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PRESBYTERIAN BANNER & ADVOCATE
pusbytorina S. .sr. Vol. VI, 11..43.
Prstb7torisii Advoeste, Vol. 3214 Res 38.1
DAVID MeKINNET, Editor and Proprietor.
A Word of Cheer.
God speed thee, Christian Pilgrim,
Upon thy heavenly way;
And give thee strength and patience
To make advance each day !
God help thee, Christian Soldier,
To fight the battle well;
And bring thee off victorious •
O'er all the powers of hell.
God rest thee, weary Pilgrim !
Thou 'rt worn and faint, I know;
But on I for just before thee
Is the land to which yotz go.
God heal thee, wounded Soldier 1
I know thou 'rt weak and pained;
But up! thy God will cure thee,
And the day is almost gained.
Soon, with thy joiirne'Y ended—
The toil of battle o'er,
You 'll get the meed of victory,
You 'll reach t he better shore.
From toil, and strife, and sorrow,
Thy happy soul set free,
Shall hail the glad to morrow
Of blest eternity.
Bor the Preebytefian Banner and Advocate.
The. Christian Ministry
ITS ACTUAL BEARINGS ON MAN'S MORAL
AND SPIRITUAL NATURE AND CONDITION.
That our race is in deep revolt from God,
is aunt manifest Man's whole history, in
every age and every land, in all states of
society, civilized and savage, proves that in.
spirit and in conduct he is opposed to the
character, the laws and the government of
his Maker. Hence the fearful indications
of the Divine displeasure, which are every
where witnessed, to distress and alarm us.
Hence the evils in their ten thousand forms,
that fill our world pith lamentation and tine_
Now, can God's favor, whioh has been lost
by sin, be regained ? If so, what are the
terms on which he is willing to be recon•
oiled ? These questions, of such importance
to us, none but God himself can answer.
And if unanswered, good were it tor us if
we had never been born. For then we are
the hopeless heirs of all the miseries of this
dying life, and utter desolation is upon all
our prospects of good beyond the grave.
Nothing, nothing awaits us but a long and
an eternal night of Unmixed and unallevia•
ted suffering and despair. But here, in
this institution, the sacred ministry, we
have these interrogatories fully and satisfao•
G-o l says our offended Sovereign, to his
own Son, the brightness of his own glory,
and the express image of his - ftereon., , Go to
yonder world, assume man's nature, and
take the sinner's place. Go, veil, for a sea•
son, the manifested glory of thy Godhead
under a covering of human weakness and
human dependence; and, as nothing else
can satisfy my injured justice, and repair
the honors of my broken law—and as
nothing else can give such proof of my loVe
and my willingness to be reconciled with
sinners—go, drink the cup of trembling
due to man's transgression ; go, suffer snd
die to make reconciliation for iniquity. •
And now, when the Son of God had oome
on this errand, and had made a complete
atonement—it was then, when about to re•
turn to heaven, from whence he came—it
was then that be instituted this ministry,
and gave commandment to preach the Gos
pel to every creature. And in this Institu
tion, perpetuated by his authority and sus•
tithed by his promised presence and grace.
In this institution we have a standing and
a most decisive evidence of God's willing
ness to be reconciled. And now, the min-
Were of Christ are his representatives, ap
pointed, authoritatively, to proclaim salva
tion to a dying world. And, through the
influence of their ministrations, made suc
cessful and efficient by the agency of the
Holy Spirit, men are brought back to God ;
they are saved from sin and from hell, and
made meet for the purity and the joys of
It is true that in the present life the
Christian ministry'does not shed its full in
fluence for good on mans moral and spir
itual character and condition. Even those
who are made to feel most its purifying and
felicitating power, do not here attain to per
fection in holiness and bliss. They are
here encompassed with weakness and sin.
And in this world they must have tribula
tion. And there are the fiery trials of their
faith—their conflicts with their spiritual
foes. The economy of grace furnishes no
security from temporal afflictions, but it does
provide something better still—all really
necessary good ; God's power and presence
to sustain and cheer. Even here, joys full
of glory are often mingled in the our of
sorrow. Here are the bright anticipations
of hope to illumine the midnight of distress.
And not one of all these afflictions, outward
or inward, but serves to discipline the soul
for heaven, and will ultimately enhance the
measure of its joy.
And then, there is death. And who is
not afraid to die ? Oh, tell us what it is,
Drift from those consolations which it is the
apt Mal work of Cbriat's ant.bassadors to ad
minister, that can effectually arm men
against the fears of dying ? Can philoso
phy do it? Can the sternest infidelity do
it? Ah, go to the bedside of a Voltaire, a
Hume, a Rosseau, a Paine, when drawing
near to death, And there, in the disturbed
countenance, in the moans of despair, in
the dingo of remorse, in the dismal fore
bodings, in the fires of an anticipated hell,
already kindled up in conscience—not to
contemplate a picture of fancy, but the dark
'and dreadful reality.. . And then, ask again,
what can philosophy and infidelity do, to arm
against the fear of dying. And. then go
and witness the closing scene of a Hely
burton, a Findley, a Payson, and learn how
a Christian can die. And learn bow the
consolations and hopes of the Gospel can
arm against the fear 'of dying. And still
more / how the good man's chamber of death
may be transformed into a sanctuary of
-peace, a field of triumph, a vestibule of
Bat then, the influence of th' Gospel,
which the Christian ministry brings; 'stops
not here. It in fact only at de l a thitl
this influence can be brought fully lo bear
upon man's moral and spiritual character
and condition. Nor then—not until the
opening of the resurrection morn, when the
body shall be spiritualized and conformed to
the fashion of Christ's owu glorified body,
shall man's whble,nature experience the full
results of this influence. And then only,
in that full orbed glory which the re
deemed will forever wear; and in their up
ward and onward progress, in holiness and
bliss, through the whole eternity of their
being, from hell escaped, from heaven
gained, will be known More and more for
ever the results of this influence—its effi
ciency to dignify and bless.
