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PRES YTERIAN ANNER & ADVOCATE.
Prfabytorlas Balasier, Val. VI N*. 4 7.
proillytertiut Advarmats. Vol. XX, ■a. 42.1
DAVID MoKINNEY, Editor and Proprietor.
PrxgznaZ 4;l ottß.
To " Nary," of Nicklesville.
Tho' time has sped, and months have fled,
Since thy kind greeting came;
And its mellow sound shed halo round
Thins ever cherish'd name—
Yet I answered not ; for toil, and ewe,
And pain have been my lot,
(Tho' numberless joys have been my shared
Still thou art not forgot.
Hadet thou asked me years &gone, my home,
When youth was on my brow;
I'd have told thee of a lovelier spot,
Than I can boast of now.
Where I woke in joy from my childhood's dreams,
The mean full in view ;
Where the sunset'e tinge its ripplets fringed
With more thati earthly hue.
Where, in diamonds bright, the moon's pale light
Wee nursed upon its breast:
Where, when sad and lone, its soothing moan
Has lull'd my soul to rest.
I left the sea, for a mountain home,
With one who " fed the sheep;"
In a quiet vale, not drear, though lone,
Did he their pasture keep.
But far away in a Western land,
'Mid much both rich and rare;
Were scattered sheep in many a nook,
Without a shepherd's care.
Who, who should gather them, if not he ?
Then we prepared to go;
And in prairie /and have found a home,
" By wild Missouri's Ilow."-
Toiling in sorrow, (we'd reap in joy,)
For wanderers from His told;
Who left, for us, his home in heaven,
And suffered griefs untold.
How, how can I "tone" my "harp anew,"
Which on the willows hung,
(" To strains enrapturing, pure and true,")
So long, so long unstrung!
Yet thine own sweet strains inspire my song,
And in return I send,
With lowly mind, a greeting kind
To my more gifted friend;
Whose lays give life in a Winter drear,
To " The Farmer' a Cottage" home; •
And " to a desponding Christian's" ear
Breathe many a hopeful tone.
14 Sing On," sing on ; yea, our aline are one ;"
And though we never meet
In this world' of ain, in heaven, our home,
May we each other great.
Pacific City, Mills Co., lowa, July, 1858:
For the Preabytartan Banner and Adronate.
The Church at Bayfleld, Wisconsin.
AN ADDRESS ON WELL.DOING-A.REQUEST-
REV. D. M'Kuirrgv, D. D. :—Dear Sir
—You will confer a favor upon many of your
brethren by permitting a presentation of the
wants of the ohuroh in Hayfield, Wis., to
the friends of Christianity, through your
valued paper. It is desired that they be
come fully acquainted with our missionary
operations both at home and abroad. This
acquaintance is necessary to, a healthy, vig
orous exercise of Christian sympathy and
beneficence. As a distinct body of Chris.
tians, we have done a very important mis
sionary work. But what we have done is a
small matter compared with our strength.
God has given us much intellectual, moral
and pecuniary efficiency. Re has thus hon
ored us, because he would have us honor
him. Has he not done much for us 7 and
what have we done for him ? He withholds
no good thing from his people ; have we not
withheld from him ? He has been faithful
to us; have we been faithful to him? He
remembers • our frame; but we forget
him. He gives; we withhold. We are
undeserving; yet he blesses still. Breth
ren, " what shall we render unto the
Lord, for all his benefits toward us 7"
Do we respond, "We will pay our vows
unto the Lord ?"—Psalm oxvi : 12-18.
This, the payment of our vows, is re
quired of us all—Job xxii :-27. Let us
remember our vows. When we gave our
selves to Christ, did we not promise to be
his, and to honor the Lord with our sub
stance 7—Read Prov. iii 9. Positively we
holies nothing that we can call our own.
What we seem to possess is goods entrusted
to us by the Lord—Read Matt. xxv : 15-
30. Even we ourselves—soul, body and
spirit—are not our own ; " for we are bought
with a price."-1. Cor. vi: 20.
Therefore, let us remember the words of
the Lord Jesus, how be said, "It is more
blessed to give than to receive . "—Aots xx
35. Oar work is specified in the Gospel,
and the reward guaranteed. Contributing
to sustain the Church's operations is no in
significant part of Christian duty. God
would have us give liberally; but he
bestows upon us,first what he would have
us contribute. e designs to favor us with
the handling of his gifts. As to the amount
we should give, he leaves us not in doubt;
it "_is as the Lord hath prospered us."-1.
Cor xvi: 2. He directs our minds, to
those objects whieh we should sustain, by
his Word and providences.
It is in accordance with the Word of God
that you are asked to assist, by material aid,
in the erection of our house of worship in
this place. Such assistance is needed, or it
would not be solicited. Were it for our own
personal use there would, be a lack of cour
age to request it. But it is for the Lord
Jesus; tlierefore, we have great boldness in
making this application. We do not, but
the Master himself, through us, solicits your
help. Will you refuse him a small favor ?
"He came to 'his own, and his own re
ceived him not i : 11. When he
asks, can any refise him 7—Read Mal. iii :
Will you help us ?' The widow's mite
shall be gratefully receiied. How many of
the old and young, who; 10e trust, have been
hopefully converted during the present great
religious awakening, will manifest their love
to the Saviour by oontributink,to the sup
port of his cause? How many a the vet.
eran soldiers of the cross will aid mil How
many of the poor will send their mite ?
