Presbyterian banner & advocate. (Pittsburgh, Pa.) 1855-1860, January 15, 1859, Image 1

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preibyterlark Baniner."ll•4l,ll, 116.17.
preilryterhus Advesatei Xl7, 114.1111 I
DAVID MeKINNEY, Editor and Proprietor.
3ri,gol-i. 13;ttrt
From a Sister to a Brother, on Presenting
a Bible.
Brotber mind, this book ie given
By a loving sister'a,band ;
may it be your guide to heavon—
To a place at Cbriet's rl i kht hand
Read withinof promieed favor
To the oontrite, broken heart
That, returning seeks the Saviour,
Mourning sin with bitter smart.
See the gates of heaven open
Toreoeive the humble eoul,
That in Jesus finds its portion,
While eternal ages roll,
Read tits threat'nings, too, 'and tremble,
If thou still refuse to henr ;
See stern Juetioe' angel standing--
See We two edged mord ißpetir.
Tremble at, the awful presence
Of a ain-avonging God
See the pit of dire destruction
Open for thy last abode,
Read—reflect—and may the Saviour
Deign his Spirit to bestow,
And awake thee to repentance,
Ere thou sink to endless woe.
Nieldesuille, 1858-,
Far the I , restkyterlan Banner and Advbeste.
eo.Operation of Teaching and Ruling
Rem. 4. Much depends upon the proper
exeroise of discipline in the Church of
Christ. But there can be no efficient dis
cipline in our Church, without the cordial,
co operation of those who are equal in
authority. Here then must be unity of aim
in all the members of the Session. A dif
ference in administrative policy must, sooner
or later result in the destruction of the
Court, or the,eeparation of its members.
But where Ruling Elders may do most
good in matters of discipline, or which might
ultimately require to be dealt with, is in
striving, to bring about an amicable agree
ment among those who are at variance, and
in repressing tendencies to delinquenciee, in
their respective districts; so that the minis
ter may not be under the necessity of rioting
as an officer of justice. And when eases do
occur, which must be taken up, the Ruling
Elders of the church should act so prompt
ly in the matter, that the pastor be not
obliged to take the most prominent pert,' as
the prosecutor of offenders; anymore .than
the presiding officer in our Ceurts,,with
reference to civil and ofimind, cases i t nhjs
especial business being 'to labOr in word
and dootrine.
Rem. 5. We have spo'ken of having each
congregation districted,: and each Beetion
placed under the immediate care of.pne or
more of the members of the Session. d And
with regard to some of the duties Whiff the
Ruling Elders should perfortiCin their igJ
spective districts
(a.) They should, in connexion with the
pastor, visit all the familiesit.their areral;
AlistriOts. This they should niso do alone,,
as oceasion offered , especially' in times of
sickness and distreos.
O.) There should be a regular stated
prayer-meeting held in, each section, of the
congregation, under the lead and control of
its representative s in Session. At these
meetings only the occasional presence of the'
pastor should be expected'. The Ruling
Elder should employ his own' gifts, not as
an expounder- of the Setiptures, but in
Christian counsel, encouragement, warning,
&o. He should also enlist others, and es
pecially. the younger memberEi - of the,ohurch,
in maintaining these meetings; by which
course both the gifts of the Elder and those
of others, may be cultivated ; the Ruler
upon whom the vows of ordination rest, al-,
ways being reponsible. for the manner -in
which snob meetings are eanduoted, as his
conduct and doctrine are always subject to
the review and control of the Parochial Pres
bytery of- which he is a member; which,
when properly employed, will prove a 'safe
guard against error in doctrine and praotice.
This kind of labor and co operation being
safer and more easily secured, than any other
designed to attain the same end, should, we
think, be more frequently resorted to in our
various congregations.
Recent experience shows us how much
honor God seems to be putting upon labors
of this kind, and how safely and profitably
they may be employed; which would seem
to indicate to us the importance 'of the sys
tematic application of E labors so productive
of good, and that we so direct and guard
them that they may , not degenerate.
After the great revival of 1800-1-2,
when it was felt there should be 'more na
tive labors bestowed on the 'vineyard of
the Lord, numbers were hastily, introduced
into the full work of the ministry. gubse
quent experience has taught us that the
measure was unwise, as many of those thus
introdueed; proved'unsound in the faith,
and unsafe guides to the flock. This re
sulVd in the formation of the Dumberland
Presbyterian, ChtlXo ll . We believe, that it
is only necessary properly to enlist the finer
'gies of our intelligent Eldership, greatly, to
extend our bounds, and usefulness as
Church. They, associated mith their breth
ren, with trained and experienced pastors,
having themselves subscribed to " a form of
sound words," would not be likely to pro•
duce schism, and run into such eitravagan
ces as would greatly injure the Cause of
When the whole Parochial 'Presbytery
come together, they should consider points
without their bounds, whieb need the means
of grace; appoint some of their number, to
visit such places; begin prayer-meetings and
Sabbath Schools, i f the way be clear; and,
occasionally, by maintaining meetings for
prayer and praise id their own church, so
- relieve their minister, that be could preach
in such places, and thereby prepare the way
for something more permanent.
(c.) The Elder should, in his respective
district, exert himself in the sabbatli School
cause; so identify himself with the School,
if there be one in his section of the congre
gation, as to exercise a controlling influence
in it, He should encourage the young to
learn the Catechism, attend upon the means
of grace punctually, avoid the formation of
sinful habits, and cultivate early piety...,
(d.) Ruling Elders, in. every congrega
tion, may do much to promote systematic
benevolence among all classes.
Rem. 0. Another means, and a very im
portaot one, of increasing the efficient co
operation of the Ruling with the Teaching
Elder, is a punctual attendance on the part
of the Eldership, upon the regular meetings
of Presbytery. Indeed, we believe no man
should accept the office of Ruling Elder,
who is unwilling to take .his turn in repre
senting his congregation in Presbytery,
which is not only .a part of the functions of
the office to which he has been set apart, but
also a means of securing ,to him advan
tage, and exerting upon influence,
that all (both Preaching and Ruling Elders,)
need, without which they are lily prepared
for their parochial duties, and the bands of
sympathy which should bind our various
congregations together, are severed.
