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PITTSBIIII9II, MARCH 26, 1859.
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DEGREES CORFERRED.-At the meeting
of the Board%of Trustees, of Washington
College, Pa., on March. 15th, the degree
•of Doctor of Divinity was conferred upon
the Rev. L. D.Barrswe, of Pittsburgh, and
that of L.L D. upon Neville B. Craig, Esq.,
.of the same place.
DEXPLY INTBRESTED. —Oar friend, of the
Presbyter, is much exercised with the
thought that our newspaper enterprise 'does
not sustain us; and he again devotes more
'than a column to prove that it cannot, on our
terms hitherto. 'Whether he really means
'to operate for us, or for himself, we would
not like to affirm. Still; we think it best,
as a general rule, for every man to attend to
his own business.
The Religious Instruction of Negroes.
Our Southern exchanges speak often on
this subject. This is indicative of the pro
gress of the Gospel, in its influence upon
the heart and life. God claims that all
souls are his, and he has made his ministers,
elders, and people responsible for the proper
training in knowledge, and for the guiding
heavenward, of all who are brought, in his
providence under their influence..
A writer in the Central Presbyterian,
Richmond, Va., thus states the obligation of
The Bible teaches : 1. That servants are s part
of the family; and this not only in a worldly
and social aspect, but in a religious point of view.
They, along with the free parents and children,
constitute the religious household. 2. That the
master has the care of their souls intrusted to
his hands. As the parent hae the souls of his
children entrusted to him, to train for God ; so
has the owner the souls of his slaves. If the re
sponsibility is greater in the one case than in the
other, it is only because be had power to exercise
greater influence. In kind the responsibility is
the same. 8. That the master should give re
ligious instruction to his servants. This is a
necessary consequence of the preceding position,
for in no other way can he fully meet the respon
sibility that devolves upon him, to care for their
souls salvation. 4. That he should provide for
them the preaching of the Gospel and other
means of grace, and see to their attendance upon
them. We need not stay to cite chapter and
verse to show that these are Bible teachings on
The want of a faithful discharge of these
obligations ) he deplores and reproves.
A member" who has heard much about
Old School and New School, and who has
been told that the difference between them
is, that the former believe in a . lignited
atonement, and the latter in a general atone
ment, wishes us to state what the Old
School doctrine on this subject really is.
We comply by quoting the Confession of
Faith, Chap. YIIL , See. 5.
"The Lord Jesus, by his perfect obedience
and sacrifice of himself, which he, through
the eternal Spirit, once offered up unto God,
oath fully satisfied the justice of Ins Father;
and purchased not only reconciliation, but
an everlasting inheritance in the kingdom
of heaven, for all those whom the Father
bath given to him." See Eph. i: 11, 14;
and John xvii : 2.
This seems to us to be very plain. The
word "limited," we do not apply to the
atonement. The value
,of Christ's obe
dience and death is boundless. Nor do we
use the word "general." It conveys no
distinct idea. It fits not the Scriptural •lan
guage about Christ bearing our sins, about
our iniquities being !aid upon him, about
bin dying for us, &0., &o.
The atonement avails, adequately, for all
whom the Father gave to the Son;• and all
who come to him will find the promise good.
Board of Co'portage.
This Board, under the care and direction
of the Synods of Pittsburgh and Allegheny,
is pursuing its work quietly but efficiently.
The sales at the Book Rooms are larger
usual ; and the results of the labors of col
portsurs are cheering.
Oar object now to inform pastors and
Sessions that the contributions for Colportage
have been more than exhausted, and that
there is great need to have the treasury re
plenished without delay. And it is to be
borne in mind, that not a single dollar con
tributed is spent in keeping up the expenses
of the rooms, but every.eent is directly ap
lied to the work of ColOrtage, and in sup.
,plying the poor with books.r The reports of
the colporteurs - indicate that' a very wide
geld of useftilneinria now open to this Board,
if the churches will supply the necessary
The labors of the oolportetr employed
in this city, have been unusually neoessfuli
and if it were °deemed expedient at the
present time, we could inform our readers
of facts in his report that would awaken in
them a livelier, interest in this Board than
they have ever before felt. Due attention
will be given to these in the annual, reports
to the Synods. Collections for. this Board
are now being made in the ,First church of
this city, and , we ,hope that contributions
from other churches will some in speedily,
that the Board may not be hindered in its
No Proof to he Expected.
The United Presbyteria4 has. again
spoken on Psalmody, but it does not bring
forth a single word of testimony from God's
book of revelation in support of the dogma,
that the Christian Church is restricted to the
sole and alone use of the Psalms of David,
in the ordinance of praise. How is this ?
Oil. brethren refused to partake with other
Christians in the Union Prayer Meetings,
unless the " Old Psalms " alone should be
used—used not only when ',their ministers
would lead the meetings, for this was heart
ily tendered to them, but used by all. Their
demand Was urged specially by the plea that
their consciences would not allow them to
be present when New Testament hymns
were used, but that the conscience of others
interposed no impediment to the use of Old
Testament Psalms. Others, however, felt
bound in conscience to maintain the right of
the Church to a Gospel Psalmody. The,
Redeemer's praise, both directly and, in the
visible unity of his family ; the Christian's
joy, both in his own worship and , in fra
ternal fellowship; and the sinner's' salvation,`
both as regards instruction and the emotion
al influence of united song, make the cries
tion one of immense doctrinal and practical'
As all tkte parties concerned profess to be
believers, and under direction from on
Higir, we ventured to ask for the restrictive
authority. To avoid mistake we made our
request pointed. When we seemed to be mis
understood, we stated the question again.
