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iklanntr ad Ati4tait.
JAMES ALLISON, PROPRIETORS.
PITTSBURGH, AUGUST 13, 1859.
Ilitlingsvm $1.50 9 In adman,' or in Chain
Slid.; or, delivered at resident's of linlimerie
barag 1 101.0 0 . dee Prospeetue, on Ird Peen
11, lOTIVAL ■ sibeald be prompt!! a little
while before the year aspires, that we may
make tall arranig sweetie ter a steady supply.
WIG RAID WRAPPIin Indiaatee that we
desire a renowal. If/ however, la Ma haste
of mailbag, thtm aloud should be omitted, we
hope our friends will still not forget 'a.
payment by rate
hands' when eonvonient• Ore send by
analosing with ordlaary ware, and troubling
nobody with a knowledge of what you are
dela'. For a large anaourit, read a Draft, or
large notes. liar °Boor two papersoead Gold
or small notes.
1/1111$1K11 CHARON. load portals* stamps,
•r batter 141119 mead for moors paporss ray IP
•r Sovematramaaborri or $1 for 2iltlrty.thrite
DISE°. NM Letters and Comoros Untie=
1* DAVI)) £ CO., Pittsburgh/
BAPTIST.Rev. A. K. Bell, of Lewis
burg, Pa., and at one time pastor of a church
in Hollidaysburg, has accepted a call to the
Sandusky Street church, 'Allegheny city.
We congratulate our brethren in obtaining
for their service an able preacher, a good
pastor, and an excellent man.
Ray. Da. Wirems, Professor in Washing
ton College, Pa., has accepted the Presiden
cy of the City University, St. Louis, and'
will shortly remove thither. This is a new
institution, in which Dr. Wines will find a
large field for usefulness. Universities in
large cities have been, in our country, al.
most a failure. We hope that St. Louis will
be a success greatly beyond the experience of
Pittsburgh. Very much depends upon the
very superior scholarship, energy, tact, and
prudence of the Principal; and Dr. Wines
possesses many high qualifications.
The Hon. Robert Orr, of ArmstrOng
County, Pa., proposes to donite to every
new Sabbath School formed iri,the County,
for the space of two years, five dollars, to
ward the procuring of a libriry; provided
those interested in the School will give a
similar sum to the same object. He will
also give a Bible, for the use of the School.
And, farther, he will give a Bible to every
scholar who will'so learn the Shorter Gate.
°Mem as to repeat it throughout correctly.
This is making a wise and safe investment
of a portion of the treasure with which. God
favors man while abiding in the earthly
Opening of the Seminaries.
WESTERN THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY.-
See notice of T. H. Nevin, calling attention
to the time•of opening the next session, and
also to the means of comfort and the facilities
for study, afforded in this excellent Institu
tion. We look for the enrolling of I large
class at the opening, next month. We say
opening, because every - pupil of the forming
class, as well as of the advanced classes,
should be present on the very filet • disy of
the session, and present every succeeding
day until its close.
Pursorrox Szarmitr:—Attention is in
vited to the notice of the commencing of
the next term of this first of our Theologi.
cal Seminaries. The facilities there for the
acquisition of Theological knowledge, and
of all knowledge connected with an effective
discharge of ministerial duties, are not.ex.
celled by those of any Other institution in
SEMINARY OF THE NORTH—WEST.--We
are pleased to note that this newest of the
Schools of the Prophets, will be duly opened
next month, for the reception of students:
It goes into operation with a full corps of
Professors, able men, the choice of the
Church. It alio proffers the usual help' to
those whose means of support are straitened.
Convention of -Elders.
Ruling Elders from fourteen churehes•in
Clarion Presbytery, convened in. Clarion, on
the third of May lut, for conference on
Zion's interests, and specially with regard
to their duties in her service ; We find
their proceedings published in .the .13rookl'
vitde Jejersonian of August 4th. A series
of excellent resolutions was adopted. From
these we select the following, as peculiarly
worthy the consideration of all spiritual
Resolved, That while we heartily depre.
cats all funded monopolies, and governmerd
salaries for the support of the .Gospel miuie,
try, we are of the opinion, that the good -of
all concerned requires, that said ministry
should be placed in easy oircurnstanees—as'
to secular matters—by the voluntary indivi
dual and timely contributions of the people,
of their several congregations. •
Resolved, That we feel the importance and
necessity of a systematic plan of visiting the
families of our congregations by the eldein,.
and that we earnestly recommend " that the
Session in each church district the parish
according to the number of the elders, so
that each elder shall have one district under
his care, and it shall be his duty to visit
every family in his district". as often ,as duty
and circumstances require—so that it benot
less than once in each year. And further,
that as often as may be convenient, the eld
ers, going two by two, shall visit the entire
congregation; and after every such via%
report to the Session.
Resolved, That it is the duty of each
elder to see that all the members - of the
church within his district attend regulerly
upon the means of grace, unless. providers-,
tially detained, and that the children of the
district attend the Sabbath-School. And
we would here earnestly recommend :to the
parents in our churches to teach thnehildren
the Shorter Catechism, at as early an age as
To these duties, our brethren might have
added that of advice and aid relative to
family reading. , Every family should have
a Bible, a Confession of Faith, a few good
books on doctrinal and practical religion, and
a well conducted religions newspiper. , Tam.
• ily reading has an immense influence,' for .
weal or woe. The newspaper is eiikeeialy
• to a very great extent, the practical educa
tor in our land and day. • FamMea•will have
it, and should have it; and they should have
it in such a way as to make its influence
morally and spiritually healthful, :Whey , will
have news, and should half& tbroigh the
purest channel practicable, acid=as free as pee
sible from poisonous mixtures.
The meeting adopted an address to their
• fellow elders of the PAembytery. It is long
but is doubtless, read thronghput v and to
edification, by those. to *ham it is directed.