But it is often a heavy tax on the Ruling.
Elder to lose , his time and incur the expense
of traveling to distant places, to attend
these meetings. Every congregation should,
therefore, provide for the expenses (and
loss of time, if need be,) of their represen-,
tative, so that they and ,he do not fail to,
secure advantages, which all concerned May
secure from this source.
Your Committee believe that attention to
the suggestions which have now be'en , pre
sented, would' tend greatly to !increase the
efficient on operation of the Ruling with the
Teaohing Elders of our Church, in promoting
its interests, binding it more firmly to
gether, calling into more lively exercise the
sympathies of its membership one ,for
another, extending its cords, strengthening
its stakes, developing its energies in every
good work; and advancing the. ,cause of re
,liginn not only in our own beloved branch
of Zion, but,also in raising the standard of
piety generally, throughout our land and:the
M Mt
For the Preelenerlan Baanet and Advocate.
Presbyterianism in, Texas--Its Condition
and V ants.
At a late meeting of the Presbytery of
Western l'exas, the subject of Supplies
being. brought up, the discussion elicited
some facts in'referenee to our •great need of
ministerial labor. The rcTorts from , differ
ent quarters were,obeering, .and it was ad-
miffed that there never las been so-nnieh
inquiry abroad among the people 'in our
Nun* and en great a desire for, knowing
the Way of Life.. From every,quarter,,,the
elders bronght up the cry for supplies.;, their
language Wail, We want more ministers.
In view of our necessities, a Committee
was appointed to prepare an article for the
religious.journals, in reference to this, wide
field. In compliance with the duty as
signed me, I will briefly notice some- of our
vacant and most desirable fields:
Ist. Goliad. This town is' situated on
the San-Antonio River, and is- a 'pleasant
and , ; delightful location. The. lands in
Gelled County are rich and cheap, and
'being ebout thirty miles North of Araneaa
Bay, it is edmirefily adapted for cOrn, cotton,
add steek.raising‘, The town has _a p,opuli e
tion of shout six ; hundred, is ,settled
with moral and intellectual people. ,
Aranama College, under the care 'of . the-
Viesbyteryflof :Western Texas,,,and, Paine
Pernale,lnstitute, kMethodist,) are located
hete,and are both ipsupeespful operation.
The Methodist, Baptist,' and pieshyterian
Churches, all have organizationsi but "no
building& They use the , Hall in the Insti
tute. ,We have sixteen: reembers. i , The
people are exceedingly anxious, for Praeby
terian pienching. ' ' -
This'location hate mapy natural : adVan
tages. Helena, in`Carnes County, Can be
connected with it; this_place tbirty.five
aides distant, and a few members- are, there
who are very anxious
,to be supplied. A
very no:enraging, .missionary field can be
carved out in this section. 'The
would depend on the labor given,, and the
man. The Rev. W. C. Blair has been
elected President of ; the College, since the
meeting of Presbytery,, and he will doubt
less occupy a portion of this field; but his
former charge at Green Lake and Port
Lavaca will then= be vacant. In this sea.
tion of the country:is the, growing town of.
Clinton,with, a small organization and the
rich and thickly populate& Mission Valley
which should at once he' energetically oc
Also, Texana, on.the coast, whe.rew. -little
band are now -erecting a neat ,house of
warship. Bat in, reference to this lower
field, address the Rev. d. M. Cochran, at
Victoria, Taxa&
2d. Gonzales. This town is. ,on the
Guadalupe River, and has a population of
about one thousand. The Cantle, or Ova
sales`County are very fertile, and easily cul
tivated. Itis rapidly filling up with intelli
gent and substantial people, who have
means, liberality, and enterprise. Gonzales
College, male and female, is_located in the
town, - and has fine, large buildings, with
experienced teachers, philosophical and
chemical apparatus, and both departments
are now in a • very prosperous condition.•
The Methodist and Beptiet Churches have
buildings; the' Episcopalian, Cumberland,
and 'Old Scheel Presbyterian, have nate.
We have about twenty-five members. They
are exceedingly anxious for a minister.
A promising young lawyer, who is a- mem
' ber of our Church, writes as follows : " We
are still in want of a minister. I have been
looking around to see what we can do' in the
way of salary, and have inquired 'sufficiently
to- know that we cane safely promise: six
hundred dollars per annum, and [believe we
could make up eight hundred the first year;
and for the second, if he proves acceptable
to the people, can doubtless increase his
salary to one thousand or more." This is
an inviting.field. One-half the time would
be spent in points twelve and fifteen miles
distant. ' •
3d. Lockhart. This is the county seat
of Caldwell, which is a rich and rapidly
inereneing county, in soil, &0., like Gon
zales. It has a population of about five
hundred. The society is intelligent and re
fined, and excellent schools 'are in operation.
The Methodist, Campbellite, and Episcopal
Churches; have houses of worship, whilst the
Cumberland and Old School Presbyterians
have a large union building. We have
about thirty members. They are very '
anxious for a' minister, and the noble little
-hand will give any man a hearty-welcome.
Orte.half theetime will-be spent in mission
ary.labor at Prairie Lea, Fair Bun:mitt, and
other intereesting pointn. • About five hun.
dred dollars could be raised-the first, year.
It is expected that the Board, of Doninstin
Missions will aid all tiese needy 'points.