We importuned for an answer.
It now seems that we are doomed to plead
in vain. In our brethren's issue of March
16th, they say : .
" As far as we are concerned, we tell them for
the third and last time, that we have something
else to do than run over the whole subject of
Psalmody in such a loose and unsatisfactory con.
troverey as their articles indicate would be their
Why, dear brethren, why do you value
Psalmody at so low a rate " Something
else to do" than to answer inquirers, when
they ask for Scriptural instruction it And
for instruction, too,on the distinctive doctrine
of your own Church I :On a doctrine where,
for their ignorance of Scripture as you re
gird it, you exclude them from-communion,
and refuse to join with them even in a Week
day prayer meeting ! And where, too, if
you would only show them that God's re
quisition is with you, they would believe,
itnd would join you by tens of thousands !
And you are " witnesabearers "—witness
bearers and teachers preeminently on this
very point l This is exceedingly strange.
And you confess that to answer our in
quiry your speech must be "loose and unsat
isfactory I" You astonish us. We but asked
for God's word. Give it to us. Give it
to us loosely,, if you cannot connect its parts.
It will still be satisfaiitory only let it be
his word, and no human composure.
Surely, brethren, we did not ask you to
go "over the whole subject of Psalmody
nor to wage " a controversy" of any kind.
We merely asked for information; for a
" thus saith the Lord ;" for dear Scriptural
testimony on inns point—a point on which
you loudly claim that we are ignorant but
that you have knowledge. Arid you tell us,
" for the thifd and last time, that you have
something else to do!" Well, we must be
But before we close, we must say, that
we, and the most of Evangelical Christians,
feel bound - in conscience to use the name of
IThsus in praise, as well as in preaching and
in prayer. We can confine ourselves to no
system of Psalmody which will exclude that
precious name. We believe that praise, to
be acceptable, must be offered in that name,
am really and truly as must prayer. We
can henee be parties to no series of meetings,
and to no system Of aots, which, by omitting
and repudiating hymns composed in the
language and spirit of, the New Testament,will
imply that it is wicked' t 9 use the Saviour's
name, and the account of his finished work,
and his rich promises, and his Spirit's in
fluences, and his saint's joys in Zion's songs
And one word more. We think that no
doctrine,' and no rite or ceremony, and no
" rule of the Church," should be a matter
binding on the conscience, or be of sufficient
force to separate God's children, when it
cannot be shown distinctly, that the same
is a doctrine, rite, or rule of the Word of
God. The Bible is the only infallible rule
of faith and practice.
7lfissianaries far Africa.
We, last week, met, in Philadelphia,
three young men, colored, who • are licen
tiates of the Presbytery of Newcastle, and
are destined for Liberia, in Africa. Their
names are Armisted Miller, Thomas -Amos,
and James Amos. They are to be ordained
in April, and to sail in May, They are sent
out .by the Presbyterian Board of Foreign
These young ministers and missionaries
may be regarded as first fruits of the Ash
mun Institute. Many of our readers will
doubtless remember the visit to Western
Pennsylvania, some two or three years ago,
of Itev. John P. Carter, the President of
that institution;' and they will rejoice .in
this evidence that their benevolence was tot
misdirected, nor their confidence misplaced.
Ashnann Institute, as we have several
times said, was originated by the Ptesbytery
of Newcastle, in 1863. Thirty acres of
land were procured, in Oxford, Pa., build
ings erected,-and teachers appointed, all at
a cost of about ten thousand' dollars. The
design was, to gather in colored youths of
good promise, and to help them to an edu
cation, which might fit thank for the minis
try, 'or for other important employments,
either in this country or . in Africa. The
enterprise must meet the approbation of every
real friend of humanity, and will deeply en
list, the Christian's prayers. Let it be re
membered also with benefactions. This In
etitution cannot, like academies for the
whites, ,be sustained by the ,students.
They must be 'supported• by it`; •and =it and
they are both dependent on Christian benefi
11 I • !V k 4 D. kik k 4 IVOCATE.
! The • Noon. Day Prayer-Meeting in Alit
Many of God's people in our cities are
much encouraged by the somewhat remark
able interest which has been manifested in
the union daily prayer-meeting, held in Dr.
Swift's church, Allegheny, during the past
Ogee weeks. The attendance has been as
high as six hundred and fifty, and averages,
from day to day, nearly five hundred. The
pews and aisles have frequently been
crammed. Every Evangelical denomina
tion is represented. It is to be hoped that
a time of refreshing has dawned. Chris
tian laymen, we trust, as well as clergymen,
are beginning to feel that - Christ and his
kingdom are far above all earthly things in
importance. These cities never needed
prayer more than now, and we earnestly
trust the supplicating spirit that is mani
fested in this meeting may spread, until
every church shall be aroused, and sinners
,". shall be found flocking to Zion's gates, to
inquire the way of salvation. We all need
• melting down. We have need to weep.
We must repent and believe. This feeling
seems to characterize the meeting , in Alle
gheny. There is much tearfulness—much
earnest calling upon God as the only helper
in time of need. It is believed that God
has given evidences of his faithfulness.
