Presbyterian banner & advocate. (Pittsburgh, Pa.) 1855-1860, April 02, 1859, Image 2

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    Nanntr anb Atdoratt.
TAM 01.60, in advanees or fa Clubs
glLASlFOriiinlivered et iiiiidenees of Subssrie
bora,dee Prospeetus, on Third Pegs.
1131JCIATAI. A should be prosaptra little
while before the year expires, that we way
wake fall arrangintenti for a steady supply.
Tll RAD WRAPPZIt indleates that sou
desire a renewal. If, however, ill the haste
of . =idling, this signal should be omitted, ere
hope our friends will still not forget us.
RENIT'DANCES.—Send payestott by' oafs
handl, when eonveident. Or, send by wall,
' owdosing with ordinsuareire, and troubling
nobody with a kuowledge of what you are
deluge Tor a large amount, .and a Draft, or
large note& iror vise Or two papers, send Gold{
or email Ilittes.
TO MAIER Cry&Nett, Solid postage itiourpog
or bettor 01119 road for Maori' paperill !lay 01
or Seventy aroßobers, for Tikirty-torso
noirmobors. •
DIRDOSI all Letters and Conanannientiono
DAVID NoRINSTAT A. CO., Pittsburgh%
WZSTERN lionvEßSlTY.—Prof. George
Woods, Presidlint elect, arrived in this city,
last week, and will Moon enter upon the duties
of his office. .We hope , that his connexion
with the Institution, will be both pleasant
and useful; • -
FULL REPORTS. —Every chnieh should
make a full report to Presbyfery in the
Spring,' both statistic:4 And on the State
of Reklion. The latter, for Ohio Presby
tery, isto be sent'to Rev. S. Finley, Pitts
burgh., :ten days before the 'day of 'meeting.
See -ntitiOes.
Butausvu FEMALE SigairwAuy.—The
CatalognatrlBs9 shows an attendance of
seventy"young ladies. This salami has been
greatly:blamed as amursery of piety, as well
as in leing a means of a good education in
literature science, and other things belong
ing to usefulness and enjoyment.
Session Closed.
The Session of the - United Presbyterian
Theological Seminary, closed last week.
Six young men were certified to their Pres
byteries for lioensurb. the whole .number
in attendance was' forty-seven—the largest
that has ever been. The Faculty are Drs.
Primly, Clarke, and 'Kerr.
Lectures Expected.
We learn that the, prospect is very fair
for our enjoying a course of Lectures on
Astronomy, by Prof. Mitchell. The engage
ment is not yet positive; but his visit is
probable: The effort to obtain the course
is being made by our enterprising young
men of the Library Association. The Pro•
lessor is one of the m,ost successful populak.
expounders of Astro'noiny, who' hive ,ap
peered on the platforni.
• The •PrayerlGeMis;
PITTSBURGH. - The ncort-day , union
prayer-meeting was'-suspended, laet 'week.
The Young Men's morning' prayer•ineetini
is still continued, and'frequent meetings are
held in some of the churches.
ALLEGITENY, CITY.--The union meeting
in Dr. Swift's church is continued with
great interest. The attendance is large.
There are alio nunierous evening meetings
being held, and specially for and by the
children •of the Sabbath Schools.
Steubenville Female Seminary.
We have received the Thirteenth Annual
Catalogue of this excellent institution, from
which it appeirs that there have been in at
tendanoe ! daring the .past year--Sammer
Session, one hundred and one ; Winter Ses
sion, one hundred 'and twenty-nine. The
graduating class nuMbers seventeen; and
the whole mutiber of graduates to the pres
ent time has been thiSe hundred and eighty
four. We have been 'informed that every
member of the graduating class was' a pro
fessor of relikion, except one, and that
most of them became-pious while in atten
dance at this Seminary- At the last com
munion, ten of the pupils made a profession
of religion, and nine more intend to do so
upon reaching home.' For many years this
Seminary has been b4fisiia with the presence
of the Holy Spirit Power.
The Discussion Renewed.
We think that our responding to the two
articles of the Fresb,yterian, on , a subject so'
important as the missionary work' of the
Church, needs •no apology. But, for one
word we have used, we must apologize; that
is, for the am of the name of Dr. Leybure.
In the former discussion throughout„ not
withstanding the frequent use of our in&
vidual name, and that in most offensive eon
nezions, we never retorted by using the
name of our opponent. And we should not,
now even for once, have trespassed on edi
torial courtesy, but in the discharge of a
high duty. We have found that our valued
friend, the senior editor of the Presbyterian'
was suffering under the belief by many,
that he still controlled that journal, and was
responsible for all it contained. This is a
great mistake. He is only an employee
there. Dr. Leybarn is a proprietok, and
gives to the paper , its' controversial chante
The discussion we Putpoee not to prolong,
only as we may be called, out. .13nt still,
our readers, must not become: wearied. The
real question at issue is, whether the Boards
shall be .under lindividuat, or under Eccle
siastical control. Our opponents wish to
enjoy the whole of the.fortner, retaining the
name of the latter. They would have.ihe
Assembly elect -all their nominees, ratify
and send down to the 61throlies all the de
cress which . - and anther:
be and urge large collecti ons.,; but to origi
nate mothingl no not •tveu to ;propose the,
abolition of a needless';offioniur the 'change
of a re-duplicated Hymn.
The Presbyteria n -and the Domestic Board.
Oitr contemporary is sorely exefoisnd •at
the affection and liberality, of the churches
toward the Board of Domestic Missions.
Theieattachment continues, notwithstanding
the repeated efforts to weaken confidence in
its Secretary and in its executive manage.
went. One is in a sad predicament, surely,
wheit,hts prophetic reputation depends upon
a calamity to his own Church; and when
the promptitude of the Lord's people in the
discharge of their duty defeats his projects
and brings sorrow to his soul. We pity the
Presbyterian. In compassion for its unen
viable position, we could patiently bear with
it. We did bear its misrepresentations of
the 19th, and might have been quiet under
,its assault of the 26th, if it bad been con
tent to strike only at us. But it attacks also
the Secretary, and misstates facts, and im-
Teens the Ifoard. Our persevering silence
might result in injury to the missionary
cause. Some response on our part becomes
hence a matter of duty.
