Presbyterian banner & advocate. (Pittsburgh, Pa.) 1855-1860, November 27, 1858, Image 1

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Presbyterian ]tanners Vet. VII, lio.lo
Presbyterian Aive•ate, Vol. lxi, We. 5.
DAVID MeHINNEY, Editor and Proprietor.
Psalmody and the Reformation.
The author of "The Voice of Christian
Life in Song," a new work just issued in
England, and which the Messrs Carters, of
/ New York, have reprinted, thus adverts to the
tendency which bas been displayed in Soot
and to cling to the Psalms of David. Other
reasons may be assigned, but.the position of
this writer is no doubt true. In Scotland,
the Reformers did not consider how little
they might safely throw away, but taking
the Bible in their hantio, they merely in
quired, what does God here teach us and bid
us do. They built not on fathers nor me
diaeval practices, but on " thus saith the
Lord." We quote from pp. 253, 254, 255 :
" When we remember that the same ab
woe of an Evangelical National Hymn Li
terature, springing up spontaneously as a
natural growth of the Reformation, which
characterizes the Reformed Churches of
France and French Switzerland, exists also
in the sister Church of Scotland, it is im
possible not to connect this fact with the
similar form which the Reformation took in
all these lands. None of the strictly Cal
vinistio communities have a hymn book
dating back to the Reformation. It cannot
surely be their doctrine which caused this;
many of the beet known and most deeply
treasured of the more modern hymns of
Germany and England, have been written by
those who repeive the doctrines known as
Calvinistic. Nor can it proceed from any
peculiarity of race, or deficiency in popular
love of music and song. French and Scotch
national character are too dissimilar to ex•
plain the resemblance ; whilst France has
--Any national melodies and songs, and Soot.
Lnd is peculiarly rich in both. Is not the
.use, then, simply the common ideal of exter
nal ecclesiastical forms which pervaded all the
Churches reformed on the Genevan type?
The intervening chapters of Church history
were, as it were, folded up, as too blotted
and marred for truth to be read to profit
them; and, next to the first chapter, viz ,
ae Acts of Apostles, was to stand, as the
second chapter, the history of the Reformed
Chinches Words were to resume their
original Bible meaning; nothing was to be
eoeived that could not be traced back to
to Divine hand. Ecclesiastical order was
'as to be such as St. Paul had established,
had fpund established; clearly to be
Iced, it was believed, in the Acts and
iostnlioal Epistles. And, since the in
iration which glowed on the gitted lips of
)ostolic days existed no longer, and the
Irus and hymns, and spiritual songs, in
.ich St. Paul had delighted, formed no
rt of the New Testament Canon, re
inree must be had to an older liturgy
inspired throughout—at once most hu
m and most Divine. Thus the Book
Psalms became the hymn-book of
,e Reformed Churches, adapted to grave
id solemn music, in metrical transla
ms whose one aim arid glory was to
ander into measure which could be sung
the very words of the old Hebrew Psalms
By what ingenious transpositions and com
pressions of words and syllables this has been
accomplished, in the case of Scotland, is
known to those who attend the Scotch Presby
terian services. The labor must have been
consnientiously and painfully accomplished;
for although the result may, to the unini•
`Wed, bear something of the same ream
lance to poetry as the-fitting of fragments
Hebrew temple and Christian church,
,nto the walls of Jerusalem, bears to ambito
/re—columns reversed, and - mouldings dis
lonnected—yet the very words are there, and
le use to which they are applied is most ea
.ed. At all events, the Scotch Psalms are
vide Psalms, and not modern medita
is on them; and with all the sacred asso
itions Which two nenturies of such a Church
istory as that of Scotland has gathered round
le song of to day, mingling it with ech.
!ts from mountain gatherings, and- martyrs'
isons and scaffolds, and joyful death beds,
ibably no hymn book could ever be one-
Lif so musical or poetinal to Scotch hearts,
those strange, rough verses. The Para
rases combined with them have a later
Lein and another history, and do not alter
fact that David's Psalter was the first
imbook of the Reformed, or Genevan
11 England, in this, as in so many other
nge, takes a middle place; in some
isure a city of refuge, where both forms
the Reformation lived tranquilly side by
le, and also a border land where both met
,d contended." .
For the Preebytetian Better end Advocate.
Theology of Missions.
The Bible is full of the Theology of
Isions Also in the Creeds and Symbols
the various denominations of the Church
iverml, there is much of the Thpology
Missions, and there is much agreement,
in reference to this subject, however
iy may differ on other points. The
'tripe's with one accord, and as with one
ice, send forth no uncertain sound. But
is not the intention to present here the
tole circle of doctrines or Scriptural
Lohings which pertain to Missions, and
licit: have Christ for their centre and the
irld for their field.
There is one point not generally reflected
in, and about which there seems to be
'certainty with many. Let this one point
considered, viz.: that the heathen must
to hell, and be lost forever, unless Christ
preached to them, and they believe on
.m. This doctrine is clearly taught in the
tandards of the Presbyterian Church, in
'WIT forth the sum and essence of the
..4ctrines of the Holy Scriptures. Thus,
in the Larger Catechism, we have, Question
60th : "Con they who have never heard
the Gospel, and eo know not Jesus Christ
nor believe in him, be saved by their living
according to the light of nature ?" The
Answer is : "They who having never heard
the Gospel, know not Jesus Christ, and be.
here not in hint, cannot be saved, be they
never so diligent to frame their lives accord
ing to the light of nature, or the laws of
that religion which they profess; neither is
there salvation in any other but in Christ
alone, who is the SitiKittr only of his body,
the Church."
