Presbyterian banner & advocate. (Pittsburgh, Pa.) 1855-1860, September 03, 1859, Image 1

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Vilelbyterillsot Aliveoat% Vol. XXII Me. 46 I
Ortginal Votirp,.
'The Aged Believer•
behold , the hoary, aged sire,
Hie four score yeere have ,flown ;
His eyes have loat their wonted tire,
RIB VACS has quivering grown.
His tott i iing gait, his bending form,
Foretell his certain dgnm;
'The op'ningeartb, the loathsome worm,
The cold and drearitorob.
But if big hopes are fixed above,
He does not fear the grave
He knows thro' the. Redeemer's love,
He 'll death itself outbrave.
He sees by faith a crown of life,
Beyond the starry spheres ;
Beyond this realm of noise and strife,
A glorious rest appears.
He sass the saints, alt rob'd in white,
Before the eternal throne,
Basking in usoreated light,
In eostaoles nnknown.
He hears the golden harps rosound,
With heavenly notes of joy
And never one discordant sound,
Those rapturous songs alloy.
He leaks and longs, till glory fills,
His Heat vilth holy fire;
His ionsost'spirit pants and thrills,
With pure, intense desire.
But ah, he still is (dogged with clay,
And, ere he joins this band,
His earthly holm must know decay,
And lo I the hour's at hand.
His feeble health Is failing fast,
Around his dying bed,
Death bath his gloomy shadows oast,
Anon, the spirit'a fled/
0, what unseen, angelle bands,
The free, unfettetad S4Oll/ 7
Convey to those celestial lands,
The Christian's peaceful goal.
There, free from sin and sorrow now,
On thosaeternal hills ;
The glitt'rimg crown adorns his brow,
And joy hie spirit fills.
He joins the bright, harmonious throng,
On golden harp to sing,
The glorious, never ending song,
Of praise to heaven's great King.
0, ye who here his loss deplore,
Look,up = ward to that place ;
lie whom you, loge,, lives evermore,
And sings redeeming grace
His preeence there still beckons you,
To illeyotir hearis aboie
Then yetigthtlijoitt those praises too,
And ever alien in love.
Nieklesiale; 1859,
'or the Presbyterian Banner art!, 4dvocate l
Letters ,
Broihei :The trial of e our first parents
was, 'actiording • to the representations
of Arminianism, virtually of the nature
of a farce. It was all a ahem: F.Ar
be it' , `from to•ocharge you or your
brethren leith regarding that great tiansac;
tion in the light , of a farce, or with•aatually
believing that it was all a sham. To - say
this would be to slander the denomination
to whioh you belong.- But the teachings of
your system'do, certainly, show up the whole
matter In the light of a solemn farce. Now
for the proof. Your Standards maintain that
the whole human race were put on trial in
the person of Adam, their federal head and
representative. Adam, according to Rich
ard Watson, the great expounder of Irletho•
dist Artninianiern,, Adam . " is to be regarded
as a public man, the head and representative
of the human race, who, in consequence
of hie fall, have fallen with him." "The
circumstances 'of the case infallibly show,
that in the — Whole lianesetion they ,
) (Adam I
and Hve,) stood before their Maker as pub
lic persons, and as the legal representatives
Of their escendants, though in so many
words they are not invested with these
titles." . threateniogs pronounced
upon the first pair," continues Mr. Watson,
"have all respeot to their posterity as well
as to therneetVes• The death threatened
affects all. 'ln Adam all die death entered
by sin, that is by his sin, and then passed
upon all men." Nor does he explain this
of natural death alone. " The opinion of
'those Divines, who include in the penalty
attached to the first offence, death, bodily,
spiritual, and eternal, is not to be puffed
away by sarcasm, but stands firm on inspired
testimony."* So far all is plain, and 'true
as it is plain. But we are now, unhappily,
about to enter the domain of fancy and of
farm You hold the doctrine that uod,
though he PO placed mankind at the dis
posal of their head and ohlaf, that if he
stood they stood, if he fell they fell, bad
not the right to leave them to the full con
sequences of the representation to which he
had himself eubjeoted them. Methodists
accuse Universalists of representing Jehovah
as threatening sinners merely to alarm;them,
as employing the most fearful terms of
warning and rebuke, aim ply—for nothing.
The accusation is just. But the same accu
sation may be laid against , the Methodists.
They admit that God did ibdeed threaten
Adam's posterity, as well as Adam himself,
but it was a mere Universalist threat ; it
meant nothing. We believe, not only like
you, that death in its three terrific fermis
was denounced against our race, but we be
lieve, what many of you do not believe, that
the awfal penalty w.s just. We stand
abashed, we feel our littleness, we are con
scious of oar deep ignorance, when we Hp•
preach this mysterious, this incomprehensi
ble transaction. But we are bold' to claim
that God always does what is perfectly right
• and fair, and what we ourselves would see,
is perfectly fair and right, had we only un•
derstandings equal to the high task of com
prehending his ways; had we only line
enough , to fathom the ocean of his perfee•
Lions. With an unflinching front we ruain•
tain that it would be iu acoordande with
justice in the strictest sense, were the pen
alty annexed to the first sin committed on
Our planet, now to be , carried into execu
tion. For this we are aaaaihd, in no meas
ured terms, from ten 'thousand Arminian
pulpits. The Rev. Dr, It S. Foster, in his
"Objections to Calvinism," printed at tho
Methodist Book Concern in Cincinnati, has
resort to the following style of argumenta.
Lion.: Sinners , were born corrupt, and so
cannot' be guilty for this; they cannot
* Watson's Theological Institutes. Part 11.,
Chap. H.
escape from corruption, and so are not
guilty:for remaining in it." " His die
.oility came with f him into the world—
it was communicated as a part of his exist
ence—it was his very and
' essential nature.
