Presbyterian banner & advocate. (Pittsburgh, Pa.) 1855-1860, March 27, 1858, Image 4

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Tor the Presbyterian Banner and Advocate
The Nameless Grave.
I wandered in the twilight,
When all was calm and still,
Upon the moss-grown border
Of a gentle, laughing rill.
And I hummed a merry . tune
To the cadence of the wave,
Whendo I upon my pathway
There rose a namelees grave.
I panted--for o'er my spirit
A silent sadness.hang ;
The zephyrs, changed to wailing
The swelling pines among.
The broohlet ceased its babbling,
The foiests seemed to weep
i'or the soul of him who slumbered
geneith ttieir shadowddeep.
No monument was standiop,
Above that lowly mound ;
No, trace of bade or fortune ,
Copld near the spot"bp found
Perchance some weary stranger,
Who long for rest hid,sighed,
Had*aPdere,d th4her.sidly,
And: ai&Jdni,down and died
And there, where skies so starry
Their dewy tears did weep,
And wild-flowers meekly banded,
Had found a peaceful sleep.
I gathe'red flowerets fragrunt,
And scattered o'er, the tomb ;
Fit emblems of our nature,
They' wither itit their bloota.
I hoped no4foot might ever,
With heavy, heedleso tread,
Pollute that snored dwelling—
That mansion of the dead.
That ne'er might ruthless fingers
Those tender violets bend,
That many a passing stranger
A silent tear might lend. '
Them turned: away eadnops,
For.night.caine on apace.;
Faitlaniii` pale and pensive
Looked d(iwn with .holy face
And full Mani a shining Star
Its brilliint lustre gave,
As khUtneirarit
And left that nUmelits gram -
rdffan Botirts•
BOOKS sent to us for Notice, will be duly
attended to. Those trompubllithers In Pidloc.
dolphin, Borer Yaw, ato, Illay lie lilt at our'
Oldge,lll. Soutklßtli St.,ttelour
Cheetuut, in ear* ofJoietih Bao.-
Tun Duane or ,ItumitoEmmas.—This is a ser
mon by Rev.' Geo. Hill, before the Presbytery of
Blairsville,' and published by their request: Mr. .
Hill takes it for granted that the Ruling Elder is
a Scriptural ,eineer, and. proceeds to designate
the duties inentabent, and the importance of dil
igence therein : Pie that ruleth, with diligence."
The Duties, are regarded as having a spiritual
bearing. The Elder is to "feed the flock," and.
to - rule to "edification." He has a charge of the
members of the . Church, both parents andchil
dren. He is to reclaim wanderers, that none be
lost, as he is to labor in eitending the kingdom.
His duties all bearing upon the immortal destiny
of multitudes,the . :iMpoitioce of "diligence" ih
his calling is most manifest.
The diseouise is published as a Tract, by the
Board of Colpurtam,in Pittsburgh, and is for
sale at their office itt St. Clair Street.
rent ntontk, itiptiiiitiCcl. It tells us, ins pleasing
manner, of I TOlut Smith,"' "Mungo Park's
Travels," " The 'object of Lavine' &a., &a.
AN ADDREBIi delivered at the Anneal meeting.
'of the New Duiland 'Historical and 'Geneolopeal
Society,'Sataiiel 'H. Drake,.l4. D., PrWsident
etthefleciety„94itainAbg :Inch interesting matter.
AmmoAr Fawn's, kiAthizinn, for March,.
presents muck- ,valuable information to' agrionl
Hisrn'e Manazian,.for contedns—Trop
ieal Jonrneyinp, PicturesyfromSiberin'and'Tai-
Wy, An Atnerintnat Sinai, and many other mat
ters, great awl:ginall, and some of 'them possess
ing much interest. Tice ~work appears in its
usual, superior Tt•is'for sale by , IY:elarL
ninit 4 - Miner pf this
GODZI''Sr LADIES' - Booz, row Aram.—The La
dies, We showidAhinic, will ! , bp *anted with the
numerous, beauAful 'cute, Iyawings, • Bitterns,
exbibAffdlnlthis journal, as well as edited
by iteiniiiirdetiOn...,:qt may be had•at the store of
Runt e 4. ir:#4,;; aliepKtliStreet, Pittsburgh.
BLAlrriprootOf #A.ok.lnal ; leebrnary, 1858. New
Yoik :
Contents t.' `L ,Ilie'erindition of • Women. 2.