Is it then true that the Christian ministry
is more important in its nature, and is
clothed with a higher moral dignity, and has
d deeper responsibility belonging to it than
any other office with which a mortal can be
invested ? Is it true that ministers are, in
a sense, subordinate indeed, but of momen
tous import, co.wotkers with God himself
in carrying out his designs of mercy and
grace, in the conversion and Salvation of
men ?- Then the interests here involved are
surely too precious to be trifled with. And
well does it become those engaged in this
work, even those best qualified and most
faithful, to take good heed to themselves,
and to ponder much the nature and the
beatings of the office they hold.
We do not suppose that any minister,
however wide his compass of thought, or
however deep his sense of .the importance
and interest of his work, can now understand
the full measure of his responsibility. The
revelations of the Judgment seat will doubt.
less shed much new light on this subject.
But the Judgment seat itself will not reveal
to any finite mind all the results of this
ministry. But then every minister who is
the genuine servant of Christ, must see
enough in his office, and the interest it in
volves, to render it, in his estimation, wor
thy the consecration of his best energies,
and his ever.glowing zeal. And a regard
to God's glory, the worth of souls and his
own high recompense, will prompt him'•to
seek, with agonizing and ceaseless prayer,
the graee , and furniture he needs, that he
may magnify his office and oarry out its
high purposes, both in relation to himself
and others and find mercy of the Lord to
be faithful successful in his work.
But the responsibility of this office warn
the unsanctifled not to come nigh. Let.
them not tread this holy , ground. It, will
surely be perdition enough to perish as men.
To go down to death with skirts steeped in
the blood of souls, would be more'dreadful
And now; in the close of our remarks; we
wish, with special urgency, to press upon
the attention of all
- who will listen to us the
paramount claims of, the Christian ministry
to countenance and support. This Institu.
tion is the price of blood. Had not-the Son
of God laid down his life, there had been no
Christian ministry, no Gospel of salvation.
And, God himself being the Judge, it is
better to have cleanness of teeth and a fam
ine of bread in all our borders, "than a fam
ine of hearing the Word of Life. Let,
then, parents withhold from their children
and families the bread that perisheth in the
using, but let them not withhold the - means
of procuring that bread, of which, if a man
eat, he shall live forever.
And finally, let each one ponder well the
influence of this ministry upon his own des
tiny. InApostolic language, to some, this
ministry will prove a savor of life unto life,
to others a savor of death unto death. And
in view of such issues, even Paul himself
might well exclaim, who is sufficient for
these things ? NOMINIS UMBRA.
For the Presbyterian Banner and Advocate
Narrative—Presbytery of, Blairsville.
The Presbytery of Blairsville would re
submit, to the. General Assembly,
the following report of the State of Religion
within their bounds, daring the year ending
April Ist, 1858.
Nothing unusual appeared in our churches
during the first half of the year. Generally
a good attendance was given to the means,
as to the public preaching of the. Word,
prayer-meetings, Sabbath Schools, Bible and
Cateohetical classes, and about the usual aver
age of additions was made to the churches.
But the latter. half the year, and especially
the last four months, form a new and inter
esting era in the religions history of most of
An increased attention to the means, apd
some revivingof the people of God, appeared
in some of our churches before the Conven
tion of Synods, held in Pittsburgh in De
cember last. But soon after that Convention
the State of Religion in most of our churches
assumed a new and interesting' aspect.
First of all, the members generally of our
churches were revived, especially the elders,
who co-operated actively and zealously with
the pastors, in visiting families, conducting
prayer•uteetings, and conversing with their
brethren and with non-professors on the
subject of religion. Meetings for prayer—
for prayer,' conference, and exhortation—
and tor preaching the Word, were more or
less increased in all our churches, and these
meetings were attended by greatly increased
numbers. Presbytery cannot doubt that
God has poured oat his Spirit upon most of
our churches; upon some in greater, upon
others in less effusions; and would state the .
following as some of the blessed results:
Ministers, elders, and members have been
much revived and stirred up to active duties.
Many members now take a part in the exer
cises of prayer meeting, who never did so
before Some backsliders have been re
claimed. Neglected family altars have been
repaired, and new ones set up. Many sin
.:ners of all °lasses and ages, especially of the
youth of the church, have been converted
and brought into the full communion of the
Church. And a delightful spirit , of fraternal
affection pervades the churches, and sweet
ens the communion of saints.
Presbytery would mention the following
churches as having been favored with more
copious influences of the - Spirit, viz.: Blairs
ville, Armagh, Centreville, Johnstown, and
Unity. These have received an aggregate
of ;ore than one hundred and fifty members
on examination within the last six months.
