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Nana ad *b.B:r4ft:
JAMES ALLISON, PRoPumoals.
PITTSBURGH, MAY 21. 1859.
TERKfie.• $1.1509 in advansii or In Clubs
$ LAI; or, dollvorod at residences of Onlbseri?..
bores SSA 0 • Bee Prorpeetsura on Third Magee
B. EN lOW A.I. ■ should be prompt; a little
while before the year expires, that we okay
make full erraagemeßts for a steady supply.
WEIS RED WRAPPER. isidleates that we
desire a renewal. If, however, ix the haste
of mailing, this sigma should be omitted, we
hope our Meads will still not forget us.
amimpArmics.—suadi payment by safe
Mends, wham souvaniente Oro nod by mall,
oultering with ordinary teary and troubling
obody with a knowledge of what yon seri
going. For • large amount, rand a Drafts or
argil statue. Dor visor two poperrand Gold
or noon notes.
TO MAKE GRANG.II 9 Bond portage staatlir.
Or batter still, road for niers papers; say $ll
or Seventy numbers, or 8/ for Whlrty.thrso
DIRECT all L Mad Cairsaianloattoaa
to DAVID IIsKIMAIRY & CO., Pittsburgh.
EDITORIAL ORANG.E.—Rev. A. Black.
burn has retired,. on account of ill•health,
from the Presbyterian Witness (N. g.)
Rev. G. W. Leyburn, of Bedford County,
Va., is now the, editor and proprietor. He
has our good wishes.
Rev. B. F. SPILMAN.-Thii worthy min
ister of the Gospel, has,ls we learn from
the Presbyterian Herald, ceased from,his
labors. He died on the 3d inst., at his
residence, Shawneetown, 111. He corn
menced his ministry in 1823, and spent a
life of diligent and useful labor, all in South
ern Illinois. His disease was pneumonia,
and his sickness en dared only about a week.
Income of the Foreign Board.
The liberality of our churches, we regret
to see, has been defective t toward thi For
sign Board, though not to the same extent
as toward the Domestic. The netincome
for the year just closed, as appears from the
abstract of the reports published, was $210,-
731.71. The net income of the previous
year was $212,94 95. Hanoi "the year
just closed has fallen short of the previous
year, $2,215 24. The deficit is small when
compared with the short crops and financial
embarrassments. We do not take it as
evincing a declining interest in the cause,
but it may well admonish the churches,
that, with returning prosperity, their liber
ality should abound. Funds are greatly
needed, and may , be used more efficiently
than at any former period iof our 'Board's
On last Sabbath, May 15th, Rev. James
F. Reed, D.D., was installed, "pastor :of the
First Presbyterian church, (New School)
in Birmingham, The Rev. Dr. Ken
dall, of the. Third Presbyterian church,
Pittsburgh, presided; Rev. Dr: Lyon, of
Erie, preached the sermon; Rev. S. M.
Sparks, of Minersville, deliver6d the, charge
to the pastor.;. and the Rev. Mr. McMillan,
of the Covenanter Church, (New Side,)
delivered the charge to the congregation.
The exercises were interesting , and - .
Birmingham is an important suburb of
Pittsburgh, having a' number of large man
ufacturing establishments, and. several thou
sand inhabitants. Dr. Reed enters'upon an
important field of labor, with encouraging
prospects of suocess. Presbyterians have
neglected this place too long. We were
never convinced 'that they did not commit a
mistake in abandoning it !logic years ago.
Board of Colportage.
This Board met last week. The report of
the ExecutiVe Committee, revealed a most
encouragileg state of things, with regard to
opportunities for usefulness, by means of
Colporteurs. If the churches will only ,
place the necessary means at the disposal of
the Board, a most efficient system of Col
portage will be carried on. The Board hopes
that the churches in the Synods of Pitts
burgh and Allegheny, that have not yet
contributed to this object, will do so without
delay; since every dollar dins given will be
expended directly in the work of Colportage.
And since thißOard has learned that not a
few of the contributions intended for this
Board have found their way to the Board
of Publication in Philadelphia, owing to the
want of proper direction, - it is requested
that hereafter, contributions be sent only to
Mr. John Culbertson, Presbyterian Rooms,
St. Clair Street, Pittsburgh, Pa. .• .
Western Theological Seminary=--Close
of the Session.
We noted, last week, the examinations in,
the Seminary, and the address of Dr_ Rice
before the Society of Inquiry. The closing
exercises took place in Dr. Swift's church,
Allegheny, on Wednesday eiening. The
building was crowded. The opening prayer
was made by 'Rev. Dr : Hoge, of Columbus.
Addresses were delivered by Messrs. A. L.
Blackford, T. C. Campbell, D. D. Green,
Orr Lawson, H. R. Peairs, 3. M. Sidth,
and B. Wikoff. M Dr. Elliott addressed
the -graduating class, and presented diplomas
to twenty, entitled to recierve 'them. He
also stated that four othersoriz., Messrs. 'J.
E. Caruthers, David S. Logan, William E
Walker, and William S. Wood, although
they had not Completed the full term of three
years, were entitled-`to a certificate.' The
following are the names of the graduates :
A. L. Blackford, Wm. A. Burc'hfield,
Thomas C. Campbell, James E. Caruthers,
Ira M. Condit, D. W. Cooper, 3. Calvin
Gillam, David D. Green, John D. Howey,
Orr Lawson, David:B. Logan, Pollard, NC.
Morgan, Nicholas V. Morrow, Benjamin F.
Myers, Henry R. Peairs, James A. Reed,
George Scott, 3. A. Erastus Simpson, John
M. Smith, M. M. Travis, *Wm. E. Walker,
Marcus Wishart, W. S 'Wood, ' Benjamin
Du Bois Wiko#:.
Dr. Jacobus "alio,addressed the class, and ,
presented to each of its members a beautifully
bound pocket Bible, a gift which, we doubt
not, will be greatly .prized, and machined.