What wilfbe c done withtit rart IX. 41. ° People
I have never iie.t:.. ' 4; ,1 • 6 T4 B tt, l 4 6 °Ailtrd'- 3 Hand,'
Beckon 1 3 veperti'taw. Zanzibar --- two months
in Bad Africa, by Capt. Burton. 6 thorndale,
or Ole COnfli4,,of!OphilOne. 'The' Pocufbeah,
Mutiny—the pm:kph, 11.;,,and, 8. A Bann.
isrßplatlefroni' Mr. John CoMPany teltir. John
From Hall's Journal
Nir 2 Oilians in May.
Having spent a decade.of- our life in the .
Crescent "City, ,we ' may be considered as
speaking "by , authority,"-the authiirity of
personal experienee, and observation, whnn
We pronounce the opinion, that the month,
including the first day tot May, is the safest,
healthiest, and most delightful season in
the whoin,year, to all strangers from -a . more
Northern' latitude. Safe, because the Mis
sissippi is always high at .that time,
and thelow lands are so deep finder , water,
that the sr:eat-meta of disease and death,
.fiasco, is not generated. . It ie in the latter
part of Suinmet and earlier Fall_ when low
waters expose to- a, hot sun thousands of
square miles of shallow marsh bottoms, that
pestilence and deadly fevers march multi
tudes to the grave. Heavy damp weather
is, in all latitudes, the most disagreeable,
and is the fruitful-cause of depressing, al
though 'not. fatal maladies; but, about the
first of MIA ithe atmosphere is bainly, and
and'whathaliimeit there balmy
dry .141,0,10' - 'ebilly - Spring has entirely
passed Away, and no fires: are by any possi
bility " needed.
At tbe tome time Omens arriving from
the North-should-bring-tbeir light umbrel
las, whioh will answer the double purpose
of paraptui and parasol, 'proitiotions'agaiirt
shower and sun; they should also bring
their thin Woolen, hose, and wear nett the
skin the stunt flannels they had otripaying
hotte=for , :two ,, reamons.z*, .protect Ahem
from the evening chilliness, and as safe
guards against cooling off too soon after
walking; for strapgers aro very apt to walk
so fast as to excite considerable perspiration,
before they know it, and the breeze which
springs up oceanward, toward evening, ocols
off very rapidly, to say nothing of the strong
temptation, when warm, to pull off the hat,
and sit on the universal piazza, or at an
open door or window.
The second precaution worthy of mention
is, eat what you please, and as much as you
want for breakfast and dinner, which last is
commonly about three o'clock; but make it
an imperative rule, not to eat an atom of
any thing between breakfast and dinner,
not' after dinner either, except an orange or
Another precaution : Do not, on any ac
count, go outside of the door of the house,
in which you have slept, without either eat
ing your regular breakfast, or taking at least
a cup of hot coffee, which, if you cannot
conveniently get in the house, you will find
readyprepared at some of the.street corners.
It was both a wise and beneficent dispense-
tion, that man should have been made capable
of eating,anything, and of living anywhere,
and living, too, in comparative enjoyment.
the*efactor of commerce, and
Howard, the benefactor of man, have shown
by their lives, that health may be Maintain
ed in, any country, by those who were not
born to the soil, at the expense only of
rational care:
To insure safety, then, against any attack
of sickness, in New Orleans, in the Spring
of the year, visitors
Must locomete in stately slowness.
2. Must deny themselves all lunches, and
all eating between meali.
3. Must eat nothing after a three o'clock
dinner, but a few oranges.
4. Must avoid going out of doors early
in the morning, unless something is eaten,
or some warm drink taken.
By a rational attention to these four
things, a Northerner will be as safe in New
Orleans, from November. until July, as he
would be at his own home, under ordinary
circumstances. It is not the climate of
New- Orleans which is so- destructive of
human life. It is the three Ls : the Liquor,
the License, and the Late supper- which
make their annual hecatombs. -We know,
personally, many Northerners, who - have
gone there, and, in the course of years have
accumulated fortunes, and left in ~excellent
health, or remain' to enjoy, both hearth-and
fortune, but there is-not a wine drinker
nor a gourmand, nor a latitudinarian among'
them, not one; every one of them is amen
of steady habits, who bad 116 Northern
principles, of eystematic ,moderation in, all,
things, and maintained them. Personally'
we never had better health, than when a
resident there, even at a time when the
cholera was numbering its- daily hundred
victims, dying all' around our habitation and
our office. And why ?—we took no liquor
and no- medicine"! kept regular hours, ate
what we wanted, as much as we wanted,
cind'no more.
Hxms A.
It may be useful to give the reason for
the precautions' named, its a means of im
pressing the memory as to their necessity.
