Presbyterian banner & advocate. (Pittsburgh, Pa.) 1855-1860, August 13, 1859, Image 1

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pit s. y
prembyterbui iluaner, Vile VII, Nob 41,15.
Prosliyearlas Advesitte, Vida =I, aer. 4V I
Original Vottrß.
. The Good Shepherd.
Not in the pulpit only is his voice
Upraised, to make the sorrowing hearts rejoice,
The laws and doctrines of " the Word" to teach,
And to a ruined world, good news to preach: • '
The truth he speaks, where, on the bed laid low,
Strong men to fell diseaso'are forced to bow;
And where, with woeful cries and falling breath,
The young or old writhe in the grasp of death.
He speaks it at the stricken husband's side,
Whence God hath just diSplaoed a blooining bride;
'Mid orphans, mourning parents, he appe-re,
And blends his words with sympathizing tears.
Ills office 'tis, with generous hand and heart,
Relief and prudent counsel to impart. • -
To sound a warning to the sons of vice
Along the paths where smiling sins entice;
The conscience smitten, to the Cross to guide, ,
And win the wanderers to the Saeiour's . aide.
Such scenes and works demand hie daily qare, ,
And these hie talents, time and labor share,
Happy the faithful man, his flock to feed
In pastures green, by quiet streams to lead.
But trials, too, rte well as toil, his hit;
When duty is forsaken, grace forgot;
When love of brotherhood is raft of power
And sheep turn on each other to devour ;
When some, he led and fed with gentle hand,
Colleagued in wrong, hie loving words withstand;
When some he warned or weed from ways of death,
Requite his oare with false and slanderous breath
And some he taught the words of prayer and praise;
Aorta his ear with coarse and vulgar phrase,
When poverty, elate with growing wealth,
And squalid misery, in recovered health,
From him and truth and duty turn away,
Forgetting favors of a former day.
I do not say such griefs as these to all
Who lead the faithful shepherd's life befall :
But if not these, then others hard to bear,
Privations, disappointments, fear and cafe—
To see his flock a light and thoughtless thiong, ,
To see some sinking, who he thought were strong,
Some madly gay aneath their triple loadL:-.
Wrongs to themselvee, to•others, and:to God.
Yet comforts, too; the man f ,
oGod attend,
And to his heart, peace; joy, and hope, extend ;
For heaven, approving conscience, and the good,
A threefold fount, pour forth a generous flood
Of consolation; and their favor yield
To cheer him in -hie toilsome, troublons field.
Some rescued trophies of the SaVior's blood,
Some, by the Spirit's witness, born of God,
Assiduous these in love around him stand,
To soothe hie spirit and to nerve hie hand. , •
The sons of peace, too, heavenly arts essay
To banish discords from the fold away ;
Or, falling, they with him in grief retire,
To mourn the fury of the griadeleSe'fire ;
His pious sorrowe, they 'assitage or'share,,
And strength or succor"beg for him in prayer:
Besides, upon his weary heart comes down'`
The gleam of stare and ettneranthine @Fowls;
Assured and sealed by the Chief Shepherd's blond;
And safely treasured•for the man of God. '
For the Preebyterien Banner end &droente
"The True Psabuo,oily,.:',
MESSRS, EDITORS send 3?011 . for-pub•
Relation in the Banner, a few , remarks upon
the work with the above 'title. It ,was'pub
lished in Philadelphia last Spring y by
Committee of several ministers and laynien
of two or three denominations who eitm
" Rouse's Paraphrase " exclusively, and' are
much opposed to .the toe of " Hymns."
The book has been highly'recommended
the .Preacher, and I' perceive, has pisselVto
a second edition.' I have not noticed that'
you have, thus far, so much as mentioned
its name.*
The paragraphs annexed, are extracted from
" the Appendix" to At small volume about to
issue from the publishing house of Harden
& Son, Philadelphia. This work bears the
title, " Letters on Psalmody—a Review of
the leading Arguments, SRL The work; I
may add, has received the cordial approval
of a number of the most prominent brethren
in this vicinity, including such' names as
Messrs. Paxton, Howard, Plainer, and Pat
terson, of these cities, who speak of it as
" written in an eminently Christian tem
The materials which the Committee
have thrown together in, this " compilation,"
(the book entitled The True Pealmody)
exhibit some cations examples of incoher
ence and discord. Nor is it easy to deter
mine, of two or more conflicting sentiments
set forth with equal zeal and authority,
wbieh they wish us to receive as, their ma
tured convictions. For example, in the
"Introduction," they plead for, " The Book
of Psalms in a literal translation," " to the
exclusion of all uninspired songs," page 7.
But when they reach page 217, their propo
sition is, " tbe Psalms of Scripture to the
exclusion of all uninspired songs." But do
the Committee really believe that, " the Book
of Petin's," and " the Psalms of Scripture,"
are identical in meaning? Are there no
Psalms; hymns and spiritual songs in Scrip
tare, except in the one book ? Will they
venture to maintain so absurd a proposi
tion ?
Again On page 7.0 f the "Introduction,"
they plead for " the Book of Psalms to the
exclusion of all uninspired songs." But
when they reach page 65, they quote &lead
ing author as follows "It would appear to
be the Divine will that this (Book of Psalms)
should be used to the exelueion of all oth
ers," This of course excludes not`only "un
inspired songs," but " all others" except
the Psalms of 'David, both inspired and un
inspired I Which side does the Committee
maintain, or wish us to adopt in this conflict
of sentiment? And what is most extraor
dinary, on page 133, the Committee them-
selves say—" The issue before us is, have
we liberty tolnake and sing * * songs-,
other than those of the Bible I" On page 7, 1
it was " the Book of Psalms to the exclusion
of all uninspired songs," but when they ar
rive at page 133, they forsaktrtheir first po
sition, " the Book of Psalms," sod are found
arguing against " songs other than those of
the Bible —where of course they take un
der their protection not only " the Book of
Psalms," but " the etngs of the Bible" gen
erally, as well as those of the book of Psalms!