The Secretary's speedy announcement of
the large contributions in January and
Pebruary; made known by him thus early
that the .missionaries might be cheered with
the a full and prompt payment
of theirlalaries, and that the.. Presbyteries
about to meet shortly might cheerfully pre
sent their, feeble churches for the customary
aid, was published, by our contemporary, in
an obscure, position—in a dark corner, as it
were—and with not a single word of grata
laden. Niijoy lighted up its soul at the un
expected tidings. Our missionaries, church
es, and' Presbyteries, will know how to
estimate this want of interest in their welfare.
Of us, the Presbyterian says
"Our contemporary claims the large balance
in the treasury at the close of the fiscal year as
a vindication of its policy, in advocating the
abolishing of the Associate Secretaryship."
This is a sad misstatement.. We did not
claim the large balance, but the. -large :con
tributions of the churches after they found
that thci Board had yielded to the .Assem
bly's proposition, and had abolished the
needless and expensive office. This act of
the Board re-established their confidence,
so that although their contributions during
ten Months in the year had , fallen off $14,-
400, yet in the remaining two months they
sent in so liberally, that the decrease from
last year .was, from the churehesi but 'a little
over $3,400, and from Legaeies and MiS
oellaneous,mot quite $2,200, making in all
a decrease. only. about ss,6oo—not
$6,636.69, as the Presbyterian erroneously
stated. .
Speaking Of - the balance in the treasury,
it:nays :
Thie balance may hairs, been secured by a
curtailment of operations. A reduction of the
numb& of missionaries, or, cutting down their
Salaries, would of course diminish eipenses, ,and
leave a birker surplas,,Oven with smaller'Ve
‘‘ Hay have been .1" Where the neces
sity for the may' be, when , the editors had
eaey 'access to ,the means - of,full informs-".
Lion ? T - And 'why the insinuation that the
Board:hi& redicid the number of mission
,siliesitiud.cut - down. theirselariedr - 9rrenft'
the editors was at the late meeting and
heard it there stated,That no proper . appli.
cation had, been refused ;- and that the
amount asked' by the Presbyteries for their .
Missionaries, had been:granted' more fully
than forMerly. And if this was not satin-'
factory, any of them could, iu a few minutes,
have stepped to the office and received all
information. The office of that Board is
not a dark and inaccessible chamber.. It is,
' the expreEnive - language of Secretary
Jones, a glass house. It is, transparent,
light, and luminous. Every man who
°hoses, may look in and see all that is done.
It has nothing to conceal. The latch string
is always out. Every intrant inquirer there,
is received with kindness, and the books are
opened for his inspection. Every call for
information, is answered. Then why should
those who live but next door neighbors, re
sort to conjectures and defective statements?
Would not facts and fullness answer their
purpose r
The financial facts in the case are these,:
The contributions of the first two months
of the fiscal year fell short about $6,000.
Then, that is, in March and April, there
had been no public agitation of the Secre 7
tauship. Daring the next eight monthd,
the deficiency , increased to $14 , 400: This
embraced the rise, progress, and subsidence
of the agitation. For the remaining two
monthe the churches were liberal; .
ments came in rapidly ; and the deficiency
was reduced to about $5,600. This was
after at became manifest•that the will of the
churches, expressed through the -Assembly,
would be executed by the Board, and that a
needless 'Waste 'would not be prolonged.
These are the facts. Men may account for
them as they will. ' •
t The increased, balance, over that of the
previous year, , while the receipts were less,
occurred thus. The year began ' with a
larger amount of funds'in the treasury, than
the previoue year had done. There were
fewer expensive outfits for distant missions.
A number of mission churches became self
sustaining. Some of the Presbyteries,
knowing the shortness of the crops, and'the
financial' difFieulties, and heeding the 'isug:
gestions of the last Assembly, felt it incum
bent on' theni ci..ask for smaller appropria
tions. Thus it, occurred, that while the
Board did not, refuse any proper applications,
anirdid;'more fully than usual, grant what
the Presbyteries asked, there was yet an in
creased balance remaining. The number of
missionary , appointments was, however,
about Six. hundred; say, some ten less than
during., the previous.year.- These statements
we make-fro m . our own inquiries and hives
tigations, it the recent meeting of the Board
and3hey„ge substantially confirmed by the
Secretery;s:letter to the Presbyterian, which
, r.
we :give - On our firstipage, and to which we
invite pirtioular attention.
The,Preskytericin 'thinks that becauee the
Report of 058 presents a balance of $12,-
000 more-than the .Report of 1857, there
fore the'Report'of.lBs9, instead of shOwing
diniinialleCreceiiti, should show an increase
of another $12,000. Well, possibly it
might have been so, if only the Board had
promptly complied with the Assembly's sug
-gestion, and if the Presbyterian bad heart
ilpassured the churches that . their wishes
in regard to economy and, efficiency would
be thorophly and wisely executed; that
sinecure's should be repudiated, and sacred
funds be given only to truly useful laborers.
Still, however, the inference is not strictly
logical. The , ability to give r doss Ast ne
cessarily increase every year. - And for the
last year, it was evidently diminished; the
Lord having withheld the usual fruitful
ness of the. seasons. The experience of the
Church has also shown fluctuations before
this ; as the Secretary has : made manifest
One other thing demands a word of notice.
The Presbyterian endeavors, from the fail
ing health of the Secretaries, to make eip
ital. for its favorite idea of expending the
Church's money lavishly upon officers, who
are expected to do but little work. We
shall give, its words, piscine in 'brackets
from our own pen, seine things needful to a
fair presentation of the case.
"It - is well known'that Dr. Wm. A McDowell,
sunk under his onerous labors, (he having the
aid, in his office, of one, of the Board's agents,
during the latter part of his official life,) and
that Dr. C. C. Jones', was so enfeebled by
a few years service as to compel him to retire, (an
Assistant Secretary being employed with him all
the time ;) and now Dr. Musgrave resigns from a
similar cause, (he, also, having with him an As
sistant Secretary all the time, until
• his disease
was contracted and confirmed. _Ergo, Assis
tant is indispensable.)"
Great reasoning, this, fora Presbyterian I
Another man might draw the inference that
an Assistant was annoying, perplexing;.de
structive to health, rather than a preserva
tive of this blessing. And really when we,
saw Dr. M. since the retirement of his As
sistant,• his eyes exhibited less of disease,
and he seemed to have a. mull More eoM
fortable use of them than on the last two
occasions on which we had met with him'
previously to, the Assistant's retirement;
and his general health was perfectly good.