BOW many of the rich will coistiibtito?
: Row glad we shall be to receive letters from
you containing contributions, and words of
comfort and encouragement.
Our request is made; it is made prayer
fully; it is made hopefully. We can do no
more. Who will respond? Brethren, God
bless you richly with his grace.
It is des:red that you consider the follow
ing particulars: 1. Our church is weak.
One Ruling Elder and two female members,
and the missionary, are all the Presbyterians,
0. S., in this (La Pointe) county. These
compose the church in Bayfield. 2. The
pecuniary resources of the place are limited.
Little aid can be obtained on the ground.
Without assistance from the older churches
we cannot build. 3. We need a house of
our own. We now occupy the Methodist
Episcopal house, and hold service alternately
with them. We need not tell you that we
are trammeled. .Are'we not as able to build
as our Methodist Episcopal neighbors? And
will we not do it? 4. We wish a house;
but especially do we want a finished house,
and free of debt: Not. costly and gaudy;
but plain, comfortable, commodious and paid
for. We do not want to bring debt upon
us. 5. Remember that now is the time to
establish the church in this place. It is
just in its incipiency. Shall we. wait till the
town becomes populated, and the ground
possessed by sister churches ? Does not ex
perience teach us that we . have been too
tardy in making efforts to establish our
Church in many of our towns and cities ?
By delay we have lost irrecoverably. "Go
forward." 6. Lumber is now cheaper by
one-half than it was last year, and me
chanics will work for reduced wages. 7. As
a Church, have we not a work to do here ?
8. Jesuitism, the most malignant form of
Popery, is exerting its blighting influence
among us, and is attended with its kindred
evils, such as' Intemperance, Universalism,
Infidelity, Gambling, and a sickly, temporiz
ing piety. It is now reported that a Romish
priest will soon be located in our community,
and a Papal church erected. Strong mo•
tives, indeed, to urge us to activity. 9.
Bayfield, it is thought by many of its friends,
will, in a short time, be no inconsiderable
point in the great. Northwest. Its eligibili
ty, natural advantages, timber, good soil,
geographical position, productive fishery,
well proteoted harbor, excellent streams and
springs of water, and its most healthy and
exhilarating climate, will give it an important
place among the cities of the Northwest.
Its climate is sufficient to give it importance.
We now enjoy most delightful weather.
Brethren, pray for us," and for our suc
cess. We trust that th Comforter is with
us in thin distant place. This last particular
we deem of no ordinary . consideration.
Pray for us.
Money should be sent, by check, in the
name of the undersigned, and addressed to
him at Bayfield, La Pointe Co.,.Wis.
We need some good• tracts.
Yours in behalf of the ehureh.
W. B. WKEE
For the Presbyterial' Banner and Advocate
The Board of Domestic /BlasiOno and the
A writer in the Presbyterian, over the
signature of " Western Pennsylvania,"
takes great liberties in speaking of men
and things. It is true that the recent
meeting of the Board of Domestic Mis
sions has been the occasion of no little in
terest and feeling, some of which had bet.
ter not have been manifested. The resolu
tion of the last Assembly, and the reference
to the Board of the " Associate Secretary
ship," brought the subject fairly before the
annual meeting for adjudication.
The question referred to the Board by the
Assembly, gave no little interest to the an
nual meeting. Notices were served upon
the several members in various parts of the
Church ; and the Associate Secretary matter
was' mentioned as a point for consideration.
The duty is plain for the members to at
tend such a meeting, if possible, even al
though it may be all the way from Pitts
burgh, and the neoessity on the part of dist
ant members, of seeking for information
from the Executive Committee, in regard to
business facts, is self evident, because to
them belongs the administration of the bus
iness of the Board. Who are the working
men, if it is not the Executive Committee ?
and to whom should we look but to them for
the true statement of the condition and
wants of the Board.
Drs. Krebs, McElroy, Macklin, Gray, and
Messrs. Mitchell and Martin, are all men
no doubt of high capabilities to do busi
ness with which they are acquainted. Not.
withstanding the contrary opinion is cher
ished, I would ask, why keep up the office
of Associate Secretary, and that at a heavy
pecaniary loss, when the individuals who
are in the actual performance cif the duties
of the Executive Committee, said, by their
votes, " Abolish ?" But those who differ in
opinion from this vote are of high. standing
—many of them of great business capabili
ties; and some of them were formerly mem
bers of the Executive Committee. Very
well. I grant the friends of the contin
uance are all that has been said of them ;
but how does this prove that they were- in a
situation to decide the question without ob
taining the necessary information from the
Executive Committee? Present knowledge
of what is needed, marks the path of duty.
I am free to say that before I attended
the meeting of the Board, my mind was led
to give a negative to the idea of abolishing
the office of Associate Secretary;' but facts
carried me to a different conclusion. I re•
pel the insinuation of having private ends
to accomplish, or feelings of either love or
hate to cherish, in the vote I gave. The
facts of the case were these : To my mind,
the continuance of Dr. Happersett as AssoL
date Secretary, was not necessary to do
office work. With all the showing of the
Dr., in his speech before the Board, of hav
ing written hundreds of letters when church
extension was a part of the duty of the
Board, yet since the separation of that in
terest, the Associate Secretary is said to have
written, in the last three years, ninety-seven
letters—eighteen one year, sixteen another,
and sixty-three another. What other du
ties he performed in the office, I cannot tell,
but it is said be was required by the Exec
utive Committee, to attend to wills and be
quests. This interest embraced• in it three
solitary cases. Does rumor tell the truth ?