And now was he to blame for an existence
and nature which were forced upon, him—
, which never, at any period, he consented to,
and which he never could avoid ? His first
parents may be to blame, but surely he can
not be responsible ; for he not only did not
bring Ole disability on hiinself, but it was
imposed on him without 'the possibility of
its removal. Let him sin; no being in the
universe can censure him, he is not to
blatne " 44 If it is impossible for the sinner
to avoid sinning, and if this ;disability 'of ,
his was not brought upon himself by, his
own act, he is damned in hell for ever, for
that over which he had no more control than
the angel Gabriel." - f
Thus, Dr. Foster openly takes sides with
rebellion, and publicly proclaims to the
universe, if the universe will listen to him,
that, had not the' effects ef Adam's sin'been
nentralied by the promised' atonement, 'the
sinner must go clear, while the, whole. Maine
of all the sins and crimes perpetrated from
the creation of the world would have to rest
With God - himself, and the Reverend Doctor
Would hive' no scruples to' tall his*Maker so
to his face. But surely, if it was unjust to
let the penalty denounced take its natural
course, the threat itself of, the penalty was
unjust. If it is `iniquitous in a human
tribunal to confine an innocent man in the
penitentiary, it must be an act of gross
wrong to sentence him to the penitentiary.
If it is a sin to inflict the penalty of:death
on a person guilty of no 'crime, it must also
be a sin to, pronounce sentence of death on
such a person. - Ain* of one of 'our
criminalcourts sentences to the gallows a
batek of Unoffending creaiures, who he
knows are innocent—who he knows de
serve not such a fate.- In full inowlidge
of their uprightness, however, he solemnly
proceeds to declare that on such a Friday,
between Such arid' inch' hours, the terror
stricken wretches before him shill hang by
the neck till they are dead. Would not
every body shrink from a farce. SO revoltiog
Now you Arminians, my dear brother, are
chargeable with placing the Supreme Judge
of the world in an attitude precisely analo
gous to this. He to Whom the,future is as
the' present,. to whom' things that are not
are as things that are, has before him, in
the person of Adam,' the , represented
htiman race. He knows that it is an
innocent race. He knows that he is
trying a dangerous und an unlawful ex
periment with his creatures;' an expert
for which, in future ages, he will be
oalled to account by Anninians, Pelagians,
and Infidels. He knows' tliaf it -col be
contrary to every prilloiple of right r ind
justice to inflict woes and sufferings on
millionirinnumerable, en account
of the sin .of ,that one indiyidual;, for if - the
Rev. Dr. .11 S. Foster,knows that this was
-unjust, God, the All.witie god, must cer
tainly have known it tee, > In slate of all ,
this; in spite of the guiltlessness of ha
tnanity ; in spite of the flagrant wrong of
making the transgression of their, chief the
ground of condetinOtion'to Unborn myriads
—oe proceeds to ',pass sentence of death,
`death bodily, spiritual, and eternal, on en
tire generations, from: the beginning to the
end of time. I conclude as I begun, with
the remark that the trial a our, first parents
was, according to the teachings of Arminian
ism, of the nature 'of a fares—a solemn, a
stupendous farce. JOHN SMITH.
t Objectione to Calviiiem, from the article
" Effeottial Calling."
Penally Religion, andipr:lzaltienoe en the
One of
. t z he beet securities! for the growth,
and prosperity of a °Unroll, is`to 'be sought
in a faithful exhibition "
of religion in fami
lies. Here is a law of 'increase, which God
has incorporated in his - Church, and by
whiCh be designs to give it' strength and
encouragement. But why is it—the ques
tion is asked with grief and pain—why is it,
that so many children, se -manyrapprentices
and servants, are seen, to grow up, or to live
many years in Christian families, without
any regard, or even respeit, for religion ?
It is because their parents, guardians, or
masters have that sort ofliiety nibliiii can
flourish only, like Peter's sword, on great
occasions. Then, perhaps, they appear to
have an erases of piety, and put forth many
awkward efforts to dogood in their families;
of a character, it may be, to give them a
permanent disgust for religious things.
But when . ' the- great occasion is past, their
work is done up.. A spirit of worldliness,
now rolls in again, a- want of conscience be
gins to appear, a, light and carnal- conversa
tion to - show itself. The preaching of the
Gospel is very critically, and 'somewhat wit,.,
tily, canvassed on the Sabbath.- The day
itself, in the meantime, fares scarcely better
than the Preacher. It is shortened by de
grees at both ends; sometimes even by a
newspaper, or some trifling conversation, in:
the middle. There is no instructive remark
at the family prayers; and, perhaps, na
family instruction anywhere. There is no
effort to point
,the rising Stilly toward a
better world, and apparently no living for
such a world. Bad tempeis are manifested
in government and in business. Arts are
practised below dignity, and wide,of integ
rity. How is it possible that the children
and youth of a family should not learn to
despise such a religion ? How different
would be the result, if there .were .a simple,
unostentatious piety kept up with constancy,
and the fear of God were seen to be a con
trolling principle, in all the daily conduct
and plans of life. There have been many
striking, cases of conversion, which were
produced, under God, by simply seeing the
godly life of a Christian in his family, with
out a word of direct address, and in a time
of general inattention to religious things
In such a family, every child and inmate pill
certainly respect religion. And the Church,
in fact, may count on receiving a constant
land certain flow of increase from the bosom
of such families.—Christian .Miscellany.
Unreserved communication is the lawful
commerce of conjugal affection, and all con
otaltnent is contraband. it is a false corn
pliment to the object of our "affection, if,
for the sake of sparing them 'a transient un•
easiness, we rob thew , of the comfort to
which they are entitled' Of mitigating our
suffering, by partaking it. All' dissimula
don, is disloyalty to love ; besides it argues
a lamentable : ignorance of human life, to
set out with au expectation of health with
out interruption, and htppiness without ai
boy. When young persons marry with the
fairest prospects, they should never forget
infirmity is bound up with their very nature,
and that in bearing one another's burdens,
they fulfill one of the - highest duties of the
TEE most;:effectual means of obtaining
good for otiffelves and others, is prayer.—
Have No Secrets.
From our London Correspondent,
National Defences— Parliamentary Debate Mr.
Cohden'a Speech—French Disarmament, and What
it Means—The Tuscan Deputation to the Emperor
—His Advice—Other Protesting Parties in Itaty
—An American Citizen and the Massacre at Per.
ugia—The Pope "Solemnly Promising" Reforms
—Auetria Penitent, and Protestant Belief Meas
ures—The Hungarian Legion Disbanded by Bo
naparte—Kosauth and the Republicans—Jealousy
of the . Lombards toward the Sardinians—A Story
About the -: "Iron Crown"-4 1 Revision -of the
- .