Other °Lurches have had encouraging ad
ditions, and have the prospect of still more
at future communion seasons.
In oonelusion, Presbytery feel that it
becomes them to cherish , the 'not fervent
grafted° felitedior lib great goedzieisk and
"‘ONE THING IS NEEDFUL:" "ONE THING HAVE I DESIRED OF THE LORD:" "THIS ONE THING I Dar
PUBLICATION OFFICE, GAZETTE BUILDING, FIFTH STREET, ABOVE SMITHFIELD, PITTSBURGH, PA.
FOR THE WEEK ENDING SATURDAY, JULY 17, ISSS.
with this to join deep personal humility
before him, and to proceed with their labors
in the faith of the promise, "f.a, I am with
you alway, even to the. end of the world.
Western Correspondence. '
DR. 'MCKINNEY :—The Spring and early.
Summer of 1858, will be long remembered
by all the inhabitants of the North-West.
Never , before have we known, it the same
length of time, so many or so frequent
providences of a disastrous character. The
effects of the commercial crisis, , which were
felt all over the land, had not yet ceased,
when God sent a series of local judgments
upon us in the North-West, evidently de
signed to act upon particular communities,
in leading them to. humility and faith. In
one place a tornado swept an entire . village
away, leaving not a single house uninjured,
or a single family unharmod. In another
place, the sweeping gale leveled to the
ground beautiful churches, which bad been
reared with much toil, and which stood as the:
monuments of the self-denying labors, and
real sacrifices of their builders. In another,
a noble College structure, reared by our own
Church at much expense, was destroyed by
the same agent. The floods, too, descended,
and throughout vast distrieti of country did
much injury. The.seed was swept from the
soil or smothered where it lay, and many
lost the entire labor of seed.time at once, by
these afflictive providenees.
In these gales and floods, many lives have
been lost A. gentleman, in a ride of three
hundred milei upon the Mississippi, counted
three dead bodies floating upon its surface.
Upon Rock river, at the town of Roscoe, the
flood swept away , the howie of a Congrega.
tional minister, and the mother, with her
eiglit.children--the entire family, save the.
father—found a watery grave.
These events' have been unusually strik
ing and frequent. They' have been of such
a character, that they have arrested the at
tention of even the ungodly and 'infidel.
For this end they were evidently sent, that
man might know that there is indeed a God
in the earth, If this trith is net itintreq#ed
upon ,the mind by the more general provi
deuces, special and local judgments will fall.
Oh that men would lay- these things to
heart, improve thein, and live in such a
manner tor the future, that G-ad will not see
it needful thus to afflict. As it is, the
Spring and early Summer of 1858 will be
long remembered in this region, as the sea;
son of disasters by gale and flood.
It is, I, believe, very generally conceded,
that, we owe a.great debt to the poor Indian.
He has fallen back again and again - before the
on-rolling'tide of ciiiiization, 'making room,
by giving up his lands at a nominal price,
for the greedy, land-loving white min: He
kw granted all we have asked=lielding to
our terms in all contracts, !limply because of.
his inability. tmeftise. „ W by,. themshoula
we not treat him kindly in 'the circumseribed`
home to which he has been driven, upon our
Western border ? That he is not well treat
ed, is manifest to all who have taken pains.
to' investigate the subject. He is permitted
. free access to the " fire water" of the de
praved liquor-dealer, oftentimes in direct
violation of y those stipulations of national
compacts, promising to protect him from
this nefarious traf f ic.
I have before me a memorial from the
Bishop and certain ministers of the Protest
ant Episcopal Church in Minnesota, ad
dressed to the Minister of the Interior, com
plaining that the treaty with the Chippewas
of that territy had been, in some important
respects, wholly disregarded by the 'lndian
Agent. After specifying the matter of the
sale of ardent spirits to the Indians, they
"The Agent for these Indians has, from
some cause, been entirely regardless of this
traffic for the , period above named, (three
years) Hence every Indian is left perfectly
helpless in this powerful temptation of poor
human nature. The restrictions promised
the Indians at the time of the treaty, and
confirmed by stringent prohibitions and Pe i .,
nal laws of the General Government, have
been' utterly put aside and left inoperative,
by every civil, military, and other power of
the United States in every practical form.
The Indian is
: therefore left helpless under
such temptation, because he has nothing,a4-
equate given him by our nation, to fortify
him ag ainst them.
" We do, therefore, most earnestly appeal
to you, honorable and dear sir, in' behalf of
this poor race, to know whether all is vain,
as regards the due and just fulfillment of our.
nation's treaties with this, people. It is not
a thing in which the Indian nature is alone
at fault; although it is undoubtedly true
that the wild, untamed, and savage spirit
delights, 'more than ours, in that which ex
cites vioently the inner man. Look at the
dregs of our city population, and you can, in
their degradation and vice, even under the
repressive power of law and publio opinion,
see faintly the condition of the red-man, ex
posed to the like temptations, and totally ,
tree from these wholesolne restraints."
They further specify that the utmost free.
dom is furnished the Indian to buy at the
bar of the trader, by the glass, or to procure
from one to ten gallons to carry away. That
this whiskey is' even more adulterated than
that 'vended in the low haunts amid the
white settlements; and they instance the
ease of a Chief, who fell an immediate vic
tim to the poison thus insidiously infused
into the foul liquid.