Mr. L M. Condit, a member of the class,
responded on behalf of himself and his
The session has been pleasant and profs
perotch The closing exercises were solemn,
and were indicative of much ability on the
part of our young brethren. The number
of ministers and elders present, was beyond
what we have heretofore witnessed. There
is, we learn,. a , prospect of an increased
number of pupils for the next session, be
yolk what -now "retire.' Let Ohriatiani . re
member the Institution in their prayers and
• - The War.
; The torch of
,war has been again lighted
n Enrope—deatruotive, cruel, bloody war.
, Straiige itirthat civilization and Christian-,
ity cannot settle disputes, without an appeal
to the sword. It is not, however, merely a
dispute, which brings on the conflict. It is
aggression. It is, . desire of plunder—
the purpose of one to elevate himself at the
expense of others. It is the spirit of the
despoeand the robber, which brings war.
This'confliot has been brewing for a long
time. Actual hostilities are commenced by
Austria,; not that she wanted the war, but
she saw a conflict to be a necessity, and she
takes the initiatory, because thereby she has
an advantage. That she must fight, or
yield her Italian possessions, was a necessity.
'Prudence might have saidi yield. Christi
anity might have said, yield. And,
hip, justice might have said, yield. And it
is`hikhly probable that she will yet have to
yield, on compulsion, and to, ,yield far more
than'her Italian possessions.
Louis Napoleon wishes to have a suprem
acy in Italy; and also to extend France to
the Rhine. This he cannot do alone; but
Russia desires the lower .Danube and the
Bosphorus. This she, tried to obtain, but,
alone, she could not make the acquisition.
A joint effort on the part of France and
Russia might accomplish the object which
each bas in view. ' , But the effort must be a
desperate One. Italy will be with France,
under the alliance with Sardinia and the
plausible prOmises of Napoleon. Turkey,
Prussia, and the German States will be with
Austria, on the principle of self-defence.
Still, against all opposition from Ger
many and Turkey, Russia and France
might prevail, were it not that British in
tercets are involved. Great Britain makes
immense use of the Mediterranean Sea.
She trades much on its borders, and it is
her high-way to her Indian possessions.
To exclude her from it, would be a terrific
blow to her commerce, her power, and her
prestige.; and to exclude her is one, of the
main desires Of both Russia and France.
Hence she cannot be an idle spectator of the
conflict between the others. If Austria
and 'her allies_should be worsted, British in
terests would be the next object of assault,
by the victorious nations, and she would
then be obliged, alone, to fight those against
whom she can now defend herself, having
with her the immense armies of Germany.
It can.then hardly be doubted, for a moment,
but: that England will unite with Austria.
Her own safety demands it.
All this has been 'long well understood,
and the' probahilities have been weighed
with much , carefulness. Every interest of
England is connected with peace. She ,
cannot gain anything; that is, she eau make
no acquisitions, by a war. She must ne
cessarily lbse,men and money, and may pos
, sibly lose more than these: Hence her ex•
treme anxiety to have the difficulties settled,
without recourse to arms. But if the strife
must come, she is most intimately concerned
in the success of the Austrian Bide of the
Wonder is often expressed, wby England,
he :most ;decidedly free, liberal, and . Pro.
testlifit - country Europe, 'should so getter
ally lte found to sustain , Austria, which is
the most despotic and Popish. But
we lobk at questions Of. State, the mystery
*easily solved. Austria is, on the Italian
quarter, the main rival of France ; and she
is the ..principal country which can meet
France's immense armies in the field; while
she is on the other side, the grand barrier
to the:progress of Russia, Southward. To
ofiliterate Austria, or to dismember her, and
reduce her to a third rate power, would
open the way for the speedy .crippling and
degradation of free and Protestant Eng
The United States will, of course, pre=
serve a strict neutrality. But still, people's
sympathies will be deeply enlisted. If it
were only Louis Napoleon and Francis JO
seph,- both despots, and each' an upholder - of
.Popery, who were concerned in the conflict,
we might pity the myriads, who would suf
fer, -hut RD .regard the• Emperors themselves,
we might be reconciled to see them flog
each other. But when we contemplate
Protestant Prussia and' other Protestant
`German States as involved;. and also Eng
had, 'the champion, notwithstanding all her
faults, of- Protestantism and freedom, .and
the home of multitudes of our kinsfolk,
and of our literature and language, our
feelings cannot but - be awaked.
Thwsketch which we give of the foreign
news, will preient some idea of the present
state of affairs. Our. London letter is al
ways 'interesting on such matters, but it
must'necessarily be'a little behind the tele
graph. Weshall endeavor to keep sour
readers informed of the progress of events;
still indulging the hope that, possibly, the
conflict-may not'become general. The evil
must necessarily be so very great, and the
prospect,of benefit is so doubtful, that the
;strongest motives exist, yet to heal the
;Young-fen's Bible Society of Pittsburgh..
,;We have received the Annual Report-of
this active' and useful Society for the last
year, giving' an account of its operations for
twelve months, and alio containing the ad- .
dresses by the Rev. John G. Brown, Rev..
Israel Pershing, and Rev. Dr. Kendall, at
the Anniversary. The receipts of tthe past
`year from contributions, Bibles and Testa
merits sold, amount to $4,830.00. The So
ciety has a committee for
,the visitation . of
the jail, another , for steamboats and canal
boats, and another for hoteho. The regular
meetings of the Board are held on the last
Thursday of each Month.
Au Interesting Church.
A writer for the New York Independent,
gives to that paper the following, deeply in
teresting account of a Sabbath evening
which he spent in Charleston, S. C.:
The evening found me in the midst of a
great congregation of the colored people,
listening to . a sermon from Rev. Mr. Gir
ardeau. This gentleman having devoted
himself to the religious instruction of the
slaves, and, for this purpose, having turned
a deaf ear to the most eligible wills from the
chief cities of the South, the people 'of
Charleston have just erected for him a church
of two thousand seven hundred sittings, and
he is entering upon the eccupaney of it with
every prospect of eminent usefulness. Mr.
Girardeau's eloquence has 'attracted to him
a coneiderable, number of whites, of the best
families, and' the organization is a - Peculiar
one, unexampled, r believe, in the Southern
colpitry ; but, if one may judge from pros=
cut appearancei, the experiment will prove
a dedided 'success.