One of them called for the onerous duty of
going to the,Recorder's office in Pittsburgh,
to examine the record in a certain ease, and
then returning to Philadelphia'; the bud
"ONE THING IS NEEDFUL:" "ONE THING HAVE I DESIRED OF THE LORD:" "THIS ONE THING I DO."
PUBLICATION OFFICE, GAZETTE BUILDING, FIFTH STREET, ABOVE SMITHFIELD, PITTSBURGH, PA.
FOR THE WEEK ENDING SATURDAY, AUGUST 14, 1858.
mess part of the matter, the selling of the
farm at Tarentum, was done by another.
It was remarkable that neither in the
speeches of Drs. McElroy and Krebs, nor in
those of any other, was this point the subject
of debate, i. e., of the need of Dr. _flapper.
sett being in the office. This was rather a
singular circumstance, if it was palpable
that the office should be continued, to pre
vent damage to the interest of the Bogrd in
the business aspect of the case. Such be
ing the fact, the inquiry presents itself, in
what other light is it proved that tbe office
of the Associate Secretary should remain
intact ? Let the advocates for the continu
ance speak for themselves.
Dr. McElroy said the churches must be
visited, instruction on the whole subject of
Domestic Missions must be imparted, ju
dicatories reminded of their duty, &c.; and
who could do this so efficiently as the Asso
ciate Secretary! Dr. Krebs says, in a com
munication to your paper :
The abolition of all merely collecting agencies
as such, does not necessarily suggest the abolition
of Associate Secretary, on the ground that . that
officer is also incidentally a collecting agent. The
truth is, these visits, brief and infrequent as
they are of necessity, and these fireside inter.
views in pastors' studies and elders' houses, do
good. And moreover there is the whole Mission.
are field. How much may be done to cheer some
little church in the new settlements—how much
to lift up the fainting heart of the lonely mission
ary—by the fact that the Secretary looks in oc
casionally upon the toils, and that the Board is
represented by these living sympathies, and . not
merely by the stipendiary dole and the doleful
exhortation to economy. Indeed, lam so well as
sured of the soundness of these views, that in.
stead of contracting, I indorse enlargement every
way. Instead of abolishing the office of ABBooi
ate Secretary, I am prepared to renew a motion
I once made use of oa this floor, for the creation
of the office of Co-ordinate Secretary.
In the Presbyterian, of July 10th, we
have a similar train of remark, with the
declaration, "one of these duties obviously
is, to promote the more general adoption
of the scheme of Systematic Benevolence."
So then, the Assistant Secretary is neces
sary, to act as a kind of Missionary Evan
gelist, to instruct the people on this whole
subject of Systematic Benevolence ! i , would
ask how Is it by visitation`? What sane
1118.11 would say that one Secretary, or two,
or more, according to Dr. Krebs' plan, could
instruct three thousand three hundred and
twenty.four churches, on this new phase
of doing the Lord's work. The argument
appears to be manufactured for the occasion;
the notion is- utopian and visionary, of a
Secretary or Secretaries going the length and
breadth of the land to educate the people on
the Systematic Benevolence matter. Again.
How many missionaries and feeble churches
could be visited, even by a corps of Secreta
ries, hoWever capable to perform the duty?
What has been found to be fact, even on
the agency plan ? A few prominent churches
may be visited,• bat to others these errands
for good haire been "like angel's , visits, few
and far between.' We must take facts as
they are, and regard the lessons of instruc
tion they give. I am an unbeliever as to
the practicability -of this visitation scheme
which has been proposed. If attempted it
must fail, and that with the impression that
money has been squandered for a thing of
no value. If I understand this Systematic
Benevolence movement, it is not outside
pressure, or educating the people on the
subject that is to fit the churches practically
to carry it out; but the pastors and Sessions
are to be the agency employed to do the work.
On this point I have something to say. I
am fearful of the ultimate result of this
seemingly beautiful expedient to bring up
the whole Church to its duty. Who will
assert that the cause of benevolence is a
principle with the whole body of church
members ? No man with any show of rea• _
eon, but what must admit that outside influ
enoes have to be employed to bring up many
people to their duty. If this is true, how
can we calculate on'anY thing like success in
our operations? While the pressure is felt,
you may expect certain results, but remove
it, how fearful must be the relapse It is
true that the Board was told by •Dr. Nue
grlve of an increase of five hundred paying
churches, since the Systematic Benevolence
plan was adopted. Let this be so, it
proves nothing more than this, that while
the iron is kept hot, our expectations, to a
certain extent, may be met. With too
many, the cause of benevolence' is more a
matter of feeling than a principle, and if so,
how important that we should " . ponder our
steps, that the Lord may establish our ways;".
to guard against disappointments. Agen
cies, like a great many other things, grow
out of the sin of the Church; until she is a
more consecrated, holy body, we need not
look to her for large aspirings in doing good.
Without an Agency to the extent that may
be needed, disaster must follow. As fast as
you can instruct the, people in the duty of
doing the work themselves, do away with
all agents, but certainly not before; without
you wish to bankrupt your Boards, and re
tard the progress of the cause of Christ.