Why you should walk slowly in the warm
weather, needs no explanation to thinking
people; but, as nine-tenths of mankind
never think, but act mechanically as to the
commonest facts of life, we may state, that
walking fast in Summer time causes per
spirition ; and if, while in that condition,
a person is stopped in the street, or in any
way exposed to a draft of air, a cold is in
We should not eat between meals, in
warm weather especially, because we all feel
weaker than in cold weather, and the
stomach has RS share of that debility, and it
is no more eatable of working all the time
without rest, than a man in midsummer
could work incessantly without rest, even
during the hours of daylight. But, when
we take an ordinary meal, it 'requires at least
four hours' labor for the stomach to digest
it, and send it out to another part of the
body; or if we eat an apple or a cracker or
sweet cake, it takes one; or two, or three
hours for the stomach to digest it. It is
easy to , see then, that if a man takes a reg-,
ular breakfast at eight o'closk,' and then a
lunch at twelve, and a dinner at three, or
four, or five, the stomach is kept in incessant
operation from eight in the, morning until
the close of - the day; and the stomach is a
muscle; or rather a collection of muscles,
and it can no more be kept in, exercise all
diy with impunity, than the hand or foot',
,any other , movable part of the body.
Continuous work or walking Will kill any
man, will debilitate him 'beyond resuscita
tion—and that is Dyspepsia, as applied to
the stomach; it has- been worked so hard,
so much, so incessantly, :that, like an over
wOrked or overtiaveled, animal, all the beat.
all the goading in the, world; will not
rouse it up. Now, if any marl after this,
fails to comprehend in its fullest sense,
what .the famed word , Dyspepila is, he is
hoPeleSsly daft, and he had better not take
this Journal any longer, for we' can't , teach
It- is' important to remember, = thatnys
pepsin is of two kinds ; one: eilled chronic,
which lasts for a month, or A. year, or a life
time ; this is the which the familiar
tt Dyspepsia "• •
wordapplies , but, there is
another kind, acute, which may be brought
on in any twenty-four hours, - and run its
Bourse a fatal termination - within- .the
same tune, in.the shape of ,cholera niorbui,
cramp,oolie, bilious colic, apitchild;epilepay,
.and "fite'"—these being the
insults of Acute Dyspepsia, of giving the
- ntereach , , at one meal; more than -it'calt ms
sibly de, or of repeating its task,for a,whole
day, before one is. completed; and' to do
this in hot weather, when the stomach, and
all the body are at their weakest, is'nothing
less than suicidal; and this -is the chief
reason why, even in New York, there are
nearly double the number of deaths in mid
summer that there are in midwinter—the
Stomach is worked to death, by the three
regular meals and eating between,times.
• We place great stress on taking some, food
or stimulating- drink into the stomach, on
waking in the morning,. before going out
into the morning air, in all Southern lati
tudes, especially in the warm weather, be
cause, we all wake up in a languid condition ;
the stomach naturally, and by means of its
long fast, has its share of languor, and has
almost no power of resisting its own instinct
to drink in whatever is presented to it •
, nor
have the other parte of the system any
greater ability of self-defence, of resisting
deleterious impressions from an atmosphere
loaded with poisonous miasm, which is
present in its greatest malignity, and in its
most concentrated and compact form for the
hour or two about sunrise, in warm weather,
in all Southern latitudes—malignant enough,
in some localities, to cause death in forty
eight hours. A little food, or a cup of hot
drink, wakes up the weak stomach, imparts
nntrimentto itrand - with -that, strength to
defend itself. Hence, all persons should
take', their breakfast before they , travel in
warm weather; and,. for the same reason, all
Out door laborers, farmers, ste., should do
the saute thing ! It its to.the habit of . taring
sup' of 'coffeei even Wore - getting( oriti of
bed ilithe-Merniag, in many instarrees, that
the "Creoles," that is, the native-born of
Louisiana, owe their impunity against
Southern diseases, so much above others of
the population, whom ignorance, inatten
tion, prejudice, or fool-hardiness prevent
from observing the time-honored custom.
What we have thus said about a safe
manner of spending a May in New Orleans,
is applicable in all lands between the tem
perate zones, in warm weather, and atten
tion to them would save millions of lives
every year.
For the Presbyterian Banner and Advocate
Letter 111.—A Review.
To write the same things to you, to me indeed is
not grievous, but for you it is,eafe.—Pen.. in: 1.
ME DEAR FRIEND former letters
spoke of God, his personality, char
acter, and law; of. ein, and the consequent
need of regeneration and justification; of
regeneration, its necessity, its nature, the
'agent, means and end;, :and also of the evi
dences of -regerferation. , Hence it will net
be necessary for 'me at this time, to say much
on the subject of regeneration itself. I need
only-recall to your, mind something of what
has already . been said on it, alikpli the
deuces of regeneration; and thismerely to.
stir up, your pure mind by way of reiriem--
brance.-2. Pet. iii : 1, 2. - •
AS to regeneration, our Saviour teaches
both its nature and necessity in.-his- conver--
sation With'Xicodernus. Ye must be horn
egain,—John . Its , necessity
sults from the • depravity of • our nature.