The leading author whom they quote with
so much approbation, says it appears to be
"the Divine will" to - exclude "' all others"
but " the Psalms ;" but not so the Commit-.
tee when they arrive at page .133. They
then say, it is "songs other than those of
the Bible," against which they contend! At
one time, it is " the Book of Psalms" exclu
sively for which they are valiant, but at an
other the songs of the Bible," including,
of course, all songs in the Bible, in defense
of which they have unsheathed the sword
of controversy I And still more to confound
this confusion, the Committee tell us near
the close of the book (p. 217,) " We have
kept but one definite proposition before us—
. the Psalms of Scripture, the Churoh'S suf.
*Because we were not favored 'by thet.Publieh
ere with s copy for sotios.—Sioe • ,
fioient and•appoioted manual of praise." So
that this oriole of "True Psalmody " gn at►y
needs an interpreter to expound its res•
This " True Psalmody " is largely employ.
ed with objections to " Uninspired hymns '
"They hive led," the Committee tell us, " to
the abandonment of congregational sing
ing ;" and "in domestic worship," they
strongly' inti Mate, "there is comparatively
little use of sacred songs." These' are un
questionably great evils; and so far as they
exist among the advocates of hymns, de
serve to be condemned. Bat have the Com
mittee traced these evils to the true , cause,
viz., the use of hymns? In afoot note they
admit cv , fact ,which' entirely spoils their ar
gument. "The Methodist denominations "
not only " retain congregational singing,"
as the Committee concede, but as every one
knows, make more use of song in Divine
worship than all the other-denominations put
tolrether I Yet these same. Methodists do
not sing "the Psalms" at all, but only
`hymns ! The logic of "The True Psalmo
dy " is 'sadly at fault here. Again, " the use
of hymns endangers. the Church's purity :
they have been used in diffusing error and
heresy." Bat has not the pulpit been often
used for 'the same purposes? Do not Men
wrest Scripture to their own destruction ?
Are the Scriptures and pablic preaching
therefore to be discarded . as dangerous' to the
purity of the Church ? Hasmot" the grace
of God " often been abused to licentious
ness? What, then, becomes of the Com
mittee's argument Do not the Arians of
Ulster sing and explain "Rouse's para.
phrase" so as "to diffuse error and heresy?"
Of course the use and explanation of
1 ( Rouse's paraphrase "should be abandoned
as endangering the purity' of the Church!
From page 73 to page 96, we have a
labored attempt from the pen of Dr. Coo Per,
to prove that Paul's "Psalms, hymns, and
spiritual songs,' (Ephestans v: must
mean the Psalms of David'exelusively. Dr.
C.' is no bad special pleader, but we merely
refer him to the deoisiore of Ralph , Erskine,
quoted in ontrof Our letters. He will there
find the unbiassed judgment of a prince
among I,the original fathers, of Dr. C.'s
divisiorrof the United Presbyterian Church,
viz : that Ephesians v :. 19, Colossians iii
16, contain a Divine precept, for singing
such human paraphrases as Erskine com
posed on " &lemon's Song." As Ralph
Erskine had no peculiar, dogma to, defend, it
is quite probable he was right, and. Dr. C.
altogether wrong.
In the same connexion it is arguSd that
"the 'sayings of Mary and the prophecy of
Zacharias" (Luke i,) are, no,"'precedents
in favor of New' Testament songs; `"for,"`
they tell us, "of Mary it iilmerely stated
that, she said; her utterances are not styled
a song i
nor s there any evidenee that •she
sang tnem. --„
Now as this argument has been employed
in Pittsburgh,* as well las Philadelphia; it is
worth .amom,ent's • attention. .„« Mary did
.not sing---she;only. said.” Bat in Revela
tion v :•9, we read—r” they sung a new
song, saying, Thou artmorthy," &t: Hence
it follows, that the four living ereatures;and
the for and twenty,elders, did. not, sing at
all- 7 -they only said For other, examples
.see Revelation iv 10, v 12, vii: 1`0,:12.
Try the' same argument with some of:4h°
- Psalms.' "" David spoke' unto the Lord the
words of this ' Psalm xviii. Did
Daidd say or sing? . Or is Psalm xviii a
song ? Again : "1 said, i will take heed
tu my .ways." , Psalm xxtix. Cif' course
this Psalm'is not to be sung, for David' only
said it ! Again : Psalm lv- , ".Sing forth
-thsAhonor of his name---make his praise
glorious. - Say unto God, how terrible art
thoa." The Committee can perhawdeoide
whether this -Psalm, - like, the eighteenth, is
to be said or sung, since 'both terms are
. Again : To account for the fact, asserted
but not! proved, "that .singing piaise has
been dropped so extensively in connexion
with the use of hymns," the Committee
say ".the:idea of worship has, ceased to no
inconsiderable extent to be attached to the
singing of hymns." To' prove this extra•
ordinary assertion, they quote "S. D." in
the Presbyterian; thus " Protestants and
,Papists alike sing to creatures." "We sing
to all sorts of inferior creatures, especially
to sinners." But if this is sound argument,
we wonder the Committee have not long
three ",dropped the use' of the Psalms l"
Take this example from Psalm lvii
Why dost thou boast, 0 mighty man,
Of mischief rind of ill.
Thy toogue.mischievous oalumnies
Deviseth subtilely. •
If any worse example of "singing to
creatures; especially- to sinners," can be
found in oarr hymns, we have never dis
covered •it. Again, Psalm xeiv :8 :
Ye'brutish people, understand !
Fools ! when wise will ye grow , ,?
For more of this dreadful evil of "sing
ing to dreaftires and to sinners,"•see Psalms
xlix, lviii, lxii, lxvi, lxvii, ii, ix, x,• and
many others. It Dr. Cooper and his breth
ren will practice the doctrine they preach,
and drop all such Psalms as these, we will
begin to think they • feel the force of their
own; argument. By their own Showing,
the Psilms of David "Contribute influences
to mislead the minds and corrupt the hearts
of sinful 'men," equally in this particular
with our hymns! When our Assembly
shall issue 'an expurgated edition of 'our
hymns, Dr. C. and his brethren of course
will be found expurgating• David ! - Our sys
tem; they tell us, " needs amending and
purging,' p. 155. We rjply, by your own
showing, so does David
On page 69, adopting the words of a lead
ing author, the Committee say—gi One
thing is certain, that neither oar Lord nor
his apostles have furnished any Psalms and
songs for the use of the Church." The .