But the Church has said she does not
want agents. She has said that her pas
tors are her agents. They must instruct
and stimulate the people. Such being the
case, how, I ask, are you going to get your
Associate Secretary (with no other attri
bute about him but that he is a mere
agent,).intothe field ? But it has been as
sorted that this feeling of opposition to
agents, applies only to certain quarters of the
Church. Western Pennsylvania may be so,
but not New York. If so, why do the Sec
retaries of all the Boards ring the changes
upon the no-agency scheme? Why boast
fully reiterate the statement, that they have
done all without agents, if this narrow, pen
ny saving idea is entertained only in certain
spots ? Actions speak louder 'than words.
The no.agency feeling is general.:'
I am clear to gay, as a member of the
Board, and one, who voted to abolish the
drum of Associate Secretary, that I felt not
at liberty to do anything else than to listen.
to the voice of instruction given by the
Church, and the Boards, and more espe
cially given in that part of the field in which
my lot is cadt—that the agency plan must
be laid aside for the present. This whole
business is narrowed down, in my view, to a
single point. There is in the office no busi
ness for the Associate Secretary to do, and
the Church has said she will not have
agents. Such, then, being the facts, who
could vote away $l,BOO of salary, and $BOO
traveling expenses, without incurring blame.
I care very little for the flings "about the
paralysis of an ill-judged parsimony," (i a
mere matter of clerkship," of "dollars and'
cents," of getting into " a mere one-horse
. concern," or, in the language of a self- ,
I styled estern Pennsylvania, we may be
told, " I object to the whole spirit in which
the matter has been conducted ; it savers
very much of radicalism, and demagogins."
Not such hard names, Mr. Western Penn
sylvanian, if your appellation really indi
cates your locality, and is not employed as
a blind, and for a purpose.
I shall not dwell upon the comparative
merits of the ' persons who figured in this
memorable meeting of the 28th of June,
neither shall I say anything of opinions ex
pressed in private, which were not lived up
to when the voting took place. Western
Pennsylvania, ip his communication in the
Presbyterian, talks,ribout the evils of
petuating strife, an ,' - broadly insinuates that,
the Banner, of itAstgli, -- is promoting
such a spirit. Be erVj kar that he should
cure his own spirit; before he undertakes to
exhort others to meokness and forbearanee.
If Western Pennsylvanian is a disinterested
person—a mere lopk.er-on--hour is it that
he professes to have such an intimate knowl
edge of the doings Zf the said meeting of the
28th of June, andivhy did he forget to tell
the world that• the Tote to abolish or not was
fourteen to fourteen; the casting vote of
the President went for the continuance;.
and this is the mighty majority that is
spoken of. Had snot( men as Clarke, New. :
kirk, McAlister, &0., &c., hates to gratify,
and ends to gain, when they said, " abolish ?"
Their votes were dictated by the convictions
of duty; to suppose anything else is to cher
ish a spirit more to lie pitied than loved.
And where is the' proof and the account
current, spread'-before the Board of Do
mend° Missions—wbo saw it—which went
to show "that thotisands of dollars , ' were
brought into the treasury through his agen
cy; that more work was done, and more
saving to the funds by the Assistant Secre
tary while in California, than in the same
time during any one year for years past."
Add to this that the Secretary relinquished
$3OO of his salary, thus sharing with the
missionaries in the redaction made in the
'salaries, which no other of the Board did.
The facts of the case •are wanted. As to
the $3OO reduction of his salary by the As
sociate Secretary, and, the payment of his
own traveling expenses, why not ? especially
when it is known that the California expe
dition was the project of the Secretary him
self, not the measure .of the Board. The
Committee yielded to it; but in the first
instance they certainly did :not approve of
the measure. The manifestation of self- '
sacrifice " which nb other member did,"
might be a matter of debate. Many things
might be said, but, I forbear
From our London Correspondent.
The Irish Assembly—Lon - donderry and Its Asso
ciations— Tiobi-Tokens of Brotherly Love—The
New NOderator and his Antecedent, -- /Mlin
Presbyterianism and the Rev. John Hall Acce
ssions to the Irish Assembly from other Churches—
Presbyterianism and National Education—The
Episcopalians and the Board—Dr. Cooke on the
National System—Rom4th Persecution and "The
Soupers "—.Roly. Water and the Potato Blight—
Ministerial Support—Great Results—. Provoking
America to Jealousy—The Atlantic Cable—Al
leged Removal of Mr. Dallas—The Queen, Cho -
bourg, and the Alliance—Correspondence of Na
poleon I.—The Massacre at Jeddah and Hohamme
daniam --The India Bill and Ellenborougla
LONDON, July 16th, 1858.
THE IRISH ASSEMBLY, to whose opening
I briefly referred in my last, continued its
sittings during the whole of last week. The
gathering of ministers and elders was less
numerous than would have been the case,
had the Assembly met:in the Town of Bel
fast, which is not only the Capital, but also
—speaking as to facility of access-- the
centre, of Presbyterian Ulster. Neverthe
less, to Derry, as well as to Dublin, the
railway opens a speedy transit, compared
with the olden time, and to both it is of
great importance, the Assembly should fre
quently repair. Londonderry has glorious
reminiscenses for Irish Presbyterians. It
was by the " Prentice Boys," which Presby
tery in the beleaguered city furnished, that
the gates were closed against King James,
the myrmidon of Rome, and it is mainly
to the stout arms, and gallant 'hearts of.