This doctrine is drawn from and founded
on certain passages of Scripture to which
reference is made; vide Rom. s : 14; 2.
Th - ese. i: 8, 9 ; Eph. iii 12; John i:
'2; John viii : 24; Mark xvi : 16;
1. Coe. i : 20-24; John iv : 22; Rom.
ix : 31, 32 ; Phil. iii : 4-9 ; Acts iv .; 12 ;
Eph. v: 23 Let any one who.doubts, turn
to all these passages, and others of like
kind, as noted in the marginal references in
the. Bible, to the Word and to the Testi
mony. If the Bible be true, and if there
be any truth or sense in Christianity, then
the condition of the heathen must be most
perilous, most lamentable and irreparable
without Christ, witho;at whom they can
have nothing in the future but a fearful
looking for of judgment and fiery indigna
tion ; for they "shall be punished with
everlasting destruction from the,presence of
the Lord, and from the glory of his power."
But they need not. all perish if Christians,
will do their duty. Christian peoples of the
present, have been reclaimed from heathen
ism. Others .may ' reclaimed Means
h ,
,have been tippoilited. The Church' is the
Conservitor and Executor of those means.
And God's power and promises are insured
in behalf of the efforts of the Church.
Shall the heathen perish ? Will Christians
let them perish? It is only a question of
time and means. Are not many Christians
saying, practically, if not avowedly, " Let
them perish—let them go to hell !" The
whole world- might have been converted ere
this, had the means placed at the disposal of
the Church been rightly used. J.H.O.
For the Presbyterian Banner and Advocate.
To the Pastors, Ruling Elders, and
Churches, in the Synods of Pittsburgh,
'Wheeling, Ohio, and Allegheny, and of
the Presbyterian. Church at large :
DEAR BRETHREN :—The Western Theo•
logical Seminary at Allegheny City is one
of the main resorts of the Presbyterian
Church for the education of her rising minis
try. But it is also a creature of the Church,
and dependent upon her for, her pit.
ronage and support. The General Assem
bly has enlarged its plan, and elected its
four Professors. Under these four Profes
sors there are enrolled one hundred and
seventeen students for their ministerial train
ing. We have reason to expect that the
number will be even larger the next year.
Of those now present, it is probable that ten
or more will labor in foreign fields, and that
the Gospel will be preached by them in eight
different languages, some of which are their
vernacular tongues. God's providence is
honoring this Seminary with such a work,
and such a responsibility, as it has never be
fore had devolved upon it. And it muse
look, to the churches to sustain these en
larged operations. When the great Head of
the Church is thus leading the way, is it not
the privilege of our people to meet the de
mand which his prospering, goodness has
created ?
God's hand has been most manifest in all
the history of this Seminary. Who had
thought, when the call was made for the
endowment of the first two Professorships,
some fourteen years ago, that there would
ever arise such a demand for the labors of a
third and a fourth Professor? But now the
number of students is much more than
double the number at that time, and more
new students have entered already this ses
sion, than the whole number in attendance
five years ago. It should be remembered,
also, that the churches have endowed only
one of the Professorships and part of ano
ther, having contributed only forty thousand
dollars, in all, to this object; nearly half of
the whole sum—the remaining thirty-five
thousand dollars for the Third Professorship,
and part of the Second—having accrued
from the sale of the Seminary .property.
And who would prefer that, all this while,
this School of the Prophets should have
been at a dead stand, rather than to be
called upon any more for any further means
to carry it forward on its advancing scale,
and according to the enlarged plan of the
General Assembly? On this account the
endowment is now incomplete, and hence the
funds are falling in arrears annually. The
Foirth Professorship is not provided for,
except five thousand dollars collected abroad,
yet the Professor is at his work. We had
confidently hoped to obtain a large share- of
the funds outside of these Synods. Bat our
way has been unexpectedly hedged up. Yet
for other sums that are immediately needed
to sustain students, and to provide addi
tional rooms for them, we are now looking
to the Church at large, as well as for five
thousand dollars more of this endowment.
We have waited fur better times, but our
times are in God's hand, and when he calls
us to the work, he will give the ability, if
we go forth in faith.
The four Synods of Pittsburgh, Wheeling,
Ohio, and Allegheny, have, each 'of them,
at their late sessions, resolved on undertak
ing the endowment immediately, so as to
raise twenty.five thousand dollars out of the
thirty thousand dollars required. They
have unanimously adopted the plan which
warfteecommended with entire unanimity by
both our Boards, to distribute the work, by
requesting each of the churches to raise an
amount in the church and congregation
equal to an average of fifty cents for each
church member. In order to this, each
church, it is hoped, will aim at reaching
this quota in the , best way possible—some
members who are more able, giving more than
this amount, so as to meet the deficiency of
those who shall give less. And thus, also,
with the churches; the abundance of some
which are wealthier being a supply for the
wants of others which are weaker, that thus
the full amount may be obtained.
Will not the eiders of the churches come
to the aid of the pastors for accomplishing
this good work? Will they not district
their respective congregations, if need be,
and go out promptly as possible to do their
part, giving to each worshiper an opportunity
to aid, and remembering that for each
church to contribute the portion falling to
it, is to accomplish the endowment
We ask of you only to secure the amount in
the promptest and best way possible. The
Synod of Wheeling has named the fourtn
Sabbath of November for the presentation of
this object. • The Synod of Ohio has named
the same day, in connexion with the observ
ance of it as a day of special Thanksgiving
and Prayer to God for his gracious reviving,
and for the large increase of candidates.
