an any o er re ren 1/* w o expect to.b 0
preeent, will,.in,soon as they arrive at Monier,
report/themselves at the office of S. R Ma.
son, Eaq.,'wheiv's'committers will be in at.
tendoinee to itanduerthem to their lodgings.
Those from t/6 : ,4 ii t Y . ., 74 1 le g vei Allegkenh
Thursday innroling,,arl arrive via the Val.
ley r inliereer, in ttime for the zopening ear.
vices: If Shout Who come by private eon
manes, will ple4p `stop at the ThomPson
Bowie, Mr. Newliirli's,; the committee
bs able to find Ahem ,better than iititbey
should cell atMifferent houses: .T.111,'..P1
, „man mallu.aPPL. t.
It will be seen, lin e ourt-LandonOlirrei,
pondence, that the -Assembly's Home Mis
sion for Wand, ielabont=iieniiing a Deputa
tion to , the -13niteit'States, for aide‘' The
names mentiened'itre einang the - biklilp bat
vt . i • ‘r
nod, and the cause is one whi,eli Autkk
awaken. deep, 'hippest. The - brethron, trill
be cordially receivel-foz. their own sakes,,.
and we cannot butfthinkdthit Christian
of PresbYteriiiii respond , an e
; greatness of I.AhP -catsP Our
country, as brintiniateC bygour•correistaoad
ant, marlook for political - s p ud social, inrirelli
ae religions af:ifi 4 I,,LLS tti Gbr
'' The reviwarintgest 4;i411,71110111-iift14;:
must be truly a hard heart which can learn;
without emotion, ofahose -wonderful meta •
festations. of,tDisikilgraceT a43111.:4'
End, of a Volume.
The . Pr i le! , t . -i. l ` , , P"frb;r ll - 1 qtify, t.... ,e.
ale : 0:04- vohnur„9;,ttqa7 4oArB4,44,iiter vi .i.ta
title tOff.Ael,3lol 4 43.! l 44;:qmiaar!! • Tbik farm.
shown us 11 hic., , been Ni very 4 great,' , sod , i our
....Forte d to serve U tVe l 'VhUreilii have been
te4 liiitt!'bY''th:ti -1 - :, mitOurf,
\'' ' .oft,'gio
I 10% .. A iarie t ViAitl gt: No m . ihocis . !
,s. ,ea with the ,volureev, IWw - ,respiiptt
ll'ioooitutirenewal ;,_ asolneltithat -the re:
ie ' . .Tinarlatilrtnpt--at "week 'eriiiio,litil
fore ' , : . .111iliiiik , oitt, wonl4, , 'he cii4tic'e:,faior
to on ',.hi':o . ' deiairillent. „ fattarn, .se
'usual. ! !*.... if° 1* 11 :0403' low, but a
large eu , ,;' .: ~; . 41910 , 44,40 d, and well
kaPt up s I , ',lin* . .niu to - jneeti.) our very
,t, ..::` '. ,-r . .
:" ' Ott adyntiait V s a Image' , hie bee% le=
!n o ok but we 1 u : : ::. g , T .. . ,
.f i i; tt ., 1 ,. 4 , 14 ,
i?,n4lglY; so alat' * l fil i a*C r it4 7' . - 7 -
. , ',wow in nar soluni:lniinkhirt., , , - 7
it kis swot : :-.',...- • :-Ar7 , 401, .1,--,1.
of the Session.
loture at the opening of the Ses
te Western Theological Seminary„
wed on Monday, the 1-2th.inst-rhym
Jacobus, to some seventy or
eighty students. This may be regarded as
a fair attendance for the first day, and that a
a Monday; but still, there are many who had
not returned to their post, and others of
whom we hear, who contemplate entering
the Seminiii, but who had not arrived
It is to be regretted that any should be ab
sent fora single hourfroth the beginning to'"
the close of the term. Every day is needed
for study, and every Lecture forms part of
the course, and is essential to, the perfect
-nese of the instruction. He that would
erect a (stately and an enduring edifice can
not afford to leave
,out a part of the founda
tion atones, nor to have any gaps in the
The Introductory of Dr. Jacobus was ap•
propriate, and adapted to be a real treasure
to every attentive pupil. His subject was, ,
THE THEOLOGICAL STUDENT.
1 He is a'high Pattern of Chiistianiiii.
Not yet's perfect,paftern, but an exemplifi.
cation of, the'wprk of grace upon a sinner's
heart, real, distinct, to be seen and read of
all men, showing much of the mind of Jesus
and of the spirit and conduct of Jesus.
There is zeal; Self-denial, a patient eodu
rance,‘ a labor of loye, faith, joy, peace,
purity, gentleness, meekness, temperance,
goodness. ;He is destined to be the teacher,
guide, and example of Oilers, and he sin
oerely strives to be just what he would hive"
2. He'is one who strives for a Physical
excellence. = He needs a strong frame, vig
oron& limbs, well _trained vocal organs.
These are the implements of his labor ; the
means Of his usefulness, they are indispen
sable to the fall performanceof . that for
which he lives and studies, andthe seek&to
have them in large measure&
3. He is'diligent' in his studies, endeav
oring to•possess himself thoroughly,,of every ,
thing presented for,his attainment.
4. He does not waste his time in light
reading, general literature, and extraneous
learning. He is a Student of 2'heology.
He studies the Bible. To qualify himself
for the ministry; of the Word is his business
at the Seminary._
5 Subservient to his work, he aims 'at
high Intellectual cultivation.
6. The student of Theology is a true,
Gentleman. He heeds the precept, ‘ Be._.
courteous." He maintains :•a ; strict fidelity
to all engagements, expressed or iMplied.,
He knows'thit cinch '
-is' expected of him
and he strives to attain to, and even to ax ,
eel.the high standard.