In the last two fields, the traveling will, not
be laborious, as:all the points are at a con
venient distance.. We 'have, also, in this
section .of the State, a numerous otlass, =not
to be Pverloollied We need some men .in
our Presbytery, who can speak the German
langnage. There ILA a large and apiritually i
destitute population, and comparatively little
is yet being done for - them by any Protestant
Church : •
New Braunfels, in Coma] County,. has a
population of near two thoisand, and CaB
- in Medina
,Clounty, has six hundred,`{.
and Fredericksburg, in Gillespie County,
bas several hundred, and'other smaller towns
and large neighborhoods—they should an
. Presbyterian preaching.:,,. They. have,
the peculiar, notions of. the, fatherland, in
religions matters, and"greatly need sound
Gapel -truth. They must 'either be con•
verted, or they must -perish. They are
willing . to hear,..and would belp to sustain
an educated ministr.i.: Who will come and
enter upon this work Certainly a more
inviting missionary (German) field, cannot
be found. They are au industrious' and
thriving people; their-lands are.superior'in
location and .richness. They, pannier by
thousands, ,have their printing, presses,
schools, infidel clubs, 4c., and are still
coming. The harvest is.ripe. The beauti
ful Cibolo. Valley, :which is noted for its
rich lands, fine location, intelligent and
liighly-refiried citizens, is but partly aim-,
pied—here, teo,,is .4
,noble field. ; _ In refer
ence to Gonzales, Looliliart, the Cibolo`, - and
the Gelman work, address the Rev. J. M.
atßeguire, Texas, or she subscriber,
at San. Antonio..,.. But it -is needless to ,
specify ; our Presbytery,lB,almost one wide,
'missionary, field., We can give. - employe:tent,
to all who come among us—all who are
ing to work in their Maater's.cause.
Those 'who belie, families, should bys all
means first visit ,the- State,—select • ,their:
field,, And then remove. Young- men end",
bachelors can come already, equipped with
the whole Gospel armor, and the land is
waiting to be Tossessed. In some sixty
counties, embraced in our rPreshytery, from.
the Colorado to the.. Rio. Grande, but:twelve, ,
or fifteen are in ,part- occupied with twenty
organizations. ,Nearlyfour-fifths have neither
church nor minister of our faith. ' And they
are all in one body, except. Guadalupe-and
Bexar, in the Centre, and Cameron on the
extreme South Westp . which i heye,.one min
ister each. What is this %lit territory to
be neglected by our Church ?- are these
thousands of people, speaking almost every
lingusae, to hear no words of Eternal Life
fromlier ministers:? . God. forbid.
Brother Wilson: and ,myself are, now. the
only- standard-bearers, :in, a:territory large
enough for a noble State; we do "what we
can, but our efforts 'aro only a drop in the
oceans My labors are principally.confined
to this city... West of thisuhurch, :we •have.
.no minister•; , neither has a Presbyteriark's
voice, I believe,ever been heard preaching'
the Gospel of hrist: We sliould'Now have
one or two men, who would bi- willing to
east in their lots with "„the,,saddle-bag com
pany," and travel through the *edipa, At
awes, and Eior46 ilegion; ilk Missionaries.
That section filling up; many :excel
lent families , are -moving in,. •to engage Art
farming and stock-raising, and among, them
we have a number of 'members; but there
is no one to seek them out and organize
churches. Other denominations are.pushing:
di the work, .and we are losinguar members, ,
their faMilies r and- a promising field; How
long shall it .be thus ? ;Who among . our
young and off hand men, will come to •this
frontier work? Oi the Lower Rio Grande,
at Rio Grande City, Roma, and. Laredo,. we
should have a minister.- Those places ,are
and should be occupied by our Church- at
once. The new Rio Grande ConfereneeP
expects to supply them this year; ifpossible;
we should be there also.
I would direct attention to El PaiO;
which ,lies six hundred end' fifty-one'miles
North West from this . city. It is on the
Upper Rio Grande,. and bounded by New
Mexico and Chihuahua. It lies on the
mail route limn New Orle'aus 'and. San Ant
elo to 'San Diego, Which now runs weekly,
'with six mule coahhes, and the, great Mertp;,,
phis and St. Louis oVerlarid mail route. The-,
eountyfias 'over three thousand inhabitantai .
and without a 'Pretest:ant preacher. The
soil is dry upon the uplands, but - red and
rich in the valleys, where 'wheat,and corn
grow well: Coal is fOund in abundance.
The hills are 'covered with several species of
most delicious grapes,
,which will doubtlese,
at no distrlnt day, be what Languedoc is to
France. No country in the known world
can compete, with them in -the style, size,
and flavor of their 'onions whilst their pears'
quinces, and grapes, grow very large, and are
of an extra superior quality. The valley is
fast filling up, and we should Certainly have
a man performing:missionary, labor among
them. There are numbers of little towns
around El Paso,. whilst Fort Bliss is near by,
and Fort Fillmore, which lies on the direct
mail.route is. bat forty-four miles North.
In both Forts a large number of troops and
efleers, with their families, are continua 4
stationed. This is glorious field for any
energetic man, who is willing to occupy the
frontier. 'A knowledge of the Spanish lan
guage would be very important, both here
and on the Lower Rio Grande. Qat coun
try/non are there ; BOMB of them I know,
who have been trained in our Church, and a ,
corrupt Catholicism is now their only wor
ship. They are willing to do their part in
sustaining the Gospel; they look ,to us for
help ; shall we entirely neglect them ?
Now,, in conclusion, the question arise's,
who will come to the " Preabytery of Wes.,
tern Texas," and help us to occupy this
great and promising field 7 It is already
white for the harvest, and Now is the ans.
Ticious time for, laborers.
Other Churches are already vigorously
pushing forward the work of Evanglization,
and it is our duty r not to follow, BUT TO
LEAD I We have a land that is enchant
ingly beautiful; a land of sunshine and
flowers. Oar climate, is unrivalled; and if
there is a healthy spot in the United States,
it is undoubtedly found in the region de
scribed. C9ine over and help us, brethren;
come with a will and courage to „work, 'and
we will give you a hearty welcoine.
But perhaps some who read these lines are
aheady considering their slaty, asking them.'
selvestSuch questions as'thei46:: What kind I:
of ministers are needed ibrihe. Smith WeSal.. -
Am I fitted for the .w0i1c.i., , " Lord i what
wilt thou have me to do. 'After. six years'
experience and observat . ion in frontier life ,
and labor, I cannot bettett,, c sinsiwer the ikului.
ries of swih, -thee by ialibting - fro:6 l The'
Witness, a Baptist paper k iniindiansPolia; In
short,:then, we want, in Tikes, men of. God,
who are able to .go into th "iGospel field and
dogood service. Not - onen—not lazy,
men—not fops, nor dan. a;. but men of'
energy, of true courage; rti en 'of place, , but
not mere place.thari execurrn;rjnen• of well
:disciplined powers, who, arowahle,of i niap r ,-
pitig out their
,field of lab4.and er4 l 2p
adapt the `means AO the end::, ireeNVits,' no
ranclein men, DO eXpc:rialtilkorg t ilp visionary 4
geniuses'' The-:world' aatlie Olitireli havei'el
been ,wellnighrauined by,SUch .nien,, We .