But, away with such reasonings. So far as
physical powers are required, any one man,
'blessed with ordinarily good health, and
judicious in the care and 'use of it, oan dis
charge all'the duties belonging to the Sec
retaryship. He will need clerical aid ; and
a liberal Church and a wise Board %Sill give
him just as many Clerks as, he has real use
for, and will compensate them at - fair . rates;.
'not - with Secretary's, but with Clerk's wages;
and not for idlene**, nor:for pleasure jaunts,
but for service's dilly rendered.
, We agree with our , contemporary that
c 4 it 'is, poor economAr the Church to at
tempt to save money at the expense of the
health and lives of her - faithful servants."
But this is a folly of which she has not
been guilty. She has furnished an Assist
ant, at a salary equal to that which is ordi
narily paid to three pastors. And see the
result. SeCretary Jones said, and Still 'Says;
that the office is not needed.' Secretary
Musgrave affirmed and, maintains the same.
Heed, then, the voice of experienceli coun
Our oontempers#.oliarges -withl‘por
verbng Nets to Serve a purpose." We
have Shan that our fasts were really facts,
and that we used them aright. But it did
not tell what that "purpose " was. Will
it not be, so kina as to supply the defiCiency
and give' the evidence on which it founds its
It says in its last :
‘t It is worthy •of note,. that in , order retain
Dr. Musgrave, it tuts been , seriously proposed to
employ assistance in , the office, though the
Church has been, assured, time and again, that
none was needed."
By whom " seriously proposed 7" At
I the Board's meeting, when Dr. M. tendered
his conditional purpose of resignation, and
Dr. Clarke offered a response, Dr. M.
tired. During remarks on that paper, an
amanuensis was spoken off; but those who
knew Dr. Musgrave well, resisted the
thought, and said that if this relief were•
resorted to, it would be only for a little
while; and that at the Secretary's own pri
vate expense. And the Treasurer, if we
remember right, said there was force
enough in the office (himself and the Clerk,)
to render every help needed. Why did not
the Presbyterian, if it wished to be regard.
ed as reliable in its statements,, tell its
readers these things?
_ -
It is said again :
" What must be thought of the judgment, fore
sight, enterprise, and faith of thane who manage
our,Domestic Missions, if, for instance, they de
cline sending a well qualified missionary to Cali•
fornia--that field where we have already irre
trievably fallen behind other denominations, and
ye •
t report a balance of $25,000 in the treasury
at the end of the year ? Will the Church approve
this policy.?"
Now, what " well qualified missionary"
did the Board decline to send 7 Will our
contemporary name him ? Or is this mere
ly a conjecture, invented and cautiously
worded for effect ? And when did this
" balance " come into the Board? Was it
not during the last two months of the fiscal
year? How then could the Board use it?
And " would the ChUrch approve " of the
policy;" of making a large debt through
the year, in anticipation of large contribu
tions during the 'last two months ? And
especially would it be a good "judgment,"
and a wise " foresight," and .true "faith,"
on the part of " those who manage our Do
medic Missions " to incur such a debt when
the country was- suffering under short crops,
and the funds declining and a factitious ma
jority of one, got together for an occasion,
were resisting the will of the churches, and
an Associate Secretary was in rebellion
against the Assembly, and- the old and in
fluential journal of the Church 'was in de
termined opposition. to the working Board,
and when not a journal in the Church save
one was ready to sustain them in their ef
forts to'-carry'dut the Assembly's wish—
wouldit hare been wise in‘lhem to launch
• .
out into any new and expensive "enter
prim " in such circumetances ? Did they
not 'rather show a sound "judgment " in
their conservatism, and a true "faith," and .
a strong faith in God and his people, when
they efficiently carried on their regular
work ;, refusing no proper applications, and
curtailing not the missionary's wages ?
" , Thoselo manage our Domestic Mia.
okras," deserve the confidence of the
churches, and their lasting gratitude, and
the; -will have both the one and the other,
maugre all the efforfs of Dr. Leyburn & Co.
to involve them in suspicion. They were
wise and firm. They did their work, and
the Lord blessed them, and the people ap
How the Secretary and the Board may
treat the assault, made upon them, we know
not. They are entitled to the columns of
the Presbyterian, if they see proper•
feud themselves before the churches. If
refused their proper rights there, our col
umns are at their service. In either ease,
our readers may expect to find reliable in
formation as to whatever. may concern Zi
on's interests in the case.
Boston and New Englaitd.
The difficulties in one of the Ptiblic Schools,
mentioned in our last, are in a fair way of being
settled quietly at least, if not satisfactorily. True
indeed, suit is said to,have been entered against
one of the School officials, for dismissing one of
the pupils,_because of refusal to comply with the
rules of the School, with regard to repeating the
Lord's Prayer and the Ten Commandments, ea
zoording to the. Common English Version. And
Bishop Pitzpalrick has •addressed the. School
Board complaining of the hardship imposed in,
compelling Catholic children to recite from a
Version of the Holy -Scriptures, the validity of
which is not acknowledged by their Church. But
I the whole difficulty seems to have originated from
the course of a single priest not long resident in
the place. The other prints seem to have taken
but little interest in the matter, and did not advise
the . withdrawal of ,Catholic children for the cause
alleged, or that they should refuse to comply with
the regulations of the School. The differences
between the Remish, and Piotestant translations
of the Lord's Prayer and 'the Commandments,
'are so trifling, that the dissatisfaction has re
sulted more from 'disapprobation of the whole
Common School syritem than any thing else.
The bill ordering the continuation of the Hooaa
Tunnel, has passed ,both houses and become a law,
so thdt hopes are now entertained of a speedy
completion of this great work.
The subject of elm' Communion as held by one
division of the Baptist Church in this country,
-has been again brought before the public,
owing to the action of a Council, in rending to
ordain Mr. Howell, beeause of his avowal of open
communions sentiments, although entertaining a
decided preference far baptism by immersion. In
general his sentiments seem to be the same as
those of Robert Hall; and the fact that' these
views are making,progress among the Baptists in,
this country, is sufficiently indicated, by the fact
'that while sixteen of the Council voted against
ordaining Mr. Howell, seven, voted in • favor.