Committee surely do not think that saying
41 it is certain," is the same as proving their
proposition. But no man who carefully
reads' the'New Tectament, can for a moment
doubt that there are many songs of praise
in that volume; such fcir example, as those
of Mary, and Simeon, and-Zacharias; as well
as those recorded in the Acts, the Epistles,
and, the Revelation. Scores of passages
can 'be`readily adduced, having much more
of the 'attributes of sacred song, viz.:
lime devotion and poetical excellence,-than
many of the more prosaic parts of the book
of Psalms. = This is so obvious, the wonder
is that it has ever been called in wagon.
All that is necessary is to have some poet,
such as Rouse or Watts, to paraphrase these
beautiful passages in verse and metre—and
we have a volume of New Testament songs.
How strange that good men should venture
to affirm that " our Lord and his apostles
have furnished no songs for the. Church !"
And this rash assertion includes "the new
song," Rev., v 9-14, recorded by the
Apostle John. It will not do to say "it is
certain this new song' was not furnished
for the use of the Church." That is the
very point to be proved; and which never
' was and' never `will 'be 'proVed.. - The Com
mentators teach a very'different lesson. -
To: make this reasoding still more obiriousi
Pressly-cot Psalmody;--p.,44,
Hy NMI sm
or at the ' " smite, SIM Pp' Yen t PROOPECTV S
IFOR THE WEEK :ENDING SATURDAY, AUGUST 18, 1859. Deliveredia thellity; 4 •
look at a few examples. Can any one doubt
that there are many - passages in, the New
Testament, at least, ad worthy to be nailed
"songs," and versified for purposes of praise,
as are the fotlowing :
At evening they go to and fro:
They make great noise and sound,
Like to a dog, and oftvis walk
About the city round.
And let them wander up and down
In seeking food to eat;
And,let them grudge when they shall not
Be satisfied with meat.
Or these
Whose belly with thy treasure hid .
Thou fillet—they children have
in identy. Of their goods the rest,
They to their,childten.leave.
When they me, saw, they, from me fled;
Wen SO . I am forgot
As men are out of mind when dead:
I'm like a. broken.pot.
These and scores of similar'etanzas, are
parts of songs of "Divine institution;
but the songs of • the New Tesfatnent---.
"None are - furnished 1" But, say the Com
mittee, Prof Alexander, of Princeton; cif
that all " the Psalms" are "songs,
poems intended to be sung; arid' with •• it ,
musical accompaniment;" and 'that "they
are Intended to be permanently used. ; in, the
worehip of God." But in wiptt manuer.are,
they to be " : permanently used?"-What ,
did Prof. A. mean by.this language ? "The
learned and highly esteemed , Professor".
constantly, uses our.." Psalms and hymns,"
and, in all probability never sung five,stan
ass of Rouse in his life I ,Yet the Commit
tee venture to quote him .11A . favoring Weir
notions of " a correct and literal trinela-
Lion The "permanent'use" "advobated
by Prof. A. does not help the cause of
"True Psalmody I" And then as to "the
musical accompaniment," which the- Pro
fessorsays'was also " intended "—the Com;
tnittee shrink'from it With' horror.
Not to mike my article too long, Messrs.
Editore, I close with the following:
The Committee endeavor to make ailittle
capital out of the fact,•that-aninehynans in
frequent use were the proddetions of men
who gave no evidence of being regenerated;
and that Torn Moore's .hymn beginning;
" Came ye disconsolate, , where'er lan
guish," is found in our:collection. It can not
be denied that our hymns in general arufrom
Christian pens, from such, entinent„authors
as Watts, Newton, Toplady, Cowper, Hotter,
Montgomery, &a. But one of these..soge
is the production of • Tom Moore-that } is
"the dead fly in the ointment." Let rutin. :
quire whether nothing can , be eaid in pallia
tion of so great an. enormity.
(1.) Do these brethren never woiship.
God by reading or other Wise uttering the
, prayer of Baalam " Let me die the. death
'of the , righteous, and let my _ 'last end be like
his 7' 7 =Ni:umbers Have they-never
worshipped God by reading from the pulpit
his prophecies—" There shall come a star
out of Jacob, and Saiiitie shall' rise out of
.Israel," '&a ? Are these prophecies and this
prayer the worse, because their author-was
not a regenerate Thin ? ' '
(2.) Is not a large part of the book . . of
Job the., utterance: of; error ?• -Does- not-the
Lord tell- Eliphar-t-" , llyrwrathis - kindled
against thee and against thy two , friendir;lfor
ye •have not spoken of me. the thing taltiak
as right as nay servant Job haat, P"
xlii: 7. But do not these brethren.worship
God by reading publicly these 'erroneous
sentiments 7
(3.) When "the devils'," in various - 1k
stanoes,,acknowledged Jesus to be' the ,true,
Messiah,. " the Holy One of God," he :did
not command themto be silent—he did not
refuse a recognition oUlits `Divine character
and mission even from "devils." And our,
brethren worship God by reading from their''
pulpits theie just and true ascriptions of',
honor to Christ, though theivauthors were
the devils? Is not' this almost as bad-as
singing hymn of Tom Moore? If the
Committee feel no " compunctious visitings"
While worshiping God in , the language. of
Baalam the son of Bosor, who,. loved. the
wages of unrighteousness," (2.Peter
with the utterances of Job's friends, N
against whom God'a Pwrath,was kindled"—
and even in the language of "the devils" ;
of the New Testament, then what becomes,
of their argument 7 Doubtlesseven wicked
men are sometimes deeply;impressed with.
Divine • things, as Baalam was, and are so
under the teaching of the Holy Spirit as , to
utter many moat valuable and interesting
truths. And if, after the manner of,Bialatu,
they possess the most elevated poetic talents,
we think the Scriptural examples• do not
condemn the occasional use of 'their• utter
ances in public worship. Certainly the
Committee are not in a position " to cast the
first stone" at us;Presbyterians.