:want:. good ,chmmou.serise tudnisters; men ..
mighty in the Scriptures;ien Of faith, and
of "all prayer.".' We want men Who can
take the hearts of the'peditre 'in their hands. '
, We do not need= men wl4afe always baying ;'
to drum. p for the affectionkof their-Church.
We must have leaders vvlael. will not make
mistakes.. Men to have .tO go ; ; backward
half of their time to get into. the right track'
themselves, can never 11'2.4 the' eonfidanee
of their peg ple,: and•hence4re noriprofitable -
in Zion. We want men .of Universal adapL, '
tation, Universal applicatifin Men WhOlave
the cause. of Christ and 'the.eouls ,of men
'more than they do themseivds ; men,.whe
are minister from a senseil duty;,.and, who
are willing' to endure' Ofdings 'as , good '
soldiers. We want men ' who. are able ' .to"
make.places, rather than hunt ,pleons; Men
who are looking out for fields here churches
may be made, rather than *< good, , strong,-
liberid:churches, wheretbiey-may obtain' a '
i pleasant' home and fat salary. - ''
But, to speed* no further,ionr Presbyter*
must , have more.ministers:le- Odr. fields are :
numerous . they are verywhite—fully ready , , '1
for the sickle. But often' Yam asked; in
letters; 'have you good meeting henaes„ :and'
are the churches pleasant, ind able to pay ,
good salaries r. Nothing. of all this, is our
reply. < The fields are here, ltnd . they are 1
full of promise to the Gospel. labeler.' The
people are to be githered,.and they are 'very-,
willingii, the, meeting houses, .are .to be,
'erected, and the churches to- be. organized
and. built up.. ' •This isleasible..4 Nothing isd
wanting but men of the' right 4 ,str. ‘.. For
`the Lord of. the harvest, has pi.oriiiiied;that
he! that soweth. bountifullY `Oen; also reap
ibountifully. .Oome,over.and help u;!
Should any minister desire I lurtliei infer- "
,cation in reference to the: had designated ,
above, andrespecially West-ofithis eity,; : any k
thing in iirpower will be , ch.:wittily given, J
by , addressing ' it. F.lidiziliva, '
San Antaltio - nict.s:
From our Loudon Correspondent,
Bright's Speech. at Ithinchester—A..- Squire arid
, ,his Tenantry = The •Paper Duty—Hottiehold
Suffrage—The Present Blietoriel Rollin Counties
and Boroughs—The Game Laws and their De
moralizing Resutts,---, The Tattles otihe " Times '
—Lord John on`' American Legal Codr4tAtr.
- -Bright's ;Warning=Diirae.di and: the Cabinet--
Lord Stanley's Address; to the Cadets for iradia--
Eneouragemt and Counsel—Duty of British
o:Xceis'to the Natives—A itfohaiiiinedan Gentle
man " sworn in" an Attorney—Deaths of Ladies
from Fire—Crinoline and its Perils—Secret So
cieties in Ireland—Recent Arrests=Tke Biband
men and the Priests—l enerak Peel and " the
Garden of the Soul , Bigoted Chaplain
Genera-The Boddie's Frientre'Bosiety—Good
News from India:
LONDON, Deeember , l7th, 1858.
MR. BRIGHT delivered another remark 7...
able speech, last. week, in the v Free.Trade
.Hall, Manchestey. He reviewed ,the pro
gress of liberal ineapnies sine. the lament
able " Manahesger toessiere," .l :(cennected
with an Anti=Corn Law.tneeting,) forty years..
ago. The Corn Laws have...since been
abolished and a Reform Bill had been .ob
tained. And now there was the "kmucing
spectacle" of the Tory party "actually
engaged, at this very hour, in cinisiderinv
the claims of the4leform Bill, which shall .
still fartber.extend politioal rights- ; to the
great mass} of the people,of this country."
Mr.. Bright, from all,that had been done,
took heart and hope for still greater things
in the future. He urged the concession of '
the ballot, as the true means to put dOwn
corrupt , practices ',at, elections, and quoted
Lord llifinatilay in its, favor. He then
amusinglY.lihomed up a oolustry..gertgeman's
notions 1 , of the freedoM ter , be erijoyed ,, by
the tenantry of a landlord • -
The speech was made by. 131kB..Dryden st s
Conservative dinner at Northam if,
it is most instructive. He hal 'spoken
candor and fiat:An ese; and let us behind the scenes.
He gives utterance to hie "views upon the just rhea -
of landlords and the ditties of tenants id political
matters. Thus he s,ays! .‘ A tenant hid no right
to;ufle his landlord's laid, and to vote against him
(laughter;)'but, on the other hand, a land!ord
had no right to make" s tenant vote spinet his
principles. He had long - decided what he should
do if ever a case arose with his own tenants, and
one had occurred. He thought that where there
was a difference between the landlord and the
tenant the tenant should not vote (laughter.) He
did not canvass his own tenants, but before taking
one he always tiatisfted'himself as to his principles
(continuedlanghter ;):and then, if after that the
tenant thought proper to turn round; he . thought
he might fairly come down upon him (great
laughter.) •Sontetimes case would occur where,
from the death of a landlord, the new landlord
would be of different principles to the old' one ;-
and in that case he thought the tenant should re
main neutral." (laUghter.) Now, this seems to
me to be an attempt to rednee the political
lions between landlord and tenant with sort Of
mathematical aocUraoy i but ; it convinces we Unit
they would all be relieved most effectually by the
vote by ballot, and that Sir H. Dryden might
shut up his book of theories, and content himself,
if he pleased, with the supposition that all his
tenants votod for hiin; for if he had the vote by
ballot he would never know the contrary.