7. He aims at a Completeness and Sem,
»retry of character. He would be afinished
scholar and alto) a man not careless in his
personal habits. He, would be good at
heart and-attractive , in his exterior. Sound
in doeirine and • faithful in rebuke, without
rudeness, ill teinper or moroseness.`
Whatioevei things;are lioneit just, pure
lovely,.and of good report,' if there be any
virtue, and if there blianyi praise, he thinks
on these things. =: f
number matriculated on Monday was
larger, we believe, than had been received
,the first, day, of any former Session;, and
a large inerease is still expeeted.
Oetiasionally, in our free Republic, ques
tions arise whiehrteverely test the wisdom
of the citizen, and the principles of the
'ohristian. The theory of :our" Government
is, that religion slid polities *recto be kept
distinct; the'enjdyment of religions' rigkts,
howeVer, are so dependent the laws of t 4
land, in their character and administration,,,,
and worldly interests ware so" deeply in-!
&termed by prevailing religious
and practice, and theie two departments of
human interest so intermingle and so affect
each other, that to keep them entirely sep
arate in the ',public activities of life, pis no
easy task, or rather, utterly impossible.
,Slavery;' and Mormonism, are
worldlymatters,hut they have also religious
bearings which cannot but 'be affected by
governmental' :lotion aid politicians can
and do Seize upon them,'pro and con., to in
fineness party iarposes. • In these,
Y " an all
such Mattirs, it becomes the O i hrintiltn, to
inform himself as :well as ,• may he:"possible,
and to act for social intereets'under a strict'
sense' of his responsibility - 4'6a
Jneeat Present, the - most trying question
of this cline : relat, ee,tothe protection of a
peaceful ,and:,..quiett Sabbath, by , the. civil •
power: Thereistno!thought-of dictatibg
religions seritimentaiii2ie*ard to the day,';
nor of prescribing Tt'mbde of " Worship , — nor , '
of enforcing worship,at sib nor of entering
intoquen'a retirement to interfere' with what
they may inivittely;-ai thettnselvee are con-
cerned, ellooiOtiPd t &t,The question 'relates
to their openly ' and p ublicly " pursuing , their
worldly business enthe Sabbath, ~ to the an- •
noyance, as is,affamed, of theirt neighbors,
and to 'the lojury''of' the public' : Morale.
And the matter Pr'eases mainiy,froVii`nw, '
the cities of 'Philadelphia and, Pittsburgh
ie relation. to ate oft,thef Passenger
hallway oars: The. whole' StatenefiPentii
kylvania,:linfever; Wilkey' to' be' agitaaT,
and' agititeh Poilliolll3 o foi 'anti-Se:olMb",
Men haxedeelared a pupose to make the
ktving 'nfO*Siget on,thq part of 'candidates
for the Legisiature r that.they will endeavor
o effect wypirtatot ttionlidtioir 'of the
Sabbath :?protecting laws, a prerequisiterto
the obtaining of their votes: ' This Indka
yery - much-lilic - bringing intl.
O i jg i tll int ,QA,P° l #j9, ;, and, being done
by the opponents of, evangelical Christianity; ; '
It is 'the duty, arall i6telligent.Chria tins
must admiyerif:'everj man to carry hii're
ligicn'with him to the'polls He is always
and every where_ aceortntable, and ,should-
ever act in reference to .the,Divine will, for'
Godrs glory:and:tames - good, es he isle give
an lc:neat -in judkieeneand' haVe his titer; `
nal award; b u t still, it is to be regretted'
•Ohl A .
tOieniny,quespion . . - of religions sentiment,
of ' a , :religtousz"ingtittitioni httoories
terrningled , with party politcs. Por the Sake
of a itire. Christianity and et-. , fiai and
upright Incision on .Mate questrons,,, we,
zruldlnerp the two t things as separate as
my,- be ;puede:ibis. -
frier of' rttimirigthe bark on the Sab
bath' it is elite ii,i,that city iaboters: need the
Sir and t
„ r a
:mum, peogle need these.,Nohieles,:as a lon-
Ite*Mascto relish their rplasel -citworshitiq
:Against the running, it is'Apt hitt iktifik
l OUs meted crittilihnoe lialegres
THE PRESBYTER BANNER AND ADVOCATFA.
with worship, promotes dissipation arid' im
morality, and is, on the whol;;deeply in 7
jurions to th'ei' public weal. Lettersilave
been drawn from the Mayors of Boston, New
Ding of the Sunday can inAhemoities. does,
not lead to the sports, drunkenness, and dis
orders Which are alleged Other persons
bear a different testimon y.
The laws of Pennsylvania, as they are,
and have alytifB be t og t e t learly, against,
lber Uri Ding Vibe g anordinary'
worldly- business. And these. laws-.are.
strictly in accordance with the social com
pact by which we are banded together as a
community. The founders Of the Govern
ment were Christians.. Their language is to
be 'understood and, interpreted as that of
Christians. The Sabbath has been from the
first, protected and honored, as by a Chris
tian people. Christians now contend for no,
new thing. They propose no innovation, no
connexion:of Church and State, no amalga.
mation of religion and 'politics. They ask
only to continue things as they have been
from the origin of our social institutions:.
They would prevent innovations which they
deem subversive of the people's best inter
est& Will they firmly ' resist the tumult
made them ? If they, will but' stand
together they are abundantly able to main.'
taro their rights.
The plan of the innovators is, not at once
to attempt.the abrogation of existing laWs,
but to make them locally and partially inop
erative,- by . new enactments. They hope
not, suddenly; for:the abolition of the Sab-'
hath - laws throughent the 'State. They'
mean, at first, to get but authority to vote,
in the city of Philadelphia, and in the city
of Pittsburgh, whether or not the cars may
be run on the Sabbath. This proposition they
- strongly hope to cur:yr. Thus fir their
speak of taking pledges from the party can.
didates. This, ' if they can succeed, Will be
a beginning; the entering of the wedge;
the first letting out of the water. ` 1
Christian!, and all men who love sound
morals, knowing thus the purpose and policy
Id their opponents, should learn to be wise..