Upon the whole, a strong me ie made
out, demanding the immediate attention of
the Government. We hope the people, too,
will think of, and pray for, the " poor In
dian," commiserate his lot, and'seek to alle
viate his condition.
The Fourth of July has passed by, calling
forth the usual amount of noise,
ary displays. Orations have been made all
over the West, very similar, no doubt, in
general character, to those made elsewhere,
and heretofore. It is becoming quite com
mon, in this section of the Union, to 'call
out the Sabbath, and Common Sehools, and
celebrate the day by dwelling upon the in
terests they represent. This is, without
question, praiseworthy. In the bosoms of
the youth is lodged, under God, the hope of
our country. Our =future will be, > and will
be glorious or otherwise, as our youth are ed
ucated and religious. Religious Education
is to be regarded as the great instrument to
be Used by `the present, to. give hope to the
future. Men of superficial views, your one-
Wit men, -may MIN 'ttpow some 'offshoot of
the corrupt human heart, and claim that if
that is destroyed, the golden age will have
arrived. They may declaim against intem
perance or slavery, or Sabbath-breaking, or.
Popery or Mormonism, until they loose sight
of the fact that all they call evil is but the
fruit of that corrupt root within the soul;'
and even if all these forms of evil were sup
pressed, it would bat make room for others'
as much to be dreaded; but the true philan
thropist will aim to secure the regeneration
of all hearts—the cleansing of the very
fountains of life. To this end he' will r otbe„
unmindful of the young, but will: , iseek to
secure, to the utmost, their religions educe-
tion. The man who is continually hacking
and hewing at Intemperance, and Slavery, :
and Sabbith breaking, and Gambling, with
ou• striking deeper blows, bloire which tell
upon the roots of the tree, the untiaribtifict
heart of man, is doing but little forhis,ra . ,
or his God. The man who promotes.thhe
ligious education of the youth, who secures•
a wider dissemination of religiiiiis"lciity
ledge • who gains access to the heittif of
his fellows • for the truth as 'it iglu jetursy is
your real philanthropist. While hetolerates
no evil, •countenances no form of vice, he
labors to promote the destruction
source of viee—to purify the fountainl of
moral action's. He labors to make the 'tree
good, satisfosd that when this ie the case,
the fruit will be good, of necessity.
The religious interest has,not whelly,,,,eab- -
sided with us yet, though there is not the,
same feeling upon the subject`which iiharac--
terized the work in its earlierstages. . Union
prayer-meetings are' yet quite common, ;and,
in some places,, are yet held daily. -There is
one of this character observedin the,„Pres
byterian chitreh of Dixon, each evOniqg of
the week, except Thursday, from 71 . t# 8,-
o'clock. Thisis new regarded alf-a ) Perma
nent institution, and.is attended by Iletho;
dists, Baptists, Lutherans, and PresbytOtans.
It is a meeting of much' promise., ,- ,
Several of our Old SehOol churches. are
engaged this season, hard as tlfe times' are
regarded, in' either building new hoitiefV , of
worship, or enlarging old %tea. - Thief is in
Some instances a work of necessity .rather
than choice as the cong g regations have grown
too large for the old house. - Rev. Dr.
Phelp's . people, at , Dubuque, we undeistand,
are erecting .a temporary building fot their
aeoommodation until they can cornlete a
very large and costly house &man ed "by
their rapid, yet healthy, growth. We elieva
that on the whole, the state of our bUrettes ,
was never better than it is at , presena May
~,.., God keep us 'humble in view of elmlmper
fections, and grateful for his mercies:
I Yours ) 4ke 'l NORTE*EST. '
P. S.—l see your correspondente J.
W.," claims that Quincy is the secopil .city,
in point of size, in Illinois, and states her
population at twenty thousand.** Ouihsigh
hors at Peoria will demur at this, as; if I
mistake not, they claim for their beautiful
town,4 population of thirty thousandt4w,
'From our London Correspondent.
The Memorable Eighteenth June—BentiniseCtsses of
Waterloo German and French Estimate-r.ls
Waterloo to be " Avenied?"—The New Pictures
at Versailles, with Omissions "by desire"—A
Waterloo Picture Suggested " Heads " and
" Tail.," —Cuba, Spain, and the Slave. Trad—
e Pacification of Oude—Nena Sahib, and Cas.
trot Cruelties Recalled—The Young
Officer—The' Confessional in Belgravia—Great
.Ifieting and 134 asure—Denials and Defence—.
English Feeling—The Nobility and Tractarian.
ism—Popery and Private Houses—The " British
Evangelist" Prevailing Prayerfulness Dr.
Schauffler—The Queen at •Birmingham— The King
of Prussia and Berlin Sympathy with England
there and at Vienna—Death of DP Bunting—
LONDON, June 18th, 1858.
This day is the ANNIVERSARY OP WA
TERLoo. Five 'years ago I stood on that
terrible „field, where the sun of Napoleon set
forever. It is a different thiig to read of a
great fight, than to stand and gaze on the
scenes of its eddying surges—to examine
the farm.house of La Haye Sainte, the very
key of the British position, taken for a time
—to mark the spot where a Picton fell in
the fiery , cavalry charge, or that where Wel
lington stood under the tree at the cross
roads, cool and calm, while the branches
were struck down from above by cannon
shot; or where, yonder, as Ney and the
Imperial .Guard crowned the British heights,
the Duke exclaimed, "Up, Guards, and at
them I" Terrible indeed, it is, to think,
that there the dust reposes of seventy thou
sand men, who fell in life's full vigor, and
passed into eternity in the'fierce excitement,
and amid the hot passions of war.