The Synod of Pittsburgh has named the
second Sabbath of December for the same
object. The Synod of Allegheny proposes
an early day for the work. We urge upon
you, brethren, to respond to the calls of the
Synods, without waiting for any outside
agency, or even for any set day.. We are
your servants for Jesus' sake.
With such a corps of Professors and such
a band of students at their posts, -we cannot
go back—we cannot stand still—we can
only gu forward. We know not what fur
ther advancement the great Head of the
Church intends for this beloved Seminary,
but- if it were left to languish with empty
class-rooms, you might feel it a hardship to
provide a full endowment,. Not so now,
when our prayers have been signally an
swered in the large numbers that resort
hither, and when our most sanguine hopes
have been more than fulfilled; when the ad
vance fur years past has been so steady, and
when so many of the dear youth' of the
Church, who are soon to be your own minis
ters, are receiving here their furniture for
the sacred work. . Has the (Awh any
more important or precious object thitnthis,
without whose furtherance ihe h arch f
must=suffer-ai-tt verylind and front of her
activity—in her rising ministry ? Is it not
an honor, rather than a burden, to have Al•
legheny Seminary to equip most fully ; now
when the mill for ministers is so urgent, and
the demand for their fullest preparation is so
pressing; when the martyr-blood of our stu
dents in India cries to us for new recruits,
and when the question is, whether all these
pupils whom God has rent up hither shall
have the fullest training or not ? And now,
too, when every part of our Zion is moving
vigorously to put the Seminaries in their
respective bounds on a still better footing
than ever before, will not onr churches feel
a suitable enthusiasm and respc nd liberally
to this call for completing the endowment of
this important Institution All the Sem
inaries of our Church have funds secured
for four Professors, though some of them
have comparatively few students, and this
one is second of all in point of numbers.
Brethren, the work will require pains
taking, self-denial, liberality, and prayer.
But let only each church determine •that,
God helping, the end shall not fail for lack
of their proper part being done, and the en
dowment will be accomplished at once.
Vice Pres't. Board of Directors.
President Board of Trustees.
Nom—T. H. NEVIN, Treasurer, Liberty Street,
Pittsburgh, will receive and report the collections.
Allegheny City, Nov., 1858.
box the Presbyterian Banner aim advocuhe.
Synod of New Jersey.
OCTOBER, 1858, •
The past year has been, to the churches within
the tound.s of this Synod, and to our beloved Zion,
throughout our land, a harvest time, the moat'
abundant with which her labors have been crown
ed in many years. The seed so carefully- sown
and watched through past years, has sprang up
and brought forth fruit; some an hut:Area fold,
some sixty,. some thirty.; and . if, wheailkegoldin
sheaves from the plains of Judea had been gath
ered, shouts of Hosanna went up from the con
gregation 'of Israel, sus ely the Church of God now
should lift up her voice in praise and
ing to the Lord of the harvest. "He has done
great things for us, whereof we are glad."
In presenting to the Synod a view of this work
of grace among our churches, we will allow the
reports from the Presbyteries to speak for them.
selves, and can only regret that the limits of this
paper will not suffer them to speak more at length.
They are truly refreshing and encouraging to our
hearts. With but few exceptions, tkty tell us
what the Lord has done and is still doing for the
ohurches over which we have been placed as over
seers. This is the burden of their utterance,
while other matters, interesting to the . Synod,
have not been omitted.
The report from the Presbytery of Elizabeth
town, is introduced by an expression of devout
thanksgiving to God for the degree of spiritual
prosperity which has existed within their bounds
during the past year. All their churches are
log in peace, and all, save one, are supplied with
pastors. 'The attendance on the preaching of the
Word is good, and all the churches have their
Sabbath Schools and Bible and Catechetical
Classes. While all the churches have not beed
equally blessed, all have received accessions to
their numbers during the year, and in some' in
stances they have been large.
The Presbytery of Passaic, in presenting 'the
narrative of the state of religion in the churches
under their care during the past year havereason
to rejoice that the work of the Loid has prospered
under their hands. A blessed account comes from
every quarter, and never before have the pastors
of this Presbytery witnessed such evident mani
festations of the Divine presence. Their hearts
have been cheered, and the promise of God has
been verified : " They that sow In tears shall
reap in joy." The Presbytery have been called
to mourn the loss of the Rev. James G. Moore,
who fell asleep in Christ in the month of May
The Presbytery of New Brunswick thus intro
duce their report: "It is with peculiar satisfac
tion and hearty thanksgiving to God, thatwe are
permitted to record what the Lord has done for
our Zion during the past year. In the general
religious interest that pervades all the land, our
churches have largely shared." A deep, though
quiet interest, has pervaded the College of New
Jersey, at Princeton where the number of stu
dents is greater than at any previous period.
The students of the Theological Seminary are
much stirred up in zeal, and animated to active
and useful labors, and among those recently ad
mitted, numbering upwards of eighty, there are
many who have left other professions to prepare
for the blessed work of preaching the Gospel.
This Presbytery records the death of an aged
and beloved member, the venerable. Jacob Jones
Janeway, D D., who departed this life on Sab•
bath, .the 27th day of June last.