The question is, whether a minister of
THE PRESBYTERIAWBNEWAND ADVOCATE.
eminent gifts and graces can so preach the
Gospel to a congregation of blacks and
whites, as to hold them both equally, and
edify one not less than the other. The dis
course which I heard, evidently interested
and instructed the most , intelligent by its
range of thonght, and as evidently roused
the sympathies of the poor blacks and raised
them to the pitch of devotion. It was
most affecting to witness the irrepressible
manifestations of feeling which swayed this
vast congregation of the children of Africa.
Every „paragraph orlsentiroent that appeale4
to the Sensibilities, was sure to awaken an
instant response, the congregation undula
ting like the surface of the ocean; and I
could, not but regret that the sobriety of
Presbyterian worship did not allow of either
stated' or impromptu responses—one felt it
would be a relief to many an overburdened
There was an aged woman at my elbow,
bending with years, and still more with emo•
tin% whose kindly but much suffering faoe
revealed the communion of her heart with
her Saviour, and whose rocking form kept
time to the rythm, and gave gesture to
the emphasis of the preacher's sentences,
especially when he spoke of the compassion
and tenderness of Jesus. Before the public
service begun and after it closed, the col
ored people sang with characteristic ardor
their little songs, made up of short senten
ces, frequently recurring, and deriving their
power from the swelling harmonies of a
thousand voices. It is a peculiar feature
of their worship that it begins and ends in
praise—praise surrounding and enveloping
it as an atmosphere.
FOIL LIBERIA.—Revs. A. Miller, James
Amos, and Thomas Amos, with one hundred
and fifty-three emigrants, most of whom were
manumitted slaves, sailed, for Baltimore, on
the 12th inst., on the barque Nary Caroline
Stevens, for Liberia. Religious exercises
were held previously to their departure.,
The emigrants, it is. said, appeared happy
PRINCETON THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY.
The number of graduates this Spring, a
this venerable institution' is ' forty.one
Eight others left, having taken a partia
course there. ,
Boston and New England.
It is not generally known that there is now a
regularly appointed agent resident in Boston,
whose whole time is devoted to making collections
for the British Museum, but such is really the
fact. Recently I purchase of Samuel G. Drake's
well known collection' of Antiquariau authors ,
was made for that institution for the sum of
$lO,OOO. And it is not long since a part of
Washington's library was on the very point of
being sold, when a few benevolent merchants of
this city came forward in time to retain it, and
it is now stored away in a closet in the Boston
The plan of the proposed Conservatory for the
Nussum of Natural History has been published.
It is in the form of a Oreek cross, having a cen
tral dome one hundred feet in diameter, and four
galleries or arms, each two hundred feet in
length by fifty in breadth, to be erected of glass
andiron, at a cost of about half a million of
.dollars. As yet this plan is only in the form of
a proposition, but if it should be adopted and
carried out, it will'be an additional honor to Bos
ton and Massachusetts. A large building has
been already leased for the temporary accommo
dation of the Museum until its own building is
ready for occupancy.
The. Amendment to the State Constitution, requir
ing foreigners to reside in the State two years
after naturalization, before being allowed to Tote,
has been adopted by a majority of some thou
A work mentioned by us some time ago as in
Pregress, to be styled " The Edwardean Theory of
the Atonement," has made its appearance. It
consists of selections from the writings of Edo
wards, Smalley, Maxey, Emmons, Griffin, Burge,
and Weeks, with an essay by . Prof. Edward A.
Park. The object of this publication seems to be
to prove that the theology of these old masters is
that which was taken up and perfected by the
late Dr. Taylor and his followers. But it will re
quire greater powers of persuasion than even. Dr.
Park possesses, to lead the admirers of the older
Theology of. New England to believe there.is any
agreement between.the doctrines of Edwards in,
some important particulars, and that form of
theology commonly known. as Taylothm.
Billiman's Journal informs us that the donation
of from $200,000 to $BOO,OOO, by Mr. Ellsworth,
to. Yale College, is a donation to the public rather
than the College. For it is to,be expended•in the
tuition fees of students, and this fee does not
more than cover half the cost of instruction.
In addition to this, the will is contested, and the
future destiny of the bequeit is involved in much
Yale College'bas just been called to part with
one who was for a long period identified with its
interests—Prof. Denison Oinutead, professor of
Natural Philosophy and Astronomy.. He was in
the 68th year of his age, having been born at East
Hartford, Conn., June 1791. His father was a
farmer, who died when the son was but a year
old. The early opportunities of the future dis
tinguished professor were by , no means favorable
to acquiring an education ; but, by great* perseL
immure, and unremitting industry, he sucCeeded
in graduating at Yale,,in 1813. For two years he
had charge of 'a select school in New London,
Conn.; afterwards he acted as Tutor in Yale for
two years more, which included the last year and
a. half of President Dwight's administration and
`the first- few months of that of President Day.
In'lBl7 be was , appointed Professor of Chemistry
in the University of North Carolina, .in which
office lie,continued seven years, in the meantime
having projected and commenced . the geological
survey of that State, the first enterprise, f the kind
ever undertaken in this country. In 1825, he
was celled to the Chair of Mathematics and Na'
Aural Philosophy, - at Yale, since changed to that
of Natural Philosophy and Astronomy, upon the
death of Prof. Dutton. The duties of instructor
he' always performed faithfully; and thousands
who sat at his feet will gratefully recall his
ine:mory. Nor is this alt; by his writings he has
instructed more than he ever did in the Oasis.
For there is Scarcely a Seminary or College in
the entire country where his' works on Natural
Philosophy and Astronomy are not , well - known,
and his scientific papers are scattered through the
pages of Silliman'i Journa/, for the last forty
years. , •
An Excellent Proposition has, been. brought be
fore the Councils of this, city, providing for, the
erection of five hundred hydrants for drinking
pUrposes, for the use of the public, in the streets
and squares throghout the city. The carry
lug out of this idea would be a great con
venience to pedestrians, strangers, and the
poor and laboring classes, while it would.. do
much to keep many away from the poisonous soda,
fountains and the nasty lager beer saloons, the
fumes of , which meet us at almost every turn.