Nan was created in the, image . God; in .
knowledge, righteousness, and holiness
uknowledge in. his understanding, righteous-
nese in - his will, and holiness in his affec-,
ons:"Vincent's Catechism, p. Ques.,
4,-.published; by the . .Presbyterian Board..
But fallen; with a heart at enmity-With
God, ,, and his whole .riattire- corrupt , and . in
ruins; his 'understanding is darkened, his •
will- enslaved, and his affections perverted
and placed an and sensual Objects.
Born. ,of .the . flesh, he is -flesh, depraved, sin
ful, and: hence . must born again.-Col.
iii: 10; Eph. ivi 244 ! John*: 6, 7. Re-'
generation is- necessary, then, because. we
are sinners, 'and as such, unfit for heaven.•
.have original sin-; and, this "consists,
Ist,- /In the guilt (by impntation) of A aaire,
first sin,' or the legal accountability of every
soul' for that sin, in which-avert' one feder
allY:Participated. 2d; /In the want of orig,-
inthighteousness;nran entire ':destitution:
;of all holy principles, feelings, and tendencies.
3. 'ln the corruption" of
.the„Whole nature ;'
that is, not onlY'a . privation of all holiness,
but the infection of the nature with positive
depravity." Hence we have also actual sin ;.
and this "consists, Ist, In any want of con
'fortuity to the law 4 and, 2d, Intrangression
- of. the law."--See Bible .Dictionary, and
Fisher's Catechism .published P.tesby
terian Board, and _dodge's Commentary on
Romans., "The -corruption : of the nature
of Man consists in the universal depravation
which is in every part of man since the fall.
In the darkness and defilement of the mind.
—Eph. v 8 ; Tit. i:. 15. . Irithe crooked-,
ness and - enmity of the heart and will against
God and his law;. as also in the inclination
of the heart to sin, and the worst of sins,
these being the seed of all manner of sins
in the heart, as it. is.corriipted with original
viii: 7; katt..xv 19. ln the
disorder and -distemper of the affections, all
of them being naturally set upon wrong obi
jests through, this inherent. corruption. .The
members also of the body are infected, being
ready Weapons' and 'instruments - of unright ;
eausneas! —Rom. vi : 13; Vincent's 'Cate,
chism, p. 78, Ques.- 8, 9. Because. we are
thus sinful; by - nattire and practice, we must
be born again, as well as justified by faith.
Now, as to the nature of this change, it is
the renovation of our sinful nature; by: it
- the datkenednyes of theunderstanding are
enlightened; the will is renewed and set
free; and the affections are clianged, purified,
rectified, and 'eleliated.: 'Regeneration is a
new birth; it is a change of heart. It is
the infuSion'of 'spiritual life; the implanting
of a principle -of holiness ; writing the -law
in' the 'heart ; restoring the lost image .of
God to the Soul; enlightening, the mind;
renewing the will; raising up the dead soul
and ;uniting it to Christ, by faith. - As - be
cause of sin :we are -blind, and have no
capacity of spiritual perception,--the Spirit'
opens,onthlind eyes, .enables us to see spit
itual;Objects -and
an gives ,new views
. .
of truth dof heavenly and Divine things.
The opening of the eyes of the mind, or the
:giving us -the:power oreapacity,to perceive
tbe things Of God; is regeneration; the new
views, the spiritual illumination attending ,
the removal of- our- 'blindness is-the -first'.
effect of regeneration, and" is inseparable
frOin saving ' When the mind is - thus'
spirittally enlightened, there IS' that -faith
which 'unites us to Christ--:--and which, as.
we shall see, is the instrument in our - j ustifi
cation-so that we are inlith r united to him,
have 'fellowship with him` hie righteoue
nese; tinffif sny man - be in -'-Christ, - he is-a
new Creature; and-is born' again. Our union .
With 'Chink,. and hence our- justification, de
pendentit-,oti the strength, but the: reality - of
our faith.- - :Where there is faith, .whiohis
fruit , of the Spirit, - there is regeneration, and
a new. life. ~ Suppose-life to :be :given.-by
~Divine power to a- dead-seed, se that, it springs
np and grous4, that illustrates the, rtiktUre„ of
: regeneration. are-dead in .sin; regen
_elation makee, : ns alive; you kutth he quick
ened who were dead.,---Eph: ii : 1.. And
g quiclkened, We believe we have
and are in' Christ new creatures.-2.' cor :
17.'18. .