English Liturgy—The Bishops Obstantes and Ob •
stinate—lndian Financial Dfflculties-The Bible
in Indian Government Schools— DepUtation to
.Government—The (Pope and Religious Liberty—
Two Eztremee, and the Truth—Garibaldi , once
more—The King of Naples and 'Si' Itindaiius—
The Reviv`al in Ireland
LONDON, August. 2, 1859
been onoe more brought under the consid
eration of Parlifini'enicby a motion proposed
by Mr. Horsman, to eipend any suM requi.
site for' be .00mplete' fortification of the
country against invasion,'instead of,,begitt
ning works on a limited - scale; and- proieent•
ing 'them -slowly and "in driblets" -from
year to year. It was pointed out, that if- an
attack was,intended, an enemy would not
bide our time as to readiness, but 'consult
his, own. Mr. Cobden came out strongly in
.opposition to the motion, in an elahorate
speeoh. He endeavored to prove that our
Navy was stronger at the present moment
than that of Frame. Oa the other hand,
it was Said, in reply,
that he:included in our
ships a large number of mere gunbeats, each
mounting only a feW' guns. To this' again
it is r e torted, that gunboats are a most effec
tive means of defence when placed in shal-
lows along the coast; and so the contest as
to defences, and whit kind ordefences—
whether we should trust only to our Navy,
or' surround our naval harbors with an en-
canto of fortified works to Protect the ships
of war--iftwaged in Parliament and out of
doors. Lord Palmerston is for defending
the dooklards and arsenals as far as fortifi•
cations can do so
Mr. Cobden laid, amid general cheering,
that he would willingly vote £100,000,000
at once, if he believed that the country was
really in danger of invasion. At the same
-time; he give a . quiet intimation that he
differed from "his honorable friend," Mr.
Bright, in his apparent admiration of and
confidence in the French Emperor.
for the present; but it is of that description
that it leaves an enormous number of sot.
diem within oall, eo that in &month, half a
million of men oould be in the field. And
as for the Navy, Bonaparte will not oast , bis
rifled grins into the Bea, nor yet dien:riss their
OTOWIP to an irrevocable distance from Brest,
Toulon, or Cherbourg. One of the
French Government .papers, the Patprie,
points out, without comment, though .doubt
less with a purpose, the statistics of ttie Re
port of an English Naval Cdpimissioner,
from which it appears that thS Admiralty
fOr years past forindlYe r it difficulty; first,.
ithrtanning thi navy; ant,'Sicondly, in. re l .
7 iitining , ' the mei when the 'tide 'Was :tip,
during whioh the ship , was•put thiscommist
lion;' The Gazette del Freinde, the= Legiti.
mist' journal, says in its own spiteful way :,
," The terrors of our. neighbors must notiar-,
rest the drielopuient ofluefieetr—We have
always thought that France. ought tmextend
her colonial possessions." -Isere is-a• signifi
cant hint for a• naval war, in which Eng-.
land's colonies should be "annexed."
The Vienna-correspondent of the, Times
-strongly urges that we Should proceed with
ourdefences, as the -atmosphere is, too hot
and•sulphureous, not to bode a violent storm
ere long.
A. Truce is the true description of the
present state of things in:Europe. For ex
ample, does any one believe that Piedmont
'in her ambition of extended lealiag-doliiig-*
inn ii"satisfied with "the' gift of lorebardy;
"or` on the other hand; are we to suppose that
Atietria,.retaining all- her , fortresses, would ,
not, if any thing happened , to Napole LH',
or, she herself was, strong, enough to fight,
afresh, at once seize and conquer LoMberdy Y:',
And as to France and her Eisperor, he;
wants to be crowned by the Pope, and he
has no objection to a year's rest that corn,
meree may revive, and his `deep plansmay,
the better Mature. He avoids the faalta of
his uncle in that he 'knows when to stop,
and its' patient.'
The Tuscans lately sent a deputation -to
Paris to the Emperor, how they `oriel ed to'
retain their independence, and how strongly
they 'protested against the return of the
Grand Duke'or of any of his dynasty.' The'
Emperor was'veri courteous ; assured them
that he- had no wish to see a ruler - imposed
on them' contrary to their wishes, but ad
titled Thetis to recall the . Grand, 'flulie's son,
(the Hereditary. Prince, a — youth f sixteen
years old,) and that he would grant a Con=
stitution: It is not_likely that the Tu.scans
will do this:• , In truth they are determined
net to do So ; 'and' as for the •'lliodenese—
althbughllie' Austrian Gazette lirediats th e
matters will cool down, and things return
very much: to- the state quo antea—they are
more energetic in their resolve 'to keep the
liberty `they hi've obtained. So, too;
. the
Bolognese, encouraged by Piedmont, are
signing a, protest against Papal Gcivernment.
The 'CRUELTY. of the Roman troops at
Perugia, is now amply confirmed in the face,
of the lying Government journals, by an
American gentleman, who was himself an
eye witness and a sufferer. Here is his
letter. to Galignanr s Messenger
VILLA' CAPPONI, near Florence, July 24.--.ln
the Messenger • of the 21st, you quote from the.
Giornate di limit, " that the Ametioait family
resident in Perugia at the time of its capture by
the Swiss, have declared that the troops , behaved
with a moderation that could, hardly have been
expected after the provocation to which they had
been'exposed.n Will you do me the favor to
contradict that statement? It is one of many
assertions made by that journal which have no
foundation in fact. The American family have
never made any such declaration ; but, on the
contrary, have stated in the most public{ manner
their conviction that the soldiery behaved with,
the greatest- brutality, ferocity, and incense:
l'he samejournal asserted very coolly that the
American family had lost some of their effects,
whitih'had'beint or were about to be restored to
them. As we lost almost everything we` had, to
an amount of between two thousand and three.
thousand south, in the sack and pillage of the
Hotel de France. where we were residing, and as
the 'claiin made on the Roman Government by the
American Minister has not yet been paid, you will
be able to judge how accurate are the sources`
from which the Giornade di Rome derives its in.