Union on their part will Bab.
bath. Let them set on principle. Let
'them resist the beginnings of evil. Let
'them not, in their discussions, introduce
any novelties, any new restrictions or in.
junctions, nor any denominational peculiari
ties The as they are, if righteously
administered, are abundantly adequate; and
- they interfere with no man's conscience.
- They constrain no one in anything. They ,
are butriestrietive as regards the prosecution
of worldly business on the Lord's day.
They are but' protective of that quietness
which is favorable to every man in the en
,joying of his `religious rights. They 'are'
favorable to Presbyterians, Episcopalians,
Baptists, Methodists, Quakers, Romanists:—
all who can pretend to the Christian Diane ;
and to none are theY injurious.' Then, let
all good men unite in maintaining them in
"The Future of the Methodist Episcopal
Such is the heading of an article in' the
last number of Harper's 'lP'eekly, from
which ,wetake a few facts for the Inform-,
tion of our readers, without expressing any
opinion upon the subject for ourselves. It
is to be borne in . mind that the Messrs.
Harper'are among the leading lay members
of the Methodist Episcopal Church in the,
North, contributing liberally to its advance
ment, and taking a deep interest in its
future. In the article; attention is called to
the fact that the election of delegates to the
General Conference of May, 1860, is pro
gressing, and that the, indications are,tlat
the ultra Northern party will have some
thing more than a majority in the General
Conference at. Buffalo. The Weekly then
Those, who are unfamiliar with the subject,
may need to be informed that a rule of the Die
cipline of the Methodist Episcopal Church ex
eludes from• membership all persons who engage
in 4, the buying and Selling of men, women ' and
children, , with the intention to enslave them."
This rule has always been so interpreted as, to
apply solely to persons who reduce free human
beings into slavery the,mere act of slaveholding
has not been considered as covered by the rule,
sod, until 1856, no attempt had been made to
impugn:the membership of lay slaveholders who
belonged to the Methodist Church. North. Even
those Northern men who, in 1844, took so active
a part'in denounCing the BOuthern bishop who
had acquired slaves with his wife, did not, at that
time; question,theXigkt,o,f.laymn to hold slaves
without impairing Church-Menibktishir;.
the General Conference ef 'IS66;" however the
ground• was taken by some members, that the
rule.oovered the mere act of holding slaves, , as
well as the act of reducing freemen into slavery,;
and that if the pregent phraseology of, the rule
was not plain enough on this point, it ought to
be made plainer. 'A' vote was taken, the favo
cotes of the new view wer4lefeated, and `the old
interpretation of the rule.was sustained.
' But .ever 'since thel extreme Northern
men have been preparing' fer struggle on
the same question at the approaehing Con.
ference. , The editor proceeds-turemark
Under the circumstances, the prospect is well
calculated to provoke earnest, • sober thought
among the members of the Methodist 'Episcopal
Church.'"These ale s it is estimated, thirty thou
sand slaves owned wtthin the limits of the North
ern. division of , the: Church. Tll the event orthe
adoption of the proposed rule pm/atm nava-
BOLDINGthese and their owners-would,
of course ' be st once driven out of the pale of
the Churc h into some othei,denomination.
sidesihese there are, hi &lithe large elites, and
in several rural distriota as well, , large- bodies• of
conservative *men who: may be expected' to
object -to the wholesale denuncietion- ef their,
sla.veholding brethren. Many who ;submitted ,to
the ieverance% of the Church as an evil i rhidh,
under the eireumstanCes, difficult' to pre
vent, may not prove as, passive on •this occasion;
when they are requested to _indorse_ tv•mituntre
which is, : at least, tkbarefaocd affront to the entire
laity of the Sonthern portion of the Church. * •
It is intimated that the leaders of this
schertre a c re' prepared ^to risk all possibilities
in accomplishing - their objects, and' the
people.are Teminded that" the rules of the
Methodist Church,like those of the .of
Catholic; do not grant laymen any voice in
the' government ot the Church," and 6hat,
cOnsequently, the members of the Conference
pOiigi to oarry.out their Own views.
The q - aestion is then raised as to what is
to' become of the •Church property, in the
event' of another division.' The statement
is made that Most of the Methodist Episcopal
churches are mortgaged for large earns of,
money, and that L the„interest on_the mork
gaga is" paid by the contributions• of laymen'
opposed'to ''the 'propoied new rule—tio
strongly opposed to it, that rather than be
dome . ,Paltiei to it, they would allow the
mortgages to be foreclosed. Again the
editor_says • • ,
It , is not unlikely, Moreover, that questions`
may arise with regard ito , the legal right of , the•
Conference; : to. enact an ex,, , popt facto. rule; • affect-,
ing vested rigbta.,,,,Whatercrolondittone a Con-
ferenee May oppose on fiture applioante for inera
beiship'in the - Church, siuthenties`doubt
insetheil - it be in " the roarer of that bedi
10441n,validate ,minthership,: i : +already acquired,
gotm case of the natiralmation dispute, it was
admitted,, 'even by the extreme American leaders,
that no law of Congress could , distiarb acquired
rights of citizenship. Why the rule will not
apply equally to Church-membership, the advo
cates of the change will doubtless be prepared
-.4.c.eb-olfc AL. - SheY. •tn,
provided with arguments and authorities to
move, thzt :i the .vested rights ,of the Church
mentliertrinthe proPerty of - the'Cliurch, as Well
As Church:membership, Joey.. be .conftscated at
thh"pleasure of the Conference.