Waterloo will come up at such a time as
this day,, upon the memory of England 4
yes, and of Germany and France, also. 'Go
to Germany, and `people tell yon, and school
books teach your children, that it was &tr.
OHM that won Waterloo ; Wellington, is
scarcely `named. Go to France, and Wel
lington and Waterloo are associated, with a
disaster which Frenchmen, it is said, long
to avenge: Let us bope that an opportunity
will not be given -even .to try it, notwith
standing all apprehensions, just now,. to the
contrary ; and better still, that good sense,
and above all, Christian feeling, will con
solidate and make permanent an'alliance,
which, if rightly directed, and if Imperialism
could become Liberal, might yet uproot the
tyranny of Jesuits- and Despots all over the
Continent of Europe.
But, apropos of Trench boasting,> and the
Imperial care to flatter the army, a fiend
of mine, just returned from •Pans, tells a
good story He was at Versgillei with his
wife, in the five-mills Picture Gallery.
There, among the more recent pictures, they,
stood before two,pictures of the' great battles
of the Crimean war, Alma and Inkennann:
in neither picture is there to be seen asingle
rod-coat—not one British' officer or soldier I
" Well," but, said I, palliatively, "you
know the French did scale and crown the
rocks near the sea at Alma; and, my dear
friend, you had only a take for granted, as
you looked at the battle-piece, that the Duke
of Cambridge with his Guards, and Sir. Colin
Campbell with his highlanders, were just
then storming the batteries and winning the
,only you could not see them, on the
other side of the hill." Somehow, m$
friend had not thought of this, and to a
Frenchman kuowing a little English, who
accompanied him to Verseilles, he pointed
oat the entire' omission of British t soldiers in
.the two fights executed "by order." The
Frenchman shrugged his shoulders, and my
friend, who is a' humorist; said, ."You
=should haliei I thirtkia pioture.of Waterloo -;
here, also. And if it be a true one, I shall
answer for it, there shall not be seen in the
whole of it, a Frenrh horse's head." " How
so? What you mean, Sir ?" said the
Frenchman. " Why, beause, instead of
heads, you would see nothing but the tails
of horses running away !" The Frenchman
made the best of this sally that he could,
and with a comb mixture of a face awry,
yet smiling, he could only say, " You be
one John Bull."
Last week, there were, alarms about
French invasion. This week, after Mr.
Disraeli's contradiction of any hostile move
ment in France, known to the Government,
by his declaration of confidence`between the
two Governments, and by the denials•oftbe
Aroniteu,r, as well as from the 'fact of-Naples
agraeing to, pay X 3,000 as:indemnity tolhe
Pride!? Engineers, so.long retained in prison,
and to. restore -the fo Sar
dinia, the fundchavejlacn again.
We'grieve much, though - we are' net sur-1
prised to hear of continued agitation in the
United States, about the BARcitof Sqrps
off Cuba; but unless some untoward collision
take place in the meantime, I hope aud'be-.
lieve 'that the explanations of our Cabinet
will be found acceptable and most noncilia-•
tory, and that matters will be so arranged
that no such collision shall be possiblp, for
the future., •
The Bishop of. Oxford last night hrought
tiptlie question' Of Spanish faithlesaness in
connexion withltreaties for the abolition of
the slaye-trade. „Lord I . ll.aldiesbuiy sternly
denounced the new French scheme of import- .
ing blacks from Africa into French colonies:
He also`denounced the, conditet of SPaiii
Cuba, and threatened to leave that island to
be seized • hy any who Chooselo do so.
Fuom INDIA, NV - have fresh and _more
favorable telegrams. Sii Colin Campbell's,
success in, carrying all before him in RAH
eund----Bereilly, the capital; is in our nos
session, after the ,defeat and flight of the
rebels under the Mohammedan Moulvies---is
a great fact. It looked a very formidable
affair indeed, when we heard of one hun
dred' thousand men being thereconcentrated
against us. But first.elass Generalship, with
such eoldiere as Sir Colin:commands, as
usual, made it possible for a limited body to
chase away tens of thousands.
There have, indeed, been . Pesters, and,
most precious lives: have been Sacrificed.
Walpole; by reason of seniority made a Brig
adier, had the, command at Rewah, and
Brigadier Hope perishes by, his Chief's -mis
management ; whereas, had he been leader,
he would have taken care to-do the Work,
like Sir Colin, and'as "a very usurer " of the
blooa of his, men. Not that Walpole after
wards, did not successfully clear his way, and
.route, a formidable foe. He will probably
be set aside, however, from command. :He,
is excessively unpopular in the Indian ar
my----cold, proud, and • obstinate. Sir :H.
Rose also:left a garrison of Saindia's trobps
~at a . town taken by him in Central India
which has been stormed by the-rebele-seadi
retaken. And thus much misohief may ea. , '
sue. Nevertheless it seems, as to what re
mains to be done, as the Times terms it, " a
chase." : The safety of our Indian. Empire
is,l trust, no longer at stake,, and even in
Dude, where all seemed, even after victory
to be dark, affairs look well.