There are not a few who are anxious about
the state of "their souls. It is a noticeable
fact, also, that large numbers of children
; attend. Much special prayer has been made
for them, And we are • told that in one
quarter of the city, young boys are organ
izing and conducting prayer-meetings for
those of their own age.
Reader, will you not pray that God would
come into our midst in power and glory'
But remember this : ulf T regard iniquity
in my heart, the Lord will not hear me."—
Ps. lxvi': 18.
MONTICELLO, IND.—This church recently
under the care of Rev.. Robert Irwin, his
lately enjoyed a precious refreshing.' Eleven
new communicants were added.
UNION, Onao.—There has been a new
accession of thirty.one members to this
church, under the labors of Rev.. J. M. Lay.
WEST UNITY, Oaro.--.The pastoral
charge of . Rev. Luke. Borland has been
graciously visited this Winter. 'Fifteen have
been added to the communion list, and
others are enjoying a hope in Christ. The
Our little churches feel encouraged
especially from the fact that nearly or quite
all these young men, are ready to take part
in the , social prayer-meetings, and in family
worship in the families to which they be
long. We feel that the Lord has heard the
prayers and blessed the labors especially of
our eldership, of whose Convention at
Bryan, in the beginning of Winter, you
gave an account in your paper.
GIMNDAIM, Onao.—The Preskyter states
that a revival of religion commenced in the
Female College in this place, on the last
Thursday in February. At a recent corn
munion, twelve young ladie4 united for the
first time, and " more than'twice that num
ber have been brought to rejoice in the
BALTIMORE,—We have an interesting
letter from this city, under date of March
16th. The various prayer meetings are
continued, and well attende& The young
men espeoially.are active. Lasting benefit
is strongly indicated. '
WILTON JUNCTION, lOWA.—This is a
place of but three years of age. At a late
communion held by Rev. F. A. Shearer,
precious Divine influences were enjoyed.
The prospects of the little church are
OTHERS next: week.
THE ASHMUN INSTITUTE JOURNAL.-
This is a small newspaper sheet, to be is
sued occasionally, at Oxford, Pa.„ , to advo.
oate the interests of the school whose name
BOSTON AND NEW-ENGLAND.
Considerable Excitement has been occa
sioned by the refusal of some three hun
dred children, in attendance at the Elliott
School, to unite with the others in reciting
the Ten Commandments itid the Lord's
Prayer, according to the commonly received
translation. In this, it seems the children
acted under the direction of the parish
priest. The parents of most of the 'chil
dren support them in the stand they have
taken. But in many oases the children
have been brought back, under instruction
from their parents to submit to the require
mental of the school.
vie Hon. Edward Everett has received
the compliment of having an English Greek
Dictionary just published in Greece, dedi
cated.to him. Mr. Everett stands 'deserv
edly high as a Greek scholar. Some years
ago, when Minister to England, his atten
tion was called to a passage . in one of the
Greek Classics, concerning the translation
of "which, , there had been discussion among
the Cambridge Professors for twenty years.
One party was zealous for one translation,
and another was equally zealous for a differ
ent rendering. Mr. Everett gave .a trans
lation different from either of the ones pro
posed, which was immediately adopted by
both parties. So that perzons emulous of
the fame of the distinguished orator, would
do well to remember the broad and solid
foundation on which it is based, and the
many years of toil and studfexpended y in
rearing the reputation he now possess*
The present is a time remarkable for pre
' amity and early development, but lasting
respect and influence are not to be secured
without time, care, and study.
Mr. Motley, author of the " Dutch Re
public," is rapidly acquiring a European
reputation second to that of none of our
great historians. The first volume of a
French translation of his history, has been
published at Paris, which has the honor of
being introduced by a lengthy article from
the pen, of Mr. Cruizot, in which a rapid
sketch is given of the political and social
state of England, France, find Spain, to
gether with the other countries . of Western
Europe from the Reformation4Olhe begin
ning of the nineteenth century. This is
said to be one of the finest things ever
written by the distinguished author of the
English Revolution. •
The Aosta'', Recorder, in noticing a com
munication in the Presbyterian, concerning
the prospects of• Presbyterianism in that
quarter, acknowledges the laxness in doc
trine and discipline that has prevailed for
some time in many of the churches of New
England, but by no means admits that the
mere establishment of Presbyterianism will
eradicate the evils so' greatly deplored.
The Recorder says : gi The disease being on
the body of Congregationalism, that body
must, by its own energies, working accord
inglo its own laws, throw off the disease or
sink under it." However this may be, it is
certain that the Presbyterian churches now
organized in this region hit, much to en
The Rey. Thomas Starr King is a sort
of hybrid between Univer4liem and Uni
tarianism, and is considered one of the most
brilliant lecturers in the country. But he
is notoriously opposed to all evangelical re
ligion, scouts at the very idea of orthodoxy,
and has the very loosest ideas of inspiration.
In fact, he treats the Scriptures with so
much disrespect, that he has alarmed even
the more conservative of the Universalists.
The editor of the Trumpet (Universalist,)
Dr. Whittmore, who is by no means fa
mous for his advocacy of the infallibility of
the Scriptures, thus gives expression to his
fears with regard to the course pursued by
his chivalrous young brother :
"It seems to us impossible to preserve the
public reverence , for the Bible, if we suffer our
selves .to speak about it as Mr. King does."