Nor should we presume to offer an opinion
I as to the Fohable effects on Methodism of a
strife which should throw a number of its most
lielceraent men and abT preachers into the mine
forlpiscePack• of tPietibytbriiihiminl; 4 this,• , toa; is'
a matter of which secular writers must, of ne
cessity, -be imperfeetjudges: - • - • •
Such is a.brief synopsis of an article evi
dently vepared with ears, and in full view
of all the responsibilities; and, coming from
the source mentioned, it is worthy our notice.
We may be allowed to say that the remark
that'most of the Methodist Episcopal
Churchesof the North,' are mortgaged for
large sums' of moiey," may be true of some
new and, splendid' churches lately erected
in - Ne* York and a: few other places,
but we are very certain that it is not true
of the greeter part of the churches of that
denomination' through the country.
Just now our eye lights on an article in
the New York Times, of last Saturday, on
the seine subject, , by the Rev. H. Mattison,
who is among the leaders of the -new- move-.
ment : -
I The Methodist Episcopal Church (North,) ex
tends over tviii hundred thousand Esquire miles
of slave territory—in Delaware,Maryland, Vir-
Kentucky, Missouri and rkansas ; and it
there,was not a slave or alavebolder in Balti
more, there.might be, as we believe there are, ten
thousand elaveholders, Methodists, in other parts
of our Slave. territory.
Again he says
We have irrefragable proof, as invincible as
,figures and logic, that there cannot be less then
ten thousand slavelielclers now in the Methodist
Episcopal Church in our slave territory, holding
some, one hundred thousand slaves- and also that
it large portion of our Church officers , in that
regionclass leaders, stewards, trustees, exhor
ters and local preachers—are slaveholders.
The same writer waits warmer and
warmer, and says that the veteran, Dr, Abel
Stevens, and our amiable, friend, Dr. Baird,
are " men set for the. defence of Methodist
slaveholding." We present these things to
nuri'eadere'that they may know the state of
things on,this subject among our Methodist
brethren; and also that they may know that
ours is not the. only Church in the North
involved in the slavery qUestion.
13oston and New England.
The historian -Wm. 11. Prescott, whose memory
the people of Boston delight to honor, has an
able and appreciative biographical notice in the
new edition of the ",Encyclopedia Britanica," by
William Stirling, a member of the British Parlia
The Rev. WM. H. Canning, eon of the ode
brated Unitarian leader, for some years pastor of
a Unitarian Church in Liverpool, England, has
accepted the call tendered him by the Unitarian
Society, to which 'the Rev. Mr, .Coolidge; who
lately became connected with the Episcopal
Church, lately ministered.
The Boston Recorder is publishing:. a series of
well written articles from the Rev. Dr. Pond, of
Bangor: Theological Seminary, on The Removal
of American Slavery.
The late Edward A. Crowinshield, of this city,
was au indefatigable and successful collector of
rare and`valuable books, which are soon to be
widely scattered. The whole of this extensive
and Well selected Library will be sold at auction
in November.; ,
The Reporor of-ag Recorder, after a careful
comparison of statistics, has come to the conclu
sion that a. third of the whole Congregational
body, both in numbers and strength, is to the
-found, in Massachusetts.. ..To the. Congrega
tional churches of these States, there have been,
added during the past year, eight thousand eight
hundred members on profession of faith.
The progrese and efficiency of the. Congrega
tional o#wrahea in New Hampshire, are worthy of
notice. Wien the State Association was formed
in 1809, there were about ninety ministers, and
six thousand five hundred Church members ; at
this time there are one hundred and 'ninety-one
ministers, and twenty-one thousand five hundred
members in the churches. Then (1809,) the mem
bers of the Congregational churches were as one
to thirty of the whole population of the State:
now they are as one to fifteen. During these fifty
years, most of the other denominations now in' thd
State have made thbir appearance, and have ao
',attired a considerable membership, so that the
proportion of Evangelical Church members to the
entire population of the State, including infants
and children, is as one to eight
The good people of Norwich, Conn:, celebrated
the two hundredth 'anniversary of the founding
of their town with 'great spirit, and in excellent
good taste, ,last week. This old town, has, pro-
Suovi many havUdone credit: in
Church and State, and. in the fields, et literature
and science. Many,,long absent, returned` to
visit once morerthe spot where they , first saw the
light, and to which they had long been at rangers.
And distingiaishedignests,Were ,present- from dif
ferent parts of the; and. , An appropriate address
of -welcome; was delivered by. Gov. Buckingham,
after which the ,Rev; A. Paddock read the
thirty-second chapter of Deuteronomy,. and the
twenty-second` PBalli; frame bible hibitght to this
country two hundred and twenty-five
The' singing of a 'limn' prepared for the occasion,
and a histaricaliddiess by D. 0; Gilman, Esq.,
Librarian of Yale College, :With the 'benediction
by the Bev. Dr.. Cheater; of 'buffalo; closed the
exercises of the-first day; The.great feature of
the neat day 'was ` the address by Donald G.
Mitchell,the veritable'lke Marvel, the well known
author of the " Reveries of a' bachelor." This
speech - was genial, huniekoris, instructive, and
earnest; NorWitish occupied an important
place in the commerce of the 'past, and her fame
is bright in revolutionary stale.
Pavid , Nekige,• of. Newport, the : honor
of heingthe.first-t* introduee the.use of gas light
in this oountry. In 1812,, be lighted his own
dwelling in Newport, a lac / story at Ilawtuoket, and
Beaver Tail Llghtlionie: in this way.
,• Every Congregational Church in Rhode Island,
Is at presentaupplied with a• regular pastor.
This is an Excitable City ; nothing is done, in
a small way. Prosperity'must come in a torrent,
and adversity must descend like an avalanche.
The warnings or the past ,are forgotten, and all
the possibilities of the future are freely risked.