The "True Psalmody" has touch to say
against "uninspired songs," human .00m
position," &c. And the Committee say they
" are certainly at liberty to pronounce very
decidedly the Scottish' version (Rouse's par-.
aphrase) to be an accurate rendering of the
original." Not to repeat what has already
been said in' our Letters, take -.these' sped
mans from Psalm cii: 6 :
Like pelican in wilderness
Forrsaken I have:been
I like, an owl in desert•am
That nightly there doth mesh
Will these brethren inform us , where they
find in " the original," the second and fourth
of these lines? And the same is true of
hundreds of similar stanzas. They are spe
cimens of Rouse's composition. Yet Dr. P
speaks of Rouse as " the Divine songs ja
this version," including, of course, all the
sentiment and verbiage which he has added,
to the inspired text I The Committee must
not be surprised to hear from every intelli
gent Presbyterian,' in reply to such-4Na
ment—" Physioian heal thyself." And, are
they certain, that Routh was "a regenerate per.
son '1" If not, " how dare they sing his effa
sions ?" W. A.
For the Presbytertain Banner and Advocate'.
Trust in God.
Trust is different from submission. ,Sub
mission: has to do with facts. Trust has• to
do with possibilities. The one has reference
to the present; the 'other to the future.
Submieston bows to the stroke, now. Trust
puts its hand into the Smiter's, and follows,
whither he will. It is hard to say ,whioh is
the more beautiful, or which leaves in the
soul the more profound peace. Manifestly
they are the twuangels which guard closest
our happiness. He who has learned to sub
mit and learned to trust, is safe, whatever
may come. " His life is insured."
Let us glance amoment at the import.
anoe of Trust in Goa. We are walking on
a path where a thick vailstouches our toes.
It advances 'a step as we advance. That
step is the present. All behind is past.
All before is future. Through that vail we
can hear the sound of coming events.
Looking up, we can sometimes even see the
shadow,of. the Jelled. of ; them;;,and by the
shadow, judge something of their character.
But that,is the ; most we can, do. Now, be
fore 'that thick. Tail, trust is certainly the
grace raost,esseutial. -Withoutlit,.we dupli-
cite our miseries. We fill.up, the horn of
actualities out of the horn of possibilities.
On the book of each day we make a "double
entry "—ills that are, and ills that may be.
We cannot.think of mercies which are, for
the miseries which are to be. We cannot
sit &km in the sunshine, for watching the
storm brewing in the sky. And so it comes
to pass, the majority of people never have a
sonny memory; or a neaceful hour. They
are always in some titillation, actual or poSai
ble. • Trost , in. God, is the specific for all •
these possible ; and .they are, by far,
the west numerous. What a burden is re
moved wheti . the care of the future is given
to God, - and -present duty is our only con
cern. ' Well; may lre , be solicitous :who ,takes
this burden on himself. There are women
tons interests in the • future. Resolutions
are born there. ;the actors in the coming
drama are harnessed • and trained there.
And when wehest •the muttering of coming•
storms, .the mustering , of -coming fames, the
clang of their heavy mail, and see the shad
ow of their. crested helmets, right, here
across our path, What feverish anxiety we
hare to lift the and get a glimpse be
hindlthe scenes I •IBut itomay not , be. And
• before such an impossibility, I can well con
ceive how the man who has never learned
to rtrust God, will, stand trembling. The
calamity that lies right 'ffliere, not an inch
behind that Vail, may be the one that shall
.blast.his reputation.or .his fortune, and be
, sides that, he has nothing. But he. who
bas learned to trust. God, rests =well assured
that nothing can come which Will affect his
standing with him, and that safe, nothing
that can befall him will be of very grave im
portance. How happy should we all be,
were, we only content- to grasp firmly the
reinsi that are in our hands, and leave God to
manage the reins of great coming events.
cr Trastin the Lord to•do good ;
,so,; shalt
thou' dwellin the land, and - visrily thou shalt
. be Ted."
From onrlondon Correspondent
Great Surprise—A Fortnight* and its Incidents—
The Change and its Author The Conditions of ,
Peace—Criticism of the Press Thereon—The Sack
of Perugia—An American's Testimony—What
Neat 7—The Future of Europe—lnvasion Alarms
and the House of Lords—Dangers in ihe Mediter
ronean—Nalta, the Duke, 'and the Emperor
Pauses in the Storm—The Advantage to Trade
,and Commerce—Harvest Prospects—lrish.General
, 'Assembly—Discuision on Sabbath Question, and
Professor. Reickell—Rome • Mission—Missions .'to
Roman Catholics = Scattered Protestants and
Scott Immigrants--Funds Needed—The Colonial
Mission and its Field-Continental Missions—
Letter from ' , the* Moderator' of the Valdes:Mats
Sgn'od—Rrport on Revivals in Ulster—Special
Features—Recommendationa and Resolutions.
LONDON, July 14th, 1859.
:` A SiIIPENDOUS - SMI,PRISD came upoia the
worldun the,afternoori of Friday. last. Ex
;witty a fortnight,before,, on the .saine.,dil . Of.
the-:week, two mighty liosts., were fiercely'
engaged in the very heat of the bloodiest
battle of modern time's. Solferino won—the
Austrians sullenly, retreating—tremendous
slaughter on both :sides—mUltitudes of''
.'fAirounded," to say' nothing of " the raja
king "—the crossing, by the French, of the
Itlincio 7 --the. investment
,of Peachiera—all
I,hese- 7 4ithUelintiiiitennepf-:a4Other bat
tle—with a succession of.sieges—With at the
dread results of sorties from the beleagured,
shot and shells from those death.dealing, far-
reisching French rifled cannon, which had
Smitten the , Austriaris at Merino like the
Destroying,,Angel,and the last and :crown
ing-storm:Of each fortress in succession, in
volving frightful destruction of human life
—occupied-the minds of men and nations.
We heard, too, of a Tuscan and French
army arriving at the. Camp of Louis Napo
leon, of a strong, force about to be thrown on
, the. Tenetian coast, and of Venice itself,
once "the Queen' of the Adriatic," to be
bombarded. More than this ; Hungary was
to be revolutionize.di..Kosanth was in high,
favor, Germany 191143 menaciria, and,although
diplomitoy.wits,husy„pothing7but war to: the
knife, seemed to be the role for ,months to
How,' wbat. a change ! -Napoleon has
done it all. .Without Victor
Emmanuel—without asking.t.the:advice, of
any of his generals,leapts asx.ual, on his
own secret resolves, and. like himself, he
does so with* the 'decision of an indomitable
purpose and will.