" The four Gospels, according to Mr. King, are
mere shreds and tatters of what Christ taught."
"He speaks of God choosing to instruct the
Church through a few fragmentary flashes of
poetry. What an idea of revelation I What an
idea of Jesus as a teacherl - ,-,lle has lost sight
of the true light which lightetti every man that
cometh into the world." •
TKe editor farther says orMr. King:
His sermons 'will do as much to break down
Universalism as the doctrine of endless misery."
We have called attention to this matter
now, that our readers may know, the esti
mation in which this man is held, even by
those who profess the same belief, where he
is best known. And yet this is , the man
employed to lecture in so many places where
orthodox sentiments are. held, and who has
in this way so many opportunities of sow
ing the seed productive of such terrible re
The Religious Movements in. Boston and
in many of the towns throughout New Eng
land, are said to be very encouraging just
now. The demand for pastoral labor, and
the fervent preaching of the great doctrines
of .salvation is evidently On the - increase.
One third of the memters of the Senior
Class in Andover Theological Seminary,
have devoted themselves to the .work of
The papers speak of the unusual Un
healthiness of this city for this season
of the year, with no small degree of ap
prehension for the future. The cause is
attributed to the terribly filthy condition: of
the streets, courts, and alleys; and we should
not think it strange if this should be the
real state of the ease. For the stranger
visiting Nei York.now, wikif he traverses
the city to any great extent, be reminded of
the odorous-greeting received by Coleridge,
at Cologne. - And yet vast sums are expend
ed every year for the purpose of having
clean streets and a.healthlr atmosphere. ;'.-
St. Patrick's Day wakvery generally oh
served by that part of the Celtio lopulation
under the lead and spiritual guidance of
Archbishop Hughes. The military com
panies coMposed of Irishmen, and the var
ious Irish Catholic Sooietiee, had their
processions, speeches, and dinners. The
Academy of Musio was the great point
of attraction in the afternoon, where a
speech was delivered by Bishop O'Connor,
of Pittsburgh, giving an account of the
origin, life, labors, and influence of St.-
Patrick. ' In this lie followed the views gen
erally taken by the Catholic historians,
which our readers know to be very different
in many important partieuldrs, from those
taken by Protestant historians. If St. Pat
rick could rise from the peaceful grave where
he has quietly lain for so many centuries, he
would not be - able to recognize himself in
the portrait drawn by the Pittsburgh bishop.
At the close, a collection of large amount,
was taken up in aid of the Pittsburgh cathe
dral. The bishop is not reported to have
said any , thing about the incendiary burning
of the old cathedral, this time.
The subject of a .Daily Reli sous News
paper, has been agitated fo., Nine time.
Several months ago, a compan s about to
be formed, having for its object the publi
cation of a daily paper, not only under di
rectly 'religious influence, but having-for its
primary object the dissemination of religions
intelligence, and the inculcation of religious
truth. It was then expected that Mr.
McElrath, who . has .since started the Cen
tury, would take charge of the business
department; but owing to some cause, this
projected arrangement was not effected.
Now, it is announced. that a capital of
$150,000 has been secured, that the publi
cation will be soon commenced, and that the
editors are to be James R. Spalding, a gen
tleman of ability and = experience, who is
now, and has been *a —several years, eon
nected with the' Coui-ic? and EnguircP,ana
the Rev. Dr. M'Clinteck, one of , the lean
ing clergymen of the Methodist Episcopal
Church, for many years a professor in Dick
inson College, Pa., the editor of several
classical works, and well known as a regular
contributor to the publications of Messrs.
Harpers., A daily religions paper ;has beert
for several years a favorite idea with Dr.
M'Clintoek. We remember
,that at one
time he said in the General Conference of
the Methodist Episcopal Church, that he
considered a daily religious paper about the
only thing -needed to complete fully the
machinery of that Church it this country.
However desirable a daily journal such as
the one indicated may be, its success must
be a matter of experiment. Not only will
a high order of, talent, capable of popular
direction, be necessary, but also a hard day
and night working industry, such as is ex
hibited in conducting the daily journals
with which it must come into competition.
The action of the Council in reference to
the Seceders, from Dr. Clacever's Church,
has opened a warm discussion in reference
to the independence of Congregational
churches, and the proper prerogatives of
Councils. • Dre. Bacon, of New Haven, and
Cheever, of New York, are maintaining the
contest in the columns of the Independent.
Dr. Cheever, as might be expected, assert.
the absolute supremacy of each individual
church, and its entire independence of all
other churches or Councils whatever.
The Christian, Intelligences has a short
but suggestive article on Overworking the
Clergy. It refers to Dr. John M. Mason,
broken down inithe meridian of his strength
by arduous and multiplied duties, to Dr.
Matthews long laid aside from the active
duties of the ministry, bpoanse of unremit
ting devotion to so many literary and relig
ions-enterprises, in his youth; and now Dr.
Bethune is compelled to leave the country,
for a while, that his exhausted energies may
have time tp'recuperate- The Doctor's la
bors in preaching and lecturing, for the last
Winter, and indeed for many years, have
been most unremitting.
Reports unfavorable to the Orthodoxy of
Dr. DeFelice, of Montauban, France, and
for many years a correspondent of. the New
York Observer, have been widely circulated.