Just now it is thought the good time has come.
Strangers are crowding the city to a degree
never witnessed before.; and the general im
pression is, that• so much business was new
done' .at any previous time, .notwithstanding its
comparative .dullness in some departments. The
favorable.reportneaiming in from all parts of the,
country; encouragelthe granting , of credits that
would not have been entertained for a moment,
twelve months ~ago. Prompt collections 'have
been made; and the indebtedness of 1867 has
been in a great measure liquidated. The 'great
danger is , the one often incurred, and so frequent..
ly fatal—thv t iof 'taking so ulniih advantage of
prosperous times as to rush into hasardeus ex
periments. This is the rook on *Viola so many
have struck, in'times past, - and are "
,likely to do
so again; it is esPecially incumbent 'on mer
clianti init t ,dealere in ,the cities; towns, and
viii~iges of the interior, to weigh : well their ability
to ireCtVigngalttente in the commercial cities of
the East with 'time utmostpromptness, withbut
dependink on arkersly possible sales ttnd gnuas,
C otmtri, m troliarttSare, Often surpriged arolat in
ing credit atirchid more 'eaeily than at home,
where their eolvenoy !s well know - it; bnt they
should also always bar in mind that payment
abroad is demanded much more promptly, and in
a manner much more summary than is common
ln„country „places, among private individuals.
This is a snare ia which many are rnioonsly en•
trapped, while supposing all to be safe.
The Public Schools have all been opened. But *
the order of the Central Board of Education, re
quiring the schobli to be opened with the
reading of portions from the Bible, was disobeyed
in the Fourth, Sixth, and Fourteenth Wards.
;These Wards, like:Blaelpregs Islank•ari . :mostly
inhabited by the subjects of Archbishop Hughes.
'l hem 7Ward - is notorious' .the.world..-over,
for its drunkenness; rowdyism, and desperate
character, and thet other two Wards are not
greatly behind in these and acme other respects.
In all the oiher Wards, selections from the Scrip
tures are read, at the commencement of each
day's exercises, frith the concurrence and appro
bation of the local Boards. Only in those Wards
entirely subject to the domination of the Arch
bishop and Pins IX., is the mandate disregarded.
Mr. , George Griswold, one of the best known
and most respeoted merchants of this metropolis,
died on Monday night of last week, at the age of
eighty-two. He was among the most prominent
men in the. East India trade, the Illinois Central .
Railroad Company, and in the Chamber of Com
merce. For very many years, he was a liberal,
active, and influential member of the Presbyterian
We are pleased to learn that Mr. Charlea
Scribner has been already called upon to issue a
fourth edition of the 4, Art of Extempore Speak
ing. Hirai for the 'Pulpit, the Bar, and the
Senate. By Prof. M. Bautain." We wish that
every minister, lawyer, and student in the United
States would obtain the work, and become master
of its principles. Nothing equal to it on the
subject of whiolf it treats, has ever yet appeared.
We hope that many more editions will be called
ne Appleton, lately filled an order for four
thousand volumes, for a circulating library in the
city-of St. Petersburg, Russia.
We have already noticed the retirement of
'Prof. Hotoard Crosby, from the Professorship of
Greet/in the University of New York, to accept
a similar position in the College at New Brims
wick. Prof. Crosby has taken this step because
his state of health made a removal from the city
imperative. His successor in the University is to
be Mr. Henry M. Baird , son of Rev. Dr. Bsird,
the well known European traveler, and popular
lecturer. Mr. Baird has already made fine at
tainments in, ancient Greek literature, while
he is also familiar with modern Greek,
Vying been. for some time au inhabitant of
°Treece. He has been four years a Tutor in
Greek at Princeton College, and brings with him
the strong and unanimous recommendation of the
Faculty of that College.
This week it is our duty to notice another of
the pranks of that restless journal the Churchman.
Some weeks ago, Bishop Whithouse of Illinois,
suspended the Rev. Henry Adams, an Episcopal
minister of Chicago, from the office of the minis
try, on account of having dared to defile his Epis
copal garments by preaching in a Presbyterian
church. Formerly, this Mr. Adam's was pastor
of the New School Presbytorian church in Peoria;
but between two and three years ago, he joined
the Episcopal Church. Upon the occasion of a
late visit to Peoria, the Episcopal clergyman of
that place invited him to take part in reading
some of the devotional services ; and he did so.
But in the afternoon he was invited to preach to
his former congregation ; and there being no Epis
copal service at that hour, he complied; and for
this henious offence was silenced. This act of
the Bishop has filled the Churchman with a joy
almost unspeakable; and he at 'length breaks:
out in the language of general laudation,
thus : "This bold and decisive action of the Bishop
is just whit all who know him well would nettles
`illy expect." Astute and consistent Churchman!
One -week opening the doors of the Episcopal
fold widely, and offering within its enclostire; am
ple accommodations for the Unitarian and even
the Rationalist;'but the next week rejoicing that
an Episcopal minister is suspended, simply for the
crime of feeding, for an hour, a little Presbyterian
flock. But what will the Churchman do now?
The report is that Mr. Adams has been restored.
The Churchman must eat his own words, or
diniinish very considerably the panegyric be
stowed on, the Bishop.
Our readers will remember that a few years ago,
two brothers, Onderdonks,presided over the dioceses
of New York and Pennsylvania. Both were men of
learning and talent, both belonged to the High
Church party, and both were suspended on account
of immorality. The Pennsylvania Onderdonk has
,died and gone to his account. But there is a
movement now on foot in the diocese of New
York, to effect the removal of the sentence from
the remaining Onderdonk, and to restore him to
his Episcopal. functions. It is said that the sus
pended Bishop acknowledges the justice of his
sentence, professes sorrow for the past, and de
sires to be restored to the office he has lost.