Presbyterianism, that the , cause of. Protes
tant liberty and truth will be debtors, to all
time. In that city, too, Presbyterianism is
vigorous,, and • religion flourishes. Along
the Banks of Lough-Swilly, and Lough-
Foyle, Presbyterianism has clad valley and,
hill with the fruits of that secular prosper
ity, of which, in all lands, it is the promoter.
Two graceful acts, illustrative of Chris
tian brotherhood, marked the commencement
of the Irish Assembly. The first, was in
eonnexion with the election of a Moderator.
It had for some time been rumored, that
inasmuch as the venerable Doctor Henry
Cooke had now reached, or completed the
fiftieth year of his ministry, the Assembly
would be invite.d to elect him as Moderator.
[That office he had, of course, filled before.]
But it was also stated that others were most
anxious to confer that mark of respect on
the Rev. John Johnson, whoge name is now
identified with the great and successful
movement of open air preaching in Ireland.
A collision would have been most unseemly,
and Dr. Cooke is not the man to be ungen
erous. Accordingly, when his own name
and that of Mr. Johnson had both - been duly
proposed, he rose and said , that he hoped,
ere long, a mode might be devised, by
which, after the example of the Mother
Church of Scotland, it might be previously
underitood-by the Church in general; who
was to be the Moderator. 'He had received
from the Church . " honors more than suffi
cient," and he could not, above all, think of
standing in competition with "a man whom,
on every account, they ought to delight to
honor, but particularly because of this glori
ous work of street-preaching, which might
be opposed, but which, by the grace Of God,
would be triumphant." Mr. Johnson was,
thereupon, elected unanimously to the Chair.
He has been a faithful servant for very
many years. He is not a man of literary
pretensions, although well educated, nor is
there any thing very attractive in his preach
ing, except when he addresses children.
But he has, in his generation, and in a day,
too, -when Arianism and coldheartedness
were disastrously prevalent in Ulster, been a
faithful witness for the doctrine of the Trin
ity, as well as for the Apostolic Gospel,
" Repentance toward God, and faith toward
our Lord. Jesus Christ." He has always
put honor on the Holy Spirit in his ministry.
H i e Was among the earliest friends of mis
sions, Bible and Tract Societies in Ireland)
A. D. CAMPBELL.
and warmly co.operated in their advance
ment, with such clergymen as the late Peter
Roe, of Kilkenny; Matthihs, of Dublin;
and Daly, (now Bishop of Cashel ;) as well
as with the Earl of Roden, and other Evan
gelicals ok the Irish Establishment. His
son, the Rev. William Johnson, occupies,
very efficiently, a most important post, as a
pastor in Belfast
The second pleasing proof of prevailing
love in the Assembly, was furnished in the
selection bf the next place, for the meeting
of Assembly. The votes for Dublin and
Belfast, respectively,' were nearly equal, and
there being some doubt, a second division
was called for. But as some pleaded strongly
for Dublin, as, being the metropolis of Ire
of Christ there, as well as in the country at
large; the Belfast brethren yielded at once,
Dr'. 4dgar saying, that if there were to be a
second vote, and One vote was wanted to
turn 'the scale in favor of Dublin, that vote
should be his own.
- The Rev. John Hall, of Armagh, a rela
tive of George H. Stuart; - Esq., of Phil.
adelphia, has been recently elected to be the
colleagne of Dr. Kirkpatrick, in the pasto
ral charge of the congregation of Mary's
Abbey; Dublin. Dr. K.'s health is feeble,
and he.'needs to spare himself. With Mr.
Hali's fine talents , and genuine earnestness,
and w - th a new church of superior style , of
architecture, about to be elected, it is more
than probable that a new era in the history
of Dublin Presbyterianism, will now be in
Two ministers and a licentiate, from other
Chitrches, were recognized by the Assemhly.
Tht, first of these had been a Wesleyan
minister, the second had been a minister of
the' Covenanting Church, in the United
States, the Rev. James McGlaughlin, who
was taken under the care of the Newton
limavady Presbytery; and .a third had been
a licentiate of the Irish Covenanting Church.
OP the subject of Elementary Education,
it appeared that there were six hundred and
twentY-four schools under Presbyterian man
agement, having on the rolls thirty-two
thousand four hundred and ninety children.
It was at the same, time, stated, that of
national schools under Presbyterian manage
ment, in which there were Presbyterian
children, there were four hundred and three;
one hundred and eighty-two whose patrons
are Romanists, one hundred and forty-five
under the management of Episcopalians,
forty-three under that of Unitarians, and
thirty-three under other management. In
these schools the total number of Presbyte
rian children, was nine thousand anffsixty
three, namely', four thousand one hundred
and ninety-five, under Episcopalians, two
thou Sand lour hundred and sixty-seven in
those managed by Unitarians, , one thousand
four hundred and fifty-sii in Ronian Catholic
schools, and nine hundreffand sixty-five in
schools mapaged, by Methodists and other
Protestants. To the anomalies and dangers
thus revealed, attention was directed, as also
to, the proselytizing spirit of, the Church
Education pociety. A sySteni seems acted
on of inducing the young, by premiums and
otherwise, not to learn the Assembly's, but
the Church Catechism. The Episcopalians
have been trying hard to get a separate grant
for their own schools from Parliament, and
dexterously worded petitions' have caught
many Presbyterian signatures in Scotland,
as their prayer has been, " not to refuse a
share in the public money, to schools in
which the Bible is read." This, however, is
virtually a libel on Irish Presbyterianism,
for in all their Schools the Bible is read.