The aribistice ,that took Europe by stir
prise, that sent up,the money market, ,and
made July skies brighter ,than ever, was the
result of various causes and considerations
It is believed that the Emperor of the
French found his "army disorganized and
shattered to a greaterextent rie,'itt a
distance, hearing of .victory, seemed possi
ble. The Austrians had fought fiercely, and
had their leading been equal to their . obsti
nate °enrage, and reserves been brought up
at the crisis of Solferino, and so their Cen
tral position been held fast,: the day-would
have been their own. But they inflicted
terrible losses on the . French army f and eve-.
cially on its officers. The Sardinians, too,
suffered terribly. In addition to this, ten
thonsand French troops were prostrated with
typhus fever, and the marshes of ,the Min
ch) were becoming more deadlytevery day.
Then there was the prospect of long , sieges,
and if not.of doubtful results, yet of such a
time consumed as to involve a tremendous
waste Of blood and treasure. Further, the
revolutionary element was becoming too
rapidly developed for the .astute Napoleon's
liking, ,and even for, his ultimate safety.
Russia was beginning to draw back, or to
become cool—the Pope, the Cardinals and
the French priests were murmuring and'
menaning—and -so,: tempting ',fortune no
lenge% in the hour of his triumph he sends
back the shattered body of the : young Prince
Windisgratotqas asked for) to the young
Emperor of Austria, deploring the horrors
of war, and adroitly taking advantage of a
second message sent by an officer bearing a
flag of truce, to ask Francis Joseph, whether
he would not consent to a conference with a
view to the suspension of arms.
Venice, he 'has told, was about to be bom
barded,;' but, eaid Napoleon, "I.would fain
spare its vbeautiful buildings," &0., &o.
And so. there is, a ,door opened , to one too
proud, even in defeat, to ask. for terms, and
still strong enough to fight obstinately. And
thus, on Monday morning last, the two Em
perors inetoat Cavirana; and on Tuesday af
ternoon the telegram flashes over the. Conti
nent and across the Channel, the news that
an armistice was agreed on, and next thit a
treaty of peace was actually signed
A Congress it was supposed would' follow
the meeting of the Emperors x and as the ar
mistice was to continue till the 15th of. August,
it was expected that.ease somehow or other
would be ,agreed upon ere that period of
time expired. In prospect of such a Con
gress, - the Times strongly depreciated the
idea of sending English plenipotentiaries to
take part in it.
The .conditions of peace are : Ist. The
surrender by Austria to France, of Lombardy,
and the handing it over by France to Sar
dinia. Austria' s humiliation wiusless bitter
surrendering Lombardy to France , as- her
conqueror, rather than to:the.hatedSardinia.
2d Austiia retains ;Venetia including I be
!ilieve,t her possession ofihn feurjsrmis for-
tremors, two of which are in Lombardy. 3d
There is to be an° Italian Confederatioryof
which the Pope ie to be "Honorary PreFi
dent." When thiii wae
,read oat• from the
telegram in the House of Peers, Lord Lyn&
hurst was evidently tickled by the word
" lionorary,""and••asked' vies the word really
used It is a significant, word. The poor
Pope is becoming a,shadom as to temporal
sovereignty. What kind of presidency can
he exercise over Victor Emmanuel and
Count Cavour—the one, according to the
Tablet; the " Henry Eighth" of the day,.
and 'the other, " Cromwell r 4th. There
is= to be a general amnesty. Mazzini will
not be included in it, I presume. It 'is a
significant condition: that Venice, although
retained byAustria, is , to form apart of the
What next? will be the question, incee
sandy put, until the Emperor Napoleon is
pleased to etep forth once more as a cham
pion and a:challenger. He it is, that shapes
Eurorean politica, and has done so for years.
But for him,. peace,,,wo,uld not have been
made ao soon and, snddenly in the Crimea;
England's army was last what it, ought to
be ; the French were exhawited, and bad got
" glory," and it was not the policy of Napo ;
leon-L-far, seeing as he is—to make„ Russia.
his eternal enemy. On the contrary, ever,
since the Crimean war there, has been in
ever increasing *coraislity , betieen the,tivo
powers; utitil , at last an " understanding " ie
-announced,-which accounts for the humbling
I of Austria,- and the alarms and armiuga of
agitated Germany.
Now, Austria is likely to become France's
fast ally, and both together may seek to
humble . Prussia, against Whom'strong resent
ment is felt for her, recent menacing con
duct-,Shall there be, after :a pause, a war
on the Rhine? Shall Germany, South and
North, Atistria looking on with grim sada
faction, and Russia not lifting ''a hand to save
her, be the next`objeet of French- assault?
" Tee," say ,multitudes ; and then, " what
next y, . Why 7 rEnglan4Fe turn flail come
next. Austrie, will be ,only too glad to see,
her humbled, anct if Russia please, she can
join her fleet with theta France, and above
sil v an invasion .marbe attempted. ,
is•constantly on men's minds , and, lips It
is a firm, conviction in Germany. You will,
find it among very eober.thinking men in
Germany. He is playing a deep game
-such is the sentiment----indicative of a con
viction that Napoleon's plans are vast, his
The Mediterranean, henceforth, if it be
come not," a French lake," must be vigilantly
watched' by England.' She has Gibraltar,
and the sentinel -island and stronghold of
Malta, ;an& these. are .being strengthened..
Parliament has' been disowning; perils, and
providing for them.
The veteran Lord .Lyndhurat last week
deliveredlt powerful speech as to'the den.
gera twbe apprehended from= France, in ref
ereneuto invasion. He dwelt ow,the intim&
nieney„of , our fleet and d,stenees....He; is the
Nestor of the House of Lords, and ie always
listened to with the profoundest , totted and
attention. Lord Elienborongh warmly see
ondedthis,views, and Lord Stratford de, Red.
elifteL W,ae capeutalitempbatie ;in ;thez, eame
strain.,e, .diplomatisi, he evi•
,confidence, in Napoleon. Lord
Granville and the Duke of ,Argyle, on -:the
part Of the Ministry; depreoated the use- of
exciting and provoking , lang„uage, anemade
light' of. the dperil. ,Lord.r -Derby. :said no
thing. The French. ,government ! papers
ridicule the House of 'Um& for their ans.