Connected with tide is another project, depen
dent for accomplishment upon the success of the
former"; that is, the division of the present
diocese of New' York into two, placing
Bishop Onderdonk over one, and 'Bishop :pot
t&," the present Provisional Bishop, over the
other. Strong and determined opposition will be
made to both movements; but with what result
the future will tell. It is said that even now the
pace; and . integrity, of the Church is seriously
threatened by these movements. A petition is
in circulation among ,the clergy asking the
reatoration of Blotter' s Onderdonk, and is re-
Calving many signatures. Some - days • ago, Dr.
Tyng had not:signed, but it was said that he had.
,promised -to do so. .This will surprise some wbo
have observed the course of Dr. Myrig in-this •mat
ter, and have heard and read same of the things
said by him with respect to High Church Epis
copaoy. But those who have .known him
longest and best; and who admire greatly his ear
liest labors and effective eloquence, will not be
surnrised at any' new inconsistency. The Dr. is
impulaive beyond the conception of most; and
at times uncontrollably rash in 'the' use 'of lan
guage, which afterwarda, - ne deatt, offsets him
- with unfeigned sorrow =' Helm very popular as a
platform speaker, and upon anniversary owe
stone, he displays an enlarged and liberal spirit
toward all denominations except the High ChUrch
;party of his own branch of the Church. But, af
never'Aid Bishop Doane, never did even
the Churchman, make Use of expressions so de
rogatory to non-Episcopal ministers; and non I
Episcopal churches, as some of those uttered by,
this same Rev. Stephen H. Tyng, D D., against
these same portions of Christ's flock. This
is the Dr.'s weakness me know; but it is an
noying to have those piercing arrows which he
directs se skilfully, flying . around you at times,
and immediately afterwards hear hint lauded, in
terms unmeasured, as the very impersonation of
an enlightened and liberal Christian spirit.
Bishop Horatio Southgate, who acquired no
little notoriety, a few years ago, by his High
Church notion's and• doings,. while missionary
bishop among the Nestorians, and whose name
has been before several dioceses in connexion
with vacant bishdpries, has at length settled
down quietly as pastor of Mt.( Zion church, in
As we said Once before, more than the usual
number of Churches have been, open dining the
Summer. The pastors havebeen taking:rest and
recreation, but their places : have been supplied
by licentiates, or ministers without pastoral
charge; at the expense of the congregations, and
not of the pastors. , • , , • '
The pulpit of the late Reo Jenne W. Adman
der, 11:1). - ,'Itaa• been regularly idled, but the house
is now closed for a few weeks,< to give' time
for some necessary alterationsi Trt :" will be
opened on the'. first Sabbath orOotober, .when
serVieeS' commemorative of the late beloved
pastor be, held. •-' The Rev.': Dr. .11adgeti'vill
repeat the sermon, with some ' zrgportaut`addi
tloiti'itTen:clied it the and the itev:z
John 11611, D,D., of Treatca, the lith-lonefriend
of Dr. Alexander, Will also preach on the same
day. No steps have yet been.taken toward seek
ing, a successor.
The pastoral relation between the Rev. Willie
Lord, D.D.,.and-the Seoond,Presbyterian church
of Brooklyn, has been dissolved by the Presbytery
of Nassan.'Dr. Lord will immediately enter
upon his duties as a Professor in the North
Western Theologies.). Seminary, at Chicago.
Like New York, this city is just now doing an
unprecedentedly large business. The hotels are
crowded with strangers, and the jobbing houses
are driving large bargains with many purchasers.
The DOrnestic Manufactures amount to an im-.
mense item every year, and are increasing not
only for home donee mption,but also for expor t. The
cars on the road between Moscow and St. Peters
burg, are made by Philadelphia mechanics, the
rails have been put down by Philadelphia work
men, and the locomotives constructed in Philadel
phis. The steam fire engines of St. Petersburg,
are of Philadelphia make. The fame of the
chandeliers of Cornelius and Baker js world-wide.
All the possum railways built thus far in the
cities of the West, have received their rolling
stock from Philadelphia. But now the attempt
to induce foreign trade and regain former great.
ness as a commercial city, trading directly with
Europe, is to be made. We confess that at the
beginning, we supposed this matter would end, at
least for the present, in mere talk and newspaper
discussion. But all apprehension on this score
is now set at rest. The " Philadelphia and
Crescent Navigation Company," is now fully or
ganized, having for Directors Messrs. George H.
Stuart, S. Morris Wale, M. W. Baldwin,
Charles Macalester, and John Edgar Thompson
The fact that such men as these have taken hold
of this enterprise, is very strong evidence of ulti
mate and entire success. They are not vision
ary theorizers, but men of large and varied
practical experience, who in the management of
their own affairs, and in important public trusts,
have exhibited the highest order of business
The American Philosophical Society, of Philadel
phia, is now one hundred and sixteen years old,
being the,oldest of its peculiar class in the world.
The original officers of the institution were:—
President, Dr. Benjamin Franklin; Vice Presi
dent, Samuel Powell; Secretaries, Charles Thom
son and Thomas Mifflin; Curators, Dr. John
Morgan, Lewis Nicolas, and Isaac) Bertram ;
Treasurer, Clement Biddle. . The reader familiar
with our revolutionary history, will observe that
every one of these names became known to fame.
The Library now comprises a choice selection of
fifteen thousand volumes; his three hundred and
eighty-three surviving members, of whom two
hundred and eighty-four are resident in the Doi
ted States, and ninety-nine in foreign countries
After the present month the Society will meet
once in every two weeks.
The Medical Schools will open shout the let of
October, and extend to the let of March, 1860.
Large classes are expected.