'The agent in , -regeneration; is the. Holy
Ghost. He renewk us It is his .. work -to
enlighten our minds and renew our wills ;- it
woilrlo open 'our hearts, -give sight to
blind'ininds, and - impart a capacity-`of
spiritual perception and susceptibility of
holy feeling. • It is 'his work thquicken the
dead: in Sin. To be born again is to be born
-of -the Spirit; regeneration is.the 'renewing
of the Holy Ghost—john• iii: 7,8; Tit.
iii : 4-7.., Effectual calling is the : work
-of God's Spirit, whereby, --convincing us of
our sin and .misery, enlightening - our minds
in the .knowledge .Christ,., and renewing
our wills, 'he . doth .persuade and enable us to
.embrace Jesus. Christ, freely-offered to us in
the Gospel. The Spirit applieth to, us the
redemption pnrchased by Christ, by working
faith in us, and thereby uniting us to Christ
in our effectual calling."—Short. Cat., Ques.
30, '3l. The Spirit thus unites us to Christ
So that we are in him; and being united to
Clarist by faith, we are not only renewed,
justified; and this is evinced by our
'progressive sanctification. There are satis
factory evidences of it. -
-'-In . regard to these evidences, several
things- were mentioned 'before as not, sure
. signs of a change Of heart. I will now re
peat but three of them. And
. first, that 'one
has great peace and joy is not -- a certain sign
that he is regenerated. Affections may run
high, and-yet not be right. One,. may- take
up a false- persuasion of .pardon, and' hence
rejoice greatly, and have much peace; where
as, it he knew his-real-- condition, he, might
'rather ureep und lament: - Such -are-:stony
ground. hearers, enduring butler -a time.—
Mattil7-23. .
Again, dot certain texte pf So...riptwelre
brought to the mind in a sudden and unex
pected manner, such as, Thy sine are for
given, and the like, is no certain sign of
regeneration. It is very often the case that
those who are truly converted, have texts of
Scripture suggested by the Holy Spirit; but
they are usually such passages as have a
connexion with Christ and the way of salva
tion through him, and they lead to the con
templation of Christ and his offices and
work, and strengthen our faith and confi
dence in him ; but Satan may often quote
Scripture with a view to quiet the fears of
the awakened and lead them to cherish a
false hope, and so be the subjects of a de
ceptive peace and of unfounded joys. Thus
they also are but stony-ground hearers.—
Matt. xiii : 20, 21.
Again, confidence in our own good estate,
is no certain sign of regeneration. One
may be very sure he is regenerated, and ytt
be deceived. The heart ie deceitful; and it
is very dangerous to make our own confi
dence of safety the , proof that we are safe ;
for this confidence may be altogether un
founded. It may peace and •joy, and
he accompanied with texts suggested to the
mind and yet after all the subject of it may
be but a stony-ground hearer.—Matt. sill
Now all these evidences may be from
Satan, who is sometimes transformed into an
angel of light; and hence the danger of
depending upon them.-2. Oar. xi: 13-15-
We should depend on'other and . better evi
dences, such as flow, from ,union with Christ,
and are certain signs that , we are in him new
creatures.-2. Cor. v : 17. Remenaration
itself is from above; itis bf God, for of him
are ye 'in Christ Jesus; and hence the sure
and certain signs of regeneration are also
heavenly in their origin. , They_too are from
God, for they are effects, the fruits; and
hence the evidences of the new birth. And
under the head 4:4 certain 'evidences, six
things may be mentioned. The first, is when
our affections are right. High affections is
no proof; right affections ,are. ,The affeo
tions are the feelings and' emotions. By
nature these are wrong, earthly, amnia I
fixed on improper objects, or inordinately
fixed onsueh objects as are proper in/their
place and order. Now regeneratios,.y, as it
enlightens our minds, renews , our wills,
changes •our hearts, and gives rightf i views of
truth, so it sets our affections right; it ele
vates and purifies them; it gives them a
heavenly turn and bias, and planes them on
proper objects, things Divine , and heavenly.
It is a sign of regeneration, then, when our
affections, our feelings and emotions, are
Divine in their origin, excited by spiritual
things, produced - by the truth and Spirit of
God—the result of the right apprehension
of truth—and fixed on proper objects, on
God and Christ, and the things of the: Spirit;
so that we take pleasure in religion and re
ligious exercises and duties, delight in God
and his Word and service, and love to study
and contemplate the things of God. Thus
David declares, I will sing unto the . Lord as
long as I live ; I will sing praises to my God
while I have being. My meditation of him
shall be sweet; I will be glad in the Lord.