To these, the last number of the Observer
makes the following reply :
An attempt los been made by some of our con
temporaries, to injure the reputation for Or
thodoxy, of this estimable man, but oar readers
need no better evidence than his simple, fervent,
sound and eminently evangelical letters, to assure
them that he loves, and maintains, and spreads
the truth as it is in Christ. .
The Public Schools of this city are highly
prosperous, and, in the main, well conducted.
The following gives a condensed statement
of their condition :
There are now in Philadelphia, 814 Public
Schools, in which children are instructed without
expense of any kind to their parents. The num
ber of teachers employed is 1,013, and the num
ber of pupils in attendance 59,400, of which
80,312 are males, and 29,188 females. There are
8,000 children registered and waiting for admis
sion as soon as room can be found for them. The
expenses of the High School for the year 1858,
were $19,097.25, being about $85.03 for every
student. The expenses of the Normal School
for the year, were $6,882 68,. being $26.66 per
pupil. The gross expenses of all the other
schools for the year ending December 31st, 1858,
were $366,910.68, and the totatoost of educating
each child, $6.24 per annum.
The Medical Students attracted to this
city every year by the fame of its schools,
are a very important feature in considering
its present and prospective influence. Last
week the Jefferson School sent out two
hundred and fiftysix armed with the title
M. D., and the. University nearly an, equal
number. The valedictory to the former was
delivered by Prof. Franklin Bache, and to
the latter by Prof. H. H. Smith; both ad
dresses ,are highly spoken of. The medical
profession has met with a great loss_.in the
death of Dr. Mutter, so long and so favor
ably known in this city, As a. lecturer and
operator, he had but few equals. Failure
of health, some years ago, compelled him to
lay aside, in a great measure, the active du
ties of his profession. A trip to Europe
was not productive of any benefit, and he
died last week in the city of Charleston, S. C.
Dr. Hayes, surgeon to Dr. Kane's last
Arctic expedition, is engaged to deliver a
short course of leoturg on Arctic Explora
- Mr. Lord continues to deliver his course
of lectures to large and delighted audiences.
Whatever opinion may be formed as to some
of the judgments pronounced by Mr. Lord,
no one can doubt that his lectures are a vast
improvement on the miserable intellectual
food, to say nothing of its religious character,
served up for several Winters, by different
itinerant lecturers, received with large patron
age, and wonderful applause. The profes
sion of public leavers has fallen very low,
and must remain in this oondition until a
better qualified class of men come forward to
assume its responsibilities. Men of true
science apd real literary attainments, will be
found competent to the task,.
Rev. RoBERT HETI' CHAPMAN, D. D., of
.Ashville, North Carolina, has been called
to the First church, Knoxville, Tennes
see, left vacant by the removal of the
Rev. Dt. McMullen, to Stewart College.
Rev. T. D. WARDLA.W, of Paris, Ky, has
received a unanimous call from the church
in Clarksville, Tenn., made vacant by
the removal of Di. Hendrick, to Padu•
Rev. A. Citem has removed from Milford,
Del., to Hanover, 111. ,
Rev. SAMUEL CALDWELL requests corres
pondents and others to address him at
West Hebron, McHenry Co., Illinois.
Nor the Presbyterian Banner and Adioeate.
Tribute of Respect.
WHIIRBAS, It has pleased an all-wise Providence
to remove from earth our esteemed friend and
fellow Union, J. Watson Hughes, therefore, -
Resolved, That in his, death we recognize the
hand of God, who " cloth not afflict willingly, nor
grieve the children of men," but who, in his
providence, ordereth all things aright, though to
us they may appear dark, and mysterious.
Resolved, That although we may well be
grieved at the death of one, who, when among us,
was distinguished for his Christian deportment,
his attention to duty, and hie agreeable disposi
tion; yet we are assured that these virtues which
make his loss so deeply felt, are the source of
hope and consolation to all his surviving friends.
Resolved, That as he was called suddenly' while
in the enjoyment of health, so our lives are
equally uncertain, and'm view of this fact we are
solemnly admonished, not to delay but " seize the
kind, promise while it waits.!' •
Resdlved, That a copy of these resolutions be
sent to the friends of the deceased, and that they
be published in the papers of this borough, and
in the Presbyterian Banner and Advocate.
W T. MBLOT, •
D. H. SLoew, 00132
' G. W. Enown,
Union RA March 11, 1859. •
For the Presbyterian Banner and Advocate
Second Presbyterin Church, Peru, In-
At a meeting of the congregation of the Sec
ond Presbyterian church, in.. Peru,, Indiana, on
the 6th inst., the following was unanimously
WHEREAS, Our beloved pastor, the Rev. A. C.
McClelland has requested this congregation to
unite with him in an application to Presbytery
to dissolve the y pastoral relation he now sustains
toward us ; and, whereas, several reasons exist
which render it unjust that we should refuse his
request, however, reluctant we are to part with
him ; therefore,
Resolved, That while we cannot refuse the re
quest of our pastor to unite with him in the ap
plication to Presbytery to dissolve the pastoral
relation between us;
yet we do so with heartfelt
regret, and under a deep sense of the injury we
might inflict , upon himself and family by a re
Resolved, That the Rev. A. C. McClelland, dur
ing a residence of twelve years among us, by his
consistent piety, his faithfulness and devotion as
a minister, and his uniform Christian conduct and
courtesy, hie kindness and sympathy in all our ,
afflictions, his readiness to engage in every good
word and work calculated to advance the Re
deemer's kingdom, has entitled him to our highest
regard as a Christian minister and friend.