Mr. Dickens has made an arrangement whereby'
his new journal, AU the ,Year Round, is to be
published in this country exclusively, by 4. M.
Emerson & Co., No: 87 Park Row. The matter
of this journal will be set up and stereotyped sev
eral weeks in advance of the day of publication,
and the plates will be forwarded to the American
publishers, so that it will appear on the Same
day in both Europe and America. For several
years Mr. Dickens has contributed very sparingly
to Househeld Words, with which his name has
'been SO widely associated, but he is to contribute
"regularly and constantly to the present serial.
It is eipected that he will visit the United States
next Autumn,' to give series %of these readings
I which have been so popular in Englund, and the
readers of this publication are to have the benefit
of his notes from week to week, as he passes
through the country.
The Appleton'a 8011:1 last year one million and a
half copies of Webster's Spelling Books, which is an
average of four thousand four hundred every day.
This school book bas been in existence forty
yeani, and has yet a sale that excels that of every
other of the kind.
The Carters have just brought out the second
volume of Breckinridge's Theology, which is des
tined, like its predecessor, to a large sale and
is wide circulation. This volume is . considerably
larger than the first, and displays_ all the vigor of
thought, and power of expression exhibited in it.
Last weekwas " Anniversary Week ) " and as a
matter of course, the city was crowded with
strangers. By the way, the great mass of the
audience upon these occasions is composed of
persons from a distance. 'The residents are so
accustomed to large gatherings, and have been
familiar with anniversary exercises for so many
years; that they take but little interest in them,
except when some exciting question is pending, as
has been the case with the Tract Society for Bev.
eral years. To give an absount of all the differ
ent anniversaries held during the week, would
entirely exceed our limits. We will simply men
tion those that we suppose will most interest our
The American Anti• Slavery Society, composed of
Ultra-Abolitionists, held its noel meetings, and
although the attendanCe is diminishing every
year, the speakers endeavor to compensate for the
smallness of audience,: by increased violence of
manner, and intensity of language. William
Loyd Garrison presided'; and letters were read
from England and Belgium, and from Joseph
Mazzini, the Italian conspirator, in reference to
American slavery. Speeches were made as usual
'by Parker Pillsbury, Wendell Phillips, C. C. Bur.
leigh; and others. The two first named offered e.
series of resolutions, one , of which hinted very
strongly at the desirableness of a general negro
insurrection. As a matter of course, the State,
the press, and the Church, came in for a fall share
of abuse. Ifotwithstanding Mr. .Beecher's well
known views on the subject of slavery, this class
of abolitionists have never entertained any very
kindly feeling toward him. But most people
thought that certainly Dr. Cheerer, had of late
gone'far enough to entitle him to some consiaera
tion at their hands; but not so. Dr. CheevPr is
made the target against which their hottest shot
is directed, because to use' their own choice lan
guage, he= continues' to "clothe himself in the
black and bloody garments of the Church." The
speeches were more like the ravings of mad-men,
than the language of reasonable men:
The Young Men's Christian Association, held its
anniversary in the church of the Puritans. The
income for the last year, was not equal to the ex.
penditures. The progress of the Society is not
rapid, but. steady.
The sermon before the American and Foreign
Christian Union, was preached by the Rev. Dr.
Boman, of Troy, N. Y. The receipts for the year
were $78,302.09. The report represents the
Society in a prosperous state. In addition to our
own country, this Society embraces in its opera
tions, Mexico, Chili, Ireland, France, Sweden,
Belgium, Piedmont, Geneva, and Rome.
The anniversary services of the Seamen' a
Friend Society were unusually interesting this
year, from the fact that its labors had been un-
usually successful during the last twelve months.
The receipts from all sources were about $64,-
The' fortythird anniversary of the American
Bible Soeiety, revealed s most encouraging state
of things with regard to management and the
opening opportunities for usefulness. The re
ceipts for the year amount to $415,011.37, being
an increase of $24,251.88 over the former year.
Of this sum, $140,444.44, have been from con- -
tributions, and $258,064.61, from the sale of
Bibles and Testament& The number of volumes
issued during the year, was 721,095; since the
organization . of the .Society, forty-three years
ago, 13,526,109. 'Giants of 'money have been
made for publishing-the Bible in - France, Ger-.
many, Greece, Turkey, Syria, India, and China.
And the increasing , demands for the Scriptures
in Catholic, Mohammedan, and Pagan lands, calls
loudly for increased , contributions to this Society.
The annual meeting, of the American Tract So
ciety was the largest and most exciting of all the
anniversaries. Some time before the hour of
meeting, Rev. Drs. Bacon, Patton, and Thomp
son, the principal champions of those opposed to
the present administration at the Tract House,
took their seats immediately in front of the stage.
At the appointed hour, the President, of the So
ciety made his appearance, and the meeting was
opened with a prayer by Dr. Siring ; after which,
Dr. De Witt made a few, remarks relative to the
first organization and early history of the Society
with which he had been so long connected. When
the resolution for the election of, officers was
proposed, leave was asked to postpone the
election for the consideration of another question
that should take the precedence. This was
stoutly opposed, and the motion to postpone the
election of officers was declared out of order. It
now became perfectly evident that the opposition
to the present administration was determined to
interfere with the regular progress of business at
every step ; and it became just as evident that
the other party was determined, and at the same
time felt able to achieve victory at every point,
and for some hours the proceedings partook more
of the character of a Tammany Ball meeting of
former days,than of a grave, deliberative Christian
Aseembly. At length, Dr. Patton succeeded in
offering a series of resolutions condemning the
revival of the slave trade, and directing the pub
lishing committee to issue tracts dud' 1g the com
ing year for the purpose of awakening public
attention to this enormous evil. These were laid
on the table by a tremendous vote. At this stage
of the proceedings, the election of. officers and of
i committees took place amid much ex
citement, n which, Dr. Bacon, Dr. Resit, and
others, took a oonspionons part. The Executive
Committee and other committees of last year, were
re-elected by a vote of. three hundred and thirty
one to thirty-two. It is to be borne in mind that
only Life Directors inaddition to the Corporate
Board can vote for members of the Executive
Committee, while for other officers of the Sooiety,
Life Members as well se Life Directors are enti
tled to vote. Then 'a series of resolutions
was offeraby, john Jay, Esq., rectiting the action
of the Society in 1867 on the subject of slavery,
and directing the committee to issue one or more
tracts during the year on the evils of slavery.