Thus, in this vicinity nearly one-third of a Conn
ail would'ordain a man who-avows open commun
ion, of the most ultra kind. And the Rev. Dr.
Stow, pastor of. theltome Street Baptist church,
at the last communion service, invited members of
all Christian, churches to join :with them., This c.
cannot certainly be called close communion.
From the report mode at the late Aliniversary
of the Orthodox Congregational churches, it ap
pear; that the number,of Sabbath Schools in their
connexion is nineteen;"whole number of Mission
seven; whole number of teachers,. five
hundred ninety-six.; whole nundier . of teaaliers
and scholars, five l thousilaSii hintfrii(lantl4ity-,
four; ifiveraie attendinci — of teachers and
seholars, three thousand six hundred and ninety.
six; amount of money raised, $1,917.64;_ and
that during the year there have been among the
scholars three hundred and seventeen conver-
The Maasachuaetts Sunday School &Wet*, so well
and favorably known for the high literary and
excellent religions character cif its publications,
is about to 'issue a , condensed biography of the
late Dr. Chalmers, 'by Mrs. Robbins; of Middle
bury, Vt., author of the ‘ 4 Cathedrals of the Old
• Professor Noah Porter has accepted the Dwight
Professorship of Didactic Theology, in Yale
'Theological Seminary,,made vacant by the death
of Dr. Taylor, who occupied that position from
the founding of the Seminary.
New York.
The hopes of the friends of rein' perance in this
city, have been again disappointed in the failure
of the proposed prohibitory liquor law. - But, in
the meantime, new rum shops are opening on al
most every street, and the work of demoralization
from this cause makes rapid progress, notwith
standing all the occasional opposition Put forth
fronitime to time. The future of the laws re-
speoting the liquor traffic is still in doubt. All
legislation on this subject has been, for the
most part, in vain, owing to the want of faithful
nese on the part of the officers to execute the
law. Any other public pest so boldly displayed,
and producti've of such terrible consequences to
soul and body, would be quickly abated as a
nuisance not to be endured.
When- Harper's Weekly Journal-of Civilisation
was started, from the characterOf the firm, aid the
abundant resources within reach, a valuable litera
ry and fainily paper was expected. The form, thepa
per, the type, and the firstcontents, promised much
that worild improve"the taste, refine the manners,
and promote good morals. But, unfortunately,
in an evil hour, miserable wood cuts were intro
duced, that have defaced the entire general sp
pearanee. A. wood cut of Bartholomew's Statue
of "Eve Repentant," now on exhibition in Phil
adelphia, published a week or two ago, is such a
libel on the original, that both artist and pub
lishers should be ashamed of the injury thus in-.
fiicted on a meritorious work of art. But-this is
not the worst feature. Some time ago, the same
paper was profusely illustrated with cuts repre
senting the murder of the Gonidi . family by a
frantic band. Then came cuts of the Key and
Sickles tragedy, in Washington City, and last
week its readers had an opportunity of feasting
their eyes upon the horrid murder lately perpe
trated in Hawesville, Ky., and which has done so
Much to disgrace the whole,community in which it
occurred., This is pandering to a morbid appetite
for suoh news to an extent altogether unworthy
of the quarter, from which it comes. We were
pleased, a few years ago, when the Messrs.
Harper abandoned the publishing of the cheap
novels, andlt will afford us much pleasure to be
able to state, at no distant day, that they have
also left off theflash paper business. ' •
Dr. W. W. Hall, the editor and proprietor of
Rall'a Journal of Health, so Spicy and so sensible .
as Co be widely read, and generally admire& is
about to issue another journal, to be called Hall's
Fireskle Honthly. judging fromthe Doctor's past
efforts, we expect a monthly abounding iu rich,
thOughts, pleasantries, and unexceptional moral
General George P. Morris, so" long connected
with the Rome Journal, and one of the beat song
writers in the United States, hasa been appointed
United States Consul at Havre, Fiance. '
The Century, lately started by Mr. *McElrath,
formerly of the .Tribune, is exceedingly able, and
fulfills most amply every promise made at • the
beginning. Its spirit is conservative, while its
editorials are marked by a high degree of ability
in the department of news, it is full : ; and its lit
brary criticisms are of a very superini.order.
Scribner has in press a valuable work by Mr.
Wm. Swinton entitled "Rambles among Words;
their Poetry, History, and Wisdom.
The Carters continue to send out additions to
their already large and valuable catalogue of pub
lications, which id now being advertised in our
columns by our enterprising friend Davison, who
richly merits the large patronage he has received,
and which is continually increasing. We feel
that we are doing a kindness to our readers in ask
ing them to examine and preserve this catalogue,
as it will appear in three or four succesSive num
bers of our paper, before it can be completed.
There is no more unexceptionable list to be
found, and it contains worke,indispensable not
only to every clergyman's library, but also to the
library or every family, every church, and every
Sabbath School.
Our London Correspondent lately referred to
the interest taken just now in the Stereoscopic
art, in England ; but it is not generally known
that the art has reached great perfection in this
city.. A company called the "New York Stereo
scopic Company," was formed some time ago, of
which Messrs. D. Appleton & Co. are .the sole
agents; but these gentlemen have agents in the
principal cities of - ... the union; Mr. John S. Davi
son is the agent for Pittsburgh, and has: all the
stereoscopic views, American, English, and
"French, to be found anywhere. The stereoscope
t,akes its name from an, instrument invented by
Prof. Wheatstone, of England, consisting of two
mirrors, the backs of which are inclined to each
other 'at an angle of ninety degrees. -For the
benefit of our readers, we give the explanation
of the effect produced by this arrangement. "It
will be obvious that if two piotures of the same
object be placed. at a little distance in ,front of
these mirrors, we , shall have two reflected images.
If, hoirever, we bring the nose close" to the edge
at which the mirrors are united, and thus look
with an eyt; into either glass, the two will be re
solved into one, and the resulting image, instead
of appearing as a plain surface, appears as a solid,
possessing length, breadth, and thickness. The
result'is very successfully obtained, if the precan
thin be taken of preparing the drawings so that
they represent the- object as seen by the eye."