In the Presbytery of West Jersey,. the gracious
work has not been so general, but in their report
they say: "We believe we have seldom, if ever,
been privileged to report to Synod a more favor
able spiritual condition Within the time covered
by this report,Giod has graciously visited a number
of our churches -with the revivifying influences of
his Spirit." The condition of the Presbyterial
Academy located at Bridgewater, is spoken of tie
gratifying, and its prospects hopeful. During
the year one of the members of this Presbytery,
the Rev. J. M. Edmonds, has been- called to his
The report from the Presbytery of Newton, is
particularly cheering. At no time, they say,
within the recollection of any person now ,a mem
bee of this Presbytery, bas there been so much to
call upon them for all that is within them to re
joice, as in the past few months. The remark.
able outponring of God's Spirit on the land, in
which we have been permitted to share, has re
freshed many of our churches, and caused the ad
dition to them of multitudes of such as shall be
saved in the great day. As the result of this gra
cious visitation, there is, throughout the Presby
tery, a more ardent zeal for every thing that
pertains to the upbuildingrof the Redeemer's
kingdom ; and the same is true of the Presbyteries
already spoken of. •
The report from the Presbytery of Raritan is
less cheering, but still encouraging. They allude
to the worldliness of professing Christians still
persisted in, notwithstanding the solemn and sig
nal rebukes which God, in his providence, has
given so extensively in our - land, and to Sabbath
breaking and intemperance, and other prevailing
sins. They say to us, however, "We know not
that at any previous time the public services of
God's house have been better attended in our
congregations generally. In most of our churches
there have been encouraging additions to the
number of Christ's professed. followers, and
several of theta there are numbers - of inquirers
for th:e way of life." •
The Presbytery of Susquehanna, report:the ab- ,
sence of any extended and deep work of greet',
and the prevalence of intemperance and 'kindred
vices within their bounds: .BnCthey further•re
port that some of their churchea have been gra
ciously visited, and . that sinners have been con
verted to God. The PresbYterialf :Institute at,
Towanda has never seemed to be. in a more-flour.
. . . .
ishieg condition. .
A.' large proportion of I the' ehtirahes under -the
care; of the Presbytery. of Luzern,e, , , hare .been
blessed during the year with a senson of refre k h- '
ing from the presence of the Lord, Utile ie r siilti-of
which, they have been greatly strengtened,afid en
couraged. No part of -our Zion litis been more'
copiously watered from the*cloUd' ei;merby' tgat
has been passing over is. Intotintlih literaryin
stitntions ,under the care of:this Presbytery, there
has been a pleasant religions interest during' the
year.• • - EL.,.
The'report.from the Presbytt* oirtietwfi hr
is lees encouraging.,-The State of religion within
their bounds during the past year does not differ
materially from what it has been for two or three
years past. In some of the churches there are
promising indieations. There have been several,
additions to two or three of . them. On the whole,
they feel that they ,have great cause of gratitude
to the Head of the Church, for his blessing on
their labori.
From this brief 'view . of the state of religion
within the bounds , of the Synod, it is apparent
that the ehurches under our care , have shared
largely in the recent revival..' Into•the months of
multitudes to whom we preach the Gospel, God
has put a new song even praise to our God. And
in regard to the present state of this gracious
work, it is gratifying to know that in many of
uur churches it is still progressing. The addi
tions to our churches have not been so large 'for
several months poet, as they were earlier in the
year. This, however, was to be expected. The
harvest in many of the churches has been gath
ered; and the work to which they and their pas
tors are called is to prepare for another harvest.
There are many still to be gathered in, on whose
hearts the seed has not yet been scattered. We
cannot hope to reap perpetually, or to reap
where we have not sown. When the husbandman
has gathered his harvest,. he does not Bit down
and told his hands as thouih his work were done;
he at once commences to prepare for another har
vest Imitating him, let -us go forth bearing
precious seed, and in due time we shall reap, if
we faint not.
Of the ultimate.efreots of this large ingathering
on our churches, we cannot speak with definite
ness. It has already created a necessity for in
creased care and watchfulness on their part, and
we have reason to believe that the•churches. will
not be derelict in their duty. While not" fully
awake to a sense of their duties and responsibili
ties, they do show an increased interest in almost
every department of their labor. It is manifest
in the Sabbath Schools, and Bible Classes, and
Academies. It is manifest, also, in the increased
attendance on the services of the Sabbath, and at
the weekly prayer meetings, and in the efficient
support g iven the benevolent 'institutions of the
Church. For ivhioh itbeolimes-us to render God
most hearty thanks.
From our London Correopiindent.
The Dispute between :Prance and Portuga--The Big
Bully=Bad' L .Effects of the Conduct of Franee—
insurrection in Bosnia—Waste of Population in
Turkey—Haber:bora, th e _ Pr.ophecier, and "The
Duks"--Revivat of Religion—its Precursors in
liritain2—A- Free Chitreh Synod—Aberdeen and
dir. Guinness—Mr. Spurgeon's Illness—Bagged '
Kirk, A berdeen—Beviva/--The Evangelical- 411i
once and the Congregational Union—The Propa • ,
agation of the Gospel, and the Church Missionary.
. Societies—The Bishop of Oxford at Bradford The
Pilgrim Fathers—Sir John Lawrence and Chris:
tian Government in India—Caste, Bible in Schools, '
The Opium Trade r itc —Nr• .Bright's• Speech at ,
Birmingham—His Plan for Parliamentary Be- ;
form—The " Times" and its Tactic:,
LONDON, October 29th, 1858.
PORTUGAL has abruptly, terminated. Louis '
Napoleon has played the. part of a " big :1
bully" successfully, and compelled Portugal -
to restore the captured slaver, (for such the
vessel was,) and to release the captain. A
profound sensation has been produced over •
Europe, and especially in England; by this
event. It proves that the sovereign rights
of independent nations can be set aside in
spite of the treaty of Paris, and it also in
dicates that France pearls to persevere. in
her kidnapping system of providing negro
labor for her colonies.