These, -after a speech from Daniel Lord, Esq.,
were laid on the table by an overwhelming vote.
Then a resolution eiroply directing the Society to
-publish a tract diiring the year'on the evils of the
slave traile, was rejected because unnecessary, by
the same decisive vote. At thie juncture; when
Dr. Prime, of the New York Observer, moved to
proceed to the regular anniversary exercises, the
floor was. yielded to Dr. Siring, .who implored the ,
Society to hesitate a little, to beware of the dan
ger to which all public bodies are exposed when
flushed with victory, and expressed his regret that
the last resolution had been voted down, and hie
hope that since the subject had been introduced,
the Society would not refuse to send to the coun
try and the world, its views with regard to the
horrible slave trade- ; Therefore, he offered the
following resolution, which, after speeches in sup
port of it from. Drs. Dation, Thompson, and New.
it, and. Bev. R. S. Cook, formerly one of the
Secretaries of the Society, was adopted, receiving
only about twenty votes in opposition :
Resolved, That in laying the preceding resolu
tion on the , table the Society have , not come to
this conclusion from any doubt in relation to the
sin of the African slave, trade, and the great
isiokedness Of renewing that iniquitous traffic in
any form. •
The victory over the oppbnents of. the course of
the Society was a most decisive one*, they , were
utterly routed. But-the majority in the confi
dence of its strength, and under the stimulus of
success, was on the very point of defeating them
calves Most signally, in the refusal to entertain any
propoeition whatorer 'on the . subjeCt * of the slave
trade. The Society owes Dr. Spring a debt of
-~-. .. eYwM. /'ssv".n~:.::r..n.M+it>Ui ~-'S.Vf.~A T
lasting gratitude for stopping it in its assoc., - r, th at
it might reflect on its position, and escape -from
the dilemma. That resolution of Dr. Spring did
much to avert the greatest calamity to which the
Society was ever exposed. There is a point be
yond which even a successful majority must , not
attempt to carry its conquests. The operations
of the Society for the last year are as follows
New Publications, 75, including Dr. Humph
rey'a 4. Revival Sketches and the Manuel," and
"The Haldanes and their Friends," just issued:
Five -Sermons on the Atonement; Youth's Bible
Studies, part 6. The Gospels, and the Tract
Pritnereand History of the Patriarchs, in English
and German, parallel column. Whole number of
publications, 2,343 ; of which 469 are volumes of
larger or smaller size.
Circulated during the year. 669,272 volumes,
10,673,954 publications, or 230,552,389 pages;
total since the formation of the Sooiety, 15,046,-
.829 Tolima, 216,534,905 publications, or 6,357,-
Gratuitous Distribution for the year, in 3,593
distinct grants, 59,824,763 pages, and 14,132,130
pages to members and directors; amounting to
Monthly Circulation of the American Messenger
about 196.000 ; Botschafter, or German Messenger,
27,000 ; Child's Paper, 300,000.
Receipts in donations, including $27,105.17 in
legacies, $135,017.77 for sales, including $51,-
080.58 for Messenger, Botschafter, and Child's
Paper, $253,256"20 ; total, $383,273.97.
Expenditures for issuing books and periodicals,
including expense of Colporteur agencies and de
positories, $264,352.77; for colportage $81,747.-
80 ; remitted to foreign and pagan lands, $15,-
000; all other items of expense, $28,994.89;
COLFORTAOII.—Daring the past year, 525 col
porteurs, and 128 students from 36 Colleges and
Theological Seminaries, in all, 663, labored in
the United. States and Canada ; 129 being sta
tioned in the Northern and Middle States, 260 in
the Southern and South-Western ; and 183 in the
Western and North• Western States.
The Spring Trade has almost closed, and the
salesmen connected with the jobbing houses are
enjoying a season of rest, or have left for their
homes, as many of them live in country towns,
and only remain in the city during the business
Great Improvements are being made in the way
of remodeling old houses or building new ones
in many parts - of the city, which indicates in
creasing prosperity and wealth.
At the meeting of the Presbyterian and Historical
Society, in the Second Presbyterian church, a
number of the manuscript sermons of the cele
brated Gilbert Tennent, the first pastor of this
same church, were presented by Dr. Woodhull,
of Princeton, New Jersey.
The Lecture-Roont, lately, erected , on' the corner
of Nineteenth and Green Streets, for the use of
the congregation, of which the Rev. Alfred Nevin
is pastor, has been dedicated to the worship of
the Triune God. The size of -the building is
thirty-three by eighty feet
On last Sabbath, 13th inst., Rev. .Tohn Cham
bers completed the thirty. fourth year of his pas
torate, of the Independent Presbyterian church,
in this city.
For the Presbyterian Banner and Advocate.
Western Theological Seminary.
The Trustees gratefully acknowledge the
receipt of, many volumes added to their
Library during the past year, from various
sources, as, follows :
From Rev. George D. Armstrong, D. D.,
it Theology of Experience," "Doctrine of
From; Samuel B. Scheiflin, Esq , a box
of Tracts and a Pamphlet on the " Elder
Rev. Cyrus Huntington has presented II
complete copy of Calvin's Works, Latin,
9 vols., folio.
Donated by Wm. O. Davis, Esq., a new
and complete Dictionary of the Arts and
Rev. Shannon has bequeathed to ,our
Library, Books valued at over $5OO.
Rev. Wm. M. Blackburn has 'forwarded
ft Life and Sermons of Rev. 'Reuben Tin
From Rev. Wm. Engles, D. D , we tave
received over five hundred dollars worth of
valuable works, chiefly Theolog,ical.