(laughter and cheers.)
He next dwelt on the importance of
repealing the tax on paper, which is really
a tax on knowledge, especially on political
knowledge. . ‘ 4 The tax upon the cheap
newsparw,,makes it not a`, bad one, but it
prevents it being so good ke it might be, for
it benches on a fund that might be em
ployed by - the proprietors in obtaining high
literary talent to instruct the people, and
spread intelligence of all kinds, political
as well as other knowledge, among, the mass
of the community. [Hear, hear.] I ask
you, then, to assist the battle of the paper
duty. It is an important political question."
On this particular point, a London piper
maker has stated to me his opinion that the
repeal of the duty will certainly raise the
price of paper. It will benefail to some
. .
extent ? newspaper proprietors, but will
ecarielftnake any difference in the pried' of
books,' for which, !aig - a rule, ;the English
reading publiO ',demand - paper ;of superior
character,. and whose, -weight, as a rule, is
not great enough'toutake, much difference
to , the indiiidaaj purchaser. It is impeasi
bie for litertirjr teen' and : studenta 'here not
to long for cheaper books, such 98 are to be
had in America. Many.a, library is sinctily
urnrsheti on-this , debo'uno The price ,
to is very, largo, especially to
those of 'high reputation either 'in the
strictly Soientifin - and..llteiarY,'_dr' in, e
theological , 'rb i e tax paper Is
-alma* certain to be thrown Off 'nett -session
of the
ties alreed , Yrigiidtereii i" - riote.'ia' to ' the dOW.
eirablenekiithe i rePeal; the' Cabinet only
'tilea4ftli d fOr delay. It trings into ' the'
^Treasury,' now, 'between_ one and 'two
lions' alerting. - 'The' main Object ''of Mr.
Bright's speech Nits the advomkeY of tcgreatlY ;
increased' enlititemenV of the Constituency .
which TrOtisii of Commons. It
does scent an' ariornOlY! that the 'Present' s
eleetoral bddy should amount' to only avo '
hundied i "thousand. The folloWidg ;
the "piettire drown of imnstittienoy in
equaties,iiidlt` will be intereating to' Amer- '
Qan readers to see the real influence he'.
' -
1011gitig to s .€ 4 the landed interest" .and ' the
anstedrao3r over the Honse of COmmonS :
The counties, as yon know, return their mem
bers chiefly - by the of freeholders and the
occu.piers , of - honses';'pf the value . of £5O per
annum and upwards. Of the latter class ,< there
are about two bitadred theneand, bUt of occupiers
between: ZIO l'find by parliamentary:
returns lately. printed, there,are no-fewer,than
four hundred thousand; but the eXistenee 'of"
these four itundiedthbusand ie eittrely'4'gnoredP
and excluded bythe.twehundredthensand, 'who
are, to a large extent, occupiers of lank for
which theyhave no leases `
,' are dependent Upon
the good will.of their landlords, and , their, votes,
speaking generally„ are employed te swell the,
power of the great landed proPriettirilh all ribs"
county electietwof the •kingdomt4 (Rear, hear.)
I:ordperhyis a man who has the : met; of ex
,pressing veryttentirsiery , hurt herneane;: Ho'
a great maker Of-the English•lingtiage, ;and be.
declared aocurately, what hemeant pir)iett he said
!that if any one would tell hiin what: Were the
polities. of three` or four 'groat landed proprietors
is any county,* iscoulditell him what- werethe
politics of the members for that county.
,(Laughter.) We might fancy, if we did net know
soinething about it; that this was ,a conjuring . ,
trick ; but it, is that which we all The
three Or four great proprietors are'the conatitnen
cies ot your conntiee, and:the members are the.
representatives of those,great proprietors. They'
have, is you know„ sybipathy ith nom=
merce of any kind ; for the laattlsixty years, at
least, theyhave, never - exhibited , any sympathies ,
in favor of parliamentary refOrm. 'And how
should they? ' They committed to the Main
tenance, of the peerage, and tothat which may,
be defined as the territorial pewer ; they do not
come into the occupations' of irade';- - they find
employment;- at! least they, find!' salaries; 4% the.
military or naval service of the country,_ or, they
take shelterframAiatorms of life'insiimn - Sing
f,imily twin ureic.s I , 3rentnre ito :say
that.if it were poindhle,te obtain an aocerate,,ac
'count of the receipts and rMyineete 'of thee°
families, I believe - it would , he found that there
are many hundredsi nay, I, may say, thousands,
, Who get moreemoluments Or Salaries &aim
from the - sixt y or "seventy thilliens of taxation; or
from• that portion of the public revenue which for
a time is entrusted 'Co the Established Church,
than the whole 'Of the taxes which 'they annually
contribute' toward the, expenditure-;of the State.
As to:the h,cirotighs,th&dietribution of the.
franchise .is most unjust and unequal. ..The
entire population of seventy ; one bprongtl4, ,
amounts only to' and SiitY- •
seven . thhinniiil,Por not' nineh k4 mtire than 'the''
population 'of Blancheitfiee There fire
four boroughs; with -eightlhotsandiaegi lase ,.,
inhabitants and. "the. half .of t
boniughs,. which return . eightylme,: meth-
hers; have no n notion' : 'pritsiice"tia the'
'power of free" ale'Ctidn„ Whateioi,":' l This; i$
'if is Tiddtid;i "propertylas vistinduence
the government of the 'Opuntryi. and -it, per
~ property 'from, the .fair
higdee of taxation."
The. gqme law; were : next attacked. We
faVe . sonie shockingm urders recently coin.:
oat the'adtlatry; ladtint makeigldr. Bright's , •
language more emphatic, in connexiow-with..
the evils produced-in
".Yon Bright,. "Men
going mil armed, ag.o„tolivelect 00413,
•eheep,„anci. poultry, balliskwhich 'the Jaw ;
does not dare' to desighilikiailiie it 'dibl i.
you haieluither,.bandilif to!thent
teeth, proWling aboutinalinost every .coentyir,
to 'destroy this ;game,
and: you have outrages. : , ,
inch as have been described to us within...,
the list month, in .which s e veral of - .obi •
fellest-crentitigil hiIA - Veen murdered." '• • •
The neesiiti. -Refoitit - sWas'ilen nrgedi
as the sequence :of the premises. - ;Mr"...