Some insinuations have been made by the
Russian organ; the Nord, that Great Britain
only pretended to send a Channel fleet
cogs of Portugal; while the
warde!, the c
French Presse sa that " the pretended irri
tation of the Eng ish" dues not consort with
the fact that Lord Cowley, the British Am
bassador, is on very intimate terms with the
French Cabinet. Lord Maltitsbury, in other,
oases, has got the praise of " not truckling
to the strong ;" if in this case he has not
acted manfully, he will be called to a sharp
account. Meantime, Portugal must under
go the humiliation, and pay the damages,
and, as the Times' Paris correspondent says,
" I suppose the Charles et George may return
to - Mozambique for more 4 free negroes.' "
All this furnishes fresh illustration of,
" The good old rule, the simple plan,
That he should take who has the power,
And he should keep who can."
THE INSURRECTION of the Christians in
Bosnia, against the Turks, looks rather seri.
ans. It is believed that hey have suffered !.
muoh from Mohammedan oppression. and
fanaticism. The waste of the Turkish Em
pire still goes on, as to population; and the
plague this yearlas been a potent destroyer,
workink havoc especially among the pilgrims
of Mecca. The Sultan is said-to he going
to work, in the way of retrenchment of gov
ernment office and household (harem), ex
pense, in a very sweeping manner. ii.'new.
Turkish loan has also been negotiated on ,
the London Stock Exchange, with marked
The problem still, seems to be unsolved,
whether, by " the drying up of the Euphra
tes," is to be understood as it is by many stu
dents, especially the pre-Millennialists, as
referring to the gradual extinction of the
Turkish power. -; A curious statement, on
this point, has lately•been published, and is
apparently authentic. It is to the effect
that the late Duke of Wellington had read,
not long before his last days, " Habershon
on the Prophecies," and that it" produced
the decided conviction - on his mind, that
great convulsions Nould, ere long, breakout,
and that one of the first results would be
the destruction of the Turkish and Mohaw.-
medan power.
All thoughtful men continue to believe
that, while nation has risen against nation—
while the Crimea has witnessed the death,
by war and disease, of mighty hosts, and
India's plains have been saturated with blood
—that " the end is not yet." It appears
clear that the Millennium will not glide in
upon us, like a river, ever widening and deep
ening its flow of knowledge and power; nay,
that it is not alone Truth r and its many antag
nista, which do war, and must; continue to
war, against one another on the great area
of speech and country, where public opinion .
is moulded for good or evil; but that Polit
ical Convulsions, involving the collision of
'the most powerful nations, and ending in
the overthrow of all Ecclesiastical and Civil
Despotism, are among the fixed certainties
of the future, and may not be very far away.
Thu REVIVAL OF RELIGION, all ever the
Kingdom, is, I trust, fairly inaugurated.
.There is a greatly increased seriousness
among the ministers, office-bearers, and
members of very many Evangelical churches.
'At Aberdeen, a Free Church Synod has
earnestlyurged on all its ministers and. !
gregations increased prayerful and Christian
activity. , Mr. Gninneas has' also preached
in `that city to immense indiences. ^Re has
it‘tetillen'oy,•howeverpto•scold and-find : fault, ,
o,:ganee , renclity, Onfapparent want,
Orfeeltng, which, on, the part of a veri•
young man, is objectionable, and, in itself,
is a mistake. He did the same in the North
of Ireland. He wants the broad common
sense, and hearty English good humor of
Mr.i Spurgeon.
I am sorry to say that Mr. Spurgeon has
been laid aside from his work for two or
three weeks, by what was represented as dan
gerous inflammation of the kidnies, but I
belieie it was an affection more like lum
bago. , 'He has been quite overworked; •his
physical strength of lungs and frame is
marvelous, but there is a limit beyond
which nature cannot go. And so a voice
seems now to say to 'him, "Spare thyself."
THE RAGGED KIRK, at Aberdeen, whose
members have been gathered out of the
scum of the:population, has for years been
a spot remarkable for its interesting history.
The Queen annually gives largely to its
Amps. The Rev. J. H. Wilson, now in
London, and editor of the .British Evan
gelist, is its missionary pastor. He has
been in the North for a considerable period,
and preached in the "Kirk" for six weeks
successively. He tells me that within a
very short period, there has been an acces
sion of twenty.three additional members to a
body not more hitherto than one hundred
communicants; that most of them bad been
previously under, conviction of sin, and that
the solemn meetings for prayer held during
the. Summer, together with the renewed
preaching of the Gospel, has been the means
of bringing this large number to decision for
AT LIVERPOOL ; 001:Mr, this week, two
meetings,. which are virtually one. First; a
conference of Evangelical Christians; and
secondly, the Annual Meeting of the Evan
gelical. 'Alliance. the Chairman and
Committee ofihe Alliance, au invitation and
opportunity were given to Christians gen.
,to recommend a general. conference
at.the time of the assembling of the Alliance,
as very desirable at this particular crisis.
Here the eubject of Itevivals will be largely
'diecuised, in connexion with other importapt
questions, to whit!' I hope to refer next
its Annual Meeting this week, at Halifax, in
Yorkshire, and the results, I doubt not, will
be important in their bearings on Evangel
cal revivals.
TnE RisuoP OF OXFOUD hail been promi
nently before the public, in connexion with
•a tour of Deputation—work which he has
Undertaken in. the North of England, on be
half of the Society for the Propagation of the
Gospel. This Society was instituted in the
days of King William, and has been mixed
in its aspects as' to Theology. Its agents,.
generally, have been and are High. Church,
while, probably, there is an, increasing body
of Evangelical clergymen and missionaries
connected with it. The Church Missionary.
Society is Evangelical to the core, and its
friends and supporters (a very powerful
body,) look with dislike and suspicion on the
Propagation Society.