The Fifty-Seventh Annual Commence..
ment at ! Jefferson College, Canonsburg, Pa.,
occurred on the 3d inst. There were pres
ifft immense" eonionitie 'of = people, Mani.
fasting the deep interest taken in this Insti
tution, now becoming venerable;
tution which may, with much propriety, be
regailled aslthnAlma>Nciter ofliterature in
Qn Sabbath mornimoreceding Com
menoement, a sermon\ mile* preaohed to the
Religious Soctieties,„ ky Rev. A. M. Milli
gan, of Westmoreland; and in the evening
the Baccalaureate sermon was preached by
the President? Rev. Dr.' Alden. On Tues
day, Rev..Jno. Eagleson, of Buffalo, Pa., reed
before the Alumni, a Historical Sketch of
the Class of .1828. • The. Valadietories and
Responses, by members of the Literary So
cieties, were , deliiered by N. H.' G. Fife, of
Elizabeth, and R. T.'Miller of Canonsburg,
acting for the Franklin Society; and by R.
Maclay,' of Milroy, and J. Anderson
Milliken, of Academia; for the Philo Society.
All , these exercises we missed, not ,baving
arrived in season.
In the"evening or Tuesday' we lid the
privilege of bearing the Hon. Cassias M.
Clay, of in,an Address before the Lit
erary Societies: The subject chosen by:the
orator was, Benjamin Franklin. The par
entage, boyhood, youth and manhood ; the
wisdom, industry, economy, thrift; the pa
triotism, statesmanship, scientific character;
the honesty, fortitude, success. in lifa, , and
eminent usefulness of Franklin ,were set
forth in »a mariner entertaining, and
instructive. Mr. Clay,'.; rather unhappily,
introduced and dwelt upon the religious
features in the life
,arod chaiactir of Dr.
Franklin. This part of the theme did not
lie within the forte,of. the speaker, nor was
it, in its main features, adapted to. the sen
timents of the audience. In many thinga
the great statesinan of the' Revolution was
an example, and almost a model; but
ion w, s not one‘of them. Franklin was far
more distinguished for his-love of 'freedom;
and his labors numerous' and successful in
her behalf. -This presentect,, a theme to the
orator more in, aocordancemith his taste and
mental , habits.. 'This he.-'embraced With sr
dor, but very briefly. -He might long have
dwelt upon it to the d;light:'of hieriatrintic
and liberty-loVing audience.
On Wednesday; Commencement •day, the
exercises were opened with prayer, by the
President. This was followed by addreises
from seventeen young men of the Graduat
ing Class; the Salutatory by E. O. Moder
well, and the Vsdediotory by Robt. Stewart.
Of the performances it may be sufficient to
say that, with some variations in the degree
of excellence, they exhibited much.thought,
high . attainments, and powers of utterance
well cultivate& The young men did:no:toe
to themselies, their teachere, and the Insti
tution. Jefferson;still grows in importance,.
Every year she sends forth her sons by
scores, to serve • the• Church and bless the
land. Her Trustees and Faculty are wise
men, good , men, devoted Christians::: It is
their joy.to,promote edueation as the hsnd
.maid to religion, while,they train tthe mind
for usefulnees in time they strive still more'
to prepare if 1141E0 bleipingis 'ofinnnertality:
The `First Dpgree in the Arts :wan then
conferred , on 'lth e ;following fifty-four young
B. B. Blair,- D. S. Bolls, ,Gleo. Cheeseman, A.
Cowan, J. E. Dixon, J. M'Q. Douglas, J. W.
Edie, J. G. Elliott,' 7. A. 'Eimer,- A. IL Bawer,
N. H. G. 'Fife, T. WC. Finley, Walter Forsyth,
S. H. S. Gallandett,s Samuel Giffin, W. H. God
bar,, C. E. A. Hunt, G. W. Jackson, J.,
C. Kelly, J. J..Kirkpati;ick,RobertLenington,
R. L. IlholaY; William Marshall, H. C. M'Cook,
Hamilton M'CoY, 'J. W. 'M.'lleart, John M'lCean,
D. M. B. El'Lean, M'Phersoit,
Moderwell,l Moore,! W:°P.Patten; W. D.
.Patton, A. J. Patterson, Stephen Phelps, 3, W.
'Yotter, G. M. Potts; 3. T. Power, W. D. 'Rat
sten, G. T. Rankin, LEM:Risher, J. L. Sample,
J. C. Se,hriser N. W.' Shafer, R. B. Sheernaker '
W.-R. Sibbett, T. P.`Spencer,- Robert Stewart,
J. St. 0. Stuchell, Henry Wallace, B. H.= Withe
row, A. J. Wyly, H. French. ,
; The degree of A; M., in course,•;was con
feired on , the follOWtog Aittmni;
George W. Chalfant, of:Baltsburg, Pa; L. B.
W. Bhryock, of Crittenden, Ky.; W. W. Hays, of
Harriabnrg, Pa..; A: Wilaon, of Morgantoirn,
Va.; B. D. IWPhereOn, of Oakland College, Miss.;
W. G. Kiady, of Rodney,' Min; J. C. Gillata, "of
Shousetown; • Ps.; Weaver, of Pine , . Grove
Mills, Pa., and Rev...T. S. Pomeroy, of Fairview,
inte.lonouirrdegrie of A M. 'was eon
Rev. Prof.- Richardson, of the University of
Ky.; Rev.:Mr. AtheOarst, of Haysville, A.
R. Byerly, of the Bandaster Normal Institute; B.
L. Jones, Principal of; Birmingham High School ;
R. Smith, Esq., of Kitterining, Pa.; E, E. Mir-
gan, Etmi., of •New - 'York ; Wm. S.- Everett, of
Chambereburg, pa 4 ,Eev. WAleekin l of Pem
broke, Canada • G. S. Fombelle Principa'. of Mor
ganneld Inetitnte, Ky.
`.The degree of, D.D/ was conferred upon
Rev. Wm. B. Schenek,Thiladelp4isp Rev: Jae.
C. Brown, Vilparaiett,.lnd4 Rev.. Mieh. Jaeobe,
Getty burg, Pa.; •Rev. 4. E. Aeokwell, Brooklyn,
NI Y.; Rev. Thos. CoEtordim , Terre Hittite, Ind.;
Bay. Jeese Jatnieeon;,`Vankeehti; Wis.; Rev.