So that the whole effect of
,a stereoscopic view is
to represent an object of whatever kind, just as
it would appear to the eye,of the beholder of the
original. In this way, a fainily can in ancvening
travel over our, own country, visit Europe, Egypt,
and the Holy Land, and get - a sight of the moat
important 'and sacred places and things men
tioned in history,.at a very small expense. Views
are, taken on both glass and paper. Thoae on
glass include the most noted scenes in every part
of Europe, America, Egypt, and the Holy - Lana,
such as the monuments of Egypt, Jerusalem, and
environs,' COnstantinople, the classic, 'ruins of
Greece and Rome, the romantic Rhine, the grand
cathedrals and magnificent palaces of the Old.
World; together with the greatest woidis of art,
ancient and modern. Paper views include land
scapes and noted edifices' in America," England,
Scotland, Ireland, Wales, France, Spain, Germany,
and Holland. There are no lese than fifty views
of Paris, fifty of London • twenty-five of; Edin
burgh, twenty-five of Dublin, and one hundred
each of the Rhine, Switzerland, England, Wales,
French Provinces, and Germany. ,•
Considerable excitement has been created by
the Sua,pen.9ioti of a Catholic Priest, by Bishop
Xughes, on account of a: sermon lately • preached .
in which he inveighed strongly against unfaithful
priests. -The lorient, retorts defiantly and de
clares that he will pursue his labors, but in the
meantime allgo - od-Catholics, 'are forbidden - to 're
hinvintoAlieir 'houses- or: Any:
thing in the wa'y of aid and comfort. It is . re
ported that another priest has joined in opposi
tion to the
,Archbishop. .
Weekly%Prager Meeting* have been hold for
several weeks in the different Episcopal churehes,
several of these churChes uniting together:
Hereafter they will be held daily in the church
on Astor Place, at 8i o'clock A. M., thus giving
gentlemen the oppOrtunity of stopping while on
their, way to their business.
,Considerable interest is manifested in, the ap
pointment of a Successor to Prof. Trethake as Pro
vost of the :University of Pennsylvania. The
claims of Prof. John E. Frazer, now Vice Pro
vost, are, strongly urged rby some, while others
are warmly in favor of. Prof. GleorgeP. Marsh, of
Vermont ThiS gentleman is of very high litera
ry character, and has made the origin, progress,
and sources of the_ English language a special
study. His lectures delivered in New York last
Winter, attracted much attention for the origi
nality of thought and research displayed. The
opinion of such a man with respect to• our pres :
eat version of the Holy Scriptures, is entitled to
much weight. This he has given, and it does
not, do much to encourage our modern revisers.'
Here it is as expressed in one of his recent
"The attempt tO modernize the style of the
Bible, he says it is asAbsurd as it would be to
translate Shakespeare into the dialect of Our
American Cousin. Be deprecates a new trans
lation, because it would. tend, to unsettle not
merely the formulas, but the faith of the people.
Be thought that this more than counterbalanced
the, advantage to be derived from a correction of
the errors of translation. Besides, it was prob
able that the fifty years to come Would see as
great an advance in the knowledge of Biblical
language and English, as we had seen during the
last half century. Then, a much better trans
lation could be made than now. Bat he doubts,
In any event, whether, in case a new translation,
or a revision even, were really- adopted, there
must not,be as many as there were sects. To
revise now would be to seotaiianize."
The Philadeliklda Trade Sates of Books is wet
attended, the stocks are large, and the prices en
, •
News. Smith, ; English 4 Co., haw, just pub
lished the first volume of a work that will
be largely sought after by Biblical students,
"Winer's Idioms of the New Testament."
The Philadelphia Conference of the Methodist
Xpiscopal Churches; which lately convened in this
city, was attended with great interest by, the
members of that denomination, and others. The
reports from the Book Concerns at New York and
Philadelphia, indicate great and growing activity
in that'department. The'capital of the New York
Concern is over $518,000 ; 'the sales there in 1858
were $20,000 greater than in 1856; - and the
circulation of the Sunday School Advocate of that
Church, last year, amounted to 187,000. The
net capital of the Concern at Cincinnati, is over
$208,000.- The sales for the last year at this
'place were, for books, $76;253.20;'f0r periodi
cals, $108,644.12. The net' sales for last year
at Cincinnati, show a falling off of nearly $13,000
as compared with the previous year. The Book
Concern of this denomination has also flourishing
branches at Pittsburgh, Chicago, and St. Louis.
When will our own Board of Publication begin to
exhibit a' similar spirit of enterprise ? . When
that day arrives there will be great rejoicing in
the Church'.
Judging from some of the speeches made at the
Noen•Day Prayer Alerting; there does not seem
to 'be' that strong , disposition to unite with some
Christian Church, on the , part of many of the
recent converts, that is desirable. This is a great
il l
mistake on their ; part, fo r if ,they helieve that
they haves been . truly bor again, they have the
privilege of uniting wit some breech of the
great family of Christ; it is their duty to do
so, and thus profess Ch at according to his ap
pointment. The Sabbath School, the Union
Prayer Meeting, and the Young Men's Christian
Association, however excellent in their place, must
not be substituted for union with the visible
Church of the Lord Jesus Christ.
Quite a number of Additions are reported, in
several of the Presbyterian churches, and evi
dences of considerable religious interest exist in
many of them.
of this Institution, just received, shows the
whole number of Alumni to be 249; De
ceased, 36; Foreign Missionaries, 11;. now
in the Seminary, 42. The Columbia Semi
nary is well endowed, and has an able corps
of Professors.
Rev. W. B Connarr's pastoral relation to
the church of Wilton, was dissolved by
the Presbytery of Charleston, on the 23d
nit., with a view to his accepting a call
from the church of Cheraw, Presbytery of
Rev. E. Ertsitniz, of Sterling,, 111., has re
ceived a unanimous and urgent call from
the church of Freeport, 111.
Rev. J. A--CAMPBELL'S Post Office address,
is changed from Fletcher,, Ohio, to Win
chester, Indiana.
Rev. J. HENRY SMITH'S pastoral relation
to the church •of Charlottsville, Va., was
dissolved by the Presbytery of Wes
Hanover, on the 10th lilt.
Rev. JOHN' S. WEAvER having becon:ke
pastor of the Dick's Creek church, his
Post Office address is changed froth Car-
lisle Station, Warren Co., Ohio, to Blue
Ball, Butler County, Ohio.
Rev. Wm. POB.TERFIELD, of Morris City,
Illinois, has accepted a call from the
church of Washington, lowa, and will
enter upon his labors there the first of
Rev. THOMAS H. URMSTON has accepted a
'call from the church of Van Boren, Ark:
Rev. W. A. SAMPLE is settled over the
churob. at Fort Smith, Arkansas..