The difference is, that the reading of the
Bible, as in Episcopal , schools ; is not com
pulsory. on Roman Catholic, and all other
children, and that the hour for reading the
Bible is fixed. If the Episcopalians would
consent to fax the hour for reading the
Scriptures, they would share in the grant,
and in fact retain among. Bible readers the
large majority of. Roman Catholic children
in attendance.. They are either too proud
or too high-souled to do this, and so at a
great sacrifice of money, they keep their
schools apart. The national system is not
perfect, just because it tries to be national;
in other words, to please each party, and to
pay each. The result as to Romanism is, that
it receives a very large State endowment for.
its own ends, and almost without a conces
sion or a cheek, even with the periodical
visits of Inspection appointed by the Com
missioners. Dr. Cooke, on this point of
nationality and amalgamation, said:
I never approved of the system. What do I
approve of? I approve of what good we can get
out of it. I never saw a system of education es
tablished in Ireland of which I altogether ap
proved. The. Hibernian Schools were admirable
schools as'far as they went, but I did not alto
gether approve of them. The Kildare Place So
ciety was an admirable institution, though I did
not altogether approve of it. I took as mnoh as
1 approved of, and as much good as I could get
from them, or others could get from them. The
Hibernian Schools did a great deal of good. The
Kildare Place Schools did a'great deal of good;
bat I do admit that we get more advantages from
the management of the National Board than we
ever got from any other. (Hear, hear.) I think
the fact cannot be contradicted, yet, as to the
system, and as to the management of the system,
I do not, and I cannot say that I do not desire an
amendment. I would, not say tha,t absolutely I
desire the overthrow of the National System, but I
want the system amended; and, I say, the man
agement of that Board I never can approve of—
that drove Archbishop Whately, Chief Justice
Blackburne, and some others from that Board. I
never did approve, and never will approve, of the
resolutions which that Board adopted, whereby
the statement of Christian Evidences was turned
out of that Board. (Hear, hear.) I never did;
and never will, approve of the system that enables
a child, by opposing a book or complaining of a
book, to have it turned out of the school. These
are things of detail, and there are other points
easily reducible into detail, that I never approved
of, and never will approve of. I ehould wish to
see these things remedied. I should wish to see
the system amended ; and if that be the sense in
which I am to understand the overturning of it,"
then I wish it to be overturned. If it were to be
taken in its entirety, and if I had it in my power,
I would overturn it. I believe it is `a 'great ad-
vantage :we have received from the Board, and I
do believe that if this system is ever to succeed
thoroughly as a National System, there must be a
nearer approximation in all its departments to
the privileges that the Presbyterians now enjoy.
There is no doubt that Popery is gaining
great consolidation by money grants for edu
cation. Besides the immense sums thus rem
(mixed in Ireland, the Romish schools in
Great Britain last year received grants to
the extent of not leis than £67,000.
In Ireland, Ramjeh revivals are being
carried out by the Redemptoriat Fathers,
in order to counteract the Irish. elturch
Missions and the Irish Society. %US at
Dingle,' in KeirY, the persecution of conierti
has been renewed, and exclusive dealing has
been acted on, on the recommendation of
the priests. A Roman Catholic magistrate
presided on a ease where a Roman Catholic
woman was charged with refusing to sell
milk to a man who was " a souper, e., a
convert. (The native drollery and satire of
the Irish peasantry, come out in this term.
It is intended to insinuate that soup given
by Protestants, has been the price of apes.
tasy.) The defendant was asked by the
Court, " Who ordered 'you not to sell milk
to such people ?" Answer.-" The Priests."
" What Priests ?" Answer—" Father Dan
and Father O'Connor." Whereupon the'
magistrate, more Protestant thin his creed
or' his nonfessor :would4iiition, said, " I
love,, or Christianity in such conduct. I
will write to G-overnment about the ease."
He ordered the plaintiff to 'go again for milk
to one, and then to others, and if they re
fused, informations for illegal conspiracy
would be granted.
Superstition and holy water. have re
ceived a recent certificate, of union under
the hand of a cunningg ,
and covetous Irish
priest, who sold several bottles of "the water
at the price of eight pence 'a glass, as a pro.
tection of gardens against potato blight.
These gardens, however, tolhe great confu
sion of the covetous priest and the credulous
dupes, have been thoroughly blighted'.
The Home Mission of the Irish Assenilily
operates in part OIL the South' and West rof
Ireland. Romish Catholic converts
wanting, while Mission schools and preaching
stations have been .greatly multiplied, and
are vigorously maintained. Scotch settlers
are also being rapidly gathered into - congre
gations, and security thns provided against
the 'neglect of themselves and their children,
which would probably end in practical
heathenism, or conversion to Popery.
The Assembly has made decided progress
during the'year, in the Ministerial SuppOrt
movement. In forty.three congregations there
has been an increase of Xls7;'in three hen
dred and nineteen, an increase .of £5,082; one
hundred are reported as "stationary," and
from forty.three there are no returns, Dr.
Morgan stated that the advanced stipend
now paid in Ulster, would be equal,• if caps
italized, to-a sum not less than £lOO,OOO.
Add to this the great Manse, •movement in
Ulster, for which atleast £30,000 isaecured,
and you *ill at once perceive how much
within a 'few years, been done for the con
solidation of Presbyterianism in Ireland.