THE NAVE 1.6'0111 the'subject of attention,
and old Sir C. Napier considers it very in
sufficiently manned. 'lt is: , clear that we
must submit;to, a largely : increased expendi
ture for our .fleet, and, that taxation. .will in
crease in. proportion, even though to,Europe
there May be granted a period and Trarenthe
xis of tranquility. Few there are who' be
neve' in permanent:peace. I -heard ,sn -an
ecdote this week.. which .I am assured is an
.thentio. The Duke of New Castle, the
present Secretary for the Colonies, was for
merlY an acquaintance and associate - of Lonis
Napoleon, mben residing-here as an. exile.
One day when shooting together in the COUR..
try;'Napoleon, said, that Malta ought to be
long to France. Recently, the Aike of . New.
Castle was in Paris, and asked - the Erdperor
did:he recollect that conversation. " Yes 1".
"Are you still of the same . opinion as= to
Malta ?" " Yes 1" was .the grave .reply.
The " opinion" Napoleon—if opportunity
offer-r-may try to turn into an accomplished
But after all, by these pauses TRADE AND
Comatnnes speedily recovered themselves.
The buoyanclof the money market, and the
general' cheerfulness and hopefulness that
Iprevail, are most ,refreshing, even for'those
I who are only lookers on, and have no. stake
in shipping, merchandise, banks stocks
mines, railways, or other securities. /Ifiiiione
of money have been added to the capital of
nations.within the last few days. The 'United'
Staters wilFbe' enriched and gladdened, too,
by the news of peace; and all good men will
bless God that the days of vengeance" in
Italy,have been shortened.
Nevertheless disgust is the general feeling
here at Bonaparte's conduct.
The Times thinks that the two alleged
causes of the war, and the real grounds of
the complaints made, namely, " Austrian
oppression ,and Papal misgovernment'," "do
not find a solution is this peace. "France
desired to leave Rome,
,if Austria would
withdraw from the 11,{egations. The Sardin.
ian Manifesto, and many similar documents
from Paris and Turin, were direoted to the
expulsion of - Austria beyond the 'Alps.
France has spent X 50,000,000, and fifty
thottsand men, only to give Milan a Pied
montese, instead of an Austrian Master, and
to establish the Pope in a temporal dignity
even beyond his imagining, and capable of
any extension. Is all this `real?"
In the same article, the Times says of the
facts of the case': , " Austria is somewhit
huMbled, but relieved of a difficulty. Sar
dinia is aggrandized with a province that
mistrusts her, and a neighbor 'that has
earned an , impetishable and inexhaustible
claim to her gratitude. The Grand Bekaa
once, more are supposed to be shaken into
their thrones. The Papal States are left as
they were, but with a master somewhat
greater than before. He ie Honorary Pres
ident the Italian Federatien, and Gen.
°mei 1 olds the sword 'by his side. The
King of ,Naples is made a member of that
Italian Federation, and has to learn' the
worth of that honor, and 'its true import."
These sentiments as to the :aggrandize
meat of power 'and infinence given to the
Pope by the Treaty, seem modified in an.
other article in the Times, where it, is said;
" The Romans must hope that the Italian
Confederacy under the honorary presidency
of the Pope, shall be- nothing like any gov
ernment they have hitherto known under
these too infallible auspices." " Aope is
also suggested to Kossuth and Hungary,
that the restoration of the kingdom' is on
'the programme, 'to the Lombarde,that` Con
stitutional government , will be extended' , to
them and to Venice g that het independence
• I' • ,
I will not be a mere tame!"
Philadelphia, ..South 2W 3 Corner of Seventh and Chestnut Streets
Tirnes,.eigning hicuself4.4,l3ottms,X S A ,"
deseribes the ,cruelties, of the, Spies Papal
troops at Pertigia, the plonder of himelf
and his family, and their almost: ruiraimlous
deliverance from rnassatire. Tit appears that
the destination of ithe .troops was. conoisaied
from them till
,they approached ,near the
town; they then .mutinied, were punished,,
and next promised the plunder olthe Place.
HARVEST PROSpEOTS are . moat cheering.
Nolilight or frost has , fallen on ; our, fields,
while drought, extending over :May and
June, injured the crops in Scotland and
Ireland, so as to make the straw of the ce
reale short, and to erne the flix elms to be
inferior. Repent rains, however, falling in,
,and Scotland, have IT:Wined great
change for the better, and thee hirveat of 'the
United . .Kingdow, in a *bole, *ill be excel.
lent. With this, sod meaee,, , we may.ex•
peot, God' willing, the clusing . part of Allis
year to prove very
,prosperous and enriching .
to the country The heat of the weather
this week has been Intense.'
four or five days sittings in Dublin, has ad.
journed till the month of September, and
will then reassemble in Belfast. There were
Some matters Jirenght up, .whieh‘ involved
differences Of opinion. One of tbeie was a
notice taken; in the Report of the Sabbath
Observance Committee, -of the pamphlet
published. last year, by the-Rev.:Professor
Reichell, of• .Queen's College r -Belfast r being,
the substance of a sermon en, the Sabbath
question, delivered ,by that, gentleman. I
referred to it in mrcorrespondenee; it the
time, of its publication. It was 'a Somewhat
plausible and certainly daring `defence .:of
the lot? -views , of., the. iSabbeth r adepted by,
the, late Dr. Arnold-ef, Rugby, and by, the
present Archbishop Of Ditblie," Dr. Whatei
ly. .It also contained sneering illusion!: to
" Puritans " and Dissenters. .:Mr. '.Mo-
Natighton, >of Belfast,. Kr.: S. :N. Dill, of
Ballymena, and •other *listens,. published
able replies, and there is .reeson to believe
that one of the antieedents`ef the revival,
namely, an increasing" feneratiOn for 'the
Sabbath, and the, more practical .andr.thoe
ough recognition of the,,,Divinn, antiquity , ,
and perpetual obligation , of the Lord's it day,
was, by reason of the discussion, largely
promoted. . •
The question before the Assembly was,
the propriety of alluding in the report at all
to Dr. ,ReichelKs.painp,hlet,,and,en the bank
of, this came up the, 'further consideration
(although not formaly piit,) Wheitier''the
students of the Irish Presbyterian Church.
could be-safely allowed. to attend,7 while st
Queen's ,College,-the
.preleetions of, a :Pre
feseor who- held (it was not titeigho,
such heterodox views.; It was urged sue.
cesifully that it was beneath the dignity of
`the "Chnrch, and . uniiieeasart-also to 'open
-these qtiestioni, and , views to this effect ,were,
:virtually endortied r hy4 majority.* favor. f
the previonsquestion."