Rev GEORGE W. ZAHNIZER, of Conneaut
vile, Crawford County, Pa., has received
' a unanimous invitation to become pastor
of the church 'of Huntingdon, Pa.
Rev. J. P. MCPHERSON has received a un-
animous call from the church of Laure
Hill, N. C., Presbytery of Fayetteville.
Rev..B. E. Lannean, has taken charge of
the church in Lake City, (formerly Alli•.
gator,) Florida. Correspondents will
please address him at that place.
Presbyterial Notices.
The PRESBYTERY OF MAUMEE stands adjourned to
meet at Hicksville, Ohio, the Second Tuesday of April, at
7 o'Olo k P. M.
BA newt stated meeting in Serwiek,on Tuesday, April 19th,
at 11 o'clock A.
Sessional Records, Statistical Reports, and the assessment
for the Commissioneri' Fund, will be called for.
ISAAC GRIER, Stated Clerk. .
The PRESBYTERY 'OF NEWTON will hold its next
stated meeting in the church of Ifiairstown, commencing
on the Fourth Tuesday (20th) of April.
Contributions to. the Commissioners' Fund of one -and a
half per cent. upon the salaries promised by.the respective
churches. will be called for. The usual Sessional Name
tives of the Ntette of Religion should:be forwarded to Rev:
J. IL Mitchell, and the annual Statistical Reports returned
to the StSted Clerk at least ten days before the meeting.
The pastor, and the church of Slairstown earnestly invitee
the members to assemble on the day previous to the Sea
sions, mid spend the intervening time in devotional exer
cises. The Sessions of Presbytery will be opened 'with a
sermon by Rev. James Y. Mitchell.
J. KNIGHTON, Stated Clerk.
- '
2EO PRESBYTERY-41F OHIO will 'meet in' tse Sixtn
Presbyterian, church, Pittsburgh, on the "T,Lird. Tuesday of
April, at 2 o'clock P. M.
Narratives to be sent to. Rev. S. Finley, ten days•pree
Timm to the meeting of Presbytery.
W B. MoILTAINE, Stated Clerk.
ler, on the Second Tuesday of April, at 11 o'clockA. N.
stated meeting In the church ot Fairview. Va., commencing
on the"Thir' d Tuesday of April, (the 19th,) at 3 o'clock P.
M: JAMES I. BROWNSON, Stated Clerk.
The PRESBYTERY OF CEDAR stands adjourned to meet
in Lisbon, on the Second Tuesday of April, at 2 o'clock P.
M. F. A. SHEARER, Stated Clerk.
ably to adjournment, In Steubenville First church; on 'the
Second Tuesday, 12th of April, at 10 o'clock-A.M.
ROBERT HERRON, Stated Clerk.
The PRESBYTERY OF LIRE stands adjourned to meet
in Gostien,lndiana, on the First Friday of April, at 7 o'clock
J. C. BROWN, Stated Clerk.
The PRESBYTERY OF NEW LISBON stands adjourned
to meet in the church of &tient, in the town of Salem, 0.,
on the Second Tuesday (12th) of April next, at 12 o'clock M.
The churches, according to a standing rule of Presbytery,
will be called on for Seeeional Recurds, Statistical Reports,
pastoral eettlements, and the assessed fond neeessary to de
fray- the expenses of the Commissioners to the General
Assembly. ROBERT HAYS, Stated Clerk'.
Cadiz, on the Third Tuesday of Apiikat 11 o'clock A. M.
Sessional Rewords, Statistical Reports, . Congregational
Settlements, and the Commissioners Fund to the General
Assembly, will be called for. JOHN MOFFAT, S. C..
The PRESBYTERY ON BEAVER will meet in Nether
neck, on the Third Monday of April next, at 2 o'clock P. al
The first day of the meeting is to be spent in religious
exercisee. At this meeting, the churches will severally be
called on for Statistical Reports, Sessional Records, and re
ports of settlement with peators. D.C. SEED, S. C.
The " PRESBYTERY OF ERIE will meet on Tuesday,
April 12th, at 7 o'clock P. M., in Meadville, Pa.
Congregations will please be punctual in sending up their
atatisticaireports. Narratives on the State of Religion will
be forwarded, it is hoped, immediately, to Rev. J. R. Find
ley, Mercer, Pa., Chairman of the. Committee on Narratives.
S. J. al. EATON, Stated Clerk.
The PRESBYTERY OF FORT ,WAYNE stands adjourned
to meet in Lagrange church, (intim First Tuesday of April,
at 7 o'clock P.M. JOHN M.LOWRIB, Stated Olerk.
Manchester, on the Second Tuesday of April, at 10 o'clock
A. M. " JAMES ALLISON, Stated Clerk.
The PRESBYTERY OF PEORIA will hold its stated
Spring meeting at Lewistown, on Friday, April lath, at
7 o'clock P. M..
" At every stated Spring meeting, the Session of each
church shalt present to Presbytery, separately, written re
ports on the state of religion, on statistics, and on settle
=lentil with their minister during the year."—Standing
Sole VII
Sessions are required to submit, et this meeting, their
records for review, an to pay in the amount assessed for
the Commissioners'. and Contingent Funds.
That part, of the Peesbytery of Peoria, which was ap
pointed by the Synod of Illinois to be organised into a new
Presbytery, to be called the. PRESBYTERY OF BLOOM
INGTON, will
at Bloomington, in the First Presbyte
rian church, on Tuesday. April 12th, at 7 o'clock R M.
The Seseions .of churches within the boundaries pre
scribed for the Presbytery of Bloomington, should send the
amount of their assessment, their reports, and records, to
the meeting at Bloomington. I.A.C.
The PRESBYTERY OF DONEGAL will hold ite next
stated meeting in the church of Bellevue, on Tuesday,
April 12th, at II o'clock A. M. The Moderator, the Rev. J.
Al. Rittenhouse, will preach 4 the opening of the Sessions.
The Sessions of ehurches will be required to present
statistical reports, and written reports on the state of reli
gion within tl eir respective charges. Contributions will
be taken up for the Presbyterial and Commissioners' suede.