The Times' Correspondent ati , Calcutta,
writing ''on the sth of May, thus describes
the exact state of things in Gude. It shows
that the excellent Mr. Montgomery is -"the
right man in the right place :"
"In Dude, matters are decidedly ireprov
ing. -The Commissioner hai received a
carte blanche r and hair at once 'nullified the
proclamation." (So, we see, that Lord _El
lenborough had some reason to find fault ,
with the document.) " The TalookAars have
been confirmed in their estates on new con
ditione, and are coming in rapidly. The
Zernindars system,' natural to the 'country,
has been introduced, and the. Zemindars
rendered responsible for all the offences
against the State, society, or laws, cominit
ted on their estates. There is, consequently,,
to'be -no village police recognized xesuch
~by the State; the , Government appealing to
no one but the landholder. A strong mili
tary police, and a centralized civil police,
will be iminediately created, and there are
signs that the baroneintend to obey the new
system. The country is "being pacified.
The people choose a feudal organization,
and have got it, and both parties are begin
to understand one another."
It is added, " The political advantage of
the lull is inestimable. The contest has now,
lasted twelve months, and is wearing men
out. The number of sick, I do not mean
'only soldiers, is very great; and• there :is
feeling of despondency, of doubt, as to the.
future, creeping over the land, which bodes
NENA SAurn's escape from Rohilcund is
much to be regretted. He collected% the
'cavalry and was ensaYing to cross the Gan
ges and to enter Central Hia very
name would create an army in our Mabratta
provinces. , The mischief he might' effect,
in the present temper of the Mahrattas, is
incalculable ; and Bombay officers write in
amazement at his folly, 'in not Making the
attempt." In Bengal "he is merely an
adventurer, powerful in - a degree; , as the
only leader with' whom the natives think the.
Government ceulclnot make terms. On the
Bombay -side, he would be the Peiswah,
bringing before every Mahratta, visions of
prineipalitiei and plunder." Who can -tell
what further chastisement for us may be in,
'store by risings in districts hitherto free
trom rebellion ? This monster has had
wondrous escapes hitherto. A furtuight
since appeared in the Illustrated News, por
traits of two young officers of Irish birth,
brothers, named Saunders. Both were
Company's officers. One of, them survives.
,The other was in, the beleaguered garrison
of Cawnpore, when General-Wheeler opened
negotiations with Ilene Sahib. Yang
Saunders earnestly protested against .fritist-'
ing him, but it'was in-vain.. The surrender
was made, and the massacre
In that , terrible moment, the young : officer
rirshed desperately =forward, and with his, re
volver he shot down`fiee of the personal' at
tendants of the Nene. The last shot he re
served for the leader himself. The bullet
touched him, not. Saunders was then
seized,- was erne/flab in the sense of haling,
his hands and, feet fastened by naili to the
' ground, and 'then a troop of cavalry 'gal
loping past hire and eladhing him With their
140,4 he was cut to pieces I
TEN OCiNiiSSIONAL '4114p BRIORAVIA
now the subject of much discussion and ex
citement in the metropolis. I have often
directed your readers' attention to the noto
rious " goings on " at Knightsbridge, first
under the Rev. Mr. Bennet, and afterwards
sanctioned and still more fully developed
under Mr. Liddel. There we have in fact
a full blown specimen of intense, Ronaan
ising Tractarianism. It is •well known to
those who are familiar with the •literature
of the party, that •hooks for confession are
now in extensive use containing . among
other matters prurient questions as to
breaches , in thought or act of the Seventh
Commandment. Generally these books'are
constructed, in the Romish model , and - all
take ,for granted the duty of opening .the
heart to a "priest," and of receiving abso
lution. But - the aborninations thus fiw
tised are only now coming forth to the light,
, touthe infinite disgust of Ahri;nation. •
St. Barnabas. Pimlico has, a,"
assigned to it, and rs not ,a , g 4 ,7 parish." Till
it is endowedas such, (and that the platy
are trying' hard' to do,) the clerg,Vnian is
happily tinder the control/of Ithe Bishop' of
London. Reisent discoveries were made bythe
Hon. and Rev s ' F. Baringe man, of family
and fortune, and, unconnected with parties
in the Church. He has been making pri
vate inquiries ai to the'usnof the Confes
sional, and • the <resuults were produced last
week; before a public ,meeting, (of gentle
men only,) at St. ; James' Hall, Piccadilly.
The, Chair 'was taken by' Lord Calthorpe,
supported - 'by' Lerd Shaftsbuty and 'others,
and it was stated on pretty good authority,
that there were .present upWards of two
hundred members of Parliament, and fifty
Peers. There , was alee a large number of
clergymen:_ The. meeting was crowded to
excess. Mr. Baring Made' a' statement of
fads as to examinations three eases, of
women in the. Belgravian district, all in
humble life,:conducted in his .robes, and in
a private apartment,logether with penances
enjoined. The offending clergyman's name
is Poole: Lady of the poor had
brought these persons - to Poole, and , they
must confess, &e., as a condition of receiving
relief l The questions put were -ready in
decent. - He,
gave the parties either the
Steps to the Altar, or the aka of Confes
sion:to peruse. When'any One of thein re
fused to ;k° " open confession"- of
" thoughts, &e," he refused.the Commitnion.