Resolved, That in view of his removal, we ten
der him our warmest wishes for his fature welfare
and usefulness in whatever field he may be called
to labor, and that he has our sincere wishes for
the happiness of himself and family.
Resolved, , That John Reid be, and he is hereby
appointed a Commissioner to attend a meeting of
the Logansport Presbytery, to be held on the 15th
of this month, and unite with our pastor, the
Rev. A. C. McClelland, in his application for the
dissolution of the pastoral relation between us.
Resolved, That the Secretary furnish the Rev.
A. C. McClelland with a copy of the proceedings
of this meeting. JOHN REID, Chairman.
•N. 0. Ross, Secretary.
8tb35 1 111 tpartmtitt+
MR. MCCLINTOCK ' informs our readers, in his
advertisement, of a large and
assortment of carpetings.
Railroad - Convention.
The Convention at Buffalo, on the 16th inst.,
Was largely attended. Forty-six roads were rep
resented. After - a three days session the meet
ing adjourned, without having adopted any im•
portant measures. Sentiment was much divided.
Another Convention is to be held.
The BOARD OF TRUSTEES of Jefferson College, will
meet in the Library Room of the College, on WEDNESDAY,
the 80th inst., `at 11 o'clock A. M. The Annual Contest
between the Literary Societies win take placeat 7 o'clock in
the evening. Punctual attendance of the members. of the
Board is requested. JAMBS McCULLOUGH,
uol2-3t Sec. of Board of Trustees.
The St. Clair Street Bridge.
This oldest of our passage ways connecting the
twin cities, and keeping up a ceaseless intercourse,
is about to be demolished. Already the men are
at work in taking it down. A large amount of
tabor was performed last season, on the abut
ments and piers which are to sustains new struc
ture. The Company is wealthy, and a substantial
and handsome suspension bridge is to be erected,
without any needless delay.
United States Senator.
On the 18th inst., the New Jersey Legislature
lint in Joint Convention, and elected &United States
Senator to succeed Wright, Democrat. John C.
Ten Eyck, of Burlington County, was the Oppo
sition. nominee. The vote stood for Ten Eyck,
gimmican-Republican, forty-two; Yroom, Dem
ocrat, thirty-four; Stockton, American, two.
Mr. Ten Eyck was, therefore, elected Senator for
six years. All the Opposition nominees for
Elotmty'Judges were elected.
BOOB' and Shoes
We feel justified in calling special attention to
the shoe house of Wm. E. Schmertz & Co., No.
31 Fifth Street, between Wood and Market
Streets. Their place of business is in the splen
. did iron front block, just now completed, and
which is an ornament not only to this Street, but
to the whole city. The stock for both the whole
sale and retail trade is large and well selected,
and most of the articles are manufactured directly
to the order of this house. It is said, by those
competent to give an opinion, that the arrange
ments when fully completed, will be superior to
those of any shoe house in New York, Boston,. or
The Cotton Crop.
Nsw Osmans, March 16.—The increased re
ceipts of Cotton at all the ports, as compared
`with the same period last year, is now reduced'
from the highest point, one hundred and thirty
three thousand bales, making the total excess, to
date, eight hundred and eighty thousand bales.
BOY'S CLOTHING, neatly cut, made and sold at
seasonable rates, is a very mane article in our
pities, as most families will admit. To meet this
want the firm of J. L. Carnagban & Co., Federal
tilreet, Allegheny, have increased their facilities
)a this branch, and will give it the attention re
quisite to merit a more liberal' share of patron
iige. Their counters will be found well stored
with the newest styles of the season.
Wheri Lord Stanhope and his immediate sue
ressors had lavished their ingenuity on the print.
log press, though answering the purpose, it still
pame far short•of accomplishing what has been
%bled by recent improvements. So is it with
'cost inventions, and, it , is emphatically so, in the
).rticle of Sewing Machines.
Pmeauaaa, Tuesday, Marsh 22.
Business continues moderately active, and the trade car.
tried on with country purchasers is quiteaotive. Our whole.
ale grocers are also meeting with much encouragement, in
;he way of orders; but the! manufacturing intermits, at
ibough more active than last year, are still depressed to
time extent. Oar rivers are in good order for naviga
ion, having a stage of 11-feet.
• The weather for this swum of the year is 'very fine. The
nut is entirely out of the ground., and. our farmers are
hisy ploughing, for .their Spring wheat. On Friday and
, aturday last we bad a slight fall of snow, and some frost,
ad fear is felt for the fruit crop; but we do not think it
as experienced a great deal of injury, although it is too
:xas to tell whether any, or .how much, damage has been
The Money Market is easy, and the banks are taking all
he geed short time paper offered them. Eastern Exchange
la very mama, and the banks are drawing onlyfor thebreue•
were at par. Outside dealers would have to pay 34 pre
'A= for any that they could purchase.
The following are the quotations or some of the leading
; !tholes of trade of this market.
BUTT= AND Rass—Common Roll, 2 0 4121 n; choice do., 24
125. Eggs, 11c.
Baum—C pored Shoulders, 734(47 3 / 4 ; Sides, 9%; plain
leans, 10% Salsas Cared Rams , 1 1X01234 ,
Baszos-41.50 for strictly prime white. inferior, $Ll2@
Ontman—Choice Western Reserve, 12c.