The PRESBYTERY OF HUNTINGDON will hold its next
stated meeting in the Presbyterian church. of Huntingdon,
on the Second Tuesday (the 3.21 h) of April, at 11 o'clock
Statistical reports from each church Sf3BBloll, will be called
for' t this meeting, and each cmgregatiom through their
alder, will be expected to report as to whether their pastor's
salary has been paid. ROBERT Halktilk, B. O.
The PRESBYTERY OF WORLAND will hold its annual
meeting in Shelby, commencing on the Second Tuesday
(the 12th) of April, at 7 o'clock P. id. Statistical Reports,
Narratives on the State of Religion, and Congregational
Settlements, will be called for, from all the chus oboe
The foll Owing is the assessments of Contingent and Com
raissionere' Fund, from the churches, which they 'will for
ward to Presbytery, viz.: Milford 600; Loudonville, 45c.;
Perrysville, $1.00; Clear Fork, I . oo ;.Martinsburg; 2,00;
Lexington, 200 ; Belleville, 60e.; ilaysville, 1.50; Lake
Fork, 70c; Jeromovilla, 80c.; Ashland, 4.75; Orange, 1.40;
Frederiektown, 420; Mt. Pleasant, 80c.; Bladensburg, 1.50;
Savannah, 225; Utica, 1.8 a; Olivesturg, 1.00; Sandusky;
165; Millwood, 1 00; Shelby;l.6o; Ontario, 1.60; Chester,
ville,- 1.70; Waterford, 85c.; Ilarmony, 100; bast Union
-70e.; Bloomfield. 35c.; Bloomingrove, 1.50. Mansfield, 3.50
Mt. Vernon, 280. CALDWELL, S. 0
The PRESBYTERY OF WOOSTER stands adjourned to
meet in the church of Jackson, on the Third Tuesday (19th)
of ikpril t at 11 o'clOok A. M. •
Statistical Reports will be called for the first day of the
session. Churches are expected to send up contributions
for Commissioners' Fund and Preebyteren expenses, at the
rate of about eightcents per mornber.
The PRESBYTERY OP CLARION will meet in Green,
title on the PindTuesday of April next, at 11 o'clock A M.
D. &MAY, Stated Clerk.
Sandusky City on the Third Tneeday of d pril, at 7 o'clock
P. in:
.FREDE 11.19}1. T. BROWN, Stated Clerk.
The PRESBYTERY OF HOOKING will meet (D.Y.)`at
Burlington, on Tuesday, Aprill2th, at 7 o'clock P. M.
J. 11. Num, Stated Clerk.
The PRESBYTERY S OF COSHOCTON will meet in the
church of Millersburg, on the Second Tueeday of April, at
Business re - rived very - much during last week, in all
branches of trade—indeed the improvement is more than
was looked for by our merchants. No doubt the prospects
of good crops the coming season has had Its effect in bring
ing about this change. We see it stated that vegetation is
muting on remarkably well. The Winter crops look cheer
ing, and tie §pring crops , are being put in. We bare bad
several smart Showers of rain, which have made the roads
in the country very bad for travel, and consequently keep
produce from reaching market.
The Money Market (emel:moo easy, and the bankers era ,
able to take all the good paper offered. Eastern Exchange
Still continues scam., bit the Ulrike aro drawing fer their
Custotoera at par
Bunnell errn Boas—Choice roll, 25@26; inferior to rood,
20@,23. E'ggs> 1241.3.
onesan—Wesiorn itenerve,l2c.; - Goatkon, 74e.
DRIED ..P.aurr-Apples, $2.37; Peaches, 3.25©3 50 for guar
term and halves.
Eltivmuts—prime Tennesvee retailing at 4Sc.
FEED — StPody sales'of and Shorts at U. 60 per 100
lbs.; Shipatnffs and 'V idilliugs, 1.62.
nomt—Sales on arrival'of superfine at 6.60, and extra at
,600. Etmnotore, sales of, superfine at 5.75(a5.737, ti.atia at
6.00@6.25; and fasnily do. at 6 40@0.50. The general ten
deney.itc down}ard. Rye Flour: from store, 457.
GRAM—Oats, on arrival, at 52(453e., and from store st
66@58: Corn': Tenness43 abelled , SSe Ohio, S6e.' Rye. 9050
95 c.. Suring, 66taloSe., and Fail 70076. Wheat
lifediterratman-frOm wigon at 1.15, and good Penna./Ird at
1.25 Southern 8ed,,1.40, and White 1 45@1.50;
agoomuss—Bugar by the hbd. at 17440%, and bythe
bbl. at Sc. 'Molasses , 38009.04 k Coffee, 12%.
Rtv—J9 00@16 00 per too.
Immom—sB.Bll@t7 00. Timber, R(010 per ruble foet
Porvrosa—Reds by the bid. at 2.40, and fleabannoefis nt
2.75. From store, 00c. per bbl. for Beds, and Suctlatc fnr
B BARR, stated Clerk
2 o'clock P. M. Statistical Reports, Narratives on the Stato
of Religion, and settlements with pastors, will be called f,r,
from all the congregations.. J. E. CARSON, S.C.
The PRESBYTERY of SALTSBURG will meet at Kit
tanning on the Second Tuesday of A pril, at 2 o'clock P.M.
Sessional Remrds, Statistical Reports, Written Narra•
tives, and certificates of settlements with pastors, will be
called for. W. W. WOODEND, Stated Clerk.
lkPOonnellsville' on the Second Tuesday (tho 12th tidy) of
April. at 2 o'clock P. M.
N. It —lst. Let the Clerk of every church session mako
it a matter of conscience .to send up. with the Eessional
Records, an accurate and full statistical report.
2d. Let the proper officers be prompt in sending up the
Commissioners' and Contingent. Fund, which is, by a stand
lug rule of Presbytery, five cents p'r member, as report
in the last Minutes of the General Assembly.
Persona going to the meeting are informed that the boat
leaves Zanesville for bl'Connellaville every morning at g
o'clock, which will land us in time for the meeting at
o'clock P. Ikt.
WM. M. ROBINSON, Slated Clerk
The PRESBYTERY OF ROOK 'RIVER will b , 4d its
stated Spring meeting in the Presbyterian churl et
Albany, on evening, April 12th, at 7 o'clock Ses
sional records will be examined, and the assessment upon
the churches for the Comroissioners' Fund, which is at the
rate of ten cents per member, will be called fcr.