I love the American Presbyterian Churches
so heartily,,as even to risk the charge of in
termeddling or importunity, When I respect
fully and earnestly express the ardent desire
that ere long a combined movement may be
agreed "upon=thii laity as in Ireland, and
in the. Free Church, leading the way—wlien
a minimum stipend of a becoming standard
shall be secured to each pastor, and if need
be, a dwelling'be provided for hinL I hear
great things about American - , generosity to
ministers both - in town and country, in- the
form of presents. Here ,(eheu 1) that excel
lent practice is not extensively established;
but supposing a man badly paid in money, to
be mipplemented in kind, would it not be
kinder still, and more like noble-hearted
American farmers,• to give the pastor a suhi
cient Alimony, &e., in cash, and to continue,
and even increase the presents ' Ho* many
a "shady side," would thus begin 'to' bask in
the , genial sunshine, which'would scatter
the gloomy mists and dark forebodingi from
before the. eyes and heart of the . pastor.?. :.
A fresh trial of the, ATLANTIb Oeuria.is
to be made. The Agamemnon and Ariagara
will again leave Cork for the, purpose,imme
diately, the quantity of cable still
board, being considered amply suffi.cient.
Certainly the &mime of the storms in` the
Atlantic in June was extraordinary. The
Agarnemnon, : had a most providential escape
from destruction.. The Times' Correspond
ent, who went out in her, gives a very vivid
description, in yesterday's paper, of the ii
pedition, with all its 'incidents andperils.
Let us hope that a third experiment will
prove successful. [The work is mom-
The REgovar, OF Mn. DALLAt3 from the
post of American Ambassador, is talked of
here. The reason assigned for i c t is his al•
leged partizan activity in the supportnf the'
Palmerston Ministry during the Alien' Bill'
hubbub, in common with Conut Persigny,
who was recalled on the like amount. These
two, it is said, were those Whom pisraeli,
in his speech at Slough, abided to as' 4 6 for
eign intriguers." Americans' will know'
better than we can, the' reasons, of Mr:
Dallas' recall, if it has been ,rewolyed
The Hon. Mr. Roosevelt, who is mentioned
as his probable successor, is
of Sir W. G. Ousely, the British Minister
to the Central American Republics.
THE QUEEN is to visit Napoleon_ at Cher:-
botaig, in'the first week' in August; accem
pealed by a magnificent leek •Adinixil Lord
Lyons commanding the squadron, leading
the van in the Royal Albert, one hundred
and twenty-one guns- The objedt is to qUiet
down in Europe, and especially in /France
and England, the recent apprehensions that
the alliance was about tole dissolved. The
Times, in yesterday'w money article, tries
hard to explain the depression both of the
finds and of commerce, to the suspicions. ,
entertained by capitalists and' men of bnai r
ness, of Napoleon's intentions. One always,
suspects an arriere pensee as dictating• such
articles. To see , party politics.dragged
a money article, and an ill-concealed venom"
showing itself against thii new Cabinet, is
not satisfactory to honest men. At - he
same time it is England's first duty to guard
herself where she is most vulnerable. We
are to have a thoroughly efficient fleet, with
out which our coasts, and our all-important
arsenals of war are open to invasion. Na
poleon is a mystery. It is as yet literally.
true, as he asserted amid universal discredit,
in 1851, that 's the Empire ispeace." The,
Alliance with England:in the Crimeanwar;
disappointed Russia, Austria, and all the des
pots. But he seems to take pleasure in keep-,
ing Europe and England , xestless and.uneasy,
even though, while the Indian hostilities
were at their height, he<offered tta. facilities
for the .forwarding of our troops. ; IFS," is,"
says the , Saturday Review, " thel l aathOr of
the coup dicta, and his .recentisoe have
shown thatthe is ready-to retain the , prize of,
his lawless ambition by the.satne- means by
by which was m0n,..6 :Mho is capable of,
committing the naked atrocity offlusseesing'
his 'own`departments lotinifoceetaetime
veigu of.terror, ketoannot beroppoood in-
Philadelphia, 111 South Tenth Street, below Chestuot,
By Mail, or at the Ofttoe, $1.50 par Year, SEE PROSPECTUS.
Delivered in the City, 1.76 "
A writer in ,the Edinburgh 'Witness
makes thefollewing remarks : .
I recollect that in the Life of the well
known. " Simeon " of Cambridge , there are
seine remarks on 'the' subject:of - the Aehvery
of sermons;-'atid pakicularly of a prevailing
error among young - divines—nathelyi.4he
using of, an overstrained, unstalutysl voice
when the preacher waxed vehement,_ and
when wishing to intensify the mode of 'ad
dresu:. r TO. #l4olollpOribfM4Wpart what has
been called the minister's disease, the spe
cies of bronchitis by which so many of them
have been' afflicted, and whiol?' - 'hai l Sent
them off pie' tenspore to' a' iiiitioraliinate.