The High-Church Bishops have nothing;
to do with it. " The Church " Society they
regard as' a "party "• institution, and talk
about their pet, as the true representative of
the Church. of England. The Bishop of
Oxford appeared at Bradford, last week, to
advocate its claims. .Mueli excitement pre
vailed, as placards had been issued urging
" the men and women" of Bradford to as
18nitile in 'thousands, " to resist, in a voice
of thunder, these Tractarian Confessiobals."
The Bishop's friends put out counter pla
cards, giving his latest words against the
Confessional, and the, opinion of Canon
Stowell, the well'knoin Evangelical, upon
" the trumpery Boyne Hill Case." Still
tbe ferment continued, the Hall wee crowd
! ed to excess, and hundreds were , sent away.
On the , appearance of the. Deputation, first
came a volley of hisses, and then, drowning
them hearty cheers.
I Die Bishop waif the third speaker, and on
rising, the cheering predominated. He
said • that he rose "in spite of these
trumpery interruptions, to plead for a great
cause, with brother. Englishmen and brother
"Yerkshireineit." The Wilberforce family
is of Yorkshire origin. Hence the clever
neas of the allusion, and its eoneiliatory
! power. •He went on to glorify. the Society
:for which he pleaded, as having " no party
feeling, nor peculiar opinions," and also
'boasted that "we have the religion of
Christ 'established among us, in its aim
plicity and purity." (1) Next he touched
ion the I:nighty energy of the Anglo. Saxon
'race. A young English lad is able, "by
the mere presence of English blood in bim,
to control thousands of the people, even
'though no European was bear to 'stand and
'succor him." He then added
But then, Sir, I say this—and I think it Is all
important that we Englishmen should understand
it, and that it should sink deep into our hearts—
that all this would have been altogether in vain
'for ne, if God had not, as it were, enlightened
this beautiful statue, which be has cut out with
his own hand, with the ethereal' fire of the revela
tion of Christ our Lord. (Applause.) Why, Sir,
look for a single moment back at what was hap-,
Lpening some years ago at this plice in which We
now stand. Think what this place which we now.
call Bradford was at the time to whioh our thoughts,
have been called back when that aerial visitant
"which has come from the distant parts of the
solar system to hlase again in our nightly sky last
looked upon England. What changes have taken
place in England since that time! We English
men had ,got very much the same blood then as
now; but what , was England then compared with
what it is now?" Why, this England, this town of
Bradford, and those peopled places around us—
what were they, but, as their names now tell us,
low moors, high hedges, and bare bills—the habi
tations of a scattered handful of poor and unin
structed men who had no weight in.the affairs of
the world and no voice in the great synod of na
tions. Well, what has made the difference ? This .
NIB made the difference, that there stood up in
Philadelphia, South West Corner of Seventh and Chestnut Street?.
Eastern lands one who declared that be had laid
upon him by the Lord of all a burden which he ;
could not bear until he had preached the everlast
ing Gospel of Christ, to this Jew and to the Scyth
ian, to the barbarian . . and to, the heathen; yea,
until it had reached to the uttermost parts of the
earth—to the distant and then deepised.Britain.
(Cheers.) And then, Sir, when, in tha history of
Christandom, the nations which formed the trout
rank of the great advance of the march of - Chris
tendons stood almost breast to breast, there stood
before this land of Britain at least one; if not
two, in the march of nations; when Spain stood
the first of the people, with her great transatlantic
dominions, with her gold flowing in from the far
off land, with her own people at home feinted of
the strongest material by the welding ztokether,Of
men of different blood and different gifts of ; in ;
telleet and nature, when that land stood in the
forefront of European civilization, felloWed,hard
upon byLFratipe,,and Britainoedatiti*probably,
but Ori. third rink AMong,thafiatitins of Christsn ,
doni = wliat isAtihKeintre then Lae raised our
on this earth which God has made ? What I ask,
was it but this, that at that time God offered a
purity, and a purification from the superstitions
which bad overwhelmed - Christendom to evert na
tion in Europe, and•that, God gave to our fathere
the grace before and beyond every other people to
receive and welcome that purification and to
sweep off those superstitioui glosses all)* had
well-nigh eaten out at that time the . kirire'of an
cient Christendom. (Loud applause.) And from.
that reign of Elizabeth, my brother Britons, ;the
mind, and the strength,-and the power of. the
English people has been continually growing and
increasing; and I say it is owing to thiS that the
Chrisilan religion, of his great mercy rind' good
ness, and of no merit of onto, has flourished - and
abounded among ns as it has done in no other na
tion on the earth.
It will be observed that the Church, of
England gets all the- glory here. For the
greater part of three hundred years, she
oppressed, or drove ont, or neglected her.
Puritan clergy, the salt of the land, and left
the masses to perish. The Reformation has
told on ,England powerfully, in • or.ntrest
with other nations, but how little has it told
on England, as contrasted with Scotland!