Bright proposes a household suffrage,;: that
' is, thatrevery one .thatnecripies a house, and
pays parish rates, Shill have a vote. The
1 • Times retorts -that 'thti -*cilia' 'deprive' "
laborers - who' occupy - houses - in- the country;..
who-pay no rates, froth - 'voting. - But the
Times is not honest on-this point. It is not
for household suffrage at.all..
Bright, h'oW the people . are
improving, aiSteriell;t:iiik mentioba!:
the hot, tbat tavilittailted thousand .pertiontk: :
are . members* oPßentfit. Societies. But ;the.
Tithes.. pooh-poohs: this also, and declares,';
with Borne - truth,,that*Tenefit Societies' arid •
Clubs ofteo. fraudulently managed, and
that a-great dial'Of.the spent on
drink,: in public :louses, f•wherc their meet. ,
ings are - held: Indeed, itiaterts . that their
rules of" " benefit" are conetructed on
such. an ultra-liberal'. scale, es to necessi
tate certain ,bankruPtcy..•eome. . day, near
or - distant:v "think' this charge is • too
• Sweeping. - dlt 'has - :soma truth One
respectable; aged Chibitistn'man;*Rknown
to me, is now poor, indeed, :having', lost to
the extent of X9O, the investments which,
as a working' , carpenter; .he had made' in a
Benefit Society,; in .• the . city of. London,
during a -seriee.of years. • The old members
- are often thus sacrificed -by a bankruptcy,
end then, with young and heilihy inernbors,
'the 'Society starts afresh,'
Reference to American Institutions, in
Mr: , Brights previous speeches,• and animal='
versione.thereon, drew. from him, . at, Man- .
chester, the following nbserVatione:.
- These men assail me because I have praised the
institutions of America ; and, probably, if I were
in France; and a Frenchman also, they:would pros
ecute me. One word more on the subject. I
would not propose any institution in this country
because I found it 'elsewhere. There are many
things erroneous in the customs of the United
States with which I do not agree, but I protest
against being abut up, or being deprived fronl•
taking anything from, them but,cotten, rice; and
tobacco. Now I am told that. my friend Plitt;
who is connected 4itit - an- eminent firm iii the
neighborhood of: , Manchester v i imported. ,;front
Philadelphia, South West Corner' Of' Seventh and Chestnut Streets
A itioriCrs a wondeifal:Rmi3hibilifor,inaking bricks'
We ila. apprehensive 7 o7 A-m,Trica4V‘ri/Nfm# ll P e eiti-e4*e have ,
persons apprehensive or
' an 1E1%410.0; ihSt ttiey
contintially birry revolvers - about their' pe,rsons;
of American ,inanufacture (loud ,cheers.)- Lam
told we haie a, manufactory for.' small arms at
Enfield, which is got also • from AriitiriCti, 2 ' where.;
Ailey can turn out a, gan stoph in twenty minutes
and I hope that &Ir.. Miles will not be horrified
when he learn's' that tli6y have actually gotArlitiV
cans, to show them liow to work it (lan gtterotti.d. ;
cheers.) And we have the , Timm, Stir, and the'
Telegraph, as "well as some Other of the. leading
newspapers,.which have machines from the insuiel
country; and.the Manchester -Examiner, and I be-.
neve two of three of the widest circulat'ed among
the weeklY *ere +Printed :by ma
chinery made in} Ameriea; ,or. brought intof notice
by American patents ;. and %you not remember
'that ladies'stiliscribed tett &bleak'
purpose of; inviting a clever fariner,fro,M 9 1 , 11 n: to
show them how totatne horses?, (laugliter!')
in point of fact, yon may hat% anything Anierican'
but politics.. You may delight tiourselves' with
their charming poets, such as Longfellow, and
May: YoU may he'interested and instructed by
their.historians,. such as Biiitiroft;,but , call for ,a.
popular institution, .or praise the Institutions of,
your ' couniiymere of Amerlea,'-aUeyOti' are •
flounced ab unpatriotic; and - treasonable to:the
House•of Lords. - ,
Lnrd - John Russel was then, glinted as,
praising New York and 'Louisiana; with .
internee& o "`their laws treirig , ,," so 4ini.lT
ply oodefied• tlh '
at aEfewctdays.Would enable
one An, master'thca ;" and Lnrd Carlisle as,
having said that in the Free
,tnat ! es, at
least; the; eople heir an active, and, en" the'
*hole, useful- part, in' all' the'-`nbiiierns
daily government ; and "of political f; &illy •
fife s ".s and that 44 , gushing abundance strtiok ,
him, as the, prominent .ohal:antflistin-,of
land " Mr„ bright says that 4 ! he cannot .
,help it' if Lord bite 'fallen Into c fooliati
,panic"---==referring' to the inediftect opifiions
recently expressed , brhitn. ,
Brightionnoludes .his ,spookily warn-1
ing both theWhigsand,Torimagainsta, coin:
dna in passing an iinperfeot Reform
Atienitainle awaken piiireairne indigAtilftit
against' the rifling classes ' Which; lie' be=
Hewed, theytWould'bh:*holly'unabl&,to.:nori--
tend agaitiste, pap ‘annoatioed- , L his , f intentiew
'of bringing in a separate bill ; of, his . own,
independent of :that' of, the
With" hawlenie eye,: ilenjaidd Disraeli
watch es' all ittati Inovenientif Land, 1. • ben -
junction • with the Afore 'advateladdiberale , of
the Cabinet v .he is doubtless I nkosild keg and
shaPlig-i:M4F.efeT'm ,Bill, which, while ft.,,
couoiliatas the `maistei, and will p'rehablY
give' votes feliteiaii , toili, as jubh, -
hopeslieePqiiin party iii
• and -pay;', and lcae:on.othe ehailitai de tofi the I
tElonse of Commons the. Whigs,' iheir herek,
itary enemies.,
5 •
LoAD, §r.sriLric bs/, delivering
very dm rabla VidA2ggClAivee?ldar9N 3 40 the
successful et:igineer ealfeti l at - Addisconibe
CollegeOictere Weir' depariiie l qie riaik
He Toinied oatAhe4eenlin - rftrl'ati
lishatan,3espebially , in -the! militafy,
service, now occupies in the Piat,3l,. -
",Everything in Asia- 7 pnblio,s4ofel l y, na
,tional honor,: personal reputationotir'
the fore of iidividial 'character. In
England, law'and. routine are the limits!ef .