,The Horne Mire:ion of the'lrish Assem.
.bly embraces as' ifs 'field,' the South ands •
'West of Irelandovith ..,expresi 'lnference to
Itionanism , and .Romanista .
Kerry,, and Connaught. - The ; .priests are,
very vigilant. Thus in Kerry, " every re
port , published luddite viarto,ttlis pliestos'eft
the district , and'lrlien they :,fi nd snimeny of •
-their people attend Protestant worship,.they ,
tisk& pains to wile, them away, and in too
many cases, ' succeed." 'the t ig yince :of
Connaught •-onlyn few , Yearti ago :the :Pres-'
byterian Church ,bad &velar:all and feeble
_now hisanineteen,. with,
twenty `three 'preaching • stations, 'having a
regular attendance alinirtit,o!thoniiand,
worshiPpers... TheSe arnAchieflY Voteatente.,
Boattered'iProtestanti r fast degenerating into,
„Popery; or heathenism', have thus been
-saved trent §eottiabisettlers •
on the lanai in;Connanght,,finff
tore , for themealvja, and their nhildren.",
The number of Roman Cathelielhearers.and
scholars, 'is mistier t• than -• in -Winer - years. ,
But conversions occur, and' America tenerj
ally receives ~ _the . converts:- 4 1•Three r con
• verts from Popery," says a missionary , "left
my district this year, and many Others' be-
fore them:
_Freya' sonin!..iihet-werePleactied
from Popery', by meane Of our jeticiolai
have had letters telling orthedelight-thej ,
feel let:ivorking , in Atzteriesn,revirale. ; Quer
youngmarr took part in theigiand enterprise
of erecting-the union revival tent iii
Besides missions in the West end. South,
the Irish Assembly supplements from its
'home Mende, , the stipends of twenty one
congregations, or: assists them Outlying
missionary work in,their,retipectlire - districts.
Of the"five hundred And ten ! cOrigregetiona,
of the- Irish. Assembly,,feurs-hundred.,,and
fifty are in Ulster, and the other`Bitty in.
'the other,,provinces.. The Sonthein ;Tres;
bytery of Munster, which few years ago.
had only four or five congregations, has now
twenty three. The total -collections for the
Home Mission last -year, were £1:,564, and
this la distinct from that for ra m ",
,o st h.,
olio Miepions," which Wis-42,fq,Including
contributions from &Wand; But the field
is extending, and more, Mid is,urgently re
qUired. The fund is in debt, and if a Dep.
utation goes over this, year to , the United-
States, I have no doubt front the prelibation
presented to Professor Gibson and - Mr. Mc
.Clare, l ast year, at Philadelphia, that a full
cup oe Atheridan synipathy •for old Ireland
and her best interests, will be fortheoming.
There is an Assistant Minister's Fund in
'connexion with the Irish Assembly, which
distributed £5OB among twenty ministers,
last year, Some receiving larger sums than
others,"-under jpecial eircumetancee, of posi
tion'or`income' from •other' sources. Some
Assistanti-have, from the ordinary stipend,
only MO, and many, do not receive more
than £5O per annum.
The Colonial Mission of the `lrish"-Pres
byterian Church; embracei the fields of
Canada, New Zeland, and 'Australia. 'lt is
suggestedithat. a:missionary obeli be • sent to
British Columbia, the great majority of the.
eighty , thousand or one hundred thousand
settlers' there, being Presbyterians. The
'report-inferred to the sonteinplated union of
Presbyterians:in Canada, which would " make
its ministers and, congregations upwards of
two hundred. A union has been effected
between the three' Synods; of Australia, the'
New General Assisiablrnow 'eciroprising six•
ty- ministers, with•Trospeote of rapid
Greene. - - -
4 The Continental Mission of the , Iris h .
sembly, =lee annual grant ' s to' - the Niqiik of
eiattgeliaation • and
Northernly. "very- interestinpletterl
Was read by: the, Moderatorifrourßey m. p.
Revel, President of ,the YirAiljtEktianpyp u th
Refering to, the results of the ivar,'he Bays
" Boon, we trust, called, bi r 'thli`nifir fields
open to its enterprise, will we be obliged to
send them new laborers to proclaim the good
DOOM to souls hitherto bowed down under
the yoke of Rome."
The Waidensian.Chureles special mission ,
seems to' be the provision , of'•Evangelists
for ;Ihtly. Shall the .f i elds be, opeu Ander
the, new regimel. Shaul Florence.. receive ,
#e,Glespelmthout, a p ii establitibe end hig h `
gel Gland TAW datineihilider Since •
WHOLE NO. 859.
the oe serration of Milan by the Allies, re
ligious liberty has beta recognised Is this
to be lost How can "the honorary presi
dent" tolerate sneo a thing ?
The REVIVAIA 7r4 MATER. occupied the
epeeist attention of -the- - Assembly. In the
report on the subjset, by Dr Kirkpatrick,
it was stated that when an answer was given
to, long continued prayer, it came as " an
actual surprise." The special eharaeteris
tins'of the revival have been such as I have
repeatedly intimated to you in recent letters.
`l:Tenons of :both sexes, of all ages, of va
rious ranks in society, of all denominations,
including Unitarians and, Rotnantats, have
been at once convinced of sin, and appar
ently convoked to trod. ' 2. These spiritual
emotions have, in • numerous cases, been ac
cam ps.nied physical, impressions, produc
ing bodily infirmity, and continuing, in some
oases, for hours, and in others for days, and
usually terminating in peace of conscience,
and joy unapeakiable'tad full of glory. 3.