.Tamee PrestleY,';;Plitehurgli; Pa.;
. Rev: John Ea
gleson, Washington, Co.,l,Ths.
And that at LLD. itpon '
Prof. Albert thiplFine, of :Williams Caleie
Mose.; Hon. diyelab Scott TiOmilton O.
This is quite a • liberal bestownaent. of
honors—liberal, - oat 'in the sense, by any
means, that , the recipients are not worthyi
but in thii, that'y is" profuse, and that nei
ther the College (rinds the library, nor the
philosophical apparatus. are. ever very greagy
benefited in return. But these ought to be.
Iremembered, amilhatbounteonsly. -Much an
tire t are in faVor of Making good things cheap,.
and hostile as we are to the purchase of hen:
ors, still we think that there might he some
'adequate; 'gratuitous acknowledgment, when
merit is 'sought out, and is marked' with
The.resignation,of 011, , Chair of Latin, by
Rev.-A. Williams, R.D deprives the, Col
`lege of an excellent teacher. Prof.+ Williams
has made arrangements to etafe Ohiirge Of the
Edgeworth. Femalo,Sinitiary,,at , Sewiekli3r,
where he will have, still, an important, field,
, foi useful labor, and , where, we trust, dig;
criminating public will confide to his care
many of their `dinghtere.
To fill the.Qbairvamited by Dr. William!,
the Trasteec.eleated Rev.. David -Hall, of
Brady's( Bend: an - eicellent•cherce.
Mr. Hall 11(i Man, offine talents and •
superior and is as good preacher
as he is aLSO9IKt xalPiwFaeßtby is : Mance
still fillrand. , willi:command undiminished
Thq t foundations of o reffeisop College were
laid ireprayer; 'her walls, were built , with
prayer; 'she is 44111' the' subject 'of prayer;
and, on her; behalf, the Lord has shown hint-.
self, snci,M ll . ; Ott!! iillEsegi•4e r :hearer of f
THE PRESBYTERIAN WNEA AND ADVOCATE.
A Question Asked and Answered.
On the - day succeeding its date, we re
ceived the following :
•' -*" - Prrrenrartorri - Aug. 4,1859.
REV. DR. MaIENEY :—lt is rumored
that at the anneal meeting of the Board of
Domestic Minions, held in 'Tune, a resolu
tion was adopted appropriating money , to pay
expenses of members attending said meet.
It would be interesting to know whether
this is not in „conflict with the:usage:rot ; th e
Board f — ' s ' " '
Who offered.the resolution.?
If •any, what amount of funds was drawn
rom the Treasury ?
Your connection with ,the= Board for a
considerable time, and familiarity with the
modus operand; will enable you to give the
A CONTRIBUTOR TO ALL THE BOARDS.
Toward the close of the annual meeting
in June, Dr. Happersett, having been elect.
ed Co•ordinate Corresponding Secretary, of
fered a resolution, substantiallyas follows;
Which was adopted, viz
fg Resolved, ,That the Treenurer be directed, on
application, to, pay the necessary traveling ex
penses of the members of this Board, when in at
tendance upon the annual or epeeist meetings."
On the second day after the meeting, we
inquired of the Treasurer, and found that a
few members had availed themselves, through
their friend Dr. Happereett, of the privi.
lege. They were, however, but a few. Six
gentlemen received eighty dollars, under
the resolution. Of these, only two were old
members, and they had not been in the habit
of frequent attendance.
This is the only instance within our
knowledge, in which any member of any
Board his either asked for or received any
compensation for attending upon the Board's
meetings. The service, both as to time and
traveling expenses'has, uniformly, been re
gaided as a gratuity to the Church.
There might be much said in favor of the
innovation, but we, trust` that it will not pre
vail. Our Board schemes are, agencies of
benevolence. They should be made as little
expensive as is consistent with efficieney.
Christian men, and especially those who are
honored , by the •General Assembly with a
position in her Boards,should rather cast , in
to the Treasury than draw therefrom. And
it is to be noted, that if all the Boards would
pass resolutions thus to pay themselves, and
then all embrace the privilege of an annual
visit td the cities, expenses paid, ten ,thou-
Baia dollars would hardly defray the cost.
This would be "expansion," but expansion
of a kind the churches would not endure.
It - would soon dry up the Streamlets which
supply the Treasury, and would utterly break
up the 'Board system. ,No real friend of
these organs of usefulness would, unless per
.chance, in an hour of forgetfulness, make
the "application ;" and a second application
for him 'by an official, we Cannot but think
he would spurn.
The gentleman who makes the inquiry
above, is a layman; and not only a contribu
tor to "all the Boards," but a liberal con
tributor, and is very active in inducing oth
ers to contribute.
We may take this occasion to relieve the
Domestic Board of an erroneous, charge
which =we. have heard several times repeated.
It 'does not give Dr. .Happersett $2,500.
The salary , of the Corresponding
is s2,ooo,and ythe Co.ordinate will receive
no more. Our cpposition to a second Secre
tary in Philadelphia, for whieh, we believe,
'there is not the slightest use, is well known,
and is as firm an ever; butstill we wish that
no wrong impressions should prevail.
A Dopy of a printed Circular, addressed
by . 'Rev. Dr. BroWnsen to the Fasters and
Sessions of Washington Presbytery, having
been put into our hands, we ,insert: from it
such extracts as are of general application
to , , the' subject of which it treats. Dr.