"One of . my daughters," one yomande- -
posed, "went continually to Mr. Poole, to
confess ; she afterwards became o: Roman
Catholip, and Stites that the two confeiiiens
are just the same."
All these cases were laid liefore the
Bishop, who, after much deliberation, ,and
Under legal_ advice that he was safe in doing
so from the penalties of Ecclesiastical Courts,
Meet' was received by .the meeting With
The Tractarian ladies were handled se
verely by. Dlr. Baring, ,but they and their
leaders prof`ess,"to greatiyfiscaridalised'hy'
(11th eTilit47•Whin theiitilez
fenders could not absent themselves ,frorri ,
that high festival ! And, last Lord's day, a
crowd, being present, one of the Tractarian
priests from - the country preached on the
tort, " Thou shalt do no murder," (Prayer
Book version,)' and launched forth into a
tirade against the murder of souls, .(by
those that would keep back the people from
" ghostly 'fatherisi") and the murder of repu
tations, Ste. Mr. Poole denies in toto
the truth of the evidence given by the
*omen. Mr. •Liddel also sneakingly, in
Another sermon, craved : the, congregation to
suspend their judgment, and in the, Times,
'defends a modified Confessional as Anglican.
'But allthis wont go down with the
nation,' and deepens "the detegtation,:altlintigh
it Ikea not entirely arrest the mischief which
Oxtail feeds, and some of the aristocracy:
THE JESUITS are busy= among us. They
creep into families, as goiernesSes and em ;
ployees. `The Record declared that lately. a
'priest was found in a hoblelamily, in 'the
garb of the PoOrdered foOtman who opened'
the door! I doubt not .some of the party
are in Oxford, and Dr. Wilberforce, a Ppo?
tarian, fanatic, is
,the virtual• and denotes"'
ibettor Of the system. The Jesuits ;exult
in the "progress of Pnieyism. It is a con
stant 'feeder 'for Mother - Church. It is
said that Wideman (whose dor4rerouri
illness :is , denied,) has- recently confirmed,
two hundred, perverts in, Belgra a<„No.
ble faniilies perverted - the weigh: - bed,
mainly 'to Rome. case of ';reeersio4 of
property has lately 'come out in :Cortrielion
with' the-property, and title of the late Earl
Shrewsbury, a greatdevotee of, Rome end
a grand patron of Pugin, the well kwn . im
Rbinish architect, a pervert also ' The
Hbuse 'of Lords 'has given the
the 'property is likely to ,follow:'4o
The Duchess of Bucelengh is ,one . the
perverts. A lady who knows the family,
told me, the other day, that the Duke every
'morning -goes Off from the breakfait i table
into a private room, with his two 'daughters,
to have- family;royer with them, leaving
the Duchess behind. Her perversion' to
Popery has, it fs 4 said, vieved him exces-,
sively. But Duke fostered the serpent
which has string him. He built it'Dalkeith,
near his palace, -a.Mediaeval - Episcepat
Chapel, and brought thither ti•Ptiseyite
clergyman, and was all the while refusing
sites to the Free Church, clergy on his
estates, by the instigation of F,buieyiteAgents,
or "Factors." The Duchess, like "'her
neighbor, the Marchioness of Lotbean, pre
ferred the real thing," to the :, , ,atiams of
Oxford, and both are now votaries of Popery..
Of "THE RUTTIER EVANGELIST" ; --a
new periodical intended to promote the re
vival and extension of religion—the first
number will be published next month. The
first issue willne twenty-fivithoileand espies.' '
It Will,l trust, be a success, and if so, &Iv
not fail to do much good.
PIaYEE. lion. REVIVAL now general in'
London, and throughout the'land. I -really
think that. there is a common" earnest
ness of desire for the gift, of the S pirit, . an d
of brokenneal of heart for sin,' as well as
zeal and ankh. among ministers and laymen,
'mob air have not . been witieseedooirealized
in this country for yearaPnak,
4 ims#eauMissionpay, in
" L this
'junk; in: illis' iipoiiii,'Ntitiling he
seen of dig work thellitlied"
Philadelphia, 111 South Tenth Street, below Chestnut.
By Kali, or at the 0208, $1.50 per Year, (BE R pßogpla Tus ,
Delivered in the City, 1.78 " " $
WHOLE NO. 808
extended over nine months. 'Lord Shafts
bury was in the Chair, and Sir W. F. Wil
liams, of Kars, bore strong testimony, from
seventeen years personal observation, to the
value and importance of the Amelion Mis
sions, especially among the Notorious.
THE QUEEN has been to Birmingliiikthis
week, opening a " People's Park," and
was received there with great enthusiasm.
She is. really,pepular , for her own wtoellent
qualities, and her hu , ,band is truly philan
thropic Sympathies. Ir is said that
she: will this Summer visit, her lately mar
ried daughter in Berlin. The English lan
guage will now 'be eagerly studied in the
higher circles in the capital of Prussia,- and
political_ sympathies are likely to be more
Anglican and liberal than ot yore
it is too; but true, that at Vienna' popular
feeling runs now far more toward -England
The King; ofqPnimida -mental ; hold& is
by no means- establiebed.