—Ps. civ: 33-35. As the heart panteth
after the water brooks, so panteth my soul
after thee 0, God.—Ps. xlii. : 1, 2.
In the second place, as regeneration con
sists in the saving illumination of the mind
by the Holy Spirit, enabling us to see spir
itual things in a new light, and is attended
with new and clear views of Divine truth;
so these new and clear views are , an .evidence
of regeneration. We see the Bible in a new
light; we understand it as we never did be-
fore ; and it seems to us, now frill of wonders.
We have new views of God, or if not new,
they are clearer and 'more distinct; and so
we have also more correct views of ourselves.
We see our sinfulness now; we feel our need
of Christ now, and hence we have clearer
views of him too; he seems adapted now to
our wants and necessities, and we realize
fully that we must perish without him; and
hence we embrace the truth in regard to
him,,and accept him as our Saviour just as
he, is offered to us in the Gospel.
And hence here is the third evidence of
regeneration—the reception of Jesus Christ
by faith and reliance upon him alone for sal
vation. Works are abandoned now • self is
renounced; Christ is received and rested on,
and. he. is precious to us because we believe.
—I.. Pet. ii : 7. There is no , disposition
now to have our works counted to uk for our
justification, nor for any part of our justify
ing righteousness. There is an emptying of
self and a simple reliance upon Christ; and
we, feel that Christ is all—the first and the
last—the beginning and the ending—that
Christ is of God made to us, wisdom, and
righteousness, and sanctification, and re
demption.-1. Cor. i : 30, 41.
And fourth, having received Christ, then
follows repentance for sin and a Christ-like
spirit and temper.. The same mind is in, us
which was also in Christ Jesus; we have the
Spirit of Christ; we walk even as he walked.
—Phil. : 1-16 • Rom. viii : 5-10, and
xiii: 14 • Col : 6.;-1. John ii: 6- 2 Pet.
A 5-1 6
Of course, in the fifth place, there follows
a purpose;to .live to God. The mind of the
regenerated so* is fully made up to aim at
the gloryof God, taking his Word for its
rule in• all things. It belieVes and loves the
truth, delights in it and follows its teach
ings; as Paul says, I delight in the law of
God after the inward man the renewed na
ture.—Rom. viii 22.
And then there follows, in the sixth place,
the practice of holiness, the carrying out of
the purpose to live to.Crod in a life of piety;
and thikis the best evidence of a change of
heart—a, life of, humble reliance upon the
merits of Christ, and •iof devotedness to the
service of , God. He that endureth to the
end shall be saved.--Matt. x: 22. His very
enduring is the effect, as it is; also the proof,
of his regeneration and his saving union
w 4,11 Jesus Christ.
" The fearful soul that tires and faints,
And walks the ways of God no, more,
Is but esteemed almost a saint,
.And makes his own destruction sure."
'Now yon may try yourself by these , tests.
As they are the fruits of regeneration, so
are they certain evidences of it; others
might be named, :but these are sufficient.
If you have them, be thankful and take
the comfort
,of them; if you have them not,
then repent of your sins now, and flee to
Jesus Christ for pardon and salvation. Yes,
go to Jesus, call on him, look to him, trust
in him, rely tundra, serve him with all your
heart whether you hat% peace and comfort
or not, and he will save you; not for the
sake of your works, but on the ground of
his own finished righteousness. Receive
him by faith, and he of. God shall be made
unto you wisdom, and righteousness, and
sanctification, and redempuon.-1. Cor. i
80, 31. Your. safety depends not on what
you PEEL, but on what you Bulanvz; he
that believeth shall:be saved—believe, and
you shall be saved. Your salvation is sus
pended, not on your , COMFOß'r,'hut on your
-FAITH--believe and' live ! Believing,, you
shall live; for, being:justified by faith, we
have peace with God through our Lord
Jesus Christ.—Rom. v L " Salvation is
not merely a future though , certain good ; it
is a prisent and' ahundant joy; we joy in
Ged."—See Hodge on Rom. v: 1-11.
;II isctilantous./1
England-. and Louis Napoleon.