- fornsation. ---Begging you to excuse my: troubling ,
you in this matter, which I only ,do in order •to
avoid Misrepresentation, I remain, &C., '
HEMET, it id rumored at Paris' that the
Pope has "solemnly, promised" the Em
peror of the French to grant reforms, and
that even Antoneilli admits the` neoessity'of
some changes. "`'Route` always bends before
the storm ; but temper eadem is her nature.
She ,oannot alter, otherwise she would cease
to be herself.
AUSTRIA is dissolving the ""Military
Chancelleriei" which, - based on aristooratio
prinbiples,:has.wiought great mischief, and
kept -such a General .as Benedek, in the
back grottndf sitaftlyzbecausecof•hitoPloheiatt
extraction 1 Even old gees, up to the mo.
went of hie leaving for Italy, was anubbod
by this clique; while a man of high family,
"the tenth transmitter of a foolish face,"
found no difficulty in -climbing high on the
military ladder. Ilencdek is now to be
brought into office. •
More than this, the Protestants and the
Jews, we are assured, are abont to obtain
privileges for which theylong have looked
for'; but which the Jestiits 'at the- backof
the Throne, always successfully opposed.
It is not likely that under " a paternal Gov•
ernment " the Protestants will be placed on
a perfect equality with the -6 true believers,"
but it may be !presumed 'that' theywill hive
a goodly measure of freedom as: tUthe-edu
cation of their. children, ~,and the manage
ment of, theirecclosiastioil affairs.—Let us
lioPearid believe thatlhe t illu i ngariii Prot
estants .tvilk-:sliare , lotherberiefits that are
likely to follow from the lceavy,chastisement"
that Austria has undergone.
It is now understood. 411 in his cominn
nioationa with Francis Joseph the Emperor
declared that if peace was, not then =ado,
he was ready to make war,to the'knife, and
would stop at no measures to break up Ans.
trig. Doubtless this waithe reason why
had already.encouraged Yilisenth and Klap
ka, and formed a Hunger:lin Legion.. The
latter is now being disbilided; but will 'be
paid off by French money. TheY served as
avtingb'esto , to't Austriai and poor .Kossuth is
pledged to remain in Switzerland till. their
men are scattered abroa4 there "chewing
the cud of sweetr and. bitterifanciee," and
reflecting on the faithiesamess of Princes.
Kossuth is now at the lowest ebb of favor
with the Republicans ofi France, who so
long and so lately held him in ~the highest.
admiration. He has been deceived, but
can scarcely be called a diceiver.
There is likely to be great jealousy on the
part of the Lombards, to;eard .the 'Sardin•
lane, as the latter will never consent' that
Turin should cease to be 'ivtapital city, and
the Milanese' would of course infinitely pre
fer to have a King arid' it Court, in iheir
midst. And is to Milan iced the Cathedral,
a curious story is afloat,ininiely; 'that- the
famous " iron crown of Lombardy," .(of;
which it had 'been ruinofedk that: the Aus
trians had carried it mirth) was lately ex
hibited to the peciple as destined-soon to'sit
on the brow of Victor It was
restored to its resting Ogee in the Cathe
dral, and now it is discovered that it is no
where." The clergy.protest th.eir innocence
—several of them have been arrestedi: and`
Victor Emmanuel, it is -also.= eaid,,was so
disturbed by.the abstraction of the famous
crown, as to have left Turin in all haste,for
Milan. He will, however, yetain.,the sub
stance, and,it is hoped, permanently, be a
King over Loinbardy, amil , 4 o 4ditcr*Otost:
like those which Banque saw, each of which
The ; Ueness dA,adngly ; pro wn ,Imd,ort.!?
Ttri'RwwwlO ''or Tit"' Liikrathe has . ,
again been agitated in tbe=tilatnie , offLorda,'
brßarcina Ebtary.4Tha tpetilienskrwhich lie
presente'd, weft. ligskedi by .alliargeatrod y; a
the clergy, asking forstwotthings.
shortening of the morning service, or the .
division of the - , services,.: 2d. -Something •
still more., importa,ut 7 ,—, . ,a. _ of .aertain •
objectionable. ph t::mes ,s9d.Atatereyikciß t the s :'
Baptismal •and, Rural -gervfees ;,in.ftiot an
assimilation to what
,has, been done in,the,
ease of the Liturgy as used,in the Americo:a,
Episcopal Church. The Bishops, as usual,
were not opposed to a shertening a division' ,
ce:the services, and the Bishop of London
apedaily recoareneeded the use of the Lit=,.
any only in the afternoon service (3 o'clock;)
_he moat" strenuously protested against
any - alterations in matters of doctrine, inns-
much as — that would be inconsistent with
the mortiprehensiSc character of the English
Church,lind inevitably break up the Estab
lishment. Thetis - 114 4eale point; ind this'
is the- spirit of. the ilatittillinarian 'compro
mise that keep-together the living'and the h
dead—the Evangelical andthe ritual zealot..
And thus' many consciences; are , opPressed,
and error' is indonsed . 'as tot baptismaL regen-
Oration, by 'those who in their souls believe
tto bea lie of the devil, , /low :Toils a
- goo& maul& make him:a. prelate, unless, in
deed, he reniaim.glorionsly inconsistent;with
his position 7.. The,sight of,that mnstering„
law robed company of Bishops in the .House
of Lords, always tills my mind with sadness,'
not umningled with diegitit and indignation.`
There sit the Bilhops of Exeter and . Solis
bury, and other High"Clitirehirretiy`with the,
truly Jesuit`speaking face of the'Bishop of
Oxford (" Slippery Sam,") . in the midst
while there too' are the Bishop 'of-'London,'
(a meditim - ated' i Vetwielitwo "extremes) the
Archbishop of York and Canterburyiarid the.
'Bishops ot . Carlisle and Ripon, all Evangel
icals. "
INDIA, last night,' Vag' theosubject of
financial exposition and debate in the House
of Commons. A fresh loan of £6,000,000
will be needed, and , before all -is settled the
Indian debt will reach 4106,000,000. Mi.
Bright'vehementlylieblaimeda against mis
management, and wishes to have" India
broken up into manyemall Presidencies.