Minims—Retailing at 480.
litOnn—Superfine, on arrival, at firstname.lastname@example.org, and extra at
7505.87. From store, 5.75, 645, and 6.50 for the three
trades. Rye, 5.00.
• Grum—Oats, 55c. from. first hands, and 57®580. from
4 tore. Corn, 850880. from first hands, and 900. from
i ;tore. Bye, $l.OO from first hands. Barley t Spring, 650
S. Fall, 75c. Wheat: Southern mixed and white, $1 86@y
1;.46, and - Penna. Ned 1.20. •
Onacsaras—fingar by the blid. at 73466, and by the bbl.
t 81:48y,. molasses, 38059 cash, and 40(441 to country.
laden, r 4346180.
Lann—Priute City No. 1,
Lustaza--Lots of all common have sold at $B, and mixed
,ontmon and clear at 8.5(017.0. nuttier: prime lots sell
t feel at Selo it cubic foot.
Ort.--Lard Oil, No. 1, 950. Linseed Oil, mgeo.
Porsavas--From 'store ' * Weshannocks at 1.00 hue., and
5 '.75 t bbL, and red and mixed at 90e. Der bus.
PIG Mamie—Bales of . 9004 bas No. 1 Allegheny. at $28.50,
n rather shorter Was Win usual. Anthracite No. fibt
tooted at $27. c
Sean—(:lover, 5 50,%M` lreti hands, and 6.71 from store;
t the retail way sales aro making at 6.00. Timothy, us,
"Ad Rimmed at 1.6081.65.
Liverpool dates are received to March 6th
The news is important.
The queston of peace or war, on the Continent,
is still deeply agitated, and the aspects in which
affairs are presented, is so varied that the shrewd
est oonjecturers are likely to be at fault. The
English are decidedly for peace. The Austriturs
would also like to have peace, if they may re
tain their Italian possessions. And the French
would prefer peace, if they can' bat have their
own way. The main spring of the war spirit
seems to be Victor Emmanuel, King of Sardinia.
He is a Sovereign of considerable ability. He is
more liberal in hid principles and equitable in his
Government, than is common with Italian Princes.
Ile thinks that Austria has encroached on some
of his neighbors.' He would expel her, and take
her place ; and Louis t apoleon would like to help
him, and to share the benefits. The French and
Austrians have each an army in the Roman
States. The Pope asks their withdrawal ; but it
is supposed that if both would retire, the French
would be no more than well gone, till the Aus
triatis would return. - The clouds thicken over
Italy. Prophecy. looks to great changes there,
soon to occur, and it may be that the storm
which now lowers with fearful portent, may be
commissioned to sweep away the despotism of the
Affairs of interest are being discussed in Par.
liament. The ministry have introduced their Re
form Bill. It is not radical. A few of the most
violent conservatives have left their, but they are
likely to gain strength from, other quarters, and
be sustained. Mr. Bright is not satisfied ;as
neither are Palmerston nor Russel. The latter
seem to be Sombining their forces to overthrow
the Ministry, but D'leraeli has shown much wis
dom, as well as vigor, and is gaining in popularity.
The following are the leading features of the
The bill secures the right of voting to estate
holders of the lowest grade, to house renters and
tenants of apartments of twenty pounds sterling
a year, to recipients of income from any funds or
stocks of twenty pounds a year, and to holders of
deposits of sixty pounds in the aggregate. This
is certainly carrying the property feature to a de
gree of completeness which ought to satisfy all
Englishmen who were content to live in England
pevions to the reforms of 1832. The learned
professions of every class are eubstantially ad
mitted too this franchise, without reserve. Grad
uates of the universities, clergymen of the Es
tablished and all other Churches, all members of
the legal and medical professions, and certified
schoolmasters, are also, if recorded among the
regular members of their respective professions,
admitted to be voters. The nicety of distinction
and detail in regard to these last-named classes
would imply that property qualifications are not
expected from them. Nothing is said, of editors
and journalists, who, it may be, are ex . vcted to
possess both wealth and learning, as is mvariably
the case in the United States.
The French Chamber of Deputies is no sure in
dex of public opinion. But it may be taken as a
pretty correct reflection of the mind of the _Em
peror ; and if so, the following gives no favorable
indication of tranquility:
On the budget being called up for discussion, in
Committee, it was declared, by a vote of ten to
four, that they could not examine a peace budget
in the presence of war demonstrations on every
side, and that a war budget would be required.
They considered it ridiculous to consider the pro
posed figures, when the expenses already incurred,
considerably exceeded the amounts demanded ;
they therefore resolved to await the explanations
of the Government, and although the minority
proposed an amendment, the majority forthwith
rejected it, and persisted in their original vote.
The ifoniteur, however, being the official jour
nal, is a still more sure source of a knowledge of
the Imperial mind, on any given day; and that
paper, on, the sth, contained a pacific article,
which caused the funds to improve, both in Paris
and London. The same' paper also contradicts
the report of an angry conversation that was said
to have occurred between Prince Napoleon and
India and China.
The *dykes contained in the Bombay mail of
Feb. 9th have reached London, by telegraph from
The rebellion in theprovince of Oode is formal
ly declared to be ended.
The British .troops have entered Nepaul, and
have commenced measures to reduce the fugitive
rebels to submission.