The late nefarious attempt ou Louis Napo
leon's life, by four Italians, who probably
had many abettors, has been the occasion of
much trouble; and it may lead/to very seri
ous consequences. Very severe laws have
been enacted in France, greatly abridging
the liberty of speech, amy inducting a mil
itary despotism; and an
,effort, by the Brit
ish Cabinet, to respond favorably to a de
mand on England for a repressive law,
which would militatei,against her character
as an asylum for Refugees, cost the Minis:.
try their places. ,
But there are eirenmstances in the ease
which afford rooyi for retort, and for the ex
ercise of wit, and that famous personage, the
London Purtich,; fails not to seize the (ma
sion. He represents England as a Boarding
house, John/pull is the Government; the
people are the, Magistrate sitting in Court,
and•Lonis Napoleon is the. Witness. Now
it happens
,that this same' Witness was, him
self, once /a Refugee, received protection,
earned his living by discharging sundry
small offices} and had the reputation of in
earring/some debts. Hence the pungency
of PuizA.'s satire. We quote as follows :
- -
r. John Bull, keeper of a common iodg
in4. house, much frequented by foreigners
was charged with various offences under the
Common Lodging-house Act, and generally
with keeping a disorderly house, and hat- .
boring notoriously bad characters.
The principal witness against him was
a Frenchman, formerly a lodger in the house,
who gave his name as Charles Louis NaPo
lean. The witness stated that Mr. Bull, the
landlord of the house, systematically violated
the provisions of the act, which required
him to open the windows of his house daily,
to turn down the bed.clothes, and generally
to keep up n close surveillance over the in
mates of his house, and ventilate everything
in the 'apartments ocoupied by his lodgers.
He further stated that whereas the act
bound ;the landlord to give notice to the
police, of all dangerous cases of contagious
or epidemic disorders, and of all attacks
ariming'from - sueli disorders that might occur
on the premises, with a 'view at once to the
removal to safe custody of those in whom
they might break out, and the preservation
of those they might attack, Mr. Bull had
been in the habit of allowing such cases to
get to a height without informing the police,
and of permitting his lodgers to associate in
discriminately with persons suffering with
the most dangerous and couta*ous disorders,
pi rticularly what was called in France, " La
Fievre Rouge'
The Magistrate wished to know if this
was the scarlet fever, and begged the wit
ness to be a little more precise in his state
ments, and to express himself in English, as
he seemed to know the language well.
The witness said he did, having long re
sided in England, in Mr. Bull's house. He
had been a special constable here in 1848,
shortly after which he left England, seeing
an opening for an active young man in
France, where he had since held various re
sponsible situations, and was now earning
very high wages. La fievre rouge was an
epidemic which had made great ravages in
France, and , was much worse than the worst
kind of scarlet fever known in England. It
was a highly inflammatory disease of the most
contagious character, and attended with de
The Magistrate inquired what part of the
body it attacked ?
The witness said it generally attacked
the upper extremities, beginning with the
The Magistrate inquired if the witness was
a medical practitioner?
The witness said he had practised in
France for the last nine years, five of them
on, his, own aecoupt, and had particul,arly
devoted himself to the treatment of this very
disorder. He believed his treatment was
considered highly successful. It consisted
in letting blood freely followed by lowering
and suppressive treatment, and the strictest
separation and close confinement of the suf
ferers. Change of air he had found useful,
particularly removal to hot climates like Al = 7
geri a. He considered Cayenne almost a
specific, and had administered it in large
doses, especially during the severe outbreak
of the disorder in 1852. All movement was
dangerous; and all mental exertion. He
considered the worst cases were those which
had originated among Mr. Bull's lodgers,
who often brought the disease into France.
Considered Mr. Bull guilty under the Act,
for not bringing these cases to the knowl
edge of the police.
The witness was closely cross-examined by
the defendant.
Admitted that he had several times been
a lodger in the defendant's house; declined
to state what his means of Sulisistence were
while in' this country. Might have been
charged with attempts at burglary, at Bou
logne and Strasbourg. Would not say he had
not been -tried for a murderaris' ing out of
the termer ,charge. Would not' swear he
had not been imprisoned on that charge.
Might have expressed strong opinions to Mr.
Bull on the subject of this act during the
time he lodged with him. Would not say
he had not told him the police had no busi
ness on his premises. The windows of his
room were generally kept shut. Never com
plained then. Was not in good cireum
stance's at that time: Might have borrowed
money of Mr. Bull. Would not swear he
had not left in his debt. Might have had
La Fievre Rouge himself; had associated
freely with persons suffering from it. Might
have told Mr. Bull it was not dangerous,
knew better now. Did not see what that
had to do with the present charge. Declined
to state whether he had made any communi
cation to the police. Had friends in the
police now, 'and considered it an honor.
Thought Mr. Bull's house ought to be shut
up, and his license as a common lodging
house keeper taken away, for the safety -of
society at large. Was very much interested
for society at large. Considered he had
saved society at large. Was not aware if
that opinion was general, but a, day seldom
passed without his being told so by persons
in the highest position in France.
Mr. Bull called several witnesses to speak
to, the character of the house including au
old Austrian of the name of Metternich,
(whose cautions and roundabout way of giv
ing his evidence much amused the court,)
several members of a family of the name of
Bourbon, whose father had lodged with Mr.