Bat now, mark the strange contradictions
and double•mindedness of this dexterous
prelate. He knows he is among Yorkshire
Dissenters, and.he will win theml, perhaps,
too, his better nature gets the mastery= over
him. He is speaking of the origin- of the
Anglo-Saxon emigration to the United States,
and oh, horror I in spite of -the ghost of
Laud looking at him, with menacing finger,
and the astonishment of Dr. Hook, the
" - Apostolic Succerision •champion,
nothing of his gross inconsistency with, all
that he- haa done,, and would still Mr—he
thus , spoke, amid the significant interrup
tions noticed:
Most remarkable—most'-wonderful were the
dealings of God's Providence which produced the
beginning of that stream of emigration, for it led
to those persons in whom the principles of *Chris
tianity had asserted an absolute supremacy becom
ing the first settlers from Great Britain in the
great colony of America. (Hear, hear.) Now„
I differ in many respect'- from those P9grim
Fathers ; I don't want to deceive any of you about
my opinions—l have nothing to bide. "(Loud
cheers and hisses.) The Pilgrim Fathers were
ruritana, I am a Church of _England maxi;- - they
were; Presbyterians, I am to the backbone a . son
of- theiteformaChurch 'or England •(cheers ; ;)
have not another thought in my heart but this,
that so long as God gives me life, intellect, and
voice, I am ready to bear being abased, to be
laughed at, to be anything you like (lonficheers,)
so that loan help forward what believe to be
the purest form of the Christian religion on earth
—the hearty, true, undiluted, uumingled, uncor
rupted religion of the Chianti of England. (Loud
cheering.) Well , abw, mark y'ou, 'Mat there
fore very materially-Trim the Pilgrim Fathers,
because they were not members of the Churoh of
England, but I honor them deeply for that deep
Christianity which had laid,hold of those manly
hearts of theire, and which led them to Day,
"Let us worship 'Christ 'according to What *e be
lieve to be the purity'of the faith in distantlands,
rather than be obliged here in Englandto &nem
ble our convictions or to conceal our faith." ' (AP-.
plause.) In those days the doctrine, the true,
honest, hearty doctrine of thorough and entire
toleration, was not'understood, as, think Gl:od, it
'is now. Now, the abience of toleration "confines
itself to a fear nasty articles in newspapers (cheers
and laughter, followed by a storm of hisses;) yes,
I am going to say, if you will wait a moment, (hisses,
and interruption) to a few, very few (interrupt
tion)—and to a few nasty:hisses from nesty
mouths. (Laughter, eheers,'aud hisses.)" 'Well,.
I . tell you that every one of- snob persons (and
there maybe some such here now) would burn us
if they could. (Hear, hear.) But they , cannot—
thank God ! they cannot; they must tolerate us.
(" Hear, hear," and a voice, " Bop:L.11111n Now,
I say, these Pilgrim 'Fathers 'went ' forth and
planted the faith of Christ in the far wilderness ;
and herein we may mark God's •marvellous deal
ings with our land. They were the only people
who could be got at that time to 'plant that far-off
land, and ever since there has been flowing forth
from this country a stream of the heart's blood of
our population.
The Times, in its own style,•-handles both
the Bishops-arid the Tractarians', in reference
to this admission "of the deep' Christianity
which had laid hold of the manlythearts '
of the Puritan , Fathers. It 'represent/ a
young Pcurayite clergyman, with collarless
shirt, and- • stiffly•strait waistooat, z and. very
pale, reading the news. The youngt•egrate
would, perhaps, after the , dishonesty of
school, say, 64 Yosythey were very goodpeo
pie, according to their light.' •But soon
after he would break out plainly, ",As. to
their' Christianity,' how could that exist,
when they hold no Apostolic Succession, no
bishop, no priests ? Impomible."
'The Times thinks the Bishop is • glad at
times to get free from his trammels', -and to
disport himself "among the Methodists' of
torkshire ;" concluding by advising the
Tractarians to put up with their leader, even
though •these outbursts of "strong . common
sense" sometimes will break faith in a
manner calculated to scandalize them !
The Bishop'a speech was very eloquent,
and the theory of: Foreign Missions was ad
mirably stated,and the obligation powerfully
enforce& It also indicated great " pluck'
in him to face a hostile audience, and mar
velious tact if not to win, arleastto " bam
boozle" and silence them. 'But all the
while he remains the same slippery,, danger..
one man. Even when the fire of priestism
seems to have died out, it glows and livei
deceitful beneath - the ashes that (rover It,
an&in due time *ill burst out malignantly
as before.
GOVERNMENT, ie still unknown. The proe
lamation establishing the Queen's authority,
was sent to India some weeks ago, but it
has not been publiihed here. BO Lord
Stanley 'may be regarded as the loider
the "indifferent," or "
,perfect neutrality"
party, with "-traditional" old Indians,
dilettante, wits, and literateure, including
such journale as the Saturckiy . Review, and
Soeiniaim and skeptics, also, add all littera
df -real - aggressive "Evangelism,. tcrimek.
him., Most providentially,. as -I hope, Sir
John Lawresce,ra-greatrandiartAdminiatm,
tor, has spoken out , on.the ,other ,side;, and
this with a statesmanlike °Voidance of what
By 'Nail, or at the ORlee, $1.50 P?r Y'—" l ri 5511 PROOPECTI3S.
Delivered in the City, 1.75 '
`BOLE NO. 822
might be cried down as extremes, suoh rs
gives heart and. hope to the earnest Chris
tianity of England -
Colonel Edwardes—tbe soldier
Sikh war who earned so brilliant amputa
tion, and who, during the recent convulsions,
so powerfully helped - to organize' troops, and
send them forward - from the Pultjaub--
drew up and forwarded,to Sir John, as his
superior, a memorandum on, " the elitnims
Lion of all unchristian principles from the
Govermntmt , of.43ritish4edialA4,ffe --would
notionly offer thel.teaching of. the t Bible in
'every eohool,, withdraw , every, epecii a of
patronage f from false religions,,,but he would
terminate Government connenion with the
opium trade, prohibit' ,the "great Social
1 -,,-evit" . in its publieity'"ns,ik prevailiiat
hole, and would Must*. such a'Witiraut for
intaitTaliniliitarrair is anti
timed in monopolies constituted by. Govern
ment license. Mr. McLeod, Financial Com
missioner, followed with another paper, more
moderate, and the recommendations of both
are then reviewed in what' really a State
paper, hi Sii J. Lawrence.