S. T. WILSON, Stated Clerk.
Vie PRESBYTERY OP ERIE will meet at l'kiPsdvilte,
Pa . on the Second Tuesday (11th day,) of April, at 7 o'clock
P. M.. Statistical Reports, Narratives of the Rate of Reli
gion, and Oommitteiouere' Fund, will be called. for
S. .1. M. EATON, Stated Clerk.
The PRESBYTERY OF BLAIRSVILLE will lx• - .1d its next
stated meeting at Johnstown. on the second Tuesday of
April, at 2 o'clock P. al. Statistical Reports, Congrega
tional Settlements, and Narratives on the State of Reilgion
will be called for from all the congregatione. During thZ
Sessions of Presbytery, a sermon will be preached by the
Rev. Joseph Smith, D.D., on the subject of Early Piety.
J&ISLES DA.VI.9, Stated Clerk.
.ThePRESTSTTIIRY OF lOWA stands. adjourned to meet
at,Libertyville, on the First Tuesday (sth day,l of April, at
2 O'elcck P. N. The churches are reminded of the 119jUtle.
tion of Presbytery, to send up their Sessionai Recoros fur
correction and approval. T. STEARN:3, Stated Clerk.
The PRESBYTERY OF SCHUYLER will meet in Quincy.
on Tuesday, April. 12th„ at 2 o'clock P. M. Etathtwel
Reports, Commissioners' funde, and ev, ry member will bo
expected. TE , IOB. S. VAILL, Stated Clerk.
The PRESBYTERY OF REDSTONB will rc eet at Mello
both, on the Second Tuesday of April, at 11 o'clock A. M.
From all the churches, as well sasent as .Bose supplied,
written reports of congregatio_tal settlements with pastors
and supplies, statistics of membership and benevolent
operations, contributions to COMMlSSietters' Fond, and ar
rativeo of Religion, are required to be forwarded.
By order of Presbytery. JOHN WIiLINTOCK, S. O.
The PRESBYTERY OF DES MOINES stands adjourned
to meet at Albia, on the Second Thinsday, (14th) of April,
at 7 o'clock I'. 51. J. M. McELROY, Stahl Clerk.
The PRESBYTERY OF MARION will meet at Milford
Centre, on the First Tuesday (sth) of April neat, at 2
o'clock P.
The Commiseioneis' Fend is assessed ns followi; Bela.
ware, 6.60, Marysville, 1.50; Corinth, 280; Cardiecton,
10c.; Marion, 124; Richand, 66c.; Pisgah,l.oS vlberia, 2.10;
Liberty. 1.80; Kingston, 1 10; Brown, 1.60; Ellen, 7or ;
Waynesburg, 50c.; Caroline, 60c.; Mt. Gilead, 1.10;
Canaan, 1.56; Marseilles, 2.00; Salem, 50c..• Bneyrns, 230;
Wyandotte,6oe. Milford Ceetre, 50; ' Crenline. 1.20;
Leesville, .00; Sandusky, 70c.; Winchester, 22c.;
60a.; °swell, 50c; Upper Sandusky, 100; Little Mill Creek,
2.5 c.; Broken Sword, 80e4 Winnemsc. .50e4 Radnor, Sec.;
York, 1.20; Galion, 80c.; Sunbury, 80c.
It will probably be neces,ary to increase these artannts
somewhat, to make up the amount of assessments of
churches which have been taken from this Presbytery, to
form the Presbytery of Western Reserve.
H. A. TRUE, Stated Clerk.
Pius epartment.
Tax opening for a physician, noticed a few
weeks since, is now filled."
How. Deem Rrreare has our thAks for sev
eral valuable Public Deouthents.
OUP- READERS will please notice Burchfield &
Co.'s Card, who it seems have already been getting
their second supply of.goods for this Spring.
They have been increasing their facilities for
business, by arranging a large and commodious
Shawl Room, on second story.
A Passenger Railroad in Pittsburgh
The Legislature has passed a law chartering
the Citizens' Passenger Railway, in Pittsburih.
The road beginning at Fifth and Market Streets,
and passing ont Penn Street, -to Lawrenceville, is
likely to be soon made. .
The Knickerbocker
The number for April, like its predecessors, is
witty, sprightly, interesting, and instructive. It
has twelve articles„with the usual literary noticep,
and the indispensable editor's table. The first
article shows up the absurdities of modern
Spiritualism; and the second is the beginning of a.
very agreeable series on " Dante from a Modern
Point of View."
Peterson's >Philadelphia Counterfeit De-
We are indebted to the proprietor for the April
number, of this valuable publication. Peterson
& Brothers' are also engaged in the publication of
the works of Sir Walter Scott, in a cheap but
neat form. The series will consist of twenty-six
numbers, and maybe had at Hunt & Miner's, of
this city, at 25 cents per number, or $5 for the
whole. Sir Walter has had no equal in his de
The Atlantic Monthly.
This magazine for April, was promptly on our
table, and we have already' perused several of its
articles, with much interest. The first is entitled
"Agrarianism," • and shows' most conclusively
that the popular idea attached to this term - is by
no means correct. The article, on Palfrey's'
tory of New England, and Arnold's History of
Rhode Island, has awakened within ns a strong
desire to have the reading of these recent works.
The Letter to a Dyspeptic contains, important
suggestions to any of its readers who may belong
to this unfortunate class. The reviewer of
ion's New History of Mexico, exhibits not a few
of the faults he chargas on his author.
Railroad Convention.
Sixty delegates, representing thirty-two South
ern and Western roads, including the Pennsyl
vania, and the Baltimore and Ohici, met at Colum
bus, Ohio, on the 23d ult. The meeting was har
monious. Time tables were adopted. It was
arranged for two daily lines between Cincinnati
and New York, via Pittsburgh and Philadelphia.
One of them is to make the trip in a few minutes
over thirty hours. Freight rates were also agrei d
Gold in New Mexico
The Lawrence Republican says that a letter
from Mr. Morey, of the ariginal.Lawrenee COM
po,ny, now located near El Paso, states that a
plenty of shot gold has been discovered on the
banks of the Arkansas, and there has been ex
tensive prospecting. It yields five to ten cent,'
pen pan. He thinks the prospect better than
ever existed in California. •
Prrrasuada, Tuesday, March 29.
Suns—Clover, 5 50 from first !lands, and 5.75 from gore