Hr. John AP Allister has published a pamphlet
giving some interesting information concerning
the early history of the Soot's Presbyterian
church of this city, of which the late Rev. Dr,
Alexander Macklin was pastor; -and of its first
pastor, the Rev. Wm. Marshall, with a photo
graphic view of the house, No. 322 Spruce Street,
South side, above Third, originally built and first
occupied by Mr. Marshall. Mr. Marshall was
licensed by the Secession Church in Scotland, in
1762, and was immediately after Wards appointed
a.missionary to Pennsylvania, where a number of
the members of the Seceesion Church were found
under the name of the " Associate Presbytery , of
Pennsylvania." Mr. Marshall preached his first
sermon to a small congregation of Seceders, in
-February, 1764, at Freemason's Hal], in. Vi
detqs Alley, Philadelphia, . in February, 1764.
Afterwards this people worshiped in a vendue store,
and subsequently in a farm honse in Shippen
Street. In 1768 a call was given to Mr. Mar.
shall to become their pastor, but the pastoral re
lation was not consummated until 1771. The
congregation being unable to furnish the means
of building a suitable house of worship, permis
sion to solicit aid from the citizens generally,
was obtained from the Governor of the State,
chiefly through the influence of Dr. Rush. Such
ti proceeding was then necessary before the sone
station of subscriptions from the citizens could
be legally undertaken. The Governor of the
State at that time was John Penn, a grandson
Of Wm. Penn. In due time the edifice was erect
ed. During the occupaicy of the city by
the British troops in the Revolutionary war, this
church was used as a hospital for the Hessians ;
the pews were torn down and destroyed, and
much other damage was done to the building
Some years ago, the congregation connected itself
With the General Assembly of our Church.
Rev. HENRY R. WILSON ; D. D., has been
dismissed from the pastoral charge of the
church of Fairmount, by the Presbytery
of Allegheny City.
For the Presbyterian Banner and Advocate.
'The Spirit,of Truth.
When He, the Spirit of truth, in come, be will guide you
into all truth.—John 'wait 18.
This is a promise fug Of meaning. Let
us look at it a moment. Wilberforce once
took a friend to hear Cecil preach re of the
most lucid of his lucid sermons. When it,
was over, Wilberforce asked him. what he
thought of that. "It's all Greek." One
man, then, has a • better understanding of
the truth than another, though their mental
powers and other adiantages• may be much
The.quetstion naturally arises, What makes
the difference ? Something more radical,
More powerful, than mental powers, or geo
graphical position, or superior. facility.
These will not explain the difference. Are
We not constrained to say-,thit ia some.
thing lying as deep and coming from as high .
a mace as the religious sentiment itself, in
the human heart.? A German Philosopher
knee heard some one speak of the "All-see
. ing Eye." He said,: " I wandered up and
randered down, and wandered long, to see
that Eye ; but saw an eyless socket." There
Avse no God in the Universe for .him..
ittle girl once, stood beside her father, and
'withthrown sunny curl back, and loving
;eye fixed wonderingly on
. the heavena,
' t 9, papa, God has, made a star." The
little girl was wiser than the German Phil.
psopher. He " wandered long" to see the
eye qf God, and caw an " eyeless Rocket."
'A star had only to peer through the bound
les; blue sky, for the little girl to know that
'there is a God. So vain are Reason, Learn-,
ing, Wisdom. Blind leaders of the blind.
All these blind guides together, have never
!led a single man into the higher truth of
Pod. • " Ilowbeit,",when . He, the,, Spirit of
truth is' come, he will guide you into all
4ruth." . That is the promise. •
When this Celeatial Guide has lid men
in through the wicket gate, and up to the
very temple of God's truth, where-all its
iglories flash over: their opened eyes, then
owe findthem bestirring thernselves----active
in every work of faith and labor of love-
Truth lives, because the Spirit of truth has
led them, not around viewing its towers
,and outside walls, lint into the truth, where
ithey have been warmed, — and quickened with
the iMpulse of a new life. This' is whit
•makes the difference between men. The
" Spirit of truth has led one in to the
,inuerMost hearih-stone, where the fire of
eitriltit'sparkles and glows; while the other
wanders, unguided, outside the walls view
jing its cold battlements, with almost a feel
ing of hostility toward a structure whose
$ a w t rhei
ofth iandta comforth u . ty he a cannot
er but i a ;
o d a ra n ig
ipartake. We need the Spirit of truth,„
}. therefore, to giiide us into all triiih. We
"e 0 Him " Will any one pretend to Bay
that Ar 6, at all, upto the standard
lin faith, or love,' or work, or woniliii?; Hai"
not each of" these• depsittnente 'of '
nooks and corners, storehouses a n d I
uries, into which the eye of the Chri tiar,
world has never looked—int.) which w e a „
ye t. waiting for the spirit of truth tr., ~u i d,
us'? And when our steps have Yon© down
into these solitudes, and they have given ur
to us all their treasure, shall w, not
pect to see the Church universal coming up
to the standard of that zealous apostle of
India, Dr. Duff, when he said : "Ther e is
a growing 'conviction in the minds of some
of us, that not one man among us has any
adequate conception of the grandeur and
importance of the Church's mission on the
Do , we-not need the Spirit of truth t e ,
guide us into this conception ? Fire du hi..
lieve that the Church will be edified, Beth:,
and holy, just in the proportion that i t.
knows the truth. It is the truth Nellie%
edifies, vivifies, and sanctifies. Let the
truth so come as to touch our hearts,
is changed. May the prayer of the (2 , hurA
be for the fulfillment of the Master's prom.
ise—" the Spirit of truth to guide us int':
all truth." D. H.
dor the Preebyter!an Benner and Advocate
OF THE REV. JCHN SM:TH, A PRESEYTE.