While 4his- dismission .was. going on, the
opposite policy was receiving impetus at
home by Ellenborough's notorious dispatett,
and., from the views expressed by Lord
Stanley to a Deputation from the Missionary
bodies. Sir. John Lawrence would not ab
solutely yiithdraw the territorial'
. given =to heathen or Mohammedan religions
inold treaties. He *leo thinks it impossi
ble tnadopt the suggestion of ignoring caste
altogether; forcaste, in India means not
only hereditary Ant daily calling, and
the callings of men must he recognised by
those ivho employ them. " Balite fact is,
he says, "that except-la the, Bengal army,
the Government has notreoognized °tete in
any special manner." He adds, " that the
caste prejudices were - intensified by the
consideration shown by their officers, is cer
tain." He is not as satisfactory in his viewe
about the opium trade, as one could wish ;
but be deprecates Government encourage
ment-to its growth and' ctiltivation, as they
have done in Bengal. He likewise approves
of the. Bible in the schools, and, of an open
profession of Christianity,- without any
truckling to 'native . prejaidion. He is "con
'Wined that , Christian things One in a
Christian way, will ne-Ver 'alienate the
heathen ;" and he undertakes in his own , terri •
tory whatever a Christian nation's duty d •
mends. Very
.weighty, and-full of warning
to peliticaltrucklere, are the words :
"Redent events seem to 'show that undue
concession to native prejudice on our part,
of , anything like an abnegation Of otir prin.
does nett generate confidence in us
with the people. They only suspect us of
some hidden :ulterior design. But if we do
what we'believe to be right, in
.a plain, con
siderate,' and open manner, there is some
°fiance etthiirgiving useredit forsincerity.
Moreover, unlesev.we do-something to oho w
the people -what Christianity -really is,- there
will be no hope of refuting the monstrous
misconceptions which too often prevail
.among them in respect to our religion and
its 'tendencies."
Mn.. BRIGEIT'S Simla); at Birmingham,
will set the whole country in a ferment on the
subject of PArlidinentary Reform. It is
' , marked by great boldness • and breadth of
view, and indicates- statesmanlike power in
the man. This does not.imply that he is
right in all his views, as for instance in his
condemnition of the 'policy - of the Russian
ivar. He says enough to show that there is
no collusion' between him 'and the Derby
Cabinet. His theory is household suffrage,
not universal, and vet)! mech on the, hams
in which many wirisks are rated over the
kingdom, each managing well and properly
its Owe a'ffairs. **by should not the nation
do the same; and on the same principle ?
Be shows;al36,' how population should be
1.11:te basis of representation, both in town and
country. He denotunces the inordinate
power of the landocraey, and the obstruc
tiveness of the , House of Lords to every
real Inform. • He' would' reform the 'Peers
by an - infusion ~ of 'mercantile blood, and
I would like well to 'extrude, the ".spiritual
Peers," whom he regards as the "adulterous
offspring" of Church and State. He warns
Disraeli not _to, ,bring ,in a sham measure,
and believes that it may be attempted. If
a sham were received and passed, and alter.
warde its rottenness demoted, the agitation
and peril would be tremendous. <He is for
the ballot, as a shelter to the -voter, just es
sitomey is the legitimate, shelter of the
writer of a feeding article Times. He
is not a Republican, • ainV likes a limited
monarehyi but' be.wanti to; know ) whew free
suffrage iwAMeriew , produeertsueh results,
and<sua prosperity ) whylt , should not be
had here?
Two great difficulties exist in the Inky of
this theory, so ' , beautiful and dektirribla in
itself. let. The ignorance , and viciousness
of a large number of. those on whop. the
€ranc ,
-would. thlis: be conferred
for examile, it is certain that Sabbath
breaking by law would thus be Wormed.
E 2d. Thee element of Popery in our Parlia
mentary. constituency., If gepery in Ire
land had restored to its votaries the fotty
shillinge"freihold franehise ~tßoine would
'ilte l 'a gigintie 'arida: 1 1'6 plea is not
likely to be realized, but riodoubtodlir Re
form cannot now be trilled' with. The na
tion will be thoroughly aroused, and unless
some foreign war break out, •we shall see
stern popular resolves 'and acts, rart.dieloca
tion of parties, and the whole . "Barniele "
family,-both in Church and SUM, . - imoon.
eiderable-trepidation. The Times tries -hard
to deprecate Brighes speech, .as it does the
Cofferenee of Christians at 14veipool, bat
in thielfigh.:l! 4 .4 l 40 f jp passional sallies
stgaiust,the Unittiti'6mtes,„he it clearly un
iler+d, it his nd - sybtpathilioit the great
body of the nati o n. *TN.
P. 5;7-- -, Sir Ilf-Sepdley hes edited abLiver.
pool, that lionk. Stanley's policy ,hes teen
modified inwroved in consequence of
ihe views orgir J. Lawrence.
191.01DRASTINATION.—Niar the olose of
hirlife, Patric/KJ:linty 'laid his hand on the
Bibleisrad said to &Snead, " Here/is-a/boolc
worth/ more than ‘fill Sothera ; yet it is my
misfortune. never to:haye-read ;it :with pro
per attention until lately." William Pitt,
when he came to die, said : "1 fear that I
'-hrive;ilike-quiny , 43there,.'utiglectdd my reli
.igioneciuttea too -much to have 'any ground
to hope that they clan be egoaciolm-on my
TErn covetous man is his own tormentor.