From Rev. Dr. Creigh, a complete set of
the Princeton Review.
From J. K. galdwell, Esq., twenty-five
Also, the volumes of the year, from the
" Smithsonian Institute f' g 4 Theism and
Scepticism by Wharton," the new volumes
of the Presbyterian Board, and sixty-five
volumes by purchase.
In addition to the above we have an in
timation from our present kind friend, and
former Professor, Luther Halsey, D. D.,
that be is about to deposit in the depart
ment styled " The Halsey Library," two
thousand additional volumes. Thus is our
already large library rapidly increasing.
RIOH.A_RD LEA, Say.
Rev. Myr HUGHES has removed over the
river from St. Anthony, to Minneapolis,
Min. He continues his charge in the
Rev. 0. 0. McCLEAN, of Huntingdon, Pa:
has received a call to lowa City, and en
pects to remove there shortly.
Rev. JOHN Y. Floas.aTNET was installed,
at Temperanceville, Pa , (in connexion
with Mt. Washington,) on the:l2th inst.
Sermon by Rev Dr. Jacobus; charges
by Rev. Dr. McKinney.
J. 'C. SEYBOLD, of the Lutheran church,
was received by the Presbytery of New
Orleans, at its late meeting. He has
charge of a German Presbyterian church
in New Orleans, with encouraging pros
pects for usefulness.
Rev. MynoN Bana - ETT's pastoral relation to
the church of Newton, N. J., was dis
solved by, the Presbytery of Newton, at
its late meeting.
Rev. C. LEE has accepted a call from the
oburch at LEE .
Per the Presbyterian _Banner and Advocate.
Resignation of Dr. Wood.
At a meeting of the Board of Education
on the 6th of May, the following communi
cation was received from the Rev. James
Wood; D D=, Associate Corresponding Sec
retary of the Board:
Einummort Rooms 821 Chestnut Street, t
Philadelphia, May 6, 1859.
JAMES N. DICKSON, ESQ.,
President of the Board of Education of the Pies
Dear Sir :—Having been elected Presi
dent of Hanover, College, Indiana, and hay
ing determined, after mature and prayerful
deliberation, to accept that pOsition, I here
by respectfully resign my office of Associate
Corresponding Secretary of the Board of
Education, my resignation to take effect the
middle of June next. In taking this step,
I cannot deny myself the pleasure of recur
ring to the entire unanimity and cordiality,
personal and official, which have existed be
tween me and all whom I have been associ
ated during the whole period (nearly five
years,) of my connexion with this office.
I, therefore, scarcely need add, that I shall
ever cherish toward the officers and mem
bers of the Board, the warmest feelings of
I have long considered the work of the
Board of Education as of the highest im
portance, and if in my new sphere of edu
cational labor, I can promote its interests,
either by my influence or services, I shall
cheerfully render both, as far as may_ be
practicable, in consistency with other claims
I am very respectfully yours,
- On motion, the - following minute was
This Board having received a communi.
cation from the Rev. James Wood, D. D.,
Alsociate Coriesponding Secretary, announc-
ing the resignation of his office, with a view
to accept the Presidency of Hanover College,
place on record their high appreciation of
his services during the period - of his connex
ion with this Board. They bear' their
cheerful / grateful, and unanimous testimony
to'ii fidelity, courtesy, and self-denial
in the discharge of the duties of his office;
and they part from him, personally as welt
as officially, with deep regret, praying that
a rich blessing may attend him in the pros
ecution of the important educational , work
in which he proposes to engage.
For the Presbyterian banner and Advocate.
Letter from Texas.
HOUSTON, TEXAS, May 5, 1859.
MESSRS. EDITORS :—I am glad to inform
you that the Lone Star State continues to
enjoy, in an eminent degree, the rich bless
ings of Heaven. Peace and plenty abound.
Though our agricultural interests have been
greatly damaged by an unusually late frost /
(April 23d,) yet we have since been favored
with general rains, and vegetation of all
kind is manifesting its wonderful recupera
tive powers. Our farmers yet indulge hopes
of an abundant yield of our staple products.
The Wheat crop will greatly exceed, in the
aggregate, that of any previous year. The
past season has added Jargely to the number
of our inhabitants. The immig rants are
generally agriculturists, who bring with
them abundant means for developing the
resources of our fertile soil.
I regret that we have not received much
addition to the ranks of the Presbyterian
ministry. We have a noble band of Pres
byterian ministers in this State, but many of
them are advanced in years, some in feeble
health, and others engaged in teaching, and
cumbered with secular affairs. And, at
best, our number of ministers is much too
small for the demand for ministerial labor.
Other evangelical denominations are doing
a noble work among us, and in their success
we can and do most heartily rejoice; but we
do most sincerely wish we had an increase
to our ministerial force, so as that we could
aid her more than we are now able to do.
I am glad to know we shall have several
representatives from Texas, in the General
Assembly, among whom will .be our own
respected pastor, Rev. R. H. Byers, who
is .‘ a host within himself," and who, I am
persuaded, will use -efficiently his great
powers of eloquence, in placing the claims
of Texas, as . a missionary field, in a proper
attitude before the members of the General
,May the Lord incline the
hearts of someaye, many—of our minis
terial brethren, to come over and aid us in
evangelizing this interesting and prospect
ively important State
The PRESBYTERY OF REDSTONE will meet at Somer
set, on Tueeday, the 7th day of June next, at 2 o'clock P.
M., to ordain and Metall Mr. B. F. Myers, if the way be
clear. J. WOLLNTOCIE, Stated Clerk.
The PRESBYTERY OF BEAVER will meet at north
Sewickley, on the Second Tuesday or JIIIIIO3 next, at 11
o'clock A, M. D. 0. REED, Stated Clerk.
The PRESBYTERY OF ERIE will meet in the church of
Fairview, (not Fairview village,) on the second Tueeday
(14tti) of June, at 2 o'clock P. M. Members from the South
will leave the Edinboro' and Erie Plank Road at ki'llean,
and inquire for the house of A. Caughey, Esq.