The two great truths_on.which the converts,
prominently and almost exclusively dwell,
are the sinfulness and. utter helplessness of
man; and the sufficiency of Christ, as a
living and..pereanid Redeenier. 4. No her
esy has beet started in this state of new
soil unusual excitement. The whole move
'inent givesovivid illustration of the vital doe
trines centained, in the Standards of the
Church. 5 The effect produced on the life
and conversation of the converts; has been
'decidedly eSangelieal—in a deep sense of
'sin, eipeoially in neglecting Christ; in aim
pie iehaece qu him ; in ardent love to him ;
in brotherly kindness;, earnest zeal for
the conversion of sinners; habitual min
i:pinion - With God ; delight in his Word,
Vioiship, and service. Ai to moral and so
cial results, they have been most striking
and decided. 6 The. work has been car
tied on largely by converts themselves ; the
fear of man being taken away, uneducated
persons are heard to offer prayer to God
with fluently and 'fervor, in the presence of
multitudes; and without embarrassment or
trepidation, call on sinners to repent and
believe the Gospel.
Recewtmendatiow were made, that in
dreaded attention be given to the observance
-of 'family worship,-to the catechising of the
-yoling, and to the formation of Bible classes
—that the private members of the Church
be,encouraged to exercise their gifts for its
odifiriationand enlargement; that Sessions
meet more frequently for prayer, conference,
add mistrial` encouragement; that ministers
meetingsler this special end of person
-al edification to those assembled; that relig
ions intelligence be more widely circulated;
that the people htinatrdetedto become , well
acquainted. with the : Confession. of Faith;
that libraries of, standard Theo
logirial works be established for' the benefit
ofnniiiisterir • 'that' notes should be taken of
the operations of Holy < Ghost, in oases
of 'Special -awakening; ~.and that classes
should . be, formed among. the converts, to
build theirt,up 'in the faith, love, and hope
of: the.oepel.
. The Aificembly then ` passed a series of.res
oltlisimar•acktiowledging the marvellous :work
do s ,oi r fee*n g heir need of Divine
'leottinsal and . t wasdotn, eautitining.the
v iers against'suspicions ofthe reality
of the work of the Holy Spirit on the one
'hand, of of doing any thing whereby physi
cahagitations, or even convictions of sin,
might be supposed to, be genuine conversion
, :,to raoa ; also, entreating all ,ministers to
watch againet, the introduction of any erro
ne6lis doctrine or *edicts "lest Satan
• shauld get, tn , advantage, and the Spirit of
.truth be provoked to withdraw." J.W.
For the Presbyterian Banner and Advocate.
' • . The Name of . jeens.
quipoipts. EDITORS :74 - was gratified in
reading, 'knit' now, in, a late paper of the
United- Presbyterian bhureh,•.: to - find the
-;' l .Edtteraittering argumentsi sentiments and
'Vrpressions, a certain. subject, very simi
lar to what we Presbyterians use on the sub 7
feet of their ,restrietive ,doetr:rto Of. Psalm°.
.dy., !It seems that
an inquiry was made of
the editor of a Masonic paper, whether it is
in.aepordanee with the nature of Masonry,
that prayer, in tbcl,o4ges,-,sbenl4=bopede in
the , name M Obristi ,the answer was in, sub
;•Stabee a negative one. Oa this, the U. P.
editor :makes 'the' : expressions •- alluded to
above,, which - I peseta . below, lwith our
views in. juxtepositiont:.
• It would be a gross
violation of the
. ilnda
mental Principles of this
v`Order; avow for d Christien
• ministers, when praying
in a lodge; to put up
their petitions -• the
naiiel of Christ."
are not - even
, allowed to say, in the
conclusion, of theirTraye
er for ghe'*gAi o Jesus
,‘ You may pray there,
(in the' lodgeo but yon
Will , not ,bea allowed to
mention the name of
Christ la
.. : yetki ,prayer,
nor even td` . you - :prayer, for
the sake ofJesus Christ "
It would be a violation
of the ' , distinctive prin-
Ciples" of the U. Pres
byterian Church, even.
for Christian minister's,
when praising in it, to
offer their praises in the
name of Christ.
They are not even al
lowed, in the , beginning,
middle, or end , of their
praises to use the name
of Jesus Christ.
You may sing there (in
the U. P. ,Church) but
you will not be allowed
--to mention the name
of Christ in, pier song,
nor even to say in the
end, orin any part of it,
for the sake of Jesus
We wish to judge no
man, but we must say,
that it is a perfect mys
tery to us how ' any
Christian, and especially
Christhin minister can
find it in his mind or
heart, to have anything
to do with snob a notion.
What ! call upon me
to sing praise, and yet not
allow me to sing praise
in the name of Jesus
Christ !
Is this the waY that I
am to ehow my love to
I Him of whom it is'said,
4Byillim let us offer the
,sacrifice of.praise to God
iceptirituillY,! Heb. xiii :
l'isf ittst"Whatsoever ye
Idii,llovord or deed,' do
all in 'the name of the
!` I have .gitien•the parallel fairly, and corn
menditoi seriotutmOnshlerstion of it to those
who go through: their entire,Ohristian life,
without once uttering the sweet name of
joins in a eittgle song of praise. , To.use the
language of the ,same article, "it is with
painful feeitege, that we record this fact"
It* sad; that the name wilcoli is above every
name,'- se honored :ihr their preaching, so
trasted in their: ,prayers, Aso:; cherished in
their. r haarts,-e.hotdd , nevertheless be: sal ,
lowly excludadt from their , songs of praise.
Whit mighty , , aridl had: almost said', ma
pole'. does a mere theory exert on the
'l4ttnan !dal- dloicit 'biases the judgment 1
trow it , e.veriadiute: the pereeptions 1-
,T. F. M.
• "We;wish to judge no
man, hut , we must sAy.
that it is a perfect lays•
tery to us hi)* auj ,
Christian, and especially
any: Christian:: minister
can find it 111.10 heart to
have anything - 0.40 with
such an institution."
,4 What!' mall upon me
to, ay, and yet not al
low me to pray in the
Immo of Jesus Christ I"
"le this the way, that
I. am to *Mow niy love to
Him who has said, No
man cometli.lunto - the
Father, but, by-tutt,' and!
'whatsoever ye shalfmdi
in lay' name, beliering,
ye shall receive.' "
Gon xN,liii.— , What a }privilege it is to
plains God in all things, while we. have
them,,anti all things in God, when , they are
Ashen from tut.
¶THAT preanitep gratitude4)lea
s Uie
'4itteetotleof )Gositind men ; foi Wig:tont it
• Oai neithei be-sociable nor religious.