Personal action, for society is atronger4han
anY iFt" In , in IT. l PiarY, life
particular, inecropeteney is r never Oirn,iki
nentlileafe *6i - detection, and valor,' with
perseverance, need -never'''despair:` of "'an
npportunity!!! kin proof;of thislastpositiorq
Lord S. referred:, to Hat:o)44l .es,- Only, ~
shining out in his glory. ! two years ago,
:when neither he nor . his friends , could have
anticipated thatqle - nithe wa s l'Oittke a
placein ' , history. Distinetion was
delayed ; it was unsought for, - hutdt Cameirtt,
last"' So
Duke of
been,Aith r ,Metealfp; and ;
"even the Duke , of *Ong*, in.early.
,had contemplated the ' abandonment of' mili
tary life. 't
Such• cheering J Wordst and examples are'
very neoemaryi for that lonely and " weary_
land ; How.d9ttiAe YouPg,m.nzk.Pilaetfer home
How monotonous in ordinary : p4e,e,Alneflt,
( their existence l` What a "hope deferred"
; istheir's I God'etrations - Spiritthus often
'visits, . them, . and... rums. -theirrtyearning
'thoughts and .heartat ithildh6o4ll d s,
and• a mother's, teithingaindtprayem Thusi
are they often,..itiught-,.-eventtitodalthitsleft
gionvf4Christonly can filLup, aching_
iindpgivriench, consolationar is. are.
true, and permanent. . ,
As. to: the treatment;:tby.officersidqfl the
natives, Lord StanleyFspaketivith greatteerne
lestniss and power:. He urged` the young/
;.men-to .ffavoid ignorant and unwise conducki
toward ,all-that is Asiatic!' * * ."=For a:
European India; there eirititly
Vate life: is,one of the rulingrape? then 1
few among:the many—one of. a popnlatibn
ten thousand- strong- I among more tent
times as many There are;`itle as
many know oreare about it, q uic k eyes to
his,wateh.. .eondttet, *Ala ou g ., ?Fi
I: ready. enough', to disparage his name and his:
t race. A single officer who forgets Wit'ire
is an officer and a gentlenian, does intlie ,
harm to the moral influence of this Country,;'
than ten men of-blameless life eau dOgood:”.
These remarks !?ere l enthusiastically o re ,
.'„Ceived; and Mark ihe mangnration of a new
era in India. fiord Stanley'dbes not refer
' to Christianitt aii the secret of gentle;
~ rtess, kindness, and justice. toward theLna;
tives,:and that is to be regretted. Otherk
who have delivered similar addresses , did
not' forget to say ao.
recently sworn in as a Solicitor before Her,
Majesty% Jedges. There was a little delay,
,:'about' the admiasion as the with fortierly'
.taken wee, '"'on t,the itrue faith of a:Chris.
..:tian;" but Lord Campbell rdled that
rectint act (under which-Rothchild took*,
seat in the Rouse of Commons,) rendered
the oath unneoessary. I have little &Mitt
!that this Mohammedan. gentleman-la:the
. same whom I met on a river, Steamer du
August r and interview with 'whew ? , in
connexion with the discussion of. Indian
matters, and the teaching of religion 'in
Government - Schools, you may remember;
was described at ilingth. He told ino that
his intention was to praetisir-in the:native ,
Courts ofJustiee, in the town Of Bombay.
dresses taking. fire, have _been- frightfully
frequent during the last. year or so: The I
latest victims are two daughters of the Earl I
of Bedfore, Ladies Lipp and :Cftsrlotte
BridgMan.The 'dres of, he first mentioned
took fi re I as she stoo d before the fire, . She
rau. sereaming to the lobby.. sister.fol
lowed and. trie&to put 'mit the flames, and
both' haVe"perish d' inftt#6a
the expanded` dresses riowv,frriir,
By 144 - or aCthiMilel, sl.lso.per Year, ton IiBOSEISCITS.
Delivered it the 'City; L 75 - "
WHOLE' No: 829
lomable,Zand of which (such is the bondage
there seeMs: litt ah6pe of abate
men t.. 7 in - apite of the :remotiOranega of the
press, - abd the incessantnaricaturelLef Mr.
ranch--unless the Empress Eugenie awl.
her ladies their benignant - ver
eigily resolveipen and dedree a new mode
rmitogethei. Recommendation are given 9/ Ot
r , stand., ap:ufter the.. dreesctakes- tire, &c.,;
. I b;ntlthw•fright tn,zi unnerFes.the trifferer, that
practically, these suggestions seem almost
imitfilese; - A washing Solcitionis
'olel r be, made- fire
proof ; . ,and at is, probable some enterprising
,manufactiirer will 'adopt, they plin. ref&
I to this . matter-because thee` peril .pertain to
American as well as,to English families.
A A. number of years. ago, I saw standing,
in the Summer evening light of a window
recesa L the lovely daughter of Christian
nobleman She ;alai' about, b . :, repair to an
adjoibieg , telnporart , Chrirob, where; by a
Presbyterian itinister;, the 'Gospel Was wont
'to be preached, on Sabbath evenings!: Not
long after, her dress-took:fire, and she was,
(not withon't showing' that , beds was the
; faith of God's dear children,) after - much
agony, snatched away,
~, A mother's heart
etas . well nig,h, broken, and her intellect
pniitilinentlYdietutbed by 'the
. sid catastro
h. qbet, it• is I true, was before the , days
of crinoline, and the peril has always, existed.