The military ;troubles 'aret not over. ,Cone
English regiment at .Berhampore had
barricaded itself within the barracks, and
choffen new offioers, and the Madras . Fusi
liers were* following • their 'example.: ,These ;
'things tend to °depress thel , publia.mind
This inutinyMight nave been prevented, by
Lord Canning his Council doing - the
soldiers. justice, a' to fresh bounty on ~their
re-enlistwent.- Lord Canning oughts to be,
and probably will be, recalled , --only that
Lord Granville, his relative:l,li in' 'the Cab
inet. The Times says ‘ g rio*l3ody " is in
fault; and that Meanwlord.o2nnibg. r. As a
financier - and ,m-statesman, , Sir John Law:
mice is the man for the oriels. , • Otherwise,
we Shill bava — tionqnered India;' and not
prove equal to its goiernment.
INDIA AND THE BIBLE are again-before
the public mind ;,:,.A; Deputation, strong in
numbers, and hilts representative character,
waited on Lord Palmerston, and Sir Charles
Wood, (Secretary for India,) on- Saturday
last. The Arclibiaha'p'offOanterbury intro
duced it, and explained the strongi-feeling
which prevailed throughout thevountry, on
the duty - of allowing Bible' classes , in Gov
ernment, schools, and • ore . thentitional sin
involved in the . endoreeinant Of - ,Lord Starc
ley's " neutrality The ,preoftee
object sought, was " a removal ~of the
authoritative exclusion-of -the-Word of God,
from the system of educatiOnj so'that none
who may be,so,disposed r lc intepliCtedlrota
'the , ..bearing -or reading, of the 'Bible :in
sobOorhousas, provided always that,,: snob
safeguards be adopted 'against undue , inter ;
ference with the religion of the natives,,as
may appear just and proper to the chief local
authorities in the several , governments , of
Lord Shaftsbury
. stated that, all religious
denominations were represented' the
Deputation. A written statement, was also
read, showing that the Marquis of Tiver
dale had, in 1847, when Governor of
Madras, with the doiieurieta"Of his .ooun
eil, which-included two ,natives of,r4nk—
one!, vilindoo and lbedotherf aMoharnmedan
—recommended voluntary Bible .claites.
The Rome Government had, however, for
bidden it . So in 1858, the chief' authori
ties in _the Punjauh, including Lawrence,
M'Cleod, , Montgomery, and Eowardes, had
urged the same as " proper and expedient,"
'brit agalif'it' had Veen refused.
The Deputation disclaimed all compulsory
education, :bat pointed, out with, great clear
messdiowiwhat,is wanted has already been
done ire Ceylon ; that the interdiction of the
Bible is regarded by the natives generally as
antagotiiktie,te'Cliristianity ;, that it
, tates the,,einploymeiit of a variety of _see
' ondary Anoiles , Jof inculcating moral truth,
(theLßible,. •the grand standard- of .•morality
for'all nations, being shut out;) that it is
anjnjpstiee to India on the part of the
GOveriitkent,, Which tikes itself the
responsibility of the well-ordering of popu
lations which are necessarily ignorant of
right'and wrong ; -and that it lays the Gov
ernment open , to the unfair suspicion of an
intentto.proselytize, by underhand, and in.
Sir "Charles Wood explained that the
Government desired 'the Christianizing of
'lndia, but that some zealous for missions
were afraid-that such classes might create a
prejudice in the native mind; and, that in
the Minute he himself had issued, (years
ago,) there was a provision for voluntary
Bible - classes before or after /school. 'hours.
Lord Palmerston indicated difficulties - in
the mar; yet it is hardly to be doubted but
that Evangelical pressure, on this important
question, will be successful with the present
G-oveniment. Nevertheless the issue is
doubtful. '
fresh illustration from the following state
ment :
'The Pope has addressed an autograph• letter
to the Cardinal Bishop of . Albano, requesting him
to invite all the faithful of Rome to join in a
,solemn thanksgiving for the cessation , of war.
The _following is the principal passage of this
document : s• To thank God for the restoration of
peace between the two great Catholic belligerent
powers is our duty ; but to continue our prayers
is a necessity, inasmuch as divers provinces of
the States of the Church are still a prey to the
men who are intent,upon demolishing - the ,estab
lished order of things; audit in with this view
that in our days a foreign tisurping Power pro- -
claims that God bath made man free as regardeth
his political and religious opinion, thus denying
the authorities established by God Upon 'earth,
and to whom obedience and respect are doe, for
getting, at the same time, the immortality of the
soul, which,, when it passeth from this transitory
~ ,world, to the eternal one, obell have to answer unto
the all powerful and inexorable Judge for those
religions opinions; then learning too late, that
there is but one God, and one faith, and that
whoever quitteth the ark 'of unity shall be sub-
jected in the deluge of eternal funishment."
<• Here comes out the grand mistake of
Popery, and bigotry generallyout to the true
nature of civil, art& :especially.. religions,
liberty on the one <hand , ~ a nd the opposite
mistake of ,Letituilinarianism ,on the other.
It is . true . that man nis free, arid ought to be
free,. as respects hisjellow-man, to, 'think on
religion, antr-exprdert. hiS opinions on itslBo.
But it ' is tiot , trtte AifitLanyz man: is 'free to<
heligive`a` - lia; or'pro Patitti"it without awful
"responsihility and guilt. The Pope, is right
in saying that man must g ,‘ UMW/Vet to:: the
.BE-powerful and—inexorable> Judge,. for, his
religious opinionsi" but he ..isi , wrong , and
Atitithristliflrittitte - *•'himSelf as GFod
and sitting, , on the throne of 'Judgment.
; Then, as to " the,ark-of untty, and who
soever< quitteth it.shall be t subraerged in the
deluge of eternal..,pithishmeno the -state
inent is right . generally that out of Chi,ut,
" 1" - the:, th
or, a ...y0u..4 eap,, apartrom 4 ea o
.of whioh he is the 4yip g head,
there<lis no sBivation. But-the , .error and
thop Antichrist is to say that thei.apostate
'Church of Rome 'is "the 'ark' of nutty, or
the catholic Church.
Bet Ween the two extremes of despotism
over - oonscience by the..bigotry .of zealots
.armed with., civil , power,. and .the daring,
blaspherpiea of., the ." Liberal," who says,
" I am . free to think as I, like," thereby
meaning that he is not accountable—there is
'the Scriptural rational mediuin, "'Cod alone
is Lord rit`- 'the ooriscitince,"' and 'yet , "every
one of uslnnet give an apeount of 'himself
to God." And Jesui says, "If ye believe
not that-I am bei ye shall die in your sins."
GARIBALDI is still. alive, and means 'nig :
, chief, 110,-that Pope and ardinals must be
Ata, image, in their,ve,ry dreams.
We , areJassured :.that-Att. Rome :itself, only
the French soldiers keep down a general
'outbreak = At Ferrara, Faenza, • and Forli,
the, Jesnits have hien driven. away. In
.Ferrara,.only one hour was, giyen them.; in
the other two ,places, twenty-four hours.
And what is Jesuitism but real, full-blown
Popery, the • sword, whose hilt is at
Home I"„ And _these and ,their confreres
are the .: men whom Garibaldi ides, and
froni whom hc is determined, if possible, to
free , his, beloved Italy. 'He keeps bis troops
in arms, and-says, in an order of the day
" However political affairs may go, in
present circumstances it is the,'duty of
Italians not only not oily down their arms,
and manifest disoottragement, but to swell
the ranks, to,lsbow to ;,Europe : ,) that,
guided -by , the heroic Titter Emmanuel,
they are ready-again-to -confront the viCissi..
tudes dwar r in whateyeu form they present
t Tun KING of NAPLES lea bigot and a
dupe , of. .superstition, as was 211 is father.
His first act after, the : " mourning" was
over, was to repair to the cathedral of St.
Jannarius, ilia(pritron' Saint: of ' Naples, and
to worship his relics. This undoubtedly
was intended to please. the (besotted and
superstitious vulgar, , who at the annual
" liquefao,4on " some, when there is any
, „ ,
delay, tibiae the * saint in 'good Neapolitan
'billingsgate, called him a "'yellow-faced
rascal,' &c. Both statecraft and 'Supersti
tion 4marked the act of:Ferdinand IL
Political affairs, are, however, likely to be a
little better .at Naples, and with the resump.
tion of diplomatic intercourse by France
and England, the days of brutal imprison.
merit 'of innocent men,: are perhaps gone
The AWAKENING' in Ireland 'still , con
tinues to ..manifest its , power. —Physical
prostrations are not, so, common,, let still,
they occur, accompanied In some cases with
what the BallYmena Obserfer calla "a
faculty Of liMited Prescience; or prevision,"
vihich has excited very great •astonishment
among:the:people, is , noticeable only in.
connexion, kolas! of, persons whose
physical organization has, to,
been' disturbed by the'friegiasitily repaisti
action of mental ezeiteinent. Two inateis
}aria fell,. at =the., same timet. intoi,a"tranee,-
for three, hours,: deaf, tiumb, and motion-,
less... Both recovered at, the, same, hour, and
immediately were , separated-- - -one taken'
forthwith to her own house, where she fell
on her knees, and was engaged in prayer
for half an hour. To the: great surprise, of
her relatives, she,then, affirmed , that, at four
O'clook the next day, she-sikould be in the
same condition again, and. alp rose the
power - of oneside, and remain So for `six
noura. , its I cannot explain; hlistyvq,,ltnow,
•but:m.mind.tells , me. it .willobtpas:l, bpve
aaid!,?-s7..T4ere spews ,o have 'W.l'llifkkincl
Philadelphia; South West Corner of Seventh aid Chestnut Streets
-1 BY isilvOrAtitir--40 , In.5°011; Year, t PILOSPEOTU S.
Delivered in the y '2.00 " "
mysterious sympathy between the two sis
ters. The other girl, Jane, however, was
not told that Ellen expected thus to be in
fluenced. Precisely, at four o'clock, Ellen
dropped from her chair in a state of abso
lute insensibility, and .was found to have
become immovable and rigid in every joint
on the left side. The other deter fell into
the same state, (except blindness,) at the
same moment, and both awoke together to
perfect consciousness. One, of them,
watched by a crowd of anzioas visitors, jin
mediately exclaimed, " Christ is my Sa•
viour. ' He ie "all in all." ' And incridible ae
it may appear, these identical words were
uttered at the same moment by her sister,
three hundred yards distant, as she awoke
to consciousness,
,the. same`!moment
These are not solitary Canesiat Ballymena.
The parties affected predict the time of
their recovery, and yet they are not fanati
eal,-.and , believe that •gg the sure.words of
. prophecy" is , complete, nnd ,that ":the vie*
is shut up."
The "spruce pliilOscipher," 'Cowper
calls him, whether found in the person cif a
Romish priest, or a Unitarian minister, says
of atiagitationsisthet: an is, niere nervous
nous, and its,feaction
He has found
The source of the disease ; our good town feels
Hysterics, nervonszteis, clairvoyance. ,Hence
He bids the world take Agee, and, banish fear.
Thou fool! Would thy discovery of the cause
Suspend'the effecit; lea' it, !
Go dress thine eyes with : eye salve—ask of Him,
Or ask of whomsoever He has taught,
And learn, thoughlate, the genuine cause of all."
Clergymen, and 64 hosts of laymen," are
now visiting the scenes of the awakening,
to examine for themselves, as—if it please
God--. 1 myself
,hope soon, to do. Some per
sons visiting Coleraine, from Gimpy, have
carried back with them a fervent, prayerful,
zealous sOrit, andelready great open-air meet
ings,witit striking manifestations, are indica
ted, on Glasgow Green and elsewhere. An
Episcopal clergyman in the, North of Ire
land, writes thus to the Tract'Occiety : " I
have been iwenty seven Years Reefer of this
Parish, and never before witnessed even the,
most remote ap proach to what is now going
on ; vice and , immorality of . : every sort les
sened to an incredible
,aatent,. kn . oath
scarcely ever heard; or 'drunkenness seen.
The houses of religions: are well
filled on the Sabbath and week - days..
Bibles and religious books.are eagerly-sought
for. Even the Roman Catholics are
afraid to speak against the • Work,
_which at
first they ascribed to the devil. I have
witnessed' parties of alt ages, from five
years to nearly eighty, awakened to a sense
of their sin, and calling for mercy- through
a crucified Saviour, and in no one instance
have I seen one backslider." J.W.
. - .
P..5.--Ne4rly hilt a - miition, i iterling of
gold was reoefireid thialieek, front' Atisiraka,
Ameries, &o.,'yet , the .funda , am &premed s
and a gloompleeling prevails.
I g-4 , 1 2 Our Madan,.
Tn-taeh - one of Vslicinvown , Surdqnsieme
rutile,, ;heaviest ; the especia,l one which re
. quires stronger hands than, our pwn, i te,,bear
it over, the sharp' roar, of life , ; but, after,
all; he is filily'etrong who — iran take 'ear; of
his' own Barrette.' It 'le ' , hard, we know it,
' rfciethe deliettelY organized, refitiotivek
Live nature to find- on all aides TdPappre;
hension and coldiess,.and worse than theie
coarseness, and narrow-mindedness; but so
long as God his, placed'us leirhast
to have cheerinhiesi, and ionise, - to 'Open
the windows thaty.looktt.Eastwaii-injour
lives,, and hear the singing of the.bitallnymi ,
and be glad for,AN n light, ~For., .nfter.„,all,
the barest, and hardest, and saddest life,
is flushed all over with light, atuk the' dirk
est h'eurs' 'aide with blessed
promises, as the Might 'stars, lanctethe
years through:-whisk •we, go, ~blindedt , with
tears and piereed. with , thorns are crowned
. the
~ .grearend radiant orowni of °Ur
Father's tenderness:and 'mercy;
Don't, wetesieoli yon,' forget tci'lei all
"'your faoultieti; look , to f - the" :'This
world is " au extremely. finite; ; world,",,Eand
it is n't worth all the_.fever and fret which
alowly r cat f „away, n likeLmayhei. springs of
our livei.'""Tlian, not fir off; is the end:
Soliiiii i WYsiery of
Death, aloes' the rperipeotiveof 'the -, future
fofiall of us, and when .we enter it, and lift
up our,foreheads, eaddened and soarie4 by
yhe storms of tiate and behold the roofs of
the " Many mansions," as they flash down
to us their eternal splendor', we shalt see
that "eternity is long enough to be'happy
And Time, too, .of blessings. that
bear the image of,
~and aupliieripti 3 Ofi of
God, if we will only, lift up our :eyes
to see, our hands to' take 'their. And
though you, too, reader, may think: the
face of your life drenehed with,rnins, as
the face of a November _day—though you
may, carry in your soul griefs for 'Attila time
has no assauging—tliOugh "dis
appointment, and may llaireiralked
'with you far through the journey'of ye*
still " tire ,end may be better, than the'
heginning.". The *merit fade r an , ii,dhs, but'
the seeds fall into the earth, and sow
selyis into'new Su:milers of fragrance and
beauty, and so shall it be with yOu, for nothing
can really harm your /We but.yourself; the
toughest,. discipline ; Ahall.,only make you'
stronger. Be, brave, liopefil, true,t9 your=
selves, trust in One who 'isz u
able to keep
and to save, and' get' from the 'valleys
wberi ydu oan - luiviribroader horizon; and ,
bolder outlooks; and Understand the-sublime
~meaning of those words that roll ,majesti
cally down to us , through the ages :
" But thou 0 Lord, art a God fill of,
compaseion, • and - gracious, hinesuffering,
and plenteous'merey:'and' truth."
;Ladies' Home Magazine.
Make the Best of it.
A 'detitrtnination to - make the 'best of
"every thing is a wonderful smoother - of the:
difficulties which beset us in our passage
through this probationary scene. In P,eter.,
Pindar's story of the 1 ,.‘ Pilgrims and l
Teas," two fellows, upon whom the penance
of Walking to a certain shrine with peas
their shoes, had 'bear, enjoined, are repro->i
.dented as; having , performed their :tasks
underotery t flifferent ciicuntstancee, end in I
very different moods . tone of tliem - lisdirlg
taken the preeaution to soften his fiaa by
boiling themOripped lightly and • merrily ,
••over the :ground; the:Atli:et, who -)Adj not
is gumption'!, enough to RED011: 10 ,4 LlFtdi Pgr
lets into, a,, pouliicebyji m mat process,;
limped and howb;d,all thp . iitay. It ,n,
iruitiah the isms in our p ilgrimage through
this - I'" vale - I)l4teireßT. , ll.llhblitnpatient afid
imprudent titvellontd4rdtpeasi;*ltbe..Prziacor
._,and sagacious make-flkeinseiv,cm.asy:iN ttypir
.shoes, and run ,obenrfniiy. the , 'wee_ t•bat ie
act before 'tbe—ni.
tt WIT,ELQUT ApltT 3VORE TAU , 17.411 E
th shall be' among those
GOD" - Saab
reaeenie4 from the liy
—ll6 . " 4
5. Thanks' beante 4 gfthelliord t lor right
dolineee,fitiukt we Way ‘ bosmailee‘Stightepsua
i e wees of. , God is hivaq'rr,Oir e 4
Brother Tim:mous.
Brother Timorous its one of the kindliest
souls iinsgiiiable. With what sleepless 'so
licitude he watches over the parish—how
promptly he_hetat's whenever Hr. A, or the
widow B. has a new twinge of the rbeuoila
tism—bow speedily he notifies the, pastor,
when any young stranger shows his face in
the congregation—how perfectly übiquitous
he is among the pooh—Lis . the book
of the chronicle's of his neighbors' grateful
metimrien. You would think Brother Tim
orous. to be
,perfect, Gl:Assn d_tejis.ktisto r
--Aaron and Hur fused into one.
But; alas for him, everi rose muii have
its thorn . ; and Brother T. is all thorn t 1 his
'goaded and jaded minister. He flutterts at
every whiff of excitement among "the pen..
ple," like 1111,17piput feathered dame of the
poultry yard, tie tshdrsoovers a hawk sailing
over her br00d. . ,.F10 is
,a,,baroineter of the
most mercurial ,
sort, amid the j obanges of
parochial weather, and hie spirit einka be
fore Hie cloud' gets; bigger died half - of a
Mall'lS hand. . •
,There' will be , ocessioually„of .course, is
every i parish, little flurries, here and them
Squire like it; that the pastor.'has
dared to Vote-::-Iirp'ecially, since he has, in
the' Squire's liidgifient," lbtearthe :wrong
ticket. Dea. D , 'thinks thh choir , is .•alt go
ing back to, musical chaos, because his Sue>n
has not beenpnotnoted to the firstseat in the
alto. Dr. E. will hear no longer a preacher
who connives at hornd'oPathic (or allopathic)
quackery (as the case map be.) Brother
Timorous is'appalled at the gathering ele
ments of wrath: His heart begins to
quiver, like as electronometer at the rise of
a thunder storm.
He runs to the parsonage with his doleful
story. He is ig viry 2 Sorry," (brother 'T is
always sorry) to trouble his pastor with
parish difficulties; but thisi .(like -scores of
others which he has reported before,) is so
particularly serious, that he could not, in
censcience, withhold it. 'HaVing thus built
up his molehill into a mountain, he plants
his battery of terror on it, and Tiroceeds to
bombard the pastor's head, till it aches as
with a fit of neuralgia.
" The heaviest payers are getting disaf
fected "—that is the first broadside. Then
follow others in quick,suceession,_a_nd with
stunning report. Tile congiegatib:n are
thinning out. The young *Pie ire-Whin
terested. The ladies Fare growing cod to
ward the pastor's wife. The church A.ebt
is increasing. The ,house needs repairs, and
,no one, will contribute. The salary comes
harder and harder. Everything, in short, is
resolving itself into its original elements.
BrOther Timorous means well enough, on
the whole. He has -no , notion of the mis
he does. Bat really, he,,is—a sort of
incarnate nightmare, haunting the, parish.
'What is to be "done ? We answer, do not
make too'serious a matter of it. Every phy
sician knows that some ailments are best
cured by lauglking
. 44 the patient. Brother
T.'s manic iiisjustAhat sort. A little pas.
miageqinimiriisterial experience will suggest a
judicious reatnaent.
Scene, the pastor's study. Pramatis
,the pastor within; Brother 'Tim
°rota rapping SS the door.
Pcsatori---"'Wrilk in."
Bro. T.. 7 -(Bolernuer;tharkusual) "Good
morning, sir. I called to see you privately
about some parish matters."
P-" 4 .Ah, yes ! We are in a very bad
• Bra. T—"Thert you have heard of it?"
,alwAys heard of it—
„OA the congregation is dwindling, and the
young n people. leaving, and the salary is
grudged, add 'everything generally - is going
to destruction! Of course I. have. The
bottom, lonk'aio idiliiiped. out of our parish,
And=lre-all-have been taimbling though ever
sj.upe.., That's nothing
. new.”
Bra. 1 1 .—(Oisoonceited.) " I see it's of
no use, to talk to you. But things are in a
bad'ease among us."
Certainly; perfectly horrible."
Brother T. finding himself ; beating the
.air; presently retires, ,with ; distinct
y; r,eAsinu,pfm!nnthinglost from his personal
„,. : AuAtte,mpt to o repsou seriously with such
,a— character is commoply rank folly As
well bring a battery of ,cannort to bear on
Augusez,musquitoes. Firm, faith in God,
and s, steadfast pursuit of duty, will enable
a motor ,to sudle at, those elements of pa
rochial tiouble which are more effeetively
treated by smiles than by earthquakes.—
Augustus Toplady.
In the pleitsanV county of Devon, and in
one of: its sequestered passes, with a few
,cottagesisprinkled over it,,mused and sang
Augustne„Toplady. When, a lad of sixteen,
and on 'a'vtitt to Ireland, he had strolled
intos barn, where an illiterate layman was
'preselaing, but preachin g reconciliation to
`God through the, death of his Son. The
l kcinely,sermonz took effect, and from, that
..moment the Gospel wielded' all the powers
'of hie 'brilliant 'and active mind. Toplady
tennis irery learned, and at:thirty-eight he
(died, nerearidely read in fathers and re
formers than most academic dignitaries can
, boast when
,their heads are hoary. His
chief are ,controversial, and in
some reepects bear painfully the impress of
hie over-ardent spirit. In the pulpit's mild
er 'urgency, nothing' flowed 'hut balm. In
his tones there was a commanding solemni
, ty,- and,in his words there was such aim
' ,licity,, that to hear was to understand.
And'hath at Broad Elembury and afterwards
in Osage Street, London, the - happiest re
- suite attended his ministry. Many sinners
were converted. And the doctrines which
God blessed to,the. accomplishment of these
t imailts, may, A 201417,134 , front „ph' ; hymns
" When kangstor and disease -invade," "
debtor m te merOV alone ;" " Rook of ages,
cleft .forand, "Deathless principle,
which it would seem as if
ktgil finished *mkt were embalmed, and the
lively hope every stanza; whilst
lealt,.pe s san stAtbsglorions Godhead radi
ateflulerq, grac and holiness through each
encoeseive `line. 'luring his list illness )
ifitetetue thpliidi seemed to lie in the very
r vetitibule'ofglery. To a friend's inquiry
hsianewaret with sparkling eye, "Oh, my
dear sir,- I. ‘ cannqt•Jell the comforts. I feel
in my soul; they are pest expression. The
consolations of God are so abundant that
' - c - othing to pray , for. My
ufssysisare all converted intolpraise.„ I en
:ijoy alre4dy in my enul.'2., And
,within hour of dyifg, ) yl3,.es"lled his
friends,, and asked if :they could him
up; and when they isaid . thei r diiillirtears of
jeffirideive"his cheeks asiMPad'dedi "Oh,
Whit`it blessing that:yeti are madaeAlling to
give ring,. over,intolke-hancle,ofley.,tiear Re.
~deemcl,,, and "part With,,aei for no mortal
can live after the 'Orrrieewhbortiod has
Manifested to my soul."—Theiti D ivi ne Life.
'HE t braveiti wan41.1;44 nflioiaaitaat afraid
c rain: He shall hatcebgldriess in the day
of judgment.