Bull under the name of Smith, and a host
of Hungarians, Italians, Poles, and French
men; who proved that Mr. Bull- complied
strictly with the terms of the act, and that
they had no com Plaint to make of the house.
Several :members of the police force alsa
gave evidence. It appeared on cross-exam
ination that the informer had for several year
past been in the habit of making complaint
against Mr. Bull's house, and had endeav
ored to induce the police to enter the prem
ises in disguise. He had had the act ex
plained to him, and had always been told
that any violation of its provisions would be
strictly looked into. There might be a
grudge on the informer's part against Mr.
The Magistrate, after careful consideration
of the act, said it did not appear to him
that the charges were made out. There was
no proof that the defendant knew of the
existence of the alleged cases of the very
serious disorder deposed to by the principal
witness. Mr. Bull was not bound to inform
the police of suspected cases. He had no
power to detain his lodgers, or to prevent
them from leaving his house. All power of
an inquisitorial character required to be ex-'
ercised cautiously in this country. He
thought it ill became witness, alio, by his
own account, seemed to- be under consider
able obligations to Mr. Bull, to bring such a
charge, as the present on such loose and unre
liable foundation. Mr. Bull would leave this
court without any stain on his character.
The Magistrate saw no grounds whatever for
taking away the license of the house. On
the contrary, it seemed to hive to be very
well conducted, and it was a great blessing
to many distressed foreigners that they had
such a place to resort to.
The decision of the worthy- Magistrate
was loudly cheered, and Mr. Bull, oh leaving
the Court, was warmly greeted by his numer
ous lodgers. The witness,
napoleon, was
allowed to leave the court b 7 s private en
trance in the cab, as there seemed consider
able disposition among the crowd assembled
in the neighborhood to handle him roughly.
, . the public to the
where may be found a large assortment of all kinds of
Dry Goode, required in furnishing a house, thus Bevil:di
the trouble usually experienced in hunting such articles
in' various places. 'ln consequence of our giving our at ,
tention to this kind of stock, i , the exclusion of dress
and fancy goods, we can guaran'ee our prices and styles
to be the most favorable in the mar ket.
we are able to give perfect eathefection, being the tamer
3STASLIBILED lames Swum DI ma cm, and having been
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of:the best .manufsotarers ,in In land. We offer also a
large stook of
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,and at the yerylowest
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Of the Pittsburgh Bar, Lecturer on Commercial Lew.
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ToLurnish the best means for acquiring a THOROLOS
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my 24
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IX.; Meditations in Sickness and Old Age. By ilaPti' l.
W.frlpel, M.A. 18mo., pp. 114. Price 15 and 20 cents.
• ~ The Elect Lady; a Memoir of Mrs. Susan Catharine
Bo -h,' of Petersburg, Virginia. By A. 11. Tan Zandt,.l o . ,
of New York. 18mo., pp. 196. Price 25 and 30 cents.
'T. The Refuge. By the author of the Guide to Domestic
t sppinesii. 12m0., pp. 227. Price 40 cents.
XII. Daughters at School ; instructed in a series of Let"
revs: By the Rev. Rufus W. Bailey. 12m0., pp. 212 .
40 cents. •
XIII. Thoughts on Prayer ; Its Duty—its Form—its Sub'
beets—its Encouragements—its Blessings. By Jouathac t
Greenleaf, pastor of the Wallabont Presbyterian Churc h°
;Brooklyn, New York. 12mo , pp. 156. Price 35 cents. .
XIV Notes on the Gospels. By the Rev. M. W. Jecnba. ,
DD. Together with Questions on the same.
The Gospels are in three volumes, price 75 cents coch
The Questions are in four volumes, price $1.50 per theee ,
net, or 15 cents each.
JOSEPH P. ENGLES, Publishing Agent
No. 821 Cheetnut Street. Philadeithia-
(Successor to Bailey & Renshaw,)
258 Liberty Street,
Has Just received his Spring stock of choice Family
les, including
150 h£ chests choice Green and Black 'AU;
60 bags prime itio*Goffee
25 do. do. Isguayra Coffee;
85 rests do. Java do.
4 bales do. Mocha du.
20 barreb Now York Syrup;
6 hhds. Linierines steamhyruP
12 do. ;prime Porto Bic° Sugar
50 bbla.Lirioning's double refined Sugar;
25 do. Baltliaore soft do. do.
disc—Spices, Pickles, Sauces. Fruits, Fish, Sugar
Hams, %hid Beef, &c. wholesale and retail.
Catalogues Intribibed, giving an attended /let of stock.
P IN rn. _