There are also advices four days later from
China, but they furnish no news of importance.
The PRESBYTERY OF ALLEGHENY will meet at But
ler, on the Second Tuesday of April, at 11 o'clock A. M.
NEWTON BRACKEN, Stated Clerk.
The PRESBYTERY OF WASHINGTON willhold its next
stated meeting in the chinch of Fairview, ye., commencing
on the Third Tuesday of April, (the 19th,) at 3 o'clock P.
M. JAIdE3 L BROWNSON, Stated Clerk.
The PRESBYTERY OF OSDAR. stands adjourned to meet
in Lisbon, on the Second Tuesday of April, at 2 o'clock I'.
F. A. SIIIESAER, Stated Clerk.
The PRESBYTERY OF STEUBENVILLE will meet, agree•
ably to adjournment, in Steubenville First church, on the
Second Tuesday, 12th of April, at 10 o'clock A.M.
ROBERT WIRRON, Stated Clerk.
The PRESBYTERY OP BARE stands adjourned to meet
in Goahen,lndiana, on the Firet Friday of April, at 7 o'elork
P. M. J. O. BROWN, Stated Clerk.
The PRESBYTERY NEW NEW LISBON stands adjourned
to meet in the church of Salem, in the town of Salem, 0.,
on the Second Tuesday Cathy of April next, at 12 o'clock N.
The churches, according to a standing rule of Presbytery,
will be celled on for Sessional Records, Statistical Reports,
purtored.settlementa, and the finessed fund necessary to de
fray the expenses of the Commissioners to the General
Assembly. . ROBERT HAYS, Stated Clerk.
The PRESBYTERY OF ST. CLAIRSVILLin will meet in
Cadiz, on the Third Tuesday of Apnl, at 31 o'clock A. N.
tlessional Records, Statistical Reports, Congregational
Settlements, and the Commissioners Fund to the General
Assembly, will be called for. JOHN MOFFAT, S. C.
The PRESBYTERY ON BEATNE. will meet in Neshar
nock, on the Third Monday, of April next, at 2 o'clock P. N.
The first day of the meeting is to be spent in religious
exercises. At this meeting, the churches will severally be
called on for Statistical Reports, Scissions' Records, and rz•
ports of settlement with pastors. D. C. RRRD, S. S.
The PRESBYTERY OF ERIE will meet on Tnesdefi
April 12th, at 73,6 o'clock P. M., in Meadville, Pa.
Congregations Will please be punctual in sending np their
statistical reports. Narrativee on the State of Religion will
be forwarded, it is hoped, immediately,
..to Rev. J. R. Find
ley, Mercer, Pa., Chairman . of the Committee on Narrativea
S. J. M. EATON; Stated Clerk.
The PRESBYTERY OF FORT WAYNE stands adjourned
to meet in Lagrange church, on the First Tuesday of April,
at ro'clock P.l. JOHN M. LOWRIE, Stated Clerk.
The PRESBYTERY OF ALLEGItiENTC Y. will meet at
Manchester, on the Second Tneeday of April, at 10 o'clock
A. M. JAMES AUMSON, Stated Clerk.
The PRESBYTERY OF PEORIA will bold its Fltated
Spring meeting at Lew'down, on Friday, April 15th, at
7 o'clock P. M.
"At every stated Spring meeting, the Session of each
church shall present to Presbytery, separately, written re
posts on the state orrellglon, on statistics, and on settle•
ments with their minister during the. year."—Standing
Sessions. are'required to submit, at This meeting, their
records for review, and to pay in the amount assessed for
the Cdmmissioners' and Contingent Funds.
ISAAC A. GOANELthON, Stated Clerk
That part of the Presbytery of Peoria, which wee ap
pointed by the Synod of Illinois to be organised into a new
Presbytery, to be called the PRESBYTERY OF BLOOM
INGTON, will meet at Bloomington, in , tbe First Presbyte
rian church, on Tuesday, April 12th, at 7 o'clock P. M.
The Sessions of churches within the boundaries pre
scribed for the Presbytery of Bloomington, should send the
amount of their assessment, their reports, and records, to
the meeting at Bloomington.
The PRESBYTERY OF DONEGAL will bold its next
stated meeting in the 'church of Bellevue, on 'lneFday,
April 12th, at 11 &clack. A. 111.. The Moderator, the Rec. J.
ki. Rittenhouse, will preacli at the opening of the Sessions.
The Sessions of churches will be required to present
statistical reports, and written reports on the state of reli
gion within tteir respective charges. Contributions will
be taken up for the Presbyterial and Commissioners' Funds.
JOHN FARQUHAR, Stated Clerk.
The PRESBYTERY OF HUNTINGDON will hold its nest
stated meeting in the Presbyterian church or Huntingdon ,
on the Second Tuesday (the 12th) of April, et 11 o'cirel:
Statistical reports from each church Session,
will be called
for at this meeting , and each congregation , , through their
elder, will be expected to report sato whether their pastor's
sahu4r has been paid. ROBERT 8.6.6111.4 S. O.
• The PRESRYTBRY OP BIOELLAND will hold its annual
meeting in Shelby, commencing on the Second Tuesday
((the 12th) of April, at 7 o'clock P. M. Statistical Repute.
Ilarnativee on the State of Religion, and Congregational
Settlements, will be called for, from all the churches•
The following Is the enteasments of Oontingent and Col.: