Newspaper Page Text
SAKES ALLISON, pappirirs! !
PITTOBI7IIBR, itTNE 1858.
TPUL, I O" Ink% allirl.l. o oorift . o lll4 o
91• 3 01_40061iVirered as ruildommes et Ilhabosztl
01.00. Ms. Pnispostuat Thied-Paige.
R IiBWALs should Ilis.paesaptj all
Wills tsars the yaw aspltral l ' that se sag •
Malts All arraaseatesta for a ataagi supply:
WM. RIRD Witarriali , . l llthafoll tkoki..Wl
desire a rsaswal• It, bower. tat the' haah
isallbegt thts sigma abeeld be oesittedijr•
hope bar friends will still bettorpretub L
parnont by salts
&mid., 'Max oanotaalaate Or, by inane
Niaoloalag with oriladay gamy and troubling
nobody arta a katrarlolas of what you ors
ilobaiy. For a largo asaoaut, orod a Draft, or
llama not o. Per onaortwo paiaratimadeoldt
or moan arta& ti
TO MOLE CHAINGAIe load powtaga stamp%
. bettor aUll, sand for mars pa oral *ay
or ,Sairoatywaiaborti or el 'for II so
Drallielf all Lotter. awl Caialnutleatioata
zto DolfLO ItsSINNAT &
Tai PREOBYTBItIAN AXPOSITOR:,—.The •
ATune number of this verrreddobii monthly
ia on oar table. It oontaine
of excellent matter. The Expos tot 48 now
at the mithile, of the soonnil:.yolnme.
Ilettervea to live, , tit
011ulon ehuralt edifiob
to 14Ass, is
beautiful Leeture-roam affords s good sworn
inodation for worship. The towers are in
progress. They are to be one hundred and
sixty feet high.
THE PRESBYTERIAN THEOLOGIOAL SEM
INARY OF THE NORTH-WEST —We are re
quested to say that the Board of Directors
elected by the General Assembly are re
quired by the Constitution to hold their first
meeting in the North church, in the city of
Chicago, on Tuesday morning, June 28th,
1859, at 10 o'clock. It is hoped that every
member will be present.
"Wara, Wxvnna" is informed that his
donation, in April last, was received and
applied, and was duly acknowledged in the
Banner and Advocate. The communica
tion did not appear, not because of its , char
*der or contents, but for want of room.
If the dour shall choose to make no a
dium of his bounties, we will cheerfully ,
Female Medical Collage.
The Tenth Annual Announcement of the
Female Medical College of Pennsylvania, is
before us. The Institution has a full
ulty. There *ere present, at the last m
elon, thirty.six young ladies, six of tvhom,
graduated. We rejoice to have females
male themselves well acquainted with the
healing art, as well as with all other branch
as of human science; and for them then,
on occasions, to employ both their science
and their skill, is highly appropriate. Bat
the idea of a lady becoming, a regular Med
ical Practitioner, is rather disagreeable,.
We should greatly prefer to see the lady
graduates marry eminent physicians, and
then put forth their own attainment& through
their husbands. •
Missionaries, to Aftioa:
We invite attention to the letter of Bev.
J. P. Carter, in another 3 Fi f cart ,
ter is President of the Aebmu n
and la devoted to the welfare of the colored
race. We trust that many and large collec
tions will bi taken up in our churches, on
Sabbath before or after the Fourth of July,
and many ardent prayers offered appropri
ately, in connexion with thanksgiiing for
our National liberties. •
Mr. J. D. Williams is the duly authorized
receiving agent for the Ashmun Institute,
to whom Collections may be paid. Those
who may imefer giving to the Pennsylvania
Colonization Society, or to the American
Colonization Society, can'do so through the ,
same channel. With gratitude for 'what
the Lord has done for us as a nation, we
should ever unite prayers for the oppressed
and benighted, and contributions tostard,
their enlightenment and deliverance. Giv
ing is a grace. Alms deeds and prayers
should . be companions.
HiStories of Congregations.
The history of particular congregations ie
a matter of no small importance; but
one of the valuables to posterity which' is
rapidly !kissing away, beyond the possibility'
of a recovery. Efforts should he'made, at
once, to rescue all that can be yet reached,
and to prit . it in a fixed form. Some twenty
or fifty pages of the Sessional Records
thus be Well occupied; or the columnsof
the county newspaper, and in some import;
ant MO of more general interest, the re.
ligiouwjournal might be used; but, best,`of ,
all, in addition to the Sessional Anoords,'6
a medium of benefit in this line, use the
We are led to these remarks by the re
ception of a Hrs o itl &t DISCOURSE com
memorative of the Presbyterian church .of
Upper Ten-Mile, Pa., by Rev . E. a Wines;
D.D., with the addenda of a Farewell Ser
mon, by Dr. Wines ; the whole making a
pamphlet of sizty-four pages Bvo., neatly
printed by Mr. Haven, of our city.
Upper Ten-Mile is the name of it Creek'
in South-Western Pa., which gives its name'
to the church. The region was 'aStAiii
mainly by emigrants from N. J., about 1774.
In 1777 Thaddeus Dod, of N. 3., a liceetir`
ate of the Presbytery of New York,
preached to the people, and was invited to
settle. He accepted the invitation, sharing
hardships and vicissitudes with the settlers.
A chinch of twenty-five members was for
mall) , organized in 1781. Mr. Dod was
the second' minister Who,settled 'West of the
Monongahela, being one, year later ;than!
Mr. McMillan. •
From this time onward, Dr. Wines traces
the history of the church, giving `the names
of members, elderkand pastors, and, narra
ting much contemporaneous h istory; „
adding many highly, instructive remarks.
Every member of the congregationi 1011,
dwibtless, possess himself of a copy;
copies will be sent far off to the descend ! .
ants of former members of the congrega
tion. To all our readers who would inform
themselves as to the planting and progress
of the church in Western Pennsylinniipie
recommend the publication. t An d we would
express the: hope , that many pastors and Ses
sions will note favorably our introduotory
4 4 iAlle most important part of all the his.
Cory of the Chun& is that which was writ
ten under the guidance of inspiration, and
known among Christians as, Tux ACIV3
1 1 .11i0irigii. " Thi nirritive, by Like, '
embraces not the sayings and
the Apostles. Prominently it is the Acts of
but two of them; these - of Peter in Chapters
in Chapters xiii
—will. All , doubtless - were diligent
and euccessful laborers, but these two were
so empioyekin4ne.work, that an account of
the things in which
oerned, makes knoin what is needful for
instruction,.; rand any thing beyond what is .
needful, the,. Spirit' would not: lai'npon the
Here we have the impost history: of the
I4e'w ,Testament Church, and byi studying
an.dionlyl by studying this Book;
do .•obtain thei Trueldea,' of the '6'hurelt,
ind'the 'figw r iif ifs'Progriis The
trine and P,Olity,of, *a t one true Church' of
iik ; k:4";liei!l • PriePle.iit o us biihe , • te aoh4
ing Spirit... - Every Christiani shouldlitudy
this Boolty aadSatudy ieiwell ts'4l.3,
iinifilat Vic it:
The importance t 4 M 4 019 4 141-. o this.
essential, of ..,,Cknralf”Hisioronutices
And'*e.have recently_ ha4'iliiitean .
sbquseittonin thy lute'' Last te4k we gave
ii.,0000 , 41f314# Nit*
5 44 naiBillosackw# "tjaiyir,!ll44,4E'
Scripture. Its e - xiCillence, and the benefits
which our readers may derive from it, in.
duce us to recur to it again. We mark a
few of its characteristics.
I. This important portion of Inspired
History is so' Heated as to keep prom. ,
inently in view the successive - steps 'of
the Church's progress—Prayer, Preaching,
the Out-pouring of the Spirit, Baptism, the
Lord's. Supper, Benefaction, the Home
work, the Foreign work, the Household
covenant, eco., &o.
2. Questions are so handled as to exhibit
with candor, the Principles of Doctrine and k
order ) which are embodied in the History. -'
3. A new and copious collection of Ref.
erences is given in the margin and enforced
in the Mites:
4. T4e Epistles of Paul are-noted, where
they severally belong in the history; and a
brief summary is interwoven.
5. A valuable Map is attached; and good
Plates and Cuts are presented, giving views
of places mentioned, ,and illustrating cue
tOlnaj coins, &o.; with the author's personal
observations of many of the localities men
Another notetiortby feature. 'of the work,
is a Tabular View of the History in a
B,ynoptiecal Outline. , This. presents the
entire Book in.: three Divisions L The
Church among the Jews • II The Church
in its Transitioi from the Jews to the Gen
tiles; The Church among the Gentiles.
This Synopsis , is brief, but comprehensive.
iLdivided:into Parts and Sections, dis
tinctly noting where one Part or Section
concludei, and another begins. It is ex
,ceedingly valuable, and should be thoroughly
There is alio a Table of Contemporaneous
History, showing the connexion of the great
Bible facts with leading secular events, and
with persons of note in other records of the
times, which is, to the intelligent student,
v+. 4411 -
' '-'..mßi:liiirtug*Cutrelaar and discrimi
aating,,keeps thereader constantly attentive
to the drift of each paragraph of the HU
tory, and of its OOnnexion, and a compre
hensive and satiatactory view is thus had of ,
The Exposition. is not a mere verbal
comment. • It is a condensed and elaborate,
and, at the iiifie time; an eminently popular
treatment of the Apostolic History in a
form whit* has not hitherto fallen under
our notice, and which - cannot fail to interest
and profit , the reader. We trust that many
families will possess the Work, and especially
that.it shall be studied--well studied, by
parents, Sabbath School teachers, ,and
children. Oar junior theologians—any who
are yet in the way of learning—will do well
to re=study, with this help, the history "'of
the Planting of the Christian Chureh, and
the development-of her doottine'and order;
her officers and their duties 4 her revival
spirit; her diffusive nature; her absorbing
influence npOn the soul ; her beneficence;
her Home Missions; her Foreign Missions;
hOw entirely she is consecrate& to , the Work
of her Lord iwthe satiation of men:
It was known for some time, that Dr.
Jacobus' was engaged ppon.,this Book. The
Trade and the Ohurchmereftherefore on the
,look out for it; and we learn that within's,
'week of its Publieration;the whole edition of
two thousand five hundred copies were en
gaged.. Other editione will, of course, fol
low speedily. ,
We rejoice the more in 'the , appearanee
and acceptability of Ohs volume, as it car
ries forwarit the ides we own, before sug
gested as to the beat means of :preparing : .a
Chunk . Commentary.. We said, let indi
viduals, called of God to work; write and
publish'. Let Christians read and examine.
Then that which best , meets the ;wants of
the people will be adopted. And,improve
ments will not be .made to ' cease with One'
Man, nor with one set of men. Expoeition
will not'be cheCkad; liar present attainments
be made a fixture,,by 'Ecclesiastical enact-.
ment.., , There will . still be an open field for
all the, gifted sons of the Church, and there
be f -alureMents to a Perpetual progrees.
The work before tis think, t end
mightily toward settling great OomMen
fiary: question„ythich was , presented in New
Orleans, and which abides still undeter
mined,on.the docket of the' General Ateem
bly. ; At. lead, while we have Volunteer
writers 'enelt as Hedge, 'Aldxander, and
coblis, with many others, we need be in no
hasteforeclosing Presbyterian,e Churc h`
by an:anthoritatiVe decree of`the'Assembly.
*Norms, Critical and 'Explartator* oil' the Acts
of the Apostles, by Bev. v.Af. W. Jacobus,' D. D.
Pp. 480, 12mo. :New York: Carter # Brothers.
Pittsburgh: .T,o4n Davison..
The Uriited Prestrterfie Church;
• The first General Aisembly of this highly
respeotable body, , formed, last year, by
union alba Associate and Assoalate Re
forded Ohurolfee, - North, met at Xenia;
9d6 ) : led month, F and enjoyed, per all
rfP4tlp' ll dellghtfnl meeting, transacting
much inaporiant ,busitaese:_ .13o.barnaonious
were the -.mem:belly that „ Irom ,, thelpropOld:
tions made and_ the paits taken in the die-
ouaeiona, cou ldnotinferred h d
OUBSIOIII, 1 be vr o a
- `"TH . WPRESI3,yraIt : :...A:#.v.:;,' , -'I)ANNER AND ADVOCATt
previously belonged to one of .the'formative
branches, and who to the other. Christians
so consen*neotta, should belktig Wee same'
socletiastioal family, and be called by one'
The Church, as now constituted, consists
-ef.forty-two Presbyterial. Thal number of
ministers and congregations is not given in
the paper before ta.. There were . incensed
during the list' l year; tweity-three young
ilea. Nineteen were ordained. There
were tw.euty•throopas;oraloottyponto. In
.4lreisPeattentioi; has been`; pa6l 'to Sabbath
§.3eboob, prayermeetings, .oateohetical
sanction, and family worship. Seven min
isters died 'during .thi year.
We are pineal, to see the evidences of
zeal with which our brethren enter into the
work, of 'Gospel propagation. They have
established Boards ' ;of Education, Home
giesions, Church,Eitension, Foreign Mis
sions, and F'ublieation. We rejoice in this.
Gfa, taicli all, isibe . 'grest command. Diffu
sion iisi , the law of the regenerated heart.
He that - hip 'heard aright -will pay, Come,
as far , as he can make his voice: beard.
The felioiriiig area' few 4 of their regale:
dote for the Board of Home Missions: - •
let. It shall be the dlityle„ eaqh,Presbytery . to
ascertain *bat Pagiq:yrftßinliiterritoty'reqmze
,Misaionary sitd';jtki grotiplatethbrithfeclianntnber,
of, vacancies of missionary stations as may ,nike
charge; instruct their,
delegate;whO le t o'sit on `O4, ;Committee' of Ms-,
slttnslai '-'what °-' utilities' of inisiiiiiAmeti he singl
141034'4V:1d 'intl lie needed frevn
. _ ,
the Presbytery are 'Willing and suitable to be
employed as missionaries.
Bth. Vacancies able to support a pastor will
be expected to bear the whole expense of their
supply, and no money shall be paid for this pur
pose out of the missionary fund.
11th. Old , or declining congregations or vacan
cies shall not be reported as missionary ground ;
nor yet unoccupied territory where there is little
prospect of building up churches; but only new
and flourishing stations and vacancies when there
is a reasonable prospect that by the blessing of
God on word and ordinances churches will be
When a missionary charge' wishes to call a
pastor, and pledges' $260 for his support, Pres
byteries shall have power, provided they judge it
expedient, to settle such charge and appropriate
from the missionary hind in order to complete the
pastor's support, for the first year $l6O ; for the
second year $lOO ; for the third year $6O; when
such aid shall cease; it being understood that
such congregation will increase its portion in the
same ratio—s4oo• being considered the minimum
on which a minister may eafely settle in any
On, the subject of Temperance, the
Assembly passed some excellent resolutions,
which' we hope the `Church"Sessions may
have the grace to etteente. No one who
ideele out intoxicating liqtiors, as'& - drink, to
his fellow men, should be recognized 'as a
,Christian, in< < good standing. He is doing
:evil: He feeds and clothes himself and
lux.uriates on the wages of, iniquity. For,
' , filthy lucre's sake, he destroys family peace,
mins the bodies and the souls of men..
We pray that this youngest in the family
of Presbyterian General Al/serial)lies may be
enabled noI only to eopy the excellences of
As seniors, but to become an example, going
!greatly in good works beyond what any of
thein had ever attained. '
Speech of Rev. Z. D. ifitollester,
In our riport of the proceedings of the
General Assfunbly„ we gave a tolerably full
statement of the leading points of Dr. Mac•
Master's speech relative to the Seminary of
the North-Weit. The speech is now print.
ed with an Appendix, in a pamphlet of forty
pages. It is for sale at, twelve cents a copy;
at the store of J. S: Davison, Pittsburgh.
iete ll a h r 6 kro * on?er leSr nin thilk t ' h e rt
eech, its aathoi 5
and' the circrimstarinea,involved; and as the
eeitors, are personal friends of the Doctor,
and to a great extent his' co-adjutors in the
Seminary transactions, and hence are both
faverable to him and will infornied as to
facts, we prefer quoting from them, to mak
ing comments of our own. They say :
11. Dr. Mac Master 'lade a great mistake as to
the facts, and by consequence ,failed to speak the
views ,of his friends, when he took the ground.
that'the opposition to himself was made in the
name of slavery, and that the question to be set
tled was, whether the Assembly would sanction
the usurpation of the slave power in the Church.
1. The opposition to. Dr. Machlaster ,time
avowed pro slavery views. The charge against
him was abolltionism. He was said to be opposed
to the` action Zd" 1845 in regard to slavehoding.
1 When Dr. Macrtlastu was first;opposect by
Dr. Rice, he was defended principally by Southern
men, and he has been from that day to this,
warmly sustained by many of this class.
8. 'There is no evidence that Southern men in
our Church are in any sense responsible forthe
opposition made to Dr. Mac Master.
4. There is reliable evidence that Southern
men, in large numbers the Assembly, took
ground for Dr. Mac: Waster, and.promised to vote
for him for the Chair of Theology. The majority
of riofessors in Theoltigieet Seminaries,'who
were members of the Assembly, avowed thir in
tention to , vote for him before his speech was de
livered, and we have not heard of one that pro
fessed to be opposed to his election. One of, this
class told 'us that over sixty Southern members
would have voted for him for the first Chair.
Several Southern men were active; in getting
pledges for his election,. and one Of them pro.
fessed to have enured forty. The 'Southern and
Eastern men seemed to have settled it that the
wishes of the North-West . must be"respected.
Several distinimished men of the South'took the
ground that Drs.= Rice and Mao Master mint' be
both elected, or bath rejected, and they labored
to this end. We wilt not:speak in, detail of these
efforts and the reasons of their , failure, but we
will say that as the time for the election drew'
near, the men of the South, in gioning numbers,
were promising to vote for D.r. Macillaster, in a
large degree for the purpose of showing that the
South would not proscribe him because : of his
opinions, and that they felt like giving, this re
gion what it asked. These are facts the truth of
which we know and CRS prove.
5. The universal opinion, so , far as we know,
among those who have soperieveringly sustained
Dr. Mac Master as a teacher . of Theology, has
been, and is , that the opposition to him is per
sonal,And not sectional.
Concerned for Others.
Several of the'organs of our sister Churcb ! .
es seem to be exceedingly concerned' for
their neighbors, and especiallY for Old School
Presbyterians. They see shoals and rocket
in , our way, and they abound in warnings.
Their ,efforts are many and great, to point
out our errors. May we believe that they
are influenced by a great desire to avert
danger from us, and to make us perfect
We would be pleased to know, on sufficient
evidence, ,that they,-, are moved, by the
purest spirit of peace and love.
Pre-eminent .among these - well-wishere
is the American - Presbyterian. For some
six months or more, it has abounded in its
anxieties respecting us. And, it
.seems not ,
to grow weary. Its issue of last week de
-votes no less' than three articles; and ' part of
a fourth, inthe way intimated.* We speak
of the subject that we may give due credit
to our contemporary for its disinterested , be•
nevolenee ; and that we may ask to be
excused from returning the kindness just
now. Our request we hope 'will be thti
more readily greeted, since,we promise,that
,whenever the time may come, that_ we shall
have nothing.to do in , the, way of home edt.
fication,, and when there shall be no more
. he i
found n which to' Spread the
Gospel, we shell then turn in and : point gut;
sow t eli t defeets, divisions, dangers, and
bye es, e peace, by the way of help.
em i lip more safe standing and to
higher attab tints. We must press our
Aetuot.Aakcxeused from a speedy return
of their 10rapliment, in kind. We would
greatly:l64k to have the beam thoroughly
extracted froim..onr own eye r before we de.
votc l tptieltAmpto searohing for motes in
• --- '
Aarding_of9Ntrallesp. : ,
those evidences; of progress ' 'those
-chid dial e making of-two churches
oat of one. , , of a church should not be
diiiiirffilil ; : becattie it is large. There
shiiifebOiii ''orial reasons. One of these
niii,l2 . ' e progress of the place re
quirokattsiOnireh room, and that a new
oruloind44 l uld draw in many persons,
hivineto4‘ o church attachments. An
oi l itOk iiiixiiiimb, reason may ,be, the great
-,-vit , ,
d i stOnctexploq ; a large portion of the con
gregation,areSliged to travel to reach the
fad,* # 4 # 616 lit
iTifi l di+idi ii.Chnrch is one of 'the' prerogi,
It es of 'Pop ry '
• but it is one which
i`L,,,t l ”+ ~ •
but , ii` seld ' - xercised, except at the re
wok &Alt ple. And the division of a
iiiittroikis A 104 g which should not be at.
tempted',tempted',onl the advice of Presbytery.
',1 1 11,080 whe,thitt that to diTide will be for
Atiiation . atiould inform the Session.
4, in, by petition or.othetirise,
, e ' Z''' - easo - 01 ey. 4 1 31 1:9 ./tlk preteti w r t4 " l"C'.? ..' "frh -42 .Pi * isbl i
tery may decide the case at once, or, may
appoint a committee to visit" the ground, for
farther information. . When an order shall
have been obtained for the new organization,
it will then be the 'duty of the Session to
give dismission!, and certificates of good
standing to all proper applicants, which pa
pers shall be the testimonials authorizing
the minister who may pie:tide at a meeting
galled for the purpose, to enroll the names
and perfect the organization of the church.
For men to demand certificates, .and for a
missionary, traveling minister, or neighbor
ing pastor, to organize a chard, without
the previous action of Presbytery, is not
regular, unless it be in some very peculiar
circumstances. , ,- . -
Boston and New England:
The authorities of Boston have refuied to allow
Powers' &Wig of Daniel *Aster to be placed in
the " Common," considering it to be altogether
unworthy of its great Original.
Rev. Dr. Wm. B. Nicholson, of Cineinnati„ has
accepted the call to•become .ReOtor of St. Paul's
church, in the place of the Rev. Alexander
Vinton, lately removed to Philadelphia:
The American Board of Foreign Missions has
issued an .nrgent call to the chitrOhes reckoned
among its patrons, to come to its'aid with speedy
and largely increased contributions. The in
debtedness of $40,000, remaining from last year,
has not been met, and there is a:s k rospect, unless
relief be speedily afforded,, , that is debt will be ,
greatly augmented at the, close fif the . financial
The movements in the New )Behoel General
Assembly, looking toward a, separation from all
the Voluntary Societies,da awakening much dis
cussion in Boston and iminyVains of New Eng
land. The Beformed Dutch Church has already
withdrawn from the American Foreign• Mis
sionary Society axtd 7 the Home Missionary
Society, and the New School Presbyterians are
on the very point of setting'up for themselves in
both the Foreign and Bomeitic(Missionary work.
old so. .tie seems almost inevitable.
The Annan/ Commencement at Williams Uol
'lege, will take place this year , on Wednesday, the
third : day of August. The sermon before; the
Mills' Theological Society will be delivered on the
evening of the Sabbath preceding, by the Be,.
Prot ,Hitchcock, of Union Theological Seminary,
New , York. This is the same Professor whose
unsound views with regard to the inspiration of
the Scriptures, and the Mosaic account of crea
tion, were, a few' months ago, the subjects of
severe animadversion by the Rev. H. J. Vandyke,
of Brooklyn. •
1)r: Lyman Beecher, now in bis 85th year, has
lately been making a visit to his son, the Rev.
Wm. H: 'Beecher, of North Brookfield, Mass.
The Venerable Doctor, though feeble in body, still
possesses great elasticity of mind, and takes a
deep Interest in all. religions, political, and -lit
, The good people of the Town of liadley, Ham,
had a.rare treat in, the cerebration -of the two
hundredth „anniversary of the settlement of their
town, on , the Bth, inst. This:town was incorpora
ted in 1661. Its founders were Rev. John Rus
sell and Joint. Webster, Esq. The 'ciintie of its
formation wien controversy that sprang ip in
the colony of Connecticut in 1660, respecting the
qtialifications for baptisni and other kindred 'sub.
jeers. 'The address was ;delivered by Dr. Hun
tingdon, of Cambridge, and contained much
curious, valuable, and interesthig history con'.
corning the early halite of the people. One of
the historical reminiscences that should not be
forgotten, is the fact that Col Whalley, 'and his
son-in-law, General Goffe, both judges, and both
signers of the death warrant of Ring Charles L,
here found a safe asylum from those who sought
their blood, and ended their days in peace. ° Col.
Whalley was a near relative of Oliver Cromwell.
The restoration of Charles IL drove out of Eng
land most of the fifty-nine men who had.taken
the responsibility of signing ;the death warrant of
his royal father. Whalley and Gaffe • reached
Boston In 1660, and took up their residences
openly near Cambridge. But when the news ar
rived that ill but,seven of the signers had been
pardoned, and that these two men were among
the seven, the solid men of Boston began to be
shy of them Gov. Endicott celled upon the
Court for their apprehension, but the Court acted
tardily,' .and ;before the warrant for arrest was
issued, they escaped to =New Haven, where they
were sometimes concealed in the house if Rev.
Mr. Davenport, sometimes in a mill, and some-
times in a cave, so as to outwit the royal messen
gars in pursuit of, them. But in 1664 they es
caped to Hadley, where they were kept in con=
cealment for many years in tbe house of the
Rev. Mr. Rumen. At times they were 'on the
very point of being discovered'; but
, when the
colonial offiCeis filled the very house they
were in; they were secreted in the cellar. Goffa
survived hie father .in-law some fifteen years. Both
carried oWcorrespondence with their families in
England under assumed names. BOth were
nently pious men, as is abundantly evide nt, from
the accounts given Of their letters and diaries.
Cases of crime or serious immorality were very
rare in the early history of this town, but the law
took strict cognizance of many things, the very
recital of which must cause a smile in our days.
In 1662 a men sued a Dutch woman for calling
him wrogne. In 1678 five wives rand one maid ,
were fined or admonished for wearing silk. In
1682 a person was fined for saying so it !teems"
la a " scoffing manner," ie JUStiee .Partridge in
the Court room, for lighting his 'pipe with the
tongs, -and other tokens of disrespect Some.
lames the quantity of silk, or wearing, it in a
'flaunting manner, was' deemed legal offence.
It is dne to the Afemory of Edwards, and to
historical verity, to make known that the pecu
liar and distinguishing doctrines held by him on
the ,subject; of :religion, had nothing whatever' to
do with his removal from Northampton, as is
alleged by the nneering ; and self-opinionated Dr..
Holmes of the Atlantic Monthly. Bat the true<
cause of his removal. is correctly stated by. the
Independone, in these words :
The prime cause of the dissatisfaction with
Edwards at Northampton was his strong, printed,
end even personal condemnation of social immor
alities in the town. finding that he. could not
the church to discipline the offendere, he
was led to examine the working of the Half-Way
Covenant upon the Constitution of the Church
itself, and thus a question o practical morality
grew into a. question of church order and evan
The General Association of Massachusetts will
hold its Fifty fifth Annual Session ia Pittsfield,
on the 28th instant. The following questions
mill be discussed: We give them, tibiae they
may be suggestive to Presbyteries and Synods of
scrim topics proper for consideration:
1. Is there anything in the recent phases of
religious experience which calls for .-a more
careful and thorough inculcation of Christian
2. What'additional measures are necessary to
bring the Gospel to bear more effectively on the
neglecters of public worship ?
3. What influence does the system of popular
lecturing now in vogue exert upon the preacher
and the people ?
4. May the faithful minister, sustained by a
faithful church, expect a constant revival ?
6. How far is it expedient to substitute prayer
meetings for the pastor's weekly lecture ?
6. Do the churches need to adopt, for the pro-
Motion of Christ's cause, more strict ralis of
systematic benevolence ?
The re•endowment of Yale Theological Seminary,
with $lOO,OOO, has been undertaken. Goy.
Buckingham leads off with a subsCription of
The Speculative _Fever in hreadstuffs and pro.
visions, in antioipatien- of .'a large demand from
Europe, .on account of the war, has subsided"
Ant -,not tt4ew are, left completely prostrate ,on
account ~ , of their rconnexion . . j with it. Bat little
confidence can. be placed in • the hope of' bread
speculation; in this :country, with a view to
European supply, unless there be a famine in
Europe, or difficulties between Russia and Eng
land should shut tip the Russian ports. There is
plenty of wheat in Russia, and the facilities for
producing it are very great. The difference in
the price of labor alone, is sufficient to turn the
scale in its favor; and there is hut little prospect
of anything occurring just now to create a Euro
pean demand ; so that all attempts at speculation
are groundless, and our people may assure them
selves that there is an abundance of breadatuffs
in this country to supply all demands at reason
able prices. If the frost injures the crop in one
place, the means of tiansportation are so favor-
able, that other sections can easily make good
We have received a specimen number of the
Sck nig° American, in its enlarged, form, contain-
lug an accurate account of its rise, progress, and
influence, and, also several interesting outs of the
Scientific American office, and the rooms for the
examination of patents, designs, Btc., and much
valuable information. The subscription price is
$2.00 a year, or $l.OO for six months. Parents
would confer a substantial benefit on their' eons
by subicribing for it. The amount of scientific
and useful knowledge in a single volume of the
enlarged•form, vrill be very great,
The Italian Rmidente of this city have already
secured almost $5,000 for the benefit of the
families of those Italians that may now fall in
battle, while contending for thtrighfs and liber
ties of their country.
The two Boman catholic Priest! that a short
time ego renounced the authority of Bishop
'Hughes, have ceased their opposition, confessed
their wrong in contending against the Bishop,
and vowed the most uncompromising obedience
in the future.
The Paper Read by Mr. Bancroft on the life,
character, and writings of Edwkrds, before the
Historical Society, which we mentioned last
week, is to constitute an article in iippleton's Cy
The Bible` in the Public Schoole has been a sub
ject of frequent, earnest, and somewhat violent
discussion in the Board of Education for some
time. But at length, a bylaw has been passed
by a vote of twenty•ftve to sixteen, asserting the
authority- of the Board to insist on making all;
the Enblic !Schools in the city assume as a part
of their daily routine, the reading of the Scrip
tures. And hereafter the teachers in these
Schools must either read the Bible to their schol
ars or go without their salaries. At the meeting ,
at which this , action was taken, it was intimated
that the final remedy might possibly be sought
in the Court of Appeals. The -following are the
resolutions passed on the subject:
SECTION 11. All the Public. Schools of this
city under the jurisdiction of the Board of Edu
cation shall be opened by the reading of a portion
of the Holy Scriptures without oche or comment;
and it shall be the duty of the Principal of each
department of `the Schools under the jurisdiction
of this Board, to report to the proper Board of
Trustees, and to this Bead, any violation of this
bylaw ' • which report shall be annexed to the
Sao. 12. The situation of a teacher gall be
forfeited by a willful violation of any rule or
regulation of this. Board ; and no such teacher
shall thereafter be employed in any school, unless "
the forfeiture is remitted by this Board. Every
principal shall report to the proper Board;of
Trustees, end to this Board, all violations by
teachers of the rules and regulations of this
Board, of which he . may be cognizant, and
each report of absences annexed to a pay roll
shall contain an allegation that the Principal
has duly reported each case of the violation by a
teacher included in the pay roll of the rules and
regulations of this Board
Sao. IR. No payment shall be made to a
teacher in whose case the provisions of •this by
law have not been complied with.
And hereafter colored children are to be ad
mitted to all the public schools.
The memorial on the Sunday Liquor Traffic states
that there are in this city seven thousand seven
hundred unlicensed dram shops, of which, five
thousand are open every Sabbath; that over a
million of dollars is kept from the public treasury
by non-payient. of fines and:non-payment of
licenses. This is truly a startling statement.
The Cererizony of Marriage is performed with
great facility in this city as elsewhere, and often
without much inquiry as to the parties married,
or without much thought as to -the solemn and
obligatory character of the ceremony. Some
Aldermen, and not a few Ministers have made
themselves conspicions, for their willingness to
perform this ceremony for all parties that may,
The Police Pazette complains that the readi
ness and carelessness with which this solemn
ceremony is performed by those who have the
legal authority to render the service, is in itself
flagrant,- and if it does not spring from an inade
quate notion of the value of the marriage tie, is
certainly calculated to impress upon those newly
embarked in the wedded lifeao very serious idea
of the obligation. That clergymen, especially,
should lend themselves to this hasty traffic,'
is just matter of complaiitt."
The State Agricultural: Society has concluded to
hold the• Annual State,Pair,- for the present year,
at Powelton, on ground tendered by the Pennsyl
yanin Railroad Company.
During the Year; one thousand six hundred and
fifty. eight patients were admitted to the Penn
Bishop Potter. has returned from Europe, but
little improved in health. He was warmly greeted
upon his arrival by the clergy, and his many per
sonal friends. For some days he has been in at
lenclance at the bedside of his father in-law, the
venerable Dr. Nott, of Union College, N. Y., who
has been lying very, low for some time.
Rev J. B. Ripley, pastor of the' Mariner's
church, reports that five hundred ,seaman have
been converted at this port, within the last year,
and that his church now numbers over one thou
The lifoyameneing .Presbyterian Church, organ
ized last Pall, by a colony from Dr. lloardaran's
church, is succeeding very well The blessing
of Clod has rested on this enterprise from the be
ginning, and those who made great sacrifices in
connecting themselves with the undertaking, will
receive their reward.
1 ne Attendance at the Merolla on the Sabbathr
is gradually getting down jto the Surantei stand
dard. , The meetings on Thursday afternoons, are
still well attended, and the`exercises are genera
-Ily full:of interest. This meeting in the Presby
ieriart churches in regular rotation, is to us very
promising, and we would be pleased _ to see elm
-gar meetings of our Presbyterian churches in
other cities.. At the communion on last Sabbath,
In Dr. Boardman's church, an encouraging num
ber made a profession of faith in the Lord Jesus
Christ; some of these are persons able to-,do
much for Zion's King.
Rev. Dr. Macklin has been very, low, and his
recovery is almost despaired of. Some mores
lead us to fear that his death may, occur, before
this article reaches our readers.
Presbytery of Ohio.
The Presbytery of Ohio met at Maple Creek,
June 14th, and adjourned the next day. The at
tendance was very smalll,. and no great amount of
business was transacted. The second day of the
Sessions was principally occupied with public
worship. A large congregation. were in attend
ance, and two sermons were preached. This
tended to make the meeting pluasint, especially
The following paper, on attendance upon Pres
byterial meetings, was adopted :
wrtznEes, To the Church in her organized and
official capanity is committed the" whole of the
vastly important work of conducting and carrying
on the•great interests of the Kingdom of Christ
on earth,; and,
'Wan - axes, On the part of her ministers
and alders, as well as of her more individual and
private members, there appears to exist a strong
and increasing tendency to forget the important
obligations devolving upon them, and to neglect
the duties - growing out of those ,obligations, and
hence a necessity of having their minds and
hearts starred up by way of remembrance;
therefore, . . . '
Resotied, That in the judgutentAf - this !Pres- -
bitery, there is a very,: serious, increasing; and,
inexcusable neglect on the part of Irian) , of its
members in attending upon the regular meetings
of this Court of the Lord, Jeans Christ.
Resolved, That the rule of Presbytery requir
ing the reading of the names of absentees of each
meeting, and the calling of such delinquents to
account at the next meeting, be strictly carried
out by the Moderator.
Resolved, That at a previous meeting, a mem
ber of Presbytery be appointed to • preach at the
regular Fall and. Spring meeting, on a subject
Remlved, That . Dr. McKinney be appointed to
preach at the regular Fall meeting, upon the
duty of ministers as Presbyters, and that Dr.
Howard be his alternate.
Resolved, That this action be published in the
Banner and Advocate.
The following supplies were appointed for the
.Mingo.—Third Sabbath of . June, R. P. Ken.
nedy. Second Sabbath of July, Rev. John
Woods. First Sabbath. of August, Rev. Geo. Rays.
Fonith Sabbath in August, Rev. R. McPherson ;
to administer the Lord's Supper.
The next stated meeting is to be held at Law.
renoeville, on the first Tuesday in October, - at 2
4o'clook P. M. R. MoPxnasort, Clerk.
For the Presbyterian Banner and Advocate
Departure of Three Missionaries to
Africa.—An Interesting Event.
On the 12th ultimo, the bark Mary Caro
line Stevens, sailed from the City of Balti
more, bearing three colored missionary fem.
flies to; the heathen population of Liberia,
and a company of emigrants to Liberia,-
numbering one hundred and fifty, partly
liberated servants,' and partly free persons
of means and respectability.
A few bows before the time appoind
for sailing, a large congregation of both
white and colored persons assembled upon
the deck of the noble ship, and on the ad
jacent wharves, some to bid a final and affec
tionate farewell to faithful servants or •val
ued friends, some to participate in the ex
ercises of the occasion, while all appeared
deeply interested in an: event, which, by the
blessing of Divine Providence, must prove
highly beneficial to the cause of African
Colonization, and of. more than usual im
portance to the progress of the Gospel in
After the introductory exercises of read
ing the Scriptures, singing, and prayer . ,
whicli were ponducted : by Rev. Itestirs.
Cross and Day, addresses were delivered by
Rev. Drs. I. T. Smith and C. Dickson - , and
by Wm. Crane, Esq , of Baltimore, an Old
and firm Mend of the Colonization canoe.
These services, although deeply interesting,
and occupying nearly all the time that had
been allotted for the purpose, did not seem
fully to satisfy all the assembled multitude.
It was then suggested that the three mis
sionaries should be permitted to say a few
parting words to their. own people, and to
other friends of the work upon which they
were about to enter. And thifthey did in
an earnest, modest, and effective manner.
They spoke of Africa as their proper home.
Their interest in the advanoentent of Li
beria, and in the spiritual welfare of her
heathen population—their ardent desire to
live and labor for the Gospel in that dark
land. They spoke with confidence of what
they believed God was about to accomplish
for their own people in Africa, in fulfillment
of prophecy, and trusted they might be
permitted to libor successfully, in
vice. • They expressed their 'readiness to
meet all risks of the African climate, and to
abide the decisions of God's providence re
specting them, in thus going to live or die,
in their Master's cause, on the shores of the
land of their fathers.
At the close of these addresses, all joined
in singing the missionary hymn,
"From Greenland's icy mountains," Bto.
And at the word of the officer to " cast
loose," the crowd of spectators retired to the
wharf. And as the majestic ship moved
gracefully out into the stream, the gentle
breeze displaying her brilliant colors at the
mast head, seemed to give promise of a
prosperous voyage, and to encourage the
earnest hope that the standard bearers of
the Cross she was conveying to the:heathens,
might long be spared there to display the
"Banner of Truth,. given of God to them
that fear him." May " His Banner of
Love" ever protect and encourage these and
all beside, laboring for Christ among the
These young men, Thomas. H. Amos,
Armistead Miller ' and James R Amos, are
the first fruits of THE ASHMUN 114STITITTE.
Their trials for licensure and ordination be.
fore the New Castle Presbytery, were more
than usually rigid, thorough, and extended,
and were in all respects such as to; encour
age, so far as literary and theological train
ing were concerned, the highest hopes, of
future usefulness. And the.,promptness
with which these'first students.have devoted ,
themselves to the work in. Africa, is the
best guaranty that the influence of the,
Ashman Institute .is in the right direction.*
These missionaries have gone out com
missioned, by our "Board of. Foreign. Mis
Mons; and many earnest prayers will, follow
them, that they may, by _God's grace, re
deem all the confident expectations of their
friends. It should,he stated, that in addi
tion to the usual provision made for them
by the Board, many kind friends made them
valuable contributions in money, clothing,
It will be interesting ...to the friends of
the Institute to be informed that there are
several more students in the Institute, of
great promise, 'preparing for the work of
the ministry, and applications have been-re
cently received for the•; admission of a num
ber of others, all earnestly desiring an edu
cation for usefulness among their own
people. All the students, thus far, are ad
equately sustained as to their boarding, &c ,
by their friends, or by the , funds of, the
Church. Their tuition is as. it should he . ;
gratuitous. The Institute may, therefore,
be regarded as , having, by the favor of
Providenee,-entere4 upon a career °Clue
fulness, the extent and,importance of which,
if prosecuted, may not be estimated.- until :
*Twenty.faur of,tbe emigrants that sailed ea'
this occasion were from the immediate neighbor:
hood of4ha4tistitate inTeriesylvinia.
the revelations of the great day. There is,
hoWever, now submitted a question for the
immediate consideration of the friends of
African Evangelization, in and out of our
Church, and , which is one of very easy so.
hition, but of vast importance to the best in
terests,of the , African race, both here and
iigfrica, gf Shall the Ashmun Institute be
adequately and permanently sustained or
not 7," . •
To eistain the department of Instruction,
there is required annually the sum of (41,200)
twelve hundred dollars. Last year the con
tributions fell far short of that sum, and
for the present year. commencing January
1, 1859, only ( 1 75.00,) one hundred and
seventy-five dollars have been received to
the present date. Are tbere not in all our
Church. one hundred and twenty friends
of Africa 9oilling and able to give to this
object annually, the small sum each of ten.
dollars. Jour( Pinw CARTER,
President Ashman Institute.
Oxford, Pa., June, 1859.
Mr. JACOB CONSET was ordained by the
Presbytery of Dubuque, on the 3d inst.
Rev. ALEX. CAIDWELI, of the Methodist.
Protestant Church, was received by the
Preebytery of Dubuque, at its late meet.
Rev: Dr. JOSHUA. PHELPS' pastoral relation
to the First church, Dubuque, lowa, was
. dissolved by the Preabytery of Dubuque,
at its late meeting.
Messrs J. L. Low= and A. D. HAWN, were
licensed to preach the Gospel, by the.
Presbytery of Huntingdon, on the 14th.
Rev. G. W. ZARNIZER WAS installed pt&
of the obureh of Huntingdon, Pa., by
tbe Presbytery of Huntingdon, on the
Rev. P. H. DALTON'S Post Office address is
'changed from Madison, N. 0, to High
Point N. 0.
Rev. N. B. LYONS was installed pastor of
the Upper Ten Mile aura, Washington
County, Pa. ' by a Committee of the
Washington Presbytery, on the 2d of
June. Dr. Brownson presided, put the
constitutional questions, and preached the
sermon; Rev. W. P. Harvison gave the
charge to the pastor, and Dr. Wines to ,
Mr. DAVID T. CAMPBELL was Reensed to.
preach the Gospel by the Presbytery of
Beaver on the 15th inst.
Mr. R. S. REESE was ordained by the Pres
bytery of Lafayette, at a recent meeting.
Mr. J. P. MoMirs,Aw one of the recent
graduating class at AN,
an invitation to become the Stated Supply
of the Shiloh and Olivet churches. His
Post Office address is Shelbyville, Ky.
Mr. E. B. WiLsox, a member of the late
graduating class of Danville, has received
and accepted an invitation to supply the.
church in Carrollton, Ky.
Messrs. Wm. It. MARSHALL and Wet. T.
BEATTIE, were lislenaed to preach the
Gospel, by the Presbytery of Zanesville,
on the 18th ult.
Mr. S. E. Axsort was ordained by the Pres
bytery of Charleston, on the 22d ult., and
installed pastor of the church of Beech
Island, N. 0. .
Rev. J. A. ENVING'S Post Office 'address is
chan'Oed from Helen Furnace, Clarion
Co, Pa., to Boughton, (Portage Lake,)
Rev. J. C. Inwin's Post Office address,is
Groveport, Franklin Co., Ohio.
Rev. N. P. CHAMBERLIN was installed on
29th ult., pastor of the church at Thibe
deaux, La. .
Hev- , 0. 0. MOGrami,.of. Huntingdon...Pa.,.
ban accepted a call to the- North chuioli,
lows. 'City, lowa.
Rey. T. F. MONTGOMERY'S Post Office ad
dress is changed from White Sulphur, Ga.,
to Hoganeville, Troupe County, Ga.
Rev. JOSEPH BROWN, died at Jeffries' Creek,
Marion District, S. 0., on the 19th of
Rev. W. E. JONES, of Caledonia, N. Y.,
has received a unanimous call from the
First church, Bath, N. Y.
The New Presbyterian church at Water
loo, Penang° Co, Pa., was dedicated on
Thursday afternoon, June 9th.
The Invocation prayer was offered by Rev.
Y. D - Howeyr.
The chapter was read and the dedication
prayer made by Rev. James Coulter_
The sermon was preached by Rev. S. M.
Eaton, from Luke xiv : 23, the text selected
by Father Gilliland.
The .closing prayer was offered by 'Rev.
George Scott, and the benediction pro
nounced by Rev. Coulter.
A Dedication Anthem .was snag; and the
singing led by the Choir of the Franklin
church, accompanied by a melodeon. The
new church is a neat edifice forty feet
square, built by the munificence ofildr. Jas.
Gilliland, - for many years a; elder in the
The day was a happy one to that aged
father in Israel. As he entered with tottering
step, leaning upon his.staff, the joy of Solo
mon seemed to be his, and he viewed with
gratitude the dedication of his own temple
to the service of the Triune God, ready to
exclaim at its conelnsion, " Lard, now letteat
thou thy servant depart in peace."
On the Sabbath following, Rev. Coulter
held cOmmunion in the new building, on
which occasion eight persons united with
The Presbytery of Beaver in session at North
Sewickley,Aloe 15, 1859, t aking into considera
tion the severe and threatening dispensation of
Divine Providence in extensively destroying by
frost the'provision on which our population were
depending for sustenance ;
ReeOlved. That in the judgment of this Preaby
terY,; the people of this community, are loudly
called upon to humble themselves before God,
and repent of their sins, and turn from them.
Resolved, That the last Wednesday of June en
suing be appointed as a day of solemn fasting,
humiliation, and prayer, 'and that it be earnestly
recommended to all our peopl, to lay aside the
business-of' the world on that day, and in their
closets, and - in their families, and in their re
spective places of public worship. they make
confession of sin to God, acknowledge his right
eousness in chastening us, and humbly implore
the exercise of mercy in furoisbiog the provis
ions needful for.aust.ining life.
Presbytery alio licensed Mr. David T. Camp
bell to preach the Gospel.
Met at iTuntiogdon, in adjourned meeting, on
Tnesday the 74rh ink., and continued in session
till ten o'clock at night. A good deal of import
ant busio.-sa waa dune.
Mr. J. L Lower, of Williamsburg, and Mr. A.
D. Hawn, of McVeytown, were licensed to preach
the Gospel. .
Steps were taken for the organization of two
new churches, one, in Bald Eagle Valley, another
at Broad Top.
The Preabytery refused to grant Mr. Allison's
request tti be released from his pastoral charge,
at Mifftintown, thd congregation resisting the dis
solution of the relation.
The Rev. G. W. Zahoiser was installed pastor.
of, the - church of Iffuntingdon ;. in which solemnity
Rev: T. Lowrie preaeletitho sermon, Dr. Woods
gave the charge to the pastor; aid Dr. Justia
thcchargs•to tkie.people. - ermams.
Tor the Presbyterian Banner and _Adfacets.
For the Presbyterian Banner and Advocate
Pres4tery of Beaver.
D. C. REED, Stated Clerk
For the Presbyterian Banner and Advcrate.
The Presbytery of Huntingdon,