STATED CLERK. .
Ma. CHASMS I/newton advertises in our col
umns, some valuable publications, to which the at
tention of readers is celled.
Hunt & Miner send us the "Heart of Mid-
Lothian," another volume of Peterson's cheap
edition of the works of Sir Walter Scott.
The Edinburgh Review.
Mr. W. A. Gildenfenney will furnish this Re
view. The April number is on hand. Female
Industry, Barth's. Discoveries in Africa. Trench
on English Dictionaries, and, The West Indies as
they Were and Are, are among the well written
Agricultural - Fair.
The Eighth. Annual Fair' of the Allegheny
County Agricultural Society will be held, at'
Pittsburgh, on the 18th to the 16th of September
next: A pamphlet containing directions to ex
hibitors, premiums offered, &c., &c., oan be bad
of J. Wardrop, Fifth Street, Hall & Speer, Penn
Street, J. R. Reed, Fifth Street, or Scheyer, Jr.,
Secretary of the Society, 187 Fourth Street.
Industrial School of Allegheny.
The report of this useful institution, was sent
us, but has been mislaid, in some way. Its affairs
are reported to be in a prosperous condition,
while the labois of the persons engaged in the
enterprise, promise much usefulness. The report
makes mention of some of those who have taken
special interest in the objects of this School. To
teach the p,oor and friendless, habits of industry
and thrift under Christian influences, 'is most
A New Monthly
We are pleased to find on our table a monthly
journal, devoted to the interests of instruction.
It is named the EDUCATOR, and is edited, for the
Teachers' Association of Western. Pennsylvania,
by Rev. Samuel Findley, of this city. Terms,
$l.OO a year.
The number before us is weltgot up. The pa
per is good; the style of execution is excellent;
and the articles are instructive. We trust that
the work will be well sustained. Messrs. Hunt &
Miner will supply agents on liberal terms.
Chinese Sugar Cane•
We have before us a treatise on the Sorghum
Sugar Cane, with an account of Experiments,
and. a Descriptive Catalogue of Sugar making Im
plements, by Hedges, Free ‘3.- co., Cincinnati. It
is a pamphlet of one hundred and ninety pages,
and presents its subject in a manner encouraging
We have no idea that the cultivation of the
Sorghum will become the business of every - far-,
mer in the North, any more than does the raising
of the sugar cane occupy every planter of the
South, or the culture of the beet, engage every,
husbandman in France ; but neither have we any
doubt, but that a few years will find large plan
tations of the Sorghum amongst us, with ade
quate machinery, , and a production of sugar
equal to at least halt the demands of the coun
try. When the sugar cane was introduced into
Louisiana, it was Bevel al years before means were
discovered how rightly to cultivate it, and to
grind, press, clarify and Crystalize its products,
so as to make it profitable to the planters; but
now it has become a leading interest in the coun
try. We can ourselves well remember the origin
of the cultivation of the Sugar beet. There were
years of experiment, many disappointed expecta
tions, and some losses. But sugar wasa necessi
ty, the soil and the atmosphere contained' it, and
,the beet was one of the vegetables capable of ex
tracting it. This root was peculiarly adapted to ,
the climate of- France ; and French skill, and
perseverance, conquered all obstanles, till now it
has become a matter of fact, that France pro
duces one hundred and twenty millions pounds of
sugar annually from that root. So we, in the
Middle and Northern States of our Union need
sugar.. The Sorghum is capable of yielding the
saccharine matter. Oar soil will copiously pro
duce the Sorghum, and the means of expressing
the juice, and of putting it into any and every
form desired—as molasses, syrup, and sugar,
coarse or refined—will be speedily discovered.
The richness of the Sorghums, in sugar, com
pered with the Southern cane, is as twelve to
eighteen; and conipared with the beet, as twelve
to ten and a half. It is as easily cultivated ants
Indi l an , corn.' Its' leaves and stalks ire'very good'
fodder. _ Its seed is abundant, and is excellent
for domestic animals. Any lands which - will pro
duce corn, will produce it equally well. These
fade, combined with the very extensive demand
for sugar, wherever men dwell, induce us to be
lievetihat this plant will be extensively cultivated
and made a souree of much profit, and a means of
great 'bimefit, especially in Pennsylvania., and the
States Westwardly, in the same latitude.
- We ! advise those who would inform themselves
' on' the subject, to send for the Tittle work above
We are always pleased to see indications of the
growth and ' - prosperity of this country. Benefits
to the United States and to Africa, to the white
race and the black, are promoted by its advance
Efforts are now being made to . explore Yoruba,
a district about eighty Billet' interior, lying near
the Niger, and containing a native population of
about three millions. The country is said ta be
remarkably healthy, as well as fertile, and the
hope is, that it may afford a good site for a colony
of Christian blacks, from the Middle and Northern
States, connected with Liberia.
President Benson, in his last annual message,
enforces the duty of Liberia toward the abor
igines. It is estimated that there are at least two
hundred and fifty thousand natives within the
limits of Liberia, of whom one-half are continu
ally under the influence of its people ; about one
fourth have constant intercourse with the settle
ments as visitors, and about one-eighth are in the
eroploymerlt of its citizens. The object of the
Liberians is .to incorporate these people among
themselves as soon as they are qualified—to con
fer upon them the same rights and privileges that
We see it stated that the Navy. Department,
at Washington City, have assigned for duty
on, the Coast of Africa, the steamships San
Jacinto, 13 guns, and Mohican, 6 guns ; and the
sloops of war Constellation and Portsmouth, each
rated at 22 guns; total 73 guns. Captain Wil
liam Inman has been ordered to command the
Another favorable indication of progress is,
that Johnson, Turpin & Dunbar, a firm of colored
men in New York, have bought the ship Mendi,
which is intended as a secular trader between
that city and
,Liberia. She is expected to sail
May 15, and to take out emigrants.
All these things indicate a growing interest.
both toward the colored race, and by them in
their own behalf ; and they help to urge upon our
Government the duty of. recognizing Liberia as
one among the nations.
The IteHan Peninsula.