... ) it is fearfully i ncreased
WRATH:ER ia. now mild. In Novem
ber there, weeya sudden accession of cold,
"ahcompaniedbyfnge,, and greatly increased
'tkidloreSa aml,rportralitY over the country,.
'and espectiltrje`kh4 Metropolis.
BORST SOCIFTLES' have been busy in
Ireland. ' A nuniber" of arrests have been
made this week' add fast, of parties =in dif
, ferent parts of the country , whose designs
are iiid'-to'be tilifeoliable The Government
has been. watching the Riband Societies
verpploselyz,,, On, last Sabbath evening, a
:body of
Were suddenly surprised
•by the _pOlfee the town of Belfast, and
• -
carriedoff to ' ln like man er
number of= young' men haim peen :seised at
Iw Skib.berenti,l Kenmoreiend Killarney. All
ate Reiner; Gatholiee, a i nd have been plolting,
it is sa,i4;l;lit theitissandSsire„ of obtaining
.1.1 a; toiise:Of i Anierliftefililius6ra, in c.rder to
: t ereatel revolt:l.46'lin tlreland Hatred of •
Prbtestatit F•lnatitutions,Yeoupled with euoh
`' ion:lenge petllatriansl,,foolfehzvanity as led to.
T;rthe msvemprits of•Sinith O'Brien and John
'l , Mitehell,bas doubtless instigateclthiSettempt
at 'dNinietaile, - whiiih is virtually "-extin.
guished Soeue fit'onthiciego, an
neunced that, an - Iris k 'Rifle ,Regintent, all
c Papists, inteiifetf wct ift oast tit' -Ireland
'With ,rulairarid 'accoutrements, on a professed'
qto Altair; Stave land., Lords Napier,
i f 4 4 Ulit,Lerptcitiedssizlend , the Govern
*slit, _at nbiligton the views of the Brit.
ish Cabinet en the subject, and it ie 'certain'
that alleied to' land
in Ireland. - That country is comparatively
prosperous and peaceful ; and the peasantry
,would not follow a rebel Standard. Besides
the . ,curkehiig,prielta have too much at
Stall:Pas `their teniporat interests—to say
'inching of-U r :Sal Utary dislike of the gallows—
cto •hound ,the., people. against England,
although,they, : are : taught to hate her, and
,Jent:for her.dourofall. But they ate justly
, eltposid a to l great 'odium, from_ the fact. that
Bibsitil'Soeiptiee flourish In spite of them.
A goOdiliaPistAttlinil? consistent, afteti all, in
beidga RibandMin, an disworn to exterminate_
the‘'l3ereties; 4rolibishop
,organsmake a very poor defence t fo,ithe lack
of success of Church teentipnaries;in pitting
down Secret Societis ikfin ~;
liefetring ; to,,Triih,Roll4l.tit is a painful
fact,' , '"iliat," - donee:llion with the army,;
great' 4 and c ,infreßiiokierenticeisibiti: ha**
been lately Made to it, but 'lash
1 t that by
~ ...
order. sots General 9 Peoli:Sectretszy at War,
copies of Clhalloner's- Garden of the Soul )
Contsitrittertie - ifiy . 93 i* the 'Croia;'` Visits to
the ElOstOd.:7Bacrami)ot3'l)evetions, to the
Sacred Ilearli i lka Mors, with 'azoonipany
,,iing deVotions , turd instruetione,'? „bound up
with the Rheims - Now Testamentiu English,
linu r furph4rja h rt the, public expense,
to Roman' Catholic soldiers. .
In 'all the Rev.' Mr. 'Grieg,. the
,Chaplain General f ra higotted High" Church-
Pally acquiesces; and at the same:time, beds
~; o rganising a new Soldiers! , Vriends' • Society,
„which shallbe compocesl,:exqusbrOt.y,nf Mem
-4ers'l4.ilifiEstallelied4Cluirelies of England
rand'Sli4triine j
iii'Oppnitiorikto the old
;Soldiers Prienila ' Sintiety,tand quite im.har
grzinkWith'OU'eanduat pf:)the man, who did
* i t 41 4 t?TSPFIO , 4` iB4 Preehr'eriaa
being- appolpted. The last named
ed So
:defy:la noble work at beme, and
espemally in India. It is delightful to find
how many Christian "officers and soldies in
the East appreciate itevalizie, and subscribe
to its
ThelitestaiuruNiwilv is very, cheering.
The :.:Talcieriderslundjiebelleaders in Oade
were fast torbrnittin6as also several Chiefs in
Central India The groclatuatihn o of the
„Queen hatipOdiipedatiericellent iMpteetion,
and'the "proffered iiiiinesO l eperates
rani: The'YTint'es?'‘'eerreeptind6t- at •Cii,l
- anal civilians' in
the Government employ, icakealthe gratify
ing ...daelatetitm, tkat, Fly; prohibition virere
p . laced oil poll' rtberty'tq subscribe to ,Mis
sionary Sticietiel,litigesi'nrimbers of them,
ineltiding the kiirst"Mon, would unhesitatingly
- resign. • We- :Government:will venture to
`'brave such hight principle as that ; the ma
:ligharit neutrality! party must , be content
;with' tiimehirig their; teeth, - without the
i poWer tdoairy' out their infidel policy.
T. S.—Mr. Bright bas t tine' week, -- deliv.
,ared- a second speech to an immense meeting
at . Edinburgh.'"<
WlTsrriAn ekainination of the late con
vention jeftinals"Will isiteWtilcat the Contrail,-
tionsluitie Wen' iirgestnfilltAideti cases, - nob'
as' St. Philip's, Philadapiffaikklt. George's,
New iYork4 and a the eiixelk,of ,the Atone
ment; Phil a4e)phia, which the ministers
have rinitothe groat revival movement
of-this Stoniner: So far *friiin - a sympathy
1J and co. operatitin'qii'the - =general work di
minishing ifitekestinthe amial, it increases
it, just in the same way that men who loves g
his country l .Inr. an addiAionalt reason for
hiving his home. Episcopal
'l3rsure Ito mend that in thyself Which
thou Afilersrestadoth exceedingly, displease
sx '6.43f= tot4em