Browns= had been requested by the Fi
nancial Committee of the Western. Theo
logical Seminary at Allegheny, to supervise
the collections, in his Presbytery, lor the
endowment of the Fourth Professorehip in
that Institition. Hence this Circular, in
which, after quoting the favorable •action of
the Synod of Wheeling, and of the Pres.
bytery, of Washington, he proneedr, as fol
'lows viz :
The voice of the Church concerning this
,be certainly learned from
this concurrent and urgent action of her
several courts. And may not, the voice of
the Master himself, in like manner, be
heard. Surely after such solemn and de•
liberate proceedings, it may, be expected
that each church ,will be enabled to report
the work done,or, at least, that an honest
and faithful efort has been made to acconi.,
plish it. Among the many reasormfor such
an • effort, let the following he considered,
lst. After long years. of anxious and
doubtful labor and expense, the Head of the
Church has, crowned this Seminary with
signal prosperity. The toils and tears, and
prayers of the fathers and mothers of our
Mimi, have borne fruit,- far beyond their
brightest expectations. The number of stu
dents has rapidly risen, Within the last few
years, until it has reached one'kundred and
twenty•nine—a nuinber in advance 'of that
of Princeton, only a shOrt time s ago—and
these students represent no less than twenty.
three Collegiate Institution& With com•.
modious buildings, valuable libraries, and
three Professorships endowed, only the sue
miss of the present plan is needed to place
this Seininary=the child 'of tio many prayers
-upon a level With her most favored sisters,
throughout the land. Our call to the work
of -meeting this crisis, is the Lord's great
blessing upon preVions efforts.
2d..The faith of the Church is commit•
ted to ; the encoessful prosecution , of this
scleine. It is a serious thina for ministers
and elders,: sitting ' in the *Capacity of aourte
of Issas Christ,to undertake work for their
Msater's,ainise and glory, and to bind then.',
selves for its performance, by resolutions,
which stand recorded on earth and in heav
en: Let not the , world find in the,Chureh,
an example of indifferenoe to covenant en.
gagemenM and pledges. At least; let.each
one do his appropriate part, as he may have
opportunity and strength.
Bd. The spirit of enterprise and liberality
which appears in the efforts of other sections
of the, Church to place their Seminaries on
the best footing, is a laudable fitiMlllllB to a
like exertion on the part of the most dense,
and in many respects, the most favored/op.
Landon of PreehYteriami in the United
,Statei. 'Why should , we lag- behind our
4th The increasing popularity of our
,Seminary, its favor in the eyes both of young
men and of the churches, and its peculiar
adaphition to the development of the work
ing power or the Ministry, should not be
without their influence. ' ' '
These considerations, sdeaehrethien, are
Offered in a fraternal Xour'portion of
the amount needed is
*hie kit is hoped will be promptly forthcom-
ing. May not more than this be , expeote4,
in ordai to make up for the failure of others
less able ? May not even the late blight of
Providence, upon our, romises of a luxuri.
Ant `liaivest, 'be a pregnant warning to
remember that "There is that soattereth and
yet iniireaseth; and thereie that withholdeth
more than is meet, but it tendeth to poverty."
Your fellow servant,
JAIIIEI4 I. BROWNSON:
The closing remark of this Circular de
serves to ,be ,pondered by , those olmrchor
ivhich have beei delaying action la this
matter, until a-more convenient season.
The Sabbath at St. Louis.
There has been much excitement recently,
at St. Louis, on the subject of Sabbath obser
vance. The city was once, and long, Roman
Catholic. It is the resort of foreigners, and
the dwelling place of a vast amount of irre
ligion. And still it seems that the Lord's
Day is not to be utterly and forever dese
crated. The strength of parties has been
tested on the subject of a law to prevent the
sale of liquor on, the Sabbath. The Mayor
appointed Monday, the lst inth., for an else
don on the subject, and the result, was, as
reported, 5,292 votes for the sale, and 7,413
against it '
They seem to have soma wise and prudent,
as well as good men, at St. Louis. They did
not insanely and like suicides, mingle the
question with politics, nor make it a•matter
of " Americans " against "Foreigners."
Neither did they make it a matter of denom
inational strife, in which the " straightest
sects would carry out their own peculiari
ties. They went for the Sabbath on the
- grand moral principles which concern hu
manity. The high toned Calvinist could
here co-operate, and the Evangelical Metho
'dist, Baptist, Lutheran, Episcopalian—every
Christian could join in the effort. The for
eigner was invited, and could fraternize.
The Romanist was not repelled and made a
foe, but rather solicited to participate in 'a
common cause. Every moral man, , every
man who loved his, kind, was invited, and
could labor on equal terms with his fellows.
Judge Bates wrote to ,a public meeting
which was being held, preparatory to the
"I am very sorry to hear that there is any
occasion for a popular .demonstration to up •
hold alLipstitution so ancient, so sacred, so
lawful, aids° necessary to the peace, the
comfort, and 'the respectability of. society.
Its religiims charms*, as a holy day, ought
alone to be sufficient for its protection in a
Christian community; but, that failing, the
laws of the land, made for its security, ought
to be as strictly enforced as the laws made
for the protection of persons and property.
Vice aid crime are always progressive and
cumulative. If the Sunday laws be neg
lected or despised, the lin% of persons and
property will soon share their fate, and'be
" Most respectfully,
" , EDWAND BATES."
The St. Lois Presbyterian, speaking on
the'euhject, a few days after the election,
says of the active friends of the Sabbath :
" They trusted in God and the right moral
sentiment of this community, and, acted
with energy and wisdom—determined,' if
they failed now, to stand united: and try
again. The Mayor appointed a special elec
tion upon'the question, whether intoxicating
drinks should be sold on Sunday? Meet
ings were called and largely attended by our
best citizens- Speeches Were made, the
subject was discussed by the press and the
pulpit, and the public mind was aroused to
the= magnitude of the evil—a brief and tell
ing appeal was
,printed and extensively air
oulited on the day of the eleotion—young
men, who never electioneered before, armed
themselves with the good ticket, and render
ed efficient service—the ladies, too,' noble,
creatures i lent their potent influence in its
favor-- 7 and very many right.minded Ger
mans, RoManists, and even liquor dealers,
gave it their helping band. The battle was
, the victory . was won !"
How. exemplary I Will not Pittsburghera
learn a lesson ? ' If they would do likewise,
there would soon be not a liquor shop, in of
near the city, publicly open on the Lord's
day, nor an omnibus nor a street passenger
rail oar in motion. In this day of trial,-let
the advocates of the Sabbath make friends,
and not foes. Let them plant themselves on
a broad basia, whoserfirinness and value can
be extensively teen; and appreciated, and
they cannot but triumph. Sectarianism and
political partyism are entirely out of place
in'" a grand moral question such' as is the
preservation of ' the Sabbath, quiet and
"The True Psalmody."
Under this beading, we give an article on
our first page, which is mainly a quotation
from the, Appendix of "Letters on Psalmo
dy," a work, now going through the Om of
Messrs. Martien, of Philadelphia. The
" Letters " are from the pen of Rev. Wil
liam Annan. , When we mention this name,
it is needless to say, to most of our readers,
Altai the subject is treated with great ability.
The work will soon appear. -
To have the true Psalmody, is a matter of
vast importance: It concerns our weekly,
and should concern our daily worship. It
belongs to our acceptance with God, our
growthin grace, and the hopes of our fami
lies. We should have an evangelical Psalm
ody; a Psalmody which shall present the
Redeemer'li name and works; and also the
soul's experiences under its guidattop heav
enwardby the. Captain of our Salvation.
The little article, also on the first page, -
under the title "The Name of jefins "is
pointed and instructive, and may, well be
noted in this connexion.
Be Zust to the Minister.
Weitre of those who think that though
ministers are by no means perfect; and ima
gines are not very discreet, yet they often
do mot receive the pecuniary compensation
to which they are fairly entitled. They
, the Gospel, and it is ordained that
they shall live by the Gospel. They feed
the flock, and are entitled , to, an adequate
portion of the milk of the flock. And yet
they are often stinted in their salary, or a
part ie kept back,Or 'they suffer through
delay in payment.
Oftentimes, also, ministers in charge, and
more frequently yet, ministers without
charge, are'greatly imposed upon, by being
invited to perform services for a ,day, a
week, or month, afor which they are re-
warded with not the , slightest oompensation.
They are bound to preach. When a people
askqhem to speak their.Miiiitcr's truth, they
dare not refuge.' And when no invitation
comes to, them, they are to put themselves
in the -.may. of ,one. .And it is liar*. ad
witted that they shall insist upon terms.
Let peaple think of these things and., be
just at least,lf not generous. '
Boston and New England.
The Boston Trade Sale of books, last, week,
was a complete success; so that this may be
'considereConi of the established' institutions of
this city. Heretofore, the Book Trade Sales have
been confined to New York and Philadelphia, but
hereafter, these cities will have a vigorous 44om
pet4tor in their Eastern neighbor, for a share in
this branch of business.
Prof. C. C. Felton denies, indignantly, the truth
of ,the !sport so extensively circulated, that he
had become 'it convert to Spiritualism, Of which
he was sometimes so strenuous an opponent. He
says that Judge Edmonds, through whom the
report somehow got currency, knows it to be
untrue ; and that he, Prof. Felton, is probably the
only person in the United States, that takes the
time and trouble to read the Judge's periodical
lueubrations in the columns of the New York
Tribune. We are sorry that the learned Professor
cannot find some profitable reading, wherewith to
change the current of his thoughts, when the
mind has become wearied with the study of
Greek verbs, and usoents.
The Boston Courier, states that a complete
edition of the works of the late Rufus Choate,
with an appropriate biography, will be published'
under the editorial supervision of his family, for
the benefit of the (State.
A new history of the Parigma is in course of
preparation by Mr. Hopkins. Former historians,
who have devoted themselves to this department,
lived too near the. times of which they treated,
and were too much affected by bias or prejudice
by the stand-point they occupied, to give all the
stipects and bearings of the vast events, connected
with the origin and progress of Puritanism.
NemPs History of the Puritans, has been long
justly considered a standard work, but it is de
fective in the point on which the work of Mr.
Hopkins promises great completeness; that is,
the relation the Puritans held to the Govern
ment, and polities of their times.
The laying of the corner stone of the .National
Iffonument tothe Pilgrim Forefathers, at Plymouth,
on the 2d *dant, was an imposing affair. The
idea of this Monument originated with the Pit.
m Society, and the corner stone was laid upon
the part of the veritable rock where John Alden
first leaped on the shore. But this celebrated
rock is by no means what it has been represented
to be in therhetorical flourishes of " spread eagle
orators," and in the rhapsodies of poets who
have sung of the " roek.bound shores of Ply
mouth." The truth is, the epithet " rook bound
will not apply to the place where the Pilgrims
lauded, or to any other locality, either way, for
two or three miles. They were too skillful navi
gators to have attempted a landing at that season
of the'year, at any "rook bound." point, such as
that on which orators and poets have delighted
to'dwell. The , " rook " is simply a huge boulder
that has been moved during the lapse of ages,
from place to place, by the action of the water and
ice, and the whole now presents a somewhat
rounded appearance. At the time of the landing
of the Pilgrims, the "rook" might possibly have
weighed twenty.tons, but , owing to the many
, pieces that have been broken, and to the large
fragment that was separated in the attempt to re
move the entire stone to the town square, in 1775,
the "rock" does not now weigh more than ten
'tons. It is of that kind of granite termed by
syenite, possessing a dark, greenish
color. Dr. Hitchcock says that this is the only
rock of the kind to be found on the Eastern coast
of New England. The general opinion now is,
that the rock is itself a Pilgrim, and that it was
transported by ice and the action of the water,
from Nova Scotia. It will be well for political
speakers and juvenile commencement orators, to
keep these facts in mind when tempted to spread
themselves on the strength and permanency, of
Plymouth rock. .
The monument is thus described, by the Daily
Advertiler : : • .
"It consists of a .pedestal eighty , feet high,
supporting a collossal female figure -seventy feet
in height, representing Faith; her feet rest upon
Plymouth Reek, and she holds an open Bible in
.her left hand, while with her right hand she
points to heaven. The pedestal- is octagonal;
from its four smaller faces project buttresses up
on which four figures , are seated, thirty five feet
in heigth, representing Morality, Education, Law
and Liberty. Below these, on small , panels, are
appropriate alto-relieves, while upon the four
large faces of the main pedestal are large panels,
to contain records of the principal events in the
history of the Pilgrims, with the names of those
Who came over in the Mayflower, and below are
smaller panels for records connected with the So
ciety and the building of the monument.' "
Many thousand persons were present. Addres
ses were delivered by Richard Warren, Esq., Gov.
Banks, and Hon. Anson Burlingame. The entire
estimate is `$800,000; of which $50,000 have'
been already secured. The time necessary to its
completion, is supposed to be six years ; but a
greater length of time may be required, if the
funds should' not be'promptly paid in.
The' Recorder gives the following brief but sup
gestive - account of the embaroation of the Pil
Two hundred and thirty•nine years ago last
Monday, (August 1, 18200 the Pilgrims embark
ed from Delft Raven, in Rolland. 'ln view of the
enterprise, they had a day of fasting and prayer.
Mr. Robinson preached on that occasion from
Ezra, 8: 21, •• Then I proclaimed a fast there, at
the river of Ahava, that we might afflict ourselves
before our God; to seek of him a right way for
us, and for our little ones, and for all our sub
stance." Part of Mr. Robinson's church came
over and , part remained behind. The night before
their embarkation,they spent in prayer and mu
tual' exhortation to remain firm to the great prin
ciples that they had embraced. When they were
ready to embark they all knelt down upon the
shore, and Mr. Robinson commended them to
God. They fell on each others' necks , and wept
sore. These were the men that landed on Pilgrim
The . American. Sdentific Association, met in
Springfield, Mass., on Wednesday of; last week.
Among the notabilities present were Profs. Henry
and Bache of Washington ; 'Leconte, from Charles
ton, S. C.; Gould, formerly connected with the
Observatory at Albany ; Pierce and Lovering,
from Harvard ; Gibbs and Loomis, from N. Y.;
Gibbons, from North Carolina; Hitchcock, from
Amherst ; Alexander, from Prinoeton ; Duffield,
,from. Detroit; and Gillespie, from Schenectady.
Prof. Stephen Alexander was the presiding offi
The exercises of the graduating class at Ando
ver Theolagica2 Seminary, took place on Thurs
day, the 4th inst. The elass numbered thirty six,
of these, twelve have devoted' themselves to the
work of . Foreign Missions, and three have already
accepted calk' to pastorates.
The Theologicat Seminary at East Windsor, has
also sent, out a class of great promise. This Sem
linary was founded for the purpose of imparting
Scriptural knowledge as understood by Calvin and
Edwards, more distinctly than was done at Ando
ver and Yale; so that it represents the extreme
conservatism of New England orthodoxy. Presi
dent Edwards itaa'bern in the vicinity, and the
graves of his parents are to be seen in the old
burying ground, the oldest in the State, except
the one just on the' opposite side of the river
The remains of his father who was for many
years minister of the town, rest beneath a. stone
tablet immediately in the rear of the Seminary
Chapel.. The Seminary is munificently endowed,
having a large landed estate and $60,000 in cash
funds well invested. The income from the re
sources of the Seminary last year, were sufficient
to defray all its expenses; and also pay the board
'ing bills of the students, about twenty in 'num-•
her. The Library contains eight thousand rot
nines, and will soon' be enlarged by an'expendi
tare of 41,000 more for its benefit.
The August number of the Banker's Magazine,
opens with a paper by the' indefatigable Peter
Cooper, on that inexhaustible subject " Cur
rency." Mr. Cooper advocates the theory of a
pure metalliC circulation, and sees in it the great
remody - for all disasters and convulsions in cont.
coerce. about the strangest thing in *cc
article, is that he appeals to Washington and
Swedenborg(?) in support of his views. `This is
certainly 'a new pcsition for 'the father of Mr
ootmtry " to occupy wittilreepoot to 'the dreaming,
visionary Swedish seer.
The Baltic and Atlantic, the remnants of the
once famous Collins line, have been sold for the
California trade, _and are undergoing the nef4ssa
ry repairs and alterations.
The / Times'of last Saturday gives the following
comparative statement of Imports for the week,
for three successive years, and also from Jan. 1,
during the same years.
For the week. 1857. 1858. 1859.
Entered at the Port $2,801,406 3.580,816 3.840,428
Thrown on market 8,998,122 8,732,879 3,988,840
' Since Jan. 1.
Entered at the Port 66,716,293 33,750,174 75,623.412
Thrown on Market 73,888,342 89,666,360 75,194,138
John Mitchell has merged his paper, the South
ern Citizen, in the New York Day Book.
It is now generally supposed that Horace Greeley.
pracical as' may be his character, and shrewd
and far-seeing as he 'is, was Oompletely deceived
by the gold diggers at Pike's Peak, and , that the
statements contained in his letters will lead many
to forsake the quiet of home and the rewards of
regular industry, in pursuit of another golden
A select number of gentlemen In this city, de
voted to the Study of American History and Liter
ature, have formed themselves into a. Society for
the publication of manuscripts and scarce pamph
lets relating to these subjects. It is called the
"Bradford Club," in honor of the first printer of
New York, and grew out of a less formal organi
zation, which privately printed not long since, the
"Washington Diary" of 1789. The "Bradford
Club " commences its operations by the publica
tion of some papers concerning the attack on
Hatfield and Deerfield by a party of Indians from
Canada, September 19th, 1677.
Mr. Elias How, Ir., of Brooklyn, is the inventor
of the sewing machine needle, and the papers tell
us that his income from his invention is now equal
to one thousand dollars per day. Bat certainly
this must be an exaggeration. No doubt the in
come is immense, but we can hardly believe that
it is at all equal to this sum, At all events, we
would not advise any of our readers to set about,
the invention of another needle in hope of realiz
ing one thousand dollars per day from, it.
The Evangelist and Independent are still en
gaged in discussing the affairs of the Home Mis
sionary Society, as connected with the Congrega
tionalists and New School Presbyterians.
The friends and patrons of Antioch College are
looking to Dr. Bellows, of theatre and "Broad
Church" notoriety, as the successor to the late
Horace - Mann, as President The College is at
Yellow Springs, Ohio- It is said that Mr.,Mann
indicated Dr. Bellows as the proper person for his
successor, previously to his death. Mr. illann for
many years occupied a prominent place before the
; public. He was Secretary of Conimon School
Education in, Massachusetts, afterwards successor
to John Quinoey Adams in Congress, and then
Governor of the State. He was the author of
several works 'connected with education that have
attained considerable popularity, and was mainly
instrumental in- nearly expelling every thing
bearing the semblance of evangelical religion
from the Common Schools of Massachusetts.
And what little leaven of evangelical religion
may yet remain in them, is owing to the active
and determined opposition his course awakened.
In his religiens views, he was the " broadest" of
the " broadest" wing of extreme Unitariais,
commonly denominated Christ-inns, pronouncing
the first syllable hard.
The Rev ; Franfia L. Hawks, D. D., ' the popular
preacher among the Episcopalians at Calvary
church, has been elected Professor of History, in
the University of. North Carolina, his native
State. It is supposed that the appointment will
Not only the Presbyterian Church, but all evan
gelical churches; as well as every literary, public
spirited and humane enterprise, has met with a
great loss in the death of Rev. James , W. Alexan
der, D. D., pastor of the Fifth Avenue Presbyte
rian church, who expired at the Virginia Springs
on the morning of last Sabbath week.
James Waddell Alexander, the eldest son of Dr.
Archibald' Alexander, was born in Louisa County,
Va., in 1804; graduated at Princeton 1820, and
was.appointed a tutor in that institution in 1824.
He resigned that station the next year, and settled
as pastor in Charlotte County, Vet. Here he re
mained two years, and, in 1828, accepted a call
In 1830 he resigned his: , charge, and became
the editor =of the Presbyterian, at Philadelphia,
whence, in 1833, he wad called to the Professor
ship of Rhetoric and Belles Lettres at Princeton.
Here he remained till 1844; when bewas elected
pastor of, the Duane Street Prisbyterian church
in this city. In 1849 he was appointed Professor
of Ecclesiastical History and Church Government
at the Princeton Theological Seminary, where he.
remained till 1851, when he was called to the pas:
torate of the Fifth Avenue Presbyterian church
in this city.
Dr. Alexander received the degree of D. D.
from Lafayette College in 1843, and from Harvard
in 1854. Dr. Alexander had published numerous
and poPular works ; among them " Consolation "
a series of discourses ; " Thoughts on Family
Worship ;" a series of essays entitled, "The
American Mechanic and Workingman;" a biogra
phy of his father ; contributions to the Princeton
Review; several publications of the Tract Society;
and various essays originally published in the
journals over the signature of "09388638118."
He was a most accomplished scholar, an inde
fatigable student, an earnest and eloquent preach
er, a faithful pastor, a genial companion, and a,
man of humble, but fervent piety. RU was, at
the time of his death, pastor of a congregation
not surpassed in numbers or influence, if equalled,
by any other in the Presbyterian Church.
The communicants amount to seven hundred
and eleven, and during the last ,year one
hundred and-twenty-five persons were, added to
this church on profession of faith. He read the
French and German:languages with the greatest
facility, and many of the most successful transla
tions of the best German hymns that have lately
been brought before the churches, are the pro
duct of his sanctified taste and refined scholar
ship. And he was a moat successful writer of
Sabbath School books and tracts.
The Sabbath amtroveray still continues. The
friends of the Sabbath and the laboring, remain
firm in their determination to preserve the
sanctity of the Sabbath, and the right of the
laboring, to rest one day.in seven. While they
have not been rash, or committed those indiscre
tions, which have done much to defeat the efforts
of . the friends of the, Sabbath, and, embolden, its
enemies in Pittsburgh. In the meantime, their
opponents have the greater part, of the daily
press of the city with Ihenuand 'threatel to 're
quire the candidates for thirlegislature, to pledge
themselves to labor for the repeal , or modifica
tion of the Sabbath laws of the State. Some are
even guilty of the meanness of announcing as
speakers, and appointing on Committees, many
gentlemen utterly opposed to the whole anti-
A Circular has been issued, signed by the Man
agers of the State. Prisons in thirteen States, call
ing a Convention of the Prison Officers in the
United States, to be held in Philadelphia; on the
7th day of. September next. The object of the
Convention is for ea interchange of opinions upon
prison management, and to Inquire whether any
useful reforms may be introduced by some simul
taneous movement. The subjects which are pro
posed for the 'discussion of the Convention are:
Firat: What is the best system of discipline
and management of convicts with a view to their
reformation and the good of society ?
Second : What should be Ibis capabilities-and
moral 'character .of subordinate officers placed
over convicts? ' .
Third What system of labor is best calculated
to' impress a sense of justice and right-on the
mind of. the convict, and at the same time remu
nerate the public for the expense of his keeping ?
Fourth : What is the Most eeonomical mode of
managing a prison, consistent with the physical
health and well-being of the convict?
The Hon. Lewis a Levin, a few years ago a,
prpminent man in connexion with the AmericaU
party, is now an inmate of an Insane Asylum in
The Rev. Joceph F. Berg, D.LI, of, the. Reform
.ed 'Mitch Church, has ; airneruaced thet he will
iesue on, the let of neat October, anew Quarterly
to Im3 styled " The .Raangelical Quarterly." Its
'object will be the diseusilea of ineetioni pertain-
ing to Christian Literature and Theology. In
character and spirit it will be Catholic in all that
concerns the general interests of Chris tbmity, bat
distinctive in its maintenance of the great doc
trines discussed in the leading symbols of the
Reformed Churches, and specially represented by
the Belgic and Westminster Confessions.
Mr. 'tibia"' R. Hearn:row was ordained and
installed as pastor of the congregations of
Fairview, Sturgeonville and Girard, by
the Presbytery of Erie, at ite 'late meet.
Rev. arm LAiivsoN's Poet Office addreen is
Buckhannon, Upshur Co , Va.
Rev. Taos. STEVENSON, of Rock Spring,
Centre Co., Pa., bas received a unani•
moue invitation to become pastor of the
congregations of Mount Pleasant and
Fruit Hill, Pa.
Rev. H. R. PRICIE was installed pastor ot
the church of Bloomington, Illinois, on
the 23d ult.
Rev. J. G. REaszn, late principal of the
Harrodsburg Female College, Ky., has
aoCeited an invitation to take charge of
a similar institution in Leavenworth City,
Kansas, and may be addressed at that
Rev. L. P. BATEs has received and ac..
eepted an invitation to supply the church
of Edwardsville, 111.
Rev. EBENEZER HENRY, of Bunker Hill,
Ohio, has received and accepted an invi-
V,tion to supply the church at Dillsbor
Rev. GHARLEs Pffaxies, • Professor in the
University of Notth Carolina, has de
clined the Professorship, to which he was
recently elected, in Union Theological
Rev. R. M. ROBERTS hes resigned the
charge of the church in Hillsborough,
Rev. THOMAS C. Siurrir having recently
taken charge of the Creve Coeur, and Fee
Fee Presbyterian churches, requests his
correspondents to address him at Crave
Rev. THOS. S. CROWE, of South Hanover,
Indiana, has received a call from the church
of Walnut Hills, Ohio.
Messrs. CALDIivELL and BITRILHEAD were
'licensed to preach the Gospel by the
Presbyter3r of Concord, at its late meet
Rev. J. Q. McKeehan has accepted au invi
tation to supply the churches or Edin.
borough and. Shiloh. His Post Office ad
dress is Edinborough, Ind;
Rev. F. A. BEICABZE, of lowa City, has re
ceived and accepted a call from the church
in Palmyra, No., which lately changed
from the New to the Old School, and has
removed thither where he desires to be
Rev. A. A. E. TATIA)II, of Louisville, Ky.,
has received a call to become the pastor
of the church in Dubuque, lowa, made
vacant by the removal of Dr. Phelps to.
Rev. J. D. Wnserr has received and ac-
oepted a call from the church of Taylors
Sine, N. 0.
Rev. B. S. KBIDER'S pastoral relation to
the church of. Franklin, was dissolved by'
the Presbytery of Concord, at its late
Rev. A. BAKra's pastoral relation to the
church of Salisbury, N. C., having bees
dissolved by the Presbytery of Concord,
at its . late meeting, he has received and
accepted a call to the church of Fernan
Mr. Wm. A. WOOD was ordained by the
• Presbytery of Conoord, at its late meet-
ing, and installed pastor of the ehurehes
of Bethany, Tabor, and Fifth Creek.
Rev. J. H. 4Thr, has removed from Troy,
0., to Marengo, 111., to take charge of the
church in that place.
for the Presbyterian Benner sod Advocate
Alumni Association of Jeffesson College.
At a meeting of the Association, on the
evening preceding the late Commencement,
Hon. Charles C, Sullivan, of Butler, Pa ,
was chosen as Orator for next year; and
John M. Sullivan, Esq., of Harrisburg,
as his alternate.
Rev. J. J. Marks, of Pittsburgh, was
chosen as Historian for the Class of 1830.
The thanks of the Association were re
turned .to the Rev. Dr. Eagleson, for his
Historical Sketch of the Class of 1829; and
the publication of an abstract in the Ban
ner and Advocate, was requested.
A Committee consisting of Revs. Drs.
Eagleson and Win. Smith, was appointed to
confer with the family of the late President,
M. Brown, D. D., with reference to a monu
ment to be erected to his memory; and to
report at the meeting of next year.
The following officers were chosen for the
ensuing year :
Rev. David McKinney, D. D., President.
Rev. James Sloan, D. D., Vice President.
Rev. Wm. Smith, D. D., Secretary. Rev.
A. B. Brown, D. D., Jas. C-. Dickson, 51.
D., Rev. Alonzo Linn A. M., Permanent
The Association adjourned to meet on the
day preceding the next annual Commence
ment, at half pact one o'clock P. M.
Por the Presbyterian Banner and Advocate
MESSRS. EDITORS :—You are in favor of
bringing the benefits of the Christian reli
gion within the reach of the poor, as well as
of the rich. Bat this you would do right
eously, as the Lord directs. Now, let me
tell you that there are several ways of depri
ving the laborer of hie just reward. A case
of this kind may occur :
A congregation may be left vacant, and
find it difficult to secure a pastor on whom
they can unite. After hearing a number of
candidates, some of whom they could not
obtain, and others whom they do not want,
one appears on whom they can unite, and
who may be secured; not, however, for the
same amount of salary that they had been
paying. The question arises, what shall
they do ? Part of the church are for screw
.ing down the minister's stipend to the low
est point. In the congregation there is a
man of much worldly wisdom; be wants the
minister, but like the rest, he wishes to have
him at the lowest possible rate. The ques.
tion is asked For how muoh will he come?
The reply-is.: " Hardly know." The world
ly-wise , man proposes a sum to be inserted
in the tall. It is suggested that this sum is
probably too small, to secure his services.
Well, says he, I propose to offer him that;
and-then if he refuses to come, we will in
crease the amount. For,
says he, I think
getting a minister is like buying a horse, or
any thing else. Get him as cheap as we can.
Now, to some ears this may seem a little
strange. But after all, I apprehend, that
MOM who have a standing in the Church,
and a high standing, too, entertain similar
views, akhough they may.lack candor to ex
Or, suppose this case : Here is a very
conepicuons advertisement, headed, " A PAS
TOR WANTED." Inducements are offered
profusely. There are a number of applica
tions. The people would hear all, but they
will pay no candidates expenses, nor give
him a single dime for his labors among them,
except-his bare entertainment while be tar
ries. They will first make ,Pheir selection,
and that one's expenses they will pay.
Now, I submit to all vacant churches, if
this is not a first rate method of :sectoring a
'pester. Snob a card-will likely its followed