The venerable DR. Wesleyan
"Minister„ expired this' week.. He was in his
80th year. 4 j.W.
P. S —There ilk a political lull, just now.
General D'Espinasse, the- military .Dictator
set :up by the French Emperor, is dismissed,
and a civilian appointed in his room. This
has given much Satisfaction.
Trade and Cornmerce are still as dull as
ever, except in some departments of the
• The heat this week reached 93° in the
shade;, perhaps .the highest ever reached
here, : but is now abated. A young officer
writing me from the Itembay Presidency,
and out in a hot - weather cairifiaign, 'Aides
that the thermorneter had been as high, in
the tent, as 114°. Climate is the great
enemy of-our army in India.
Mr. Oxford, Professor of Divinity, writes
a letter deprecating the proposed legislative
abolition of the prayer book services for the
GrunpoWder Plot, the Martyidoin of Bing
Charles- 1., (involving " national guilt,")
and the-Restoration of Charles 11.
.Froln G,alway, a mail : steamer is about to
go to the, United States. The local. pilots
(appann a Pi l traed ) ran her on the rooks
outside tlio'htiboi. She was got off, and
the men are sent to prison.
For rho' Presbyterlin Bsnner stiel'Advocate.
Revival&—A 'o6ntintiane' eledied.
MR. Emma the cheering news
from the lihiirelietroeased to come in ? Why
should- the work cease ? Many of the
,ehtirchesin ,t,his region ,havo enjoy,egt, pre
cious seasons—such seasons as they never
bad witnessed before. The list Winter and
Spring hat beet 'rendered memorable among
our people-for the fulfillment' of WE prom
‘f And I•will ; pew upon the house of
David, and upon 'the inhabitants of.„;Ternsa
lem, the' spirit of grace and of eupPlieltion."
The . result has' been a very encouraging
cresee&of our strength.
Tit - the-ant:chi df Beavet Yells, New
Brighton, fifty-six have been ,added .on ex
amination, and profession of faith. To the
church of New'Castle; over one huridred
and fifty. To the church of Merner, 'over
one hundred. To the church of Neshan
' nbek, bet Ween sixt3i-five , and severity. To
all•of these ,a number have been gultd on
certificate ;, slime of whom have come 'from
Other denominations. Other'oluirches with
in' our bounds have been ranch refighed
and 'stiengthanad—iis Middlesex; , New Port,
and Little Beaver. In truth, it has to
many of us a glorious. year. May, it be, the
beginning of years to us. We are , hoping
and' praying, not only for a "continuance of
this blessed' rain' of grace, but Eel's 'still
more . powerfUrand :Vide-spread' effusion of
Divine infineneesignittil-affshall come to the
knowleglgo.of . the ,Son of God,; ; fonin his
name shall the : Gentiles trust. p.c.p.
We are 'authorized toasty that a gentle_man
of the Sonth willOhroughsthe Presbygirian
Board of Publieation,_ . gtve to the :author of
the, moat approved easy on RELIGION IN
Tsa FAMILY , the sum;of two hundred dol
ls're-non the *feriee , foubwill4 viz..
1. The essay, the copyright 'of which is
to be vested in—the Presbyterian Board of
Pulilicat,ion, is to monpy v yihen,printed, at
least. twolunared pages duodecimo. ~
is, to °Mitred& the lucid discussion of
(L) The foundation, nature, and impoilinee
`of the family' constitution. (2.) The du
ties and responsibilities belonging to it. (3.)
The best means to secure the,ends designed
in it. (4.) The relation of the fatally to
the Church. (5.) The value,
and aids to family religion: (6') Pleas for
neglect and delinquencies in 'family duties,
dismissed and refuted.,
3. The essayists are to send their respect
ive productions to the Presbyterian Board of
Publication, ,on or before, the,, Ist. of , / March,
1859, to be 'subjected tholikanuhation
and award'Of a Cominittee appointed for the
We - might add that „the subject is one re
quir' ing,mut3h thought .and experience, pd,
to answer the desired i purPose the essay
should - be ' written in a chtste, attractive,
and` ityle, by some prictilied pen.
Manuscripts 'may be diricteil •to Rev.
William M. Engles, D.,D., ',Editor of the
Presbyterian Board of Publication, No. 821
Ohestnut Street, Philadelphia.
a The papers' of the Presbyterian
Clinic& are requestedtki - copy the 'foregoing.
ViiiNie r iiiian- Church in 1788
In 1788;;Wken the General Assembly was
formed; there were, in connexion with all
the Presbyteries composing that • body, only
96 1 miaisters. Two yew dater, when the
first census of the country was taken, the
total population wan 3,929;827. Sixty years
later, or by the census of 1850, the total
population was 23,191,876. If the ministry
of the Presbyterian Church had increased
only in proportion to 'the population, there
would have been in connexion with, the
General Assembly, IPss than .600 ministers.
But in the Old School alone there
were, - in 1850, 1,926 ministers, and int the
NW , School 1,473. The total in both. As.
sprehliee 3,399. While, therefore, the i siop.
ulation conatry fr0m1790 4 to AB5O,
inuressen nearly 8/X-Ofd, ,14446Arien,
at 'this 'eaaithi Wan 1188io I'Bso,
Presbyterian. . •