Simeon . lays it down as icertairi that'the true
and best way of giving Additional energy to
a deliveryfii,-91, by going out of the natural
voice, but by, giving. more force to the same
mote; he adds, that he himself had been
'at pains' with several: of hie young friends to
cure them of = the evil, habit above preferred
to, and that , he had: been, suocessfnl in -Bev
, eral instances. - Now, if I do, not mistake,
the remarks of good Simeon ; apply'to pot a
few of ' our preachers of the present In
my early years the delivery of 'lsiiiinons was
very generally sadly inanimate and totally
devoid of energy—dull and taus Sas, some
of the , people
,described it.) Singe the era
of Chalmers particularly, there - has been a
marked ehange this (and we'hope' in - still
more important - respects.) Energy 'an d
warmth of deli Very are_ now fashionable,
whether reading or non-reading be prac
tised. %rib& briaribtlielird of Alexander
the sareat'ssieft shoulder, which slavisli imi
tators:copied? ~ And whales• not-observed,
in the ease of a far greater than . Alexander,
even Chalmers, a number of left shoulder
imitators, copying Win in that whiell'ica's his
defect, though :scareely so is Mm, bagause
-:pia , him so= natural, and so overbalanced by
, the majesty of his diction and3l3,overpow
ering force of, his original genius -7 ; .Now, if
I do not mistake much, there are alpresent
several of our young men ill() mistake the
lora- unnatural/risings of the voice for'real
eloquence, orlather, I should say, who 'leave
the, natural be,good) ; voioe al
togethevirttsring. the harshest and most nn;.
musical tones, conveying
,tbe impression of
ill nature in the preacher, or a kind • of tri
nutih fit the thdught'of.ortihing- ail adver
stiry,iinsteid of Cot:miming and persuading.
I would recommendteemeh oratorae reading
pf, Homer's beautifql gesollption of the elo
inuence of NistorH"fireet as honey, melt
g as the soft Vevi;" 'of, still better, Paul's
'elounence"Beseaohing by the meekness
an d gentleness ‘of ;Christi" and "by the
mercies .of G0d,7 ,- (Rom.lxii: 1.) It is ob
vious, indeed, that , aAifferent tone of, voice
and mode ,of expression suitsthe - rebuke,
e. g., the "Woe to you Phitisees—hypo
orites," and the'address to the "weary and
;heavy laderif :but the evil is?that this die-
AinationAnot °Pierced, and4katAbe part of
the discourse .meant to improaas and. Nhioh
isthisrefigt moie animated, has' thii
tifappaienebitterness, harak and re
pressive, and fitted to win and to persuade.
WHOLE NO. 807
capable of plunging into the atrocity, veiled
by glory, of a foreign war." Thu, I may
safely say, is the lurking and almost universal
feeling with regard to the French Emperor.
The CORRESPONDENCE OP NAPOLEON 1.,
is being published in France, and is about
to be brought out also in England. It is of
vast extent. As to the calligraphy and or
thography of the original letters, a writer in
the , Ikiterary Gazette says, . afteW. seeing. the
M.S. "Of all the cramped pieces of pen
manship ever, seen, his are the most cramped
and unintelligible. The lines never run
straight, while not unfrequently they Come
into collision. A'
, great many words are
grossly misspelt, ;'a nd others - are only half
.writtehl.; tirlenialin 3 genidsl - - 0,
triumph for dull little schoolboys! The
man who conquered more kingdoms than
Alexander, knew not orthography."
The IttAssAbix , AT JEDDAH, onilie Red
Sea, of the British and French Consuls, and
upwards of twenty other Christians, is one
out of many indications of the fierce fanati
alai, Which now pervades the Mohammedan
mind all over the'East. In Indie,lslainisna
has been the.grand instigator of revolt and
enmity, and in ;tlinost every' *halls in
Turkey; Christians lave been barbarously
treated, and that without redress. • In Can
dle there is raging a fiery hate' against the
Christians, and the Greekopulations all
, „. p
over Turkey, secretly instigated by Slavonic
and Russian agents, are likelito break out .
into insurrection. Turkey is, after -all,
” the sick man," and the Western Powers
seek in vainttmriiphold -hie ,- tottering steps.
Mohammedanism, as such, is vile. , Let it
politically die. This fearful outrage at
Jeddah will be visited by, swift and terrible
retribution, both by England and France.
Jeddah is the port at WlWlpilsrfms land,
on their way tuthe to holy cities of Mecca
and. Medina. ,
• The INDIA. Bmrovas read , a second time,
last night, in the House of Lords. Lord
,Ellenborotigh lavished abrise upon it, and
with that sublime egOtism 'which distin-
Oldies one who ought to be an -Oriental
'despot without control, he not ; only praised
his: own measure, (as originally propoped, but
laughed out of , court,) but declared that
armies and manures would be alike useless
in India, unless the people were to be ruled
by "a man who has the confidence of the
natives and Europeans, who is capable of
directing military operations, and who, by
his personal authority, can compel all his
subordinate offiCials 'to co operate :in his
policy." There is Ellenborough's 'portrait,
drawn by himself t ; And as for his 4 ‘ policy,"
a main , feature of it is $ ignore chrietianity
and perpetuate the Devil's reign, by the
conservatism of false religions, by the issue
of a proolaination in the Qttem's name,
written " not 'to please the' House of
Commons, nor people on the hustings, shit
/esi . people on , a platform." • J.W.
P. 8.--Scindia, a friendly Prince who
long kept the Owalior rebels in cheek, has
been defeated by them. The climate is
working havoo on our , troops. Prospects
The Thames river is to be purified at a
cost of X 6,000,000. •
I have had the pleasure of reeeiving here
a visit from; your townsman, Dr. Douglas,
and.f introducing him to the Committee of
the Tract Society, and also to the London
Presbytery. He is , on his way to the Con
The :Nee of P.reeehhig.