Italy is about as large in Territory as two snob
States as Pennsylvania. It contains twenty five
millions of people. The largest Italian State is
Naples. It occupies more than one-third of the
Peninsula, and contains ten millions of people.
The Pope rules over about three millions of peo
ple. The StaWof Tuscany has about two mil.
lions of people, and Parma and Modena one
million of souls. Sardinia has a population of
about five millions, and is nearly the size of &nth
Carolina. The States of Lombardy and Venice
belong to Austria in sovereignty, and contain five
millions of people. The governments of all these
States are under Austrian influence, except Sar
r MAT 72.—The territorial overland mail routes
between Neosho, Missouri, and Albuquerque, New
Mexico, and between Missouri, and Stockton;
California, whioh were let to contractors lest year,
have been discontinued, to take effect from the .
first of July next.
Private dispatches from Mexico, received at
New Orleans by the Tennant, and telegraphed to
this city, represent the prospects of the Liberale
for taking the city of Mexico, as encouraging.
The efforts of Miramon to raise money in Europe
on the Church property, art? considered futile, is
view of the hostile condition of affairs in that
county. The capture of the city of Mexico by
the Constitutionalists is considered merely as a
question of time.
Duff's Mew Mercantile College Hall, Iron
Buildings, Fifth Street, Pittsburgh.
Since the oocuyation of its splendid new hall',
we learn that this institution has attained a degree
of popularity and prosperity unexampled in its
previous history. The Book... Keeping Depart
ment, having the daily lectures and supervision
of the autbor of Duff's Book-Keeping, (the only
practical merchant directing a Commercial Col
lege in the United States,) with the able assis
tance of Professors Westervelt and Riley, offers
the commercial student practical advantages
which they can obtain from no other sim
ilar institution. In the Writing Department, all
the ornamental branches of the art, as well as
business penmanship, are taught by Mr. J. S.
Duncan, author of . 4 Gems of Penmanship," as
sisted by Mr 4 W. IL Duff. The last Pennsylvania,.
Missouri, and•the United States Fairs, awarded
to Mr. D. the first premiums (now exhibited in
the College office) for both business and ornamen
tal Penmanship. N. B. Hatch, Esti , member of
the Pittsburgh bar, delivers weekly lectures on.
all branches of Commercial Law. This is also,
the only school in the West which is instructed by
a professional teacher of detecting counterfeit
Bank notes, and Mr. Murphy, author of the •
"Infallible Counterfeit Bank Note Detector,'"
teaches by a method recognized by Bankers as of
a highly practical value. In conclusion, it may
be stated that no names are held out as professors
or lecturers, who are not regularly on duty in the
class-room, whose services the student can rely
upon obtedning.—Commerziad Journal.
J. L. CARNAGUAN & Co., Federal Street, Alle
gheny City, are receiving fresh shipments of the
"Finkle "_ Sewing Machines every' few days.
Persons desirous of obtaining an article in this
line will not find it lost time to examine this ma
With the advantages afforded by constant com
munication with the most notable houses in our
country, J. L. Carnaghan & Co., Federal Street,
Allegheny City, keep the class of their stock, and
the styles of their garments fully up with the
Cram Buyers - will find at their establishment
the very latest styles of well made clothing for
both Men and Boys—a large assortment of Fur
nishing Goods, and a choice variety of fine Piece
Goods, exclusively for custom work. Persons
visiting the city will find their prices reasonable,
and their work reliable,
Since our last report, there has been mink activity and
excitement in the market, growing out of the war fever's
Flour has advanced, and large supplies from the neighbor
lug country have arrived, and found a ready market. Bebop.
and Provisions bays also advanced. On the 16th iost the
quotations of Flour in New York were $ 6 - 7 . S @TAX I ; in Cin
cinnati, same date, 7.50(4)7.65 for superfine, and email@example.com
for extra. Philadelphia, May 17, extra, firstname.lastname@example.org X; mixed
and extra fancy, Superfine, WM. - Baltimore,
seine date, Ohio, 7.50.
The weather continues good, and the grulting mops look
very encoimaging for a bountiful yield.
The Money Market is unchanged. There Is some unesmi
nese among moneyed men in other quarters. This la
caused by the unsettled state of affairs in Europe, end the
very heavy foreign importations. The imports from the
port of Philadelphia, for six days, reached near half a mil
lion of dollars ; and the total since Januily lst, six mil
lions of dollars.
BUITSR AND Enos—Roll Butter, email@example.com. liggs,ll3o
Ifnoon-Shoulders, 734613 c.; Sides, Wrailfie.; Rams,
10M@i 0 X 0 -
Oiisstie—Western Reserve, 9).01.0c. Go,heu, 1.2*.
Dian Fnurr—Pesches, 8.25.
nous—Sales on wharf and at depot of superfine at 7.00,
and extra at 7.37. From stOre. sales of superfine at 7.2541
7.87, extra at 7.5007.62. and family do. at 7.7108.10. Rye
Gaartt--Oata on arrival at 55(R56, and from store at 570
66. Corn, , 80686. Bye, Skeriab. Barley, 60070. Wheat:
Penna. - Red from wagon, $ . 1.33 t. there is, however, but little
coming in, and the market is quite bare; Southern, 1.500
1.60 for Red-and White.
HAY—sll.oo@lB 00 per ton.
MEBB r0ax—5 1 8.25618.50.
POTATOES-70. fur Willman and Mixed, 80 for Bede, and
80@90 for Neehannneks.
6Este—Oloyei,.s 50; Timothy . , 1.75; Plan firstname.lastname@example.org.
By recent arrivals, Liverpool dates are
received to the 4th instant. The war has
actually commenced between Austria and Sar
dinia, but no definite accounts . of battles have
been received. There is . a possibility ,that
slaughter. may yet be arrested, but scarcely a
ground for a rational hope. The preparations for
war have been immense. France, however, was
not quite ready.
_Neither , is England prepared,
by a display of power, to enforce her peaceful
counsels, or to; strike effectively in the. &Hier
part of the strife. Bat, on all sides, every eller-
FITTEIBUItO2, Tuesday, May 17