RIAN MINISTER, TO HIS BROTHER, TrIE
REV. PETER SMITH, A METIIODI'f'
DEAR BROI 4I HER:—Have you calmly con •
sidered the serious difficulties that beset the
Arminian doctrine of compensation, the sl.
legation that an enormous wrong was atoese
for by the conferring of a more enorcumo
benefit? Even if the same number of p er
eons were, as a twitter of fact, made righteer o
by the obedience of One, that were made
sinners by the disobedience of another, even
if all without exception over whom death
reigned by one man's offence, were else te
recive abundance of grace, and of the gift
of righteousness, so as to reign in life lei
one, Jesus Christ, this di ctriue would stir:
be environed with embarrassments of V,
small magnitude. The manifest violation
(if the constituting of Adam as the repre•
sentative head of his posterity were a vio•
latinno of the rights of the human race, in
holding them responsible for an act, (by hie
committed) to which they did not, and cook
not give their personal assent, would still
stand out in bold and terrible relief; and
the united acelamations of redeemed hu
manity would ascend from hearts oppressed
with a sense of the Divine injustice. Re•
member, my dear brother, we do not stig.
watise that transaction as unfair or unjust.
We believe, on the contrary, that it was per
fectly just and right that all men should be
represented by Adam, and hence should• be
made sinners by his disobedience; and we
believe this because the Bible says so. If
others are not satisfied with such a reason,
if others feel that it is safe to trust their
Maker only so far as he makes it plain
to their apprehension that he has committed
no errors, and has done no wrong; if others
cannot bring themselves to put confidence
in his testimony, until that testimony has
been corroborated by independent proofs
from other quarters, we cannot help it. I
repeat, that as the Scriptures distinctly set
forth the stern truth, that by one man's dis
obedience all were made sinners and sub
jeoted to the penalty of death, we believe
it. And we will, by the blessing of God
rest in the belief of this, in spite of all the
wry faces, and upturned noses, and sardonic
grins of all the wiseacres, Theological and
Psychological, in the land; from the Rev.
R. S. Foster, hater of Calvinism, to the
Rev. Henry 'ard Beecher, lover of novel
ties and oddities; and from the Rev. Henry
Ward Beecher, lover of novelties and oddi
ties, down to the Rev. Theodore Parker,
rider of hobbies and preacher of pantheism;
and from this lower deep, down to Parker
Pillsbury and William Lloyd Garrison,
apostles of anarchy and blasphemy.
We pretend not to a wisdom that man
does not possess. We are not backward to
acknowledge our incompetence to scan
the ways of an Infinite Being—ways which
that Being has himself declared to be past
finding out; and a becoming modesty for
bids us to tbiok that we can find out what
is absolutely beyond the reach of the human
understanding. True science, whether it
relates to matter or mind, has its limits, and
the genuine philosopher knows where to
stop. It is only the quack that is not de
terred from attempting impossibilities. A
proposal in the Atlantic Monthly, to start
on an expedition to the fixed stars, in one of
Prof. Wise's balloons, Dr. Holmes engineer,
for the particular purpose of measuring,
with a tape line, the exact distance between:
Boston and Sirius, would with justice be
regarded as bordering slightly on the ex
travagant But would net such a proposal
be quite sober and practicable, in comparison
with the attempt so often made to apply
human line and plummet to measure the
ways and fathom the thougbts of the infinite
and eternal God? We venture on no such
undertakings. To the courageous engineer
in this ease• to which we just alluded, we
would say : "Doctor, with becoming defer
ence to your enlightened judgment, is
there not a natural impossibility in the way
of .your getting to the Dog Star ? Are you
sure that you are not buying miles of tape
for nothing? Have you seriously consid
ered what might become of You after you
got out of sight . of this little mundane
sphere to which your at present belong?'
But, sir, the space between Sirius and our
planet—to say nothing about Boston—is
less than the space between two contiguous
particles of dust, when compared with the
;abyss that occupies the awleil interval be
tween HIM io whom dwelleth all the full
ness of the Godhead bodily, - and poor man,
in whom dwelleth all the fullness of arro
gance and presumption; between the Divine
Author of the New :Testament, and the
silly Autocrat of the Breakfast Table.'
You, preriumptuons Autocrat,' are trying
to write down Christianity. But you are
wasting ink and paper for nothing. You
are not old enough ; your attainments are
not yet quite sufficient to entitle you to a
seat in the council chamber of leaven, in
order to read • lectures on morals, and the
theory of government in e. that August
Presence. ..The old Holy Bible has, in your
judgment, become effete',. You are for an
,Americanizid Bible; that is, a Bible with
the name of Jesus expunged. Your an
cestors had a proverbeto the effect that only
.angels' and fools attempt w h a t lies beyond:
the sphere of mortals; anvele, because they
are angels, and have the
and fools because they are fools, and know
no - letter e : ; That you attempt what lies
beyond the province of. poor ignorant mot.-
tale, tla4 Atlantic Montivy makes clear
enough; and, Doctor, that you ore net an
angel, is just
,as clear to the majority of
youe readers "
But we leave. the sage of the Modern.
Athena, te whom this passing
is due, and come back to our good brother
Peter. We call no man on earth, master.
Among our fellows, indeed, we lay claim to
knoble, independence ; but when Jehovah
condescends to speak, we humbly desire tc
know our proper plaess, and our proper
places am the place's, of, little children, who
are not yet out of the spelling book, and
who must, for a long while to come, lake
many things on trust, and believe what Goa
says, simply because he Says so. Our creed
is not only, because God bas said se and se,
therefore it must be true, but, because he
has done so and so, there/ore it must be
right ,Standing on these principles, vie
find that there is a,rook beneath our feet.
Here israre very bold, and, amid the deaf
ening shouts from a h un d re d tbousiod
threats, hoarse With yodiferations of "i n '
justice,",f , cruelty," " , tyranny," we pro;
islaste,,..arsd - we would proclaim with 1 01 °'
of trumpet, that God, tlie holy, the rigivous